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Clematis Spring Care

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Clematis, there are about 300 varieties. It is not surprising that their care is different. So you want to bloom clematis a little longer, had more flowers, their coloring was brighter. Make it easy. It is only necessary to take into account some features of the plant. With the arrival of spring, operations to take care of these wonderful flowers are resumed.

We need to start by removing the shelter guarding the bush in the winter from frost. It is important to do on time. First, it is facilitated, and after the threat of severe frosts has passed, they are completely removed. Light night frost flower is not terrible. The shade is shaded from the sun so that bright sunshine will not burn the clematis.

  • trimming
  • watering,
  • soil loosening
  • mulching,
  • tying,
  • protection of shoots from mechanical damage.

Clematis pruning in spring has a great influence on the quality of the flower. If it is made correctly, the bush is a beautiful form, not thickened by weak and unnecessary whips. Flowers on it are abundant and large.

Most pruning done in the fall, before covering the bush. But if it was not produced on time, then this can be corrected. In order to trim the clematis in the spring was correct, you need to know which group it belongs to. There are only three of them.

The first group - Clematis, in which flowers are formed on last year's shoots. They are much more beautiful than the colors of other groups. But flower buds of plants of such varieties freeze out if they are not covered well.

The second group blooms in both old and new parts of the plant. At first, flowers appear only on old branches, they are few, and they bloom not for long. At the end of the summer young stems bloom profusely.

The third group consists of clematis, in which flowers are formed on young stems. They bloom from July to mid-September.

Spring pruning clematis first group

Pruning last year's stems, you deprive the plant to bloom. Therefore, usually such clematis is not strongly cut. If in the autumn the non-lignified shoots were not cut off, then they die over the winter. But the entire clematis does not disappear. Pruning in the spring in this case comes down to shortening the stems to a height of 1-1.5 meters.

Young shoots sometimes grow very quickly and close the lash with flowers. This can be the result of rainy weather and heavily fertilized soil. Young shoots need to be thinned, appreciating the quality of the stems, which will have flowers next year. Extra, weaker shoots are removed completely. After all, if you pinch them for two or three buds to the base, it will only strengthen the process of formation of new ones.

Pruning shoots that have bloomed, will be held in the fall.

Pruning clematis second group

Pruning clematis in the spring is done in several stages. From the winter after the autumn cutting the plants of this group came about a meter high.

After the first flowering, in May-June, last year's stems are removed, which have faded. In the spring, the bush begins to give new shoots. For the formation of high-quality branches of young need to pinch. The first time it is done at a height of 30 cm, the second - 50 cm. And the last time - at a height of 1-1.5 meters.

If in the fall it is wrong to cut off all the lashes of clematis of this group, then it will bloom no sooner than the end of summer. Or it may not bloom at all. Therefore, they are shortened by a third.

Pruning of clematis of the third group

If the flowers will be formed on the shoots of this year, it means that you need a young stalk of the greatest length. They are usually pruned in the fall above the second or third kidney. In this case, the spring will not have to cut anything. If this was not done on time, then it is urgent to correct the situation in the summer to get a beautiful clematis. Pruning in the spring (photographs of the process are presented in the article) then consists in removing parts of the vine above the third bud. As you grow, you can remove weak shoots.

General pruning guidelines

The first pruning of clematis of all varieties is the same and very simple: cut off the shoots above the first bud. This stimulates the development of root and dormant buds next year. If after winter you find weak clematis again, spring pruning may again be cardinal.

The bush, which developed normally for the first year, should be cut off for the second spring, taking into account membership in one group or another.

The more colors, so they are smaller. To achieve a smaller number of flowers of larger diameter is possible using the combined method of pruning.

If the clematis of the first two groups of all the buds are weak, it is advisable to cut the shoots at a height of 40 cm from the ground. Several long can be left for breeding layers. Throughout the growing season, you can carry out decorative or sanitary pruning.

How to determine membership in a particular group?

Buying clematis, you do not always know not only his group of pruning, and often even the name of the variety. What to do, how to guess what type of procedure should be applied to it? Do not hurry. The first year, pinch the plant over the first kidney. In autumn you can shorten the stems. In the spring it is worth waiting for flowering. It will tell you what to do next.

Combined pruning

It is used on hybrid clematis derived from varieties of different groups. Some shoots with this trimming shorten to one or two buds from the ground, on the other leave ten buds. This method can be used if you do not know his group. Although on some stems flowering will correspond to the variety. And you thus determine the subsequent pruning.

Often the combined method is used when they want to bloom clematis longer. Pruning in the spring with this method leads to the fact that first the buds will appear on weakly cut branches, and then on young stems that have grown from buds.

It is also used to rejuvenate the bushes. A vine older than three years is shortened with this principle immediately after it has withered. As a result, the bush will not have old branches and will retain its beauty longer.

Tying up

Without this procedure, your clematis will quickly turn into a tangle, which will be very difficult to unravel. For clematis, various types of supports are used, but not single poles. They will not be able to form a beautiful plant shape. The lower wire, twine, rail is better placed closer to the ground. This will prevent wind blows or other injuries through which the infection gets inside.

The plant, which is correctly indicated by the way of the first tying, and for which the support is installed, will then climb up higher. It will only require some adjustment, which can be done every couple of weeks.

Soil content under clematis

After removing the shelter in the spring, the earth is loosened and poured over with lime milk. To prepare it, 100 grams of lime is diluted in a bucket of water. Watering with such a composition reduces the acidity of the soil and eliminates the sources of various diseases. You can take chalk instead of lime. The land should be constantly loosened, removing weeds, or mulched with bark, sawdust, moss, humus. At the same time, the root clematis system does not overheat so much. And the soil under the mulch will always be wet.

