I always wanted to make my dacha a cozy and attractive. I believe that I finally managed to achieve this. All the gazebos in me are simply fabulously beautiful, and I want to admire the garden thanks to these flowers.
If you want to make your gazebo or an open-air veranda on the site uniquely beautiful, then pay attention to clematis. This climbing plant can transform the facade of a country house and your site.
For cultivation in temperate climates, it is best to choose the Multi Blue variety. This unique liana will provide an opportunity to admire the chic, lush flowers all summer. She is the recognized queen of all curly flowers in the garden.
This clematis fell in love with the residents of apartment buildings for the opportunity to grow it on the balcony.
This perennial liana is attributed to the Buttercups. In total, about 230 species are known, of which 15 are fully adapted to the conditions of the middle latitudes of the Russian climate.
Multi Blue belongs to the Patents group. It is also called clematis or lozene.
At one place the vine is able to grow 15-20 years.
Grows in the form of a bushy deciduous liana. In one growing season, it can grow lashes up to two meters.
Clematis shoots are fragile, thin and flexible at a young age. Have a brown color. After some time, the branches woody, but remain flexible. Able to fasten to various supports and climb up on it. Therefore, clematis needs a grille or other support for fastening. Liana can also use various shrubs and conifers as a support.
Leaves appear on the vine in early spring, along with the first heat. In shape, they are slightly elongated, saturated green color, with a matte surface. They have pointed tips and reach 10 centimeters in length.
Clematis blooms almost the entire growing season. Buds begin to appear in May, turning into lush beautiful flowers, made up of four to eight petals of regular shape, slightly elongated, with a pointed tip. Buds can be formed on old shoots, as well as on the newly grown in the current year.
Blossoming buds reach 15-18 centimeters in diameter and resembles a bowl in shape. Coloring of this sort of liana is most often in blue or violet tones. There are also varieties with blue flowers, sometimes you can even find a pink color with a white edging.
The petals are vein-crossed, and slightly downy on the reverse side. In the middle of the flower there is a large number of stamens of bright red, or rich pink tone. At the very peak of flowering, the flower opens completely, becoming flat as a saucer.
The roots are powerful and fleshy, with many small processes located almost on the very surface of the earth. Because of this, the soil around Clematis Multi Blue should not be loosened and dug, because you can easily destroy the plant because of this. It is best to mulch the soil around the bush. For cultivation in open ground in mid-latitudes, this type of clematis is the most suitable option. But more and more often, clematis begins to grow on the balcony, since all you need is a big tub with soil.
It is possible to single out the advantages that distinguish Multi Blue from:
- unpretentiousness in breeding and cultivation,
- external attractiveness.
What time and how to land
The best time for planting clematis is the spring period, before the start of active growing season. If there are leaves, then planting such a bush has difficulty, but it is still possible. The autumn period for planting and transplanting plants is permissible only in conditions of a warmer climatic zone. After all, winter frosts can easily destroy an immature plant, preventing it from settling down and taking root in a new place.
The landing algorithm is as follows:
- Prepare for landing pit size 60x60x50 centimeters.
- Drainage of expanded clay, broken bricks, pebbles or any similar material is laid on the bottom of the pit.
- They pour a mound of earth from above, on top of which a clematis bush is placed, spreading the roots gently over the mound.
- Be sure to make the root deepening of the neck about 8 centimeters. This will give the plant a chance to survive with possible soil shrinkage. After all, a closely located root system can lead to the death of a clematis when exposed.
- After planting, it is necessary to tamp the ground around the bush, and then by all means pour water with plenty of water.
In the area where there is a place for planting clematis, weed weed out per meter around the planting pit. This is a necessary measure so that young shoots are not drowned out by weeds. A place for planting should be planned in advance so that unnecessary transplants in the future do not deliver unnecessary stress to the flower.
For the root mound, the same soil is used, which remains from the excavation of the planting pit. It should only enrich it according to the scheme:
0.5 buckets of humus make 0.5 buckets of manure and a couple of handfuls of ash. And if the land is particularly empty, then you can add as a supplementary feed a complex of mineral fertilizers according to the instructions.
For planting vines should always choose a well-lit place, without drafts. You can not also allow the plant to get water from the roof drain. In the afternoon, the clematis needs to provide the tenek in order to preserve the beauty of the flowers. Under the bright midday sun, flowers begin to lose color and fade.
In order for the leaf to grow rapidly, it must be supported. As this, you can use a trellis, various lattice or mesh fences. Also fit tree trunks. You can also secure the twine for this purpose.
Watering is also important when caring for a vine. In the spring you want to water once a week, pouring five liters under a bush. After the start of flowering, watering is increased to two times a week, also doubling the volume. Watering should be carried out in the evening, after which the soil is mulched. In hot summer weather, irrigation increases up to three times a week.
Mulching is carried out using compost or pieces of bark. This will protect clematis from excessive evaporation of water from the soil.
If the summer is rainy, the shoots may begin to wither. To exclude such a nuisance, after the rain, the lower parts of the vine branches should be powdered with sifted wood ash.
