Chrysanthemum can be the decoration of any home flower garden. Having planted a plant at home, you will admire its beauty for a long time. Few people know that indoor chrysanthemum is unpretentious in care. It is enough to know a few important rules about how best to choose seedlings and grow a beautiful autumn flower on the window at home.
Using special tools, you can stop the growth of the flower
Features of room chrysanthemum
This amazingly beautiful plant comes from the Middle Kingdom. Among Eastern peoples, the flower was associated with the Sun, therefore it is not by chance that the word “chrysanthemum” means “golden”.
Breeders managed to bring more than 160 varieties. Spray chrysanthemums in pots belong to the genus Compositae. They differ not only in their colors (there is no only blue and purple flowers), but also in the form of a bush, bud and petals. The plant is rightly loved by many gardeners who have learned to grow it at home.
The flower is a perennial, you can admire its amazing beauty for a long time. Yellow, white, burgundy, lilac or pink chrysanthemum blooms until late autumn:
- the plant has a strong root system
- its leaves are pale green,
- inflorescences are arranged on a bush in a circle, forming a ball in shape,
- memorable characteristic smell does not confuse this flower.
Potted chrysanthemum miniature. The colors are not allowed to grow special preparations that are used for home cultivation of ornamental plants.
Selection of chrysanthemums in a pot
The appearance of a flower always signals its hidden diseases. Dim and dried petals and inflorescences covered with specks - an occasion to reflect on the health of flowers. Carefully study the bushes for the presence of visible diseases. Rusty leaves, bloom on the stem, cobwebs - all these are signs of various ailments.
New plants do not place next to other flowers. Let the first time they be in isolation, gradually adapting to the house.
Acquire such types of home chrysanthemums as Chinese and Korean. They are distinguished by a small bud size - up to 3 cm - and a rather short stem - 70-80 cm. Charm and Minimum varieties are also in demand, which are characterized by a variety of color shades and a miniature bush size - 15-25 cm.
The most popular among people who collect chrysanthemums in pots are amulet amber varieties of flowers. These include the White Cascade and Pink Cascade varieties. These chrysanthemums are chosen to decorate winter gardens and greenhouses.
Indian ornamental chrysanthemum is ideal for growing on the windowsill. This kind of color is derived specifically for room selection. Choose a variety called Snow Elf and Aurora. Indian chrysanthemum is not suitable for growing in the garden. It is forbidden to plant in open ground.
Growing a flower begins with the right choice of place to place it in the house. It is important that the pot culture is located in the western part of the apartment. The sun can harm the plant, so it’s best not to arrange flowers on the windowsills facing south. By placing the plant in the northern part of the house, you will contribute to the slow growth and flowering of seedlings. Most of all, decorative chrysanthemum loves glazed balconies, where there is always good illumination.
Chrysanthemum in a pot does not like the heat. Favorite season for flowering plants - autumn, when it is cool and light day is reduced. Gardeners use these factors to achieve re-flowering. In early spring, to ensure active flowering, plants are exposed to cool.
Optimally, if the home garden will be 21-23 ° C heat. The room must be ventilated. In the summer it should not pass direct rays. Flowers are not afraid of cold, so in winter they calmly tolerate low temperatures (down to -8 ° C). The most suitable temperature for autumn is 16-18 ° C. This will help to prolong the flowering period.
Chrysanthemum White Cascade
The pot crop needs good watering. Remember that with abundant moisture it is necessary to monitor so that the soil does not rot. This plant does not like when water is added to the pan. Observe regular watering (every 3-4 days), otherwise you will encounter the fact that the inflorescences turn yellow and fade.
Do not forget to sometimes humidify the air and spray flowers with water at room temperature. You can place a container with liquid next to the seedlings or purchase a special humidifier.
Home chrysanthemums in pots need a constant introduction of minerals and organic matter. Growing a flower includes fertilizing with nitrogen and potash fertilizers, which ensures active growth. Ready-made mixtures for fertilizer can be purchased at any specialty store. Plant suitable humus, wood ash and compost.
During the flowering period, the frequency of fertilization should be increased to 1 time in 10 days. If there is a depletion of the flower, try adding organic every 3-4 days. To care for the pot chrysanthemum is best suited dissolved in water (1:10) manure. Wait for the growing season and start feeding the plant with this organic fertilizer. To the flower does not exude an unpleasant smell, bring it to the open balcony.
Failure to follow these rules can lead to the fact that the plant will stop in development, and its leaves will turn yellow and fall off.
Wood ash - natural fertilizer for flowers
Storage room chrysanthemums in winter
Growing chrysanthemums in a pot is to follow a few basic rules.
