Exotic fruits

How to plant and grow rambutan from seed at home

For planting tropical shrubs use seeds, since the cuttings of this plant do not take root in room conditions. Varietal characteristics during seed reproduction are not preserved, but it does not matter. The potted plant does not bear fruit.

Rambutan is grown at home as an ornamental plant.

Fruit seeds quickly lose their germination, so they are extracted from the fruit just before planting. Seeds germinate for a long time, so they need to be soaked in growth stimulants. Home tree prefers nutritious soil, loose and moisture-absorbing. A floral primer mixed with peat in the proportion of 3: 1 is used. The bottom of the pot is covered with expanded clay.

Landing Instructions:

  1. The pot is filled with the substrate, plentifully watered.
  2. Seed planted to a depth of 2 cm.
  3. Capacity covered with a package to maintain humidity at the right level.

Water the soil in a pot every day, excess water is drained. The greenhouse is aired so that the young roots do not start to rot. When the sprout appears, watering is reduced. It is enough to moisten the soil 1 time in 3 days.

Rambutan usually grows large, so keeping it in a small flower pot is difficult. As soon as the sprout is strong and gained height, the plant is transplanted into the tub. An ideal place to grow is a winter garden, a greenhouse or a large room.

What rambutan and photo of the tree look like

Rambutan is a tropical fruit tree 6–7 m high, less frequently 20–25 m.

Crohn shirokoraskidistaya, with numerous branches. Leaves alternate, pinnate, with 2 - 8 oval sheets. Leaf plate leathery, dense, dark green.

Flowers 1.5 - 2 cm in diameter, in axillary and apical inflorescences. Dissolve only in the first half of the day.

Fruits are spherical or oval, up to 6 cm long, with a leathery pericarp of a crimson, sometimes yellow shade. Collected in clusters of 30 pieces. The skin is thick, first green, then yellow-orange and bright red. The color changes as it matures. The peel is easily separated from the flesh, covered with stiff, curled at the ends hairs of a brown shade, 1–2 cm long. The pulp contains a large, brown, oval-shaped seed 2 cm long.

The tree bears fruit 2 times a year. The first yield in the middle of summer, the second - in December.

Currently, about 200 varieties of rambutan, differing in size and taste of fruits, have been bred. Most of them are bisexual, and there are more female flowers on the tree than male ones producing pollen. Male inflorescences - panicles consist of numerous green flowers, each of which has up to 7 stamens with anthers, and yellow nectaries in the ovule. When they were bred, important importance was given to reducing the height of the tree to 4 m and reducing the threshold of fruiting. Boneless varieties are very popular.

Relatives of rambutan are pulasan, lychee, aki, corlan, maple and horse chestnut.

Rambutan spread

The main distribution of rambutan - the countries of Southeast Asia. Today the rambutan tree (see photo below) grows in countries with a tropical climate.

Culture is cultivated in Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Africa, Australia, Central America. Large plantations are located in Cambodia, the Philippines, India.

The largest supplier of this product to the world market is Thailand, where rambutan plantations occupy huge areas.

This culture is sensitive to temperature changes, at temperatures below 10 ° C, he feels uncomfortable. The ideal temperature for its growth and development is 27 - 28 ° С and air humidity of 83 - 90%.

The tree prefers deep, well-drained soil, clay and sandy loam, rich in nutrients.

Application of rambutan fruit

Rambutan fruit (see photo) is one of the most popular in eastern countries, where it is eaten raw and canned. The pulp is added to exotic dishes, desserts.

The stone contained inside the fruit is inedible because it contains tannin. At the same time, it is very useful because of the high content of valuable fats and oils. However, when roasting, the bone of rambutan becomes harmless and resembles an acorn in taste.

Rambutan is also widely used in the manufacture of cosmetic products, including for the manufacture of soap and exclusive candles. From young shoots get a natural dye for fabric. Furniture is made of wood.

Before use, the "hairy" fruit is peeled using a sharp knife. They eat the flesh carefully, trying not to grab the bone, so as not to spoil the taste of sweet-sour consistency.

Rambutan fruit is very sensitive to low temperatures, at which it quickly darkens and loses its taste. Therefore, it should be stored at a temperature of + 7 ... + 15 ° C. In such conditions it can be stored for 2 - 3 weeks.

