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Far East paniculine hydrangea Kyushu

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The plant belongs to the type Hydrangea paniculous Hortensia genus family Hortensiae. Form - deciduous shrub. It grows on any soil, except for pure sand and marsh, preferring, nevertheless, to acidic soil. It tolerates light shade and partial shade. Under the direct rays of the sun loses its luxurious decorative look. Distinctive features of Kyushu panicle hydrangea variety:

  • The root system is superficial, sensitive to damage. Size exceeds the crown of the bush in adulthood.
  • Branches upright, hard, red-brown color. The diameter of the crown to 3 meters.
  • Leaves ellipsoid, green color with red petioles.
  • Flowers are odorous, white. They form friable cone-shaped inflorescences with a length of 20-35 cm. By autumn, they may acquire a slightly pinkish hue.

Description of the variety Hortensia Kiushu

Published records of archaeological excavations in Japan, South and East Asia, North and South America, and China give reason to believe that the Hortensia family is an ancient representative of the flora. The variety is often called Hortensia Kuishi or Hortensia of Japan, although Kiusha Ajisay is pronounced in the historical homeland of the culture.

As an ornamental plant, such a variety as the hydrangea paniculata was brought to Europe in 1829 from Japan by a German naturalist, a researcher of the country of the rising sun, physician Philip Franz von Siebold. Somewhat later, in the same place, in Europe, the Hortensia paniculata cultivar Kyushu was cultivated.

Adult bushes reach a three-meter height. Branches of red-brown and brown, looking through the emerald-green leaves, give the plant a special refinement and beauty. Ornaments add leaf stalks to the branches. The fragrant white flowers, collected in a conical panicle, cover the entire crown, reaching 2-3 meters in diameter. The spreading shape of the shrub, resembling a fan, looks spectacular in the garden. Using the trimming method, you can achieve various forms of the bush.

Signs of a variety in a purchased bush may not appear immediately. Hortense Kyushu will reveal all her beauty with proper care a few years after planting.

Important! The formation of the bush can be carried out at 3-4 year old plants and older.

Planting hydrangeas

The recommended landing time is spring, as soon as the earth thaws and warms up. In the southern regions of Russia can be planted in the ground in spring and autumn. Planting with a well-formed root system in the middle or end of September is acceptable. Young seedlings better planted in the spring.

Choosing a landing site

Kyushu hydrangea is a light-loving plant, but it does not tolerate the direct rays of the sun. In addition, in the open sun the soil dries quickly, which is unacceptable for the growth of a healthy bush. However, placing it in a thick shade, you can not wait for flowering. Choosing a place for a plant, it is worth considering:

  • Daylight. Hortense loves light most of the day.
  • The distance to the nearest trees. Close proximity should be avoided, otherwise rivalry for moisture and nutrition is inevitable.
  • Windproof. An important factor due to the fragility and fragility of the shoots of seedlings.

Choosing a landing site

Soil preparation

Place under the hydrangea is prepared for a few days, so that the soil subsides a little. In a hole 40 cm deep and 50 by 60 cm wide, they are laid:

  • drainage (broken brick, crushed stone, expanded clay) in 6-8 cm,
  • superphosphate (60 g),
  • potash fertilizers (20 g),
  • nitrogen fertilizers at spring planting (20 g),
  • peat (depends on acidity, the lower it is, the greater the proportion),
  • humus (8-10 kg)

Clay is added to sandy soil with a layer of 3-4 cm.

Important! Categorically it is impossible to bring fresh manure and lime. This will destroy the seedling. The size of the pit for planting depends on the size of the root system of the plant.

Recommended distance between landing pits:

  • with a single planting (to neighboring plants) - 1-1.5 meters,
  • hedge - 70-90 cm (so that the bushes do not overwhelm each other, a thinning pruning is required once a year),
  • standard forms - at least two meters.

The roots of the shrub are pruned a bit to stimulate growth. When planting in spring, annual shoots are shortened to the level of 3-4 buds. The seedling is dug, sprinkling the root neck of 2-3 cm of soil. After abundant watering, the earth will settle a little and the neck will remain at the surface level. Next, tree trunks are mulched with a layer of 5-8 cm of peat or wood chips, needles, walnut husks or straw.

Breeding varieties

Breeding hydrangea breeds in several ways:

  • Seeds. In a mixture of leaf soil, peat and sand (4: 2: 1), lower the seed, lightly sprinkle it with the same composition, moisten it with a spraying method and cover with a transparent material to create the greenhouse effect. The seed substrate should always be wet. Shoots appear in 1-1.5 months. At this point, you can take shelter. At the stage of formation of the cotyledon leaves of the plant dive. When three or four permanent sheets appear, the pick is repeated and the plants are transferred to separate pots of small diameter. From this moment on, they are hardened, bringing out fresh air during the day, outside of the draft and direct sunlight. At home, the sprout is 2 years old, and then in the spring it is transplanted into the garden on the beds to strengthen and grow. Permanent seedling takes place at the age of 3-5 years. Paniculate varieties do not tolerate frequent transplantation.
  • Cuttings. Young sprigs of a plant with several buds are used. They are placed in a container with water until the formation of roots, and then transplanted into the soil. If the cutting is immediately planned to be rooted by planting in the ground, the lower leaves are cut off completely, the upper ones - by half for photosynthesis in the cutting. A small seedling is covered with a dome, creating a greenhouse effect. After a month and a half, when the cutting takes root, the shelter can be removed. The sapling needs to be ventilated once a week for about an hour and keep the soil moist.

Important! Layers before the roots appear regularly watered.

Caring for Hydrangea Paniculata Kyushu

Observing simple rules of care, you can achieve a violent and prolonged flowering:

  • The plant for beautiful and healthy flowering requires annual pruning. The branches are shortened in the fall after flowering or before the growing season in spring. Leave from 3 to 4 buds. If necessary, produce and sanitary pruning bushes.
  • In order to avoid drying of the soil and to protect against pests, culture bushes mulch with needles, wood shavings, chopped straw, and husks of nuts.
  • Watering should be regular, preferably in the morning. Shrub poorly tolerates drought, but easily withstands long-term stagnant water.
  • The plant requires a lot of nutrients for growth and flowering. Responsive to green fertilizers (infusion of nettle), mullein and mineral fertilizers. Fertilizer application mode - once every two weeks.