- At the time of flowering the plant should remain on the balcony, veranda or window. After the chrysanthemum has faded, it must be properly prepared for the winter. Pruning is done very carefully, so as not to harm the flower. Withered buds along with the top of the leaves are removed. It is recommended to leave no more than 10-12 cm of the stem. The procedure will save the flower in the cold season until spring. After this procedure, the plants are cleaned in a dark and cool place. During the winter, potted chrysanthemum is occasionally watered. With the onset of spring, the flower can be planted in open ground or continue to grow in a pot on the windowsill. Planting chrysanthemums in the garden begins with the correct choice of site. Remember that flowers like well ventilated, but not sunny places. Fertilize in advance the land in which you will plant the plant. It is not necessary to dig pits deeper than 50-70 cm. Carefully place the seedlings and sprinkle them with earth, not forgetting to water it plentifully.
- In the absence of a cool basement or cellar, it is permitted to leave the flower at home. In this case, pruning is much shorter. Sprouts should not be higher than 5-8 cm. Carefully remove the leaves, buds and outdated shoots. To place a flower pot, choose a well-lit place; do not forget to water it once a month.
- Caring for chrysanthemums in pots involves placing the plant for the winter in the basement. After trimming a bush, it is plentifully watered and carried to a cool place. In the spring, the flower is brought into the house. The shoots after the procedure will appear very quickly.
- To grow chrysanthemums, many gardeners plant them in the open ground for the winter. After planting, the plants are cut and securely covered with dry foliage interspersed with peat. The film will help to save flowers from frosts.
For transplanting take a larger pot, so as not to damage the root system
Care during the growing season
In the spring potted chrysanthemum begin to prepare for flowering in early March. This can be done in several ways.
- Transplant a flower in the new soil. Prepare the earth mixture. The substrate can be compiled by mixing several types of soil. Take the land from the garden and add sand, organic fertilizer and sod to it. Choose a large pot each time. Adult plants are transplanted every 2 years.
- Let the plant warm up. In good weather, chrysanthemum is placed on the windowsill. Regular watering and fertilizer will ensure the proper care and growth of flowers.
- Planting chrysanthemums in the garden. With the advent of heat, flowers that are 2-3 years old can be safely planted in open ground. During the summer months, the seedlings will grow, and already in the fall your garden will be decorated with amazingly beautiful bushes.
One of the most common problems faced by people planning the breeding of indoor chrysanthemums is the disruption of flowering plants. In the fall, a healthy flower should bloom in beautiful buds.
Check the light color. Remember that the most suitable light day for them is 9-10 hours. If your chrysanthemums spend less time in the light, it can affect the formation of inflorescences. Do not forget about the application of mineral fertilizers. For the active formation of buds, use potash and phosphorus dressings. Check if you are pruning the plant correctly.
Reproduction room chrysanthemum
Transplant chrysanthemums at home in several ways.
- The division of the bush. Divide the seedlings into several equal parts. From one bush you can get 5-6 seedlings. Prepare small pots with soil in advance and plant flowers in them, gently filling the roots with soil. The sprouts will start blooming next autumn.
- To multiply chrysanthemums - to prepare cuttings and plant them in the ground. To do this, use young shoots, no larger than 8-10 cm. Disembarkation is carried out at a distance of 2 cm in the prepared land on the site. Sprouts must be watered and covered with foil. Wait for the flowers to take root. After that, they can be transplanted into pots. Do not forget to pinch the seedlings - this will help you to form a bush of the correct form.
Diseases of home flowers
Caring for pot chrysanthemum includes the fight against various diseases. House flowers suffer from powdery mildew, gray mold and septoria, fungal diseases that affect the appearance of the plant.
Multiplying, spores of the fungus infect the stem, leaves and even buds. This leads to the fact that the plant begins to wither, turns yellow, losing its vitality, and gradually dries out.
Mealy dew affects inflorescences and foliage of chrysanthemums. The disease manifests itself as a whitish plaque on the plant. The main reason for the development of the disease is a violation of the rules of plant care. Excessive humidity in the house contributes to the development of fungus on flowers. The Fungicide solution will help to overcome powdery mildew.
To the formation of brown spots and gray foliage leads to gray rot. To save chrysanthemums from the rapid development of the fungus will help drug "Fundazol." This tool is used even if large rusty spots appear on the plant - this is how Septoria manifests itself.
No less often home flowers are attacked by pests. In case of a temperature violation in the arid room, a red tick settles, which very quickly entangles the flowers and leaves with its web, preventing them from growing and developing normally. To overcome the insects will help special preparations "Pyrethrum" and "Aktellik."
Chrysanthemum - the perfect decoration for any home garden. This flower is unpretentious in care, and its amazing beauty and pleasant smell will delight you for a very long time. Home care tips for chrysanthemum will help you grow a beautiful and healthy flower. The main thing - do not forget to regularly water and fertilize the plant, watch the temperature and lighting in the room, especially in the warm season, and properly cut your seedlings in the winter. If you follow these rules, you will definitely be able to grow beautiful chrysanthemums in pots.
