Currently, many growers tend to grow beautiful and beloved flowers, not only in the garden and suburban areas, but also at home. An exception are not lovers of roses.
The image of a rose has many meanings: it is a symbol of excellence, pride, wisdom, love, silence and mystery. With her are associated images of heaven, heart, lover, Venus, Our Lady. There are few people in the world who will remain indifferent to such perfection, because it will be able to decorate any celebration, holiday, garden, apartment, and will also bring much admiration to people close and dear to people. Is it possible to grow a rose from cuttings at home? It turns out you can. How to do this, we will look further in the article.
How to grow a rose from a cutting house?
In the reproduction of rose cuttings is nothing complicated, and even a novice gardener will be able to cope with it without much difficulty. It all depends on well-chosen material for planting and precise execution of simple rules.
But keep in mind that not all varieties of roses will be able to submit to the breeding method by cutting. For example, it is doubtful that wrinkled and yellow park roses can please you with rooted cuttings, but with miniature and climbing kinds of these beautiful flowers there will be no problems.
The advantage of the method of propagation of roses by cuttings is that root plants are not formed in plants obtained with its help, and this greatly simplifies maintenance.
Such events are more successful in the period from the end of June to the end of July, when the rose is fading, and its leaves and petals begin to fall off. This basis has the most chances to revive the finest specimens. But just as often, grafting is carried out in late autumn, and they even try to grow rose cuttings in winter.
Preparation of cuttings
Young and grassy shoots of flowers are completely unsuitable for grafting at home. But the stems of one year of life, with a girth of about four to six millimeters, which either have not yet begun to bloom, or are already fading, are suitable for these purposes as well as possible. It is all about the substantial content of carbohydrates in such cuttings, which contribute to more rapid and effective rooting.
How to grow roses from cuttings of roses presented or grown on their own flower garden? Talk about this further.
Cuttings of roses should be cut to a length not exceeding 25 cm. When cutting the stems into cuttings, it is very important to ensure that they have at least three buds. Cutting cuttings should be done using a sharply sharpened tool (for example, a special shears), treated with alcohol and boiling water. The lower cut is made obliquely - at an angle of about 45 degrees under the kidney. The upper cut is done straight, slightly higher than the kidney. In addition, at the bottom cut it is better to make another light incision along the stem about two centimeters long. This will accelerate the formation of roots.
We must not forget that as long as the cutting does not form roots, its stock of moisture will not be replenished. Therefore, it is very important to reduce the evaporation of an existing one. For these purposes, the leaves are partially removed: the upper ones are cut off by about a third, and the lower ones are removed completely.
To increase the percentage of successfully rooted cuttings, experienced gardeners resort to keeping the lower section in various liquid biostimulants for plants for half a day (for example, in Heteroauxin or Epine). Or simply dip the cut into a dry powdered biostimulator (for example, in “Kornevin”). You can do without them, but this increases the risk of a lack of a good result, since the use of stimulants in certain quantities has a beneficial effect on the survival rate of the cuttings. It is very important not to allow the concentration of these substances to be exceeded, otherwise it may adversely affect the flowers. Therefore, it is necessary to strictly follow the instructions indicated on the packages of such preparations. Consider ways to grow a rose from the stem of a purchased rose or grown on your own plot.
Ways rooting cuttings
Prepared cuttings can be rooted using various methods, which are very numerous. However, the most effective are:
Consider how to properly grow a rose from a cutting in this way. This is one of the simplest and most popular rooting methods. Prepared using the above method shoots need to be put in cool boiled water. Every two or three days the water must be changed. Thus, after a month, the roots will begin to form in the cuttings, which can then be planted in the ground. Following this, the cuttings will need to cover with plastic bottles and do not remove them until the formation of leaves.
For this method of grafting better take young shoots from the side branches of the flower.
However, when applying this method of rooting cuttings, some nuances must be taken into account. Firstly, it is better not to put a large number of cuttings in one container - they will be cramped. Secondly, it is impossible to pour a lot of water into the container, since this is fraught with a lack of oxygen at the bottom of the container and the subsequent death of specimens from rotting. Therefore, just in case, you need to prepare for the fact that not all cuttings can survive and take root. In addition, this method is not suitable for all varieties of roses. The most successful result will be with ground cover and dwarf species.
And how from a cutting at home to grow a rose in the soil? This type of rooting is the most difficult compared to the others, but it gives a good result by increasing the percentage of plant survival.
How to grow a rose from cuttings? To begin with, pour a layer of drainage to the bottom of the pot. As it is better to use medium-sized fragments of brick or rubble. After that, the drainage is filled with a special soil for roses. It can be purchased off-the-shelf in flower shops or garden shops. But the best option - to prepare the soil with his own hands. To do this, mix in a small pot in equal quantities turf and leaf land with sand (1/3 of sod land, 1/3 of leaf land and 1/3 of river sand).
The prepared mixture is additionally filled up with sand for 5-7 cm from the top. When planting cuttings, it is worth checking that they are deeper than a layer of sand, that is, directly in the ground.
Cuttings is better to have a slope, oblique cut down, at a distance of about three to five centimeters from one to another. The distance directly between the rows themselves should not be less than ten centimeters. After that, the flowers must be watered with clean water and covered with glass jars or plastic bottles with a cut off bottom.
The roots will begin to form after 25-30 days. Throughout this period of time, the soil must be kept wet. When the first young leaves appear in order to harden the plant, it is possible to occasionally remove the cans (bottles), which can then be completely discarded.
Carrying out cuttings at the end of spring or summer, some gardeners try to plant roses on the garden at once, others still resort to using pots so that temperature drops and bad weather conditions could not harm the plants. Moreover, in the late autumn, in any case, it will be necessary to dig up the cuttings grown in the garden, and then transplant them into pots and move them into the house so that the young bush will survive the winter.
