Most summer residents are faced with the problem of lack of free space. They also do not always take into account the compatibility of different types of plants, which can lead to a sharp decrease in yields and diseases that worsen the process of growth and development of crops and reduce the quality of the fruits and vegetables produced. Mixed landing, the schemes of which are made taking into account all the features of accommodation, is able to solve most problems.
The benefits of a mixed landing
Allelopathy is one of the sciences that studies the influence of garden crops on each other and the ability of their coexistence. When growing together plants Inside the greenhouse, the effects of various factors are taken into account. Any culture excretes various substances through the surface of its leaves and roots, which, when ingested inside the soil, can be either absorbed by closely spaced plants or cause serious harm and endanger them.
Some varieties of flowers have the ability to stimulate growth during concomitant plantings, as well as provide a protective effect against parasites, but they can also inhibit the plant. Nevertheless, there is a certain benefitTo create a mixed landing - it saves free space.
The main advantages of a mixed landing:
- The big economy of free space that will give the chance to plant and grow even more plants on one site, without losing the free space for planting. Agrotechnics in the process of mixed planting (depending on the time of ripening and flowering of the crop) puts special demands on the use of fertilizers and climatic conditions for the plant, allowing you to get more yield from each unit of free area.
- Reasonable planning, as well as a combination of mixed types of planting, makes it possible to harvest vegetables and fruits throughout the summer season.
The process of alternating cultures with different requirements for cultivation, nutrition and soil composition will eliminate all threats of partial as well as complete depletion of the land and the removal of individual nutrients that are so necessary for crops.
Compatibility when planting crops can significantly improve the standard of living of crops that grow in the neighborhood, and can also effectively affect the taste and the nutritional value of the fruit crop.
What factors should be considered
It is very important to make a detailed plan. on the implementation of future plantings, while it is worth considering:
- The climatic conditions for the growth of crops in a single territory of the garden, they may differ here, as some places are considered the most arid, while others are more humid. The impact of wind, precipitation and frost should also be taken into account when conducting calculations.
- All the features of a particular garden plot, its constituent components in the soil, as well as the impact of sunlight on this territory. Protection from the effects of harsh natural conditions is also worth taking into account.
Planting parameters should be the basis of the crop planting strategy in the garden to get the highest yield parameter per meter of garden area. Compilation of a more detailed drawing for planting will begin with a process of studying in detail all the features of the site. Mixed landing schemes (planting crops in the garden, as you might guess, may be different in purpose) beds should be compiled without fail, taking into account all the agro-climatic and climatic parameters of the territory, as well as the soil mixture.
Main and accompanying plants
In practice, there is such a thing as a satellite plant, or accompanying, as well as the main culture. The main culture should be the main purpose of planting, and the satellite plant is used to fill in extra gaps and to get more crop.
The tactics of planting mixed plants is as follows. In the role of accompanying satellite plants can be used aromatic varieties of flowers, green fertilizers, as well as a number of other vegetable plants that can bring special benefits to the neighboring. The main plants, most often vegetable, slowly ripening, small in size, in the intervals between which the main development of rapidly maturing species occurs.
This form of landing, of course, effective for the garden. While the main plant will slowly grow and gain strength, the accompanying person will have time to fully grow and form at this time, freeing up free space for sufficient development of the main plant. This will be considered the main principle of the plan for the planting of mixed crops.
In order to fit different mixed plant cultures well into your plan, you should carefully study the features and characteristics of each plant, as well as its compatibility with other species. Properties that are inherent in individual garden species, it is convenient to consider as a table. Mixed landing types vegetables in the garden should be compiled without fail, taking into account the need for each plant.
- Basil can grow with high quality together with such crops as tomatoes and cucumbers, as well as with a large number of other plants, the exception in this case will be only the root.
- Eggplants can have a good neighborhood with beans or thyme, and has no undesirable crops when planted.
- Beans. The beans will develop well when planted together with potatoes, cucumbers, corn, spinach, buckwheat and mustard, rice, oregano. If the beans are grown in the form of the main plant, it is worth planting alongside: borage, lavender, yarrow. The undesirable neighborhood of beans occurs with various types of onions and garlic, with marigolds and wormwood.
- Grapes This plant grows well with radish, beans, potatoes, rye, corn. Negative cultivation will occur with onions, soybeans, barley, and cabbage.
- Peas grow well with rice, carrots, cucumbers, turnips, various salads. Cannot be grown with garlic, tomatoes, as well as onions.
- Cabbage. All varieties of cabbage will comfortably exercise themselves when grown with buckwheat, beetroot, carrots, spinach, borage, as well as bush beans and various salads. In order to protect the plant from various harmful parasites, it is worthwhile to plant various types of fragrant crops nearby, for example, dill, thyme, nasturtium, marigold, rosemary, sage and mint. Cabbage grows badly with grapes and strawberries.
- Potatoes grow well with many legumes, cabbage, radish, and various salads. To eliminate various pests you can plant tansy, marigold, coriander and nasturtium nearby. It is not necessary to plant celery near the potatoes, as well as sunflower.
- Strawberry. The plant should be combined with spinach, sage and parsley. Also favorable is the mutual arrangement with cucumbers, beans, peas, soybeans and pumpkin. Do not plant near cabbage.
- Corn grows close to all crops. But it should not be planted next to celery and beets.
- Bow. The best neighborhood of this plant is in conjunction with strawberries, beets, cucumbers, lettuce, spinach and carrots. Onions do not tolerate joint planting with peas, legumes, sage and beans.
- Peas. Peas are good for planting together with potatoes, onions, and salad. Does not like to grow with dill and fennel, and also not a place for this plant next to an apple tree, since its roots will begin to taste bitter after such a neighborhood.
- Cucumbers. They are considered good companions for beans, beets, garlic, legumes, spinach, radishes and onions, as well as chamomile and dill. It is not necessary to plant the plant together with the tomatoes, since their conditions on the content will be very different.
- Pepper. Grows well with basil. Does not like landing with beans. It is difficult to get along with fennel.
- Parsley. It can be combined with strawberries, salads, asparagus, peas and tomatoes.
- Radish. Grows with lettuce and beans. Also, planting radish can be combined with strawberries, peas, tomatoes, various varieties of onions, parsley, garlic. It is not necessary to carry out planting plants with hyssop, as this will make the plant's fruits very bitter.
- Turnip. Can favorably be grown together with peas. Poor survives with asparagus and mustard.
- Beet. It is considered a good neighbor for radish, cabbage, lettuce, and also radish. Next to the beetroot, you can also plant beds with strawberries, celery, cucumbers and garlic.
- Celery. White cabbage grows well with tomatoes and cucumbers, soybeans, beans and peas. Do not plant the plant near potatoes, carrots, parsley, and corn.