Potted plants are not small copies of garden forms.
"Home" chrysanthemums are not demanding to care, grow well, bloom profusely and easily reproduce. In everyday life it is customary to say "flowers", although the family of the Compositae has a basket inflorescence. When buying, you should pay attention to the fact that there is a healthy chrysanthemum in a pot, care at home then much easier. A well-developed plant intended for keeping indoors will continue flowering on the windowsill. Under favorable conditions, the buds can bloom almost without interruption for 2 years.
It should be noted that after self-reproduction by cuttings or root suckers, new plants are not as compact and dense as those obtained in the store.
Street chrysanthemums are sold in plastic containers. Such flowers are planted in open ground, or left in a container, used for container gardening, patio decoration, the entrance to the house. After flowering, the stems are cut, containers with roots are sent to the basement or loggia for the winter. If the street chrysanthemum is kept indoors, the leaves will turn yellow and dry. These plants need fresh air and a certain mode of lighting - the night is longer than the day.
Chrysanthemum varieties for growing in pots
Thanks to the efforts of breeders, geneticists and agrochemists, plants have been developed that can bloom profusely and for a long time in a room. In total, about 40 hybrid varieties of chrysanthemums were created for indoor cultivation. Inflorescences may be smaller or of the same size as outdoor plants. Often varieties are grouped by origin from a single natural species.
In nature, it is a relatively low herb. The leaves are toothed, green-gray in color. Inflorescence is a basket resembling a daisy with yellow petals and the same heart. It is the ancestor of small-flowered hybrids for growing on the window sill and balcony.
Indian chrysanthemums were crossed with species with white and pink inflorescences. With the help of chemicals that affect growth, breeders have received compact forms with a height of 20–25 cm. Today, there are a large variety of forms and varieties that feel good in a room and are in high demand. The flower is liked and appreciated for its richness of color and long flowering, which is especially attractive in the cold period of time.
Chinese chrysanthemum or mulberry
A group of varieties and hybrids, for the creation of which several species were used. Plants for indoor floriculture have a compact form, thin, strongly branched stems 20–25 cm high. Leaves are saturated green in color, 7 cm long and 4–5 cm wide. Point glands are noticeable on the upper side of the leaf blade. The inflorescences of Chinese chrysanthemum - simple, semi-double and terry, of various sizes and colors.
Care for chrysanthemums at home
Buy a plant in a flower shop or take as a gift. In any case, it is necessary to create conditions in the new premises so that the buds do not fall off. Planting and caring for chrysanthemum in the room are different from the open ground and greenhouse.
Light affects the flowering and opening of the buds. The amount of light that is provided when placing the pot on the windowsill of plastic or wooden windows facing west and east is suitable. Hitting the rays at noon can cause leaf burns, in this situation it is recommended to plant a plant. The young bush blooms when the daylight hours are 6–8 hours in October or November (depending on the region).
Comfortable for room chrysanthemum temperature - 18–23 ° С. A variety that is more demanding in terms of conditions, reacts to heat by dropping buds and leaves. It is desirable in the summer to spray the plant more often with water to reduce the temperature. You can leave in front of the open window, chrysanthemum is not afraid of drafts.
Watering and feeding
The soil in the pot should always be wet. Chrysanthemum room prefers frequent irrigation, but not excessive. Stagnation of water in the pot can lead to rotting of the roots, the spread of fungal and bacterial diseases.
Recommendations to growers:
- The substrate must not be allowed to dry.
- In the fall and winter, they are watered once a week in the morning.
- Watering in the spring and summer spend 2 times a week in the evening.
- In the heat, water is sprayed near the indoor plants to reduce the air temperature.
- Used for irrigation and spraying the settled water. If it is tough, then white bloom accumulates on the soil surface.
- Avoid droplets on the flowers.
Abundantly blooming chrysanthemums require more frequent fertilization. Conduct liquid dressing once a week until the end of flowering. It is advisable to use complex fertilizers with the addition of trace elements. Actively growing shoots need nitrogen, more potassium and phosphorus are required during budding and flowering. Feed the plant in a pot about 12 hours after watering.
- Perform nipping rapidly growing shoots. Мелкоцветковым хризантемам потребуется 2 или 3 процедуры.
- Крупноцветковые гибриды можно сформировать в виде деревца, для чего укоротить главный побег и обрезать нижние веточки.
- Прищипка начинающих увядать соцветий помогает увеличить количество новых бутонов.
Обрезка нужна в случае затягивания цветения. Selective pinching of tops of peduncles will ensure the flow of nutrients to the remaining buds.
Young and old plants need to update the substrate. Transfer to a deeper and wide pot once a year - in spring or early summer. The substrate is made from garden soil, peat and humus (1: 1: 1). You can use ready-made soil for indoor plants.
For chrysanthemums are important indicators such as loose structure, lightness, moisture content and nutritional value of the soil (mechanical composition and fertility).
