The ideal solution in the process of decorating the garden for many gardeners is planting a decorative flower called allium onion. This variety of garden flowers, has long been fond of flower growers due to the simplicity of planting and caring for the plant. In addition, unpretentiousness and a huge variety of types of alliums is a real find for any novice gardener, as a decorative bow is perfect for both single compositions and for combination with other types of decorative flowers.
Decorative Allium flower belongs to the family of perennial herbaceous plants, numbering more than five hundred varieties, differing in their color, size of the stem and buds.
- Flowers have different colors ranging from bright blue or blue and ending with a rich purple, yellow or pink color.
- Inflorescences have a rounded shape, consisting of many small flowers.
- Spherical flowers grow on long stalks, and can have a diameter of up to thirty centimeters.
- The length of the plant depends on the variety, so a thickened stem can be from five centimeters to one and a half meters in height.
- Most subspecies have leaves not only at the base at the top, but also closer to the root. As a rule, they die off and fall off immediately after the onion blossoms.
- Up to twelve leaves with a linear flat shape can be placed on each stem.
- Depending on the variety, varieties are distinguished by the timing of flowering: May, late June and early July.
- The average period of flowering varies from 40 to 50 days, after which the flower begins to wither. however, much depends on the variety of the plant. There are species that differ in a short flowering period, which is not more than two or three weeks.
- The main period of fruiting of the Allium flower is at the end of September.
- Decorative Allium flower has a specific onion aroma, and it tastes very hot, due to the high content of essential oils.
Unusual flowers can be a great addition to any area and long please the eye with its unique look.
Reproduction of alliums with seeds
Planting with seeds does not require much skill. In order to choose the best quality planting material, it is necessary to select the seeds from the largest inflorescences after they bloom. To increase the percentage of germination, it is best to pre-stratify the seeds.
You can sow seeds for the winter or early spring. Moreover, some varieties of the flower Allium can give the first shoots not earlier than in a few years, while other varieties can give the first shoots next year. After the seeds have sprouted, they must be dived.
As for artificial stratification, it may not bring the expected results, because this procedure is not always relevant. It should be remembered that sow seeds should be in open ground and only in a bright place, well lit by sunlight.
Reproduction of alliums by vegetative method
As for breeding with the help of babies (vegetative method of planting), the flowering period will directly depend on the size of the initially planted daughter bulbs. The procedure is as follows: approximately for the third or fourth year of the life of a flower, it is necessary to cut the baby off the mother plant, which forms at the very base of the allium. This baby must be carefully separated from the mother onion. The main thing is to prevent mechanical injury, otherwise the plants may not bloom later.
There can be up to three children on one healthy flower for planting. The best growing season is in autumn. It is important to remember that planting onions is necessary in open ground at a great distance - at least fifty centimeters from each other in order to allow the plant to fully develop.
Propagation of Alliums with the help of brooches
Experienced growers prefer to multiply allium bulbs. This requires, after complete flowering, carefully cut off the head of the plant, after which it is necessary to treat it with a special compound - a growth stimulator. After processing the bulb, they are seated in open ground. This method of planting allows you to get a healthy high-quality allium, which retains all the basic qualities inherent in the parent plant.
Planting in open ground
The unpretentious Allium flower perfectly honors itself on any type of soil, however, in order to grow a healthy plant, you should follow some basic rules of planting.
- Planting can be done in early spring or autumn, which directly depends on the variety of the selected plant. The main thing is to choose the site where you plan to plant the plant. Plant decorative onions should be in an open area to get the sun's rays. If you plant a flower in a shady place, near trees or canopies, it can lead to the death of the flower.
- When planting a plant follows avoid places that are well blown by the winds. Especially true for very high varieties of alliums, which under the strong pressure of the wind can quickly break.
- The soil must be well drained and not contain much moisture.. Before planting lukovichek you must carefully loosen the ground. After that it is necessary to fertilize the soil with useful dressings. This may be humus, mineral additives, manure, compost. The main thing is to remember that the allums are very sensitive to a lack of calcium in the soil. To eliminate this disadvantage, it is enough to fertilize the soil with wood ashes, containing a large amount of potassium before planting.
- It is best to choose a soil with a neutral acidity. If the soil has a level of acidity of less than seven percent, then it is necessary to fertilize it with either dolomite flour or lime.
- Should remember that a soil that is poor in moisture can cause the death of a plant. Therefore, you should not plant allium, and swampy areas or in lowlands.
- After the selection and preparation of the soil, it is required to make holes where it is necessary to plant the plant. In this case, the embedding depth will directly depend on the size of the onion planted - the bigger it is, the deeper the landing height will be. Experienced flower growers operate according to this scheme: planting depth equals three sizes of onion planted. As for the distance between each plant, it should not be less than thirty centimeters. At the same time, the dimensions of the upcoming growth of allium are charmingly taken into account.
- If you plan to plant flowers using seeds, rather than bulbs, they must first be placed in the freezer for several months. After that, they can be planted. This will require soak the seeds, and as soon as the first sprouts appear, they can be planted into the substrate from sod land, humus and peat. After the emergence of the first shoots, decorative onions dive, and seedlings are transplanted in open ground to a permanent place. Grooves for a plant should have a depth of no more than ten centimeters, and before transplanting flowers, grooves should be moistened.
- To prevent the formation of crusts and excessive soil moisture, the area where the plant is planted, pre-mulch with peat.
- The optimum temperature for planting a decorative bow is ten degrees of heat, when the soil is properly heated.
Observing these planting rules, you can grow a strong and healthy plant with abundant flowering.
Allium flower description
Allium (otherwise it is called a decorative onion) is a two-year grassy (sometimes there are perennial varieties) plant belonging to the onion subfamily, family Amaryllisaceae. Homeland of wild onions is Central Asia.
