Stunted and compact bushes reach a height of 50 cm. For plants are characterized by strong foliage and the average rate of branching. The type of growth is determinative, therefore the formation of the stem is required. Leaves miniature, saturated green color.
Ripened fruits acquire a rounded shape, bright red skin and compact size. The average weight of vegetables is 60-80 g. The flesh is dense and juicy, the number of seeds does not exceed 0.3%.
Yield and fruiting
If the climate is favorable and the right care is taken from one bush, it is possible to harvest 2-4 kg of the crop. Fruits begin to ripen in 85-95 days from the moment of the appearance of the first shoots. If vegetables are grown in Siberia, the ripening time is 110-115 days. Fruiting lasts until the onset of the first autumn cold snaps.
Suitable region and climate
According to their characteristics, Liana tomatoes are suitable for growing in the East Siberian and Central regions of the country. Tomatoes are considered to be thermophilic, therefore in the southern regions it is allowed to plant seeds in open ground. In Central Russia and Siberia, it is recommended to plant plants in a greenhouse. At the same time, the Liang variety is not susceptible to short-term temperature changes.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Tomatoes have a high resistance to vertex fruit rot, dry and bacterial blotch. To a lesser extent, bushes are susceptible to the disease of late blight and Septoria. Under adverse climatic conditions and inadequate care, there is the likelihood of infection with the tobacco mosaic virus.
Advantages and disadvantages
The only disadvantage of Lyana is a tendency to certain diseases and the attack of harmful insects. The list of positive characteristics includes:
- early maturation
- universal purpose of harvest,
- good indicator of transportability,
- high nutritional value and taste,
- stable yield.
Features planting tomato Liang
Choosing to grow a variety of tomatoes Lyana, you must observe a number of features. To get a large crop, it will be necessary to prepare and process the seed in advance, plant the seedlings correctly, take into account the precursors of the crop and timely transfer the plants to a permanent place.
Before sowing seedlings, seeds are inspected to eliminate specimens with defects. Selected seeds are soaked for 5-10 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate to disinfect and destroy bacteria. After processing the seed, the soil is mixed with peat in separate containers. Seeds are poured on the surface of the soil and sprinkled with a thin layer of earth.
Sowing on seedlings is usually done in early spring. In regions with a warm climate, it is allowed to land in February. For active development, seedlings are treated with fertilizers.
After what crops should be planted tomatoes?
Properly selected predecessors contribute to the active growth and stable crop yield. A variety of tomatoes Lyana well acclimatized and develops in areas where they were previously grown: peas, cabbage, beans, beans, radishes, garlic, onions. These cultures saturate the soil with a large number of nutrients that are necessary for the proper ripening of tomatoes.
In 50-60 days after planting, seedlings can be transferred to a permanent place. Variety Lyana suitable for cultivation in open ground and in greenhouse conditions. Transplantation is carried out according to the scheme 60 x 70 cm. If the seedlings are transferred to the beds earlier, when the ambient temperature is unstable, it is recommended to use protective covers made of polyethylene film.
Despite the resistance of the variety to temperature differences, additional shelter will help the tomatoes to adapt to new conditions and develop actively.
Aftercare for tomatoes
To obtain a large crop, it is enough to follow the basic rules of care. Tomatoes varieties Lyana require regular watering, the use of feeding, the formation of stems, protection from infections and pests.
Tomatoes are actively developing and bear large fruits, if the soil is saturated with moisture by 85-90%. It is recommended to periodically inspect the ground and watering as it dries. For verification purposes, you can squeeze a lump of earth in your hand, and if it is easily formed, then the moisture index is optimal. Abundant watering, as well as rare, can lead to a reduction in the number of crops. On average, tomatoes are moistened once a week, but the frequency may vary depending on precipitation and the surrounding temperature.
When grown in a greenhouse, it is enough to perform 2-3 plant feeding during the season. Complex mineral fertilizers are used for this purpose. If tomatoes are planted in open ground, 3-4 extra foliar feeding is required additionally using standard growth stimulants.
Forming a bush
The process of forming a bush involves cutting off the growing lateral shoots. Gotting allows you to harvest in the early stages of maturation. As a rule, growing a variety of tomatoes Lyana, leave 1-2 main stem, and all new stepchildren are regularly removed. If you want to get a large crop and there is an opportunity to wait for late fruiting, it is allowed to leave a large number of additional shoots.
Pest and disease control
The most dangerous disease for varieties of tomatoes Lyana is tobacco mosaic. It is possible to detect the development of the disease by education on the leaves of pronounced dark and light spots. The cause of the infection is often insufficient lighting. In case of severe damage to plants, they cannot be saved, so the bushes have to be destroyed.
