Botanical name: Pachysandra.
Pahizander Flower - Family . Boxwood.
Origin . Japan, China.
Description . Pahizandra is a perennial, evergreen, neat semi-shrub. The leaves are green, obovate, with large teeth on the edge of the leaf blade, collected in whorls on creeping, branched stems. Fragrant white or pink flowers with a sweet smell appear in spring, gathered in an inflorescence - an ear, but flowering is not of particular interest. Variegated varieties differ light cream or white stripes on the edge of the leaves.
Height . Often does not exceed 10 cm, grows slowly.
Pahizandra landing, care
Temperature conditions . During the period of growth, pachisander prefers the usual room temperature - about 20 ° C. In the winter period of rest, the temperature of the content is lowered to 10 ° C.
Lighting . Pahizandra does not tolerate direct sunlight and prefers cultivation in partial shade or even shade. Leaves may be burned if exposed to direct sunlight.
Care . The plant pahizandra for a healthy and long life requires minimal care. It is enough to pinch young shoots several times for better branching.
Substrate . It adapts well to most soil types with good drainage. It tolerates even nutrient-poor soils, but it is better to plant in a substrate rich in organic matter in the form of peat and leaf humus with a slightly acidic pH ranging from 5.5 to 6.5.
Top dressing . From the veins until autumn, they are fed every 2 weeks with complex liquid fertilizers. In the winter months, feeding is stopped.
Purpose . Excellent ground cover plant.
Flowering time . Spring.
Air humidity . It tolerates the dry air of residential premises. Place the plant in a ventilated room with constant air movement.
Soil moisture . Young plants need regular and abundant watering to form a strong root system. Adult specimens suffer a brief drought. In the fall, the frequency of irrigation is reduced in accordance with the temperature of the content, but they do not allow overdrying of the earth coma. It is advisable to use bottom watering.
Transfer . Adult plants are transplanted approximately every 2 years in the spring into wide and shallow pots.
Pachisander apical reproduction . Stem cuttings in the summer months, vegetative propagation is quite successful. Plant division during transplantation.
Pests and diseases . Phytophthora, sunburn. Spider mites.
Note. Pahizandr can live for many years in indoor conditions.
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Description pachisander apical plant
Pachysandus apical (Pachysandraterminalis) is a green plant of the genus boxwood with a strong root and slow growth. Cultivate gardeners only preferably apical pachisander. Her foliage has either a dark or light malachite color. There is a variety with colorful leaves with white rims. Low-key greenbacks with white flowers, bloom in May or June. They are picked in clusters. Fruits ripen in early summer - knocked down green balls the size of a pea, which do not have picturesqueness. In September, they become whitish in color, and in October, pearl. At the top of the appendix, a bunch of buds are formed, which will bloom next year.
The small family of pahizandra has 4 different types and several decorative subspecies. The most common apical pachisander. Her homeland is Japan. The plant does not throw off the leaves and stands out in the dark green color of the crown.
The height of the stems reaches 20 cm, clumps briskly creep away in width. The stalks and streaks on the leaves are powerful, raised and reddish in color. Serrated leaves, close to clear levels. Leaves rhombic or obovate, from 5 to 10 cm long.
On the tops of the processes, inflorescences are formed in a length of 25-35 mm. White or greenish buds have a light crimson color. Blossoms in April-May, after which a fat seed is formed. In length, the fruit reaches 12 mm. Resistant to cold to minus 28 degrees.
The apical pachisander has decorative varieties:
- Green Carpet - a low subspecies in height of 15 cm with bright green leaves.
- Green tire - has processes of height 12-18 cm, covered with glossy, juicy tabernacles.
- Silverage - on the leaves there is a narrow, white-silver rim, height varies from 15 to 20 cm.
- Variegata - along the edge of the foliage there is an uneven white stripe, it grows up to 20-30 cm in height, requires sunlight and badly blows cold.
Japanese pahizandra - a low plant 15 cm in height. The elongated dark emerald colored sheets have notches closer to the outside. Foliage with a glossy surface grows outlets in three tiers. Holds permanent leaves for a couple of years.
Pahizandra axillary - It is a constantly green shrub with many stems. Height - 45 cm, but more often in the range from 15 to 30 cm. On young stems and petioles there are whitish small hairs. One petiole has from 3 to 6 leaves, grouped closer to the crown. In length, the dark emerald elongated leaves with a sharp end reach from 5 to 10 cm. The axillary inflorescences are small, their size is 2.5 cm. The snow-white flowers are fragrant. The fruit box has three versatile horns with a diameter of up to 6 mm.
