Weeding garden beds takes a lot of time, and when growing strawberries, loosening the soil leads to the pollution of berries and the accidental destruction of shoots. To completely exclude this procedure from the calendar of mandatory garden and field work, it is enough to purchase high-quality covering material and correctly place it on the beds. The main advantages and options for using such weed protection will be described in detail in this article.
Benefits of using covering materials
The main advantages of using this covering product are:
- Protection against weeds.
- Preservation of soil moisture.
- When growing berries, it is possible to obtain marketable products even after heavy rain.
The latter quality is especially important if the cultivation of strawberries is carried out as a business. In the case when the beds are not covered with a covering material, heavy rainfall can lead to contamination of the berries. Preservation of soil moisture is equally important as the use of covering products. Even in extreme heat the plants will not have a moisture deficit, which will very well affect the yield of berries.
When using such material on strawberry beds the need for weeding disappears. With significant areas set aside for growing a crop, it is possible to save considerable time, and using hired labor to carry out such work, a considerable amount of money.
Another important advantage is the durability of covering products.
More recently, black polyethylene was used as the main covering product used in the cultivation of strawberries. Despite the low price of polyethylene, such a material could not serve for a long time due to its low strength, which with strong heating in the sun decreased with each day of operation. Modern non-woven products used as a protective layer on strawberry beds are free from this drawback.
Among the most popular roll materials currently used to free the plot from weeds are the following types:
- Black agrofibre - perfectly copes with the retention of soil moisture from evaporation, reliably protects planting from weeds, and when growing strawberries in the spring a layer of covering material allows to increase the temperature of the soil under it, which significantly reduces the time of ripening berries. Agrofibre is resistant to fungus and other harmful microflora, so even at high humidity is not susceptible to rotting. This positive quality also reduces the likelihood of plant disease, which undoubtedly contributes to a high yield.
- Two-color agrofibre is a relatively new type, which is great for growing berry products in the hot season. The material is painted black on one side and white on the other. When placing two-color agrofibre in the area set aside for the summer strawberry cultivation, it is recommended to lay the material painted black side down. The white side of the agrofibre will be an excellent reflector of sunlight, which will allow to protect the plants perfectly even in extreme heat from overheating. The two-color material also has high mechanical strength and freely passes atmospheric moisture.
These types of covering materials have excellent performance, so they can serve without replacement for 5-7 years.
How and when to cover the landing
The first thing you need to do before planting strawberries using covering agrofibre is how to loosen the soil. It is enough to dig up a small area with a shovel, remove the remains of weeds and make the mineral and organic fertilizers necessary for this culture.
Typically, this planting is carried out in the fall, but if time is lost, then you can start planting strawberries using covering material in early spring.
For growing strawberries, a two-row planting scheme is used, in which the distance between plants in the row should be about 25 cm, and between rows - 40 cm. Each bed should be slightly raised, therefore, between the beds it is necessary to remove the soil to a depth of 10 cm.
The next stage of planting strawberry "plantation" under the covering agrofibre will be the direct placement of protective material. With the selected product, the entire surface of the bed is covered, after which it is necessary to securely fix the agrofibre along the edges with the help of small sandbags.
After all the prepared beds are covered in this way, they start planting strawberries in the ground. In order to make the rows ideally even, they pull a thin cord from one end of the bed to the other. Then, using a sharp knife, cross-shaped incisions are made on the covering material at a distance of 25 cm from each other. In the same way, the material is cut in the second row of the bed.
The planting of strawberry seedlings is carried out in each pre-made cut. In order not to damage the film with a metal tool, it is recommended to use a small wooden stick for making small recesses in the ground for planting berry bushes.
In our material you will learn more about such material as covering lutrasil.
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How to use in the greenhouse
In greenhouse conditions, agrofibre also allows you to get rid of weeds, without resorting to the use of physical labor and chemicals. As a rule, when growing strawberries in protected ground conditions, there is no need to protect the crop from dirty splashes, but covering material is ideal for retaining moisture in the soil, as well as for keeping heat in it, while heating the soil.
The whole process of placing the product in the greenhouse does not differ much from the work performed for open ground. It should only be remembered that in greenhouse conditions, pathogenic microorganisms can multiply, which increase the risk of disease of the strawberry bush. To reduce the risk of disease, before placing covering material, it is recommended to treat the beds and the greenhouse body with an antiseptic.
