Lora grapes (flora) are among the most favorite table varieties. The plant is known for good yield, excellent taste. These differences have become major, because of which many gardeners prefer to grow crops.
Description of grapes varieties Laura
Let's start with the description. Culture derived Ukrainian breeding specialists. Shoots differ in average growth rate, the number of fruit bearing reaches sixty - eighty percent of the entire bush.
Clusters of conical form, the average weight of each exceeds one kilogram. Their length reaches forty centimeters. Pollination of inflorescences and the power of the vines have a significant impact on the density and mass of clusters. As a rule, they are formed the same, differ from each other in weight and size rarely.
The foliage is five-lobed, with dissected tips, of dark green color.
Ripening early, it will take from one hundred and ten to one hundred and twenty days from the day the ovary is formed. One adult bush is capable of producing up to forty kilograms of crop.
Laura is frost resistant, withstanding cold in - 23 C.
Vine with ripe grapes lora
Characteristics of berries
They are oval, slightly oblong or slightly cylindrical in shape. The weight of one berry reaches seven - ten grams, length - from three to four centimeters.
In the amount of berries can be even larger if there is a tall stock. But at the same time their aging period increases and the quality of taste decreases. On the stalk, the berry keeps firmly, does not fall for a long time.
The skin is strong and crispy. The berries are tasty, with notes of nutmeg, the combination of sourness (from 6 to 8 grams per liter) and sugar (from twenty percent) is balanced successfully.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The main positive signs of culture include:
- high yields, size of berries,
- harmonious level of sugar and acid
- excellent taste, ability to maintain marketability during long-term transportation,
- the berries are held firmly in clusters even during big harvests,
- the variety is able to withstand fungal diseases,
- moisture does not adversely affect the external signs of the berries,
- culture has high pollination rates, tolerates winter frosts well.
It should be noted that Laura has a number of negative qualities:
- the sweetness of the berries directly depends on the duration of the cool period,
- berries are prone to damage from wasps,
- the culture is characterized by the instability of annual harvests,
- if clusters differ in massiveness, then the sizes of berries decrease, in them appears more sourish taste,
- the variety is susceptible to mildew.
In order for grape plants to grow well and bear fruit well, certain requirements must be observed during planting. The soil composition should not be clay and excessively salty. You should not choose a place under the culture, if the groundwater is too close to the surface.
Place for landing should be well lit by the sun, have good protection from drafts. For the northern regions, it is recommended to plant grape plants along the walls of buildings or near fences.
Planting Laura grapes on an industrial scale
Before planting, a fossa is prepared in which potash, nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers are introduced. The landing scheme is chosen 1.5 by 1.5 meters, at least half a meter should be retreated from the barrier (wall or fence).
Fertilizers applied to the pit so that they are better absorbed, it is necessary to water periodically, and after a couple of weeks, you can plant a plant. The supporting posts or trellis are installed in advance.
Care for a young and mature vine
Having completed the planting of vines or grafting, you should create a permanent watering for the young vineyard. For one young bush it is necessary to bring three buckets of moisture, and for older plants, this rate is doubled.
To preserve moisture in the soil and prevent the growth of weeds, the soil around the vines is mulched with organic matter.
The introduction of fertilizer formulations is another prerequisite. Their number and composition are determined by the state of the soil and climatic conditions. Many gardeners consider dung as the most universal remedy.
Harvested grapes lora and ready for transport
Periodically, grape bushes must be pruned. Before the first fruiting, the weakened and dried branches, the excess processes are removed.
Vineyard perfectly tolerates frosts. But if the plant is cultivated in regions in which constant temperature drops are observed, then the best solution would be to build shelters for the bushes.
This can be done by transplanting seedlings or cuttings. In the first variant, roots are germinated in advance on the vine, then the cuttings are buried twenty centimeters into the soil.
When breeding cuttings from young shoots pruned shoots, maintain them in a cold place, then for an hour, fill with warm water. Inoculation is carried out on an old plant, having previously treated the shoot with “Humate”.