Plant low flowers well around clematis or sow grass. They will pritenie okolostvolny circle and prevent overheating of the root.

But excess moisture is also destructive for clematis. No wonder because before planting at the root of the prepared drainage of gravel. If it rains for a long time, it can rot. To prevent this from happening, the ground around the bush is covered with ash from a tree.

The older the bush becomes, the more moisture it needs. Annual seedlings are watered in the spring after three days and all summer once a week. In this case, the water jet should not fall directly into the center of the bush.

A beautiful bush of clematis with large flowers can not grow without dressing. In the spring, clematis is fertilized every two weeks. Do it in small doses, in liquid form. The first time - ammonium nitrate (20 grams per bucket of water), mullein (one part per 10 parts of water). When using chicken manure, dilute it with water at a ratio of 1:15. For one or two bushes is a bucket of such feeding.

You can make humus once a year, starting from the second after planting. Clematis usually respond well to it. Pruning and caring for them will not take much of your time and effort. Compliance with these simple rules will help grow clematis bushes that will delight those around you all summer.

Clematis groups

The first group includes early flowering clematis. Flowering occurs on the old woody shoots of last year.

This group includes Alpine, Krupnopistikovye and mountain clematis. Their difference is the proximity of flowers, in the total mass forming a continuous colorful canvas.

The Armand, Montana varieties stand out for their powerful growth. Larger petals are noted in the Wesselton variety. Especially beautiful are varieties Frankie, Eli Senseyshn.

The second group combines clematis, blooming twice a year. The first time is a short flowering in late spring and early summer - on last year's shoots. The second bloom, longer and more abundant, at the end of summer - on the tops of young shoots. This group includes such varieties as Arctic Queen, Blue Aes, Fred, Freh Grant Spring and others. Particularly bright color of flowers stands President variety.

And finally, the third group includes clematis, which bloom on the shoots of the current year. Flowering in this group is the longest. It lasts from July to cold weather. This group consists mainly of large-flowered, but also small-flowered hybrids. Among them are the following: Josephine, Memoris Foundation, Inspiration, etc.

Clematis in the third group, the least demanding and easy to maintain.

Taking cover

Sheltering for the winter, as a rule, shoots of clematis belonging to the first and second groups.

Removing shelters from them should be carried out gradually. Otherwise, the buds on overwintered shoots will germinate and may suffer from night frosts.

In case of steady warm weather, in order to avoid podpryvaniya in the shelter you need to make holes for ventilation and access of fresh air. Shelter is removed completely when the threat of strong night frost disappears. The last step is to release the plants.

In clematis, the flowers of which are formed on the shoots of the current year (group 3), the buds are buried in the ground and are not afraid of frost.

Clematis pruning recommended in the fall. But if for some reason you did not succeed in doing this, it is necessary to carry out this procedure in early spring. Moreover, the approach to this procedure is completely different, depending on which group clematis belongs to.

Clematis of the first group can not be cut off at all. If necessary, make a sanitary pruning or pruned the plant to give a neat shape, removing too long shoots.

In clematis, in the second group, all old dried shoots are removed. Healthy shoots are shortened to 100 centimeters.

Clematis, included in the third group, cut completely, to a pair of strong healthy kidneys. The length of the shoots should not exceed 30 centimeters.

If you have not decided which group your clematis grows in your garden, and therefore you are not sure how to prune correctly, I advise you to watch the video

Top dressing is one of the prerequisites for the full development and flowering of clematis. It is enough to hold it once a month. You can use full mineral fertilizers at the rate of 40 grams per 10 liters of water or organic. Clematis very well respond to mullein or chicken manure infusion. Top dressing is better to produce after rain or after watering the plant.

In March, the moisture reserve is still quite significant. In subsequent months, watering should be regulated depending on the amount of precipitation. Clematis is better to water less often, but more abundant. This is due to the well-developed root system of the plant, which goes one meter deep into the earth. After each watering it is necessary to loosen the soil.

Preventive actions

The best prevention is the cultivation of clematis at a high agrotechnical level. With proper care, plants are less susceptible to all kinds of diseases and attacks of harmful insects.

At the same time, preventive measures will help protect your plants.

Clematis, in the first place, are subject to such fungal diseases as fusarium, wilt (wilt), gray mold, etc.

For the prevention of fungal diseases, soil and shoots of plants are sprayed with foundationol in early spring.

After the pruning procedure, all remote shoots and dried leaves must be burned.

The most dangerous of the pests attacking clematis is the gall nematode. As a preventive measure, you can mulch the soil with wormwood and mint. Or make mineral fertilizers that contain ammonia.

To deal with slugs and earwigs, make special shelters (heaps of grass, leaves, daughters). Pests that have accumulated there are collected and destroyed.

Clematis and moles can cause irreparable damage. Making their moves under the ground, they undermine the roots, which in the end may be suspended. To scare away moles, it is recommended to bury rags dipped in kerosene or stale fish. From the unpleasant smell of moles go.

Other events

Clematis grows well only in sunny places. At the same time, the roots of the plant absolutely can not tolerate overheating. For these purposes, it is recommended to sow near Clematis. Best sow marigolds. They will not only protect the roots, but also scare away insects.

If you need to transplant clematis to a new place, then the best time for this is early spring. It would be best if the age of clematis does not exceed four years, that is, when he has not yet developed a powerful root system. When transplanting, you can use the opportunity to multiply clematis, dividing its roots into several parts.

Clematis will surely respond to your spring efforts and will delight you with its beauty all season.

Clematis Care

Clematis flowers are species that differ in many important parameters. It depends on how successful their care and cultivation will be. Among gardeners, they use such a thing as a “trim group”. This is an indicator of what needs to be done when caring for the plant. This information is usually found on the tag of the acquired plant, and / or in the accompanying document.