Important! Lime, dolomite flour, ash, chalk are excluded from the list of dressings. Hortensia does not tolerate them.

Diseases, pests and means of combating them

Under observance of growing conditions, hydrangea paniculata Kyushu is resistant to diseases and rarely falls prey to pests. Particular attention should be paid to prevention:

  • excess of humus and lime in the soil is unacceptable, it will lead to the development of chlorosis (expressed in yellowing of the leaves) - a solution of potassium nitrate and ferrous sulfate is recommended for treatment according to the instructions to the preparations,
  • Increased humidity of the air and soil causes powdery mildew (dark spots appear on the leaves) - spray it with a solution of copper sulfate and green soap (15 and 150 g, respectively) in 10 liters of water,
  • insufficient air humidity contributes to the appearance of spider mites and aphids - for the treatment use insecticides according to the instruction manual or solution of household soap.

Hortensia paniculata Kyushu resistant to gas and smoke. This is its property and, of course, the beauty of the culture itself is successfully used in urban parks and gardens.

Description of hydrangea Kiushu

Kyushu hydrangea's birthplace are Japan, China and Russian Sakhalin.

As a cultivated plant, this species of hydrangea is widely distributed, because the bush is unpretentious and under favorable conditions it can grow well even in an unusual climate. True, in order for the shrub to appear in all its glory, the gardener still needs to make some effort, and also spend some of his time on caring for him.

It is possible to describe the hydrangea paniculata Kyushu as an ornamental shrub with an early flowering time, reaching a height of 3 m. The spreading bush has a rounded dense crown. His red-brown shoots are straight and protruding.

The plant has shiny dark green leaves egg shaped with red cuttings. The leaves are 9–12 cm long.

White inflorescences have the shape of a pyramid with a wide base. It is their similarity to the whisk that gave the name of the bush. As autumn approaches, the white color of the broomstick changes to pink. Each inflorescence is made up of small flowers with four petals. The diameter of each flower reaches 3 cm. Most flowers are capable of bearing fruits, sterile among them is small. Hortensia is a honey plant, and its flowers have a pleasant honey aroma.

Usually the first flowering of a shrub occurs in the fifth year of life. Hydrangea blooms for a long time: blooming in late June or early July, it pleases flowers until the end of September.

Under good conditions and proper care, the bush grows rather quickly and preserves its decorative effect for many years.

Peculiarities of care

Hortense Kyushu is winter-hardy. It tolerates cold temperatures down to -30 ° C. In addition, the shrub is quite drought-resistant, although very moisture-loving. It is believed that even its name, he received a nameoh for the love of water. Literal translation of the word «hydrangea"From ancient Greek - a vessel of water.

The indisputable advantage of hydrangea is that it can grow even in a highly polluted atmosphere.

For growth the bush prefers a penumbra. Although it can grow in the sun. But you need to take into account that the plant on a sunny plot will have smaller flowers, and the growth of the bush itself will slow down.

Hortensia paniculata Kyushu loves clay and acidic soil. And the more acidic its soil will be, the brighter it will bloom. Sandy and neutral soils can cause the plant to turn pale and lose its magnificent appearance.

It is necessary to feed the hydrangea paniculata four times each season:

  • First time. At the very beginning of sap flow, that is, in early spring, it is necessary to add to the soil organic matter, for example, cow dung or bird droppings.
  • Second time. The shrub is fed during the period of making the buds. The following nutrient solution is used for this: ten liters of water, in which 25 g of urea, 35 g of potassium sulfate, 35 g of superphosphate are dissolved. This amount of fertilizer is enough for one square meter of soil. Pour the solution around the bush, within the diameter of its crown.
  • Third time. In the middle of summer, the plant is fertilized with 25–35 g of granulated complex mineral fertilizerdissolved in a bucket of water. On one adult bush, it is necessary to pour out 2–3 buckets of such a solution.
  • Fourth time. Top dressing is carried out during the preparation for the winter. To do this, use a special fertilizer for hydrangeas, in which there is no nitrogen.

Trimming Hydrangea Paniculata

Lush bush requires annual heavy pruning. Carry it to the disclosure of buds, which subsequently allows the plant to bloom well. If the hydrangea is not cut, then there is a chance that the decoration of the Far East in general will refuse to please the owner with flowers.

Late autumn follows cut off all remaining inflorescences on the bush. This measure will allow to avoid the branches broken by snow. In addition, you need to completely remove the weak and decaying shoots of the plant.

If spring shoots are found frozen, they are cut, leaving only the healthy part. In this case, you can count on the fact that in the summer they also bloom.

All annual shoots must be shortened, leaving only 3 to 5 pairs of buds.

If the hydrangea is grown in the form of a bush, then the shoots need to be cut into three buds. This bush will bloom in the same year, forming at the end of each shoot paniculate inflorescences, which can be up to 40 cm in length.

The standard form of the plant is cut less strictly, but the inflorescences on it are, as a rule, smaller, only 20–25 cm. A large number of them serves as compensation.

Old hydrangea bushes can be rejuvenated after a large pruning. In this case, the shoots are removed to the perennial wood or even to the stump. After such a radical removal of branches, the bush will be able to restore decorative in a year. But on the other hand, this rejuvenation stimulates the formation of new strong shoots in the plant, which will have large inflorescences.

Breeding methods

A luxurious shrub is propagated with both layering and cuttings. Unfortunately, the hydrangea seeds Kiushu in central Russia do not ripen.

In order to propagate the plant by layering, they must be dealt with already in early spring, before the buds bloom.

To begin with, the soil around the adult bush needs to be dug up, and then grooved on it. After that, shoots are selected from the lower part of the shrub and placed in prepared grooves, where they are fixed and sprinkled with earth.

By the end of the summer prikopanny shoots form young stalks. When these stems reach a height of 15 cm, they begin to spud. This technique will allow future seedlings to increase the root system. Hilling is done about once a week until the stems grow to 25–30 cm.

With the onset of the autumn period, future seedlings dig out and separate the already formed shoots from the mother plant. Planted them separately, well sprinkling the roots with soil. In the spring young hydrangeas move to the beds. Plants are planted in a permanent place only at the age of 4–5 years.

Cut the plant propagated in the summer. For this it is necessary in the middle of July in the early morning, when the bush is still filled with moisture, to cut off several young shoots. After this, each shoot is divided into parts so that each cutting has 4–5 pairs of leaves. The top of the shoot is thrown away. The lower leaves of the resulting cuttings are removed, and all the upper leaves are cut by half.

