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What plants to choose for a hedge

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Are you tired of watching the neighbors? We present to your attention the most suitable hedge plants which will be the most suitable for the construction of a living fence at your cottage. Insulate yourself from prying eyes with a hedge and live peacefully, as the shrubs from our list for the green wall will definitely help you.

Plants for hedge number 1. Cotoneaster shiny

Evergreen shrub 0.5-1 m in height with high spineforming ability. Suitable for low hedge along curbs. Cotoneaster - the perfect plant for hedges as:

  • Decorative all season.
  • Often used for urban landscaping, because it contains volatile, purifying the air.
  • The fruits are not poisonous, so the shrub can be planted if you have small children.
  • Cuts almost any shape.
  • Unpretentious.
  • It carries air pollution.

Plants for hedge №2. Green apple leaf

Luxurious shrub with a spreading crown. In a well-groomed form, it looks quite solid. The height of a bladder claw in the conditions of Russia can reach 3 m, so there is a place where to roam. It is worth keeping in mind as:

  • Shrub unpretentious, endures drought and poverty of the soil.
  • Bubblepipe becomes yellow in the autumn, there are varieties with purple leaves.
  • Good haircut, crown high and thick - mostly a rare combination.
  • You can not be afraid for children, they do not poison the fruits, because they are not poisonous.

Plants for hedge №3. Spirea

Spirea is a very beautiful plant that is decorative in its bloom in spring: shades range from white to purple. She deserves your attention because:

  • Will delight spring decoration.
  • Perfectly tolerates a haircut.
  • There are low and high types of spirea, so you can create a fence of different heights.
  • Spirea can give interesting forms.
  • The fruits are not poisonous.

Be sure to trim the flowering inflorescences, this will allow the plant to keep a neat appearance.

Plants for hedge №4. Coronate chubushnik

Perennial shrub that blooms in summer. It is worth growing on the site, because:

  • He has fragrant flowers.
  • Fruits are dry, safe for children.
  • Shrub high, reaches 3 m.
  • Decorative in the summer.

Chubushnik will not cease to please you, if you do in time to trim.

Plants for hedge №5. Derain white

Beautiful perennial shrub, which makes the shadow. The stems of the plant are bright red, even in winter the shrub is decorative. The foliage has an attractive multi-colored color in the fall. Derain has very bright, beautiful fruits. From it you can make a high hedge with a height of 3 meters. Shrub will bloom in all conditions. There are varieties of white turf with very decorative foliage, for example, a silvery-green shade.

Plants for hedge №6. Barberry Thunberg

Perennial shrubs, it can be made from the average height of the hedge. It should be put on the site if:

  • You want to admire the fall on the colorful foliage and fruit.
  • Want to make a compote or barberry jam.
  • You are ready to cut the shrub regularly to maintain a dense crown and beautiful shape.
  • You do not like to treat plants from pests, as the barberry practically does not get sick.

The barberry of Thunberg will create a thick and impassable hedge.

Plants for hedge №7. Thuja

Thuja is a tall tree or shrub. Our climate allows it to reach a height of about 3 meters. The hedge will turn out of it high and dense. This bush has its advantages:

  • Thuja is amenable to cutting, takes any form.
  • The shrub purifies the air and releases phytoncides.
  • Tui maintains urban conditions.
  • Thuja seeds are not poisonous.

Of the minuses of thuja can be noted burnout in the sun and brown color of the needles. In our conditions, the Smaragd or Emerald variety feels best. Shrub is not suitable for all styles of the garden, it is best to fit it into the Mediterranean landscape.

Plants for hedge №8. Privet

Privet is a shade-tolerant shrub from the olive family. The plant reaches a height of 2-2.5 m in our latitudes, blooms in the middle of summer. The undoubted advantages in the use of privet:

  • Well cut and formed.
  • Easy to grow and adapt to adverse conditions.
  • Privet excellent tolerates cold winter times.
  • The bush will attract butterflies to your summer cottage.
  • It is not subject to pests and diseases.
  • It should be watered only in a strong drought.
  • Without a haircut, it takes the interesting shape of a vase.

Neatly! The fruit of privet is poisonous. Do not plant it if you have children.

Plants for hedge №9. Lilac meier

Sun-loving culture, which reaches a height of 1.5 m. In May, the shrub is covered with magnificent purple inflorescences. The virtues of shrub are as follows:

  • Shrub is not prone to powdery mildew.
  • It has a fairly compact crown.
  • Meyer's lilac easily tolerates dry conditions.
  • It grows well after spring pruning and crown formation.
  • Hardy, but freezes in severe winters.
  • Resistant to urban conditions, carries gas and smoke.

Meyer's lilac has a decorative Palibin shape with a crown resembling a dome with purple buds.

Plants for hedge number 10. Yew berry

The yew is an evergreen tree, which in the Moscow region reaches a height of 5 m. It is suitable for a hedge for several reasons:

  • Permanent decoration - evergreen culture.
  • Durable, lives 3000 years.
  • It is not exacting to watering.
  • Does not need feedings.
  • Shrub drought resistant.
  • Forms shoots even on old wood.
  • Great haircut.
  • Beautiful in curly hairstyle, but only in a warmer climate.
  • It has bright red decorative fruits.
  • Windproof and tolerates urban conditions.

The yew has decorative forms, but they are less winter-hardy. Attention! All parts of the plant are poisonous. Do not plant shrubs if you have children.

Plants for hedge number 11. Blood Hawthorn

Hawthorn is a very unpretentious shrub, resistant to our conditions. It has its advantages:

  • It grows even on sandy soils.
  • Well propagated by cuttings treated with "root".
  • It has a good sparing ability.
  • Suitable for topiary at the height of human growth.
  • It tolerates landing on a stump.
  • Absolutely winter-hardy, no shelter required.

The plant is medicinal, used in cardiovascular diseases. Hawthorn will attract birds to your winter garden. Keep in mind that blooming hawthorn may not like your family members.

Plants for hedge №12. Irga is spiky

Many people associate shrubs with childhood. The berries of the irgi girls painted their lips, while the boys simply ate and enjoyed the tart taste. From irgi create magnificent hedges:

  • Deciduous tree is well cut in shape.
  • Irga transfers all types of pruning and becomes thicker.
  • Drought resistant, practically does not need watering.
  • Delivers the most northerly temperatures up to - 50 ° C.
  • It attracts insects, as it is a honey plant.
  • Carries landing on a stump.
  • Resistant to city conditions.
  • Beautiful blue-purple fruits are edible.
  • Orange and yellow leaves in the fall, which is very decorative.

The plant comes from America! Experts believe that it threatens the natural flora of Russia, as it often runs wild. But in general, irga is promising in terms of landscaping.

Plants for hedge number 13. Kalina Gordovina

Heat-loving plant with bright red berries in the winter. A small tree, reaching a height of 1.5-3 m in our conditions. Characteristics of the plant:

  • View winter hardy and does not require shelter.
  • Unpretentious to soil conditions.
  • It tolerates pollution, smoke and other adverse urban conditions.
  • Fruits first turn red, then turn black, which adds decoration.
  • Life expectancy is about 50 years.
  • It grows well after shearing.
  • The shrub does not require wind protection.
  • This species has beautiful decorative forms.

Viburnum Gordoviny create medium-height living green walls.

Plants for hedge №14. Weigela early

Beautiful flowering shrub that is used for unshaped hedges. Maximum reaches a height of 2 m. Characteristics of weigela:

  • Decorative spring pink color inflorescences.
  • Rooted cuttings at 100%.
  • Well tolerated transplant.
  • It has a spreading crown.
  • Weigela blooms more than 1 month. Every 2 years culture requires pruning.
  • From it create medium-sized hedges.

Plants for hedge №15. Hydrangea

Shrub with very lush flowering. The density and density of the crown allows him to act as a short, flowering flowering hedge. Homeland culture is North America. Characteristics of the plant:

  • The height of the hydrangea tree is about 1.5 m.
  • Requires shelter for the winter.
  • The plant needs regular watering.
  • The peak of ornamental falls in the summer.
  • It has beautiful decorative forms.
  • Loves sunny places or light partial shade.

If a are you ready for the capricious hedge, feel free to choose a hydrangea. All costs are more than worth its magnificent flowering.

