Vegetables

Squash - growing and care in the open field

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Squash is not only tasty, but also a healthy vegetable. I grow it more than 3 years. In this article I share the secrets of a good harvest. I must say that the vegetable does not grow for a long time in one area. Compliance with crop rotation is important! I present to your attention a photo of a squash.

Squash description - useful properties

The plant "Squash" - annual with large leaves and single flowers, which can be white, yellow, orange, purple. The main advantage of the plant is the fruit, which is shaped like a plate. He has excellent taste. The fruits of the annual shrub are boiled, fried, consumed in stewed and canned form.

Squash is compared to zucchini, but it has a milder taste. Vegetable is recommended for those who are on a diet. Squashes are allowed to people who have kidney and liver disease. Vitamins, as well as antioxidants that are present in the composition of the vegetable, clean the blood vessels, respectively, improve the state of health with atherosclerosis.

Growing vegetable seeds

Squash can be planted with seeds or grown in seedlings. In any case, you need to perform pre-sowing treatment. I bought seeds in a specialty store, but if you have such an opportunity, collect them yourself: just pull them out of the ripe fruit.

Dip the planting material in a growth stimulator, soak for 24 hours, then remove, rinse with warm water. Wrap all the seeds in a cotton cloth, so stand for 2 days.

I advise you to harden the seeds. Put them in fabric bags, first keep at a temperature of + 13 degrees, then - at a temperature of + 2 degrees.

Before sowing in open ground, disinfect the seed: put it in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, incubate for 30 minutes. After this time, rinse and dry.

Squash - thermophilic culture. It is necessary to plant it when the probability of frost is past. In the middle lane seedlings are planted in the 20th of May.

The selected bed is leveled, removed small debris and weeds. Make the wells at a distance of 75 cm from each other, put 5 seeds in each. If you plant the scallops thickly, they will start to rot! I advise you to sow the seeds to a depth of 7 cm, then - to make water and tamp the soil. I keep shoots under the film, it creates a "greenhouse effect."

Squash seedlings

If you want to harvest faster, grow the squash seedlings. I recommend sowing seeds in the 20th of April. Under the plant should choose capacity with a diameter of 7 - 10 cm, the size of the soil mixture should not exceed 4 cm.

It is necessary to cover crops with polyethylene, I advise to keep them warm. When you see sprouts sprout from the seeds, remove the covering material, lower the temperature to + 19 degrees.

Hardening allows you to get a healthy planting material. After 7 days, you can again raise the temperature to + 23 degrees.

Should properly care for seedlings. I advise you to make water every day. But remember that overmoistening is harmful, especially for young plants, whose roots are not yet fully formed.

Seedlings positively perceives top dressing. When she turns 10 days, add organic. I used a mullein solution (10 g per 1 liter of water).

Before planting seedlings in the garden, feed them with nitrophosphate (25 g per 5 liters of water). Squashes do not dive. In one pot grow 2 to 3 seedlings. You will need to choose the largest ones and remove the rest without damaging the root system.

Planting seedlings on the garden

Seedlings that have reached the age of 4 weeks are suitable for planting in open ground. Each of them has 3 leaflets. I advise you to plant the scalps in the twenties of May or the beginning of June. It is advisable to harden the seedlings, which are still in the pots. Accustom her to new conditions gradually: periodically take out to the balcony.

The duration of the airing should be increased daily (about 10 minutes). My friends ask what the ground should be for squash.

Vegetable culture takes root in the fertile, drained soil. Choose for her sunny plot. If there are deposits of groundwater nearby, the roots are likely to rot. In this case, you should refuse landing.

As for the reaction of the soil, the squash prefers neutral. The annual bush feels good in loam. If the soil in your area is acidic, dilute it with wood ash. In order for the patisson to enjoy a rich harvest, it is necessary to observe crop rotation.

Vegetable culture grows well after:

Favorable predecessors are siderats. It is undesirable to plant a squash after members of the nightshade family, as well as cucumbers.

Bad predecessors: zucchini, pumpkin and, in fact, the squash. I advise you to prepare the site for several months before planting a vegetable.

In the autumn I dig a bed to the depth of a spade bayonet, bring rotten manure and mineral compositions. Seedlings need to be planted in cloudy weather. It is necessary to form a hole of 15 cm in size, the distance between the specimens should be 75 - 80 cm. Before planting a plant, moisten the well, make 1 - 2 l of water.

Remember that the seedling needs to be handled with an earthy ball. Cotyledon leaves should be 1 cm above the ground. After planting, the ground is tamped, mulching is performed. For these purposes, I advise you to use peat. Inferior seedlings do not perceive the sun rays well, for the first few days I recommend pritenyat it.

Vegetable care

In order for the squash to grow well in the open field, it is necessary to water them in a timely manner. I recommend weeding the bed 1 time in 15 days. Squash requires dressings. Bring them in a timely manner, but remember that excess nutrients are worse than deficiencies.

I advise you to weed the plant after making water. When performing the procedure, try not to damage the fragile roots. Let's go back to mulching. A layer of mulch longer retains moisture in the soil. Thanks to him, you do not need to often make water. Peat and sawdust can be used to cover the soil.

It happens that the plant is actively increasing its green mass, and the process of fruit formation slows down. In this case, thinning the foliage is necessary. In the morning cut a couple of old leaves, after a few days to repeat the procedure. In order for the plant to set fruit, pollinators must be attracted.

I advise you to apply a solution based on sugar (50 g of product per 1 liter of water).

How often to water the scallops? Seedlings require abundant moisture. I advise you to make water 1 time per day. Need to increase watering when the plant begins to form fruits. I water the scallops with soft distilled water. Its temperature should be within + 24 degrees, per 1 square. m requires 7 liters. Water is applied once every five days before the flowers appear.

When the plant blooms and forms the ovary, you need to water it more often: 1 time in 4 days. During this period, I advise you to spend more water: 9 liters per 1 square meter. m. Proper watering - the key to successful pollination. An annual plant forms large fruits. When you see them on the ground, put small dostochki. If the squash is in contact with wet soil, it may begin to rot.

Vegetable planted in open ground, should be fertilized before flowering. I advise you to make a combined fertilizer of 20 g of superphosphate, 20 g of potassium sulfate and 25 g of ammonium sulfate.

When the fruit begins to ripen, add 45 g of superphosphate, 25 g of potassium sulfate and 25 g of ammonium sulfate. Some gardeners fertilize the squash with organics, use a ten percent solution of mullein.

Diseases, pests

Squash is susceptible to fungal diseases. If it is wrong to care for a plant or not to observe crop rotation, it will overtake: rot, powdery mildew, mold, anthracnose. Some diseases are treatable and result in the death of a vegetable.