The plant can be recognized by an umbrella-shaped inflorescence in the form of a regular ball consisting of many small flowers and located on a long, swollen stem, sometimes reaching 1 m in height. Inflorescences are dense or dandelion-like flowers. There are at least 400 species of wild onions. As for the color of the buds, they can be blue, purple, pink. Flowering occurs in late May - early June. The leaves of the plant are very narrow and long, sharp at the ends. There is also a characteristic smell and burning taste for all onions.
Wild onions are often used in rabatka, rock garden, various flower compositions, monocultural plantings.
Allium planting and care in the open field: basic requirements
Favorite place - open sunny areas. And the more sun, the brighter the color of foliage. Shaded areas are unacceptable for plants. The plant does not tolerate a large amount of moisture, so it is impossible to plant it in the lowlands.
As for the soil, the bow prefers light and fertile, and the pH level should be almost neutral. If the soil is too acidic, lime should be added to it.
Planting in open ground is better to do from mid-September to late October. But this should be done at a temperature of + 10 ° C.
Pre-planting bulbs carefully inspect for the presence of rot and mildew. If they are found, the bulbs are placed in potassium permanganate and kept for half an hour.
For planting dig holes with a depth equal to three bulbs. An onion is placed in a well, well watered, covered with humus from above, mulching is carried out, which protects it from frost.
It is strictly forbidden to use chicken droppings and manure.
Allium onion: growing and care
Allium does not impose special requirements for care. The most important rule is not to transfuse the plant, as this can translate to its death. At the same time, it is highly undesirable to allow overdrying, as this will cause growth to stop and the foliage to fall.
With the arrival of spring, the plant should be fed. To do this, use nitrogen and potash fertilizers. Otherwise, the foliage will lose its brightness and become pale.
The plant requires regular weeding, as well as mulching.
Yellow foliage, which is formed at the end of flowering, can not be cut off, because it is accompanied by the accumulation of nutrients in the bulb.
At the end of June, when the bulbs absorb all the necessary substances, they can be dug out and sent to a warm and dry place. In the land they can not be left, because they can be flooded with rain, which will lead to death.
Bulbs can be left in the ground only if you live in a hot climate. But you have to remember that the bulbs will give babies, crowded, which will lead to shallowing of flowers and rare flowering.
Vegetative with babies
Three years later, after planting the seeds, the bulb gives the children, which must be very carefully planted in the fall, so that the roots and stems are not damaged. The excavated material is stored at a temperature of 18-20ºС in a dry and ventilated room.
It is recommended to plant early-flowering allium in the ground in autumn, and late-flowering in spring.
Bulbs are planted at a distance of half a meter from each other to a depth of three bulbs, pre-watered the hole, and after planting promulgated with humus or peat. The next time they can be transplanted in 4-5 years.
Diseases and pests
During planting and caring for allium, the plant can be exposed to such pests:
- Tobacco thrips feeding on plant sap and buds. This leads to the fact that the plant becomes weak, ceases to participate in photosynthesis. Pest can be eliminated by spraying and root irrigation with insecticides. For example, it can be: "Spintor", "Mospilan", "Vertimek", "Aktara". But to prevent the occurrence of an insect should create a high humidity at the landing site.
- Neck rot affects the bulbs when they are stored improperly. In order to prevent its occurrence, the bulbs must be dug out and dried in the sun, and then heated at 48ºС for 12 hours.
- Onion fly. Symptoms of the disease are early yellowing of the foliage, rotting of the bulb and its subsequent death. You can protect the bulb with the help of its early planting in the ground. If the disease has developed, you can use a solution of salt or drugs such as "Ratibor", "Medvetoks-U", "Karate".
- Downy mildew. It can be prevented by exposing the bulbs to warming at 40-42ºС for 12 hours before planting.
As you can see, planting and caring for allium in the open field is not difficult at all. If you follow all the rules, the plant will give you a lush flowering: huge colorful balloons.
Allium Decorative Flower: Plant Care
The care that a decorative bow requires is included in several mandatory activities.
- Since allium is drought tolerant a plant able to tolerate temporary dry periods, it does not require abundant watering. It is necessary to moisten the flower only as the soil dries, so watering should be moderate and systematic.
- Do not allow stagnation of moisture in the grooves, as this will lead to rotting of the plant and its subsequent death. Therefore, watering should be timely.
- Care includes soil moistening during the growing season, when the plant is just beginning to form, and the first leaves and buds appear.
- Flower systematic weeding is required, mulching and soil loosening. These activities should be carried out carefully so as not to damage the root system of the flower.
- Do not do without dressingswhich are required for good growth and flowering plants. This should be done not only during the period when the inflorescences and castings are formed, but immediately after planting. Therefore, if a decorative onion is planted in the spring, then any mineral fertilizer with a high nitrogen content will be suitable as a top dressing. If the onions are planned to be planted for the winter, then the soil should be fertilized with top dressings containing potassium and phosphorus. In summer, the flowers should be fed with mineral fertilizers, and in the winter it is recommended to plant the flower with peat or humus.
- After the decorative flower has completely bloomed, experts advise digging bulbsto prevent further decay. Dug onions stored in a dry dark place that is well ventilated until the next landing.
- As for the frequency of planting flowers, this can be done once every three years, not more often. The fact is that if very often the flowers are replanted, they will grow strongly, and the quality of the inflorescences and the shade of flowers will not change for the better.
If you do everything correctly, the decorative bow will transfer the wintering perfectly and already next season will be able to please with abundant flowering.
Allium: plant care in case of damage by diseases or pests
Sometimes it happens that a plant starts to rot or stops blooming. This is usually the result of poor care. To prevent this and prevent the death of flowers, you should take preventive measures in time.
- If the flowers were amazed tobacco thrips - small nasty insects that stick to the flowers and leaves of the plant and suck all the juice out of them, this can lead to the death of the alliums. To prevent this, it is required to treat the plant with an insecticidal solution: Aktara, Vermitek or Spintor. To prevent damage, it is necessary to control the level of humidity.