Plants for hedge №16. Honeysuckle Tatar

Beautiful flowering shrub with a delicate aroma. Distributed in Russia. From it will turn out unpretentious hedge. Honeysuckle characteristics:

  • There are decorative forms with cream, red and pink flowers.
  • It winters well, winter shelter is not required.
  • Plant height reaches 4 m, you can safely create a high living wall.
  • Well tolerated transplant.
  • It has a vertical dense crown.
  • Well propagated by cuttings.
  • It grows fast and cuts well.

Attention! The fruits of the Tatar honeysuckle are poisonous. Do not plant it in places where children walk. The plant may require support.

Plants for hedge №17 Potentilla shrub or Kuril tea

Miniature and very ornamental shrub. Honey plant attracts bees and butterflies. Culture is actively used in urban gardening. Potentilla characteristics:

  • The plant is smoke resistant and gas resistant, it is not afraid of dust.
  • Potentilla should be rejuvenated pruning every 5-6 years.
  • Culture does not require shelter for the winter.
  • Potentilla haircut great.
  • The plant has many decorative varieties with cream, pink, yellow, orange and red color.
  • It blooms in summer for 2 months.
  • The plant has healing properties and is used in traditional medicine. In severe drought, needles must be watered.

Plants for hedge №18. Almond Ledebura

Mini — a blooming hedge can be created with the help of almonds. Grows culture in the Altai Territory. Shrub reaches a height of 2 m. Characteristics of the bush:

  • It has a spherical crown and gives numerous root processes.
  • It grows on any soil.
  • Resistant to drought, but watering is recommended for abundant flowering.
  • Old shoots die off, they need to be gradually cut off.
  • Perfectly tolerates a haircut.
  • Shelter for the winter is required only for young plants.
  • Blossoms in May pink color.

This type of almond tolerates urban conditions. Fruit plant begins only 11 years.

So, high hedges can be obtained from the following plants:

  • bladder
  • turf
  • hawthorn
  • tui,
  • yew,
  • honeysuckle
  • irgi,
  • Chubushnik.
  • Average live fences are made from:
  • spireas,
  • viburnum,
  • lilacs
  • privet,
  • barberry.

Low green walls form from:

Hedges are able to absorb noise, harmful substances, they are decorative and attract attention. Green walls will decorate the territory of your garden.

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Evergreens

If you live in central Russia, you should not rely on such plants as thuja oriental and cypress, Korean and balsamic fir. In this region, they take root poorly: they can only winter under a thick snow cushion. It is better to use for the hedge evergreens, adapted to the local climate. They will not only decorate the site, clean the air, but also hold the snow and wind.

It can be a dwarf Canadian spruce or a spruce gray, tall or dwarf spruce spiny. As well as an ordinary spruce of different heights or a half-meter Serbian spruce, the needles of which differ in brilliant dark green needles with two bluish stripes.

Juniper

This is one of the most popular and numerous representatives of conifers. The most unpretentious types of juniper will look very well in hedge: virginian, horizontal, Chinese, Cossack and ordinary.

Fir is not a city dweller; its development is harmed by smok. Only outside the city she is well accustomed and delights with its noble beauty. For the middle band, suitable species such as whole-leaf, single-color, balsamic.

In gardening, cold-resistant and unpretentious species of this plant are most often used. Truly decorative ordinary, mountain and Wemouth pine.

Cypress pea fruit

Evergreen plant, which has a variety of shapes, sizes, colors. It tolerates winter troubles. Of the kind of cypress stands unpretentious.

Champion among evergreens for frost resistance and endurance. It will feel good in a living fence, located in a shady corner. Species such as berry and Canadian yew have proven themselves particularly well in central Russia.

From the numerous family of this culture, one should pay attention to the western thuja Withstand any vagaries of the Russian winter. This species is rich in forms and varieties. You can choose a dwarf western thuja, which will grow to only 60 cm (Danica grade) or its opposite - a 15 meter tall giantess having a spiral crown (Spiralis).

Plants for deciduous hedges

They differ from evergreens in that their decorativeness is not year-round, but only while the foliage is alive. Many deciduous plants bloom beautifully, are honey plants, are used in traditional medicine, bear fruit.

These are the most famous shrubs and trees: acacia, black chokeberry, eosklety, elder, hawthorn, cherry, elm, hydrangea, turf, honeysuckle, willow, viburnum, cotoneaster, maple, lilac, currant, jasmine-chubushnik.

Fast growing shrubs

Of these cultures create the most impatient hedges. Although it cannot be said that they are losing in something, because many plants are growing quickly - both evergreen and deciduous. In addition, each of them is different in its own way and is able to withstand the negative atmospheric effects.

  1. The deciduous barberry of Thunberg is a plant whose shoots are purple-red, yellow - bright spots stand out against a green background. One of the most favorite plants for garden construction in the country.
  2. Euonymus. In summer and in autumn it amazes with multicolor foliage: from white to purple. Fly around the leaves - still beautiful bush, hung with bright berries.
  3. Privet. To cut this bush is a real pleasure, any fantasy can be realized, you can get either a flat green wall or any shape. The only drawback: afraid of frost, so in the middle lane for the winter shelter is required.
  4. Cotoneaster. Flowers has a modest appearance, but they are not its main decoration. Decorative shrub attached lush crown of shiny dark leaves, which by the autumn gradually become purple in color. To this magnificence, red spots of berries are also added, which keep on the branches until severe frosts. When making a haircut, the crook can easily be given any shape that does not lose shape for a long time.
  5. Hawthorn. It attracts glances and during the spring flowering, and in the summer, when the ripening fruits become yellow, orange, red. In autumn, bright foliage shows itself in all its glory. An indispensable plant for the fast-growing hedge in the Moscow region and other regions of the middle zone.
  6. Forsythia Also very decorative. Usually it is planted when creating dense green fences. Its flowers look beautiful against the background of dense juicy foliage.
  7. Boxwood Not afraid of moderate frosts, but may die from the winter wind or spring sunlight. With a caring attitude towards him, he grows rather quickly, a bright green outfit - all year round. Can be used in clipped hedges.
  8. Yew. This evergreen shrub has dense, but not prickly needles. Depending on the type or variety, it can grow in the form of a regular bush or ball, a candle, a cone, or be creeping. Very comfortable to cut.
  9. Thuja Evergreen fast-growing shrub. Gardeners love it for a dense crown, clear forms and a pleasant aroma. For a hedge it is necessary to choose thuja western, which does not need special care and endures cold weather.

Plants for living fences of different heights

The single-tiered hedge height is usually dictated by the area saving on the site. This means that it will require trees in which branches grow from the very base of the trunk. Это тополя, липы, клены.

If the gardener does not face such a problem, it is better to create a multi-tiered green fence that will cover the plot well on the wind side. It turns out that, picked up by height, trees and shrubs do not close each other, but will be beautifully combined in color and alternately bloom and bear fruit.

1. The highest row can take linden, elm, poplar, ash, maple, buckthorn, willow, mountain ash.

Grow to three meters such trees like dogwood white or blood red, Berberis vulgaris and Amur, buckthorn buckthorn, angustifolia and silver Loh, pigweed and smooth Saskatoon, Aronia chokeberry, hazel, Tatar honeysuckle, mock orange, chokeberry, Hungarian and vulgaris lilac, maple Ginnala and Tatar.

2. For fences with a height of 1.2 to 2 meters, gray and wrinkled roses, shiny cotoneaster, Russian broom, willow spiraea, Thunberg barberry, alpine and golden currant, alpine and alpine honeysuckle are well suited.

Plants of this height, well adapted to the local climate, can also mark the border with our neighbors, and divide your land into separate zones.

3. Even lower fences - from one meter to 1.2 m, will create such shrubs: low-growing types of Thunberg barberry and Chubushnik, Bessei and ferruginous cherry, steppe almonds, Japanese and three-lobed spirea.

4. If the fence is half a meter high, you need to plant a dwarf caragana (varieties Pygmaea and Nana), Thunberg barberry (Aurea, Atropurpurea Nana, Green Carpet), a Japanese spirea (Golden Princess and Little Princess), a jug (Dwarf and Dwarf) , as well as lingonberries.

Formed stands

Shorn landing look especially impressive. They are compact, accurate, and retain their shape for a long time. A few years later formed an impassable hedge. To obtain such a result, it is necessary to choose the fit that will maintain the shape and be easily restored after shearing.