Clematis Care Rules

Each clematis loves light, but, like many flowers - does not like direct sunlight. A dark place is not the best option, especially if you want to see flowers. Otherwise, they may not even appear. The important point is not only the lighting of the bush itself, but also the temperature of the soil on which it grows - there should be no overheating of the earth.

As for moisture, clematis loves her. In summer, at the peak of heat, you can water the plant up to 3 times a week.

In the less warm, but not cool time, you should water about 1 time per week. After watering the land usually hardens. In the case of clematis, this should be avoided - just keep the earth in a loosened state. When watering you need to make sure that there is no accumulation of water in any parts of the plant or soil. Bush will react negatively to similar stagnation of water.

Given the many types of plants, it makes sense to turn to experts, in order not to get disappointed after all the work done.

Planting clematis

Here is a few main places where you should not plant a plant:

  • a place with a dense shadow,
  • with deep penumbra,
  • where frequent drafts,
  • where there is just a strong wind,
  • near the walls of buildings, houses or any other architecture
  • lowland place of accumulation of moisture and / or water.

In the latter case, you can think in advance water outflow, as waterlogging harms the plant. Excess water can naturally form when snow melts in spring, for example. The natural outflow of moisture is carried out in small grooves, sometimes with the use of plastic pipes or other materials.

From the wind to protect the plant more difficult in normal conditions. But with the right approach, this can be done by building a mini-greenhouse. The main thing with this - do not create greenhouse effect.

The best time for planting clematis - warm September day. The exceptions are flowers that germinate in the northern regions of Russia, as they are planted in the spring (May). When planting several instances at the same time, it is necessary to observe the distance between them for a more comfortable and better flower development - at least one meter.

How to prepare the pit. Its size should be three-quarters of a meter in diameter and the same in depth. You should first get rid of the weeds around, so that they do not eventually “sneak up to the precious bush. And this time may well be enough, since clematis is a perennial plant and can live for more than 20 years.

A dug pit should be filled with a nutritious "cocktail" that includes the following ingredients:

  • 200 grams of lime (in a simple way - chalk)
  • 200 grams of ash
  • 200 grams of mineral fertilizers,
  • 100 grams of flour (preferably bone type),
  • 100 гр суперфосфата,
  • ведро песка,
  • ведро торфа,
  • 2 ведра перегноя (компоста).

Под ведром подразумевается ёмкость в 10 литров. Смесь можно перемешать сразу в яме или сделать это предварительно в другой ёмкости. Depending on the density of the soil, you can first consolidate it with a layer of split brick, rubble or any similar hard material. This will help the roots of the plant not to be exposed to excess moisture. The height of the layer ranges from 10 to 15 centimeters. The procedure may be required in places with moist and clay soil.

To the plant is not carried away by the wind, it is tied to a solid support, stuck in the center of the pit. As it can be a piece of suitable size or a plastic tube. Steel bar is better not to use, because the metal "too well" conveys the temperature, causing the plant can develop poorly.

Pit first you need to fall asleep in half and make a small mound. Clematis roots should be straightened down and sideways, that is, the plant should be planted with a recess. All this is needed in order to better tolerate the bush cold and heat. For further healthy growth of the bush, 3 roots are needed without excessive thickening and with a length of up to 10 cm.

During spring planting, 1-2 shoots are needed, as opposed to the autumn ones, where developed vegetative buds are required. If you do not follow the above rules and plant a bush flush with the surface, then clematis will not develop properly. And to be precise - will not bush. In addition, the root system will suffer (due to wetting).

Plants with an age of 1–2 years are buried by 9–12 cm, while “adult” plants are set to 12–17 cm. It is very important to leave about 6.5 cm when filling the pit. It is necessary that young seedlings do not “suffocate” . As the shoots become lignified, the remaining space is covered with appropriate soil. For comparison - in the autumn planting do the opposite: the pit is filled to the ground, and the aboveground part of the bush is cut to the level of the soil. And then everything is as usual.

Clematis breeding methods

Asking questions about how to care for clematis, it is impossible not to touch on the topic of flower reproduction, as it is directly related to cutting and ennobling the plant. For varieties with small flowers it is more convenient to use the method with seeds.

In the spring, when it is time for flowering, they use stratified seeds (in the fall they are not usually engaged in this). After mixing them with semi-wet sand, the obtained substance is kept for about 100 days at a temperature of 3-5 ° C.

Sowing time falls on the beginning of May, and the first result of the work can be seen in about two months.

At the very beginning, you don’t need to bother with the choice of soil: you just need a mixture of sand and sod (or it is also called leafy) land in proportions 1 to 2. Next, the seeds are distributed into open containers that are in stock. Then sprinkled with sand, watered through a fine mesh and weed as needed.

When seedlings (plants from seeds) begin to germinate and show their first three leaves, they are transplanted into the beds. At the same time, it is necessary to observe a distance of 5 cm between the seeds for good and comfortable growth of the plant. Then follows the work on loosening between the rows, shading (lighting setting), and mulching the ground.

The second type of breeding is used for large flowers. Such clematis propagated by vegetative meanswhich involves the use of cuttings with branches and divisions bush. One of the rather effective ways is to cut the green cuttings, which are about 7 cm long. It is best to do this during the period of active budding of the plant, coming in June or July (depending on the flower). After about 5 weeks, rooting of the cuttings can be enthusiastically observed. The process can be accelerated by about a week with the use of various catalysts and growth promoters purchased in the store.

