A lot of work had to be done by breeders to adapt apricots to the climate of central Russia. Now apricot for the Moscow region, the best varieties of which we consider, has become an ordinary fruit tree. Some trees have settled far to the east and are grown in areas of sharply continental climate.
Grade selection criteria
The weather in the Moscow region is characterized by instability. Thaws and frost, long winter, unstable spring, with returnable frosts - the usual Moscow climate. Therefore, the best varieties of apricots for the Moscow region are those that will withstand weather disasters and give sweet fruits.
Winter-hardy apricot for the Moscow region is the one that endures all the vagaries of the weather. Signs of winter hardiness include:
- frost resistance - maintaining a gradual decrease in ambient temperature to - 30 С,
- reduced sensitivity of fruit buds to temperature changes,
- indicator of how quickly thaws provoke the beginning of awakening,
- slight damage to flower buds during prolonged frosts.
Moscow is a large region. Fruit gardening is possible in the south and southeast of the region, on gentle southern, south-western slopes. The terrain must be open to the sun, but protected from the north winds. The best varieties of apricots for the Moscow region - zoned, grown in the conditions of the region.
Choosing an apricot tree planting place, look around. If pears, ash, and maple trees grow nearby - the soil and climate is suitable for growing apricots.
The seedling should be grafted at a height of 1.2 m onto a shaper - a plum of local varieties with high winter resistance. This trick will save the bark of the tree from foaming - the scourge of the Moscow apricot orchards.
Read the same: Features of the cultivation of winter wheat
An important sign of the variety is self-fertility. Self-fertility - the pollination of flowers with their own pollen or from a nearby tree of the same variety. However, if at least one apricot of another variety appears in the massif, the harvest will be more abundant. Self-fertility - the quality that allows you to get the ovary, even without pollinators, in adverse weather. The best varieties of apricots for the Moscow region are self-fertile.
Apricot varietal can only be obtained by grafting. There are no other ways of reproduction. Wood and green cuttings apricot does not multiply. The guaranteed yield is possible from varieties grown in nurseries of the Moscow region and Kaluga.
Varieties recommended for cultivation in the Moscow region
Consider the best varieties of apricots for the Moscow region, combining signs of winter hardiness and self-fertility. Disease resistant, fruitful and have excellent taste varieties: Iceberg, Alesha, Winter-resistant Suslova, Black velvet. There are many varieties, every lover will find his own tree. But it is generally accepted that the apricot Lel in the Moscow region is the best.
In 1986, a variety of Russian breeding was created, created by breeders Alexey Skvortsov and Larisa Kramarenko. The main difference of the tree is compactness and high yield. The variety is winter-hardy, self-fertile with round-oval fruits weighing 20 g. Apricot Lel in the Moscow region grows up to 3 m in height - good conditions for shelter during the period of return frost. The variety is early ripening, ideal for growing in conditions of central Russia.
Read the same: Photos and descriptions of species and amazing pumpkin varieties
A tree that feels great not only in the Moscow region, but further, in the North. The tree is not demanding on the composition of the soil. The height of 1.5 m allows you to create a shelter in extreme conditions. Fruits are elastic, withstand transportation, stored for several months. The tree has the highest winter hardiness of all the varieties cultivated in the Moscow region, self-growing. The disadvantage is the lack of resistance to moniliosis, requires spring treatment with fungicides.
Variety zoned for the Central Chernozem region in Voronezh, but adapted to the favorable conditions of the southern side of the Moscow region. Sprawling tree, vigorous. Apricot Northern triumph gives large fruits, weighing up to 55 g. The fruits are pubescent, in the shade have a greenish stain, orange flesh and a pleasant taste.
- high yield
- excellent taste of fruits,
- small bone
- tolerance to the characteristic diseases of apricots.
When rooting a sapling, it should be remembered that the tree will require a large, unshaded area, protection from wind and freezing.
The red-cheeked apricot in the Moscow region is a giant among fruit trees. Tall trunk, spreading crown. Apricots have a slightly flat rounded shape. The weight of one fruit is 40-50 g. Berry pubescent, light orange. Taste excellent, in the aftertaste is present sour. The fruit is dense, dry matter contains 13.7 mg / 100 g, sugar 9.7%, fruit acids 1.37%. The tree gives a crop annually, since 3-4 years of landing. The fruits ripen in late July. Red-cheeked apricot is grown not only in the Moscow region, but also in other regions of Russia.
The taste of the fruit depends on the full care. A starving tree will give small and tasteless fruits. Without proper agricultural technology, the tree will become a breeding ground for diseases and pests.
- the best winter hardiness, observable fruit trees of the Moscow region,
- large fruits and high yields,
- high taste of fruits,
- disease resistance.
Winter-hardy variety with high yields, Russian, does not grow up, but has a spreading crown. This creates a comfortable environment for harvesting fruits weighing 50 g. The fragrant yellow pulp has a rich aroma and harmonious taste. The grade maintains frosts to 30 degrees, is steady against diseases.
Interest in gardeners and use such varieties as:
- Honey withstands 35 degrees of frost,
- Hardy - the winter hardiness of the variety applies to flower buds, it starts fruiting for 5-6 years.
Zoned apricot trees are particularly unpretentious for weather conditions, they have small but tasty fruits. The author of many forms of apricots, Professor A.K. Starlings
Apricot for the Moscow region: the best varieties, including self-fruited, columnar, winter-hardy species, characteristics and reviews
Apricot in the suburbs is not widespread, but in the suburban areas it is planted more and more often. This is due to the fact that new varieties constantly emerge that are resistant not only to severe frosts, but also to unexpected changes in the weather: apricot trees are very afraid of winter thaws. Of course, it is impossible to get a good harvest of southern varieties in the Moscow region, but the circle of zoned is not so narrow.
The best varieties of apricot for the Moscow region
Apricot is known for a very long time: about 7 thousand years ago, people used its fruits for food. Usually it is a large tree that grows up to 7 meters high. Agriculture specialists say that all apricots in the world can be divided into 8 species, but there are only three in Russia, and one of them (Manchurian apricot) is listed in the Red Book, and you can only talk seriously about two.
The most common apricot is common, whose homeland is Central Asia. It is a tree with a wide-round crown. Apricot blooms with beautiful pink flowers abundantly and very early, even before the appearance of the first leaves, in the conditions of the Moscow region, this happens at the very beginning of May. This fact is the main one in that the cultivation of apricots in the middle lane presents a considerable risk: during the flowering period very often frosts occur.
Siberian apricot grows relatively low tree with a wide crown, is found on the territory from South Transbaikalia to the Far East. Fruits are not consumed in food, but due to high frost resistance and drought resistance, Siberian apricot is often used as rootstock for grafting cultivated varieties.
