Fruit shrubs

Rules for the care of currants in the spring


Black currant is a popular berry crop, which today is found in almost every summer cottage. The success of growing black currants and the yield of this berry will largely depend on ensuring proper planting care. We'll tell you how to care for the currants in the spring, which will allow you to get a great harvest.

Care for young currant bushes

First of all, let's talk about how to properly care for young currant bushes. Often, it is on the provision of proper care for the seedlings that the subsequent growth and fruiting indicators of this berry crop depend. Gardener will need to grow strong powerful bush with numerous basal shoots.

Immediately after planting, seedlings should be properly cut, removing part of the stem with two or three buds. Subsequently, such pruning will not only allow to form the correct growth of the shrub, but also guarantees excellent fruiting.

Remember that early flowering and fruiting currants can weaken a young plant. Therefore, the gardener is recommended in the first few years to remove all the flowers, preventing such an early formation of berries. Starting from the third year of life, the shrub will begin to fully bear fruit, and the gardener will be able to get a good harvest.

There is currently no consensus on whether additional feeding is necessary for young seedlings. Some gardeners recommend using only fertile soil during planting and, in their opinion, it is not required to make any additional feeding for two or three years later. While other experienced gardeners recommend still conduct appropriate fertilization with a light solution of nitrophoska. To prepare such a nutrient mixture, it is necessary to dissolve one matchbox of nitrophoska in 10 liters of water. Such feeding will allow the plant to form a powerful bush, which will later be excellent fruit.

It is the pruning of young saplings of currants that should be given due attention. The first pruning is carried out immediately after planting, and later such work is performed in early spring each year. The adult bush consists of 15-20 strong and healthy branches. different age. To achieve such proper growth, it is necessary to leave 2-3 zero young shoots and powerful two-year-old branches on the plant each spring, while the remaining shoots are removed.

Recommendation. Pruning a shrub, it is best to leave branches that grow in different directions.

Also, the gardener will need to regularly water the plants. In summer, such work is carried out at least twice a month. For irrigation using separated water, you can add a small amount of mullein to the water.

Spring garden work

Begin to care for these shrubs in the spring should be even before the bud. In spring, this berry crop will require maximum attention from the summer resident and gardener. Providing the right care, in the future it will be possible to get a great harvest. Care of the currant in the spring involves the following work:

  • Disinfect the primer.
  • Carry out preventive treatment.
  • Mulch the soil.
  • Water plants.
  • Feed the currants.

For disinfection of soil can be used as commercial insecticides, and time-tested tools. We can recommend you to shed the earth with boiling water that will destroy various insect pests, as well as pathogens of powdery mildew and other fungal diseases. With this treatment, it is necessary to water the bush from the watering can with boiling water, dousing the ground and branches with hot water.

Tip Do not be afraid to boil the plant with boiling water. This method has been tested many times and does not cause any damage to the bush.

Black Currant Care spring implies compulsory treatment of the tree trunk lies in loosening the soil with a rake, removing old foliage and weed roots. After this, the soil is mulched with compost or humus.

It is recommended to feed currants in early spring with a solution of urea. To prepare such a nutritional composition, it is necessary to dilute one tablespoon of urea in a bucket of water. Such a fertilizer will allow the shrub to get the nitrogen and other mineral elements it needs. For such feeding you can also use a solution of mullein, nitrophoska and ammonium nitrate. The first fertilization is done before flowering, and the shrub is fed a second time after the color has fallen.

It is also useful to carry out protective spring treatment of currants from pests. Problems gardener delivers aphids and other pests that can significantly weaken the shrub or damage ripening berries. For such processing You can use ready-made insecticides or various herbal infusions. Just remember that it is forbidden to carry out such treatment during the flowering period, as it is possible to scare off or poison the bees, which will lead to problems with pollination and currant yield.

Summer activities

Summer care for planting is loosening the soil, removing weeds, watering, feeding, mulching and pinching shoots.

Currant is a moisture-loving crop, so correct and timely watering will be one of the conditions for obtaining a good harvest. Especially a lot of shrub water is required during the formation and ripening of berries. The lack of moisture at this time will invariably lead to the grinding and shedding of ripening berries. Watering currants must be exclusively at the root. One plant usually leaves five buckets of water. In the hot dry season, this watering is done every 10 days.

Important. When watering this berry culture, try not to moisten the foliage, as this will lead to the development of powdery mildew.

