Seeing the large leaves of a dollar tree from afar, it is not immediately clear that it is real. High stems with hard feathery leaves attract the attention of a rich dark green color. Dense and shiny, they seem to be plastic, but this does not lose their decorative effect. Recently, zamiokulkas (this is the name of this flower) are increasingly found in offices and homes. It differs from other indoor plants in its special form, because it does not have a trunk and branches as such. The bush consists of high fleshy stems (they are the leaves), dissected into separate, rather large, leaves. The root system is presented in the form of a tuber overgrown with roots. It is not surprising that many are interested in the question of how to propagate a dollar tree. After all, neither shoots nor seeds, it does not. No, zamiokulkas can flower, but very rarely even in natural conditions. In addition, when growing at home, the seeds are not tied, including artificial pollination. What remains? And there is not so little left - vegetative reproduction. By the way, this is exactly how zamiokulkas reproduces in natural conditions. This is the most affordable way to get a new bush, although it will also have to wait decently.
How to propagate a dollar tree?
It is possible to grow a new zamiokulkas by separating and rooting one of the parts of the plant, obtained by:
Whichever method is used, the dollar tree begins to build up its deciduous mass only after it forms a tuber. In the case of cutting, it may take several months before the cutting begins to grow. Often during this time, the above-ground part of the plant dies before the young stems form.
Features grazing zamiokulkas
It is better to start grafting in early spring, while rooting is possible both in water and immediately in the substrate. For this fit the cuttings obtained from:
- A whole branch list. It is cut at the base, the lower leaves are removed and the branch takes root.
- Fragment of the branch-list. The stem is cut into pieces so that each has at least a pair of feather leaves.
- Fragment of the stem. Leaf feathers are cut from the fleshy stem, and it itself is divided into segments up to 8 cm in length. Stem cuttings, unlike others, root “standing” after cutting the skin shallowly.
- Separate leaflet. Healthy small leaves are cut, dried and rooted in light soil in a greenhouse.
Rooting a whole branch is one of the fastest ways. The larger the stalk, the faster it will grow the tuber, and the plant will begin to develop over the soil. But separate leaves in case of successful rooting will give 3 new leaves in a year, and this is at best.
Reproduction by division: when can the tubers be divided?
Although a dollar tree grows rather slowly, its root system is powerful. Tubers eventually produce a lot of plump roots, plus the flower is building up new nodules. As a result, the plant becomes crowded in a pot, and it needs to be transplanted. If the bush is large and thick, along with this procedure, reproduction can be combined by dividing the mother flower into parts. It is necessary to divide by tuber, so that at least one will be at each delenka, carefully unraveling the roots.
For division, it is better to use adult specimens that have reached a height of at least 50 cm and have several tubers. In the “single-club” Zamiokulkas divide (cut in half) a single tuber is not worth it - you can completely lose the flower.
Delenki dried and planted in small pots. A year later, the grown shrub rolled over into a larger dish.
Features of the plant
Zamiokulkas is an evergreen herb, native to tropical Africa. Dense glossy leaves of dark green color have the form of a long feather, assembled from separate leaf plates on a dense basis.
Between the leaves are collected in a dense outlet and form a lush fan about 60 cm high.
The underground part consists of tubers and thick, fleshy roots.
Zamiokulkas blooms rarely even under ideal conditions, the appearance of the inflorescences is not very expressive.
Flowers have an unusual shape, brought him the glory of the plant - muzhegon. Because of this, the innocent succulent is popularly called the flower of celibacy.
But more often they call it a dollar tree which attracts money luck and improves the welfare of its owner. Zamioculcas can often be found in the interior of offices and bank branches.
Most likely, the true reason for the popularity of Zamiokulkas is that it is surprisingly unpretentious. Caring for him to care at home is very simple. The flower prefers a bright place, protected from direct sunlight.
But it is easy to put up with partial dimming in combination with dry air, which makes it ideal for maintenance in city apartments. Succulents should be watered rarely and moderately, making sure that there is no stagnation of water in the pot.
Having learned how a zamiokulkas multiplies, you can stop at one of the methods or apply several options at the same time. When growing a flower from a cutting, you will have to be patient.
This tropical exotic is distinguished by the fact that the germination of leaves in him is extremely slow.
From the video you will learn how to do it correctly:
This is the most popular way of breeding zamiokulkas. Rooting requires only a healthy leaf of an adult plant and a substrate.