Pachisander lying or prostrate grows in southeastern North America. Every year throws off the crown. Curtain height - 30 cm. Stems of brown-pink color, leaves of light green color. The surface of the processes, stalks and veins on the underside of the leaves is covered with whitish fibers. The foliage is large, ovate, with visible teeth at the edges. On the leaves there are light brown spots. Rose-white buds are matched to long ears, ranging in size from 10 to 12 cm.
Planting and care
Pahizandra extremely unpretentious to the ground. They grow on light and fertile soils or heavy, locking loams. The main requirement is acidity. The plant elects neutral or weakly acid soils.
Pahizandra feels great in partial shade or in full shade. The exception is the variegated form. For her colorful crown to be colorful, she needs the sun. The plant tolerates frost well, covering it in the northern regions of the country. For the first wintering, young shoots should be dragged with fallen leaves.
For perennials choose wet, but not wetlands, systematic feeding is not needed. Resistant to pests and diseases. After transplantation, the bushes grow badly for a couple of years. But from the third season they become impassable carpet.
There are three ways:
- Grains. Reproduction by seeds is a long and laborious business. Seeds are sown in late autumn and covered with seeding for the winter. Sparse sprouts will grow in spring. The formation of the root system of seedlings is 2-3 seasons, and they bloom only in the fifth year.
- Planting stems - elementary and simple technique. To do this, it is necessary to cover strong shoots with earth. The roots of them will arise rapidly.
- Reproduction of rhizome segments. Take powerful pieces of rhizome with a restoration kidney. The segments are planted in ditches, deepened by 3-4 cm and at a distance of 20 cm from each other. This method helps the bush to grow quickly.
Does not tolerate direct sunlight selects a shadow. If you land in the sun, the leaves will fade. Requires watering after rooting. Free blows harsh cold up to 30 degrees. Wind does not tolerate. For planting take sod and leaf land mixed with sand in the amount of 2: 1: 1. Planting does not require feeding.
It is multiplied by crushing a bush, using rooted petioles or parts of roots that have a restoration kidney, at the start of spring or at the end of summer. Roots are laid in the grooves up to 3-4 centimeters deep and buried. Between the pits distances from 20 to 25 centimeters. The flower will grow in one or two seasons. You can multiply it and grains. Plants grown from grains, bloom for season 3-5.
Diseases and pests. Pahizandra is not damaged by diseases and pests.
Apical pachisander is a necessary plant for the decoration of the park and garden. It is used in collective compositions in the form of a ground cover plant. It is planted on alpine slides, on slopes and in ravines to fix the soil and prevent erosion, decorate the shores of water bodies. Pahizandra is a plant whose decorative crown is valued more than flowers. Leaf cover effectively distinguishes it from others, gives aesthetics and superiority. Care almost does not require.
Types and varieties
The genus of culture is few. There are 4 species of this plant, characteristic of wildlife:
- pahizander apical,
- pahizandra axillary,
- Japanese pahizandra,
- pahizandra recumbent (prostrate).
Apical pahizandra is considered the most common. Her homeland is Japan. This perennial does not shed its dark green foliage. Stems grow to a maximum of 20 cm in height, and flower beds grow in breadth. The veins and stems of the leaves are embossed, fleshy and have a reddish tint. The jagged leaves are arranged vertically, expressed in tiers. Leaf leaves reach 10 cm in length, grow in ovoid or rhombic form.
Inflorescences up to 35 cm long are formed on the top of last year's shoots. Flowers can be greenish or white with a slight purple tinge. The bloom of pachisander begins in April-May, after which a fleshy and juicy fruit with a length of up to 12 mm is formed on it. This type of plant tolerates frost down to -28 degrees.
Apical pahizandra has several ornamental varieties:
- Variegata It belongs to a tall and light-loving variety, whose height reaches 20-30 cm. Leaves have a white uneven strip along the edge. It is not resistant to frost.
- Silverhead. Plant height - up to 20 cm. On the foliage there is a narrow border of white-silver color.
- Green tire. The length of the shoots can vary from 12 to 18 cm. The leaves are quite bright, with a glossy shine.
- Green Carpet. Foliage saturated green. The length of the stems does not exceed 15 cm.