Future hydrangeas are left for a couple of days in a weak solution. root growth stimulatorthen put in a wet mixture of peat and sand. Over the next month, the seedlings are kept in a polyethylene greenhouse, regularly watered and ventilated.

So that they could survive the winter, the plants are well covered, and in the spring they are planted on the garden bed. From the second year of life, hydrangeas no longer need shelter and are able to winter themselves on beds.

Removing inflorescences on saplings that spend the first summer in the ground, will allow them to get stronger faster.

Planting seedlings

Before you start planting seedlings, you need identify the places of their growth. It must be a place protected from the wind, lit, but having a slight shadow. In no case can not place the plants in places of possible snow removal from the roofs of buildings. Hortensia, unlike trees, does not have dense wood, and can easily break when a snow layer falls on it.

As already mentioned, paniculate bush prefers acidic soil, but if there is none, then it can be created. There are two ways to make a suitable primer:

  • soil application special acidifying mineral fertilizers
  • watering with water with the addition of citric acid, vinegar, dairy products.

The ideal time of year for planting seedlings is early spring. After the thawed earth, you can begin to prepare the seedlings. They shorten the roots a little, as well as annual shoots.

Further, for each bush, a groove is made in the ground, which should be 50–70 cm in diameter. It is not necessary to make a deep hole because the plant has surface roots, that is, they expand more in breadth than inland.

If the plant is used to create a hedge, then you must first dig a meter strip. Then it should be planted seedlings, respecting the distance of one meter between them. As the fence grows plants need to thin out so that the distance between adult hydrangeas was already two and a half meters.

The bottom of each pit is covered with a layer of suitable drainage:

  • clay soil: crushed stone, brick or ceramic fight, pebbles,
  • sandy soil: a layer of clay.

The drainage is covered with soil mixture, after which a seedling is placed in a hole and its roots are gently straightened. After that, the hole is filled with soil and tamped. It is necessary to ensure that the root neck of the bush is flush with the soil surface. If everything is done correctly, the plant is well watered and mulched with compost or peat chips, creating a layer of 5–8 cm. This measure will allow moisture to stay longer in the soil.

Be sure to pay attention to the quality of water intended for irrigation of hydrangea Kyushu. Water should be soft, best rain. And it is also necessary to remember that the plant requires regular and abundant watering.

Pests and diseases

If suitable conditions are created on the site for hydrangea, then the plant will successfully resist all attacks of diseases.

Excessive soil извести или перегноя может вызвать у растения развитие хлороза. In this disease, hydrangea leaves, in addition to the central vein, become light yellow in color. To save the plant from the disease it is watered several times with a solution of potassium nitrate, diluted at a ratio of four grams to one sheet of water. After three days after the last irrigation with nitrate, the diseased bush is watered with a solution of ferrous sulfate, made in the same concentration.

When the air temperature is 18–20 ° C and high humidity, hydrangea is susceptible to a disease called “downy mildew”. It is characterized by the appearance of dark oily spots, which gradually creep away on the leaves and stems of the plant. For the treatment of the bush spray applied therapeutic solution consisting of 15 g of copper sulfate and 150 g of green soap, diluted in a bucket of water.

Another disease that occurs in the summer with high humidity is gray mold. To get rid of it, it is necessary to remove all the affected leaves and shoots, after which the infected shrub needs to be treated with fungicides.

Low air humidity can also be dangerous for hydrangeas. Dry air weakens the plant, which allows pests such as spider mite and aphid. You can fight them by spraying with a simple soap solution, but in this case it is much more effective to use system insecticides.

To prevent infection by pests, it is necessary to remove all weeds around the bush in time, since they can serve as a breeding ground for harmful insects.

Hortense Kyushu is able to decorate any garden. Fragrant white air bushes will bring lightness and charm to the landscape of the site. Dried inflorescences of plants collected in bouquets, even in cold winter will remind of sunny summer.

Selection of seeds and planting hydrangeas in open ground

Homeland hydrangeas, including varieties Kyushu is China and Japan. Therefore, ordering seeds from China is quite appropriate. You can collect seeds from fertile flowers, they look small and not very beautiful, however, they are fertile. Bright lush flowers do not give seeds.

The seeds themselves should not be damaged, evenly shaped. In the case when, by request, the seed material is slightly moist, you can dry it a little in the oven. Be sure to first sanitize the seeds before planting in a solution of copper sulphate or potassium permanganate.

In February, seedlings are prepared, seeds are first germinated on wet gauze, moistened with a pulverizator. Then the plant is planted in pots, you can peat. The care is normal, as for other indoor flowers. The main thing - young hydrangeas do not like direct sunlight. For them suitable diffused, but bright enough light. Along with watering from time to time it is useful for Kyushu seedlings to spray them from the pulvelliser. They love acidified water. Twice a month, you can feed the soil with mineral fertilizers.

Before planting seedlings in open ground, you need to choose the right place for them. It should be protected from hot sunlight and wind. The place near the wall of the house, where the snow in winter can fall from the roof and break the fragile branches of the plant, will also not work.

Acidic soils are suitable for hydrangea. However, even inappropriate primer can be adapted for Kyushu. To do this, use special mineral fertilizers that can acidify the earth. To irrigate with acidic water, diluting lemon juice, dairy products, and table vinegar.

Planting hydrangea kyushu in open ground occurs in early spring, when the earth warms up. A small and not very deep hole is made up under the shrub up to seventy centimeters in diameter. The roots of this plant grow in width, but not in depth. Drainage material is put on the bottom - pebbles, pieces of brick. When Kyushu is planted on sandy soil, the clay layer will play the role of drainage.

Next, a little hole sprinkled with a good nutrient mixture, have a seedling in it so that it was convenient to straighten the roots. They pour more soil, the plant does not need to be deepened too much, the neck should be flush with the surface. Watering the seedling and pouring compost, peat quite a good layer, eight centimeters.

Panicle hydrangea Kiushu in the garden

Location selection

Adult specimens hardly recover after transplantation. Therefore, the place where the sapling will grow and develop should be long-term.

Place for landing should be sheltered from strong windand enoughwell lit, shading up to a penumbra is possible.

Priming

The soil should have an acid reaction and combine friability with adequate nutritional value.