All these qualities are in linden, brilliant cotoneaster, hawthorn,

Honeysuckle varieties of Alberta, Alpine, Tatar, covering. They also have honeysuckle, white turf, alpine and golden currant, barberry, maple - Tatar and Ginnala, poplar - Canadian and Berlin, purple willow-leaved.

Coniferous trees can also be formed. For a trimmed hedge, common spruce, European larch and thuja of two species - Smaragd and Brabant will be a good choice. Especially spectacular after cutting the larch is good and in a green state and after the needles fall off.

Plants for barbed hedge

A hedge of plants with prickles is a real “frontier at the castle”. Dense thickets are difficult to overcome, not only to humans, but even to domestic animals.

Such a fence is formed by planting barberry, hawthorn, dogrose, thorns, prickly Eleutherococcus and Manchurian Aralia. Read more about this article about curtains for hedges.

Mixed hedges

These types of combined green fences are preferable to arrange in spacious areas. There will be side by side plants with different periods of flowering, fruiting, with different leaf color.

It looks interesting a hedge made up of two rocks with different heights. In this case, undersized shrubs will cover their leaves with bare branches of tall plants.

In mixed plantings such varieties of lilac as Amur, Hungarian and drooping are successfully combined with tall species of jasmine-chubushnik, viburnum (Gordovina and Boule-de-dene), forsythia.

Weaving plants

A hedge of climbing plants is perhaps the most decorative. Bindweeds have long shoots, beautiful leaves and gorgeous flowers. Antennae and hooks help them to rise quite high, while forming a solid carpet of greenery and flowers. The flowering of many climbing plants is long and abundant.

Particularly valuable is that the full decorative effect is achieved much faster than other garden crops. In addition, they facilitate the work of the gardener, without needing special preparation for the winter.

Perennial stranded plants

They are the best material for live fence.

1. Climbing rose. For the green fence, you should choose only winter-hardy varieties that do not need shelter, otherwise the owners will fall to the lot of annual efforts to prepare the bushes for the winter.

These plants are good because they bloom for a long time, and some varieties - many times. The color is white, red, yellow, pink and maroon.

2. Honeysuckle honeysuckle. A plant famous for its wonderful aroma. It is able to endure severe cold without shelter, so that in the winter it can not be removed from the supports. It grows well in elevated places, on moderately moist soil.

3. Clematis. Belongs to the family of buttercups. The most popular purple clematis. Its creepers reach two meters in length, the flowers are large, up to 6 cm in diameter.

4. Campsis. Beautiful deciduous liana with airy suckers and bright tubular scarlet or orange flowers.

5. Wisteria. Quite a capricious climbing plant comes from the southern edges. White, pink or blue flowers are gathered in drooping clusters.

6. Calistegia. It looks like a wild bindweed Birch, but its flowers are larger.

7. Common ivy. The plant, although belonging to evergreens, does not always safely survive the winter in the middle lane, needs shelter or a thick snow cushion.

8. Girlish (wild) grapes. Beautiful climbing plant for the construction of hedges. It grows wherever they are planted, on any soil. Especially beautiful in the fall, when the leaves become purple, and inedible fruits - dark blue. Does not require shelter for the winter.

Flowering plants

The sight of the blooming hedge is the very charm. Tall shrubs, sprinkled with flowers, fragrant - is this not the dream of any gardener - lover.

For the formation of a picturesque fence fit these plants:

  • Syrian hibiscus. Two-meter shrub blooming from July to September. Flowers come in a wide variety of colors.
  • Hydrangea. Shrub up to one and a half meters, continuous flowering lasts several months. Basically, the flowers are white, but if you plant a large-leaved hydrangea, it will give flowers of amazing colors - pink, blue, red or lilac.
  • Japanese spirea. Reaches a height of one and a half meters. In the flowering state is all summer. Looks great in a frame of pink or purple flowers.
  • Fragrant Chubushnik. Three-meter bushes bloom from late spring to early summer. Flowers - white, with a strong spicy aroma.
  • Multi-flowered rose. Can grow to 4 meters. Blooms in early June and blooms until mid-summer. An interesting property: the flowers change color: at first they are white and pink, then pure white.
  • Detion Shrub height from two to five meters. It blooms with the onset of summer heat. Flowers white color, the smell does not exude.
  • Honeysuckle Tatar. Also blooms in early summer. Color of flowers - white or pink. Forms inedible orange or red fruit.
  • Rosehip ordinary. Height - up to one and a half meters. Flowering continues all summer. The fruits ripen in mid-autumn.
  • Barberry Juliana. Height - up to 2.5 meters, covered with yellow flowers in the first summer month. Forms black or red fruit.

We hope that our article helped to deal with popular plants to create a hedge.

What plants can you make a hedge with your own hands

For self-planting beautiful hedges are recommended to use unpretentious and shade-tolerant shrubs. This rule must be observed when organizing multi-row hedges. To create a fence of a specific shape, it is important to find bushes that “love” a haircut. Also, when choosing vegetation, it is necessary to pay attention to the shape of the crown and the growth rate of the representative flora. Up the bushes stretch by 10 cm - 6 m.

Shade-tolerant bushes

Such specimens are suitable for creating hedges and arbors. In the sun they still need, but their difference lies in the ability to carry the shadow. According to this criterion, the bushes are divided into shade-tolerant and shade-loving.

Representatives of shade-tolerant bushes are:

  • Honeysuckle - frost-resistant greens with flowers and fruits. Up to 7 years does not require pruning. It has increased resistance to diseases and pests. Grows well in width and height up to 2.5 m.
  • Mexican jasmine with a pleasant citrus scent blooms several times a year. She does not like grooming and frost. Tolerates full shadow, but grows slowly. Maximum height - 3 m.
  • Hazel . Having formed a crown of 4 - 8 branches, it is easy to give the beginnings for the growth of a hedge. The plant is shade tolerant, but fastidious in care - it needs fertilizer and pruning.

Undersized greens

They say about short stature if shrubs grow by 0.5 - 1 m. Low flora is suitable for decorating paths with borders and zoning a plot.

  • Bloodroot . The long-flowered shrub releases inflorescences for 100 days. Their color is white, yellow, warm yellow-orange. The plant is hardy and drought resistant. In the heat it should be maintained by spraying.
  • Japanese quince . A small bush with arcuate, thorny branches when planting in 2 rows fully protects the yard from other animals. Greens unpretentious and tolerates a haircut. Winters are not afraid of her.

Decorative bushes

Diverse in color and shape of the leaves emit ornamental bushes against the background of "fellows". Foliage maintains an attractive appearance all the warmer months. The combination of evergreen and deciduous plants is possible. Flora is decorative-flowering and decorative leafy. Care varieties do not need.

  • Barberry Thunberg . Branches with blue-gray foliage perfectly cut. It blooms winter-hardy 3 weeks. The height of the spherical bush reaches 0.7 m.
  • Hydrangea . Greens are valuable in a rich palette of colors. Survives in partial shade and full shading, adjacent to trees. Spread bush has a dome up to 1.5 m.
  • Weigela . Dark green saturated foliage is not the only advantage of culture. She is not afraid of pests and frost, blooms in May and June. Decorative properties increases in the autumn when the berries ripen. On the branches the fruits of weigela flaunt most of the winter.

Fast growing species

The main quality of vines is rapid growth, due to which a fence is formed in 2 to 3 years. An impassable fence is created by binding plants. If it is required to improve a standing fence, annuals are planted along it.

  • Aubert Highlander . It grows faster than other species and needs frequent correction. It freezes, but quickly normalizes. Shrub blooms in white and green flowers no later than August. The fence does not spoil the shadow and bright sun. Gardener mountaineer Aubert liked lush green foliage.
  • Hop . Unpretentious frost-resistant fence with knobs can grow by 7 m. Does not need pruning, but likes regular watering and control of rhizomes.
  • Clematis . Effectively flowering bushes are sun-drenched. Striking in color. In a dense fence turn in 2 - 3 years. Pinching slows growth for a couple of months.

Thorny bushes

Spiky vegetation is suitable for forming an impassable and dangerous for traumatism hedge. Representatives of this group normally perceive a haircut, but they retain a spectacular appearance in a wild-growing variant. Individuals prone to growing in breadth need high-quality pruning of branches and control of growth.