Protection of greenhouses from weeds
With the help of covering material, you can once and for all rid the greenhouses of unwanted vegetation. To work on the improvement of the track will need to prepare the following materials and tools:
- any modern non-woven covering material of the required length.
- shovel and scoop.
- hoe or hand cultivator.
The entire simple process of arranging the track is carried out in several stages:
- With the track removed with a shovel and shovel top layer of soil.
- The track is rammed and leveled.
- Covering material is laid on top.
- A gravel or a layer of expanded clay is piled on top of the film.
At the end of all stages of the work, trimming of excess covering material is carried out, and the top layer of rubble is leveled in such a way that a perfectly smooth surface is obtained. After carrying out such a strengthening of the base, the weeds will have no chance to overcome the double strengthening of the greenhouse path.
The use of covering material on strawberry beds allows you to cope with the problem of the growth of weeds on the site, as well as perfectly protect the berries from pollution. In addition, having a good capacity for water, the material does not allow puddles to form on its surface.
Given all these positive qualities, agrofibre does not go to any comparison with the traditional types of mulching of beds, so the financial costs of its acquisition do not seem so burdensome for the budget of the summer resident.
Covering material for strawberries from weeds
The use of covering material helps to simplify the care of strawberries. It practically does not let in sunlight and interferes with the growth of weeds, therefore there is no need for constant weeding. The soil under such a canvas is in a good microclimate, and does not dry out. Also, the soil under it will remain loose and wet, which creates conditions for collecting earthworms, which will loosen and fertilize the earth. Crop beds that are mulched in this way will not need to be loosened additionally (Figure 1).
Bushes, covered with a film or agrofibre, form more adventitious roots, which make them stronger. The problem of removing excess whiskers is significantly reduced, since they will not be able to consolidate on the surface of the inorganic cloth. With the help of spunbond berries ripen much faster, and they remain clean even after prolonged rains. Lack of contact with the soil prevents the development of rot, which increases the yield and preserves the attractive appearance of the berries.
Figure 1. Strawberry growing under cover
The leaves of the plant, which do not have close contact with the ground, are protected from diseases and pests that spread in this environment. In winter, inorganic mulch protects plants from freezing. In addition, the spunbond contributes to the warming up of the soil and the root system, which, by absorbing moisture, holds it in the soil for a long time. This will be true in the spring, when there are fluctuations in temperature during the day and at night. The use of inorganic cloth for growing strawberries has several advantages in comparison with organic mulch, which quickly decomposes and becomes a nutrient substrate (needed for the reproduction of fungi and harmful microorganisms).
Note: When using a spunbond, ideal conditions are created for increasing the population of slugs, which is a disadvantage of using covering material in areas with a large number of existing slugs.
The use of non-woven agrofibre in weed control has established itself in the beds as the cheapest and least expensive in terms of labor costs, which has the following advantages:
- The ability to transmit moisture, air and sunlight, which positively reflects the soil and beneficial microorganisms inhabiting it.
- The canvas is made according to modern technologies, so it can be used many times over several seasons.
- Ecological composition does not have a negative impact on the environment and soil.
- Under the black material from agrofibre there is no formation of mold and fungi do not multiply.
- Under the material, not only the young growth of weeds is destroyed, but also the creeping roots of perennial weeds, which are difficult to remove mechanically.
The popularity of black agrofibre for growing strawberries has become so great that it began to be used not only in household plots, but also in industrial conditions, with mass cultivation of berries for sale.
If you also want to start cultivating a crop under a covering material, you should know which type of shelter is best used for this purpose. In general, either high density black polyethylene film or nonwoven fabric is commonly used for growing.
Growth film can be white, black and two-color. Especially popular is the latter type, as it combines many advantages. First, the light upper layer prevents overheating of the soil, creating favorable conditions for the development of culture. Secondly, the bright top coating reflects light well, preventing the formation of burns on leaves and fruits, which is especially important in hot climates. In addition, the black inner part of the film suppresses the development of weeds, but it does not slow down the development of the root system.