- Common disease affecting flowers - onion fly, affecting mostly flower buds. Characteristic features are the rapid yellowing of the leaves and rotting of the bulb. To prevent this, it is enough to hold an early planting of the plant. But if the onion fly has already struck a flower, it must be urgently treated with Ratibor, Medvetoks-U or Karate. As a preventive measure, you can also water the plant once a week with a solution of salt.
- If the plant struck mite, it can be saved by treatment with ashes or tobacco dust, as well as with a two percent solution of chlorophos.
- To prevent the appearance powdery mildew - A strong fungal disease that affects the leaves and inflorescences of onions, requires preheating of the bulbs before they are planted in open ground. Warm up should be at a temperature not exceeding 42 degrees for twelve hours. You can do this in the oven or dryer.
- In the case of improper storage of onion plants, they can hit neck rot. To prevent the development of infection, it is enough to warm the onions in the bright sun before planting for twelve hours.
As you can see, the care and prevention of diseases do not require much effort. If you follow all the rules of planting and growing alliums, then problems with the growth and flowering plants will never arise.
Allium flower description and plant photo
Аллиум принадлежит к семейству луковых и имеет более 100 видов и сортов, используемых в декоративном садоводстве. Вообще род аллиумов насчитывает более 600 видов. Это многолетнее растение. Сорта отличаются высотой растения и окраской цветков. Стебли его могут быть совсем маленькими – не более 10 см, а могут вырастать и более метра. Похожий на луковую стрелку стебель венчает шарообразное соцветие из мелких цветков. This is a kind of Allium business card. The range of colors varies from lilac and violet to yellow, pink and bluish. Leaves and inflorescences may also differ in different types of decorative onions.
Conventionally, allium can be divided into several groups according to flowering time and stem height. By flowering period:
- early - blooms in May,
- mid-early - in the middle of summer,
- late blooming - from August to frost.
According to their size they are classified as:
- tall - from 80 cm and up,
- sredneroslye - 40-80 cm
- undersized - less than 40 cm in height.
As true members of the onion family, the Alliums exude a specific flavor. It is similar to the smell of onions, but a little softer.
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Choosing a place in the garden for a flower
In order for allium to bloom beautifully, it needs a lot of sun, so it should be planted in sunny open areas. A place under a tree or next to buildings that cast shadows most of the day will not suit him. The amount of light that allium receives depends on the brightness of the color of its flowers.
Important! Allium should not be planted in the lowlands, because there may accumulate moisture, which he does not really like.
Planting allium flowers in the open field
Allium is planted in the fall
Allium is planted in open ground in winter - from mid-September to October. To do this, first prepare the soil. It should be light and fertile, well water flowing. To do this, during the digging it can add sand. Organic fertilizers in the form of rotted manure and mineral complex will not interfere either.
In prepared soil make narrow holes in depth equal to two bulb sizes. The distance between them should be at least 30 cm. The bulbs are placed in watered holes and sprinkled with rotted manure on top. Then the soil is mulched with peat, it will not allow the crust to form on the soil. This method of planting will allow the plant to winter well and not be afraid of severe frosts.
If you decide to plant Allium in the spring, you need to stratify the seeds for 2-3 months in the refrigerator.
Important! The best temperature for planting allium is + 10 ° С.
The rules of care for ullium in the open field
Allium virtually maintenance free
No special effort to care for allium is required. The main condition is to not allow an excess of moisture, because the plant will inevitably die from this.
However, it can not be completely dried. If allium lacks moisture, it stops growing and leaves leaves. True, immediately after watering the flower is restored. In short, it is important to find a middle ground in the amount of moisture needed by your slim handsome.
Usually, allium is not dug out for the winter, sometimes it doesn’t even require any insulation. But there are varieties that came to us from the hot and dry climate of Central Asia. This, for example, Schubert's onions or Christopher's onions. Their bulbs are dug out in the fall, dried and stored in a cool place in the winter - in the basement or cellar.
The site where allium grows needs annual spring harvesting. The remains of plants and snow mold are removed from it. During the season, a constant weeding and loosening of the soil.
One of the main elements to the shortage of which allium reacts very badly is potassium. In the fall, while preparing the soil for planting, it is possible to add wood ash to it, it is a good source of this essential trace element. As soon as the bulb has given its first sprouts in the spring, it is necessary to begin fertilizing.
In the spring it should be a complex of mineral fertilizers, in the fall - phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Moreover, such fertilizers are applied to the soil in a dry granular form. During the flowering period, it is advisable to feed allium with fertilizer for flowering garden plants.
Important! Do not use fresh chicken dung or manure as a fertilizer.
Possible ways of breeding allium
Mostly allium is propagated by daughters, but also by seeds
Most often, allium is propagated by daughter bulbs. This is a perennial, it can grow in one place up to 5 years. During this time, young “daughters” are growing around the old bulb. From them and grow a new plant.
There are rhizomatous species of Allium, which give side shoots. They can be propagated by dividing the bush.
There is also a seed method of reproduction. Some varieties need to be planted before winter. Spring planting requires stratification of seeds. Large varieties of Allium, planted with seeds will only bloom for 4-5 years, small ones can bloom in 1-2 years.
Diseases, pests and how to fight
Allium can be affected by fungal diseases - downy mildew and neck rot. The disease can manifest itself during the storage of the bulbs in winter. First, the bulb softens and then dries.
Some growers recommend to process planting material before storage. To protect against these diseases, the bulbs must be held at a high temperature (40-42 ° C) for 112 hours.
Of the insects, allium can be injured by an onion fly, a moth and a spider mite. When they appear on the plant, treat it with a solution of chlorophos. Also, to combat pests using tobacco dust, ash or peat.
Allium in landscape design, in flowerbeds and in the garden
Allium is widely used for landscape design.
A feature of this ornamental plant is the early dying off of the leaves, which spoils the overall look of the flower garden. Therefore, it is recommended to plant flowers around it, which, growing, will hide the unpresentable appearance of allium leaves.