Its composition may include peat, humus, sod, leaf soil and sand in equal quantities.

A mixture of peat and humus with garden soil in equal proportions is also used.

Landing

The best time to place in the open field - Spring. Bushes that have wintered in the ground can be planted soon after thawing of the soil. Greenhouses with leaves should be planted only at the end of spring, at the end of the frost period.

The dimensions of the landing pit should provide space for the growth of the root system. The usual "measurements" - the length and width from 0.5 to 0.8 meters. The depth may be somewhat less, since the surface roots expand more in breadth than in depth.

If the soil is clay, the bottom is provided with a drainage layer of crushed stone, pebbles, brick or ceramic paving.

Sandy soil, by contrast, compacted with a layer of clay, which is placed at the bottom of the planting pit.

A layer of soil mixture and a carefully spread root system, pre-moistened in a bucket of water, are poured into the prepared landing pit.

Dust the soil and gently seal it. As a result, the root neck should be flush with the soil surface, but not deeper.

Watering

Optimal water for irrigation should be soft, ideal - rainwater.

Tap water should be well defended. It is useful from time to time. add some lemon juice or vinegar.

Pancake hydrangea Kyushu, compared with other types of hydrangeas, is relatively drought-resistant, but in dry summers and with a lack of moisture in the spring, regular plentiful watering.

Top dressing

The plant responds well to a complex mineral supplement. The best option is mixtures designed and intended for hydrangeas. They can be periodically supplemented with organic compounds.

Terms of fertilizer application are coordinated with the main phases of growth and development:

spring feeding supports the education of young shoots

June contributes to the abundant formation of buds,

summerduring flowering, prolong it. These feedings are carried out twice a month. The potassium and phosphoric components are enhanced, while the nitrogen component is decreasing.

Autumn, before the dormant period, includes superphosphate and potassium sulfate.

Growth and pruning

Rapidly growing (25 cm per year) bushes can and should be spring pruning, as the flower buds are formed on the shoots of the current year and are revealed the same summer.

Moreover, heavy pruning shoots up to the level of three to five buds stimulates mass formation of powerful young shoots with large inflorescences.

Old bushes rejuvenate, cutting them to the level of perennial wood or even on a stump.

Sophisticated pruning can to form this hydrangea as graceful trees.

To this end, a young, leading plant and 4-5 “accompanying” lateral shoots are isolated on the young plant, the remaining shoots are removed, and the lateral shoots are left pinched. Give the "leader" to reach a height of 1-1.5 meters.

Then its top is cut off, thereby stimulating the formation of skeletal branches of the crown. Side "support" is removed. Form a crown with growth.

An adult paniculate hydrangea does not need a winter shelter. Young plants, especially in the first wintering, bend down to the ground and cover with spruce branches.

So that the branches do not break off, they are tied in one bundle and attached to a reliable support.

The abundant flowering of fragrant "sweeper" begins in July and lasts until mid-autumn.

The shade of the inflorescences depends on their age — the older, the rosier — and the acidity of the soil: the flowers become brighter the acidic the soil is.

This feature is widely used to enhance the decorative flowering, especially as acidified, soft water is useful for plants.

On young bushes that spend the first summer in the ground, the inflorescences are removed so that the plant is strong enough and does not spend strength on flowering.

"Panicle" inflorescences are long cut, and when dried, they retain their shape and color.

IMPORTANT: All inflorescences should be cut to the first heavy snowfalls, since sticking snow on them will create an unbearable load for fragile branches.

Diseases and pests

Hydrangea on the site with optimal conditions for it is resistant to disease.

On soils limed or oversaturated with humus, a plant may develop chlorosis: leaves, except the central vein, become izhelta-light.

In this case, spend a few watering. potassium nitrate solution with a concentration of 4g / l, and after 3 days - ferrous sulfate solution the same concentration.

Downy mildew, characteristic dark oily, gradually spreading spots on the leaves and stems, appears at a temperature of 18-20 degrees and high atmospheric humidity.

An effective remedy for such a disease - spraying with copper-soap solution: 15 g of copper sulfate and 150 g of green soap on a bucket of water.

Gray rotthat develops in the summer with high humidity will require removal of the affected leaves and shoots, followed by treatment of the bush fungicides.

With a low humidity on the plant can settle aphid and spider mites. They can be removed with soapy water; however, in such cases it is most effective to use systemic insecticides.

As a preventive measure, you need to get rid of weed vegetation, which serves as a haven and breeding ground for these pests.

Paniculata hydrangea Kyushu can withstand not only severe winter cold, but also a significant pollution of the atmosphere.

Long-lasting fragrant flowering of these perennial bushes-trees from Kyushu Island in the open ground of the middle zone requires little - a properly chosen planting place, simple maintenance and optimal watering.

See photos of hydrangea Kiushu:

Useful information

You can get acquainted with other materials about hydrangea garden:

  1. How to properly care for bobo paniculate hydrangea? Growing and preparing for winter
  2. How to properly care for Hydrangea Limelight?
  3. How does a Duboliferous hydrangea winter?
  4. Frost-resistant hydrangea Pinky Winky on your site
  5. Hortensia paniculata grandiflora - features of care and reproduction in the garden plot
  6. Hydrangea curly (petiolate, climbing) - a hedge in your garden!
  7. Hydrangea tree Annabelle - snow-white decoration of your site
  8. Tree hydrangea in your garden - planting and care, breeding, wintering
  9. How to make friends with serrated hydrangea?
  10. Frost-resistant large-leaved hydrangea
  11. How to care for a panicle hydrangea phantom? Planting, wintering, breeding
  12. How to properly care for panilla hydrangea vanilla fraze?
  13. Fragrant "princess" hydrangea paniculata in your garden: features of care
  14. Secrets of breeding garden hydrangea
  15. Garden hydrangea: planting and care, neighborhood in the garden
  16. Do not let the garden hydrangea freeze! How to cover the hydrangea for the winter?
  17. How to protect the garden hydrangea from diseases and pests?

This shrub with fluffy whisk of flowers conquers the heart at first sight. He has incredible beauty and elegance. Long white cone-shaped inflorescences that turn pinkish at the end of summer. But the entire flowering period, they look very impressive against the green gloss of a set of neat leaves of the shrub. And after all, this natural beauty can be enjoyed all the summer months, until the very beginning of autumn. Not surprisingly, this hydrangea Kiushu is one of the most beloved shrubs of the creators of landscape design. In almost every region of the country one can meet quite a few gardeners who are admirers of this paniculate bush.