Sometimes in summer, the clematis begins to fade. The reason for this may be a fungus in the soil. You can avoid this by spraying in the spring with copper sulfate.
From possible powdery mildew damage, Topaz or colloidal sulfur powder is used for dusting.
Feeding can begin in the second year after planting. Before flowering, nitrogen-containing feedings are needed, and then potash and phosphorus fertilizers.
In the middle of summer and at the end of the growing season they are fed with a solution of chicken manure.
Clematis, which is necessary for lush flowering, video:
Pruning is done to improve flowering. The first pruning is carried out in early June, when the first wave of flowering ends. Remove loose and damaged whips.
Pruning is also carried out for the winter, leaving the bushes a meter high, so that it may be possible to cover the bushes well. Scourge pruned in such a way as to leave on them at least five buds.
It is necessary to cover bushes just before the onset of frost.
For starters, they pour peat or humus to a height of 20-25 centimeters. After that, cover with spruce branches. After that, cut vines are removed from the supports, twist them and put on top of the spruce branches. Then again lay a layer of lapnik. Cover the construction with a covering material, and on top with polyethylene, securing it from below with bricks.
From mice should be prepared tablets "Storm".
Liana steadfastly endures the winter cold. But it often happens that the bush sticks out under cover. Therefore, it is impossible to delay the arrival of spring with the removal of the shelter. Clematis undressing should be gradually, so that it is easier to adapt after the winter.
By the beginning of the warm April days, film and non-woven material are removed. A week later, remove part of the spruce branches. It is necessary to focus on the air temperature. Most often, by the end of April, the shelter is removed completely, and the vine is fixed on a support.
Sometimes it happens that in the spring the bush was in too wet a place and began to rot. You can then try to reanimate it with fungicides, and then transplant it to a more suitable place.
If there is a need to expand the planting of clematis, then with the arrival of spring should be slightly decomposed branches of the bush on the sides, and then it is necessary to hilling the bush, pouring the ground on the shoots to a height of about 20 centimeters. Once under the ground, the stems will begin to take root. The shrub will thus grow wide.
You can also propagate the vine if necessary. For this:
In early spring, they divide the root of the vine, carefully digging out the base of the bush, and separate the root slice with the shoots.
In summer, cuttings can be rooted. In June, cuttings with two nodes are harvested, and then placed in a moist substrate for rooting, covered on top of a cut off plastic bottle with a cap for ventilation. After rooting the shelter is removed.
Some of them are summarized in the table:
Clematis of this variety is considered a low-growing shrub vine, usually its height does not exceed 2 meters. For intensive growth, the plant needs support, on which it will "climb" with the help of young petioles. This variety is great for growing on balconies and loggias because of its compactness. Often used in landscape design: for decoration of hedges, zoning, decorating arches and walls of houses.
Clematis leaves are oblong, with sharp tips, dull, dark green, can reach a length of 10 cm. Leaves on a plant appear early, almost immediately with the arrival of heat. Young scapes (base of leaves) are usually dark green in color, but over time they darken and turn brown. Flowers are formed on the overripe shoots of last year, as well as on young shoots.
Clematis flowers of this variety are terry or semi-double. They have from 4 to 8 outer petals, flat, rounded oblong, with veins, sharp tips and slight pubescence of the underside. The central region is surrounded by several rows of shortened needle or lanceolate petals protruding vertically. The shape of the inside of the flowers varies within the variety. The color of the petals can also be from blue-violet to blue. Yellowish stamens with a red or pink tint. Fully disclosed flowers can reach 20 cm in diameter.
To bloom such clematis begin relatively early, in May, because the flowers are formed on the overwintered shoots of last year. However, in this variety, flowers may also form on young shoots, therefore, after the completion of the first flowering stage (in May - August), the second (in September) is possible - provided there is no frost.
The variety attracts gardeners not only with bright and beautiful flowers, but also with unpretentiousness and endurance. The plant is undemanding to the composition of the soil, but it will best grow on slightly acidic or neutral soils.
In its sheltered form, the liana is able to hibernate with a short-term decrease in temperatures to –34, therefore, it is successfully cultivated in central Russia. Many gardeners notice that in the southern regions clematis suffer from active sun, and in the more northern ones - from its lack, however, this variety can be grown almost throughout the country (with the exception of regions with very long and harsh winters).
The plant is affected by diseases in the moderate degree of disease. Clematis is resistant to viruses; it can be affected by fungal diseases: rust and wilt. With preventive treatment at the beginning of the season and timely treatment, the plant does not suffer much. It is moderately affected by pests such as the spider mite, front sight or nematode. The nematode can cause serious harm to the weakened root system of a young plant, but for adults it is not so dangerous.
Like many other clematis, this variety does not tolerate stagnant moisture and overheating of the soil.
Planting and care
Place for planting clematis need to choose a sunny, not blown by the wind. Ideally, at noon the site where the plant is located will be in the shade, because with constant exposure to the sun, the flowers of the plant can fade.
Saplings are placed in a prepared pit, the bottom of which is filled with drainage by 10-15 cm (rubble, broken brick or perlite). The depth of the pit should not be less than 50-60 cm. For a bush, it is imperative to put a support at least 1.5 m high, along which the stems will curl. On a site with a high groundwater level, clematis is better to plant on an elevation or to fill a mound for it, in order to avoid soaking the root system.