After transplantation, young offspring is covered with a plastic cup, adult plants - with a plastic bag. Provide at first diffused lighting, do not forget about watering.
Features care after flowering
After flowering, remove weak and diseased shoots. Some growers recommend cutting the stems, leaving short patches above the surface of the substrate. After that, the soil is watered and cleaned in a cool dry place until spring.
You can do without radical cutting at the root, leave the chrysanthemum in its original form on the windowsill in the room. The third option: to stimulate the growth of shoots and the formation of a compact bush pruning produce, but the pot is not removed. A strong chrysanthemum in the same season will make new shoots and bloom.
Reproduction of chrysanthemums at home
Adult chrysanthemums "acquire" root offspring (children). From these additional shoots you can grow young plants. Root offspring is carefully separated from the parent bush, planted in small containers. It is necessary to keep the depth of the plant at the same level. To do this, increase the height of the drainage layer or place the roots above. Cover the seedlings with a plastic cup. In the autumn of the same year, young plants will bloom.
Rooting stem cuttings:
- Cut off young shoots from an adult plant.
- Fill a transparent plastic container of cookies or cakes well washed with sand.
- Planted cuttings, cover with a container.
- After the formation of roots and the emergence of new leaves transplanted young plants in a pot.
Chrysanthemums are difficult to grow from seeds. Hybrid varieties are often sterile. Typically, when seed reproduction of chrysanthemums varietal signs are not preserved.
Why do the leaves turn yellow?
The leaves of chrysanthemum change color due to improper care and diseases. Yellowing may be due to lack of light, water, hot air from the radiator. The appearance of grayish-yellow or brown spots with a yellow border is a sign of a fungal infection. If yellowing is associated with poor care, then it is easier to correct this deficiency than to treat plant diseases.
Chrysanthemum does not bloom - why?
Typical reasons for the lack of buds and flowers - a lack or excess light. Chrysanthemum is a short day plant. If there is artificial lighting in the room in the morning and evening, biorhythms are lost. Another reason is associated with the rapid growth of stems and leaves, which happens with an excess of dressings and no pruning.
Diseases and pests of room chrysanthemum
The plant is susceptible to rust, powdery mildew, gray and black rot. From these fungal infections are treated with fungicides for indoor plants. Chrysanthemum aphids, black midges sciarides, soil mites, springtails harm. The leaves are treated with a solution of the drug Actellic, Fitoverm or Basudin. For spraying, flowers are brought to the balcony. Window sills, window frames are washed with a solution of soda and soap.
After the death of the pests, the top layer of soil in the pot is changed to a depth of 2 cm. It is recommended that you carefully consider the choice of substrate. Typically, pathogens and pests of plants are contained in the soil brought from the garden.
It is very important to isolate the affected plant from the rest of the green pets in the room, in a timely manner to combat pests and diseases. Then chrysanthemums will remain healthy, will delight with flowering for a long time.
How to choose a chrysanthemum in a pot in the store
Do not buy chrysanthemums with blooming flowers. They will quickly fade. Bushes must be fully formed. The leaves should be green, the lower part of the plant slightly stiffened, and the roots strong and strong. The presence of stains, blotches or mechanical damage suggests that such chrysanthemum is not worth buying, as it will hurt and may later die.
As a indoor flower, the best option is a miniature chrysanthemum, which grows in height from 15 to 70 centimeters. Stems from plants are smooth or slightly fleecy. The leaves are bright, soft green, dissected either serrated, smooth or villus. The buds can be different, starting with small ones, up to 2.5 centimeters in size and large, which reach 25 centimeters in diameter. The flowering forms of plants may vary.
Flowers can be non-double-ended, double, terry and double-row.
Particularly popular for growing houses are chrysanthemums with non-double flowers, similar in shape to daisies and varieties that form a ball when flowering. For the terrace and the spacious loggia you can buy cascade-shaped chrysanthemums that are suitable for ampel gardening.
The variety is terry yellow
For the home most often choose mulberry, spherical, bush, Korean, Indian, Chinese varieties of chrysanthemums. They have a lot of flowers on the lush bush. Coloring can be various: white, yellow, orange, pink, orange, lilac, two-color or to have various shades. The hearts of the flowers most often contrast in color with petals.
Home chrysanthemum care
Low-growing chrysanthemums in pots are not demanding to care and delight in their flowering for several weeks. With proper care and good lighting, flowering can be extended to 2 months.
Caring for chrysanthemums includes:
- temperature control,
- light level
- systematic spraying
- regular, sufficient watering.
Flower pots must be placed on the east or west side. On the north side, chrysanthemums do not bloom. And in the south will begin to languish and ache. These plants do not like direct sunlight and extreme heat. The sun can damage the leaves and cause burns. The best option is a well-lit, cool balcony or loggia.