  1. Description of hydrangea Kiushu
  2. Peculiarities of care
  3. Trimming Hydrangea Paniculata
  4. Breeding methods
  5. Planting seedlings
  6. Pests and diseases

Description of hydrangea Kiushu

Kyushu hydrangea's birthplace are Japan, China and Russian Sakhalin.

As a cultivated plant, this species of hydrangea is widely distributed, because the bush is unpretentious and under favorable conditions it can grow well even in an unusual climate. True, in order for the shrub to appear in all its glory, the gardener still needs to make some effort, and also spend some of his time on caring for him.

It is possible to describe the hydrangea paniculata Kyushu as an ornamental shrub with an early flowering time, reaching a height of 3 m. The spreading bush has a rounded dense crown. His red-brown shoots are straight and protruding.

The plant has shiny dark green leaves egg shaped with red cuttings. The leaves are 9–12 cm long.

White inflorescences have the shape of a pyramid with a wide base. It is their similarity to the whisk that gave the name of the bush. As autumn approaches, the white color of the broomstick changes to pink. Each inflorescence is made up of small flowers with four petals. The diameter of each flower reaches 3 cm. Most flowers are capable of bearing fruits, sterile among them is small. Hortensia is a honey plant, and its flowers have a pleasant honey aroma.

Usually the first flowering of a shrub occurs in the fifth year of life. Hydrangea blooms for a long time: blooming in late June or early July, it pleases flowers until the end of September.

Under good conditions and proper care, the bush grows rather quickly and preserves its decorative effect for many years.

Hortense Kyushu is winter-hardy. It tolerates cold temperatures down to -30 ° C. In addition, the shrub is quite drought-resistant, although very moisture-loving. It is believed that even its name, he received a nameoh for the love of water. Literal translation of the word «hydrangea"From ancient Greek - a vessel of water.

The indisputable advantage of hydrangea is that it can grow even in a highly polluted atmosphere.

For growth the bush prefers a penumbra. Although it can grow in the sun. But you need to take into account that the plant on a sunny plot will have smaller flowers, and the growth of the bush itself will slow down.

Hortensia paniculata Kyushu loves clay and acidic soil. And the more acidic its soil will be, the brighter it will bloom. Sandy and neutral soils can cause the plant to turn pale and lose its magnificent appearance.

It is necessary to feed the hydrangea paniculata four times each season:

  • First time. At the very beginning of sap flow, that is, in early spring, it is necessary to add to the soil organic matter, for example, cow dung or bird droppings.
  • Second time. The shrub is fed during the period of making the buds. The following nutrient solution is used for this: ten liters of water, in which 25 g of urea, 35 g of potassium sulfate, 35 g of superphosphate are dissolved. This amount of fertilizer is enough for one square meter of soil. Pour the solution around the bush, within the diameter of its crown.
  • Third time. In the middle of summer, the plant is fertilized with 25–35 g of granulated complex mineral fertilizerdissolved in a bucket of water. On one adult bush, it is necessary to pour out 2–3 buckets of such a solution.
  • Fourth time. Top dressing is carried out during the preparation for the winter. To do this, use a special fertilizer for hydrangeas, in which there is no nitrogen.

Trimming Hydrangea Paniculata

Lush bush requires annual heavy pruning. Carry it to the disclosure of buds, which subsequently allows the plant to bloom well. If the hydrangea is not cut, then there is a chance that the decoration of the Far East in general will refuse to please the owner with flowers.

Late autumn follows cut off all remaining inflorescences on the bush. This measure will allow to avoid the branches broken by snow. In addition, you need to completely remove the weak and decaying shoots of the plant.

If spring shoots are found frozen, they are cut, leaving only the healthy part. In this case, you can count on the fact that in the summer they also bloom.

All annual shoots must be shortened, leaving only 3 to 5 pairs of buds.

If the hydrangea is grown in the form of a bush, then the shoots need to be cut into three buds. This bush will bloom in the same year, forming at the end of each shoot paniculate inflorescences, which can be up to 40 cm in length.

The standard form of the plant is cut less strictly, but the inflorescences on it are, as a rule, smaller, only 20–25 cm. A large number of them serves as compensation.

Old hydrangea bushes can be rejuvenated after a large pruning. In this case, the shoots are removed to the perennial wood or even to the stump. After such a radical removal of branches, the bush will be able to restore decorative in a year. But on the other hand, this rejuvenation stimulates the formation of new strong shoots in the plant, which will have large inflorescences.

A luxurious shrub is propagated with both layering and cuttings. Unfortunately, the hydrangea seeds Kiushu in central Russia do not ripen.

In order to propagate the plant by layering, they must be dealt with already in early spring, before the buds bloom.

To begin with, the soil around the adult bush needs to be dug up, and then grooved on it. После этого из нижней части кустарника выбираются побеги и укладываются в подготовленные бороздки, где закрепляются и присыпаются землёй.

By the end of the summer prikopanny shoots form young stalks. When these stems reach a height of 15 cm, they begin to spud. This technique will allow future seedlings to increase the root system. Hilling is done about once a week until the stems grow to 25–30 cm.

With the onset of the autumn period, future seedlings dig out and separate the already formed shoots from the mother plant. Planted them separately, well sprinkling the roots with soil. In the spring young hydrangeas move to the beds. Plants are planted in a permanent place only at the age of 4–5 years.

Cut the plant propagated in the summer. For this it is necessary in the middle of July in the early morning, when the bush is still filled with moisture, to cut off several young shoots. After this, each shoot is divided into parts so that each cutting has 4–5 pairs of leaves. The top of the shoot is thrown away. The lower leaves of the resulting cuttings are removed, and all the upper leaves are cut by half.

Future hydrangeas are left for a couple of days in a weak solution. root growth stimulatorthen put in a wet mixture of peat and sand. Over the next month, the seedlings are kept in a polyethylene greenhouse, regularly watered and ventilated.

So that they could survive the winter, the plants are well covered, and in the spring they are planted on the garden bed. From the second year of life, hydrangeas no longer need shelter and are able to winter themselves on beds.

Removing inflorescences on saplings that spend the first summer in the ground, will allow them to get stronger faster.

