The birch is a deciduous tree of the Birch family (lat. Betulaceae). The Latin name is Betula pendula roth. The tree is also known as warty birch (Betula verrucosa) and weeping birch. Previously, this species was called white birch (lat. Betula alba). Now this name is applied only to fluffy birch (lat. Betula pubescens).
How does it look
The appearance of birch hung. This warty member of the Berezov family has a strong root system. The roots are shallow, so the tree can tumble down a sharp gust of wind.
Hanging birch reaches 30 meters in height and has an erect white trunk with black cracks, with a diameter of 80 cm. In the lower part of the tree the bark is black-gray. The trunk of young trees is brown, at 8 years old it begins to turn white.
The branches are bare, spreading, drooping. Each branch is covered with red-brown bark dotted with resinous wart glands that emit fragrant drops that attract bees. From here, the tree received the name - drooping, weeping, warty.
Sticky, pointed buds covered with scales. Weeping birch has drooping dioecious earrings. Men - brown, autumn, women - green, spring. Pollinated by the wind. The tree blooms from April to May.
The petioles are bright green, triangular-ovoid and rhombic-ovoid. The length of the leaf blade is up to 7 cm, the width is up to 5.5 cm. The venation of the leaf is mesh.
The fruits are small winged nuts that ripen by the end of summer. Yellow seeds up to 2 mm long, 1 mm wide, showered from August to January. In the wild, birch begins to bear fruit from 10 years of age, in planting from 20 years.
Deciduous tree is found almost throughout Europe, in North Africa and Central Asia. In Russia, hanging birch grows in the European part, Western Siberia, the Caucasus and the Altai.
Hanging birch - light-loving plant, prefers a temperate climate, does not tolerate extreme heat. Hanged and fluffy birches often grow nearby and form transitional forms, for example, Karelian birch.
For more information about hanging birch, see the following video:
Buds and leaves
As a medicinal raw material use buds, leaves and bark of birch. On their basis, make therapeutic infusions and decoctions. Birch buds oil is added to cosmetic products. Birch tar, known for its antiseptic, wound healing and disinfectant properties, is made of woody birch bark.
Birch buds and leaves contain:
- essential oil,
- resinous substances
- ascorbic acid
- fatty acid,
Hanged birch leaves can be purchased at the pharmacy. The buds and leaves of birch have bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, wound healing and blood-purifying effects. The healing properties of the plant are recognized as official medicine. In pharmacies, you can buy dry birch leaves and buds.
Birch leaves have antifungal and antiseptic properties. Funds based on them are used to strengthen the immune system and treat skin diseases.
Birch buds have choleretic and diuretic effects. They are used to treat diseases of the biliary tract, liver and urogenital system. Infusion of the kidneys relieves puffiness caused by impaired heart or kidney function.
Funds based on birch leaves and buds are used externally to treat wounds, burns and diaper rash. They have a healing and anti-inflammatory effect.
How to collect
Kidney collection is carried out from January to March. Harvest only unblown buds. Leaves are harvested in May and June.
Raw materials are dried in the open air under a canopy or in a ventilated room, for example, in the attic. Store in a dry place in fabric or paper bags. The shelf life of finished raw materials - 2 years.
How to apply
Infusions of birch leaves are used to treat kidney disease. Funds have a diuretic and anti-inflammatory effect. Birch leaves are beneficial for beriberi.
Decoction of the kidneys is effective in treating skin diseases, such as eczema, scabies, depriving. In addition, it has an antiseptic and expectorant effect, and therefore helps with respiratory diseases - laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis.
Birch sap is used to strengthen the body. It is used externally to treat trophic ulcers and nonhealing wounds.
Activated birch coal is used as a strong adsorbent for poisoning. It is effective in colitis and increased acidity of gastric juice.
Diuretic decoction (remedy)
Broth birch buds have a diuretic effect. It is used in urolithiasis and to relieve edema.
- Birch buds - 10 gr.
- Water - 200 ml.
How to cook: Pour boiling water over dry birch buds, put on a slow fire and simmer under a lid for 30 minutes. Remove from heat, cover with a towel and let it brew for 10–15 minutes. Strain the broth and add boiled water so that the total volume of the liquid is 200 ml.
How to use: Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day, regardless of the meal.
Result: Broth removes puffiness, displays sand and small stones. The tool has an analgesic effect.
Infusion with beriberi
Infusion of birch leaves is rich in vitamin C. It is indispensable in the autumn and spring periods. The tool has a tonic effect and helps to resist viral diseases.
- Birch leaves - 100 gr.
- Water - 500 ml.
- Sugar - ½ tsp.
- Citric acid - at the tip of the knife.
How to cook: Fill the dry leaves with boiling water, cover, wrap with a towel and leave for at least 4 hours. In the cooled infusion dissolve sugar and citric acid.
How to use: Take 1 glass 3 times daily before meals.
Result: Infusion strengthens the immune system, improves skin, hair and nails.
Tincture for skin diseases (eczema, scabies, lichen)
Birch buds tincture is effective for diseases of the skin and joints. It is used to treat bedsores and acne.
- Birch buds - 15 gr.
- Vodka - 500 ml.
How to cook: Fill the birch buds with vodka, cover with a lid and leave in a dark place for 3 weeks. Every day, shake the container without opening the lid. Strain the finished product. Store in the refrigerator.
How to use: Use for the treatment of the diseased skin area 2-3 times a day.
Result: Tincture relieves inflammation, anesthetizes and disinfects the skin. The remedy is effective for scabies, lichen and acne.
Birch coal as an adsorbent (in case of poisoning)
Birch charcoal is used to clean the body for poisoning. It absorbs toxic substances and eliminates the symptoms of intoxication. In addition, coal is used to purify drinking water from heavy metals.
- Birch coal - 1 tablet per 10 kg of weight.
- Water - 1 cup.
How to cook: Crush tablets into powder with a rolling pin.
How to use: Wash down the crushed tablets with water.
Result: The tool quickly eliminates the symptoms of intoxication and improves health. The intestinal walls do not absorb coal, so it is freely excreted from the body.
Planting and care of birch
Birch seedlings and seeds are planted in early spring and autumn. While the young birch survives, it must be watered and fertilized. The tree grows poorly near groundwater and in shaded areas, otherwise unpretentious to the soil. Adult birch does not require special fertilizers and watering.
Birch need to be protected from trubkov beetles. If they appear, cut off the damaged leaves and treat the wood with chemicals. To protect the roots from the Maybirds, it is necessary to dig up the soil around the tree once a season.
For more information about hanging psadka, see the following video:
Birch sap has a tonic effect on the body. It is taken for the treatment of early-stage anemia. Juice is used externally to heal wounds, trophic ulcers and during furunculosis.
To obtain birch sap, you need to cut a small branch or cut a piece of bark on the trunk and insert a groove into the hole. On it the liquid will drain into the tank. One tree gives 2−3 liters of juice per day. Stored healthy drink in the refrigerator for 2 days.
The genus Birch (lat. Betula) unites about 120 species of trees. The most common ones are:
- birch purpurea - Betula purpurea,
- hanging birch - Betula pendula,
- Young Birch - Betula pendula Youngii,
- birch useful - Betula utilis,
- flat birch - Betula platyphylla,
- fluffy birch - Betula pubescens,
- black birch - Betula nigra.
What to remember
- Leaves and buds of silver birch are widely used in folk and traditional medicine.
- On the basis of medicinal raw materials make infusions and decoctions. Birch sap also has healing properties.
- Leaves and buds have diuretic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and disinfectant effects.