Siberian apricot grows in the wild, including in quite seemingly inconvenient places
For such a risky zone, as the Moscow region, it is necessary to choose varieties differing in increased frost resistance and resistance to the vagaries of the weather. Since heat and sun may not be enough to fully ripen in some years, early varieties of apricots are especially popular here. In the suburbs they are planted in summer cottages, and our “6 acres” demand to save space, therefore it is also important that the tree be compact and preferably self-fruited, that is, not requiring the second or third apricot to be pollinated.
Many apricots that are good in terms of fruit taste are self-fruitless, alone almost do not yield a crop, they bear good fruit only in a group. These varieties are trying to plant in large gardens, and in small areas should choose apricots that do not require the presence of pollinators. As a rule, they bear fruit every year, if weather disasters do not happen: wood does not freeze out in harsh winters or the flowering does not fall on unexpected severe frosts. True, self-fruited varieties usually do not produce as high yields as self-fruitful varieties, but in good years apricots bear so much fruit that this is quite enough for an ordinary family.
Among self-fruited apricots in the Moscow region, the most popular are Enduring, Alyosha and Lel.
The name of the variety shows that this apricot normally tolerates severe conditions, including extreme cold. Not only the tree itself, which is distinguished by its thick-grain, but also the fruit organs, does not suffer from spring frosts. Hardy is one of the most winter-hardy varieties recommended for the center of Russia, as well as the Ural and Siberian regions.
The tree grows quickly, has a rounded crown common to most apricot varieties. Fruits have an average size (weight 30–45 g), color from golden to salmon-pink, slightly pubescent, sweet, with the usual apricot aroma. Sugar content is above average, bone is easily separated. The purpose of the fruit is universal: with the same success they can be eaten fresh and subjected to various types of culinary processing: boil compotes, marshmallow, and dry. The variety is not early: the harvest takes place in the first half of August.
The fruits of the Hardy look strictly different in their own way, which is quite conformable to the name
The relative disadvantage of the Hardy is late onset of fruiting: the first flowering is observed not earlier than the fifth year after the planting of an annual seedling. The undoubted advantages, in addition to self-fertility, include:
- high yield (60–80 kg),
- resistance to most diseases
- excellent winter hardiness.
The variety is known for about 30 years. Unlike the Hardy, the tree grows low, up to 3 meters. Grows slowly, pruning in the early years requires a minimum. It is considered one of the most beautiful varieties both in terms of the shape of the tree, and the aesthetics of its fruits. Winter-hardy and early, one of the best in the ratio of these parameters for the center of Russia. Some experts even call it super early maturing.
The flowering of Lelia in the conditions of the Moscow region rarely falls under frosts, so there are harvests almost every year. Pest damage is minimal. Lelia’s self-fertility is partial: an apricot of a different variety planted next to it somewhat increases the yield.
Fruits at Lelya are not very elegant, but rather tasty
Fruits are orange, slightly lower than the average size, weigh about 20 g, slightly flattened, shiny. Easily detachable bone is quite large. The flesh is thick, orange, very tasty. Sugar and acidity are well balanced. The main advantages that allow growing Lel in the Moscow region are as follows:
- the variety withstands temperatures down to -30 ° C
- tolerates drought easily, without requiring mandatory watering,
- grows slowly, not reaching gigantic proportions,
- early begins to bear fruit.
Apricot Alyosha grows in the form of a tree about 4 meters high. The crown is thick: annual shoots also begin to branch. The variety, created in 1988, is included in the State Register of Russia for the Central Region. Winter hardiness is good, starts to bear fruit in the third year after planting or vaccination. All the shoots and the young twigs extending from them are fruitful.
It is considered an early maturing variety, but it does not apply to super-laterals. Harvest ripen by the end of July. The flowers are large, white, with pink veins. The fruits are round, slightly smaller than the average size, weighing about 20 g. The color is bright yellow, the pubescence is weak. Orange pulp is characterized as tasty, without frills. The acid content is slightly higher than that of many other varieties, succulence at an average level.
Early ripe grade Alyosha imet classic apricot color of fruits
The main disadvantage of the variety is considered too large a bone, but it is easily separated. Among the advantages, in addition to frost resistance, include high safety and transportability of fruits.
In our time not only apple trees that have become habitual are colonized in our time. Appeared and varieties of apricots, which are conveniently grown in the form of a compact tree, resembling a pillar. This “pillar” has a very small diameter, about 15–20 cm, and the main part of the tree, which determines all its properties, is the trunk, which is about two meters in height. Short side branches directed upwards at an acute angle. The flowering column is like a single rod of pink color, the fruits are also located close to the trunk.
Video: Column Apricot
The obvious advantages of the column-shaped trees are their small size, decorative effect and ease of maintenance. However, such apricots require a specific approach to pruning and are more capricious to the growing conditions. But on the usual area occupied by one huge tree, they can be planted several copies, and different varieties.
Ordinary apricots not only occupy a large area and shade the space around them. They are also very far from spreading their powerful roots, greatly depleting the soil at a great distance. So much so that almost nothing can be planted nearby.
Column-shaped apricot almost does not interfere with growing most garden crops. True, the varieties that fit the definition of "columnar", not very much. The most prominent representatives are Prince Mart and Star.
Prince Mart is characterized by ultra-high frost resistance: it withstands temperatures as low as -35 ° C. Resistance against diseases and pests is also one of the highest among the known varieties of apricot. Fruiting begins early, but experts advise to cut off all the flowers that appeared in the first year, so that next year the tree should be properly grown and give a full harvest. Ovaries are formed on the lateral branches.
Prince Mart occupies very little space in the country
The crops are stable, high, the fruits ripen in early or mid-August, although Prince March blooms early. Fruits have a very large variation in weight, but most of them are larger than the average: up to 60 g, and sometimes higher. The color is bright orange, toasted, the taste is closer to the sweet, the stone separates easily. Purpose fruits universal.
By most characteristics, the Star tree is like Prince Mart: it is also winter-hardy and very resistant to diseases and pests. The variety also differs by its precocity, it is desirable to cut off the flowers appearing in the first year. However, the size of the fruit in this variety is even higher than that of the Prince: some reach a mass of 100 g, that is, they already resemble a peach. They look like many peaches and coloring.
The taste of the fruit is assessed as very good, they are used both for direct consumption, and for making various desserts. Suitable for drying. The variety is self-fertile, medium ripening (ready by mid-August). Yields up to 10 kg, and since the tree takes up little space, planting several specimens on the site completely solves the problem of providing apricots for the average family.
Winterharding and frost-resistant varieties
Apricot varieties differ in different degrees of frost resistance and winter resistance. With the seeming similarity of these two terms, they represent different concepts. If the frost resistance is clear from the name, then the winter-resistance means the ability of the apricot to endure the totality of adverse winter conditions. These include temperature fluctuations and unexpected thaws, including late-spring frosts.
