There is an unpretentious long-liver in the family of asteraceae or asrovi - liatris. It reaches from 45 to 110 cm in height, depending on the variety. Separate species grow up to 200 cm. Mexico and North America are considered its homeland. People call it “cheerful feather” or “reindeer tongue”. Due to the close location of the root system to the ground surface, the “candle” is able to withstand the most severe weather conditions.
Farmland lights up flowering in June and July. Color palette: white, purple, lilac, purple. Peduncle large, can reach 45 cm. The leaves are linear, with pointed edges. The appearance of perennial resembles a candle. Spike bright inflorescences from above frame small fluffy flowers. Tubular flowers are collected in small baskets. As the fruit on the garden planting appears fleecy achene. The plant has a pleasant aroma. Perfumers actively use it for the manufacture of oils and toilet water. In addition, a persistent vanilla plume is a great helper in the fight against moths.
Use in landscape design
In landscape style, the reindeer tongue is a regular participant in complex group plantings. In combination with dense bushes, it is located around the circumference of the flower bed, performing the function of a border or a compact fence.
Harmoniously fits into rocky gardens and compositions. Stunted representatives adorn the foot of the alpine hills. In rockaria, culture plays the role of a key element of the composition: a kind of candle, and stones or other garden plantings can become a candlestick.
Combination with other plants
Successful combinations are obtained from a combination of liatris with such representatives of the flora as:
Well getting along with perennials, a cheerful feather creates harmonious ensembles with plants that prefer sunny areas and loose soil. When selecting "neighbors" you should pay attention to the growth, color and duration of flowering of a certain type. Snow-white and purple "candles" look picturesquely in the company with bright red and orange terry daylilies, pale yellow enotery petals.
A lush bloom host, surrounded by liatris, looks more festive.
In the open ground they are planted in late March or mid-November. Planting material is quickly germinated and has a large percentage of germination. But despite this, the seeds are pre-soaked in a weak solution of manganese. Before planting, preparatory work is carried out on the soil: it is dug up, the roots of weeds are removed and organic dressing is introduced. For each square meter of land requires 10 liters of humus. Seeds are evenly distributed over shallow grooves (not more than 1.5 cm deep), then they are covered with a thin layer of earth and watered abundantly. Most varieties please their flowering only after 3 years. Exceptions are species that bloom in the same year. In autumn, a cheerful feather throws out a lot of seed. Spring shoots enough to thin.
Seedlings are planted on seedlings extremely rarely.. In those cases when you need a guaranteed strong young plants. But most often the seeds are planted immediately in open ground. Since deer tongue is an unpretentious, drought-resistant garden planting.
This procedure is necessary not only for breeding "candles", but also to preserve the decorativeness of the liatrix. It is held every 3 years. The plant tolerates separation and planting. The shrub is removed from the ground and divided into 3-4 parts with a sharp knife. Each fragment should have one kidney.
Root tuber division
The vegetative method is the simplest and most effective. Healthy specimens that have reached the age of 3 are divided into equal parts. Each of which must have fully formed tubers. The gap between delenki should be from 35 to 45 cm. The depth of the hole is 5-6 cm. Before it is added humus or compost, which has already perepel. Completes the process of watering and mulching.
Planting seedlings in open ground seeds
Many ornamental plants can only be grown through seedlings. This is quite laborious and requires a lot of effort, time, attention. Liatris is a happy exception. Seeds germinate well in the garden, do not require special preparation, except soaking in a solution of potassium permanganate.
Seed planting leaatris in open ground is carried out in the spring, when the soil thaws. In the middle lane, the suitable period lasts from the end of March to mid-April. Until autumn, young plants will have enough time to develop enough to start an independent life in a flower bed in spring.
Sowing is carried out in a previously dug nutrient soil to a depth of 1 to 1.5 centimeters. When the furrows are powdered, the ridge is watered. Shoots throughout the warm period of the year need:
- in regular but moderate watering
- in weeding the soil next to the seedlings,
- in gently loosening the soil surface.
