Any gardener, each hostess is trying to make your site very beautiful. You can group different varieties of flowers in the flowerbed. Do not forget about portulaca, the leaves of which resemble needles. It unravels and closes the ground. A variety of colors makes anyone admire. Most importantly, the plant does not require special care.
Growing purslane from seeds
Growing purslane is easy. The least expensive is the cultivation of seeds collected in advance.
To bloom began earlier, for example, in June, should be planted seedlings. Seeds in the ground will need to sow in late February - early March.
Soil for flowers can be used any, it should be wet. Portulaca seeds are rather small, so it is more convenient to mix them with sand. Then sprinkle on the surface of the earth, pour abundantly and cover with foil. Such seedlings should grow at a temperature of twenty degrees. The main thing is not to forget to open the film daily, to air and, if necessary, water. For seedlings care must be strictly observed.
Portulac seeds will germinate within two weeks. After germination, the film must be immediately removed. When the second leaf appears, you need to start picking the seedlings. Pick up of saplings should be at a distance of four centimeters in relation to each other. When frosts persist, do not recommend planting a purslane.
Purslane: growing from seed at home
To plant bloomed as early as possible at home, you need to grow seedlings properly. Initially, seeds are planted in the ground in the first half of March. Prepare containers in advance with the ground. You can make not very big greenhouses on the street from the old window frames or from the usual cellophane film.
Must first be added to the soil fertilizer, but in small quantities. If you overdo it with fertilizers, it can be bad germination, a fungal disease can appear. For planting portulaca is not recommended to use mixtures from the store. Their content contains a lot of peat, and this harms the plants.
It is necessary to plant seeds in the ground in good light. The temperature should not be below 20 ° C.
Prepared soil should be well moistened. To water it is useful melt water that will be harvested in advance. You can use the settled.
Seeds need to be pressed about a centimeter deep, the distance between them should not exceed a centimeter from each other. It’s best to fit the toothpick. The distance between the rows should be 50 cm. When the second leaflets appear, it will be necessary to thin the seedlings, which will improve the further cultivation of the seedlings. The distance between plants should be 10 centimeters.
Very convenient to propagate by cuttings. And the special costs for the cultivation is not required. Before the start of frost from the street you need to bring into the house a few plants from the flower beds. When spring comes, part of the branches is cut from the portulaca and rooted in the water. After which they should be transplanted into a bed for further cultivation. Flowering will begin in about a month..
Purslane seedlings care
After about two weeks, the first shoots will begin to appear. The film now needs to be removed. But be sure to follow the temperature. If the temperature regime is low, the seedlings will develop poorly, which will lead to dropping the leaves. The growth of the sapling will slow down. Adult plants can stop flowering.
Purslane belongs to the light-loving plants, therefore planted it in open ground on the light side.
While the seedlings are indoors or in a greenhouse, daylight should be lengthened. For this, the usual table lamps are suitable. It is necessary to use early in the morning and in the evening.
For small seedlings requires special care. They need abundant watering. When the ground dries, seedlings may die. However, pouring is also not recommended, as they can rot the roots, which will lead to the death of the plants. Water should be defended during the day with water.
Portulaca grows wide. Small shoots are better to remove. More robust will have to seed. For thinning, ordinary plastic cups will fit, where seedlings are transferred. Very carefully transplant the plant and fall asleep to the cotyledon leaves.
Purslane: planting and care in the open field
It is possible to plant seedlings only when there will be no frost in the morning. A landing should not be allowed at temperatures below seven degrees.
Seedlings should be hardened before planting. Conduct a similar procedure daily. Seedlings put on the street for a few minutes. Every day it is recommended to increase the time of carrying plants outside. Hardening should take about two weeks.
A sprout with ten leaves and flowering buds is considered viable.
Planting seedlings should be carried out in the evening or early in the morning. Portulaca seedlings are very delicate. To adapt to new conditions, it will take time.
When planting purslane in open ground, you must choose a bright sunny place. Where the shadow will often pass, bloom will be not abundant either buds will not form at all. A portulaca flower can live only one day. But due to their large number, it is not at all noticeable.
The plant is undemanding to the composition of the soil, its acidity. The soil should pass moisture well. Humus-rich soil reduces flowering. The plant begins to fatten to the detriment of the buds.
When planting, the wells must be shallow at a distance of 15-20 centimeters. The purslane grows thirty centimeters wide. Land should be loosened after each watering until the plant allows it.
Most gardeners prefer to grow such a flowering carpet because of the ease of care. It will grow well in any sunny place.
Rooted outdoor shoots do not require the following activities:
- Loosening is not necessary. Overgrown bushes just do not allow it.
- Trim is not necessary. The plant is able to grow new stems.
- Feed is optional. The purslane will bloom profusely on unsuitable soil.
- Weed removal is necessary so as not to spoil the decorative look.
- It is necessary to water moderately.
How to care for purslane in the garden
Homeland plants is considered to be South America. Therefore, it is preferable for him to have a sunny zone, high illumination and moderate watering. Fertilizer use is undesirable. After watering is required to loosen the soil well. Weeds should be constantly cleaned. It should be remembered that abundant flowering plants is possible only on the sunny side.
There are peststhat you need to remember. And to clearly understand what kind of fight with them to lead:
- The plant can infect aphids and thrips. To preserve the flowering vegetation, it will be sufficient to treat the purslane with an insecticide.
- Root rot leads to falling leaves. It appears with excess moisture.
Combination with other plants
A portulak is used in landscape design. It can be planted in a bed and in front of her. Decorate the southern zone of the alpine slide. The plant looks good in combination with marigolds, nasturtiums. They can decorate the arbor. He can replace and lawn grass.
Variety of portulaca paints makes anyone admire.
When to harvest and how to store seeds
You can collect the seeds after the flower bud wilts after two weeks. If the weather is dry.
Seed boxes are torn off after they turn yellow. Then they should be well dried. To do this, they are better laid out on paper. To maintain good germination, seeds must be stored in a tin and plastic jar. Planting material should be stored at a temperature of 4-5ºC. With proper storage, seeds are stored for three years.
Reproduced purslane more and self-seeding.
What does the purslane look like?
To understand what kind of purslane, you need to pay attention to the main points from the description of this flower culture:
- The bushes are short and reach a height of 10-30 cm.
- The roots are branched and from them comes a stalk that is curly and fleshy.
- The leaves are juicy and can be both conical and oval in shape.
- In the description of portulac it is indicated that the plant tends to crawl along the ground, forming a whole blooming carpet.
- Flowers can be simple, semi-double and terry. After flowering, a capsule is formed with seeds that are silvery and shiny. In diameter, they reach 0.6-0.9 mm.
How does purslane bloom?
