One of the most significant events in the development of landscape design was the use of vertical gardening. It would be appropriate to divide this trend into traditional and modern vertical gardening.
To create traditional vertical gardens use climbing plants: climbing roses, grapes, honeysuckle, and, perhaps, the most popular for vertical gardening vine - clematis. With the help of this technique decorate walls, arches, verandas, gazebos.
The massive urban development, which led to the impossibility of creating full-fledged horizontal gardens and parks, led to the development modern version of the vertical placement of plantswhich is convenient to apply in a limited area.
French biologist Patrick Blanc became the founder of the landscaping technique, which can be safely called the technology of the future. The system invented by him allows to grow any vegetation vertically. Currently, the phyto wall creation system is used for both indoor and outdoor landscaping.
What is vertical gardening used for?
- Making climbing plants facade of the building will not only hide some defects of the structure, but also give the building a fresh, original look,
- With the help of plants it is possible to regulate the microclimate indoors or on the site. Large-scale planting climbers keep cool and reduce noise,
- Often, vertical landscape gardening is used to zoning a land plot. With the help of climbing plants and flowers, it is easy to arrange the entrance with an exquisite flowering arch or to cover the outbuildings with an elegant green screen,
- This technique helps to effectively draw a small area with a lack of space for full horizontal gardening,
- Vertical gardening is used to visually “stretch” the space or house.
In order to decorate the suburban landscape in the home, you do not need to comprehend special wisdom. It is important to take into account some features of the location of green structures in the dacha and provide the plants with the necessary growing conditions.
Designs for vertical gardening
The main structures for vertical gardening include plant walls, arches, pergolas and vertical pyramids obelisks. They can be used individually or combined, creating a unique design of the suburban area. Vertical gardening in the country can be created as with the help of experts, and arrange your own hands.
- Wall of plants in the design of the garden. For the construction of a green wall on a plot of land with their own hands they fix a wooden or metal frame, inside which they pull cords or a grid. The supports of a small structure are enough to bury in the ground, and the more massive structure must be concreted. At the bottom, fast-growing annuals or perennial plants are planted, which allow to curl over the harvested frame,
- Arches. Most often, the arches are constructed above the garden paths, dividing the various functional areas of the territory. To install a universal frame using wood or metal, at least - stone or plastic. When choosing a garden arch design, they prefer the option that is most combined with the overall design of the garden and the house. The arch of arches can be flat, semicircular, duo-pitch or lancet. The height of the arch should be such that it was convenient to pass under it, even when the plants grow. Add a zest to gardening a statue located at the exit from the arch of a statue or a tree of unusual shape. Clematis, honeysuckle and climbing roses are often used for arch decoration.
- Pergolas. The arbor-like openwork structures have a special place in landscape design and are periodically repeating sections in the form of arches or pillars connected by bars. Pergolas above the garden paths create green shady corridors, and as a canopy, they reliably protect a plot of territory from the scorching sun and prying eyes. These green buildings visually enlarge the territory of a small area and zone various functional areas. The front door, which is spectacularly decorated with climbing roses and clematis, creates an impression of hospitality and coziness, while pergola with a swing and ivy overgrown with swings will be your favorite place to rest.
- Obelisks for climbing plants. In order to draw attention to a certain area of the garden plot when gardening the cottage, they create a garden obelisk. The base is a pyramidal or cylindrical design made of metal or wood. Viney plants are woven around the base - nasturtium or kobei, and if you plant a vine with edible fruits, the green composition will also delight you with a harvest.
Using basic structures for landscaping in landscape design, it is easy to transform any cottage or house.
Sometimes in order to hide the area from prying eyes and improve the space, instead of installing a fence planted hedge. Often for this type of vertical gardening use thuja. Green fence protects well from the wind and gives the site a cozy look. Along the borders are high hedges, from a height of 2 meters. Medium (from 1 to 2 m) is used to divide the space into functional zones and to form a low fence around the perimeter of the site. Low dense fences create to limit lawns, flower beds or paths.
To create a natural landscape use freely growing green fences, not requiring special care. Molded hedges need regular pruning and give the site a neat and original look.
Gallery: vertical landscaping in landscape design (25 photos)
Vertical Gardening Containers
A wide choice of containers of various designs allows you to create with their help a vertical garden or a vertical flowerbed, and if you like to combine both. Suspended pots presented by simple plastic models that are easy to use. For containers made of natural materials are wicker baskets that need special inserts so as not to wash out the soil and clay containers, during the use of which it is necessary to ensure frequent watering, as the soil dries quickly. Tubs have been used for a long time and do not lose their popularity, as almost all plants grow well in them, including small trees.