Before you start planting seedlings, you need identify the places of their growth. It must be a place protected from the wind, lit, but having a slight shadow. In no case can not place the plants in places of possible snow removal from the roofs of buildings. Hortensia, unlike trees, does not have dense wood, and can easily break when a snow layer falls on it.

As already mentioned, paniculate bush prefers acidic soil, but if there is none, then it can be created. There are two ways to make a suitable primer:

  • soil application special acidifying mineral fertilizers
  • watering with water with the addition of citric acid, vinegar, dairy products.

The ideal time of year for planting seedlings is early spring. After the thawed earth, you can begin to prepare the seedlings. They shorten the roots a little, as well as annual shoots.

Further, for each bush, a groove is made in the ground, which should be 50–70 cm in diameter. It is not necessary to make a deep hole because the plant has surface roots, that is, they expand more in breadth than inland.

If the plant is used to create a hedge, then you must first dig a meter strip. Then it should be planted seedlings, respecting the distance of one meter between them. As the fence grows plants need to thin out so that the distance between adult hydrangeas was already two and a half meters.

The bottom of each pit is covered with a layer of suitable drainage:

  • clay soil: crushed stone, brick or ceramic fight, pebbles,
  • sandy soil: a layer of clay.

The drainage is covered with soil mixture, after which a seedling is placed in a hole and its roots are gently straightened. After that, the hole is filled with soil and tamped. It is necessary to ensure that the root neck of the bush is flush with the soil surface. If everything is done correctly, the plant is well watered and mulched with compost or peat chips, creating a layer of 5–8 cm. This measure will allow moisture to stay longer in the soil.

Be sure to pay attention to the quality of water intended for irrigation of hydrangea Kyushu. Water should be soft, best rain. And it is also necessary to remember that the plant requires regular and abundant watering.

Pests and diseases

If suitable conditions are created on the site for hydrangea, then the plant will successfully resist all attacks of diseases.

Soil with excess content lime or humus can cause chlorosis in plants. In this disease, hydrangea leaves, in addition to the central vein, become light yellow in color. To save the plant from the disease it is watered several times with a solution of potassium nitrate, diluted at a ratio of four grams to one sheet of water. After three days after the last irrigation with nitrate, the diseased bush is watered with a solution of ferrous sulfate, made in the same concentration.

When the air temperature is 18–20 ° C and high humidity, hydrangea is susceptible to a disease called “downy mildew”. It is characterized by the appearance of dark oily spots, which gradually creep away on the leaves and stems of the plant. For the treatment of the bush spray applied therapeutic solution consisting of 15 g of copper sulfate and 150 g of green soap, diluted in a bucket of water.

Another disease that occurs in the summer with high humidity is gray mold. To get rid of it, it is necessary to remove all the affected leaves and shoots, after which the infected shrub needs to be treated with fungicides.

Low air humidity can also be dangerous for hydrangeas. Dry air weakens the plant, which allows pests such as spider mite and aphid. You can fight them by spraying with a simple soap solution, but in this case it is much more effective to use system insecticides.

To prevent infection by pests, it is necessary to remove all weeds around the bush in time, since they can serve as a breeding ground for harmful insects.

Hortense Kyushu is able to decorate any garden. Fragrant white air bushes will bring lightness and charm to the landscape of the site. Dried inflorescences of plants collected in bouquets, even in cold winter will remind of sunny summer.

In this paniculate bush is impossible not to fall in love. Hortensia Kiushu is striking in its beauty, ease and grace. Long cone-shaped white inflorescences, which at the end of summer acquire a pinkish hue, look particularly impressive against the glossy green of numerous neat leaves, and this natural beauty can be admired all summer and early autumn. This is one of the favorite landscaping shrubs. Many admirers of hydrangea paniculata Kyushu and among gardeners of almost all regions of the country.

In this paniculate bush is impossible not to fall in love. Hortensia Kiushu is striking in its beauty, ease and grace. Long cone-shaped white inflorescences, which at the end of summer acquire a pinkish hue, look particularly impressive against the glossy green of numerous neat leaves, and this natural beauty can be admired all summer and early autumn. This is one of the favorite landscaping shrubs. Many admirers of hydrangea paniculata Kyushu and among gardeners of almost all regions of the country.

Description of the species

In the wild, hydrangea Kyushu can be found in Japan, China and Sakhalin. And in garden interiors it is used everywhere, even in areas with difficult climatic data, creating favorable conditions for its growth. However, it is quite unpretentious. But in order for the bush to become truly luxurious, you need to exert a little effort and devote some of your time to it.

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What looks like a hydrangea paniculata Kyushu? This decorative early flowering shrub can reach a height of 3 m. Spreading bush, with a rounded dense crown. Shoots are straight, sticking, having a reddish-brown color.

The leaves of the hydrangea are ovate, up to 9-12 cm long, shiny, dark green, with red cuttings. The pubescence is weak from above and stronger from below, especially along the veins.

Snow-white panicles-inflorescences are not very large, they have a pyramidal shape with a wide base. Four-leaved flowers, small, up to 3 cm in diameter, mostly fertile (thirsty), sterile enough. They are honey. The aroma is pleasant, honey. Closer to autumn, the inflorescences turn pink.

As a rule, flowering shrubs begins at 5 years of age. The flowering period is long - from the end of June - the beginning of July and to September, inclusive.

Hydrangea is characterized by rapid growth and durability. It is hardy, withstands temperatures up to -30 ° C, quite drought-resistant and very moisture-loving. According to one of the versions, the shrub bears its name a vessel with water (hydrangea, translated from ancient Greek) for moisture-loving. Another 1 advantage of hydrangea: it carries even a significant pollution of the atmosphere.

Prefers penumbra. It can grow in the sun, but the flowers will be smaller, and the growth of the plant will slow.

Very fond of sour clay soil. And the more acidic the soil, the brighter the shrub will bloom. But on the sandy and neutral lands of the hydrangea pales and feels not comfortable.

In the middle zone it is grown in the open field, decorating patios, summer cottages, gardens and parks.

Trimming and feeding

Hydrangeas require a lot of nutrients, because it is fast growing and has abundant flowering. She urgently needs regular feeding. Begin the season in early spring: each bush is watered with 2-3 buckets of urea solution (18-20 g per 10 l). Then, during the whole season, the nitrogen component gradually decreases in the dressings, and the potassium-phosphoric component increases. In the summer they are held 2 times a month. You can use special mixtures designed for hydrangeas, and supplement them with organic compounds. And the last, autumn top dressing with superphosphate and potassium sulfate is carried out before the rest period.