Japanese pachisander is a short-growing plant that grows no more than 5 cm. The leaves have a notch at the outer edge, an ovoid shape and a dark green color. The surface of the foliage is glossy, and it is located in rosettes in 3 tiers on the petioles. This species retains foliage for 2 years.
Pazhisnaya pakhizandra - evergreen shrub with branched stems. The plant is able to grow up to 45 cm. However, most often the height does not exceed 30 cm. Young scapes and stems are covered with white fuzz. One plant can have from three to six leaves. They are grouped near the top, have pointed edges and an oval shape. Painted in dark green color, length - up to 10 cm. Size of axillary flowers - not more than 2.5 cm. Inflorescences are white, with a very faint odor. The size of the drupes is small: it has three horns, directed in different directions.
In North America in the southeastern part, the most common type is the pachisander prostrate or recumbent. Its main difference from other species is dropping foliage. It does not grow more than 30 cm in height. The foliage is light green in color, and pink-brown shades may be present on the stems. The veins on the undersides of the leaves, shoots and petioles are covered with small white fibers. The leaves themselves are egg-shaped, smooth or with large teeth along the edges. On a surface there can be small spots of green-brown color. The flowers of the plant are white, with a pink shade, up to 12 cm.
Even an inexperienced gardener is able to care for and plant a top pahisandra or another type of this plant. The plant is unpretentious and requires minimal conditions for normal growth.
Application in landscape design
The plant pahizandra is ideal for those places where the lawn does not grow. The result is a dense green mat. She, like Mikheniyu, periwinkle, species zhivuchka, you can plant under shrubs, trees, lowlands, ravines, on the slopes and even in the pockets of the pavement. It grows well and clogs the weeds. In the shady garden, pachisander is planted along with fern, lungwort, astilba, tiara, brenner, goryanka and host.
In rock arias and on the alpine hill, a variegated plant variety lives well. The company can make arabis, creeping phlox, obriyat and mshanka. Pahizandra is suitable for creating various compositions in hanging baskets or containers. In this situation, to retain moisture, you need to add a hydrogel to the soil. In winter, the plant is instilled in the garden. In winter gardens with air temperatures no higher than 19 degrees, it does not lose foliage all winter.
Ground and site selection
Semi-shrub can grow not only in the shade, but also in areas with good lighting. Evening or morning sunlight will not damage the delicate leaves of the plant. Even, on the contrary, will bring benefit. Many growers grow pahizander in the open sun, and quite successfully.
Japanese spurge must be planted in a well-drained soil (loose), which contains a lot of nutrients. The most suitable option is to add humus, sand and peat to the pit before planting. Although pahizandra feels good in the soil, which contains a lot of sand or clay. In the wild, the plant prefers soils with high acidity.
Depending on the place where pachisander grows, the required amount of moisture is determined. The plant, located in a shady place, watered less often than growing in a sunny area. Generally, pahizandra refers to a culture that loves moisture. Young euphorbia, not enough to increase the required length of the root, watering is required. Already well-formed culture does not require frequent watering, as it takes the necessary moisture from the soil.
Trimming and wintering
Apical pachisander is a frost-resistant plant. It easily transfers the winter period in a belt with a temperate climate. In the northern regions, the culture should be covered with dry fallen leaves or spruce branches.
In the case when the shoots are very stretched, they have become more polish in the lower part and have stopped bushing, the plant must be cut. To stimulate lateral branching enough to pinch the tops of the long shoots. As a result, the shrub will become more green and lush.
When does pachisander bloom?
Flowers pahizandry not particularly attractive, bloom by mid-May. They appear on the top of the stem in the spikelike inflorescence of 3-5 cm long. The flowers are white, dioecious (bisexual): in the upper part of the ear buds are 3-4 mm wide with stamens about 12 mm long, pistillate flowers have 2 spiral columns. Blossom exudes a pleasant, delicate fragrance.
In late August, flowering stops. After this, a leaflet is formed: the seeds are arranged in several dense triangular shaped boxes. Bolls are 9-11 mm long, even after maturation remain closed. The fruit is hardly noticeable, because it has a light green color and is lost on the background of leaves.
Growing from seed
Pahizandra seeds photo
- Seeds are sown in the open ground before winter.
- Before planting, dig up the ground, moisten it, the depth of seeding is small - 1-2 cm. The distance between the rows is 15-20 cm, between the seeds in the row - 5-7 cm.
- Be sure to cover the crops with leaves and branches.
- With the onset of spring, the shelter is removed, and soon sparse shoots will appear.
- Grown up seedlings break through or spread out, leaving a distance of at least 15 cm between the bushes.
It will take a couple of years for the root system to grow, and the ground part will turn into a solid green carpet. A bloom pahizandra grown from seed, for 4-5 years of life.
Diseases and pests, fertilizing
The plant is resistant to diseases and pests.
Regular feeding is not needed. It is enough to apply organic fertilizers in early summer: rotted compost or humus.
Adult pahizandr tolerate frost well. Cooking shelter for the winter is recommended in the northern regions, as well as for young plants and crops for the winter.
Since during the first 2-3 years pahizandras only gain strength, young plants are located far from each other, but it is possible to divide the root and plant them more often. Pruning is also promoted by pruning the tops of the stems.
Pahizandra as a garden decoration
Pahizandra in landscape design photo
A distinctive feature of pahizandra is the ability to create a solid green covering in shady areas of the garden. It feels great under the lush crowns of trees, you can create circles around the trunks, create dense thickets. Low bushes are good for framing tracks. The growth of pahizandra does not allow the weeds to spread. Effectively combined with astilba, host.
Pahizandra apical Pachysandra terminalis
Pahizandra Apical Pachysandra terminalis photo
The most common type. Originally from Japan. The vegetation has a dark green color. The height of the stem is not more than 20 cm. The toothed leaves are rhomboid in shape, close together, arranged in tiers. Make up the length of 5-10 cm.
Fleshy, relief veins of a reddish shade pass along the stalk and leaves. Flowers have a white or greenish color with a slight purple tint. They gather in inflorescences about 25-35 cm long. It blooms for two months: April-May. A seed fruit is about 12 mm long. The view is able to withstand frost down to -28 ° C.
Ornamental varieties of apical pahizandra:
- Green Carpet - grows up to 15 cm, the leaves are bright green,
- Green tire - reaches a height of 12-18 cm, the leaves are shiny, bright green,
- Silverage - a plant with a height of 15-20 cm, on the edges of the leaves is a narrow band of white-silver color,
- The variegate is 20–30 cm high, the edges of the leaves are framed by an uneven white stripe, and the variety does not tolerate frosts.
Due to the color of the leaves, the last two varieties need access to sunny colors.
Popular pahizandra variety pachysandra terminalis japanese spurge or green carpet
Pachisander Apical Green Carpet pachysandra terminalis green carpet
It reaches a height of 15 cm. The leaves are egg-shaped, the edges are covered with teeth. The surface of the sheet plate is glossy. The leaves are attached on short petioles, arranged in three tiers.
Pahizandra axillary Pachysandra axillaris
Pahizandra axillary Pachysandra axillaris photo
Evergreen semi-shrub plant. The maximum can reach a height of 45 cm, but usually varies between 20-30 cm. Young stems and leaf petioles are covered with whitish pubescence. The leaves are oval-shaped with a pointed edge, are 5-10 cm long, painted in dark green. Only one plant has 3-6 leaves, they are grouped at the top of the stem. Whitish flowers are collected in axillary inflorescences up to 2.5 cm long. The seed boll is miniature - up to 6 mm.
Pachisander lying or prostrate
Pahizandra lying or prostrate photo
Originally from southeastern North America. This species drops leaves every year. The height of the bush is 30 cm. The stem is painted a brownish-pink shade, and the leaves are light green in color with small brownish spots. Shoots and streaks on the underside of the leaves are covered with a short whitish pile. The leaves are egg-shaped, wide, smooth, the edges have large teeth. White flowers with a pinkish tinge form in spike inflorescences with a length of 10-12 cm.
Pahizandra can grow on any soil. Nutrient-enriched soils, as well as poor, clay soils are suitable.
As for lighting, the plant does not need sunlight. It is best to grow Pachisander in shady places. The exception is the variegated cultivar. He needs the sun for the brightness of the foliage.
- Before planting the plants, their roots must be held for a short time in a growth stimulant solution.
- Best planted in early spring.
- It is not recommended to plant seedlings too deep into the ground.
Pahizandra - a plant that is completely unpretentious in the care. It is required to follow simple rules:
- it is not necessary to cover the plant for the winter period. Shelter may be required only in regions with a harsh climate,
- the plant does not need top dressing,
- water is often not necessary
- if the plant grows in a container, then more abundant watering and periodic fertilization is required.
