Perennials, growing for a number of years in one place, form a powerful bush, which can be divided into several independent bushes. If the bush is not divided and not dug out, over many years the soil is compacted around it, the rhizome grows old, the plant weakens and ceases to grow, flowering decreases.
When dividing the plant rejuvenates, it is caused by increased livelihoods. After planting in fresh soil, shoots and root system begin to develop intensively. But there are perennials that react painfully to division and feel better if they are not long divided and transplanted. Such plants include peonies, poppy, incarvillea, dictamnus, roses. In this issue requires an individual approach to each species or variety.
What flowers to share in the spring?
In the spring, perennials blooming in the fall should be divided into phloxes, asters, geleniums, goldenrod, and rudbeckia, and this should be done as early as possible, and completed by mid-May.
Depending on the power of the bush, it is divided into several parts, but so that there are 3–5 buds, a lobe of the roots and a part of the rhizome on the delenka. With this division, many species of perennials begin to bloom in the first year, and from the second they bloom profusely.
The division should be carried out with a sharp knife, digging up the whole bush, but you can separate the delenka without digging up the bush completely, in this case, raking the ground from the bush, exposing the rhizome, and cutting off the delenka, then sprinkling with crushed coal or ash.
All delenki also disinfect, give dry and planted in a prepared place. Delenki are planted in the ground so that the renewal buds are located at a depth of 3–5 cm. Then all plantings are plentifully watered and mulched on top with peat, humus or dry earth.
Of course, a place for landing perennials better to cook in the fall. Dig to a depth of 25–30 cm, select all the roots of weeds, fill with humus and mineral fertilizers. Heavy clayey soils are skimmed by adding lime 100–150 g / m 2. In the sandy soil to create a better structure to make clay and well decomposed peat. If this work is not done in the fall, then it can be done now.
The most important thing is the right choice of a plot.
The most important for planting perennials - is the choice of the site. Places filled for a long time with spring or rainwater, as well as with close groundwater storage, are completely unsuitable for planting perennials. Here they die from soaking and freezing.
If possible, it is necessary to select areas protected from the prevailing winds in order to protect plants from damage. Flower plants grow best on medium and light loam with good solar lighting. Most plants require a lot of heat and light, and only a few put up with penumbra and shadow.
During the reproduction of perennial flowers in a vegetative way, a young plant fully retains all the decorative qualities of the mother plant, but at the same time all diseases that it suffers from are transmitted. Therefore, you should choose a mother plant strong and healthy.
Perennials with taproot it is better not to divide and not transplant at all, they will be ill for a long time and may not settle down at all (poppy, lupine, gypsophila). They are best grown from seeds that should be sown immediately in the ground at a permanent place.
Small-flowered chrysanthemums also should be divided in the spring, as cuttings, and division of the bush. For cuttings take root shoots or young lateral shoots growing on old stems. Cuttings 5–7 cm long are planted in boxes or pots with nutrient soil or sand, moistened and covered with glass or film. Cuttings very quickly and well rooted.
The division of the bush. Well-grown root shoots are dug along with the remnants of an old shrub and young shoots with roots are separated. Rooted cuttings and delenki planted in open ground, when the danger of spring frost has passed. Chrysanthemums are very light-loving plants, and they should be planted in the most bright place in moderately humid places.
Popular bulbous plants
Most often in the country there are bulbous plants, as they are the least capricious, with very beautiful and such relatives. Such plants must be carefully protected from rodents, planting a flower in a planting basket, created especially for bulbs. Such handy devices will simplify the time-consuming process of digging and separating overgrown bulbs.
- Flowering begins in late March to April.
- Planting flowers recommended from early August until the first frost.
- Plant height reaches 10−15 cm
- Cultivation conditions: sunny open areas with permeable light soil. If the ground is heavy, add sand when landing. The flower loves slightly alkaline or neutral soil and does not tolerate even a temporary wetting.
- Place in the garden: the plants are well developed in rocky gardens and rockeries, feeling good under the trees with a light crown. The flower looks great, growing in groups on the lawn.
- Flowering begins in March-May, depending on the variety and type. Some species begin to bloom only in the fall.
- Plant spring-flowering species preferably closer to autumn. Autumn flowering planted in early spring. When planting, it is recommended to use baskets, since crocus bulbs are especially tasty for rodents.
- The height of an adult flower is up to 20 cm.
- The flower loves sunny areas or temporary shade, for example, under deciduous shrubs or trees. Grows well in light, water-permeable soil.
- The plant is ideal for rock gardens and rockeries, groups of flowers look good against a background of stones. Quickly form elegant lawns on the lawn, can be used in flower beds and on beds with perennials, suitable for cultivation in container culture.
- Flowering begins in April-June, depending on the variety and variety.
- How to plant flowers: planting is planned for August or September.
- The flower reaches 30−60 cm in height.
- The plant loves sunny or half-shaded areas with fertile, loose earth, which is well penetrated by water. The flower does not tolerate stagnant water.
- Flowers look good in rabatka, mixborders and flower beds. Perfectly grow under leafy shrubs and trees. The flower is suitable for cutting and forcing, can be grown in container culture.
Narcissus is known to both adults and children. Therefore, a special presentation does not need. But not all amateur gardeners know one feature of daffodils - their bulbs are absolutely not interested in rodents. It has even been observed that daffodils on a par with grouse scare peststherefore, they need to be planted around the perimeter of the flower beds, where other bulbous plants grow.
- Flowering begins from mid to late spring.
- How to plant flowers: from August to September, away from direct sunlight.