- Tomatoes can be planted together with celery, parsley, beans, spinach and basil. They are considered completely neutral in influence next to garlic, corn, carrots, beetroot, and also cabbage. Do not combine this plant with kohlrabi cabbage., Fennel, potatoes, eggplant, dill.
- Pumpkin. It is considered a good neighbor, which will mutually complement peas, beans, and corn. It should not be planted together with onions, carrots, cucumbers, various salads.
- Haricot well takes root with almost all garden plants. The exception may be onions, garlic, peas, and fennel.
- Spinach. It grows well with all cultures.
- Garlic. Friendly grows with tomatoes, beetroot, carrots, cucumbers and radish. Negatively affects the taste of the beans, cabbage and peas.
Schemes and plantings should be formed taking into account the preferences of each individual plant, as well as the conditions and characteristics of its content in the garden plot. The use of such a progressive way gives a large number of advantageswhich will allow to receive a bigger amount of a harvest from each square meter of a garden site.
Companions and antagonists
If you are already imbued with an innovative spirit and thirst for getting two harvests from the garden, then you should know that some vegetables cannot be planted next to under any circumstances - they mutually oppress each other and there will be no harvest there or there.
For example, you can not plant cabbage crops next to beans and tomatoes, beets next to dill, potatoes next to cucumbers and celery, tomatoes next to potatoes, garlic and onions next to beans and peas. Crop rotation should also be observed. See the compatibility table for details.
Science of mixed landings
Thyme can grow in every corner of the garden. It is a weak eater, it grows slowly and does not compete with anyone for light or for nutrients. It improves the taste of vegetables, scares off pests, attracts bees, hops, and other beneficial insects. An excellent companion for eggplants, potatoes, tomatoes. A broth of thyme can spray some crops: it masks the "native" smell. The information about cabbage is inconsistent: cabbage itself is close to a thyme itself, but the smell of thyme does not frighten its pests. Go Tomatoes have a hostile relationship with kohlrabi, fennel and dill. With regard to the relationship of tomatoes with potatoes and cucumbers, opinions differ, perhaps it depends on the method of planting and farming.
Schemes of mixed and compacted planting vegetables
The most favorable impact on cucumbers have beans, so they advise planting beans around a plot with cucumbers. Themselves cucumbers planted around the corn, which greatly benefits from such a neighborhood.
- There is no consensus about its compatibility with strawberries and onions. Of all the types of cabbage, kohlrabi is the most suitable partner for beetroot and a bad neighbor for tomatoes.
- If in the garden plot such a community is created correctly, it begins to live its own independent life, almost the same as it happens in the communities of wild plants, that is, when the laws of self-regulation come into effect.
They are landed exactly in a row and stand like tin soldiers. on a bare gray bed. are sad Go Sowing of chard, lettuce, spinach - mid-March. Seeds are sown rarely, the container is placed in a plastic bag and does not close tightly. Crouched seeds sprinkled with a layer of soil. At emergence of shoots packages are removed. Seedlings are transplanted into the greenhouse as early as possible, watering abundantly.
Advantages of the method
Well side by side with basil, celery, parsley, spinach and beans. Neutral in their effect of planting next to cabbage, corn, garlic, carrots, beetroot
- Beans, Peas, Beans, Sage
- Beans, Thyme
Being engaged in gardening and horticulture, many farmers face the problem of lack of space, as well as sometimes inexplicable incompatibilities between different plants. Which leads, in turn, to lower yields and various diseases that impair plant growth and the quality of the fruits. Mixed planting of vegetables, the schemes of which are drawn up taking into account all the peculiarities, can solve many problems. Chayvis is good in companies with carrots, tomatoes, roses, grapes. Chaiwis circle around the apple tree will protect it from scab, and around the rose - from black spot. But, like garlic (and all onion in general), it is a bad companion for peas and beans. Go
Mixed landings tactics
Herbs favorable for cucumbers are chamomile, dill, and cucumber herb. The question of the compatibility of cucumbers with tomatoes is not clear, but in one greenhouse they get along perfectly and give excellent results if you apply natural farming methods, such as warm beds. Cabbage does not fit well with parsley and suffers from closely growing grapes. Tansy does not work well on kale.
Beans planted between the rows, enriches the soil with nitrogen and repels the Colorado potato beetle. Potatoes go well with cabbage, especially cauliflower and kohlrabi, types of lettuce, corn, and radish.
Interspersing planting plants that repel pests also reduces plant losses.
Responsive neighbor for peas and beans. Favorably coexists with corn
It is very important when drawing up a plan for future landings to consider:
Any kinds of onions and garlic, wormwood, marigolds
In order for a garden to become a single living organism, it must combine as many different types of plants as possible.
It is recommended to plant in the bush bean that frightens the Colorado potato beetle. Thyme and basil have a beneficial effect on eggplant.
Friends with almost all cultures
These parameters should underlie the strategy of planting in the garden to get the highest result from every square meter. Drawing up a plan begins with a study of the characteristics of the site and the characteristics of each individual meter of land. Schemes of mixed (planting vegetables in the garden, as you know, are different in purpose) beds are necessarily taking into account all climatic and agrotechnical parameters of the soil.
Radish, planted between the spray bean, has a particularly delicate taste and large root vegetables. Beans also protect radishes from pests.
Planting vegetables together in a greenhouse
Strawberries can be combined with garlic, cabbage, lettuce, onions, radishes, radishes, beets.
They combine well with sweetcorn, potatoes, radishes, radishes, spinach, mustard.
- the ability to more efficiently use the available garden area.
Eggplants and peppers can become neighbors of cucumbers. But when planting should take into account the size of the bushes of individual varieties. Cucumber lashes can shade plants in neighboring beds. Pepper and eggplant are also better placed on opposite sides of the entrance to the greenhouse and a little distance from them cucumbers. As you know, you can not plant a number of sweet and bitter peppers to avoid inter-pollination.
Combined planting of greens and vegetables in the spring greenhouse
The advantages of mixed landings:
. It is only important to remember that not every neighborhood of vegetables is favorable for their development. Some plants do not get along due to the peculiarities of agrotechnology or because of the negative mutual influence on each other.
Spinach - many positive qualities are attributed to it, including cold resistance, a short period of ripening, compact form. All this makes it a very convenient culture for consistent and combined plantings. Go
Radish sprout quickly, it is recommended to sow them along with slowly germinating crops (beets, spinach, carrots, parsnips) for marking rows.
Of the herbs, borage (borage) and sage work well on it. Mulching the soil with spruce and pine needles contributes to a significant improvement in the taste of strawberries.
Interspersing the beans in planting these crops improves their nitrogen nutrition. Fragrant basil, planted next to the beans, reduces damage to their bean weevil.
In the same greenhouse with cucumbers can be grown and corn. Но для качественного формирования початков кукурузу придется искусственно опылять и опрыскивать стимуляторами.This grass is practical to grow in a greenhouse, if the climate is not suitable for its normal development in open ground.
