On a high stalk bright buds bloom like fire flames. It blooms Monica rose. The heart of the flower is colored in yellow shades, and the edges of the petals have a bright red palette. Light and unobtrusive fragrance fills the gardens where this queen's hybrid tea varieties grow.
The diameter of the blooming buds is 10-13 cm. These are truly elegant figures. The stem is usually erect and high, about 1 meter long. Often rose tea hybrid Monica is grown for cutting and further sale. In addition, the plant has practically no thorns - the shoot is smooth, without bends and irregularities. The foliage is rich dark green. The variety blooms all summer, with proper care it is abundant and long lasting.
Rose Monica, described above, is resistant to diseases and refers to winter-hardy varieties. But experienced gardeners recommend making shelters during the cold season. More information about how to cover the flower can be read below.
Rose "Monica" does not like the wind, so you need to choose a quiet place in the garden. At the same time it should be illuminated by sunlight in sufficient quantity.
The soil substrate must be enriched with nutrients and have good drainage.
From spring to end of August it is necessary to make additional feeding. To protect against pests, gardeners need to handle bushes with special solutions.
Shelter roses for the winter
Like most of the “queens of the garden”, Monica rose in a snowless winter can die from the cold, so you need to arrange special shelters. The easiest way is to cover the roots of a rose with a spruce pine trees. In addition, the smell of Christmas trees frightens small rodents.
The main rule that must be observed when covering the rose: the material for protection should not come into contact with the shoots of the plant.
From the end of August, it is necessary to prepare the rose for wintering. First, you should stop feeding and watering. When flowering is over (somewhere in the middle of September), you need to prune shoots and all foliage. In October, should root the roots. You can process the shoots of copper sulfate to protect against disease and moisture resistance. All trash over the roots must be removed.
After the temperature outside the window is set at around -6 degrees, you need to protect the rose. In the role of shelter can be a plastic container with openings, which, in severe frosts, is covered with a plastic wrap on top.
Rosa Monica deserves the highest praise from gardeners. Flowers delight and amaze with their brightness and accuracy. Strong buds are beautiful at all stages of flowering. According to flower growers reviews, the flower looks good in the background of flower beds and as a hedge. In the cut, he stands for a long time and does not fade.
It is recommended to check the soil acidity before planting. Ideal Ph performance is no more than 6.5. Florists with experience advise shaking moisture off buds on rainy days in order to avoid such a disease as gray mold. It manifests itself in the form of white fluffy spots on the foliage. When such signs appear, shoots should be cut off and the rose treated with sulfur.
The bush grows quite high, which is significantly different from most other tea hybrids. Under favorable circumstances, Monica can reach 170 cm in height, and even two meters. The width of the bush, however, is small - about a meter. The shoots are elongated, framed by beautiful foliage of a dark green shade, there are few thorns on them. The leaves are dark rather than light, can boast an attractive glossy surface.
On the shoots of flowers are located one by one, which is great for cutting. Stems usually grow quite high, while completely straight - also characteristic quality cutoff varieties.
The bud is colored in a pleasant orange-yellow shade, which, when opened, becomes orange-scarlet. The color of the plant is very specific, unusual and fascinating. The great advantage of the variety is its resistance to fading: even with a long stay in the sun, Monica's petals do not lose their brightness.
Interestingly, the wrong side of the petals is bright yellow, and the inner one is equally bright, but orange or closer to scarlet. Such a contrast looks great, like a real flame.
The aroma of flowers is very pleasant, and their diameter reaches more than 10 cm. Sometimes the diameter reaches 13 cm, which looks truly solemn, noble. Flowering plants lasts a long time: with proper care, the rose can delight with its bright and cheerful look all summer (see photo).
The variety is very decorative and attractive, besides it does not cause any particular difficulties in growing. Thanks to such valuable qualities, Monica is used in landscape design extensively: to decorate personal plots, public parks, recreation areas. In addition, cultivated variety and for cutting.
Shrub suitable for the formation of picturesque hedges, looks great in the rose garden, creates an attractive background in flower arrangements.
Temperature and humidity
Monica tea and hybrid rose grows well at an average temperature characteristic of summer time in central Russia. For the winter, however, the bush requires shelter. As for the humidity level, it is better if it is slightly above average.
Rose needs fertile and loose soil with a weak acid reaction. If the spring planting, the preparation of the beds and pits start in the fall. Add a mullein and humus to the ground so that by the spring the fertilizers have time to feed the soil. It is necessary to provide drainage in the pit in order to protect the shrub roots from rotting and fungal damage.