To save time on weeding, in the spring, after planting the liatris in open ground, crops are mulched. If it rains in summer, the plants do not specifically water. Excess moisture can cause rotting of small tubers and rhizomes.
In the fall, young liatrice lose their above-ground portion. This is a signal to the gardener who must dig up the tubers and store them until spring.
Planting Liatris in open ground with bulbs
Decorative perennial mature enough late and blooms. The first candles on the narrow built-up foliage appear only in the second or third year. If there are already large clumps of this plant on the site or the planting material is purchased in a store, they will be planted in open ground with bulbs in the second half of summer. The right time comes after flowering, in August or September.
Perennials older than three years are suitable for breeding. In August:
The bulbs are planted upward, then covered with a layer of soil, which is compacted, watered and mulched. There is a gap of at least 30–40 cm between the holes so that young flowers have plenty of space and food. After planting, the care of the leaatis in the open field is limited to mulching and weeding.
If autumn is dry, you can water the ridge. In winter, such plantings are covered abundantly with mulch, spruce branches or other material.
If desired, the liatris can be planted not with individual tubers, but with parts of an adult, overgrown bush. The main thing that delenki were:
- own roots
- formed tubers,
- healthy growth points.
Planting holes are made to the size of the separated part of the bush, and then for rapid rooting, they are filled with loose nutrient mixture based on garden soil and humus.
Place for planting liatris in open ground
To simplify the care of the liatris after planting in the open field, it is important to choose a suitable place for the crop, while paying attention not only to the decorative qualities of the perennial, but also to its requirements for soil, lighting and other growing conditions.
Liatris - a large decorative perennial, which in the flower bed has one of the main roles.
The plant will look great on the background of trees, large coniferous shrubs, next to ornamental-deciduous species and in the background low or ground-cover flowering plants.
Place for landing liatris should be sunny. The plant is not afraid of wind, direct midday rays and summer heat. But dense soil, especially supersaturated with moisture, is a risk factor. If a similar site is chosen for planting a liatris, in the photo, care in the open field will be complicated due to the decay of the root system and the development of fungal diseases.
If thawing or rain moisture accumulates on the summer cottage, the ground waters are close to it, and a drainage layer and a sewage system must be provided under the flowerbed.
Care for leaatis after planting in open ground
Liatris is surprisingly unassuming and can rightfully be called “a flower for lazy summer residents”. Flower care is watering, removing weeds and loosening the soil. Young liatrice require the most attention. As soon as the bush grows, the leaf rosette covers a significant part of the soil, retaining moisture in it and preventing the weeds from growing.
In dry times, the liatris are watered moderately. It is important that the water flow is not strong and does not erode the soil, exposing the surface root system. If this happens, you need to spud the flower or pour a fresh substrate under the base.
Liatris is fed three times during the warm season. In the spring, the flower receives the growth-promoting nitrogen. In the summer, the flower is fertilized twice with potash-phosphorus mixtures, which encourage flowering and prepare the plant for a rest period.
For tall plants provide support. And after the withering of the inflorescence pruned. If this is not done, the liatris will not miss the opportunity to dissipate and seize a part of the area not due to it. This preparation for the winter does not end there. The plant is winter-hardy, but sudden autumnal cold weather, for example, when planting and caring for liatris in open ground in the Urals or other regions with a harsh climate, can cause serious damage to the culture. Therefore, the above-ground part, when the leaves turn yellow and dry, is cut off in advance, and the site is densely mulched with a layer of about 15 cm. The shelter is most important if the winter is snowless.
Features of liatris
Liatris is a perennial. This rhizome plant has branched or simple standing shoots that are densely leafy. Linear pointed sheet plates can be alternate and whorled. Tuberiform roots externally similar to onions, and they are connected to each other by thin roots. If you choose the right place for such a flower and take good care of it, it can grow up to 200 centimeters. The color of the tubular flowers can be purple-violet, red, purple-red, pink, and also white. Flowers are part of the baskets, collected in half-meter inflorescences, having a racemose or spike shape. Flowering begins in the summer, while blooming flowers from top to bottom alternately. Fruits are ribbed elongated seeds, on the surface of which is a pile. Planted such a plant as a solo, as well as in conjunction with such flowers as: brunner, phlox, gypsophila, verbena and army. Cut flowers are able to maintain their freshness in a bouquet for up to 1.5 weeks. Dry inflorescences are great for making winter bouquets.