If the plants do not bloom and begin to disappear, then you need to check whether they have enough light. Poor lighting, as well as an overabundance of light, is detrimental to chrysanthemums.
Light day for chrysanthemums should be at least 7 and not more than 10 hours per day.
For a good growth of flowers, the best temperature is: in the summer - + 20-23 degrees, in the fall and spring, - + 15-18 degrees, in the winter - + 3-8 degrees. At this temperature, many buds form on the bushes. The flowering is lush and long.
Watering chrysanthemums in pots often. Flowers are watered in the evening, after sunset, twice a week. In winter, watering should be reduced. Watering time can be determined by drying the topsoil in pots. The earth should not dry out, as this leads to yellowing and falling leaves.
Chrysanthemums love water, but an overabundance of moisture for them is also destructive.
If flowers are poured, then mold and mushrooms appear in the ground, and they will start to ache.
Pouring water into the pan is not necessary. Watering should be frequent, but not abundant. Water must be taken warm and defended.
Regular spraying from a spray gun or a container with water, humidifiers located near plants help maintain the required level of moisture in the air.
Legend of the origin of chrysanthemum
Japan is the birthplace of this magnificent plant. The legend tells the story of how one very cruel emperor of China heard about an island that was not far from his state. The mariners told that a bush flower of incredible beauty was growing on it, and by taking possession of it, it was possible to find eternal life.
In order for the plant to start working for its owner, only a person with pure intentions and an honest soul had the right to disrupt it. The emperor really wanted to get immortality, and he sent the most chaste guys and girls to this beautiful island. But no matter how long he waited for the envoys, they never returned. The island conquered their beauty. Young people decided to stay here forever, creating their own settlements. They called the new country Japan, making it a symbol of an incredible flower that gives immortality - chrysanthemum.
To grow chrysanthemums at home or on the balcony, you cannot use any variety. The best option is considered to be undersized varieties: Chinese or mulberry. These are bushes that bloom profusely and reach a height of 20–65 cm. The flowers are both large and small. The form of flowering can also be different. In pots grown varieties:
- Charm - they have a huge cap of inflorescences of various shades,
- The minimum is dwarf plants that barely reach a height of 20 cm.
- "Cascade" - varieties having ampel form.
In addition to the mulberry for greenhouse suitable varieties of Korean chrysanthemum. This is a spherical bush that begins its abundant bloom in autumn, turning into multicolor pads. The most popular varieties are:
Because of the strong similarity with the balls of a variety from a series of multiflora, it is commonly called spherical. Also in the shops you can often find Indian ornamental varieties that can grow in pots. Initially, these flowers were intended for cultivation in the open field, and only later they began to adapt to window sills, balconies and winter gardens. Popular varieties:
- Snow elf
Indian chrysanthemums are recognized sissies who can grow now only in closed ground. When caring for a potted plant, it is not necessary to know what kind it belongs to, since care for them does not depend on the variety.
Lighting and temperature
An ideal place to take care of home chrysanthemum in pots is the eastern or western windows. On the windowsills, directed to the south, the plants will be too hot, and direct sunlight will not bring much benefit, but only accelerate fading. Putting pots with a flower on the north side, you can not wait for the buds to open. If there is not enough space on the window-sills, then the plant can be taken out on the glassed-in balcony or loggia with a sufficient amount of sunlight.
Chrysanthemums are accustomed to a short light day. The flower starts producing the first flower buds only when the day is reduced to 8 hours, that is, in the fall. During this period, cool weather conditions favor the opening of the buds. But plants in pots exposed to the balcony in March or April may also begin to bloom.
Some flower growers, caring for chrysanthemum in a pot, deliberately provoke repeated flowering, reducing the amount of light by artificial means. To do this, it is enough to cover them with a paper cap that does not let in sunlight. This cover can be made of cardboard or thick sheets of dark colored paper.
Chrysanthemum feels great at temperature:
- in summer - 20 ◦ С,
- autumn - 15 ◦ С
- in winter - 8 ◦ С
If you follow the required mode, you can achieve the maximum number of buds and long flowering of chrysanthemums. But do not worry if it was not possible to provide the pet with the necessary conditions. A potted plant is perfectly capable of surviving a hot, dry summer, if its place is inhabited by a ventilated room, where direct sunlight does not penetrate. Also, the flower can transfer and light frosts, but not below -3 ◦ C.
Watering and spraying
Chrysanthemums love watering, but do not tolerate excessive moisture. You can not arrange a swamp in the tank with the landings, as you can destroy it. Also, do not put the pots in trays with water. It is best to water the plant only when the top layer of soil dries.
Do not forget that initially they were exclusively garden flowers, so it is important to properly care for home chrysanthemum. It is necessary to take care of the humidity of the air and regularly spray the leaves of the plant. It is possible to replace spraying by arranging jars with water, trays with moist expanded clay or humidifiers on window sills where chrysanthemums stand. If during the autumn plant pots with a plant are on an open balcony, then no additional moisture will be needed, since the air at this time of year is rather damp.