With the help of containers to create vertical gardens with their own hands is a snap. Plants suspended from the ceiling or mounted on the wall perform both aesthetic function and applied - with their help it is easy to disguise unsightly places and some defects of buildings. Plants with plants, located on the wall inside the room, will decorate any apartment.
The development of technology makes it possible to provide the necessary substances plants on any surfacethat allows you to create green carpets on the walls, roofs of houses and in the room itself. Vertical gardening of walls is not easy, but it is quite feasible, however, given the complexity of the design, it is better to invite a specialist.
The fashion trend of recent years is vertical landscaping of building facades, which is especially important for large cities. Such landscaping reduces environmental pollution, is a habitat for birds and creates heat and sound insulation for buildings. At the same time, vertical gardens are beautiful and unusual.
For vertical gardening indoors, phytomodules are used. Such designs are equipped with a drip irrigation system and the necessary illumination for plants. The design is easily fixed to the wall and easy to use. Modern developments make it possible to create small green paintings or cover an entire wall with a carpet of plants.
Plants for vertical gardening
For landscaping land use different types climbing plants and ampelous plants. It can be annuals or perennials, with abundant flowering or dense foliage. The most popular climbing plants are nasturtium, ipomoea, kvamoklit, kobeya and sweet peas. Climbing roses, wisteria and clematis are readily selected from climbing perennials. Dense foliage creepers - hop, ivy and girlish grapes. To create a hedge fit thuja, hawthorn, honeysuckle or lilac.
Having properly designed the design and provided the conditions necessary for the development of plants, you can create your own unique and cozy garden or bring a piece of nature to the city apartment.
Creating or improving the microclimate on the site
This design technique not only pleases the aesthetic look, but also helps to solve important issues. With the help of a skillfully created construction, it is possible to control the level of penetration of sunlight and drafts. In the hot season, vertical gardening significantly reduces the temperature, saturates the air with oxygen, eliminates dust and increases humidity. Gazebo, terrace or patio, thanks to the vertically arranged foliage, get rid of the high level of noise.
Gardening of residential and non-residential buildings
It is used both in private and in administrative territories. The fast-growing flowers, wrapping their walls around their foliage, create the unique spirit of old England. This is an image of mysterious aristocracy, memorable at first sight. This way of gardening can hide defects of buildings, traces of communication and so on.
The widespread use of this kind of gardening due to beauty, versatility, ease of creation and maintenance. Each reception is able to bring in any style of landscape design a unique color and original adjustments to the dining area, playground, outdoor terrace or to the general view of the building itself. Vertical gardening breaks all stereotypes in growing flowers and arranging flowerbeds.
Landscaping methods and designs for them
Novice gardeners for vertical gardening are more likely to use tools at hand, and the designs create simple and uncomplicated. With the help of a rope or wire plants are tied to the eaves or the roof of a building. But the view of a plant weaving along a thread is more suitable for a small, rarely visited cottage. For a full-fledged country house are selected professional, stunning in its magnificence design. Such as:
The classic method of vertical gardening. For it, use specialized decorative forms (trellis, screen, etc.), it can also be a fence. Weaving plants are planted next to them. This may be the boundary of the site or the separation of several zones. A hedge is deciduous and opaque (made from evergreen perennials). For the naturgardin style, a freely growing hedge will become more suitable, this option for a garden with a large area. In the concept, where flower beds and flowerbeds prevail, the molded one will fit better. It will give the desired clarity and symmetry. Plants fit poorly simulated.
Decorative lattice to maintain plants can be made of wood, metal, plastic. This is a multifunctional design. It is used as a support for representatives of the flora, as an arbor for a quiet rest and a facade that can hide noise and summer heat from extraneous. External lightness is deceptive, pergola is durable and stable. Its practical value is undeniable. Plants, braiding the pergola, grow and create an improvised roof that can protect from natural vagaries (except rain). Material for manufacturing and its color is selected taking into account the architectural characteristics of the house.
Facade and arch
The most picturesque and romantic devices for landscaping. Such decorative frames are able to decorate not only free areas, but also the facade, terrace, and the entrance to the garden. The design should be strong, well fixed and comparable to the scale of the territory. The arch, which welcomes guests on the way home, looks solemn and prestigious. The facade and arch can be made of wood, metal, stone, plastic, or combine several materials. Both designs can take different forms: direct overlap, gable roof, arched vault, the design can be integrated. By choosing weaving plants (for the facade and the arch) of an interesting color spectrum, any site can be turned into a fabulous corner: friendly, romantic, cozy and bright.