The flowering period falls on the warm season, and why this culture is interesting, that the flower opens only for a day, and in the evening it fades, but there are many buds on the bush, so there is continuous flowering. It is worth noting that the flowers on the garden portulaque in cloudy weather remain closed. There is a rich range of colors, so the buds can be yellow, white, peach, orange, pink.
Portulac plant - species
There are more than 200 types of succulents, among which are the following:
- Garden purslane. A common species that grows like a weed annual crop. It multiplies by self-seeding, therefore it quickly fills vast territories. The vegetable purslane has fleshy stems with oval leaves. The inflorescences of this variety are small and inconspicuous. The composition of the leaves and shoots includes a lot of nutrients and they are widely used for culinary purposes and in traditional medicine.
- Portulac terry. Annual culture, which is one of the varieties of large-flowered varieties. Flowers are large with many petals. There is a huge range of floral colors. It is worth noting a pleasant aroma. The height of the bush is not more than 20 cm.
- Portulac grandiflora. The homeland of this variety is South America, and its height is about 20 cm. The annual purslane has flowers that are somewhat similar to a tea rose and they can be different in color.
- Portulac ampelny. This is a hybrid species that was bred by artificial means. Stems are ampelous and well branched. The leaves are cone-shaped and fleshy, and the flowers can be both simple and double. The color range is extensive. In most cases, the purslane perennial grown as an annual, use it to decorate alpine slides and rabatok.
- Portulaca "Zephyr". Very beautiful variety that will decorate any site and color composition. The portulak "Air Marshmallow" has short shoots that do not reach a length of more than 10 cm. The inflorescences are terry and large. As for the color range, it is extensive.
How to plant purslane?
It is important to pay attention to the choice of the right place, so this flower culture prefers sunny areas or light penumbra. In such conditions, the flowers will be revealed in the morning. If there is too much shade, then flowering will be scarce. Before you understand how to sow purslane in open ground or on seedlings, you must pay attention to the quality of the soil. The plant feels great on poor soils, but it is important for the presence of sand. Fertile soil will contribute to the growth of greenery, but the flowering will be scarce, so add sand to it.
Portulac - Planting Seeds
Freshly harvested planting material can not be used because it must lie for about six months. It is worth noting that the germination of seeds retain for three years. In order for the purslane to start and develop, planting and care in the open field, imply the observance of temperature conditions, so sowing is possible when the earth warms up well. There is a definite scheme for planting purslane in open ground:
- First moisten the ground and distribute the seeds, and sprinkle some sand on top.
- Close the beds with a film or glass to create greenhouse conditions. In the daytime, when the temperature rises, it is important to open the garden for a couple of hours for airing.
- For moistening plantings it is recommended to spray from the sprayer. After the emergence of shoots, when the temperature will be in the range of 24-26 ° C, the film can be completely removed.
- When the seedlings are 2-3 cm high, they need to be thinned out and can be transplanted or left in the same place.
Portulak - planting seedlings
Many gardeners prefer this planting option because it is more reliable. To grow purslane on seedlings, planting and care in the open field is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Prepare low containers, about 7 cm high, and make drainage holes in them. Pour a layer of fine expanded clay or perlite, and then, a light substrate, which should include sand, garden soil and a crumb of charcoal. You can not use the store soil for seedlings, because it contains peat, which is not suitable for planting purslane.
- Soak the soil and moisten it. Mix the seeds with sand and spread over the surface. Capacity cover with a lid or glass. Put it in a warm and well-lit place. It is better to choose a windowsill on the south side, otherwise you should use the backlight. Note that the average daily temperature should not be below 25 ° C.
- From time to time, ventilate the plantings and moisten the substrate. After a week, shoots will appear and then you need to remove the shelter. It is important to ensure that the temperature does not fall below 20 ° C and that there is access to light.
- Watering seedlings recommended through the pan. After the appearance of 2-3 true leaves, plantings must be thinned, leaving the strongest of them.
- At the next stage, pick picking into separate containers. Be sure to carry the sprout with a lump of earth. In some pots, you need to deepen the seedlings to the cotyledon leaves. It is recommended to gradually accustom the plants to cultivation in the open field, exposing the pots in the afternoon to fresh air. Start at 20 minutes. and increase the time.
- To start portulac seedlings, planting and care in the open field is carried out when the temperature is 20-22 ° C. At the new place to deepen seedlings should be up to the first leaf.
When to set a purslane?
If the goal is to plant seedlings, then sowing can be done in February. Having grown portulaca saplings, planting and care in the open ground at a permanent breeding site can be carried out from the end of April until the beginning of May, when the air temperature will not fall below 20 ° C. This is important because low rates are detrimental to this flower culture. Another point that is worth paying attention to is how to plant a purslane with seeds in open ground, so sowing is done when the temperature does not fall below 10 ° C at night.
At what distance to set purslane?
This plant is interesting because it spreads along the ground, creating whole blooming carpets. People who first decided to grow it, do not know how to plant a purslane in the ground and what distance to follow between shoots. If sowing occurs with seeds, it will be difficult to observe any proportions due to their size, and when sprouts appear, they are simply thinned. When using seedlings it is necessary to take into account that between plantings in the open ground should remain 15 cm.
Purslane - growing and care
The plant grows over time and it turns out a thick carpet that does not allow the weeds to germinate. After planting the purslane, care in the open ground necessarily includes loosening and mulching the soil, and further such procedures are not necessary. Culture is thermophilic, so it will not be able to winter in open ground. Most gardeners collect seeds for planting next year, and the bushes themselves are pulled and disposed of. Strong seedlings can be transplanted into a pot and brought home by placing on the south window.
How rises purslane?
If favorable conditions are created, that is, temperature, humidity and other criteria are met, then seedlings will appear in about a week. Many are interested in what portulaca shoots look like, so the first shoots are very thin and are painted in white and pink color, and after a while two small leaves appear at the top. With proper care, the seedlings gain strength, the stem grows, and real leaves are formed.
Portulak on a bed - irrigation features
This flower culture is not moisture-loving and tolerates drought normally, so frequent watering is not necessary. Note that excessively moist soil leads to the development of fungal diseases. Irrigation is carried out no more than once a week, and this should be done at the root. Growing portulaca and caring for a plant in the open field does not require regular loosening, so this procedure is carried out only after planting.
Purslane Grass - Feeding
Decorative varieties do not require additional feeding. In addition, it should be borne in mind that too nutrient soils become the cause of flowering inhibition. If the cultivation of purslane in the open field is carried out for culinary purposes, then regular feeding is recommended. For this purpose it is better to use liquid mineral complexes, thanks to which the green mass will grow well. It is recommended to apply fertilizer once a month, starting from the moment of emergence of shoots.