The following types of soil will do:
- steamed substrate that does not contain humus,
- clean fine sand
- sphagnum moss,
- coconut fiber substrate.
First you need to prepare pots with soil. You can use disposable plastic cups or small pots for seedlings. Be sure to make them drainage holes to remove excess water.
Then prepare the planting material:
- Cutting a whole leaf at the base with a sharp knife or scalpel, divide it into short cuttings. Cuts are made in the internodes so that each cutting has 1 or 2 leaflets and a leaf node.
- Treat all sections with activated charcoal and leave for 2 hours to dry them.
- Plant cuttings in a slightly moistened substrate so that the lower part of the leaf node is in the substrate and the upper part is in the air.
- The first 2 days do not water, and then moisturize moderately (as needed).
- Simultaneously with irrigation, spray cuttings with water until the leaf plates are slightly wetted.
- The term rooting - from 2 to 3 months. Then the plants are transplanted into pots of suitable size.
Root cuttings or branches can be in the water. The advantage of this method is that the whole process is visible and easy to control.
- The cutting is cut about 8 cm in size from the top of the whole leaf. The stem is cleaned from the lower leaf plates, leaving only 2 - 3 upper leaflets.
- Immerse the cutting in a container of water about half the length of the stem.
- Water must be periodically refilled or changed completely.
- The rooting process will take 2 to 3 months. After this, the zamiokulkas are planted in a pot with soil.
How to grow zamiokulkas from a leaf
Large, well-developed leaf blades from an adult plant are suitable for rooting. Young and weak leaves take root much worse, because the necessary supply of nutrients to ensure the growth of a new flower in them has not yet accumulated.
To reproduce zamiokulkasa leaf need:
- cut the leaf blade, dry the slice for 2 hours,
- process the cut with activated carbon or Kornevin (heteroauxin),
- place the sheet in a moistened primer so that the lower third is in the substrate,
- water as necessary, avoiding stagnation of water,
- the formation of the root system is about 2 months.
Since the young zamiokulkas develop long enough, the method of breeding with a tuber can be called the most effective. It is suitable only for adults, fully formed specimens with several points of growth, clearly visible on the soil surface.
For, to successfully split the plant into two or three parts, it is necessary:
- Carefully release zamiokulkas roots from the tank, where he grew up earlier.
- To shake from the roots of the soil, carefully examine them.
- Determine which parts of the plant are ready for separation, that is, they have their own tuber, part of the roots and a rosette with one or more leaves.
- Separate parts of the root system with a knife or scalpel, trying to do as little damage as possible.
- Treat the sections with activated carbon and leave to dry in the open air for 2 - 3 hours.
- Plant the separated parts of the flower in new containers with soil prepared according to all the rules and water moderately.
Care for a young plant
In order for a small zamiokulkas to grow well at home, he needs to provide favorable conditions. Until the root system develops, the beautiful leaves of the flower will not appear. Therefore, caring for an adult plant is different from caring for a sapling.
While the zamiokulkas root system is actively developing, the parent lamina or cutting gradually turns yellow and fades. This is because all the nutrients from them are used to develop a new sprout.
By the time the first green leaves appear, the old parts of the plant are completely dead. The stages of this process can be seen in the photo.
If the air in the room is too dry, it is recommended to cover the plants with a glass bell jar or glass to maintain the necessary humidity. It is necessary to regularly open sprouts for airing. and check their status.
When the plant draws a rosette of 2-3 first leaves, it is necessary to transplant a medium-sized pot, which will allow the root system to grow, which will allow for the development of a full-fledged green mass.
From this point on, the flower is considered an adult.
Terms of its content:
- light nutrient substrate; a special soil mixture for cacti is ideal,
- The recommended soil composition is a mixture of sod, leaf soil and sand in equal parts,
- moderate watering, which in winter should be reduced to a minimum,
- good drainage, which should take up to ¼ of the pot volume,
- air temperature 18 - 26 ° C, humidity 30 - 60%,
- in winter, the temperature can be lowered to 17 - 18 ° C, but not lower than 15 ° C,
- average illumination, lack of drafts,
- transplanting 1 time in 2 - 3 years in a larger pot.
Zamioculcas was cultivated as a home plant only at the end of the twentieth century. Such advantages as ease of maintenance, unpretentiousness and spectacular appearance, have already brought him deserved popularity among gardeners.
Having studied the materials on how to propagate Zamiokulkas, visitors to our resource will be able to it is easy to grow an exotic dollar tree at home.
And the tips on the video below will help you with this:
Below is the answer to the question of how Zamioculcas breeds by tuber division:
The plant is carefully removed from the pot and inspect the root tubers, they must have buds or growth points, which will later give shoots. Tuber cut into pieces, powdered cuts activated carbon.
Then the parts of the plant with tubers are dried, usually 2-3 hours, not more, and planted in the ground. Soil ordinary, versatile. At the bottom of the pot must be placed expanded clay drainage. Soil can be mixed with sand, in proportion: 1 part of sand and 2 parts of soil. Read more about what kind of soil you need to choose for Zamioculkas and how to handle it, read here.
After planting the plant can not be watered for 4-5 days, then watering should be done by spraying the top layer of the earth with well-settled water.
Consider how to plant a “dollar tree” by cutting:
For this method is suitable adult leaf of a plant, young sheets are not suitable, they are not sufficiently developed for breeding.
From one adult leaf, you can get a sufficient amount of planting material, plant Zamiokulkas at home and share the cuttings with friends.
The sheet is cut into pieces, each piece must have 2 leaves, leaf tip - 3 leaves.
After this procedure, the prepared cuttings should lie down for a while in the air, it is necessary to sprinkle the cut points with activated carbon (approximately 1 cm bottom of the stem) or Kornevinom.
Plant cuttings in the usual universal soil. It is advisable to create after disembarkation "Greenhouse effect"For this, the stalk is covered with a glass jar. Watering produce in 3-4 days after planting, spray the top layer of soil with settled water. Usually the formation of tubers occurs during 1-2 monthsand six months later, new leaves appear.
Leaf and Leaf Plates
Let's consider how to grow a “dollar tree” from a leaf:
For reproduction using this method, not only the adult leaf is suitable, but also the leaf plates of the plant.
The adult leaf of Zamiokulkas is cut, dried (many gardeners prefer to take only the upper part of the adult leaf with 5-6 leaf plates). The lower part of it is sprinkled with activated carbon or Kornevin (root growth stimulator) and planted in the ground.
Soil is used universal or "For succulents". Watering after leaf-planting is done in 3-4 days by spraying the top layer of soil with separated water. Tuber formation occurs 2-3 months after planting.
Leaf blades are cut from an adult leaf, dried base, powdered with activated carbon or Kornevin, and planted in sand and peat ground under the glass jar that creates the greenhouse effect. From time to time the bank must be lifted for airing. Watering should be done as usual after landing on the 5th day by spraying. In about a month, small white tubers appear at the base of the leaf.
Leaf or branch in water
How to propagate a flower in this way?
Adult leaf plants can be propagated in this way. Place the leaf in the water before the formation of the root system. But flower growers prefer methods rooting Zamioculkas in the ground.
For more details on how to plant an unpretentious Zamiokulkas plant with a process, an adult leaf with and without roots, as well as a young leaf, learn in this material.
If you purchased Zamioculcas in a flower shop, do not rush to immediately replace it. He must to adapt to the new premises. Feed him, he prefers fertilizers for succulents.
Place the flower in a comfortable environment. This plant does not like drafts, cold, like any tropical inhabitant. Light should be enough, but not direct sunlight.
AND do not hurry immediately filled up to drink your new tenant, especially after purchase. A week at least to water it is not worth it. If you properly care for Zamioculcas, you will be able to grow a lush bush with glossy dark green leaves.
To grow such beauty practically “from scratch” is possible from the leaf plates of the flower itself (this method was described above). For this, be patient and your work will be rewarded.
Cut the leaves (it is better to cut the sheet plates obliquely) sprinkle with activated charcoal, dry and plant in seedlings in sandy peat soil. Soil need a little pin downso that it is tight to the sheet.
To obtain faster rooting of the leaves, cover them with a glass jar. After 1-2 months, check the bases of the leaves, they should appear white nodules(some leaves may dry out, but there is no fear in it, just the leaf gave all its strength to form the tuber).
If the nodules are formed, the leaves can be planted in a pot, and several pieces at once, this will allow you to grow a lush plant.
The reproduction of Zamioculkas is a fairly simple process. We just need to remember that the plant toxictherefore, all breeding and planting procedures should be carried out with gloves. Growing Zamioculkas takes a long time, new shoots and leaves appear every 5-6 months, but with good and proper care, comfortable conditions for a flower, this can happen much more often.