When planting clematis "Multi Blue" on the layer of drainage should pour the ground and gently distribute the plant roots on it. Then it is required to cover the roots with a layer of soil in such a way that the neck and the stem of the plant are underground before the first internode.
Clematis love water, so you need to water them plentifully, at least 2-3 times a week. Plants can be fed in the period of active growth with nitrogen fertilizers, during the formation of buds with potash fertilizers, after flowering with phosphate fertilizers. During the period of active flowering top-dressing is better not to perform, so as not to reduce the number of flowers.
The root system of all varieties of this plant is located close to the soil surface. While caring for clematis “Multi Blue”, it is necessary to remember that it is necessary to loosen the soil near it very shallowly and carefully, otherwise small roots will be damaged, which in turn will inhibit the growth of bushes.
The considered variety belongs to the 2nd group of pruning, since it blooms on the overwintered last year's shoots and on the shoots of the current year.
Pruning plants spend twice. The first time is after the first flowering on overwintered shoots: they cut off all parts of last year’s stems, on which were flowers. After the second wave of flowering bushes are prepared for wintering. The remains of last year's stems are cut off completely, and the shoots of the current year are shortened, removing the entire upper faded part (by half or two thirds of the length). The lower part is bent down and covered. The buds that are located on it, will give flowers next spring, providing abundant and earlier flowering of clematis next year.
In clematis pruning groups 3. The 1st group includes plants that bloom on the shoots of the previous year, requiring light pruning before hibernation. In the 2nd group there are varieties that form flowers on the shoots of the current year, and on the shoots of the previous year. Before the fall shelter, the strongest shoots of the current year are cut by a third, and thin, weak, diseased and dried ones are removed completely. The 3rd group includes clematis blossoms on the shoots of the current year. Before being sheltered, such clematis must be severely cut to get a lush bloom next season.
Olga, 55 years old, Kostroma
Multi Blue grew up on our backyard for several years. He has very beautiful flowers, the envy of all the neighbors. But last year the bush began to languish. There were no traces of fungal diseases on the leaves, so before winter, we decided to check its roots. It turned out that our pet attacked a nematode, all the roots were in specific nodules. It is a pity, but the plant had to be destroyed.
Oksana, 45, Uglich
Clematis is my passion. They are not only incredibly beautiful, but also unpretentious and grow very quickly. And this blue variety is just a godsend! Terry flowers turned out even more beautiful than they were drawn in the picture. And how many flowers are formed on each bush! During the flowering period - just a waterfall. I water them infrequently - about once a week, when I leave for the country. As a support for flowers I use an ordinary wooden fence.
Maria, 60, Moscow region
My advice to those who planted the Multi Blue - loosen the soil gently, or rather just grumble when planting. The roots of this clematis are located very close to the surface, they can be damaged.
You can learn about the five varieties of easily growing clematis, including the “Multi Blue” variety, in the following video:
Mom, wife and housewife, lawyer and accountant in one person. Never stops at what has been accomplished and seeks to gain new knowledge in various fields. He is pleased to share his discoveries in the field of gardening with readers.
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New American developers - robot Tertill, performing weeding in the garden. The device is invented under the direction of John Downes (the creator of the robot vacuum cleaner) and works autonomously under any weather conditions, moving on uneven surfaces on wheels. At the same time, he cuts off all plants below 3 cm with the built-in trimmer.
Считается, что некоторые овощи и фрукты (огурцы, стеблевой сельдерей, все разновидности капусты, перец, яблоки) обладают «отрицательной калорийностью», то есть при переваривании затрачивается больше калорий, чем в них содержится. На самом деле в пищеварительном процессе расходуется только 10-20% калорий, полученных с едой.
In Australia, scientists have begun experiments on cloning several varieties of grapes grown in cold regions. Climate warming, which is predicted for the next 50 years, will lead to their extinction. Australian varieties have excellent characteristics for winemaking and are not susceptible to diseases common in Europe and America.
Oklahoma farmer Karl Burns developed an unusual variety of multi-colored corn called Rainbow Corn. The grains on each cob are of different colors and shades: brown, pink, purple, blue, green, etc. This result was achieved by the long-term selection of the most colored ordinary varieties and their crossing.
From varietal tomatoes, you can get "your" seeds for sowing the next year (if you really liked the variety). And with hybrid it is useless to do it: the seeds will be obtained, but they will carry the hereditary material of the wrong plant from which it was taken, but of its many “ancestors”.
Both humus and compost are rightfully the basis of organic farming. Their presence in the soil significantly increases the yield and improves the taste of vegetables and fruits. In terms of properties and appearance, they are very similar, but they should not be confused. Humus - rotted manure or bird droppings. Compost - rotted organic debris of the most diverse origin (food spoiled from the kitchen, tops, weeds, thin twigs). Humus is considered a better fertilizer, compost is more accessible.