Since this plant is exotic, not everyone knows what rambutan looks like and what should be guided by when choosing it in a store. First you need to pay attention to its processes, located on the peel. They should be light brown or greenish, as well as be strong and smooth. The peel should be bright, whole, without any blemishes and dark hairs.

Growing rambutan plants

In the southern regions, rambutan is cultivated in the open field. For its planting choose areas that are closed from strong winds, which prevent the flowering and fruiting of the tree. In the dry season spend abundant watering. Young plants perform formative pruning of the crown to give it a compact form. It is also possible to grow a culture at home, providing it with enough moisture, heat and light.

When growing rambutan, it is important to consider that the tree grows in hot conditions with high humidity, where the annual precipitation is at least 2500 mm per year. Prefers a drained sandy or clay soil with moderate acidity. Due to the abundance of fruits, the plant pulls out a large amount of nutrients from the soil; therefore, after harvesting, organic and mineral fertilizers are applied.

Propagated by seed, grafting, air layering, budding. Grafted individuals will begin to bear fruit for 2–3 years, trees grown from seed - for 5 years. The richest harvests are observed at 8 - 10 year.

Photo gallery: rambutan (click on image to enlarge):

Rambutan is a tropical fruit originally from Southeast Asia that grows on evergreen trees. Outside the countries of Southeast Asia this jelly-like fruit is very difficult to meet, but with a strong desire it can be grown at home.

What is rambutan?

The word rambutan passed from Malaysia, if you translate it literally, it will mean "hair". It makes sense, since this fruit is really covered with villi, which may resemble hair.

Such fruits grow in clusters. This fruit has a bright pink or crimson color, the core is translucent or it has a pearl color. The taste of the core is sweet, but with a slight sourness. By itself, the flesh is very juicy.

Peeling this fruit is very easy. No need for any fixtures, this can be done by hand. At first glance, it may seem that its skin is prickly, but it is not. The hairs on the skin are very elastic and soft. The smell of rambutan with its sweetness resembles grapes.

This fruit is a godsend for travelers and tourists. If you eat it, you will not lose much moisture from the body. This is especially true in the regions.where there is no drinking tap water.

What is the chemical composition of rambutan?

Rambutan contains the following vitamins:

  • calcium minerals
  • magnesium,
  • zinc,
  • copper,
  • potassium,
  • vitamins of groups A and B,
  • manganese.

Pay attention to the fact that manganese helps regulate metabolism, and also helps reduce cholesterol levels. Someone might think that you need to eat a lot of fruit to get the daily rate of manganese.. But the fruits are so tasty.that when they start to eat, I want more and more.

Fruits contain a lot of iron, which is needed to control the level of oxygen in the body. Iron prevents fatigue and dizziness that may be caused by anemia.

Rambutan is also rich in phosphorus, which helps filter out waste in the kidneys, and is also needed for the full growth of the body.

What are the beneficial properties of this fruit?

Rambutan fruit is actively used in Asian herbal medicine. Scientists have found that it is useful to eat it in diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. Often this fruit is used to prevent cancer, to improve lactation, as well as to accelerate recovery after childbirth.

In Thai medicine, almost all parts of the plant are used: pulp, fruits, seeds, roots of the tree and its foliage. Thai culture is considered to be rambutan tree sacred, and such that it has magical power.

What is the use of rambutan?

Antioxidant and anti-cancer effect

Due to the fact that this fruit contains many antioxidant components, which are very useful for the human body. Rambutan skin extracts can be found very often in the store, they should be used as a supplement. Seeds and skin of this plant are effective in the prevention of cancer.

Ability to protect against bacteria and infections

Gallic acid is present in the skin of the fruit, which helps eliminate various infections.

Source of beneficial minerals and vitamins

This fruit contains in its composition, such vitamins and useful trace elements as manganese, magnesium, iron, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B14, as well as vitamin C and healthy dietary fiber. All these beneficial vitamins help protect the body from rapid aging.

Removal of waste from the kidneys

Due to the fact that this fruit contains phosphorus, but helps to remove waste from the kidneys. Phosphorus also contributes to the normal development of tissues and cells of the body.

Fat Reduction

This fruit helps to reduce the amount of fat in the human body. This is explained by the fact that rambutan contains a large amount of fiber in its composition, and also it is low-calorie. Caloric content of this fruit is 60 kcal per 100 grams of product. It is recommended to drink the seeds of this fruit or mix them with other foods. They can be consumed raw, however, the amount should be limited.

Increases the amount of energy in the body

Rambutan - a storehouse of carbohydrates and protein, so its use helps to increase energy levels. High water content helps restore water balance.

Strengthens bones

This fruit is rich in calcium, which is necessary for normal bone growth. The constant use of this fruit in food will help minimize the chances of a fracture or the occurrence of any diseases associated with human bones.

Rambutan - a remedy for diarrhea

In its raw form, the fruit is used to treat diarrhea. Fragrant pulp helps to soothe the intestines, which is inflamed, and also helps to establish the process of digesting food.

How to grow rambutan at home?

For planting this plant seeds are used. You can buy them green nurseries. For planting fit seed of ripe fruit. Pay attention to the fact that in a pot this plant is unlikely to bear fruit.

Seed should be removed from the fruit immediately before planting, as it very quickly loses its germination. In order to increase chances making plants, you can use special growth promoters that can be purchased at a regular flower shop.

What are the conditions needed for growing rambutan at home?

  • Plant this fruit should be on loose and rich in organic soil.
  • For growing at home should prepare a mixture of flower soil and peat, and do not forget to make a drainage of expanded clay.
  • The seed usually germinates in the range from 1 week to a month, depending on what is the temperature of the air and how mature the fruit from which the seeds were obtained.
  • The soil should be kept wet all the time, it should be moistened almost every day.
  • After the appearance of the first shoots, watering can be done a little less.

The plant needs good lighting, however, it is not recommended to expose it to direct sunlight. Periodically it should be sprayed, thus you will imitate the natural conditions of the tropics.

When rambutan grows up, it should be transplanted into a larger pot. Please note that organic fertilizers should be applied to the ground each year.

How is rambutan?

The skin of the fetus should be carefully removed, for this you need to find a barely noticeable stitch on the fetus and gently open it. To make everything faster you can use a knife. Note that if the flesh is badly separated from the skin, then the fruit is overripe and one cannot eat much of it, since it may contain alkaloids and tannins.

Growing conditions for home rambutan.

Rambutan prefers rich in organic loose permeable soil. For growing rambutan tree at home, a mixture of flower soil and peat 3: 1, with a drainage layer of expanded clay will be suitable. Seed germination usually takes from 1 week to a month, depending on the temperature and maturity of the fruit. The soil must be kept wet at all times. Daily watering is required with removal of excess moisture from the pan.

After the appearance of the rambutan sprout, the frequency of watering can be reduced to once every 2-3 days. The plant needs the maximum amount of sunlight, but without the constant hit of direct rays. It is desirable to provide daily spraying of leaves to maintain humidity and imitate the conditions of the tropical coast, except for the winter season.

As it grows, home rambutan needs to be transplanted into a large container with the addition of fresh soil. If there is no possibility of further transplantation, the top layer of soil in the pot should be replaced twice a year and organic matter should be added in the form of humus.

Providing the required conditions, rambutan will grow in an apartment and will delight you for several years. He is quite tolerant of pruning and therefore the tree can be given a decorative look.

What is rambutan?

The word rambutan passed from Malaysia, if you translate it literally, it will mean "hair". It makes sense, since this fruit is really covered with villi, which may resemble hair.

Such fruits grow in clusters. This fruit has a bright pink or crimson color, the core is translucent or it has a pearl color. The taste of the core is sweet, but with a slight sourness. By itself, the flesh is very juicy.

Peeling this fruit is very easy. No need for any fixtures, this can be done by hand. At first glance, it may seem that its skin is prickly, but it is not. The hairs on the skin are very elastic and soft. The smell of rambutan with its sweetness resembles grapes.

This fruit is a godsend for travelers and tourists. If you eat it, you will not lose much moisture from the body. This is especially true in the regions.where there is no drinking tap water.

What is the chemical composition of rambutan?

Rambutan contains the following vitamins:

  • calcium minerals
  • magnesium,
  • zinc,
  • copper,
  • potassium,
  • vitamins of groups A and B,
  • manganese.