Reproduction by division
If you want to plant a planned planting ahead, then you can use the opportunity and divide the plant into several separate parts with a growing point to get new bushes. Plant reproduction by a tuber is a fairly simple process. All that needs to be done for this is to divide the mother plant into separate parts.
But it is worthwhile to carry out the procedure as carefully as possible, while being careful not to damage the tuber. Having completed the procedure by dividing the culture, the obtained parts should be placed in fresh air, which will help them to dry quickly. With all this, it is mandatory to cut the cuts with wood or activated carbon.
For a high-quality transplant, use containers that will be filled with light soil.It can also be a universal soil, in which you should add a little vermiculite, because it will contribute to a more loose structure in the substrate. Within three days after the planting process, dry mode should be observed, after which they can be sprayed with separated water from the sprayer.
Reproduction zamiokulkasa sheet
This method of reproduction includes carrying out a certain list of manipulations with the leaf, which is worth taking away from an already adult culture.
- At first, the leaf should be cut off from the shrub, and then let it dry for several hours.
- After this, it is necessary to process the section for cutting the sheet using charcoal or a root stimulator of rhizomes. This process of plant preparation is over, so the sheet can be transplanted into a previously prepared soil, which will be universal for each culture. It can also be replaced with a special soil mixture intended for succulent varieties of crops.
- After three days, the plants planted in the soil must be sprayed, while not forgetting about the wetting of the leaf itself.
After a flower grower must be patient, since the process of forming roots on a bush is a rather long matter that can take about 2-3 months. Zamioculcas belongs to those species of rare crops that grow and develop very slowly. In order for new leaflets to be able to form well, you will need to wait about 6–7 months.
Reproduction Zamiokulkas at home
Among the most convenient ways breeding zamiokulkasa in the home can be considered the easiest reproduction by cuttings. As a material for planting, you can use simple shoots, which are taken from adult shrub Zamiokulkas. Reproduction by means of a sheet does not allow to prepare such a large number of cuttings, since in this case only one adult sheet from the uterine culture is used.
Zamiokulkas can not be propagated with the help of young leaves, because due to the underdevelopment and the fact that they still have incompletely formed full leaf plates, the chance of developing a normal crown and leaves is extremely low. Young leaves carry very low nutrients, without which it is impossible to get a normal culture from the cutting.
- For harvesting cuttings is to use a developed sheet of middle age in adult culture.
- After it should be divided into several individual cuttings, so that each plant has several opposite leaves.
- A cutting cut from the upper area of the leaf may contain about three leaves. After cutting the cutting, it is worthwhile to give him a few hours in order to lie down in the air and he has developed a leeward layer. There is no need to hurry with the process of transplanting cuttings directly into the ground of a universal nature, because of the high moisture content they can quickly rot and die.
- The ends of the branches should be processed with the help of activated carbon or another growth factor of the rhizomes of plants - Zircon or Kornevin. Ultimately, the plant will be protected from various diseases.
- For planting at home it is worth to apply a universal soil of light type, in which it is necessary to add vermiculite. This substance can make the primer looser structure. So that the branches could take root within a short period of time, they should be transferred to a micro-pot, which should be covered with glass and / or plastic film without fail. If you remember that the process of breeding a zamiokulkas through cuttings in rare cases can end badly, a large number of gardeners often worry and begins to transplant the plant directly into plastic cups, not transferring to the greenhouse shelter.
- It is necessary to carry out the first watering of sprouts only in three days after landing. This is done by spraying the soil, while using a sprayer. Within a few months in the ground on the branches will develop large tubers with roots. In the next five to six months, the grower should have a lot of patience, since it is through this period that the first leaflets can develop.
Plant propagation by leaves
Get new shrubs from Zamiokulkas at home you can not only using branches, but also with the help of individual small leaves of culture, which should be taken from a large sheet. In this case, it is worthwhile to prepare sheets that will be suitable for the process of rooting the leaflet. But at first they should be placed for some time in the open air, so that the cut point can dry out qualitatively. The lower area of the plant should be treated with the help of means that can stimulate the development of the root system of the plant.
In addition to all available activated carbon or wood, you can use modern means - Zircon, as well as Kornevin. When applying the latest It is worth preparing the mixture in advance by adding activated carbon to it.
At this stage, all the basic actions of a preparatory nature with leaflets are over. Now you can begin the process of rooting plants. To do this, the bottom of the sheet should be placed in a moist soil substrate, which will be created on the basis of peat and additional sand. Glass should be placed on top of the pot without fail, thus creating a micro-green effect. Before the development of the first shoots, it is worthwhile to carry out airing over time.
Also, the process of breeding zamiokulkas can be carried out by planting leaves without a greenhouse. In this case, using a substrate for rooting leaves, you can apply a universal soil or soil that will be prepared in advance for growing succulents. Two to three days after planting the crop, it is necessary to irrigate the leaves and soil by spraying from a sprayer. After one month you can notice the first effect: in the place where callus was located, by which we mean leaf tissue, developing in the area of cutting, small tubers develop. After they begin to grow actively, over time white roots will form on them.
The size of the planting material used for propagation of zamiokulkas directly by the vegetative method affects the process of the formation of new leaves in culture. That is why it is worth using larger species for growing. If you use small sheets, it may happen that new sheets will appear only after one year.
Reproduction of culture in water
In addition to the above methods, the reproduction of Zamiokulkas plants can be accomplished by placing a leaf in the water, in which its root system will actively develop. But first of all, the section of a cut of a plant should be processed with the help of a root-forming stimulator. This can be done using tools such as:
They will help rooting the plant. But at the same time, if you rely on the experience of professional flower growers, then the more effective and optimal option would be to reproduce the plant by rooting zamiokulkas in the soil substrate.
Zamioculkas is able to qualitatively diversify the dacha plot, as well as any apartment of a skilled florist. With a special desire You can purchase several varieties of this flower. To do this, it is only necessary to understand how to reproduce zamiokulkas and choose the most suitable method for this. Of course, reproduction through grafting will be the easiest and most understandable, which in most cases guarantees success. But at the same time, all lovers of flowers should immediately have some patience, since the zamiokulkas refers to the type of slow-growing crops, therefore, waiting for the first leaflets to form will be about 6 months.
How zamiokulkas reproduces at home
Culture is somewhat different in structure from other indoor plants. The leaf is a whole shoot coming out of an underground tuber. The latter is considered a stalk. It is possible to propagate a room flower in several ways, therefore in any circumstances it is easy to choose the most suitable one. The procedure is recommended to combine with pruning or transplanting, so as not to injure the plant once again. The optimal time for the operation - spring, the beginning of the active growing season. Protect hands with gloves, as succulent juice is poisonous, causing redness, burning and itching.
When growing a culture at home, zamiokulkas reproduces:
- planting an adult plant,
- rooting of the leaf plate,
- dividing the tuber
- sowing seeds.
This method is the simplest, does not require special skills. It is recommended to combine cuttings with pruning. To do this, cut the leaf at the base, split it into several cuttings so that each has a pair of leaf-shaped plates and small stumps at the top and bottom. Place the cut a little dry in the open air.
When breeding Zamiokulkas by cuttings, it is recommended to take several pieces of planting material at once, since not everyone can take root.
Rooting in water is desirable not to carry out, it is better to use growing in the substrate. Succulents with an excess of liquid rot.
The method is used in the spring when it is time to repot the indoor flower. The plant is carefully removed from the pot, but if the usual transplant procedure is performed using the method of transshipment, then in this case it is necessary to clean the roots from the ground. You should be seated right away in individual tanks.
To do this, take a scion of a dollar tree, carefully separating the intertwined roots. Tubers must remain intact - the less damage is formed, the easier it will take root young bushes in a new place. Plant as usual in a loose nutrient substrate.
Propagation of seeds by seeds is rarely carried out, because the planting material is difficult to find on sale, and when grown at home, the indoor flower does not always bloom. In addition, self-pollination is not possible, so the plant must be helped with a brush. When the seed box ripens, collect the seeds and use them as directed.
For disinfection, rinse with potassium permanganate solution, then dry slightly, mix with river sand. Sow in a wet mixture of sand and peat. From above to build a mini-hothouse, constantly maintain heat, to prevent sudden changes in temperature, drafts. Good lighting is required.
Water as necessary, spraying the substrate with separated warm water from a spray bottle. To warm a teplichka sometimes, to remove the accumulated condensate.
Shoots may appear only after a couple of months, after which it is necessary to thin out, leaving the shoots at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other. After the formation of the first 2 leaves (after cotyledons) it is allowed to transplant in individual cups.
Subtleties division bush
When planting zamiokulkas in a new soil substrate, the bush can be divided into several parts. For the reproduction of dollar trees in this way requires a mature, overgrown plant. The culture tolerates the procedure well enough if the root system does not suffer, especially the tuber.
Bush gently get out of the old container, free the roots from earthen coma. Take the zamiokulkas process (there may be several things, depending on the age of the indoor flower). The presence of a plant of adult branches is optional, just one growth point on each detachable part.
Leave briefly in the air. If it is impossible to carefully separate, fill the damaged areas with crushed charcoal. Next, the shoots to plant in the usual way. The container should contain the root system, the soil substrate and the drainage layer. At the same time, it is recommended to leave 2-3 cm to the edge, so that overgrown roots do not push the soil out.
Soil mixture purchased in a specialized garden shop or collected from sod, leaf earth, coarse sand and peat. Planted zamiokulkas watered, the first time to protect from direct sunlight, drafts, sudden changes in temperature.
Care for young plants
After the leaf plate or stalk has been given the roots, the seedling must be transplanted into a constant container. A growing plant requires the creation of a favorable microclimate and proper care. Growing zamiokulkas at home is quite simple, but you should consider some features. For example, after a transplant can not be fed 1-2 months.
Watering is carried out with settled water at room temperature and only after the soil mixture has almost completely dried, since the dollar tree is a succulent. It is allowed to transplant no earlier than one year, since after this procedure the culture requires acclimatization. A plant grown at home every year can produce only 2-3 leaves, their formation slows down during the flowering period.
It is allowed to feed zamiokulkas no more than once a month with special fertilizers for cacti and succulents. In the autumn and winter, the introduction of dressings is prohibited, since at this time the dollar tree must provide a wintering period.
Pruning is optional, you only need to remove the flower after blooming, as well as shoots infected with infections or pests. Sometimes for the rejuvenation of the bush requires complete removal of sheets.
The reproduction of zamiokulkas at home is most often carried out vegetatively. Regardless of which part of the plant is used, planting material should be rooted in the soil substrate, not the water. Subsequent maintenance of seedlings is similar to adult specimens.
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What does Zamiokulkas look like
Zamioculcas (Zamioculcas) is a genus belonging to the Aroid family (Aroideae). From the point of view of most botanists, he is a monotype, having a single representative - Zamiokulkas zamielist (zamiifolia) or Loddizhesa (loddigesii). Others distinguish between two and four varieties.
In nature, zamiokulkas forms continuous carpets of bright green leaves.
Homeland plants - plateaus in the south and southeast Africa. Conditions, by human standards, there are extreme. But the plant has successfully adapted to them. Like most local representatives of the flora, Zamiokulkas is a succulent, which is not typical for the Aroids, in principle.
During the short rainy season, it accumulates moisture in the thick, fleshy petioles of the leaves, stems and underground tubers. This "NZ" helps him survive a long drought. If the plant has a very bad condition, it discards leafy plates, leaving only petioles and streaks (axis-rachis). This helps to reduce the evaporation area.
The name of the flower is due to the fact that its leaves are very similar to the leaves of another African plant - zamie (in the literal translation of "zamiokulkas" - "zamiopodobny"). The final name was not approved immediately. The first version (“Caladium zamielistny”) belonged to the famous British lover of exotic flora, Konrad Loddizhesu. He first described the plant in 1829, but, not being a specialist in the field of botany, mistakenly included it in the Caladium genus, although he was not mistaken with the Aroid family.
The inaccuracy was corrected only in 1856 by an even more famous botanist from Austria, Heinrich Wilhelm Schott. He singled out the plant in a separate genus, "christened" Zamiokulkas and named after the discoverer. Since the beginning of the 20th century, an intermediate version has become established in literature - zamiokulkas zamielist.
In addition to the official name, the plant quickly acquired a variety of nicknames - “dollar tree”, “eternal” or “aroid palm”, “zanzibar pearl”. Especially fond of Zamiokulkas in China. There, he is considered a symbol of the New Year, and the Feng Shui doctrine connects the welfare of the owner with it.
In China, where Feng Shui teaching is especially popular, Zamiokulkas are often used to decorate the interior of office premises, thus attracting good luck in business.
Fans of indoor plants appreciate it for the beauty of the leaves. They are glossy, dark green, thin, but fairly stiff to the touch, complex in shape. The sheet plate is cut into 8–12 individual “feathers” - for the Aroids, this is also a unique phenomenon. Small vague spots of inky-purple color fit into the norm. From a distance, a flower seems artificial at all, because the leaves are very even, one-dimensional.
Zamiokulkas leaf of a complex shape is not a single leaf, but a whole “plate”
Zamiokulkas growth rate is no different, but at home it is rather an advantage. Often, the old leaves it sheds faster than it forms new ones. The maximum height in "captivity" is about 1 m.
Zamioculcas has a developed root system. It consists of powerful tubers and thick worm-like roots that leave them. If the plant is not transplanted for a long time, the cramped pot, which prevents further growth, may even crack under their pressure.
The zamiokulkas root system is very developed, it is in the tubers that the plant stores the main supply of moisture and nutrients
The flowering of zamiokulkas not only at home, but also in nature is an extremely rare phenomenon. It can only be expected from mature adult plants. Then the ear is covered with large berries, each contains one seed.
Zamiokulkas has an alternative almost unique way of reproduction. The base of the leaves that fell to the ground gradually thickens, turning into a tuber, which then forms the roots and goes underground, releasing new shoots.
But upset about the lack of flowering is not worth it. The spectacle is definitely not outstanding. Small yellowish-cream flowers are collected in a thick ear, tightly wrapped with a pale green or light beige veil. Inflorescence is located in the lower part of the plant, in the bosom of one of the leaves, so it is almost imperceptible. WITHHome-made emen are not tied in principle, even if “helping” a flower by artificially pollinating it. According to the experience of most lovers of indoor plants with experience, flowering often means the quick death of this specimen.
The flowering of Zamiokulkas is definitely not the most attractive sight in the world.
What you need to know before starting the procedure of breeding at home
When propagating zamiokulkas at home, you should first of all be patient. The process is guaranteed to stretch for several months. The fact is that at first the plant forms a fairly powerful tuber, and only then begins to build up the green mass.
It should also be remembered that, like all Aroids, Zamiokulkas is poisonous. The leaves contain juice, which, upon contact with the skin and mucous membranes, causes irritation, redness, rash. With a tendency to allergic reactions, even serious burns are possible, and when ingested into the stomach - severe indigestion disorders. Therefore, to any work with the plant proceed only with gloves, and after finishing, carefully wash their hands.
Despite the theoretical availability of seeds, at home the plant propagates exclusively by vegetative means. To get them is problematic, and the germination procedure is very complicated, time consuming and ineffective.
The tuber of the plant gains mass by sucking the nutrients from the cutting, leaf, part of the stem. Therefore, the fact that the aerial part turns yellow and shrinks is a normal phenomenon, and not a sign indicating the failure of the operation. Wait for the emergence of fresh shoots will have quite a long time.
With any method chosen, the future zamiokulkas provide heat and bright diffused light. The containers are placed in a home mini-greenhouse or covered with glass caps, cut with plastic bottles, placed in a tightly tied plastic bag. Landings are aired every day, but they are watered very moderately, wetting only the substrate at the edges of the pot.
Mini-greenhouse is ideal for rooting zamiokulkasa cuttings
It is important to choose the right soil for young plants. In heavy clay soil, Zamiokulkas degenerates, leaves shrink and deform. Suitable substrate for cacti and succulents or dekorativnolistvennyh indoor plants. But this is not ideal, so it is better to mix it yourself from leafy soil, peat and sand (1: 1: 1). A useful additive (5–7% of the total) is vermiculite, perlite, crushed pumice, crumb of old red bricks, small pieces of charcoal (best of all birch). The material absorbs excess moisture, preventing the development of rot. He also makes the soil lighter, creating the possibility of good aeration.
Zamioculcas is demanding on the quality of the soil - the soil should be light and loose
Do not forget about the drainage. A layer of expanded clay or small pebbles must be at least 4–5 cm thick.
Experienced growers note that the formation of zamiokulkas tubers is faster in the ground, but it is also possible to root in the water
Rooting of the leaf- "feather"
A significant drawback of the method is the slow development of a new plant. Even if you create optimal planting material, in a year no more than three leaves will appear.
The fact that the rooted "feathers" turn yellow and dry is normal, they feed the emerging tubers
Selected for rooting leaves must be completely healthy, not deformed, uniform color. The more they are, the faster the plant will develop.
Tubers reach the size of a pea in about 2–3 months
- Use a sharp, clean knife to cut the leaves at an angle of about 45º. Let them dry for 24 hours.
- Sprinkle the bottom third with a mixture of powdered activated charcoal or crushed chalk with any biostimulator.
- Plant the leaves in a wet substrate - a mixture of peat chips and sand (1: 1). They need to be buried in the ground by about a third. It is not recommended to root them in water - the tubers and roots are weak.
- Cover landing. Provide a temperature of 22–24ºС. Ventilate the greenhouse every day, spray it as the soil dries.
- After about 2-3 months, the leaves will dry. But small tubers are formed, about the size of a pea.
- After the appearance of the first new leaf (about six months on average), transplant the plants into pots with a diameter of 7–10 cm, filled with soil for ficus or palm trees. Do not forget the drainage. Further care is normal.
Over time, the planted leaf dries out completely, new ones are formed from the tuber
Propagation by parts of the stem, breeding branches
The method is practiced relatively rarely. The leaves of the zamiokulkas are located on the stem rather densely, therefore, to get a piece of 5–8 cm in length, you will have to get rid of a significant number of them, thus providing yourself with a more “traditional” planting material.
“Stem” of zamiokulkas - lower part of leaf stem
The procedure is no different from rooting individual “feathers” with one exception. Parts of the stem are placed on the substrate, and not stuck vertically. The dense skin is tentatively incised in several places with a razor blade or a thin scalpel. Ring notch depth - not more than 0.1–0.2 mm. These places are covered with soil.
How to dilute the division of tubers
A plant with a height of at least 50 cm is suitable for this. After its purchase, at least a year must pass. The best time for the procedure is from mid-April to late September.
The division of the tubers is carried out simultaneously with the transplant. The roots of the plant, extracted from the pot, gently unravel hands, separate tubers are separated. Try to minimize the damage caused by them. Any "wounds" immediately handle.
Try to stick the zamiokulkas roots by hand, the knife should be used only as a last resort
If there is only one tuber in the pot, it can only be cut if there are at least two points of growth (peculiar “buds”) on it. But experienced growers recommend not to risk the loss of Zamiokulkas, and to wait until the plant forms several tubers.
When cutting a single Zamiokulkas tuber, there is a real risk of losing both plants.
- Dry the planting material during the day. Particularly large tubers may need 2-3 days.
- Fill the pots with a diameter of 10–12 cm with a mixture of fertile turf, leaf ground, sand and peat (evenly) with the addition of fine expanded clay and humus (5% of the total volume). At the bottom of the drainage layer is required.
- Plant the tubers in containers, deepening to the substrate by no more than 3-5 cm. Care for them as an adult plant, completely eliminating feedings and replacing watering with a spraying. The first time fertilizer can be applied in 4-6 weeks.
- Two or three leaves a year for a rooted tuber is normal. About a year later, transplant Zamiokulkas into the soil for adult plants.
After dividing a tuber, transplanted Zamiokulkas cannot be fed within 4–6 weeks.
Possible problems and their solution
Based on the fact that the birthplace of Zamiokulkas - the hot African tropics, we can fairly conclude - the plant is very hardy. In fact, the only danger threatening young specimens is rot. Often the florist himself is to blame for her appearance, turning the soil in a pot into a swamp. If at the same time the room is rather cool, the appearance of a pathogenic fungus is almost inevitable.
To avoid the appearance of rot, you need to follow all the recommendations for the care of the plant, especially those related to watering.
Young Zamiokulkas should be inspected regularly. Anxiety symptoms - black-brown "weeping" quickly spreading spots on tubers, stems and leaf stalks. Save the plant can only be at an early stage of development of the disease. If the damaged parts are easily separated from it, the soil becomes covered with mold, it acquires an unpleasant putrefactive smell, there is no chance anymore. Such a zamiokulkas can only be thrown away. Therefore, you need to act quickly.
- Cut off all affected leaves and shoots. The knife must be sharp and disinfected. “Wounds” sprinkled with crushed chalk, activated charcoal, colloidal sulfur.
- Remove the plant from the pot. For 25–30 minutes, soak the tubers in a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate or in a 1% solution of any fungicide (Bordeaux mixture, XOM, Kuprozan, Skor). Let them dry for 2-3 hours.
- Replant the plant in a new ground and sterilized pot. Add to the soil granules Gliocladina, Trichodermine.
- For 2-3 months, water the zamiokulkas not with water, but with a 0.5% solution of Alirin-B, Fundazole, and Previkur.
Zamiokulkas or “dollar tree” is often grown at home, not only because of its beauty, but also because of the signs and superstitions associated with it. The plant is considered an excellent gift. In this case, the money spent on it is not needed - the flower reproduces well in “captivity”. It is only necessary to study in advance the nuances of the procedure, to give it enough time and to treat the young plant with care.