High paniculate shrub needs annual pruning. If this is not done, it may not bloom at all. Strong pruning is carried out in the spring, before bud break. Removes frozen branches to healthy wood, shorten annuals, leaving 3-5 pairs of buds. This stimulates the formation of powerful young shoots with large buds.

Old plants rejuvenate, cutting branches to the level of perennial wood or stump. Already for 2 years the decorativeness of the bush will be restored.

And in the fall, you need to cut off all the remaining inflorescences so that fragile branches do not break from the snow, and remove weak and thickening shoots.

Hortensia Kiushu - a beautiful decoration of any garden, whether it is a single landing or a living wall. Fragrant air islands will add a touch of lightness and charm to the landscape design. And the bouquets made of dried inflorescences in winter will remind of summer.

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Although the hydrangea hails from faraway Asia, it has caught on very well in our open spaces. In the wild with the highest species diversity, it can be found in Japan, China, and also on Sakhalin. Paniculous shrubs are distinguished by their elegance and ease. Particularly in this sense, the hydrangea paniculata distinguished Kyushu. Ideal for decorating flower gardens, creating flowering fences and decorating courtyards or terraces.

Panic Kyushu Description

This variety is distinguished by its brilliant rounded leaves 9-12 cm long. Flowers in her snow-white color with four petals, which are collected at the end of the stem inflorescence in the form of a panicle. They are not very big and resemble a lilac brush. Usually, the inflorescence consists of two types of flowers: sterile (or sterile) and fertile (or fertile). Barren flowers in diameter reach 3 cm, and the fertile size smaller, and their petals fall early. Paniculata Kiushi begins to bloom at about 5 years of age.

The flowers of the Kyushu variety are melliferous, they attract bees with their nectar.

The flowering period is quite long: from July to October inclusive.

Hortensia paniculata Kyushu landing and care

In the open sun, the growth of the plant slows down, so it’s best to plant in a lighted area where there is a small shadow. It also requires constant watering, as well as feeding, especially during the growth of the plant. The variety Kyushu grows well on acidic soils. In order to increase the acidity of the earth, you can add special mineral fertilizers to it or use so-called grandmother's means: water sour-milk products acidified with lemon juice.

Reproduction by layering

Hydrangeas reproduce by layering in early spring, before buds bloom.

First you need to dig up the soil around the bush, make grooves and put them in the shoots from the bottom of the plant. Then lightly sprinkle them with earth so that the branches do not straighten out. Young stems should be formed by the end of summer. When they grow to a height of 15 cm, begin to spud them. Loosen the soil once a week until the shoots reach 25-30 cm. In October, dig out the layers. Separate the formed shoots from each other and plant them separately, sprinkling the roots with earth. In the spring they can be planted on the beds. And only a year later such hydrangea can be planted in its permanent place.

Reproduction by cuttings

When breeding Kiushu cuttings, green stems are better to cut from young plants around mid-July.

Pay attention to the fact that the shoots you use have well-developed buds.

Cut them better early in the morning, until the whole plant is filled with moisture. Escape divided into several parts. Each of them should have several pairs of leaves. The upper part of the stem can be thrown out, you will not need it. The lower leaves of the stalk must be removed, and the upper - shortened by half. Then put the prepared cuttings for two hours into the root growth stimulator solution. And only after that, plant them in a mixture of peat and sand, having previously moistened the soil. It is better to cover the saplings for the winter, and in the spring they can be planted on the garden bed for further growth.
Hydrangea Kyushu will respond to your care with a beautiful view of the charmingly blooming air islands on your site.

Protection against diseases and pests

Almost all types of hydrangeas are quite unpretentious in content. Special care is not required, and yet, there are diseases and pests that even a plant with good immunity cannot cope with on its own.

First of all, these are environmental factors: when the sun is excessive and drought, the leaves of the plant turn yellow, become dry and fall off. There is only one “medicine” - good watering and additional fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.

However, it happens and vice versa, the plant suffers from excessive moisture. A so-called wet blackening of the leaves appears. Accordingly, the bush should be watered less often.

Hard water is another traditional cause of trouble. Hortense loves soft water, slightly acidified. It is not always necessary to use special means, just to defend the moisture prepared for irrigation, so that suspended matter in the water settles to the bottom of the tank.

Unfavorable factors can be improperly selected soil, climatic conditions with a large temperature difference and winds. Accordingly, a landing site should be chosen with a more stable temperature regime and protected from the wind.

Diseases that affect hydrangea are few:

  1. Chlorosis - expressed in the fact that the plant brightens the leaves between the veins. This is a signal of serious trouble. The reason - too fresh soil and lack of iron. It is possible to acidify the soil with irrigation water, to which 4 g of citric acid per liter is added. Iron deficiency is replenished with iron sulfate, which is also dissolved in water for irrigation at the rate of 3 g per liter.
  2. Gray rot - looks quite unpleasant. The leaves are covered with dark spots, ulcerate. This is a fungal disease that is usually not easy to get rid of. First, remove all affected leaves. Dig a bush so that the infection does not spread to the still healthy parts of the plant. Repeatedly spray the solution with copper and soap. The treatment lasts at least two weeks.
  3. Septoria is brown spots on the leaves, about five millimeters in size. This progressive disease can deprive the hydrangea of ​​all the leaves completely, as over time they simply fall off. It is necessary to cut off all the affected areas, collect fallen leaves, so as not to spread the infection further. Spray the plant in the spring Bordeaux mixture.
  4. Rust - leaves are covered with rusty bloom. This problem is solved by spraying with chlorine dioxide in the proportion of 20 g per 5 liters of water.

In addition to diseases, hydrangea can suffer from pests:

  1. Aphid - an ordinary water jet will help get rid of it. Only when watering it is necessary to regulate the flow of liquid so as not to harm the plant itself. Там, где тлю смыть с листвы не удалось, применяют инсектицидные препараты. Естественные враги тли – божьи коровки.
  2. Паутинный клещ – обычно этот вредитель поселяется на тыльной стороне листьев растения, его легко заметить по паутине, которой он опутывает стебельки. Уничтожить клеща можно с помощью препаратов Фуфан и Тиофос.
  3. Слизни – встречаются они там, где растения слишком близко посажены друг к другу. Solves the problem of mollyuksotsid. This tool is scattered on the ground in the habitats of slugs.