To prevent the spread of the disease, it is necessary to treat the plantations with a solution of boric acid and provide additional coverage. If there are signs of other infections, spraying of plants with fungicidal preparations is required.
To combat harmful insects, the treatment of bushes with insecticides is carried out. You can also water the beds with soapy water, onion peel and garlic infusion. Large pests are removed from the soil by hand.
Tomato Liang: characteristics and description of the variety
According to the description, the variety belongs to the early ripe high-yielding. The period of full ripening of fruits begins 100 days after planting the seeds.
According to the characteristic of the variety, it is a short, compact shrub plant no more than 50 centimeters high. Shtambovy type bush. Lyan's tomato has a limited growth point, which makes it possible not to tie up the plants, but it will still be necessary to carry out a periodic strawling. Shrub is formed into one stem.
The leaves are small, slightly corrugated, painted in a rich dark green color.
The formation of the first inflorescences of tomato Liang occurs above the fifth leaf, the subsequent inflorescences are laid through two leaves. The plant actively bears fruit in any climatic conditions.
Tomatoes, as described, are grown in open ground, in greenhouses and in greenhouses.
The plant is resistant to diseases such as top rot, bacterial and dry spotting, septriosis. There is a risk of tobacco mosaic damage and blight.
The average yield, according to the characteristics of the variety, is up to three kilograms of fruit from one plant. In the conditions of Eastern Siberia, the yield is much higher and amounts to 4.5 kilograms.
Fruits are small, round in shape, colored bright red. The skin is smooth, fairly dense. The number of seeds is small. The average weight of one fruit is 80 grams. Tomatoes have a good taste. They contain a small amount of sugar, carotene, vitamin B and organic acids, have low acidity.
The fruits have good transportability and long shelf life, which is 2-3 months.
On the basis of a variety of Lyana, super-early hybrid varieties of tomatoes Liana pink and Caspar were created, intended for cultivation in the open field. Many gardeners consider them versatile.
Tomato Liana pink, according to the description and characteristics, refers to ultra early varieties. Unlike the parent plant, Liana pink has fruits of a delicate pink color. The fruit pulp is sweet, fleshy. The plant is resistant to fungal diseases.
Advantages and disadvantages
Among the many advantages of tomatoes, according to the description and characteristics, the following should be noted:
- early terms of fruit ripening,
- simultaneous ripening of tomatoes,
- good taste and nutritional value
- high yield
- transportability and long shelf life.
Among the shortcomings noted the possibility of the defeat of some diseases and pests.
Growing tomatoes possible planting seedlings and sowing seeds in open ground. The choice of planting method depends on climatic and weather conditions.
In the southern regions, in Ukraine and Moldova, the plant is grown in open ground, in Siberia. Central regions of Russia, planting is possible in greenhouses and greenhouses.
- Growing seedlings of tomato varieties Lyan
Before sowing seeds for seedlings, they should be soaked in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate. After that carry out the sowing of seeds in boxes or containers. After sprouting two true leaves, it will be planted in separate cups or pots. After 30-45 days, young plants can be planted in open ground.
Planting of seedlings is carried out in late spring - early summer, when daytime temperatures will reach 22 degrees Celsius. Before planting, cups of seedlings are plentifully shed with warm water. this must be done so that the plants are easily removed from the containers.
Landing is carried out in the holes by the size of the cups. Pre fossa should be filled with humus, wood ash and mineral fertilizers. Planting is done very carefully, because the root system of seedlings is very fragile. After planting, the plants are watered abundantly.
- Sowing tomato seeds in open ground
Before sowing seeds should prepare the soil. To do this, dig up the soil, loosen and shed a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Seeds are sown in a checkerboard pattern. This will help prevent thickening of the landings and lower yields. During the first 20 days, plants grow very slowly. This is due to the increased growth of the root system. After 40 days, tomatoes are actively beginning to increase the green mass.
After 10-14 days after the seedlings emerge, fertilizing is carried out with mineral fertilizers. Then during the season, the plants are fed 2-3 more times.
To increase the yield should form a shrub in one stem and periodically remove the side shoots.
In order to prevent late blight, plants are treated with fungicides.
For tomatoes requires a well-hydrated soil. Young plants need frequent and abundant watering. However, it is necessary to avoid strong waterlogging of the soil, which reduces the temperature of the soil and may affect the formation of fruits.
We must not forget about the systematic loosening of the soil, which enriches the earth with oxygen. Loosening is carried out once in 10-15 days. As a rule, it is combined with weeding.
After what crops should be planted varieties of tomatoes Liang
It should not be planted tomatoes in the beds, where previously grew pepper, eggplant or potatoes.