Landscape designers widely use a flower in the most different compositions - on beds, the Alpine hills, in rock arias and in single landings. If you pick allium varieties with different flowering periods and with flowers of different shades, you can organize a beautiful alaria in the garden that will bloom all summer long.
Small varieties of Allium are often used to design borders. High varieties include mixborders.
Allium grown under cut for the formation of bouquets and compositions of dead wood. In the dried form, it can decorate the room all winter.
The best neighbors who advantageously emphasize the beauty of Allium will be peonies, delphiniums, irises, poppies and lupins.
What sort of Allium to choose for your garden plot
It depends on what you want to see in your garden. If you like high Allium representatives, pay attention to the varieties:
- Sicilian (or honey garlic) - grows to 120 cm, pastel-colored inflorescences - cream or pink. It can be grown at home. Suitable for dry bouquets,
- Giant - growth up to 170 cm and with large inflorescences - up to 15 cm in diameter. But he needs support, especially in windy regions. Flowering begins in early June.
- Srednerosly grade Blue. The height of the stem - 80-90 cm, has inflorescences of blue in the form of a ball with a diameter of about 5 cm. It is edible, its leaves can be eaten already in early spring. Blooms in July.
- Roundhead - This is a variety that grows up to 1 meter. Differs in an unusual form of inflorescence - in the form of an oval. Color range - from pale pink to maroon.
A photo. Allium Giant
For registration of borders you can plant varieties:
- Karatavsky. Allium of this variety grows to only 30 cm, while it has disproportionately large inflorescences - up to 10 cm in diameter. It is decorated not only with a flower, but also with leaves - wide, with purple streaks. It blooms in July.
- Moli - differs completely unusual for allium form of inflorescence - an umbrella. His flowers are bright yellow, for which he was nicknamed the Golden Garlic. Height - about 35 cm. Flowering time - June.
A photo. Allium, variety Karatavsky.
It is simply impossible to list all the varieties, there are a huge number of them. Among them, everyone will find a suitable one, which will later become a favorite decoration of the dacha plot.
Allium flower grower reviews
Alexander, florist with experience. I have been growing Allium for many years, I enjoy beautiful bright spots in the country. In the care - there is no place easier, the main thing - to pick up varieties so that all summer bloomed. Try to plant - you will not regret.
Tatyana, an amateur florist. Bought bulbs from the Dutch manufacturer, planted in the winter. All went up, some even bloomed. I advise you to carefully examine the bulbs before buying. Though inexpensive, it can be offensive when expectations are not met.
Important and valuable advice from the flower grower about carnations, more details on the link http://cveti-rasteniya.ru/gvozdika-mnogoletnyaya-posadka-i-uxod.html
Svetlana, a beginner florist. Allium for me was my first discovery - I began to work with flowers on the garden plot. For inexperience planted single landings. Very beautiful flowers, but not pleased quickly yellowed leaves. If you plant allium, surround it with thickets of other flowers, then all summer will be beautiful.
Selection and preparation of the site
Allium giant landing and care photo
Allium has the most beautiful flowering in sunny, well-lit areas, on the southern slopes. Even light penumbra can reduce the color intensity of flowers and leaves. Tall varieties need to be protected from the wind, so that they do not break when gushes - it is worth pre-select a protected place.
Preferred for planting terrain with fertile soils., additionally supplemented with complex mineral fertilizer, with neutral acidity (pH about 7.0). In a more acidic soil, addition of dolomite flour or lime is required.
The permeability of the soil - an important condition when choosing a landing site. Short-term overmoistening of the soil of the allium bulb is still able to withstand, but with poor drainage they rot. Although the decorative onion is good, that among the variety of varieties you can find an exception to the rule: Onion varieties Farrera and Allium Moli are the most tolerant of moisture and cold.
Allium onion seed
Allium flower growing and care Allium ‘Globemaster’
After the flowering period is over, it is time for the seed to ripen. To obtain a good seed, it is worth taking the seeds from the very first, largest and completely faded inflorescences. Plant new plants in the fall at the end of September or in the spring. It should be noted that the flowering onion can only need to go at least 3 years for some species and even 4-7 years for others (with large buds).
Seeds of some varieties of Allium (for example, a variety of giant onions) must be stratified during spring planting. This procedure allows you to artificially start natural processes and to prepare the seed for the spring awakening as much as possible.
Stratification is easy to carry out at home:
1. Seeds should be placed in a bag of soil or wet sand.
2. Put the bag in the fridge for 2-3 months.
Without prior aging, seeds may rot in the ground.
Allium is a whole family that includes a large number of different species, distinguished by plant growth, timing of flowering and even the shape and type of flowers themselves. Most often, the inflorescences look like a ball, but there are other forms and types.
The most popular types are:
- 1Allium round-headed is a small red-purple flowers collected in a ball. Refers to mid-season varieties. Bow arrow can reach 50-60 cm in height. Flowers bell-shaped. It looks the most advantageous among other greens, for example, in the garden with parsley or lettuce.
- 2Allium yellow - medium flowered onions. The height of the arrow varies between 36-41 cm. The inflorescence resembles an umbrella, consisting of yellow flowers tilted down. Their peculiarity is that long pistils and stamens hang from inflorescences.
- 3Allium pink. Inflorescence in the form of a rare ball of a pale pink, pink and beige color. Onion boom height reaches 55-65 cm. In the wild nature can be found in the Mediterranean coastal region.
- 4Alium sicilium is a high plant, it can reach 80-132 cm. It belongs to the early-flowering species of ornamental onions, and the flowering period is in May, partly in June. Wild plant is found on the territory of France and Italy.
- 5Allium moth in height can grow to just 25-30 cm. The flowers resemble a yellow star. It belongs to the early flowering species of alliums. The flowering occurs in May and June.
- 6Allium blue - inflorescence in the form of a blue ball, consisting of a large number of flowers, which can be from 230 to 260 pieces in one inflorescence, and the diameter of the ball itself can be up to 7.5 cm.