Natural toxins are found in many plants, not an exception and those that are grown in gardens and vegetable gardens. So, in the pits of apples, apricots, and peaches there is prussic acid (hydrocyanic acid), and in the tops and skin of immature solanaceous (potatoes, eggplants, tomatoes) - solanine. But do not be afraid: their number is too small.
Compost - rotted organic residues of the most diverse origin. How to do? In a heap, pit or large box they put everything in a row: kitchen remains, tops of garden crops, weeds cut before flowering, thin twigs. All this is mated with phosphate flour, sometimes straw, ground or peat. (Some summer residents add special accelerators of composting.) Cover with foil. In the process of overheating, the heap is periodically agitated or pierced for fresh air. Usually compost “ripens” for 2 years, but with modern additives it can be ready even in one summer season.
There is no natural protection for tomatoes from late blight. If the phytophtora attacks, any tomatoes (and potatoes too) perish, no matter what is said in the description of the varieties (“varieties resistant to late blight” are just a marketing ploy).
General information about Clematis
Clematis is considered perennial lianablooming this plant is considered the queen of climbing plants. Grows on any continent, ranked as a family of buttercups. Clematis Multi Blue is called Clematis, Lozinkoy. Botanists in nature counted two hundred and thirty species of this plant, fifteen species exist in Russia. Clematis Multi Blue shoots have a length of about three meters, with the help of the stalks of their leaves, they cling to any objects. The leaves are located opposite, the form is integral, there are also trifoliate, or with a cirrus dissection.
The flowers have a color depending on the type of plant:
There are varieties that have small flowers with a diameter of up to five centimeters. There are varieties in the large-flowered group. They surprise with their flowers, the size of flowers reaches twenty centimeters. The first lifetime of the plant strengthens the root system. When the root system is strengthened, the plant begins to pay attention to the development of stems and flowers.
It is established that Clematis grows in the same place up to twenty years. Blue Clematis is brought to Russia in the form of different varieties. Varieties that are included to group montana do not supply in areas where cold winters. Clematics of this kind in cold conditions will develop incorrectly.
There are Blue creepers whose parts are above ground able to adapt to the Russian winter. Its vines grow into season, due to this the size of a bush from buds increases, they spring up in the spring on the shoots from last year, which have successfully wintered. Many species of Lomonosov also winter well in Russia.
Varieties that grow well in the middle lane:
- Multi Blue.
- Joan Picton.
- Gypsy Queen.
- Purpurea Plena Elegance.
- Nikolay Rubtsov.
- The President.
- The ministry
- Silver brook.
- Luther Burbank.
- Space melody.
It is in the Patents group, very popular with gardeners. Main advantages:
Gradually, the stems are turning into wood. During the season, the plant loops grow by about two meters. The young shoots are thin, flexible, the color is light brown. Happens later stem compaction, flexibility is maintained, secured to the support securely.
The root system is fleshy, has many small roots that are close to the soil. In this regard, the Multi Blue variety is better not to loosen, but if it is planned to loosen it, then this should be done carefully. Mulching will be very useful for the roots of the culture. The unfolding of the leaves on the shoots occurs early, as soon as the heat comes. Dark green leaves have petioles, they are thin, then they become stronger, woody. With the help of petioles, shoots are mounted on a support, climb up on it. During the whole summer season Buds constantly appear on the vine.
After some time, the buds turn into flowers, they are terry, lush, consist of petals in the amount of from four to eight pieces. The shape of the petals is correct, they are oblong, their tip is sharp. The variety has several forms, often with the color of flowers blue and purple, bluish.
Less often you can find plants in which the color of the petals is pink, with white edging. Petals have streaks, there is pubescence from below. At the time when the flower is fully open, it looks like a bowl, its diameter reaches eighteen centimeters. In the terry center there are many stamens, the color of their rich pink color, or intense red.
Where does clematis usually land?
- Often the plant is planted along different walls, for example, near a country house, it can be planted along a grid, some kind of grid.
- Successfully suited for decoration hedges.
- It is successfully used to zone the space, to decorate the recreation area near the gazebo, as well as near the veranda.
- Liana will look spectacular if you put her in the center of the lawn.
- You can plant calendula, nasturtiums, phloxes, alissum, marigolds, chamomiles, annual chrysanthemums, and white petunia around clematis, thus creating a beautiful flower bed.
- Well suited for placement near clematis roses, begonias, bright peonies, juniper, thuja, honeysuckle, silver spruce.
- If you shoot shoots along the arches with clematis flowers, it will look effective.
How to land
Landing in a single or a group is best in early spring, around mid-May, and also in September. If the seedling is in a container or a pot, then its root system is considered closed. Such copies are allowed to land in the summer.
Saplings are recommended to buy two years of age, since they have already strengthened root system which has from four to six strong roots, their length should be from ten to fifteen centimeters. The cutting is carried out or the cuttings are separated from the bush; later, the cutting is done. Then the plant can be sent for sale. Sale of plants produced in nurseries and garden centers.
It is necessary to give preference to such seedlings, which were grown in such an area that is more similar in climate to that in which the plant will be planted. Annual seedlings brought from Poland, Holland, more difficult to take root, they will bloom later than necessary. When choosing a sapling of celmatis with an open root system, you need to take one that has many dormant buds.