- The height of an adult flower is up to 20 cm.
- Pushkinians like spring sunshine, so they will have to tinker with the place of their landing. Often plants are planted under deciduous trees.
- Place in the garden: group planting under shrubs and trees, on lawns, along garden paths in curbs. The flower is suitable for distillation.
Many of the small-bulls, to which Pushkinia belongs, do not like to be disturbed. Therefore, experienced gardeners are advised not to suffer with expressions of care for this flower, leaving it after planting alone.
- Bloom from mid to late spring.
- It is recommended to plant flowers at the beginning of autumn when the soil is still warm.
- The height of the flower ranges from 15 to 25 cm.
- Chionodoxes are relatively undemanding in terms of lighting, so they are well perceived by the sun and light blackout. The main thing is that the soil is well drained and fertile. The plant does not tolerate excess moisture.
- The flower looks wonderful in rocky gardens and rockeries, like many bulbous ones, not taking a lot of space by growth. Gardeners often sit hionodoksy under shrubs and trees, as well as on lawns.
Easy to grow and unpretentious The conditions are also popular spring flowers: lilies of the valley, glades and white flowers.
In perennial flowers everything is fine - from planting for many years to bright and long-term flowering. And it's just wonderful when such plants do not require huge energy costs of an already busy gardener. From year to year the plant grows prettier, becoming more magnificent and actively growing.
- Blossom begins in June-September, depending on the variety and variety.
- You can plant in early fall or in spring, in April-May.
- Height of an adult plant depending on a grade and a variety, fluctuates from 20 cm to 120 cm.
- The flower loves permeable moist soil with a high organic content and planting in partial shade.
- Single or group planting in the bush or shade of trees, in flower beds and on the banks of ponds and streams. The compact forms possessed by astilba are suitable for container cultivation.
It is impossible not to fall in love with astilba by dropping it once. The flower has decorative carved foliage., which looks spectacular and out of flowering, by itself.
If you pick plants of different colors, flowering time and textures, you can create a fantastic flower garden only from some astilbe. Moreover, such a miracle will delight the eye from early spring to late autumn.
The plant does not interest pests and disease-causing parasites at all. The only thing that the flower requires in return is the timely removal of dry inflorescences. Hot summer away from moisture astilba requires constant watering. But if the source of moisture near, additional watering is unlikely to be required. Depending on the climatic conditions and characteristics of the species, the plant should be sheltered for the winter, but many varieties do not require it.
- Flowering, depending on the type and variety, begins in June-September.
- Planting is recommended in early May or late summer.
- The height of the flower depends on the variety and ranges from 20 cm to one meter.
- Most varieties of cornflower love sunny areas. But there are those who prefer the penumbra: round-headed and mountain cornflower. This flower is of little interest in the quality of the soil, so it grows well in any soil conditions.
- Multicolored flowers look great on flower beds in combination with other perennials.
There are several varieties of perennial cornflowers, and each of them is beautiful in its own way. Mountain cornflower differs in several varieties and has pink, white, purple or dark purple flowers. Large cornflower possesses shaggy large flowers of bright sunny color.
- Flowering continues in April-August, most often in May.
- You can plant from April to May.
- Height of an adult plant - from 50 to 90 cm.
- Plot in partial shade or in the sun in a well-moistened soil. The flower does not accept dry hot areas with sandy or loose lime soil.
- The design of the coastal zone of streams and reservoirs, half-shady moist back streets of the garden. Often the bath is planted near the walls and fences along the scrub.
The material for standard hybrid swimsuits orange and yellow is easy to find. Much less common in the sale of high Chinese bathing, which blooms in July and August.
- Flowering begins in June and ends in early fall.
- May landing is recommended.
- Plant height depends on the variety and type. Small groundwort reaches half a meter, high varieties - above 2 m.
- Growing conditions: sun or partial shade? Labasnik anyway. The main thing for him is a wet soil, preferably of a clay structure with a high content of humus.
- It looks very impressive in the coastal zone of streams and reservoirs. Meadowsweet or meadowsweet grows well on watery marshy areas, while common meadowsweet is more suitable for bedding with calcareous soil and rockeries.
- The plant begins to bloom in early-mid-summer, repeating the process in August-September.
- Planting is recommended in mid-late spring.
- Plant height - 80−100 cm
- Cultivation conditions: slightly acidic, permeable soil, sunny place. Lupins negatively relate to highly fertilized calcareous soils.
Place in the garden: lupins are an integral part of any garden and are perfectly combined with perennial herbaceous plants on rabatki and flower beds.
It is important to bear in mind that poisonous lupine seedsso the peduncles need to be trimmed in time. For the plant will re-delight the host with autumn blooms.
- It blooms from mid-spring to the first frosty days.
- You can plant a plant throughout the season, as the plant tolerates transplant well, even in flowering condition. In the spring last year's viol can be grafted.
- The height of the flower is 15-30 cm.
- Viola loves a nutrient permeable soil in a sunny or dark place.
- The plant is absolutely universal, as it looks great in any part of the garden - in containers, on the lawn or rockeries.
You can buy viola seedlings in large garden centers or in markets with grandmothers. Having bought several such plants once, the flowerbed will be full of summer all the colors of the rainbow.
- Flowering begins in June and ends in September.
- Planting: in April, the Turkish carnation breeds for seedlings by sowing, and it is planted in the ground before winter or in early spring.
- The height of the carnation reaches half a meter.
- Turkish carnation loves loose, permeable soil and the sun.