Apricot, by its nature, is distinguished by a relatively high potential winter-hardiness, but its real level strongly depends on agricultural engineering, that is, on how well it is looked after, starting from the moment of planting. Damage to apricot buds is observed at an average of -28 ° C, but closer to spring, the temperature becomes -22 ° C, and with significant fluctuations in temperature - around -15 ° C. Бутоны у разных сортов погибают при -1…-5 °C, а раскрывшиеся цветки и образовавшиеся завязи — при малейшем переходе температур в отрицательные значения. Абрикосы, растущие при условиях постоянной влажности почвы, более морозоустойчивы, а засуха снижает их морозоустойчивость.
Apricots for the Moscow region should withstand frost up to -30 ° C and respond little to long spring thaws. Such properties have, for example, Red-cheeked, Hardy, Snegiryok and Russian.
The red-cheeked variety is probably better known than other apricot varieties, since it was bred back in 1947. In turn, he served as the source material in the breeding of other varieties. Red-cheeked has a high adaptability to adverse climatic conditions. The tree grows above average growth, sometimes obviously large, a krone of a usual form. To the composition of the soil variety unpretentious. Red-cheeked - one of the most popular varieties in the Moscow region.
Relatively skoroploden, begins to yield in the fourth year. Crop ripening period is average, approximately the end of July. Fruits annually, but with poor care goes to periodic fruiting, and the fruits become shallow. With proper agrotechnology, they are average and above average (weighing up to 50 g), rounded or somewhat elongated, the pubescence is medium, the color is golden with a small blush. The taste is excellent, sour, strong aroma, common to apricots. The fruits are suitable for direct use, and for any processing.
Red-cheeked - as they often say, "classics of the genre"
Main advantages of the variety:
- very good winter hardiness: one of the leaders among the Moscow region apricot varieties by this indicator,
- good yield
- fruit transportability,
- great taste
- good disease resistance.
Apricot variety Russian is a relatively low tree that grows as if in width, which is convenient for crown care and harvesting. The variety is very frost-resistant, easily withstands cold up to –30 ° С. Disease resistance is average. Fruiting begins late: as a rule, not earlier than 5 years after planting.
Fruits are yellow-orange in color, tan is small, pubescence is weak, rounded, above average (about 50 g). The flesh is friable, juicy, bright yellow, very sweet, the fruits are mainly used fresh.
Russian - a variety with a native name, has a high yield
The main advantages of the variety include excellent winter hardiness, excellent fruit taste and high yield.
One of the leaders in terms of frost resistance is the Snegiryok variety, grown not only in the Moscow region, but also in regions with more severe climatic conditions. This is facilitated by a small growth (maximum up to two meters), as a result of which, if necessary, the tree can be partially covered for the winter, but even in the open state, the stated frost resistance is -42 ° C, which is an undoubted record. Unpretentious to the composition of the soil, self-fertile. Productivity for such a small tree is quite sufficient (about 10 kg).
Fruits ripen in mid-August, but are perfectly stored (at least until the New Year) and are transported, since they are not soft and loose, but are characterized as elastic. Small, weighing from 20 to 25 g, light yellow color with a slight tan, sweet and juicy, with a characteristic aroma.
Snegiryok - champion in frost resistance
Being the undoubted leader in moving to the north, Snegiryok has a significant drawback: he is very weakly opposed to diseases, and the most terrible for him are various spots and moniliosis. This fact adds problems when growing apricots, since periodic preventive spraying with suitable chemicals is required, and in the event of a disease, serious treatment is required. Snegiryok feels especially bad in seasons with prolonged rains.
Low-growing apricot varieties
Habitual apricot trees occupy a lot of space in the garden, grow both in breadth and height, as a rule, they are higher than the usual country house. Therefore, many gardeners tend to have undersized varieties, even dwarf ones. Their advantages are not only that their trees are compact and much easier to maintain: their height does not exceed 2.5 meters. As a rule, undersized varieties enter fructification earlier, giving the first yields in the third year after planting, and earlier reach the age at which the crop is maximum. At the same time, calculated per unit area of the garden, it is even higher than that of giant trees.
Of course, a seven-meter tree, covered with beautiful fruits, causes joy to the summer resident. That's just to collect all this harvest is unrealistic: a seven-meter stepladder is a rarity, and there is no place to put it. Climbing on such a tree is incredibly difficult, but you still cannot get to the periphery of the branches. And ripe apricots that have fallen to the ground almost always break, and it is impossible to use them.
For the conditions of the Moscow region, the most suitable variety growing in the form of a small tree is the Snegiryok discussed above. You can plant a cup.
A cup - one of the so-called dwarf varieties, reaches a height of not more than one and a half meters. At the same time, its winter hardiness allows planting a tree not only in the Moscow region, but also in more northern regions. The cup-shaped crown gave the name to this variety. The yield for a miniature tree is decent, but the main thing is that it bears fruit every year and is stable. They are small, weight is not higher than 30 g, light yellow, rather, even cream-colored. Blush is their decoration. The flesh is loose, sweet.
Another representative of the dwarf varieties is the Apricot Black Mouse, but black apricots stand apart: this, as we now say, is a completely different story.
The early varieties of apricots are especially important in the conditions of a short summer, since the total amount of positive temperatures that the fruit has time to harvest is important for the ripening of any fruit. Therefore, in the Moscow region, it is desirable to plant early varieties. However, on the other hand, they are more sensitive to spring temperature fluctuations and suffer frost worse. But in the case of normal weather it is possible to enjoy very tasty healthy fruits very early: the earliest varieties are capable of producing ripe fruits in the middle of July. True, it is more difficult to care for them than apricots of medium or late ripening. Qualified pruning, dressing and preventive spraying against diseases and pests are obligatory.
In the Moscow region, Iceberg, Alyosha, Tsarsky and Lel are considered the best early varieties. The varieties Alesha and Lel were considered above, since they are also one of the best representatives of self-fruited apricots.
Apricot variety Iceberg was bred in 1986. The tree is low, winter hardiness at an average level, little is affected by pests. Very badly reacts to drafts, therefore the Iceberg should be planted at a high fence. Nesamoploden, pollinators required (Alyosha or Lel). It is considered one of the best hybrids of early ripening for the central regions of Russia. Productivity is high.
White flowers are quite large, blooming on all types of shoots. The first fruits ripen in mid-July. Their color is yellow-orange, the blush is small, the value is slightly below average. The flesh is juicy, excellent taste, small bone. The skin is thin. The taste is dominated by sweet tones, used mainly for fresh food. The grade is appreciated unpretentiousness to conditions and simplicity of leaving.