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Most often these types of decorative onions can be found in gardens and in gardens. In addition, many craftsmen often use allium inflorescences to create bouquets of dried flowers. It is known that in antiquity such flowers often decorated hats and bodices of fashionistas, found their use in the composition of ikeban Japanese masters.
Landing in open ground
It is preferable to plant such a plant as allium in the open land. First of all, before planting any kind, it is necessary to dig up the soil qualitatively and produce its fertilizer. Different mineral compositions will be suitable, or ordinary humus, which will also be a good solution.
It must be remembered that for allium there must be a good drainage system in the ground. Such a decorative bow does not tolerate strong moisture. In addition, the soil should be as close to normal in acidity (about 7.0), otherwise it can be difficult to grow onions. It is necessary to do everything necessary so that the earth in which the plant bulbs will be planted breathes, for this it should be as soft as possible.
Digging holes for plants should be such that their depth exceeds the size of the bulb itself by 2-3 times. This is done with the aim of giving the young plant every chance to survive the winter and prevent the plant from drying out during the hot summer season. Experts recommend planting bulbs in open ground in the 3rd decade of September, and the soil temperature should not be below 10 ° C - this is a very important condition for planting the plant.
Care for decorative onions
As practice shows experienced gardeners, any Allium - unpretentious flower. During the growing season, a slight mulching of the soil, its weeding and loosening is required. This is done for almost any plant in the garden or in the garden.
In terms of watering this plant is also quite easy to use. The rule here plays the main role: less is more than more. A decorative bow will feel much better if the ground is slightly dry than too wet. This is due to the fact that the bulbs of plants are afraid of moisture, they can quickly rot and die. It is best to water the plant after sunset. If it has recently passed a heavy rain, it is recommended to forget about watering for a while. This is due to the fact that the bow for a long time enough rainwater.
Allium refers to those plants that best feel in the sun. He is very fond of light, so it is best to plant decorative onions in open areas, where plants that are not capable of blocking access to sunlight by their stems are not intended.
Conducting feeding three times. It should be chosen fertilizer, which includes the predominant amount of minerals such as potassium and phosphorus. The first top dressing, as already noted, is done when planting bulbs and young plants. The second - in the period of plant growth sheet mass. The third occurs after the onion has completely faded.
Breeding and breeding
Almost all gardeners prefer to independently grow plants that are planted in their garden. The same can be done with allium, so that there is always the opportunity to replace the old plant with a new one of the same kind.
In order to breed a decorative bow, apply 3 ways:
- 1 Seeds. Breeding with seeds is one of the lungs. In this case, grooves are created in the flowerbed or bed, in which seeds are sown. After the wells sprinkled with earth, moistened and fed with mineral fertilizers. The plant bulbs are formed from such seeds within a month. The only negative: Allium, bred using this method, begins to bloom only after 5 years after receiving the bulbs.
- 2Bulbs. In this case, various drugs are used to stimulate the formation of roots.
- 3kids. After 3 years from the moment of formation, the bulb begins to form on the mother plant of the children. They look like small onions on the sides of the parent bulb. Baby plants should be very carefully separated from the main bulb and planted in the ground. This should be done carefully, otherwise they can be damaged.
Among the possible diseases are the following:
- root mites,
- different forms of rot,
- onion flies,
- downy mildew.
As a preventive measure, there are several tricks and tricks. To prevent various diseases, it is recommended to warm up allium bulbs before planting. Warming occurs at a temperature of 40-45 ᵒС and for a long time (from 9 to 10 h). It can be carried out both in the oven and in a regular dryer. Кроме того, можно перед посадкой обработать луковицу одним из фунгицидных препаратов.
При заражении мошкой или корневым клещом должна быть проведена обработка растения золой, торфом, табачной пылью или же 2-процентным раствором хлорофоса, различными инсектицидными препаратами (с недельным интервалом между каждой обработкой). It is possible to recognize insect infestations by the loss of turgor by the plant and the appearance of a spider web.
In the event of downy mildew, infected plants should be completely destroyed and healthy fungicides should be treated. You can recognize it by the appearance of gray spots on the yellowing leaves and by the absence of flowering with full-fledged high-quality timely care of the plant.
Application in landscape design
Most often, famous landscape designers use allium to translate their ideas into life, creating fantastic flowerbeds on the site and filling artificial cliffs with plants. Here you should know exactly what size decorative bow is needed, because it varies in height from 25 to 135 cm.
Designers advise to plant allium flowers in the vicinity of roses and in the classic combination of decorative onions with poppies or peonies. With such flowers, it is best to plant allium with a spherical-shaped purple inflorescence.
Bow can be used as a decoration for hats, as decorative elements of dresses, barrettes, bows. This variant of the use of inflorescences is borrowed from the past, when eminent fashion designers and women of the time simply used all the flowers to decorate clothes and hats.
And a little about the secrets ...
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My eyes were especially frustrating, surrounded by large wrinkles plus dark circles and swelling. How to remove wrinkles and bags under the eyes completely? How to cope with swelling and redness? But nothing is so old or young man as his eyes.
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A flower of the genus onion, translated from Latin as "garlic". Decorative bow or allium relatively recently appeared on the plots and in the gardens, but has already managed to fall in love with designers and flower growers. Decorative both as a solitary plant and in compositions with other flower cultures: delphinium, foxglove, hosts, irises and gladioli. Some low instances look great in containers.
Allium, landing and care in the open field for which are simple, even for beginners, is valued for its unusual appearance. Varieties of decorative onions are used to decorate flower beds and various flower beds.
The most popular types of onions that grow in the garden are:
- Chives - perennial with light pink or purple flowers in the shape of a ball. They are not only decorated with flowerbeds, but also used for food.
- Karatavsky onions - pink flowers bloom in early summer and resemble a balloon. It can not be eaten.
- Bow Praying or Golden - unusual saturated yellow "stars" appearing in early July are of interest.
- Bow Ostrovsky - the most beautiful, dark pink flowers are collected in a large bowl.
- Round-headed onions - its height is up to 65 cm, purple inflorescences have the shape of an oval.
- Royal (blue) bow.
You can get acquainted with the variety of allium types using this slideshow:
Planting Allium in open ground
If you want to decorate the site with this ornamental plant, planting and further caring for allium in the open field will not cause much trouble.
It is necessary to adhere to the main points:
- soil acidity should be close to neutral, previously it can be deoxidized with lime,
- drainage is mandatory so that water does not stagnate,
- the place is better to choose the sun (in the penumbra decreases the brightness of the leaves and inflorescences).
It is best to plant in early spring or autumn. Before planting, compost and mineral fertilizers are applied. The depth is determined based on the size of the bulbs in such a way that the top layer of soil is 3 times thicker than the bulb itself.
Allium care after planting
Care for allium in the open field is quite simple:
- It is necessary to water a decorative onion moderately so that it does not rot. For the same reason, allium should not be planted in the lowlands.
- Timely fertilizing with complex fertilizers will allow the onions to look especially decorative. In the spring, with the appearance of the first leaves, - with a predominance of nitrogen, in the fall - potassium and phosphorus.
- The soil around Allium needs to be loosened and weeds removed in time.
This plant has one peculiarity: before the flowering begins, its leaves turn yellow and die.
You can not remove them yourself, because at this time the nutrients accumulate in the bulb.
If allium is planted in the center of a flower bed, among beautifully flowering crops, this drawback will be imperceptible.
Varieties and types
Allium Aflatunsky (Perple Sensation) capable of reaching 1.5 meters in height and 12 cm in diameter. Its star-shaped light-violet flowers gather in dense spherical umbrellas. It is very interesting to observe the flowering of aflatunsky onions, while it is unpretentious in the care.
Allium Gladiator - A close relative of the usual edible onion. The dark green leaves of this species are quite suitable for food. It can grow in height by 1 meter, has star-shaped lavender-blue flowers, composed of 6 petals. Inflorescence diameter - 20 cm and above, they exude a pleasant sweetish aroma. Gladiators are great for rocky gardens, rock gardens and go well with bearded irises.
Allium Eros endowed with spherical inflorescences, the color of which may vary in the range from pink to pale lilac. The height is 30-35 cm, and the diameter of the flowers is about 10. The flowering period is in June.
Allium roundhead blooms relatively late in the middle of summer and blooms for about a month. Oval inflorescences of a plant consist of purple or pink flowers. Escape can grow to a height of 60 cm.
One of the most beautiful. The height of the shoot is 80 cm, the inflorescence in the form of a spherical or hemispherical thick umbrella has a diameter of 7 cm and can consist of 200-250 variegated blue flowers in the form of bluebells. The color of the inflorescences is so beautiful that it seems there is nothing bluer in the world.
Allium Moth — yellow onion - grows to 20-30 cm in height. Its loose inflorescence is made up of bright yellow-golden flowers, similar to asterisks. Flowering occurs at the end of May and lasts for 20 days.
Christopher Allium - the most spectacular among medium-tall. The height is usually not more than 30-40 cm, but it can reach up to 60 with particularly favorable growing conditions. The unusually large globular inflorescence of Christoph Allium can grow in diameter by 25 cm in a variety of small, star-shaped flowers of pink-violet or purple flowers. It is not easy to look away from this plant during its monthly flowering in June.
Allium Ostrovsky - A very pretty undersized plant (up to 20 cm tall) with large widely bell-shaped flowers of raspberry shade, from which emanates a pleasant aroma. Flowers gather in inflorescences with a diameter of up to 10 cm.
Allium Ivory Quin
Will add any corner of your garden. The size of the shoot is 25-35 cm, its top is crowned with luxurious flowers with a diameter of 12 cm ivory. It should be noted that the foliage of this species looks no less beautiful - corrugated foliage of green-blue color gives the plant a special charm. In addition, for about 20 days of flowering the flowers are saturated with aroma.
Allium Bulgarian reaches 90 cm in height. His white-purple expressive inflorescences delight the eye during flowering in early summer.
Allium Giant named according to its size - 1.5 meters in height with a diameter of umbrellas of inflorescences 8 cm. The flowers are in the shape of stars and light purple in color, the leaves are wide, belt-like, squat. It blooms in the first month of summer for 25 days.
Allium pride - short, with onion sizes slightly larger than the size of a pea. The plant grows only up to 10-20 cm in height. Inflorescences consist of 30-40 wide bell-shaped bright pink-purple flowers. The flowering period is 20-30 days at the end of May.
View from North America. Very beautiful, even though the inflorescences are loose umbrellas, not spheres. It grows to a slightly higher height than the previous one - 20–25 cm. This compactness allows both species to create small neat compositions planted, for example, in containers.
Allium Schubert - up to 25-30 cm tall with inflorescences of a gray-pink shade in the shape of a star. Flowering begins in June. Only a professional can recognize a bow in a given plant after the first meeting.
Allium Covani - early flowering. The flowering period falls on May-June, with the formation of flower stalks 30-40 cm tall, ending in lovely inflorescences - lush balls made up of small white flowers (4 cm in diameter). Flowering within 2-3 weeks is accompanied by the presence of a pleasant aroma, which takes on garlic shades, if you rub the leaves or stem.
Allium Neapolitan - grows up to 25-35 cm in height. Its flowers are 1-1.4 cm long, widely bell-shaped, pink in color and grouped into a slightly convex or flat umbrella.
Do I need to dig allium for the winter
It is also recommended to dig out the bulbs every year after the seeds ripen and the foliage has dried, and then plant them again in the fall. Dug onions kept in storage at a temperature of not more than 18-20 ° C.
