Spicy and medicinal herbs

Sand Sedge (Carex arenaria)

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Sand sedge is a perennial herbaceous medicinal plant belonging to the sedge family of the sedge family. It has a long creeping root with a characteristic odor. The stem of this grass is slightly curved, triangular in shape, well pubescent, with a slight roughness. The leaves are narrow, vaginal, very hard. The edge of the sheet is sharp and can easily cause a deep cut when careless touch, which should be considered when harvesting raw materials. Sedge flowers are small, greenish color, collected in inflorescence spike. Her fruit is a nutlet.

Sand sedge is widespread in Northern Europe, Atlantic Europe, and European Russia. The plant chooses sandy soil in pine forests or on the banks of reservoirs.

The chemical composition of sand sedge

Unfortunately, despite the fact that the plant is medicinal, traditional medicine does not recognize it, and therefore studies of its composition have practically not been conducted. According to the results of the few studies of sand sedge in the plant, saponins, essential oil, bitterness, coumarins, silicic acid, tannins, glycosides, resins and starch were found. There can be no doubt that this is not the full composition of the plant, since the herb has shown itself well in traditional medicine. If classical medicine becomes interested in sedge sand, the composition of the plant will be fully studied and the list of medicinal substances in it will, of course, significantly expand.

What helps sand sedge

Healers from ancient times apply the healing properties of a plant for many ailments. They prescribe sand sedge to their patients as: diaphoretic, choleretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, emollient, expectorant, metabolism improving, diuretic and tonic. In many ways, these medicinal properties of the plant are similar to the action of the plant sassaparille, which grows in the tropics and is highly valued in traditional and traditional medicine.

As an expectorant and anti-inflammatory drug, sedge is prescribed for bronchitis, pneumonia, bronchial asthma, whooping cough, tuberculosis and bronchospasm. By activating the production of liquid mucus, the plant contributes to the liquefaction of viscous, poorly separated sputum and its excretion. In addition, eliminating inflammatory processes, the grass allows you to remove bouts of hysterical cough and quickly improve the condition of the patient. The sedative property of sand sedge is also very useful for pneumonia and tuberculosis. It is only necessary to take into account that for these two diseases, sedge can not be the main remedy and should be used only as an effective supplement to traditional therapy.

In the case of colitis, in which constipation and flatulence are observed, sandy sedge will also help. She not only treats a sick intestine, but also removes two of the most unpleasant symptoms of colitis as quickly as possible. Adjusting the digestion and reducing the production of gases, sand sedge for several days can repeatedly improve the condition of the patient, and with consistent use - and completely rid of any manifestations of the disease. Can treat the plant and flatulence due to other reasons.

Vasculitis is another indication for treatment with sedge. Due to the fact that the herb has a strong anti-inflammatory effect, it can easily cope with the disease in the initial stage. In the event that only small vessels of the skin are affected by inflammation, sand sedge may even become the primary means of treatment.

Sandy sedge is also effective as a blood-purifying plant. It is able to bind and excrete toxic substances, bad cholesterol and to some extent heavy metals. To cleanse the body, herbalists advise to take the sedge intake once a year.

In the case of neurodermatosis and psoriasis, herbalists also advise using plant-based medications. They will eliminate unpleasant sensations and relieve inflammation, which will improve the appearance of the skin. In some cases, these diseases can be treated only by means of sedge.

Inflammation of the joints is also a reason to remember the medicinal herb. Positively affecting the metabolic processes in the body, sandy sedge contributes to the launch of the process of self-healing of the articular cartilage, and its anti-inflammatory and analgesic actions can significantly improve the condition of the patient in a minimum period of time. Improvements are observed even in the case when the disease is very running.

The ability of the plant to restore a healthy metabolism can be used in treating problems such as overweight or underweight. Normalizing the processes of assimilation of certain substances, sandy sedge, though not quickly, but returns weight to normal.

The grass also positively affects the thyroid gland. It effectively strengthens it, helps normal functioning and protects the body from neoplasms.

In diseases of the kidneys and urinary system sand sedge has also found its use. In the case of cystitis, inflammation of the ureters and the formation of sand in the kidneys, the grass will be simply indispensable. Thanks to her, it is possible to improve the urinary system, almost without resorting to medical drugs.

Due to the fact that the plant contributes to the rapid replenishment of iron deficiency in the body, it is successfully used in the treatment of anemia. Positive changes in the patient's condition can be seen after several days of treatment.

Sand sedge is also an effective means to strengthen the immune system. Many healers compare its effect with the effect on the immunity of the popular Echinacea.