Non-woven material is represented by a wider variety of types, although, in fact, all of them are a canvas that passes heat, sunlight and air well. In addition, it effectively protects plants from sudden temperature changes. It is important that non-woven fabrics have a long service life, about 3-4 years. This period coincides with the maximum period of fruiting. After this period, the culture is transplanted to a new place, and the old covering material is replaced with a new one.
How to plant strawberries under black covering material
At first glance, growing strawberries under a covering material seems simple. But in fact, for maximum results, it is necessary to strictly observe the technology of planting plants using this technology.
First of all, you need to carefully dig up the selected area and free it from weeds. It is desirable to fertilize the soil with organic matter (humus or manure), since this will positively affect the yield. After that, you can proceed to the direct formation of beds.
Note: The beds for the cultivation is desirable to do two-line. At such a site, it will be much easier to care for bushes.
The formation of the beds also occurs according to a certain technology. First, around the perimeter of the future plot, a shallow ditch should be dug, which in the future will help secure the fabric. The soil is leveled with a rake, the hose is laid out for drip irrigation and the covering material is gently rolled out so that it fits snugly to the soil.
The edges of the film or agrofibre fixed in a trench with stones, bricks, pieces of boards or sandbags. You can simply sprinkle the edges with earth, but the most reliable is to mount using special studs, which can be easily made with your own hands from pieces of wire.
Since the technology of preparation of beds plays a crucial role in the successful cultivation of strawberries under the covering material, we consider the order of their preparation in more detail.
Preparation of beds
Despite the fact that the preparation of beds for the cultivation of strawberries requires some effort, there is a clear instruction of this process, thanks to which even novice gardeners will cope with this task (Figure 2).
Preparation of beds for growing strawberries includes the following steps:
- Site selection: it is desirable to place the beds on a flat part of the garden. It is desirable that the earth in this place is uniformly warmed by the sun and is not under the slope.
- Determination of bed height: Despite the fact that strawberries can be grown in a common garden, it is better to equip raised beds to increase the quantity and quality of the crop.
- Soil preparation: the bed needs to be dug up, freed from weeds and their roots, and fertilized with organic or mineral supplements.
- Organization of beds: around the perimeter of the plot, you need to make a small depression into which you can later fill the edges of the agrofiber to fix it. After that, the canvas is laid out on the surface, and its edges are placed in recesses and fixed, sprinkled with earth or pressed down with bricks or boards. Covering material should be rolled out gradually so that it is evenly distributed over the bed and fits tightly to the soil.
After the film or agrofibre will be laid out on the site, you can proceed to the direct planting of bushes.
How to use covering material
To get the beds even and beautiful, you need to carry out a preliminary marking. To do this, you just need to expand the rope on the plot, outline the rows and pits for planting bushes. In the same way, mark another series and all subsequent (Figure 3).
Note: It should be remembered that the optimal distance between individual strawberry bushes should be at least 30 cm, and between rows - 40 cm.
Further in the marked places make holes. They can be both round and cruciform. It is important that the diameter of any hole should be no more than 10 cm. This diameter will be quite enough for the full development of strawberries, but weeds will not grow through the hole. After that, each hole must be watered and a sapling planted in it.
Figure 3. Landing technology
Planting sprouts is best done in the spring, after the threat of frost has finally passed. In such conditions, the plants will quickly take root in the new site and begin to fully develop.
An alternative option is the landing of a mustache under the covering material in early autumn. In this case, the antennae take root before the onset of cold weather, form roots and actively start to grow in the spring.
When growing strawberries under the covering material, you need to take into account some of the nuances:
- To keep the mustache from sticking to the soil, agrofibre or film around the bush should be carefully compacted and compacted.
- It is better to use a high-density web, since particularly strong and tenacious weeds can grow through thin agrofibre.
- The edges of the canvas must be fixed so that the canvas does not move.
При выборе вида укрывного материала следует ориентироваться на климатические особенности региона вашего проживания. For example, black agrofibre or film is better to use in regions with cold climates, since these canvases contribute to the rapid heating of the soil. In the southern regions with a hot climate, it is better to use a light or two-color material that will prevent overheating of the soil.
How to water strawberries under cover material
Many gardeners refuse to grow strawberries under a covering material, as they believe that it is more difficult to care for such beds. However, this opinion is erroneous, since the film and agrofibre really facilitate the process of cultivation of berries.