For some types of Allium, such as moths, Ostrovskaya and blue, it is allowed to plant the bulbs both in autumn and in spring. Small onions are safer in sawdust or peat, which prevent them from drying out.
Fertilizers for allium
Compost and wood ash serve as fertilizer for allium. Top dressing is necessary at the stage of growth of leaves, during budding and the formation of onions.
In the first days of autumn, in order to realize proper wintering, it is necessary to feed phosphorus-potassium fertilizers by adding undissolved granules to the soil. Only seedlings of the initial growth stage are suitable for transplantation.
Reproduction of allium seeds
In blue and yellow ornamental onions, seedlings bloom by the 3rd year, whereas for onions with large inflorescences (Christoph, Schubert, the giant), there is a 6, and even 7-year waiting period.
Allium Aflunsky sprouts well in warmth, while cold stratification is desirable for giant allium. In the presence of favorable conditions, self-seeding often occurs.
Allium breeding bulbs
All alliums on the inflorescences can form small onions - bulbulki. To stimulate this process, you can cut the buds and apply treatment with growth regulators.
Bulbules are often preferable for planting, since it is pure planting material for phytopathogens. For example, flowering plants can be obtained from the blue bulb of Allium in a year.
Allium giant flower photo
Allium vegetative reproduction - the formation of children on the bottom of the maternal bulb grown from seed. This process occurs in the third year of life. The separation of grown daughters should be done very carefully to avoid damage. Plants should be planted at a distance of 50 cm from each other, given the degree of growth of the bulbs. At one place without a transplant, it can grow up to 5 years, during which the growth of children around the old bulb occurs.
Cognitive video on how to plant a decorative bow:
Reproduction by onion buds - bulbs is possible. To do this, they need to be treated with a growth stimulator and rooted in the soil. The characteristics of new plants do not change (height of stem, color saturation). This method is optimal with a small number of bulbs and the need to speed up the reproduction process.
How to plant Allium Planting bulbs
How to plant allium photo
Depending on the type of Allium planting period can be both in autumn and spring. If there are several varieties and they bloom at different times, it is better to plant in the fall, for example in September. Then the bulbs will have time to take root, and then the next year the plants will begin to bloom. The optimum temperature for landing is + 10C.
Actually: When planting Allium observe the depth of embedding - 2 diameters of the bulb size, and do not forget to cover the soil with peat mulch.
Allium decorative bow landing and care photo
The plant will respond well to the next year, if after a period of leaf wilting, dig up the bulbs, dry and store them in a dry, well-ventilated room, at a constant temperature of 18-20 degrees. And then again land on the depth of triple-sized bulbs. Such storage is especially important for the varieties whose homeland is Central Asia - varieties of onions by Schubert, Christoph.
Subtleties of care
Allium landing spring photo
The key to excellent growth and flowering will be the observance of the golden mean in watering: it should be permanent, but moderate. The plant will die from an overabundance of moisture, and from lack, it will stop growing, but it can recover. There is a need for annual spring cleaning of the site occupied by allium. Throughout the entire growth period, constant weeding is necessary, loosening the soil (especially after heavy rains).
In the spring you need to feed fertilizers for active budding plants. After completion of the flowering period - fertilizer containing potassium (the simplest and most affordable - wood ash). Allium will treat favorably any specialized fertilizer for garden plants.
Optimum landing options
Allium planting and care in the open field
Allium has one peculiarity - sometimes the leaves dry up before the start of flowering, which can spoil the look of the flower garden, but you cannot cut them off - the onion supply will be interrupted. Therefore, it is recommended to plant nearby accompanying plants that hide the unpresentable view of the leaves.
Peonies, irises, delphiniums, poppies, and petunias are recognized as ideal neighbors. And you can create a fashionable element of landscape design - alaria, picking up varieties of onions with different flowering periods. It can be arranged according to the principle of an alpine slide or as rockeries, with the presence of stones. The variety of types of decorative onions will allow each gardener to find one or even several, who will become the favorite decoration of the site.
Allium blooming onion photo
Allium White Mount Everest
Decorative Allium Moth bow landing and care photos
Like all onions, a decorative onion can be propagated in 2 ways: vegetatively (by daughters or by growing bulbs) and seeds.
In the autumn, after flowering, the seeds ripen, which can be sown immediately to a permanent place or wait until spring (in this case they will have to be stratified by themselves).
Specimens grown from seeds bloom for 3-4 years.
Reproduction by vegetative parts is much easier. After 3 years, daughter bulbs are formed on each bulb. They can be carefully separated and landed. Baby should have 2-3 developed escapes and good roots.
Alternatively, you can grow new plants from bulbs formed on inflorescences. These onion bulbs immediately planted in a flower garden. The alliums obtained in this way exactly repeat the properties of the mother plants.
Possible diseases and pests
- Onion fly
It is quite easy to recognize the infection: the leaves of such plants turn yellow prematurely, and the bulb itself rots.
Prevention: you can plant allium as early as possible and process the flowers with sodium chloride solution.
These small harmful insects suck the juice from the cells, as a result of which the plant dries out.
Prevention: care for allium after planting in open ground should include the creation of high humidity on the site. Treatment - any insecticides (aktar, vermitek, etc.)
Appears due to improper storage of bulbs in the winter.
Prevention: dry well in the sun after digging. If nevertheless the affected bulbs were found out - discard.
If the humidity is too high or there are errors in the care, the decorative bow can be affected by this disease.
Prevention: Allium planting in open ground should be done after heating its bulbs in the oven for 12 hours, maintaining a temperature of about 35-40 ° C.
Growing this beautiful, slightly unusual plant is a very entertaining process. Using all the variety of species and varieties, you can admire the various shades of the entire warm season, creating a bed of continuous flowering.
VIDEO: planting decorative onion rules
From this video you will learn how to plant a decorative Allium bow:
Allium (Allium) or ornamental onion is a herbaceous biennial or perennial plant from the subfamily of Onions, which has a large onion. In appearance, this plant of the Amaryllis family is so different from other inhabitants of the flower garden that it is difficult to confuse it.