Mixed planting in the greenhouse in summer
It is difficult to get on with the beans. Bad neighbor for him and fennel
Perfectly gets on with carrots, rice, various salads, cucumbers, turnip
The advantage that is most important for gardeners is a significant saving in the area of the garden, which makes it possible to grow large volumes of produce without losing quality. Agrotechnics of mixed plantings (depending on the speed of ripening of fruits) sets requirements for dressing and climatic conditions, allowing to get high yields from each unit of area.
So, should not be planted next to tomatoes and cucumbers. What is good for cucumbers (high humidity and heat) can destroy tomatoes. Conversely, airing the necessary tomatoes can damage cucumbers.
In addition, spinach roots have a positive effect on soil properties, and saponin, which is part of its root secretions, stimulates the absorption of nutrients by the roots of vegetables growing next to it. Go
Unwanted crop neighborhood and satellite plants
Radish does not like strong heat, so it is often sown in alternating rows with Chervil, which shading it a little and prevents overheating.
Belongs to plants that are very demanding of nutrition, therefore it is advised to alternate blocks of corn with blocks of bush beans, it benefits from the neighborhood of this legume plant, a soil improver.
Other useful herbs for beans: borage, lavender, oregano, rosemary, yarrow.
- the ability to get high yields per unit of area, due to the combination of different ripening speeds in the compacted plantings and according to the nutritional area requirements. Go
When plants of different species or varieties grow side by side, their mutual influence on each other and even the exchange of chemical compounds occurs.
Onions, garlic, tomatoes
Reasonable combination and planning of mixed plantings makes it possible to harvest vegetables throughout the season.
To the tomatoes you should not share the peas and fennel - these are bad neighbors. But the combination of tomatoes with dill, which many consider unsuccessful, in practice is quite acceptable. Cucumbers do not like sage neighborhoods. In any case, before combining or alternating cultures in the greenhouse, you need to make sure that they are compatible.
The relationship of mutual beneficial effects is marked for spinach and potatoes, tomatoes, beans, and beets. The most common combinations are spinach with kohlrabi, radish, lettuce. Go
Nasturtium and watercress, bordering the beds with radish, improve the taste of radish, giving sharpness, and under the influence of leaf lettuce, it gets a more delicate flavor.
Corn is combined with cucumbers, tomatoes, lettuce, beans, early potatoes. These cultures stimulate its growth.
Smart garden on a small plot!
It is not recommended to plant beans with onions, leeks, chives and garlic. The beans are badly affected by the neighborhood of marigolds and wormwood.
Separate combinations of crops per season (from April to October) yield 20 kg of vegetables per square meter.
Different crops need special climatic conditions, fertilizers, irrigation regime, etc. For example, tomatoes and cucumbers are not planted in the neighborhood. The increased humidity and heat required by cucumbers are not required for the normal ripening of tomatoes. They need more airing.
It goes well with strawberries, peas, tomatoes, asparagus, salads
The alternation of crops with different requirements for nutrition and soil composition allows you to avoid partial or complete depletion of the earth and the destruction of any individual nutrients needed by plants.
What is the use of mixed landings?
Friendly neighborhood with tomatoes, beets, strawberries, carrots, cucumbers-All varieties are excellent neighbors for bush beans, salads, buckwheat, celery, beets, borage, carrots, spinach.Joint planting of vegetables can improve the quality of life of neighboring crops, and can also affect the taste and nutritional value of fruits.Plan your crops in such a way as not to occupy the area intended for planting tomato and cucumber seedlings. In a pinch, plant a fast-growing greens here: leaf mustard, Chinese cabbage on the greens, leaf turnips.Potatoes inhibit the growth of melons and may cause them to wilt. Harmful to melons close proximity of cucumbers - they can mutually pereopylitsya, and both will be bitter. Helps melons to grow radishes and mar.Satellite plant - pea. The turnip, mustard and mountaineer (knotweed) are not favorable for turnips.
For her, bad neighbors are celery and beetroot.
Negative effects were observed when planted with onions, barley, soybeans, cabbage.
- thanks to the reasonable planning of mixed plantings, you can get a harvest of fresh vegetables throughout the season: from early spring to late autumn.
The tomato, in relation to the neighborhood with other vegetables, belongs to the most capricious cultures. To obtain a decent harvest, this vegetable is preferably grown in a separate greenhouse. If it is left to ripen next to other vegetables, the harvest of the latter will be less. But the tomato will not affect the growing greens: celery, parsley, basil. Without disturbing the tomatoes, radishes, garlic and beans can be grown nearby.Negatively affects the taste of peas, beans, cabbageRadish
To protect the cabbage from harmful insects, various direct odorous plants are planted next to it: dill, sage, mint, rosemary, thyme, nasturtium, marigolds
Mixed planting of vegetables, their layout and principles that guide the gardener in their preparation, based on simple knowledge. In the practice of this method, there are concepts such as satellite plant, or accompanying, as well as the main culture. The main plant is the target of planting, and the satellite plant is used to fill in the gaps and produce large yields.
In spring greenhouses you can plant onions and garlic on greens, grow dill, watercress, radishes, spinach, chard, leafy salads, Chinese and Beijing cabbage on greens.
Watermelon is a good companion to potatoes, oat roots. Corn and peas improve the growth and taste of watermelons. Contribute to the growth of watermelon thistle and honey.
Cabbage and leaf lettuce (chives) goes well with most garden crops. It is a good companion for tomatoes, cucumbers, curling beans and bush, chives, spinach, strawberries, peas.
The classic combination is onions and carrots. These two cultures protect each other from pests: carrots drive away an onion fly, and onions drive away a carrot fly.
The incompatibility of grapes and cabbage has been known for a long time. Already in ancient Greece, they knew that cabbage is the enemy of the vine.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE CONSOLIDATION OF SELECTED CULTURES
Cabbage is extremely incompatible with parsley, carrots and beans. These plants are mutually suppressing each other. Conversely, celery planted next to cabbage scares cabbage butterflies from the heads, and both plants grow larger.
Today you learned about mixed planting of vegetables. Schemes of their preparation are created taking into account the preferences of each individual plant, as well as the conditions of its content, which should be the basis for calculating future beds. The use of such a progressive method provides many advantages, which are particularly important to use when striving to get the maximum benefit and large yields per square meter.
Salads, beans. Planting radish can be combined with tomatoes, onions, parsley, garlic, strawberries and peas
Poorly adjacent to grapes and strawberries
In the role of accompanying plants often used fragrant herbs, flowers, green fertilizers, a number of vegetable crops that can benefit their neighbors. The main crops are, as a rule, vegetable and are slowly ripening, small specimens in size, between which there are fast-ripening species.