These crops, along with tomatoes, belong to the same family of nightshade. In this regard, plants are prone to damage by certain diseases.
To reduce the risk of developing diseases It should be after harvesting to sow on the siderata, which dig up for the winter.
The best precursors for tomatoes are carrots, cabbage, legumes, cucumbers, garlic.
For several years I planted Liang variety tomatoes on my plot. Variety attracts the fact that low bushes do not need to tie up. Productivity does not decrease at periodic pasynkovanii. I like the taste of tomatoes very much: they are sweet, the pulp is juicy, dense with a small amount of seeds.
Variety Ljana planted last season. Tomatoes are consistent with the description and characteristics. The taste of fruit is tender, sweetish, with a slight sourness. The plant needs constant treatment from tobacco mosaic.
Very good grade. Slides it in for the third time. The tomato differs in endurance and unpretentiousness, does not demand difficult leaving. We are very satisfied.
Description of tomatoes
"Ljana" is a early ripe early variety. The bushes are very low, their height is from 40 to 60 cm. The plants are compact, the size of the holes for planting is about 65x65 cm. Because of their short stature, they do not need a garter. Heat-loving tomatoes, in the southern regions they can be grown in open ground, in central Russia and in Siberia it is better to plant in a greenhouse. Leaves and fruits may suffer from mosaic, that is, become covered with colored spots. To cure this disease is difficult, most often it is necessary to destroy the infected shrub.
The fruits of “Liana” (photo 1) are small, round, red, beautiful in appearance, the skin and flesh are thick, but not very hard, it tastes sweet, healthy and nutritious. The mass of one tomato ranges from 50 to 80 g. These tomatoes contain carotene, vitamins of group B, folic acid, sodium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, iodine, fluorine, biotin and other useful substances. Fruits are not subject to rot during ripening, but may suffer from phytophthora. The yield is about 8 kg per 1 m².
Reviews of grade "Liana" only positive. All gardeners agree that these are very tasty tomatoes that can be eaten fresh, make salads and other dishes from them, and make sauces. Small fruits are ideal for salting and pickling. If someone has these tomatoes died or gave too little harvest, then the problem is not in the variety, but in the mistakes of the gardener in the process of growing, poor quality seeds or in severe weather conditions.
Where to plant and how to grow?
Planting tomatoes "Liana" can be in open ground or in a greenhouse. The compactness and short stature of the bushes make it possible to grow these tomatoes even in apartments on balconies and loggias, since they do not take up much space.
Seeds before planting must be treated with a solution of water with the addition of potassium permanganate to disinfect them. Next, you need to plant seedlings, it is recommended to add peat to the soil for seeds. This is usually done in March, but in regions with a warm, mild climate, it is possible in February. Seedlings need fertilizer. Relocation of sprouts in the garden usually occurs in May. "Liang" can be grown without seedlings, that is, sow the seeds immediately to the garden, but only in the greenhouse.
Tomato "Liana" feels good in places where previously grew: cabbage, peas, beans, beans, turnips, radishes, onions, garlic. It is advisable to make beds for them in bright areas, well protected from the wind. The first flowers appear on the bush after 5-6 leaves, and the next - in 1-2.
Tomatoes "Lyana" need to be watered every 3-4 days, loosen the soil around the roots, weed and fertilize - 2-3 times for the entire growth period. The processes of growing this variety of tomatoes in the open field and in the greenhouse are different.
If the tomatoes grow in an open garden, the plants need extra foliar dressing and treatment with preparations protecting against phytophthora. Remove stepchildren from the bushes is not required. When growing "Liana" in a greenhouse, you need to cut off the stepchildren so that the fruits ripen faster. But additional sprouts can be left, then the harvest will be later, but richer.
The fruits of this variety ripen almost simultaneously. Easily carry long storage and transportation from place to place. But it is advisable to immediately eat them or make preparations for the winter, since during prolonged storage the amount of carotene in tomatoes decreases.
Variety "Pink Lyana"
This is a new hybrid, derived from a simple "Liana". The advantages of hybrid tomatoes compared to the main ones:
- earlier ripening,
- resistant to disease
- skin thinner and more tender
- grow well in open field,
- no need to remove stepchildren,
- have a more pleasant taste.
"Liana pink" has disadvantages. These tomatoes are very fond of the Colorado potato beetle, so the plants must be sprayed with a special preparation. Shrubs are recommended to tie up.
The fruits are pink in color, small (80-100 g), round, sweet, meaty (photo 2). The remaining characteristics of the varieties coincide with each other.