It is necessary to follow the moisture content of the roots, they should be without thickening, signs of rotting on them should not be. When purchased Multi Blue in containerBefore planting, you need to directly hold the root system in the water in the container for about fifteen minutes. Then an earthy ball needs to be taken out of the water.
For clematis you need to choose such a place on the site, there must be a sun. A bit of shadow is also permissible. It is undesirable that in this place there were winds, they can break escapes. It is not necessary to locate saplings or pruning close to the iron solid fence, because in the summer it is very hot near the solid tin fence, it will negatively affect the plants.
The distance from the fence to the plants must be at least one meter.
It must be borne in mind that clematis can not be planted in places where it is possible stagnation of water, they can destroy the plants. Clematis will grow more efficiently in places where the soil is slightly alkaline. The pit should be spacious, the size will fit about 60 * 60 * 60. It is necessary not to forget to put a drainage into this pit, which is suitable for gravel, pebbles, expanded clay, small pebbles. A bucket of compost earth is added to the pot, which is mixed with dolomite flour, the amount of flour is about four hundred grams.
A hillock is being built, and garden soil and compost are mixed to create it. The seedling is placed in a hole, on a mound. The root neck should be recessed by eight centimeters. Buds need to be covered with river sand, then you need to fall asleep. soil mixture, so that at the base of the bush could not linger on the water. Over time, the center of tillering forms from the buried buds, later there will be a strong bush, it will have many shoots that bloom profusely, neither frost nor hot sun rays will harm them.
When the soil mixture is already compacted about the seedling, you need to water the planting area. In a situation where there are several seedlings, you need to keep a distance between them, which is about one and a half meters.
What care should be given
For the growth of clematis was exuberant, need support. As a support, you can use the trellis, arc, fence lattice or mesh, tree trunks. Some of the branches can be sent through the cord. Such a plant needs regular watering, it needs to be watered once a week. In hot summer and no rain, you need to moisten the soil two or three times a week. To reduce the evaporation of moisture from the soil, it is necessary to mulch it with pieces of bark, compost. Need to timely pluck the weeds near clematis.
According to the European method, which regulates the cultivation of clematis, the root system of the plant does not tolerate the sun. To address this issue, our growers built lawn near the bush. However, flower growers and soil scientists have found out such a fact that if the plants are too close to the clematis roots, then they take the nutrients from the soil, and the clematis shoots grow worse. It is established that the plant develops as much as possible with the maximum supply of sunlight to it.
From this it is concluded that the vine is not afraid of the sun, but of insufficient moisture in the soil. Europeans have become less polivat plant than ours. If you have the opportunity to water clematis often, then the lawn must not be close to the root system.
Clematis lovers say that good fertilizer is alkaline, which has a lot of nitrogen in it. You need to prepare this fertilizer in a barrel with water, you need to pour in weeds, wait for them to wander there, put some amount of manure in the barrel. In two weeks this infusion will be ready for use.
Clematis bushes should be watered with this solution. If there is a need to speed up the preparation of this fertilizer, you can add Baikal Em to the barrel. If you do not want to make such a fertilizer yourself, then you can buy ready-made, ready-made fertilizers are made on the basis of ammonia. When choosing you need to pay attention to the composition, there should be molybdenum, boron, cobalt, and other elements. It is often necessary to make ash under the clematis. You can pour water, which added dolomite flour. For clematis for the season you need to apply fertilizer three times.
You should start feeding from the second year after clematis planted. Manure is not worth pouring under the vine, as it is possible the development of various fungal diseases. During the rainy summer wilting of the shoots is possible. This trouble can be avoided; for this, after a shower, the bottoms of the shoots of the vine species should be powdered with ashes. Clematis wilting is possible in June. The reason for this situation may be soil fungus. Here will help spraying vines of copper sulphate in spring and late autumn. You can prevent the development of powdery mildew disease if you use Topaz, and you can also powder gray colloid. Care will not allow the development of disease, and the plant will gradually recover.
For reproduction of clematis, there are ways:
- At the base of the bush, which has already grown to dig and take away a few shoots. Make it necessary in the spring.
- Cuttings. This should be done in June. Cut the shoots into two sections. One of them should be placed in damp soil, the other should be covered with earth. Upstairs put the cap, it is possible from a cut plastic bottle.
Buds appear on the shoots in early June, then flowers will appear. No need to shorten the loop. In the spring and autumn pruning done deliberately. Autumn pruning is carried out at an altitude of 100-130 centimeters, closer to winter, when cold weather is expected from day to day, you need to choose a dry day and cover the shoots. It is necessary to put a humus under the bush, a height of 25 cm, on the dais you need to put a lapnik.
Shoots that have been pre-cut, you need to remove carefully from the support, turn them in the way of a horse's tail into a ring, tie it with wire, put it on a lapnik. Again put lapnik. Cover the slide with a nonwoven. On the last layer you need to lay a plastic film, from the bottom you need to press it with bricks.
If there are mice and the like, you need to put Storm tablets in the bush, this will save the shoots.