  • Roses . Bushes stretch well in height and curl. There are standard and stunted subspecies. An impassable living fence forms itself from the roses, and fragrant borders are obtained. Pruning is a common thing in the care of roses.
  • Blackthorn . A cold-resistant branched shrub grows by 4 m. Thickets of shrubs well protect the yard from the wind. It blooms blackthorn white flowers. The fruit gives non-poisonous.
  • Sea buckthorn . Unpretentious flora propagated by seeds. Landscapers advised to plant bushes in 2 rows. With the advent of fruits, a hedge acquires a new look. It is possible and necessary to eat the fruit, because they are endowed with healing properties. Productivity decreases from pruning. But it can not be avoided if you need to clearly form the boundaries of the fence.

Tall shrubs

From the tall bushes form 3 - 5 meter hedges. Their tendency to fast growing season contributes to obtaining a full-fledged fence for 2 - 3 years. Living construction needs height control.

  • Black chokeberry . Thick fencing grows at 2.5 - 3 m. White or pink flowers delight the eye until August. The fruits have become a therapeutic and preventive product due to the high content of ascorbic acid. Aronia berries hostesses canned. Bush winter-hardy, unpretentious and very decorative in the presence of ripening fruits. Often you do not need to trim the branches.
  • Lilac tall . Captivates with aroma and high decorative effect. Finds shelter on any soil. Hardy and demanding pruning. Beautiful hedges are obtained from the bushes with different colors of inflorescences.
  • Elder . You can enjoy white fragrant flowers in May and June. Elderberry fruits are medicinal. High hedge perfectly develops from the black and red subspecies. Rodents, low temperatures and inattentive care bush is not afraid.

The most unpretentious bushes

The picky representatives of the flora have a good survival rate on any soils and fast recovery after freezing and haircuts. Many specimens grow normally in shaded areas and tolerate urbanized and arid conditions.

  • Chubushnik . Beautiful in the flowering period, with aroma. Smell less terry forms of plants. Flowers and leaves - different in size and texture. Chubushnik produce hedges up to 2 m. They grow well in the sun and in partial shade. Adequate in terms of frost resistance and poor care.
  • Schmidt currants . Shrubs give medium height and curly crown. Volumetric figures of them are obtained due to good portability haircuts. The fruits of the culture are small and tasteless, so they do not eat. Currants of this variety are frost and shade-tolerant.
  • Snowberry . From the bushes with an unusual name a fence is formed that fully satisfies the conditions of the SNIP - this is 1.5 - 2 m. Thin curved branches are especially beautiful when fruiting. White berries hang to frost. If you cut snowberry, it will not bloom and bear fruit. The rest of the culture is picky.

Evergreen options have elegant foliage regardless of the season. The box and laurel cherry need protection for the winter. European varieties tolerate cold and the neighborhood of deciduous and coniferous trees.

How to plant a multi-row hedge

Planting shrubs in one row gives a boring fence that does not like creative individuals. Landscapers invented for them multi-row hedges, which feature is planting height.

Consider a simple version of a multi-level green fence.

  1. Shorn spiraea gray (1 m).
  2. Chubushniki "Mont Blanc" (2 m). It can be replaced by different green-leafed chubushniki, which bloom occurs at different times.
  3. Lilac with dark and light purple inflorescences (4 - 5 m).

Marble trimmed hedge receive, having landed multi-colored varieties of barberry, Kalinolistnogo bladderfruit or western thuja. The multicolor in the same row looks beautiful.

The secret of floristics: the best hedges are formed from shrubs with identical biological parameters (soil requirements, moisture and light perception, growth rate). Aesthetics is given second place.

What Tui better suited for hedge

The Russians living in the middle zone of the country can plant spruce, juniper and thuja western pyramidal or column-like varieties instead of fence. Tui are distinguished by frost resistance, germination on clay, sand and in conditions of high / low humidity. The most beautiful bushes grow on the garden moderately moist soil.

Greens grown from seeds are worse than varietal vegetation. Throwing hedge is easy to grow from cuttings. In any case, seedlings are placed at a distance of 0.5 m. They are sheared only for 2 - 3 years. Tui grow well all season, so cut them 2 - 3 times. Easy formation of a hedge provide crowns of thuy - dense and dense by nature. Shear them closer to July. Form set trapezoidal.

In central Russia, a columnar specimen of Smaragd is also suitable for creating a hedge from thuja bushes. The advantage of a grade is safety of emerald color in any season. But the green grows slowly and does not tolerate pruning. For growth she is granted freedom.

Residents of other regions of Russia can plant thuy Braband. This variety loves to get a haircut. But it belongs to the abundant fruits, therefore it looks unpresentable at certain periods.

What is a fence and at what distance to plant it

If for any reason tui do not like the owner of the estate, the alternative will be spruce. Conifer seedlings with a height of 50 cm are seated with an interval of 1 m. Pruning is not performed until next year. Next, the plant is ennobled in May-June, cutting the sides by 2/3 of the length. The superior process is shortened by a third.

To spruce fence looked beautiful, you need to cut it regularly to 3 years of age. Older needles pruned undesirable. Cutting is done to the desired height, getting a profile in the form of a trapezoid or a rectangle. Subsequently, the fir-grove profile is maintained by trimming with garden shears. Thanks to the care, the young will begin to branch actively from top to bottom.

If you don’t like thuja or eat, pay attention to juniper. Куст любит солнце и терпелив к засухе и морозам. Не переносит затопляемых грунтов и тяжелой глинистой почвы. Видовой материал приживается слабо, поэтому лучше потратиться на сортовой и высадить экземпляры в один ряд на расстоянии 50 – 80 см.

Juniper shear with scissors for shrubs no more than 2 times a year. Create a juniper fence for many years, which means it makes sense to work on it according to all the rules.

What shrubs can be used for hedge

A hardworking gardener can grow a variety of hedges:

  • Conifer.
  • Ostrizhennye.
  • Deciduous.
  • Mono-breed.
  • Combined.
  • Soft and prickly.
  • Free growing.
  • Single or multi-row.

Regardless of the breed of material, hedges create from leafy shrubs, easy to trim. The main condition for obtaining high-quality green fencing here is the presence of a dense crown and weak growth opportunities.

Free-growing shrubs look simpler than sheared flora and need more room to grow. In width, they expand to 3 m.

Optimally form fences from varieties with naturally crowns:

Under conditions of central Russia, elder, hawthorn and honeysuckle of Maak and Tatar varieties are well tolerated. Some gardeners like Deren, viburnum gordovina, blister clap.

Evergreen shorn hedge

The popularity of shorn evergreen hedge is due to its compact width, so that it is chosen by the owners of small gardens. Work on the creation and refinement takes a lot of time, requires physical strength and waste of finance. Do not expect that a one-time planting of bushes without your participation will give a good fence. It doesn't matter if your green fence is clipped or wild, you need to work on it constantly.

Technology pruning - an important point in the care of a living fence. Its non-compliance threatens with an ugly growing flora. Defects in old vegetation can not be eliminated. In addition, for a good growth of the fence it needs to be fed with fertilizers and moisturized so that it gains strength after pruning.

If free-growing individuals do not require increased attention, then mineral and organic fertilizers should be spread annually around the cutting bushes. Poor soils fertilize once a year. Fertile soils are fertilized once every 3 to 4 years.

The measures of additional care for a hedge from shrubs are:

  1. Weeding.
  2. Mulching.
  3. Loosening the ground.
  4. Spraying against diseases and pests.

Poor plant care spoils the look of the hedge. When growing a live fence, it is important not to sod the ground and mulch it on both sides of the fence at a distance of half a meter.

As the bushes mature, their line becomes impassable and impenetrable. The vegetation turns into a real fence, trapping wind, dust and noise. In garden gardening, it performs many functions - from garden zoning to masking unattractive outbuildings.

In central Russia, deciduous hedge (sheared) is grown from the following species:

  • Maple Ginnala.
  • Maple Tatar.
  • Small-leaved linden.
  • Cotoneaster shiny.
  • Currant alpine.
  • Spirey spring bloom.
  • The hawthorn is a substilus, prickly or blood-red variety.

Coniferous hedge

The fence of the needles has a solid appearance. For flowering and decorative hardwoods, it serves as a harmonious backdrop. Coniferous fence will be evergreen. In winter, behind its wall, the garden will be under reliable cover.