Growing leaatris from seeds
Liatris can be grown from seeds, and for this purpose, both seedless and seedling methods are used. However, gardeners prefer to use a seedless breeding method more, since this flower is cold-resistant, distinguished by its unpretentiousness and vitality. Sowing seeds in open ground can be done before the winter or at the beginning of the spring period. Before proceeding to sowing, the seeds should be kept for 12 hours in a solution of humate. It is necessary to dig the site beforehand, and humus must be introduced into the soil (1 bucket of organic matter is taken for 1 m 2). Then you need to prepare grooves for seeds, the depth of which should not be more than 10-15 millimeters. Prepared seeds need to spread on the grooves and sprinkle them with soil, and then pour. When growing leaatris from seeds, it should be remembered that such a flower begins to fully bloom only in the second or third year of life. In autumn, this plant breeds independently by self-sowing, therefore, with the emergence of shoots in the spring, you only need to thin them.
What time to land
Liatris is very simple and easy to propagate in a vegetative way. In the event that such a flower is already in the garden, then in August or September it is possible to divide the plant tuber into parts. Also planting material can be purchased in special flower shops. However, before you think about where it is better to buy liatris, to grow it you need to find the most suitable place in the garden. For such a plant, it is necessary to choose an open place that is well lit. Direct sunlight will not harm the flower, while it endures the heat, so the heat of July is not terrible for him. The soil should be rich in nutrients, loose and well drained. It should be remembered that the liatris reacts extremely negatively to the stagnation of the fluid in the soil, since rot appears on its roots in a short time. In this regard, such a flower can not be planted in places with wet, heavy soil, in hollows and lowlands, as well as in areas where groundwater is too close to the ground surface. Disembarking is recommended at the beginning of the spring period or in the fall.
How to land in open ground
Depending on the size of the tubers are buried in the soil for 3-10 centimeters. In this case, remember that between the bushes you need to keep a distance of 15 to 20 centimeters. Planted plants should be watered, and the area should be filled with a layer of mulch (humus).
Diseases and pests
Planting and growing liatris will not be difficult for a gardener. This plant is distinguished not only by its unpretentiousness, but also by its high resistance to disease. But at the same time it can cause significant harm to the snails and medvedki. As a rule, in order to get rid of such pests, it is recommended to resort to the simple folk method. Half a glass of beer is poured into the bottle, and then it is driven into the ground at an angle of 45 degrees, and the neck should be placed 20–30 mm below the ground level, in a not very large hole. Snails and bears, attracted by the aroma of beer, fall into the trap. However, it should be noted that the beer in such a trap must be changed systematically.
If the soil is stagnant of moisture, then rot can appear on the flower. In this case, it is necessary to cut off all the affected areas on the above-ground part of the flower and only after that to process the bush with a fungicidal agent. If the rot occurred due to excessively heavy soil or close groundwater, then you need to think about changing the site.
Liatris after flowering
After all the flowers and leaves wilt, you will need to cut that part of the liatris, which is located above the ground, and then cover the site with a layer of mulch (peat, compost or dried leaves), the thickness of which should be from 10 to 15 centimeters. It is not recommended to mulch the plot with straw, because it prefers to live in meadow rodents, which taste the rhizome of liatris. In the event that the region where such flowers grow is characterized by mild winters, then they will not need shelter.
Liatris spikata (Liatris spicata)
The birthplace of this type of South-East North America. The shoots are strong and have a height of about 0.5 meters. Sheet plate linear. Small baskets consist of 8–13 tubular flowers, which are part of the spike-shaped inflorescences and have a length of about 35 centimeters. Flowering plant begins in June or July. Duration of flowering from 35 to 40 days. Cultivated since 1732
- Florist Weiss. Bush in height reaches 0.9 m. The color of flowers is white.