Immediately after watering, it is recommended to loosen the ground and mulch it. Such loosening of the soil improves the supply of oxygen to the root system, and has a positive effect on yields. Just remember that that the roots of black currant are located near the surface, therefore such a land treatment should be carried out as quickly as possible.

When loosening the soil in any case, do not use a shovel. All work is done with a rake or hoe.

Mulching planting is best five-centimeter layer of humus, peat or other mulch. Such a thick layer of mulch will eliminate the appearance of weeds, and life-giving moisture will remain in the soil for a long time.

Feeding the shrubs in the summer is best done after harvest. The following fertilizers are applied under each bush:

  • Potash fertilizers - 30 grams.
  • Phosphorus - 70 grams.
  • Any purchased mineral complex fertilizers - 100 grams.

Once every three years in the summer, currants are fed with humus, contributing about 10 kilograms of fertilizer per bush. Also great results shows the dressing of the urea solution, for which it is necessary to dissolve three matchboxes of urea in a bucket of water and carefully water the plant from a watering can.

In mid-July, the so-called pinching of the tips at zero shoots is carried out. The gardener will need to pinch the young shoots, shortening them to a third of the length. Performing such a pinching allows you to further improve the fruiting, and already on two-year-old shoots next spring a large number of berries will form. Also such pinching has a positive effect on the size of the berries, which become large and tasty.

Autumn action

The main goal of this autumn care this berry crop is its preparation for winter.

In the autumn, you must perform 2-3 watering shrubs. Should monitor the soil moisture, which will allow to properly prepare the plants for the cold.

In the autumn after harvesting it is necessary to deposit it under each bush, which will require about 30 grams of potassium chloride and 100 grams of superphosphate.

In October-November, after the first frosts, the shrub should be tied up with a string, and after the first snow has fallen, cover the plantings with spruce or snow.

Currant is a berry crop popular with gardeners, which, with proper care, allows you to get a great harvest. By providing planting the right conditions for growth in the spring, you can get a great harvest of tasty and healthy berries.

The importance of timely care

So, in order to have a good crop of currants, the gardener will have to make a lot of effort. At the same time, trimming bushes is an integral part of care. Such an event stimulates the rapid growth of shoots in the underground part of the bush.

Such processes are also called root, substitution shoots or zero. After pruning, growth and branching of annual shoots, which grow on perennial branches, increases markedly. Also pruning prevents thickening of the bush, and because of this, the size of the berries also increase.

Timely pruning of currant branches ensures the growth of fruit bearing wood (new root shoots are formed). Therefore, we can say with confidence that the annual spring pruning of currant shoots is necessary not only for the correct formation of the shrub - this procedure guarantees a good harvest.

Full care for currants in the spring

Before blooming buds, in early spring, currant care should begin. To do this, the ground around the bushes should be cleaned with a rake, garbage, foliage, last year’s mulch and burned, since various harmful insects and their larvae can be found in the upper loose soil layer.

The soil in the tree should be loosened well, remove the first weeds.

In order to retain moisture, tree trunks should be mulched with humus, mowed grass, compost, rotted manure. Such an agrotechnical technique eliminates the need for frequent watering and loosening of the soil.

To care for a currant is, first of all, to ensure regular watering of the plant.

At the same time, it is important to remember:

  1. Watering should be once a week.
  2. For one bush will require no more than three liters of water. If you overdo it, then it is fraught with rotting of the root system.
  3. For irrigation, it is best to use water at room temperature, preferably separated.
  4. It is recommended to water in the evening so that the moisture can penetrate into the region of the root system overnight.
  5. Do not pour water directly into the center of the bush. Watering is better to do around the perimeter of the crown.
  6. Stop watering is possible only if the ovary has grown and began to be painted. At such a moment, watering is harmful, because the berries can crack from the excess water directly on the bushes.

Caring for a circle

In the spring, it is very important to regularly carry out weeding, as well as mulching the soil. Currant loves drained soil, and this requires regular loosening with the help of deep weeding.

Also, the gardener can use a shovel to dig the soil 15-20 cm deep. Loosen the soil as carefully as possible so as not to accidentally damage the root system of the plant.

Pest Control

The main harmful insect that infects bushes of black and, in some cases, red currants is currant bud mite. During pruning, the grower should pay special attention to swollen buds, which look like peas, as females of the pest can spend the winter there. With the advent of the first sunlight pests begin to multiply actively.