First and foremost, care concerns concern watering the beds. There is no need to worry about this, as non-woven agrofiber passes moisture well, and watering can be carried out directly over the canvas. If you use a film, watering will have to be carried out by the radical method directly into each well. To save time and effort, it is better to immediately arrange drip irrigation in the garden and arrange the ribbons and hoses around the area before the film is unfolded (Figure 4).
Figure 4. The main methods of irrigation culture
It is important to note that the frequency of irrigation of crops grown under a covering material and without it is significantly different. This is due to the fact that under the film or agrofibre moisture evaporates more slowly, so you need to water the beds less often. To check the level of soil moisture, it is enough just to dip a wooden stick into the ground and check how deep the soil is moistened.
As for the other stages of care, they practically do not differ from the cultivation by the usual method. Trimming is carried out in the same way, regularly removing the mustache. Top-dressings in the first year are practically not applied, but in the following years in the spring nitrogen fertilizers should be added to the soil to stimulate growth, and then complex mineral dressings should be added before the start of flowering and during fruiting. Fertilizers can be applied both by spraying and root-root method.
In more detail, the technology of planting and growing strawberries under the covering material is shown in the video.
Characteristics and purpose
Mulching became widespread in the practice of foreign gardening for a long time. In our country, this agrotechnical technique with the use of inorganic materials has become particularly in demand in the past few years. Mulch helps to accelerate the onset of ripening berries for 7−10 days compared to the uncovered ground. Most often for the organization of inorganic mulching is used film and agrofibre. Such a production operation, which is quite successfully used in horticulture and plant growing, has a large number of advantages.
Advantages of agro-reception:
- moisture retention in soil
- reducing the amount of weeds,
- prevention of overheating of the soil in the summer and freezing of the soil in winter,
- preventing splashes, which contain pathogens and pathogens, from the soil to plants and berries during the irrigation process and during rains,
- prevention of soil erosive changes,
- preventing the formation of soil crusts and improving the absorption of water into the soil,
- preservation of optimal indicators of soil looseness,
- formation of a more powerful and developed root system in plants.
Strawberry: planting in non-woven covering material (video)
Disadvantages of technology:
- relatively high cost of the mulch material,
- the need to use a drip irrigation system of garden crops,
- Mulching black material often causes plants to overheat in summer.
Varieties of film material
Currently, covering material is represented by several varieties. Most often, inorganic mulching accompanies the cultivation of strawberries for several seasons. However, direct planting of a berry crop on film or agrofibre is also quite popular.
Types of covering material for strawberries
Covering non-woven material helps to protect the strawberries in unstable weather conditions. There are different kinds of it, designed for specific purposes.
When choosing covering material, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that it contains UV stabilizers. This will protect it from rapid destruction in the bright sun, and extend the service life of up to 3 years.
The density of covering material is also important.
There are such types:
- 17 g / m (the thinnest spunbond) - used to shelter plants from sunburn,
- 30 g / m - they can cover the sown lawn grass so that the seeds are not washed away with rain, and birds do not peck or protect the plants from sunburn,
- 42 g / m - will protect plants from a slight cold snap at night and heat during the day,
- 60 g / m (one of the densest spanbond) - used to protect seedlings from night frosts, as well as to shelter plants for the winter.
All types of covering material well pass light moisture and air. Strawberries like it, it gives a good harvest.
Covering material also helps in weed control. Thanks to this, you can get a green crop without any special effort. The usual black agrofibre a so-called mulch helps with it. This material has a high density of 60 g / m and should last at least 3 years.
The difficulty for some gardeners is that the agrofibre needs to be fixed, then holes are made. To facilitate the task, the manufacturer produces a special covering material for strawberries with holes already made.
There is black and white mulch. The bottom layer is black, it is placed on the ground, and it prevents the growth of grass, and the top layer is white, it reflects more light. One of the most interesting mulching materials is black and yellow. It is difficult to first understand what it is for. The black layer is used traditionally, it does not allow to grow weeds. The yellow top layer, it turns out, confuses insect pests, it allows you to grow crops without chemicals.
Covering inorganic material is recommended to lay even before planting strawberries. For this, it is necessary to carefully prepare the soil, having correctly carried out all the agrotechnical stages.
Before you put the film on the ground, you must:
- dig up the beds, getting rid of weeds and root debris,
- make humus or manure, combining it with straw or other type of mulch,
- moisten the ground
- to form two-line heights, on which the culture will land,
- dig up small ditches along the perimeter in order to secure covering material,
- align the surface of the beds with a rake,
- when using polyethylene, pre-place the hose for drip irrigation.
Tip! The recommended width of the hill for strawberries is 80 cm, and the distance between rows is 40 cm.
A special covering film can also be placed on the finished berry plant plantation, but the soil must be perfectly clean and the bushes properly arranged. For this, preparation of the basal layer consists of leveling the surface with the help of a rake. All work before laying a special mulch is carried out for two weeks, so that the earth can settle during this time.
Types of material
Natural or artificial covering material for strawberry seedlings can be different, both in structure and in terms of effects on crops, weeds, moisture and other important factors.
Pine needles, peat, straw, or small wood chips are often used as organic raw materials. This mulch is available in terms of price and has a number of useful properties that are transmitted to the plant and its fruits. But at the same time, these substances also have negative characteristics, as they quickly decompose in the soil, becoming a substrate for some pests and diseases transmitted to the berry.
Of the inorganic covering materials, the main ones are:
- ruberoid - non-toxic, has a solid structure and relatively low price,
- agrofibre is a specially developed durable coating capable of passing air and moisture, but rather expensive,
- black film is the most popular type, characterized by ease, cheapness, lack of toxins, but subject to rapid deformation.
The use of slate, rubber or plastic as a soil cover is unacceptable. This material is toxic to plants, does not allow air and moisture to the roots, and is also very inconvenient due to its bulkiness.
Mulching tissue greatly simplifies the work of gardeners and helps create a comfortable environment for strawberries.
Under the covering material for the beds of cultivated plants, used by gardeners most often, understand the black film of polyethylene. It helps to protect the soil from weeds, prevents the growth of whiskers to the surface layer of the earth, prevents the berries from becoming contaminated and rotting, simplifies harvesting, accumulates heat to the roots, promotes fruiting. In addition, this inorganic raw material does not contribute to the overwintering of harmful insects, such as weevil.
Inorganic mulch of this type is not only black, but also white, as well as two-color. The latter product has the greatest demand, as the light shade allows you to reflect the sun's rays, avoiding the burns of the plant, and the dark side has a negative effect on the harmful grass.
The negative characteristics of polyethylene covering material are:
- fast deformation of the film, when buying cheap substandard goods,
- lack of soil aeration
- condensation in the root layer due to overheating,
- mandatory establishment of a drip irrigation system.
The use of this cover on strawberries, although it is quite a popular technique, but when using it should take into account the negative aspects and the possible damage from them.
Russian gardeners use several types of covering materials suitable for strawberries. The most common are: lutrasil, spunbel, agrospan and spunbond. The first is distinguished by its strong structure, long service life and ease. The remaining three types are made of polypropylene yarn by heat treatment and have proven themselves at the expense of durability and quality.
Lutrasil is produced in the form of fabric (to cover greenhouses, greenhouses) and non-woven black film. Experienced gardeners speak well of both species, indicating positive characteristics when applied to strawberry beds. This type of raw material protects the roots of the plant from freezing, especially if you lay it in two layers.
White canvases are designed to combat early spring frosts, while black ones are used to mulch strawberries and other crops. The composition of covering materials of good quality includes an ultraviolet stabilizer that helps in resistance with sunlight that can cause burns on the leaves of plants. The films last from three to five years, but when transplanting the bushes, the mulch raw material should be replaced.
When to cover
In addition to sheltering a berry crop, immediately before planting, some summer residents use artificial and natural materials to protect the plant from frost. Many types of modern canvases are able to withstand a decrease in air temperature to a negative level of seven degrees Celsius, saving the roots in the little snowy initial stages of winter. Therefore, it is possible to close strawberries not only in autumn, but also in late autumn.
How to lay
Agrofibre overlap about twenty centimeters. The roll is rolled slowly, pressing it down with several loads (stones, bricks) in the prepared recesses. Thick wire studs (70 cm long) covering inorganic material is fixed in the ground. When using a double-sided canvas, one should not confuse the protective and moisture-permeable surfaces.
On the already spread film cut round and cross-shaped holes for strawberry seedlings. It must be remembered that large holes contribute to the emergence of weeds. For evenness of rows it is recommended to use a cord, pulling it along the bed.