Onion and garlic are soaked before planting for 2 - 3 days, and then planted in dense rows into the ground, buried about half in the soil.
Drives away horned worm from tomatoes and corn. Keeps ants at a distance. Pounded basil leaf - the best (and most pleasant) repellent (repeller) of mosquitoes. Basil grows very well with sweet peppers, poorly with root. Adds energy to neighboring plants. Frightens off them aphids and ticks. Confuse the Colorado potato beetle. Accelerates flies in the kitchen. Go
Its neighborhood is especially favorable for cruciferous vegetables - all types of cabbage, radish, radish, as it scares the earthen flea. And for him, the neighborhood of a bow repellent from aphids is helpful.
Due to its compact form, the bow is used as an additional crop, which is located in the rows of the main crop.
This may seem surprising, because other plants of the cabbage family are not so hostile to grapes, and radishes and oilseed radishes, on the contrary, have a beneficial effect on them.
- the combination and alternation of crops that do not have the same nutritional requirements, allows to avoid unilateral depletion of the soil in relation to any single nutrient.
The most “friendly” to other plants are radishes, string beans, spinach, corn. Pepper gets on well with cucumbers, cabbage and carrots. The classic interaction in the fight against insect pests is observed in carrots and onions. Carrots discourage onion fly, and carrot fly does not tolerate the smell of onions.
In the industrial vegetable growing, a separate greenhouse is allocated for each crop. For gardeners, fans of such an opportunity, and there is no need, no. If related crops are grown annually in a greenhouse, the soil becomes “weary” and yield is reduced. To restore the fertility of the soil it is necessary to use complex fertilizers and siderats.
Planting next to a hyssop is highly discouraged, as this gives great bitterness to the fruits.
This tactic is very effective. While the main culture slowly grows and develops, the accompanying manages to grow, freeing up space for sufficient development of the main. This is the main principle of drawing up a plan and a scheme of mixed plantings.
Seeds of greens and radish are pre-sown in containers with wet sawdust. For lettuce, spinach, chard sowing time - mid-March. Sow rarely, the container is placed in a tightly closed plastic bag. When the seeds hatch, they are powdered with a layer of soil. The bags are removed after the emergence of shoots, the seedlings are transplanted into the greenhouse as early as possible, after watering them abundantly.
Oregano and its cultural analogue marjoram are good both in the kitchen and in the vegetable garden. They have a persistent pungent smell that resembles the smell of thyme. All plants near oregano and marjoram are good: both growth and taste are improved. Especially useful is the neighborhood with them cabbage: they drive off the cabbage butterfly.
The lettuce does not like overheating and needs partial shading, but only in partial, therefore close proximity of plants with dense foliage, such as carrots, beets, is unfavorable for lettuce.
It is combined with beets, lettuce, cucumbers, strawberries, spinach, radishes, and watercress. On the combination of onions and cabbage there is no consensus.
Relations of mutual aid are noted at peas with carrots, turnip, cucumbers. It grows well between the rows of these crops, helping them in turn with the fact that, like all legumes, it enriches the soil with nitrogen.
Affects the development of crops and planting nearby grass and flowers. The same onion grows well if it is bordered with thyme or a small amount of daisy is planted next to it. For the effect, one flower is enough for one running meter. But the presence of a number of sage and legumes affects onions adversely.
Cucumbers and tomatoes in the same greenhouse can perfectly exist together. Since the conditions of maintenance of these cultures differ, they are better placed on different sides, some on the right, others on the left.
Lives with legumes, cabbage, radishes and various salads. Assistant potatoes in repelling pests will be: tansy, marigold, nasturtium, coriander
In order to organically enter into the plan various mixed plantings of vegetables, schemes of their location on the site, it is necessary to know the properties of each plant and its compatibility with others. Properties inherent in individual garden crops, it is convenient to consider in the form of a table. Mixed planting vegetables in the garden necessarily compiled with the needs of each crop.
Radishes, dill and watercress are germinated in wet sawdust from mid-April. Radishes are rarely laid out on the surface, cress and dill covered with a half-centimeter layer of sawdust. Containers are placed in plastic bags for germination. Radish and watercress will require 3 days for this, dill - about a week. Green seeds are sown in the greenhouse randomly, together with sawdust, and sprinkled with soil. Radish seeds are sown in rows with a distance of about 8 cm between plants.
Coriander has a mass of virtues. It is very useful anise: improves seed germination, improves growth, increases the size of umbrellas. Promotes growth of cumin sockets (in the first year). Well discourages aphids from the plants she adores. Luxuriously blooms and attracts a lot of beneficial insects. Coriander is a good neighbor for almost all plants. He oppresses onlyfenchel
Lettuce bushes can be placed in different parts of the garden, where it will grow under the cover of taller plants. Especially favorable for him is the neighborhood of chrysanthemums.
The edging of the savory is favorable for the growth of onions, chamomile also has a good effect on it, but in small quantities: approximately one plant per 1 st. m beds.
Peas can be combined on the same bed with radish, radish, lettuce, kohlrabi, parsley.
- mixed plantings provide a beneficial effect of different types of plants on each other, which improves the condition of plants, taste and nutritional value of their fruits.
Mixed planting of vegetables in private greenhouses makes it possible to efficiently use the protected area for early ripening of vegetables.
It goes well with peas.
It is not recommended to plant near the sunflower and celery
Before planting tomatoes and cucumbers, the area allotted to them is free from greenery, without touching the other plants, unless they conflict with each other. If you later find that the compacting plants shade the thermophilic vegetables, remove them.
Five types of vegetables - potatoes, tomatoes, bush beans, beets and spinach - stimulate each other. Beetroot also has a very good effect on all kinds of cabbage, lettuce, radishes and radishes.
Onions are not combined with beans, peas, beans. The sage neighborhood is unfavorable to him.
Unfavorable combination of peas with onion, garlic, tomatoes.
In the mixed plantings each culture has its own role. One culture is the main one, another is an accompanying one, the purpose of which is to create a healthy environment for the main healthy environment, to protect the soil from weeds and drying, playing the role of live mulch.
Beans enrich the soil with nitrogen, which contributes to the growth of neighboring cucumbers, potatoes, radishes, corn. And if you plant garlic or onions in strawberry beds, this will not affect the yield of berries, but the useful area of the greenhouse will be used rationally.
The time of growth and the time of ripening of different crops differ, and their joint cultivation in the same greenhouse makes it possible not to leave greenhouse beds vacant. Reasonable placement and the sequence of planting vegetables does not lead to unilateral depletion of the soil. On the protected ground, plants suffer less from pests, do not need frequent loosening and watering, their taste is improved. For example, radish acquires a particularly delicate taste when it is grown among leaf lettuce and bush beans. It is side by side with garlic, peas, parsley, chard and vegetables such as tomatoes and cabbage.