For better growth, the upper parts of the stems are preferably cut.
Outdoor cultivation conditions
As it became clear, Pakhizander is an easy-to-grow and unpretentious plant. To grow a healthy and beautiful plant, you need to follow some very simple rules.
The culture does not need sunlight, frequent watering and fertilizing. In addition, it is resistant to diseases and can fight with them independently.
Transplantation and reproduction
The plant does not need transplantation. It grows in one place for a long time. Therefore, transplantation is done only when necessary. However, it should be remembered that the plant grows slowly in the first couple of years after transplantation. Only three years later, the culture begins to grow, forming a solid carpet.
The plant is propagated by the following methods:
For cuttings are used stem cuttings. This is a very simple breeding method. Cuttings required simply sprinkle with soil. They quickly take root.
Reproduction segments rhizomes produce either in August or in March. They are planted no more than 4 cm. The distance between the landed segments should be about 20 cm.
The culture is practically exposed to diseases and attacks by pests.
Use in the garden
Pachisander is used to decorate the lawn and form a solid green covering in shady places. Under the lush crowns of deciduous or coniferous plants, where most ground cover plants feel insecure, the pachisander creates thick thickets or circles around the trunks. It prevents the spread of weeds. Low shoots look good along paths or rocky stairs. Effective in combination with the host and astilba.
Biological description (with photo)
Pahizandra is known as a perennial ground cover plant with lush green foliage of the Boxwood family. At home, it is a wild dwarf shrub that covers the ground with a thick carpet. The culture is rather low - its growth is 30-35 cm. It attracts the attention of ovoid glossy leaves, the three-tier arrangement of which contributes to the formation of a dense living carpet on the ground. The diameter of one leaf is 2-4 cm, with a length of 3-6 cm. About 10 leaves are fastened to one stalk with the help of short petioles. The edges of the leaves impress with their original mosaic shape.
The flowering period of pachisander begins in mid-May and lasts until August. At this time, spike-shaped inflorescences appear on the top of the plant, which are soon covered with pale flowers.
In addition, pahizandra is not only an exotic carpet of a garden plot, but also the main tool for weed control, which simply does not survive under its dense cover. But it is worth remembering that, on the favorable soil of pahizandr, it is still able to show aggressiveness and quickly seize new territories.
When, where and how to land a pahizander?
The culture is rather unpretentious, its cultivation does not require special work and compliance with strict agrotechnical norms.
Pachisander can be planted at any time - from early spring to late autumn. She adapts quite well to her new place of residence, but she will not start to bush and expand at once, for this she needs about 1.5 months.
Location and soil
When choosing a place for planting culture, it is worth considering that it is not in favor of direct sunlight. On the contrary, pahizander prefers shaded or semi-shaded areas.
There are three ways to plant a pachisander:
- Seeds. It is worth remembering that the seeds survive only in southern areas, the conditions of the northern climate do not contribute to the ripening process. Please note that seed multiplication is quite a long and painstaking exercise. Seeds are sown in late autumn and cover the sowing site for the winter. Rare shoots appear only in spring. The development of the root system of seedlings is carried out for 2-3 years, and they bloom only for 5 years.
- Planting cuttings - a fairly simple and easy technique. For its implementation requires only to cover the healthy shoots of plants with earth. Roots will appear on them too quickly.
- Reproduction of rhizome segments. To do this, choose a healthy part of the rhizome with a kidney renewal. The finished segments are placed in the grooves, a depth of 3-4 cm at a distance of about 20 cm. This method contributes to the rapid growth of the bush.
Do I need care?
The wide popularity of pahizandra among flower growers is due to the fact that the plant does not need care. One has only to remember that the temperature regime for a culture in the period of rest (in winter) should not exceed + 12˚С. Take care of your "pupil" from direct sunlight, and she will thank you for a lush, living carpet of leaves. As for diseases and pests, the plant is resistant to them.
How to use pachisander in the garden
Pahizandra is a permanent necklace of park and garden landscape designs. It is a bright addition to the alpine hills, stony hills, lawns, feels excellent in the parks in the shade of the thick crowns of other trees.
Using culture in landscape design will allow you to create eastern corners of relaxation on your own sites. To do this, it is enough to reunite on a small unpaved or rocky knoll rhododendron, pachisander, astilba, shadow saxifrage, and bryozoa. The effect will be amazing.