Tip! The distance between the berry bushes should be at least thirty centimeters.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantages of using covering materials:
- moisture is preserved, and therefore less need to water the plant,
- reduced weathering of the soil surface,
- berries do not get dirty and are less rotting,
- favorable conditions contribute to the reproduction of worms that loosen the soil,
- weeds cannot break through to the light and die,
- getting rid of many diseases and harmful insects,
- overheating and overcooling protection,
- improvement of metabolic processes in the plant,
- creates a well-groomed view of the site.
The main disadvantages include poor quality of some films and rapid deformation, inability to aerate and pass moisture, a high price category, as well as the formation of an environment for the habitat of slugs and ants.
Each gardener can use covering mulch under strawberries. To do this, you need to choose the right raw materials and learn how to use it, going through all the stages of soil preparation.
Varieties of Weed Control Material
Caring for strawberries is not easy. And if you do not deal with weeds, the plantations overgrow, and the berries, when interacting with them and the ground, become dirty, rot, lose their taste and presentation. Therefore, it requires care, which can be facilitated by mulching. To do this, use non-woven materials or a film for strawberries from weeds: white, black or two-color.
Some gardeners prefer to use the film. But the material does not allow air, during the period of heat leads to overheating of the soil. The film does not resist spring frosts, during the period of spring frosts requires additional heating. It negatively affects the microflora, reduces the level of useful elements, reduces the growth and yield of strawberries.
This type of material protects strawberries from weeds, excessive heat, which contributes to the burning of bushes. The disadvantages include the inability to pass water and air, which leads to the formation of condensate, the development of mold, fungal diseases.
The advantage of this type is considered to be a positive effect on the formation, growth of berry bushes. There is no risk of damage to the plant, since the surface of the material is not afraid of heat, it does not heat up. But there is a likelihood of weed growth.
Advantages of the reinforced film
This covering material from weeds differs in the increased mechanical durability, durability. It withstands exposure to sunlight, is convenient to use, but it is necessary to apply herbicides, carry out manual weeding.
When using a transparent film, the soil warms up faster; on very hot days, overheating does not occur. Therefore, even in dry and hot weather, berry bushes remain unchanged, do not fade. But the problem with weeds remains, therefore and in this case they need to be weeded.
No less popular gardeners are considered two-color film. The top layer has several shades: silver, yellow, white, and the bottom one is black. It prevents overheating of the soil, creates excellent conditions for the development of roots, reproduction of earthworms, which loosen the soil. Black color does not allow the growth of weeds.
Soil mulching process
Summer residents advise strawberry weed material to be used before planting strawberries. Before this prepare the ground:
- dig up
- remove weeds with roots,
- make fertilizer
- make organic mulch,
After this, the formation of beds begins. width up to 80 and at a distance of up to 40 centimeters from each other, along the perimeter equip grooves. They will secure the covering material. In the beds laid hoses with drip irrigation. After all the procedures performed on the beds, the film is rolled out and fixed, small holes are cut at distances of more than 30 centimeters from each other for planting strawberries.
Features nonwoven covering materials
Inorganic covering materials promote:
- increase in strawberry growth
- to strengthen the roots
- facilitate care
- protect from drying out
- prevent the emergence of weeds,
- retain moisture
- much increase yield.
These include non-woven material.
Characteristics of certain types of agrofibre
Unusual lightness and quality distinguishes Lutrasil from the German manufacturer. It is presented in two forms. One of them is suitable for protecting greenhouses, greenhouses, beds from spring frosts. And another type of non-woven black material - to protect the beds from weed growth. Gardeners in growing strawberries use both species, it gives excellent results: protects against the appearance of weeds, frost, increases the yield.
Agrofibres with the names agrospan, sambel, spunbond differ in their features. For their manufacture, polypropylene yarns are used, which are thermally bonded. Unpainted fabrics are used to protect plants from spring frosts. Среди новинок, материалов для мульчирования и защиты от сорных растений выделяется двухслойный вид с внешней белой стороной, внутренней – чёрной. Внутренняя сторона не даёт расти сорнякам, белая – защищает от воздействия солнечных лучей, оберегает растения от перегревания и пересыхания, обеспечивает равномерное созревание ягод.
Differences black agrofibre
For the mulching of the soil is used black agrofibre, reinforced with special UV stabilizers, which increase resistance to sunlight.
This material is considered to be “breathable,” so there is no fungus or mold under it. It inhibits the growth of weeds that are hard to eradicate, does not respond to fluids and chemical compounds. Warming up the soil occurs quickly, strawberries grow well, it allows you to shoot the first crop of berries earlier. The berries do not touch the ground, they are always clean, regardless of weather conditions, they are not affected by rot. Non-woven materials stand out: reliability, environmental safety, long service life, are used for up to four years.
Mulching material is environmentally friendly, it does not harm plants, animals, people. And he fights great with weeds, does not leave a single chance of survival for them, since he does not let the light through at all. For its laying it is required to prepare the soil in the fall, and in the spring, when the soil dries out a little - to lay it.
Properties of agrofabric
Agrofabric on density, features, characteristics are not inferior to agrofibre. It has the same positive effect on plants, freely passes moisture, air, does not compact the soil, does not allow it to overheat, is environmentally safe, can be used many times, much longer than agrofibre. But there is one drawback - it is heavy weight, which has a negative impact on the root system of strawberries.
A link between these two materials is considered to be a geotextile with high density and strength.
Use in greenhouses
Gardeners grow strawberries in greenhouses, using covering materials, hiding the beds, using a two-layer material. In greenhouses requires intensive warming of the soil. For the cultivation of early varieties of strawberries choose a single-layer black type of agrofiber, which greatly accelerates the ripening of strawberries. When growing berries in the greenhouse requires regular ventilation, on hot days - shading.
Ways to protect the tracks from weeds
It is necessary to take care of the shelter tracks, to prevent weed vegetation. To do this, first remove the top layer of the earth, then level and compact the surface on which to lay the black material from the weeds. It will protect against the appearance of weeds. and will provide an opportunity to move on a clean surface while grooming plants and picking berries. Weed grass is harmful. It takes nutrients and moisture from the soil, releases harmful substances, “clogs” cultivated plants, affects growth, development, and reduces crop yields.
Weeds are considered harmful, which multiply by roots, creeping processes. Fight them, helps non-woven covering material. It allows air, moisture, resists hot dry air, spring frosts. This allows gardeners not to use herbicides for weed control, not to use manual labor, which is economically advantageous.
There are various covering materials on the market, so you can choose acceptable species that will make growing strawberries easy.
Alternative to weeding
It is more pleasant to look after strawberries growing on covering material, and the berry does not get dirty from the ground.
Weeding a strawberry plantation is a laborious job, and you have to do it several times a season. A convenient solution to this problem was found: the surface of the ground in the garden is lined with special materials that suppress the growth of weeds. At the same time, compact strawberry bushes continue their normal development.
When watering the land fell on the fruits of strawberries, if mulch was used - this would not have happened!
How and how to cover the soil? The best material is black agrofibre. . In addition, for the same purpose apply black plastic film, roofing material, roofing felt, newspapers and pieces of cardboard, a thick layer of straw or other mulch.
It only takes a little bit to start the weeds, and one good rain is enough for the strawberries to get stuck in the weeds.
English version (organic mulch)
Organic mulch has to be renewed once or twice per season.
It is known that the British call strawberries “straw berry” because they spread straw under the bushes so that the berries do not get dirty from the ground.
Instead of straw, you can use needles, wood chips, pieces of bark and other organic materials. Fresh mulch partially inhibits the development of weeds, but for this, its thickness must be at least 8 cm, with an annual update.
Weed seeds, falling on loose mulch, still germinate. Cardboard or newspapers have a more dense structure, but quickly soak and lose their properties. All these tools do not guarantee complete protection of the beds from weeds.
Finnish experience (black polyethylene)
Mulching strawberries with a film is not the best option due to certain disadvantages.
Before the advent and active distribution of agrofibre, they invented a technology of pre-filling strawberry beds with black plastic film (or tar, roofing material).
Young sockets at the same time landed in small cruciate incisions. This method showed good results in a northern country like Finland. In Russia, it is still used by some gardeners.
Negative aspects of Finnish technology:
- the film must be of high quality and expensive, otherwise it quickly breaks, collapses,
- the soil is not breathing
- strawberry roots overheat, rot (hot, condensate),
- it is desirable to lay a drip irrigation system under the film.
- no weeds,
- whiskers do not grow, it is convenient to remove them,
- there is no place to spend winter pests (such as weevil),
- the berry is clean (without dirt and rot),
- harvest is convenient to collect,
- heat accumulates and fruit is accelerated.
Agrofibre (nonwoven covering material) of black color is very convenient to use for mulching the soil. It has all the positive properties of the mulch film, not having its drawbacks.
It is convenient to work with covering nonwoven material and it serves for a long time.
Mulch weed tissue has additional valuable qualities:
- The fabric lays down gently, without wrinkles. . Easy to cut and stitched in any size. Mechanical damage can be stitched or patched.
- The material is synthetic, so it does not rot . Does not collapse under the influence of sunlight, serves for several years.
- The porous structure allows you to freely breathe strawberry roots and the soil layer , where beneficial microorganisms and earthworms are actively working.
- Water flows freely down during rain and watering.
- Evaporation from the bed surface is reduced.
- It is convenient to work with the material. It is pleasant to look after beds. Saves time.
- Agrofibre is quite affordable.
For strawberry plants creates a very comfortable environment.
Varieties of black covering material
All covering materials combines the ability to pass moisture and air.
Agrofibre from various manufacturers is manufactured using similar technology. Names may vary by brand:
The most thick and durable material is the number 60 (this is an indicator of high density).
In recent years, the two-layer version has also become widespread ( white-black or yellow-black Agrotex ). The lower black side prevents the growth of weeds, and the upper light protects the roots and the aboveground part of the bush from overheating. Bilayer Agrotex is conveniently used on hot southern slopes, in greenhouses and greenhouses, in southern regions.
The outer white layer of Agrotex saves from overheating, while the inner black layer absorbs sunlight and suppresses weeds.
Rules for the use of covering material
The place for a strawberry plantation is chosen light, well shined with the sun. It is not recommended to plant strawberries after strawberries and raspberries, after onions (after garlic can be), as well as after vegetables and flowers of the Solanaceae family (tomatoes, potatoes, pepper, petunias).
It is very important to clean the ground from weeds. For this purpose, various methods are used: they hold the territory for a year under steam or sideratami, apply herbicides, carry out deep digging.
A place for strawberries is prepared in advance - planted a green manure, bring to bloom and close up into the ground.
Soil dug up to a depth of 30-40 cm, carefully choosing the roots of weeds. The soil is well seasoned with fertilizers. On one square meter of the future landings make:
- 10-15 kg of well-rotted humus or compost,
- a half-liter jar of wood ash,
- humates with microelements (according to the package instructions),
- 20-30 grams of potassium sulfate,
- 40–50 grams of superphosphate.
Potassium and superphosphate It can be replaced with complex mineral or organic mineral fertilizer (WMD), better specialized for strawberries.
The beds are filled higher, if close groundwater. In other cases, they are only slightly raised or made flush with the surface of the earth. Then the soil must be leveled. It is necessary to give time for a small subsidence (15–30 days) before the laying of agrofiber soil.
High bed for strawberries from boards.
Planting young strawberry plants on agrofibre
The basic rules for planting strawberries on a covering material are the same as on the open surface of the soil. The plantation is planted in spring or in the second half of summer, in early autumn. Cloudy day or cool evening hours is chosen.
You can use this drug!
Previously young seedlings with an open root system can be held in root formation stimulants (Zircon, humates, Kornevin, Heteroauxin, HB-1). The long roots of the seedlings are pruned slightly, leaving a length of 5–10 cm.
When planting, hand pushing the edges of the tissue incision, the roots are placed in the hole vertically (they should not bend), squeeze the soil. The heart at the same time slightly rises above ground level. Plants are watered directly into the holes so that the earth fills all the voids around the roots. The point of growth remains open. If it is covered with soil, it can rot and die.
Dig a hole to the depth of the scoop, the ground is left for bedding.
If sunny, hot weather is expected, then novosadki pritenyut for several days (for example, white agrofibre). A few days later, the beds are checked: bushes are planted in place of the dead, raised sagging hearts. Further irrigation is carried out directly on the surface of the plantation.
Heart seedling should remain on the surface of the earth.