High (in some species up to 1 m), a bloated stem crowns an umbrella-shaped inflorescence of a spherical shape, consisting of many small flowers on long pedicels. For some representatives, the size of the inflorescence can reach 40 cm in diameter. Different varieties will delight in flowering from June until September.
The plant has a characteristic sharp onion smell and taste due to the presence of essential oils, but allium growers appreciate for more. Exotic external data can be used in rock gardens, rocky gardens, single plantings and flower arrangements.
Description of decorative bow
The sonorous name Allium was given thanks to Karl Lynne, the father of botany, who used the Celtic word all, meaning “burning”. According to another version, the name comes from the Latin verb halare, translated as "smell". The decorative bow belongs to the perennial grasses of the subfamily Onion families Amaryllis.
The authentic appearance of Allium is in tiny flowers, forming balls of inflorescence, the diameter of which reaches 30 cm. Long and narrow leaves grow only on the ground itself. Stem, often thick and smooth, capable of holding powerful corollas. The color spectrum is huge and includes shades from white to lilac.
This purple giant is 1.5 m high. However, it has modest inflorescences - only 8 cm in diameter. Broad leaves are also considered decorative. Under favorable conditions, blooms throughout June.
A short but unusual variety. This plant height of 25-30 cm has blue-lilac inflorescences, shaped like a volley of fireworks. The flowering of this exotic onion begins in June.
One of the largest representatives of the species, whose "growth" comes to 1 m. Purple flowers look like asterisks with six rays. In diameter, these colossal constellations grow to 20 cm. It is interesting that the leaves of this variety can be eaten.
This is a tall (100-120 cm) species with large snow-white inflorescences (15 cm). It differs from its relatives by the fact that its leaves do not fade for a long time and remain green.
Allium Mount Everest
Low-growing appearance with yellow buds, height 20-30 cm. Flowering period - from late May to mid-June.
How to plant allium in open ground
In order for the onion miracle to take root in the garden, and the works were not in vain, it is necessary to study and observe all the details. One of the key points is the landing time. It is chosen depending on the flowering period of a particular type.
Autumn planting is carried out before the onset of the first cold weather at a stable temperature no higher than + 10 ° C. Suitable for varieties whose flowers bloom early, at the beginning of the summer season.
Spring planting is shown varieties that bloom later than others. Gardeners recommend waiting for the earth to thaw, and the air temperature will not fall below + 5 ° C.
How to choose and prepare a place
An ideal home for Allium will be the site that receives the maximum amount of sunlight. The most preferable location on the southern slopes. In shaded places, flowers and leaves lose their elegance: shrink and become paler. It is worth paying attention to the fact that tall varieties need protection from the wind, so you should place them next to larger plants.
Allium is not capricious in terms of the composition of the earth, but he, as a representative of bulbous, is acutely aware of a shortage of potassium. Therefore, before planting, it is necessary to fertilize the soil with ashes, compost and mineral fertilizer.
Another important point - the permeability of the soil. If the water stays in the soil, the bulbs will start to rot, this will lead to the death of the plant. Therefore, the plant needs a decent layer of drainage or the presence of river sand in the ground.
The depth of the planting holes depends on the size of the bulbs: large samples will need 25 cm, and small ones - 10-15 cm. The distance between them is selected according to the following principle. If you plan to dig up the "roots" for a period of rest and plant again in the fall, then you can put several onions in one hole. This first option is preferable in areas with heavy and wet soils.
If the bulbs will stay in the ground for several years, then you need to consider that they will multiply. In this case, between the holes should be at least 25-30 cm for tall and 10-15 cm for medium-grown varieties.
After planting, it is important to mulch (cover) the soil with needles, leaves, or peat mulch. This blanket will save from frost and weeds.
Allium, like a regular bow, is unpretentious in care. He needs only periodic weeding and loosening the soil. Will also be happy to clean the site after the winter.
At the beginning of the season, during the period of active growth, the plant needs constant, but moderate watering. From excess liquid, the plant will wither. Further, for species in which the leaves remain green, watering is reduced, and for varieties that "discard" the foliage, they stop altogether.
Fertilizer and dressing
In the spring, it is necessary to conduct two supplements: when the onions begin to grow foliage and at the budding stage. In the summer, Allium is fertilized during the formation of brooches. The ideal vitamins are compost and wood ash. However, any complex composition will fit. One more time to apply fertilizer in the fall, before wintering. At this time it is better to use phosphorus-potassium preparations, which should be used in the form of undissolved granules.
About once every 3-7 years it is necessary to rejuvenate a flower bed with alliums.
Usually, the signal to transplant becomes that the flowers become smaller and lose the signs of the variety.
As already mentioned, it is recommended to dig out the bulbs in the fall so that they do not suffer from heavy rains. They do this only after all the foliage itself has turned yellow and dried; it cannot be cut off. Before storing, the onions must be cleaned and dried. Adult specimens are stored in ventilated places, and babies are best put in a box with peat or sawdust.
Bulba - is tiny onion, which are formed on the inflorescences of allium. In this method, cut buds are rooted, which for the best effect is treated with growth stimulants. Grown from bulbous plants have absolutely identical indicators as the parent. Usually, this method is used when the bulbs are few and you need to speed up the reproduction process.
Use in landscape design
When selecting neighbors, one thing must be taken into account: in some varieties, the leaves begin to fade before flowering. To hide this deficiency, it is recommended to plant allium near plants with lush foliage.
Looks great compositions of balls of allium and peonies, poppies, irises, tulips. Gaining popularity are the so-called alaria - flower beds with many types of decorative onions that bloom at different times. Allium will look great among the stones on the alpine hill.
Absolutely unearthly view of this plant opens an incredible scope for imagination. A huge number of varieties of all sizes, shapes and colors allow you to create unique works of landscape art.SharePinTweetSendSendSend