- The plant looks great in flower beds and flower beds in a rural style.
Carnation actively propagated by self-sowing. Despite the fact that the plant is considered to be two years old, having sown it once, the florist can enjoy the brightness for many years. To do this, in no case can not cut the flower stalks, because you need to give the plant to fully bloom and scatter the seeds of the flower garden.
Planting garden plants should be done correctly, because it can provide ideal conditions for flowers for growth, flowering and further reproduction. Each plant requires its own temperature and soil conditions, which should always be taken into account when planting and transplanting crops at any time of the year.
Since it is the bulbous ones that meet the spring at the dacha before everyone else, let's begin with them. And believe me, there are a lot of wonderful flowers that will not give you any worries - except that the bulbs need to be protected from the ubiquitous rodents, but for this there are special planting baskets - handy devices that will noticeably simplify over time and digging of overgrown bulbs.
Colchicum is born at all "not in time." Photo author
Bloom: from August to November (depending on the species).
Landing: July or August, to a depth of about 10 cm.
Height: 5-20 cm
Growing conditions: sun or partial shade, permeable soil (for autumn colchic - slightly moist, for other species dry is preferable).
Use in the garden: along shrub thickets, on a lawn, in rock gardens, in flower beds, it can be grown as a container plant.
It is not for nothing that this flower got its name: it comes into being at a very “wrong time” - in late autumn, when the leaves from the trees almost flew around, and the garden became completely empty and sad. And here, amid the general withering, these flowers suddenly bloom, very reminiscent of crocuses.
Such late flowering plus exceptional unpretentiousness is made by the autumn crocus (or the colchicum - lat.Colchicum) welcome guests of the garden. They are planted in July-August, choosing sunny areas or township in partial shade. And then you can forget about any troubles for a long time - the autumn crocuses feel much better if they are not disturbed at all. True, a wonderful property?
Colchicans are beautiful, but poisonous. Photo author
However, it is necessary to know and take into account that the plant is poisonous (regardless of the type and variety). Colchicine, a potent poison, is contained in all its parts, so it is necessary to exercise reasonable caution when planting it. Although in my garden, for example, the autumn crocus appeared long before I learned about their possible danger, and grow to this day.
It is possible to choose the autumn crocus bulbs in our catalog, which includes offers from various online stores. Select the autumn crocus bulbs
Read more about the different types and varieties of the autumn crocus, their cultivation and placement in the garden, read the article Colchicum - against nature.
Late Botanical Tulip (Tulipa tarda), author photo
Bloom: from March to May (depending on the species).
Height: 10-50 cm (depending on the type)
Growing conditions: sunny areas with nutrient permeable soil, preferably in the summer it was dry, and in the spring - moderately wet, but without stagnant water.
Use in the garden: group planting in flowerbeds and rabatka, appropriate in rockeries, very well look on the lawn, suitable for cultivation in pot culture.
They say that botanical tulips aren’t perhaps blue - nature has bestowed them with all other colors and shades. Then to this were added the works of breeders, and today we can admire these charming babies, choosing the shape and color scheme to your taste.
Botanical tulip, author photo
В отличие от прочих своих родственников, ботанические тюльпаны не требуют ежегодного выкапывания луковиц. Вы можете посадить их в цветнике или среди газона, и год от года они будут становиться лишь эффектнее, благодаря разрастающимся гнездам луковиц и обилию цветков.
Greig's tulips are more common in our gardens (Tulipa greigii), Kaufman (Tulipa kaufmanniana), Foster (Tulipa fosteriana), as well as late tulip (Tulipa tarda), forest (Tulipa sylvestris) and Turkestan (Tulipa turkestanica).
Turkestan tulip (Tulipa turkestanica), author photo
Due to their small stature, these tulips are suitable for planting in rockeries and rock gardens, they look great on the edge of shrub thickets in gardens of natural style, on lawns, but no less spectacular in rabatkah or bedding. They are planted in the fall, like most of the bulbous ones, and flowering begins as early as April (the earliest are Kaufman, Foster, Turkestan, Greig’s tulips bloom in late April, forest and late blooms more often in May).
Perennial cornflowers sometimes have little resemblance to their field "relatives", - Photo by author
Bloom: from June to September (depending on the species).
Landing: The end of April is the beginning of May or August-September.
Height: 20-100 cm depending on the type and variety.
Growing conditions: most of the cornflowers prefer sunny places, but some (mountain cornflower and round-headed) grow well in partial shade, to the soil undemanding.
Use in the garden: in flower beds, in combination with other herbaceous perennials.
All cornflowers are good in their own way. Photo author
There are several types of perennial cornflowers, and each of them is good in its own way. Mountain Cornflower (Centaurea montana) has several varietal forms - with white, pink, dark purple and purple-lavender flowers. Big Cornflower (Centaurea macrocephala) is distinguished by bright large "shaggy" flowers of sunny yellow color.
Read about the different types of cornflowers, their cultivation and use in the article Cornflowers are blue and not only: cultivation in the garden.
Geraniums grow well in partial shade. Photo author
Bloom: from May to August (depending on the type and variety).
Landing: April May.
Height: 10-100 cm (depending on the type and variety).
Growing conditions: Geraniums are very diverse, and you can pick up a plant for almost any conditions, both in light and in types of soil.
Use in the garden: All geranium species grow well along shrub plantings, in light penumbra, it is an excellent flowerbed plant, low-growing species are used in borders and as ground cover plants, some species are suitable for stony gardens and rockeries.