Portulak at the cottage - diseases and pests
Представленная культура не только неприхотлива в уходе, но устойчива к разным болезням и вредителям. If you do not follow the rules of planting portulaca in open ground and care for them, then the following problems may occur:
- Fungal diseases. In most cases, the problem is observed in rainy summer or with frequent watering. The first signs of the disease include spoiled buds and spots on the leaves. Treatment involves the removal of all damaged parts, and healthy shoots are treated with tools that include copper.
- Aphid. After the pest has been found, it is necessary to spray with soapy water. If the procedure did not help, then it is recommended to process the bushes with a solution of potassium permanganate.
- Thrips. In order for a purslane to grow well, planting and care in the open field should be carried out according to the rules, since at the initial stage of the growing season the young seedlings are prone to attack by insects. The fact that the plant is affected, will indicate small silver dots on the leaves. You can cope with parasites with the help of chemicals.
Types and description of the plant
It is worth considering the popular types of portulaca.
- Terry. Quite an attractive garden plant. On the territory of Russia, it is distributed as an annual ground cover for ornamental growth purposes. The flower blooms with large buds that delight the eye throughout the summer season. The inflorescences of the plants often open under the rays of the bright sun and close at sunset or during bad weather on the streets.
Varieties such as Sunglo and Sundance, were selected by scientists and can bloom every day in large quantities, despite the fact that there is sun outside or not.
- Garden (medicinal or vegetable). A very common plant is considered a succulent, which grows as an annual plant. It multiplies easily and quickly by self-sowing, quickly filling large tracts of land. Possesses creeping fleshy stems, growing in the form of summer weedy crops. The leaves are oval-shaped. Inflorescences bloom on a small, inconspicuous and yellow hue. After them begins an active process of development and maturation of a large number of seeds.
The leaves and sprouts of the culture have many positive properties: they contain carotene, organic acids, ascorbic acid, magnesium, alkaloids, zinc, sugar, sodium, copper, potassium, resinous substances, tocopherol, proteins, iron, nicotinic acid, phylloquinone and glycosides, as well as fats and norepinephrine. With such a diverse composition, a garden portulac is widely used both in cooking and in medicine.
Gallery: portulak flower (25 photos)
Portulac ampelnaya type
A hybrid variety of a plant that has been bred artificially. The plant has ampelous, well-branched shoots, as well as fleshy leaves in the shape of a cone.
The process of flowering plants occurs simple terry inflorescences completely any shade. You can buy purslane with brown, yellow, red, purple, pink, and lilac petals.
An amulel variety of portulaca is used for decorating and decorating alpine roads and rabatok, the cultivation process takes place in hanging pots or simple street vases.
Portulaca of a large-flowered species
The most common variety in Russia. It is grown as a garden ornamental annual. It is necessary to improve the appearance of flowerbeds, as well as alpine slides. This culture is used as a primary plant. Portulac is able to bloom throughout the summer, before the onset of extreme cold.
The plant contains shoots of creeping species, it should be attributed to ground cover plants. Stems of a flower densely cover small leaves of a cone-shaped form. The buds on the plant usually bloom large, about 5–7 cm in total diameter. Colors can be completely different: from completely white to burgundy and violet. By night, as well as in bad weather, the plant begins to close. The fruit-cap begins to ripen only at the end of September and pours a large number of seeds on the ground surface.
The most famous varieties:
- Royal. Flowers are quite simple, large size. The range of colors is very diverse.
- "Air Marshmallow". The shoots are very short (they are able to reach a mark of 10 cm in length), the inflorescences are large, of a terry type, the plant has many colors.
- Belotsvetkovy. The appearance is very similar to the "Marshmallow Air", but the inflorescences have a constant pure white color.
- Splendes. The culture of the inflorescences is quite large, terry, have purple-pink color of the petals.
Growing from seed
For seeding, use portulaca seeds, which have been aged for about six months, should be used. Freshly harvested material for sowing, although fully mature and ready for planting, will not take root in the ground, even if the florist observes all the conditions. Shelf life of seeds can reach up to three years.
To seed a plant out of seeds should be both for seedlings at home, and in a street flowerbed or on a specialized garden bed.
Sowing on open ground is done only when constant temperatures of at least 20 degrees Celsius are established outside. In colder weather conditions, a heat-loving culture simply cannot grow and develop normally. If you are thinking of growing a plant from seed at home, you should plant it in April or even earlier.
Experts advise using low pots when planting. Plastic varieties of containers from under salads or cakes with a lid can best fit. They should be filled with light, breathable soil. At the same time it is possible to combine sand with garden soil, as well as with crushed wood or activated charcoal. Shop soil at this time is not necessary to apply, since it contains a large amount of peat, and purslane does not grow in it.
In the pot should be made without fail special holes for draining excess water. It is also worth putting a small layer of stones on the bottom to provide additional drainage. The substrate should be leveled as best as possible on the surface of the pot, and then compacted and watered with settled water. Only after the done manipulations can planting be done. Small seeds should be spread throughout, not sprinkling earth on top.
A container with a growing culture should be closed with a lid, plastic film or a small piece of glass. When the seedlings are kept at a temperature above 25 degrees Celsius, the seeds of the plant are able to germinate after 3-4 days. Before the emergence of sprouts, the greenhouse should be regularly ventilated and also opened every day, and after germination of seedlings, the film should be completely removed.
The next stage of plant care includes a periodic process of watering and thinning the flower seedlings. Extra sprouts can be easily removed and transplanted into a new container with a small stick, a match or a toothpick.
In the third decade of May or with the first half of June, the sprouts can be transplanted into the street for permanent growth.
Sowing on the ground
A bed for seedlings should be chosen on a plot well lit by the sun. It is enough that the florist will make a small hole in order to grow a large number of spectacular portulaca flowers. Seeds should be sown in moist soil and slightly mixed with the ground.
After this, the beds should be covered with a plastic film or a piece of glass in order to maintain the desired level of moisture in the shoots.
During the day, when it is quite warm outside, the garden should be opened for ventilation for several hours, if there is no strong wind outside. You can water the plant using a spray bottle when the top portion of the soil is already dry.
Remove the film permanently when there will be the first shoots of the culture, and the temperature outside will be established within 23-26 degrees Celsius. For permanent residence, seedlings can be planted with a height of 2–3 cm.
Purslane home seedlings should be planted outside after the hardening procedure. It would be best to disembark after June 10, when the threat of bad weather and low temperatures disappears outside.
Land for planting should be well lit and protected from winds. If the ground is too heavy and dense, then it is worth adding fine-grained sand for the best process of loosening. But it is not necessary to do this, because an unpretentious culture is able to grow in any soil, even the poorest, for useful microelements.
Sprouts should be planted under the scheme 10 to 15, so that the culture has enough free space for the growth of the branches of the shoots. Deepen the seedlings is up to the first leaf.