In potato tubers
Now we learn how to grow a rose in a potato from a cutting. This is a fairly common, effective and reliable way. To do this, the length of the cutting of the flower should not be less than 25 cm. Potato tubers are better to pick up medium-sized, and also remove the "eyes" from them, to prevent their germination. Then in the tubers it is necessary to make small grooves of suitable diameter. There will be inserted cuttings.
After that, they take a suitable container, on the bottom of which a layer of sand about 3-4 cm deep is poured. Then in this container, keeping a distance of 10-15 cm from each other, potato tubers are placed with the cuttings of flowers already injected, which will need to be sprinkled with a small amount of earth. . Immediately after planting, the tubers with cuttings should be irrigated with a sparse solution of potassium permanganate (the solution should be weak, pale pink) and cover with cans. Likewise, all the fertilizing and nutrients of the rose will be obtained directly from the potato. As for irrigation, despite all the humidity that potato tubers produce, it should be regularly carried out. And at least once a week it is desirable to do this with the help of sweetened water. To do this, simply dilute 2 teaspoons of regular sugar in a glass of water.
Most gardeners choose this method, thanks to which, when growing flowers at home, the highest percentage of survival of cuttings is ensured. Moreover, with further planting, their adaptation process is painless and faster. The young shoots that have emerged from the buds will confirm the success of rooting.
Consider how to grow a stalk from a stalk in a package. There are several ways, but the most popular are two of them.
Many will be interested to learn how to grow a rose from a cutting in this way. For this, besides the package itself, you will need moss. The moss is placed in a plastic bag, and then prepared cuttings are inserted into it. After this package should be inflated tightly, securely tie and hang. With this method of growing cuttings, there is no need for watering, since the condensate that accumulates in the bag will moisten the moss and cuttings. And thus, the roots should be formed by the end of the fourth week.
To grow a rose from a cutting at home in this way, you need to soak about a dozen cuttings in room temperature water for 24 hours, and then roll them into a simple newspaper. The resulting bundle should be wrapped in a bag or a bag of polyethylene and left to be stored at home at a temperature slightly above 20 degrees.
Each week the package should be opened, inspect the cuttings and slightly moisten the paper. If for some reason the stalk begins to turn black or rot, then it must be thrown away so that the rot does not spread to other specimens. In this case, the paper should also be replaced to get rid of the mold.
After two weeks, the roots should appear.
This method is also called Burrito rooting method. This method is considered ineffective. But despite this, he is popular with gardeners.
Trannua cutting method
This is another way to grow a rose from the cutting at home. However, he enjoys little public acceptance among gardeners and rarely gives the expected result. Growing flowers using this method should be carried out at the beginning or in the middle of summer. The essence of this method is to allow the stem of a rose to get as much power from the leaves as possible before cutting it. To do this, cut the stems pinch and leave until until at the bottom of the branches the process of bud swelling begins. When the buds swell, the ripening of the wood will begin, and its readiness for growth and development will appear. In this process it is very important to prevent the appearance of leaves from the buds, otherwise this breeding will be completely inconclusive.
Planting roses cuttings in the ground
After the roots appear on the cuttings, they can be planted in pots. But it is important to ensure that the upper kidney cuttings rise above the ground level.
Around the planted roses should create a greenhouse effect. To do this, a container with a seedling should be put in a large plastic bag or covered with a plastic bottle with a bottom cut out. Capacity with seedlings should be in a room with an air temperature of about 25 degrees. In addition, rose sprouts require regular spraying with water from a spray bottle.
Directly in the open ground roses are best planted at the very end of spring, in the absence of the threat of the return of frost. Usually for this choose a well-lit place without drafts and winds. The soil should be fertilized with organic matter, and if necessary, make mineral components.
Seedlings need to cut the stems, leaving three or four buds. And do not dig large holes, there will be enough depth in the size of the roots. After planting the roses need to pour and sprinkle with sawdust to preserve moisture. Rose bushes in the first time should be protected from direct sunlight. The adaptation period of the seedlings at the new site lasts about half a month, and then they begin to grow.
Whatever method is chosen, it is important to remember that the best result is easier to obtain with a favorable temperature, which should be around +25 ° C, as well as with good illumination and timely watering.
Summarizing, we can say that at present there are not so few methods and methods of how to grow a rose from a cutting at home. Each of them has its drawbacks and advantages, some of them are less effective, but more convenient, and vice versa. Therefore, when choosing a method of growing these magnificent flowers, it is important to remember that roses are capricious plants and require good and full care.
How to propagate roses by cuttings
This is a simple method, consisting in cutting the cuttings with three buds and their subsequent rooting. But there are questions about how to produce cuttings correctly, can cuttings be rooted in water?
For grafting, the middle or upper part of a healthy woody shoot is better, which already finishes flowering. With the help of a special garden knife or pruner, it is necessary to cut shoots of 10–15 centimeters long, each of which must have at least 3 buds. They need to be cut so that the lower section, made at an angle of 45º, is directly below the lower kidney, and the upper (straight) over the upper third kidney. The technology of growing roses involves the partial removal of leaves (this is necessary to reduce evaporation). The bottom sheet is removed completely, while the top sheets are shortened by 1/3.
How to plant a rose stalk
What you need ideally: a sufficient amount of light, air temperature + 23-25ºС, moderate watering and spraying.
Consider two ways of rooting cuttings of roses:
- in the soil - for this purpose they are planted obliquely on a prepared garden bed (if grafting occurs in late spring or summer), or at home in pots with a substrate of peat, sand (most) and fertile land. Planting cover with a glass jar, creating a small greenhouse. Watering the planting is necessary as necessary, and before planting the cutting in the pot, it is necessary to add well-washed coarse-grained river sand into which the cutting must be stuck (the sand will not allow the plant to rot because of excess moisture). When he starts to give young shoots, you can sometimes open the jar to remove condensate.