Wild geranium can live in the garden. Photo author
For a long time wild species have settled in my garden, which you can read about in the article Forest and field plants in the garden: geraniums. Interesting information you will find in the article Geranium is a large rooted, or healthy. And whatever type of plant you choose, geranium will not require you to pay special attention to your person, but it will, in spite of this, bestow bright flowering.
Geranium bushes, thanks to its spectacular foliage, are decorative all season. And this plant almost does not get sick, and the pests do not encroach on it. If you are interested in this plant, read the article On perennial geraniums put in a word ...
Litter loves wet areas. Photo author
Bloom: from July to September
Landing: April-May or August-September.
Height: 60-140 cm
Growing conditions: Ideal - a wet area that is in the shade in the afternoon, the trash can grow even on very heavy soils, tolerates short-term flooding, needs good soil moisture.
Use in the garden: suitable for planting in lowland, wetlands, looks great on the banks of reservoirs, can be used in ridges and mixborders, subject to sufficient moisture in the soil.
Having planted this plant in the garden, you can be sure - it will not remain unnoticed. Read more about his planting and cultivation in the article The time of flowering of the dongler
Sunny flowers - doronicum. Photo author
Bloom: May June.
Landing: April May.
Height: 30-80 cm (depending on the type)
Growing conditions: sun or partial shade, permeable nutrient soil
Use in the garden: spring flower beds and flower beds, successfully placed doronicum on the edge of shrub thickets.
When doronicum blooms, other plants are still gaining strength. Photo author
Sunny mood is guaranteed when doronicum blooms! These bright flowers, similar to daisies, are very effective in flower beds, because at the time of doronicum flowering, most garden plants are still gaining strength, and bulbous flowers are already fading.
When planting, keep in mind: at the end of flowering, most of the doronicums fade - they begin a period of rest. At this time, strongly expanding bushes can be divided and transplanted. If you plant doronicum in a flower bed, link it with perennial or annual plants that can hide fading leaves in early summer.
Read more about this wonderful plant in the article Doronicum - spring sun in flower beds.
Little brilliant artists almost do not require care. Photo author
Bloom: from june to september
Height: 20-80 cm (depending on the type and variety)
Growing conditions: the best option is open sunny areas with nutrient friable soil.
Use in the garden: flower beds and flower beds in sunny areas.
The little-brilliant is remarkable for its long and abundant flowering, and care for it is only in the installation of supports for tall varieties - they tend to fall apart, especially in rainy weather. Yes, and bear in mind: the shallow-uphill hybrid, or erigeron, is a rather aggressive plant, once in favorable conditions, it actively grows and can capture vast spaces, therefore it is better to limit its growth immediately.
Enotera can grow very much. Photo author
Bloom: from June to September (depending on the species)
Landing: april or september
Height: 15-100 cm (depending on the type and variety)
Growing conditions: sunny areas with rather poor soil, enoters tolerate drought well, although they bloom longer with moderate moisture.
Use in the garden: Enotera is an excellent plant for flower gardens and mixed flower beds, some species are suitable for stony and gravel gardens and rockeries.
You will find more useful information about this plant in Enoter's article - mysterious and contradictory and comments to it.
It is necessary to plant in the garden and such unpretentious plants as goldenrod, catnip, lungwort, some types of milkweed.
Preparing for landing
You can grow healthy, strong plants only from intact seeds. Therefore, before planting, it is important to sort them out and process them with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then they are dried and sown. When selecting bulbous planting material, you should consider: the larger the bulb, the stronger the flower will be. In order to protect the vegetation from fungal diseases, the bulbs must be kept in a foundation solution for 30 minutes.
For planting you need to use a light and nutritious substrate. It is obtained by mixing in equal parts humus or compost with hardwood, peat and sand. The earth can be disinfected by pouring boiling water on it or spilling manganese solution.
Bulbous poorly tolerate excess moisture, so the substrate for them should be moderate and easy to pass moisture. Flower beds are better to provide a drainage layer. For this, a pit is dug, at the bottom of which a layer of expanded clay or broken brick is laid. From above the prepared nutritious soil is filled up.
I. Flowers that can be planted in early spring
In order for plants planted at the beginning of the season to bloom in the first half of summer, they should be sown first in containers or boxes. And when the snow melts and the earth warms up a little, the seedlings can be transplanted into flowerbeds. In March, you can start breeding:
It is sown in a greenhouse or container. Grooves are made in the ground, 1 cm deep. Seeds are placed with an interval of 20 cm. After a month, the cochia can be transferred to open ground.
Before planting, the seed material is mixed with sand and is not sprinkled with earth after sowing, it is sprayed from the puller. When the first leaves appear, the seedlings are moved to separate pots. In April, landing in a flower garden. The interval between the holes - 25-30 cm. In the balcony boxes, a volume of 8-10 liters are planted no more than 2-3 petunias.
You can plant immediately on the flower bed in April-May. They will bloom by the end of June, the beginning of July. But in order for them to bloom earlier, they need to be sown at home in containers in early spring. Then marigolds will delight you with their flowering in May - early June. Sow them into the grooves with a depth of 1 cm with a frequency of 2-3 cm from each other, sprinkled and watered. Sprouts spikes in separate containers after the appearance of 2-3 carved leaves. After 2-3 weeks, they will be ready to disembark at a permanent place.
In March, she is planted on seedlings. At the bottom of the tank for seedlings must be laid drainage. Sprouts dive twice: after the appearance of the first leaflets and after 5 weeks. 6 cm away. The viola is moved to the open ground in the middle of May, keeping a distance of 10-15 cm.