- Florist Fiolet. On the bush, which can reach a height of 0.8 m, adorn purple flowers.
- Kobold. Bush in height reaches only 0.4 m. Its inflorescences are purple-pink.
Liatris rough (Liatris aspera)
This species is not very popular. Its small pink-lavender flowers are collected in long lush inflorescences. The height of the shoots reaches 100 centimeters. Sheet-plate glossy lanceolate. This species is the tallest of all. There is a variety with white flowers - White Spire.
Liatris membranous (Liatris scariosa)
Its leaf plates are somewhat wider (about 3 centimeters) than in other species. The flowers are dark lilac-pink. Grades:
- Alba. It has white flowers.
- Septem Glory. The peduncle height is about 100 centimeters, and the inflorescences are large, rich pink in color.
Site selection and soil preparation
The territory must be sufficiently sunny, the plant is able to withstand even the ingress of direct sunlight. Shade adversely affects flowering and the development of garden plantings. Lowlands and swampy areas are not suitable.
Soil is preferred dry, light, without close occurrence of groundwater and groundwater. Strong clay soil is not suitable. The reaction is neutral or slightly acid.
Produced in spring or autumn. The depth of the hole is from 4 to 12 cm. The optimal distance between the landing pits is 25 cm. At this distance, the bushes will not intertwine and interfere with each other. If planting is done in the autumn, the procedure should be completed 4-5 weeks before the frosty days. This period is sufficient to adapt the planting material. Spring landing begins immediately after the snow melted.
Loosening is carried out after each watering, at the same time all weeds are removed. Fighting them is an important care requirement. Loosening is carried out shallow, very carefully. To avoid damage to the fragile root system. Regular mulching is recommended. Experienced gardeners replace them with loosening in order not to damage the tubers.
Watering and feeding
Полив требуется умеренный, но систематический. Особенно садовое насаждение нуждается в нем жарким засушливым летом. Ни в коем случае нельзя заливать куст. This can cause root decay. Watering is carried out if the top layer of soil is completely dried out from the previous moisture. With enough natural rainfall is not required.
The plant responds gratefully to the regular application of fertilizers. During the season you need to add three times to the ground. top dressing: containing phosphorus and potassium in the autumn and summer periods, nitrogenous in the spring season. Particular attention should be paid to the yellowing of the leaves. In this case, the latter are added additionally. Do not over-fertilize the wells. An excess of nutrients leads to poor flowering. Periodically it is necessary to pour the land on the tubers. They are close to the surface and some of the soil is washed away by rain flows.
Pests and diseases
Contrary to unpretentiousness and perseverance, the cheerful feather is often subjected to the attack of all sorts of pests. Striped Nutcracker and Medvedkaliving in the soil, negatively affect the leaves. Rodents gnaw through the roots. Tubers suffer from snails.
In the fight against them, gardeners use special chemicals - insecticides. Individual susceptibility to disease has not been identified, but a representative of the flora may be infected from neighboring cultures. Excessive moistening or close location of groundwater leads to decay of the root system.
To help the deer tongue, the affected parts of the ground part are removed and the bush is sprayed with a fungicide.
Trimming and preparation for winter
Requires systematic removal of withered and dried inflorescences. This contributes to the active growth of new shoots, lush and prolonged flowering. In the fall, the beaters are cut to prevent self-seeding around the backyard plot.
Candle endures mild winters. Anomalous frosts and snowless winter will not be tolerated by a green resident; you need to provide a safe shelter. In late autumn, after the fall of the foliage, inflorescences are cut. Bottom zone must be mulched with a thick layer of peat, spruce or fallen leaves. Straw is not used, it rodents overwinter, which can cause damage to the root system.
Planting and caring for liatris (briefly)
- Landing: in early spring or autumn.
- Bloom: June July.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: fresh, friable, moderately dry, nutritious.
- Watering: as needed.