Safety in winter
Caring for home chrysanthemum at home implies the safety of the plant during the winter. In the cold season, it should have time to gain strength for the new season and rest. You can leave the plant for wintering on the veranda, on the warm balcony, or in the porch. After flowering has ended, it is necessary to cut off the green mass, leaving only 10 cm of stems. Now you can remove the chrysanthemum for the winter. It is necessary to ensure the temperature is not higher than +3 degrees. Watering the pots should be very rare, only when the soil dries to a depth of 5-7 cm. Usually, watering is done once a month.
If there is no opportunity to bring the chrysanthemum into a cold room, then it is allowed to leave it in the apartment on the windowsill. In this case, you need to cut only faded buds and dry branches. It should be watered, as well as when storing the plant in a cool place.
For the winter, chrysanthemums can be identified in the basement. This method has become widespread among fans of this flower. Preparing a favorite for wintering, cut dry buds, leaves and branches, leaving 10 cm of the stem. A few days before transferring containers to the basement, the ground must be well shed. Before you take the plants in place, you need to make sure that the soil in the pots is slightly damp, and not too wet.
Some varieties of home chrysanthemums are allowed to leave in the open ground for winter. To do this, they must be carefully covered.
As soon as the first frosts come, the plant stems are cut at a height of 10 cm and sprinkled with dry soil, leaves or peat. A polyethylene film or any other material is placed on top of the insulation hillock.
Possible diseases and pests
Caring for chrysanthemum is not only watering and pruning, but also active control of various diseases and pests. Unfortunately, the flower has a lot of enemies. Destroy the plant can:
- spider mite,
- powdery mildew,
- gray rot
Most often, chrysanthemums are attacked by a tick. He strikes a flower, shrouding it in a faint white cobweb. To rid the beauty of the pest, you can wipe its leaves with soap and water using a rag. In addition, infected greens are sprayed with Pyrethrum or Aktellik.
If a gray bloom was detected on the foliage, then this is a sure sign of powdery mildew. It appears on plants with high humidity. In order to cure the chrysanthemum, you need to process it with a fungicide and clean it in a dry place.
Brown spots on the leaves is a symptom of gray mold. In this case, the chrysanthemum should be sprayed with Fundazole, put into a well-lit ventilated room. The fact that the flower is affected by septoria is indicated by brown spots with a yellowish edging. To cure a plant from this misfortune, it is necessary to treat it with Fundazole and reduce watering.
Tips for flower growers
If the flower does not have opulence, it must be regularly cut or pinch. This procedure will not allow the stems of the plant to be drawn out. It is possible to extend the flowering period, for this you just need to remove dried leaves and buds from time to time. On hot days, pots with chrysanthemums are transferred to a cool place. Some gardeners prefer to replant plants in open ground, leaving them there until autumn. In winter, they are returned back to the pots until the next season.
If the chrysanthemum does not release buds, then, most likely, the plant receives less or too much light. Also, this situation is observed when untimely pruning, the absence of a nutrient medium. If you eliminate these errors, it will surely please with abundant flowering.
Caring for chrysanthemum does not require special skills. For breeding indoor varieties of plants in pots, you must adhere to certain rules, in time to pruning and monitor the health of the flower. This is the only way to get a beautiful decoration of a home window sill or balcony.
Chrysanthemum room care at home photo
Caring for any variety of chrysanthemum is based on several rules. These include:
- maintaining optimal temperature conditions
- observance in the room of a suitable level of illumination,
- regular and sufficient watering, systematic spraying (to increase the humidity).
Chrysanthemum room care and temperature
This plant can not be called too thermophilic, because for its good growth the ideal temperature is considered to be the range:
- in winter - + 3-8 °,
- summer - + 20-23 °,
- in the autumn-spring period - + 15-18 ° С. In such conditions on the bushes, as a rule, many buds are tied, and flowering promises to be abundant and long-lasting.
Хризантема комнатная уход в домашних условиях: освещение
Вазоны с цветами в идеале следует располагать на подоконниках с западной либо восточной стороны. Так как с южной – растение может зачахнуть от избытка тепла и солнечного света, а на северной – теплолюбивые хризантемы попросту не будут цвести. A great option is to place the pots in a sufficiently cool place, for example, on a balcony with suitable lighting.
Pruning and shaping bushes is needed to extend the flowering stage of chrysanthemums. In order for the plants to bloom profusely and magnificently, their tops must be pinched twice during the growing season. This procedure is performed before the awakening of new buds (in early March) and before the budding begins (in mid-August).
All thin, protruding, twisted shoots, yellow leaves are cut. This creates a regular, rounded shape of the bushes.
If the branches over the winter strongly stretched, then they must be cut. By the fall without forming, the bushes of chrysanthemums become shapeless, elongated, and the flowering is uneven.