An effective remedy for combating various infections and pests is various herbal decoctions, infusions with home remedies: dandelion infusion, celandine, tobacco with ash, garlic tincture, onion peel decoction, mustard powder and soda solutions.

Most gardeners are afraid to use chemistry in the garden, but in the event of the defeat of a large number of bushes, folk remedies are often ineffective. In this case, the use of fungicides Neoron, Sulfaride, Kinmiks, Topaz, Aktellik, which destroy pests, is recommended. Just spray during flowering is not worth it, because with this you just scare away or even poison the bees.

The next preventative folk remedy for pest control is spring treatment of currants with boiling water (can only be done before the kidneys swell). Treatment with boiling water prevents the appearance of kidney mite, currant goldfish, aphids and other harmful insects on the currant.

Such a procedure is an excellent prevention of various fungal, viral diseases, including powdery mildew. To do this, boil a bucket of water, carefully pour it into a watering can and make a hot shower for the bush. One adult bush will need one bucket of boiling water, while you need to water both the branches and the center of the bush.

Spring dressing currants

To feed the currants need those organic and mineral fertilizers, which were previously made in the planting hole.

If during planting of a currant a gardener introduced fertilizer in a large quantity, it means that in the first 2 years after planting in a top dressing of a currant there is no need.

After two years after planting, it is necessary to feed the bushes. In the spring, currants should be fed with nitrogen fertilizers. To do this, for 1 m² you need to make 8-10 g of urea or 10-15 g of ammonium nitrate.

Some experienced gardeners resort to a little tricks using foliar dressings that can improve the future harvest:

  1. During the flowering period of currant, it is necessary to dilute 0.5 tsp of boric acid in 10 liters of warm water (40 ° C) and spray currants with this compound. Such treatment stimulates the growth of shoots, and also increases the yield by 3 times.
  2. During the appearance of the ovaries, a solution of 150 grams of superphosphate, 60 grams of urea and 10 liters of water should be prepared and sprayed. Due to this, the shoots become strong, and the taste qualities of the berries are noticeably improved.

If during flowering there is a threat of spring frosts, currants need to be covered with a covering material, because otherwise you can lose the harvest.

Spring Currant Pruning

Why is trimming currant bushes so important?

Consider the main reasons:

  1. If you do not thin out the shrub, then every year the harvest will decline. If you do regular pruning, the black currant will be able to produce a crop for five years, and white and red - for eight years.
  2. Thick thickets create comfortable conditions for the reproduction of pests and the development of diseases.
  3. Without a correct pruning, the plant life is shortened.

Yes, pruning is a pledge of a generous harvest with a pleasant taste. However, care for black currants in early spring (including pruning) should be correct, because only in this case you can achieve the desired result.

Trimming technology

It is necessary to carry out this procedure in early spring, after the snow has melted. At this time, the buds have not yet managed to dissolve, so the plant tolerates pruning painlessly.

First you need to cut all the shoots, while leaving a few buds. The next year, you need to select strong shoots, and all the rest (especially those affected by pests and diseased branches) cut right off the ground. The remaining young branches need to cut about a third.

Already for 3 years you need to leave no more than 4 root shoots, and remove all the rest under the root. In subsequent years, when the bush is fully formed, it is necessary to remove only the frozen and old branches. They are easy to distinguish due to the color of the bark and weak young shoots.

In the process of pruning, you need to try to form the widest possible base of the bush, thanks to which its middle will be well lit, and this, in turn, contributes to good ripening of berries, growth of shoots and prevents infection with powdery mildew. Consequently, the shoots that grow in the middle of the bush, you must cut.

Extra care

Every gardener knows: to obtain a generous harvest, it is necessary to contribute to a good pollination of the bushes with bees, bumblebees and other insects. How can this be done in practice?

One of the tips of experienced gardeners is to drench the currant bushes with honey or sweetened water to bait pollinating bees. This simple technique significantly increases the amount of the crop. In addition, they recommend planting shrubs near the bee hive.

In order not to break the currant crown, it is necessary to use a special stand. It can easily be made of reinforcement and rods. Another option: near the bush at a depth of 50 centimeters, hammer in a wooden peg and use a special currant crown to attach it to a special thread.

So, care for currants is especially necessary in the spring. From that, how correctly the gardener cares for a currant in the spring, its productivity directly depends.

How to care for currants in the spring - preparing for a big harvest!