The range of conifers to decorate the plots in central Russia is not rich, only three items:

  1. Spruce.
  2. Thuja is western.
  3. Juniper ordinary.

Their price is high, and the needles are growing slowly.

Unwanted plants for perennial hedges

In the harsh winter conditions, plants can freeze to death. At least one, even a few plantations hopelessly spoil the appearance of the fence. Therefore, the Russians should not use boxwood, yew and privet. These variations are good for southern Europe. It should also be remembered that some shrubs with bare bottom over time. Such an unpleasant surprise can be expected from varietal lilacs.

Mask the “splash” should be other plantations planted in front of the damaged bush. But it is best to initially use wild Amur or Hungarian lilac. These species quickly form a dense green wall and are immune to pests.

If you want to plant viburnum along the fence line, it will give a beautiful fence. However, if pests attack the flora, and she is prone to this, until July the fence will be eaten by insects. Instead of the usual viburnum experienced gardeners recommend planting viburnum-gordovina.

Very undesirable shrubs for arranging a hedge are three more types:

  1. The sucker is silvery.
  2. Mountain ash rowan.
  3. Mapinuklen (beautiful decorative blooming specimen).

Their disadvantages agronomists believe strong creep, why the garden can be damaged by root branches. With a great desire, the process can be controlled. Still, it is better to plant a hedge of more favorable types of shrubs.

4. Blooming wall

Want to surround your garden with flower splendor? Soberly evaluate whether the game is worth the candle. Most trees and shrubs bloom for 2-3 weeks. Yes, and such plants need more space, because of them can not form narrow walls. As a compromise, you can choose decorative species that are well tolerated haircut, such as spirea or hawthorn.

Hawthorn grows around the perimeter of the site, and its flowers successfully shade the green array. A colorful hedge can be grown from spirea and currant blood-red, and at the foot of the bushes to plant an astilba.


Flowering wall: hawthorn grows around the perimeter of the site, and its flowers successfully shade the green array

However, ideally, it is better to form free-growing hedges from beautifully flowering shrubs, giving the plants enough space for full development. In our market, you can pick up planting material for flowering hedges, look at the selection of shrubs for flowering wall.

Exclusively looks like a hedge with inserts from other elements. For example, gabions and wooden modules will be an excellent fence for a modern garden, and wickerwork will harmoniously complement the “green walls” on a plot decorated in a natural or rustic style.


Use as a fence combination of shrubs and decorative elements.

7. Release to freedom

Most hedges consist of woody plants. During pruning, leave a couple of shoots, and later form miniature crowns of them.


During pruning, leave a couple of shoots, and later form mini-crowns of them

Tip: For such an experiment, yew, hornbeam and forest beech are great, but the thuja does not so willingly give new shoots.

8. We bet on multi-tiering

At the “legs” of photinia (Photinia), spireas grow, then garden strawberries are blooming at the base of the stone retaining wall. Awesome "diverse" ensemble!


Diverse ensemble of plants

Play with the form: make a lively fence undulating or embossed!

9. Bold decision

Turquoise not necessarily cut under the ticker. Give the wall a wave shape - so the hedge will look more dynamic.


Give the wall a wave shape - a hedge will look more dynamic

10. Headline

A hedge made of beech wood covers the site only at the corners, the rest of the territory is limited by a normal fence.


Hedge of beech wood covers the area only in the corners

11. Dynamics

Arches and windows create visual axes and thereby bring dynamics into the design of the garden.


What is hidden behind the beech arch?

What is hidden behind the beech arch? She beckons to look under the green vaults.

12. Diversity

Column-shaped thuja, wooden modules and inserts from the classic hedge - such an unusual fence will not leave anyone indifferent!


Such an unusual fence will not leave anyone indifferent

New trend - a combination of hedges, wooden modules and wattle.

Key nuances when landing

For a start, where you plan to create a hedge, dig trench. This work takes less time and effort than digging out individual planting holes for each plant. In addition, so you immediately set the desired depth of landing. Be sure to monitor the line of penetration: "pets" should be landed at the same depth at which they grew in the tub. To ensure good starting conditions for the bushes, place horn shavings or mature compost on the bottom of the trench.

At what distance from each other to plant bushes, depends on the size and type of a particular representative of the flora. If the earth com is wrapped in a net of synthetic material, it must be removed. If the mesh is made of decaying tissue, it is enough to cut it at the top.


If the earth com is wrapped in a mesh of synthetic material, it must be removed.

After planting, water the plants well and shorten the shoots so that they branch well.

Overview of the most suitable plants

In addition to boxwood, you have at your disposal an extensive range of plants suitable for creating hedges.


12 most suitable plants for hedge

1. Field maple (Acer campestre)

Disadvantages: growing rapidly, so it should be pruned twice a year. Since the maple is a deciduous plant, in winter it badly covers the area from prying eyes, moreover, it is often affected by powdery mildew.

General information: annual growth - 30-40 cm, 3-4 plant / p. m, the optimum height of the hedge is 1.5-4 m.

4. Laurel Cherry (Prunus laurocerasus)

Benefits: thanks to evergreen leaves, it reliably covers the garden even in winter. The plants of such hardy varieties as ‘Herbergii’, ‘Etna’ and ‘Novita’ have worked well. It is necessary to cut only once a year.

Disadvantages: may suffer from winter frosts in sunny and windy weather. The fruits are poisonous, their appearance can be prevented by cutting the plant immediately after flowering.

General information: annual growth - 20-40 cm, 2-3 rast. / p. m, the optimum height of the hedge is 1-2 m.

Two types of laurel cherry - medicinal and lusitanian - and their decorative forms are described in the material 2 laurel cherry trees for southern dachas.

5. Lawson cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana)

Benefits: evergreen coniferous plant with different color of needles depending on the variety (‘Alumii’-blue-green, ‘Columnaris’ - blue, ‘Stardust’ - yellow). More shade-tolerant and less susceptible to fungal diseases than western thuja. Covers the "rear" all year round. In winter, the seeds serve as food for the birds.

Disadvantages: poorly tolerated pruning to old wood.

General information:
annual growth -10-20 cm, 2-3 rast./ p. m, the optimum height of the hedge is 1.5-4 m.

6. Larch (Larix)

Benefits: both the local European larch (L. decidua, in the photo) and Kempfer larch (L. kaempferi) are distinguished by beautiful young shoots, bright yellow color in the fall and pretty buds. This hardy conifer prefers completely sunny places. It grows well after pruning.

Disadvantages: for the winter the larch throws off needles.

General information:
annual growth - 25-50 cm, 2-3 plants / p. m, the optimum height of the hedge is 1.5-4 m.

Read more about the nuances of planting and care described in the article How many leaves are on a larch ?.

7. Beech (Fagus)

Benefits: the leaves of both the green leaf forest beech (F. sylvatica) and its red-leaved variety (F. sylvatica f. purpurea, in the photo) remain on the branches for a long time, so the hedge from this plant can boast of relative density in winter. It tolerates pruning and shading.

Disadvantages: summer can suffer from drought. Trimming is shown twice a year. More demanding than the hornbeam.

General information: annual growth - 30-50 cm, 3-4 plant / p. m, the optimum height of the hedge is 1-4 m.

8. Privet (Ligustrum)




Privet (Ligustrum)Benefits: the shrub in June - July is covered with white inflorescences, and in the fall - with black fruits. Well-branched common privet (L. vulgare) of ‘Atrovirens’ variety is excellent for hedge. Privet leaf (L. ovalifolium) ‘Aureum’ has a yellow border.

Disadvantages: leaves in severe frost fall prematurely. As a rule, you need to cut 2 times a year.

General information: annual growth - 20-40 cm, 3-4 plant / p. m. The optimum height of the hedge is 1-2 m.

9. Photinia

Benefits: evergreen is increasingly used for hedges. Photinia ‘Red Robin’ with bright red young shoots is perfect for this purpose. It tolerates drought and heat, prefers sunny places and has low soil requirements.

Disadvantages: frost hardy enough, therefore suitable only for regions with warm climates.

General information: annual growth - 20-30 cm, 2-3 plants / p. m, the optimum height of the hedge is 1-2 m.