Appearance history

The wild ancestor of a varietal plant was discovered by a British scientist, botanist Collingwood Ingram, back in 1926. It happened on the Japanese island of Kyushu. It is difficult to say when exactly the Kyushu variety was developed, but it is known for sure that 25 years ago it received an honorary award from the Royal Society of Gardeners.

Appearance Description

Culture is a shrub with impressive dimensions: up to 2.5-3 meters in height and width. It is formed by upright, upward-looking shoots of red-brown color. Dark green leaves with a glossy surface, developing on the stems, "sit" on the red petioles. It is the brilliance of the outer side of the foliage that distinguishes Kyushu from other varieties of paniculate hydrangea. Shoots form the crown of the bush in the form of a fan or a vase.

Individual words deserve inflorescence noble plants. Long, conical or wide pyramidal, they consist of white flowers - as sterile, large, arranged in tiers along the entire inflorescence, as well as small, early falling fruitful, which are much larger. The diameter of each barren flower is 2.5-3 cm. The length of the inflorescence is 25 cm. The shrub blooms only at 4 or 5 years of age. Large flowering panicles are very fragrant, because a sea of ​​bees flies to the plant. By the way, Kiushu is a wonderful honey plant.

The first flowers appear on hydrangeas in June or July. Flowering lasts until October. By the end of this period, the flower petals of white turn into pale pink. Being a deciduous plant, the culture drops foliage with the advent of autumn.

Kyushu is a perennial shrub. It can grow on your site to 60 years. The plant is highly resistant to cold, withstanding temperatures down to -34ºС. May exist in conditions of high air pollution.

Features of growing

It is desirable to place Kyushu in bright places, but at the same time protect it from direct sunlight, so as not to spoil the decorative appearance. If you do not comply with this condition, you will receive a slow-growing shrub with small buds. Ideally, plant a flower in partial shade. Choose the soil for hydrangea fertile, slightly acidic or acidic, best of all - loam. You can make the soil yourself from such components (taken in equal parts): turf ground, humus, deciduous earth, peat, sand. The higher the acidity of the nutrient medium, the brighter the color of the inflorescences. Neutral pH of the soil under the bush provokes pallor of flowers. The plant experiences discomfort on sandy soils. When planting, take care of good drainage. Transplantation is not included in the plan of measures for the care of the plant, because the culture does not tolerate this procedure.

The flower requires regular moistening of the soil, on hot days - abundant, as well as periodic top dressing with ready-made complex mixtures. Fertilizers are applied under the culture 1 time in 2 weeks, starting in spring. At the same time, pruning is also done to stimulate the growth of young stems and produce larger inflorescences. Not precluded the implementation and formative trimming Kyushu. In the first year of the bush life, remove all the inflorescences.

For the prevention of diseases 2-3 times per season, treat the hydrangea with a solution of fungicide. The shoots can wilt, especially in young individuals, so it is better to tie them and build support for the bush so that it retains its shape.

Use cases

Ornamental bushes can be safely planted one by one - they still create a special atmosphere on your site or flower garden. But it is more interesting for Kyushu to look after all in group plantings, as well as in special garden compositions: hedges, bush mixborders. This is a great solution for Japanese gardens. Kyushu is perfectly suited for landscaping urban squares, courtyards, playgrounds, school yards and squares. The attractive look of the delicate flowers of the hydrangea will allow you to escape from everyday problems.

Preparing the plant for wintering

Young Kyushu plants for the winter should be covered. The procedure is simple - the stems are bent to the soil, strengthened so that they can not straighten. Then cover with a special fiber or spruce. Around the roots fertilize the soil with peat, you can use humus.

First-year saplings should be especially prepared for the winter period. They will need all the strength to survive the cold season. Therefore it is necessary to remove from them all the inflorescences.

Adult Kyushu plants are quite resistant to frost. Their branches should be tied up and fastened on a support so that they do not break under the weight of snow and the force of the wind.

Superphosphate will be suitable for the last feeding of a plant before wintering.

In the spring, work will be done on pruning hydrangeas, this will force new shoots to grow faster, and the inflorescences will become larger and more magnificent.

Method 1. Layers

In early spring, as soon as the buds begin to bloom, gardeners begin to breed hydrangea layers. This will require that the plant has already grown on the site. Furrows are dug near the bush, the lower branches are laid in them, covered with earth. It is necessary to try so that they do not rise from the ground, straightening.

The first processes from these prikannyh branches will go at the end of summer. When they reach a height of 15 cm, an earthing up will be required once a week. The procedure should be repeated until the new rudiments of hydrangea bushes reach a height of 30 cm.

In October, dig out the layers, then carefully separate the new shoots and plant them as separate plants. In the spring they will need to be transplanted to well-fertilized and loosened beds. Only in a year, the paniculate hydrangea will be fully formed, and it is already possible to transplant young plants to the chosen place in the garden.

Method 2. Cuttings

In the very middle of summer, they begin to reproduce hydrangea Kyushu cuttings. Usually they are cut from young, full of power plants. These green, juicy stems of buds should already be well developed.

It is better to work with the cuttings at the time of the day when they have accumulated maximum moisture, and this happens in the morning. Each cut twig should be cut into several pieces so that at least two leaves are left on each of them. The topmost part of the shoot is not suitable for breeding, so it is usually thrown away. The lower leaves are removed, the upper cut to half.

Ready cuttings for a couple of hours placed in a solution of the stimulator, in order to quickly began to form roots. Then put in a special wet mixture consisting of sand and peat. So the cuttings are left until autumn, covering for the winter period. In the spring, they are transplanted for growing on a fertilized bed.

Application in garden design

Paniculata hydrangea looks great in a single landing, decorating the core of the garden plot.

Another method in landscape design where it can be useful is zoning. When the whole territory is divided into separate zones, each with its own purpose. Hortense Kyushu is perfect as a border plant that separates one zone from another.

From panicle hydrangea, luxurious hedges are also obtained, which separate nooks and corners in the garden from outside eyes.

Kyushu will be used for decoration of arbors, lovely garden benches. However, the most luxurious place is at the reservoir, where beautiful flowers and unusual leaves will be beautifully reflected in a quiet mirror of standing water.

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