Iceberg combines the simplicity of cultivation and excellent taste
Apricot Tsarsky appeared about 30 years ago, it was recommended specifically for the conditions of the middle zone, in the Moscow region is very popular. The tree grows slowly, shoots branch weakly. The maximum height of an apricot is 4 meters.
Fruits are small, about 20 g, oval. The main color is yellow, a small pinkish blush. The skin is dense, the bone is small. The flesh is yellow-orange, aromatic, sweet, there is a flavor of peach. Productivity is average, but regular. Fruits remain for some time, well tolerate transportation over long distances.
The climate near Moscow is famous for its unpredictability. Even the Ural weather is more suitable for apricot, since with it everything is usually clear: the winter is long, but stable. In the Moscow region, strong and moderate frosts alternate with unexpected warming of varying intensity and duration. And the most terrible thing for an apricot is the heating of the root collar and its damage during the return frosts. Therefore, it is desirable to choose for cultivation zoned varieties that can withstand all the vagaries of the weather.
Currently, there are no apricot varieties suitable for industrial cultivation in the Moscow region, and we are talking about varieties intended for planting in private, amateur gardens. And they are often located in poorly adapted, even low places, so it is necessary to pay attention to the choice of apricot varieties. Promising for the Moscow region varieties are, for example, the Countess, Monastic and Favorite. But the Triumph of the North is possible only in the south of the Moscow region.
Video: Apricot Variety Triumph North
Apricot variety Favorite belongs to the late varieties, the last fruits are harvested in the second half of September. The tree is of medium height, medium branching, cold-resistant, yields from medium to good. Favorite launched at the turn of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. It is considered one of the best for growing in the Central region of Russia.
Fruits are medium in size, about 30 g, orange with red spots on the sunny side. The flesh is sweet and dense, crunchy, bright orange. The taste is excellent, the use of fruits is universal. Fruits Favorite varieties, like many later varieties, well kept.
Favorite - one of the best late varieties.
Apricot, bred in 1988, is quite capricious in growing. The tree is high (up to 6 meters), the young shoots almost do not branch. In rainy seasons, prone to disease. Frost resistance at a high level, but lower than other zoned varieties. Self-fertility is weak, but when there is a pollinator that blossoms simultaneously with the Countess, the yields are very high.
Blooms profusely, small flowers. Maturing term - average: end of summer. In a dry and warm summer, the fruits are very elegant, of variable shape, of medium size (from 30 to 40 g). The pubescence is gentle, creamy color with an original blush. But at high humidity thickly covered with black spots, spoiling the appearance. The flesh is very tasty, juicy, orange. Large bone is easily separated. Mostly fruits are used fresh, but are quite suitable for canning. Not subject to very long storage. Transportability of fruits Countess low.
According to the characteristics of the tree Monastery in many ways resembles the Countess, harvesting takes place at about the same time. But the number of fruits is somewhat higher, and in appearance they differ significantly from the Countess.
Monastyrsky - a variety of average ripening period, zoned in the Non-Black Earth Region
The fruit is not quite the correct form, lemon-yellow color, with good lighting orange, blush pronounced. Mass of 40 g. Stone is large, separated is not perfect. The skin is quite thick. The flesh is juicy, orange, the taste is good. The purpose of the fruit is universal, they are well stored.
The number of apricot varieties grown in the Moscow region, in the tens, but the most popular is not so much. This is due to the fact that the optimal set of qualities for cultivation in harsh conditions is not easy to achieve: the excellent taste of the fruit is not always accompanied by high winter hardiness of the tree, and the simplicity of care makes you put up with the mediocre quality and quantity of the crop. Therefore, when choosing a variety, it is necessary to weigh all the positive and negative sides, as the planted apricot will live in the country for more than a decade.
- Author: Igor Rodiontsev
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Choosing the best varieties of apricot for the suburbs - AgronomWiki
A lot of work had to be done by breeders to adapt apricots to the climate of central Russia. Now apricot for the Moscow region, the best varieties of which we consider, has become an ordinary fruit tree. Some trees have settled far to the east and are grown in areas of sharply continental climate.
General information about varieties
For cultivation on the territory of the Moscow region modern breeders present such varieties of apricots as Alesha, Russian, Countess, Snegirek, Iceberg, Tsarsky, Guiana, Varyag, Krasnoshchy, Aquarius, Hardy, Lel, Edelweiss, Uragan, Honey, Triumph North, Zeus.
A variety of apricot species allows gardeners to define a cultivar for themselves and their families. Each of the cultivated varieties is resistant to sub-zero temperatures, which is a plus for growing in the Moscow region. Views can also be divided into groups by characteristics:
- Fruit flavors,
- Tree height
- Fruit storage time
- Disease resistance
- Cold resistance
From the varieties of apricot for the Moscow region according to the characteristics stand out: Red-cheeked, Russian, Honey, Snegirek, Lel, Favorite and Calyx. They are more often the rest can be seen in the gardens of the Moscow region because of simple care.
The best varieties of apricot for the suburbs: how to choose seedlings
When choosing seedlings for planting on the garden plot, one should pay attention to those varieties that are undemanding to care, are distinguished by good resistance to external influences and good yield.
It is also desirable to choose those varieties that begin to bear fruit within three years after planting the seedling. Before planting, it is necessary to carefully study the information on the selected variety.
At the same time, special attention should be paid to the climatic conditions in which it is recommended to grow a particular variety. Saplings suitable for planting in the Central zone, not suitable for more Northern regions. In the suburbs, apricot varieties such as Tsarsky and Alyosha grow best of all. The honey variety is also widely distributed. Domestic breeders specifically brought these varieties for the middle band. A novice gardener is recommended to choose seedlings of these varieties, because they differ:
- Good winter hardiness
- Resistant to infections, parasites and pests,
- Good taste of fruits,
- Undemanding care.
Honey: variety description
Many gardeners love "Honey" for the fact that its fruits have good taste. This variety got its name due to the fact that its fruits are very juicy. They have a characteristic pronounced taste and aroma, reminiscent of the taste and aroma of flower honey. Also, the Apricot “Honey” is an excellent honey plant, therefore this variety is often planted in its plot by the owners of rural apiaries.
The main features of the variety:
- It tolerates winter. If the winter is warm, it can winter without a special shelter,
- It is very popular with bees,
- The fruits are large, with fleshy juicy flesh and a pleasant delicate aroma,
- With proper care gives great yield.
Reviews gardeners about apricot "Honey"
The grade "Honey" is widespread not only in the Middle zone, but also in the south. Judging by the reviews of summer residents, growing it is quite simple. The main thing - to properly care. Many amateur gardeners note that this variety begins to bear fruit very quickly, and the sapling after planting develops very quickly (subject to favorable weather conditions). Also, those who planted this variety in their area, note that this variety rarely suffers from fungal and viral infections, and also has a rather strong immunity to pests and parasites, for example, to the seed moth.