There is another popular breeding method for clematis, the essence of which is to divide the bush. To do this, you need to dig up the vine with the largest number of shoots and begin to divide it. The process should be carried out in the spring (at this time the snow melts and it is easier to work the soil). Digging plants carried out with a piece of land. The procedure itself contributes to the rejuvenation of the bush. In addition, the trimmed bush looks much more harmonious and aesthetically pleasing. The further rooting of the pieces is almost no different from operations with the cuttings described above — all the same planting sites, the same choice of soil with the same environmental conditions.

Growing problems

As in all spheres of activity, in the cultivation of clematis has its own unexpected and unpleasant surprises. The most "wild" pest is considered to be a soil fungus, penetrating into the damaged parts of the plant (usually in the base of the shoots). It shows its activity mainly in the summer and spreads quite well on young plants. The disease caused by the fungus is popularly called the "screw". It is accompanied by signs such as wilting tops with leaves and aboveground parts.

If such a misfortune happened to the plant, you should immediately cut the bush and burn the trim. Next, process the soil and the plants themselves with a solution consisting of pink-colored foundationa or potassium permanganate.

To prevent such an attack of viruses and fungi initially, you should observe preventive measures. They are held in the fall before the shelter of the plant and in early spring. The procedure consists in spraying the base of the shoots and the soil itself. The solution is prepared at the rate of 20 grams of foundationol per 10 liters of water. The second, not less effective solution is made from 100 grams of copper sulphate per 10 liters of water. It would not be amiss to remind you that liquid accumulations on a plant are unacceptable.

Among the frequent diseases there is powdery mildew, affecting all parts of the plant already. The procedure is the same as in the case of the mushroom. But the solution will be different: colloidal sulfur (3 liters of water and 20 grams of sulfur), or various commercial solutions. The liquid is calculated in the amount of 1 l per 10 sq. M. meters

Clematis attract not only the sight of a person, but also such living creatures as:

Most dangerous among them will be a worm. He is referred to as nematodes and is able to turn a beautiful country house into a gloomy spectacle. Its harm lies in the defeat of the roots of the plant, which entails the complete extinction of the vines. Therefore, the entire process must be destroyed at defeat.

For prophylaxis and rescue from pests Calendula plants, common parsley with dill, coriander and other crops are used around clematis. Also resort to chemicals and pills, applying them as an additional screening. Thus, if you take care of the bush properly, it will delight you with its beauty for a long time.

Spring clematis care: pruning

If the autumn pruning could not be done or some of the vines were damaged during the winter period, it is necessary to prune.

For proper formation of the bush and the effectiveness of its flowering, you must consider the belonging of each plant to a particular group:

  • Group 1 - plants that form flower buds on the shoots of last year. With insufficient shelter for the winter vines can freeze,
  • Group 2 - plants, which bloom in two waves: the first - on last year's vines at the beginning of summer, the second - closer to the end of summer on young growths,
  • Group 3 - plants that bloom only on fresh shoots.

Representatives of group 1 should be pruned in order to remove damaged, weak, undigested vines, while making the correct formation of the bush. Shoots are left with a length of not more than 1.2-1.5 m. Excessive pruning will lead to weak flowering. Young shoots are recommended to pinch for the pomp of the bush.

Plants of group 2 are pruned shorter: the length of the whips should not be more than 1 m. Avoid cutting shoots too short - this will dramatically reduce the number of flowers. Remove only broken, diseased vines. The formation of a spectacular bush begins in early spring with a pinch of new growth every 30 cm in length.

Clematis 3 groups should be cut off in the fall. Otherwise, you need to shorten the vines immediately after removing the cover, leaving only 3 buds on each last year's whip.

Such methods of pruning relevant to plants older than 2-3 years of age. Young plants are pruned shortly for all groups.

In case if the belonging of clematis is unknown, or pruning is done to rejuvenate the bush, the length of the shoots is up to 30-40 cm.

Spring Clematis Care: Garter

Young shoots of flowering vines are very fragile, can break even from gusts of wind. Therefore, the next step in the care of clematis in the spring will be the garter.

In plants of groups 1 and 2, last year's shoots are fixed on supports. Young growths will catch themselves with the help of leaves. Clematis 3 groups should be gently fixed when reaching the bottom of the support.

A clematis support is better to choose planar or bulk, single props for this climber are not suitable.

Care for clematis spring: top dressing

The final event for the spring care will be applying feedings. Having an available supply of trace elements, clematis bush will have abundant flowering. However, excessive fertilization with nitrogen will negatively affect flowering plants: small flowers will be small, and the growth of the green part will be significant.

Minerals are recommended to be applied in spring. Ammonium nitrate is ideally suited at the rate of 1 tbsp. on a bucket of water. Or you can use ready-made mineral complexes for flowering plants. Organic supplements are also important: mullein, biohumus, chicken manure. The best option is to alternate inorganic and organic supplements, applying them every 1.5-2 weeks.

For those readers who prefer to get information from video clips, I offer a wonderful video - “Clematis for beginners”.

The annual implementation of a complex of works on the improvement and feeding of clematis in the spring will allow you to enjoy abundant flowering on a healthy plant.

Clematis description with photo

Belongs to the family of buttercups. In nature, there are about 300 species that can be found on all continents (except Antarctica) - in forests, steppes, along river banks, in canyons and on rocky placers.

  • Types of clematis vary greatly among themselves. In herbaceous perennials (C. mandshurica, C. recta, C. texensis), shoots die off by the end of the growing season. Semi-shrubs (S. heracleifolia, C. integrifolia) have lignified lower parts, which persist for several years, and upper, annually dying.
  • In shrubs (C. fruticosa f. Lobata) - completely lignified wintering shoots. Most of the species (S. tangutica, C. vitalba, S. viticella) belong to the group of lian leaflases, which use supports, climbing them with the help of leaf petioles.
  • The root system of clematis is of two types: pivotal (C. tangutica, C. serratifolia) and fibrous, S. viticella. It must be remembered that clematis with tap-root poorly tolerate transplant. It is better to plant them immediately to a permanent place.