Bushes of black and red currants enter the phase of fruiting already in the second or third year after planting, another year or second they give a full harvest, decorating the landscape design with a scattering of berries. В это время почва под кустами еще не успела отдать все питательные вещества ягодам и побегам, а ветки все, как на подбор – молодые и растущие. Уход за ними нужен действительно минимальный, разве что в случае с черной смородиной не помешает прищипывание кончиков веток, чтобы стимулировать рост небольших побегов.It does not refer to red - by cutting off the tops of the shoots, you will also cut the next harvest.

Time flies quickly, and already for 5-6 years the bushes with black berries may surprise summer residents, but this time not with a crop, but with its absence. For red varieties, the aging time is stretched - branches from 8 years old are considered old. If you do not remove these branches in early spring, they themselves will not bring the harvest, and take the juices intended for young shoots. Shoots become thickened, the branches oppress each other, fighting for food and water. If you haven’t remembered currant care before that, then it’s time for that!

Black currant - spring care in general

Whatever the currant, red or black, care in the spring is the same for all varieties. The differences relate to perhaps trimming bushes. In the care of these berry crops there is nothing difficult - regular loosening of the soil, removal of weeds, watering, complex fertilizers, if necessary, protection from diseases and pests. In the loose state, the soil under the bushes must be maintained throughout the summer. When processing the soil, do not forget about the close location of the roots - directly near the bushes, the soil should be processed at a depth of about 5 cm, increasing the depth with increasing distance from the bushes.

Mulching can simplify the task at times, some gardeners even cover the ground around the plants with a layer of roofing material - weeds do not break through, and the moisture does not evaporate so much.

By the way, about moisture - in the hot summer, and in the fall, do not forget to water the bushes. Usually it is necessary to do this once every 10 days, but you need to pour out at least five buckets of water. To avoid the appearance of fungal diseases, try not to water the bush itself, pouring water on the soil. For irrigation, do not use cold well water - you need to at least warm it in the sun. It will not be superfluous to take care of a sufficient level of moisture before flowering and at the time of ripening berries.

Top dressing currants in spring and frost protection

Asking how to feed the currants in the spring, remember what organic and mineral fertilizers you applied to the planting pit. If there were enough of them, then at least the first two years the bushes will not need anything, except, of course, loosening the soil and watering the plants. Already in the third year, the bush must be fed, bringing superphosphate and potassium chloride under the digging. Nitrogen-containing fertilizers are applied in early spring. It is recommended after flowering to make the first dressing from the infusion of bird droppings or mullein, on a bucket of infusion on each bush.

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Once every five years, it is necessary to check the pH level of the soil and, if necessary, to make liming or to embed the ashes in the ground. If you live in the middle lane, where return frost is not such a rarity, smoke and spraying with water throughout the night will help protect the flowering shoots as soon as the temperature drops to +1 ° C.

Cleaning black currant bushes

The main cleaning of black currant bushes from old branches, fallen leaves, weeds is carried out in the autumn. However, during the autumn-winter period, garbage accumulates and must be removed. Carefully scrape away the black currant bush and between the branches in the bush old wintered leaves and burn it. It undoubtedly hibernates some of the pests that are late to retire.

Sanitary black currant pruning

Carefully inspect the black currant bush. Cut out all the broken, growing inside, diseased and dry branches.

Inspect the lower branches and cut off, lying on the ground. They were crushed by snow. Crop at the last or next to the last living kidney, looking up. We put branches in a heap.

We examine the old branches of black currant, whose effective fruiting is over. These are 6-7 summer branches. They are covered with old coarse bark, practically have no young lateral shoots and buds. Such branches will not form a crop, but some of the nutrients from the young will be taken. We prune them near the ground and send them to the heap.

We turn to the living fertile black currant sprouts. Inspect each from the bottom to the tip of the branch. If there are frozen parts, cut to a living kidney.

If the black currant bush looks exhausted, the young, fertile shoots are thin. We prune all young shoots by 8-10 cm. This technique will save the bush's strength to form a crop.

Once again inspect the fertile shoots. On some branches the buds are swollen, round. There is located on the winter tick. If the entire branch is affected, we cut it off without regret. Otherwise we can be left without a crop. Affected branches of black currant must be burned.

If there are 1-2 swollen buds on the blackberry currant sprout, we pinch them off and put them in a bag or pocket. They then, like all pruned branches, burn.

Black Currant Normalized Pruning

After all the preparatory pruning is carried out, they start the annual pruning of black currant bushes, with the aim of loading the bush.