It does not combine with mustard and asparagus
If in the summer only cucumbers and tomatoes remain in your greenhouses, it is worth trying to supplement planting with other heat-loving vegetables, making the most efficient use of greenhouse areas.
For beets, the neighborhood of onions, kohlrabi, spinach, and lettuce is especially favorable. In addition, it tolerates joint planting with garlic, cucumbers, strawberries, root celery.
Companion plants for leeks - celery, bush beans, lettuce, carrots, beets. Leek and celery are connected by mutual aid, therefore it is recommended to plant them in alternating rows.
Of the herbs on the pea wormwood bad effect of bitter. On the relationship of peas with potatoes and cabbage, there are conflicting opinions.
As the accompanying plants most often use aromatic herbs, flowers, green manure and sometimes other vegetable crops.
Если соседство овощей недопустимо, при выращивании в теплице участки разделяют пленкой. Этим можно поддерживать различную влажность воздуха для каждого вида растений. Хотя влажностный режим почвы по всей теплице останется одинаковым. Разделяют посадки и более капитальными конструкциями. При этом хорошо, если у теплицы будет два входа.
Mixed cultivation of heat-loving plants in greenhouses and greenhouses is practiced both in spring and during the summer with a combination of their species. At the same time, the process is planned taking into account the maturity of each culture.
It is good to plant spinach, sage, parsley near. Especially favorable mutual influence with beans, cucumbers, pumpkin, peas, soy
Tomatoes are successfully combined with asparagus beans, the yield of which in the greenhouse is much higher than in open ground. An additional advantage is an increase in soil fertility due to the fact that the beans have the ability to accumulate nitrogen in the nodules formed on the roots.
Lovage is appropriate in every corner of the garden. It raises the health and taste of all vegetable plants. It is also recommended as a culture trap for a tomato horned worm: it lures worms to themselves, where it is easier to collect them or, in extreme cases, to destroy them together with the plant. Go
It grows poorly next to chives, corn and potatoes. Regarding chard, which belongs to the same botanical family as beets, there are also differences. Unpleasant beets as neighbors curling beans and mustard.
Perennial onions (chives). It goes well with tomatoes, celery, lettuce, cabbage, carrots, strawberries, endive, it is not recommended to plant next to peas, beans, beets.
Benefits and General Rules
If you are ready to work further, plant corn along with cucumbers. The difficulty here is that under such conditions artificial pollination and spraying of fruit formations with stimulants will be required, otherwise the quality of the cobs may turn out to be low. If this does not scare you, you can grow corn in the greenhouse, which is especially important in cases where the climate does not allow it to mature in open ground.
Many plants, especially potatoes, carrots, tomatoes, "not in the best way" neighborhood fennel. It significantly suppresses their growth, reduces the yield. Reduces significantly, clearly. It is strange that many gardeners do not see this. Dill has friends. In the vicinity of it, cabbage grows better and tastier. Not bad for onions, lettuce, cucumbers. Cucumber is especially useful shadow of dill. Dill umbrellas are very seductive for beneficial insects.
Some consider tomatoes as "selfish" plants that love to grow on their own, separate from other crops. But experience has shown that tomatoes tolerate a good neighborhood of other vegetables and are quite suitable for mixed plantings.Hostile herbs - dill, anise.
This role can fulfill aromatic herbs, their strong smell masking the smell of cabbage. Therefore, it is recommended to plant thyme, sage, rosemary, mint, hyssop, wormwood, chamomile around the cabbage plantings. Leek scares caterpillars scoops.
Plants always form communities whose species composition depends on soil and climatic conditions.
In the spring greenhouse
From the garden come a variety of flavors, it is all fragrant, and bees and butterflies are spinning around! And no need to go far - just reached out and gathered everything to make a salad! All from one bed!
Seeds can be sown often, as the use of green planting naturally thinned. To save space, greens, onions and radishes can be planted along the edges of the rows of lines. This will allow planting the plants that will be grown throughout the summer directly in the beds.
Extremely undesirable neighborhood with corn, parsley, potatoes and carrots
With a rational approach to planting and competent planning, your greenhouses will bring a large crop of various vegetable crops.
Sage is indispensable near the cabbage - cabbage gives taste and juiciness, but do not like pests. Good sage with carrots (carrot fly does not tolerate it). But sage cucumbers is contraindicated.
In the summer greenhouse
They go well with celery, endive, radish, radish, corn, lettuce, cabbage, garlic, carrots, beetroot. Mutual auspicious action was noted with chives, spinach, bush beans, parsley, which are often planted as edging of tomato beds.
For cucumbers, satellite plants are bush and curly beans, celery, beets, lettuce, cabbage, garlic, onions, chives, radishes, spinach, and fennel.
Cabbage can be combined on the same bed with cucumbers, tomatoes, spinach, beets, chard, potatoes, chicory.
In these communities, different types of plants and the above-ground and underground animals living in them, connected by hundreds of interconnections, form a stable whole, able to withstand adverse environmental conditions, the massive spread of pests and diseases.
Is it really magical? Like in a dream! But this is not often the case, unfortunately. For some reason, most gardeners can observe a completely different picture, where the bed is cleanly weeded out, and on it, like in the army, there is some kind of monoculture, such as beets or onions!
Table of compatibility of growing vegetables.
The best neighborhood with beets, strawberries, cucumbers, carrots, lettuce, spinach
Better at the border
It has long been noticed that plants grow better on the border of various ecosystems: at the edge of the forest, on the shore of a reservoir, on the edge of a field. To recreate the border effect I use a spiral bed. On it, the border is twisted into a spiral and there is a place for many microclimatic sites: the higher the drier and warmer, there is a shady and sunny side. Usually I plant spicy aromatic plants on a spiral bed. Here is a variant of the sequence of plants: sorrel, valerian, onions, peppermint, clary sage, oak sage, garden thyme, oregano, garden strawberry, sage, cumin, rosemary.
You can simply alternate the rows, referring to the crop compatibility table. However, we must remember that the influence of plants on each other depends on the conditions in which they grow. Sometimes in large quantities they oppress neighbors, and in moderation they are helpers. In general, you need a creative approach and your observations.
Kommunalka for celery
I decided to seal the planting of Brussels sprouts, broccoli and early cabbages, planting root celery among them in the aisle. These cultures combine well. The cabbage stimulates the growth of celery, and the cabbage drives away the butterflies-cabbage from the cabbage.
At first, everything went like clockwork: both cabbage and celery developed beautifully. But in the second half of the summer, where Brussels sprouts and celery grew, she saw that the first one noticeably overtakes her neighbor in growth. Soon the upper cabbage leaves closed, and my celery was in the lower tier, in thick shadow.
I took care of this "communal" garden bed especially carefully. The cabbage was good, but the celery was “sad” day by day.