Selection of seedlings
Carefully and carefully choose planting material, if you want the rose to develop well, not to hurt and bloom magnificently. First of all, inspect the seedlings' horses - they should be normally developed, with no signs of mold, rotting.
At least two healthy shoots with a diameter of at least 5 mm each should depart from the main trunk. Inspect and kidneys - they must be present, but only in a sleeping state. The color of the shoots should be characteristic green, and their structure - strong. Pale elongated shoots - a sign of poor quality seedlings.
We advise you to buy seedlings in nurseries specializing in the cultivation of roses. It is better to buy in the spring, shortly before planting. Before rooting, store the seedling in a cool place: the basement, cellar or, at worst, the refrigerator will do.
Plant the plant in May, when the earth warms up sufficiently. And if you plant several roses at once, leave a distance of 70 cm between the seedlings. This measure will provide the plants with enough space for growth and development.
Shorten the roots before planting, aligning them in a single line. It is also recommended to feed the roots with water: the soaking procedure should last at least 12 hours.
How to care
Find out what care is needed for this amazing rose for its beautiful flowering and excellent health.
Immediately after planting, the rose must be watered abundantly: literally, every two days. The recommendation is connected with the rooting of the flower: in well-moistened soil, roots take root faster and easier. An adult plant is watered less often, but also quite abundant. Usually, the procedure of moistening is carried out during the drying of the upper layer: it occurs approximately once a week.
Strengthen watering should be in the period of formation of buds and buds, because at this time the lack of moisture can adversely affect flowering, decorative shrubs.
Watering a rose should be directly under the spine: water should not fall on the leaves and flowers. The warning is connected with the fact that water droplets under the sun's rays become real small lenses that lead to burns. We recommend to water in the evening and use only warm water without hard impurities and bleach.
Tip: if moisture gets on the foliage, gently shake off the drops. Do the same after the rains: a measure will help protect the rose from the fungus to which the plant is not too stable.
For the shrub to grow healthy, lush and well-flowering, it needs competent fertilizing. The plant needs both organic and mineral substances.
In the spring, after traditional pruning, dry minerals with a predominance of nitrogen are introduced. This dressing will help the plant to gain green mass faster. Do not forget that dry dressings imply simultaneous and very abundant watering. After mineral fertilizers in a few days, apply a mullein, which will make the soil more nutritious.
Before budding, spend more feeding, making a mixture of chicken manure and mullein (very liquid). During the flowering period, the plant is not fed. In the fall, fertilizers are applied the last time in a season: potassium compounds are usually used to help the roots resist the cold.
Bottom circle should be tucked peat or soil in order to protect the roots from freezing. Spray the bush with copper sulfate solution to protect it from pests and fungus under the shelter. Work is carried out when the average daily temperature exceeds - 6 degrees.
But if the climate in the region is mild and there is no much frosty winters, it is enough to cover this rose with pine spruce branches: both from above and along the root circle.
Protection against pests, diseases
The main danger for Monica roses is powdery mildew and aphid. Shrubs from the fungus should be treated preventively: in the spring when the first foliage appears. Processing is carried out in two stages, using soda solution.
From the aphid used a concentrated solution of soap. To make the solution more effective, you can add a wormwood infusion or an insecticide purchased from the store.
About rose Monica flower growers leave admiring reviews: the plant amazes everyone with its exquisite beauty and tenderness. Many talk about the lush, gorgeous and long flowering shrubs, a huge number of buds formed. A lot of positive reviews and the scent of flowers.
According to florists, the flowers are cut for a very long time, and they look great, they do not lose their freshness and charm all the time in the bouquet. Buds rivet universal attention with its brightness, warm shade and beautiful shape.
From the negative there are observations about the instability of the rose to the rain: after moisture on the buds and leaves burns are possible, and sometimes there is a fungus.
We learned what Monica rose looks like, we got acquainted with the peculiarities of its cultivation. The flower conquers at first sight, besides it will not require too much trouble and care from the gardener. Planting this rose on the plot, you will decorate the landscape with a real sun - bright, cheerful and very beautiful.
Tea and hybrid rose "Monica"
If you want to plant a bright and noble flower in your garden, then you should opt for the tea-rose Monika. The entire period of flowering of this plant is fascinating for its beauty. First, elegant buds appear that attract with their brightness. The fiery orange color of the petals on the outside creates an interesting contrast with the yellow shade of the seamy side. When the rose is completely dissolved, the contrast subsides and a large double flower of reddish-reddish tinge appears, which can reach 12 cm in diameter.