In most cases, multi blue blends frost. The plant can be damaged due to decay. In the spring, do not delay the opening of the Multi. Opening should be carried out not just once, but gradually. In the first decade of April, remove the polyethylene and non-wrap, after about four days to remove a part of a lapnik, by the end of April, the rest is also removed, provided that the weather is favorable, if the weather is bad, then a little later. If there is excessive moisture on the soil, you can save the plant with a fungicidal agent, then transplant it to another place, such care will help save the plant.
If the care is carried out correctly, and the environment is favorable, it is likely that clematis will surely grow shoots in the summer, revealing large beautiful flowers.
What are the features of Multi Blue?
Clematis are also called khinki and clematis. In nature, there are about 23 species. And about 15 varieties grow well in Russia. The shoots of this plant are very long, capable of reaching 3 meters in height. Variety Multi Blue is a representative of the Patents group and is particularly popular with gardeners.
Detailed description of Clematis Multi Blue is given below:
- The plant is a bushy vine.
- Compact. During the season, whips grow to about 2 meters.
- Young branches are flexible and thin. Painted in brown tone. With age, they become more dense. However, do not lose their flexibility and perfectly attached to the support.
- The root system is powerful, has many roots. Therefore, experts do not recommend loosening the soil. Or perform a similar procedure with extreme caution.
- Leaves appear with the arrival of heat, quite early. Have an oblong shape with a sharp tip. The size is very large, reaching a length of 10 centimeters. Color is dark green. Foliage has a matte finish.
- Petioles first thin. However, gradually begin to become more durable wood.
- It blooms throughout the summer. Starting from the month of May to August.
- Inflorescences of blue-violet color. True, there are forms with a bluish tint. It is extremely rare to see pink-tinged flowers with white edging. Flowers terry, lush. Consist of 4-8 petals. They have a long, regular shape. The tip is pointed. The diameter of the blooming bud is 14-18 centimeters. In the middle there are many stamens of red or pink tone. Flowers look pretty bright. At the peak of flowering buds completely open and become almost flat.
- Liana is able to fasten leaf stalks to low conifer and shrubs.
- Formed buds on last year, as well as young shoots.
- The culture is perennial and abundantly blooming. Clematis Multi Blue is considered the most beautiful and sought-after among all climbing plants.
Clematis grandiflora Multi Blue has such advantages:
- Non-capriciousness in growing.
- Attractive appearance.
How best to grow Clematis Multi Blue: seedlings or seeds?
About variety Multi Blue reviews, most of its positive. Каждый желает наслаждаться привлекательным видом данной культуры. Но чтобы вырастить красивый клематис Мульти Блю: посадка и уход должны быть проведены согласно всем правилам. Поэтому начинающим садоводам следует сначала ознакомиться с особенностями культивирования лианы этого сорта.
I must say that growing clematis from seeds at home is not at all difficult. The main thing is to conduct proper preparation and germination. Seeds are pre-soaked in warm water for several days. Then the seed is spread in a mixture of sand, soil and fertilizer. Top cover with a transparent film. Put the container in a bright place. Soon the first shoots appear. Immediately they are not recommended to move to the street. After all, wind and low temperatures are detrimental to the young plant. Clematis overwinter in containers. Already in spring or summer they are transplanted into the garden. Spring planting is suitable for regions that are characterized by a cold climate. Also planted plant in the fall.
How to plant clematis with seeds is described below:
- Choose a place. Although Multi Blue is light-loving, in the southern regions it is preferable to plant it in partial shade. So the culture will be less fade. It is important to remember that wind and draft are the worst enemies of clematis. Therefore, the place for landing should choose a little blown.
- Be sure to think about the supports on which the vine will climb up. Their height must be at least 1.5 meters. It is worth noting that the support for clematis with your own hands can be made.
- Planted in a prepared pit. Its optimal size is 50x50, in case the soil is light. But for a more dense soil, the hole should be made the size of 70x70. Pre-fertilized humus and superphosphate.
- If it is planned to plant several plants, it is recommended to maintain a certain distance between the pits - not less than 70 centimeters.
- In the hole place the seedling.
- Fall asleep pit ground. But not completely. Leave 10 centimeters from the edge. Gradually over the course of several months, primer is added. If the landing of clematis is not in the spring, but in the fall, the deepening is filled up with soil completely.
If the Clematis variety Multi Blue was planted correctly, after a few years the root system will be strengthened and the young plant will turn into a full-fledged, beautifully blossoming liana.
It is very important to properly care for the culture. Care includes a number of activities: irrigation, fertilizer, pruning, shelter for the winter. Consider each of the processes in more detail.
Irrigation and regular watering of plants
Involves care for liana timely, regular watering. They irrigate about once a week. One plant usually requires about 10-40 liters of water. After watering, the soil is loosened or covered with moss and peat. This allows you to retain moisture and prevent the weeds from growing. For watering should be especially careful in the summer season. If there is little precipitation and the earth dries out, experts recommend to bury several containers around the vine with holes at the bottom. After irrigation water will accumulate in them and moisten the soil.