I realized that I had made a mistake - it was impossible to plant late-ripening crops near. And if you decided to do this, then you had to leave such a distance between them so that everyone had enough space and light. My celery obviously did not get enough. It did not form powerful rhizomes, it was necessary to be content with only greens.
Another thing celery, planted with early cabbage! Already in July, all the heads of cabbage were cut, and the celery remained on the garden as the rightful owner. The conclusion suggests itself: any plants first need to create optimal conditions for development, namely: adequate nutrition, watering, lighting. And then planted next to the culture can remain friends for a long time.
Who is friends with whom?
Everyone knows that onions and carrots are best friends in the garden. One culture scares off the pests of another, and vice versa. After sprouting carrots, I plant onion seedlings in the discovered gaps.
The same gaps in the beets fill leaf salad. The beds from under the early radish can be sown with green manure. But it’s more economical to sprinkle radish right into the carrot aisle. Carrots sprout slowly, seedlings remain low for a long time and cannot in any way obscure the fast-growing radish. This way I get a double harvest from one bed. The seeds of early dill are sown in peas: after a while, their antennae will catch on to the stalks of dill.
Along the perimeter of the plot with the potatoes I sow the beans. At first, she is a little depressed in growth, but after digging potatoes grows well and has time to ripen. I add onions to tomatoes - I plant sevok between bushes, but only on greens. After all, tomatoes grow quickly and greatly shade the neighbor.
Otherwise, someone will begin to oppress the neighbor. In general, everything is like in humans. How can you not remember the old saying: "Friendship is friendship, and the tobacco - apart!"
Vegetable beds or why plants satellites?
Gardeners have long noticed that the plants growing alongside influence each other. They release into the environment different substances that "like" or "do not like" their neighbors. For example, early cabbage and tomatoes, late cabbage and early potatoes, tomatoes and celery, beans and potatoes are doing well.
Leaf mustard, marigold, calendula, basil heal the soil and help all crops. They are planted on the edge of the beds, at the entrance to the greenhouse.
There is another big plus in mixed plantings. This is a flight of our imagination. Let's throw out the stereotype that cabbage should sit in even rows! I plant plants arbitrarily (at the corners of the triangle, the contour of the circle), around - nasturtium with marigolds. And the bed looks festive. And the smell of flowers scares away butterflies.
Several flowers of phacelia are "hooked" on cucumbers - and they are attracted by the smell of pollinating insects. So just the plot turns into a paradise - a place where you relax with your soul.
Plants satellites placed in between the rows or nests among the main culture. Such mixed plantings create a favorable background, increase disease resistance and even affect the taste of the fruit. When mixed planting does not occur soil fatigue, significantly reduced the number of pests, as the smell of their "food" is interrupted by the smell of other plants. In addition, in these beds creates an ideal refuge for predatory insects that feed on garden pests.
Roman onions with bahchi
I have my own, proven over the years, a method of growing several crops on one bed. For example, onions with melons and watermelons. The harvest turns out excellent! On a bed (2-2.2 m wide), usually in April - early May (on a decreasing Moon) I plant seedlings of onion and turnip in two rows along the edge with a distance of 40-50 cm between them. I place the next two rows from the first 100 cm
At home I sow watermelon and melon seeds for seedlings. Then gently transplant seedlings in open ground, in the center of the beds with onions, at a distance of 70-90 cm from each other. For the prevention of stress and disease, I process onions and melons with microbiological preparations and wood ash extract (200 g per 10 l of water). I water with the help of a drip irrigation system. In the middle of summer I gather a harvest of ripened bulbs. After the appearance of the ovary on the lashes of watermelons and melons, I leave only 2-3 fruits per bush. They will grow large and tasty. By the same technology I add some melon to winter garlic.
Reasons for joint planting:
1. PHYSICAL BARRIER
Higher plants provide natural protection of the lower from direct sun, strong wind and garden pests. They create a favorable microclimate for their smaller neighbors.
3. ATTRACTING USEFUL INSECTS AND BIRDS
Bright, fragrant and full of nectar flowers attract bees and butterflies, which at the same time "on the road" sit down on the flowers of neighboring fruit crops, pollinating them and increasing the harvest. Many plants attract birds and beneficial insects, which (or their larvae) naturally destroy pests.
4. DISCUSSION OF PESTS - INSECTS AND RODENTS
Many aromatic herbs disorient the insects with their smell and drive them away from vegetable crops. Others, on the contrary, attract insects to themselves, distracting them from vegetables. It is believed that bows scare rabbits and rabbits, and elder - mice. Tagetes (marigolds) repel worms from root vegetables growing in the neighborhood.
5. CHEMICAL EFFECTS - ALLELOPATHY
Mutual or unilateral influence of plants on each other through the release of biologically active substances (phytoncides, colins, antibiotics, etc.) is called allelopathy. The marigolds already mentioned are one of the most influential plants. Along with other substances, they produce thiophene, which has a strong odor. It is believed that the marigolds are able to force out the bindweed from their immediate surroundings - one of the most malicious (albeit beautiful) weeds.
The effect of allelopathy should be taken into account not only when planting vegetables together, but also when storing and transporting the crop (for example, bananas and apples produce ethylene, which contribute to faster ripening and further decomposition of other fruits in the vicinity), as well as when composing cut flowers .
6. IMPROVING TASTE FRUITS
Some gardeners believe that certain plants can even improve the taste of the fruits of their neighbors. For example, many aromatic herbs (primarily basil and monarda) improve the taste of tomatoes. It can be assumed that these plants accumulate certain beneficial elements and enrich the soil around them.
How to combine plants for the neighborhood?
You can focus on the ripening of vegetables according to the method of alternation. That is, after collecting the early harvest of one crop, seedlings of another plant can be planted in the same soil.
Thus, crops of carrots, parsley, beet and crops of leaf lettuce are well combined, and late cabbage with early cauliflower. Cabbage in this case is grown seedlings.
Compactor and main culture
Often, one can also encounter this type of compaction, when the concomitant plant, the “compaction,” is planted next to the main plant. Such a neighborhood is useful for the main crop due to the operation of the satellite, which may consist in inhibiting the growth of weeds, which can minimize the use of weed-killing poisons.
In addition, there is physically little space on a densely populated garden bed, and weeds are simply nowhere to grow. This will reduce the time spent on weeding. In addition to the useful properties of the adjacent culture include:
- attracting insects for pollination,
- scaring off harmful organisms by mixing odors,
- preservation of moisture and nutrients in the ground.
In this case, the accompanying plant is capable of producing those elements that will serve as fertilizer for the main thing. An example is the enrichment of soil with nitrogen by representatives of the legume family.
When planting vegetables together, the garden can be arranged as a flower bed, by planting tall plants with a long vegetative period in the middle, and compact quickly ripening crops can be planted around.