While the seedlings are actively taking root and adapting, they should be watered as the top layer of the soil begins to dry out. Water during watering should be poured carefully and to the very root, without eroding the soil surrounding the plant.
Flower care and reproduction
Caring for an unpretentious culture is quite simple. Drought-resistant purslane requires a florist minimum watering. Watering the plant costs only in very arid and hot weather 7–9 times a day at the root or on top of a watering can.
It is not necessary to mulch and loosen the soil, because culture independently creates mats that completely cover the soil around it.
The plant does not need fertilizing in the application of fertilizers, it has a special resistance to diseases, it is not afraid of parasites. If you plant the plant properly and water it over time, it will decorate the garden plot well from the very first month of summer until the onset of cold weather.
Having planted a mixture of varieties in the ground, it is worth starting the reproduction of flowers with the coloring you like by cutting or dividing the shrub. For this, it is necessary in the second half of June, either in July to cut off one shoot or part of an overgrown bush and transplant it to a new location.
The flower will be able to multiply by means of self-seeding. Having planted a crop in your garden plot, you are guaranteed to be able to see new plant shoots the very next year.
Portulaca in garden design
Low portulaca shrubs can be used to fill the front section of flower beds, design and decorate curbs and rabatok, revitalize stone hills. In addition to all this, by planting the plant in beautiful flowerpots or hanging pots, you can make any section more attractive and beautiful, for example, place the culture next to the porch or close the house formwork with it.
Portulac can be well combined with a large number of garden plants. It should often be planted in the place where the early spring flowers of tulips or hyacinths grow. At that moment, when they cease to bloom, the portulac blossoms, and it fills the garden with new bright colors.
Pests, parasites and diseases
Resistant to a large number of diseases, the flower can not resist only fungi, which attack it during an increased level of soil moisture. Dark spots of rot develop on the leaves, the stems begin to noticeably become smaller and deformed. Culture ceases to actively bloom, stops in the process of development.
To eliminate the problem, it is necessary to cut off all the affected areas and shoots. The plant and the soil near it must be treated with fungicides. You can also buy products based on copper or modern products: Previkur, But, Skora, Fundazol, Ridomil Gold, Soligor.
Pests do not often affect culture. Only omnivorous aphids or thrips can attack the plant.
Aphids feed on fleshy and tasty parts of the culture, multiply rapidly and form new species. It is easy to find on the plant and destroy it yourself. For this you can use a large number of modern insecticide preparations, for example, Aktelli, Iskra Detsis, Karate, Agravertin and Biotylin.
Features and varieties
Portulak (Dandoor) is a genus of herbaceous plants from the Portulac family. Because of the fleshy creeping stem, the flower is popularly called the “rug”. Adult specimens grow up to 30 cm. There are plants with simple and double flowers of white, yellow, orange, purple, red, pink, coffee, and two-tone color. Dandoor can enjoy bright colors from mid-June to October. In the absence of sunlight, they remain closed all day, but some newly bred terry varieties open in cloudy weather. After flowering, a spherical capsule-fruit is formed with a large number of small seeds.
The genus Portulak has united more than 200 species of plants, however only one of them is used in ornamental gardening - the purslane large-flowered purslane. This perennial species is usually grown as an annual. He has five-petalus single flowers with a diameter of 2.5-3 cm, in some species they reach a size of 6 cm. The green leaves resemble fleshy needles, and the creeping stem has a reddish-brown color.
A garden purslane (annual) with an annual flora of small flowers of white or yellow color and a fleshy stem up to 30 cm gathered in inflorescences. This is a weed plant with healing properties that was used to treat various diseases during the time of Hippocrates. It is used in traditional medicine and cooking. There are edible types of garden portulaca with red and yellow leaves.
Non-decorative wild portulaca species are robust weeds, which can be difficult to overcome in the garden. They grow in many regions of Russia and Ukraine, in Central Asia, Transcaucasia and in the Far East.
It is possible to get a lot of young seedlings of the ornamental purslane when growing from seeds. The second breeding option is to conduct cuttings of the most interesting specimens. To do this, in the winter the flower is transferred to a cool place, and in the spring, cuttings of about 5 cm in length are cut. They are planted in the prepared soil, removing the lower leaves. With the onset of heat, young plants are planted in open ground.
How to sow purslane?
Seeds are pre-sown in shallow and wide containers from February to April. Use seeds that are from six months to three years. At the bottom have a layer of fine gravel or expanded clay.
Peat is not used as a soil - it worsens the emergence of portulaca seeds.
Prepare the soil from 80% of garden land and 20% sand. The mixture is pre-disinfected. For this, it is kept in the oven for half an hour at a temperature of up to 50 degrees. Then let the ground cool down, moisten it with separated water and sow the seeds. They are placed at a distance of about 1 cm from each other, pressing into the ground to a depth of 0.5 mm.
The pots with crops are covered with glass or plastic wrap and transferred to a room with a temperature not lower than +22 degrees. Choose a bright and warm place without drafts, regularly moisturize and air. The first shoots appear after 3-4 days, and within 1-2 weeks there is a mass emergence of plants. Hold growing of seedlings.
You can sow directly to open ground when the average daily temperature reaches +20 degrees. In this case, the flowering will be later. Small seeds are mixed with river sand and placed on a pre-moistened area to a depth of 0.5 mm. A bed with crops cover with a film until seeds germinate. Regularly air and moisturize. The film is removed at an average daytime temperature not lower than +24 degrees.
When the height of seedlings is 2-3 cm, they are seated at a permanent place of cultivation. Portulac place 2-3 pieces. in one hole, the distance between the plants is 10 cm, and the aisle is 15 cm. It is possible to plant one by one. Over time, creeping flower stalks will cover the surface of the soil with a dense carpet.
The purslane perfectly reproduces by self-sowing. Young shoots almost always appear in spring on flower beds, on which the plant bloomed last year. In this case, it will take longer to wait for beautiful multi-colored carpets than when sowing at home.
How to grow purslane from seedlings?
After the appearance of a pair of true leaves, young plants grown from seeds are swooping down. They are transplanted into pots with a diameter of about 7-8 cm. The portulak is deepened into the soil to the cotyledon leaves. Seedlings grow slowly, with a lack of light, heat or moisture can hurt and stretch. Drying of the soil is not allowed, watered with warm settled water. This is convenient to do with the spray. With a lack of sunlight spend dosvechivanie ordinary desk lamp. This is especially important if the sowing was early.
Transplantation in open ground is carried out in late May or early June, when warm weather sets in. In regions with a cold climate, portulak can be put on the street not earlier than mid-June.