Fertilizing and fertilizing
Multi Blue does not need abundant fertilizer. Excessive fertilizing even harms the vine. During the period of growth make nitrogen mixture. But in the fall, when the flowers fall, use phosphate substances. This allows you to strengthen the root system.
Subject to a variety of Multi blue fungal diseases. Infection affects leaves and roots. The culture thus becomes weak and fades. With a strong infection liana has to be removed. And at the very beginning of the disease, experts advise watering the shrub with a fungicide solution. Copper sulfate also helps to cope well with the fungus.
Clematis pruning in spring and autumn
A few years after disembarkation, shoots are shortened. To the root system grew well, it is recommended to pinch the culture periodically.
The procedure is carried out in the autumn. Cut the shoots to the first bud above the ground. Such pruning will stimulate the growth of new processes. Clematis is pruned in groups, which allocate a total of 3.
The first group does not need any formation. Simply remove all unmatched branches, and cut the rest to a meter height. The second group involves the implementation of a weak trim. In the first year after the landing, they are cut to the level of 30 centimeters, and starting from the second year, they follow a certain pattern. The third group of clematis requires strong pruning. In the fall, shoots are cut to a height of 30 centimeters, leaving a pair of buds.
Multi Blue belongs to the second type. The second group of pruning clematis Multi Blue involves the procedure immediately after the first flowering. Removed part of the old process, along with the stems. So you can achieve a more abundant second flowering. But in the winter pruning spend more cardinally. Cut off about half. As a result, a shrub is left about 50-100 centimeters high from ground level.
Conclusions about Clematis Multi Blue
Thus, growing clematis from seeds requires some knowledge, skill, and time. But such efforts are justified. After all, beautiful plants will be an excellent element for horizontal or vertical gardening of the site, a real decoration of loggias and arbors. There are different varieties of clematis. But gardeners are especially fond of the variety Multi Blue. Luxurious creepers with blue-violet flowers can dramatically transform the territory.
Clematis Multi Blue: variety description
This variety is attractive not only for its high decoration, but also for its unpretentiousness. The grade concerns group Patents. This bush deciduous vine is compact. Her shoots in one growing season grow in length to 2 meters. Young stems are fragile and very flexible. With age, they become denser, but at the same time retain compliance.
- The root system of the variety is located almost on the surface, and therefore it is highly undesirable to loosen. And it is very easy to damage the roots, and cause the death of the vine. To prevent the appearance of a crust on the soil after watering, its surface must be mulched.
- Vegetation in the vine begins with the first heat, and the plant quickly grows. Its leaves - oblong, rather narrow, with a pointed end - grow to a length of 10 cm.
- Flowering and budding occur throughout the warm period. Flowers terry, very lush purple-blue color. The diameter of the flower is 18 cm. Its middle is made up of many thin stamens of intense pink and less often red. The underside of the petals has weak pubescence.
- The flower liana is recommended for cultivation in an open ground. However, if desired, it can be planted on the balcony, if a large load is allowed. With this cultivation, the plant will need a large capacity with the ground.
Planting in open ground
Planting clematis in open ground should be carried out according to certain rules. Violation leads to the fact that the plant is very sick and for a long time can not please the rapid flowering. If at the time of planting the seedling in the open ground, everything is done correctly in the future with the cultivation of the vine there will be no difficulties. The main thing is to give time to get stronger.
How and when to plant?
Plant the plant should be in the spring, until the moment when his buds are very swollen. Planting clematis with leaves is highly undesirable, but possible. In the fall, planting vines is also permissible, but this period is used only in the southern areas, since there is a high risk that the flower will not have time to take root and freeze in winter.
- Plant the plant in a hole 60x60x50 cm. At its bottom is provided with a drainage layer of broken brick and expanded clay. After this, an earthen mound is formed on which the plant is placed. Its roots are evenly laid out on the mound.
- The root neck is buried by 8 cm. This, when the soil subsides, will prevent the roots from being exposed, which, if not immediately noticed, will easily lead to the death of the plant.
- The soil around the clematis necessarily rams, after which it is very plentifully watered.
Soil and site preparation
The area where clematis will grow is weeded at least 1 meter away from the pit prepared for the vines. This is necessary so that the weed does not drown the plant. The place is chosen precisely in order not to subject the plant to repeated stress with additional transplantation.
- Land for the hill is taken that which remained after digging a hole, but enriched with humus, wood ash and manure. The first and third components are needed in the amount of ½ bucket, and the second - in the amount of 2 handfuls. If the soil is particularly poor, then a complex mineral fertilizer is also applied (strictly according to the instructions).
It is necessary to plant clematis on a sunny and not windy place, where water flowing from the roof will not fall on it. At noon, the area in which clematis grows should be in the shade, as this will ensure the long-term preservation of the attractive appearance of the flowers. If they are in the sun throughout the day, they will start to burn out.
Watering and feeding
Watering should be regular. In the spring, clematis is watered once a week, and 5 liters of water is poured under it. With the beginning of flowering, watering is carried out 2 times a week, using 10 l of water for each vine. It is necessary to water in the evening, after which the soil is mulched.