The load of black currant bush is carried out in parallel with the sanitary pruning. In young 2-3 summer bushes, 3-4 well-developed young escapes are left, the rest are cut out on the ring near the ground. The stems are cut so that an improvised circle or quad is formed with approximately equal distances from each other. Inside this circle / square it is not necessary to leave a young growth. The wider the base, the brighter the black currant bush and the greater the set of berries.

Every year, black currant bush is replenished with 3-4 annual basal shoots. By the age of five, the bush will have 8–12 strong fruitful shoots. They may be larger if the base of the bush has a large diameter. The distance between the shoots of black currant is 8-12-15 cm. Second-order shoots practically do not touch. They can be shortened if the increase in the previous year is equal to or exceeds 40-45 cm.

Remember! The width of the base of the bush black currant depends on the correct fit. Sapling planted obliquely, not vertically. With an inclined planting, the shrub develops additional roots and forms a greater number of shoots from dormant buds.

The most active period of formation of black currant harvest is 5-7 years, then the fruitfulness of aging and old branches is reduced. These branches at March loading of a bush, cut off first of all. The old 8-9 year old bushes uproot and replace with young ones, gradually transferring the berry to a new place. You can uproot the black currant to replace rejuvenation, which is more practical to hold in the spring before waking up the kidneys (March). During rejuvenation, all shoots are cut out on a ring and a bush is formed from new young ones.

Techniques for early processing of black currant

Immediately after pruning, we proceed to the treatment of black currant bushes from pests and diseases.

Experienced gardeners spend on the sleeping bushes several types of treatments:

  • fire treatment
  • boiling water treatment
  • treatment with toxic chemicals,
  • processing of biological products.

Blackcurrant bush before bud break

Black currant treatment with fire

A large number of experienced gardeners began to use the early treatment of black currants (in early March while the bushes are sleeping) with the fire of a blowtorch or a gas burner to combat ticks and aphids.

After trimming, black currant bush is quite sparse. We fire the burner to the branches of the bush at a distance of 8-10 cm and lead along the branches from top to bottom 2-3 times. As though we stroke fire. Do not hold the fire close and do not hold the branches, they do not need to roast. Only burn superficially. At the same time eggs of aphids and a large number of ticks, wintering in the kidneys swollen with their number, die.

Remember! Only black, red, white and strawberries / strawberries can be processed with fire. The remaining types of berries (raspberries, gooseberries and others) can not.

If there is still snow, you can otgresti from the roots of black currant, and after a few days to return to the place.

Afraid of processing by fire, go to one of the following types, in your opinion less dangerous.

Black currant treatment with boiling water

Like fire treatment, it is carried out in early spring, while the black currant bush is at rest.

About 1-1,2 buckets of hot water are spent on a large black currant bush. Boiling water is filled with a spray with a sprayer, and from a height of 15-20 cm above the bush, we wash it with boiling water. As long as the water reaches the bush, the temperature will drop to + 60 ... + 70 ° С and will not damage the plant. Bathing reduces the number of pests, fungal diseases, but does not completely destroy them. Therefore, in the phase of swelling of the kidneys we will return once again to the treatment of plants from pests and diseases.

Black currant treatment with pesticides

At the end of March - the first half of April, black currant bushes are treated with 1-2% solution of copper sulfate or 3% solution of Bordeaux mixture. Copper oxychloride solution can be used as recommended. Treatment with these drugs partially kills hibernating mites, aphids, as well as a fungal infection.

During the beginning of the formation of black currant buds, experts recommend treating the bushes with dispersed sulfur or a suspension of colloidal sulfur. During this period, it is still possible to spray with Sulfaride, Kinmiks and other preparations permitted for use. The use of drugs Aktara, INTA-Vir and others is possible.

But in a private garden, the use of chemicals is undesirable, and in families with small children is prohibited. Environmentally friendly products can be obtained using biological preparations, infusions and decoctions of insecticidal plants.

Rust fungi on a currant leaf.

Processing black currant biopreparations

Biological preparations that can be used for currant treatments during the whole warm season up to harvesting will help to relieve the currants from ticks, aphids, pyrexia, fungal infections of various pathologies and other pests and diseases.

The maximum effect of biopreparations is manifested at positive temperatures from +15 .. + 18 ° С.

Please note! Dilution and use of biological products is necessary in strict accordance with the recommendations, then their effectiveness will be maximum.

Biological products are harmless to people, animals and birds. Begin to operate in a few hours. Their action lasts at least 2-3 weeks. Repeated processing before the end of the action of the drug is carried out only after rains.