- Hilling: regular, instead of loosening, since the plant has a shallow root system.
- Mulching: mandatory.
- Garter: tall varieties need a garter to support.
- Top dressing: mineral fertilizers three times per season: in the spring - nitrogen, in the summer - potash-phosphorus.
- Reproduction: seeds and division of the bush.
- Pests: slugs, snails, and bearheads.
- Diseases: gray and root rot.
Liatris flower - description
Liatris flower is a perennial rhizomatous plant with simple or branched, standing stems that are densely leafy alternate or whorled, pointed linear leaves. Tuberiform roots of liatris, resembling onions, are interconnected by thin roots. With the right location and with good care, the height of the liatris can reach two meters. Tubular reddish-purple, violet-purple, pink, red and white flowers make up the baskets, which in turn are collected in spicate or racemose inflorescences up to half a meter in length. Liatris blooms in summer, and unlike other flowers, the bloom begins with the upper and not the lower part of the inflorescence. Liatrix fruits - oblong ribbed achenes, covered with a pile. Liatris is used in landscape design and as a solo plant, and in combination with other flowers - gypsophila, brunner, verbena, phlox, and armory. Lyatris flower stalks are well cut for up to ten days, and dried inflorescences are used to create winter bouquets.
When to plant liatris.
The easiest to reproduce perennial liatris vegetative way. If you are already growing liatris on the site, you can get planting material in August or September, dividing the liatris tuber into parts. Planting material for sale in flower shops. But first you need to choose a site where the plant will comfortably grow. For liatris fit sunny open place. Direct rays will not harm him, and to high temperatures liatris is indifferent, therefore with firmness will transfer the July heat. The soil is preferable friable, nutritious and well-drained: what leatris is afraid of is the water in the roots, from which its root system quickly decays, therefore heavy wet substrates and areas in lowlands, hollows and groundwater are not suitable for it. waters Planting of a liatris is carried out in the early spring or in the fall.
How to care for liatris.
Care for the liatris flower consists in watering it as needed, removing weeds, in occasionally hilling the bushes instead of loosening the soil, since the root system of the plant is surface and during prolonged rains it may become bare. For the same reason, it becomes necessary to add soil to the site. The tall pedal stalks of the liatris sometimes have to be tied to a support. Do not neglect the mulch area, which, protecting and nourishing the roots of the plant, significantly reduces the complexity of caring for liatris. In addition, liatris needs fertilizing with mineral fertilizers, which are applied three times per season: in spring the plant is fed with nitrogen fertilizer, in the summer - with potash-phosphorus fertilizer. It is also necessary to cut the wilted inflorescences of the liatris so that the plant does not lose its decorativeness and, even after flowering, pleases the eye with the bright green of its foliage.
Liatris transplantation in the fall is usually carried out simultaneously with the division of the tuber once every three to four years. Liatris is dug out, the bush is carefully divided into parts so that each delenki has a root neck with tubers, then delenki are planted in the wells at a distance of 25 to 40 cm from each other, deepening the tubers into the ground by 8-15 cm. humus, then supplement it with garden soil and tamp. After watering the area mulch humus.
The glume liatris is perennial rhizome plantwhich has branched or simple standing stalks. These stems are densely covered with whorled, linear, pointed leaves. The roots of the plant have a tuber-like shape, which resembles onions, connected by thin roots to each other. Spikelet liatris with good care and the correct location can reach a height of two meters.
White, red, pink, purple-purple and reddish-purple tubular flowers form baskets, which constitute, in turn, racemose or spicate inflorescences, reaching a length of one and a half meters. Outdoor flower blooms in summerThe main difference between the blooming of the liatris and the flowering of other ornamental plants lies in the fact that the process does not begin at the top, but at the top of the inflorescence. The fruits of leaatris are ribbed oblong achenes, which are covered with a pile.
Liatris is actively used in landscape design or as a separate plant, although it will look no less beautiful in combination with the colors from this list:
Leatrix peduncles stand perfectly in cut for up to 10 days, and those inflorescences that have already dried can be used to create winter bouquets.