However, some gardeners say that shoots planted in the open ground are not rooted, soon withered and died. Most likely, this is due to poor quality seedlings or improper planting technology. It is also possible that gardeners rushed to planting, and seedlings were killed by night frost. This happens quite often, so before planting apricot trees on your plot, you need to carefully study the weather forecast at least a week in advance. This will help avoid unpleasant surprises. Also, seedlings can die due to the fact that they were planted in the hot afternoon, under the scorching sun. The ideal time for landing is a warm but not hot day, as well as an early morning or evening before sunset.
Winter-hardy varieties Apricot “Honey” and “Russian”: useful properties of fruits
The fruits of the varieties "Honey" and "Russian" are distinguished by good taste. However, with improper tree care, the fruit's taste can deteriorate significantly. Under the right care means, above all, regular watering. If the ground is constantly dry, the fruits will also be dry.
Amateur gardeners appreciate these varieties not only for great taste, but also for the fact that fruits contain a lot of nutrients. The fruits of these trees are rich in nutrients such as:
- Vitamins, the main of which is vitamin C, or ascorbic acid,
- Plant fiber,
- Natural antioxidants that slow down the aging of the body and have a rejuvenating effect.
Contained in apricots a lot of potassium, therefore they are useful to those who suffer cardiovascular diseases. It is an indispensable product in baby food. Начиная с четырех месяцев, можно предлагать грудным детям пюре без сахара и сок. Многие садоводы выращивают у себя на участке зимостойкие абрикосы именно для того, чтобы обеспечить любимых детей или внуков витаминами. Однако, плоды имеют оранжевый цвет, а, значит, могут являться аллергеном. Поэтому вводить абрикос в детское меню следует с большой осторожностью.Fruits are useful both fresh and dried. Amateur gardeners willingly harvest these fruits for future use.
For fresh food, only ripe, soft apricots that are not damaged by the crop moth should be selected. Make jams from soft ones and compote from harder ones.
Apricot honey also has many healing properties. Honey, which the bees made from the pollen of apricot flowers, has a light pleasant aroma, has a beautiful tan color. Apricot honey has an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect, strengthens the immune system and effectively helps restore strength after acute respiratory infections and other recently transferred diseases. One of the best honey plants is, as it can already be seen from the name, the variety “Honey”. Such varieties as "Tsarsky" and "Alyosha" are popular with domestic beekeepers.
In summer, whenever possible, fresh fruits should be included in the diet. Regular consumption of these fruits contributes to health, saturation of the body with vitamins and other beneficial substances. They have few calories, so these fruits can be eaten without restriction by those who are “sitting” on a diet. Dried apricots - a great alternative to the traditional sweets of industrial production: sweets, cookies, chocolate.
Winter-hardy varieties Honey Apricot and Apricot "Russian": planting and care in the suburbs
Apricot loves a warm and dry climate, as well as fertile soil. Before planting seedlings, it is recommended to apply organic or mineral fertilizers intended for fruit trees to the soil.
Particular attention should be paid to the preparation of a fruitful tree for winter. If weather forecasters promise a frosty winter, it is better to play it safe and cover the apricot. However, if the winter in the region is usually warm and snowy, apricot peretimet well and without shelter.
At a time when the apricot begins to bloom, in the Middle Band there are usually still night frosts with extreme temperature changes: cold nights and warm, sunny days. Therefore, many gardeners carefully cover it during flowering. For shelter, you can usually use regular burlap and cotton fabric, only it should not be very dense, so that the tree can breathe and does not suffer from overheating on a hot afternoon.
Cover material should be securely fastened to the tree. It is usually fixed from three sides, and one side is left unsecured. This is necessary in order for bees to fly freely under the fabric or mat - the main pollinators of this fruit crop. However, if weather forecasters predict a strong wind or a storm warning, secure covering material should be secured on all sides so that the tree does not suffer from strong gusts of wind.
The trunks of apricots necessarily "decorate" whitewash. Whitewash it is necessary so that the bark of the tree does not get sunburns in the hot summer. Also, if the site is located near the forest, hares can resort to the garden or the vegetable garden and gnaw the bark. Whitewashing reliably protects the bark of the apricot from the sharp teeth of uninvited guests. Any scars on the tree (for example, the effects of grafts or scars that occur after pruning) should be treated with garden pitch, which has the remarkable ability to heal any wounds of trees.
Good options for preparations of apricots grown in the suburbs
Save a bountiful harvest not so easy. Unlike, for example, potatoes or cabbage, these tender fruits with ruddy orange sides cannot be stored for a long time. They quickly deteriorate and rot, so it is best to use fresh apricots immediately after harvest. You can keep the harvest until the fruits deteriorate, you can in a wooden box, the sides of which are made of individual slats. The gaps between the slats will help apricots "breathe." During storage, the fruit should be inspected. As soon as some fruit rots, it must be removed immediately, otherwise all fruits will become infected with rot. In this regard, it is desirable that apricots lying in the same box, if possible, do not come into contact with each other.
Many hostesses annually procure apricots for future use. Apricots can be made such preparations as:
Also dried and dried apricots are tasty and healthy with stones (apricot) and pitted (dried apricots). There are dried apricots and dried apricots can be fresh, and you can cook compote of them. Raisins, prunes and other dried fruits are often added to compote from dried apricots, this greatly increases its nutritional value. In no case can not eat apricot kernels of compote, because they contain a dangerous toxin - prussic acid. Hydrocyanic acid can cause severe fatal poisoning.
Every housewife has her own signature recipe apricot preparations. If you harvest these fruits for future use, in winter, adults and children will not suffer from vitamin deficiency. With proper processing, canned apricots practically do not lose useful and nutrients.
ATgrowing apricot trees can be an exciting hobby. Perhaps not everything will work out the first time, however, if the saplings suddenly die, you should not despair. The climate of the Russian Central Band, in particular, the Moscow region, is very often capricious and unpredictable. In order for the apricot seedling to take root well, and as far as possible the bark began to bear fruit, it is necessary to treat it very carefully. And the apricot will certainly thank for the care with rosy bright orange fruits that resemble a little sun.
Lel and Darling
Cultivar Lel only gaining popularity among gardeners of the Moscow region. Despite the height of the trunk - about 3-3.5 meters - it is characterized by a narrow crown. Since the variety is developed for the middle zone of Russia, it meets the required cold resistance parameters. Lel is an early maturity, and produces fruit in the fourth year of vaccination.
Cultivar fruits small fruits up to 25 grams, they have excellent taste. The skin is not trimmed. Fruits are almost round, orange tint, suitable for heat treatment.
Opposite characteristics of the fruit of the cultivar Favorite. Fruits of this variety grow large in size with juicy pulp.