Pre-seedlings harden in 1-2 weeks. The portulak pots are put out into the street during the daytime, first 15 minutes, then the time is gradually increased to 5-6 hours. Planted flowers in open ground, keeping a distance between adjacent specimens - 10-15 cm. Work is done carefully so as not to damage the brittle, fleshy stem. Первую неделю поливают часто, затем количество увлажнений уменьшают в зависимости от погодных условий.
Получить продолжительное и многочисленное цветение портулака можно, если создать ему подходящие условия для роста и развития, соблюдать правила ухода.
- This is a heat-resistant flower that will enjoy the most bright, dry and warm place. Light partial shade is permissible, on shaded areas it is impossible to wait for good flowering.
- Low temperatures are detrimental to this thermophilic plant. Already at +10, his lower leaves fall.
- Portulac is a succulent that can tolerate a prolonged lack of moisture. During the period of active vegetative growth, it is watered with warm settled water every 4-5 days. Stagnant water is not allowed. In rainy weather, they do not moisten; when cooling, the amount of watering is reduced.
- The flower grows well both on nutritious soil and on depleted sandy or clay soil. It is possible to grow a purslane in too dense ground, but at the same time it is necessary to add sand to the substrate.
- Excessively nourishing soil with a large amount of organic matter leads to active growth of shoots, but the flowers become small. It is useful in the summer to carry out additional feeding with complex mineral fertilizer 2-3 times. In this case the purslane will bloom more abundantly.
- Near young plants are loosening the soil. Then the ability to carry out such work will not be, otherwise you can damage the dense floral carpet.
- After the cold snap, the plant dies. You can collect small portulac seeds to sow a beautiful plant again next year. They ripen at different times, so seed pods are torn off in parts. Do it when they turn yellow, but do not have time to crack. Then they are finally dried on paper. Non-curved varieties grow from self-collected seeds easier. In terry varieties, the amount of seed is less, and its germination is worse.
If desired, you can keep the flower in room conditions after the cold snap, if at this time to plant several shoots in a pot and put it on a bright southern window in the house. Portulac will bloom all winter.
Pests and diseases
Fungal diseases can occur on the plant if the soil is constantly over-wetted. Often this happens if excess moisture is combined with sufficiently low temperature readings. In this case, dark spots first appear on the leaves, and then the rot spreads to the roots and stems. Some types of fungus lead to portulac shoots deformation. The affected parts of the plant are removed and the flower and earth are treated with fungicides.
Aphids and thrips are unpleasant enemies of purslane. Aphids can be detected independently. It feeds on the sap of the plant. It is difficult to notice trips with the naked eye, the appearance of the flower will tell you about their appearance: silvery inclusions and stripes appear on the plant stems and leaves. To control pests using insecticides according to the instructions.
Use in landscape design
Large-flowered purslane is an excellent decoration for alpine slides and flower borders. It is often placed on sites with primroses. After flowering of tulips, hyacinths and lilies of the valley, the purslane will revive the empty part of the flower bed.
Dandoor can be planted in vases or containers that are used to decorate balconies, loggias and verandas. Containers with plants after cooling can be transferred to a warm room to extend the life of flowers.
Attractive portulaca rugs will add variety to the decoration of the flower garden. They will pleasantly please fans of easy-to-care, but spectacular colors.
Purslane - a plant for garden beds, balconies and window sills
After viewing different photos of portulac, it is sometimes difficult to guess that we see the same plant. This bright flowers with fleshy leaves, needles, and the grass, which weed out from the beds. Portulac is a useful and beautiful crop that can be grown both in open field and at home. In addition, this plant is very unpretentious, so even novice growers can cope with planting and care.
On the purslane seed bags it is written: annual. But it is not so. In our climate with harsh winters, the plant lives in the open ground for one season - from spring to autumn. But in the southern latitudes the purslane is a perennial.
The purslane does not tolerate winter, therefore, in temperate climates it is grown as an annual
Herb with beautiful flowers - comes from the subtropics of South and Central America. A garden purslane, or vegetable, which we consider to be a weed, is called a cosmopolitan. It grows on all continents.
In many countries, for example, in France, India or the Caucasus, this plant is eaten. The garden purslane is rich in vitamins C, K, E, PP, B1 and B2, carotene and microelements. In cooking, young shoots and leaves are used to prepare salads, stews, and pickles.
Russian gardeners are weaving purslane from the beds, but in many countries it is a valuable vitamin plant.
In Russia, the edible species is rarely cultivated. But the decorative purslane was widespread. It is often planted in flower beds, alpine slides, rockeries (a kind of rock garden) and rabatka (rectangular beds along the paths), they are decorated with balconies and terraces. This plant grows well on any, even the most meager soils, can tolerate drought, does not require weeding and feeding. His creeping stems grow, forming a dense "carpet" of green villi-leaves with a pattern of bright inflorescences. The bud blooms just a day, so the colorful ornament is always different.
Portulaca carpet changes colors every day
The choice between perennial and annual flower
Specialists developed many varieties for open ground, with simple and terry flowers of the most capricious color. However, attempts to grow them at home are rarely successful. The maximum that turns out: to keep the varietal plant at home until next year, and after frost, plant it again in the ground or spread a bush.
Purslane can be brought home in the fall and saved until next spring.
The advantage of the long-term portulac is its longevity in one pot, and the minus is modest inflorescences and less luxuriant bloom, compared to one-year garden varieties.
Garden purslane is not only a riot of colors and long flowering, but also annual sowing
And garden varieties are pleased with the wealth of colors, size and shape of flowers, but they must be grown from seeds or cuttings again each spring, and then planted in the ground. True, there is a method of trouble-free growing purslane. Plant a flowerbed once, and then let the flower disperse the seeds on its own and do not dig this place. Portulak will rise itself, but this option is acceptable in relatively warm regions. The colder the climate, the longer the seeds of the heat-loving plant do not germinate. This means that the flowers will appear by the middle, and even by the end of summer.
Portulac embodies the imagination of flower growers and grows beautifully in one place, dissipating independently.
Ampelnoe, large-flowered, garden and other varieties of portulaca
According to some classifications, the genus of portulacs is almost 200 varieties, while others - about 100. But the vast majority of them have not become cultivated plants. In the floriculture wide-flowered purslane and many varieties based on it are common.
- A garden purslane, or vegetable, is an edible plant, but Russian gardeners weed it out like a weed. Thick reddish stems grow up to 30 cm. They spread along the ground. The leaves are oval-shaped, juicy. Flowers are yellow, small. Eat young leaves and shoots. To taste portulaca garden looks like spinach with oxalic flavor.
- The portulak ampelous is a perennial hybrid species suitable for cultivation at home and in the open field. The plant has fleshy stems that branch well, thick oval-shaped leaves. The flowers are simple, different shades of white, red, yellow, purple. Amutelnaya purslane planted in hanging baskets and tall vases, so that the shoots wilted beautifully.