Seedlings are planted in March or April. Before sowing, the seeds must be disinfected. The optimum planting depth is about 2.5 cm. After the appearance of two leaves, the tomatoes are diving (transplanted into a larger container). Tomatoes need fertilizer, fertilizing is carried out 2-3 times before transferring the seedlings to the garden bed. A week before the transplant, the seedlings are hardened, that is, they are taken out onto the street or an open balcony (loggia) and left there for the whole day.
Dimensions of holes for bushes 70x35 cm. "Pink Liana" needs regular watering with warm water, removing weeds, loosening the soil, feeding, treatment against pests. Плоды появляются и созревают дружно, не трескаются и не мнутся при транспортировке, долго хранятся. Томаты подходят для салатов и консервации.
Томат ляна характеристика и описание сорта
Приступая к описанию этого сорта помидора, хочется отметить его высокую урожайность. With the right approach to caring for a tomato lyan only 3–4 bushes can collect up to 10 kilograms of crop. Considering the fact that the bushes of this vegetable are considered short and do not exceed the mark of 0.5 meters, this is more than an excellent result.
Also, the indisputable positive characteristics of a tomato lyana include the earlier ripening of its fruits - no more than 100 days are required from the moment of planting to a permanent place of germination. The described feature can be used in its favor by gardeners living in the northern regions of our homeland. In addition, this variety is not afraid of lowering the temperature, and can easily survive the spring frosts, which often become a surprise for gardeners. Heat this tomato is experiencing much more difficult, requiring a thorough watering.
Brief characteristic tomato lana
- early maturing
- resistant to temperature changes
- in need of pasynkovane,
- not requiring a garter,
- sweet to taste.
Having decided to plant tomatoes on one's own plot of Lyana, there should be no problems, because sometimes seeds are sown immediately in open ground. However, in order to avoid unexpected troubles, seedlings should be prepared for the beginning of spring, sown in late February - early March, in the form of unsaved seeds. Only after establishing on the street favorable conditions they should be transferred to open ground. The description of the experience of many gardeners shows that the seedlings are ready for planting already on the 50th day from the time of sowing. Accordingly, observing the weather, you can determine the exact date of landing in the ground.
Planting seeds tomatoes Lyana is quite an energy-consuming exercise, because it consists of several different stages. After the choice is made in favor of the described pink tomato, you should proceed to the purchase of seeds. It must be remembered that good seeds can only be purchased at specialized a store that sells seeds of a wide variety of crops. If you dwell on the purchase of tomato seeds from the hands on the market, then the probability of buying planting material that is not quite the desired variety is very high.
Before planting the seeds should be checked, and select those that are the same in size. This feature will ensure uniform shoots. Then, using a weak solution of potassium permanganate, carry out the procedure decontaminationby dropping the seeds for half an hour into the solution, and from there putting warm water for 8 hours. You can leave at night for the night, and in the morning to do the direct planting of pink tomatoes.
In order for the seedlings to be sure to ascend, it is preferable to use a special earthen mixture, which can be found in any garden shop. It is called “For Tomatoes and Peppers”, for example, and it only happens for tomatoes. In describing the properties of such a soil it is reported that it contains all the necessary substances and trace elements that contribute to the maximum germination of seedlings.
Dishes for disembarkation seedlings maybe anyone who used to - cups, special pots, boxes. The ground is poured into the selected container, slightly watered with some water, a notch of no more than 5 cm is made into which the seed is put, and then it is poured on top with a small layer of earth. That's the whole secret.
Now it remains to choose the most sunny place in your home and monitor the temperature, which is very important for future tomatoes. The most comfortable temperature for seedlings is 24–25 degrees of heat. In different regions of Russia, spring manifests itself in different ways. In the long absence of sunny days, you should use lamps to provide additional lighting, because the seeds need light. Of course, we should not forget about watering the seedlings, not a single seed will grow without water, then there is a risk of being left without a harvest of wonderful pink tomatoes.
Features of planting seedlings
After all the seedlings pleased us with their green leaves and stalks, and the weather outside was warm and sunny, it was time to plant tomato seedlings of lään in open ground. Before landing it is worth deciding on place, because pink tomatoes love sunlight, so the plot should be well lit. Otherwise, the seedlings may be sick for a long time and do not give the amount of harvest described above.
Due to the lack of abundant lighting, tomatoes of this variety are subject to a disease such as tobacco mosaic. It is manifested by the appearance of dark and light spots covering sheets of bushes. For the prevention of the described pest, you can use a solution of boric acid. Even in the state of the seedling a few days before transplanting into open ground, shed at the root at a permanent place and spray young seedlings on the leaves. It is believed that if the root is damaged by this disease, then it is no longer possible to save it, so it is worth making maximum efforts to prevent it.
