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When and how does linden blossom and how are its inflorescences useful?

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In the middle of summer, our forests are filled with honey aroma, and the air is hummed by bees. It bloomed Linden - mother, nurse and keeper of the Russian land.

Linden - one of the most revered trees of the Slavs. Names of settlements, forests, mountains, and even female names are often produced.from lindenwhich gave its name to the month of July ("Lipin"- so he is now called in Ukraine).

Linden - a symbol of femininitysoftness and tenderness. It symbolizes the feminine principle, and not only among the Slavic peoples.

Slavs revered linden not only as a sacred tree, but also asmother tree. Linden and feed and obu and cure. Spoon, cup, ladle, tray and other household items, cut from linden. For many centuries, our ancestors walked in lime bastards. And Lipa is a good honey plant.

There are many varieties of linden. The most common linden in our area is the heart-shaped linden.

Where does Lipa grow

Lipu can be seen in forests, gardens, on city boulevards and in parks.

Lipa grows in many countries from Southern Britain and Central Scandinavia to the European part of Russia, the Caucasus, Bulgaria, Italy and Spain. Lipa is growing even in the north in Norway, Finland and the Arkhangelsk region.

Linden is the only Central Russian broad-leaved tree that grows beyond the Urals.

Lipa grows best in warm and fairly humid areas.

What does Lipa look like

Lipu can always be distinguished from other trees. In the summer heart-shaped leaves. When there are no leaves, there are characteristic reddish young sprigs with buds, and soft warm bark. What can I say, Lipa is full of femininity, softness, tenderness, care.

Linden in the forest grows from 10 to 30 meters.

Krona Lipa dense, dense, strongly shading the soil. The leaves are rounded, with a heart-shaped base, finely toothed.

Linden Flowers soft yellow, fragrant, with honey aroma, gathered in inflorescences.

Lipa Seeds small pea-sized fruits, nuts are collected several on separate stalks, and each such stalk is provided with a special wing, thin and rather wide. This wing helps the seeds fly away in winter away from the tree.

When the linden blossoms

The linden is especially good during flowering, when the tree from top to bottom is covered with fragrant flowers.

Blooms linden in June — July. Flowering lasts 10-15 days. At the time when the Lipa is blooming, a surprisingly delicate, delicate honey aroma flows in the air, which is felt far beyond the lime gardens and parks.

Lipa blooms in natural conditions on the 20th year of life, and in plantations - only after 30 years.

Linden in the fall

Early fallin green Limes appear like sunshine. These are separate branches wearing a gold outfit. Until the whole tree is dressed in golden yellow foliage. On sunny days, her yellow crowns look especially elegant against a blue sky. And even in late autumn in the linden park is very beautiful. The earth is covered with a carpet of fallen leaves, and against this background black columns of trunks stand out especially sharply.

When the cold winds remove the last garment from the forest and he lurks somewhere in the depths under the rough bark, the Linden seeds still hang nuts, swaying on long legs.

Linden tree: description

Linden characteristics:

  1. The leaves of the tree are oval or heart-shaped. When they bloom, they are shown stipules, which tend to quickly fall away.
  2. Flowers are collected in inflorescences in the form of umbrellas. Walnut-shaped fruits in miniature.
  3. Linden has about 40 species, distributed in different parts of Europe, Asia. Some varieties are found on the territory of the Crimea.
  4. Linden tree is popular in Russia: Moscow region, Altai, the Caucasus, Central Russia.
  5. Most varieties are bred and adapted to bloom in certain climatic conditions. They have certain properties that are necessary to settle down on the desired territory.

Terms and features of linden flowering:

  • The linden blossoms in small inflorescences in the period from June to July. The specific time depends on the climatic conditions of growth.
  • So, the flowering of trees in the south and north is significantly different. - the beginning of June and the end of July respectively.
  • On the territory of Moscow region and in the middle lane begins to bloom from the end of July and continues until the beginning of July.
  • In one inflorescence on average 7-8 flowers gentle cream color.
  • Flowering tree for 12-14 days. Flowering does not occur quickly.

Why does not linden bloom?

It should be borne in mind that most linden varieties do not tolerate the southern climate. Incorrectly selected variety may not start to bloom in such regions at all. For many varieties also characterized by slow growth, which is often confused with the disease, which provoked the lack of flowering.

Common causes of lack of flowering are:

  • wrong choice for certain climatic conditions
  • excessive or low soil moisture,
  • wrong place for landing.

The same reasons can serve and the fact that linden does not bloom annually.

How to grow more crops?

It is pleasant to any gardener and summer resident to receive a big crop with large fruits. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to get the desired result.

Often plants lack nutrition and minerals.

In such cases, our readers recommend using BioGrow's innovative bio-fertilizer..

It has the following properties:

  • Allows increase yield by 50% in just a few weeks of use.
  • Can get good harvest even on low fertile soils and in adverse climatic conditions
  • Absolutely safe

When and how to harvest inflorescences?

Rules for collecting lime color:

  • If you start collecting in the period when the flowers began to fade, the petals will fall off quickly and will not do any good.
  • It is better to collect raw materials in environmentally friendly places. or at least in those near which there are no automobile roads, industrial buildings.
  • The collection of material is carried out only in dry weather. Neither the leaves nor the flowers should not have dew or other moisture.
  • Inflorescence is better to cut with a pruner or scissors for the garden. It is undesirable to break them.
  • Before drying see collected twigs and remove excess.

How to dry?

To get high-quality raw materials, follow the recommendations:

  • Enumerate raw materials, remove all the flowers that are wilted or sick.
  • Spread the material in a thin layer. on sackcloth or thin linen.
  • The best place for drying is a place in the shade, under a canopy in the attic. It is impossible that on the inflorescences, which are dried, fell direct sunlight.

In order for the raw material to dry out quickly and qualitatively dried, you need to constantly stir it.

Electric dryers are also used for drying. To linden color has not lost its properties, use temperature not higher than + 38 ° C.

Ready dried material is stored for 12 months in a cool room. For storage, it is better to choose cloth or paper bags.

Linden honey

Linden honey has a lasting pleasant aroma. The color of this honey is golden greenish or white and cream. The color of honey, its quality and taste are influenced by the type of linden and growing conditions.

Many varieties of linden and contain useful amino acids.

In addition, linden honey has a positive effect on:

  • respiratory system organs
  • the work of the digestive tract,
  • kidneys,
  • liver.

The components of honey adjust the work and lead to the tone of the vessels and muscle of the heart. The use of honey has a positive effect on the nervous system and eyesight. Applied externally with eczema, burns. The only contraindication to the use of honey is allergic reaction on its components.

Useful properties of linden flowers

Lipa has been famous for several centuries with beneficial and healing properties:

  1. Essential oil Linden-colored spreads throughout the room and has a beneficial effect on the human nervous system. Therefore, it is useful not only to drink lime drinks, but also to walk along the lime paths.
  2. Linden broths and teas have anesthetic, tonic, stimulating the work of the organs. It has anti-inflammatory and diaphoretic effect.
  3. Cleans the blood and internal organs from toxins, improves the digestive tract.
  4. Baths and teas used as a sedative and painkiller.
  5. As lotions used for external use in ulcers, burns, diseased joints.
  6. Benefits for the female body: the presence of estrogen improves hormones and improves the menstrual cycle. Linden color women use for the preparation of various cosmetic products.

Contraindications

Lipa almost can not harm the body, but still several factors need to be considered:

  • Drinks of linden can not be consumed daily, because it will cause a violation of the heart muscle.
  • Individual intolerance to the components of lime.

Lime tea

For its preparation you need to pour 2 tbsp into a glass of boiling water. l lime blossom. After the drink has stood and infused for 15 minutes, it is ready to drink.

The medicinal properties of the drink will improve health, have healing properties:

  • strengthen the immune system
  • improve the shade of the face
  • help relieve puffiness
  • to quickly overcome colds and infectious diseases
  • brings special benefits to the body for pregnant women.

Linden infusion

It is used both as a separate drink, and as a therapeutic aid for coughs and colds.

To prepare:

  • 250 ml of hot water to fill 2-3 tbsp. l lime color
  • warm the mixture in a water bath for 15 minutes,
  • after that leave to cool for 40 minutes,
  • after it cools down well,
  • measure the amount of infusion obtained and top up to 250 ml.

Consume after meals 200-250 ml 3 times a day.

Linden fruits and flowers in cosmetology

Cosmetology is one of the popular applications of leaves, honey and linden fruits.

The rejuvenating function of linden-based products is possible thanks to the special phytohormones, which contain:

  1. Linden components are used to make creams, masks, compresses.
  2. Used for the preparation of nutritious and rejuvenating baths.
  3. A decoction of linden flowers used for washing and rinsing hair to make them more healthy, shiny and strong.
  4. In cosmetology, lime essential oil is also actively used (often it is one of the main ingredients of the perfume industry).
  5. Infusions of lime color in the form of poultices are used to eliminate wrinkles on the face and neck.
  6. For oily skin ideal steam bath with lime decoction.

Cosmetic products have properties:

  • give the skin elasticity, nourish it,
  • eliminate the first wrinkles,
  • soothe irritated skin
  • moisturize and rejuvenate
  • tone up.

Linden in construction

Wood is valued as a building material due to the properties:

  • polished quickly
  • is a natural antiseptic,
  • has a low thermal conductivity.

These characteristics are perfect for finishing buildings, the temperature of which greatly exceeds the average temperature in the room: baths, saunas.

The material, although demanded, is considered highly specialized. It is also used for the manufacture of musical instruments, veneer, wall paneling, eurolining.

In the world there are more than 30 varieties of linden.

The most common of them are:

  • Linden ordinary. It has the properties and characteristics of large-leaved and small-leaved limes. But there are a few differences. Blossoms 2.5 weeks earlier. The crown and trunk grow much faster. To tolerate low temperature and can grow in almost any conditions. In comparison with the small-leaved linden, the leaves and the crown are larger and wider.
  • Linden heart-shaped. It is also called cardiac. It grows in the Crimea and the Caucasus, in Russia and in the West of Europe. The name was due to the heart-shaped leaves. Grows up to 30 meters, crown in diameter up to 15 meters. Flowering time depends on the place of growth - June - July. The flowers are small, in one inflorescence up to 6-7 pieces. Resistant to drought and frost. One tree can live up to 400-500 years.
  • Linden flat. It grows up to 40 meters. Dissolves a little later than the usual varieties of lime. The tree grows mainly in Moldova, Ukraine, the Caucasus, Central, Southern and Western Europe. Used mainly for landscaping and landscape design.
  • Felt linden. It grows mainly in the Balkans, Ukraine, Asia Minor, Western Europe. Occurs in the territory of the Crimea and the Caucasus. The best neighbors for linden felted will be oak, maple, clear. It can grow up to 32 meters, and the crown and trunk have the correct shape. Young bark smooth to the touch, has a dark gray shade. Linden leaves are slightly tapered, up to 8 cm long. It blooms in July, the flowers are light cream in color. When growing well tolerates and bright and shading places. A healthy tree can live to 200 years.

Conclusion

Lipa has become a traditional tree in many countries. Its benefit is difficult to overestimate, since it is used in traditional medicine, cosmetology, perfumery, construction, landscape design.

Lipa and its components have been famous for several centuries. No celebration of our ancestors took place without drinks based on lime and honey. The plant personified the goddess of love Lada.

About linden is remembered in almost every dream book:

  • So, if you dream of linden - This indicates the insincere feelings of people who are close.
  • Climb a tree - the dream will come true soon.
  • Drink tea from lime blossom - insists on good health and new forces.
  • Break a linden branch in a dream means to forget about a quiet life.

Tree description

In Russia, linden is found throughout the territory, with the exception of the most northern regions. Some of its varieties have mastered the Far East and South Siberia. Lipa looks wonderful both in single landings, and in hedges, alleys, green tunnels.

Lipa is a woody plant of the Malvaceae family. Young leaves have stipules that quickly fall off. Open leaves are heart-shaped or oval, with serrated edges. The flowers are collected in inflorescences, umbrellas, which depart from the bract leaves, unlike any other. After flowering, a nut fruit with seeds ripens.

In the open, a linden tree is formed as a sprawling single-stem or multi-stem tree. In shading more like a tall shrub. Life expectancy reaches 600 years.

The genus of the Lipa tree describes about 45 species. In Eastern Europe, several varieties are common — the heart-shaped linden (small-leaved or winter). It is distinguished by a bluish reverse of leaves, on which there are bunches of light brown hairs.

The second species is a large-leaved linden (flat-leaf or summer). She earlier wakes up in the spring, has larger leaves without a bluish bloom.

In the Caucasus, in the Crimea and in the central European part of Russia, linden felt or silver is also found. Its strongly pubescent leaves feel like felt to the touch. This species reaches 35 m in height and has a wide pyramidal crown.

The Caucasian linden differs in even greater height, spherical sprawling crown and shoots of reddish-brown color.

The Manchurian Linden is a low tree with good winter hardiness. Often happens multilateral. Widely distributed in the south of the Far East.

Lipa is easy to propagate root shoots, stem layers, seeds and seedlings.

How to grow linden from seed

Seed propagation is the longest way to grow. From the moment the seedlings turn into a sapling, at least 10 years will pass.

For good germination, linden seeds must be stratified. They are placed in a container with a wet substrate and put in a cool dark place for 5-6 months, occasionally moistening.

In spring, stratified seeds are sown in open ground. Shoots shelter from wind and heavy rain, thin out. At the beginning of summer, seedlings are fed with fertilizers containing nitrogen, in the second half of summer they switch to phosphorus-potassium mixtures.

In winter, young sprouts need shelter. The following year, the plants are planted in a permanent place, which is desirable to fence.

Reproduction by layering

To obtain the stem ration in the spring before the foliage appears, lower branches should be bent down to the ground, laid in shallow grooves and prikopat. In approximately the same way, slips of currants and gooseberries are obtained. After 1-2 years the branches will take root, and a new plant will appear above the ground. It is cut off from the maternal root with a sharp shovel and transplanted to a permanent place.

Reproduction linden root layering is even easier. Adult plants give abundant growth, which is carefully separated from the parent tree and transplanted to a new place.

Lipu is recommended to grow in areas near apiaries, as it is an excellent honey plant. Thanks to her, the productivity of bees and the quality of honey increase significantly.

How to plant a linden seedling

Linden is undemanding to soils, but prefers light sandy sand with a high content of humus. Does not tolerate the high location of groundwater.

When planting linden seedlings to create a hedge, you should be aware that they will be fully developed only by 25–40 years.

Young linden trees can easily tolerate minor damage to the roots, but still, be careful when planting, leaving the earth clod intact. При покупке саженца в питомнике желательно выбирать экземпляры с закрытой корневой системой.

The landing pit for a standard linden seedling should be at least half a meter in diameter and in depth. A layer of drainage is poured at the bottom - pebbles, rubble, expanded clay or broken bricks. A layer of mature compost mixed with superphosphate at a rate of 50–60 g per seedling is laid on top of the drainage. Then a sapling is placed in a pit and covered with soil with the following composition:

  • 1 part of turf land,
  • 2 pieces of humus,
  • 2 pieces of sand.

To strengthen the seedlings need stakes. At the edges of the landing pit, 2-3 pegs are driven in and tied to the barrel with soft loops.

The root neck is located at ground level. If the soil in the pit will slightly settle and the neck will be slightly lower, for linden it is not scary.

After planting, care for the linden tree consists in abundant watering. Feed up trees twice a year. In the spring on a bucket of water add:

  • 1 kg of manure,
  • 20 g of urea,
  • 25 g of ammonium nitrate.

Everything is mixed and poured into a tree circle after watering with clean water. In the autumn, 20 g of NPK are added to a bucket of water.

Care and crown formation

Only young plants need regular hydration. Adult specimens suffer drought without problems. They are watered only in the driest period at the rate of 20 liters of water per 1 square meter. m pristvolny circle.

Loosening the soil under a linden tree is carried out several times a season, at the same time removing weeds. Before winter, seedlings are mulched with leaf litter, sawdust, wood chips or peat 10–12 cm thick.

Cut linden twice a year. Spring sanitary pruning is carried out before bud break. The tree is carefully inspected and cut dry, broken and sore branches. In the autumn formative pruning, the crowns growing inwards and thickening branches are removed.

At the very first pruning, branches are shortened by no more than 1/3 of the length.

With such careful care, the linden tree will quickly turn into a luxurious spreading beauty. Rest in her shadow will be undisturbed, and the scent of flowers in July noon will refresh and bring the best memories.

Epoch Tree: Linden

Having a spherical broad crown and a straight trunk, the size of which is about 5 meters in diameter, the linden is a long-lived tree that can grow in one place for about 600 years. Living on the planet since the most ancient times, linden has gone through such climatic extremes as the ice age and global warming, has witnessed significant historical events. Romantic dating of young people of more than one generation took place under her crown. In Paris, more than one thousand such young trees were planted 200 years ago in honor of the victory of the French Revolution, since which the linden has become a symbol of happiness and freedom.

Lipa is a beautiful tree that reaches its full development at the age of 20-40. Due to the powerful root system, which penetrates deep into the earth, it is not afraid of even the most impetuous winds. Unpretentious to the soil, it easily tolerates drought, but does not tolerate the presence of groundwater. In sunny places it will please with active growth and lush crown, although it is calm towards the shadow. However, in places where there is a lack of sunlight, the linden is stunted and more like a bushy bush.

Linden tree: description

Among the abundance of trees growing around you want to correctly determine which of them is lime. On what grounds can it be distinguished among all the green brethren, what does linden look like? The tree is characterized by gray fissured bark, it can be single-stemmed and multi-stemmed, it always grows straight. Light shoots and pubescence are characteristic of young shoots; adult branches are bare and dark. The buds (initially pubescent, then bare) are oval in shape, their size is 45 mm. The leaf of the linden tree is densely pubescent with bristly hairs, dark green above, light on the reverse side. Form - heart-shaped, with serrated edges, pointed to the top. Young leaves grow in tandem with stipules that fall off over time.

Umbrella inflorescences, abundantly sleepy tree during the flowering period, formed from 3-5 fragrant flowers: yellowish, somewhat pubescent, having the correct form. During the linden flowering period, which falls on June and lasts about 2 weeks, the air is filled with a pleasant strong aroma. Linden (tree) blooms faster than expected if there is very hot, dry weather outside. The fruits of the tree (elongated and rounded) are small nuts with a dense shell, inside which the seed is contained. Fruiting linden falls in August-September.

Lipa looks harmonious in hedges, green tunnels, alleys, attractive tree and in single plantings. It easily transfers the molding haircut, does not get sick and does not act up after it, for which it is especially appreciated by gardeners. In the family of linden there are about 30 species, differing in the shape of crowns (pyramidal, oval, round).

The most common types of linden

Manchurian linden tree species. It is characterized by decorativeness, 20-meter height and often found multilateral character. The tree is frost resistant. It is most common in Primorye and the Amur region.

Caucasian linden. Characteristic of the tree: a rounded sprawling crown, a huge height (up to 40 meters), very decorative young shoots of purple-brown color. Received its distribution in the Caucasus and northeast Asia.

Silvery. Its second name, more commonly used, is felt linden. The height of the tree is 30 meters. The crown is wide-pyramidal. The name is associated with the particular structure of the leaves, which on one side are slightly pubescent, on the other, have a whitish coating similar to felt. Most common in central regions of Russia.

Linden reproduction: ways

Propagation of linden, for which the soil composition of 1 part of sod land and humus with sand in 2 parts is ideal, can be produced by seeds, saplings, stem layers and sprouts.

The linden propagates with stem layers as follows: the lower branches of the tree must be bent to the ground, lowered into the previously excavated shallow trenches and prikopat. After a year or two, the branches will take root, after which they can be separated from the maternal branch and planted in a permanent place of growth. The linden breeding is performed in the spring, before the appearance of buds.

Reproduction of linden seeds

Seed propagation of linden is a fairly long process that can stretch for more than one year. The first action in such an important matter will be keeping the seeds of a tree in the cold, the so-called stratification process. To do this, they need to be placed in a container with sawdust or wet sand (in the ratio of 1 to 3), which is determined in a dark, cold place for 5-6 months, not forgetting to periodically moisten. You can use the peat-soil mixture in the ratio of 1 to 1, while deepening the seeds by 2-3 cm.

In the spring, stratified seeds are sown in open ground, the strongest of them germinating. In natural conditions, this will take one year. After some time, young plants can be planted in a permanent place, providing proper care and preserving before the cold winter season. Linden seedlings can be grown indoors, this will not affect the usefulness and quality of seedlings.

Reproduction linden root layering

The linden tree, the photo and description of which cause sincere sympathy for such a representative of the plant world, reproduces by root layers. This is the easiest way, because the seedlings, which are part-time abundant shoots, in this case are given by the linden itself. Such sprouts, the survival rate of which is quite high, can be safely separated from the uterine root and planted in a permanent place of growth. They calmly tolerate slight damage to the root system, but care should be taken when planting.

Linden planting: features

At the bottom of the landing pit, the depth and width of which is about 50 cm, you should lay a 10-15 cm layer of good drainage (broken brick, pebbles, rubble), cover with a mixture of humus and superphosphate (50-60 grams per hole). Then it is required to place a sapling in the planting pit, and the root collar should be placed flush with the ground. In group plantings between trees it is necessary to maintain a distance of 3-4 meters. When acquiring young trees, attention should be paid to the state of the root system (it should have a strong and healthy appearance), the correctness of the crown and the absence of traces of diseases or injuries.

Features of lime care

After planting, the sapling must be watered abundantly and fed for 2 years (three times per season) with nitrogen fertilizers. This may be a mullein infusion diluted in a ratio of 1 to 10 with water.

Fertilizing adult trees is recommended to be carried out 2 times per season: in the early spring, mulleed infusion in the fall, in the fall - with a nitroammophone (20 grams per 10 liters of water).

You can begin to cultivate linden the next year after planting. In the first haircut carried out before bud break, it is not recommended to shorten the crown by more than one third of the total length of the branches.

Young linden seedlings are required to provide regular watering, mature trees can manage with natural rainfall, they should be watered only during very dry periods. At 1 meter square lime crown water consumption is 20 liters. Loosening the near-wellbore circles is carried out 2-3 times per season, with simultaneous removal of weeds. In the winter, it is possible to produce mulching with a layer of 10-12 centimeters with peat, fallen leaves, wood chips or sawdust.

Tree healer

The linden tree, the photo and description of which vividly confirms its value for a person, has healing properties. It has long been a life-saving tree, helping a person to get rid of many diseases, and all its parts perform the therapeutic function: bark, branches, flowers, leaves. Traditional medicine uses the healing abilities of linden for a long time.

Linden coal, obtained from branches and wood, was also used by Slavs to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, diarrhea, dysentery, and wound healing. A burned mass of linden bark was treated with burns, and a decoction of fresh leaves and buds was used as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent. Infused linden flowers are now considered an excellent diaphoretic and are used for catarrhal diseases, fainting, and for rinsing the mouth during inflammations of the throat and gums. Linden nuts stopped the internal bleeding, and the powder from the crushed dried leaves of the tree was used to stop the bleeding from the nose.

Lime tea, characterized by a sweetish taste and pleasant aroma, treats colds. Also, this drink has a diuretic effect, cures cystitis, urolithiasis, pyelonephritis, hypertension. Contraindications include additional stress on the heart, so when you use linden tea you should always remember that this is just a healing drink, which should not be replaced with regular tea. Linden flowers are used for lotions and compresses, with excessive emotionality and nervous disorders, baths on linden broths are recommended, a feature of which is a beneficial effect on the organism as a whole.

Lime infusion helps to reduce the oily skin of the face with its regular use.

Collection of lime raw materials

The collection of linden flowers is made during their flowering period, when most of them have already blossomed, and lasts about 2 weeks. Inflorescences damaged by diseases and pests are not collected.

The resulting raw materials, laid out even 4-5 cm layer, must be dried in a well-ventilated room or in the attic. With dry warm weather, the flowers will be ready for further use after 5 days. The fact that drying should be stopped can be understood by the fragility of flower stalks. Dried flowers, which have a shelf life of 2 years, have a pleasant faint aroma and sweetish astringent taste.

Kidneys are harvested in spring, in dry weather, bark is also harvested in spring (before flowering) or in late autumn. It is dried, crushed to a powder and brewed as tea. The shelf life of such raw materials is 3 years.

Healing Properties of Linden

Doctors still Ancient Greece and Rome usedLinden blossom for the treatment of a variety of diseases, and its juice - to improve hair growth.

Linden Flowers used for cough, runny nose, bronchitis, kidney and bladder diseases.

Linden Flowers used as a diaphoretic and antipyretic for sore throat, bronchitis, colds, as a sedative for increased nervous excitability. Linden inflorescence extract is also used for mild digestive disorders and metabolic processes.

Linden blossom - a popular disinfectant used in the inflammation of the mouth and throat (for rinsing).

Broth leaves Lipa use when cutting in the stomach and urethra.

Razvarennaya younglinden bark gives mucus that has anti-inflammatory and pronounced analgesic properties. Mucus is used in the form of lotions for burns, inflammation of hemorrhoids and for rheumatic and gouty pains.

Product Description Linden and Pack

Linden leaves are harvested by hand on wild lindens, suitable for brewing tea

The package contains whole leaves of lime, may have flowers. Packaging is done only after the order has been paid. The medicinal plant is sold for a weight of at least 30 grams.

Linden is packed in a paper Kraft package.

Linden leaf storage: Store in a dark and dry place, no more than the date indicated on the label.

Cardiovascular linden or northern is the most famous species of Tilia in our country, this tree takes almost everything from leaves to bark with flowers for medicinal purposes, only for about 20 years of life the tree becomes as healing as possible, young plants contain a lower concentration of useful substances.

Application of lime leaves

Science has proven that bark leaves and linden flowers remove toxins well from the body, have diaphoretic effects. A thick decoction of linden leaves can moisten wounds, burns for their speedy healing, compresses from such decoction can relieve headaches.

Healing baths are considered to be a decoction of flowers or leaves (but the latter are less expensive), such baths soothe, deal with problems on the skin, eliminate pain in the joints, it is especially useful to take them at night, it will relieve insomnia.

Golden lime - planting and care in the garden

Baths and compresses on lime are recommended to be taken externally in the complex to combat cellulite. Linden leaf powder treats mastitis. Linden can be used to stop the blood, including mucous membranes.

Lipa is actively used in phytocosmetology for hair care.

A separate type of medicinal raw material is lime coal, in our country it is put into a separate product and is made to order.

Compress on linden leaves to treat joints

Fill in lime leaves with hot water (20 grams per half liter of water), brew for half an hour and apply to diseased joints, wrap a compress with cling film and a towel to retain heat and moisture. Keep the compress for 1-2 hours. This leaves can be used as a hand bath to eliminate skin problems.

Properties and contraindications of linden leaf

Action on the body: diaphoretic, antioxidant, choleretic, analgesic, hemostatic

Contraindications: Serious heart disease, personal intolerance (allergies).

Not a cure! Consult a specialist before use.

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Content:

  1. General information, places of production
  2. Using linden

General information, places of production

Lipa (Tilia). The first information about linden as a subject of study is found already in the years 370-285. BC er The Greek name for linden, according to Shtromberg, means “a tree beloved by bees” or “a tree attracting swarms of bees”. And the botanical name of linden is derived from the Greek word ptilon (wing) on ​​the winged pritvetkovom sheet attached to the inflorescence.

Karl Linney in 1753 divided the genus linden into two distinct species: the European linden and the American linden. In 1763, the English botanist Miller first described an independent species of linden, and the German botanist Erhart gave him a name a little later - the small-leaved linden. In the family of linden there are up to forty genera, uniting about 500 species of plants, common on all continents of the globe, but mainly in tropical countries of Southeast Asia, in tropical Africa, and Brazil. The linden genus includes up to 45 species of lindens found in the temperate and partially subtropical climate of the Northern Hemisphere.

We naturally grows 16 types of limes and introduced 11 exotic ones. На Украине и в Молдавии можно встретить липы европейскую, крупнолистную, войлочную, или венгерскую (серебристую), а на Кавказе и в Крыму — липы кавказскую, или, крымскую, опушенностолбиковую, Ледебура. В отдельных районах европейской части культивируют липы американскую, или черную, заброшенную, разнолистную — все родом из Северной Америки. На Дальнем Востоке липа также не редкость: там распространены липы амурская, Комарова, раскидистая, Таке, маньчжурская, корейская, китайская, Оливера.

Travelers and many scientists, mainly foresters and botanists, made a significant contribution to the comprehensive study of the linden genus. Most Russian and foreign authors recognize the very considerable knowledge of linden in Russian conditions. At the same time emphasizing that the methods of studying and systematization of the genus linden by Russian scientists are more reliable than the corresponding data of foreign authors.

In terms of habitat, linden belongs to both forest species and trees cultivated artificially on city streets, along roads and alleys, in squares and parks, around fields, gardens, apiaries and ponds, and various hedges.

The most famous national economic significance and a very wide natural range compared to other species is the small-leaved linden tree, which has a very close species in it, the Siberian linden tree in Western Siberia.

A linden tree is a very durable tree, living as a rule up to 400-600 years, and sometimes up to 1100-1200.

For example, in Nuremberg, there are trees that number seven to eight centuries. In Kiev, near the Church of the Tithes, there is still a giant tree, whose age is close to a thousand years. The linden lives on the streets of large cities for about 80-100 years. However, this is not considered a limit, since in different cities, linden plants with an age of more than 300 years are known. Lifespan of lime in Western Siberia does not exceed 300 years. The trees that grow in the first tier with a small crowns density are the most durable. In the second tier, linden lives to 100 years, and in the undergrowth to 25.

Small-leaved linden (Tilia cordata) is a tree of the first size, reaching a height of more than 30 m and more than 1 m in diameter. In adverse growing conditions, especially under a dense canopy of plantations, it is found in the form of a shrub-underbrush (for example, in pine forests) or in the second tier (in sandy suboria).

A small-leaved linden that grows in various forest vegetation zones is characterized by polymorphism. Under certain environmental conditions and general properties, this species is characterized by individual variability and release of ecological forms. The natural habitat of the small-leaved linden is quite wide compared to other types of lindens, which are less common and mostly in the form of artificial plantings. It covers a vast territory of Europe and partly Asia. However, the placement of lime is very uneven and depends on the diversity of natural conditions and human activity. Small-leaved linden naturally grows in the south, west and south-east of England, in Norway, Sweden, Finland, in the north-eastern part of Iran, in the north of Italy, in Spain, on the prisons of the Carpathians. In our country, small-leaved linden grows in bayrachny oak forests of the steppe, in oak forests and pine forests of forest-steppe, in the zone of coniferous-deciduous forests, partly in the taiga zone (southern and middle taiga). Occasionally small-leaved linden can be found in the Crimea and the Caucasus, where it rises to the mountains up to 1800 m above sea level. In Siberia, it is found islands almost to the Irtysh. In the Altai is a Siberian linden. And in the Far East, the small-leaved lime tree is replaced by Manchu and Amur.

In closed tree stands, linden trees have a comparatively straight, little-sappery trunk, highly purified from the branches, with a high, usually not very dense crown. In a relatively free state, the linden crown is thick and raised low. Its lower branches from the trunk move downwards and rise to their tops. The middle branches extend horizontally from the trunk, while the upper branches are angled upwards. With such a branching, its shoots densely dress with dark green foliage with hanging half-umbrellas of yellow-white flowers with yellow-green bracts, forming a tent-like, very decorative crown. At liberty, the trunk is almost covered with boughs. The full development of the crown reaches 40 years.

The bark of a linden stem in youth is smooth, and by old age it becomes thick, deep-crested, with longitudinal cracks, dark gray in color, with a strongly pronounced crust.

The buds of an egg-shaped form are two-row, smooth, reddish-brown, covered with two unequal scales. The length of the kidneys is 5-6 mm, width - 3-4 mm. Outside they are dry. At rest, in the bud there are 5 leaves with stipules and two rudimentary leaves in the form of tubercles on a growing cone. Young leaves are supplied with thick hairs and folded in half along the midrib. Each leaf, located between two stipules, is covered with opaque scales containing inside a mucous substance that protects the leaves from drying out and frost. Linden shoots are brilliant reddish-brown in color, articulated, covered with lentils.

The leaves are simple, leathery, pointed, with a heart-shaped base, twice or finely toothed along the edges, dark green naked above, and bluish-light green below with reddish hairs at the branches of large veins. Scape 1-3 cm long with felt pubescence, naked and reddish by autumn. The arrangement of leaves is next. Blade asymmetrical. A densely leafy linden crown creates a large assimilation surface. With an average relative fullness of the first tier at the age of 100-120 years and an average diameter of 30-40 cm, there are up to 50 thousand leaf plates on one tree.

In the leaves of linden there is a huge amount of calcium, which promotes the rapid decomposition of litter without the formation of coarse humus, the creation of better physical properties of the soil and, ultimately, an increase in its fertility. In one year of decomposition, the decrease in the dry weight of linden leaves from the original is 60%, i.e. significantly higher than that of hazel, elm, ash, birch and many other species. Such a decrease in the mass of leaves during decomposition occurs mainly in the spring-summer period, the most favorable for the development of microorganisms and soil-litter invertebrates. Freshly burned linden leaves contain about 10% ash, in which more than 3% is calcium. They are rich in potassium (about 1.3%), nitrogen (more than 1.9%), sulfur (0.5-1.0%).

The linden root system on loose and fertile soils is deep, powerful, well developed, has deep core and strongly developed lateral roots. Because of this, wind trees are rare. In addition, the linden root system has a longline structure, which allows it to use the nutrients of all soil horizons and, most importantly, the underlying loam. When mixed with oak, its roots are located mainly in the upper horizons of the soil, making up the upper tier of the root system. Due to its depth and power, linden draws into the biological circulation a large amount of ash elements from underlying loam, enriching the upper layers of the soil. Being plastic, the linden root system contributes to a more complete use of the planting of moisture and food elements contained in the soil column. It also has a superficial root system, which is formed by lateral adventitious roots.

Linden flowers are bisexual, regular, 5-membered, small, in false umbrellas, collected by tassels, sepals 5, aureole 5-leper, pistil 1, many stamens. Ovary is upper, 5-celled with two ovules in each nest. Under various conditions, small-leaved linden blooms in late June-early July, the average flowering time is 12-14 days.

The linden of seed origin in plantings begins to bloom, as a rule, from 20–25 years or 5–10 years earlier than trees of pedigree origin. With age, the number of flowers on the tree increases, and the sugar content in them varies slightly.

Flowering and nectar excretion in linden is caused by a number of geographic, climatic, biotic, ecological, edaphic, orographic, silvicultural and agrotechnical, and many other specific features. The need to take them into account is explained by the fact that the linden begins to blossom when the bees have the opportunity to use its nectar most effectively.

Lipa refers to beznektarnikovymi plants. In its flowers, nectar is secreted by a special nectar-bearing tissue (the base of the petals of the calyx) and is retained on the fleshy sepal tissue from the inside. The nectar thus recovered is not reabsorbed. To isolate the nectar with such a “nectary” it is necessary that all parts of the plant be completely vital, resilient and contain enough water in themselves.

Linden reaches maturity in 20-30 years and almost every year brings a large number of seeds. In open areas, fruiting begins at 10 years of age, and in plantations, from 25 years and older, depending on the canopy density, and lasts up to 200 years or more. Fruiting in trees of high age is rare and nuts on them is very small. Linden seeds ripen in autumn, they are harvested from October throughout the winter.

The fruit of a linden tree is represented by 1-2 (less frequently 3) -seed nuts with 4-5 longitudinal slightly visible ribs. The shape is spherical or slightly elongated. Dense, hardly permeable to water shell covers the seeds. Without a shell, they contain more than 30% fat. The spread of ripened linden seeds occurs with the help of the wind, especially along a snowy crust, either by animals (rodents) or birds. A distinctive feature of the seeds - low soil germination.

Using linden

From her wet bark of a linden tree rich in durable fiber, a bast was obtained, which was necessary for weaving bast shoes and making matting. Lub linden - a great material for work - durable, lightweight, flexible. Luba shoes were very cheap. In Russia, 100-200 years ago, weaving up to 50 million bast shoes a year. Durable ropes, fishing nets and brushes were made of bast fibers. The joiners stuffed bast with bast upholstered furniture.

The main meaning of a linden is the honey content: at a ripe age, one hectare of stickwood gives up to a ton of fragrant and healing honey. Linden honey is very useful in diseases of the liver, throat, cardiovascular system. Dried tree flowers are also used in folk medicine: decoctions and infusions as a diaphoretic and antipyretic for colds, as a sedative and painkiller for coughs, stomach pains, intestines, as a rinse with angina. Lime bark and leaves, juice and coal - also find their application. For example, the leaves are used to prepare special vitamin infusions, and from very young leaves they make a healthy salad rich in vitamin C. Coal is used for drawing and sprinkling, bark for bast and bast, and oil is squeezed out of lime grains.

Linden white wood with a pinkish tint. Unraveling uniform structure, it is known for its lightness, softness, elasticity, durability. Wood is well cut, prickly, polished, impregnated with dyes, firmly holds nails.

Plus, lime wood is resistant to loss of volume, cracking. Not warped.

Linden wood is made of simple wooden dishes, as well as dishes with the famous “golden” Khokhloma painting, as well as accordions, various toys, tubs, beehives, troughs, plywood. Used in the manufacture of models for parts when casting turning products, drawing boards. Used for covering houses.

Plywood is not as beautiful as, for example, oak or ash, but possesses positive qualities - it is well polished, soaked, etc. Lime shavings are good packaging material for many products and products. Match and plywood enterprises have a special demand for linden.

A lot of wood is used for construction, heating and repair of residential and farm buildings, especially in rural areas.

Of particular interest is the harvesting and use of thin lime branches with leaves as a branch feed for domestic animals, especially in winter.

all tree species

The tree is 30-36 (40) meters high and has a diameter of up to 1.5 m. Lives 400-500 (1500) years. The crown is highly developed, large branched. This tree grows 22-27 (33) meters high and up to 120 cm in diameter, lives 220-250 (350) years. Crohn openwork, sprawling, rounded, short, sometimes with several separate tiers of branches.

It is necessary to carefully collect such leaves and store them carefully, in boxes, separately from other materials, in a room that is not very dry and warm so that they do not dry out. 17). For work it is recommended to collect seeds of linden, maple (ordinary and Canadian), ash. It is necessary to collect them in the fall, when they mature and begin to fall from the trees. However, do not delay their collection, otherwise they will dry out and begin to collapse.

Ash - tree of rebirth and renewal

From them you can make the heads of birds. They are well drilled and stored in the product. And it is necessary to lay layers in a box, separately from other natural materials. Store seeds of linden, maple, ash in any not very dry room. Each flower contains several red stamens, which distinguishes the tree from other species. Flowering begins in May, before the leaves appear. The fruit is a lionfish 4-5 cm long, first green, then brown, narrow, slightly widened from above, with a small notch, collected several pieces into an inflorescence - a panicle.

Keep on the tree throughout the winter period. Widely distributed in Europe, the Caucasus, the Mediterranean and in Asia Minor. There are quite a few places where ash is growing in Russia, its range covers the European part of the country.

It grows in the Crimea, Moldova, Ukraine and the Caucasus. Pure stands form very rarely. It is found in deciduous and mixed forests as an admixture. Due to the rapid growth and unpretentiousness, common ash is considered a valuable tree for landscaping cities, creating parks, avenues, casing roads. Looks good in complex compositions.

The wood of this tree is light, with a dark core, beautiful texture. It resembles oak wood, has the same density and strength. For peaceful purposes, ash went to make sleighs, rocker arms, wheels, small crafts, souvenirs. She was not coated with varnish, did not paint and did not put patterns. The only decoration was a bright, shiny wood texture.

In the modern world, the scope of ash has expanded significantly. It is used to make stair rails and handles for tools, make furniture and plywood. Ash fruits contain fatty oils, are eaten. In the Caucasus, immature fruits are prepared with vinegar and salt. After collecting them carefully crushed, and then canned.

Where does an ash tree grow in Russia?

Powder from seeds is used as a diaphoretic and diuretic. Infusion of the kidneys is used for gout, bladder diseases and female diseases. Bark and leaves are harvested in early spring or early summer. Dry in the shade, at a temperature not exceeding -40 ° C. The roots are harvested in spring. Fruits - in the fall. The distance between seedlings should be at least 5 m. When the plant is placed in a hole, the root is placed 20 cm above the soil level, because after planting the soil is compacted and settles.

If necessary, cut dry and damaged branches, remove the prongs from the trunk. The leaves of ash trees are often damaged by Spanish fly. Beetles completely eat them, leaving only the stalks and veins. Continuous eating of the crown leads to the death of a young plant. Caterpillars penetrate into the buds and leaf stalks, after a few days they pass into shoots. Fruits of ash are affected by weevil - seed-eating. In winter, the seeds often serve as food for bullies and squirrels.

In the people this tree is called "holly", "ash-tree", "ash-tree".

Linden heart or European

Adjacent to elm, maple, but more often with oak. Watching the oak and ash in the spring, the people noticed: "If the oak dissolves its leaves before - the summer will be dry."

In Russia, the bark of the tree was used as an antimalarial and antifebrile agent. He was called the "tree of knowledge", considered a symbol of wisdom and life. In Ukrainian folklore, he personifies suffering.

Russian open spaces are characterized by oak and beech forests. For example, for the terraces of the Tisza, Borzhava and Latoritsa, typical oak and ash floodplain forests (Querceto roboris-Fraxinetum). In addition, oak forests are also widespread in elevations.

Healing and other properties

The bark of the trunk is grayish-brown with a dark, thick, at an old age with deep cracks. Flowers are predominantly white, fragrant, collected in many-flowered drooping brushes 10-20 cm long. It blooms after the leaves bloom, abundantly and annually (for 2 weeks). The fruit is flat, naked, dark brown bean 5-12 cm long and 1-1.5 cm wide. Seeds (5-15 pieces) ripen in August.

What else can you learn about ash fruit?

Its second name is white. The tree height is 17-22 (25) m, and with a diameter of 50-60cm. Birch fluffy is not indifferent to the light, therefore it often grows in the 2nd tier of pine and spruce forests. Very demanding on soil moisture - does not grow on dry soils. In young trees, the crown is narrowly tapered, peaked, and in the old - irregularly shaped. Longitudinal shoots are bare, thin and yellowish-brown. Needles 1-4 cm long and 1.5 mm wide, light green, sharp yellowish tip.

The bark is light gray or gray to dark, relatively thick (5-7 cm) and soft, and deeply fissured at the bottom. Плоды ясеня, клёна и липы схожи — все они представляют собой крылатки, различающиеся лишь формой строения. Данная порода морозостойкая и зимостойка. Ствол в насаждениях относительно прямым, высоко очищенный от сучьев, а вот на воле сильно искривленный и сильно разветвленный.

Липа в наших садах

Корень многолетнего двудольного древесного растения рассмот-рим на примере липы мелколистной . У многолетних двудольных древесных растений в отличие от травянистых одно-летних растений в корне формируются годичные слои вторичной ксилемы и вторичной флоэмы. In addition, “the periderm is very well developed, the annual layers of which in old roots are transformed into a tertiary surface tissue - the peel. According to these characteristics, the perennial root is similar to the structure of the perennial stem. However, the root has a number of structural features that distinguish it from the stem. These include the multibeam located along the axis in a cross section (5 - 7) figure of primary xylem and lack of core.

The root is also characterized by a less pronounced xylem yearliness and greater development of parenchymal cells in it, which perform the storage function. In the secondary phloem and xylem of the root, sclerenchyma in the form of bast fibers and libriform is less developed. In the perennial root there is no parenchyma of the primary cortex.

The perennial linden root is covered with a cork from the outside, followed deeper by phellogen and a thin layer of feloderm, which constitute the elements of the periderm (Fig. 7.12).

Under the periderm is the conductive cylinder of the root. On its outer side is a phloem. The main volume of phloem is taken by the secondary phloem. Small remnants of the primary phloem are found at the tops of the trapezoidal layers of the secondary conducting and solid bast.

The conductive bast includes sieve tubes and satellite cells, the hard bast is represented by bast fibers. These trapezoidal layers are separated by wide primary rays. Deeper is the cambial zone. Under it is wide

Fig. 7.12. The structure of the perennial linden root (Tilia cordata) cross section:

I - primary xylem, 2 — secondary xylem, 3 - cambium, 4 — secondary phloem, 5 - primary phloem, 6 - periderm, 7 — cork, 8 - fellogen, 9— phelloderm, 10 - remnants of the conductive elements of the primary phloem, 11 — parenchyma of the ray in the secondary phloem, 12 — Druse of calcium oxalate crystals in the cell of the beam, 13 - bast fibers (solid bast) in the secondary phloem, 14 - the conducting elements of the secondary phloem (sieve tubes and satellite cells), 15 - the secondary beam in the secondary phloem, 16 - the boundary of the annual -state secondary xylem, 17 — vessels of late wood, And - vessels of early wood, 19 — primary beam in the secondary xylem, 20 - vessels of the primary xylem, 21 - the parenchyma of the primary xylem.

secondary xylem composed of concentric layers of annual increments.