Growing from seed
Propagation of liatris can be done reckless and rassadnym wayshowever, the flower is so life-loving, cold-resistant and unpretentious, that there is not much point in wasting your efforts and time to grow seedlings. Usually planting seeds carried out in the winter or directly into the open ground in early spring. This can be done safely, because the seeds are not afraid of frosthowever, before planting, soak them in a solution of humate for about half a day.
The land should be previously dug up with organic matter, after which it is added to one square meter of the planting area of a humus bucket. Grooves for planting material should be 1–1.5 cm deep. Seeds are distributed evenly along the furrow, then sprinkled lightly with soil and water.
To the flower grower who preferred the seed planting of the liatris, one should know that in full bloom and full growth the flower will enter only by the second, and even by the third year of vegetation. Liatris, in addition, gives abundant self-seeding in the fall, so you can only thin out the shoots in spring.
Diseases and pests
As you can see, the care and planting of the liatris in open ground are not burdensome and very simple. Even beginner growers will be able to cope with such tasks. However, liatris is as unpretentious as it is resistant to diseases, which is good news. To harm this plant only snails and medvedas.
In the fight against insects, the following popular method is successfully used: we dug into the ground at an angle of 45 ° C a bottle in which there is 100 ml of beer, while the neck must necessarily be a couple of centimeters lower than the surface level. Snails and bears will crawl on the smell of beer and will be trapped. The main difficulty of this method is that in the bait it is necessary to regularly change the beer, as the drink exhales over time.
Sometimes plant can start to rotdue to waterlogging. In this case, it is necessary to cut off all the affected areas on the ground part of the ornamental plant, and then treat the green pet with a fungicide. In that case, if the cause of the disease is that the flower is very close to the groundwater or the soil is too heavy for the plant, you should seriously think about transplanting liatris to another, more favorable area for it.
Varieties and types of liatris
In cultural terms, it is customary to grow three types of liatris: rough, membranous and spikelet.
- Spikelet Liatris (Liatris spicata). The homeland of the plant is Southeast North America. It has strongly leafy stems that reach only 50 cm in height. Leaves linear shape. In spike inflorescences, which reach 35 cm in length, small baskets are assembled, which consist of 8−13 tubular flowers. The flowering period begins in July or in June and lasts about 35−40 days. Culturally, the flower has been known since 1732. The most famous varieties of spikelet licatrix are Kobold - 40 cm in height, pink-purple inflorescences, Florian violet - 80 cm in height, purple inflorescences, Florid Weiss - 90 cm in height, old flowers.
- Grungy Liatris aspera. A rather rare species that has small flowers of lavender-pink color, which form fluffy long inflorescences. The stem reaches a height of 1 m, the leaves are shiny, lanceolate. This is a record holder in tallness among all types of liatris. There is a variety that has a white spire inflorescence.
- Membranous liatris (Liatris scariosa). It stands out among other varieties of wider leaves that reach 3 cm in width. It has inflorescences of a dark shade of pink and lilac color. The Alba variety is distinguished by its white flowers, and the September Glory boasts bright-pink large inflorescences and a height of 1 cm.
Liatris in landscape design
In general, liatris is quite a harmonious flower. The most important thing is to choose the right neighbors for him, while at the same time it is necessary to pay attention to the flowering period, color and height of the plant.
Lyatris of violet and snow-white shades will perfectly fit into expressive compositions with a red-orange terry daylily or a yellow enothero. Picturesquely look near to a liatris hosts with magnificent inflorescences.
Variety "Picador", which is the owner of red-purple bright inflorescences will be a great contrast with the delphinium and snow-white bells. He also goes well with pale pink mallow and stock roses.
White liatris in mixed-type flower gardens looks very profitable for a couple with red, cherry or purple yarrow.
Low-growing varieties of Liatris surprisingly well-coordinated look among strong boulders in rockeries. “Kobold” is considered the most suitable variety for rock arias, since it grows up to 40 cm and has bright purple and violet-purple inflorescences. As an excellent background, the liatris will serve in rockeries for the Carpathian bluebell and blue-gray fescue, complementing and shading them.