The name Clematis comes from the Greek word. klema, denoting once any climbing plant. Of the many popular names (kolokin, grandfather curls, warthog, etc.) in Russia most often use the "clematis". Probably, this liana was named so because of the strong smell of dug out roots or because its seeds have a curved outgrowth.

In clematis thin, 2-5 mm in diameter, shoots of the current year. In grassy species, they are round, green, in woody - four-hexagonal, light or dark reddish-brown. They develop in spring from dormant buds in the underground part of the plant or from above-ground buds of overwintered shoots.

Clematis leaves are paired, simple or complex, consisting of three, five or seven leaves, in addition to the usual green, there are forms with purple color.

Clematis flowers, as a rule, are bisexual, solitary, or gathered into inflorescences of various shapes (shield, whisk, semi-sunshaft). The role of petals in clematis is played by sepals, numbering from four to eight, in terry varieties - up to seventy.

In the center of a simple flower is the so-called lush "spider" (many pistils and stamens], it often has a different color than the "petals", which gives the flower a special charm. And the tender flowers are painted very whimsically: white, yellow, all the nuances of transitions from pale pink and pale blue to velvet shimmering shades of red and blue.

  • And this charming picture pleases more than one day - the life of a flower lasts a week or two, and a terry - almost three. If you choose the right variety, you can achieve the flowering of clematis in the garden from spring to autumn.
  • After all, early species are covered with flowers within two months after spring awakening, and late ones - at the end of summer. Only steady frosts will interrupt their blooming.
  • Short-term lowering of temperature at night (up to -2 ... -7 ° C) and a little snow to clematis are not terrible - after warming, the buds open. Flowers of some species exude aromas of jasmine, primroses, almonds.

The fruits of clematis are numerous achenes with short or long pubescent columns and fleecy beaks, gathered in fluffy silky heads.

From the history

The beginning of the cultivation of clematis in Western Europe dates back to the 16th century, and in Japan, the clematis culture has an even longer history. In Russia, clematis appeared at the beginning of the 19th century as greenhouse plants.

Active work on the cultivation and introduction of clematis in our country began to develop only in the middle of the XX century. And as a result of selection work, wonderful varieties and forms were created, which further emphasize the unique charm of these magnificent plants.

Location

Clematis - light-loving plants. If the light is not enough, not only you will not achieve good flowering, you can not wait for it at all. Therefore, in the middle lane, it is best to plant them in sunny or slightly shaded areas in the midday hours. Only in the southern regions, where clematis often suffer from overheating of the soil, they are planted in partial shade.

With group plantings, each plant should receive enough light, and the distance between the bushes should be at least 1 meter. The wind is a terrible enemy of clematis, not only in summer, but also in winter: it breaks and confuses shoots, damages flowers. Where snow is blown away in winter, planting clematis is not the best idea. And in the lowlands, where cold air accumulates, clematis feel uncomfortable.

Clematis is very demanding of moisture: during growth they need abundant watering. At the same time, wet, swampy areas with a high standing of groundwater (less than 1.2 hours are not suitable for them, even if the water stagnates only for a short time. Over-wetting of the soil is dangerous not only in summer, but in early spring during and after snowmelt. Planning planting clematis, you need to think about the natural outflow of water from the bush: pour the ground, plant bushes on the ridge or dig a groove with a slope.

Clematis prefer fertile sandy or loamy soil rich in humus, loose, from slightly alkaline to weakly acidic.

since clematis can grow in one place for more than 20 years, they prepare the earth very deeply in advance. Usually, pits of not less than 60x60x60 cm are dug, and for group plantings the plot is prepared over the entire area.

  • 2-3 buckets of humus or compost, 1 bucket of peat and sand, 100-150 g of superphosphate, 200 g of total mineral fertilizer, preferably 100 g of bone meal, 150 are mixed with the top layer of the earth taken out of the hole and cleared of the roots of perennial weeds. -200 g of lime or chalk, 200 g of ash.
  • On light soils add more peat, leaf humus and clay.
  • If the soil at the site is wet, dense or clay, then 10-1 5 cm layer of crushed stone, broken brick or coarse sand is poured at the bottom of the pit. Carefully mixed earthen mixture poured into the pit and compacted.

In the southern regions, it is preferable to do this in the fall (from late September to early November, in the middle lane the best time is September (in warm weather and later), further north the clematis is planted in spring (late April - May) or early autumn. Plants in containers you can plant whenever you want (except for winter, of course).

In the center of the pit establish a solid rigid support. Stretched rope is not suitable here, it will not protect young fragile whips from wind gusts. Filling the pit with soil about halfway, they make a mound on which the clematis roots are straightened to the sides and down. While holding the plant by hand, pour the mixture to the roots, making sure that clematis is planted with the deepening.

  • Only then will the tillering center develop on it, on which new buds are laid later, shoots and roots are formed.
  • Such bushes better tolerate harsh winters, less suffer from the heat. Clematis planted flush with the surface are short-lived: they do not bush, grow 1-2 stems, their root system suffers from soaking.
  • The larger the seedling, the deeper the planting should be. Young one-two-year-old plants are buried by 8-12 cm and the lower pair of buds, more mature and divided bushes - by 12-18 cm.
  • If clematis is planted in spring, then the landing pit is filled to the ground not to the brim, but left 5-8 cm unloaded so that the “newcomer” does not “suffocate”.