The miniature cultivators include Snegirek and Calyx trees. They grow to a meter and a half in height, attracting most gardeners.
Snegirek takes a leading position among the cold-resistant apricot crops. The tree is grown even in the conditions of the Far North, and it can grow and bear fruit in any conditions.
Despite its small size, about 10 kilograms of fruit are harvested from it. Also, the fruits of the Bullfinch differ in transportability and safety. The only negative is a high susceptibility to diseases, and more specifically to moniliose and foliage spotting. In wet climates, the plant requires attentive care and constant processing.
A miniature apricot tree of the Calyx variety has excellent fruit characteristics, but it is less resistant to low temperatures and gardeners will have to thoroughly prepare it for wintering.
Even the best varieties of apricot, designed for the territory near Moscow, require attention. For planting, the holes for future trees are harvested in the fall, filling them with drainage and broken red brick. After disembarking, it is poured abundantly. Depending on the growth rate of the tree, the amount of water is reduced. Adult apricot is watered abundantly 6-7 times per season.
Apricot cultivars can be purchased at specialized nurseries. Sometimes gardeners experiment themselves by planting plants.
For the territory of the Moscow region is focused a large number of varieties of apricot. Experienced gardeners recommend planted in the same area of three apricot trees, it improves pollination and fertility.
Many gardeners consider apricot a purely southern plant, and their fruits, even if they grow in the middle lane, are acidic and tasteless.
Perhaps it was so before, but in our time the breeders have brought out a sufficient number of varieties that have juicy and tasty pulp and beautiful golden color.
In general, apricot varieties for the Moscow region have small fruits, but among them there are also such (for example, Monastyrsky variety), which reach 50 - 55 g, and in terms of sugar content they can be compared with European varieties.
This fruitful variety is most common among amateur gardeners of central Russia, including the Moscow region, tolerates the winter cold.
When planting, it is necessary to take into account that the trees of this variety are vigorous with a sprawling rounded crown, reaching a height of 4 m. The pulp is thick, sweet and sour.
This frost-resistant variety with proper care begins to ripen in early August. The tree is medium thick, reaching a height of 3 m, with branchy annual shoots and beautiful large flowers.
The fruits are quite large, weighing 20 - 22 g, oval, yellow-orange in color with a thin skin, on the surface of which there are points. Stone is well separated from the pulp. Iceberg apricots are well kept.
Triumph of the North
This variety is considered skoroplodny and begins to bear fruit after 3 - 4 years after planting. Every year its productivity increases. Vigorous tree with sprawling crown and life expectancy of about 25 years.
Fruits are large, weighing up to 60 g, orange-yellow in color with small greenish areas, sometimes there is a dark red blush on them. The peel is sour, but the flesh of the apricots is very juicy, sweet and aromatic. Stone with a sweet kernel easily separated from the pulp.
Apricots of this variety ripen in late July - early August. The variety is characterized by increased resistance to autumn and winter frosts, as well as to various fungal diseases.
This variety with a high level of frost resistance is one of the best for growing in the middle lane, and with good winter shelter it can be grown in more northern areas.
The trees of this variety are quite compact and reach a height of 1.5 - 2 meters. Up to 10 kg of apricots can be collected from each tree. Crop ripens in mid-August.
Fruits weighing 18 g, cream-colored with a purple blush, with dense sour-sweet pulp, have a very good lezhkost.
The lack of varieties Snegirek is low resistance to diseases of moniliosis and leaf spot. In the spring and autumn for the prevention of fungal diseases, trees should be sprayed with copper containing preparations.
Son of the Red-Haired
Apricots of this variety are hybrids of Krasnoshcheky variety. They differ:
- Strong trunk and well leafy dense oval shaped crown.
- Slightly flattened, rounded or oval fruits with a narrow seam and a delicate orange skin.
- Each fruit can have a weight of 30-35 grams. The largest fruits reach 60 grams.
- The bright orange flesh of the fruit has a sweet taste with a hint of sourness and a bitter taste.
- The dense bone has an oval shape and medium size.
Even if during flowering there will be slight temperature reductions and a cold snap, a third of the fertile buds from which the fruits are formed will remain on the tree.
Since the large and sweet fruits of the Son of the Red-Cheek variety have strong pulp, they can be rolled up in banks. Of the shortcomings of the variety, it is possible to distinguish irregular yields, which depend on sharp drops in temperature to negative values.
Apricot varieties for the Moscow region: reviews gardeners
I always thought that apricots can be grown only in the southern regions. Therefore, when my husband bought seedlings three years ago, I decided that it was a waste of money. But this year we have gathered a real harvest of these amazingly tasty fruits on our site. Every year, when the young trees bloomed, I admired them and consoled myself that if there were no fruits, then apricots bloom beautifully. But this year, ovaries appeared in the trees. I was very worried and thought that they would disappear, however matured almost all. Fully ripe apricot fruits July 16. There were so many of them that we ate ourselves and treated all our acquaintances to them.
Seedlings varieties Son of Krasnoshcheky were purchased in the spring with an open root system. We planted them at the fence so that the vaccine was on the south side. Then the seedlings were poured with water, and in the future care of them was minimal. Since they grew far from the aqueduct, we did not water them very often. For the winter they did not hide anything and did not cut them. Also during this time, apricot trees never fed. This year, they bought and planted another sapling.
The tree of this variety is tall, sprawling and prickly. Located on a long trunk short branches sharp as thorns. The tree grows very quickly, and takes quite a lot of space, so when planting an apricot, this point should be taken into account. Saplings never hurt anything, maybe because in our area there are no pests that exist in the south. Only once it is not clear why one sapling suddenly burnt down. But after some time above vaccinations on it began to grow new twigs. And this year we removed sweet apricots from this tree. Therefore, in my review I want to say that gardeners are not afraid to plant apricots in the suburbs. They grow well with us!
I bought three-year-old apricots the Triumph of the North already in September. Just late I saw that on the way to our cottage there is a wonderful nursery. As a result, planted in October without any special fertilizers. He fell asleep in each pit only a bucket of good humus. By winter, the saplings are almost completely painted with special paint. The leaves did not fly around until November, so I cut them myself. Crop did not become anything.
In vain did the near-trunk circles, as water began to gather in them in the spring. I had to destroy. In the spring, before the thaw, the seedlings were tinted and wrapped with a non-wrap. He began to form the future crown, and cut off the rootless branches. People began to sell the fruits, so no one believes that they have their own harvest. Their taste is sweet, with a slight sourness. I do not like these, I prefer sweet ones. Snapping up my apricots willingly.
I have several apricot trees on the plot. I grew two pits, and one tree of the Red-cheeked variety was grafted. The most unpretentious turned out to be grown from pits. They have, oddly enough, large fruits. The only problem is that apricots grow on the same tree, the bone of which does not want to be separated from the fruit. A grafted sapling that something sick, then freeze. The fruits on it are tasty, beautiful and large, but they are very few.