Contraindications for treatment of sedge sand

Contraindications for treating sedge sand are not very many, but they are serious and can not be neglected. Be sure to have to give up this medicinal plant, if any:

  • pyelonephritis,
  • glomerulonephritis,
  • diarrhea,
  • stomach ulcer,
  • allergic reaction to drugs from sedge sand.

In addition, compulsory consultation with a physician requires the use of sand sedge for internal use in pregnant women, nursing mothers, children under 3 years old and the elderly over 80 years old.

Preparation of medicinal raw materials

Sandy sedge root is dug out in late autumn or early spring until the above-ground part of the plant appears. Having cleaned the rhizome well, it is cut into small pieces and dried, spreading it out in a thin layer on a cloth in a warm, dry room where direct sunlight does not fall. Deposited roots are removed when they become brittle. Raw materials are kept in hermetically sealed glassware for no more than 24 months. The optimal period of use of harvested raw materials is a period of 18 months, since later the healing properties of the plant begin to decline gradually.

In medicine

Sand sedge is not a pharmacopoeial plant, but is known for its beneficial properties in traditional medicine, homeopathy. For therapeutic purposes, use the rhizome of a plant that has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, diaphoretic, enveloping, choleretic, expectorant, diuretic, blood purifying and metabolism-improving action.

The plant is successfully used for medicinal purposes in many European countries. In German folk medicine, sedge root in the form of decoctions is used in the treatment of catarrhal diseases (bronchitis, pleurisy, and pneumonia). A decoction of sedge rhizomes is considered an effective expectorant with a long dry cough. Infusions of the plant are effective for gout, rheumatism, chronic constipation and help to improve digestion. In Austria and Bulgaria, the sedge rhizome is used in the form of decoction, cold extraction for diseases of the digestive system, gout, bronchitis, anemia, pulmonary tuberculosis. In the Baltics, sand sedge infusions help with syphilis and endocrine disruption.

Contraindications and side effects

Despite a number of useful properties, the plant has some contraindications. Sand sedge is not recommended to be used for gastric ulcer, gastritis, digestive problems, diarrhea, flatulence, colitis. Sand sedge and herbal remedies are not recommended for pregnant and lactating women, children, as well as persons suffering from diseases of the excretory system, in particular acute inflammatory processes in the kidneys and bladder.

In cosmetology

Possessing many useful properties, sand sedge has found wide application in cosmetology. Sedge oil-based cosmetic creams are effective for whitening facial skin, getting rid of age spots and freckles. Sedge oil is included in many cosmetics for depilation, since the active components of the plant oil stop hair growth on the skin. Sedge has antioxidant properties, actively fights age wrinkles and returns health and youth to fading skin as part of age skin care products. Decoction of the root of the plant helps with strong hair loss, it returns shine and health.

Botanical description

Sand sedge is a perennial, herbaceous plant with a long (up to 8-10 m) cord-shaped, with easily exfoliating bark, smelling rhizome. On the rhizome ground shoots are formed. Stems of a triangular shaped plant, slightly rough, densely pubescent in its upper part. The leaves are narrowly linear, hard, vaginal, rough, their edges are sharp. In May-June, small same-sex flowers appear on the shoots. They are collected in numerous (6-15), oblong spikelets. Lower, female spikelets consist of pistillate flowers, upper male ones - from filaments. Ovary is single-celled, enveloped in an oblong-ovate, brown sheath in the form of a sac, in which there is a threadlike column with a two-part stigma. Stamens - three. The fruit of the sedge nut is coated.

Spread

The area of ​​sedge sand is quite wide, covering the southern part of Northern Europe, the Baltic countries, Atlantic Europe, the European part of Russia. Sedge - a common plant in the Crimea, in Ukraine. Sand sedge prefers to grow in coastal, river and lake unfixed sands, shores, in pine forests near water bodies on wet sandy soil.

Preparation of raw materials

For therapeutic purposes, use the underground part of the plant - sandy sedge rhizomes, which are harvested in early spring before the beginning of the growing season of the plant, or after the plants wither (in late autumn). The roots are cleaned from the soil, cut into equal lengths, about 10 cm long. They dry the raw material in the shade, spread it out in a thin layer on racks or at a temperature of 40 ° C in a dryer. Rhizomes need to be dried for a long period in order to avoid mold until the roots become brittle. Medicinal raw sedge sand can be stored in paper bags no more than 3 years.

Pharmacological properties

In a number of laboratory studies conducted by European scientists, special biologically active substances, saponins, whose chemical composition is close to the saponins of rhizomes of a valuable tropical sassaparilla plant, have been identified in sedge rhizomes. Saponins promote the dilution of sputum in the body and remove it from the bronchi, moreover, the synthesis of corticosteroids is accelerated, the regulation of water-salt metabolism, activation of the thyroid hormones, and the immune system are also noted. Due to its medicinal properties, sand sedge shows antiseptic, choleretic, diuretic, diaphoretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, blood purifying, enveloping (emollient), expectorant action.

Use in traditional medicine

About the healing properties of sand sedge are known in folk medicine in Austria, Bulgaria, Germany and several other European countries. Infusions and decoctions of rhizomes of plants used for colds, strong cough, tracheobronchitis and bronchitis, pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis. Sedge decoctions are effective for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by diarrhea, intestinal colic, meteorism, and constipation. The use of sand sedge is advisable for gout, rheumatism. Effective sedge in the form of decoctions for violations of the glands of the endocrine system, diseases of the bladder. Baths and lotions with the addition of sediment decoction are effective for skin diseases (psoriasis, eczema, furuncles, lichen planus, dermatitis of various origins). Sand sedge and herbal remedies improve blood composition, are used for anemia.

In German, Bulgarian and Austrian folk medicine, bronchitis, pleurisy, constipation, gout, rheumatism are treated with decoctions of rhizomes. Tea made from grass and sedge roots improves digestion. Broths of sedge rhizomes are recommended to be used externally for collagenosis, lupus erythematosus. Infusion of sedge rinse hair after washing with the aim of stopping their strong loss.

History reference

Sand sedge is known for its healing properties since ancient times. Zemstvo doctors recommended a decoction of sedge rhizomes for rheumatic pains, gout and syphilis. Since in the history of world medicine the roots of the South American plant sassaparilla were considered the only remedy for syphilis, the roots of sedges could adequately replace the exotic plant according to scientific claims. Therefore sandy sedge was harvested by Russian herbalists in rather large quantities. From about the 50s of the 20th century, the world saw the publication of well-known phytotherapeutists regarding the practical use of sand sedge: N.G. Kovaleva (Moscow), S.A. Tomilin (Kiev), N.I. Solomchenko (Donetsk) and others.

The scientific name of the genus Osoka, probably related to the other Greek. κείρω - “I cut” displays the sharp edges of the leaves of the plant with microscopic sawtooth teeth. The author of the name of the sedge is Karl Linnaeus. He described the genus in Species plantarum (1753) and Genera plantarum (1754).

Literature

1. Egorova T. V. The Osokovye family (Cyperaceae) // Plant Life. In 6 t. T. 6. Flowering plants / Under. ed. A. Takhtadzhyan. - M .: Enlightenment, 1982. - 484 p.

2. Krechetovich V.I. Genus 235. Osok - Carex // Flora of the USSR. In 30 t. / Ch. ed. Acad. V.L. Komarov, Ed. volume B. K. Shishkin. - M. —L .: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1935. - T. III. - pp. 133-134.

3. Egorova T. V. Osoky (Carex L.) of Russia and adjacent states (within the limits of the former USSR). - SPb., St. Louis: St. Petersburg State Chemical Academy and Missouri Botanical Garden, 1999. - 772 p.

4. Egorova T. V. The Osokovye family (Cyperaceae) // Plant Life. In 6 t. T. 6. Flowering plants / Under. ed. A. Takhtadzhyan. - M .: Enlightenment, 1982. - 484 p.

5. Antimicrobial substances of higher plants ”/ ed. V.G. Drobotko and others, - Kiev, 1958. - 346 p.

Description and photo sedge sand

In the scientific literature sandy sedge known under the Latin name Carex arenaria L., belongs to the family of the Osokovyh (Cyperaceae). In the people it is often called reed grass, otosnitsa, sandy root, root of sea grass or red wheat grass.
Medical name - sedge rhizome - Caricis arenariae rhizoma.
Sand sedge - perennial herbaceous plant, sometimes reaching a height of 1 m. The rhizome is creeping, sometimes more than 10 m in length, is parallel to the surface of the earth. Stems - smooth, triangular, rough at the top. Leaves - hard, folded, linear, pointed at the ends. Each escape of sedge crowned with a spike inflorescence. The flowers are small spikelets, greenish at first, then with a red tinge. The fruit is an oblong nutlet. Sand sedge blooms in May-June, bears fruit in August. Sand sedge is propagated by seeds or by dividing a bush. The plant is distributed in the temperate climate of Europe (Ukraine, part of Russia), Asia, and occasionally in North America. You can meet sedge in forests and steppes, on sandy and wet swampy places, on sea shores.

Medicinal raw materials, mainly in folk medicine, is sandstone sedge rhizome. Harvested raw materials late in the fall (October) or early in the spring (April). Carefully dig up the rhizomes, shake off the ground, cut into pieces of 10 cm. Dry the raw materials in the shade, you can also use the dryer (at a temperature of 40ºС). As soon as the rhizomes of sandy sedge become brittle, the raw material is ready. Sand sedge can be stored for 2 years.

Useful and healing properties of sand sedge

The chemical properties of sand sedge. The following active substances were found in the plant's rhizome: saponin, resins, tannins, mucus, coumarin, silicic acid, starch, essential oil, bitter glycoside, gum, mineral salts, asparagine.
The healing properties of sand sedge. Thoroughly the effect of the plant has not been studied. However, it is known that preparations of sand sedge have diaphoretic, choleretic, diuretic and mild laxative effects. Sedge also has analgesic, mildly expectorant, emollient and blood purifying effect. Regulates and improves the body's metabolism, improves the digestive process.

The use of sand sedge in folk medicine

It so happened that in official medicine the sand sedge has not found application, which cannot be said about its use in the people, where the plant is used to treat many diseases.The main indications for the use of preparations of sand sedge are the following diseases: colds (bronchitis, pneumonia, severe cough), cardiovascular diseases, bronchial asthma, pulmonary tuberculosis, gout, rheumatism,
dysfunction of the endocrine glands, diseases of the bladder, skin diseases (rashes, irritations, psoriasis, eczema). Sand sedge is taken and as a means of improving blood composition.
Sedge is also used for gastrointestinal diseases, which are accompanied by diarrhea and colic. Apply drugs in various ways, namely: in the form of a decoction, tea, infusion, tincture, extracts - inwards, and externally - baths, and also with a decoction of the plants wash their heads with strong hair loss.

Folk recipes from sand sedge

1. Infusion cook like this: 2 tsp Raw materials (crushed rhizomes of sedge sand) pour 2 tbsp. boiled water, insist, then filter. Drink 2-3 times a day, 100 ml with a strong cough, runny nose, also taken with flatulence, constipation and skin rashes.
2. Decoction cook like this: 2 tbsp. raw materials pour 300 ml of boiling water, hold for 20 minutes over low heat, insist 6-7 hours, filter. The broth is taken 2-3 times a day, 50 ml of a glass for 20 minutes before a meal for pneumonia, bronchitis, pulmonary tuberculosis. This decoction is used externally for conjunctivitis, rheumatism, rhinitis, and also helps to get rid of dandruff.
3. Tea take with angina and bronchitis. Prepare like this: full 2 ​​tsp. raw materials pour 250 ml of water, boil, infuse for 10 minutes, filter, cool. Take a cup 2-3 times a day for the entire period of the disease.
4. With rheumatism - take 1 tbsp. raw materials, pour 500 ml of boiling water, insist 2 hours, filter. Take 4 times a day for 1/2 cup.
5. For bath preparation - take 3 tbsp. raw materials, pour 1 liter of boiled water, keep on fire for half an hour. Ready decoction, pre-strain, poured into the bathroom.

Culture description

The root system of the grass is long-creeping, with a characteristic odor. The trunk is slightly curved, triangular in shape, perfectly pubescent, with a roughness. The leaves are narrow, fairly solid. The edge of the sheet is sharp and able to cause a strong cut with an imprudent touch, which must be taken into account when harvesting raw materials.

Sedge flowers are small, grass colored, composed into an inflorescence of an ear. Fruit - in the form of a nut. The grass is widespread in the European part of Russia, the North and the Atlantic part of Europe, where it can grow in unlimited quantities. Prefers plant to grow on sandstones and soils in coniferous (more often pine) forests or along the banks of reservoirs.

Organic composition of sedge

Despite the fact that the plant is a drug, classical medicine does not recognize it, and as a result, research on its structure was not conducted in essence.

According to the results of small research projects on sedge, the grass was identified as: essential oils, saponins, coumarins, bitterness, tannins, starch, silicic acid, resins, glycosides. The fact that all of the above is not a complete composition of this herb can not be fluctuated, due to the fact that the plant has perfectly represented itself in folk medical practice. If sedge nevertheless turns out to be interested in classical medicine, and the constituent plants will be studied fully, the table of medicinal substances contained in it will significantly expand.

Healing properties

Osoku has long been used as a helix, anesthetic, diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory, emollient, coughing, improving metabolism, diuretic, as well as a general tonic.

In most cases, these healing properties of the plant are similar to the action of such a rather rare plant, like sassaparelle. It does not occur in our strip, but grows only in the tropics and is highly respected not only in folk but also in traditional medicine. In the role of a coughing and anti-inflammatory drug, sedge is prescribed for such diseases as pneumonia, bronchitis, whooping cough, bronchial asthma, bronchospasm, tuberculosis.

Stimulating the production of watery mucus, the plant is conducive to the dilution of the spongy, difficult separating sputum and removing it from the body. More than this, eliminating inflammatory processes, sedge plant helps to remove seizures coughing and speeding up the patient’s condition soon. Anesthetic characteristic of her also turns out to be extremely useful in tuberculosis and pneumonia.

It is necessary only to take note of the fact that for these two diseases, sedge is not capable of being the main drug and should be used only as an effective supplement to traditional treatment. In the case of colitis, in which there is flatulence and constipation, sedge is also able to assist.

She not only heals upset intestines, but also quickly removes the two most unpleasant indicated signs of colitis. By reducing the production of gases and adjusting the digestive system, a sandy sedge plant can improve the patient’s quality of life many times over the course of a couple of days and, if used systematically, completely free from any symptoms of discomfort. Has the ability to treat the plant and bloating arising for other reasons.

Diseases that sedge treats

  1. Vasculitis Due to the fact that the herb has a powerful anti-inflammatory effect, it can simply cope with the disease in its initial stages. In the event that only minor vessels of the skin are covered by the inflammatory process, sedge has every chance to even be a key means of therapy.
  2. Sedge is also effective as a blood cleaning plant. It can block and remove toxic compounds, bad cholesterol and, to a certain extent, heavy metals from tissues. To cleanse the whole body, herbalists recommend that you take a course of sedge at least once a year.
  3. For neurodermatosis and psoriasis, folk healers also recommend using medications based on this plant. They remove unwanted sensations and relieve suppuration, which makes it possible to normalize the appearance of the skin surface. In some cases, such diseases are allowed to heal only with drugs from sedge.
  4. Inflammation of the joints. By positively influencing the metabolic processes in the human body, grass sedge contributes to the launch of the self-healing process of articular cartilage, and its antiseptic and analgesic effect allows the patient to feel several times better, and in the most insignificant terms. Improvements are noted even when the disease is extremely advanced.
  5. The ability of a plant to reconstruct normal metabolism can be used to correct such difficulties as excessive or insufficient body weight. Normalizing the process of assimilation of those or other components, sand sedge, albeit not soon, but brings weight back to normal.
  6. It effectively strengthens the thyroid gland, provides an opportunity for normal work and protects the body from tumors. In diseases of the kidneys and urinary system, this herb has also found its use. Thanks to it, it becomes possible to improve the urinary system, almost without using medication.

Due to the fact that the plant is conducive to the rapid recovery of iron deficiency in our body, it is successfully used in the treatment of anemia. Positive shifts in the patient's position may be seen after several days of therapy. Sand sedge is an effective means for maintaining immunity.

Contraindications

Contraindications for healing sedge sand is not so much, however, they are all serious and can not be ignored. You will certainly have to give up this drug.if such symptoms and diseases exist:

  • allergic to drugs from sedge,
  • glomeruphritis,
  • pyelonephritis,
  • stomach ulcer,
  • diarrhea.

Folk recipes

For healing purposes, mainly the root of the herb is used. Medicine for diseases of the respiratory system and joints, and additionally for external use in the defeat of the skin: 30 grams of powder from the roots must be poured 800-950 milliliters of warm water and roasted on a not very high fire until the volume of the resulting decoction is supposedly equal 500 ml.

Upon completion of this, removing the decoction from the fire, it must be insisted, wrapped with a blanket, about 2-2.5 hours. Then the filtered medication is ingested or used to treat the affected areas of the skin. Drink infusion before meals 60 milliliters four times a day for about 20-22 days.

The drug for difficulties with the urinary and intestinal system: 5 milligrams (2 tsp) pour 500 ml of freshly boiled water and, covered with a warm veil or jacket, leave to create a well-kept infusion for 10-12 hours. Then, after it is drained, they drink 120 ml before meals four times a day until the signs of the disease disappear completely.

Harvesting medical raw materials

The sandy sedge root is removed from the ground at the end of autumn or in the first days of spring before the surface of the plant appears. Having carefully cleaned the sprout, it is cut into small slices and dried, laying out a thin cover on the canvas in a dry and warm place where there is no access to direct sunlight. The storage of the roots is determined when they become brittle.

Raw materials are stored in an airtight, tightly covered, preferably glass container. Shelf life should not exceed 1 year..

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