As the shoots become lignified, this space is gradually filled with soil. After planting, clematis is plentifully watered, littered from the sun, and the ground around the plant is mulched with peat. При посадке осенью землю досыпают до краев, всю надземную часть обрезают до уровня почвы или чуть выше.

Поговорим подробнее о том, как посадить и как вырастить клематис

Выращивание клематиса начинается обычно с приобретения однолетнего саженца. Как и когда его посадить? Как ухаживать за клематисом в дальнейшем?

Лучшее время для посадки – раннее лето, когда минует опасность поздних заморозков. Но можно сажать и осенью, за месяц-полтора до настоящих заморозков. The seedlings should have enough time to take root.

  • Planting clematis is recommended in a well-lit, sheltered from the wind place.
  • These plants grow well on alkaline, neutral soils or on soils with a weakly acidic reaction. For planting clematis dig holes, on heavy soils 70x70x70 cm, on light 50x50x50 cm.
  • The distance between the pits from 70 cm to one meter. Clematis can not stand waterlogging and stagnant water. If the groundwater is close, put gravel on the bottom, broken bricks with a layer of 10-15 cm.

Before planting clematis, the pits are filled with nutrient soil (oily loose clay is well suited), add 1-2 buckets of humus and 50-100 g of superphosphate or nitrophobia. Clematis seedlings are buried by 6-8 cm, leaving a hole around the plant. The following year, the plants are buried by another 10-15 cm. The degree of burial depends on the soil — on heavy soils it is buried less, on the lungs it is more. After planting, the shoots are shortly cut, leaving 2-4 lower buds. A few weeks later, when the shoots grow, they are cut again. Strong pruning of clematis in the first two years of life contributes to better root development.

Soil blur

After you have planted clematis, water it abundantly, for better water access and to prevent soil blurring, you can make a well around the plant. Not bad to mulch the soil with sawdust or peat. Seedling need to priteni from direct sunlight.

When planting clematis do not forget about the supports. They need to be installed right now. On sale there are many beautiful fences, grilles, ladders. You can make the supports yourself, but remember that they must be not only durable, but also attractive in appearance, because Clematis whips will close them only in the second half of the summer. The height of the supports from 1.5 to 3 meters.

As clematis grows every 2-3 days, shoots need to be tied up to a support so that the wind does not tear them.

Watering and fertilizer

Clematis is water-loving: it requires abundant three-willow irrigation at least once a week, and in the summer heat - up to three times. In order to sufficiently moisten the plant, dig three pots with a hole in the bottom into the ground around it. They will accumulate water during rain or watering and slowly feed the liana root system on dry days.

  • If the soil is not muddy, you will have to loosen it a day after watering, at the same time weeding.
  • Mulch protects the soil from excessive drying, weathering and frost penetration, enriches it with microelements, helps in weed control.
  • Do not neglect this manipulation. Mulch the soil around clematis with sawdust, peat, or moss.

Several times a season the plant needs to be fed. In May - with urea (1 tablespoon per bucket of water), from June to August - complex fertilizer for garden flowers at least twice. After the second flowering, provide power to clematis in the winter. To do this, add 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate and superphosphate to a bucket of water.

When growing clematis, watering plays an important role. Clematis must be watered abundantly, especially the first two years after planting. Under the three-year bushes need to pour out 2-3 buckets once or twice a week. Correct watering is the key to a beautiful and lush flowering of plants.

To better retain moisture, it is recommended to loosen and mulch the land near the plants. For mulching, you can use humus, peat, rotted sawdust.

In the first two years, clematis mainly grows horses, few shoots are formed, only 1-3. Single flowers that appear on these shoots, it is better to pick off. Then, with the right, caring care, 5-6 summer bushes will develop dozens of shoots and hundreds of beautiful flowers will bloom on them.

New power - new shoots

From the third year, Clematis are gaining strength, many new shoots grow. By cutting and pinching shoots during the summer, you can adjust the timing of flowering. So, if you shorten a part of strong shoots, on the growing new shoots clematis flowers will appear later and the flowering will be longer.

Clematis is very responsive to feeding.

Fertilizing grown plants is recommended once a week. Feed the full mineral fertilizer (30 g per 10 liters of water per 2 sq. M of soil).

You can feed the wood ash (1 cup per plant). A mullein, which is diluted at the rate of ten parts of water, is well suited as a fertilizer.

Clematis Shelter for the Winter

Clematis are natives of the warm places of the globe, so they need shelter for the winter. In late autumn, all clematis are pruned, but pruned differently, depending on which group the variety belongs to.

Clematis leaves are paired, simple or complex, consisting of three, five or seven leaves, in addition to the usual green, there are forms with purple color.

And those clematis, flowers which are formed on annual shoots, for example, in the varieties of the group Jacqueman and Vititsell, need to be cut in the autumn, leaving hemp with 2-3 nodes.

After this, the plants are covered with boards, boxes, covered with earth, leaves, spruce leaves, sawdust, rotted manure, weathered peat layer 20-30 cm. And when the snow falls, you need to sketch it on top.

Lay, covered with leaves

Some flower growers do not cut the vines, but laying them on the ground, cover the lower part with fallen leaves, crushed peat, dry inflorescences of large perennials approximately 20 centimeters thick. On such plants, lambs up to half a meter long with live buds are kept. In the spring they take shelter, cut off the dead parts of the vines.

  • Then the side shoots, which bloom profusely throughout the summer, begin to develop faster.
  • Currently cultivated varieties of frost-resistant clematis, blooming on last year's shoots. This clematis: Alpine, krupnolepechest, Siberian, mountainous.
  • For such varieties, pruning is not necessary and they can winter without shelter in the middle zone. Siberian Clematis withstands even colder winters, up to -30 degrees.