Apricot Variety Snegiryok
About frost resistance of this species says its distribution in cooler regions than the Moscow region. The tree is characterized by unpretentiousness to the composition of the soil and low size. An adult plant reaches no more than 1.5 m, and this does not prevent it from demonstrating high yields, up to 10 kg from one tree. In addition, with such a low-growing apricot is easy to collect fruit.
Features varieties Snegiryok:
- Apricot fruits are characterized by high elasticity. Long stored without loss of quality, until January. It is only necessary to ensure the right conditions. It is easy to transport the crop even over long distances.
- Flowers varieties samoplodny.
- The fruits are quite small. Their taste characteristics without frills.
- The variety has low resistance to moniliosis, deciduous spots and some other diseases. The plant requires special attention during long spring precipitation: treat the culture from fungal infections.
Apricot Variety Lel
The owners of the plots in the Moscow region note the positive experience of growing this frost-resistant variety. Lel is actively used in small-sized areas and in gardens for commercial purposes. The tree of medium height (up to 3 m) is distinguished by a compact crown and high productivity. It is convenient to cover for protection against return spring frosts. It pollinates on its own, but to obtain larger and more plentiful fruits, gardeners recommend planting other varieties alongside.
The fruits of Lele are of medium size, slightly flattened oval in shape, weighing about 22 g. The color of apricots is bright orange without a blush. The skin is smooth and the inside is firm and firm flesh. The taste of Lel is estimated as sweet-sour and harmonious. Fruits are stored for a long time in suitable conditions. The yield index Lela - 20 kg per plant.
Variety of apricots Russian
This variety bears apricots of a characteristic bright yellow color. They are very saccharists, in a ripe state they have a rich aroma. The shape of the fruit is almost round. Downiness is weak. The mass of ripe apricot is 50 g, and this is a pronounced competitive advantage of the Russian. The taste is harmonious, sweet.
Attention! The fruits of this variety, as a rule, are eaten fresh. It is not recommended to process or process them thermally.
Russian tree grows up to 3 m in height with a moderately growing crown. Harvesting with him is quite convenient. Indicators for one plant per season - about 30 kg. Apricot Russian has not too high immunity against typical diseases, therefore needs additional protective treatment for prophylaxis. Spraying against fungal infections is carried out in early spring and before the formation of ovaries.
Grade an apricot the Triumph northern
Рекомендован для южной части Подмосковья. Это высокое раскидистое дерево с очень крупными плодами (55 г). Абрикосы Триумф оранжево-жёлтые, с умеренно толстой опушённой кожурой. Достоинством плодов является небольшая косточка, а к недостаткам сорта относят необходимость выращивания строго на открытых солнечных участках без ветра. With a slight darkening of the landing site apricots will have a pro-green on one of the sides. The triumph of the north is different:
- high yields
- the sweet melting taste of the fruit
- resistant to most of the diseases characteristic of this culture.
Rarely grown in the suburbs of the varieties Honey, Darling, Calyx (mini apricot), Iceberg, etc. Whatever you choose, keep in mind that the technology of planting and caring for the culture differs from that used in the south. Apricot loves warmth and sunshine. These conditions he needs to provide first.
Variety of medium ripening (late July - early August). Trees grow to a height of 6 m, are quite resistant to bark bark.
The grafted seedlings begin to bear fruit for 4 years, and at 6 years of age they produce up to 35 - 40 kg of apricots from one tree.
Fruits are medium in size, weighing 20 g. The color of fruits is orange, the taste is sweet-sour, pleasant, fragrant.
The best varieties of apricot for growing in the suburbs
Apricot is a heat-loving plant. In the climate of the Moscow region and surrounding areas to grow it is not so easy. Only a limited list of varieties is suitable for this region. The main criterion is a high degree of frost resistance. To choose the best, be guided by conditions of your site, the description and botanical characteristics of a tree, responses of gardeners and a photo.
If there is a desire to get early fruits, then you should pay attention to the varieties that ripen the fastest. These include:
This is the earliest tree, which has a fairly high yield. It grows up to 3 meters in height and brings the first fruits already for 3-4 year. Apricots will be large in size with soft and juicy pulp. It belongs to winter-hardy varieties, therefore it is suitable not only for the Moscow region, but also for more northern regions.
But in order for the tree to bloom, it is necessary to carry out continuous drainage, besides this, it prefers fertile soils, starting with medium loamy and ending with sandy loam lands.
It is important that the site was not stagnant water, otherwise the plant will rot. Also, for successful growth, the landing site is selected in such a way that it does not have drafts. The annual pruning contributes to good yields in July and August. Despite such relative fastidiousness in the care, the Laureate is distinguished by a high resistance to various kinds of fungal forms and pests.
The fruit has a yellow color with a pink shade, the flesh is yellow and sweet. Fruiting begins at 3-4 year in June, the fruits are large. Sufficiently resistant to disease and pests.
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In addition to the above varieties, middle-ripening varieties include Polesia large-fruited, Michurinets, Nadezhny. Therefore, before planting apricots in the suburbs, it is necessary to determine the desired appearance.
Late ripening varieties
In order to receive delicious fruits all summer, it is worth planting trees of different yields in the garden. Since the early and middle varieties have already been considered, now is the time to move on to late species. These include the following varieties.
Average height - 3-4 meters. Maturation occurs by the end of summer and lasts until mid-September. Here the fruits will be of medium size, not exceeding 30 g. The color is bright orange with a red tint from the side where the sun warmed the fruit. The flesh is thick enough, but sweet and tender. One tree for the season brings a good harvest and is not afraid of frost. The favorite is great not only for fresh consumption, but also for preservation.
This type of adult tree has a very wide crown and a height of 4 meters. Therefore, choosing a landing site, you need to take this moment into account. Despite its exquisite sweet taste, such an apricot can be considered small-caliber, since one fruit usually weighs 15-20 g. The color is light yellow with small red dots on the surface of the skin. Honey variety brings a bountiful harvest (as compensation for small size) and is absolutely not afraid of frost.
If you correctly approach the arrangement of your garden, then throughout the year you can pamper yourself with apricots: in the summer - fresh and in the winter - canned.
This type not only tolerates frosts, but also has a fairly long growth. Quietly experiencing winters with thirty degrees of frost. These trees can serve as a decorative design of the garden, as during the flowering period they are stunning. Immediately it is worth noting that the fruits are small - 15-20 g, but the height of one tree can vary from 10 to 15 meters. For lovers of sweet and sour, the Manchu variety is the most. But it is recommended more for conservation than for fresh consumption.