Care for chrysanthemum in a pot: video
For strong plants with lush flowers require feeding. Fertilization is carried out after transplanting the bushes. To do this, take a solution of Crystalon, Bon Forte, or any other fertilizer that has in its composition: nitrogen, magnesium, potassium, zinc and phosphorus. Top dressings contribute to the development of the whole plant and give abundant flowering.
During the formation of the bushes are used nitrogen fertilizers. Before flowering of chrysanthemums, phosphorus-potassium compounds are used.
You can use the infusion of bird droppings, diluted in the ratio of water to 1:30 or infusion of mullein, diluted in the ratio of 1:10. The solution is made before the formation of buds 1 time in 5 days.
After buying a chrysanthemum, after flowering must be transplanted into a new pot with drainage holes. It is best to take a ceramic or clay container. A new pot is taken 2 centimeters wider and 1.5 liters deeper than the old one.
Young bushes are subsequently transplanted once a year, adult plants every 2 years.
The active period of growth in chrysanthemums begins in March. At the same time plants can be transplanted into new pots.
Before transplanting chrysanthemum need to prepare. Replaced the old land with a new one. The composition of the soil should be similar (fertile soil, turf or peat, deciduous soil, humus, coarse sand in the ratio of 4: 4: 1: 1: 1).
In order to disinfect the substrate, it must be poured with boiling water with the addition of a weak solution of potassium permanganate or calcined in the oven for 3 hours at a temperature of 100 degrees. After pouring boiling water, the soil must be thoroughly dried. Store soil mix does not need processing.
As a drainage, which is placed on the bottom of the pot, expanded clay, vermiculite, or broken brick are used.
The flower bush is transplanted completely or is divided into fragments. From the divided parts of the new chrysanthemum bushes are obtained.
How to care in the winter?
After flowering, the bushes should be cut, leaving 15 centimeters from the length and placed in a dry place with an air temperature of 5-8 degrees and sufficient illumination.
Watering the bushes in the winter is reduced to once a month.
If there is no opportunity to take the plants to a cool place, you can leave them on the windowsills. Flowers need to be cut, remove dry buds, leaves and branches.
In warm conditions, watering chrysanthemums does not differ from the growing season.
Can I plant chrysanthemums on the street?
Chrysanthemums can and if possible be planted on the street. Transplantation of plants is carried out from the beginning of March (after warming up the soil) until the end of May. Chrysanthemums can withstand short frosts down to -3 degrees. Transplantation on the street contributes to the growth of flowers, their strengthening and abundant bloom in the fall.
With the onset of cold weather, plants need to be dug out of the ground, placed in pots and brought to heat. Two weeks after planting, fertilizers are applied to the soil. If humus is present in the ground, top dressing can be done in a month.
What if the chrysanthemum does not bloom?
With proper functioning of chrysanthemums, they bloom in the fall. If this does not happen, then this is a clear sign of a violation of plant care. With late pruning, lack of light, poor soil and lack of dressings, the buds do not form on the bush. With the elimination of these problems, the bush begins to grow and further pleases with beautiful flowers.
During the flowering period, one should not forget about the removal of dried foliage and flowers, otherwise the plant may dry out.
Room chrysanthemum can decorate any window sill, balcony or loggia. A variety of shapes and colors allows you to choose a suitable variety that will be combined with other plants or stand out against their background. Proper care ensures the beauty and uniqueness of flowers.
Chrysanthemum care: watering features
Flooding flowers is not recommended. Also, do not pour the liquid directly into the pan. Watering time is determined by how the topsoil in pots dries. Regular spraying can help maintain a normal level of moisture in the air, setting a special humidifier next to the flowers or simply a container with water.
Chrysanthemum care at home: storage in winter
In the winter season, plants need rest before the next phase of growth. In order for chrysanthemums to maintain their decorative qualities for a long time, flower growers must adhere to some simple rules. Depending on where they will be in winter, there are various methods of maintaining viability.
Chrysanthemum pot care in the home during the growing season
The active period of growth begins in March. To prepare for such a stage in the life of indoor plants, it is desirable to adhere to the following rules.
- Growing chrysanthemums at home provides for their annual transplant in new, large-sized containers. The soil must be neutral, containing the necessary amount of trace elements and other nutrients. Ideal substrate consisting of ordinary soil, turf, white sand and humus in the ratio of 4: 4: 1: 1.
- If there is such an opportunity, indoor flowers for good growth and abundant flowering is useful to plant in the spring on open beds. With the onset of cold weather, they are dug out and determined in a warm place in the house.
- Fertilizers are applied a couple of weeks after transplantation. But in the event that land was used with humus, fertilizing can be postponed for a month. It will not be superfluous to use fertilizers with nitrogen during the formation of the bush, and phosphorus-potassium compounds are suitable before flowering.