In addition, the soil must be fertile enough loose, it is very important when rooting and further growth of seedlings. Some experienced gardeners, when choosing a place for planting tomatoes, pay attention to crop rotation. Ideal predecessors can be
The description of the stages of preparation for planting länä tomatoes takes much longer than the procedure of planting itself, so you should not be afraid that it is too difficult, in fact, there is nothing easier than growing tasty pink tomatoes.
Description of tomato variety Lyan
Despite the fact that the variety Lyana was bred in Transnistria, the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation, where it was registered in 1996, recommends it for cultivation mainly in the Central and East Siberian regions. Of course, this does not mean that Ljana will not grow in a truly “tomato” Volga or Black Soil Region. The variety is successfully cultivated almost all over our country, these tomatoes are planted in neighboring Moldova and Ukraine.
Lyan's tomato belongs to determinant varieties: its bush is low (not higher than 40 cm), but also unlike a tree, that is, not standard, its branching is average, and the leaves on the bushes grow a lot. These leaves are of normal size and color, weakly crinkled. Over the fifth or sixth leaf, the first inflorescence is already formed, and then after every 1 or 2 leaves - new ones. In total, at least five brushes are formed on the bush, each of which contains 4–5 tomatoes. Lyan's tomato bush is not high, but unfortunately its stems are very fragile and break off without tying
Fruits are medium-sized, weighing about 80 g, round, red in color, with two or three seed chambers. The taste of fresh tomatoes is considered excellent. Directions of their use - fresh use and whole-canning. When harvesting for the winter, the tomatoes do not crack; they look very appetizing in the banks. It is possible to cook from these tomatoes both juice, and tomato paste, at least, the rich chemical composition quite favors this.
Ripening tomatoes comes together and early: in the middle lane about 100 days after germination, that is, around mid-summer, in Siberia a week and a half later. The yield is not bad: about 3 kg of tomatoes are harvested from each bush in the middle lane. Oddly enough, the yield in Siberia is one and a half to two times higher. Tomatoes easily carry transportation to any distance, despite the thin skin. In suitable conditions, tomatoes can be stored fresh for about two months.
The variety is highly resistant to most diseases, resistance to late blight is assessed as average, and against tobacco mosaic it is below average. It can grow well both in greenhouses and in unprotected soil, but mainly, like other low-growing varieties, is grown outside of greenhouses. Some lovers plant several bushes even on the balconies of city apartments.
In not too harsh climatic regions, planting varieties of Liang is practiced without growing seedlings, but in this case fruit ripening occurs only at the end of summer.
On the basis of red tomato Liang, a new version is derived - Liana pink. The main characteristics of these two varieties coincide, but the updated version ripens somewhat faster and may even be classified as ultra-fast-growing. In addition, in pink tomatoes, which are somewhat larger, higher and the percentage of sugar content.
Features of planting and cultivation of tomato Lyana
If you try to say in a nutshell about the peculiarities of aganomics of tomato Liang, then it turns out that there are practically none: they are a typical determinant variety, distinguished by very early ripening periods, intended mainly for open ground. Early ripeness makes it possible in the warm regions to grow it by direct sowing of seeds in the garden (although the advantages in terms of ripening of the crop are lost), but mostly Liana, like almost any tomato, is grown through the seedling stage.
This variety of tomatoes, like most other early ripe, it makes no sense to sow on seedlings very early, because in this version the situation may arise when the bushes already have tomatoes, and the weather does not yet have to transplant the seedlings into unprotected soil. Liana can be transplanted to the beds at the age of 45–50 days, so the term of sowing seeds in the seedling boxes in the conditions of the Central region and areas equivalent to climate is the very end of March, or the beginning of April.
Of course, if there are temporary film shelters on the site, you can do seedling affairs and early. The main thing is to plant the seedlings in the garden bed when the land in it warms to at least 14 o C. The considered variety is quite unpretentious, this also applies to the stage of growing seedlings: it does not cause unnecessary trouble. But seeds, especially if they are of unknown origin, are best prepared. Calibrated seeds (large, identical in size) sprout in a friendly manner, and decontaminated (half an hour bought in a dark solution of potassium permanganate) almost guarantee the absence of plant diseases in the future.
It is also necessary to disinfect the soil (pour a weak solution of potassium permanganate), if it is compiled independently. Purchased nutrients (not the cheapest) are usually ready to use. Lyana loves loose soils, which should be taken into account when compiling the mixture: it is good if there is peat and humus, to which is added soddy earth and a little wood ash.
Since Liana is grown mainly for canning, it is usually planted in considerable quantity. Therefore, at first seeds are sown in a small box, and then dive into a more spacious one. Sowing is carried out to a depth of 2 cm, with a distance between the seeds of about 3 cm. Covering the box with glass, leave it at room temperature: after 5–6 days, germs should appear. At this point, it is important to reduce the temperature for a few days to 16–18 ° C; otherwise, the seedlings of even the determinant varieties are strongly drawn out and become unviable.
With the formation of 2 true leaves, seedlings are seated more freely (in a large box or separate pots), slightly pinching the central root. The entire care of the seedlings consists in rare watering and ensuring good illumination. If the soil is taken not very good, 1-2 times you will have to feed the plants with full mineral fertilizer or at least an infusion of wood ash.
A week before transplanting to the garden, the seedlings are hardened, gradually accustoming to harsh conditions: fresh air, breeze and low humidity. This means that the boxes are carried out for some time on the balcony and reduce the frequency of watering. Good seedlings of tomato Lyana should not be high (20 cm is quite enough), but should have a strong stem and, preferably, the beginnings of a floral brush. The best tomato seedlings grow in individual cups, but this requires a lot of space in the apartment.
Place under the garden bed in the garden should be well lit and closed from the north winds. Ljana does not like heavy soils: they must be loose and moisture permeable. Under the autumn digging make about a bucket of humus, a handful of ash and up to 50 g of superphosphate per square meter. The optimum planting density is 4–6 plants per 1 m 2. In that case, if they are going to grow bushes without the operation of removing the stepsons (and this is possible), no more than four bushes are placed on a square meter.
Since the seedlings of Liana are usually compact, they are planted without digging, the planting technique is well known to gardeners. Someone likes to plant "in the dirt", someone, on the contrary, in a relatively dry soil, followed by careful irrigation: it depends on the structure of the soil and habits. It is important to remember that although the bushes of this tomato do not grow tall, their garter is very desirable: the plant is not standard. Therefore, immediately upon landing, it is necessary to provide for pegs up to half a meter high.
As with the cultivation of any varieties of tomatoes, Liang is required to weed, simultaneously loosen the soil, water, sometimes feed, and also protect against diseases. Frequent watering is not required, but the soil should not dry out. Watered with water heated in the sun, trying not to pour on the leaves.
2-3 weeks after transplantation in the garden, tomatoes are fed for the first time. Subsequent feeding give the same time, while trying to alternate organic and mineral fertilizers. As the fruit ripens, nitrogen from supplements is excluded, limited to infusions of ash with small additions of superphosphate.
Liana responds well to foliar dressing, especially at the very beginning of flowering. For this purpose, formulations with the addition of boric acid are used. So, taking any complex fertilizer and preparing a solution for feeding according to the instructions to it, add 1 g of boric acid to a bucket of this solution and spray the bushes. Extra root dressing with boron-containing formulations increases the number of flowers and ovaries
Liana feels bad without tying, because her stems are not very strong and break off under the weight of the crop. Bushes are tied up to any convenient support 1-2 times a season, using soft twines. Shrubs try to form in two or three stems, but that is if they want to get an earlier harvest possible. When the term is not critical, many gardeners do not carry out the pasynkovany at all: in this case the harvest will be later, but its quantity will be more. As the fruit grows and its ripening begins, part of the foliage is cut off, revealing tomato to be illuminated by the sun.
In private gardens, Liang is often not treated at all against pests and diseases, at least with the use of chemicals. The main crop has time to ripen before the onset of a dangerous period in this sense. However, in areas where tomato diseases are rampant, preventive sprays are desirable. As a rule, it is enough to use “soft” formulations, for example, Fitosporin or Trichodermine with the addition of small amounts of boric acid.
Liana Pink really liked, grew it in the OG. This tomato has appeared early, fruitful. The fruits are oval-shaped, pink, with sweetness, do not crack. Bushes 50–60 cm high, did not hurt anything. A lot of tomatoes of this variety went into preservation, the size is suitable for cans.
My very first fruits are given by Ljana. The height of the bushes is about 60–70 cm. Extended fruiting. Really very tasty variety. You can plant thickly. Not painful. Highly recommend…
Be sure to sow an early variety of tomatoes in the greenhouse, last year it was “Liana”. Variety liked, productive and not prone to late blight.
You know how neighbors can buzz all the ears: “Buy a sort of Liang”. It is a pity that I had not obeyed good advice before. Now I will always grow))).
The variety of tomatoes Liana is early ripening, the fruit grows a lot, the bush is quite strong, the trunk is thick, I tie it up, otherwise the fruit will touch the ground and start to rot. Seedlings, as a rule, do not outgrow, but these tomatoes have an average taste, can be planted for pickling or preparing tomato juice. For fresh consumption there are more delicious varieties.