Pay attention to the fact that manganese helps regulate metabolism, and also helps reduce cholesterol levels. Someone might think that you need to eat a lot of fruit to get the daily rate of manganese.. But the fruits are so tasty.that when they start to eat, I want more and more.

Fruits contain a lot of iron, which is needed to control the level of oxygen in the body. Iron prevents fatigue and dizziness that may be caused by anemia.

Rambutan is also rich in phosphorus, which helps filter out waste in the kidneys, and is also needed for the full growth of the body.

What are the beneficial properties of this fruit?

Rambutan fruit is actively used in Asian herbal medicine. Scientists have found that it is useful to eat it in diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. Often this fruit is used to prevent cancer, to improve lactation, as well as to accelerate recovery after childbirth.

In Thai medicine, almost all parts of the plant are used: pulp, fruits, seeds, roots of the tree and its foliage. Thai culture is considered to be rambutan tree sacred, and such that it has magical power.

What is the use of rambutan?

Antioxidant and anti-cancer effect

Due to the fact that this fruit contains many antioxidant components, which are very useful for the human body. Rambutan skin extracts can be found very often in the store, they should be used as a supplement. Семена и кожа этого растения эффективны в профилактике онкозаболеваний.

Способность защищать от бактерий и инфекций

Gallic acid is present in the skin of the fruit, which helps eliminate various infections.

Source of beneficial minerals and vitamins

This fruit contains in its composition, such vitamins and useful trace elements as manganese, magnesium, iron, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B14, as well as vitamin C and healthy dietary fiber. All these beneficial vitamins help protect the body from rapid aging.

Removal of waste from the kidneys

Due to the fact that this fruit contains phosphorus, but helps to remove waste from the kidneys. Phosphorus also contributes to the normal development of tissues and cells of the body.

Fat Reduction

This fruit helps to reduce the amount of fat in the human body. This is explained by the fact that rambutan contains a large amount of fiber in its composition, and also it is low-calorie. Caloric content of this fruit is 60 kcal per 100 grams of product. It is recommended to drink the seeds of this fruit or mix them with other foods. They can be consumed raw, however, the amount should be limited.

Increases the amount of energy in the body

Rambutan - a storehouse of carbohydrates and protein, so its use helps to increase energy levels. High water content helps restore water balance.

Strengthens bones

This fruit is rich in calcium, which is necessary for normal bone growth. The constant use of this fruit in food will help minimize the chances of a fracture or the occurrence of any diseases associated with human bones.

Rambutan - a remedy for diarrhea

In its raw form, the fruit is used to treat diarrhea. Fragrant pulp helps to soothe the intestines, which is inflamed, and also helps to establish the process of digesting food.

How to grow rambutan at home?

For planting this plant seeds are used. You can buy them green nurseries. For planting fit seed of ripe fruit. Pay attention to the fact that in a pot this plant is unlikely to bear fruit.

Seed should be removed from the fruit immediately before planting, as it very quickly loses its germination. In order to increase chances making plants, you can use special growth promoters that can be purchased at a regular flower shop.

What are the conditions needed for growing rambutan at home?

  • Plant this fruit should be on loose and rich in organic soil.
  • For growing at home should prepare a mixture of flower soil and peat, and do not forget to make a drainage of expanded clay.
  • The seed usually germinates in the range from 1 week to a month, depending on what is the temperature of the air and how mature the fruit from which the seeds were obtained.
  • The soil should be kept wet all the time, it should be moistened almost every day.
  • After the appearance of the first shoots, watering can be done a little less.

The plant needs good lighting, however, it is not recommended to expose it to direct sunlight. Periodically it should be sprayed, thus you will imitate the natural conditions of the tropics.

When rambutan grows up, it should be transplanted into a larger pot. Please note that organic fertilizers should be applied to the ground each year.

How is rambutan?

The skin of the fetus should be carefully removed, for this you need to find a barely noticeable stitch on the fetus and gently open it. To make everything faster you can use a knife. Note that if the flesh is badly separated from the skin, then the fruit is overripe and one cannot eat much of it, since it may contain alkaloids and tannins.

What does rambutan look like?

Exotic fruit in size from 3 to 6 cm, in an unripe form of bright orange, and in ripe - juicy red color. The fruit is round in shape and covered with stiff hairs up to 2 cm long, which are slightly curved at the end. Because of this hairiness, the Malaysians called the fruit “ngo” - rambutan, which means “hair”.

Inside is soft, like jelly, and round, like a pearl, flesh. That it is an edible base, breaking which you can detect a bone about 2 cm in diameter.

Rambutan in the peel, gelatinous pulp of the fetus and its bone

The smell and taste of rambutan

Having tasted shaggy fruit, you can feel the sweet-sour taste, but rambutan does not have a special smell. Locals say that the aroma of rambutan is delicate, with hints of vanilla, but not all tourists can feel this delicate smell.

There is a statement that the exotic fruit in taste is very similar to grapes. However, connoisseurs say that rambutan is more juicy and quenches thirst better than a bunch of grapes.

Where and how does rambutan grow?

Most often, rambutan can be found in Malaysia and Thailand, where this fruit is abundantly presented in supermarkets and fruit markets. Fruits grow in clusters, collected an average of 30 pieces, on tall evergreen trees.

Rambutans can grow up to 25 meters. For the convenience of collecting rambutans, breeders managed to achieve breeding varieties that grow only up to 5 meters.

How to choose the right fruit

Determine the freshness of the fruit rambutan can be guided by the following rules:

  • the ripe fruit will have a color close to the red,
  • on the peel should not be stains, bedsores and scratches,
  • hairs look fluffy, not glued,
  • the stone is easily separated only from ripe fruit.

Rambutan season in Thailand

In Thailand, locals begin collecting rambutans in late July. And in August, they go on sale. Until October, the fruit can still be found on the shelves, both fresh and marinated or candied.

For the street trade, fruits are laid out in large baskets, but fruits can be purchased individually by weight. In the supermarket, the rambutan season is usually stretched for half a year, as fresh fruit is placed in sterilized vacuum trays.

Fresh rambutan is stored in the refrigerator and suitable for food for 2 days.

Local kulin make from fruit jams, sweet fillings, which are added to pies and desserts. The bone is fried in a special way and eaten.

Useful properties of an exotic fruit

Rambutan is considered not only tasty, but also a useful fruit.

  1. The flesh contains a lot of fluid, so it perfectly quenches thirst and ensures its absence for a long time.
  2. Rambutane contains an impressive amount of carbohydrates. They are responsible for delivering energy and strength to the body. A pair of juicy and sweet fruit for breakfast perfectly cope with this task.
  3. Dietary fiber of an exotic fetus is conducive to the work of the intestine.
  4. The presence of magnesium in rambutan juice will have a positive effect on the health of the heart, teeth, bones and nervous system as a whole.
  5. Vitamin C will strengthen the immune system and relieve depression.
  6. The iron present in rambutan will take care of the blood formation and functions of the thyroid gland.

Healing properties of the fetus

Rambutan has the following healing properties:

  • possesses antibacterial and anthelmintic properties,
  • quickly eliminates diarrhea,
  • protects against infections and bacteria
  • participates in the cleansing of the kidneys,
  • plays the role of a prophylactic against cancer
  • helps in the treatment of diabetes
  • improves potency
  • increases the likelihood of conception,
  • is a dietary option,
  • serves as a rejuvenating agent.

Contraindications to the use of fruit

Do not forget that rambutan is a fruit grown under the conditions of exotic, therefore it can harm the health of a tourist. In the first tasting is limited to a small portion of the fruit, in order to check the reaction of the organism.

Raw rambutan is unsuitable for food because it contains poisonous saponins and tannins.

Fruit is not recommended to use:

  • children under 7 years old
  • persons prone to allergic reactions
  • elderly people.

Rambutan - Tropical Exotic

This tall (up to 25 meters), sprawling, evergreen tree is widespread throughout the tropical belt of the world: it can be found in almost every garden in Southeast Asia, rambutan is bred on the African continent, in the countries of Central America, India can boast of its extensive plantations Indonesia, Philippines, Australia. But the main supplier of rambutan fruit to the world market is Thailand.

Rambutan is a tropical fruit tree with a height of 6–7 m, less often 20–25 m with a wide spreading crown and numerous branches

Many people compare rambutan fruits with walnuts or chestnuts. They have a rounded or oval shape and small size (up to 6 cm in diameter), grow on the trees in clusters.

The fruits of rambutan are clustered on the branches, almost like grapes

The fruit is covered with a rather dense, but easily separated from the pulp skin of red, white, yellow or reddish-orange color, which, as the fruit ripens, becomes more and more saturated. Above the peel there are stiff, slightly curled hairs at the ends, due to which the fruits of the plant are often called hairy. The hairs of ripe rambutan have a rich color.

Under the skin there is a juicy, fragrant whitish or slightly pinkish pulp of jelly-like consistency and a moderately soft brownish seed, about 2 cm in size.

The skin of rambutan is inedible, it is carefully trimmed with a knife and is easily separated from the pulp

Locals can harvest rambutan twice a year: in July and December.

To date, there are about 200 varieties of this culture, which differ in color, size and taste of the fruit. Breeders seriously worked on reducing the height of the tree to 4 m, as well as on breeding seedless varieties that are becoming popular with local gardeners. According to consumer feedback, rambutan fruits without stones have a more sour taste.

Among the relatives of rambutan can be called such exotic animals as lychee, aki, pulasan, as well as the familiar and common in the middle belt of the plant - maple and horse chestnut.

Useful properties and possible harm

The fruit contains a large amount of vitamins and trace elements necessary for the human body:

  • nicotinic acid
  • vitamins of group B and C,
  • carbohydrates
  • protein,
  • phosphorus,
  • zinc,
  • copper,
  • iron,
  • calcium.

Experts note the usefulness of eating fruit with the following problems:

  • diarrhea, dysentery, helminthic invasion, because the fruits have anthelmintic and antibacterial action,
  • cardiovascular diseases, because rambutan is able to lower blood pressure and beneficially affect the functioning of the heart,
  • obesity, because fruit catalyzes metabolic processes.

Since rambutan is an excellent source of many vitamins and minerals necessary to maintain good health, it is recommended to use it for

  • increase immunity
  • strengthen hair
  • receiving the rejuvenating effect.

Useful substances are not only in the fruits of the plant. The recipes of traditional medicine use the rind, bark and leaves of the tree:

  • steam leaves are placed on the temples to relieve headaches
  • decoction of the cortex is used to treat thrush,
  • decoction of the roots is used to get rid of fever,
  • Leaf paste makes hair smooth and silky
  • mashed seed mask is applied to the skin to make it soft and velvety.

Locals say: "If you want to extend your life, eat at least one rambutan." They are convinced that the taste of the fruit is the taste of ambrosia, the food of the gods.

Rambutan is useful for general healing of the body, for skin beauty and digestion.

Exot has practically no contraindications, with the exception of individual intolerance to the components of the fetus. Initial acquaintance with rambutan must begin with the use of a small amount in order to see and understand the body's reaction to unusual foods. Symptoms of rambutan allergy include the following symptoms:

  • blood pressure falls,
  • dizzy, loss of consciousness may occur,
  • gastrointestinal disorders occur,
  • breathing problems or swelling of the skin may begin.

Especially carefully and in small doses should give an unfamiliar fruit to the child.

Rambutan application

The fruits of rambutan in the first place consume fresh. They have great taste and juiciness. There are about 70 g of water per 100 g of fruit, so the fruit is often used to quench your thirst. Rambutan bones are not eaten raw, as they contain tannin and therefore have a bitter taste.

Rambutan's delicious tender flesh does not need any treatment - you can eat it immediately after cleaning

Fruits can be canned with sugar, compote and jams are made from them. Fruit pulp is a part of many exotic dishes and desserts, including as a filling for patties, as an additive to sauces and ice cream.

Natural compote from selected ripe and juicy rambutan fruit is a real treat for both children and adults.

The use of an exotic fruit is not limited to cooking:

  • the components of rambutan are used to make various cosmetic products, including soap,
  • Rambutan fruit oil is often used for smelting festive exclusive candles, as it gives off a pleasant aroma when heated,
  • from young shoots get natural dyes for fabric,
  • furniture is made from the wood of adult trees.

Recommendations for the selection and consumption of fruit

When choosing an exotic fruit you need to know and pay attention to the following nuances:

  • The skin of rambutan should be bright, solid, without spots. If you have a fruit with brown skin, then most likely it will be stale,
  • hairs of fresh rambutan should have a greenish tint, be elastic. The loss of these qualities is a sign that the fruit has long been removed from the tree,
  • at a storage temperature of about 0 degrees, the fruit darkens and loses its taste,
  • rambutan fruit can be stored for about 2 weeks, if it is provided temperature from +7 to +15 degrees.

To get to the juicy white pulp of the fruit it is necessary to peel it. This can be done with a knife, cutting the skin around the circumference or pressing it with your fingers. After the appearance of cracks, the peel will be easy to clean.

True professionals do this:

    Take the fruit for two tips.

It is important to find the shell connection and break it, turning the halves of rambutan in different directions

Most often, only the upper half of the peel is removed from the fetus, and the lower one will serve as a small cup that is picked up.

The pulp of rambutan is sweetish, some varieties have a pronounced acidity. If you compare the taste of exotic with our usual fruits, it resembles grapes with hints of strawberries and raspberries. A subtle grape aroma has a cut fruit, while the uncut fruit has almost no smell.

Rambutan is eaten carefully, without biting the bones, as its bitterness can spoil the delicate taste of the fruit.

Is it possible to grow fruit at home from the stone and how to do it

Rambutan is a child of the tropics, therefore for life it needs sufficient illumination (at least 12 hours a day), comfortable temperature (from +18 degrees) and high humidity. If you live in the southern region, you can try to grow a tree in the open field. For planting choose a site that is sufficiently protected from winds with fertile, well-drained clay or loamy soil. In more northern regions, rambutan can only be grown at home.

Most often, a tree growing in a pot does not bear fruit, and the result will be just a beautiful ornamental houseplant. But if the experiment is successful, a tree grown from a seed, approximately for 5 years, can bear fruit.

There are various ways of plant reproduction, but planting the seed will be the most affordable. Make it easy. The main thing to understand is that in the future the plant will require your close attention, it will not survive if the necessary conditions for growth are not provided. The landing process includes the following steps:

    A bone is extracted from the ripe rambutan fruit. Consider that the seed quickly loses its germination, so you should start planting immediately after you get a bone from the fruit.

The seed of rambutan, extracted from the fruit, quickly loses germination

Usually, the sprout is shown from the stone at 10–15 days after soaking.

When the shoot is strong enough, it should be transplanted into a larger container.

If you are confident in the freshness and ripeness of the stone, or you have a large amount of planting material, then rambutan seeds can be planted without germination in moist soil. Viable bones will surely sprout.

Care tips for indoor rambutan

Rambutan can not be attributed to plants that need minimal care. Its cultivation will require you to pay close attention and regular care. First of all, it is necessary to ensure that exotic conditions are acceptable for development:

  • A young plant should be well-lit at least 12 hours a day. In the summer, he will have enough natural light, but in the fall, in the winter and in the early spring, without regular illumination, the tree may wither. В тёплую погоду экзот будет хорошо чувствовать себя на балконе или лоджии, где много солнечного света, но необходимо следить, чтобы прямые солнечные лучи не попадали на растение,
  • температура содержания рамбутана должна быть в районе +25 градусов. It should be borne in mind that the tree doesn’t take sharp fluctuations in temperature badly, so taking it outside in the summer is not recommended because of the difference between day and night temperatures. Remember that temperatures below 10 degrees are fatal to the plant,
  • watering should be regular and moderate. In daily hydration the plant will need during the period of active growth. As the seedling develops, the frequency of watering can be reduced to once every 2–3 days, but spraying the leaves should be done daily. It is necessary to ensure that excess moisture does not accumulate in the tray, it must be regularly removed, as it can damage the root system and cause fungal diseases. Insufficient air humidity is also harmful to the plant. For this reason, the leaves may begin to turn yellow and dry, the tree will stop growing,

It is important not to allow stagnation of water in the tank, so a drainage layer made of expanded clay, small pebbles or cut foam is always laid out on the bottom.

If rambutan is provided with the required conditions, it will be able to delight you with its beauty and exoticism for several years. Experts say that the tree tolerates pruning quite easily, so it will be easy to give the plant a decorative look.

Video: rambutan - one of the main fruits of Thailand

And the rambutan wonder tree and its unusual fruit are really interesting and deserve the attention of not only those who like to pamper themselves with exotic goodies, but also those who are keen on growing tropical plants at home. Try, experiment, share your successes and impressions!