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Clematis varieties for northwest

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Despite the exotic appearance of decorative vines, clematis planting in the north-west of our country has been successfully practiced among gardeners for a long time. Breeders deduced special plant varieties that are resistant to prolonged sudden cooling. Even the harsh climate of Siberia will not prevent the breeder from enjoying the plentiful flowering of clematis, which lasts until the end of September. Planting vines on your site will help decorate any arbor, arch or terrace, turn them into real works of art.

Many varieties and types: count will not work

On the territory of modern Europe, clematis began to grow as a garden plant almost five centuries ago. In nature, they can be found anywhere in the world, except for those places that are covered with eternal ice. Wild species are distinguished by small sizes of flowers that do not belittle their beauty. There are many classifications of clematis: by the method of pruning, the length of the vine, and even the principle of winter storage. Here is the most popular classification, including the most common types among Russian gardeners:

  • Atragene, or the Duchess. Presented by lianas (up to 3.5 m long) with a woody stem capable of tightly wrapping around frame supports. The leaves are large, glossy, saturated green color, divided into two or three parts.

  • Clematis, or Clematis. Can be undersized (shrubs) and tall (lianas). Leaves slightly pubescent, green or light green, whole or dissected into several parts. Flowers are large, white.

  • Lasiantha, or Lasiant. A distinctive feature of the group - amazing flowers in the form of drooping bells, gathered in inflorescences of several pieces. Sheet plate is wide, glossy, dissected.

  • Viorna, or Viorna. Clementisses of this group can be shrubs, dwarf shrubs and creeping vines. Sheet plate is wide, glossy, dissected. The shape of the petals is arcuate.

All these species, varieties and hybrids are frost-resistant, their planting is possible in the north-west of our country, some even do not require special shelter for the winter. The roots of clematis are long, narrow, weakly branched. The flower is a perennial plant, some species are able to braid a support, while others require a garter. Liana consists of many internodes, on which there are several leaves and buds. Parts of vines are classified, which is important in the further care:

  • at the very bottom of the vine there are buds of shoots and a small amount of uncut leaves of medium size,
  • the middle part contains a lot of leaves and shoots, only from it you can get full cuttings,
  • the upper part is the most beautiful - it is on it that there is a huge amount of flowers.

Tip: when choosing clematis for vertical gardening, it is necessary to take into account the arrangement of flowers on the vine: long-stem varieties will decorate only the upper part of the support, and semi-shrubs will cover it completely with flowers.

Some varieties of clematis differ from most species in that their lower and upper parts are combined. Such a vine is an impressive sight: it is covered with a continuous carpet of beautiful flowers. The center of tillering is the main feature of the plant. Under the ground roots are intertwined, in their center there are many buds. When you care should be borne in mind that if the ground part of the flower dies, in the spring of clematis easily grow many new shoots.

Several ways of breeding decorative creepers

Clematis are not a rare plant due to the fact that they breed by all means known to gardeners. They are suitable for obtaining young copies even in the regions of Siberia. Despite the short summer, all the saplings with proper care successfully take root and hibernate well. Here are the main methods of reproduction of decorative creepers:

  • Seeds. In the second decade of March, the seeds are placed in a seedling boxes with loose nutrient soil, gently pressed and sprinkled with a small amount of earth. Cover containers with glass or film and leave in a warm, bright place, occasionally moistening the soil. After a couple of weeks, green shoots will seem. As they grow a pair of strong leaves, the saplings swoop in separate containers.

  • Cuttings. Cut cuttings from a long shoot of the vegetative part of the vine. Each slice should include one inter-node with two nodes. Immerse the cuttings in the soil, consisting of equal parts of bottom peat and sand almost completely. 2-3 cm of stem should remain on the soil surface. Having created cuttings for greenhouse conditions, they are left warm for building up a strong root system. Care is to remove condensate from the walls of the containers and daily poor watering.

  • Layering. In the fall, leave without pruning some strong shoots for wintering. In spring, shoots are attached to the soil using plastic or metal clips and begin to water. Wake up the buds, the formation of young shoots will begin. At this stage it is necessary to sprinkle the landing site with fresh soil. After a month, young clematis must be separated from the parent plant, trying not to damage the roots.

  • The division of the root. With the help of sharp garden tools, the shrub is divided into two parts. Cut-off areas are smeared with garden pitch and left to dry. Now it is possible to carry out landing on a constant residence.

Tip: if a novice gardener from Siberia decided to plant clematis on his plot, the first thing he needs to pay attention to is the frost resistance of the variety. It is desirable that the species retains its viability in frosts above 20 ° C.

Seedlings obtained by any of these methods require the same further care. They should be watered as the earthen clod dries 2 cm deep, and the soil should be loosened weekly. Garden pests are not asleep - preventive inspection of the underside of leaflets is mandatory. Before landing on the flower beds, especially in the north-west of our country, kids need to be hardened in the fresh air from time to time with a gradual increase in the interval on the street.

Correct planting is a plentiful bloom.

Places for planting clematis should choose solar, open on all sides. Liana grows well in slightly shaded areas, but in the north-western regions of our country it is best for a flower bed to find the most illuminated place. You should not plant a flower close to the walls of houses, the distance between them should be more than one meter. Water drains from the roof after the rain, and a constant accumulation of moisture forms on the flowerbed, in such an environment there is a likelihood of root system decay. It is also undesirable to plant near tall trees. They will shade the vine with its crown, it will stop growing, and you can not wait for flowering at all.

Tip: shrub vine should be immediately tied to the supports, it will facilitate subsequent care. Within a month, in the absence of any frame, the resulting shoots will intertwine with each other, and separating them without breaking will not work.

In connection with the peculiarities of the clematis root system, the moon for landing should be deep (up to 70 cm), but not too wide (45-60 cm). A kilogram of rotted organic matter is laid in the pit, 100-200 g of any mineral fertilizer, dug up and form a small mound up to 20 cm high at the bottom. The seedling is set vertically on a knoll, and its roots are evenly distributed so that they hang down. The lower part of the stem should be spud river sand, it will serve as an excellent prevention from the occurrence of putrefactive processes.

Advice: the hole is not completely covered with soil - it is worth leaving the buds open. As young shoots form in the pit, the remaining soil is gradually added.

Now gently pour a bucket of water into each well, and the surface of the earth is mulched with grass, straw, or peat. This procedure will greatly facilitate the care of the vine, you can forget about weeding and loosening for a long time. Having found weak and excessively elongated shoots in clematis, they are almost completely cut off. It should be slightly shade seedlings in the first two months after planting.

A few tips on caring for blooming vines

Plant care begins with the arrival of spring. Gardeners of Siberia begin to take shelter from the bushes in the middle or end of April. First, slightly open up the upper part for successful acclimatization of wintered clematis. When the outdoor thermometer stops dropping below 12-15 ° C, the shelter is removed completely. It should temporarily shade the bushes so that the active spring sun does not destroy the awakened buds.

Tip: it is best to release the plants from the covering material in wet weather, when the sky is covered with clouds. This will save the frail parts of the plant, after a long winter, from drying out.

Clematis like abundant watering, but the plant should not be poured. When the onset of stable heat adult copy enough to make one bucket of water 2-3 times a week. It is necessary to water a liana carefully, to distribute moisture over the entire surface of the flower bed. After the onset of flowering during watering, try to prevent water droplets from settling on the surface of leaves and flowers. Ugly brown spots may form on them, the vine will lose its decorative effect.

Tip: with the onset of cold weather, watering is gradually reduced, and by the end of September, it stops altogether. The combination of high humidity and frozen ground is deadly to the root system of vines and shrubs.

Like all flowering plants, clematis love "tasty", nutritious food. Pre-cooked organics should be bought from trusted vendors, so as not to infect the delicate roots with the larvae of harmful insects. Fertilization should be carried out according to the following plan:

  • With the arrival of spring vines need a lot of nitrogen and organic fertilizers. Nitrogen will help them to grow many young shoots and succulent leaves, help prepare for flowering.
  • Before laying the buds, the owner should pamper pets with a handful of granular fertilizers with a high phosphorus content at the root. This will provide its guaranteed lush flowering vines.
  • After flowering, clematis need potash supplements. So they prepare for a long and harsh wintering.

Very much like to feast on the juice of tender parts of clematis pests. If the owner neglects the weekly routine inspection, then soon a liana may show up:

  1. Spider mite with its shiny spiderwebs.
  2. Aphid colonies near deciduous stalks.

With a weekly interval, the whole plant should be treated with any systemic insecticide 3-4 times. And in the root system of clematis can live a nematode, which likes the roots. This means that when caring for the vine, a serious blunder was made - the harmful insect penetrated the soil with organic fertilizers. It is also necessary to use insecticidal agents, abundantly watering the soil under the plant.

To complete the care of clematis in Siberia after the onset of cold weather, it is necessary to create all conditions for wintering for vines. Plants should be trimmed and covered with any air-permeable material (burlap). Some varieties do not prune or shorten shoots by one third the length. Creepers are bent to the ground and fixed with staples; covering material is placed on top.

Clematis - the most suitable plants for growing in the regions of Siberia. The exotic beauty of the decorative creeper will brighten up such a short summer. A combination of rose bushes and lush blooming clematis will turn any area into a corner of the Garden of Eden. I can not believe that the cold will come soon and everything will disappear ... To be revived again in the spring.

Clematis for the North-West regions, frost-resistant species, clematis planting and maintenance

Clematis is the only liana that can be compared with a beautiful appearance with roses. It is a frequent decoration of gardens and verandas of many regions of Russia. It is amazing how quickly a native of the tropics takes root in the cold lands. Many people mistakenly think that this plant will not be able to settle down in the north-western regions of the country.

Thanks to modern breeding, it became possible to grow clematis in harsh climates. Therefore, even in Siberia and the Far East, you can see bright flowering vines, which always remind of hot summer.

Features of decorative culture

When growing any plant, you must first familiarize yourself with its characteristics and characteristics.

The native edges of clematis are the subtropics and the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere. The plant of the Buttercup family can be grassy or woody, but more often gardeners grow lianas with sprouting branches.

Listolazy can be characterized by a core or fibrous root system. Faceted shoots, characterized by subtlety, are formed from underground parts or elevated points of the tree. Simple or complex leaves may have a lanceolate or ovoid shape. Lianam is characterized by the green color of foliage, but there are varieties that have equally attractive purple leaves.

Bisexual flowers can grow one by one or gather into inflorescences of the panicle, shield, or half-umbel. Simple flowers have 4, 6 and 8 petals, terry species may have several dozen. A large number of stamens and pistils forms a shaggy center, similar to a spider. Clematis is characterized by various shades: they are white, yellow, pink, purple, blue, etc. Fluffy fruits, collected in the stem, are characterized by nutty form.

Vines bloom for 3-4 months. Flowering high Clematis, reaching 3-4 m in height, occurs in the upper part of the shoots. This nuance should be considered when choosing a place for planting and installing a support for creepers. Usually shoots are tied up so that they lean down. Such an organization of the plant allows you to beautifully decorate arches and fences. In low species, the vegetative and generative parts are almost completely combined. During flowering, almost all the trees are covered with beautiful flowers. But this feature prevents the cuttings, since only the vegetative elements of the plant go to the cuttings.

Trim groups

All clematis are divided into three groups according to the ability of creepers to bloom on uneven-aged shoots, which determines the possibility of pruning branches before hibernation:

  • 1 group. Species of this group are characterized by flowering of biennial and old shoots, which must be preserved before the winter period. Branches of lianas relieve wilted flowers and cut only a few centimeters. Also carry out the removal of sick and withered shoots. Species with a high degree of cold resistance will be able to easily winter on supports. Clematis less resistant to the harsh climate is removed from the supports, the branches are laid on the ground and covered with spruce branches. Of course, this makes it difficult to care for the plants, but the proper creation of winter dormancy will allow them to transfer the winter and blossom for the next year.
  • 2 group. The vines combined in this group bloom on both old and young branches. Flowering begins on last year's shoots from May to June, and continues on new ones from July and can last until September. The first flowering is characterized by large flowers, the second - small. Terry flowers can appear on any branches or only on old ones. The first and second flowering periods may vary in timing and intensity. In order for clematis to bloom throughout the summer period, the shoots are cut so that they are a meter in length. Strong pruning will lead to a single bloom, which will begin quite late. Choosing varieties of this group, you should pay attention to the timing of flowering of different vines. If the second time clematis blooms only from August, then you should abandon their cultivation in a cold region.
  • 3 group. Species of this group are distinguished by abundant flowering on young shoots that do not need to be saved for the winter. They are usually cut short, which is conducive to the easy organization of shelter and simple care of the plant. The trimming procedure is carried out almost at the very surface of the soil, leaving 20-25 cm in length of the shoot. This event leads to an increase in the number of branches and early flowering. Early flowering is possible with longer shoots that are left in the fall.

Many varieties belong to the second and third group, as they bloom well with weak and strong pruning.

Clematis Types

Attractive creepers began to grow as garden flowers 500 years ago. To date, more than 300 species of plant crops are known, which are distinguished by the shape, size and color of flowers. Breeders from Western Europe bred varieties that are more suitable for growing in regions with a warm climate.

North-western regions of Russia are characterized by cold winters, early autumn and late spring frosts. Not all types of thermophilic clematis will be able to settle down in such latitudes. Поэтому сорта, которые зацветают в конце зимы или поздно осенью, не подойдут для регионов с суровым климатом.

На северо-западе страны следует высаживать низкорослые и среднерослые виды цветка, которые вырастают не больше 2 м. Their flowering begins in July and ends by the beginning of autumn. Such vines are characterized by high winter hardiness and small flowers.

Popular types of clematis for the northwest:

  • "Viorna". Creeping creepers have wide, glossy, dissected leaves. Frost-resistant species has flowers with arcuate petals.
  • "Gypsy Queen." The blooming variety well opposes not only frost, but also fungal diseases. Shoots are characterized by rapid growth and a length of up to 2.5-3 m. The flowers, which appear in August, have a violet color on the outside and dark purple on the inside of the petal.
  • Jacquesman. On the powerful and fast-growing vines in the period of flowering appear large flowers of purple, burgundy or pink. Early-flowering varieties prune 3-4 buds for wintering.
  • "Itgifolia". Half-opened bell-shaped flowers appear on the shoots of the current year. Before winter, branches can be cut completely. But such clematis will have to be tied to supports manually.
  • "The Duchess". The tree can reach 3.5 m in height. A woody stem tightly wraps around the frame. Large-sized glossy leaves have a rich green color and are divided into two or three segments.
  • Lazianta. A group of amazing plants differs in drooping bell-shaped flowers, gathering in inflorescences. The leaves are wide, glossy, dissected.
  • Luther Burbank. The shoots grow up to 2-2.3 m. Large flowers have a disc-shaped form, the diameter is 15-20 cm. Petals have wavy edges and purple-blue color, during flowering they twist outwards.
  • "Mephistopheles". The flowers are characterized by a cruciform shape, a diameter of 13-18 cm and dark purple sepals. Flowering lasts from July to October. The length of the branches reaches 3.5-4 m. Mephistopheles have a high resistance to fungal diseases.
  • "Melody". The shrub liana grows no more than 1.6-1.9 m. The diameter of the flowers is within 10-15 cm. The fine-toothed sepals are characterized by pearlescent-pink color. Winter-hardy species has abundant flowering, starting in July and lasting until the onset of frost.
  • "Piilu". Shrub vines grow to 1.8-2.1 m. The flowers are characterized by a light purple or pink hue. In the center of the petals is a crimson stripe. Flowers with a diameter of 12-14 cm are characterized by bright yellow flowers. Abundantly the plant blooms on young shoots, terry forms appear on old branches.
  • "Rouge Cardinal". Shoots reach 2.2-2.6 m in length. Sepals have a velvety and red-purple hue with a clarified central stripe along the petals. Abundant flowering begins in July and ends in September.
  • "Florida". Large flowers of light shades appear on last year's shoots. The tree can be strongly cut, leaving a length of at least a meter, but next summer flowering will be late.
  • "Ernest Markham." Shoots grow to 2.5-3 m. Disc-shaped flowers reach a diameter of 13-16 cm. The species is characterized by sepals that have a reddish-purple tone inside and a smoky-purple hue outside. Liana blooms profusely from August.

Growing conditions

In the north-western regions, thermophilic clematis should be planted on the sunny side of the house. Some species with small flowers can be grown in partial shade, as they tolerate frost well. The site should be protected from wind and drafts.

Although the plant prefers abundant watering, the vine should be planted away from groundwater and buildings with drain pipes, since frequent soil moisture will aggravate the condition of the root clematis system.

The soil should be picked up nutritious and loose. Acid soils are not suitable for clematis. The procedure liming is carried out before planting and in subsequent years.

Creepers should be planted away from shrubs and trees with strong roots that take a lot of nutrients from the soil. But plants with an underdeveloped root system, planted next to clematis, will save its shoots from excessive solar heat.

The main condition for growing vines are supports. The size of the frame is selected depending on the type and variety. Some varieties spontaneously braid a support, others have to be tied up in time.

Planting clematis in open ground

For planting you need to choose the right material. In healthy clematis, the roots should be free of blemishes, rot and blistering. Kidneys should be 3-4 pieces, if the plant is planted with last year's shoots, then you should check that the buds are healthy. The root system must be disinfected in a solution of Kornevin or Zircon.

Clematis should be planted in Northwest Russia in April or May.

  • Because of the long roots, the clematis pit must be dug at a depth of 60-70 cm. The diameter of the pit may be slightly smaller - 50-60 cm.
  • For clematis, it is necessary to prepare a substrate with a neutral reaction, including garden soil, humus, peat and river sand.
  • The wells are covered with dolomite or lime, and a small amount of superphosphate and mineral fertilizers are also added. A suitable fertilizer for lianas would be compost, half-dung manure, or ash.
  • To make the bush easier to transplant, the earth is poured into a hole in the form of a mound, which is moderately fed with moisture.
  • The root system with a lump of old earth is planted in the recess, gently straightening the roots on the hill formed.
  • The roots are covered with the remaining substrate, and the root neck is covered with sand. The soil is carefully compacted, watered again and mulched.
  • For two weeks for the plant do cover from the sun, so that the vine has got accustomed with enough water.

Clematis Care

Recently planted plants should be watered regularly and rid of weeds that inhabit the area. Usually, 1-2 buckets of separated or filtered water are spent on one tree. In hot periods, watering is done more often. So that the vine does not get sick, it is necessary to water it away from the trunk. After the upper layer has dried, the soil should be loosened. Soil mulching allows less frequent irrigation and loosening.

Clematis fertilizers are applied from the second year of their life in the open field. Feed the plant with nitrogen fertilizers begin during the rapid growth and development in the spring season and continue until July. During the budding period, mineral components and organic matter are introduced into the soil, which can be combined or alternated. During the flowering period, no fertilizer is added to the soil.

By the fall, feeding is stopped, but for late-flowering species you can add superphosphate, which is not washed out of the soil and persists until next summer. Preparing vines for the winter period make closer to November. Despite the frost resistance of varieties planted in areas with a harsh climate, clematis require compulsory shelter with a film or lutrasil, which is better to carry out earlier if strong frosts are expected.

Shelters are usually cleaned in May, when the soil dries out completely after the snow has melted. To clematis "woke up", it is treated with ash, lime milk or chalk. It is necessary to feed the plant and calcium nitrate. From May to June the liana needs dry mineral fertilizers and organic solutions.

In order for the plant not to hurt or be inhabited by insect parasites, it is treated with special prophylactic drugs. Timely shoots should be tied to the support, so that they do not have time to get confused with each other and can develop in the right direction.

If you pick the right kind of clematis and make proper care of it, it will take root and will bloom regularly in any cold region.

Clematis for the northwest - planting and care: tips on growing in Siberia

Despite the exotic appearance of decorative vines, clematis planting in the north-west of our country has been successfully practiced among gardeners for a long time. Breeders deduced special plant varieties that are resistant to prolonged sudden cooling. Even the harsh climate of Siberia will not prevent the breeder from enjoying the plentiful flowering of clematis, which lasts until the end of September. Planting vines on your site will help decorate any arbor, arch or terrace, turn them into real works of art.

Clematis. Winter-hardy varieties for the north-west.

Clematis, as a garden plant, began to gain popularity in Europe from the second half of the nineteenth century. Since then, many hybrids and varieties have been bred and it is not so easy to deal with frost resistance and endurance.

The Chicago Botanical Garden conducted an experiment to assess the potential for cultivation in the USDA 5b endurance zone. Zones of frost resistance and winter hardiness of plants. Some areas of the Leningrad region may well be attributed to the endurance zone of the USDA 5b. And therefore, we can fully focus on the results of the Chicago Botanical Garden when choosing enduring clematis. The experiment lasted 6 years, began in the spring of 1990 and was completed by the fall of 1995.

1. Compare the decorative characteristics of commercially available species and varieties,

2. Determine the necessary culture parameters for successful cultivation,

3. Promote the cultivation or use of clematis in northern landscapes.

Sixty-four species and varieties were included in the project. Clematis was planted under similar conditions. The soil is loam without additional improvement, with an average pH of 7.4. Maintenance practices have been kept to a minimum to simulate the content of culture in a private garden.

The evaluation was carried out on the parameters -

height and shape of the plant,

resistance to diseases and pests

64 taxa completed the six-year project. A combined rating was assigned to each taxon depending on its overall effectiveness and health. 33 clematis, which can be recommended for the northern landscapes, are presented in Table 1. Nine taxons received top marks for producing a large mass of high-quality flowers, for exceptional decorative characteristics, high growth energy, winter resistance, and disease resistance.

Winterharding clematis varieties

Choosing clematis flowers for planting in the garden, it must be remembered that most of the large-flowered varieties are created by breeders in Western Europe and adapted to the conditions of a mild coastal climate.

Cold winters, early autumn and late spring frosts, typical of the non-chernozem zone, the north-western regions, Siberia and the Far East of our country, limit the list of species and cultivars that can successfully winter and abundantly blossom in these climatic conditions. The use of early, flowering on last year's shoots, or late-flowering varieties that bloom in September-October, as well as most of the clematis in the southern regions for the North-West, Siberia and even the middle band is not practical, because of the vagaries of the weather they often simply do not have time to bloom or freeze to death. The stunted and medium-grown (up to 2.5 m) garden forms that bloom in mid-July to late August on annual growths feel best here. These are winter-hardy clematis from the third, less often from the second group of pruning, as well as some small-flowered species that grow in nature under similar weather conditions.

Of the cultivars that bloom on the shoots of the current year, the most popular are:

Zhakman hybrids: purple-purple Gypsy Queen, lilac Nikolay Rubtsov, pink with a purple tinge Madame Baron Vilar, lilac-pink Heigli Hybrid.

Vititsella hybrids: carmine-fuchsia Ville de Lyon, dark purple Cloud, dark red Niobe, pink Lilac star, dark pink Alexandrite.

Winter-hardy varieties of clematis from the second group of pruning are quite rare, of which the snow-white Ballerina from the Languloza group, the blue-pink Nelly Moser and the light-purple Nadezhda from the Patents group feel good in the latitude of St. Petersburg.

One of the few large-flowered Florida hybrids that bloom steadily in the North-West Russia is Mississ Cholmondelli with lavender-blue semi-double flowers blooming exclusively on the shoots of last year.

From small-flowered species for growing in areas with a temperate and cold climate, clematis erect, borschivikolistny, alpine, bell-flowered, short-tailed, gray-gray, tangut are recommended.

Winter-hardy clematis for the northwest

Of the cultivars that bloom on the shoots of the current year, the most popular are:

Zhakman hybrids: purple-purple Gypsy Queen, lilac Nikolay Rubtsov, pink with a purple tinge Madame Baron Vilar, lilac-pink Heigli Hybrid.

Vititsella hybrids: carmine-fuchsia Ville de Lyon, dark purple Cloud, dark red Niobe, pink Lilac star, dark pink Alexandrite.

Winter-hardy varieties of clematis from the second group of pruning are quite rare, of which the snow-white Ballerina from the Languloza group, the blue-pink Nelly Moser and the light-purple Nadezhda from the Patents group feel good in the latitude of St. Petersburg.

One of the few large-flowered Florida hybrids that bloom steadily in the North-West Russia is Mississ Cholmondelli with lavender-blue semi-double flowers blooming exclusively on the shoots of last year.

From small-flowered species for growing in areas with a temperate and cold climate, clematis erect, borschivikolistny, alpine, bell-flowered, short-tailed, gray-gray, tangut are recommended.

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