In warm regions, you can immediately plant on a flower bed. But with a long spring is better to grow seedlings in early March. Seeds are mixed with sand and sprinkled with soil after planting. Dive after the appearance of 3 leaves. Transplanted to the garden in May at intervals of 15-50 cm (depending on the variety).
Also sown in March in the grooves with a depth of half a centimeter at a distance of 7 cm. A month later, the shoots divide. Flowers are moved to a permanent place in May.
Kobeyu before planting it is desirable to germinate. After which the seeds are placed in the soil with the flat side down. Kobeya is transplanted with the appearance of the first foliage. It is transferred to the flowerbed at the beginning of the summer, 75-90 cm apart.
And also in March, cineraria, ageratum, annual asters, balsam, verbena, gazania, heliotrope, sweet peas, ipomeyu, calceolaria, glue, purslane, arctotis, gypsophila, etc. are bred.
And some more information in the video:
The boxes, with the seeds planted on the seedlings, are covered with a film or glass and placed in a warm, dark place. Periodically, the film must be lifted to air the seedlings. This will help prevent fungal diseases. When shoots appear, you need to remove the film from the container and rearrange it on the window sills. It should be noted that for the successful cultivation of seedlings at this time, you need to provide additional lighting and optimum temperature (20 - 23⁰C).
Ii. April seedlings
In April they plant:
- Levka (Mattiolu) can be sown in a flower garden in the second half of April at intervals of 20-25 cm.,
- Nasturtium (for seedlings) is also planted in April. It is placed in peat cups. Seeds deepen by 2 cm. When the sprouts get stronger they can be moved to the garden at a distance of 25-30 cm from each other. You can sow seeds right on the flower bed in May,
- Bindweed before planting soaked, it will help it to germinate faster. Sown in April (at the end) after 20 -25 cm. You can prepare seedlings in March,
- Dimorfoteka is divorced in April (first). Dive as early as possible in order not to damage the root, in separate containers. Seeding is allowed immediately in the flower garden in May,
- Calendula. Seeds are sunk into the soil by 3 cm with maintaining a distance of 30-40 cm.,
- Kentrantus sow on seedlings in late April. After two weeks, the saplings are sparking, and they can be planted in a permanent place in June-July,
- Kosmeya. Seeds can be scattered on the ground for 3-4 pieces. every 30-40 cm. Blooms in July - early August.
When planting bulbs, it is important to correctly position them in the holes: the tip should look strictly upwards.
Iii. What to plant in late spring
In May, the seeds are sown directly in the ground, transplanted grown seedlings and divide existing plants. This month should be diluted:
In a pre-prepared, nutritious soil, the tubers are buried 10 cm at intervals of at least 50 cm and sprinkled with a dry substrate.
It is sown in the ground and covered with a layer of earth in half a centimeter. Too dense shoots are thinned (spacing 15 cm).
Also sown in May, after which it is watered with warm water. When the plants grow, they must be thinned, since the minimum distance for their normal development is 15 cm.
You can put in the ground at the end of May, covered with foil. After sprouting crops (after 2-3 weeks), it is removed. The place should be well lit, as in the shade daisies lose their decorative effect.
If you follow these rules and take into account the peculiarities of each type of plant, then the flowers planted by you will develop perfectly and will delight you with their flowering the whole season.
Biennial and annual flowers
Despite the fact that the majority of annuals are grown by the seedling method, that is, it still requires certain troubles, there are those in this group of plants that are loved by gardeners precisely because of their unpretentiousness, ease of cultivation and care.
Viola - very popular flowers. Photo author
Bloom: from April to frost
Landing: the plant perfectly tolerates transplanting even to flowering plants, so you can plant viols all season, you can graft last year's plants in spring (how to do this, read here)
Height: 15-30 cm
Growing conditions: plot with permeable nutrient soil, in the sun or in partial shade.
Use in the garden: Viols are extremely versatile, they can be grown in the garden almost anywhere - from rockeries to lawns, from flower beds to containers and ampel.
In the spring, get viola seedlings - many garden centers sell it, and you can buy quality plants on the market - and create luxurious flower gardens that will delight you all summer.
The carnation Turkish easily breeds self-sowing. Photo author
Landing: Turkish carnation is propagated by sowing seedlings (in April) or into the ground (in early spring or before winter).
Height: 40-60 cm
Growing conditions: sun or light penumbra, loose permeable soil.
Use in the garden: Turkish carnation - an excellent plant for flower gardens in rural style
This plant is considered a biennial, but after sowing it once, you will be able to admire the flowers for many years, because the carnation Turkish reproduces remarkably by self-sowing. Just do not cut flower stalks with fading flowers - let it form and scatter the seeds.
Carnation Turkish - motley flowering carpet. Photo author
You can read about this wonderful plant and its cultivation experience in fasting. For what I love Turkish carnation
Calendulas are different. Photo author
Bloom: from June to frost
Landing: Sow a calendula in April-May in the soil directly in the flower garden.
Height: 20-70 cm (depending on the variety)
Growing conditions: preferably the sun, but the calendula can grow in partial shade, the soil - any, except for dry sandy or excessively wet.
Use in the garden: Calendula is a versatile plant that can be used everywhere in the garden, as well as grown on balconies and terraces in container culture.
Terry calendula. Photo author
Nasturtium can be used as a ground cover or ampelous plant. Photo author
Bloom: from June to frost
Landing: sowing at the end of May
Height: 30-300 cm (curly)
Growing conditions: solar patches protected from strong winds with permeable soil are preferred.