Reproduction of grapes shoots
Diseases and pests
The main danger to the plant is oidium. To protect the vines from this disease, they are treated with a sulfur preparation, manganese solution, mullein extract, special chemicals. Simultaneously with such treatments, you can perform preventive measures for mildew, using Borde fluid, nitrafen or iron sulfate.
It is necessary for mice to lay burnt pieces of felt or wool around the vines in order to scare off rodents with unpleasant odors.
Many gardeners point out the culture’s flexible attitude to care. If you properly care for the grape bushes, you can get a tasty harvest even under adverse conditions.
How did the appearance of Laura
The origin of the species is given such a description: Laura grapes are table grapes, which were bred at the Odessa Institute. V.E. Tairov thanks to the selection of 4 original species. The basis served as:
- the result of pollination of Muscat de Saint-Valle grapes,
- seed crossing of two species (Muscat Hamburg and Husayne).
The resulting hybrid mixed with a variety of Queen of Tairov. Thus, a new type of grape appeared, which was named Laura. In the municipal registry of varieties of Ukraine, it is recorded as Flora. Both names refer to one type, most often use the first. A variety of grapes Muscat Hamburg was the main basis for obtaining varieties Laura.
Laura is distinguished by powerful, spreading branches, strongly expanding, as well as a massive, very flexible stem. In the detailed description of the plant include the following data:
- Trunk. With flaking grayish bark. Coloring young branches brown or orange hue.
- Large leaves. Their color is green, the texture is dense. The shape of the leaf blade is palmately lobed, with small, shallow teeth on the edge. Top smooth.
- The brushes are tapered, rather strong (this factor will depend on the intensity of growth and pollination). Large, at least 0.7 kg. Under suitable conditions, gaining 2 kg.
- Berry in this species weighs from 6 g to 12 g, has an enchanting beauty. It is white in color, slightly tinged with a light green tint, with a gentle wax coating. The sun often gets a light tan. Inside it is compacted, crunchy flesh. Be sure to have two or three grains. They can easily be separated from the pulp when eaten. Using fertilizer gibberellin, you can get the berry, not burdened with seeds. In length, the fruits reach up to 3 cm. Dark berries of this type are not.
Large clusters of Laura grapes can become lighter in weight if the vine has a significant load. A huge number of brushes with berries are able to withstand the total weight, not allowing clusters and berries to grow on them too large.
Lora starts to bear fruit soon enough (105-115 days). However, this period can be adjusted, it depends on the growth of the branches and the loads on them. With a maximum tying - approx. 50 days. Such rapid maturation is noted in later varieties. From time to time on large vines is only 15 - 18 brushes. Then maturation will come much earlier, by the middle of August days.
The rate of ripening Laura harvest can be calculated. Best preserved approximately twenty five brushes on a bush. The young plant begins to bear fruit 2 years after planting cuttings or grafting. Shoots mature quickly, actively. Approximately 80% of them bear fruit.
Reproduction of grapes varieties Laura
Lora's grape variety is not very picky about the conditions. But for a stable, high-quality harvest, it is better to choose light ground for seedlings, on a hill. Excess groundwater does not like all grapes, this also applies to Laura. As required, drainage is placed around the trunks.
Light and heat - very necessary conditions for comfortable development, accumulation of vitality and fruiting. Planted on the fence or walls of the buildings grape vines perfectly take root. In bad weather, they must be warmed with auxiliary heat, protecting them from air movement. Initially, the landing site is selected with the least winds.
If there are fruit trees nearby that leave the necessary lighting, then they act as a cover for grapes in windy weather conditions.
Reproduction is carried out by 2 methods:
In the first variant, a pit is prepared for the seedling, into which fertile soil and fertilizing are placed.
Depth is calculated based on double the size of the rootstock cuttings. In order for grapes to form freely, without limiting adjacent bushes, the gap between them is kept at least 1.2 m. When planted on a fence or wall, it is necessary to retreat 0.5 meters from them. This supports the necessary supply of fresh air, trace elements, vitamins, which the plant draws from the environment.
Seedlings in the pits can not be transferred immediately, only the end of 2 weeks. During this period the land is required to be watered. To determine the amount of water for irrigation will allow visual observation: too abundant moisture in the soil should not be.
The second method: landing from autumn to winter time processes, pre-cut and wrapped in a waterproof bag or a plastic bottle filled with peat. Vaccination is used to rejuvenate the vineyard. Over-grown bushes due to the fact that they reduce the level of fertility, are more susceptible to diseases, require cutting and replacement. A scion of a young bush is grafted onto the shtambs of the former. Graft and rootstock carefully inspect before you start preparing them for germination.
The following description of the procedure will help with this task:
1. Scion preparation:
- after wintering I am in a cool place, cuttings require room temperature (for a short time, for a couple of hours). After they are held for 60-70 minutes in warm water (30-35 degrees),
- before setting into the crevice of the stock, the escape also needs to be dipped in the “Gumat” preparation,
- the stalk is cut off the wedge about 10 mm, receding down from the extreme bud.
2. Preparation of stock:
- carefully split the shtamb,
- share the name of the wedge,
- on each side of it, insert one seedling,
- shoots paraffin (can be to the place of pruning) to preserve the nutrient moisture,
- in order to cell division occurred more actively, Laura’s cuttings are kept in heteroauxin,
- after removing the wedge, the vaccination site is wrapped with a natural (preferably cotton) fabric, firmly attracts and is poured over with a garden pitch.
Autumn inoculation protect sawdust and covered with a layer of soil on top. Grape bushes need support. If there is no grape trellis, you can drive racks and stretch a hard cord or wire between them. Laura reproduces perfectly by cuttings, anyone can cope with this.
Features of the load on the bush
This variety is read one of the earliest ripening. He needs only 110-115 days to be able to feast on juicy and ripe berries. Although these terms may strongly depend on the allowed loads. If you do not pick up the grapes and leave too many bunches at the same time on the bush, up to 50 per plant, the ripening period can be postponed for several weeks and be comparable to the latest varieties. This is not recommended to be allowed, especially since next year the yield can be greatly reduced due to depletion of the bushes.
On the other hand, sometimes you can overdo it with the normalization of inflorescences, and only 16-18 brushes will remain on the adult bush. The brushes, of course, will grow huge in size, and the size of the berries themselves will be rather big. The total yield by weight can be quite comparable with a large number of brushes of medium-sized berries. But in this case there is a danger of repeated fruiting of the grape bush closer to the autumn, which should not be allowed in any case. This can threaten with the freezing and death of the entire bush.
Therefore, the normalization of inflorescences is one of the most important activities for the care of Laura grapes. Ideally, their number per adult bush should be in the range of 24-28 pieces. Under the adult bush here means 5-6 summer plant of grapes.
We must not forget that for young vines in the first three years the load should be minimal and not exceed 4-5 clusters per plant.
History of the variety
The name of the variety Laura is distributed mainly among amateur gardeners. In the State Register of grapes listed under the name Flora. The hybrid was obtained in Odessa. In the course of the crossing of the varieties Husayne, Muscat de Saint Valle, the Queen of Tairov, Muscat of Hamburg. Selective experiments were conducted by V.E. Tairov.
Description and characteristics
Each class has specific data that determine the patterns of its development. The description of the distinctive characteristics of grapes Laura includes external features and features of growth, fruiting plants:
- Grape shrubs in middle age reaches medium size. Its main feature is a large number of fruitful shoots.
- Leaves of a standard form - five-lobed. Depending on the degree of illumination, their color may be light or dark green.
- The clusters of Laura are medium. Weight one to 1 kg. Under favorable weather conditions, good care indicator can be increased to 2.5 kg. One shrub brings crops from the same in weight and size of berries, even in the usual summer cottage.
- The grapes of Laura to achieve maturity become light, oval-shaped. The weight of one berry is 7-10 g. The flesh is dense, juicy. Taste with a slight nutmeg.
- The grade is considered early ripe. Flowering begins in May. The first crop is harvested in mid-August.
- One of the specific qualities of Laura is the excellent transportability of fruits. They withstand a long move without harm to their appearance.
- Frost resistance is above average. Shrub can withstand temperatures down to 21-23 degrees.
Depending on the cultivation region of the variety, the place of planting at the site, weather conditions, the quality of the grooming procedures, the characteristics of the grapes can change both in a positive and in a negative direction.
Variety Laura - a bright representative of the garden flora, popular among many gardeners, commercial gardeners.
Pros and cons of Laura grapes
Due to its numerous advantages, Lora grapes have long been in great demand for planting in garden plots:
- Shrub is characterized by abundant fruiting. Crop give 80% shoots.
- High resistance to most fungal diseases.
- Resistance to cold allows you to multiply the variety in regions with winter temperatures of up to -23 degrees.
- Ripe harvest is well transported. This contributes to the long transportation of grapes over long distances.
- Large, sweet fruit.
- Early ripening berries.
It is necessary to take into account the specific feature of the variety Laura: there is a high risk of defeat by the shoots of the oidium. Timely prevention will minimize the risk of fungal infections.
Terms of planting and ripening
The planting period of Lora grapes depends on the region, its climate, weather conditions:
- Landings in the southern areas can be made from October to March.
- For the middle band should focus on a warm spring. The air temperature should not be below 17 degrees.
Rooting of a bush should take place in the most comfortable conditions for the plant. It should be noted that the seedling must acclimatize, get used to the place of planting before the onset of cold weather. The term of ripening of the variety is considered short compared with other representatives of fruit and berry crops. Grape is characterized by rapid growth.
Flowering occurs in May. After forming the ovary. From this moment until the full ripening of the fruits, no more than 120 days pass. The first crop is harvested in August two years after planting. One bush brings up to 40 kg of tasty juicy berries. Виноградины могут долгое время оставаться на побегах, не опадая и не теряя своих вкусовых качеств.
Советы по посадке
Посадка саженцев винограда Лоры — ответственная процедура. При ее выполнении следует придерживаться рекомендации опытных садоводов:
- Почва не должна быть глинистой. Повышенное содержание солей приведет к гибели саженца.
- Сорт предпочитает среднее увлажнение. It should be ensured that the groundwater is located at a distance of 1.5 m from the rhizome of the plant.
- Grapes love light. Place for landing should be well lit.
- Shrubs need protection from wind and drafts.
The planting algorithm varieties Laura:
- Prepare the holes in two times more than the roots of the seedling.
- Pits at a distance of at least 1.5 m from each other.
- At the bottom of the recess spread a mixture of soil and organic fertilizers. Sprinkle on top of ordinary land.
- The seedling is lowered down, straightening the roots. The root neck should be level with the surface. The pit is covered with soil. Lightly rammed.
- Perform watering. On one bush 2-3 buckets of pure water are spent.
- The area around the trunk is mulched with straw, hay, sawdust.
A young plant needs extra support. To do this, a wooden stake is firmly installed in a pit with a seedling. With a soft rope they tie a trunk to it. After 2-3 years, the support can be removed.
Caring for Laura grapes does not require significant time-consuming. The variety is quite unpretentious. To ensure quality growth and development, health landing should follow the mandatory procedures:
- The plant needs regular watering. It depends on weather conditions. In the hot period, the number and frequency increase, in wet, rainy - decrease. On one adult bush leaves about 3 buckets of water. Watering is carried out using special drainage holes. Grapes poorly absorbs moisture directly under the shtamb. In the autumn, the area around the trunk is mulched. This will help retain moisture in the soil.
- Fertilize the plant is recommended often, but in small portions. Laura needs top dressing with potassium, phosphorus, magnesium. The introduction of drugs should be carried out depending on the phases of flowering, fruiting. During flowering and fruit ovary, the plant has a more intense need for additional nutrients. Before sheltering for the winter, the grapes are also fertilized. This will help him to endure the cold season.
- Pruning shrubs carried out 2-3 years after planting. Cut dry, damaged, overgrown shoots. For the full development of the grape is recommended to leave 3-4 main escape. They will grow and become thicker. Formation of the crown of grapes should not be carried away. Laura can react badly to over-pruning - stop growing. Perform medium or short pruning.
- Shelter for the winter necessarily. The variety is characterized by high resistance to frost, but low temperatures can damage fragile shoots. Young shrubs bend down to the ground, covered with earth. For older grapes use straw, hay. Do not cover the plant materials that do not miss the air.
- Prevention of plant diseases, pests should be carried out regularly, in a timely manner. The grapes are sprayed with special solutions, removed from the territory of rotten fruit, dry leaves, make a thorough inspection of all the shoots.
Competent care is an important component. High-quality watering, regular feeding, shelter for the winter, disease prevention will provide high immunity for Laura’s grapes. A healthy plant will bring a bountiful harvest of large sweet berries.
The best regions for growing
Variety Laura - thermophilic plant. It is recommended to land in the southern regions of the country. The frost resistance of the plant allows cultivating the variety in central regions, cities with fluctuating low temperatures.
Variety Laura - a well-known representative of the fruit and berry crops. The excellent taste of the grapes make it a popular landing in the household of many summer residents. Providing competent care will be the basis for regular, abundant fruiting. The undeniable benefits of shrubs provide him a leading position in modern gardening.
Features of the variety and a description of its main characteristics
The grapes were bred in Odessa at the Institute. Tairova V.E. through the selection of four parent materials.
When pollinating varieties Muscat de Saint Valle varieties Husayne and Muscat Hamburg A hybrid was bred, crossed then with a view of the Queen of Tairov.
The variety inherited the best parental characteristics and showed excellent taste, coupled with good transportability and resistance to fungal diseases.
Laura is characterized by rapid growth of shoots, starting with the first growing season.
- Laura shrubs are distinguished by high growth force, strong growth, lush foliage and flexible stem.. The latter has a brown color with gray patches. The young branches are light brown with a slight orange tinge.
- Sheet plate five-bladed, rather large. Color varies from light green to dark emerald. The edges of the sheet are jagged, the upper layer is smooth. The degree of foliage of a bush is high.
An excellent bunch - loose, without peas.
Bunches of Laura grapes have a pronounced conical shape and impressive length (up to 40 cm) and weight - from 1 to 2.5 kg .
The peculiarity of the variety is its ability to form on the same bush the same in size and size of the bunch. However, with a high load on the bush brush lose weight.
Berries are also large. The weight of one is 6–12 grams, diameter from 30 to 40 mm.
External data is very good.
- Colour very beautiful, white and light green with a slight wax coating.
- The form slightly oval.
- Pulp juicy, slightly crunchy, good density.
- The berries are well attached to the stem and do not fall for a long time, even after ripening.
- The fruit contains 2-3 large grains .
- When the plant is fed with gibberellin, seedless fruit can be obtained.
Taste grapes are among the best .
High sugar content (20%) in harmony with the notes of acid and aftertaste of nutmeg. Sugar and acid content may vary depending on soil composition and climatic conditions.
The future yield and taste of the variety determines not only the planting material, but also the place of the future vineyard.
The south side of the house is a good place for grapes.
So the best soil for grape culture is considered sandstone or black soil . On clay soils or soil with a high salt content, grapes will grow poorly.
Land for planting should be well lit and located away from the shadows of its buildings and trees. He should not and much purged. The vine does not like drafts.
- In the southern regions planting seedlings often made from October to March.
- In the northern regions and the middle lane it is better to carry out all the work in the spring. At the same time, the air temperature should exceed the mark of + 15 ° C, and the soil temperature should not be lower than 10–12 ° C.
Planting can be done by saplings or grafting cuttings.
Each gardener himself determines the method of planting, however, as practice has shown, in spite of the fact that planting of seedlings is considered simpler and easier, cuttings produce a crop faster. Everything is explained simply: when grafting, the root system of the plant is already sufficiently developed and the cutting receives significantly more nutrients, which means it develops faster.
Planting grapes seedlings
The scheme of planting grapes.
- Propagation by seedlings is a fairly simple and effective way to grow a vineyard.
- The hole for the young vine is prepared in advance for 3-4 weeks, so that the soil in it has time to give a draft.
- The bottom is lined with drainage material, for example, rubble, then a layer of black soil pre-mixed with fertilizers is poured. After that, the prepared fossa is forgotten until the landing.
- Planting seedlings at a distance of at least 1.5 meters from each other.
- Before being placed in the hole, it is necessary to gently straighten the root system and fill the remaining voids with the soil mixed with mineral dressing.
- Next to the vine they put a small support along which it will wind, and a little later the first garter is carried out.
- The last stage is watering.
Many growers, when planting the Laura variety, recommend mulching the soil around the seedling, as he likes moist, but not overloaded with moisture soil. The layer of mulching material should not be less than 3 cm.
Mulching is carried out only in spring or autumn . In the summer, the mulch is often removed, as with its excess, the soil or the root system of the grapes is “steamed up”.
Planting through cuttings
Cutting gives faster yield, but this method will require more attention and effort. The variety is planted to a healthy shrub with a strong root system.
For cutting cuttings selected healthy and young vine.
- The stalk is prepared in advance. It is waxed. For this purpose, a special solution is prepared from water, paraffin, wax and resin (300/300/15/15). Then the cutting is quickly dipped by the upper end (4–6 cm) into the solution and immediately placed in cold water.
Waxing cuttings of grapes.
Pruning cutting for grafting.
By the way, you can graft several cuttings on one stem. Winter grafting is accompanied by further coating of the seedling with clay. .
Watering and other agricultural practices
Young bushes varieties require more thorough care than adult plants. Their active growth directly depends on the quality of the soil, climatic conditions and top dressing.
Watering and weeding will have less if pristvolny circle to mulch.
Young plants good spill during the summer season . Watering is excluded only during the flowering period and 14–16 days before the beginning of the fruiting of the variety.
Pruning grapes for the first time is when the variety begins to bear fruit.
The best time for this procedure is autumn. . Weak, injured and infected branches are removed. On average, leave 3-4 shoots. When over-pruning a plant, the variety may not bear fruit the following year. Young shoots are pruned so that they do not freeze through in winter.
Laura grapes show good resistance to low temperatures and yet most middle-class winegrowers prefer to cover the bushes for the winter. It's easy to do.
Vine does not fit on the ground itself, and on the lining of the branches or or boards.
Immediately before laying shoots are collected, bend down to the ground and secured with metal straps. Then they must be sprinkled with mulch (sawdust or peat). Often used special biocoating, designed specifically for this purpose or loose soil.
Top dressing is carried out regularly.
However, it should be normalized and not abundant.
The quality of feeding depends on climatic conditions and soil composition. So, phosphorus stimulates the growth of shoots and enhances immunity, calcium - increases the sugar content in the berries and increases the yield.
For grapes Laura recommended preventive spraying.
- Variety resistant to gray rot and oidiumbut is often affected by mildew. Treatment with special means, for example, Bordeaux mixture, solves this problem.
- It is also worth noting that the grade especially valued among pest insects: weevils, leafworms, grape mites.
- In winter, the vine is threatened mice and other rodentstherefore, the plant often turns into wool or felt.
Reviews gardeners and winegrowers
Laura is a grape variety known primarily for its unique and harmonious taste.
Commercial appearance and transportability make this variety of grapes popular with those who grow berries for sale.
Description varieties with photos
Laura is a table grape variety whose weight is about 1 kg. On the individual vigorous rootstocks, the growers grew three-kilogram clusters, but rarely: mostly the giants reach a weight of 2-2.5 kg. An interesting feature of Laura is that clusters of the same size always grow on the same bush (the average length of the bunch of grapes of this variety is about 40 cm) and the same weight.
The bushes of this grape grow medium, allow a lot of fruitful shoots. Their number can reach 80% of the total. The five-fingered leaves are colored green or dark green, depending on where the grapes are planted and how much sunlight it receives.
Large (up to 4 cm in diameter) berries with large stones weigh up to 10 g, the color is light green, yellowish. In the sun, the transparent clusters of Laura grapes seem amber. In this variety, the pulp is juicy and dense, and the berries hold well on the bunch, which determines another feature of Laura: it is well kept after ripening and does not crumble, even if the clusters remain unassembled.
Laura's taste is sweet, even cloying, with a nutmeg note. A liter of grape juice from this grape has an acidity of 8 g, and the sugar content reaches 20%. These figures may vary in one direction or another, depending on many conditions:
- in which region grapes are planted,
- in which climate zone,
- on what basis
- Whether it is a plot or industrial vineyards.
Sometimes, even when grown in one compound, the taste qualities of grapes growing in the sun and in a small shade will be noticeably different. The more sun, the sweeter the grapes. Nutmeg begins to be felt in fully ripe berries.
Planting and care
Lora grapes can be planted in any soft soil. This grape does not like solid soil:
Soil with high groundwater is not suitable for Laura, so if there are no other options, you need to make a good drainage. There is no excess sun for grapes of this variety, therefore it is best to plant it on the south side, in a place protected from drafts.
The best option is to choose a site on a hill, lit from dawn to dusk, and protected from blowing winds by trees, walls of buildings and others. In regions with a harsher climate, it is best to plant them under the walls of buildings or directly near fences or other barriers. They will be there to bear fruit.
Pests and diseases
Gray rot and powdery mildew of grapes do not affect the Laura variety, but it is defenseless against oidium. Protect against this disease by using a special treatment (for this you need sulfur, potassium permanganate, chemicals). The same measures should be taken to protect the grapes from infection with a fungal infection.
Treatment of diseases is carried out before wintering, to the shelter of the vine. At the same time, the prevention of black rot, wintering in the ground. Vine and shoots are treated with fungicides.
Laura grapes can suffer from pests:
- grape mites, etc.
To combat them, both preventive measures and urgent measures taken at the time of detection of the pest are needed. The urgent ones include mechanical means of struggle (burning damaged and dead plant parts, digging up the soil) and chemical (treatment with insecticides, etc.)
Treatment should be carried out not a one-time, but to do this event methodically - for example, the first treatment from ticks is carried out as soon as the buds appear, after which the plant should be treated with acaricides twice a month.
It is very important to observe the dosage indicated on the manual for the use of a chemical. Overdose can lead to undesirable consequences not only for the plant, but also for those who will use the grapes.
There are such pests as rodents. It is possible to protect a wintering vine from mice, hares and other lovers of the bark of a grape bush as with the help of lime, as well as winding the lower part of the vine with wool, felt, roofing felt, etc.
Lora grapes in the suburbs
In this region, Laura is successfully grown and produces a good harvest, while observing all the rules for landing, processing and care. Experienced winegrowers even note that this grape never fails: it does not give bursting berries in rainy weather, it does not dry out in hot summer. The unpretentiousness of the Laura variety to weather conditions in the Moscow region climate is noted.
When the gardeners of the region were surveyed and they were asked to rate the Laura grape up to a ten-point scale (all the advantages and disadvantages were taken into account), this variety received 8.5 points out of ten.
Grape Laura: video
Gardeners who are engaged in grapes, speak of Laura grapes as a good fruitful variety, but it is noted that the variety is unstable: in some years, strong pea can be observed. The rest of the grapes get excellent ratings from those who grow it for themselves, and who brings Laura to the market. At the same time, safety during transportation is well evaluated.
When growing non-industrial grapes, it is mainly consumed fresh, unprocessed, or juice and wine are made. In the southern regions, wine from Laura has already been put on the table in the last summer days. This wine is tasty, sweet, with a light nutmeg aroma.