Features of growing apricots in the Moscow region
Caring for apricots in the Moscow region has its own nuances - this is due to the climate of the region. Therefore, we remember the following recommendations:
- when spring planting is carried out, a place is chosen for the seedling, where the maximum heat and a lot of sunshine are chosen,
- when planting several apricots, use a 6 by 4 square scheme, where the first digit indicates the row pitch, and the second - the pitch in the row,
- optimal parameters of the pit for a sapling - 70 x 70 x 70 cm,
- Apricot at a new place watered every 2 weeks.
If the question is where it is better to plant apricot on the plot, it has been solved and the tree has taken root, then already from the second year they begin to spray it with pests and feed it with fertilizers. But each variety requires its own protection and dressings. Therefore, in order to avoid problems, even at the time of purchase, it is worth asking the seller for this issue. And then in a couple of years a plate with appetizing and tender fruits will be on the table.
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Apricots variety "Iceberg"
For over sixty years, domestic breeders have been working to obtain apricots suitable for cultivation in the Moscow region, as well as in areas with similar climatic conditions.
During this period, special varieties with excellent winter-hardy qualities were created. Noteworthy:
These varieties are included in the state register in 2004. Since then, they have become popular with gardeners near Moscow, as well as other regions. The height of the trees of the described group is:
- 5-6 m - Aquarius, Monastic, Countess,
- 3-4 m - Alyosha, Iceberg, Favorite, Tsarsky,
- less than 3 m - Lel.
Apricots variety "Alesha"
Trees of this varietal group have a spreading crown. As an exception is the grade Lel. He has a compact crown. The root system is superficial. The depth of growth is no more than 40 cm.
Northern varietal group enters fructification in the third, fourth year of life of the stock. Apricots will be pleased with the stable yield of delicious fragrant fruits, which are not inferior in taste to their southern counterparts.
They have attractive external data and are distinguished by excellent taste and universal purpose, they are equally good in fresh or processed form. Characteristics of the fruits of the northern varieties are as follows:
- Iceberg - oval, orange - 20-22 g,
- Alyosha - round, bright yellow - 15–20g,
- Aquarius - round, yellow - 25-30 g,
- Countess - oval, yellow with a ruddy side - 20-40 g,
- Lel - round, orange - 20 g,
- Monastic - oval, bright yellow - 30-50 g,
- Favorite - oval, orange - 30 g,
- Royal - oval, yellow - 20-22 years.
Apricot varieties "Aquarius"
For cultivation in the Moscow region recommended a great variety Triumph of the North. Mid-season winter-hardy variety resistant to major diseases. Fruits in the fourth year of life vaccinations.
The strong-growing tree has a spreading crown. The advantage of a grade is large-fruited. The mass of one fruit can reach 55 g. Yellow-orange apricots with a bright rosy sideways taste great.
Sweet fruits are intended for the fresh use. It will surprise you with a high yield, which reaches up to 64 kg from a single tree.
Any garden culture requires a special approach. Gardeners in Moscow and the Moscow region will not be difficult to acquire the recommended varieties in any nursery. Apricot fructifies, at best, in the third year of the vaccination life.
Buying plants from random sellers is a loss of precious time and frustration. At one site, it is desirable to plant several different varieties of apricot.
Planting trees begins with the selection of the site. Apricots will need a well-lit corner of the garden, protected from northern and eastern gusts of wind. The soil should be light with good aerobic qualities with a weak alkaline reaction.
In Moscow and the Moscow region planting apricots plan for the end of April. During this period, the soil and trees are ready for agronomic techniques.
In the suburbs in the gardens in most cases homogeneous soil. Therefore, in preparing the seats, clay, sand and peat are mixed. You can add to the mixture:
- compost or rotted manure,
- dolomite flour,
- wood ash.
The pits for apricot seedlings are 70x70x70 cm. Prepared seats are covered with a special ground mixture.
The bottom of the landing pit is filled with a layer of drainage. Over it fill with the prepared dredge mixture and leave until spring.
Upon the occurrence of favorable weather begin landing. Part of the soil is removed from the pit. The remaining earth is well mixed. Form in the center of the recess. Water is poured into it and a sapling is installed.
It is located exactly in the center. Spread the roots. Gently fill the ground seat. Gently compacted soil.
Form pristvolnuyu watering hole. On one tree will need at least two buckets of water. After watering, the trunk circle is mulched. Planting apricot can be done in late autumn.
So that the seedling got accustomed and developed well it is not left unattended from the first days after planting. This period requires regular watering.
Drying of the wheel circle is not allowed. When spring planting watering is stopped in early August. What gives the chance to prepare a sapling for winter conditions.
Caring for trees requires a clean circle. Weeds are constantly removed and soil is loosened. Fertilizers are applied starting from the second year of the tree life. The application of dressings is carried out according to the following scheme:
- in early spring - nitrogen fertilizers,
- in the summer - phosphate fertilizers,
- autumn - rotted manure.
In the autumn, carry out preventive measures. Fallen leaves and plant debris are collected. All necessarily burn. Such an event prevents the development of fungal diseases.
One of the important activities is pruning trees. This is a difficult and time-consuming technique. However, this is a very important point affecting the formation of a tree, its sanitary condition, as well as its yield.
It is necessary to form the crown of the tree. It should not be thickened. Spring pruning involves the removal of dried frozen shoots. All sections are covered with garden pitch.
On young trees should not trim the lower branches. They can be shortened after the plant enters fruiting. Such pruning contributes to the intensive growth of the tree and increase yield.
Between October and December, apricot whitewash is carried out. It is a protective agent against sunburn in winter and spring, as well as protection from frost.
It is possible to use the ready mix intended for garden works. It added 20g. copper sulphate. Also, the solution can be prepared independently. It can include:
It is necessary to bleach not only a tree trunk, but also skeletal branches. In addition to protective functions, it is an excellent prophylactic against fungal diseases.
When caring for apricots should not forget about protection from diseases and pests. All fruit trees are prone to disease. Apricots are no exception.
Among the dangerous diseases there are many fungal, viral and bacterial diseases that can affect trees. Apricots are prone to viral disease of the ball, as well as drying out and wilting. Diseases caused by fungi:
- klyasterosporioz and others.
Whitewashing apricot tree
The most common climate for the Moscow region is klyasterosporioz. The causative agents of these diseases are constant satellites of any garden site.
Prevention of diseases and pests can be continuous timely agrotechnical measures. Also used chemicals for spraying trees.
This event requires strict adherence to the instructions of the preparations. The time is in the spring before bud break.
Cultivation of apricots in the Moscow region will require the correct selection of zoned varieties and the implementation of all agronomic techniques. The combination of these factors will allow in the conditions of the Moscow region to get high yields of magnificent fruits apricot.
We offer you to watch a video about which apricots can be grown in the Moscow region: