In our article you will learn about Schizandra Chinese cultivation and care for him in the open field. To meet the Chinese lemongrass in the areas of gardeners and gardeners in Russia today is not so often, despite the fact that the plant is unpretentious and does not require special care. Our article provides a detailed description of a photo plants, as well as information about the technology of growing and caring for lemongrass Chinese. It is enough to follow simple rules in order to get a rich harvest of healthy berries.
What does Chinese Schizandra look like?
Efficient, comfortable and sooooo fast. When you need to lose 3-4 pounds per week. Read more here.
Chinese Schizandra (Schisandra chinensis) is a representative of a small variety of the Schizandra family.
Interesting! The name of the plant was due to the characteristic smell of lemon peel, which is inherent in the leaves and shoots. In addition to this feature lemongrass has nothing to do with citrus.
In nature, lemongrass has significant overall dimensions. Liana with a climbing stem has a length of about 12-15 m, in the absence of any restrictions. The stem diameter is small, 2.5-3 cm. The branches cover the bark of a brown color. Leaf plates have the shape of a wide oval or ovate, dense to the touch, leathery. On the edges of the leaves there are almost imperceptible teeth. Flowers that appear in spring resemble magnolias made from wax.
Emaciated Stepanenko: I weighed 108, and now 65. At night she drank warm. Read more here.
Ripe berries of lemongrass bright scarlet color, have a spherical shape. The fruits are collected in 15-25 pieces in a brush with a length of 8-12 cm and resemble clusters of grapes or red currants. The berries have a pleasant citrus scent. Each has 1-2 large seeds. Tastes of fruits are extremely specific, as they contain:
- organic acids
- resinous and tannins,
- essential oils.
The skin of the berries has a sweet, salty, tart taste. The seeds have a bitter taste, and the juice is sour and astringent.
The yield of the plant is quite high, on average about 3-5 kg of berries can be collected from one plant. During the “splash” period, which happens every 3–7 years, the vine produces 1.5–2 times more fruits than usual. Mature crops are harvested in late summer or early September.
Useful! Lemongrass Chinese refers to dioecious plants, so pollination and subsequent fruiting is possible only if there are plants on the site, with both “male” and “female” flowers.
I was able to get rid of ARTHROSIS AND OSTEOCHONDROSIS PER MONTH! Operations are not needed. Read more here.
In nature, there are between 15 and 23 species of Schisandra Chinese. On suburban areas most often you can find the following types:
- Garden one. This hybrid is self-fertile and does not need pollinators. It has good yield, resistance to cold and the rate of growth of shoots. Ripe fruits are juicy, the flesh tastes sour. The brush has an average length of about 9-10 cm and consists of 22-25 berries. The average yield per adult plant is 4-6 kg.
- Mountain. This variety was first bred in the Far East and has an average term of fruit ripening. Ripe berries can be picked at the end of August. The species has good immunity and tolerates winter. The average length of the brush - 8-9 cm, and weight - 12-13 grams. It consists of fruits of dark scarlet color, with bitter pulp and tangible sourness. Thick pulp is quite juicy. The yield from the plant is about 1.5-2 kg.
- Volgar. This variety belongs to winter hardiness, tolerates drought well, and is resistant to the appearance of diseases and pests. Most often the plant appears at the same time as "male" and "female" flowers, but occasionally there are seasons when only "male" forms. Mature fruits are recommended to be collected in early September. The weight of the brush, which consists of 13-15 berries, is 6-7.5 grams. The berries have a pronounced resinous aroma, the flesh tastes sour.
- Firstborn The variety is one of the latest achievements of Russian breeders, bred in Moscow. It is resistant to frost and diseases. Berries of purple-scarlet color have an elongated shape, small size. The fruit pulp is bright red. The brush has a length of about 12 cm, and weighs 10-12 grams. The plant belongs to monoecious, bush - srednerosly. A significant disadvantage of this type is low resistance to frost and weak immunity. Liana usually has a length of no more than 5 meters.
- Myth. The origin of this hybrid variety is not known for certain. Brushes with fruits are not too long - about 7 cm, while the berries are not very sour and are suitable for fresh consumption. About 15-18 pcs.
- Oltis. The species was bred in the Far East, has a good yield - about 3-4 kg per bush, and resistance to diseases and viruses. Fruits are small, dark scarlet. The length of the brush is on average 9-11 cm, and the weight is 25-27 grams. In each joint there are 25-30 berries. The flesh of the fruit is bitter and sour.
- Purple. This variety is one of the oldest, it was bred in 1985 in the Far East. Mature fruits can be harvested at the end of summer. The first berries are removed after 3-4 years after planting on the site. Adult plant brings from 3 to 4 kg of berries per season. The variety belongs to winter hardiness and is often subject to the appearance of diseases and viruses. The berries are small, compact plants. The taste of the fruit is sour, covered with scarlet skin.
Watch the video! Lemongrass Chinese planting cultivation care
Planting and transplanting
In the dacha or garden plots, Chinese lemongrass is also grown not only for fruit bearing, but also for decoration. In landscape design the liana is used widely enough. Arbors, green walls, railings and arches, twined with stems with leaves and clusters of berries, look very impressive.
Planting time depends on the region in which the cultivation will be carried out:
- In regions with good climatic conditions (in Ukraine, southern Russia), it is possible to plant lemongrass in September and even in the first half of October. This period is the most acceptable, since a sufficient amount of time remains before the onset of frosts and the plant can easily adapt to new conditions.
- In areas with a temperate climate - in middle Siberia, in the Urals, it is recommended to plant the plant in spring. In the regions of central Russia, lemongrass is planted in late April - early May, during this period the soil warms up to at least 10 degrees. It is necessary to transplant the plant before the growth buds. In the summer months, lemongrass will be able to form a well-developed root system and prepare for winter.
According to gardeners, on the site should be planted at the same time several seedlings of Schisandra, it is best if they are of different varieties, leaving between them a distance of about 1 meter, and the interval between rows should be 2-2.5 meters.
Attention! Placing the liana next to the wall, you should indent so that rainwater does not fall on the lemongrass from the roof. This can adversely affect the plant root system.
You should also provide a place to place a trellis, otherwise the plant may not bear fruit. Poles of 2-3 meters length, arranged in a row, with a strained wire at different heights - the simplest option. As the vine grows, the shoots become attached to it and form a structure similar to a fan. In a warm climate, lemongrass shoots are not removed from the trellis, even in the winter months.
Important! When choosing seedlings should pay particular attention to the root system. The roots must be well developed, there must be at least 3 roots about 20 cm long. The average height of a 2-3 year old plant is 12-15 cm.
The soil in which lemongrass will be planted should be fertile, loose and light, also allowing air and water to pass through. It is strictly forbidden to plant in a heavy substrate, in which moisture stagnates:
Well tolerated plant penumbra, shade. The maximum yield from one bush can be harvested when grown in an open, sunny area.
Reference! Lemongrass Chinese - A cultivated plant that does not tolerate too wet soil at the roots. When planting plants should take into account the level of groundwater, if they come closer to the surface than 1.5-2 m, then for Schizandra should find another place.
In advance it is necessary to prepare a landing hole:
- if the plant is planted in the fall, the pit should be prepared a few weeks before planting,
- and if in the spring - the previous season.
The recommended pit depth is 40-50 cm, and the diameter is 65-70 cm. At the bottom of the recess there should be a drainage layer, 8-10 cm thick.
The layer of fertile turf, which was removed from the ground, must be mixed with:
- humus and compost (20-30 liters),
- wood ash (0.5 l),
- superphosphate (120-150 g),
- potassium sulfate (70-90 g).
All pour back into the pit. After that, the recess is covered with a waterproof material so that the rain does not wash away the ground and leave before planting.
- Before planting, carefully examine the roots of the seedling and cut off the rotted or dried parts. The roots are shortened to a length of 20-35 cm, after which they are soaked in water, preheated to a temperature of 27-30 degrees. As a means for disinfecting and preventing fungal diseases, it is necessary to add some potassium permanganate crystals to the water. To reduce the stress associated with transplanting and improve plant growth, you can use any biostimulator, for example:
- succinic acid
- aloe juice
- potassium potassium.
- It is recommended to smear the roots of the plant with a mixture of powdered clay and fresh cow dung, and then dry them in the sun. If the mixture is prepared correctly, then its consistency will resemble a thick cream.
- It is best to have a sapling on a hill from the ground, at the bottom of the planting pit. The roots should be flattened so that they “look” down, not up or sideways. After that, the deepening is covered with soil, observing the position of the plant's root neck - 2-3 cm above the ground.
- The soil in the circle wheel should be watered with a sufficient amount of water, consuming about 20 liters. After the liquid is absorbed, the area should be mulched with humus or peat crumb. The seedling usually takes root fairly quickly, but for the first 2-3 weeks it should be protected from direct sunlight, it is recommended to install a canopy of any covering material in white.
- As they grow, shoots should be shortened, leaving 3-4 growth buds. All leaves must be cut off.
Caring for lemongrass is to follow simple rules, while all the necessary procedures do not take much time from the gardener.
Lemongrass Chinese refers to moisture-loving plants. The volume of 60-70 liters of water is considered the norm for an adult liana, while it should be watered 2-3 times a week.
With proper preparation of the pit for planting, the nutrients that are contained in the soil will be enough for the growth and development of the plant and will be enough for the next 2 years. It is recommended to feed the lemongrass starting from the 3rd season of staying on the site.
As fertilizer is best to use organic. Lemongrass grows quickly enough, so it should be watered every 15-20 days with a solution consisting of:
- cow dung
- bird droppings
- nettle leaves,
To insist on this mixture should be for 3-4 days, previously diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10, and litter - 1:15. Also used complex fertilizers (40 g per 1 square meter), which contain in its composition potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen:
Every 2-3 years during the growing season, 25-30 liters of humus or rotted compost are introduced into the tree circle. After the mature fruits are collected, the plant needs to get enough potassium and phosphorus. For this:
- 40-50 grams of superphosphate and potassium sulfate,
- must be diluted in 10 liters of water,
- or distribute dry on pristvolnom circle while loosening the soil.
You can also use natural top dressing, for this purpose suitable ash wood, taken in the amount of 0.5-0.7 l.
Shelter for the winter
Covering lemongrass for the winter in regions with a warm climate is not necessary. In regions with severe and prolonged frosts, it is worth to be safe.
First of all, the shoots are uncoupled from the tapestry and laid out on a plot covered with a layer of mulch 10 cm thick. From above the plant should be covered with straw, spruce or pine spruce leaves, fallen leaves, burlap or covering material that allows air well. Before this, it is necessary to irrigate, spending 80 l of water for each plant.
Initially, pruning of vines is carried out during planting, later on in the third growing season in open ground. On the vine there should be left 5-7 of the strongest and healthiest stalks, the rest must be removed to the point of growth. Then pruning is carried out regularly in the spring and autumn months.
Recommendation! Remove all frozen, dried and broken shoots should be in early March. Since carrying out such a procedure during the period of active growth of lemongrass can lead to the death of the plant.
After the foliage has fallen, in the fall, it is necessary to carefully remove the interlacing, weak, affected and deformed branches. It is also necessary to remove the part of the vine that does not bear fruit over the past 3 years. Carrying out this procedure helps to rejuvenate the plant and properly develop new shoots.
15-18 years after planting, the first radical pruning is carried out to rejuvenate the plant. Leave 4-5 healthy and fruiting escape this year, and the rest are removed.
In the suburban areas, amateur gardeners propagate the plant most often in a vegetative way. Lianas can also be grown from seeds, but the preservation of varietal traits is not guaranteed. This process is time consuming and will take a significant amount of time.
Watch the video! Reproduction of Chinese magnolia vine
For reproduction in a vegetative way, you can use:
- basal growth,
- Lemongrass has a very thick basal growth, from which it is just possible to separate part for planting in another place. It is necessary to carefully dig out the soil in order to separate the “offspring” from the plant, it is recommended to plant it immediately in the right place. It is necessary to carry out this operation in areas with a warm climate in early spring or after fruiting. In regions with a predominantly low air temperature, the most suitable time is the beginning of March.
- You can also use root cuttings. The root must be cut into small pieces with a length of 7-10 cm. It should be borne in mind that each seedling should have 2-3 points of growth. Cuttings before held landing, you need to hold wrapped in a cloth moistened with a biostimulator for 2-3 days, after which the seedlings can be planted in open ground or greenhouse, horizontally, observing the gap between cuttings 10-12 cm. Planting material should not be dug into the ground. After planting, sprinkle the area with a layer of humus or rotted compost with a thickness of 2-3 cm. Basic care of the cuttings is timely watering. Seedlings, which give shoots, must be transferred in the spring to a permanent place.
- Reproduction by layering is carried out only with the use of green shoots aged 2-3 years. This procedure is best done in the fall. The non-ligneous shoot is bent to the surface of the earth and fixed at a distance of 20-30 cm from the top, after which this place is covered with humus or a layer of fertile soil, and watered abundantly. A scion appears in early spring. By the fall, the sprout will be strong enough to separate it from the parent bush and transplant to the right place. You can bend down and sprinkle the entire shoot with earth, so you can get about 5-7 new seedlings that will yield growth and development process, obtained by another method.
The easiest option is sowing seeds of lemongrass to the prepared beds before winter, immediately after they are harvested.
Tip! Sowing can also be carried out in the spring, but in this case the seed is stratified: they are kept for a couple of months on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator.
- Sowing is made to a depth of 5 mm, in a container with a prepared mixture of sand and humus, which are taken in equal parts.
- After which the crop is covered with paper and watered every day.
- After 1-2 weeks, the first shoots appear with large cotyledons, similar to cucumber shoots.
- Picks of plants should be carried out in larger boxes according to the scheme 5 × 5 cm after the appearance of 3-4 true sheets.
- In the first half of June, after the temperature is finally established, the seedlings, which have been quenched beforehand, can be transplanted into open ground.
Typical diseases and pests
By nature, Chinese lemongrass has good immunity. The plant can become a victim of the following viruses and diseases:
- Fusarium This fungal disease most often affects young plants. Liana stops growing, shoots darken and become thin, the leaves turn yellow and fall off. Lemongrass roots become slimy and get a black tint.As a preventive measure against this disease, seeds are planted before planting in a solution of “Trichodermin” for 15–20 minutes. After that, this solution pours the soil on the site. The diseased plant should be immediately removed from the bed and destroyed. The soil on which the lemongrass was grown must be disinfected with potassium permanganate solution.
- Mealy dew. This disease can be recognized by a characteristic whitish bloom, which covers the leaves, stems and buds of an infected plant. The raid is like spilled flour, but over time it becomes denser and turns brown. Shoots that hit the disease, dry out and die. As preventive measures, the liana and the ground are dusted with a mixture of:
- crushed chalk
- sifted wood ash,
- colloidal sulfur.
- In the early stages of the disease, soda ash is used, taken in a proportion of 10-15 grams per 10 liters of water.
- In the most difficult cases, fungicides are used: Topaz, Scor, Kuprozan, HOM.
- Leaf spot. Also, the disease has the names: ascochitis, ramulariasis. Manifested in the form of patches of brown-beige color with a black-brown border of uneven shape, which appear on the leaves and stems. Gradually, plant tissues from the inside out are covered with black dots, after which they dry out and a hole forms at the spot. For the prevention of this disease, seeds are planted in potassium permanganate solution before planting. If disturbing symptoms are found, the affected leaves must be removed and burned. Spraying should also be carried out 2-3 times with an interval of 7-12 days with a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture or copper sulfate. The use of fungicides of biological origin is recommended.
Lemongrass Chinese is not only a decoration of the garden, but also brings very useful fruits that have healing properties. In order for the plant every year to bring a rich harvest of berries, rich in vitamins and microelements, it is not necessary to make a lot of effort. The plant has no special requirements for agrotechnology, Schizandra successfully adapts and bears fruit under various climatic and weather conditions.
Watch the video! How to grow lemongrass
Monoecious or dioecious
Lemongrass can be monoecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on the same plant). And sometimes it happens dioecious, bearing only the staminate or only pistillate flowers. Studies have shown that most often there are male plants (35–40%), annually forming only stamen flowers. But still dominated by plants with unstable over the years the ratio of staminate and pistillate flowers. In some years, they only form staminate, and in others, both staminate and pistillate flowers.
In lianas with an unstable type of fruiting, the appearance of certain flowers and, consequently, the yield depends on external conditions, primarily on the temperature, nutrition and soil moisture. In the garden it is better to plant monoecious lianas, which produce crops every year and do not require planting of a pollinator plant.
Flowers and fruits
Lemongrass flowers are 1.3–1.8 cm in diameter, creamy-white, with a delicate pleasant aroma. Male flowers are slightly smaller than female ones, with white stamens grown together over the entire length, so that only yellowish anthers remain free. After flowering, male flowers fall together with a pedicle. In female flowers, the pistil is greenish, consisting of numerous carpels. Small beetles and hymenoptera pollinate lemongrass (bees, wasps, bumblebees, etc.).
Lemongrass is unstable by late spring frosts. Vines bloom around May 25-31. Male flowers bloom 1-2 days earlier than female. Plants bloom for a week or two.
Lemongrass Chinese. Ripe berries brush
The fruit is a juicy group leaflet that resembles a cylindrical brush 2–16 cm long and contains (in the conditions of the Non-chernozem zone) from 2–4 to 15–25 red berries. The mass of the brush reaches 7–15 g. There are 1-2 seeds in each berry. In 1 g - up to 40–60 seeds. They germinate unevenly.
The fruits ripen in mid-September. Brushes can hang on vines until leaf fall (until the first half of October). During the period of full fruiting, up to 2.5 kg of fruits are obtained from one 15–20-year-old plant. In the conditions of the Leningrad region and north of the lemongrass gives abundant crops every 2-3 years. Such a periodicity of fruiting is primarily due to the influence of weather on the formation of flowers (in July-August).
Planting, growing on the trellis, care
The best landing time for central Russia is the end of April - the beginning of May.
For planting choose a well-lit (within 6-8 hours) and protected from the cold place. Heat and sun contribute to the establishment of a significant number of fruiting shoots. After planting the plants pritenyut for 2-3 weeks.
It is best to grow lemongrass on a trellis about 2 m in height. When plants are planted at a distance of 1 m from each other, they close in on the 3rd – 4th year, forming a solid wall.
The rhizome of lemongrass stem origin. It has a lot of sleeping buds. Awakening, they form shoots. The depth of the roots is from 5 to 15 cm, i.e. they are in the surface loose and fertile soil layer. Lemongrass prefers well-drained soils, light, with a neutral or slightly acid reaction. It does not tolerate dryness, therefore the basal space of vines mulch every year.
On heavy soils, it is recommended to add 10–12 kg of sand per pit (60 x 60 cm and a depth of 50 cm) to the landing pits. A drainage layer of gravel, rubble and coarse sand is laid on the bottom of the pit. When planting, 15–20 kg of rotted compost composed of leaf humus with horse manure is used as a nutrient soil. Organics contribute 2-3 times per season and watered. At the end of April, complex fertilizer is applied annually. In early September, give phosphorus-potassium fertilizer with simultaneous shallow loosening of the soil. At the same time, lemongrass is a frost-resistant plant, only the tops of annual growths freeze in extreme cold.
Cut lemongrass in the summer or autumn. Spring pruning causes the "crying" of shoots and their draining.
In order for lemongrass not to become infected with fungus diseases, it is necessary to carefully remove fallen leaves from under the plants, and at the end of April to spray the vines with Bordeaux liquid.
The easiest way to propagate lemongrass vegetatively - green cuttings, layering, shoots. The tops of young shoots on the cuttings are cut in early July. The bases of the cuttings are immersed in a solution of heteroauxin for 12–24 hours. Then they are planted in a hotbed with large river sand under the film.
Leaves of lemongrass are obtained from strong annual lianas, formed from rhizomatous shoots.
In April, before bud break, they are laid on loose soil, pinned and sprinkled with soil mixed with humus or peat (layer 10–15 cm thick). The top of the laid escape tied to the trellis. The roots of the layers appear on the 4–5th month. Within 2-3 years, an independent, well-developed root system is formed. Layers are separated from the parent plant and planted in a permanent place. The rhizome seedlings of lemongrass are separated from the mother plants in April - early May. To do this, dig 2-4 branches of shoots growing nearby, but far enough from an adult plant. Siblings immediately planted in a permanent place. Their roots can not stand even short-term drying. During the month, the planted offspring regularly water and shade from direct sunlight.
Chinese Lemongrass: Cultivation and Care
Not many people know that all parts of vines have in their composition useful substances and are used to prepare drugs for depression and chronic fatigue.
- Deciduous vine with a long stem belongs to the genus Magnoliavic.
- Fruits are bright red and collected in large brushes.
- Inflorescences resemble a magnolia.
- With age, the stem of the yellow liana becomes dark brown and becomes covered with bark.
- The leaves are scattered in several pieces each. The ends of the leaves are pointed, and their shape resembles an ellipse.
- The flowers are white and very fragrant. Flowering lasts two weeks, and begins in late May.
- Chinese lemongrass is quite prolific. So, from one liana can collect up to three kilograms of berries.
Lemongrass Chinese: planting and care
Lemongrass feels great in mild warm climates where there are no wintersand in the middle lane. In the first case, the planting of Schisandra Chinese is carried out in the fall, in October, so that during the winter it can strengthen and acclimatize. In the middle lane, landing is carried out only in the spring and not earlier than April. Despite the fact that creepers grow in height, the distance between them must be at least one meter. The same applies to the structure, near which the landing. Measure the distance from him at least one and a half meters.
He prefers a light soil with a high content of humus and good drainage. Place where to plant lemongrass, choose the lit. For planting are suitable seedlings, in which the height of the trunk is at least ten centimeters, and the roots are well developed. Too branched roots pruned.
Pit for seedlings should be not less than forty centimeters deep with a diameter of seventy centimeters. Put claydite or crushed stone on the bottom, and fill the pit with half the humus, ashes, superphosphate and leaf earth.
To feed the roots, the following mixture is prepared: mullein mixed with clay and water is added. Everything is mixed and the roots of the liana are dipped into this composition. They bury the root system so that the neck is on the surface of the earth. Earth tamped and make a mound. The soil is poured abundantly with water, and when it goes into the ground, sprinkle the hole with peat or humus.
Usually saplings vines very well take root. Caring for them is very simple. It is enough to water and cover them occasionally in case of a scorching sun. The best seedlings are considered two-year vines.
Much will depend on the location. When the vine is well protected from the winds and is in a warm place, then the appearance of magnolia vine will be healthy and blooming. Perfect western or eastern side of the plot.
Chinese lemongrass: planting seeds
This method of cultivation is very long and for this reason, little popular among gardeners. Seeds are prepared from autumn. Sow them in wet sand and mix them regularly. Dry sand constantly moistened. Store capacity with seeds in the cold place.
In late February, the tank is placed in a warm place and it should be there until the end of March. Then again moved to the refrigerator or basement. Thus, the seeds are forced to wake up and begin to germinate.
Planting seeds should be in the greenhouse on the garden. The soil for seeds is prepared as follows: park land mixed with river sand in a 2: 1 ratio. Top beds with seeds already planted sprinkled with peat. Water as needed, as it is impossible to pour the seeds with plenty of water. So, during the year they keep sprouts under a film in a greenhouse, and a year later, they grow without shelter. After two years, seedlings should be planted in a permanent place in the garden.
Lemongrass cultivation and care involves:
- Good soil moistening.
- Blackout from the scorching sun.
Feed lemongrass usually begin with the third year of life. For this purpose, saltpeter, bird droppings, ashes and superphosphate are used. By feeding saltpetre in spring, you will achieve lush foliage from your vine. In the summer, every two weeks, they water it with diluted bird droppings or other organic fertilizers. In the autumn they feed with ashes.
Fruits with flowers in Chinese Schizandra appear only in the fifth year of life. Now as a feeding you can use nitrophoska and potassium sulfate. Water the vine abundantly. So, for one irrigation spend up to five buckets of water for each liana.
Lemongrass is trimmed every year in early spring. Remove the top and double row vines.
Chinese lemongrass is poured abundantly. In the wild, this plant prefers to settle on wet soils. Even taking into account the fact that the root system is horizontally positioned and the roots practically do not go deep down, a lot of water is required.
They try to water with warm and separated water, after which the hole is covered with peat or moss in order to avoid its drying out.
Support for the Chinese lemongrass
That the plant had large and juicy berries on large tasselsusing trellis. Thus, the illumination of vines increases. It was observed that in a small shrub of fruits almost never occurs. Put the support as soon as they plant a sapling.
The support is a column with a height of about two and a half meters. They are deepened by sixty centimeters, and the distance between them must be at least three meters. Three rows of metal wire are stretched, and the distance between them should be sixty centimeters. As the vine grows, it is tied up each time to the next level. Young shoots are arranged in the form of a fan.
How to pick berries
In the fifth year of life, Chinese lemongrass begins to bear fruit. As soon as the fruits turn red, you can harvest. Tear off the fruit in clusters. Do it carefully so as not to damage the bones in the fruit, otherwise the taste of the berries will change and become bitter. Harvested fruits are processed the same day to avoid fermentation and mold.
Diseases and pests
The smell of Chinese lemongrass perfectly repels all pests, but diseases that are typical of garden plants cannot be avoided. The most common problems are:
- Sometimes on the leaves of lemongrass, you can see large dark spots with purple edging. Since the time spots disappear, and in their place remains a hole. This disease has a fungal character and is called phyllossticosis. It is possible to get rid of it with the help of preparations containing copper.
- Brown spots with black spots are caused by bacteria, which are also disposed of with copper-containing preparations.
- A common fungal disease - powdery mildew often affects Chinese lemongrass. The reason for its appearance is considered damp and cold. It looks like a whitish plaque on leaves with a rough, “powdery” surface. At the initial stage, it is treated with soda ash, and if it does not help, then with copper-containing preparations.
- Small brown spots called ascochitosis are treated with Bordeaux mixture.
- Saplings of Chinese Schizandra are sometimes affected by Fusarium. This fungus settles on the lower part of the stem and looks like a dark brown ring. Over time, the stem begins to soften and the plant dies. A sick seedling must be removed as long as it does not infect the rest. The soil where the diseased plant was watered with a weak solution of manganese.
- Spots of brown color with a bright middle is called Ramulariosis. This fungus is treated with fungicidal agents.
Medicinal properties of lemongrass
For the first time, Chinese healers turned to the medicinal properties of this plant. Since then, the popularity and fame of lemongrass as a doctor strengthened. At the moment, in many countries, plantations are grown for pharmaceutical needs.
The impact that berries and preparations of them have on the nervous system, it is difficult to overestimate. Not without reason, the northerners of the hunt, going on a hunt, took with them the berries of lemongrass. They not only helped restore performance, but also acted as an excellent sedative, allowing to concentrate and withstand severe frosts.
The fruits of this plant significantly improve visual acuity. Use the fruit during the treatment of depression and nervous exhaustion. Lemongrass has proven itself well for anemia and intestinal infections. It has antidote and can even withdraw from the post-alcohol or drug state.
At home, prepare the tincture of dry berries in a ratio of 1: 4. Berries infused in a dark place for two weeks. Then use the finished tincture of twenty grams per day after meals. This tool perfectly relieves fatigue. And the effect of it, unlike caffeine, acts gently without harm to the body.
From dried berries prepare the powder and add it to the tea, as a fortifying agent. No less useful tea is prepared from the leaves of Chinese Schizandra.
Juice from the berries of lemongrass is prepared as follows: berries picked and cleaned from the stalks are covered with sugar and left for three days. The resulting juice is poured into jars and stored in the refrigerator. They drink it together with hot tea, adding sugar instead of it, or use it as a syrup to desserts.
To prepare tea from lemongrass, you can use the branches of the plant. Those shoots that you cut in the summer, do not throw out, and chop and harvest for the winter. Thus, you will have an excellent vitamin drink until spring.
Characteristics of plants lemongrass
It is a lemongrass perennial plant with high decorative qualities. It is often called shizandra. Belongs to the genus of limonnikovyh, magnolia. Widely distributed in Primorsky and Khabarovsk, China, as well as on southern Sakhalin.
Below is a description of lemongrass:
- It has the appearance of a woody vine. The trunk in the wild is capable of reaching a height of 17 meters and a thickness of about 3 centimeters. Lemongrass wraps trunks of trees, shrubs. It has a lot of longitudinal lentils. The shoot is yellowish or dark brown. Оттенок зависит от возраста: молодые растения более светлые. Кора неровная и шелушащаяся.
- Листва эллиптической формы, имеет заостренную верхушку и клиновидное основание. Листочки очередные, растут по несколько штук в черешках розовато-коричневого окраса. Their length is 10 centimeters, while the width is 4 centimeters.
- It blooms not for long, from May to June. During this period, begins to emit a fragrance that attracts pollinating insects. It looks like a lemongrass flower to something like a magnolia. Painted in white or pale pink tone.
- After the flowering period is over, spherical red-colored fruits appear that form a spike-like brush. They are soft, juicy, have a thin peel. The taste is interesting and multifaceted: the flesh is slightly sour, and the peel is sweet.
The berries of Chinese lemongrass are used actively and in many areas. With one liana usually collect about 3 kilograms of the crop. Lemongrass berries are especially in demand in China. There, this plant is loved more than any other fruit crops. Shizandra make teas, desserts, jams. Residents of our country also appreciate the taste of lemongrass. A lot of useful information in the article: Juniper: healing properties and contraindications for humans.
Useful properties and harm
Eastern healers actively apply the healing properties of this plant to cure a multitude of ailments, to restore mental and physical strength. Experienced domestic growers are also aware of the usefulness of this crop. Before growing Chinese lemongrass: the benefits and harm should be carefully studied.
The benefits of Chinese lemongrass
Shizandra berries contain large quantities of citric, tartaric, malic acids, fatty acids, vitamins C, A, E.
There are also trace elements such as magnesium, iron, zinc and selenium. Fresh fruits have some sugar in their composition. Dried specimens possess tannins, pectin elements, essential oils, saponins and carotenoids. Knowing how useful lemongrass, you can successfully treat with it various ailments. Moreover, for healing purposes, they use not only berries, but also leaves, roots, flowers, twigs and even bark.
Gives the correct use of lemongrass berries such effect:
- Improving the psycho-emotional state. Helps with depression and stress. In the countries of the East, the plant is used to maintain a high level of productivity throughout the day.
- Normalization of the heart. Some medicines are made on the basis of Chinese magnolia.
- Stimulating and energetic. Pharmacists use lemongrass seeds to create medicines that relieve sleepiness, mental and physical fatigue, and remove apathy.
- Improving the functioning of the liver. Regular consumption contributes to the fact that liver cells are restored. Sunflower seeds contain fat-soluble elements that protect the liver from toxins. The product is useful for patients with hepatitis.
- Maintain hormonal balance. Schizandr improves the functioning of the adrenal glands. The berries contain phytoestrogens. Therefore, the fruits of this plant are shown in premenstrual syndrome, menopause.
- Suppression of the growth of cancer cells.
Harm from the use of culture
The majority of reviews of Chinese Schizandra are positive, but some consumers have a negative impact. Usually there is harm due to improper use of the product.
The following are contraindications and possible negative effects:
- If you exceed the dosage, the work of the central nervous system is inhibited, the functioning of the intestine and stomach is disturbed, insomnia and depression appear. Every day it is allowed to eat no more than 2-6 berries.
- Pregnant and lactating women should stop using schizandra.
- Not recommended product for those who have peptic ulcer, heartburn, increased intracranial pressure, epilepsy.
- In rare cases, lemongrass causes an allergic reaction. Therefore, eating berries should start with a small amount and monitor the condition of the body. Usually, if there is intolerance, it appears after an hour after eating the fruit and lasts no more than 6 hours.
- Sometimes, as a side effect, there is an increase in blood pressure, tachycardia and headache.
The main thing is to take this product correctly. Then no complications should arise. Knowing what constitutes a lemongrass: the benefits and harms of its use, really improve health.
How to grow Chinese lemongrass at their summer cottage?
To get a cottage or indoor lemongrass: the cultivation and care of it must be organized correctly. Propagated seed culture. They can be purchased at a specialty store or you can collect the material yourself. This is real if the schizandra already grows on its own plot or near its neighbors.
Seed preparation and sowing
So that the cultivation of Chinese lemongrass from the seeds was successful, and shoots quickly appeared, the seeds were stratified before planting. The highest results are achieved if the berries collected in the fall were stored whole and not peeled for a long time. Clean the seed from pulp in early January. It is thoroughly washed and immersed in cold water for several days, changing daily fluid.
To grow a good Chinese lemongrass: planting and care should be carried out according to this algorithm:
- Take sand, calcined well. Pour it into the box.
- Seeds are buried in the substrate.
- The container is kept at a temperature of about +20 degrees.
- A month later, transfer the capacity to the garden area and cover with a thick layer of snow. In this state, the seeds spend another 30 days.
- Then the box is kept for two weeks in a cool place, where the temperature level is about +10 degrees. After this preparation, the hard shell of the seeds cracks, which facilitates the germination process.
- Planted seeds are sown in a container or box filled with a mixture of sand and humus. The material is laid out on the surface and covered with a 0.5 cm layer of substrate.
- Abundantly irrigate.
- Cover the container with a sheet of paper to maintain moisture.
Usually already after 10 days sprouts appear. We must remember that during the period of germination and development of lemongrass is highly susceptible to fungal infections. In order to avoid disease should be treated with a weak manganese solution. When the shoots formed 5 of these leaves, make a pick. At a permanent place of growth culture planted in early June.
If the cultivation of Chinese lemongrass and caring for them properly, the plant will turn out beautiful, healthy, will give a good harvest of healthy fruits. The first few years Shizandra poorly tolerates exposure to direct sunlight. Therefore, it is recommended to build a cover. Liana needs a vertical support. Otherwise, the sapling will start to give root growth, it will thrive.
Lemongrass, grown from seeds, begins to bloom quite late - for the 7th year. But this method of reproduction has an important advantage over other methods: male and female flowers are formed on the liana. And this allows you to get a good harvest from one plant.
Conclusions about growing Chinese lemongrass
Thus, the article considered an interesting lemongrass plant: growing and caring for a crop. It should be noted that the content of the flower unpretentious. However, the seed method of multiplying it requires considerable effort and time. There are different varieties of lemongrass, but its Chinese variety is especially in demand. It has high decorative parameters, healing properties, unusual lemon flavor and good taste. We advise you to look at the article about the cultivation of tulips with the help of bulbs and seeds.
Gallery: Chinese lemongrass (25 photos)
Harm and contraindications
Despite all the advantages of the Chinese "miracle doctor" there are contraindications to the use. You can not use the drugs and the plant in such cases:
- Congenital pathologies of the central nervous system,
- Convulsions, epilepsy, nervous agitation and insomnia,
- Heart, kidney and liver disease,
- Traumatic brain injury
- Increased intracranial pressure, hypertension,
- Allergy and personal intolerance, etc.
Remember! You can not do self-medication! Before taking any drug or decoctions based on the plant, consult a doctor.
Planting Chinese magnolia
The plant is grown not only for medicinal purposes, cooking, but also as an ornamental decoration of the garden. Experienced growers know all the details, how to plant and how to take care of Chinese lemongrass.
Under natural conditions, the Chinese doctor grows on weakly acidic and acidic soils, well drained and rich in organic fertilizers. For planting in the open field on the plot, it is necessary to choose a place on the sunny side, to prepare the soil - to dig up the plot and fertilize it with organic matter. After that, let it stand for about 2-3 weeks.
The best time for planting a young plant is October, in a strip with an average climate - in April. For good yields, gardeners recommend planting at least three seedlings at a distance of 1 m in a row. Before or after planting, you need to install a strong support, along which the vine will curl.
For planting, it is necessary to dig a trench 60 cm wide and 40 cm deep, lay drainage at the bottom - expanded clay, broken bricks, shards or crushed stone. If the soil has not been fertilized beforehand, the soil is prepared by mixing 1 part of the sheet compost, 1 part of the humus and 1 part of the soddy earth, for greater enrichment use additives from superphosphate and wood ash.
In the trench, the ground is poured by a hill, on the top of a mound they spread the roots of the seedling, soaked beforehand in a clay talker (1 liter of mullein per 1 bucket). Horns have superficial horses, so no need to bury them deeply, the root system should be flush with the edge of the planting pit. After laying the root system, the pit is filled with prepared soil, trampled around the trunk and carefully watered.
Growing Schisandra Chinese is not troublesome, but you still have to work hard. The main care is planting, watering, loosening the soil, removing weeds, garter to the support and autumn pruning. Landing we have disassembled above, so move on to the list.
During the period of growth requires careful, but moderate watering. In the hot season - evening spraying. During the growing season, watering is special - up to 6 buckets of water are poured under the bush at a time. To retain moisture on hot days, cover the roots with organic mulch.
When growing Chinese vines do not forget to loosen the soil and remove weeds. Loosening is carried out after abundant watering, when the soil dries out, and the weeds are removed as they appear. You should not ignore these processes, because with loosening the soil, oxygen is supplied to the roots and the plant “breathes”, and this is an integral part of care.
Feeding is carried out every 2-3 weeks during the summer. The best fertilizer - the composition of water and mullein 1:10 or chicken litter 1:20. Top dressing start from the age of three. During the flowering period, the vine is fertilized with nitrophosphate.
Garter vines - one of the main conditions of care. When planting plants establish a strong support on which in the future young shoots and branches are distributed. This contributes to the cultivation of large crops and decorative decoration of the facade of the house, gazebo or hedge.
Pruning is carried out in the spring and autumn of a three-year-old liana. Having a strong root system, it drives out several young shoots, for growing good yields choose the strongest and well-formed branches from 3 to 6 pieces. Weak and deformed are removed. In the autumn, after harvesting and leaf fall, the old, improperly formed, dried branches are removed; it is also worth removing the vine, which has been bearing fruit well for the last 3-4 years, to form new young lianas.
Recommendations for growing in other regions
They grow up a wonderful liana not only in the Far Eastern regions, but also in the Moscow Region, which is familiar to us. Decorative gazebos and arches lined with lemongrass vines, look gorgeous and attract the attention of passersby, and the harvest is used as tea, infusions and delicious healthy juice. Lemongrass in the Moscow region has been found not for the first year, it is also widely distributed in other regions of Russia. Cultivation of decorative vines in the open field does not require much effort, care and watering remains the same, but the plant, wintering the first year, should be removed from the support and covered from strong frosts with a layer of straw or a sheet mound, and in the spring the flooring is opened.
Features of lemongrass
Lemongrass is a deciduous vine, reaching a length of 10 to 15 meters. Its shoots curl on a support and reach 20 mm in diameter. Peeling bark of the stems has a dark brown color. Shoots covered with a light yellow smooth bark. The length of the dense leaf plates is about 10 centimeters, and the width is about 5 centimeters; they have a wedge-shaped base, a pointed tip, and an obscure-toothed edge. Their front surface is bare dark green in color, and the purl is lighter and has weak pubescence on the veins. The leaves have scapes, reaching a length of 20-30 mm, they are painted in red-pink color. Foliage and shoots have a lemon smell. Dissolubly flowers in diameter reach 15 mm, they also smell like lemon. After opening, the flowers are white, but eventually turn pink. They are located in the leaf sinuses on the drooping pedicels. The fruit is a multi-team team (multi-face), which has a racemose shape and a length of about 10 centimeters. They are composed of juicy red berries, inside of which are the seeds of this plant. Lemongrass blooms in May and June, and the duration of its flowering from 1.5 to 2 weeks. The fruits reach full maturity in September.
Lemongrass fruit is used to make jams, jelly and soft drinks. They are also used in the confectionery industry, of which they prepare toppings for sweets. Its juice is used for wine packaging, and fragrant tea is made from foliage and bark. Lemongrass berries are used as a medicinal raw material.
What time to plant
In regions with a mild climate, lemongrass is planted in open soil in October; in mid-latitudes, this procedure is recommended to be carried out in spring, or more precisely, in the last days of April or the first - in May. A plot suitable for planting should be sunny and protected from the cold wind. Experienced gardeners recommend planting at least three Schizandra bushes at once, while keeping a distance of 100 cm between them. When planting plants near the building, at least 150 cm should retreat from it, in this case water flowing from the roof will not fall on the root system of schisandra.
First you need to prepare a pit for planting. Its diameter can vary from 0.5 to 0.7 m, while the depth should be equal to 0.4 m. At the bottom of the pit it is necessary to make a drainage layer of broken brick or crushed stone, while its thickness should be about 10 centimeters. After this, the pit should be filled with a soil mixture containing turf ground, sheet compost and humus (1: 1: 1), it is also necessary to pour 200 grams of superphosphate and 0.5 kg of wood ash into it. It will be possible to plant the seedlings after half a month, during which time the soil in the pits will have time to compact and settle.
For planting, it is recommended to use two or three year old seedlings. In height at this time they reach only 10-15 centimeters. Their root system is very well developed, so adaptation in a new place takes very little time. It should be noted that after the plant is planted, its root collar should be flush with the surface of the plot. The soil in the wheel circle must be properly compacted. Planted plant needs abundant watering. Along the edge of the circle of a circle, it is necessary to make a roller of ten centimeter high ground, thanks to which the water will not flow when it is watered. After the liquid is absorbed into the soil, the surface of the stem should be covered with a layer of mulch (humus).
Caring for lemongrass in the garden
Seedlings of lemongrass planted in open ground quickly enough take root, but at first they need protection from the direct rays of the sun. It is very simple to care for such a plant, it needs to be watered in time, not very deeply loosen the surface of the trunk circle and remove weeds. During a severe drought, the foliage of this plant should be sprayed with water. An adult specimen in drought also needs to provide regular watering and spraying, with an average of about 60 liters of water being consumed per bush, which must necessarily be heated in the sun.
In the third year of growth, this liana is started to be fed. So, in April, 20–30 grams of saltpeter should be applied to the soil of the tree circle, after which the plant will need abundant watering. When the liquid is absorbed into the soil, its surface should be covered with a layer of mulch (humus or sheet compost). In the summer, every 15–20 days, the plant should be fed with a solution of fermented mullein (1:10) or chicken manure (1:20). В осеннее время под каждую лиану в приствольный круг необходимо внести по 20 грамм суперфосфата и по 100 грамм древесной золы, их заделывают на глубину около 10 сантиметров. Затем растение следует хорошо полить.
Опоры для лимонника
Для выращивания такой лианы понадобятся шпалеры. Данный способ размещения позволит лимоннику получать большее количество солнечного света, а это крайне положительно влияет на величину плодов. If it is grown without support, it will be a small bush, while it will give fruit very rarely. Installation of the trellis is carried out in the same year as the planting of seedlings. To make it, you need to prepare the pillars, their height should be such that after they are buried in the ground by 60 centimeters, above the surface of the site, they would rise 200-250 centimeters. Between the posts you need to keep a distance of 300 centimeters. When they are installed, they need to pull the wire in 3 rows: the first row should be made at a height of half a meter from the surface of the site, and the second and third - every 0.7–1 meter. While young bushes are tied to the lowest wire. As the stems grow, they need to be tied to the wires that are higher.
If this vine is planted not far from the building, then in this case the ladder will be able to replace the ladder, which is installed obliquely.
This culture can hit leaf spot. Infected specimens on the lower surface of the leaf plates appear blurred specks of brown color with black pycnidia dots. This disease has one peculiarity in that it can be bacterial or fungal in nature. To cure a vine it needs to be sprayed with a preparation containing copper in its composition.
If large, almost black spots with purple edging appeared on the leaf plates, this means that the plant is infected with leaf fillostosis. In some cases, the spotted tissue in the center is painted and falls out, and a hole appears in its place. As a rule, only old foliage is affected by this disease. Treat infected plants as well as in the case of spotting.
If lemongrass is infected with ascohitosis, then spots of brown color are formed on its surface, reaching a size of 2 cm, while they have distinct zones. Sick bush should be sprayed with Bordeaux mixture solution (1%).
Also lemongrass can get such fungal disease as Ramulariosis. On the affected specimen brown single spots are formed, angular or rounded, while their central part has a paler color, a pink patina appears on it. The diseased plant must be treated with a fungicide.
At defeat by mealy dew on a surface of escapes and sheet plates the friable raid of a whitish color appears. Gradually the bloom becomes dense and brown. If the disease is at the initial stage, then you can get rid of it by treating the bush with soda ash. If the disease is started, then it will be necessary to use a preparation containing copper for spraying.
The seedling of this plant is susceptible to fusarium. Because of it the waist is formed in the lower part of a small stalk (dark ring). After some time, the escape in this place becomes soft, which leads to the death of the plant. The infected plant must be pulled out, and the substrate must be shed by a weak solution of manganese potassium.
Growing lemongrass in the suburbs
In Moscow, Chinese lemongrass grows very well. This culture is grown in Siberia and the Urals, as it has a high frost resistance. Lemongrass is not afraid of frost, especially if the bush is covered with a thick snowdrift. However, young plants for the winter should be covered necessarily. To do this, they fall asleep with a thick (10–15 centimeters) layer of fallen leaves, over which lapnik is piling over to scare off rodents. The adult liana does not need shelter for the winter.
Types and varieties of lemongrass
Gardeners cultivates only 1 species - it is Far Eastern Schizandra, or Chinese. This species has 2 varieties:
- Firstborn. Mid-season variety, characterized by resistance to frost, pests and diseases. The cylindrical fruit consists of fragrant carnic-red fruit, reaching about 0.7 cm in diameter and weighing 0.6 grams. Sour juicy pulp is colored in rich red color. Fruits are covered with thin skin, if you press them down, the juice will stand out quite easily.
- Garden-1. This variety is characterized by rapid growth and high yield. In one fruit about 25 sour, fragrant and very juicy fruitlets grow.
Lemongrass, as well as products based on it, have practically no contraindications. It is not necessary to abuse lemongrass with an increased acidity of the stomach, with high blood pressure, and also to people suffering from insomnia and easily excitable. Pregnant and breast-feeding women, before eating lemongrass, you should consult with your doctor.