- in water - for this, the cuttings are placed in a container with water and left in a warm, well-lit place. From time to time, the water needs to be changed and topped up, and in 20-25 days, the cuttings will have roots and can be transplanted into pots with soil. It is possible to add a root formation stimulator to the rooting of the cuttings - then the roots will appear faster.
How to grow a rose from a bouquet
Very often a desire arises from a beautiful bouquet of roses to grow the same flowers. This can be done, you only need to cut the cuttings in time and germinate them correctly. The cutting is carried out when the flowers start dropping the petals.
The cuttings are cut as usual - from the bottom at an angle of 45º, and from the top straight. On the handle should be 1-2 buds. Rooting shoots from a bouquet is better in the soil according to the general rules, but they should be stuck into the substrate strictly vertically, extending to the first bud. With proper care, they will take root in about a month and begin to give young shoots. It should be noted that cuttings of local varieties of roses are better taken root.
If the plants rooted in the garden in the garden, then for the winter, first-year cuttings should be dug up and transplanted for wintering into pots that need to be cleaned in the house or in the dry cellar. And in the second year, they can already winter in the garden right in the soil, provided there is a reliable shelter of flowers for the winter.
To make roses resistant to diseases and pests, they need to be well looked after - they should be watered and fed in a timely manner. The first feeding is needed when young seedlings reach a height of 15 centimeters. For feeding, it is desirable to take a complex fertilizer, at a dosage of 15 grams per 10 liters of water. Note that nitrogen fertilization of roses should be stopped in the middle of summer, but fertilizers with phosphorus and potassium can be applied until autumn.
Rose stalk in potatoes, why?
In this way, potato tuber creates nutrition and moisture for the roots and cuttings grow faster.
Свежий картофель содержит оптимальный набор питательных веществ. Это долговременный источник постоянной влаги и надежная защита от переохлаждения, загнивания, развития бактериальных болезней, которые иногда поражают розы на начальном этапе роста. К тому же технически вырастить черенок розы в свежей картошке проще простого.
For the germination of cuttings of roses, take the tubers recently dug, not sluggish and not spoiled. Remove all eyes to prevent germination.
If the stalk is grown in a potted winter, then simply select dense, large potatoes.
For cutting cuttings, it is not recommended to use shoots with unripe buds, as well as with already withered roses, since it is very difficult to root such cuttings - they simply do not take root. Reproduction by cuttings is also possible with a purchased rose from a bouquet - there is no fundamental difference. But keep in mind that Dutch roses are treated with a preservative compound that ensures the duration of storage, it is almost impossible to root them.
The length of the cutting should be 15-20 cm. Thus, 3-4 blanks for propagation can be obtained from a single rose or a single shoot of medium length. Cut cuttings should be sharp instument, better garden shears, so that the stem when cut is not pressed through. The lower cut is performed 2 cm below the kidney at an angle of 45 °, the upper 1 cm above the kidney, and the cut itself can be either angled or straight. All lower leaves of the stalk must be removed.
Next, the sections of the cuttings are treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then for a day they are placed in a stimulating solution of any stimulator of root formation prepared according to the instructions for it. Replace these tools can be fresh aloe juice.
After all preparations, the cuttings of roses with the lower part are inserted into the prepared hole in the potato. I will specify that the reproduction of roses in potatoes is suitable only for upright varieties. For growing a climbing rose, it is not a cutting that is used, but cuttings — a shoots buried and rooted in the soil, because growing cuttings in a potato tuber is very difficult.
Root a rose in a potato tuber can be at home in a pot, or immediately placing it in open ground. Planting cuttings immediately in the ground gives an advantage - the roses will not need to be transplanted, and this will allow them to bloom in the same year or next spring. Land for planting cuttings should be bright, without stagnant water and protected from the wind. Further technology landing such:
- dig a trench 20-30 cm deep (for planting in rows, or for further transplanting to another place) - for planting single bushes without transplant, separate holes are dug under each plant,
- pour a layer of river sand at the bottom of the pit - this is necessary to prevent the tubers from contacting the ground, and to prevent the potato itself from rotting, and with it the cuttings,
- prepared cuttings of roses stuck in the holes made in potato tubers,
- place the planting material in a trench at a distance of 15 cm from each other,
- fill the trench on 2/3 of the earth, mixed with sand, lightly tamp.
Landings need to be provided with a good level of humidity. Watering should be regular, but not too intense. For the first time, it is recommended that the cuttings be covered with a plastic bottle with an unscrewed cap (to ensure air access). On sunny days, plants need to be shaded; on cloudy days, clean the bottle completely. About a month later, when the cuttings take root, the shelter is removed completely.
We plant a rose stalk at home
To germinate roses in potatoes at home, prepare planting containers. Drainage should be laid at the bottom of the pots, then the tanks should be filled with soil mixture (any store earth for flowers), along with sand. Put the escaped potato in the pot. Sprinkle with soil.
In order for the cuttings to take root sooner, the soil must remain wet, so at home, apart from watering, it is recommended to additionally spray future roses with water. Keep the warmth and humidity will help shelter from a glass jar, plastic bottle or plastic bag. After the buds begin to develop on the cuttings, the shelter is removed, and the seedlings are gradually adapted to the environmental conditions. Particular attention should be paid to the quality of lighting, but care must be taken that the shoots do not overheat under the lamps.
What is grafting?
The stalk is a part of the stem of an adult plant, devoid of roots, but with 2-3 buds. Knowing how to grow a rose from a cutting, you can turn this small part of the stem into a full-fledged seedling, from which a rose bush will soon grow.
For grafting using the middle or upper part of the stem of a strong healthy plants. And it is recommended to cut the stalk from a semi-woody sprout that is about to bloom or is about to fade. Using a pruner, a stick about 10–15 centimeters long is cut out of such a stem, containing three buds. Moreover, the lower and upper sections (they are made at an angle of 45 degrees) should be located, respectively, directly below the lower and above the upper bud. So that the cutting does not lose moisture through evaporation, the lower leaf is removed completely, and the upper two are shortened by one to two thirds.
What is the benefit of grafting?
Although grafting is a longer and troublesome process than planting seedlings, it has its advantages:
- Cheapness Depending on the variety, the cost of one seedling ranges from a few hundred to several thousand (and even tens of thousands) rubles. Instead of spending a fortune on creating a rosary, you can buy just a few seedlings (you can even have one) and multiply them for several years using the cutting method. In addition, by understanding how to grow roses from cuttings, you can easily share planting material with friends or neighbors without any costs.
- Roses from the bouquet. A flower bouquet is at best able to stand for a couple of weeks, and more often only a few days. If the presented flowers are very dear to you and you want to prolong their life so that they continue to be a living reminder of a happy day, you can also make cuttings from a bouquet. And then those same roses that turned out to be so dear to you will delight you for many years, and not 4-5 days.
The transformation of the cutting in the sapling
Before the 15-centimeter cut of the stem of the rose bush turns into a full-fledged plant, it should go through two stages - rooting (that is, turning into a seedling) and planting the actual seedling. Only after that the formation of a normal rosebush will begin.
There are several options for growing a tea rose from a cutting:
- In the ground. In a garden or a kitchen garden, a small weed-free plot of land is allocated, in which a special bed is made. To root the plants better, the original soil is better mixed with peat and sand. The cuttings are placed on the bed at an angle of 45 degrees so that the lower bud is under the ground. The above-ground part of the cutting is covered with a glass jar to create the effect of a greenhouse. Cuttings should be watered, but not very hard, so that excess moisture does not lead to decay. When the cutting starts to give shoots, in the afternoon, the jar can be removed for a short time so that the young plant can be hardened. After a couple of weeks of such hardening, you can get rid of the "hotbed" for good.
- In the pot. This method is generally similar to the first one, but instead of a kitchen garden or a garden, even a window sill in a city apartment can serve as a rooting site. This method is relevant in the event that you decided to work on cuttings during the cold season, or you do not have your own country house. Using this method, you can easily grow a rose from a cutting at home.
- In water. If desired, even a jar of water (preferably boiled) can be used instead of a vegetable garden or a pot of soil. The container with the handle should be put in a moderately lit place (it is not necessary to put it on the window sill), and the water in it should be changed with some regularity. When in three weeks the cuttings will acquire thin roots, they can be planted in pots with normal fertile soil and allowed to ripen to a full-fledged seedling.
One of the main conditions for growing roses from cuttings is a rather warm ambient temperature (+ 23-25 degrees), good illumination and moderate watering. It should also be warned that in the event of the appearance of buds on the cuttings, they should immediately pinch.
How to grow a rose from a cut stalk in general, sorted out. Now let's consider a more unusual option - cuttings from a bouquet.
If for some reason you really want the roses given to you to live for more than a week, make cuttings from their stems and try to root them. And although, in general, this process proceeds according to the same principles as grafting ordinary rose bushes, there are still several features. So that the cuttings of the bouquet turned out viable, you need to adhere to the following rules:
- water in a vase, where there is a bouquet, change daily,
- for the night, put the bouquet “with your head” in a bucket or basin with clean water,
- cut the stalks out of the stems only after the petals start to fall off the buds,
- if cuttings from a bush should contain three full-fledged buds, then bouquet boules are weaker by default, and therefore are able to give life only if there are a maximum of two (and better than one) buds; bouquet survival,
- sticking bouquet stalks into the ground should be vertically and not at an angle, with one kidney necessarily having to be above ground level.
The rest of the same care for cuttings from a bouquet is carried out according to the same scheme as for the shoots taken from live rose bushes. That is, in more detail, see the general recommendations of how to properly grow a rose from a cutting.
Potato grafting method
In recent years, the somewhat extravagant method of rooting cuttings is gaining popularity. Far from all flower growers recognize him, but if you have a progressive view of the world, you can try out the potato technique. It is equally suitable for rooting cuttings, taken both from a bouquet, and taken from a normal rosebush.
Preparation of the cuttings themselves is exactly the same as if you were preparing to root them with traditional methods. In the role of beds should be either an indoor greenhouse / greenhouse, or a pot of soil placed in the room. Next, you need to take young tubers of medium size, carefully remove all the eyes with a knife (try to damage the potatoes as little as possible) and stick a cutting in each tuber. We get the resulting construction in the garden (potato down, of course) or in a pot. In this case, the potatoes are laid on a layer of sand and covered with soil. Cuttings should be planted no closer than 10-15 cm from each other. The above-ground part should traditionally be covered with a glass jar in order to create the most comfortable conditions for the shoots.
Immediately after planting, the cuttings should be poured with water with potassium permanganate dissolved in it until light pink. Later watering is carried out with water and sugar (one spoon per liter) every five days. When it becomes obvious that the cuttings survived and began to sprout, the banks can be gradually removed to temper the young plants. In general, the cuttings should be kept under glass protection for no longer than 15 days.
The main advantage of the potato method is the optimal combination of moisture and nutrients, which the potato tubers provide pink cuttings. As a result, rooting is faster, and the percentage of plant survival is higher.
The technique is suitable for most varieties. So, if you do not know how to grow a climbing rose from a cutting, you can try this method.
As mentioned above, they need approximately room temperature and good illumination so that the cuttings root properly. That is why cuttings on open ground are produced in late spring and summer, and in winter only in heated premises. But if the cuttings were at your disposal on the eve of winter, and you have no place or would not want to root them in pots, you can “preserve” them until spring.