Please support the project - tell about us
The hanging birch has an extensive Euro-Siberian area, in most of the territory of Russia it is solid, with isolated “islands” in Kazakhstan, the Crimea and the Caucasus. The range of this birch covers the entire European part of Russia (except the extreme north and south), the Urals, Western and partly Central Siberia, and the Caucasus. In the east, hanging birch reaches Baikal, however, its single locations are also noted in the basin of the Lena and Aldan, much east of the border of its continuous distribution. The most abundant in Western and Central Siberia, as well as in the middle zone of the European part of Russia. Outside Russia, it grows in Central and Western Europe, northern Kazakhstan, Tarbagatai, Dzungarian Alatau, Western Tien Shan.
Hanging birch is distributed almost throughout the country. We have about 120 species of it.
Hanging birch forms derivative forests occurring at the site of felled or burnt pine forests, spruce forests, larch forests, and oak forests. It quickly populates the vacated territories and dominates them, creating only temporary groups, and is later replaced by other tree species. Indigenous tree stands form only in forest-steppe and steppe regions, especially in Western Siberia, where they form birch groves, characteristic of the forest-steppe zone landscape. Often found in different types of forests as an impurity. It grows on dry and wet sandy, loamy, chernozem and stony-gravelly soils. It tolerates various climatic conditions, is highly resistant (excellent), drought-resistant (good), and therefore grows from tundra to the steppe zone. Grows quickly, well renewed by shoots and self-sowing. Seeds are transported by wind and easily take root on dry and moist soils.
It is almost not damaged by diseases and pests (good). It blooms and bears fruit regularly (good). Earrings bloom in late April, when the leaves are blooming, the fruits ripen in August. It is photophilous, but makes penumbra, prefers light fresh soils.
In various parts of the birch contains biologically active substances.
In the cortex - betulin, phytosterol, glycosides, saponins, resinous acids, tannin and essential oil.
In the kidneys - essential oil, ascorbic acid, saponins, bitterness, tannins, resin, grape sugar and yellow coloring matter.
In the leaves - essential oil, ascorbic and nicotinic acids, glycosides, saponins, triterpene alcohols and bitter inositol.
In the inflorescences (earrings) found vitamins E, PP.
In the seeds - fatty drying oil.
Birch sap contains 0.5-2% sugars, organic acids, carbohydrates, glucose, fructose, vitamin PP, salts of potassium, calcium, iron, trace elements.
Used in the national economy. Wood makes skis, furniture and other products. The extract from the May leaves, depending on the concentration, dyes well wool and cotton fabrics in yellow, black-brown, yellowish-green and golden-yellow colors. The bark serves as a good tanner. From wood receive tar. When it is burned, the coals remain red-hot for a long time. The ash contains up to 30 microelements, therefore it is a valuable fertilizer and means for spraying plants against pests. Birch bark goes for the manufacture of boxes and dishes. Hanging birch is widely used in green building.
It is not by chance that this tree is sung in poems, songs and pictures.
Use in landscape design
Decorative form and texture of the crown, light bark of the trunk, early spring flowering, sunny yellow autumn foliage color. Decorative durability of 40-50 years.
Suitable for pure group and single plantings, as well as in combination with dark coniferous rocks in large glades and as an avenue in parks.
Collection and processing of medicinal raw materials
The main areas of harvesting birch buds: Altai and Krasnoyarsk Territories, Bryansk, Vologda, Novgorod, Kaluga, Pskov, Tomsk regions.
Subject to collection. Unblown, swollen, resinous buds, young leaves, birch fungus - chaga.
Birch buds are harvested during logging in winter or in early spring, at the beginning of bud swelling. The branches on which there are buds are cut and tied into bunches (brooms). Small bundles of branches with buds before drying must be kept for 2 - 3 days in a dark cool place to prevent bud break, and then start drying. Dried in the open air or in a dryer at a temperature of 25 - 30 °. After drying, the kidneys are threshed. The threshed buds are cleaned by sifting through a sieve, removing earrings, branches of buds and other impurities. In the dried state, the raw material should consist of conical bare buds, covered with densely pressed matte or shiny dark brown scales. The taste is a bit tart, bitter. The smell is pleasant, balsamic.
Young leaves are cut off in the spring, when they have not yet coarsened. For drying, they are spread out in a layer of 3–5 cm. Leaves are used as an export raw material, as they are used as a diuretic in Central and Western Europe.
Birch sap is harvested during sap flow from trees to be cut, since various methods of breaking the bark cause damage to birch. At home, use fresh juice.
Collect leaves - in April — May, birch sap - in the spring.
Stocks of birch buds and leaves are practically unlimited.
Chaga (phytopathogenic parasitic fungus) is formed on the living trunks of old birch trees. It is more common in the northern part of the range of birch. Chaga collection is possible all year round.
The buds and leaves are stored in fabric and paper bags or in glass jars for 2 years.
Collection 1. Dried and chopped green onion feathers and May birch leaves (dry) mix in equal parts. Pour 2 tablespoons of the mixture of 0.5 l of boiling water and infuse for 1 hour in warm, then strain. Take 1/2 cup 2 times a day, preferably in the morning: in the morning and at lunch. At the same time take 1/2 teaspoon of pollen.
Collection 1. Birch buds are recommended to chew slowly after a meal, pre-slightly crushing them. Gargle with birch sap.
Collection 2. Mix 1 teaspoon of birch ash with 1/2 teaspoon of table salt, rub well into powder. Moisten the index finger with water, dip it in this mixture and rub the sore inside the throat. After 2-3 procedures, throat disease usually disappears.
Collection 3. Crush branches with birch buds, brew with boiling water and insist for 1 hour. Take inside 2-3 glasses per day.
Collection 1. For 1 liter of water, take 5 g of dry birch leaves and boil 15 g of oat grains in a sealed container for 10 minutes, strain. Drink a decoction warm an hour before meals. The course of treatment is 10 days.
Collection 2. Pour 3-4 g of dry buds or 6-8 g of dry leaves (10-15 g of fresh) white birch 0.5 liters of water, boil for 15 to 20 minutes. Drink 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day.
Collection 3. Pour birch leaves in a bottle, pour in vodka, leave for one month in a dark place, shaking the contents periodically. Store in a dark cool place, do not filter. To rub tincture, at the same time taking it inside by 20-30 drops 3-4 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
Collection 4. Fresh (can be steamed) birch leaves impose a sore joint, weaving a woolen scarf not tight. The procedure is especially useful if the compress is done overnight.
Collection 1. Take 100 g of dry chopped birch bark and dry leaves of ash ash, pour 1 l of cold water, bring to a boil, boil in a sealed container on low heat for 5 minutes, draw, wrapped, 10 minutes, drain. In the morning on an empty stomach to drink a glass of broth, drink the rest in small sips during the day.
Collection 2. Pour 1 tablespoon of powdered kidneys 1.5 cups of boiling water, cook in a closed dish in a boiling water bath for 5 minutes, insist in the oven for 3 hours and, without straining, drink the whole brew in the first and early afternoon with atherosclerosis.
Collection 1. In the morning on an empty stomach and in the evening drink 1 cup of infusion of birch buds or leaves, cooked in a ratio of 1:10, with 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar and 2 teaspoons of natural honey. Additionally, you should lubricate the veins from the bottom up apple cider vinegar in the morning and evening. The treatment achieves the earliest possible result if we exclude sweets from the list.
Rub into the scalp a mixture of birch sap, alcohol and burdock decoction.