Anthracnose is manifested by large water spots on the leaves. Fungal disease gives a kind of sores, which are disputes.

If white rot overtakes the culture, stains of “dirty” color are formed on the stems and leaves. With the progression of white rot, the fruits of the annual plant are affected. Predisposing factor to the disease - high humidity.

Mealy dew appears as a spot on the upper part of the leaf plates. The disease is dangerous because it dries out the shrub. Mealy dew often affects fruit. If the plant for some reason has become infected with black mold, “yellow-dirty” spots are formed on the leaf plates. After they dry, the leaves are covered with holes.

What do pests do

  1. Caterpillars eat roots.
  2. Gourd aphid affects the stem and branches.
  3. Slugs make holes in the leaves.

In order to avoid diseases and pests, preventive treatments should be carried out. Be sure to follow the crop rotation! Do not plant the plants thickly. Choose a squash plot with clean well-drained soil.

Fungicides are used against fungal diseases. I advise you to apply Bordeaux liquid or Fitosporin. Slugs are collected by hands, unfolding containers with beer.

Pests go for a pleasant smell. Aphids can be expelled using a soap solution. Take 120 g of liquid soap and mix with 4 liters of water. In the fight against other insects used Bitoxibacillin (solution).

Growing squash is easy, but you should always pay attention to them! It is important to make water in time and weed the garden area.

Growing patissons from seeds

Squabblers tend to generative reproduction, you can get new plants with the help of seeds. Such planting material is sold in any gardening shop, but it can also be obtained from fully ripened fruits.

Squashes are grown in the open ground, using seedling or seedless methods. Regardless of which method you choose, before you begin planting seeds, prepare them for this by the following algorithm:

  1. Make an aqueous solution with the addition of a special growth stimulant.
  2. Put the seeds in it and soak them for 24 hours.
  3. Remove the seed from the solution and rinse well with water.
  4. Wash seeds thoroughly in wet gauze.
  5. Leave them in gauze for two days in a room with a temperature of twenty to twenty-five degrees Celsius.

In addition to this method of preparing seeds for sowing, there is one more: sunflower seeds for five to six hours at a temperature of fifty to sixty degrees above zero. Thus, it is possible to reduce the risk of plant infection with various viral infections, from which the scallops cannot be cured.

Also, a good result gives such a procedure as hardening seed. To do this, the seeds are placed in bags of cloth and kept for six hours at a temperature of eighteen to twenty degrees of heat. Then they are kept for another day at zero or one degree.

Sanitize seed before planting in a one percent solution of potassium permanganate, and then rinse in clean water and let dry.

At the end of May, the bed prepared for growing squash will warm up well and the possibility of frost returning will decrease. Remove all weeds from the plot, level the ground with a rake and form a bed. So that the squaws do not rot when grown up, the plants should not be too close to each other. Therefore, dig under each bush your hole the size of seventy by seventy centimeters. In each well, make one hole with a depth of eight centimeters and place several seeds in each. Sprinkle the planting with earth, carefully pour, compact the soil and cover the beds with a film, until germination.

Growing seedlings

If you want to get a harvest early, you should use a seedling method for growing squash. Planting seeds for seedlings produced in the second or third decade of April. To get healthy and strong seedlings Observe the following algorithm:

  1. Disposable cups with a diameter of eight to ten centimeters filled with a mixture of forest land and humus.
  2. Make a small hole in the soil depth of three to four centimeters.
  3. In the resulting grooves, place two squash seeds.
  4. In order for the seeds to quickly germinate, they need to create greenhouse conditions. To do this, cover the planting with a transparent film, a piece of glass, or place the cups in plastic bags. In improvised greenhouses, a temperature of twenty-eight to thirty-two degrees of heat should be kept.
  5. When seeds germinate remove greenhouses. Provide seedlings with the right temperature: up to twenty degrees during the day and up to eighteen degrees at night. This is necessary in order for the shoots not to be stretched into growth, but to spend all the energy on the development of the root system and cotyledon foliage.
  6. After a week, you can return to the same temperature.

Seedling care includes regular watering and feeding. When the seedlings are ten days old, they will need to be fertilized with a solution of mullein. It is prepared in this ratio: one part of the drug to ten parts of water, with the addition of superphosphate infusion. To prepare such an infusion of fifteen grams of superphosphate, pour a small amount of water and leave to infuse for 24 hours. The finished solution is poured to the mullein, without using sediment at the bottom.

Immediately before planting seedlings in the soil, it should be re-fed, using for this purpose a solution of nitrophoska. To prepare it, fifty grams of the drug is dissolved in ten liters of pure water.

As for watering, it is worth noting that the soil must always remain hydrated.

Sowing seedlings of patissons do not need picking. When plants form true leaves, out of two seedlings in one glass one should leave the strongest and healthiest. The second seedling is not removed, but simply trimmed with a sharp knife or scissors just above the ground. This is done in order not to damage the root system of the remaining sprout.

Growing in a greenhouse

Also seedlings for squash can be grown in a greenhouse. Landing is carried out in late April.

To start should prepare suitable loose soil. To do this, mix:

  1. Five hundred grams of turf land or peat.
  2. One hundred grams of sawdust or river sand.
  3. Four hundred grams of humus.

In the preparation of the soil you need to adhere to the specified proportions, but the number of ingredients directly depends on the required volume of the final product. The resulting mixture also necessarily need to fertilize. To do this, one bucket of soil is taken seven grams of ammonium nitrate, six grams of double superphosphate, five grams of potassium sulphide and six grams of chalk. The soil with fertilizers is thoroughly mixed and moistened with water.

When the nutrient loose soil is ready you can start planting seeds:

  1. In disposable cups with a diameter of ten centimeters inject soil.
  2. In each glass, make one three-centimeter recess.
  3. Place two to three seeds in each well.
  4. Cover the cups with a transparent film, cellophane bags or a piece of glass.
  5. Provide a suitable temperature setting for landing: twenty-two to twenty-five degrees above zero during the day and seventeen to eighteen degrees at night.
  6. When seedlings appear, improvised greenhouses should be removed and for the first time ensure plantings are protected from direct sunlight.
  7. For one week, it will be necessary to change the temperature regime to eighteen to twenty degrees during the daytime and fifteen to seventeen degrees at night. To do this, it is necessary to air the greenhouse every day. After a week, go back to the old temperature conditions.

Seedlings grown in the greenhouse, requires abundant, but infrequent watering with mandatory ventilation after this procedure. On the tenth day after the emergence of seedlings, the seedlings need to be fed with a solution of mullein with the addition of nitrophoska. How to prepare such dressing, we have already analyzed above.