Autumn grafting just allows you to keep the shoots alive and healthy until spring, not allowing them to take root (which would lead to the death of those who did not have time to get stronger plants). With the arrival of spring, cuttings “preserved” in the ground will be fully prepared for planting and rooting in normal conditions.
This method is very popular, because in the fall flower growers pruning rose bushes, as a result of which there are many cuttings that it is a pity to just throw in the trash.
To save the cuttings until spring, they need to prikopat completely into the ground, leaving nothing above the ground. In this case, the bed should be placed not where it is convenient for you, but where the winter has the most snow. Usually this is the north side of the fence or one of the blank walls of the house / shed. From above, it is advisable to pour a small layer of dry peat and, if possible, cover the bed with dry leaves or spruce branches. We have already told you how to grow a climbing rose from a cutting that overwintered in such conditions.
Care for planted cuttings
To get strong viable seedlings and reduce the likelihood of death of cuttings, in the process of their rooting should follow the simple rules of care for the bed with cuttings:
- Water the shoots regularly, but not too plentifully, since in the over-wetted soil the underground part of the shoot will begin to rot.
- In hot weather, instead of abusing watering, it is better to spray the shoots from the spray.
- Provide cuttings as comfortable as possible. So, if a plant protects a bank from a sudden summer cooling, then only artificial shadow and temporary removal of a can save it from 30-degree heat. Otherwise, the cutting is just baked.
- After the cuttings show signs of life, they can begin to feed complex fertilizers.
The timing for grafting roses
The most successful breeding will be roses cuttings that were cut in the first summer months. It is desirable that the flowers were previously grown in the local climate and not treated with chemicals to prolong the life of the buds.
The optimal time for sprouting the cuttings are the June days, in August it will be more difficult to achieve the formation of roots on the stems. It is most difficult to grow a plant in the winter months, and save the cuttings of roses until spring.
Do not delay to receive cuttings for several days after receiving the bouquet. Fresh flowers brought home on the same day are more likely to germinate.
How to prepare the cuttings?
For grafting, it is necessary to select from the bouquet the strongest flowers with beautiful buds. Stems they must be in the initial stage of lignification, that is, be brown. Too immature ones do not yet have the power to germinate, and the dark brown ones are already beginning to rot.
If the flowers are fresh, you can prepare the cuttings immediately. When the roses have stood in the vase for a couple of days, it is necessary to cut the slices a couple of centimeters and place them in cold water for 4-6 hours.
The use of growth stimulants
To increase the chances of root germination and speed up this process, you should add ready-made or self-made preparation to the soaking water. It is necessary to soak the cuttings in solutions from purchased supplements within a few hours, while a self-prepared growth stimulator acts throughout the day.
What can be soaked cuttings:
- Kornevin (1 g. Per 1 liter of water),
- Heteroauxin (1 tab. 2.5 liters of liquid),
- Radifarm (2 cap. On 1 liter of water),
- Zircon (1 ml per 10 liters of liquid),
- Epin extra (1 ampoule per 2 liters of water),
- aloe juice (the composition forms 9 parts of water and 1 part of juice),
- water with honey (1 teaspoon of beekeeping is added to half a liter of liquid).
Of all the biostimulants listed, Radifarm is the most active. Therefore, the time of soaking cuttings in it is reduced to 30 minutes.
Germination in water
This option is the easiest, fastest and most affordable. An important step in the germination of this method is the selection of high-quality water. The most suitable is rainwater or spring liquid, and tap water will also do.
However, the fluid from the pipeline should be prepared in advance. It is necessary to filter, and then let stand for a day.
How to sprout roots:
- Pour a small amount of water into the jar.
- Immerse the prepared cuttings approximately 1-3 cm into the liquid.
- Remove the container to any place where direct sunlight does not fall.
Water should be changed every 2 days. Growing this method takes about 3 weeks. Initially, white formations will appear on the stems, from which the consequences will grow new roots. This method has a significant minus - often part of the cuttings irrevocably rot.
The method of growing roses in pots is a bit more complicated, while being one of the most effective.
For rooting you will need:
- lower soil packaging
- top transparent - for the formation of a mini-greenhouse,
- solution of potassium permanganate,
- some small stones and sand for drainage.
Initially, you must select a suitable container for disembarkation. If one stalk is grown, a 0.5 liter pot will suffice for it. Соответственно, с увеличением количества будущих цветов, увеличивается емкость и ее литраж.
Этапы для укоренения в горшке:
- Обработать емкость для высадки марганцовкой. Это позволит продезинфицировать ее от вредных бактерий.
- Выложить на дно мелкие камни для дренажа, затем насыпать подходящую покупную почвосмесь, слегка утрамбовать. Почву можно приготовить самостоятельно. Для этого необходимо взять садовой земли и песка в пропорции 2:1. Be sure to disinfect the resulting soil.
- Make a small depression in the ground, put a cutting in it. If there are several of them, the distance between them should be about 6 cm. Condense the loosened soil, pour with settled water.
- To form greenhouse conditions. To do this, cover planted cuttings with a jar or a plastic bottle, if they are in a pot. Seedlings in a box covered with foil.
- As the topsoil dries, it is necessary to spray it with a spray bottle.
The room temperature should be at least 25 degrees during the day, and at night the thermometer mark should drop to 18. The germination of cuttings should be judged by the appearance of new light green shoots in about a month.
At this stage it is necessary to start periodically removing the cover from the roses. First airing is performed for 3-5 minutes, then gradually the time can be increased. When full leaves appear, the greenhouse is removed completely.
Stages of growing roses:
- Fill the bag with 1/3 of the soil suitable for these colors.
- Treat the cutting of the cutting solution to enhance root formation, place it in the ground.
- Fill the remaining space in the package with air, tie and hang near the window.