Use in the garden: Nasturtium looks amazing in tree trunks, under shrubs, along fences and walls, it can be used as a ground cover or ampelous plant. Read about this flower in the publications:
- Nasturtium: beauty, benefits and protection
- Nasturtium: flower or vegetable?
- What is the taste of nasturtium?
Phacelia - a great siderarat, honey plant and just beautiful. Photo author
Landing: sow phacelia in the ground throughout the season, for the sake of flowering - in May, as siderat - until September inclusive.
Height: 20-90 cm (depending on the type)
Cultivation conditions: sunny areas or light partial shade, light garden soil.
Use in the garden: phacelia can be sown on any areas of the garden that are free from plantings - it will decorate them and enrich the soil. This is not only a beautiful plant with carved openwork foliage and charming delicate flowers, but also an excellent siderat and a honey plant attracting insects to your garden.
You can also plant daisies and forget-me-nots, annual cornflowers and flax, marigolds and many other flowers in your garden.
As you can see, plants that allow you to create a beautiful garden without sacrifices are not at all enough - after all, this list can still be supplemented and expanded. How to create a garden that does not require time-consuming care, and what plants to plant in it, will tell the article Lazy Garden and its inhabitants.
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Of all the options listed, seedlings are the most costly and time consuming, but the results are worth it. The advantages of this method are that plants bloom earlier and longer. There are flowers that can be grown only by seedlings, in particular, crops with small seeds: mesembryanthum, purslane, petunia, mimulyusa, viola, etc.
Sow seeds for seedlings from January to April, a specific period depends on the duration of the growing season of a particular species. On seedbags usually write the terms of sowing.
For growing seedlings use any universal soil mixture, either forest or garden soil, which is previously disinfected from weeds and pests. All seedlings are also disinfected before use.
Seeds are sown in shallow boxes and covered with foil or glass.Germination occurs at a temperature of 20-24 ° C, they do not need lighting at this stage. From time to time crops irrigate and air.
At emergence of shoots the box is transferred to the light place, in certain cases additional lamp lighting can be necessary. The temperature at this stage of development is 16-18 ° C.
When the first true leaves appear, the seedlings are planted (dive) in small containers (cups) for better root development. It is planted in the open ground when the threat of frost has passed, around mid-May.
Those who want to create a flower garden on the site, applying a minimum of effort and cost, choose a seedless method. Threw a seed into the ground, watered, it grew, and no problems with seedlings.
However, only frost-resistant plants can be grown this way. And some cultures do not tolerate transplants at all, so they are grown exclusively in a seedless way. For example: kosmeyu, cornflowers, lupine, gypsophila, nasturtium, rezedu and others.
The exact dates of sowing in open ground primarily depend on the local climate and on the current weather.
The timing is also influenced by the length of the growing season. For example, cold-resistant crops with a long growing season are sown in the early period (approximately in mid-April). And to heat-loving crops with a short growing season apply late sowing (approximately from mid-May to early autumn).
Sow the seeds in the prepared soil. For small seeds make grooves, for large - nests. The depth of planting the seed should be equal to the sum of 2-3 diameters. And the distance between the seeds is not less than 1 cm.
Then crops are thinned several times. The first time, when the first true leaflets appear, leave 5 cm between seedlings. Repeated thin out 10 days after the first, but the distance is left longer — 10 cm between small plants, and 30-40 cm between large plants.
Planting divided tubers and rhizomes
Most perennials need periodic bush splitting. This procedure is performed for the rejuvenation of plants, because many of them age and lose their decorative effect in a few years. Therefore, you can create a new flower garden from those that you already grow. It is enough to dig up and divide old tubers, rhizomes into several parts and plant them again in the ground.
On the financial side, this method of spring planting flowers can be the most profitable for you. Since you do not need to buy seeds and spend money on growing seedlings.
To divide and seat in the spring can be those perennials that bloom in summer and late autumn. Reference books on this subject, as a rule, have recommendations for each specific plant.
In order to carefully dig up the plants, use a fork, because shovel can damage the roots. And also to save the roots of the bushes is better to dig with a large lump of earth.
Shrubs should be divided in such a way that each delenka is about the size of a fist, and always with buds and roots.
Before planting, all wounds and cuts of delenok are powdered with charcoal to protect against fungal diseases, and left to dry for a little (about an hour). Separated tubers and rhizomes are planted at the same depth, but preferably at a new site.
Soil preparation for the flower bed
The soil for the flower bed is desirable to prepare in the fall. But if in the fall you did not do it, then prepare it for 2-3 weeks before planting flowers. Ready for planting soil should be fertilized, loose, slightly moist.
First, you need to dig the site to a depth of 30-40 cm and remove all the weeds. To cultivate the land, it is necessary to make additives in the form of leavening agents and fertilizers. Peat, compost and loam are added to sand or sandy loam. If the soil is clay, then add peat, compost, humus, sand or bone meal.
Compost and manure are recommended to be added at the end of autumn, and humus - when planting in spring. If there is no organic matter, you can make mineral fertilizers. Then in the fall phosphate-potash fertilizers are applied, and in the spring - nitrogen fertilizers.
What flowers are planted in spring
For your convenience, we have created a table that lists some types of flower crops for spring planting, as well as methods for planting them in open ground.
Choose the way of planting suitable for you, types of plants, and create colorful flower gardens on your site. In the selection process, do not forget to familiarize yourself with the conditions for growing each species.
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Planting flowers can be done in two ways:
- using bulbs or tubers,
- using seeds.
It’s not scary if you don’t understand color names at all, now you can easily find information on any of them on the Internet. In addition, bulbs and tubers are sold in special packages on which must be present a photo of the flower itselfas well as its flowering period and features. Go to the store and you will be amazed at the huge selection. In the image you can easily create an interesting bouquet in advance, which will later grow in your spring flower bed.
Lovers who have not yet encountered this issue may be surprised by the unsightly appearance of the bulbs, but let it not deceive you - from them grow real beauties, pleasing its bloom all summer, and some even in the fall. Tubers and bulbs can be planted both on the garden and in the flower pot - it all depends on your desire.
Of course, flowers can be grown from seeds, but it requires more patience and work. The bulbs already have ready-made buds of future flowers, plus the nutrients needed for the plant. Therefore, for novice gardeners, this will be the best and easier option for obtaining a beautiful end result if you want to plant plants in the spring. The first shoots will appear pretty quickly, so that you can see the result of your work.
First of all, we should not forget that flowers love the sun, they are drawn to it. Fans to observe the plants probably noticed that the flower bud is constantly turning towards the sun in order to get its warmth and maximum absorption. Therefore, it is necessary to choose the warmest and brightest place for the flowerbed - especially for plants that bloom in summer.
Planting bulbs in the spring is simple - make a hole in the ground with a diameter of two times the tuber and the same depth. If you are in doubt about something, you can always see the instructions on the package, there should be a detailed description of the method of landing.
The flower bulb somewhat resembles a drop of water in shape, plant it in the soil with its broad side to the ground and its tail upwards - it will be the seedlings of the future flower that will later appear from it. After that, fill the hole on top of the ground and pour. If the weather is rather dry in the spring, do not forget to water the plant regularlyotherwise it will dry up and you will not see flowers this year. If it keeps raining, nature will do everything on its own and additional care is not required here.
It is also worth remembering that the timing of planting bulbs or tubers is possible only after the threat of spring frost has passed. The exact period is difficult to call, it depends on the climate in your latitudes. This is usually the end of April or the beginning of May, but you can plant it until mid-June.
Flowerbed or whole garden
Decide how many flowers to plant in the spring - only you. If you are afraid, you can start with a small flowerbed, but the more you plant, the more beautiful the garden will be in summer. Again, there is the possibility of adverse conditions under which some of the flowers may not climb.
A huge selection of spring flowers makes it possible to manifest in itself a designer and decorator. Even if you do not yet understand the diversity of species, the packaging always shows the image of a flower, describes what size it grows and in what color. Therefore, already in the procurement process, you can imagine what it is - your future garden.
Planting flowers is not chaotic, but according to a previously invented project, in the summer you will amaze your friends and neighbors with beautiful multi-colored flowerbeds. Flowers can be planted in rows, circles, even eights. Surely, you have often noticed how landscape designers planted flowers in the city with whole pictures and themed flowerbeds. Of course, right on a serious project, few people decide, but no one forbids you to start small. Try and experiment, the result will surely please everyone, even if it doesn’t quite grow what you have in mind.
The advantage of bulbous plants is that they can be planted almost anywheremost importantly, provide enough light and heat. It is not necessary to plant them in one place - diversify your garden, plant flowers between other plants, it will be original!
Since planting flowers is not an easy task, involve your children in this process - attach them to nature and work. And when they see the result of their work, there will be no limit to joy. And among other things, spring flowers will give you an unforgettable fragrance that will attract fluttering butterflies to them, and this is a double aesthetic pleasure. A garden with flowers is a great place for rest and relaxation that can hardly replace.
Planting flowers on the terrace
If you love flowers, but your garden only in dreams - do not worry! The flowers that are planted from the bulbs and tubers in the spring, also feel great in pots. Usually in such conditions choose stunted plants, for example, begonia or dahlias (special low varieties).
The process of planting flowers from bulbs in pots in the spring is also quite simple. You will need:
- soil mixture
- themselves flower bulbs.
Choose a pot depending on the purchased plant - in too small, the flower will be cramped and it will begin to wither. Be sure to put a drain on the bottom of the pot., it is needed to drain excess water from the soil, since abundant moisture can cause the plant to rot. However, this does not mean that it is better not to water the flower - it needs to be drunk, otherwise it dries. Today in every store you can easily buy drainage (it can be of several types) and a soil mixture suitable for this particular flower and already containing useful fertilizers.
Drain the soil, deepen the bulb on the same principle as in the garden and pour water. After that, you just have to put the pot in a place with maximum access of light and heat and wait for the results, not forgetting to water the plant periodically if the soil around it becomes dry.
Potted flowers also look great and will delight you all summer, and maybe even autumn.
Perennial flowers: planting in spring
If you are an experienced gardener, you probably prefer planting perennial plants that grow for several years in the same place and grow into a big beautiful shrub. It can be divided into several separate parts and spread out a flower for further growth. If this is not done, the plant grows old, weakens, ceases to grow and blossom, because the soil around it loses all its beneficial properties over time. Therefore, such a division is just necessary for him, transplanting into a new soil will give life and rejuvenate the plant.
However, not all perennials are the same, there are those who do not tolerate division, therefore they are desirable not to touch as long as possible. These include roses, peonies, poppies and others. Each flower in your garden requires an individual approach, so before you do something, find out the details, in this case it is better to be safe.