From the description of the Monica rose, one can find out that the buds are blooming, as a rule, one by one, and the flowering time is rather long. In addition, flowers are located on high upright shoots, which makes this variety ideal for cutting.
The variety “Monica” can reach a height of two meters when grown in a hot climate, however, when pruning, its usual height is 1 meter. The foliage of this rose has a rich green hue and is excellent against many diseases. There are very few spikes on the shoots.
Speaking about the description of the Monica tea hybrid rose, it should be mentioned about its excellent winter hardiness. But during a snowless winter, the plant may freeze slightly. In any case, when growing roses in cold regions, the plant should be covered for the winter.
Choosing a place for planting and caring for Monica rose
An ideal place for planting Monica roses will be a sunny and windless stretch of your garden. The soil must be enriched with nutrients and have good drainage.
In the summer, the rosebush needs to be regularly fed and processed to prevent the appearance of unwanted pests and to protect the plant from possible diseases.
Mealy dew is a disease known to almost all gardeners. Many are accustomed to suffering mainly berry bushes from it. However, this disease can cause significant damage to roses. About powdery mildew on roses, read the article.
Flower growers are a curious people and aspiring to constantly learn something new. That is why unusual plants appear in our flowerbeds every now and then, just like the change of festalis, about the planting and cultivation of which you can learn from the article.
A variety of types and varieties of roses allows you to choose a plant that fits perfectly into any garden style. Even if you are not a very diligent florist and cannot spend much time with your pets. The best choice in this case will be fragrant musky roses.
Low-growing tiarella (tiara) is a great decoration for rabatok, alpine hills or low beds. But in order for the plant to bloom regularly and abundantly, it must be properly maintained. Read more about planting and caring for tiarella in our article.
Monica tea hybrid rose (Monika)
Monika is a very bright red and yellow hybrid tea rose. Flowers are the brightest when they start to bloom. Bright orange-red petals contrasted with the yellow wrong side. When the flower is fully bloomed, it becomes not so bright, and the yellow contrast is lost.
Flowers usually appear one at a time, on very long upright shoots, so that the variety is suitable for cutting. The foliage is dark, shiny, disease-resistant, the bush is high, upright, in hot climates it reaches 2 m, but usually when pruning does not exceed 1 m.
Monika has very long elegant buds that bloom in beautiful flowers of bright scarlet color with a gold base. This rich color keeps well and does not fade. Flowers usually appear one by one on long shoots, so that the variety is well suited for cutting.
Bush high, with abundant dark green foliage, resistant to diseases. Abundant flowering. Looks amazing when landing in a hedge, you can put a boarder in the background.
The root system of a rose sapling to be shipped to the customer is packed in an individual hermetic package with a clod of earth wrapped in plastic, so that your sapling will come alive and full of energy.
Some plant information
Rose Monica was bred by flower growers in Germany in 1985. The stock was taken from the hybrids of Rugosa and Konin. Since the end of XX century, the flower begins to spread throughout Europe. This hybrid tea variety came to the territory of the former USSR in the early 1990s. It grows well in the southern part of Russia, where it is cultivated in the open field. In the middle lane, Siberia and in the Far North, hybrid Monika needs shelters and greenhouses.
The flower loves the sunlit high places, but develops better in partial shade. The soil on the site should be well drained. If underground waters pass near the bushes, then their death is possible due to high humidity. The description of the plant given in the manufacturer’s catalogs is as follows:
- The hybrid tea rose Monica grows on bushes that reach 80-100 cm in height. When growing a plant in a greenhouse, the bush is pulled upwards 170-200 cm.
Rose hybrid tea Monica
Rosa Santa Monica
There is a variety with a similar name - Santa Monica Rose, so beginning gardeners often confuse them. Unlike the described type, this plant grows only 60 cm. Its flowers are smaller (up to 6 cm in diameter). They are painted in lilac tones. Santa Monica is also frost resistant, but she is not afraid of diseases, as she has good immunity to various fungi.
Agrotechnics growing hybrid
Monica rose varieties propagated by seedlings. Plants are better to buy in certified stores or nurseries.
For their landing the most suitable period is considered the beginning of May. During this period, the earth is heated, so the seedlings are not threatened by a night decrease in temperature. Roses are rich in minerals fresh soil, but black soil is best suited. In the absence of such land, it is necessary to dig up a plot, introduce organic and mineral fertilizers into the soil.