Healthy sprouts before planting in open ground should have a stocky stalk with short internodes and at least two or three well-developed true leaves, not including cotyledons.

For cultivation of squash in the open field, the seedlings are planted on the beds of the greenhouse in early June.

Planting squash in open ground

Seedlings that were grown at home are planted in the open ground at about late May - early June. Planting is done if by this time the seedlings have already turned three - four weeks and they have already developed two to three true leaves.

Before planting in the ground, the seedlings are hardened, gradually accustomed to outdoor temperature, as well as the sun and fresh air. For this plant is placed on the veranda or closed balcony. If this is not possible, the room where the seedlings are located can be simply ventilated for several hours, daily increasing the duration of the ventilation. One or two days before landing it is recommended not to close the vents at all.

Squash suited sunny areas, well protected from wind and drafts. An excellent choice would be the land on the south or south-west side, with a deep location of groundwater. Such plants feel well in crumbly chernozems and loamy soils with a neutral reaction. Кислые грунты для патиссонов совсем не подходят, но их можно нейтрализовать с помощью древесной золы.

Подготовкой грядки для патиссонов следует заняться ещё осенью. Для этого землю перекапывают с перепревшим навозом и вносят минеральные подкормки. You should know what mineral fertilizers are suitable for certain types of soil:

  • Peaty soil: two kilograms of organic matter, one teaspoonful of superphosphate and potassium sulfate, two tablespoons of wood ash.
  • Clay soil: two to three kilograms of peat mixed with humus and sawdust, a tablespoon of superphosphate and 2 tablespoons of wood ash.
  • Sandy soil: a bucket of peat, a bucket of sod land, three kilograms of sawdust and humus. Fertilizers similar to clay soils.
  • Chernozem: two kilograms of sawdust, a tablespoon of superphosphate powder and 2 tbsp. spoon wood ash.

The stated proportions are required per square meter of soil.

Three to five days before landing., the site is watered with a solution of Agricola-5 (two tablespoons per 10 liters of water). This solution requires three liters per square meter. Then the bed is covered with a film until the planting of the seedlings.

How to plant scallops

Seedlings are planted on a windless cloudy day. To do this, prepare the wells with a depth of 12 centimeters and a size of 70 by 70 cm. Then the wells are spilled with warm water and seedlings are planted in them along with an old earthy clod. Cotyledon leaves should remain on the surface.

After planting, the bed is mulched with peat and the plants are shaded for the first time.

While seedlings take root it needs to be watered plentifully and often. Also, the squash need to be watered during the fruit formation.

For these purposes, use separated warm water. Every five to six days per 1 square. meter beds should go to 6−8 liters of water before flowering. And during the flowering and fruit formation - 8−10 l per 1 square. m every three to four days. Water is poured at the root, excluding moisture on the ovaries, leaves and flowers.

When the fruits begin to set, under those that are located directly on the ground, you must put boards. Thus they can be protected from rot.

What is he, squash?

Squash is an annual vegetable crop, represented by shrub or semi-shrub forms. The structure of leaves, stems and single large flowers repeats zucchini. External differences begin with the phase of the formation of the fruit. Squash fruit - pumpkin, round (plate-shaped) or star-shaped (flower-shaped), slightly flattened, with smooth or wavy edges, a wide range of colors:

  • whites
  • light yellow
  • bright yellow, sunny,
  • orange,
  • dark green
  • variegated (in this case - multicolored).

In size, ripe squash pumpkins reach 30 cm in diameter, but the highest palatability of green fruits with a diameter of 10-12 cm.

The place of squash in the culture

Like other pumpkin, the pumpkins in the crop rotation return to their former place in 4-5 years. The best predecessors are cruciferous (different types of cabbage), nightshade, including potatoes. You can not plant seedlings and sow the scallops after the related crops.

Various color patches

Soil preparation for squash

For patissons, neutral soils with pH = 6-7 units are necessary. If in previous years the soil has been fertilized with mineral fertilizer for a long time, it is quite possible that the soil is acidified. Since autumn, the soil can be deoxidized by golding or sowing green manure before winter. The rate of application of wood ash 0.2-0.3 kg / sq. m square. If peat ash is used for deoxidation, the rate is increased by 1.5-2.0 times. For podzimny planting sideratov use Viko-oatmeal mixture, mustard with legumes, vetch, etc.

Be careful! In the autumn deoxidation of the soil with ash, do not mix it with fertilizer. Entering with chemical fertilizers into chemical reactions, ash will translate some of them into inaccessible forms for plants. In such cases, fertilizers are applied in the spring directly under the planting of squash.

It is more practical for patters to deposit humus or mature compost in the fall (they will lower the slight acidity and serve as fertilizer). It is better to transfer mineral fertilizers in the spring and supplement with spring-summer dressings.

Squash seed preparation

In order to get friendly seedlings of patissons, it is better to buy seed in a store or trading companies licensed to sell seeds.

When self-harvesting seeds of squash should be prepared for sowing:

  • Disinfect for 15-20 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate. Rinse and dry.
  • After 2-3 days, in order to improve the germination, process the seeds in a solution of boric acid (20 mg / 1 l oxen). To sustain - a day, rinse, dry.
  • Before sowing, soak in water so that the seeds of the squash swell or peck. You can sow and dry seeds.

Remember! For planting only seeds of squash 2 - 3 years old are used. Seeds should be well dried. Undried, raw seeds form male flowers.

Squash, or dish-cooked pumpkin. © Marie Iannotti

Table 1. Dates of sowing squash in open ground in the regions of Russia

Sowing time can be shifted and get earlier yields, if you grow pumpkins:

  • through seedlings,
  • on warm beds,
  • at lateral warming of beds before sowing.

In these cases, the first harvest of squash can be removed 2-3 weeks earlier than scheduled.

Warm beds are prepared in the autumn, as well as for other cultures. Since the soil during the decomposition of organic matter warms to the desired temperature much earlier than the required air temperature, planting squash or ready-made seedlings in open ground is placed under temporary shelters (temporary mini-greenhouse).

  • This mini-greenhouse systematically air.
  • Seedlings or seedlings watered moderately with warm water with dissolved biofungicides.
  • It is biofungicides that are used in order not to destroy the useful microflora of the soil and to protect the roots of squash from a fungal-bacterial infection. You can use the blizzard, phytosporin-M and others.
  • With the onset of stable warm weather, temporary shelters are removed.