10. Yew berry (Taxus baccata)

Benefits: coniferous plant that grows well both in the sun and in the shade. After a strong pruning it quickly acquires young shoots, it is distinguished by its endurance. The yew berry perfectly replaces boxwood in a low hedge. It is enough to cut once a season. Reliably hides the site from prying eyes all year round.

Disadvantages: slowly growing. The bark, needles and seeds are very poisonous.

General information: annual growth - 10-20 cm, 3-4 plant / p. m, the optimum height of the hedge is 0.5-2 m.

11. Thuja western (Thuja occidentalis)

Benefits: excellent inexpensive candidate for the role of the fence for the site. This conifer plant is evergreen, so the hedge from it remains thick in winter. Beautiful varieties are ‘Smaragd’ (slim) and ‘Sunkist’ (yellow). Crop need once a year.

Disadvantages: does not tolerate severe pruning, susceptible to fungal diseases, needles turn brown with a lack of moisture. The plant is poisonous.

General information: annual growth - 10-30 cm, 2-3 plants / p. m, the optimum height of the hedge is 1.5-4 m.

12. Fargesia Muriel (Fargesia murielae)

Benefits: Bamboo of this species grows bushy, does not need fencing with curb tape. Stems with evergreen leaves look very elegant. Excellent alternative to traditional hedges for places in the sun or in partial shade.

Disadvantages: due to cold and drought, leaves curl. It should be cut twice a year - in early spring, before the appearance of young shoots, and in the summer.

General information: annual growth - up to 2 m (new stems), 2-3 rast./ p. m, optimal height w. and. - 1.5-2.5 m.

Of course, the choice of plants is highly dependent on the climatic zone. For example, a laurel tower with glossy leaves will provide a safe shelter from prying eyes all year round, as well as increasingly popular photinia among gardeners. The only "but": both of these plants in severe winters can suffer from frost. If you live in a region with a cold climate, it is better to choose hardy breeds, such as yew and hornbeam.

If you spend little time on the terrace in winter and you do not need a dense shelter for all seasons, the best solution would be to plant deciduous species, such as forest beech or field maple. In the spring, they will delight with juicy greens, in the summer they will cover the “rear” with thick foliage, and in the autumn they will be painted in bright colors - this is what the evergreens certainly can not boast of.

What is better to make a hedge? fast growing hedge

It all depends on the function that the hedge fence, owner’s wallet and personal preferences should perform. Plants can be very different: deciduous or evergreen, curly or with a straight strong trunk, prickly and smooth, high and knee-deep, thick and fairly loose.

Some may fulfill their mission along the border with their neighbors, others may frame the perimeter of the flower bed. First, decide what you want first. If you block yourself from the eyes of your neighbor, then the fence should be high and thick. Plants for him can be planted in 2 rows.

When a “living” hedge passes along the border as a picturesque frame, the height is not important. In this case, you need to pay attention to the decorative quality and combination with the nearest neighbors. For most, the price tag and unpretentiousness is still important.

What plants are best to choose for a hedge in the area, you decide. Look at the most common ones for this purpose:

Spruce trees planted in a row can become a kind of fence, but they grow for a long time, and when they become very large they will close the courtyard from the sun.

When choosing a plant for your garden, pay attention to what kind of plant it is: evergreen or deciduous. Evergreens most often have a long growth process. Moreover, all of them (pines, spruces, larches), except for thuis, are of some danger when they grow. The lack of deciduous - loss of its functional features in the winter. Many are also very littered with leaves in the fall.

On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of developing projects for landscaping sites and carrying out landscape works of any complexity. You can directly communicate with representatives by visiting the Low-rise Country home exhibition.

Selection of shrubs for hedge

When choosing plants, first determine the place for them. Mentally imagine this place in 5-10 years, at a time when the fence will grow more human growth. Plan in advance how far it will grow, where and how much the shadow will fall.

Many experienced gardeners advise planting trees rather than shrubs as a green hedge. The following are given as arguments: growth rate (larch, birch), unpretentiousness.

Larch Green Fence

Why not do this? Such trees eventually form a huge crown, which is almost impossible to form. Their roots extend to several meters in diameter. They suck water and nutrients out of the soil in proportion to their size.

Shrubs for hedges have many advantages:

they are smaller than trees,

amenable to pruning and shaping

much less effort will be spent to remove the green fence.

Choosing a place, do not forget about regular watering. At first, planted plants will need a lot of moisture. Over time, watering can be reduced. After 2-4 years, the fence can be watered only on dry days.

Overview of fast-growing perennial shrubs for hedges in the country

Not all shrubs that form a beautiful dense hedge grow quickly. For example, thuja in the beginning grow very slowly. The annual growth is 5-10 cm. Gradually, the pace increases to 30 cm, and in 10 years they can reach two meters in height. Of course, landing and care is important.

When choosing plants for planting, you need to take into account their features

Types of fast-growing shrubs for hedges:

Bladder. A fast growing plant. The landscape design is especially famous for the blueberry with beautiful leaves. Different varieties can have different colors: maroon - Diabolo, Andre, Lady in Red, Red Baron, green - Amur, Nanus, yellow - Lutheus, Darts Gold.

Bubby oracle can grow as a separate shrub and planted in a row for a hedge

Lilac. It grows very quickly, can and should be cut to the desired height. Without a haircut can grow over 3 meters. One of the most unpretentious plants, almost no sick. But it has one drawback: some varieties give abundant growth, which must be constantly removed.

Abundant bloom in spring, freshness from bright green leaves in summer

Chubushnik. This shrub is better known as jasmine. In the summer, fragrant white flowers appear on it. Amenable to pruning. From several plants can form a dense fence of the desired height.

Chubushnik or "bride" is often found in city parks

Willow. It grows very quickly, besides unpretentious. Many ignore this shrub only because of its ordinariness. This is not quite true. Now on sale there are many varieties of willow, which differ in leaf shape, height. But, everyone is amenable to shearing. From some, you can even create shapes: willow purple and winding.

Forming a willow hedge is not an easy process, but it turns out beautifully. It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about beautiful fences for private houses.

Spirea. It has many different types and varieties, which can be completely different from each other. The height of the various spireas ranges from 15 cm to 2 meters. Some of them are perfectly trimmed and need pruning (oak spiraea, Japanese spirea), others (gray speirea) have a natural shape.

Spiraea low varieties more used for fencing garden paths from lawns and gardens

Dören. A fast-growing shrub that reaches a height of 3 meters. Easily amenable to pruning, forms dense thickets. Its only drawback - in the winter, like all deciduous, loses its decorative effect. Keep in mind that Deren loves water.

Derain is beautiful with the right approach, but in the winter, like all leafy shrubs, loses its appeal

Rosehip. The prickly version of the fence through which it will be difficult to pass. Its height will not be higher than a man’s height, but by maintaining the growth, it is possible to achieve such a density that neighbors' animals bypass the site. The plus of this bush is a high decorativeness during flowering. Minus - the abundance of overgrowth and difficulties in processing due to the thorns.

Dogrose can be used for hedges, but it is difficult to work with him because of the thorns

the Rose. Despite the fact that in the minds of many a rose is a capricious, thermophilic flower, this is not quite the case. There are many frost-resistant varieties (for example, Canadian roses) that can withstand temperatures as low as -40 ° C. There are so-called park roses from which you can form an excellent hedge.

Roses planted in a thick row become a beautiful fence, but for the winter period it is better to pick special varieties.

Of the plants listed above, the bamboo grows and the willow grows faster. If they create favorable conditions: watering, feeding, light, then after 2 years they will create a high and fairly dense fence.

Video description

Ideas for inspiration and creating a hedge on the plot in the video:

Selection of shrubs for hedge

When choosing plants, first determine the place for them. Mentally imagine this place in 5-10 years, at a time when the fence will grow more human growth. Plan in advance how far it will grow, where and how much the shadow will fall.

Many experienced gardeners advise planting trees rather than shrubs as a green hedge. The following are given as arguments: growth rate (larch, birch), unpretentiousness.

Larch Green Fence

Why not do this? Such trees eventually form a huge crown, which is almost impossible to form. Their roots extend to several meters in diameter. They suck water and nutrients out of the soil in proportion to their size.

Shrubs for hedges have many advantages:

they are smaller than trees,

amenable to pruning and shaping

much less effort will be spent to remove the green fence.