- Forming bushes is necessary to extend the stage of their flowering. During the growing season, it is necessary to pinch at least a couple of times. Such manipulations will help to awaken dormant buds and increase bushiness. The last pinching can be done a week or two before flowering, which usually begins by mid-August.
All novice flower growers are mainly concerned with the question: why doesn’t the chrysanthemum bloom at home? If the indoor plants did not bloom in the fall, it means that the basic rules for caring for them were not followed. Disturbances in the functioning most often occur due to untimely pruning, lack of sunlight, nutritional deficiencies in the ground, and also due to an insufficient amount or, conversely, an excess of fertilizers. If you correct all of these errors, chrysanthemums will certainly please with decent flowering next fall.
Armed with knowledge about breeding chrysanthemums at home, you can easily grow a great flower garden just on your window sill or balcony. We also recommend watching the video, in which a great lover of these beautiful autumn colors, Nelly Murashkina, reveals the secrets of their successful breeding.
Features of indoor chrysanthemum
This flower can be both annual and perennial. It has a branched root system, the development of which occurs parallel to the surface. The leaves of the plant are light green, there are dissected, serrated or notched. Dense inflorescence form small flowers, collected in a basket.
The room chrysanthemum has a large number of varieties that grow remarkably at home. Such species differ from garden ones in their miniature sizes. This is explained by the fact that for indoor growth they use drugs that suspend their growth for decorative purposes.
When purchasing a flower for cultivation in pots, you should choose a strong and healthy specimen with a well-formed stem and dense foliage. After buying the plant for some time adapts to the new conditions. So that it does not become infected with diseases from other room inhabitants, he is quarantined for several days.
Temperature and lighting
In order for the plant to grow well in the home, you need to ensure it optimum temperature. It does not tolerate heat and exposure to direct sunlight. The best conditions are cool air and a short light day. In order for the chrysanthemum to bloom as long as possible, the optimum temperature for this should be +15 degrees, and the maximum temperature for its growth is within +18 degrees.
Its increase leads to the fact that the plants begin to turn yellow leaves and shrink flower buds. This is especially true for recently purchased copies. To this did not happen, you need to properly care for the flower.
Room chrysanthemum, care for which is not too complicated, prefers increased air humidity. If the earthen clod is dry, this can lead to shrinkage of the root system. To the room was constant humidity, the plant is recommended to spray as often as possible. Home flower should be watered abundantly, but in such a way that the pot was not stagnant. During active growth, it should be watered 2-3 times a week so that the soil is constantly moist.
Caring for a plant at home includes fertilization. A chrysanthemum in a pot quickly takes the necessary nutrients from the soil, so it should be regularly fed for full growth and abundant flowering. To do this, use mineral fertilizers, for example, monophosphate solution of potassium, since the lack of potassium and phosphorus leads to late flowering. You can also make other multi-component additives containing:
During the growing season, adult plants should be fed every 10 days with liquid organic matter. If the flower grows in poor soil, then feeding is carried out every four days with a solution of mullein in a ratio of 1:10. This must be done before the plant begins to bloom. In order not to have an unpleasant smell from top dressing in the apartment, the pot should be taken out on the balcony for a day or two in a shaded place.
House chrysanthemums growing at home need to be transplanted. Young plants undergo this procedure every year, adults - a year later. This flower does not grow well in acidic soil, so it is recommended to plant it in garden soil in which add peat and sand.
The transfer is carried out by the method of transshipment of earthen coma into a larger container. To bloom was more abundant, in the soil make a small amount of bird droppings. In order to prevent the soil is disinfected by pouring boiling water on it. As soon as it dries, the flower can be transplanted.
Before buying, you must carefully inspect the plant. A healthy flower looks strong, its foliage is well developed, there are no pests. Even if the chrysanthemum looks healthy, it can not be immediately placed next to other indoor plants. The flower is quarantined for 2-3 weeks to adapt to new conditions. During this period, chrysanthemum is very susceptible to various diseases. It can be attacked by pests. In addition, the flower is dangerous for other indoor plants.
How to care for chrysanthemum after flowering
When the plant ottsvetet, it is cut, sent for a cold winter. During the rest period, the temperature in the room should be no higher than 2-3 ° C. Comfortable chrysanthemum will be in the cellar. In the spring, the flower is transplanted into a new land for young plants. Young cuttings can be used for reproduction when the flower is well developed.
Features of growing
To chrysanthemum bush was lush and beautiful, it must be regularly cut and pinch. These procedures are carried out throughout the entire period of plant growth. Without pruning, shoots of chrysanthemum are too stretched, it loses its appeal. Timely removal of yellowed leaves and flowering inflorescences will prolong the flowering of the plant.
In summer, the chrysanthemum will feel great in the fresh air. The plant can be planted in open ground, and with the onset of cold weather can be transplanted into a pot along with an earthy clod.