Feeding clematis starts from the second year of its growth. Until the budding, nitrogen fertilizers are used, and after - potash-phosphorus fertilizers.
Organics contribute in the middle of the flowering period and in late September. To do this, apply a solution of chicken droppings.
Pruning is done as needed in order to improve flowering. In June, after the end of the first wave of flowering, weak shoots are cut. Also at this point, damaged and diseased stems are removed. Before winter, the plant is cut to a height of 1 meter, as this allows you to better cover it for the winter. Cut the stems so that they must have at least 5 buds. The plant belongs to the type 2 pruning.
Preparing for the winter
In winter, the vine is cut off almost completely, leaving a stem 40 cm long. They cover the clematis on a dry day with a light frost. Peat is poured on the ground around the plant and covered with spruce branches - this will prevent dampness. After that, the already shortened stems are placed on such a pillow, covered with lapniknik and a covering material.
In the spring with the beginning of snow melting, the shelter is gradually dismantled, removing 1 time in 5 days on a layer. So clematis adapts more easily after winter.
Clematis Multi Blue: diseases and pests
Pests and diseases with the proper agricultural technology usually do not affect the plant. If after winter the shoots began to subside a little, they should be cut as much as possible and water the plant with a weak solution of manganese.
From pests help drugs to protect flowering garden plants. They are sold in all horticultural departments. If necessary, treatment is carried out 2-3 times per season.
Application in landscape design
Liana is used to decorate vertical surfaces and create flowering walls separating areas of the garden. The plant is beautifully decorated with verandas, framed gazebos, pergolas and arches. Particularly impressive is the combination of several shades of colors.
Planting and caring for Clematis Multi Blue, carried out according to agricultural practices, will not present difficulties and even a novice gardener will cope with them.
The best representative of the Clematis species for the temperate continental climate is Clematis Multi Blue. This is a climbing plant with terry flowers. It is because of the beautiful inflorescences of purple hue, this variety has earned its popularity. Buds are formed on the young and last year's shoots, and bloom all summer season. For the opportunity to immediately enjoy flowering gardeners appreciate Multi Blue. But is it easy to care?
The best representative of the Clematis species for the temperate continental climate is Clematis Multi Blue. This is a climbing plant with terry flowers. It is because of the beautiful inflorescences of purple hue, this variety has earned its popularity. Buds are formed on the young and last year's shoots, and bloom all summer season. For the opportunity to immediately enjoy flowering gardeners appreciate Multi Blue. But is it easy to care?
Most clematis belongs to the group of vines, Multi Blue is no exception. It is a climbing plant about 2 m in height with double large flowers. The shoots are thin and flexible, they are easily attached to any support. The root system is shallow, so the plant does not tolerate low temperatures.
In the face of a harsh winter, he has a hard time. But at the expense of flexible branches and compact size, Multi Blue is easily grown in containers, on balconies, terraces, in greenhouses. Greenhouse or winter garden can be used for growing seedlings. And in the spring to plant shoots in a ground and to decorate the yard or a personal plot.
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Flowers in this variety look bright. The color range varies from purple to pale blue. Petals of the correct form, sharp from above. At the peak of flowering buds open and become almost flat. Looking closely, you can see a fluffy middle with a lot of stamens. Flowers can be cut without threatening the plant.
Use in landscape design
Multi Blue is suitable for decorating parks, alleys, flower beds. It looks aesthetically pleasing due to its low growth, but it can coexist with other plants: roses, peonies, daisies, and wild rose bushes. This combination is suitable for decorating a flower bed, a composition of fresh flowers.
But most often vines are used to decorate hedges or zoning space. Thus, you can decorate the arbor, create a living partition in the restaurant. This requires high-quality support. It can be in the form of an arch, fan or pyramid. But you can build an original frame to your liking.
Representatives of Multi Blue are graceful and low plants. Support is also better to choose a non-bulky one: a grid or lattice, bamboo frames. It should be firmly fixed, given the fact that the weight of the plant increases with time. It is best of all if it is built in in the prepared basis from concrete or a brick. You should also consider whether the support itself is part of the composition.
If it is completely covered with foliage, you can choose cheap plastic models. If part of the support will be visible, it is better to give preference to more expensive models of bamboo or metal. The support can also serve as a tree, branches, pieces of furniture.
It is advisable to plant the plant near the finished design. Otherwise, the sharp edges of the grid or net can damage the roots. Immediately you need to follow the growth dynamics of clematis. Young branches should be sent to the right part of the support, make sure that the whole composition looks harmonious.
Thus, the Multi Blue variety is a great solution for garden design ideas. It looks aesthetically, elegantly, blooms for a long time. The form of the plant allows to solve both aesthetic and practical problems: to zone the space, to hide the imperfections of the surfaces. At the same time, Multi Blue is suitable for growing in temperate climates. Even an amateur gardener will be able to enjoy his view at his summer cottage.
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The variety of clematis varieties today is amazing. For a temperate continental climate, the Multi Blue variety is best suited. The plant has an unusually beautiful, double flowers. For which it has become very popular among domestic gardeners. A detailed description of the variety Clematis Multi Blue, features of planting and cultivation - all of this will be discussed in this article.