Lyan's tomato and its variety - Liana pink - are very popular among lovers of tomato preparations for the winter. This variety is very unpretentious and gives good yields of even fruits of excellent taste, very convenient for whole-canning. Due to the high commercial qualities of this variety of tomatoes, he was fallen in love not only by summer residents, but also by agricultural producers who grow tomatoes for commercial purposes.
History of the variety
The seed producer is the agrofirm SeDeK. Its products are well known to all growers. Lyan was put into use at the end of the last century. It was developed in Moldova. In Russia, the variety is entered in the state register.
Favorable areas for growth are:
Early ripe Lyana tomatoes form the first fruits that have reached maturity at 100-110 days after germination. The plant is compact, with low - no higher than 60 cm - bushes of the standard type. Because of this, it is unprofitable to plant a tomato in a greenhouse, it is better to grow it in the ground or under temporary shelter.
The characteristic and description of the variety correspond to the parameters of the determinant group of tomatoes. They stop growing in the formation of 5 or 8 inflorescences on the central shoot. Боковые ветви при этом растут, пасынки образуются.
Урожайность обычная для раннего сорта – 10 кг/м². Ее добиваются при посадке 4 корней/м². Формирования куст не требует — дачник экономит время на уход.
Плоды круглые, с кожицей тонкой, но прочной. Размер небольшой. Средние весовые показатели в пределах 80-90 г. Это норма для ранних, низкорослых видов томата. Liang's tomatoes are pink, but in some cases the color is almost raspberry.
The variety description from the point of view of use corresponds to tomatoes of universal purpose. Of them recommend cooking:
- summer salads,
- vegetable salads for the winter,
- borscht dressing,
List of advantages and disadvantages
It is after reading a brief description of all the valuable qualities of a variety, gardeners make a decision in favor of a variety and acquire seeds.
Evaluate the list of advantages:
- Dense skin preserves the shape and integrity of the fruit during pickling and transportation.
- For early tomatoes, a tomato variety contains a large percentage of healthy compounds.
- The formation and release of the fruit is friendly.
- Worthy indicators of productivity for an undersized early grade.
- Good taste, corresponding to the fruits of pink.
- Fruits at air temperature close to zero can retain their taste and presentation for 2 months.
About the disadvantages need to talk separately. Category - weak immunity. Vegetable growers who have chosen a sort of Liang tomato for growing need to know the diseases to which the plant is susceptible. We will need interventions for prevention:
- late blight,
- tobacco mosaic,
- aphids and whiteflies.
Views of summer residents
Reviews that you can read on the forums, as always, contradictory. Some are satisfied, others have complaints. This is normal, because everyone has their own perception of taste. Planting a variety of different purposes.
Valery, 42 years:
“This season I grew Liana for the first time. For tomatoes almost not courting. Scheme - planted and forgotten. Pasynki did not delete, did not tie branches, did not put support. With all these “not”, the harvest was quite good. I'm not complaining about the taste, because the variety is still early. ”
“The brand is reliable. Does not fail, bears fruit even with prolonged rains. Soot for many years. Seeds buy one sachet, enough for 2 years. I do not sow much. In early July, 5-6 bushes are enough for us to eat. ”
The truth about planting and care
The truth is that the stunted and early ripe Lyang tomatoes grown in the OG require minimal maintenance. With them you can begin your practice beginner growers. Who planted a variety, agree with this opinion.
More often, Liang's tomato is propagated by sowing seeds for seedlings. If there is a greenhouse in the southern climate, you can sow the seeds immediately into the ground. Sowing dates in different climatic zones are excellent - they sow seeds from February to April.
Seedlings before planting in the garden need to be fed 2 times with liquid complex fertilizers. The time spent on seedlings always gives the result - a guaranteed early harvest.
Strong tomato bushes with 5-7 leaves, 25-35 cm tall can be planted on the ridge. If there is a danger of frost, put a temporary shelter. It can be double-layered:
- Nonwoven covering material - 1 layer.
- PVC film - 2 layer.
Care has its own characteristics. Leans do not need support, in contrast to the early large-fruited, semi-determinant varieties, the bushes of which require garters and stepsons. In the care of tomato Liang unpretentious.
A minimum of agrotechnical techniques is needed:
- 2-3 feedings with organic or mineral compounds,
- weeding and loosening the ridges.
The list of events is small. Such grade - a find for the summer resident engaged at work. It is recommended to combine weeding and loosening the ridges with watering: in the evening he watered, the next day he tore out the weeds and loosened the aisles.
If there is a lawn in the country, then mowed and slightly dried lawn grass can save water for irrigation. The grass can be used as mulch, which not only prevents the evaporation of moisture from the soil: dry mulch on the ridge will protect the roots from overheating, and the bushes from rot and pests.