Choosing a place, do not forget about regular watering. At first, planted plants will need a lot of moisture. Over time, watering can be reduced. After 2-4 years, the fence can be watered only on dry days.

Overview of fast-growing perennial shrubs for hedges in the country

Not all shrubs that form a beautiful dense hedge grow quickly. For example, thuja in the beginning grow very slowly. The annual growth is 5-10 cm. Gradually, the pace increases to 30 cm, and in 10 years they can reach two meters in height. Of course, landing and care is important.

When choosing plants for planting, you need to take into account their features

Types of fast-growing shrubs for hedges:

Bladder. A fast growing plant. The landscape design is especially famous for the blueberry with beautiful leaves. Different varieties can have different colors: maroon - Diabolo, Andre, Lady in Red, Red Baron, green - Amur, Nanus, yellow - Lutheus, Darts Gold.

Bubby oracle can grow as a separate shrub and planted in a row for a hedge

Lilac. It grows very quickly, can and should be cut to the desired height. Without a haircut can grow over 3 meters. One of the most unpretentious plants, almost no sick. But it has one drawback: some varieties give abundant growth, which must be constantly removed.

Abundant bloom in spring, freshness from bright green leaves in summer

Chubushnik. This shrub is better known as jasmine. In the summer, fragrant white flowers appear on it. Amenable to pruning. From several plants can form a dense fence of the desired height.

Chubushnik or "bride" is often found in city parks

Willow. It grows very quickly, besides unpretentious. Many ignore this shrub only because of its ordinariness. This is not quite true. Now on sale there are many varieties of willow, which differ in leaf shape, height. But, everyone is amenable to shearing. From some, you can even create shapes: willow purple and winding.

Forming a willow hedge is not an easy process, but it turns out beautifully. It can be interesting! In the article on the following link read about beautiful fences for private houses.

Spirea. It has many different types and varieties, which can be completely different from each other. The height of the various spireas ranges from 15 cm to 2 meters. Some of them are perfectly trimmed and need pruning (oak spiraea, Japanese spirea), others (gray speirea) have a natural shape.

Spiraea low varieties more used for fencing garden paths from lawns and gardens

Dören. A fast-growing shrub that reaches a height of 3 meters. Easily amenable to pruning, forms dense thickets. Its only drawback - in the winter, like all deciduous, loses its decorative effect. Keep in mind that Deren loves water.

Derain is beautiful with the right approach, but in the winter, like all leafy shrubs, loses its appeal

Rosehip. Prickly fence option, which will be difficult to pass. Its height will not be higher than a man’s height, but by maintaining the growth, it is possible to achieve such a density that neighbors' animals bypass the site. The plus of this bush is a high decorativeness during flowering. Minus - the abundance of overgrowth and difficulties in processing due to the thorns.

Dogrose can be used for hedges, but it is difficult to work with him because of the thorns

the Rose. Despite the fact that in the minds of many a rose is a capricious, thermophilic flower, this is not quite the case. There are many frost-resistant varieties (for example, Canadian roses) that can withstand temperatures as low as -40 ° C. There are so-called park roses from which you can form an excellent hedge.

Roses planted in a thick row become a beautiful fence, but for the winter period it is better to pick special varieties.

Of the plants listed above, the bamboo grows and the willow grows faster. If they create favorable conditions: watering, feeding, light, then after 2 years they will create a high and fairly dense fence.

Video description

How to choose plants for hedge in detail in the video:

Green hedge in the country of shrubs and trees

Among them are both shrubs and trees:

Pay attention to the barberry. It cannot be said that it is growing rapidly, but at the same time a 2-meter impassable hedge with huge spikes is obtained from it. It does not give sprouts, and in the fall it pleases the eye with purple foliage and an abundance of berries. Barberry tunberg Atropurpurea has red foliage all season.

Barberry shrub with red leaves does not need to be decorated with flowers or berries - it looks so beautiful

Hedge of shrubs and trees

Externally, live fencing is beautiful fencecreated from trees and shrubs growing in a row. High, dense or needle fence, can effectively protect the site from intruders and animals.

The creation of such a fence is an excellent barrier to protect the backyard area and the residential building itself from noise, dust and wind. And of course, the hedge can be considered the main element of the landscape design of the site.

The fence, consisting of trees and shrubs, There may be two types:

  • Unformed hedge (free-growing greens).
  • Decorated hedge (formed from cut shrubs).

With regular formation of the crown shape and pruning, the fence is thickened because the plant begins to increase the number of shoots. In order not to impair flowering, it is necessary to choose the right time for pruning shrubs.

People who value solitude and peace become supporters of the living barbed hedge. The use of green fencing can be useful not only at the border of the site, but also can become a functional element inside the garden spaceby dividing it into separate sections. And:

  • Is an good filter for air purification.
  • Certain shrub varieties are excellent. honey plants, which is very attractive pollinating insects.
  • Plants are able to change their appearance during the year, which peculiarly decorates the territory of the site.
  • Shrubs prevent soil erosion, as well as on the slopes of ravines reliably hold loose soils.
  • It protects garden and garden plantings from prickly, penetrating, cold wind and direct sunlight.

The bushes themselves for the hedge are imposed Some requirements:

  • Simplicityi.e., the possibility of a plant costs in the process of growing without special, painstaking care.
  • Frost resistance Plants must comply with the climatic conditions of the region of their growth, as well as resistance to the possible danger of returning spring cold.
  • Durability plants. It characterizes the healthy cultivation of shrubs for a long time.
  • The ability to create a dense, uniform green wall.
  • Viable tolerability of the possibility of forming regular pruning.

Preparation of soil for shrubs

When preparing for the creation of a shrub fence, special attention should be paid to high-quality preparation of the soil for planting, since in the future it will be very difficult to make changes in its composition. First you need to remove:

  • Perennial harmful plants (bindweed, wheatgrass, milk thistle, thistle, dandelion).
  • Various construction waste (crushed stone, broken brick, unnecessary pieces of the foundation).

After planting the plant to engage in the removal of weeds will be a very problematic task, so the work on cleaning the soil from weeds is better done in advance. Weed removal easier to implement with the use of chemicals (herbicides), which destroy harmful plants along with their root system.

But chemical tillage is possible only if the shrub planting is planned in a few months, as the herbicides may not have time to decompose in the soil and can damage the root system of useful plants. When. if the period before planting is shorter, the work on weed removal will have to be done manually.

Choosing the right sort of plant should be carried out taking into account the condition of the soil in your area. Only if the soil in the planting area is too high a salinity indicator or too poor, will the soil be completely replaced. Clay and heavy soil can be facilitated by the addition of a sand mixture, and very light sandy soil is enriched with compost or peat. Fertile soil, dug in time, allows deeper and faster to take root in the bushes.

What plants can be used for fencing at the cottage?

There are a huge number of plants that are used to create a hedge. The choice of plants may largely depend on your individual preferences, but financial possibilities cannot be excluded when solving this issue.

Mostly used two groups, which can be divided into all plants:

Softwood shrubs They are especially popular because of their ability to stay green at any time of the year. It is important when choosing saplings of this group to pay special attention that only decorative bushes are suitable for creating a hedge. And also it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of growing of a certain type, because some conifer varieties prefer well-lit, sunny places, and there are also fans of shaded areas.

When planting conifers, areas with clay soil and groundwater close to the surface should be avoided.

Deciduous bushes more diverse. The growth rate of such plants is quite high, so they are able to perform the function of the fence already in the first year after planting.

When planting and care for leafy fences it is necessary to consider that:

  • Climbing plants can damage neighbors, and their own beds.
  • The plantings of deciduous plants can grow quite differently, so special attention will have to be paid to the formation of their crown.
  • Perhaps the use of fruit-bearing bushes, which is sometimes very convenient for business purposes.
  • Thorny bushes can provide additional protection against the penetration of unauthorized persons on the site.

It is also necessary when choosing plants for live fencing to clarify how they get along with each other and other plantings on your site.

Trees and shrubs for fencing

Of course, it’s not easy to familiarize yourself with all plant species, and it isn’t an indispensable necessity when dealing with this issue. It is enough to know the general requirements for a particular planting, and you can easily decide on the desired seedling for your site. Next, we consider some variants of plants that are suitable for the conditions of central Russia.