- Portulac grandiflora - a decorative look, very popular all over the world. In Russia, grown as an annual plant. It blooms from June to frost. It is a groundcover with creeping shoots. They are covered with a thick brush needle thick leaves. Large (5–7 cm) flowers, double or simple, arranged at the ends of the stems one or three. Flowers of this particular purslane are compared with a rose or peony. In most species, buds close at night and do not bloom on cloudy days.
Terry flowers bloom and in cloudy weather
Terry varieties more calmly belong to the penumbra and bloom well even in the absence of bright sun.
Dozens of varieties have been created on the basis of the large flowered purslane. The most popular ones are:
- Royal (with simple and very large colors of various colors),
- Air marshmallows (with short stems and large double flowers),
- Belotsvetkovy (similar to Air Marshmallow, but with snow-white inflorescences)
- Princely (with white, orange or bright scarlet inflorescences with corrugated petals),
- Splendens (with spectacular purple-purple terry flowers),
- Illusion (with large semi-double cherry or pink flowers),
- Extravaganza (with contrasting strokes and dots on flower petals),
- Amber Coast (with lush flowers of yellow-orange scale).
A few words about the garden purslane
Vegetable purslane, which many gardeners destroy, considering it a weed, is not only useful, it is used to treat many diseases. Stems infused with alcohol help with arthritis, heal ulcers. Broths and infusions are used for insomnia, eye diseases, dysentery and diabetes.
Green portulaca vegetable is very healthy and tasty
Vitamin portulaca greens are low in calories, so it is an excellent component of dietary nutrition. Young shoots with leaves are fried, stewed and pickled. In order to preserve all the benefits of purslane, eat it fresh.
Purslane garden - an early culture. It is planted directly into the ground from late May to mid-June. Care is timely watering. With a lack of moisture leaves become rougher. The first harvest of young greens is removed 3-4 weeks after sowing.
How to propagate a plant
The purslane is propagated by seeds and cuttings. Just collected seeds will not germinate, they need to lie down for about six months. And they save germination for about 3 years. The purslane can be sown directly into the ground, when the average daily temperature will be at least 20 o C. In addition, seedlings can be grown.
- Sowing seeds for seedlings at the end of March or April (the warmer the climate, the earlier, but not in a hurry - the seedlings can outgrow).
- Prepare low containers (about 7 cm in height), preferably with a transparent lid, make drainage holes in them. Fill the tank. Lay a small drainage layer (perlite, fine expanded clay, vermiculite) and a light substrate (sand, garden soil, a piece of charcoal). Ready soil for seedlings is not suitable, it contains peat, in which the purslane grows poorly.
Portulaca seedlings need low capacities and light soil without peat
In the heat and with good lighting, portulaca sprouts appear after 5–10 days
Portulaca seedlings need to be watered carefully
Portulac crops must be thinned to give room for development to the remaining seedlings.
When picking, carefully handle the spine, deepen sprouts to the lower leaves
Seedlings temper so that there is no stress from transplanting on the street
For the seedlings of portulaca to settle down, we need warmth, sun and poor soil.
How to plant seeds in open ground
The portulak is sown directly in the ground in late May-early June. We must wait until the soil warms up to 20-25 o C. Portulaca sprouts may die if it cools even slightly, not to mention freezing.
Sow the purslane on the place where it will grow constantly
How to sow seeds: a step by step process
- Bed flower for portulaca do on a sunny area, protected from the wind. Ideal if it is a slight elevation.
- Add sand to too nutritious soil.
- Moisten the soil, spread portulaca seeds on it, sprinkle with sand on top.
- Cover with a bed of plastic film or glass.
- In the daytime, when it becomes warm, open the garden bed for 2-3 hours to air.
- Moisten crops as needed by spraying from a spray bottle.
- When shoots appear and the temperature is not lower than 24–26 ° С, remove the film.
- Seedlings grown to 2-3 cm, thin and transplant to a permanent place, the scheme - 10:15.
- Water under the root when the top layer dries out.
Landing in the winter
Sow purslane under the winter is only in the southern regions. The seeds of the heat-loving plant will not touch the growth until the soil warms to 20–25 ° C. So in the middle latitudes there is no point in the wintering of the winter, early flowering still will not work.
The purslane is better to be sown in winter in regions with a warm climate.
- Choose a heated and lighted area for the portulaca bed, it will be good if it is a hill.
- Remove weeds and prepare the garden bed.
- Sow twice as much seed as during spring sowing. Mix the portulaca grains with sand.
- Spread the mixture on the soil, lightly sprinkle.
- In the spring, make sure that the area does not dry out completely after the snow melts.
- You can cover the crops with a film to save heat.
- After seed germination, take care, as for ordinary seedlings.
Reproduction by cutting
Portulak canCherenkovat all summer to update the landing. Also, this method will help speed up the appearance of the first colors.
- In the autumn, transfer the purslane shrub to the pot and transfer it home.
Portulaca bush can be left for the winter at home
Portulaca cuttings root well in water
Purslane, grown from cuttings, blooms rather quickly
Growth and bloom
It is enough to water beds with portulaca at least once a week if there is no rain. Pour water under the roots or on top of a small divider. The main thing - try not to dilute the soil. Plants living in pots or other containers will need more frequent watering. But in any case it is better to underfill than waterlogging. In too rainy weather or with an excess of water, the purslane suffers.
Thick purslane carpet does not allow weeds to sprout
It is necessary to mulch and loosen the land in a flowerbed only at first, until the portulaca bushes have grown. The plant quickly spreads the soil with its shoots, and the weeds on such a rug do not germinate. Additional flower nutrition is not required. It grows well and blooms without dressings. Portulac is very rarely ill and does not like insect pests.
Surprisingly, juicy greens and tender portulaca flowers do not like harmful insects
How to collect and save seeds
If you do not remove wilted inflorescences, the purslane may multiply by itself, scattering ripe seeds. And then next spring a flower carpet will grow again at the same place.
If you do not trust the purslane self-seeding, follow the maturation of seed pods. To see them well, remove sluggish petals from the inflorescences. It is important not to miss the ripening and "unpacking." Otherwise, the small grains wake up on the ground. Collect them no longer possible.
The seeds of this plant are often compared with dust, they are so tiny. 10 thousand pieces of portulaca weigh only 1 g.
Purslane has very small grains that easily disperse themselves.
Harvesting planting material for the future is better in the midst of summer. In heat, portulac seeds ripen in just 10–14 days. It is necessary to collect them when the box turns yellow, and after drying the crop. With the arrival of cool weather (with an average daily temperature of 12–15 ° C), portulaca seeds do not ripen. If you do not have time to make a reserve, take the pot with the plant home and wait for the seeds to be ready.
Portulac is afraid of cold, so it is not left in the winter outside.