The first shoots begin to appear after 2 weeks. It will be possible to transplant the seedlings obtained in the ground in a month.
With the help of potatoes
The main advantage of growing a strong root system of roses in potatoes is the appropriate moisture of the tuber and nutrition of the cutting with the optimal amount of carbohydrates. This method allows you to get strong seedlings, without spending on it much effort.
Initially, you need to prepare potatoes. The tuber should be medium sized. It should not be rotten, have damaged areas or flaccid skin. Rinse the potatoes thoroughly, disinfect them in a solution of potassium permanganate and dry.
How to germinate a rose stalk in potatoes:
- Cut a deepening in the tuber, a little not reaching the opposite side. The width it should be the diameter of the stem.
- To process a cut of the future flower with a growth stimulator, place the stalk into the potato.
- Put earth in a pot, put a tuber on it, sprinkle with soil on top.
- Pour over water.
- Install a greenhouse in the form of a bottle or jar.
When sprouts appear, it is recommended to start gradually airing the seedlings. After a couple of weeks, the top tank must be removed completely.
Stages of germination using a newspaper:
- Lay several cuttings on paper. First bend it from both ends of the stems, and then scroll. It will turn out from the newspaper a roll, inside of which there are future saplings.
- Dampen paper with plenty of water. Make sure that it does not break.
- Put the "burrito" in a plastic bag, tie it.
Package should be removed to a place where the temperature will be kept at around 20 degrees. Once a week is required to unfold the paper, moisten it, inspect the condition of the cuttings. If any copies rotted, they must be removed and the newspaper replaced with a new one. Roots are formed after about 2 weeks.
Planting roses cuttings from a bouquet to a permanent place
The most suitable season for planting these flowers is late spring or early summer. Planting roses cuttings in the fall does not make sense, as the plant in the ground will freeze.
A place to disembark is necessary to choose the sun, in which there are no strong winds. The soil should not go deep, as in the rain it will drain an excessive amount of water.
In the selected area, it is required to form pits of suitable size, whose diameter is equal to the root system. It is recommended to fertilize the soil, after planting it is necessary to water the soil. Top of the earth sprinkle with sawdust or peat. Cover seedlings from direct sunlight.
Rules for the care of seedlings
Fertilizer will be required for seedlings that have grown more than 12 cm. For this purpose, complex solutions or infusion of herbs, mullein are used. In order for the plant to be strong, in the first year it is necessary to immediately trim flower buds after their appearance. This will allow the rosebush to put all its strength into the formation of healthy stems.
In advance, you need to take care of the shelter of the plant for the autumn-winter period. This will save the bushes from frost. Some specimens should be excavated and stored in a cool, damp place. So roses from the bouquet will appear in the garden again and again, delighting not only the gardener, but all those around him.
Pros and cons of cutting roses
Cutting - an artificial way of vegetative reproduction of rose bushes, which is suitable even for beginning gardeners. At the stages of processing the separated part of the stem and its rooting it is necessary to show some patience. After that, it will only be necessary to plant a sapling on the plot and expect the fruits of your labor.
Roses that are red or pink are best rooted.
Pros of growing new rose bushes from cuttings:
- Protection against a fake for 100% - visual inspection of an adult plant allows to estimate future result in advance.
- The absence of wild shoots - the culture does not degenerate into dogrose, which greatly facilitates the care of her.
- Minimum cost - you can get a large amount of planting material from one parent, which eliminates the need to purchase expensive seedlings.
- A high percentage of positive results - only 15–20% of stems with a well-developed root do not subsequently take root in open ground.
- The longevity of the rosary - own-rooted, especially non-roof shrubs, can live for several decades.
- Variety of options - most roses lend themselves well to cuttings, including climbing, miniature, ground cover, hybrid polyanthus, polyanthus and individual hybrid tea species.
The cuttings of the rose variety you like can easily be brought along from the trip, since they tolerate long journeys well. To do this, they need to properly prepare: stick a sharp end into a raw potato, wrap in paper and cover with a layer of polyethylene with holes. This design can be stored for up to 1 month at a temperature of + 2-4 ° C.
Cons of growing new rose bushes from cuttings:
- The impossibility of predicting results during the reproduction of vegetatively grafted (hybrid) varieties. Basically, the qualities of only the plant from which the root system was developed are inherited.
- Difficulties with growing some species. Worst of all breeding in this way reparative, yellow and wrinkled park roses.
Also, a relative disadvantage is the weak frost resistance of roses propagated by cuttings, but the peculiarity of such plants is that when the surface part is frozen, it can self-repair from dormant underground buds (which does not occur, for example, in grafted flowers).
Selection of starting material for germination
To avoid disappointment and not lose time on deliberately failed options, you need to make sure in advance that the roses you like are suitable for obtaining a quality cutting.
Tips for choosing suitable rose bushes for cutting:
- Do not cut the shoots from too young flexible or, on the contrary, very old lignified plants.
- Refuse to breed recently imported imported species.
- Give preference to domestic varieties or flowers that have undergone prolonged acclimatization.
- Choose only healthy and strong medium-sized shrubs without external signs of wilting, damage and / or disease (spots, mold, etc.).
It is necessary to prepare a bush for propagation by cuttings in advance by adding supplements under it.
An important indicator of readiness for reproduction is the presence of easily breaking spines - this indicates that the rose parent is sufficiently mature.
Preparation of cuttings: when and how to cut the shoots
If you wish, you can try to grow a rose from a cutting even from unpresentable branches. For example, from those that broke off under the weight of snow or remained after topiary. However, to obtain the most favorable results, it is recommended to adhere to certain rules:
- Season. Experienced growers are advised to cut the shoots in the period from the formation of buds until the end of flowering, that is, from early summer to mid-autumn. By this time, the wood has accumulated enough nutrients, but in general, you can start rooting from early spring.
- Stage of maturity. A suitable straight cutting is considered to be a small straight segment of an adult half-lumbering (this year) green stem with 2–5 fully formed axillary buds.
- The size of the shoot. The length should be from 15 to 30 cm, thickness - from 5 to 10 mm.
- Work tool. A special garden pruner and a household knife with a very sharp blade will also work (the main thing is to make sure that it accurately separates the trunk, and does not ivy it and not “shaggy” it). The instrument is preferably disinfected with alcohol or boiling water.
- The place of the cut. For grafting, the middle or lower part of the stem is used (the tip rooted very poorly). The upper cut is made in a straight line between the kidneys 2–6 mm higher than one of them, and the lower cut - obliquely, at an angle of 45 ° directly below the extreme kidney.
- Processing material. At the base of the prepared cuttings, you need to completely remove the thorns and leaves, and on the top, reduce their number by half.
It is better to conduct cuttings when buds are stained on the uterine specimens.
Important! If the branches when probing are not sufficiently elastic or even sluggish (which may be evidence of the disease), then they should not be used for reproduction: at best, they simply do not take root, and at worst - they will infect healthy neighbors.
You can finish the preparation of the stem by dipping the slices into a weak (light pink) solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection. To minimize the loss of moisture, seal the upper end with wax or paraffin, and lower end into a stimulating solution.
Table: Means to enhance rooting.
Preparation of the solution at home:
- Willow infusion. Place several willow twigs in ordinary clean water and wait for them to take root. After that, the nutrient fluid can be drained.
- Honey water. Dissolve 1 tsp. honey in 0.5 liters of warm boiled water.
- Yeast extract. Raw baker's yeast diluted in clean warm water at the rate of 100 g per 1 liter, and the effect can be enhanced by adding 1 tsp. Sahara.
- Juice (gel) aloe. Grind in a blender the required amount of aloe leaves and strain the resulting gruel through several layers of gauze to separate the concentrated juice.
The use of growth promoters contributes to the formation of a more powerful root system of roses.
Council In a clean gel of aloe leaves, the stalk can be left for 10–12 hours, after which it is desirable to dilute the juice with water (1: 9) and leave it in this form for another 10–12 hours or for the entire development period of the root system (with water ).
The choice of growth activator depends on the capabilities and desires of the grower, but it is worth noting that the effect of chemicals is more targeted than that of its natural counterparts. Already on the 12–15th day of using these drugs, the cuttings have their own root system (against the standard 30 days). It must also be remembered that when working with chemicals it is very important to observe the permissible concentration indicated on the package and precautions.
Rooting shoots of roses in the water
Instructions for the germination of cuttings of roses in water:
- Boil water, add charcoal (for decontamination and protection from flowering), as well as a few drops of a corrective solution.
- Place prepared stems in the container so that their leaves do not touch the water (otherwise they may rot.)
- To stretch a polyethylene film or foil from edge to edge, creating a greenhouse effect, and to make holes in it for trunks.
- Put the container with the plants in a place inaccessible to drafts and direct sunlight.
- Every 2-3 days to change the water and wait for the formation of growth (callus), where will begin the development of a new root system (about 2-3 weeks).
Water for rooting the shoots of roses is better to boil
Important! Many growers say that in no case can one completely change the water, but one can only “refresh” the main volume by adding evaporated liquid.
This is a very simple and convenient method of grafting, but it has one major drawback. Because of the lack of oxygen, the roots grown in water are particularly fragile. They are thinner and more transparent than the soil counterparts, so they are easy to damage during transplantation.
Cutting of roses in newspaper leaves
Instructions for the germination of cuttings of roses in the newspaper:
- Moisten newspaper sheets so that they become completely soft and can be squeezed like a rag.
- The cuttings should be folded in groups of several pieces and wrapped in paper according to the principle of an envelope, leaving no loose ends of the branches outside.
- Place the finished packages in a plastic bag and leave them in a dark place at a temperature of + 18-25 ° C.
- Periodically unwrap the bag and moisten the newspaper with an atomizer.
- When a rot appears on one of the cuttings, it must be removed and the healthy stems should be carefully washed and a new bundle formed for them.
- When the roots get stronger and reach 5 cm in length, the plant can be transplanted into the ground.
The advantage of the Burrito method is the ability to grow difficult-to-root rose varieties.
This method of obtaining roots is called Burrito for its similarity in appearance with the eponymous Mexican dish.
Growing roses in potato tubers
Instructions for the germination of rose cuttings in potatoes:
- Choose tubers large or medium size, cut from them all the "eyes" (sprouts).
- In the center, form a recess with a knife, the diameter of which coincides with the thickness of the shoot.
- Prepare a tank, on the bottom of which lay out first a drainage layer, then a layer of fine river sand about 10 cm thick.
- Insert roses with a sharp end into the potatoes.
One of the prerequisites for rooting in potato tubers is good lighting.
Reference. It is conditionally possible to call the potato a natural “growth stimulator”, since it creates almost ideal conditions for the development of pink cuttings: it maintains optimal moisture and provides with healthy microelements.
Propagation of roses by cuttings in a pot (ground)
Instructions for the germination of cuttings of roses in the ground:
- Prepare suitable containers for cuttings, preferably individual (pot, cut plastic bottle, etc.), so that later it would be easier to transfer seedlings.
- Thoroughly clean and dry them.
- The bottom of the tank should be laid with a thin drainage layer (fine gravel, expanded clay, polystyrene foam, smooth glass stalks).
- Fill the bulk with primer. It can be as a standard garden soil, fertilized with humus. But it is more preferable to use a special soil for roses, which is sold in a flower shop.
- To plant the shoots, deepening them a few cm into the soil. On the surface, be sure to leave 1–2 buds.