Periwinkles belong to the plants of the category of creeping shrubs or can be with shoots of upright species. The plant blooms in spring, often has a blue, purple, pink or white color.

Care and cultivation of special difficulties does not cause. Landing can be carried out both in spring and late autumn and even on summer cloudy days. This plant is not sensitive to the effects of external factors, it is well acclimatized both in shaded areas and on the sunny side of the fence.

Additional watering of this bush may be required only during a long drought. At other times, the flowers can take care of themselves. Weeding from weeds can be done on the basis of their own wishes, since they are not a hindrance to normal life. But the bush trimming must be carried out after the end of flowering, it allows the plant to properly form and be updated.

Planting barberry shrubs is best done in the spring, although, in cases of special need, this process can be postponed to autumn.A live barberry fence requires minimal maintenance and is extremely unpretentious in cultivation. Not afraid of drafts and wind. The only thing that is considered undesirable for a barberry is the high acidity of the soil.

Plant care is the same for all species and varieties. Additional watering for the barberry is not required, however, during drought or excessive heat, the soil can be slightly dampened once a week. It is necessary to completely eliminate the ingress of water on the leaves of the plant.

For barberry bushes excessive moisture is very dangerous, because its shoots are able to accumulate moisture, with this, the root system quickly decays. You can get rid of this problem by regularly loosening the soil and weeding the base.

Be sure to carry out sanitary and formative pruning bush, a year after planting.

Privet ordinary

Among the owners of villas this plant for hedges is very popular. The plant attracts its simplicity and the ability to take root easily in dry and shady conditions. The only obstacle to full growth can be a soil with high acidity and dry sandy soil.

Many gardeners believe that the best period for planting is the beginning or middle of autumn, but many prefer the spring period, until the bud break.

When watering a plant, it is necessary to use the principle - rarely, but plentifully, especially during a drought. In normal weather conditions, primer does not need watering.

There is a very rapid growth of new shoots, which allows you to correct many inaccuracies during the forming pruning of the bush.

The genus of these plants includes both trees and shrubs. But to create a living fence often used bushes. They have an unusually beautiful color of leaves that can sparkle in various shades (orange, white, yellow, red and purple).

Euonymus is a fruiting shrubHowever, due to the presence of poisonous substances in the fruit, they are considered unsuitable for cooking. But as an ornament - the fruits look just great.

Crown formation and sanitary pruning are considered the main measures for the care of this plant. The shrub does not need additional watering. But at a young age, the plant is sensitive to a decrease in temperature, which creates the need for additional shelter for newly planted bushes in case of frost.

Certain varieties of this plant are able to survive well in the harsh climatic conditions of the middle zone of the Russian region. The crown of this bush has a rather thick surface and is easily amenable to formative pruning.

The lack of natural light often leads to a lack of flowering bush, therefore the perfect place to grow hawthorn are sunny open glades. The stems of the plant are covered with spines, and after completion of flowering, reddish or orange fruits appear on the branches.

Spring is considered the best time to plant hawthorn. True, this plant does not belong to a fast-growing bush, so you have to be patient to create a full-fenced fence.

Using an ordinary pruner, only from the fourth year of life it is possible to proceed to formative pruning of hawthorn, after which it is necessary to carry out this operation regularly.

Spruce

The huge popularity of spruce in the hedge device is due to many factors, the main thing is the ability of the tree to stay green at any time of the year. Among the advantages of using spruce are:

  • Coniferous trees have a positive impact on the environment, cleaning the air and eliminating odors.
  • The fence of the plot of spruce are a reliable protective barrier against dust and snow.
  • Resistance of conifer trees to various diseases.
  • Due to the slow growth of spruce, the formation of the crown and shearing is carried out not very often.

A slight disadvantage of coniferous plants is their demand for moist soil.

Honeysuckle Capricole

A variety of honeysuckle - capricole, is a bush type liana. The height of the shoots can reach six meters, and the color varies from red to green. Flowering plant begins in the last days of spring or early summer.

For active flowering of honeysuckle is better that the hedge is located on the open sunny side of the plot. Creating special supports, which will be curled vines, much easier to create a full-fledged living fencing. Planting plants is desirable to engage in the spring months. Excessively dry and clay soil is undesirable for honeysuckle, it is better suited neutral acid composition of the soil.

The main care measures are regular, and abundant watering of the plant, timely removal of weeds and formative pruning of the shrub crown.

Honeysuckle fruits contain toxic substances, so eating them is unsafe.

The simplest option for the device of live fencing in the country is considered the use of willow. This tree has the unique ability to take root even from simple twigs, so to create a full-fenced fence, you just need to stick the twig into the wet ground.

After the germination of cuttings, the main task of care activities will be the formation of a bush and even measures to limit the growth of the tree, since willow has a high crown development rate. For reliability of a fence from a willow, use of a wire which is fixed on vertical support is admissible.

Tuya Brabant

This ornamental plant is difficult to consider a whimsical tree, but still for effective cultivation it requires strict adherence to certain conditions of detention and planting. The focus should be on the fact that thuja very badly tolerates shaded areas, because in the absence of sunlight, the plant can lose its original bright green color.

Strong heat also adversely affects the development and growth of thuja. The ideal place for comfortable growth of this plant is the penumbra when the thuja is exposed to the sun's rays for part of the day, and spends the afternoon in the shade. Such a harmonious place will be when planting plants on the east or west side of the building located on the site.

Save space when planting Tui will not work. Its crown has a broad shape from below and narrowed up, which implies planting seedlings at a distance of more than 50 cm from each other.

Tuya Smaragd

If you decide to create a fence from thuja, then you will need to consider another version of this tree. The height of the thuja Smaragd tree reaches five meters, and the girth is up to two meters, therefore, when planting seedlings, it is necessary to take into account the large dimensions of the adult tree, leaving a large gap between the plants.

Thuja is not a fast growing plant.per year, its growth is up to 10 cm, and only 5 cm wide. The life span of a tree is 150 years.

Of course, it is up to everyone to decide which Tui to plant at their dacha. But with confidence, it can be said that the thuja fence will delight you with its beauty all year round.

The bush of a bush the Box - incredibly beautifully looks on any garden site. In order to grow beautiful and healthy bushes, it is necessary on the site to have a moderately moist soil, with loamy or sandy composition and low acidity.

The increased moisture content in the soil has a negative effect on the plant root system.

Garden ivy

The most unpretentious bushes for hedges grow from garden ivy. Its cultivation and planting will not bring much trouble to the owners. The plant feels good both in the sun and in shaded parts of the garden. However, it does not grow well with high humidity. He is afraid of a serious decrease in temperature, so you need to cover the plant for the winter.

When choosing a site for landing, they proceed from the main criteria: the absence of strong winds and drafts, it is advisable to land at elevations. Immediately after planting, ivy grows slowly, it needs time to get used to the conditions and adapt. Therefore, it is better to plant the plant in early spring so that the plant can gain strength over the summer.

Watering frequent for garden ivy is not required. Even during dry periods, two irrigations a week will be enough. In the autumn, rainy period, you can refuse watering. After rains, it is recommended to loosen the soil.

Balsam fir

This plant prefers shaded areas of the garden, partial shade and shade suits it well. A firmer has a positive effect on fir, as it loves saturated with microelements, moist and well-drained soil, but stagnation of water in the ground is unacceptable.

When planting, use seedlings of four years of age. Landing is carried out in the well-prepared pits of suitable size in April, preferably on an overcast day.

Fir is considered a cold-resistant plant., but here sharp temperature drops can cause frostbite of a tree trunk. To eliminate such consequences, it is required to cover a small tree with a spruce for the period of severe frosts.

Planting is best done in a place protected from gusting winds, since the root system is of a superficial type, which can damage the trunk of a tree.

Fast-growing Hedge: Tips

After reviewing some of the plants to create a fast-growing living fence, and assessing your abilities and preferences, you can choose the option that suits you. Based on the following criteria, you need to make a choice:

  • What are the conditions for effective plant growth: the illumination of the landing site, the type of soil, the climatic features of the area, the amount of precipitation, etc.
  • The amount of attention and time that you are able to devote to caring for plants.
  • The aesthetic component of your choice is of paramount importance. This component depends on how you want to see this structure (deciduous, evergreen, with prickles).

It is better to buy saplings for a hedge in greenhouses or centers where they are engaged in professional cultivation of saplings.

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