In the autumn you need to remember that too dense shelter prevents ventilation, and this plant may die.

Clematis spring

In the spring, do not rush to open clematis: intermittent frost and bright sun detrimental effect on the kidneys. And when the danger of spring frost has passed, the shelter is removed after which the clematis is fed with nitrogenous fertilizers, for example, with urea - 40 g per 10 liters of water. On acidic soils, clematis is poured with lime milk (200 g of slaked lime per 10 liters of water per 1 sq. M of soil).

Hobby number

Clematis can be propagated in three ways: by seeds, rooted by layering and dividing the rhizomes. Seeds are treated with a rooting stimulant and planted on seedlings. For the first year you can land them in the ground under the insulation. Seedlings have no particular care.

  • Clematis can be propagated by layering. To do this, select a section of the stem with an internode, leave one or two closest leaflets and plant in the hole, deepening the internode in the ground.
  • In the first year, the plant can also be planted under warming, and the next year can be planted in a permanent place.
  • The root of an adult, but not older than seven years, clematis can be cut with a sharp shear into pieces and seated.

As you can see, clematis is not as difficult to grow as many people think. But in their decorative effect they are superior to many other plants. Abundant bloom will delight you twice in the summer, and juicy greens - the whole season, if you pay enough vine flowers and love.

Choosing ways to spread

There are several ways of reproduction of clematis: seeds, layering, cuttings and division of the bush.

Clematis from seeds appear at different times. Sowing seeds, do not be upset if they do not ascend in you this summer. Seeds of some varieties of clematis germinate only in the second and even in the third year, and sometimes later. Such crops are useful in the summer after 2-3 weeks to pour a weak solution of boric acid (1-2 grams per bucket) and potassium permanganate (2-3 grams per bucket).

Clematis leaves are paired, simple or complex, consisting of three, five or seven leaves, in addition to the usual green, there are forms with purple color.

Leave the rooted clematis escape for the winter in place. And in the spring, cut the strings between the nodes and plant the plants in a permanent place.

Reproduction of clematis by cuttings is also possible. Cuttings with one or two internodes should be cut off at the beginning of flowering of plants from the middle part of the vine, leaving 3 cm above the node and 3-4 cm below. To speed up the formation of roots, place the cuttings for 16-24 hours in an aqueous solution of heteroauxin (50-75 grams on 1 l of water).

Clematis cuttings are planted obliquely in boxes or containers in washed sand, peat, or a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts. At a temperature of 20-25 degrees, the cuttings root better, therefore, sap the container with a film and put it in a greenhouse or greenhouse. Cuttings in the rooting process is very useful to spray.

Clematis leaves are paired, simple or complex, consisting of three, five or seven leaves, in addition to the usual green, there are forms with purple color.

Fertilization

small-flowered clematis reproduce, as a rule, seeds. Large-flowered bred exclusively vegetatively. The easiest way to do this is by dividing the bush. In varieties with a high ability to tillering (Anastasia, Anisimova, Joan of Arc, Hagley Hybrid, Madame Baron Villar, Cosmic Melody), the division of the bush is used for rejuvenation, because very thick bushes, even with good care, often lose their decorative effect.

Active work on the cultivation and introduction of clematis in our country began to develop only in the middle of the XX century. And as a result of selection work, wonderful varieties and forms were created, which further emphasize the unique charm of these magnificent plants.

However, if in the fall this operation is almost painless for plants, since the buds are only marked and small, then in springtime it is necessary to keep within extremely tight deadlines (from the moment of thawing of the soil to the beginning of growth), since it is easy to damage the rapidly growing shoots. Clematis, divided in spring, will lag behind in growth compared with the autumn counterpart for about 2-3 weeks. In an adult 5-8-year-old plant with a sufficient number of shoots, the ground part is cut, leaving only 2-3 pairs of buds from below.

Digging up with a lump of earth

The bush is carefully dug out with a lump of earth, trying not to damage the long cord-like roots. If the ground is not easily shaken off, the roots are washed with water from a hose. Then it is divided with a knife through the center of the bush into independent plants. They work without haste, carefully, making sure that each area has enough roots and at least one shoot with buds.

Active work on the cultivation and introduction of clematis in our country began to develop only in the middle of the XX century. And as a result of selection work, wonderful varieties and forms were created, which further emphasize the unique charm of these magnificent plants.

In a half-excavated bush, the tool separates the shoots with roots, each of which will become an independent plant. Before planting delenki inspect, use only healthy. The roots are pruned and disinfected in a pink solution of potassium permanganate.

It is quite easy to propagate the sort you like with layering. There are several tricks. Here is the first one. Spud peat or humus bush on the bottom 2-3 pairs of leaves. Within a year or two, the lower nodes of the shoots acquire their own roots. After removing the poured substrate, barked shoots are cut off from the mother plant and deposited.

  • This method is good because the bush itself is not injured. The second method requires some free space.
  • At the end of summer or autumn, grooves 8-10 cm deep are dug around the bush in a radial direction. Clematis shoots with well-formed buds are removed from the support, laid out in grooves one by one, pressing onto the ground with thick wire straps, and sprinkled with loose nutrient soil.
  • The top of the shoot (20 cm) out. You can do the same with foliage coiled around the base of the bush and covered for the winter.

In the spring, when the plant is released from the shelter, one or more of these lashes are placed in the groove. Layers during the summer regularly watered and fed. Almost from all of the budded buds, vertical shoots begin to grow, and rooting occurs at each node.

It is best of all to separate the rooted shoots from the bush in the autumn of the next year or in the spring in a year. By this time, each new escape will have a good root system. From one sprinkled whip for a year or two, you can get up to 10 seedlings that do not need re-growing, the bush itself does not suffer. Another vegetative reproduction method is green cutting.