Gaining popularity in both garden design and interior design. Phytomodules exist stationary and portable. The newest way of gardening is a frame in which a certain number of pots for plants can be located. This is a great solution for a cold climate. In the warm season, the thermophilic perennials can decorate the garden. Flowerpots fasten on special hooks, for convenience of their mobility. Boxes for plants often have a rhomboid shape with "windows" to hold the soil. Pots are located almost perpendicular to the ground.
For vertical gardening, climbers are used that grow quickly and are easy to trim and model. Certain flowers look beautiful in the period of flowering or fruiting, others delight in their ornamental year-round. Choosing species with pleasant aromas, you can create a romantic and gentle atmosphere. Popular and frequently used flora representatives:
It is a fast-growing plant, it creates a voluminous green mass and clings well to any support.
The fragrant fruitful bush pleases with fast growth, unpretentiousness and decorative effect.
The traditional choice for vertical compositions. Impresses with bright and juicy colors of various shades.
A real cascade of flowers adorn the walls, arches and arbors.
Flowering climbing plant with a pleasant aroma. By autumn, the shade of leaves changes from green to bright yellow. Used in folk medicine.
The small sheet remarkably decorates any surface, creates a continuous green veil. Aristocratic looks in combination with small architectural forms: statues, sculptures, columns, etc.
When choosing plants an important role is played by the location of the vertical landscaping frame:
- east side (Amur grapes, hydrangea, common hops, clematis, Japanese quince).
- western side (actinidia colomikta, wisteria, Californian carpenterium, round-faced tree pincer, large-flowered magnolia).
- northern side (camellia, large-flowered escalonia, Brown honeysuckle, horizontal cotoneaster).
- south side (rose, kobeya, rhododendron, nasturtium, callistemon).
Vertical gardening without professional help (do it yourself)
If you want to fulfill your most courageous creative ideas and at the same time significantly reduce financial costs, you can embody vertical gardening with your own hands. Having decided on the place and option of gardening, it is necessary to create a frame, properly fortify it and put the selected plants according to the design. It is important to follow all safety instructions. The crate should be strong and consistent with the scale of the composition.
Selecting a group of plants it is necessary to study their agrarian needs and interaction with each other. They are the main elements of landscaping and should look perfect. Only strong plants with dense juicy foliage will be able to properly blame the frame and decorate the territory with their decorative effect.
However, vertical structures may well exist in the garden environment separately from the plants and not be used as supports, but exclusively for decorative purposes. Then they become self-sufficient elements of the garden and enter into compositional interaction with neighboring plantings and structures on the site. In these cases, it is important to harmoniously embed them in the volume - spatial structure of the garden.
Sometimes artistically made vertical support for vines may even look more interesting without any vegetation. Therefore, when choosing supports for particular climbers, their combination with each other should be carefully evaluated.
What is the point, for example, to curl graceful wrought-iron arches or pergolas by a girl's grape, because soon all the beauty of the lace tie will disappear under the dense cover of foliage. But the landing near such a support of the princes or the Ipomoea kvamoklit only emphasizes the beauty of this design.
All sorts of arches can be considered one of the most frequently used architectural structures in the gardens. In the arches there is some sacred beginning, it seems that they can not only make out the entrance, but are able to serve as original portals for communication between different worlds. No wonder the passage under the arch of the ancient Romans symbolized the end of one life stage and the beginning of a new one.
Arched vaults are cut from dense bushes paired opposite each other. Арки в саду могут быть изготовлены из все возможных инертных материалов, например из тонкой проволоки, украшенной световыми шнурами, или массивных бревен. Главное, чтобы их присутствие было уместно и композиционно обосновано.
In some gardens, one can observe the use of gates, wickets, or even doorways to design transitions from one zone of the site to another, marking the section between garden rooms, designed in different styles, or simply to reduce the monotony of perception of long paths or alleys.
At the same time, the range of applied decorative objects, depending on the stylistic and conceptual features of the garden, can range from the usual old door in a private, rustic-style garden to an ancient, eighteenth-century openwork gate.
One of the simplest garden forms that everyone can install on a plot is a columnar construction. It can be embodied, for example, in the image of a pyramid, assembled from wooden slats, and installed in the mixborder as an architectural dominant.
Cylindrical or square cross-section wire poles filled with pebbles or rubble will effectively shape the entrance to the orchard or recreation area.
Tripods and wigwams made of wooden poles, which are installed in the garden and garden zone and decorated with plants such as beans or sweet peas, as well as prefabricated shelves decorated with ampelous plants, are appropriate for options for columnar constructions.
This topical elongated figures, and obelisks, and the old high lantern, and even a pedestal, decorated with a bust or a stone bowl. Each of these objects will not only perform its structural and compositional task, but also carry a certain semantic load.
And, for example, in a country-style garden or on a collector's site, it is perfectly acceptable to meet a simple wooden pole, topped with a ceramic bowl or a green copper pot. It may seem like a fad, but why can't they have a place in the garden?