Acidity of the soil should be neutral. If this is not the case, the place intended for planting flowers is treated with slaked lime and wood ash is injected into the soil.
Note! It is better to plant Monica roses in elevated areas in partial shade, as the flowers quickly fall under the direct rays of the sun.
For planting seedlings dig pits with a depth of 30 to 50 cm. Inside lay superphosphate. Using manure as a fertilizer for these hybrids is unacceptable.
Deepen seedlings in such a way that the vaccination site is 4 cm below the ground level. Засыпают все землей, слегка утаптывают, а затем поливают кустики теплой, отстоянной под лучами солнца водой.
Примечание! Розы сорта Моника можно сажать поодиночке или группами по 5-6 цветков.
The distance between individual specimens is chosen in the range from 30 to 50 cm. It is recommended to mulch the soil under the stems with peat. The thickness of the coating layer is selected from 80 to 100 mm.
The formation of Monica bushes is made in the first year after the landing of the hybrid. Pruning is best done in early spring or autumn.
Due to the high height of the stem flowers may need support. Therefore, next to each bush, a peg is inserted into the ground or roses are planted next to the netting.
Monica - a rose that requires a lot of feeding. First, organic fertilizers are introduced under the bushes (one week after planting). In the summer, the plant is given nutritional mixtures 3 times:
- for the accumulation of green mass, it is recommended to treat the planting with nitrogen preparations,
- with the appearance of buds, it is recommended to give potassium and phosphate preparations to the bushes,
- at the beginning of flowering give superphosphate.
Monica does not like strong moisture, but it needs regular watering to take care of it. It is better to spend it in the early morning, before the sun has risen. A sprinkler is used for this.
Important! It is necessary to ensure that moisture does not remain on the leaves, otherwise during the day the flowers can get a strong burn. It is impossible for a liquid to form puddles under the stems, otherwise roses will develop fungal diseases.
Watering plants should be 1-2 times a week, and if the summer is hot, then you need to increase the frequency of irrigation by 2 times. To do this, apply water, settled in a barrel under the sun's rays.
The water settled in the barrel
We must carefully weed the beds with flowers, as their root system is close to the ground. This event is held every 2 weeks.
Care for the bushes is needed to prevent the onset of symptoms of any disease. Monica has moderate resistance to fungal infections. Such lesions are dangerous for her as:
- powdery mildew,
- black spot.
Recommended preventive measures. For this, 3 times all the landings are treated with special preparations that kill soil bacteria and fungi. If they are not, then to protect the bushes, you can use copper sulphate, Bordeaux mixture.
From powdery mildew, black blotch and rust helps digging up the soil with a revolution of the reservoir. To eliminate the threat of disease, flowers in spring or autumn are treated with 3% solution of ferrous sulfate.
3% solution of ferrous sulfate
So that the roses do not get sick, it is necessary to remove old leaves from the bushes in time, cut off the damaged and dry shoots. If chlorosis has developed, then it is necessary to analyze the soil, and then introduce the lack of salt in plants in the form of fertilizers.
If you experience symptoms of perinospora, the disease can be stopped by treating rose leaves with fungicides.
Garden parasites can also threaten plants:
- green aphids,
- slobbering penny
- spider mites,
- various butterflies and their caterpillars,
- slugs and snails.
To repel aphids, it is recommended to plant thyme next to roses. If there are many insects, they are destroyed by using poisonous drugs. Such drugs as Karbofos, Aktellik, Roton and others have proven themselves well.
Note! There are popular methods of combating parasites. To do this, mix the leaves of the tomato and 0.3 kg of pre-chopped onion or garlic. All this is placed in a can with a capacity of 3 liters, then pour water, defend the mixture for 6 days in a warm room. Filter everything through cheesecloth, dilute the resulting brew in 10 liters of water, and then the bushes are treated with it.
To combat ants that breed green aphids, it is recommended to use special traps.
Tsikadki die after treatment of bushes 2 times (with an interval of 12 days) with drugs that destroy insects.
Weevils simply shake off the bushes, harvested by hand, and then burned. But during the mass invasion of beetles, they are exterminated by various toxic agents.
Spider mite is destroyed by various chemicals, for example, Acrex. Drooling pennits are washed off the rose with a stream of water from a hose.