The xylem contains vessels, tracheids, libri-form fibers, axial and radial parenchyma. The axial part of the root is occupied by the multipath figure of the primary xylem, consisting of the vessels of protoxylem and metaxylem. Along the axis of the primary xylem are parenchymal cells.

Test questions:

1. What tissue does a monocotyledonous stem contain?

2. How does the stem of a herbaceous dicotyledonous plant?

3. What is the structure of the perennial stem of the gymnosperm plant? 4. What tissues does a perennial stem of a dicotyledonous plant contain?

5. What are the functions and location of tissues of an angiosperm plant leaf?

6. What are the structure and function of tissues in the needle-shaped leaf - needles of gymnosperm plant?

7. How are the tissues located and arranged in the root of a monocotyledonous plant?

8. What fabrics and where are located in a root of a grassy dicotyledonous plant?

9. What tissue structure has the root of a perennial dicotyledon woody plant?

SECTION III

Date added: 2015-04-24, Views: 2071, Copyright infringement ?,

Growing linden seed.

Linden - a beautiful tree, the love for which people lasts for more than one century. Its dense foliage gives a magnificent shade on hot days, and the fragrance emitted during flowering fills the air with harmony and tranquility. In addition, linden flowers and leaves are successfully used in traditional medicine and cosmetology, and its wood is an excellent raw material for the production of furniture and folk art. The linden is a long-lived tree. To date, there are a number of specimens, whose age has more than five hundred years.

One way to get this wonderful tree is to grow it from seed. In nature, linden seeds that have fallen in autumn are exposed to prolonged exposure to cold, and with the arrival of spring they begin to germinate. The same should be done with the seeds to be planted in the ground. The process of prolonged exposure to cold, referred to as horticulture in stratification, is a necessary condition for obtaining linden seedlings.

The seeds of this plant must be kept in moisture and cold for three months - only then can they be expected to germinate successfully. The seed is placed in a container filled with sawdust or wet sand, to which peat can be added to improve air circulation. Then the container is placed in a refrigerator or in a cold room, where the temperature stays between 0 and 3 ° C all winter.

With the onset of spring, it is time to plant the seedlings for seedlings. It is recommended to grow it indoors - at the slightest freezing, potential seedlings will probably die. The soil for germination is necessary to choose fertile and loose. It is advisable to take the basis of high-quality garden soil, add to it the humus, sod and leaf earth. The finished substrate is well mixed and some sand is added. Before planting the soil must be watered.

Seeds before planting in no case can not be dried - then they most likely will not sprout. It is advisable to move them to the ground, not much clearing from the substrate in which they were located, in order not to damage them and preserve the formed microflora. Seeds are planted in rows, the distance between which should be about 15 - 20 cm. They are submerged in the soil by about 1 cm and covered with a layer of earth, lightly tamping it down. Then the container is placed under the shelter for the period of germination. With diffused lighting and an air temperature of 18 - 22 ° C, germination should be expected no earlier than in two weeks. Plantings are watered regularly, aiming at maintaining the soil in a slightly damp state.

The germination of linden seeds, unfortunately, cannot be called high.

Small-leaved linden heart-shaped

Shoots appear slowly and not simultaneously. A cover of film or glass during seed germination is periodically removed to remove condensation formed on it. With the appearance of most sprouts, they begin to take shelter for a couple of hours a day, gradually increasing the time interval. During the entire period of germination, it is important to keep the air temperature around 20 - 23 ° C and a sufficient amount of sunlight.
Care of seedlings is timely watering and careful loosening of the soil. At first, it is necessary to prevent direct sunlight from getting onto the seedlings - the increased air temperature and the rapid evaporation of moisture will inevitably lead to the death of the seedlings.

After 2 - 3 weeks after germination, they must be thinned by removing weak specimens. So that the plants do not interfere with the further growth of each other, they are seated in separate containers, that is, they dive. Linden seedlings do not tolerate the transplant, so this procedure should be carried out under certain conditions. Transplantation is carried out in a soil of similar composition and together with a lump of moist earth to minimize the possibility of damage to the roots. It is best to use peat pots in which it will be possible to plant seedlings in the open ground in the future.

In May or early June, when the warm weather is finally established, you can start planting seedlings in the garden. The linden is a rather unpretentious tree and can grow on almost any soil, but for young saplings it is recommended to choose a more fertile piece of land. Lighting on it should be bright enough, but without direct sunlight at midday hours, which is especially important for the southern regions.

When growing seedlings, it is necessary to remember that linden is moisture-loving, and it is advisable not to allow long-term drying out of the soil. It is also necessary to regularly loosen the ground and remove weeds. Saplings aged 1 - 2 years are transplanted to a permanent place, preferably in the autumn.

Lipa is very decorative and easy to maintain, it has long adorns parks and streets of cities. In addition, it has an enviable resistance to frost and temporary droughts. Such a tree will undoubtedly decorate a garden plot and will be a great gift for posterity.

Linden application

Lipa Seeds very nutritious and they are consumed in the same way as hazelnuts, walnuts. Of them get the oil, the quality is close to olive, and taste like almond.

Freshlinden leaves used for making salads, and dried added to the dough.

Linden blossom also used instead of tea for brewing with other medicinal plants or with tea.

People began to use lime bark for household purposes a long time ago, from it they wove baskets, bast shoes, baskets and other products.

Lipa is considered to be an excellent honey plant, its honey is called “Lipet” and belongs to the category of high quality ones.

Linden Wood - the most common ornamental tree, which was used by our ancestors.

Lipa - interesting facts

Common Slavic word. The same root as lit.liepa "Linden", Greek lipos "fat". Lipa got a name for sticky buds, leaves and bast. Sometimes Linden leaves secrete so much sticky liquid that it even drips.

Lipa is helpful not only for man but also for the forest! In the fallen leaves of linden there is much calcium that plants need. They are like a kind of forest fertilizer that improves the nutritional properties of the soil. If linden grows with pine treepine grows better than in a pure pine forest.

Linden wood is very soft and easy to process. Its hardness on the Brinell scale is less than 1.8. This property is very useful in the manufacture of linden crafts by hand.

Lipa blooms in natural conditions on the 20th year of life, and in plantations - only after 30 years.

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