To protect plants from pests use nemakabakt, lepidotsid, bitoksibatsillin, fitoverm and others.

For protection from diseases, pentofag, trichodermin, phytosporin-B, alirin-B, gamair and others.

Biological products mix well in tank mixes, which reduces the number of treatments and the load on the bushes during treatments.

Broths and infusions of insecticidal plants

Currently, there are tips and recommendations from gardeners and gardeners on the use of insecticidal plants to protect fruit crops from pests:

  • infusion of garlic,
  • infusion of celandine, marigolds (tagetes), dandelion, yarrow,
  • fresh potato toppers,
  • decoction of tobacco, yarrow, etc.

Along with harmless insecticidal plants, recommendations abound in the use of highly poisonous plants, which not only destroy the pitiful portion of the pests, but also serve as poison when using unwashed berries in food. Be careful!

Currant bush with blooming leaves.

The first spring feeding of black currant

Feed black currants start from the age of three (the first fruiting).

If in the fall under the black currant fertilizer is not made, then the first spring feeding is performed:

  • solution of organic fertilizer (manure, bird droppings),
  • full mineral fertilizer
  • a mixture of organic and mineral fertilizers.

For feeding black currant with manure, use a solution in a concentration of 1 part of mullein per 10 parts of water and add 20-25 g of urea or ammonium nitrate.

If instead of manure to use bird droppings, then 1 part of the litter is dissolved in 12-15 liters of water with the addition of urea.

In the absence of organic matter, you can make a nitroammofosk at the rate of 30-40 g / bush, followed by watering and mulching.

If the black currant bushes are large, with a high level of fruiting, then in the spring it is better to add an organic-mineral mixture of manure or bird droppings and phosphorus-potassium fertilizer. For 10 liters of water, dilute 1 part of the manure, add 20-25 g of superphosphate and 10-15 g of potassium sulfate. The mixture is thoroughly stirred and introduced into the grooves located along the edge of the blackcurrant bush. After making and closing the fertilizer, you can water the bushes with an average water rate (do not blur the fertilizer).

If in the fall the soil under the black currant was filled with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, then in the spring only nitrogen fertilizers in the form of urea or ammonium nitrate in a dose of 50-60 g / sq. m square. Bushes older than 4 years old get ½ of the specified rate.

Application of mineral fertilizers under currant bushes.

The second spring feeding of black currant

The second spring feeding of black currant over a period of time is 14 days or in the phase of the mass setting of berries. Currants during this period need, in addition to basic fertilizers, in trace elements. Get their plant can in the form of feeding:

The second foliar feeding of black currant is carried out in early summer with the growth of berries. Dose and feeding method are the same.

Watering black currant

In early spring, currants are usually not watered separately. Watering is used when fertilizing.

The first time independent watering of black currant is carried out at long-term dry weather in the phase of mass flowering.

With a sufficient supply of winter moisture, the first watering of black currant is carried out in the phase of formation of ovaries (approximately the end of May).

The second watering of black currant is already summer. It is carried out in the phase of growth (filling) of berries.

Currants love irrigation sprinkler. They are best done before or after flowering. During flowering or in the absence of devices for sprinkling, it is possible to irrigate with a hose:

  • along the furrows between the rows,
  • under the bush, where a roller is made to retain water,
  • in the ditch, made around the perimeter of the bush and in other ways.

It is important that the soil when watering black currant was well soaked in a layer of 40-60 cm.

In order to keep the moisture longer after soaking up water, the soil under the black currant bush is loosened and mulched. As mulch can be used under the bushes:

  • ripe compost
  • humus,
  • neutral peat,
  • rotted sawdust or shavings, mowed grass or mown siderat.
The introduction of horse manure under currant bushes, followed by mulching.

The use of mulch will not only retain moisture, but also serve as an additional organic fertilizer, and will also improve the physical properties of the soil.

The berry needs to be kept clean. Timely destroy weeds and loosen the soil, which will increase the access of air to the roots of plants, improve the microclimate in the root zone. The implementation of spring works will serve as a basis for the formation of a high yield of black currant with good quality berries.

Dear readers! The norms and combinations of fertilizers for black currant root and extra-root dressings given in the article, chemical and biological preparations for treatments from pests and diseases are not a dogma. Without a doubt, many gardeners and gardeners use their methods of berry management developed over the years. Share your comments with us in the comments.