Butterflies and their caterpillars can seriously damage the landing. To prevent the death of roses, it is recommended to treat them with garlic decoction or soapy water. To fight with the bears they use loosening of the soil under the stems. It destroys the insects, destroys their eggs and larvae.
Slugs and snails can nibble a bush. To scare them on the ground next to the roots scatter wood ash. If there are many parasites, then plantings are treated with soapy water mixed with ash flour.
Important! Monica roses belong to the group of frost-resistant plants, but if the flowers grow in an open area, they should be protected from severe frosts. To do this, close the planting warm matter or make individual caps of cellophane.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Disadvantages of the Monica rose variety
Monica roses have the following advantages:
- pleasant smell and aroma,
- large flower size
- it is possible to use petals in cosmetics and to get rose oil,
- high frost resistance of a hybrid.
The disadvantages of the variety are as follows:
- Monica roses require fertile, mineral-rich soils for breeding.
- although the resistance to disease in this hybrid is medium, the plant is often affected by fungal infections,
- in the summer, additional feeding is needed,
- high humidity can cause plant death,
- garden pests cause great damage to landings,
- flowers do not tolerate direct sunlight, so for breeding this rose is recommended to choose open places, preferably under the trees.
To grow Monica roses, you need to adhere to the recommendations of experts, otherwise all plants will die. A beginner gardener can decorate the dacha with flowers, but they need constant care.
Selection of planting material
Which flower will grow depends on the choice of variety for the region and the height of its bush, and of course, color and flavor. When buying seedlings, it is necessary to carefully examine the plant, they must meet the following requirements:
- First of all, the root system is important, it must be well developed.
- Have two stems, at least five millimeters in diameter.
- The buds are not full, but tightly closed.
- The shoots are not long, the stems have a green color, well grown.
In order not to run into unscrupulous sellers, it is better to buy them in flower shops or nurseries.
Buy tea rose seedlings, you can somewhere in the beginning of spring, and so that it retains all its qualities, store until planting until the earth warms up to 15 degrees in a cool place in a cellar or a refrigerator.
The most favorable period for planting roses in the groundIt is considered the horses of spring and the beginning of summer, until the heat began. Before planting, the roots need to be slightly shortened and placed for a while in the water so that they are saturated with moisture.
If the soil has not been prepared for planting since autumn, then you need to dig a hole, add it in equal proportions (humus, manure, peat), one of them and sand, mix and pour into the hole, and it is necessary to tamp it well, dry soil to water. The plant is lowered into the hole and the roots are laid out along the bottom and covered with earth so that the grafting site is in the ground for about three centimeters. After that, around the bush, the earth clings to form a small elevation, so that during irrigation, water flows to the root system.
After planting the plant in a permanent place, produce watering in two daysso that it is well rooted, watering should be abundant, but so that the water does not stagnate. As it grows, watering is carried out less frequently as soon as the top layer of the earth dries out, and it can be done every seven days. Abundant watering is required by plants during the active growth of the bush and the flowering period, since a lack of moisture will negatively affect the color formation and size of the flower itself.
Watering should be done directly under the shrub, carefully so that moisture does not fall on the leaves and flowers of the hybrid rose. Watering should be in the evening, when the heat subsides, the water should be slightly warm, heated in the sun.
In order for Monica rose to grow strong and bloom magnificently all summer long, it is necessary to do timely top-dressing consisting of mineral and organic fertilizers. Since all boring fertilizers were applied during planting, this year the plant will not need root feeding, it is enough to make foliar feeding with potassium sulfate before the winter season to strengthen the shoots for a better wintering.
In the spring, when the bushes are cut, dry mineral fertilizers are appliedthat will stimulate the growth of the bush. After fertilization, watering is required. After a few days, the application of organic fertilizers is required, the best of which is mullein.
Before starting budding, you need another organic fertilizer from the infusion of mullein and chicken manure, at the same time to conduct foliar feeding, wood ash with the addition of saltpeter.
During active flowering, Monica rose does not need fertilizers. The last top dressing of the season is held in the first month of autumn..
Monica Rose Pests and Fight
The main pests of hybrid tea are powdery mildew and aphids. To avoid powdery mildew, in the spring with the appearance of leaves, the bush is treated with soda solution twice in seven days, before the onset of the warm summer period.
To combat aphids use soap solution of household soap with the addition of wormwood or special preparations purchased in the store.
With proper care, timely watering, fertilizing and loosening the soil, Monica hybrid rose will delight with its flowering for a long time.