In protected ground you can get the highest reproduction results.
Planting stems directly into the ground is the most traditional method of cutting. Its main advantage is the preparedness of the root system for a painless transplant to a permanent place of growth.
Willingness to land in open ground
The period of readiness of pink cuttings for planting on an open garden plot depends on the stage of its development and the degree of soil warming. And also takes into account the type of formation of the root system:
- Open (in plants in newspapers, packages, water, etc.). The size of the roots from 5 to 7 cm, the optimal time - from mid-April.
- Closed (for seedlings in pots, substrates, biodegradable containers, etc.). New leaves from 2 to 6 pieces, the optimal time is the first decade of May.
Important! In the presence of young green leaves, the time of landing in open ground is chosen very carefully: it is necessary to exclude any probability of night frost.
The spring period is the most favorable time for planting. It is desirable to actively care for young cuttings for another 1-2 months, so that there is an opportunity to correct developmental abnormalities. However, in the southern areas you can make a landing in the fall.
In order for the seedlings to get well and regularly bloom in the future, it is necessary to take care of their protection from the cold and possible frost.
It is necessary to prepare the ground for the landing in advance, so that it can settle at the time of landing.
The most widely used 3 methods of insulation:
- Sprinkling and watering.
Prevents trunk cracking, since it forms an ice "shell" on it, increasing the thermal conductivity and heat capacity of the earth. The sprinkling procedure must be repeated every half hour.
To organize at night repeated spraying of leaves and stems with water for several hours manually can be quite difficult. Therefore, the automatic installation of watering is more suitable for this method.
The positive effect gives not only the formed ice shell, but also the released heat: when freezing 1 gram of water produces 80 calories of energy, which literally warms the seedlings.
- Smoke (fumigation). Оказывает эффект прямого нагрева и уменьшает излучение тепла из почвы через искусственное дымовое облако. Инструкция по задымлению (окуриванию) участка:
- Собрать «трёхслойный пирог» (высота — 1 м, ширина — 1,5 м) из материалов, которые способны тлеть при слабом горении:
1 слой — дрова и хворост,
2 слой — солома, навоз и сухие листья,
3 слой — земля (2–3 см).
- Place such blanks on the entire territory in need of heating (1 heap per 10 m2).
- In the earthen layer make holes on the top and on the leeward side for a better exit of smoke.
- Burn when frost occurs.
- Собрать «трёхслойный пирог» (высота — 1 м, ширина — 1,5 м) из материалов, которые способны тлеть при слабом горении:
Such smoke heaps are designed for 15 hours of corruption, which is enough to survive one frosty night.
- plastic film and agrofibre,
- glass, including individual domes (banks),
- mulch (straw, crop residues, coniferous spruce branches, paper, cardboard, leaves, undecomposed compost),
- improvised devices (plastic bottles, boxes, containers, etc.).
Roses are sheltered in late autumn
Important! If the weather permits, it is better to remove the opaque cover during the daytime in order to give the plant access to sunlight.
When planting roses in the autumn period, it is important to accurately match the time so that the sapling can take root in a new place, but did not begin to grow actively until the arrival of frost.
To navigate in this case will have to local climate. It is necessary to take into account the fact that rooting takes, as a rule, about 1–1.5 months.
Due to the large variation in time, novice gardeners are recommended to leave it to winter in room (basement) conditions, and start planting next spring.
Preparing a site for planting seedlings
To choose the most suitable place for planting, you need to focus on the individual needs of the varieties:
- Light-loving located in open elevated spaces.
- Shade can be planted around fences, trees and other voluminous shrubs. And also they are great for creating a hedge around the perimeter of the site.
Soil preparation before planting roses cuttings is carried out in 2 stages:
- In 1–3 months, dig the ground to a depth of about 55 cm. Add a mixture of sand, clay and compost (1: 1: 2) and loosen,
- Immediately before planting, partially replace the soil in a place of constant growth with a fresh mixture consisting of turf, humus and sand (2: 1: 1).
Council It is recommended to pay attention to the original soil type. Loamy needs minimal preparation, while clayey often has an increased level of acidity (pH
Planting germinated cuttings on a constant flower bed
Instructions for transplanting a stiff rose cutting to a garden plot:
- Dig out the appropriate number of holes at a reasonable (depending on the grade) distance from each other:
- undersized - from 30 to 40 cm,
- tall - from 50 to 60 cm
- climbing - from 100 to 200 cm.
- Carefully remove the cutting from the improvised incubator, taking care not to damage the roots.
- Lower the shoots into prepared pits by 10–15 cm and cover with a mixture of soil and compost from above.
- To avoid rotting, pour the earth with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
If you plant roses too thickly, it will lead to the development of diseases
If the buds on the saplings only proklikulis slightly, then they are not required to cover. If the buds and leaves are already formed, they should be covered from sunburn with Lutrasil or Spunbond.
Important! Planting seedlings is better in cloudy weather or late in the evening when the sun's rays are not so active.
When planting climbing roses or climbing roses, they should be dug out about 18–20 cm from the supporting structure (trellis, fence, etc.).
Climbing rose along the fence will revive the hedge
The seedlings themselves should be tilted towards the support. It should also be borne in mind that if the decor object has a solid surface, then it is necessary to attach a lattice base to it at a distance of 7–9 cm from the wall in order to provide ventilation and access to the plant.
After transplanting future rose bushes to a permanent place, care for them does not differ from care for other flowers. They need regular watering, feeding and loosening the soil.
Council In order for a young plant to grow well, it is better not to allow it to bloom in the first 1-2 years after planting the cutting: for this, unripe buds are pinned off at the very initial stage of formation.
Cutting is considered to be one of the most popular ways of breeding roses. If you follow all the proposed rules, the performance reaches 80–90%. This is a very high figure for the family of pink.