When you sinus the skin over the sore spot, it is useful to rub with gruel or garlic juice, then rub a mixture of birch charcoal powder with juice of fresh burdock root for 20-30 minutes. Procedures carried out 2-3 times a day until complete cure.
Collection 1. Pour 10 handfuls of birch leaves with 5 liters of boiling water, insist in tightly closed dishes for 15 minutes, heat on low heat for 5 minutes, cool to 30 ° C and pour the broth with leaves into the prepared bath. The duration of the bath is 15 minutes. Baths take 2-3 times a week.
Collection 1. Pour 1 tablespoon of high-quality tea 3 liters of hot birch sap, insist in a tightly closed container for 10 minutes, strain through multi-layer gauze, cool. “Kombucha” rinse with a little warm birch sap, put in a jar with a wide neck and pour cool infusion of tea in birch sap. Insist in a dark place at room temperature for 7-8 days, closing the can with dust gauze. Infusion before use must be carefully filtered through a multi-layer gauze. Merged and filtered, it is preserved in bottles for a long time, acquiring a fragrant smell, sweet-sour and pleasant taste. It also helps with atherosclerosis. To once again prepare such a drink, the “mushroom” should be washed again with warm birch sap and pour over the tea-birch infusion.
Headache, migraine, insomnia
Collection 1. Pour 20 g of dry crushed birch buds 1/2 cup of 70 percent alcohol, insist in a dark place for 3 weeks, shaking the contents periodically, strain, squeeze out the residue. Take 20-30 drops per 1 tablespoon of water 3 times a day 15-20 minutes before meals.
Collection 1. Drink birch charcoal powder and 1 teaspoon 2 times a day 20-30 minutes before meals with water.
Collection 1. Pour 1 teaspoon of birch buds 1/2 cup of boiling water, leave in a boiling water bath in a tightly closed container for 15 minutes, cool at room temperature for 45 minutes, drain. Infusion taken in three doses throughout the day.
Collection 2. A decoction of birch buds take 1 tablespoon 4 times a day 30 minutes before meals for dysentery and upset stools in children.
Collection 3. Pour 2 tablespoons of birch buds 1 liter of water, cook on low heat for 20 minutes, insist. Take sweetened 1 cup in the morning on an empty stomach and an hour after eating. The course is 7-10 days for pain in the stomach.
Collection 4. A mixture of birch sap and juice of young leaves of large plantain in the ratio of 2: 1 has a beneficial therapeutic effect on gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, gastritis, colitis.
Gallstone disease, kidney disease, articular rheumatism
Collection 1. Pour 2 tablespoons of crushed birch leaves with 2 cups of boiling water, leave in a tightly sealed container in a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool at room temperature for 10 minutes, strain, add baking soda at the tip of the knife. Take 1/2 cup 2-3 times a day. The same broth can be washed skin rashes, tumors, various skin irritations.
Collection 2. Drink 2 cups of birch sap per day.
Collection 3. A piece of birch bark with a size of about 10x10 cm should be ground into powder and pour 1 liter of boiling water, simmer over low heat until a glass of liquid remains. Cool broth at room temperature, strain and take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day for 15-20 minutes before a meal with stones in the liver.
Collection 1. Pour 1 tablespoon of birch buds with 1 cup of boiling water and leave for one hour in a tightly closed container in a warm place. Take 1 time per day for 2 weeks. Its maximum elimination begins within 1.5-2 hours after taking the infusion. The diuretic effect will increase if you add baking soda at the tip of a knife or 2 teaspoons of honey to a glass of infusion. Drink 3-5 glasses of birch sap per day (especially recommended during the postoperative period).
Collection 2. Pour 2 tablespoons of crushed birch leaves with 2 cups of boiling water, insist in a tightly sealed container in a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool at room temperature for 10 minutes, drain, add baking soda at the tip of the knife. Take 1/2 cup 2-3 times a day.
Collection 1. Drink 2-4 glasses of birch sap per day.
Collection 1. Mix 2 tablespoons of birch buds with 50 g of unsalted butter. Put on the fire, bring to a boil, but do not boil. To simmer on low heat or in the oven for 1 hour. Remove from the heat and when cool, but still warm, drain. Squeeze out, throw out the kidneys Add 200 g of honey and mix well. This mixture is to take 1 tablespoon 4 times a day.
Collection 2. Take 20 g of young birch leaves, pour 1 cup boiling water, leave for 1 hour, strain. Boil 1 tablespoon of anise seeds and 1 teaspoon of honey in 1/2 cup of infusion of birch leaves. Drink 5 tablespoons of broth per day.
Collection 1. Take an equal proportion of birch leaves and nettle leaves. Brew 2 tablespoons of crushed collection in 1.5 cups of boiling water, leave in a tightly closed container in a warm place for 1 hour, drain, add 1/3 cup of fresh beet juice. Drink during the day at 3-4 reception 20 minutes before meals. The course of treatment is 8 weeks.
Collection 1. Drink 3 times a day for 1 glass of birch sap with 1 tablespoon of honey.
Collection 2. Pour 1 teaspoon of birch buds 1/2 cup of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath in a tightly closed container for 15 minutes, cool at room temperature for 45 minutes, strain. Infusion divided into 3 parts and drink the entire portion per day in 3 divided doses.
Collection 3. Pour 2 tablespoons of young (with a kopek coin) of birch leaves with 1 cup boiling water. Boil on low heat to half the volume. When cool, strain. Take one dessert spoon 3 times a day one hour before meals. The course of treatment is 3 months. Good to use with small stones. There will be pains, cramps, colic, nausea. Need to endure. All the stones will come out.
Incontinence in children
Collection 1. Pour 1 tablespoon of crushed kidneys 1.5 cups boiling water, cook in a sealed container on low heat for 5 minutes. Insist, wrapped, 1 hour, strain, squeeze the remainder. Take 1 glass 1-2 times a day for 20 minutes before meals. The course of treatment is 2-3 weeks.
Collect 2. From the evening put in a thermos 1 tablespoon of birch buds and pour 1 cup boiling water. In the morning, strain, divide into 4 doses and take 1 hour before a meal with enuresis.
Collection 1. Pour 1 tablespoon of fresh birch leaves with 1 glass of cold water, leave for 8 hours, then strain. Good help in the form of lotions.
Collection 1. Fill a glass jar with 2/3 of the volume of the stamens (larger in size) with birch catkins, fill them with vodka to the top, close and insist for 14 days. Do not filter. Take from 20 drops to 1 teaspoon 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals. At the use of this tincture pains in the heart subside, shortness of breath disappears, vigor appears.
Collection 1. Birch buds brew as tea and drink during the day in the form of heat with a slight cold.
Collection 2. Drink 1 glass of birch sap 3-4 times daily before meals.
Collection 3. An old herbalist gives a recipe for healing birch vodka that helps with colds: “Take a bucket of strong and the best bread wine from a half pound of young birch leaves when it blossoms, better in May. Take these leaves from the ends of branches, but not from the trunk. You can take and birch buds, now only half a pound, but a whole pound. Insist in a warm place for 3 days, strain through the cloth, squeeze these leaves or buds and again, in this light brew, add another half pound of fresh birch leaves or buds. And so up to three times. The rest of the time, let it stand for 10 days and interfere with the paddle in the morning and evening. Drain the bottle through the canvas. It has the effect of this vodka with colds and fever, from cutting in the stomach. Heals wounds and all sorts of other injuries. And to drink this vodka in the morning for a thin heart and at dinner, one glass each ”(1 pound corresponds to 409.5 g).
If you feel sick in the body when you have a cold, you should rub alcohol on the birch buds for the night - this will reduce the painful sensations and cause sweating. At the same time you can drink tea from birch buds. After grinding, the patient must lie under a blanket in order to properly sweat.
Go to bed, spread birch leaves on a sore part of the body, take shelter with a warm blanket and take a warm diaphoretic drink.
Prevention of intestinal cancer and stomach
Collection 1. 1st stage. Pour 1 cup of pounded birch buds with 0.5 liters of brandy (vodka can be used in the same proportions) and leave for about a month in a dark place at room temperature, shaking the contents periodically. Then strain, squeeze. 2nd stage. Pass 5 kg of blue onion through the juicer, add 0.5 l of birch buds tincture in brandy to the juice, 5 g mummy, 25 g of birch fungus powder - chaga. Shake the mixture thoroughly and insist 3 days in a dark cool place, periodically shaking the contents. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day 20 minutes before meals. Shake before use. The course of treatment is 3 months, then you need to take a two-week break and, if necessary, continue.
Collection 2. Mix 50 g of powdered flowers of tansy and 20 g of sea buckthorn oil, pour 0.5 liters of infusion of birch buds. Let stand for 2 weeks in a dark place at room temperature, shaking the contents periodically, strain, squeeze the rest. Pour tincture mixed with pressed mixture and leave for another 3 days, then add 50 g of birch tar. Take 25 drops 3 times a day, half an hour before meals. Shake well before use. The course is 6 weeks, then a two-week break.
Collection 1. Take 800 g of unsalted butter and birch buds. Put butter (1–2 cm thick) in layers of glass, earthenware or enameled ware, on top - a layer of birch buds of the same thickness and alternating between 3 and 4 layers. Close the pot tightly with a lid, cover the slit with dough, then put it in a warm place, preferably in a low-temperature oven or oven, for 24 hours. After a day, slightly cool, strain and squeeze through gauze. In the resulting mass add 5-10 g of camphor and mix everything thoroughly. Rub the ointment into the joints once a day before bedtime.
Collection 1. Mix 1 teaspoon of sour cream or yogurt with 2 tablespoons of birch sap and 1 teaspoon of honey. Apply the mask on the skin for 10-15 minutes, then rinse with cool boiled water. In the morning, before washing, wipe your face with a cotton swab moistened with vegetable oil.
Collection 1. Take 1 part of honey and 2 parts of birch buds powder, mix until a thick homogeneous mass. If honey is liquid, the amount of powder can be increased. The resulting "cakes" can be applied under the bandage, changing every 3-4 hours.
Collection 1. In 1 glass of warm milk pour 5-10 drops of birch tar and stir. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day.
Collection 2. Pour 20 g of dry crushed birch buds with 100 ml of 70% alcohol or vodka, insist in a dark place for 3 weeks, shaking the contents periodically, strain, squeeze out the residue. Take 20-30 drops per 1 tablespoon of water 3 times a day 15-20 minutes before meals.
Collection 1. Preparation of vitamin infusion. 100 g of fresh leaves pour cold boiled water, insist 2 hours. Used as a good anti-scorbital remedy.
Eczema of the hands
Prepare a decoction of birch twigs with the leaves, cool slightly (it should be very hot, as far as you can tolerate) and, without taking out the twigs, put your hands in this decoction for 20-30 minutes. After the procedure, do not wipe your hands - let them dry. To carry out treatment 2-3 times a day, preferably at night. And the same broth can be used repeatedly. In other liquids of the hand during treatment it is advisable to wet as little as possible.
Places of growth
Warty birch covers the territory of Europe and North America to the Maritime Alps, the Balkan Mountains and Calabria. In Asia, the area is distributed partly in Northern Siberia, Kazakhstan, the Altai Mountains, the Caucasus and the Tien Shan. On the east side it covers the territory of Altai, Baikal, the Lena and Aldan river basins. Birch is most often found in mixed forests. And also in some deciduous forests, in the conflagration, glades, in light forest and steppe zone. Often, birch trees form clear and mixed with other plant species in the steppe zone along river valleys.
Fluffy birch is common in northern countries and southwestern Greenland.. This kind of plant can be found in the marshland and on the moors.
Each species of birch is cultivated in parks and squares in different climatic conditions.
Betula pendula contains ingredients that people eat after processing. Main edible elements:
- Birch bast - implies the inner layer of the bark. It is a source of starch. Bast is amenable to drying and boiling. After which it is easy to grind into powder and add to food. It is considered a popular component as a soup thickener, additives for baking flour. Due to the content of essential oils suitable for tea.
- Juice - different sweet taste. Allowed to drink raw and after cooking. Produce the product in early spring, when the leaves on the tree have not yet dissolved. For this you need to make holes in the trunk of birch. If the extraction of juice falls on a sunny day, followed by a frost, you can get a large amount of valuable drink. For sugar syrup, you can boil birch sap to a thick consistency. From the juice you can brew beer according to an old recipe.
Attention! Harvesting birch sap to a tree is harmful, because of this the growth rate slows down. One adult tree can optimally give 4-7 liters per day. If you get more volume, the tree may die. After collecting the juice, the holes must be sealed.
- Young leaves of birch are eaten both fresh and cooked. On the leaves of birch brewed delicious and healthy tea.
Despite the huge range of useful qualities, birch can harm the body if used improperly. Birch buds should be used with extreme caution. In this case, the obligatory control of urine tests, because the resinous substance can destroy the renal parenchyma. It is forbidden to use them during pregnancy.
Continuous use of drugs on the basis of the chaga for a long time in a patient can cause an increased excitability of the autonomic nervous system. With a decrease in dose or withdrawal of the drug, this phenomenon will disappear.
It is necessary to adhere to some rules when using chaga drugs:
- restriction or exclusion of spicy dishes, fats, canned foods, smoked meat,
- it is forbidden to take antibiotics
- it is impossible to administer intravenous glucose in parallel.
A wide range of birch applications
Hanging birch is famous for its ability to improve the soil and create favorable conditions for the growth of other plants due to mycorrhiza-forming function. Birch easily populates the former field, bare soil and a piece of land after a fire. Grows for a short time and does not tolerate the shadow.
Other trees can gradually crowd out birch stands. Leaves act as fertilizer, which contribute to the acceleration of composting. The root system is able to disinfect the earth.
Birch is used for landscaping settlements. The tree is wind-resistant; it cannot bear only the salty sea wind. Due to the strong wind, a crown of a specific form is formed.
The tree is considered decorative due to the openwork crown, white bark and bright yellow leaves in the autumn. Used as a tapeworm on the alleys.
Birch is used as a building material. After all, bark is waterproof, durable and resinous. From it turns out high-quality roofing and waterproofing material. And also used for covering canoe and wooden boats. Birch bark takes the desired shape and becomes malleable after heating over a fire. Tree branches are used to make the roof according to the principle of reed.
Important! Birch is easily machined, unstable to rot. Stored better when immersed in water.
- used as plywood raw materials for the manufacture of furniture, toys, skis and other small items,
- A birch cap is a tumor with randomly curled lines of layers, considered a valuable ornamental material due to its solid structure and beautiful view of the sawn wood,
- Birch firewood is considered one of the best due to the large heat transfer,
- wood is the basis for charcoal, activated carbon, acetic acid, methyl alcohol, paper and turpentine,
- birch bark is used in the manufacture of dishes
- dry distillation of wood and bark results in tar, it is used in perfumery and medicine, and also acts as one of the components in insect repellent and shoe polish
- birch sap is the basis for the manufacture of certain types of glue,
- for the manufacture of ropes used fiber inner bast,
- for the manufacture of bath brooms and woven products using flexible branches,
- из отдельных элементов дерева можно добывать краску: желтую — из листьев, черную — из сажи дров, коричневую — из луба,
- уголь высокого качества для рисования получается из коры.
Береза привлекает разных диких животных. На дереве могут проживать более 200 видов насекомых.
Описание и особенности
Due to its good adaptability in any conditions, the tree is found in different parts of Europe and Asia, but most often it can be found in a temperate climate zone. The birch is hanging or warty, as it is also called - high, up to 30 meters high, a tree, whose branches resemble a flowing green waterfall, which looks particularly impressive against the background of snow-white bark. But the white color of the bark over the years becomes darker, especially from the bottom, cracks appear on it. And in autumn, the tree lights up with bright yellow lights, its foliage resembles a golden sheaf of compressed wheat, and this colorful decoration is preserved until the cold comes.
The bark of young birches is darkish, and begins to turn white only by eight years, so they are sometimes confused with young alder. The tree has received the name because of numerous resinous gland-warts and hanging branches.
The diameter of the trunk in old trees reaches 80 centimeters. The roots are large, but not deep, therefore, the trees are often turned out with the root of the hurricane wind.
Hanging birch is a light-loving tree, therefore proximity with tall old trees affects it not in the best way. In natural conditions, it can be found only on light areas - forest glades and forest edges. Its average age is 120 years, due to the unusual color of bark and leaves it is considered a decorative tree.
Unusual beauty - hanging birch purpurea
But the hanging birch purpurea is considered to be unique in its beauty and the shape of the crown. Looking at its elegant decoration in the spring or summer, one would like to exclaim: “What a delightful nature, your diva, nature!”.
Having planted such a beautiful woman on your plot, you will constantly surprise the guests of your garden and arouse their admiration for its bright purple foliage. The tree grows up to 10 meters in height, and its crown is approximately up to 4 meters.
Openwork leaves look quite original - they change their color from dark red in spring to brown-red in autumn, and in combination with a rhombic form they look just amazing.
Like all birches, it grows slowly, loves light, is cold-resistant and does not tolerate proximity to groundwater.
Thanks to unpretentiousness and simple care, as well as its compact size, birch hanging purpurea is popular among beginners and owners of small land plots.
What should be the landing and care of the birch
A young sapling of a common birch can be dug in the forest, and by visiting the nursery, you will certainly find weeping birch varieties that match your abilities and desires.
The most popular autumn planting of young trees. The old ones get worse in the new place, get sick, even if they are organized properly. In adult trees, roots often suffer during transplantation, which does not affect the seedling in the best way.
Choosing a spring planting, you need to take care that the seedling is not more than three years old, and an earthy lump does not crumble from its root.
If there is a need to transplant birch, which is 7 years old, the best time for this is winter. Try to make so that the frozen earthen room you put in the dug hole, otherwise the tree will not take root.
Seeds are sown in spring and autumn. Under natural conditions, small winged nuts fall from the trees and are carried by the wind over long distances.
The tree is undemanding to the conditions, and it does not need special care. Care of seedlings is watering, and instead of fertilizer can be added to the hole of leafy land. When choosing a place, keep in mind that proximity to groundwater will not lead to anything good, the roots will constantly lock and rot. Birch and strong heat do not like, the best place for it is light partial shade. In her tree grows well and develops.
Birch is planted in the same way as most fruit trees. The pit should be so large that the roots fit into it without difficulty. The root collar can not be buried, so that the tree does not wither. If the birch trees sit in a row, pit no closer than four meters from each other, so that the plants are not crowded.
When watering, water should be poured on the roots, and the trunk circle after planting should be covered with mulch (dry earth, humus or peat) to keep moisture in the ground. The first time the trees need moisture, but watering often and a little bit to avoid the appearance of root rot.
Many gardeners believe that a birch weeping with its powerful root system deprives neighboring plants of water and nutrients, as a result of which they suffer. It is unnecessary to be afraid of it, the correct watering and regular top-dressings will allow to avoid similar problems.
In nature, these trees are most often found in places where there is a lot of sandy loam and light loam.
The birch is a tall tree, so owners of small summer cottages often doubt its planting. A good option for them would be planting dwarf birch, which is smaller in size than a weeping birch, but very similar to it.
The most comfortable conditions for dwarf birch are tundra conditions, here it is the most common plant.
Description and features.
Despite the similarity with the common birch, this type of birch has significant differences. Such birch foliage is round, it is smaller, and their trunk is much lower than that of ordinary birch trees. It is a shrub covered with numerous branches, no more than one meter high and a half meter crown. The description of the tree would not be complete if we did not pay attention to the color of the leaves. Upstairs the leaves are dark green in color, below - lighter.
Sometimes the growth of birch is so small that it seems to be lying on the lichen.
The tree is very winter-hardy, well adapted to the cold conditions of the tundra and forest-tundra, but it grows slowly, in nature it is most often found on stony slopes and in the tundra.
Although its wind resistance is considered to be high, dwarf birch lives less than hung birch.
Decorative dwarf trees are widely used by landscape designers in the design of the area around the houses, green compositions and country sites. Caring for them is simple, they are not capricious, their crown is compact, so often it is not necessary to cut a shrub. The popularity of dwarf birch is growing, so many are interested in the features of its planting and care.
Proper fit and care.
Garden soil, peat, humus and sand are poured into a hole, the size of which should correspond to the size of the root system. From spring to autumn, birch is fed; it is better to use complex fertilizers or nitrogen-containing fertilizers for this. In the autumn it is better to feed with nitroammofoskoy.
Saplings love moisture, so the first few days you need to water them well. If the weather is hot, the volume of water increases.
Above the roots, the ground should be often loosened in order to ensure free access of oxygen and to prevent soil clogging. If you notice that the earrings are ripe, you need to collect the seeds and sow them in the late fall.
Dwarf weeping birch.
Given the desire of owners of small plots to admire the beauty of birch trees, a variety was bred - an attractive dwarf weeping birch. Here are its features:
- slow growth
- the height is not more than six meters and the branches hanging to the ground,
- it is convenient for growing in small areas of land,
- The neighborhood with fruit trees will negatively affect their growth and development.
Like other types of birch, it can be grown from seeds. Here is the sequence of actions:
- In late autumn, when the earrings turn brown, they collect seeds. Even under good storage conditions (in a glass jar in a cold, dry room) their similarity is not always good.
- In the first spring days they are sown in a not hot greenhouse. Sprinkled on top with earth and dry straw.
- It is necessary to water carefully, with a thin stream.
- With the advent of sprouts, the straw ball is removed.
- The box with shoots carried into the shadows.
- Grown shoots transplanted to a permanent place.
If you are a lover of experiments and want to grow decorative weeping birch, or other forms in your garden, feel free to graft its cuttings to an ordinary tree. You should know and remember:
- The crown of a new tree is directly related to the graft site.
- Graft trees will be lower than others, even with good care, but for small areas this is what is needed.
- The beautiful Yungi Birch, with its branches hanging down by a waterfall, grows as a result of grafting on an ordinary tree.
Those who believe that weeping birch is only an ornamental tree are mistaken. All its parts have medicinal properties, birch tar and birch sap are especially useful. And talking about the fact that in the bath can not do without birch brooms, and igniting a furnace - without a birch torch, can be very, very long time.
The history of birch hanging
Istarii birch was revered and respected in Russia. She was an indispensable attribute of almost every yard of a rural home, since (according to ancient belief) she supported family well-being. The girls put into the water its branches for fortune-telling about marriage. In order to protect the health of the owner, a birch branch was placed in the front corner of the house, and to protect it from lightning, it was fixed on the roof. Wood torches were used earlier in peasant huts as lamps, since they burn practically without soot and quite brightly. Birch brooms went to the workpiece as a winter feed for livestock, as well as for Russian baths, where they steamed with their help, and chased away all ailments. Firewood from this tree has always been appreciated for good heat transfer. The ritual of "weaving a birch tree" was a magical symbol of the bond of friendship between girls. Birch twigs decorate houses and temples on the feast of the Holy Trinity.
What is useful birch bark (bark)
It has long been used for medicinal purposes, traditional medicine. In particular, she is treated for fungal skin diseases (by applying the upper birch bark film), abscesses, gout, edema, and pulmonary diseases. It is also used as a blood purifying, diaphoretic, antiseptic, antipyretic agent. Nanais prepare an ointment against serious wounds on its basis, they use it internally for tuberculosis and gastric diseases. Yakuts treat birch bark purulent inflammations, furunculosis, sexually transmitted diseases.
In the cortex there are: phenolic glycosides, essential oils, phenols, alkaloids, flavonoids, betulin, etc. Especially it should be said about the latter, which, being a white pigment, gives the trunk a white color. The healing properties of betulin are extensive. It neutralizes the negative effect of free radicals on cells, which is the main cause of organic aging, degradation of body systems. Simply put, betulin molecules “patch holes” in damaged cell membranes. Today, scientists in a number of countries are conducting clinical studies to combat cancer, viral hepatitis, AIDS, atherosclerosis, and other dangerous diseases using betulin-based drugs.
It is enough to note that its cost is high (for example, China charges for 1 kg of a substance with a purity of up to 70% more than $ 2000). A cleaner drug is much more expensive.
Why is birch coal (carbol) useful?
Carbolen (coal) produced by roasting birch wood, followed by cleaning. The resulting preparation is an excellent adsorbent for gastric colic, flatulence, poisoning by mushrooms, berries, and various harmful substances. It prevents toxins from entering the bloodstream, thereby preserving the normal working functions of the liver and kidneys. Karbolen removes excess cholesterol, which is the prevention of atherosclerosis, cancer, cardiovascular diseases. It is used diluted in boiled (but cooled down!) Water of 30 g. Activated carbon qualitatively performs anti-allergic functions. It has a great help to the liver in jaundice, for which every day (twice) 150 ml of milk with sugar and 4 g of coal powder is drunk. With dysentery, 5 g of crushed coal is poured into vodka (100 ml), immediately drunk. This is repeated on another (third) day until diarrhea subsides.
With cholera in 20 liters of boiled water, 20 g of carbolene converted into powder are stirred in a qualitative manner, vodka (100 ml) is added. The patient drinks a sip of the solution after 10 minutes.
Fresh burns and festering wounds are sprinkled with powdered charcoal, not washing it off for about 2 hours. Pain gradually goes away, followed by a burn. Also struggling with festering wounds.
How is birch tar useful?
It is produced from wood by heating without air. Products are dark-dense liquid with a pronounced oiliness, with a strong specific smell. In the old days (in the absence of lubricating oils) tar was used to lubricate the hubs of the trolley wheels in order to reduce friction, it was a traditional preservative. Tar is an excellent antiseptic that kills many bacteria, among them skin disease bacteria. Modern medicine often uses it to combat fungal and parasitic skin lesions, eczema. It is the basis of many effective ointments (Vishnevsky, Ichthyol, Konkov and others). Traditional medicine makes extensive use of tar against leprosy and scabies.
Birch for medicinal purposes: recipes for use
- Mix crushed birch bark and dried ash leaves (100 g each), cover with cold water (liter), heat to boiling, boil for 5 minutes in a covered saucepan on low heat, warm, remove for 10 minutes for the infusion, drain. 200 ml of broth drink on an empty stomach (in the morning), the rest - until the end of the day in small sips (without haste).
- Pour boiling water (300 ml) into crushed buds (10 g), close the dishes, then in a water bath for 5 minutes, remove for 3 hours for the infusion in the oven. Drink the entire infusion (without straining) from morning to 14 o'clock (with atherosclerosis).
Diseases of the stomach, intestines
- 100 ml of boiling water pour kidneys (3 g), close the dishes, warm in a water bath for a quarter of an hour, cool for hours at normal temperature, drain. Drink infusion three times a day.
- Water (1 l) pour kidneys (20 g), then a third of an hour on a small fire, remove for a quarter of an hour for the infusion. Use 200 ml (sweetened) in the morning (on an empty stomach), and after eating (an hour later). The course for gastric pain - 8 days.
- Kidneys (20 g) mixed with butter (50 g). Bring to a boil, then sweat an hour on low heat. When cooling (to a warm temperature), drain. Squeeze, discard the buds, put honey (200 g), mix. Mix drink four times a day for 25 g.
- Young (sticky) leaves (20 g) fill with boiling water (200 ml), remove for an hour for this, drain. In 100 ml of this infusion, place honey (10 g) and anise seeds (20 g), boil. Use this drug for the day in 5 receptions.
Gel dried kidneys (20 g), pour 70% alcohol (100 ml) into them. 3 weeks set for infusion into the dark, not forgetting to shake regularly, drain, squeeze out the sediment. In 20 ml of water, drip up to 30 drops of tincture, drink before a food intake three times a day (one third of an hour).
- Mash the kidneys slightly, chew them (without haste) after eating. Additionally gargle with birch sap.
- Mix birch ash (3 g) with table salt (5 g), rub in powder. Dip your index finger first into the water, then into the mixture. Wipe them gently inflamed places in the throat. There are usually 3 treatments for healing.
- Cut off the branches with buds, crush them, fill with boiling water, remove for an hour for the infusion. Daily drink - 3 glasses.
Birch leaves than useful composition
The chemical composition of birch leaves allows their widespread use as a therapeutic agent. Pharmacists call a unique set of substances contained in each part of the tree, and believe that it can be used in the treatment of patients as intensively as the well-known kidneys. Among the components of the deciduous part of the tree, the studies revealed:
- Essential oils,
- Vitamin c and provitamin a,
- Phytoncides and saponins,
- A nicotinic acid,
- Minerals: potassium, magnesium, calcium, iron, manganese and zinc,
Birch leaves contain at least 3% of flavonoids, including hyperoside, quercitrin, myricetin galactoside, kempferol, myricetin and quercetin glycosides, up to 1% of essential oil.
All these components have undoubted useful properties, and can be used in the treatment of various pathologies.
Birch leaves have long been known as a component of decoctions and infusions for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, diseases of the respiratory system, systemic lesions of the musculoskeletal system, beriberi, liver damage.
In the modern world, with the advent of cosmetology and the industry, which produces various cosmetic means along the way for face, hair, body, it turned out that birch leaves are their valuable ingredient.
Birch leaves healing properties
In medicinal collections, recipes of traditional medicine and products manufactured by the pharmaceutical industry, birch leaves can serve as both a forming agent and auxiliary raw materials. The composition of useful components determines the multiplicity of therapeutic properties that are used in the treatment of diseases of almost the entire human body:
- Diuretic (diuretic, relieving swelling of soft tissues),
- Sweatshops (for removing harmful toxins from the body),
- Успокаивающее нервную систему и налаживающее эмоциональное равновесие),
- Иммуностимулирующее, потенцирующее жизненные силы организма,
- Желчегонное мягкого действия, востребованное при серьезных патологиях, например, дискинезии желчных путей больше, чем химические препараты.
Березовые листья имеют ряд лечебных свойств. They are able to provide analgesic and blood purifying effects. In combination with other herbs or plant components, the foliage of the healing tree can enhance its abilities by interacting.
Birch leaves indications for use
The foliage of the famous tree with white bark can be recommended for various pathological conditions of the body:
- Urologists and nephrologists use as part of complex treatment of nephritis and nephrosis to remove excess fluid from the body and relieve edema,
- Cardiologists also use them as a decongestant for disorders of the physiological activity of the cardiovascular system,
- In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, gastroenterologists prescribe birch leaves, as a mild astringent for dysentery, and as a means of normalizing digestion,
- In dermatology, this is a material for making compresses and applications for traumatic injuries of the skin, dermatosis, psoriasis, lichen, scabies, boils and acne,
- Endocrinologists recommend birch leaves for excretion of toxins from the body, in case of malfunction of the metabolic system and disturbance of the natural metabolism
Indisputable advantages of birch leaves include a lower tendency to cause an allergic reaction and the absence of a significant number of contraindications that are present in the buds of the same tree. In any use case, it is strongly recommended to consult a physician or herbalist, especially if the remedy is taken on the basis of the leaves of this tree.
Birch leaves and their use in traditional medicine
Traditional medicine uses the herbal component even more widely than traditional therapy. Herbalists recognize the ability to expel parasites for birch leaves. They are used in the invasion of pinworms and ascaris, and as a valuable addition they can be used in the treatment of Giardia.
It is believed that the prophylactic course of decoctions or tinctures of birch leaves, drunk in spring, stimulates the immune system and protects against viral and colds. Traditional medicine is convinced that, using the diaphoretic properties of the leaves, it is possible to contribute to the normalization of substances and to achieve weight loss with excess weight. This explains the use of birch brooms in a traditional Russian bath.
Birch leaves are used for:
Kidney and liver diseases,
Diseases of the thyroid gland.
Herbalists and healers recommend decoctions for rinsing with otitis, sore throat (sore throats, pharyngitis, tonsillitis) as an effective way of rinsing the nasal cavity and with a cold of various etiologies.
With a decoction of the leaves, you can do inhalation, take a bath and bath.
When diseases of the joints, salt deposition to relieve pain and remove slag with birch leaves make compresses and lotions.
As a diuretic for bacterial and inflammatory diseases of the urogenital system, edema, to remove salts and slags from bones and joints, they drink tea, decoction or infusion of leaves. They contain flavonoids, which give such a healing effect.
Leaf-based herbal remedies are also used to cleanse blood vessels, get rid of skin rashes, hair loss and dandruff.
Young birch leaves infused with alcohol are useful for washing infected and purulent wounds.
Birch leaves are an integral component of complex medicinal fees in traditional medicine. In complex herbal and plant compounds, they are often present along with birch charcoal and buds.
Birch leaves application in gynecology
In gynecology, birch leaves are sometimes used as decoctions or infusions for douching as an antiseptic and antifungal agent. Assign them when:
Ingestion helps with hormonal disorders, with menopause, after childbirth and violation of the cycle.
Birch leaves application for children
For children, leaf preparations are used in the form of gargles for colds and viral diseases, for washing the nasal sinuses. Most often, a decoction or infusion is used in the form of baths or rubdowns with a skin rash.
The leaves can be included in the herbs in the treatment of bronchitis, diarrhea, helminthic invasions. Before starting the application, be sure to consult with your pediatrician about the expediency of treatment.
Decoction of birch leaves
A decoction of birch leaves is used for oral administration and for therapeutic outdoor procedures. It has mild diuretic, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties.
It is prepared as follows:
1 tablespoon of dry raw materials pour a glass of water. Put on the fire and bring to a boil. Remove and insist after about an hour. The period of storage of broth is limited, and under any storage conditions suitable for no more than 2 days.
Therefore, it is advised to brew it little by little, and to use half a cup before each meal.
A decoction for the bath is prepared in a ratio of 20 liters of water to 2 kg of raw materials. Prepared raw material is poured with hot water and boiling, boil for a couple of minutes. remove and insist an hour and a half. Pour through a sieve into the bath while filling with water.
Practice such water procedures for problems with the condition of the skin and rheumatic pains. These baths have analgesic and soothing properties. Bathing time is 20 minutes at a water temperature of 36-39 degrees twice a week, provided there are no contraindications.
Infusion of birch leaves
Infusion of birch leaf is used inside and out. Brew both dried leaves and fresh. In the form of tea it is an excellent prophylactic agent for raising the immune and protective forces.
To prepare the infusion, take 5 table ground leaves and brew 250 ml of boiling water. Cover with a lid and towel and let it brew for 2 hours. Filter and drink 100-125 ml 3 times a day. Preheat before use.
To prepare the infusion with diuretic properties, mixed in equal proportions of the buds and leaves, pour a glass of boiling water and incubated for 3 hours. It can be taken half a cup up to 6 times a day with exacerbation of renal pathology.
Better known tincture of birch buds. But cooked on the leaves. The tincture has strong antiseptic properties and is used inside and out.
Dry raw materials (leaves and buds in equal proportions) are poured with alcohol or vodka and stored in a dark place for a week. As an anti-inflammatory diuretic, it works best if you take 1 tsp. 3 times a day.
Compresses for articular pathologies and the accompanying pains can be made from both fresh decoctions and tinctures. To do this, a napkin or gauze folded in several layers is impregnated with tincture and applied to the affected area. Top cover with a film or cellophane.
Birch bath brooms
Agree to popular belief, birch bath brooms begin to harvest from the Trinity. Cut branches with leaves dried, hanging in the shade in a ventilated room.
Steamed them in boiling water. In the baths use for this wooden tubs, which poured hot water and put a broom there for 10 minutes. this water and then rinsed.
Treatment of joints with birch leaves
One of the easiest recipes for treating joints is as follows:
A canvas bag is filled with young, fresh leaves that can be creased or cut to make juice stand out.
Attach it to the affected area.
Warm from above and leave for an hour or more.
Such a compress will help not only relieve inflammation and pain, but also draws out salt. After several treatments, there may be noticeable relief.
In winter you can make compresses from steamed dried leaves. To do this, pour around 2-3 handfuls of leaves with boiling water so that only to close them, leave for a few minutes. Cool slightly and put on the cloth. Attach to the affected area and cover with foil. Wrap a warm scarf or a scarf on top. Keep for 2-3 hours. The course of treatment is a week.
At the same time you can drink a decoction, which is prepared as follows. Pour some leaves (7-10 pieces) with boiling water and hold for a couple of minutes. then drain the water and pour a glass of hot water. Boil over low heat for 7-10 minutes and cool, strain. Drink a decoction of 100-120 ml three times a day.
Broth for kidney and liver disease
To prepare the decoction, take 10 leaves and a tablespoon of birch buds. To the resin did not feel the resin, sprinkle with soda (1-2 pinches). Brew 250 ml of boiling water and, wrapped, insist for an hour.
Strain and drink 50 ml (2 tablespoons) 4 times a day before meals.
This decoction helps with liver disease, stimulates the excretion of bile.
As a diuretic prepare this broth:
A few leaves (depending on which fortress you want to get a drink) brew a glass of boiling water and, having insisted for 3 hours, filter it. Drink a glass in the morning and evening.
When gallstone disease brew fresh young leaves. Take a few leaves and pour a glass of boiling water. After boiling for 1 minute, pour into a thermos and insist for three hours.
Drink twice a day in the morning on an empty stomach and in the evening before going to bed 1 glass.
Tincture with cardiovascular diseases
For clarification of vessels tincture on medical alcohol or vodka prepares. For this, a glass jar is filled with 2/3 of dried birch leaves and filled in with vodka or 70% alcohol.
Insist 30 days in a dark place, periodically shaking the container. After infusion, filter and store in a bottle of dark glass.
Take the tincture of 1-2 drops to 1 teaspoon before eating (depending on the state), diluted in a small amount of cold water.
Birch leaves from Giardia
The infusion is prepared from 2 tablespoons of fresh young birch leaves. Brew them with a glass of boiling water and insist for half an hour, covered with a lid and a towel.
Strain and drink 100 ml three times a day half an hour before meals. The course of treatment is 1 month.
This broth can be drunk on an empty stomach. After taking it is necessary to lie on the right side for 30 minutes, placing a warm heating pad.
A decoction is made by brewing 1 tablespoon of crushed leaves with a glass of hot water. Boil on low heat for 5 minutes and filter. When boiling in a decoction to remove bitterness and taste of the resin, add a pinch of baking soda.
Drink half a glass three times a day 30 minutes before meals.
Collect the leaves when they just bloomed and their size is not more than 10-penny coin. The collected leaves are dried in the shade.
Birch leaves application in cosmetology
Birch leaves in a flax sack are tied to places of localization of a lesion, ointments and lotions are prepared from them, used for diseases of the skin and internal organs. This attracted the attention of cosmetologists.
In modern cosmetology, masks, lotions for the face and hair are prepared from the leaves of the tree.
Hair mask is prepared from the decoction of leaves. cooked in the traditional way, in which castor oil, burdock oil and honey are added.
In 5 tablespoons of the finished broth add 1 teaspoon of honey and the same amount of oil. Mix well and apply on hair. Put on the shower cap and leave for 15 minutes. then rinse the hair in the usual way and rinse with birch broth.
Do this mask for a month 1-2 times a week.
Skin care with birch decoction or infusion helps to optimize skin turgor and gives a rejuvenating effect.
Birch leaves collection and drying
Birch leaves are harvested in late May - early June, then they have particularly healing properties. They are dried in the open air and stored in linen bags of natural fabric.
Not every kind of birch is suitable for collecting the medicinal product, therefore, you must first consult with herbalists. Only 4 types of 122. have medicinal properties. Dried product can be purchased in pharmacies, but collected by hand gives certain guarantees. Some herbalists start collecting leaves immediately after collecting birch sap.
Birch leaves contraindications
Contraindications to treatment with birch leaves quite a bit: individual intolerance, which can cause allergic reactions and heart failure.
Care should be taken when treating patients with acute exacerbations of liver and kidney diseases, as the drugs have diuretic and choleretic properties.
Otherwise, you can safely use the healing birch leaves and get the expected benefits even during pregnancy and lactation after consulting with your gynecologist.
On the therapeutic properties of birch leaves
Read on: Birch healing properties and contraindications
The article discusses hanging birch. You will learn what a tree looks like, where it occurs and has some useful properties. We will tell you how to prepare a diuretic decoction, infusion with beriberi and skin diseases based on birch buds and leaves at home.
Description of birch
Birch lives about 110 years, grows up to 50 years, the trunk thickens to 80 years. The height of an adult tree reaches 20 m. The white trunk, the lower part of which is covered with black bark with deep cracks, gives a special attraction to a birch tree. Leaves in the shape of a rhombus are sticky in youth, in an adult tree reach 7 cm.
Birch is frost resistant, tolerates a dry period, loves light. No special requirements for the soil. The first 6 years, the height of the tree increases slightly, since the age of 10, the average annual growth is 85 cm. After the 20-year mark, birch throws seeds that impede the growth of other plants. Young shoots pulled out easily.
The growth of young woody plants, if desired, limit. If the diameter of the trunk does not exceed 20 cm, the top and part of the lateral branches are cut, after which the crown is thickened. But in the period without foliage, the tree looks unaesthetic. Pruning dry branches carried out in the spring.
The following forms are particularly decorative:
The trunks meet straight and creeping forms. Birch looks spectacular with group plantings, therefore it often inhabits park zones. Will decorate the lawn and a single copy.
Planting birch and further care
Early spring is the optimal time for planting, the autumn period is avoided due to the large percentage of young animals dying out. The maximum age of a sapling is from 5 to 7 years. Transplantation of more mature trees is organized in the winter along with a frozen lump of soil. Between saplings leave a gap of 4 m, the place is chosen sunny or slightly shaded. It is recommended to organize a drainage layer of 15 cm of sand. The composition of the soil for planting: leaf soil, sand and peat in a ratio of 2: 2: 1.
For the full development of the seedling root birch neck is not deepened. If this area is under the ground, after several years of illness, the tree will die. The reason lies in the mushroom cohabitants, mycorrhiza lives on the roots, without their presence, the existence of birch is impossible. Therefore, even an adult plant does not tolerate additional ground above the root system or a permanent increase in groundwater level.
Strong lateral roots of adult birch often bulge above the ground, therefore, they choose a site away from asphalt paths for planting.
During planting and in the next 4 days, the birch seedling is watered. When the young grow stronger, watering is required only in dry weather.
In the spring, before the leaves bloom, the young trees feed. 1 kg of mullein, 15 g of ammonium nitrate and 10 g of urea is diluted in 10 liters of water. Birch age from 10 to 20 years, the dose of the solution is increased to 30 liters, the tree over 30 years old requires 50 liters of the composition.
Decorative hanging crown in combination with unpretentiousness is valued in the design of alleys and recreation areas. The birch on the lawn in combination with coniferous trees, rowan and linden looks impressive.
Method of use of drugs from birch
Decoction of birch leaves (20.0– 200.0): brew 4 teaspoons of birch leaves to a glass of boiling water, when the boiling water has cooled, add 0.2 g of soda to dissolve the insoluble betuloretinovuyu acid contained in birch leaves. Well brewed leaves insist for 6 hours, like infusions. Strain and drink in two doses with an interval of four hours.
Strong decoction of birch leaves (90.0— 400.0): take 6 tablespoons of birch leaves for two glasses of boiling water to take half a cup 4 times a day.
Decoction of birch buds: one teaspoon of birch buds for half a cup of boiling water, use two tablespoons 3 times a day.
Tincture of birch buds on alcohol - 25.0: Infuse for 8 days, take 20 drops three times a day.
Tincture of birch buds on vodka: For 1 bottle of vodka, take half a bottle of birch buds, leave for a month, use 40 drops 3-4 times a day (for cholera, one glass each until vomiting stops).
Fresh birch sap is an excellent diuretic. Photo: Learning by doing
Fresh birch sap take 3 cups a day (as an anti-inflammatory and diuretic).
External use of birch leaves: ordinary baths - full and sessile, "dry bath" and warming compresses.
"Dry bath" состоит в том, что свежие березовые листья кладут в глубокую кадушку, заменяющую ванну, накрывают ее, чтобы листья согрелись, и тогда больной зарывается в них по шею или по пояс и находится в «сухой ванне» около часа.
Из истолченных листьев берёзы можно делать и согревающие компрессы продолжительностью в один-полтора часа. In winter, you can (but with less effect) make the same compresses of dried birch leaves, steamed with boiling water.
Literary source: Medicinal plants in traditional medicine. A.P.Popov