Another option for the use of decorative liatris is a longitudinal plantation along fences, flowerbeds or houses.
Liatris came to us from the gardens of North America relatively recently, so it is not often possible to meet him in the flowerbeds of neighboring yards. However, such a low attention in this wonderful flower is absolutely not justified. In addition to simplicity in care and easy cultivation, this flower has an original look and excellent aroma.
Variety of varieties
Homeland flowers liatris is North America, so it is well acclimatized in our country. This is a perennial plant. straight erect stem, which is decorated with numerous inflorescences, and in height it can reach 2 meters. Many gardeners plant a plant in groups, which looks very beautiful. Also planted it in separate flower beds and often used for bouquets. To make it stand longer in a vase, water is diluted with a small amount of fertilizer.
This plant is represented by varieties, the number of which is more than forty. The most common types are:
Koloskovy is the most common type of liatris, the height of adult inflorescences which makes 80 cm. The bloom begins at the end of June and lasts until mid-July. Shades of this species are quite diverse. Liatris spikelet blue (bluish color) goes well with white, violet purple, pink and purple flowers.
Filmy. A distinctive feature of this species is the leaves, which can reach a width of 3 cm. Some varieties can reach a height of one meter. The most popular variety of this species is considered “Alba”, which has white fluffy inflorescences. It is very easy to care for her, as well as plant and grow.
Grungy - this variety is distinguished by its tallness, the stems of some varieties are capable of reaching a height of 2 meters. The upper part of the stem is covered with small purple flowers, which are collected in lush inflorescences.
Growing Liatris from seeds in open ground
This method is considered the simplest, and adult flowers can be obtained in the second year. Since the seedlings are not afraid of cold, many gardeners sow them in the ground in late autumn. But still it is better to do it in the spring. A place for growing crops is prepared in advance, for this, digging it and applying fertilizer (1 bucket of humus per 1 m2).
Seeds need extra care. Before planting, they should be soaked for 8 to 10 hours in normal water or in a growth stimulator. Seed is planted in the wells with a depth of 1 to 1.5 cm. As soon as they are planted, the beds are evenly covered with soil.
Reproduction Liatris tubers
This method is ideal for those who have a mature plant in their area, followed by the necessary care. Tubers as planting material is best taken from such flowers that are more than three years old. When placed in the ground should find a small depression in the tubersfrom which sprouts will sprout. Planting them is carried out in pre-prepared pits, having a depth of 10 cm, a third of which must be filled with humus. If done correctly, the first shoots can be expected in about a month.
In this case, young shoots of an adult plant along with roots are used as planting material. They divide the bush in such a way that the young escape has a powerful part of the mother plant and it can take root well.
For planting such shoots harvested depth of 10 - 20 cm, located at a distance of 30 cm from each other. The well, as in the previous case, is 1/3 filled with humus, and then this crop is planted. After all the shoots are planted, the beds should be mulched using humus. Further liatris transplanted in early spring or late fall. Reproduction in this way should be carried out every 3 to 4 years.
If this flower is planted in open ground, then care for it is as follows:
- regular watering
- weed removal
- hilling bush
Since the root system of the leaatrix is superficial and during rains it is able to bare, then the site should be regularly added to the soil. High flower stalks sometimes need to be tied to a support. Also, it is desirable to mulch the site, in this case, the roots will be protected and will receive additional food.
Liatris should be fertilized regularly. Doing so recommended 12 times a week and it is best to combine this with irrigation, which at the beginning of the growing season contributes to the formation of a powerful root system. But one should not moisten the plant too much, as in this case the roots may rot.
Feeding liatris is necessary in the spring with fertilizers that are purchased in a specialized store. Excess amount of feeding can lead to the fact that spikes fall on the flower. Также уход за растением заключается в прополке сорняков и удалении засохших соцветий, чтобы цветок не терял свою декоративность даже после своего цветения и долго радовал глаз своей яркой зеленью листвы.