The division, as well as the landing, is carried out in the spring and they try to finish the process early, preferably before the second half of May. How many parts to divide a bush, decide on how it has grown. On the separated part there should be at least 3–5 buds, plus part of the rhizome and lobe of the roots, in this case the plant may begin to bloom in the first year.
For division necessarily use the sharpest knife. The bush can be dug out completely or removed the ground from the rhizome at the place of the intended cut and cut off the deloc. It is necessary to sprinkle the place of the cut with ashes or pounded coal so that bacteria and infections from which the bush can get sick and even die may not get into the wound.
Separated plants are planted in the soil and watered abundantly with water, and on top they are covered with dry earth or humus (depending on the fertility of your soil). The landing place is best to prepare in advance in the autumn. For this, they dig up the plot and fertilize it with humus and minerals. If, for some reason, this was not, not scary. Prepare the site in the same way and directly for some time before planting.
Perennial flowers, like bulbous flowers, like light and heat, so choose the right place for their planting. Too wet area in the shade will not work, your plants will simply die.
Spring flower beds - how best to plant
Planting and creating flowerbeds is a very entertaining process. Everyone can wake the landscape designer in themselves and come up with something original. In the spring flower beds are planted as perennials and annual flowers. Planting flowers on the flower beds is held from April to May. You can decide on the permanent location of the flower bed or change it every spring, so, in principle, the flower beds can be divided into:
- variables (single-season).
It’s worth remembering that planting perennials on a “floating” flower bed is not a good idea, as a permanent transplant may not affect them well. It is better to choose a few permanent places, but with annual flowers you can play for your pleasure.
It is best to break the spring flower bed near places of rest, then the flowers from it will always please your eyes, bringing peace and good mood. On the edges, you can pour gravel, sand or plant lawn grass. Then even before the flower shoots, you will know exactly where they were planted.
In the design of the flowerbeds, everything is limited only by your capabilities and imagination. You can make the landing of a round flower bed, square or rectangular. The last option will look great as an accompaniment along the walkway from the house to the gate, the rest can be placed near the house, gazebos, under the window or near the fence to the joy of passing by.
The best early flowers for planting in spring
In fact, flowers for planting in the spring flower beds are a huge number of both annuals and those that will please you for a long time. They also have different flowering periods, so many prefer to plant those plants that bloom faster, because we are waiting for this in the spring. I would like to designate a few early popular colors that will be the first to meet you with a riot of colors:
Snowdrop has a second name, less known - Galantus. This is one of the earliest flowers. Fully justifies its name, perfectly tolerates cold and begins to bloom as soon as the first snow comes down. For this reason, many people plant snowdrops on their flowerbeds since the fall and then, in March, he will delight with his delicate white flowers. Snowdrop can breed independently, due to the fact that ants under the ground are dragging its seeds. And he originally landed bulbs.
Crocus it is also one of the earliest flowers, especially its botanical species (emperor, Ankyra, golden-flowered). Crocus may begin to bloom in February. But not all species of this flower are so early - hybrid or Dutch crocuses bloom much later and their flowers are larger and brighter. Crocuses look great and gardeners love to plant them practically everywhere - on flowerbeds, lawns, in flower beds and even under bushes and trees. These plants are also called heralds of spring. The plant is quite unpretentious, it loves light and heat, but it also suits a plot with a slight shadow from trees or bushes. This is a perennial plant that does not need to be dug for the winter, only if division is required.
Net iris or Iridodictium - a very elegant and tender plant resembling irises. Small in size, but they look just great on a flower bed, the main thing is to plant them forward so they don’t get lost. It is worth remembering that these flowers are very fond of the sun and will perish in the shade.
Scilla also called Scylla. A very unpretentious plant that can grow both in the sun and in the shade, requires almost no maintenance, the main condition is that there is enough water without stagnation. It is worth remembering that the scree grows very quickly and it needs to be controlled.
These different flowers ...
Mouse Hyacinth or muscari plant quite unpretentious. It has a huge number of varieties and varieties, grows quickly and looks great. Even the most inexperienced gardener will cope with it, because it is quite popular. The first flowers bloom in April. It is advisable to plant Muscari on a permanent flower bed, as it grows heavily, and after that, it is difficult to find processes until the next spring, until it blooms again. Another option is to plant this plant in special baskets (you can make it yourself - make holes in a plastic bottle) so that it does not grow. Мышиный гиацинт великолепно сочетается с остальными растениями, цветущими весной.
Весенник имеет второе название Эрантис. Цветы солнечно-золотистого цвета будут радовать своих владельцев первыми яркими каплями в саду. Цветы небольшие и отлично смотрятся самостоятельно и с другими ранними растениями – сетчатым ирисом, подснежниками и крокусами. Vesennik very resistant flower, can withstand late snowfalls and feels great in a little shade.
Hellebore - elegant evergreen plant. It is a perennial, does not require special care and is very resistant to various diseases. Often begins to bloom on Easter holidays, for which in Europe it was nicknamed the "Rose of Christ." It has a large number of varieties with bright saturated various shades from white to bright purple.
Primrose one of the most diverse plants, numbering around 550 species, but only a few are used in culture. This is a perennial plant that tolerates transplant and division. They bloom for a long time and abundantly, they feel great in pots.
Periwinkle also applies to evergreens with delicate blue flowers, but other shades are possible in different varieties. Unlike other spring flowers, he does not like direct sunlight and prefers moist areas with penumbra and shade. The plant quickly grows and multiplies, does not require special care.
Of course, this list can be continued for a long time, the main thing is your desire to create your own, the most beautiful and interesting flower bed, which will delight everyone in the district and first of all you.