You decided to plant clematis, but you don’t know how to care, then you will find information on when and how to plant a flower, what kind of dressing you need, how to water properly, how pruning and shelter are carried out for the winter ...

Clematis - where and how to plant?

The main question of those who are just acquainted with the plant clematis - how to care for him in different periods? This culture is long-lived, with far-reaching roots and high growth energy. Clematis, regardless of the variety, love the sun, but do not tolerate the sun. Also, the garden culture dislikes marshy soils and high groundwater.

Planting in a permanent place and periodic transplant of clematis in August and September is considered the most optimal. Before winter, the clematis bush will have time to take root and acquire a system of suction roots, so the place for it should be sunny, perhaps with a slight shading. You can plant them next to trees and shrubs - the main thing is that clematis does not end up in thick shadow.

Formation of clematis will be harmonious only if there is enough fertile space for its roots and to ensure it, you will have to dig a large planting hole at least half a meter in diameter, and not a hole the size of the seedling roots.

bloom of clematis in the Leningrad region

Soddy soil, crushed peat, humus and coarse sand in equal proportions are poured into the pit. It is important that the soil is not too sour. Optimum soil acidity for clematis - 6.5. If it is higher, it is worth adding ash or hydrated lime to the landing pit. This should be done at least 6 weeks before planting.

After careful selection and preparation of the site, clematis is planted in the fall - few people know how to take care of the plant for the first year, but 70% of success in growing it depends on proper planting. The lower 2-3 buds on a seedling should be under the surface of the soil. So he will begin to bush faster and forms a more powerful root system.

When planting, ensure that the clematis roots do not bend upward, they are carefully straightened and fill the planting pit gradually, tamping the ground. Since clematis transplantation in the fall is considered to be the most favorable, it will not take long to care for the plant before the onset of winter. All that will be necessary for him, the plant will take from the soil, and the gardener will have to take care only about providing it with moisture. Under the winter, 40-50 liters of water are poured under each plant, and the soil surface is covered with mulch.

Clematis - how to care in the spring, summer and autumn Watering clematis

Growing clematis - how to care, you need to know, because often there are difficulties in caring for him, especially during the period of active growth. First of all, each plant needs to be provided with nutrients and moisture, the growth of stems and the quality of flowering will depend on their quantity. Despite the dislike of clematis to overwetting the soil, they need a lot of water. Watering is done twice a week., and the amount of moisture depends on the age of clematis:

  • Under the first-year bushes poured at least 15 liters per plant,
  • Under adult plants poured from 40 to 50 liters.

In dry periods, the number of irrigations increases to 3-4 per week. Water volumes should also increase. Moist clematis preferably in the evening, and in the morning it is recommended to remove weeds under them and loosen the soil.

A separate topic in the cultivation of clematis culture is how to care for it after flowering, so you should know that in the fall, when the plant drops leaves and flowers, clematis needs moisture-charging watering. Such autumn watering provides active growth of suction roots, and this means that by spring the bush will become stronger and more resistant to adverse factors.

How to feed clematis in the spring for lush flowering in the garden? Clematis responds well to supplements. Unlike some garden plants, the plant prefers the alternation of organic and mineral fertilizers. Since spring, immediately after the snow has melted, clematis feeding is as follows:

By the beginning of flowering, during budding, the rules of clematis fertilizer change, so the amount of nitrogen is reduced, giving preference to flower Akvarin or Dissolving, also suitable for fertilizing and special complexes for clematis.

Clematis first bloom

Относительно того, как подкармливать клематисы осенью, советы начинающим садоводам освещают и тонкости осенних подкормок – с начала августа в воду для полива раз в месяц рекомендовано добавлять сульфат калия (25г/10 л), а в почву заделывать костную муку (200 г/1 м. кв.). Добавки простимулируют формирование корней и образование зачатков цветочных почек на следующий год. Завершают внесение подкормок в середине сентября. Если этого не сделать, клематисы продолжат активно расти, и не успеют подготовиться к зиме.

Клематис – обрезка по правилам

Pruning is the most important point for those who want to settle on their land clematis - not all beginning gardeners know how to care for it in terms of the formation of bushes.

The first pruning of clematis in the winter is carried out immediately after transplanting the plant, which allows the bush to spend nutrients primarily on the development of the root system, and not on the stems and leaves.

After the adult clematis was transplanted in the fall, the shoots should be cut almost completely, leaving only 2 lower buds, as well as with young seedlings, but in the second year of life the clematis shoots are not cut out completely, but leave the columns 30 cm high.

In subsequent years, caring for clematis will have more actively, almost all year round. For matured clematis bush apply 3 types of pruning:

  1. Seasonal, held under the winter - at clematis, blooming in the spring on last year's shoots, shoots are shortened to one and a half meters. Varieties that bloom on current and last year's shoots are shortened in autumn to a height of 50-100 cm. Varieties that bloom in summer and autumn on current shoots are cut almost completely in autumn, leaving penets 30 cm in height.
  2. Formative pruning clematis is carried out from spring and sometimes until autumn. Clematis, blooming in spring, neatly thinned, removing loose branches. Blooming in spring and summer varieties form after the first flowering. To do this, remove the branches with the seed heads. Varieties that bloom on the current shoot do not require careful formation,
  3. Sanitary, carried out throughout the year - from clematis cut weakened and damaged branches, as well as parts of plants that are clearly lacking in light and nutrients.

The problem with the clematis plant - how to care for it, pruning and feeding the bushes during the growing season may seem overly complex, and experienced gardeners agree that clematis require constant attention for beautiful and lush flowering.

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