Особенности и разновидности лиатриса
The shape of the liatris resembles a candle. A multi-leaved straight stem ends with a bright rosette of inflorescences that, at the time of flowering, “light up” like different colors. A flower blooms from the top, resembling a panicle brush.
The delicate aroma of liatris resembles the smell of vanilla with subtle, subtle notes of hay. The thing is that the leaves of leaatris contains coumarin, which is widely used in perfumery. Liatris and cosmetologists are also actively using it, because its decoction has a high tonic effect. It is widely known that this flower helps with kidney disease, and as a cure for malaria and even with venereal diseases. And lotions from the roots help with wound healing.
Three types of this flower are most popular:
Spikelet liatris. This species reaches a height of 80 cm, its stems are densely covered with leaves, and the inflorescences come in 6 different colors: purple, lilac, pink, purple, azure and, considered the rarest, white.
Membranous liatris Bright pink or white "candles" of this type of liatris can reach a meter height. Differs in very wide leaves.
Grungy liatris. The highest representative of the family. Its height reaches two meters. Its purple small flowers are gathered in fluffy panicles.
Liatris jokingly is called the flower of lazy people, because he is unpretentious in care and has little susceptibility to disease. Besides all this, liatris is a wonderful honey plant. This flower is perfect for cutting. Flowers can stand in a vase for up to two weeks.
How to plant liatris
When planting liatris in the open field should be remembered that the flower feels best in a well-lit place: it is not afraid of direct sunlight. But the shadow can adversely affect the shades of inflorescences, growth and development of culture. Because he should take the sunniest place on your site, for which he will thank you for all the variety of their flowers and fluffy bushes.
Planted liatris in open ground can be tubers or seeds. Planting seeds recommended as follows:
- Flower seeds are sown in a cold greenhouse or immediately in open ground in late March or early April.
- Seedlings that sprout, grow until mid-autumn, and after, when the greens will die, the tubers are dug and stored with the ground until mid-spring.
- Then planted in a prepared place.
The soil liatris prefers dry, without a close location of groundwater. Heavy clay soils, the plant tolerates poorly.
Caring for liatris does not bring much trouble. It is enough to water the plant as needed when the ground around the bush is dry. In most cases, the liatris have enough rain. Abundant watering can lead to rotting of the flower.
Closer to autumn, when the leaatris finish flowering, the rims of the inflorescences are cut so that the wind does not spread the seeds throughout the site. And at the end of the season, the plant is cut at the root and covered for the winter with 10-15 cm layer of humus or foliage, so that in the cold the tubers are not frozen. Frosts below -5 ° C can harm the plant. So if winters in your area are frosty and snowless, the plant is better to cover in the fall. If the climate is temperate, then liatris will be able to spend the winter without shelter.
Top dressing and fertilizer
Liatris is fed three times per season with phosphate-potassium fertilizers. If you notice that the leaves of the flower began to turn pale, it is worth feeding the bush with nitrogen fertilizer. More liatrice in any fertilizer does not need. Just sprinkle some earth on it, because the tubers are close to the surface and can be washed away by rain. For the same reason, weeding should be carried out with caution. Many gardeners recommend not to carry out weeding at all, but to confine to mulching.
Propagation of Liatris
Liatris can be propagated by tubers and division.
If you already have bushes older than three years on the plot, then for breeding, take the tubers directly from their roots. Tubers should be chosen with a diameter of at least 2 cm. They are planted in a hole of 8-12 cm, one third filled with humus.
Attention. Before planting a tuber carefully inspect it and find the recess. This will be the top side of the tuber. If the deepening is not visible anywhere, then it is better to plant the tuber sideways.
No more difficult, and the second method of reproduction of the liaris. It is necessary to separate the young growth from the mother bush. Choose shoots that already have a hardened root neck with tubers. Shoots to land in the holes, the intervals between which should be at least 30-40 cm, fill the hole with humus by a third.
Transplantation of liatris is done either in early spring or late autumn, and not more often than once every 3-4 years. Transplanted bushes bloom next summer.