Problems in growing purslane
Some gardeners complain that purslane blooms modestly or refuses to open the buds altogether. The most common cause of this whim is mistakes when choosing a place and soil. The purslane will not bloom in a shady place. The soil for this plant should be poor. Portulac will consider the land too fat, which was fertilized even a year ago. He will be happy to increase the carpet of greenery, but will not bloom. Owners of fertile plots can artificially reduce the nutritional value of the soil by adding sand, vermiculite, expanded clay or fine gravel.
In nutrient-rich soil, purslane will build up lush greens without flowers.
Portulac almost does not bloom in cloudy and rainy summer. From wet weather, the plant can get sick. Leaflets and stems become stained, rot and die. Portulac stalls in growth. Treatment is sanitary pruning. It is necessary to remove the affected parts, and then treat the purslane and soil with a fungicide (Previkur, Soligor, Fundazol or Skor).
How can rid the purslane from pests
Parasites do not favor purslane. Only aphids and thrips can try it. Aphid prefers young shoots, it is impossible not to see. To rid portulaca from the pest, spray it with an insecticide - Aktellik, Aktar, Detsisom, Karate. Thrips leave shiny stripes and specks on all parts of the plant, including flowers. Portulac loses strength, slows growth. Use Intavir, Agravertin, Karbofos or Fitoverm against this parasite.
Выращивание на подоконнике: может ли портулак расти дома
Ещё лет 5–10 назад портулак в наших краях считался только садовым однолетником. Теперь ампельную разновидность выращивают в домашних условиях. While the plant is just settling down on the windowsill. But more and more gardeners do not want to part with purslane for the winter.
Ampel Portulaca Feels Good at Home
Types of Portulaca
Exists over 90 varieties. The most popular of them are the following:
- Terry. This species is a very beautiful garden plant. In Russia, this flower is grown as an annual ground cover for ornamental purposes. Terry purslane blooms with large bright flowers that will delight you throughout the summer. Inflorescences, as a rule, open under bright sunshine and close with the onset of sunset or in cloudy weather. Some varieties of terry species were bred by breeders who are able to bloom around the clock, regardless of the sun.
- Garden. In the people, this species is often called vegetable or medicinal. This species is a fairly common succulent that can grow as a weed annual plant. The garden purslane can easily multiply by self-sowing, and also quickly fills large areas. This species is characterized by the presence of fleshy stems, which are covered with thick and oval leaves. The inflorescences of the garden portulaca are rather small, inconspicuous, yellow. After flowering in their place the fruit is formed in the form of an oval box. When the box matures, it opens and pours out many small seeds. In the shoots and leaves contain many nutrients. Such useful substances include the following: carotene, organic acids, ascorbic acid, calcium, magnesium, alkaloids, tocopherol, resinous substances, zinc, sodium, potassium, sugar, proteins, copper, nicotinic acid, iron, noradrenaline, glycosides and phylloquinone. Due to this rich composition, purslane garden is often used in medicine and cooking.
- Ampel. This type of plant is a hybrid, it is derived artificially. The flower has ampelous, rather branched stems, as well as fleshy cone-shaped leaves. Ampella portulak blossoms with either terry or simple inflorescences of various colors and shades. Most often you can meet purslane with white, yellow, red, purple, pink, lilac flowers. This plant is often used to design alpine slides and rabatok, it is grown mainly in hanging pots and street vases as a homemade flowering plant.
- Large-flowered. This species is the most popular in Russia. Most often, its cultivation is carried out as an ornamental annual garden. Large-flowered species is used to decorate garden beds, alpine slides, and also as a foreground plant. The plant is able to bloom throughout the summer, before the onset of autumnal cold. In the large-flowered purslane, creeping shoots, plants belong to ground cover species. On the stems are cone-shaped leaves. Portulaca flowers are quite large, reaching a diameter of 7 centimeters. Flower color can be very diverse, ranging from snow-white and ending burgundy or purple. With the onset of night, and also in cloudy weather, the inflorescences of the large-flowered purslane close. After flowering in late September, the fruit ripens, it pours a lot of seeds on the soil.
Sowing on seedlings
For seeding portulaca at home low pots or containers are recommended. Plastic containers made from salads or cakes with a lid may be ideal for this. Containers are filled with light, breathable soil. In order to make such a ground independently, it is necessary to mix the following types of land:
It is strongly not recommended to use the soil purchased in stores, as it contains a large amount of peat, which purslane does not like.
Before sowing, it is imperative to make holes in the tank to release excess moisture. It is also recommended to lay a thin layer of drainage in the form of small stones or expanded clay on the bottom of the tank. After that, the substrate is laid over the drainage, which needs to be well leveled, slightly compacted, and then watered. After that, you can put the purslane in the ground. At the same time, small seeds should be evenly distributed over the surface of the soil, not sprinkling them on top of the ground.
After sowing, the containers with seedlings are retracted to the south window, while they are covered with a lid or a film of polyethylene. Seedlings must be kept in a room with temperature above 25 degrees. If you create all the above conditions, the first shoots will appear 3-4 days after sowing. Before the appearance of the first shoots, the greenhouse must be regularly aired, after which the film is removed.
Further care involves periodic watering and thinning of seedlings. Excess bores can be transplanted into separate containers with a small stick, a match or a broken toothpick.
Sowing in open ground
A seed bed must be made in a well-lit garden plot. It is enough to make small holes to grow a large number of purslana seedlings. At the same time, the seeds are sown on moist soil, mixing slightly with it. After this bed is covered with a film of polyethylene or glass of suitable size. If the days after sowing are warm enough, the beds can be opened for ventilation for a couple of hours if there is no wind outside.
Watering seedlings is recommended using a spray gun when the top layer of soil dries out a bit.
It is recommended to completely remove the film only when the first shoots appear, and a constant temperature is established on the street during the day at least 25 degrees. The seedlings should be transplanted to a permanent place when their height is about 3 cm.
Care for purslane in the open ground
Caring for this plant is quite unsightly and simple matter. This drought-resistant flower requires minimal soil moisture, it should be watered only in hot and dry weather. Watering at the same time carried out about once a week. Water should pour at the very root or on top of the watering can.
Mulching and loosening of the soil is not required, as the purslane forms mats that densely cover the soil around. Plants also do not need additional feeding, and they have strong resistance to diseases, portulak is not afraid of pests. If you follow all the rules of planting and care after it, then the flower will decorate your garden plot from the first month of summer to the onset of the first cold weather.
Flowers can be propagated by cutting or dividing the bush. To do this, in the second half of June or in July, it is necessary to cut off one shoot from a plant or part of an expanded purslane, and plant it in another place.
In addition, the purslane is able to multiply perfectly self-seeding. If you plant these plants in open ground at your summer cottage, you are guaranteed to see new shoots for the next year.
Portulaca in garden design
Low bushes plants are used to fill the foreground of flower beds, as well as for the design of borders and revitalize stone hills. In addition, portulac is often planted in beautiful pots or hanging pots. This plant can decorate almost any garden plot, placing it near the porch or closing the formwork at home.
Portulac can also be perfectly combined with a huge number of garden crops. It is often planted with early spring flowers such as tulips and hyacinths. When these flowers bloom, it is time for the plant to bloom.
Possible pests and diseases
As mentioned earlier, this plant is a fairly resistant plant to various diseases and pests. The danger of purslane can be borne only by fungi that attack in high humidity. The leaves form dark spots of rot, the stalks of the plant are deformed and shallow. Portulak ceases to bloom, and also stops in its development.
In order to prevent or get rid of this problem, it is necessary to cut off all the affected shoots. All the plant and the soil around it is necessary process fungicides. To do this, you can use the following modern tools and preparations:
Speaking of pests, most of the purslane is attacked by omnivorous aphids and thrips.
- Aphids, as a rule, eat fleshy and succulent parts of the plant. These pests quickly form entire colonies. It is easy to notice aphid and easy to destroy. Various modern insecticides are used for this.
- The appearance of thrips can tell silver stripes and specks, which are formed on different parts of the plant. It is rather difficult to notice the pests themselves, as they have a nondescript look, small dimensions. In order to get rid of thrips, purslane is treated with systemic insecticides.
In conclusion, it is worth noting that the purslane is a very thermophilic plant, so he cannot spend the winter in cold conditions. Seeds are collected from it to be sown next spring. Shrubs are pulled out and disposed of. Liked strong flowers are transplanted into separate pots and brought into the room. In this case the purslane should be placed on the south side.
Nuances of growing purslane in the open field
In order for this plant to give only positive emotions, it is necessary to take into account some points concerning its cultivation.
Best of all portulaca flowers feel in those areas that have maximum illumination. Otherwise, you can simply not wait for it to bloom. If purslane is considered for cultivation at home, then it is best to place containers with plants on the south side. However, it grows best in balcony and window boxes, which provide constant access to fresh air. But in both cases, caring for the plant will be simple.
Portulac grandiflora is one of those plants that are accustomed to grow in hot climates. However, a small cooling is not capable of harming this plant, since most often it is grown as an annual.
Care for purslane involves regular watering. Therefore, after sowing, it is necessary to constantly ensure that the soil is moistened. However, an excess of moisture can adversely affect its development.
Diseases and pests
The plants belonging to the genus purslane, are resistant to diseases and pests. The danger for portulac can be represented by the fungus Albugo portulaceae, the traces of which are found only in very rare cases. This can be determined by the presence of spots on the leaves and deformation of the shoots. The fight against fungi consists in removing the damaged parts and spraying the plant with any copper-containing fungicide preparation.
It is recommended to search for planting material already at the end of winter or in early spring. At the same time it is necessary to ensure the integrity of the bag and pay attention to the expiration date. If you need ready seedlings in cups, then you can contact the flower nursery or gardening center. Special attention should be paid to the fact that young seedlings lack signs of decay.
Favorable conditions for good growth of portulaca flowers are the temperature within 20-26 degrees Celsius. This plant is undemanding to moisture, but if pots are used for growing, then watering should be carried out regularly in small quantities. When growing purslane owner does not have to engage in such a time-consuming operation, as making supplements. Therefore, if you plant the plant on a not very fertile land, then the purslane will feel good about it.
- The most favorable time for planting portulaca flowers is March. However, if you refer to the floricultural literature, then there are recommendations on the possibility of sowing in earlier (third decade of February) and at a later date (first decade of April).
- The purslane starts sowing when the daytime temperature stays at the level of 20-25 degrees, and for these purposes mini-greenhouses are used. In bright sun, the temperature in it can rise to the level of 50 degrees Celsius. This is only beneficial to portulaca, as its growth rate increases. If, after planting, the plants are not provided with the necessary amount of light, this will lead to the pulling of seedlings.
Planting in the greenhouse
It is possible to make a greenhouse from scrap materials. For example, it may be plexiglass aquarium. In this case, it is necessary to stretch the plastic film over it or put a plexiglas cover on it. Next, the aquarium is installed on the most illuminated window. In case of poor light, you can avoid pulling out the seedlings by lighting them up. To do this, you can use a fluorescent lamp or desk lamp (40-60W).
Especially plants need additional lighting in the morning and evening hours. If on the street there is a cloudy weather, then they need to be illuminated throughout the day.
If you plan to sow small amount of seedsIt is recommended to use compact plastic pots for this purpose. Their bottom is filled with fine gravel and coarse sand, which will serve as a drainage. Then pour the soil there. Peat and organic fertilizers should not be included in the mixture used. In the presence of the first component, you can not wait for the seedlings to grow, and in the presence of the second, the seedlings will grow weak and will not be able to withstand fungal diseases.
When preparing an earth mixture, it is allowed to add not more than 20% of sand with a diameter of 0.1 mm. You can fertilize heavy clay soil with charcoal. Containers with soil mixture must be installed in the pan, pre-filled with soft distilled water. It is not recommended to use hard water for irrigation, as this leads to a decrease in the percentage of similarity.
After waiting for soil moistening, you can engage in sowing. To do this, you need to take a match and place the seeds on the ground surface with a pointed end. Next, you need a little grain dig into the soil by 0.5-1 mm. The distance between the seeds should be at least 1 cm. After sowing, the seed container should be immediately placed in a greenhouse. If you do not plan to keep them on the window and will not use the backlight, then you need to follow when most of the seeds are free from the shell. At this point, the landing plates are removed from the greenhouse and placed on the window so that they are as close as possible to the glass.
If you are going to light up them with a desk lamp, then it is recommended to do this even in a greenhouse, after opening the lid. When complementing the seedlings with a 40 W lamp, it should be kept at a distance of 10-15 cm from the shoots. In the case of using the lamp 60 W the distance is increased to 15-20 cm. If at night a significant decrease in temperature is expected, then at this time crops can be cleaned in an open greenhouse. In the morning, after having done the additional light, they are returned to the window. In the course of leaving pay attention to that the soil was constantly moistened.
If you are engaged in growing portulaca in the apartment, and your balcony is located on the sunny side, then you can make your crops there.
Portulac is one of the beautiful plants that can decorate any area. It is possible for every summer resident to grow it, because for portulaca, planting and care in the open field suggests the same general recommendations as for many other ornamental crops. Particular attention should be paid to the choice of landing site and creating optimal conditions for plant growth and development. Although purslane is undemanding to moisture, however, in particularly dry periods, the need for water in it may increase. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure that there is no dry peel. Otherwise, it will affect its flowering.