Fertilizers and disease prevention measures
Tobacco mosaic is a viral disease, easier to prevent than to cure. Greenhouse tomatoes suffer from this disease more often.
Factors leading to an outbreak of the disease:
- poor ventilation
- frequent seedling planting scheme,
- excess moisture in the air.
Prevention measures that can prevent viral disease:
- Disinfecting seeds.
- Handling of rassadny boxes with a fungicide.
- 10 days before transplanting into soil, treat the soil with phytosporin or shed with a solution of potassium permanganate.
- Root and non-root fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.
Easy-to-use dry fertilizer Kemira wagon will greatly facilitate the life of a gardener. No need to prepare an aqueous solution. Before watering, the granules are simply scattered over the surface of the ridge. They will dissolve after watering.
Tomato Liang: variety description
The breeder is the Transnistrian NIISH. This type of tomato is bred in Moldova. In the State Register of the Russian Federation officially included in the late 1990s for cultivation in the Central and East-Siberian regions. The main manufacturer: agrofirm Cedek.
This is an early ripe high-yielding variety.. From the emergence of shoots to harvest takes about 85-100 days. Based on it, ultra-early hybrid Lyana pink and Caspar F1 were obtained.
The bush is short, reaching a height of 40-50 cm, medium branching, strongly leafy. It does not apply to standard types. By type of growth - determinant. It is better to form it in one stem.
The plant is quite compact. The leaves are small, dark green, slightly corrugated. The first simple inflorescences are laid above the 5-6 leaf, and the next - after 1-2 leaves. Perfect for growing outdoors or in greenhouses.. Not afraid of sudden temperature changes, can give good yields, even in bad weather conditions.
Absolutely not susceptible to apical fruit rot, resistant to bacterial and dry spotting. The leaves can be moderately affected by septoria and late blight. A little more often exposed to tobacco mosaic virus. With proper cultivation from the bush can collect 2-3 kg of tomatoes.
Interestingly, in Eastern Siberia, the yield is 4-4.5 kg per plant. Whereas in the Central region of the Russian Federation, this figure is equal to a maximum of 3 kg. Although in Siberia, the full ripening of the fruits comes a little later, after 110-115 days after germination.
The yield of other varieties is as follows:
Tomatoes are round in shape, small in size and bright red in color. The average weight of the fruit is 50-80 gr. Tomatoes with smooth skin, medium hardness, fruits are dense, have an average of 2-3 chambers, the number of seeds is about 0.30%. The dry matter content is not more than 6%, and sugars - 4%, the acidity is rather low: from 0.4 to 0.8%.
The weight of fruits in tomatoes of other varieties, see below:
On our site you will find reliable information about such misfortunes as Alternaria, Fusarium, Verticillis, Phytophlorosis and ways to protect against Phytophthora.
Liang's tomatoes are famous not only for their excellent taste, but also for their very high content of carotene, B vitamins and organic acids. For example, the amount of ascorbic acid is 9-12 mg per 100 g of product.
Tomatoes tolerate transportation and are suitable for long-term storage. Under certain conditions (air t + 8-10С and humidity 85%), the fruit can be kept fresh up to 2.5-3 months. This is an absolutely universal variety. Tomatoes are great for canning, pickling and pickling.. They can be used to make juices, sauces and purees.
Due to the large number of nutrients they are often used in the preparation of baby food. Very tasty fresh tomatoes. They have a pleasant sweet taste with a slight sourness. Lyana is unique in that its fruits are suitable for processing at any time of maturation.
This type of tomato has many advantages. The advantages include:
- early maturity
- friendly fruiting,
- universality of use
- resistance to many diseases
- good transportability,
- pleasant sweet taste
- high nutritional value
Of the minuses worth noting:
- addiction to tobacco mosaic damage,
- can sometimes be attacked by pests
- when grown in open ground, it often suffers from phytophtoras.
Next you will see photos of tomato variety "Ljana"
Diseases and pests
Most often suffers from tobacco mosaic. The first signs of the disease is the appearance of variegated dark and light spots on the leaves. This disease is caused by a lack of light. With a strong defeat, you can not cure the plant. It is subject to destruction.
In order to prevent infection, it is necessary to process the seedlings with a solution of boric acid a couple of days before planting and provide good lighting. Lyana firmly conquered the love of many amateur gardeners. This wonderful variety does not require much effort in growing. After all, subject to the rules of agricultural technology, you can get a good harvest of early, very tasty and healthy tomatoes.
Below you can watch a short video about Lana tomatoes:
And in the table below you will find links to articles about tomatoes of the most different ripening terms that may be useful to you: