Juniper horizontal (Juniperus horizontalis) is spread over the surface of the designated area, forming a refined decorative coating. Designers often include it in a wide variety of landscape groups, because this groundcover fits in well with many plants.
It can be a center of plantings or close a part of trees, good with flowers and cereals.
What is attractive creeping juniper. What are the conditions of detention requires a seemingly simple, but such a spectacular conifer. Are there varieties with different coloring needles.
Sprouted juniper belongs to the cypress family. This short, evergreen plant comes from the North American continent. In natural conditions, it grows along the shores of lakes, having mastered their sandy shores.
The height of almost all varieties of the horizontal species varies in the range of 10-50 centimeters. Creeping shoots grow thickly and stretch to 1.5-2 meters. An adult plant, even at 10 years old, is very low, spreading, so another name for juniper is flat.
The annual growth is insignificant, branches grow during this period only by 5-10 centimeters.
The needles fit differently (tightly or not so) to the shoots. Acicular needles are on average 6-8 centimeters, and scale-like 2-3 mm. Fruits - cones of dark blue or black color, rounded, 0.6 cm.
The color of juniper needles can be of different colors, both green and blue, and also yellow. By the fall, the bushes of most varieties are transformed, becoming brownish.
The creeping horizontal juniper is able to adapt to any soil conditions and become a real decoration and attraction of the area.
Ground cover species became popular in the 19th century. Brought several dozen interesting varieties. They are united by short stature and creeping species. Professionals even plant flat junipers on shtamb.
Many gardeners are eager to acquire an unusual blue-bluish Juniperus horizontalis Blue Chip. It is a slow-growing dwarf variety (30 cm high). Crown coverage is five times its height. The needles are short (0.5 mm.), In autumn are painted in lilac or lilac-brown color. Variety copes with air pollution, suitable for urban planting. It tolerates pruning, looks in containers.
Height 35-40 cm., Grows slowly (0.6-1 cm per year). Compact bush, pincushion, dense. The needles are green with an ashen tint, by the autumn it becomes purple. The branches grow evenly, rising along an oblique line from the center. The bush has the right shape.
The variety has green needles and frequent patches of cream and yellow color. The motley bush is higher than others (50-60 cm), it grows much faster. At 12 cm in height and up to 30 cm in width per year. Planted in partial shade, it does not lose its unusual color. Variegate varieties adorn the heather and Japanese gardens.
A very squat flat bush with a height of up to 20 cm. Grows to the side by 200 centimeters. Viltoni rapidly increases in the horizontal direction, and the shoots growing in the center are short and raised upwards. Branches flexible, tight-fitting, bluish-silver. Very decorative variety successfully replaces grassy lawns.
The horizontal juniper bush is a dwarf with lemon-yellow color of needles. Lime Glow has a height of 40 cm, the diameter of the crown four times its size. Branches grow up and wilted at the end. Canary color is replaced by the end of the season bronze. It is advisable to plant the plant in the sun, so as not to lose the decorative coloring.
How to care
The plant does not require you to great care. It grows well on light, sandy, moisture-permeable soils, rammed heavy soils can inhibit the growth of the bush. Some varieties prefer fertile substrates, but almost all will not mind loams and calcareous soils.
Requirements for illumination - diffused light, partial shade. Sunlight will need yellow-colored individuals, there is a risk that in the shade the needles will turn green.
Remember! The greatest discomfort in juniper causes dry air. Therefore, in the dry season it is compulsory to sprinkle the crown (in the morning or in the evening).
In addition, watered in hot weather under a bush moderately, especially young specimens. Do not get involved in dressing, the mineral solutions are applied in the spring.
Weeding is done as weeds grow, although under dense thickets of an adult bush they are difficult to find. Mulching podkustovogo space is a good measure to prevent the growth of garbage grass.
Juniper prostrate horizontal tolerates frosts. This is used by amateur gardeners and professionals for growing in the northern areas. Shelter may need only 1-2 year old saplings. Practicing garter with twine and building awnings to prevent the breakage of branches from the severity of snow.
In spring a very bright sun is shining, due to which branches will burn. We harbor the plant with a spanbond or other garden material at the peak of solar activity.
Slow-growing bush gradually increases the volume, sprawls. For giving of the necessary outlines and for thickness of krone cutting is made. Every spring we remove the branches that are broken, sick, dried.
Planting and transplanting
We buy young saplings suitable for planting exclusively in a special store or nursery. We check the presence of disease, the bush must be intact. It is necessary to buy a tree with a lump of earth, because the juniper takes a long time to take root.
Planting is done in April or May, this procedure can be done in the fall.
- Dig a hole 70 cm deep, lay a layer of drainage (pebbles, broken brick) and a layer of sand - only 20-25 centimeters,
- Fill in loose soil mixture (sod or coniferous earth + peat + sand),
- Put a seedling with a lump of earth,
- The root neck should be at ground level, and in an adult plant it should be 4-5 centimeters high,
- Sprinkle with the remaining soil, pour under the root,
- To produce mulching around the trunk with peat or humus, wood coniferous chips.
The distance between the bushes when planting is left from 1 to 2 meters, with the expectation that in the future they will grow, justifying the characteristics of their species.
To transplant juniper bushes is extremely undesirable, they are difficult to adapt, ill. Carefully choose a permanent place for your coniferous ground cover.
How to multiply
Plant juniper horizontal can be seeded and grafted. The first method is not very common, because it is painstaking and very long.
Seeds are specially prepared, and shoots root and grow stronger for 2-4 years before they go directly to the open ground. Varietal signs of the hybrid can not be saved.
This is the most common method. For it, semi-woody branches of an 8-10 year old juniper tree are used.
- The term cut-April-May
- The length of the cutting is 10-12 cm., Be sure to take with the heel (part of the bark) stem,
- 4-5 cm. Clean the needles from the bottom, except for the heel bark,
- 20-30 minutes soak in growth-stimulating solution,
- Plant the cutting under the slope in wet sand (or peat + sand mixture) and press the ground around,
- Capacity to close the film and spray regularly.
- Rooting takes up to one and a half months,
- In mid-summer shoots can be planted in open ground,
- For winter, these seedlings should be covered with spruce leaves.
Ailments affect the plant with an excess of moisture, strong shading, accumulation of mineral salts in the soil.
- Fungal mold
- Yellow needles
- Dry shoots
Ants in these cases will be fungicides, Bordeaux mixture. Infected parts of the plant trim and destroy. Insect pests (insects, aphids, spider mites) are controlled by treating the shrub with soap solutions and insecticides. Do not allow the appearance of nests of ants under the juniper horizontal, so as not to condone the appearance of aphids.
Prevention of painful lesions is sanitary weeding, removal of fallen needles from under the shrub.
Juniper creeping in landscape design
Different colors of needles interesting and unusual look in the garden. Low-growing dwarf varieties can fill an unsightly void, settling down on the site with a fluffy carpet.
Landscape builders use junipers of horizontal type in city parks, near administrative buildings, and in private households. The plant is often planted in containers, which are rearranged as needed.
A useful role is the ability to strengthen the slopes, the banks of reservoirs. This is due to clinging roots.
Bushes play the role of a landmark in rock gardens, they are planted as a curb, fill the space of rockeries and other flower gardens. Originally look in combination with stones, so a rare garden in the Japanese style will do without prostrate juniper.
What is known about Juniper Andora?
In normal environment juniper lives on the mountains, hillsides and sandy beaches, more in Canada and North America. Horizontal juniper has many varieties that are considered decorative, about a hundred. Proved a very important fact, which suggests that the plant produces volatile production, if you take a hectare of juniper, then these plants are able to disinfect the amount of air for the metropolis.
Juniper Andora compact was bred in the USA, in 1955, its description:
- It has a dense crown-shaped cushion.
- It has a height of about forty centimeters.
- The diameter of the order of one meter.
- The shoots of the plant are directed upwards at an angle from the middle of the plant.
- The color of the bark is gray-brown.
- The needles have the appearance of thin, short scaly needles, they are gray-green in summer, and in winter have a lilac color.
- Fruits are spherical in shape, the flesh is dense and fleshy, color gray with blue.
Andora compact juniper likes to be in well-lit areas. Bush Andorra is not afraid of frost, prefers sandy soil with sufficient moisture, afraid of dry air.
The application of Andorra Compact is found in such places:
- On the alpine hills.
- On retaining walls.
- On the slopes.
There is a Blue Chip juniper breed. It was bred in 1945 by Danish breeders. Its height is about thirty centimeters, the crown in diameter does not exceed two meters. Main shoots loose. Lateral branches are short, they are directed upwards. This variety has needles that look like short, prickly, densely placed needles, their color is gray with blue. When winter approaches, the color changes to lilac. Fruits have a spherical shape, as in the variety described above - cones. The color of the fruit is black, up to six millimeters in diameter.
Blue Chip easily transfers:
- Pollution of air.
But, the slightest stagnation of water can destroy this culture. Blue Chip is grown as a container culture, it is used to strengthen the slopes and slopes. For this variety, it is necessary to mulch the ground around the plant.
This juniper variety is also called Prince of WalesIt reaches a height of about 30 centimeters, with a diameter of about 2.5 meters. The plant was bred in the USA in 1931. Culture has a creeping, funnel-shaped crown.
The main branches creep along the ground, rising obliquely upward with their tips. The bark is gray with brown. The needles are planted thickly, scaly, their color is green-blue, when winter approaches they get a red color.
The Prince of Wales loves light, is resistant to frost, the ground loves sandy, moist. Planted this culture in various plantings of single and group type on the rocky hills.
The juniper variety of the horizontal "Wiltoni" is a creeping ground cover shrub, it grows to a height up to twenty centimetersThe diameter is about two meters. This variety was bred in 1941. The branches of the culture are bending, the color is green-blue, the location is close to each other, the central shoots grow well, thus forming a dense "veil".
Thin shoots of plants creep along the ground forming a star shape. The branches, entrenched, intertwine with each other. The needles have the small sizes, the form of needles. Needles are silver with blue color. The culture is not afraid of frost, tolerates drought well, grows in different soil, but will grow better in sandy or loamy soil.
The place where the plant will be planted is desirable to be sunny.
Viltoni often planted in places such as rockeries, stone walls, rock gardens, roofs. The fruits of this culture are often used as spice for baking, various pickles, first, second courses, drinks, side dishes.
Alpina is a variety of horizontal juniper which is distinguished by the fact that its shoots are annual, they grow upwards, vertically. Then, when they have grown, they descend lower to the ground, they form a beautiful undulating relief. The shrub has a height of 50 cm, diameter of about two meters. Differs from other varieties in that it grows fast. The spreading branches of this culture grow up vertically.
The plant has scaly needles, their color is green with gray, closer to the onset of winter, the color becomes purple with brown. The fruits are spherical, small. Shishkoagod have a bluish color with gray. It is recommended to plant a crop in a sunny place, the soil is recommended to be fertile and light. Culture tolerates winter, frost. Planted this plant on lawns, rocky gardens and rock gardens. This plant can be grown in a decorative container, as a single.
This horizontal juniper variety belongs to undersized varieties, it is creeping and dense. Shrub tall reaches about ten centimetersits crown reaches up to 2.5 meters. Homeland plants are considered the United States, it bred in 1930.
The shoots of the plant are thin, they are branched, spread along the ground. The branches of the side are directed upwards. The color of the shoots in young orange with brown. The needles have the appearance of needle, scaly, short length.
In the summertime, the needles have a color gray with green, green with blue. Culture does not require soil fertility, frequent irrigation, frost-resistant. It is recommended to plant this crop in areas that are well lit by the sun. Plant used as a ground cover in rockeries, rock gardens. It is not recommended to plant the crop in too fertile soil, it contributes to the loss of shape of the plant.
This juniper variety is short, its height reaches about 40 cmThe diameter is about 1.5 meters. The crown of the plant is dense and compact, creeping. The branches are mostly flexible, short, side shoots are close to each other, vertical direction. Needles are placed densely, small, scaly, color silver with blue in the summer months, in winter purple. A place to plant a plant is to choose a sunny, but darkened to some extent. The soil for the culture is suitable sandy, loamy. Shrub is not afraid of winter, frost, suffers smoke, gas pollution. Use the plant as a single and as a group, for the erection of decorative compositions.
This juniper variety was bred in the USA in 1967. This plant is a dwarf shrub, it has a high popularity among European gardeners. The plant does not belong to fast-growing, but it cannot be called slow-growing either, the growth rate of the plant is average. Shrub height about 15 centimetersThe crown is very dense, its diameter is about two meters. The shoots of this culture are creeping, bent in a peculiar way, they form a green-blue veil, it looks very beautiful. The shape of the needles is scaly, in summer it has a green-blue color, in winter it is purple-plum-colored.
The fruits of the shrub are cones small in size, the blue berry has a blue color, the diameter is about seven millimeters. Culture is not afraid of frost, drought, it is heat-resistant and light-loving. The soil in which it is worth planting a shrub, you need to use loamy, you can also sandy. The plant is often used as a coating for the soil.
Scientists have found that juniper has needles which has a bactericidal effect, which also played a high role in the high demand for culture. Shrub is a slow growing plant. Height is about 1.5 m, height is about 30cm. Brought the plant in 1992. The shoots of the plant are mostly close to the soil, it allows them to take root, so they get better nourishment from the soil, and additionally grow. Secondary branches are not elongated, thick, they are directed upwards.
The shrub has a flat shape, which tends to cover the soil, it spreads horizontally. The needles of the plant have a form in the form of needles, shoots above are yellow in color, below are yellow-green. In winter, the color of the needles becomes brown. The plant is not afraid of frost, drought, shade. The soil in which the plant grows is necessary to be alkaline or sour. Sunlight is required for the plant.
Этот сорт можжевельника выращивается на альпинариях, также на рокариях, различных склонах, на которых необходимо укрыть почву.
Можжевельник Лайм Глоу был выведен в Соединённых Штатах Америки в 1984 году. Растение относится к карликовым, вырастает оно в высоту около 40 см. Взрослый куст имеет диаметр 1,5 метра. Куст имеет форму симметричную, чем-то напоминающую своими очертаниями подушку.
The shoots of the plant called the frame densely pubescent, they are placed parallel to the soil, directed upwards. The ends of the branches are drooping.
After a few years the shrub takes the form of a funnel. The needles have the shape of needles, they have a color of yellow-lemon color, in the center of the shrub the color is green, at the ends of the branches the needles have a lemon color. In winter, the needles become copper-bronze color. In summer, the needles acquire a yellow color in young plants, old plants become yellow only at the top of the shoots. The plant is not afraid of frost, drought, does not require nutrient soil. The plant may suffer from hot and dry weather in summer. This juniper variety is a wonderful decoration for a rocky garden, a landscape composition, a backyard or heather garden.
The plant is a shrub that grows no more than 10 cm in height. Some species of juniper creeping reach 0.3-0.4 m in height and 2 m in width. The branches of the shrub grow and spread along the ground. Foliage is not available. Depending on the variety, each branch is covered with short needles or light green flakes.
Gardeners' love for the plant is also in the fact that it likes the open sun, it is able to adapt to any soil without any problems, it can grow even in stony places, it is not demanding of moisture and does not lose its decorative view of the sun.
About 60 varieties of horizontal juniper are known. Externally, the plants are very similar to each other. Some creeping juniper gardeners even vaccinate to low shtambu. We present a photo of the most common varieties of creeping juniper:
- Andorra Variegata,
- Bar harbor
- Gray pearl
- Ice blue
- Prince of Wales,
- Andorra Compact,
- Blue Chip,
- juniper blue creeping blue forest,
- Golden Carpet,
Planting creeping juniper
Planting and care of the creeping juniper does not require much effort. For planting take only young trees grown in containers.
When buying seedlings, it is advisable to choose those copies that are sold with a clod of earth wrapped in sackcloth.
It is preferable to land in the spring in April-May or wait for October. If you purchased bushes with a lump of soil, you can plant at any time, providing the plants with a light shade and regular watering. For shrubs pick up an open place, illuminated by the sun.
It is not recommended to plant the plant under the walls of buildings or in the shade, because it will lose its decorative effect, become sick, and the branches lose their elasticity.
The soil is selected depending on the varieties of juniper creeping. As a rule, the plant is undemanding to the soil and grows well on lime, sandy soil, on loams. But some varieties require special growing conditions.
It is advisable to mix in an equal ratio of coniferous soil, peat and sand. The depth of the hole should correspond to the 3 pins of the scapula deep into, keeping the distance between the specimens of 1 m. After lowering the seedlings into the hole and sprinkling with the soil it is necessary to water it directly under the root. After they perform mulching near the shrub trunk, using coniferous wood chips, peat for these purposes.
The rooted juniper creeping in care is not complicated. It should just follow some rules. Juveniles should be watered regularly, but moderately. Adult bushes are drought-resistant, so they should be watered 2-3 times a month. With strong heat in the early morning or at sunset, the bushes irrigate.
With the onset of spring, the plants are fed with nitroammophoska at the rate of 30-40 g of fertilizers per 1 m 2 of soil. Do not forget about weeding in pristvolnom circle. In order not to spend time on it all the time, you can spend the mulching with a splinter, forest needles, gravel, laying them on a black geotextile.
Juniper is affected by gray mold, fungal rust. Eliminate them with special chemicals, diluted according to the package instructions. With timely processing, you can prevent complete infection of the plant.
To grow a healthy plant you need to follow the following rules:
- In winter, protect the branches from the severity of snow, tied with twine.
- Cover the plant in the heat.
- In order to avoid burning the bushes need to be sprayed and watered.
- Spraying is carried out at a distance so that the juniper does not bend under the influence of water.
- With the onset of spring pruning sick, dry and damaged branches.
- In the middle of summer, the juniper is ostrich.
Juniper is a dioecious plant. Propagation of juniper steelable is carried out by layering (performed only during the growing season), seeds and cuttings. The first two methods are used very rarely, especially seed, because it is only amenable to professionals, because shoots appear only 1-3 years after sowing. Therefore, the main method of reproduction is cutting.
Cuttings can be cut from the bushes of 8 years of age at any time of the year, but preferably with the onset of spring.
The cut material (10 cm long) is first kept in wet sackcloth or water, having previously removed about 5 cm of pine needles from the bottom of the branch, and then planted into the ground.
Rooting is carried out in a greenhouse (including in winter) under a slight slope. After planting, the seedling is closed with plastic wrap and put in a dark place. At the same time comply with the following requirements:
- temperature 16-19º,
- diffused light
- sufficient moisture of the substrate
- regular spraying.
If the conditions are met after 1-1.5 months, the cuttings will start the first roots, after which, after waiting some time, in summer, they will transplant the cuttings along with a clod of earth into the open ground. For permanent residence, the bushes are transplanted only after 2-3 years.
Fruiting juniper sprouting occurs only after 2-3 years, with the formation of dark blue fruits on the female bushes.
Compliance with all the rules will allow you to grow a healthy plant, which will certainly become the main focus of your garden.
Juniper Weeping Form
To date, there are about one hundred varieties of juniper, united by common species features. Some of them arose as a result of natural mutations, some were created in the process of targeted selection.
In nature, there are about 70 species of juniper (juniperus), of which only 15. have been cultivated so far. The following are considered to be the most common in landscape design:
- juniper ordinary,
Most species of juniper differ frost resistance, undemanding to the living conditions, care, as well as the pleasant aroma of wood and pine needles, the severity of which, however, varies depending on the species. Trees with scaly needles smell stronger than needle-holders.
The shape of the crown varies, although most species are prone to crown formation by trimming. Conical and pyramidal crown shapes are good in group plantings. Initially, there are four forms:
Also, the types of junipers are grouped according to several other principles, for example, winter hardiness, toxicity, unpretentiousness.
Representatives of Cossack juniper are poisonous, virgin and rocky are distinguished by unpretentiousness. Winter hardiness is characteristic of almost all species, with the exception of some rare, among which are:
Due to the external beauty, some species can be attributed to a special group of decorative junipers, this applies to:
- scaly junipers.
Choosing the type and variety of juniper for growing on your site, it is important to determine in advance what purpose it will fulfill. This will help to choose the most appropriate type of tree, starting from its specific features.
Representatives of the juniper species are highly resistant to adverse weather conditions - cold, frost, lack of water or light. The varieties belonging to the species juniperus communis are extremely decorative, and their slow growth allows them to be used for growing bonsai trees.
Popular varieties related to this species, consider the following:
Juniper Gold Cone
Tall tree (up to 4 m tall) with a dense cone-shaped crown. Annual growth is about 10 cm in height, 5 cm in girth. Most actively grows in the summer. With the beginning of autumn, the bright golden needles turn yellow-green, and by winter the color turns to bronze. Not demanding to the composition of the soil, but does not tolerate its compaction, excess moisture. It prefers to grow in sunny places, with a lack of light, the needles turn green. The first few years need extra care: watering, sheltering from the direct sun, binding the branches in winter.
Representatives of this juniper variety can reach 3.5 m in height, 1 m in girth.
Juniper Nibernica ordinary
The shape of the crown is narrowly colonized, the annual growth of the indicators is approximately 10 and 5 cm. The needles of the needles are rather soft, not prickly, the colors are green with a bluish tinge. It is frost-resistant, prefers sunny places. The composition of the soil is not demanding. In spring, this juniper is recommended to be sheltered from the bright sun, and for the winter - to bind the branches to protect from snow.
Unlike its counterparts, common juniper of this variety is rather low - only 0.5 m in height, but in width it can reach one and a half meters. Annual growth is about 5/15 cm, respectively.
Juniper Ordinary Green Carpet
The eye is pleased with the unusual shape of the crown - thick, ground cover. This variety is well suited for decorating slopes, growing in rocky gardens.
Another variety with columnar crown. In height and width can reach 4/1 m. The approximate annual increase is 15 and 5 cm for each indicator. This is a fairly dense shrub with upright shoots. The needles on the branches are painted in a beautiful bluish-green shade.
Juniper ordinary Suecica
The variety is frost-resistant, characterized by slow growth, unpretentiousness to growing conditions. Like other varieties, it prefers sunny places, with a lack of light, the crown loses its shape and becomes sprawling. This shrub lends itself well to shaping and pruning, which allows it to be used for decorative purposes to create various landscape compositions.
come from mountain regions. Very hardy, easy to cope with drought, frost resistant. Looks great in rocky gardens and alpine hills. The most decorative varieties of juniper rocky:
Juniper Rocky Skayroket
Very tall trees, up to 7-8 meters in height. The shape of the crown is columnar, the width of an adult plant is 1 m. The annual increase in indicators is 15 and 5 cm, respectively. The shoots grow thickly, the needles are soft, pleasant green. In general, it is not picky about the conditions and care, however it does not grow well on too saline or too humid soils. The branches for the winter must be tied up to avoid damage.
The shrubs of this juniper horizontal change their color with age. Adult needles are bright green in color; the needles on young shoots are distinguished by a golden hue.
M. horizontal Golden Flame
He needs additional care - in the spring they remove dead needles from the shoots of the shrub, since he himself does not shed it.
Rules for planting juniper
Despite the fact that juniper is rather unpretentious, it is necessary to observe some rules when planting it in order to get good results. As a rule, planted juniper closer to the middle of spring or in September. If a seedling with a closed root ball was purchased, it will be planted in a permanent place during the whole warm season.
Choosing a suitable place for landing should consider several conditions:
- juniper prefers to grow in well-lit areas, it does not tolerate shading,
- it is impossible to plant this plant on waterlogged soils, near groundwater,
- some species need protection from wind and drafts,
- It is important to provide the plant with space, it does not tolerate tightness.
The first step in planting a seedling is to prepare the planting hole. Its size should be significantly larger than the root ball of the plant. It is also important to observe the optimal distance between seedlings (from 0.5 m for dwarf species to 2-3 meters for tall ones). At the same time in group plantings or hedges the distance may be less than recommended.
Large species of junipers are better planted in light fertile soils, but dwarf varieties are more suitable for soil containing few nutrients, otherwise they lose their decorative effect.
At the bottom of the hole necessarily spread a layer of drainage using expanded clay or broken brick. Then add the substrate and place the seedling. It is important to ensure that the root neck is not buried. This will slow the growth and can trigger the disease of the plant. Ideally, the seedling is transplanted along with an earthy clod to minimize possible damage to the roots.
After disembarking, the pit is covered with earth and watered abundantly with distilled warm water. Then, the near-barrel circle is mulched using any suitable materials.
Juniper: types and varieties
The most famous are the following types and varieties of juniper.
• Common juniper - this species is highly frost resistant. He is not picky about the composition of the soil. Ripening berries takes 2 years.
• Juniper average stands out against the background of other shrubs prostrate crown shape. The plant is relatively winter-hardy - it needs shelter only in the first years of life.
• Juniper virginian in height can reach 30 m. The plant prefers dry steppe climate.
• The horizontal juniper is characterized by excellent adaptability - it feels good both in hot and in cold climate zones.
• Dahuri juniper is extremely unpretentious - it grows equally well both in southeastern Siberia and in warm regions.
• Cossack juniper - prostrate or creeping bush. The plant is characterized by excellent winter hardiness. Not afraid of it and drought.
• Chinese Juniper is interesting for its decorative effect - even in nature, plants of one species differ from each other in their external characteristics. This allowed breeders to bring many interesting varieties.
• The lying juniper is grown as a ground cover plant - a creeping shrub reaches a height of half a meter.
• Siberian juniper prefers mountain landscapes. It grows slowly, but it pleases with its beauty, is not afraid of frost and drought.
• Juniper rocky is very decorative - even in natural conditions the plant has a beautiful crown. The color of the needles is also interesting - it has a bluish tinge. The plant grows slowly, but it has a long lifespan.
• Juniper scaly attracts attention with its beautiful needles - it is painted in a gray-steel color.
Rock junipers: varieties
Juniper of this species is represented by the following varieties: Blue Arrow, Globe, Repens, Рathfinder, Skyrocket, Silver King, Wichita.
Juniper Blue Haven
Juniper Blue Haven is a slow-growing plant. Its maximum height is 2.5 m. The plant has a conical dense crown. The needles are painted in light blue color. The grade does not impose increased requirements to the soil.
Common juniper: varieties
Common juniper is represented by the following varieties: C 2, Columnaris, Сompressa, Echiniformis, Gold beach, Gold Cone, Green Carpet, Нibernica, Hornibrookii, Meyer, Оblonga pendula, Repanda.
Juniper Green Carpet
Variety Green Carpet - low juniper (even at the age of ten, the plant reaches only 10 cm in height). This variety is ideal for lawns - plants do not need a haircut or special care.
Chinese juniper varieties
This species of plants is represented by the varieties: Blue Alps, Columnaris, Columnaris glauca, Echiniformis, Expansa, Globosa, Tzii, Mint Julep, Оld Gold, Рfitzeriana.
Kurovavo Gold is a variety famous for its beauty. The plant forms a spherical crown. Its maximum height is 2 m. The needles differ in color - the young one has an emerald hue, and the old one is dark green.
Juniper horizontal: varieties
Creeping juniper (horizontal) is represented by the following varieties: Аdpressa, Аlpina, Аndorra compact, Аrgentea, Glacier, Glenmore, Pertraya, Рrostrata, Wiltonii.
Juniper Andorra Compact
Andorra Compact - this variety is interesting in the shape of the crown (it resembles a lush pillow). In winter, the needles change color and become purple-violet.
Fast-growing juniper: varieties
The following grades have good growth rates: Blue carpet (scaly juniper), Tamariscifolia and Mas (Cossack juniper), Pfitzeriana Aurea, Mordigan Gold, Pfitzeriana compacta (middle juniper). The juniper virginsky also grows rapidly.
Juniper Mordigan Gold
Mordigan Gold is an elegant, compact, frost and drought resistant variety. The needles have a golden hue. The height of the plant reaches a meter, the diameter of the crown does not exceed two meters. This juniper tolerates urban conditions.
Juniper edible: varieties
Плоды можжевельника не употребляют в пищу, как обычные ягоды, но зато их используют при приготовлении настоек, мармеладов, квасов, желе, киселей, пива. Аромат можжевельника делает копченое мясо особенно вкусным. Ядовитым является можжевельник казацкий. Плоды остальных видов использовать можно. The fruits of Caucasian juniper are most widely used.
Cossack juniper: varieties
Cossack juniper is represented by the varieties Arcaida, Blue danube, Buffalo, Сupressifolia, Еrecta, Fastigiata, Más, Rockery Gem, Tamariscifolia.
Variegata is a variety with bright variegated needles (it is colored in green and white or yellowish). This juniper grows slowly and forms a creeping crown. The greatest height is 1 m. The plant is rather demanding on the composition of the soil. It does not tolerate frost and drought.
Juniper: varieties for the Moscow region
In the Moscow region and central Russia, many species of juniper are grown. The most common are juniper ordinary, horizontal, rocky, Cossack.
Very nice plants look varieties Skyrocket. They have a columnar shape. Scaly or needle needles are colored gray-blue. Plant height reaches 6-8 m. Unlike many other species of juniper, this variety grows very quickly - the annual increase is about 20 cm.
Juniper varieties for Siberia
Many junipers are characterized by good frost resistance, which allows them to be grown in harsh climatic conditions. The most common in Siberia and the Urals found juniper Siberian, Cossack, solid, Chinese, virgin, ordinary, scaly.
Juniper Blue Alps
Excellent recommendation has a variety of Blue Alps (Chinese juniper). The plant tolerates frosts, has a compact form. Its height is on average 2.5-4 m. The needle-shaped needles are colored silver at the bottom, it is light green above.
Juniper varieties are diverse. Plants are actively used for landscaping plots - they are very decorative, therefore they are in great demand.
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Recently, it has become very fashionable to create a healthy beauty in their homes. The beauty that not only year round pleases the eye, but also has a positive effect on the health of the human body.
And since the essential oils that juniper exudes into the air, have bactericidal properties, it gives him great advantages among other plant options for interior design and decoration.
Most often in landscape design use horizontal juniper. (By the way, about the features of the use of junipers in landscape design, read this article).
Horizontal juniper - quite unpretentious plant. But, like any other plant, it has certain requirements: it loves moderate moisture and light.
At the same time, he can also feel very well in a semi-dark spot. During dry periods of the year, the juniper needs to sprinkle its crown - this helps the shrub to maintain its color and thus protects the branches from drying out.
In winter, of course, it is advisable to cover it with an awning so that the discharged winter sun does not burn the leaves, and the frost does not completely destroy the bush. When planting juniper must take into account its origin and the requirements of each species. Also do not forget, like any shrub, juniper, needs treatment from any pests.
Watch the video, in which the specialist explains the cultivation of horizontal juniper varieties Blue Chip:
Juniper is known for its rich variety of species. Some plants are so different from each other, that doubt creeps in their belonging to the same genus. We propose to pay attention to the most popular varieties of juniper.
Juniper is the most winter-hardy representative of conifers, therefore it is ideal for growing in regions with unstable climate. Most often in the suburban areas you can find junipers ordinary, virgin and Cossack. They grow well without much care and take root easily, so they are popular with novice gardeners. Let's take a closer look at these junipers and their best varieties.
Juniperus (Juniperus communis)
This coniferous plant grows well both in the sun and in the shade. It is resistant to drought and frost, easily adapts to any type of soil, although it prefers sand and limestone.
Common juniper looks great in both single and group plantings. It is often grown next to roses, heathers, Erica and flowering shrubs.
This juniper grows to a height of only 40 cm, but its diameter is 1.5-2 m. Short shoots sticking upward with golden-yellow needles, which darken in autumn and become bronze in the fall, are very attractive.
The plant looks most impressive when grown in an illuminated place: in the shade the needles lose their brightness, and the crown loosens.
This unpretentious shrub with a broad columnar crown and slightly hanging ends of vertical shoots grows quickly and tolerates a haircut, so it is ideal for creating attractive compositions with conifers.
The height of the plant is up to 4 m, the diameter of the crown is 1.5 m. The needles are attractive in an unusual color: it is bluish-gray with a silvery shade.
It is recommended to tie up the juniper shoots with a rope for the winter so that they do not break off under the weight of snow.
This sprawling juniper up to 1 m high and 1.8 m wide grows quickly and does not need careful care.
It has a short, thick, prickly needles of emerald green color. The shoots of the plant are first directed to the sides and up, then lie down horizontally, and the ends of the branches fall down.
When grown in shady places, the color of the needles becomes less contrasting.
Juniper Virginia (Juniperus virginiana)
This tree, which is up to 2.5 m high, tolerates formative pruning, although it is not recommended to cut many junipers, as their shoots may slow down. Therefore, it is the juniper virgin is ideal for growing as a hedge and topiary. In group plantings it looks good in the vicinity of acacia, birch and other conifers: larch, pine, cypress, thuja.
The plant tolerates drought and shade well, is of low consumption to the composition of the soil, and is not afraid of frost.
Dense columnar shrub height from 5 to 8 m and a width of 0.5 to 1 m. Needles - scaly, gray-green, bluish-green or silver-gray, short and sharp. In the autumn on branches appear gray-blue cones.
The plant prefers sunny areas without stagnation of water (in other conditions it grows poorly and loses its attractiveness), but it tolerates drought well and does not need additional watering.
An adult plant reaches a height of 3-4 m, the diameter of the crown is 4-6 m. The crown is sprawling, squat, the shoots first grow horizontally and then fall down.
This juniper variety has gained wide popularity due to its attractive needles: it is scaly, bluish-green with creamy yellow specks. At the same time under the rays of the aggressive spring sun, it does not fade.
When grown in the shade, the color of the needles becomes pale. In hot summer the plant is recommended to be watered 2-3 times per season.
Cossack juniper (Juniperus sabina)
This juniper is found in our gardens more often than others. The height of the shrub is up to 1.5 m. When rubbed in the palms of its needles, it emits a sharp odor.
Juniper Cossack shishkouagody inedible.
The juniper Cossack branches are often spread on the ground. They quickly root in the soil, so the plant is rapidly spreading to the sides and forms dense thickets (up to 20 m long).
This juniper is also undemanding to the composition of the soil, tolerates drought well, gusty wind and frost, can grow in the shade, but looks more beautiful in the sun. Recommended for cultivation in small gardens and alpine gardens.
This juniper grows slowly and at the age of 10 years old reaches a height of no more than 30 cm with a diameter of 1.5-2 m. The needles are in the form of short needles of a light green or bluish-green color.
During prolonged rains, the plant is prone to fungal diseases.
This low shrub with a spreading crown grows rapidly in breadth. Its bluish-green needles in the winter get a beautiful bronze shade. Against the backdrop of spectacular needles, brown-black cones with a bluish wax coating look great.
Juniper is unpretentious and does not need care, but it does not tolerate stagnant water and high salt content in the soil.
We told you about the most popular types and varieties of juniper, which are used in landscape design most often. But this does not mean that other forms in our latitudes take root poorly. With minimal care, the garden is able to decorate juniper of any kind.
Description of juniper horizontal: photo and general information
Juniper horizontal or prostrate (Juniperus horizontalis) is one of the types of creeping, evergreen, short-growing plants of the Juniper genus of the Cypress family, the closest to the Cossack juniper species. The most widespread in most parts of Canada and in the Atlantic region of the United States. The natural habitat is the sandy shores of large lakes.
Almost all varieties of juniper horizontal are dioecious, reaching a height of up to 50 cm (dwarf varieties do not exceed 10 cm). The crown extends in width from 1.5 to 2 m. It grows very slowly, the annual growth is no more than 5-10 cm. The bluish tetrahedral shoots stand out clearly against the background of last year's branches.
Shishkouagody dark blue, some varieties are almost black, spherical in shape, up to 6 mm in length, ripen in the second year. The wood is resistant to rotting, so it is possible to plant plants near streams and small ponds.
Because of its small size, creeping shape and branches almost pressed to the ground, this species is sometimes called the juniper flat. Due to the size of the dwarf wind resistance of these plants is increased.
The juniper horizontal is quite undemanding to the composition of the soil, it is easy to adapt, unpretentious to the growing conditions, but grows better in places with high humidity. By its decorativeness in no way inferior to other creeping forms of this kind.
The needles of plants of this species are bright, saturated, the color range varies from green to gray, there are cultivars with bright yellow needles. With the onset of cold weather, the needles of most varieties darken and become brown. Acicular needles, pointed at the ends, very prickly, in length reach 8 mm. As can be seen in the photo, the needles of the juniper horizontal are loosely adjacent to the branches, on each needle there are two oral lines.
Juniper horizontal: landing and care
Horizontal juniper propagates mainly by semi-woody cuttings. When seed reproduction lost varietal characteristics. It grows rather slowly, prefers sunny areas or partial shade. Transplantation is difficult, so after rooting the cuttings, it is better to immediately choose a place where the shrub will grow for many years.
For horizontal planting of a juniper, it is necessary from the end of April to mid-May to cut a 10-12 centimeter cutting with a “heel” (a piece of old wood) from an 8-10-year-old plant. Approximately 5 cm from the bottom of the cutting should be removed from the needles, and the bark of an adult plant left intact. For better growth before planting the juniper horizontal, the end of the cutting to be placed in the ground should be kept for half an hour in a special stimulating solution. The soil for rooting should consist of sand and peat in proportions of one to one.
The stalk must be pressed tightly with earth and covered with foil. After planting horizontal juniper, the soil should be periodically sprayed to prevent drying. After 30–45 days, planting material takes root, and in late June-early July, cuttings can be planted in open ground. The first winter of young shrubs should be sheltered from frost, for this use burlap or lapnik. With age, plants acquire frost resistance and can winter well under snow without additional shelter.
Juniper horizontal is undemanding to care and resistant to urban conditions, provided sufficient air humidity. In dry areas, plants require additional watering, this is especially important during the period of active growth. Also, the care of juniper horizontal includes regular sprinkling of the crown.
This species prefers sandy soils with an acidic or alkaline environment, in case of landing on heavy substrates, the already slow growth almost completely stops. It is necessary to feed the creeping species of juniper only in early spring, since plants that are too fertile on the ground can lose the typical open form of the crown.
Horizontal juniper is often used as a decorative floral carpet covering not only the land, but also the walls of houses. Very effectively, this view looks in an alpine hill, crawling on branches crawling on the stones. Suitable for strengthening the slopes and slopes, creating picturesque borders, often planted rockeries and rock gardens as a ground cover plant. Sometimes dwarf forms are grown in containers and hanging tanks.
Juniper varieties horizontal
Creeping forms of juniper were cultivated in the middle of the XIX century. To date, more than 100 varieties of juniper horizontal. All of these plants are low adjacent to the ground, have an open crown, are cold-resistant enough and do not require additional care as an adult. Most of the horizontal juniper varieties are used as a container culture or groundcover in the preparation of landscape compositions.
Horizontal juniper and stones
Horizontal junipers in the wild grow for the most part in rocky terrain, surrounded by endless expanses. If you decide to bring a piece of wildlife to your site, then the most naturally juniper will look exactly against the background of stones. There are several options for implementing this idea.
Juniper in stone dumping
Expanding every year in breadth, horizontal junipers are stretched to the sides with their pine feet, and therefore it is possible to emphasize their beauty thanks to a contrasting background. Snow-white or sand-colored pebbles of different fractions are ideal for this purpose.
Juniper in rockeries and rock gardens
As a rule, in rockeries and rock gardens homogeneous stones of various shapes and sizes are used imitating a rocky corner of nature. From different sides they are surrounded by stunted, mostly ground-cover perennials and junipers, as well as dwarf pines and spruces.
Juniper in the decoration of a dry stream
Horizontal junipers are skillfully accentuated by the bends of your “stream”, decorating the “coastline” with their expanding pine feet. Responding well to a haircut, they are able to take any shape you need.
Juniper and retaining wall
Quite often, landscape designers face the task of decorating the retaining wall on the site. At the very edge of it, many planted junipers, which ideally complete almost any composition and will hang gracefully, partially covering the stone wall.
Varieties of horizontal junipers for landscape design
Juniper horizontal Blue Chip (Blue Chip) is not the first year actively gaining popularity among landscape designers and has a wide range of applications. Excellent frost-resistant variety with a low growth rate. Growing in breadth, at the age of ten, can occupy an area of up to one and a half meters in diameter with a height of only 20 centimeters. Attractive silver-blue needles, which in the winter season becomes purple-purple color.
We also suggest paying attention to the juniper horizontal Blue Forest (Blue Forest), which really resembles a bluish forest in miniature. Unlike the previous one, by the same ten years this juniper will grow only one meter in diameter, but its slender branches emitting small Christmas trees can reach thirty centimeters in height.
Glacier (Glacier) - is one of the brightest blue frost-resistant varieties of horizontal juniper. Bending in a bizarre manner, its tender shoots actively branch out, forming a beautiful “carpet” no more than ten centimeters in height. It stands out very favorably against the green foliage and needles of the surrounding plants. It grows somewhat slower than junipers, which we have discussed above.
The attractive golden yellow juniper needles of the horizontal Golden Carpet successfully contrasts not only with deciduous and coniferous crops, but also with the same horizontal junipers with blue needles. In ten years, there will be a little more than a meter in diameter, and about 10 centimeters in height.
Horizontal juniper Gray Pearl (Gray Pearl) enchants elegant form of shoots with light blue needles. Over time, they form a dense carpet of upward sprigs no more than 30 centimeters long. It grows slowly, reaching to ten years in diameter not more than 80 centimeters.
Быстрорастущий стелющийся можжевельник горизонтальный Джейд Ривер (Jade River) украсит ландшафтную композицию своими серо-голубыми иглами, которые зимой приобретают пурпурные оттенки. В десятилетнем возрасте Джейд Ривер раскинется более чем на два метра в диаметре, возвышаясь над землей не более чем на 10 сантиметров.
Можжевельник горизонтальный Лаймглоу (Limeglow) будет радовать вас сменой цвета хвои круглый год! По весне хвоинки будут золотисто-желтыми, а летом приобретут приятный зеленый оттенок. Already in the autumn they will become pinkish-orange and even brownish closer to frost. The variety is slow-growing and by the age of ten it will be a little over 80 centimeters in diameter, but almost thirty in height.
The universal groundcover juniper horizontal Prince of Wales (Prince of Wales) was bred in the thirties of the 20th century in the United States and has since been successfully distributed throughout the world. The variety is very winter hardy and does not require too much attention. With age, the branches of this juniper intertwine and grow by more than 2.5 meters in width, forming a dense carpet, towering above the ground by no more than 20 centimeters.
The slow-growing horizontal juniper Andorra Compact (Andorra Compact) literally attracts the eye because of its unusual shape: the shoots creep away at an angle, forming a kind of funnel in the center. Having reached the age of 10 years, this juniper, not exceeding 30 centimeters in height, grows only a meter in diameter.
Horizontal junipers will not allow weeds to spoil your composition and will be an excellent background for other plants. For decoration rockery, alpine slides, dry creek or mixborder, you can use several varieties of ground cover juniper, which complement each other and give the relief of the composition as a whole.
Juniper horizontal "Blue Chip"
Juniper horizontal “Blue Chip” (Juniperus horizontalis Blue Chip) is a slow-growing dwarf shrub, reaching a height of 30 cm with a crown diameter of 1.5 m. The needles are needle-shaped, prickly, dense, short (up to 5 mm). In the summer, the needles are painted in a bluish-blue color, in the fall they acquire a brown, purple or lilac shade. Small cones, small (up to 6 mm), spherical in shape, almost black.
The main difference of the Blue Chip variety from other cultivars is the increased tolerance of gas pollution and air pollution, it develops well in urban conditions. Shrubs of this form are not demanding for soils, but when they are planted in open ground, they need to mulch the planting circle. The grade of Blue Chip is photophilous, drought-resistant and frost-resistant. A sufficiently powerful root system allows this ground cover plant to be used to strengthen slopes and slopes, and is often used for planting on stony retaining walls. Relatively easy to carry decorative molding, widely used as a container culture.
Juniper horizontal "Variegata" and "Ice Blue"
Juniper horizontal "Variegata" (Juniperus horizontalis Variegata) - shrub with a thick cushion crown. Unlike other varieties, this cultivar is more massive, it reaches a height of 50-60 cm. The crohn is asymmetrical, extends 2.5-3 m, in young plants it has a flat, circular shape, becomes cushion-like with age. Also, the form of "Variegata" is characterized by accelerated growth, expanding annually by 25-30 cm in diameter and 10-12 cm in height. Skeletal branches are mainly located horizontally, unevenly diverging in different directions, only slightly rising above the ground. The needles of the variegate shrubs are scale-like, soft, thin, painted in a rich blue-green color.
The main difference of this cultivar from other varieties is the frequent inclusions of shoots with needles of yellowish cream color. Motley, contrasting color is preserved, even if the shrub grows in a shaded area.
Shishkoagody rounded, dark, with a bluish bloom. The bush is frost-resistant, prefers nutritious, moderately moist, drained soil. Bright color allows you to use Variegata variety as an accent plant for decoration of heather and rocky gardens.
The juniper Cossack "Ice Blue" (Juniperus horizontalis Ice Blue) is one of the most widely used dwarf shrubs in European gardeners. Due to its modest size (up to 15 cm in height with a crown diameter of 1.5 m) and brightly colored needles, the Ice Blue variety is widely used as a ground cover plant when designing contrasting compositions.
At the beginning of the summer, the needles of the cultivar Ice Blue are colored with a bright blue color, by the autumn they become a bluish tinge, and in the winter they turn purple. Despite its apparent fragility, dwarf plants of this variety are drought-resistant, frost-resistant, and tolerate air pollution. With additional watering during dry seasons, shrub growth accelerates.
Ice Blue prefers fresh loamy soils and well-lit areas. Cultivar "Ice Blue" reliably covers the soil from erosion and drying, is an excellent "neighbor" for other plants, as it absolutely does not compete in the fight for sunlight. Easily tolerates a haircut and molding, perfectly take root during transplantation by grafting on small stumps.
Juniper Cossack varieties "Viltoni" and "Glauka"
Juniper Cossack "Wiltoni" (Juniperus horizontalis Wiltoni) is a highly decorative dwarf shrub with densely growing young shoots. Thin branches, spreading low along the ground, spread out star-shaped in different directions from the center of tillering and form a set of lateral processes. When rooting, the shoots are intertwined and form a continuous evergreen carpet. The annual increment of juniper varieties Wiltoni is not more than 10 cm.
Needles form "Viltoni" needle, very small, silver-blue color. Low growth and bright color allow you to use this cultivar for planting in rockeries and rock gardens. Also, this variety is suitable as a container culture can be an excellent decoration of loggias, balconies, terraces. Like most junipers, the Wiltoni form is picky: drought-resistant and frost-resistant, resistant to urban conditions, undemanding to soils.
It develops best on fresh clay or sandy substrates, as well as on soils with a high lime content. When landing on sunny areas, the color of the needles becomes more saturated and bright. Wiltoni juniper care involves mulching the planting circle with mowed grass or other organic materials to maintain sufficient soil moisture on hot days.
Juniper horizontal "Glauka" (Juniperus horizontalis Glauca) is an evergreen dwarf shrub whose height does not exceed 20 cm by 10 years and the crown diameter is only 40 cm. By 30 years, the cultivar can reach 40 cm in height and 2 m in diameter. The annual increase is no more than 4 cm in height and 6 cm in width.
A distinctive feature of the Glauka variety is the stable preservation of the needles of a bluish-steel shade all year round, while the needles of most juniper trees with the onset of cold weather darken, acquiring a brownish color. Numerous shoots of the form Glauca are thin, strictly horizontally directed. Because of the snug fit of the needles, the branches of the cultivar seem threadlike. In young plants, shoots are tightly pressed to the ground, with age they rise upwards, and the dwarf shrub becomes like a bluish mound.
Variety "Glauka" frost-resistant, well adapted to urban conditions, prefers sunny places. Unlike other cultivars, this form does not tolerate drought, so the plants require additional watering during dry seasons. To preserve soil moisture, the planting circle must be mulched with mowed grass or other organic materials. As a ground cover plant, the Glauka variety is widely used for strengthening slopes and slopes, decorating coastal zones of water bodies, and rocky and heather gardens. Often used as a container ampelnoe plant for landscaping roofs, terraces, balconies and loggias.
Juniper variety horizontal "Lime Glow"
Juniper horizontal "Lime Glow" (Juniperus Horizontalis Lime Glow) is a dwarf shrub with a rounded, symmetrical crown.
The height of an adult plant is 40 cm with a crown diameter of 1.5 m. Skeletal branches are directed horizontally and up, the tips slightly wilted.
Shoots grow in different directions fairly evenly.
This cultivar acquired its name because of the unusual, canary-lemon-colored needles.
With the onset of cold weather, the needles acquire a bronze tint. In summer, young plants appear completely yellow, in adult shrubs only the tops of the branches remain yellow.
The bright shade of the needles is preserved only when landing on sunny areas, therefore an indispensable condition for high decorativeness of the “Lime Glow” variety is maximum insolation (irradiation of surfaces with sunlight). Like all junipers, this form is undemanding to soils, drought-resistant and frost-resistant. High decorative qualities allow using Lime Glow plants as bright accents when creating exquisite landscape compositions.