An excellent example is the cultivation of tomatoes with radish, lettuce, spinach, turnip or summer radish. The main crop, in this case tomatoes, is grown in a seedling manner and planted after the end of the frost period.
When choosing plants for compacted beds should be guided also by their height, it is desirable that it be different. The layered arrangement of the leaves of neighboring plants will create favorable conditions for their growth, giving enough space for their placement and collection of solar energy.
- It is impossible to allow the oppression of light-loving plants with a shadow and subject sensitive cultures to excessive flow of sunlight.
- Without a bright light, melons, cucumbers, peppers, corn, tomato, eggplant will not feel well.
- Slightly more shade require cabbage, turnip, radish, onions, garlic and carrots. Salad, zucchini and parsley prefer shading,
Not only useless, but also harmful will be the neighborhood of vegetables of the same family, since they are subject to the same diseases, are equally attractive to pests and have common “gastronomic” needs.
It will be useful to get acquainted with the rules of crop rotation of vegetable crops.
Spicy herbs will come in handy at almost any joint planting. Due to the powerful aroma, they are capable of entangling or scaring off harmful insects, attracting pollinators and predators that eat pests.
For example, you can plant sage, mint, oregano, marjoram, lemon balm, basil, thyme or cilantro.
Table: Good and bad combinations of vegetables
Mixed planting schemes, good and bad companions
Table: distance between different vegetables when compacted landing.
Below you will find various combinations of vegetable crops, as well as plants that are undesirable to plant next to one or another vegetable. Some landing patterns are given.
Radishes, corn, carrots, lettuce, basil, beets, cabbage, celery, parsley, spinach, beans, marigolds, sage, peppermint.
Incompatible with turnip, fennel, dill, kohlrabi, hyssop.
Scheme: Tomatoes and other crops
Spinach together with a tomato bush acts well on strawberries, allowing it to increase yields.
- Strawberries are planted in August.
- In the spring of the new year they sow greens and vegetables. (One tomato per meter)
- After harvesting the greenery, other cultures develop well.
Редис, фасоль кустовая, чеснок, свекла, фенхель, сельдерей, лук, капуста.
Несовместимы с картофелем, шалфеем, петрушкой.
Схема: морковь и майоран
Морковке полезно соседствовать с шалфеем и майораном.
Лук, фасоль, кукуруза, горох, белокочанная капуста, бархатцы, настурция, шпинат, салат, петрушка.
Incompatible with tomatoes, raspberries, celery, fennel, broccoli.
Beets, parsley, dill, lettuce, peas, celery, nasturtium, calendula, geranium, mint.
Broccoli, lettuce and parsley
For beds 1 meter wide.
- In early spring, sow parsley in 3 rows: in the center and along the edges.
- In May, broccoli is planted between the rows of parsley. Between the bushes - 45 cm, between the rows - 60 cm.
- Parsley thinned.
- Planting lettuce seedlings at a distance of 30-45 cm.
Basil, carrot, onion, parsley, marjoram.
Incompatible with beets.
Strawberries, cucumbers, beets, carrots, radishes, cabbage.
Video: Thick landing from Galina Kizima
It is not difficult to sow the bed with additional crop, you just need to pick up the appropriate plants and the result will not take long to wait. The use of soil resources is optimized, yields will increase, and cultural diversity in the garden will increase.
Memo gardener: What vegetables can be planted nearby, and which can not
Compacted sowing also helps to spend less time on agricultural work. In addition to vegetables, you can also use ornamental flower plants that will transform the plot with their rainbow colors.
Why is it important to combine vegetables in the garden
To get the maximum yield on the minimum area, using the technology of combined beds, it is necessary to understand the basics of crop rotation, because even the wrong alternation of crops planted on the same piece of land in different years can both improve the result and negate all efforts gardener. Since the gardener is primarily interested in yield and planting health, the correct choice of a neighbor in the garden allows you to solve both problems.
Comprehending the secrets of the combined cultivation of vegetables, green and ornamental crops, you can achieve not only a rich healthy harvest, but also combine the healthy with the beautiful: the garden bed can become an ornament to the vegetable garden, turning into a flower bed. When choosing neighboring crops, the following factors should be taken into account: Plants with similar conditions and care requirements are planted in the same bed: lightness, humidity, acidity and soil structure, regime and composition of dressings. If most of the culture parameters are the same, then the nuances can be taken into account by drawing up a scheme of joint planting: plant a more moisture-loving plant in the center of the bed, where the soil moisture level is higher than on the edge. The same applies to the size: the highest specimens from a set of crops require planting in the center, the smallest ones with a border, then everyone will have enough sunlight.
Compliance with crop rotation is an indispensable condition. Related crops belonging to the same family should not follow each other from season to season, as they pull out the nutrients necessary for these plants from the soil (which means that the relative will be deprived of soil fertility next season) and during the season pathogenic microorganisms accumulate that harm this particular family (which means that a “relative” is initially susceptible to a “family” disease). Planting plants with a strong deep root system and short surface roots should be close by in such a way that these cultures coexist and alternate: deep-shallow-deep. With such a landing, the roots of neighbors will not compete for underground space, developing each in its own direction.
Joint planting of various crops is possible not only in the spatial framework, when the plants are simultaneously planted and mature in parallel.
Joint planting in the time limits allows you to harvest a crop of some vegetables, freeing up space for the later neighbors who ascend and begin to develop.
A good example of such a conveyor principle of a combined planting on a bed, which is 1 m wide, and 10 cm between rows: Planting: lettuce (leaf) and radish in one row - alternating 10 cm, the next row: watercress, kohlrabi cabbage alternating in a row with a heading variety of lettuce, spinach is planted in three rows in a row, an early variety of potatoes, a couple more rows of spinach. Total 9 to ultur. Harvesting: spinach and watercress are harvested first (cut the leaves and leave the roots), as they ripen, the radishes are pulled out and after one leaves the lettuce is removed, later, after harvesting the lettuce, kohlrabi and potatoes remain.
An example of a vertical combination of compatible plants on one bed: The bed is located in the east-west direction. On the northern border along the entire length, a trellis pole was installed to tie up a curling culture - beans. Rows: beans, 0.2 m - stunted tomatoes, 0.2 m - carrots, 0.2 m - onions, on the edge - fragrant spice (for example, basil) or marigolds to protect against insects. The first planted carrots, onions and beans, a little later, when the beans cling to the trellis, planted seedlings of tomatoes. Harvesting in this combination is almost simultaneous for all vegetable neighbors.
The benefits of mixed landings
The advantages of planting vegetables, herbs and ornamental crops in common beds, taking into account their compatibility, include not only space savings, although this is the reason why gardeners are more likely to push for mixed cultivation.