Pavilions and Pavilions
Small vertical garden facilities can perform both decorative and utilitarian functions. It is, in particular, the pavilions and gazebos, covered seats and wells, fashionable houses in western countries for insects and other small forms. All of them are capable of not only reviving the garden and adding vertical accents, but also bring some benefit. Playing with the shape and color of such objects, it is possible to give the garden originality and originality.
A little apart stand completely useless from the point of view of a practical gardener, but in their own way expressive art objects that can often be found in foreign gardens and are rarely here in our country. All kinds of cubes and high-legged balls, fancy sculptures and sculptures, garden furniture of gigantic dimensions, wire sculptures or stones, as if hanging in the air, can even surprise a sophisticated amateur gardener. It is only important that they do not over-pull all the attention on themselves, because the garden should be perceived as a single and harmonious whole.
In conclusion, it is worth mentioning the relatively new type of vertical forms built in gardens and not only in them. These are so-called living walls - special panels or constructions with polymer moisture-holding materials, into which various plants are planted.
This type of vertical gardening is more suitable for warm climatic conditions, it is especially important for roof gardens, where there is often an acute shortage of space.
Now consider the various ways of landscaping the site.
The most romantic design for vertical garden landscaping. Lightweight structures, such as metal or wood, are used to create it.
Decorating arches is preferable to perform braiding plants that are able to twist any support at the expense of young shoots, tendrils and stems.
The arched design should be well fixed on the site and have a comfortable passage. Do not forget to process new shoots in time, and then the guests on their way to your home will easily pass under the arch and will be conquered by its beauty.
The design, consisting of several arches of various shapes, interconnected. Pergolas are mainly made of wood, but there are also instances of metal and plastic.
At one time, this design was invented for the vines, but nowadays its properties are almost limitless!
The pergola can be used as a carport for a car or a platform for rest, it perfectly protects from the sun and wind.
On a hot day, you can happily hide under this structure from the heat and prying eyes.
Vertical landscaping of the facades will perfectly help to hide the flaws of the house outside and fit it into the project of the designed landscape design. However, please note that you should not carry out vertical gardening of the house on the north side.
Plants increase dampness, which in turn can lead to mildew. If this condition is observed, a favorable microclimate will be provided in the building: in summer, the house is filled with coolness, and in winter it is better to keep warm. This can also include vertical landscaping of the balcony.
Attention. With vertical gardening of the house and balcony, you should not forget about the inhabitants living in it. Flowering plants can cause allergies, and vines that adorn balconies, in case of delayed care, make it difficult for light to enter the room.
Pots of various shapes, decorative boxes, containers, flowerpots are increasingly used for vertical gardening.
Containers are installed on an open place directly on the ground or suspended to decorate the terraces, the entrance to the house. In order for a vertical garden to enjoy its beauty longer, it is necessary to use small wind-resistant and drought-resistant plants.
The newest way of vertical gardening both in design of a garden, and in the apartment. Consists of a frame, designed for a certain number of pots for plants, and phytomodules.
Modules are divided into stationary and portable. In this design, the plants are located almost perpendicular to the ground.
Plants suitable for vertical gardening
Climbers (lianas), annuals and perennial flowers, and even moss are perfect for landscaping. Moss, inconspicuous at first glance, can be a decoration not only for the walls of the house, but also for the rooms from the inside.
Photos of vertical gardening with moss in the country can be found in the famous magazines about landscape design. It is not susceptible to diseases, it is hypoallergenic, and if the moss is stabilized, then it will not need watering and lighting at all.
Due to the color of foliage and even colors, you can recreate a huge palette of various color combinations. Some plants look beautiful during flowering, others delight in their appearance all year round.
Much depends on the choice of landscaping site. For example, for the south side, it is preferable to choose the seeds of nasturtium and Chinese Schizandra. If you want to plant the plants on the north side, then plants like camellia, girlish grapes are best suited.
Do not forget that only through careful care and care of plants, you will get a great result.
Vertical gardening do it yourself
Creating do-it-yourself gardening is a great opportunity to realize creative ideas and at the same time save finances.
Implementation of the idea is quite simple, the main thing is to study the needs of the plants and their compatibility with each other, to create a stable frame and to put the selected plants on it.
Plants are planted in the soil prepared next to the structure, or you can simply plant flowers in flowerpots for landscaping and the vertical garden is ready!
Vertical gardening in the apartment with your own hands will conquer all your guests! Phytomodules can be designed independently or purchased in a store.
To facilitate the maintenance of the phytowall, we recommend to buy modules with automatic irrigation. It remains only to determine the design of the design and pick up plants for the soul.