In the southern and central chernozem regions with frequent spring return frosts, you can use the recommendations of experienced gardeners on weatherable open-field beds:

  • in wide row-spacing of squash, make furrows up to 20 cm deep and fill with fresh manure or compost,
  • to start burning shed organic hot water stream
  • cover with soil.

The organic will begin combustion processes with the release of heat, which will warm the bed. Above, you can temporarily install a film-coated arc.

Squash seedlings in a seedling greenhouse

Sowing of squash seeds, planting seedlings

Squash seedlings are grown by the same methods and under the same conditions as squash.

If the soil was fertilized sufficiently in the fall, then before sowing / planting the squash in the hole, you can add a teaspoon of ash to the ground and mix it with the ground. Dry soil needs to be moistened.

Squash seeds or seedlings are sown / planted in the ordinary or square-nesting way according to the scheme 50x50 cm or 50x70 cm.

The depth of seed placement of squash depends on the type of soil. On light soils, seeds are buried up to 8 cm, on heavy ones - no more than 5-6 cm.

2 seeds are sown in each well, after germination the weak sprout is removed.

The seedlings of squash using the method of transshipment or extension of the cups are planted in the same way using a single plant per well. Seedling in the soil is buried to the first leaflets. The earth around the plant is slightly compacted.

In order to create comfortable conditions for the plants, shelters are set up for the first time, especially during early sowing / planting.

Feeding patissons

Squashes belong to crops with a short growing season. Therefore, plants are fed 2 times per season. By the way, with a good filling of the site with nutrients during the autumn and spring soil preparation, fertilizing can be avoided.

The first top dressing of squash is carried out before mass flowering, preferably with organic fertilizers. From the manure, bird droppings prepare solutions and make under the plants so as not to fall on the leaves. After the water is absorbed, the soil must be mulched. If there is no organic fertilizer, then make a nitroammofosku, nitrophoska, Kemira at the rate of 50-70 g / sq. m

The second top dressing of squash is carried out in the period of the beginning of mass fruiting. Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are introduced at the rate of 50-60 g / sq. m

Top dressing with solid fertilizers can be replaced with solutions. Dissolve 2 spoons of fertilizer on a bucket of water and add patissons under the bushes, and when rows are closed, the furrows are cut in advance between rows.

Squash, or dish-cooked pumpkin. © Damo

Squash watering

Squabs can not stand cold water and immediately fall ill. Therefore, for irrigation using only warm water. Watering is carried out at the root of the furrows. Water must be avoided on the leaves. Watering squash is carried out as the topsoil dries. It should be constantly wet. In order to preserve moisture in the soil, after irrigation, mulching is required (before the rows are closed).

Squash patching

Sometimes improperly applied fertilizers cause a strong growth of the leaf mass of squash to the detriment of the formation of fruits. On such plants in the early morning remove the oldest lower leaves. At one time, remove no more than 2 leaves and after 2-3 days, repeat the operation. This technique contributes to a greater supply of nutrients to the pumpkin.

Squash protection against disease

Squashes, as well as zucchini, are affected by root rot with increased watering rates, powdery mildew, fusarium, green mosaic. It is not recommended to use chemical preparations on patsons. If the plants are massively ill, they and the soil are treated with biofungicides:

  • Trichodermin,
  • pentofagom,
  • alirinom
  • phytosporin-M,
  • planrizom
  • hamair

Squash treatments are carried out strictly according to the recommendations. In order to prevent mass disease, it is better to treat plants with biofungicides 2-3 times a month from the first month for prevention. You can use tank mixes to reduce the load on the bush. Biofungicides are harmless to humans, birds and children, so they are recommended to be used throughout the growing season, until the beginning of the harvest.

Squash Useful Properties

In terms of chemical composition and beneficial properties, squash excels zucchini. Young fruits contain large amounts of carbohydrates, sugars (in the form of glucose), pectin substances, fats, and mineral salts. The patissons differ in the content of a large list of micro– and macronutrients: molybdenum, titanium, aluminum, lithium, cobalt, phosphorus, potassium, calcium. The composition of useful compounds includes more than 10 types of vitamins, including those from the group “B”, “E”, “A”, “PP” and others.

The rich chemical composition determines the usefulness of squash for a healthy diet and its effect on human health:

• squash - a great diet product,
• prevents the development of cardiovascular diseases, atherosclerosis, hypertension,
• lutein contained in the fruit neutralizes the effects of free radicals, protecting the body from cancer,
• helps to strengthen the vision
• squash juice removes excess salt,
• normalizes the bowels, etc.

Varieties of squash for growing in the country.

For cultivation in the open field we recommend the following most popular varieties of squash.

The early varieties and hybrids of squash, forming a harvest of pumpkin in 40-50 days from germination:

  • Sunshine F1
  • Chartreuse F1 and
  • Polo F1.
  • Disk
  • Orange UFO.
  • Gosh
  • Piglet
  • Umbrella
  • Cheburashka
  • Sunny Delight
  • Bingo bongo

The average varieties and hybrids of squash, forming a crop of pumpkin in 50-60 days from germination:

  • Sun
  • UFO White
  • Watermelon F1
  • Sun burst f
  • Chunga changa
  • Malachite
  • Snow White
Squash bushes in the garden. © Marissa

Of the late varieties of squash that form the pumpkin crop for 60-70 days from mass shoots, Bely 13 is the most popular among gardeners.

Without a doubt, the amount of useful properties of squash will attract the attention of gardeners who are indifferent to this desired vegetable.

At your dacha you can grow varieties of squash with multicolored and very useful fruits in a garden of a crop or vegetable bed. At the same time and decorate the cottage and a healthy vegetable grow.

Squash varieties

In order to grow patissons in the open field brought a good harvest, you need to choose the right variety for each climatic zone. There are many varieties of this vegetable, so before you buy seeds, you need to familiarize yourself with the most common breeding species, choose those that suit the taste, productivity, ripening, size.

Squashes differ from squashes by their external form, bark color, and denser flesh.

Depending on the time of fruit ripening, the scallops are divided into types:

  • early - fruit ripening occurs in 37-50 days after the first shoots appear,
  • medium - ready to eat in 55-60 days,
  • late - fruits fully ripen 60–70 days after planting.

If you want the scallops to enjoy their fruits throughout the summer, you should buy seeds with different ripening terms.

White squash

Among the white squash there are early, middle and late on maturation. They have a peel and white flesh. But there are varieties that are dirty white or greenish inside. All white varieties are universal, suitable for both pickling and canning and cooking.

Polo F1 - an early hybrid with compact bushes, flat roundish fruits. Their weight can reach 300-400 g. The light green color of the skin turns white as it matures. The flesh is tasty, dense, suitable for canning and cooking various dishes. Productivity Polo F1 is consistently high, the variety is resistant to downy mildew.

UFO White - mid-season squash with fruits resembling bells with rounded-toothed edges. The weight of a mature vegetable reaches 400–500 g. In the ovary, it has a light green color; during biological maturity, the skin hardens and becomes white. A fruit with a diameter of up to 8 mm has a tender, tasty pulp in which the seeds are not felt.

The most common include late variety White 13. It is unpretentious, resistant to cold, has a good yield. It has a plate shape, the edges are framed by weakly expressed teeth. The rind is firm, the pulp is medium in density with a neutral taste.

Squash of this species can grow quickly: some specimens grew up to 6-7 cm in diameter and weighing from 85 g to 500 g. Compared with other varieties, White 13 squash squash is considered one of the best for cultivation in the open field, it is well preserved after harvest.

Yellow and Orange Squash

For the breeding of this species, white scallops are taken as a basis. They have excellent taste, useful for people suffering from diseases of the eyes, skin. Yellow and orange fruits are rich in vitamin A, lutein, which neutralizes free radicals and is used to prevent vascular pathologies.

A mid-early variety of Fouette - bush, with well-aligned dish-shaped form and scalloped edges, is popular with farmers. The average weight of a mature fruit is 270–300 g. Its peel is firm and has a bright yellow-orange color. Bushes grow compactly, give a high yield.

Sort Sunny is characterized by high yield, small fruits, compact bushiness. Refers to mid-season. The fruit is cupped with ribbed edges. The average weight is 250-300 g. Young fruits have a yellow color, mature ones acquire a rich orange hue. The flesh of beige shade is soft, delicate in taste. Used for pickling, cooking, storage. The variety is resistant to powdery mildew.

Good yield has a UFO grade - early bush squash. From one bush it is possible to collect up to 5 kg of vegetables per season. The weight of the disc-like fruit is 400–450 g. Its skin has a yellow-orange saturated color. The dense pulp is thin, has a pleasant taste, yellowish tint. Patterns of UFOs grow both in open ground and in closed ground.

Green squash

Among this variety, the dark green Chartreuse F1 hybrid is an early variety with glossy fruits. It is easy to care for these plants planted in the open field, as they form compact bushes as they grow. Ripening, Chartreuse F1 may have stripes of yellow or white on the skin. The flesh of a young fruit has a pale green color, turning into white as it ripens. This is a delicious hybrid, designed for canning.

Another green early ripe hybrid is the Gosh squash. As it grows, it grows on a small plot of land in tall, lush bushes. As a result of flowering, disc-shaped fruits weighing 300–400 g appear. The peel is dark green in color, darkens as it ripens, and becomes black. The flesh is crispy, dense, with good taste, has a milky-cream color. Shrubs of this hybrid fruit for a long time, give good yields.

Site selection

The same place for the squash in the crop can be used 4-5 years after the last planting in this area of ​​this plant. If the gardener seeks to get a good harvest, it is advisable to plant siderats (predecessors) useful for the squash - cabbage of various kinds, solanaceous, including potatoes, onions, carrots, parsley.

Не рекомендуется сеять семена или высаживать рассаду этой культуры в грунт, на котором до этого выращивались родственные овощи (кабачки, огурцы), так как возможно переопыление. Для хорошей всхожести должны соблюдаться оптимальные параметры температуры воздуха: днем до +25 °С, около +18 °С ночью.

Удобрение почвы

Подготовка участка к высадке этого растения должна начинаться с осени. It will be necessary to dig up the soil deeply, fill it with fertilizer - feeding the squash in open ground amounts to 50 g of superphosphate per 1 square meter. m of land. You will also need to make the choice of manure, compost or peat - 5-7 kg per 1 square. With the arrival of spring, you need to scatter the mixture around the garden and re-dig it again.

The peculiarities of preparing the soil for planting the squash are that this crop needs a neutral soil with a pH of 6-7. If an area with acidified soil is used, which has been fertilized only with minerals for a long time, the soil in this place should be deoxidized. To do this, apply the zolirovanie - making wood ash at a rate of 0.2—0.3 kg per 1 sq. Km. m square. When using deoxidized peat ash, its amount should be increased approximately 1.5-2 times.

In order for the ash to enter the soil when it is not converted into forms inaccessible to plants, autumn soil deoxidation with the help of ash should be carried out without mixing with fertilizers, as they enter into a chemical reaction with them. If zolirovanie is used, it is better to apply fertilizer in the spring when planting squash.

Mineral fertilizers are preferably applied in the spring in addition to the spring-summer feeding.

Seed preparation

Germination of squash seeds depends on proper processing before planting in the ground. They need to be prepared for sowing, disinfected for 20 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate. Wash with water at room temperature. To improve the germination of seeds, they are kept for 2-3 days in a solution of boric acid, prepared at the rate of 20 mg per 1 l of water, after which the seed is washed and dried.

Immediately before planting in the ground, seeds are soaked in water to swell or peck. If there is no time for soaking, you can sow dry.

Seedling preparation

So that the squaws in the open ground quickly adapted and began to bear fruit, they can be transferred to the garden already in the form of seedlings, planting and care do not cause difficulties.

Sow squash seeds for seedlings need in the last decade of April or in early May.

Specially prepared soil is poured into specially prepared plastic cups or other dishes, which can be bought at a gardening shop or made independently. This requires turfy land mixed with garden, river sand, humus. Mineral fertilizers are added according to the scheme printed on the package.

A pair of seeds to a depth of about 4 cm is planted in each well and sprinkled with earth, covered with film to create a greenhouse effect. When both shoots appear, the weaker ones are removed. The optimum temperature for growing patissons in this way is + 25 ° C during the day and within + 18 ° C at night.

After the emergence of seedlings seedlings patissons open to reduce the temperature. In the morning, the temperature should be up to +18 ° С, at night - about +16 ° С. This will keep growth rates in place and prevent seedlings from pulling out. Watering should be rare and insignificant. A week after the emergence of shoots, the temperature should be raised to + 22 ... + 25 ° С. Rassad also needs airing, but do not put it on the street in windy weather.

Need plants in this period and periodic feeding. For these purposes, suitable mullein, diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10, infused during the day. It is necessary to water with this mix in 10 days after shoots will appear.

Before planting, you can feed the plants nitrophoska - complex mineral fertilizer. She is divorced in accordance with the recommendations indicated on the package.

In early June, grown seedlings, having 2-3 well-developed leaves, are planted in the garden. Do it in the morning or evening (after 20-25 days after germination). The wells are watered with some warm water, planted with a clod of soil in which the seedling has grown. The earth around the seedling compacted and pritenyuyut.

The care of the squash

The vegetation period of the squash is short, so they need to be fed 2 times during the season. If the site was well filled with nutrients during the autumn and spring soil preparation, fertilizing can be avoided.

Care for the squash is to make feeding (organic) before the start of mass flowering. Manure, bird droppings are filled with water, infused and brought under the plants. Avoid getting the mixture on the leaves. After water absorption the soil is mulched. In the absence of such fertilizers, nitroammophoska is used, nitrophoska at the rate of 50–70 g per 1 sq. M. m

The second fertilizing with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers (50-60 g per 1 sq. M) is carried out at the beginning of the mass appearance of fruits.

To get a good harvest, you need to know how often to water the scallops in the open field. This should be done as the soil dries, so that it always remains a bit wet. These plants do not tolerate cold water, only warm water is used. It should not fall on the leaves. After watering, the soil must be mulched to trap moisture.

If fertilizers were applied incorrectly, the leaf part of the squash can grow greatly, which will have a bad effect on the formation and development of the fruit. In this case, you need to remove the oldest sheets, grown from the bottom. Up to 2 leaves are removed at a time, and the procedure can be repeated in 2–3 days.

It is important that female flowers are well pollinated. You can help the plants - to carry out this procedure artificially. To do this in the morning will need to pick a few male flowers (they have longer legs than women). It is important that there is no dew or water from the watering on the flowers. The more female flowers will dust in this way, the more seeds will be formed.

Diseases and pests

In case of patissons' diseases, it was not necessary to remove whole bushes, it is necessary to apply biofungicides to the soil and plants:

To obtain a bountiful and healthy crop, a vegetable garden and plants are not recommended to be treated with chemical preparations. In this case, biofungicides are used 2–3 times a month. These substances do not harm people, birds, plants, so they can be used throughout the growing season, including the beginning of the harvest.

Description: varieties and varieties of squash

Those who see the squash only in the photo, may think that this is some kind of exotic. In part, they will be right, because the homeland of this disc pumpkin is South America. Fruits of a grassy annual can look like a disk, a bowl, or even a bell, have different edges. At the same time, the taste of squash of all varieties is almost the same.

Traditionally, the vegetable has a white color, but thanks to the breeders' efforts, hybrids of other colors have appeared.

White varieties (all - early):

  • Loaf - from one bush you can collect more than 2 dozen fruits,
  • Umbrella - its fruits reach a mass of up to 1.4 kg,
  • Cheburashka - ripens in 35-39 days, resistant to cold snaps.

Yellowish orange:

  • The sun is mid-season, with a cream-colored flesh,
    UFO Orange - has a high content of vitamin C, magnesium and iron, is not picky about growing conditions.

Greens:

  • Gosh is an early variety, when fruits ripen their skin has an almost black tint,
  • Chunga-Changa is mid-season and very fruitful, fruits can weigh more than 0.5 kg.

Violet - Bingo Bongo. It ripens in an average of 6 weeks, the varieties of this variety are juicy and large (up to 0.6 kg).

Planting seeds in open ground

In warm climates it is best to practice the cultivation of squash from seeds. However, if the site is located in a cold region or you need to get an early harvest, a seedling planting method will do. The site should be well lit and protected from drafts: squash - a culture that loves heat. Vegetable beds can be cooked in the fall. It is planted in fertile, loosened soil, the temperature of which is not less than 10-12 ° C. When sown in open ground, this is the end of spring or the beginning of summer, depending on the region.

Attention! If the soil is not heated, the seeds may rot.

Approximate landing scheme - 0.6 x 0.6 m, but it can be less often. In each well is to lower a few seeds to a depth of 3-5 cm, if the soil is heavy, and up to 7 cm - if light. Seeds can be pre-processed:

  • hold the day in the growth stimulator, then the same in the wet tissue at t + 20 ... + 25 ° C,
  • warm for 4-6 hours at t + 50 ... + 60 ° C,
  • hardened, wrapped in cloth and held at t + 18 ... + 20 ° C (6 h), then at t 0 ... + 1 ° C (from 18 to 24 h).

Before sowing, stand the seeds in a solution of manganese, and then dry. After planting, you need to lightly sprinkle each hole with peat and cover with a film. Watering should be careful - better drip. When shoots appear, it is recommended to leave only the strongest sprouts in order to prevent thickening.

Fertilizer and dressing. What and when to apply

If you want to harvest a good crop, you cannot do without fertilizers. During the season they need to make 2-3 times. This is one of the fundamentals of proper care for the scallops. Before flowering, apply mineral dressing. During the formation of the fruit, use potassium salt as a fertilizer (50 g per bucket of water). You can take organic matter diluted with water: mullein (in a ratio of 1:10) or chicken droppings (1:20 ratio).

Equally important is the preliminary fertilization of the soil. If the soil is sour, in the fall you need to add lime to it (up to 0.6 kg per 1 sq. M). If subacid - suitable ashes, made before sowing (30-40 g per 1 well). Before planting squash, clay and peat land should be fed with organic matter or minerals.

Plant reproduction and seedling cultivation

For reproduction of this pumpkin vegetable take seeds. They are removed from the ripe fruit and dried in a warm room. Most often, the collection of seeds occurs closer to the fall. Therefore, it is necessary to provide them with good conditions and care: diffused sunlight and airing.

If you want to grow seedlings from seeds, in the middle of spring you need:

  • put nutritious soil in peat pots or plastic cups,
  • make mineral dressing,
  • put 2 seeds in each container (depth - up to 4 cm),
  • withstand temperature: + 25 ° C - during the day, + 18 ° C - at night. After the emergence of shoots need to lower the temperature by a few degrees, and after a week to increase again.

Care for sprouts is simple: rare watering and ventilation. In open ground, seedlings are planted around the beginning of summer.

Squash in the garden: combination with other plants

With proper planting, you can increase the yield of squash and provide them with protection from pests. To do this, you need to correctly select the "neighbors" in the garden. A combination of this vegetable with onions, garlic, radish and corn is considered good. Nasturtium, thyme, sow thistle, borage are useful for him. If you plant a number of marigolds, you will be able to scare away insects - for example, an aphid.

Squashes, planted in the open field, it is recommended to supplement with cauliflower or Peking cabbage, pumpkin, beans. The advantages are obvious: after harvesting some crops, you can plant others. However, they do not interfere with each other and even facilitate care. For example, on the plot with the squash all summer you can grow dill and lettuce - a combination of them with each other successfully.

Varieties of this vegetable do not tolerate the neighborhood with potatoes, although they grow well on the spot where the tubers are already dug. Also favorable predecessors for the squash - tomatoes, cabbage, beans, carrots. It is not recommended to plant it in closed or open ground after “relatives” (zucchini, cucumber and pumpkin) and even next to them in order to prevent over-pollination. In this case, the seeds collected for reproduction, may not meet your expectations. Not the best solution - joint cultivation with beets.

A squash produces a continuous harvest, so you can collect it 2 times a week, so as not to delay the development of other fruits. Yes, and to taste a vegetable with delicate young skin is more pleasant than overripe. If the peel has already managed to harden, it is necessary to leave the fruit on the seeds. Such squash should be removed from the garden after the bush on which they grow, will begin to dry out.

Selection and preparation of seeds

Cultivation of squash is necessary to begin with the choice of variety. To date, there are many varieties of squash, which differ in the duration of the ripening of fruits, their taste, shape, color of the peel. Some varieties are best used for preservation, while others for fresh consumption. Choose one or another variety is based on personal preferences and capabilities. The most famous varieties, proven to give a good harvest, are as follows:

  1. Sun. Bright orange fruit with cream-colored pulp. Fruit weight reaches 0.3 - 0.35 kg. Variety refers to mid-season. Differs in high productivity.
  2. Tabolinsky. Another mid-season variety of plate shape. Differs in high productivity and resistance to various diseases. Fruit weight from 0.2 to 0.3 kg.
  3. White 13. Successful mid-season variety. Plants grow on any site. The rind of the fruit is white, the flesh is dense white. The mass of the fruit reaches 400-500 grams.
  4. Disk. Early ripe variety. Differs in high rates of productivity - from one plant it is possible to remove up to 3 kg of a crop. The flesh is not sweet, crispy.
  5. Gosh. Refers to the early maturing. Fruits are quite large, in some cases, the weight reaches 0.5 kg. The peel is dark green, in a ripe state of the fruit is almost black. The flesh is juicy.

Growing squash need to start with the choice of variety

There are other varieties on sale. As noted above, choose the most appropriate reasonably based on the desired result.

There are two options for planting squash in open ground - seeds or seedlings. If the seedlings are grown at home, the seed can be sown in mid-April.

For growing seedlings in a greenhouse or in a film greenhouse, seeds are planted in late April - early May, if the threat of frost has passed. It is not recommended to grow seedlings in open ground.

In order to increase seed germination, as well as to provide future plants with prevention of various diseases, seed material must be prepared in advance.

Video about the secrets of a rich harvest

There are several options for preparatory actions. It cannot be said that after certain patissons grow better, and after others worse. Therefore, you can choose one of the most liked and affordable option.

  1. Seeds for 15 minutes kept in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, then washed under running water and placed in ash solution for a day. After that, the seeds are germinated in a hydrogel or in a damp cloth, preferably cotton.
  2. Seeds are soaked for 24 hours in a nutrient solution. Experienced gardeners, in most cases for such purposes use drugs Bud and Energen. The preparation for the manufacture of the solution can be purchased at a specialty store.
  3. Moisten seed and lay out bags of gauze or cotton. At the beginning, the bags are placed in a cool place - a balcony, a cellar for 6 hours, then they are placed in a refrigerator closer to the freezer, where the seeds are spent for about 3-5 days.

Growing squash in the garden

On the open ground, all work on the cultivation of squash can begin in mid-late May, when the street is already warm enough - above +14 0 С, including at night. Under the bed it is best to choose a sunny, open place, as the culture is quite warm and light-loving. The bed in advance is to dig and fertilize with organic and mineral fertilizers. If there is a place to be a high acidity of the soil, then it must be skimmed, or a sufficient amount of wood ash must be added to the soil when digging.

Video about growing and caring for the squash

The plan of sowing seeds or planting seedlings is 0.6 x 0.6 m. Seeds are planted to a depth of 5-7 cm. Seedlings are planted by carefully removing it from containers and transplanted into pre-prepared, spilled wells in open ground. Planting is best done in the evening or in cloudy weather, which will allow the seedlings to settle down better.

Plant care

Squashes are not capricious enough. Therefore, in order to get a harvest, it is enough to carry out basic care. This is watering, removing old rotted leaves and feeding. Loosening the squash is strictly not recommended, as this may lead to damage to the root system or to accidental damage to the ovaries.

Rare variety video

Watering plants requires abundant. But it should be carried out at the root or along the grooves. In no case can not be watered plants directly from the watering can on top, as water can penetrate into the flowers in the ovary, which because of this can rot.

Feeding is recommended for about three times per season. For this purpose, specialized preparations such as Vegeta, Fovard, etc. are best suited. In addition, experienced gardeners recommend not to allow the fruits to come in contact with the ground, as slugs can get to them. Already under the young scallops enclosed plywood or glass.

Preparation for planting squash in open ground

Preparation includes determining the appropriate time for disembarkation, the choice of growing methods and location on the site. Знакомство со свойствами сортов и гибридов растения, заготовка или приобретение семян, их предпосевная обработка, – всё это также делают на подготовительном этапе.

Сроки посадки

Как все тыквенные культуры, патиссоны теплолюбивы. Семена прорастают при 13–15°С, но благоприятной считается температура 24–28°С. Активный рост наблюдается при 22–28°С. Похолодание до 11°С останавливает вегетацию, а плоды не прибавят в массе уже при 14°С. Until the appearance of these leaves, in the phase of the cotyledons, a short-term cooling for 2-3 days leads to the death of plantings. In case of unfavorable weather forecast, it is better to hide the bed for the night. It is important not to miss the time of planting, while the water accumulated in the soil facilitates seed germination and the initial growth of the crop without excessive irrigation.

In all regions, planting is carried out after the passing of the threat of frost and cold spells, taking into account the warming up of air and soil.

In the middle and lane and the northern regions of the bush are grown through seedlings. At the same time take into account that the age of seedlings should be three weeks. By this time, 2-3 leaves will develop, roots will form, and the plant will quickly resume growth after the stress associated with the transplant. In the south, seeds are buried in soil from late April to mid-May. For early harvest, seedlings begin to grow in the first decade of April.

The time of planting seedlings in the middle lane is shifted to the middle of May, so that by the middle of June young squatas should be planted in the ground. In the northern regions of the country for personal use cultivate early-growing hybrids in greenhouses.

Choosing a place on the site

In addition to heat, increased demands for squaws during planting and caring in open ground are made for illumination during the entire growing season.

The location of the bushes in a place hidden from the sun or in the shade of trees and buildings reduces the harvest by 50-70%.

Reduces the flow of light and thickened landings. Powerful large leaves shade the neighbors.

Crop rotation is required when growing pumpkin crops. In this case, the soil remains the minimum number of pathogenic bacteria, viruses, common with the predecessor of pests. Another reason for the need for crop rotation is the removal of the same nutrients from the soil. The earth must accumulate the necessary trace elements. The best combinations for patissons in the garden - potatoes, tomatoes, cabbage, legumes.

These plants are not afraid of the winds, they are even useful - blowing the inside of the bush negatively affects the development of fungal and bacterial diseases. The patisson is protected from strong northern gusts by film shells in the early stages of vegetation.

Description of landing technique

When planting squash use two methods:

  • Direct sowing seeds in the ground,
  • Growing through seedlings.

Direct sowing is carried out in the southern regions of the country. In the middle lane, film covers are used, but the unstable temperature and the likelihood of late frosts make the cultivation of seedlings the most appropriate way of planting. The method will reduce the risk of death of plants and will allow you to get an early harvest. In the northern regions, even seedlings are safer to plant under the film or in the greenhouse.

Direct seed sowing

About the time of planting and seed preparation mentioned above. To speed up the warming up of the soil and retain moisture, the prepared bed is covered with a film that is not removed before sowing. The algorithm works as follows:

  1. On the leveled surface with the help of cord make markup.
  2. Along the marked line form grooves with a depth of 5-8 cm.
  3. At the bottom make superphosphate at the rate of 1 tbsp. l per running meter of the furrow, peat is spread there with a layer of 2-3 cm and the surface is slightly powdered with ash.
  4. Grooves shed warm, and better hot for pest control, water.
  5. At the bottom, seeds are laid out with a step of 70 cm. Dry seeds are placed in pairs, sprouted seeds - one by one.
  6. The furrows are covered with loose soil (peat), slightly compacted and once again spilled with warm water from a watering can.
  7. The beds are covered for the night with a film, taking it off during the day.
  8. Shoots inspect, removing damaged plants. Between the future bushes leave distances from 60 to 70 cm.
Choosing an interval, they are guided by the recommendations of the manufacturer - the bushes can be different in size.

Growing through seedlings

Dry or germinated seeds are planted in the prepared soil, bought in the store (suitable for any seedlings) or cooked yourself.

Mixtures suitable as substrate:

  • Sod and leaf soil, peat, humus in equal proportion. In a bucket of the mixture add a full glass of ash and 1 tbsp. l urea.
  • Two parts of sod land are added to one part of weathered peat, treated with boiled water of rotted sawdust, humus. At 5 kg of the mixture contribute 1 tbsp. l universal complex fertilizer.

The prepared mixtures are steamed to kill pathogens.

Squash roots are fragile and easily damaged when landing in the ground. For growing seedlings used peat pots or cups, twisted from old newspapers. After planting, the walls of the containers dissolve in water and decompose in the ground.

Fill the cups with cooked earth, leaving 1.5 - 2 cm to the upper cut. Dry seeds are laid out on 2 pcs., Germinated on 1 pc. 3-4 cm deep in prepared wells. After sprinkling soil over the top, pour over warm, separated water and place it for germination in a warm (24-28 ° C) dark room. After the appearance of cotyledons, the temperature regime is changed, keeping 20-22 ° C in the daytime, and 16-18 ° C at night, and the seedlings are placed in a well-lit place.

This mode will not allow seedlings to stretch. A week later, leave strong shoots, removing damaged and lagging in development. Water the seedlings with warm water. The need for fertilizing is determined by the appearance of the leaves - if they are painted in bright green color, fertilizers are not needed.

Fertilizers must be applied 4-5 days before planting in open ground, using complex compounds or by dissolving a teaspoon of granulated superphosphate in 5 liters of water. During the last week of growing seedlings hardened, bringing in the daytime on the balcony or in the garden. Tightening with landing at the onset of warm weather is not worth it - the stretched planting material gets worse on the permanent place. They are planted in the same way as seeds according to the 70 x 70 cm scheme. For better access of sunlight and air, it is recommended to arrange the plants in a staggered manner.

Care for the squash consists in timely watering, dressing, weeding.

When watering follow the rules:

  1. Watering is carried out with warm water in the sun - cold water will cause stress and stop the development for several days.
  2. Water in the garden under the root, not allowing the stem, leaves, flowers and ovaries to become wet.
  3. Watering is carried out rarely, but plentifully - the soil should be soaked 20-25 cm deep.

The frequency of irrigation affects the weather and the composition of the soil on the site. On cooler days, “dry watering” is recommended - loosening the soil around the plant. After the soil has dried, they loosen to a depth of no more than 5 cm, trying not to damage the roots of the plant.

In a dry summer, 3 fertilizing is enough for development and fruiting. In the rainy season, when nutrients are washed out of the soil by rains, 4-5 dressings are spent intermittently 10-15 days. The first time you need to support the plant two weeks after planting, when there are 3-4 true leaves. Apply complex fertilizer according to the instructions.

The second application of nutrients coincides with the beginning of fruiting. Use the infusion of mullein (1:10), bird droppings (1:15), add superphosphate or potassium sulfate at the rate of 15-20 g / 10 l of water. Liquid consumption 1 l per bush. The third time "fed" after the removal of the first harvest. Apply the composition as for the first feeding or ash solution (cup per liter) with the addition of urea (1 tbsp. L.). Consumption - 1.5-2 liters per plant.

The formation of the bush and nip

It is important when growing to observe the manufacturer’s recommended distance between plants. Insufficient movement of air affects the ventilation of the bush, provokes decay, reduces productivity. During flowering and fruiting of the leaves cut out, improving light.

Modern varieties do not form long lashes, so they do not need pinching - you need to stop the growth of new shoots only in case of excessive thickening of the bush, removing extra large castings.

Squash collection and storage

Squash fruits are collected as needed at different stages of development. Three - five-day Zelentsy canned in solid form. Small varieties are bred specifically for canning: “mini-crumbs” with a diameter of 3–5 cm and weight of 70 g. Among early-maturing varieties, an “umbrella” should be distinguished - the first fruits are ready for use 45-50 days after the mass shoots.

To prevent overriding is not necessary - it will worsen the taste of the pulp, the seeds will have to be removed along with the core.

Timely harvesting increases the overall yield of the plant - it does not waste force on the ripening of the fruits left. It should be borne in mind that the collected patissons are not for long - 2-3 months, and for preparations for the winter it makes sense to freeze the peeled and chopped vegetables.

Cultivation and care for the squash in the open field is an occupation that requires compliance with agricultural practices and the right choice of varieties. But without any difficulties you will be able to harvest in any climatic zones of the country.

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