Properly using the features of certain plants, you can protect the planting from the attack of insect pests: marigolds, oregano, mint, and spicy herbs repel insects, protecting their neighbors in the garden. Onions and garlic can also become a reliable barrier. If you plant a nasturtium next to the vegetables, then the aphid will prefer decorative culture without reaching the vegetables. The smell of rosemary will repel lovers of beans, and thyme will help the cabbage to resist the attack of insects. As a result, the summer resident in the fall will have a harvest of vegetables and flavored tea additives. Many cultures are not just friends, but show a beneficial effect on the development of each other: tall sunbathing sunflowers and corn coexist well, as their roots develop at different depths and create the necessary shade for low plants preferring light shading: chard, spinach.
Green spinach leaves will provide soil moisture and keep weeds from growing while beets and beans, potatoes or tomatoes are sprouting in the same area. And when it comes time to cut the leaves of spinach, the soil will be useful for the soil roots, helping neighbors to get food from the soil. These and other examples of joint planting of vegetables in a garden demonstrate the advantages of growing different crops on a common territory, if you know what is friends with what and why, and what can be planted side by side on one common garden bed. It is equally important to consider which plants do not tolerate each other.
What are compatible
Cabbage harvests usually suffer from pests, so onions, garlic are planted to protect against gluttonous caterpillars, and mint, sage, rosemary and Bogorodskaya herbs will help to protect you from butterflies. Snails do not like cucumber grass, earthen fleas avoid planting celery.
In addition to advocates, cabbage has just friendly vegetables-neighbors: potatoes, salads, cucumbers, beets.
Carrots are not recommended in neighbors for cabbage (although broccoli is possible), beans, and grapes, strawberries and tomatoes are planted away from cabbage.
It is noticed that basil is not just the best neighbor for tomatoes, it makes the taste of vegetables richer. It is harmoniously combined with garlic that protects against pests, leafy greens, radish and radish, beans, carrots, onions and beets. Tomatoes develop well near the peppers, even in greenhouses - in a greenhouse or greenhouse. Dill and potatoes are better to plant away, but nettle - a malicious weed - is very useful for improving the taste of tomatoes.
There is an experience when cucumbers are planted with corn, which helps to cope with ants, becomes an additional support for tenacious cucumbers, corn leaves cover a neighbor from the hot sun.
Radish and radish scare away beetles and improve the taste of fruits. You can plant a number of onions with garlic. Compatibility of related plants - cucumbers and zucchini - a good example of co-cultivation on the same bed. Spinach, beans with beans, dill, celery, and even beets are good neighbors on cucumber beds. The compatibility of vegetables and weeds in the garden is manifested in a combination of cucumbers and tansy, schiritsy, quinoa. These weeds help the crop resist pests.
Cucumbers and tomatoes do not grow nearby, especially in greenhouses and hotbeds - they have very different maintenance conditions. Potatoes and spices are also planted away from each other.
Some gardeners believe that a favorable neighborhood pumpkin is not found. They do not put the pumpkin near the zucchini for sure - it is fraught with over-pollination, with potatoes, peppers and eggplants and legumes. Possible joint planting with radish and nasturtium - these crops perform a protective function.
The best neighbor for carrots is onions, but many years onions. The fact is that onions and carrots are a fundamental difference in the needs of watering: either the onions will rot, or the carrots will not go away. Garlic, spinach, radishes, lettuce - the most popular examples of beds with joint planting of carrots.
Dill from carrot beds are torn out mercilessly: these plants, competitors for moisture and nutrition, have the same diseases. Carrots and parsley do not get along on the same bed, not the best neighbor and celery.
When planting potatoes, many experienced gardeners throw a bean into the hole - the best partner of the crop, helping to get a more abundant crop. The potato has many useful garden satellites: beans, coriander, marigolds with nasturtium or tansy protect from the main pest - the Colorado potato beetle. Garlic, planted in between the rows, helps to cope with late blight.
Friends of potatoes are radishes, salads, cabbage, eggplants, horseradish (if you control its distribution), calendula, corn.
But the quinoa inhibits the growth of potatoes, for the same reason they do not plant beets next to them. Raspberries and tomatoes can cause late blight. Courgettes, cucumbers, sorrel - examples of incompatibility of cultures
Having identified mint or catnip as neighbors for beetroot, the gardener removes himself from the fight against aphids and fleas, the main pests of the vegetable. Proven neighbors for root vegetables - cabbage (white cabbage), carrots, onions, celery, carrots, and strawberries will do. But for a mutually beneficial neighborhood all plants need to provide a place - it is impossible to thicken the planting.
Antagonists beet - potatoes, beans. It is not recommended to plant mustard near.
Basil is not just a neighbor. It is an active helper for bell peppers, it contributes to better growth and development of the plant. Onions are good for pepper, and beets are just a good neighbor. Carrots, peas, and beans are not grown near peppers.
Perennial onion feathers and carrots are an almost perfect example of plant compatibility in a vegetable garden. And the onions grown for the sake of the onions are incompatible with carrots, since the moisture-loving carrot will ruin the neighbor or the onion harvest will leave the gardener without the carrot, because they have different demands on the moisture of the substrate.
Comfortable onions on the same bed with tomatoes, green crops, beets, strawberries. But not with sage, radish, beans, legumes, grapes, gladioli.
Garlic is valued by gardeners for its beneficial nutritional qualities and for the contribution of the vegetable to pest control: it protects the planting from insects, caterpillars, slugs, and even moles, if you plant a large area with garlic. Garlic is friends with radishes, salads, celery, strawberries, carrots. It protects potato plantings from phytophtoras, and decorative plants - gladioli and roses - from aphids.
Among the enemies of garlic, note the legumes.
Eggplant with beans - the perfect union in the fight against the Colorado potato beetle. Creeping thyme protects the eggplant from fleas. Included in one scheme of planting with eggplants, turnip, peppers, greens. Incompatible with cucumbers, cabbage.
Radish is well grown next to carrots, cabbage, turnip, beans, salads, tomatoes, beans. And onions, cucumbers, beets are not suitable for common planting with radishes.
Turnip can grow with peas, but does not develop in an environment of asparagus, next to mustard.
Salads are used in various combination beds. And spinach is recommended for obligatory planting: agricultural technicians note its compatibility with any plants in the garden and benefit in enriching the country’s land.
The list of plants that do not get along in the close company of other crops is small. The leader of this list is fennel, which requires an individual planting.
More often the incompatibility is explained by the kinship of the crops (dill, coriander, parsley, umbrella family, compete and suffer from some diseases).
When planning a general planting plan, consider the size of an adult plant, the characteristics of the root system, the need for free space on a plot of land. If we neglect these factors, then even a favorable neighborhood in theory in practice will bring only problems.
By studying the peculiarities of the influence of plants on each other, the gardener increases the efficiency of his labor. The summer resident transforms every year the appearance of the site, because knowledge of the foundations of allelopathy of garden and horticultural crops allows you to create unique flower beds, giving a rich harvest and giving beauty and joy.