Yeast top dressing is a budget and effective option of saturating plants with nutrients. All solanaceous vegetables, including tomatoes, respond positively to organic fertilizers. Yeast in its composition have a large number of trace elements and vitamins, the main ones include potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen, magnesium, thiamine, riboflavin, nicotinic and folic acids.
Yeast dressing for tomatoes
Feeding on the basis of yeast will accelerate growth, establish a steady state of tomatoes at all stages of development. To make fertilizer for the entire season of growing vegetables, you need no more than three times. Imagine the optimal scheme of tomato dressing:
- The first top dressing is carried out in a week after planting seedlings in open ground or greenhouse.
- The second wave of fertilizers is produced during the period when the seedlings are finally rooted and it needs strength for further development.
- The third dressing is carried out before the flowering of tomatoes, so that the plants have the power to form the ovary.
Top-dressing of tomatoes in the greenhouse and in the open field does not have significant differences. Only the timing of fertilizer application may differ, due to the fact that in the greenhouse tomatoes grow faster and they are not affected by abrupt changes in weather conditions.
Pros and cons of feeding on the basis of yeast
Yeast-based supplements were also used by our ancestors, who did not have any mineral fertilizers. What positive results will yeast top dressing bring? What flaws lurk?
Advantages of using organic fertilizer:
- a diverse nutrient content of yeast, will improve the composition of the soil,
- Planted seedlings fertilized with yeast, tolerate a period of adaptation,
- the root system begins to grow faster, and the green mass to grow,
- fertilizing contribute to the abundant appearance of fruiting shoots,
- organic fertilizer increases resistance to abrupt changes in weather conditions. Plants are more resistant to diseases,
- the resulting crop on the basis of yeast will be environmentally friendly, because it is an absolutely natural substance,
- Yeast is a cheap way to feed plants.
Cons of using organic matter:
- excessive fertilization can lead to oversaturation of plants with nitrogen, because of which the green mass will develop, and the fruit - not. Therefore, use a top dressing no more than three times per season,
- yeast fertilizer is inefficient if it is used in a cold form (many gardeners neglect this fact, so they do not get any effect).
Yeast top dressing with sugar
To prepare liquid fertilizer, you need one kilogram of raw culinary yeast, five liters of warm water (30-35 ° C), half a kilogram of sugar.
The stages of the preparation of the solution: crush the yeast bar to a mushy state, put it with the sugar in a container with warm water, stir until dissolved. Leave the resulting liquid for several hours in a warm place to start the fermentation reaction. After that, dilute the resulting solution in water, in the ratio of 1 to 10. Water the plants under the root, the flow rate per bush is half a liter. Feed in no more than two times per season.
Liquid fertilizer based on yeast and wood ash
The resulting solution will fully compensate for the deficiency of potassium. To prepare the solution you will need: one kilogram of raw yeast, five liters of water, two kilograms of wood ash, half a kilogram of granulated sugar.
Preparation of liquid dressing: heat the water to thirty degrees, put in it the softened yeast, sugar and wood ash, stir until a homogeneous mix of water with all the components so that there are no lumps. Insist the obtained liquid in a warm place for three hours, then pour each plant under the root, having previously diluted it, as in the first variant in the ratio of 1 to 10.
Extra nutrient solution based on chicken manure and yeast. The preparation of the liquid occurs in two stages.
- The first stage is the preparation of an infusion on chicken litter. Take 5 kilograms of litter, fill with 5 liters of water, stand for a week.
- The second stage is the preparation of a solution based on the infusion of chicken manure and yeast. Nutritious top dressing is prepared from the following components: dry yeast - 50 grams, an infusion of chicken manure - 2.5 liters, wood ash - 2.5 kilograms, a glass of sugar, 50 liters of water. Preparation of the solution: heat 10 liters of water to 30 ° C., Pour out the sugar and dry yeast, leave for a couple of hours to begin the fermentation process. Then add wood ash and chicken manure infusion, heat the rest of the water and pour into the prepared solution. The flow of the resulting liquid to the plant is 2 liters. Extra fertilizing need to water the tomatoes before flowering.
Top dressing "yeast in milk"
For the preparation of nutrient solution will need one liter of milk, raw yeast - 200 grams. Heat the milk a little, knead the yeast and add to the milk, stir until dissolved, leave to stand for two hours. After that, dilute the resulting liquid with 10 liters of warm water, pour the plants under the bush, the flow rate is half a liter.
Nettle and hop based fertilizer
To prepare a liquid dressing, you will need a wooden or plastic barrel, 2 kilograms of raw yeast, a mullein bucket, crushed nettle - 5 buckets. In a two hundred liter barrel vsypte nettle, yeast, mullein, mix, fill the barrel with water to the top. It is necessary to insist the solution for 14-15 days in the sun, stirring occasionally. After two weeks, pour the obtained solution of the planted tomatoes, the consumption per plant is 1 liter.
Yeast Feed Tips
To get a positive effect from the introduction of yeast fertilizers, you must follow the following recommendations:
- It is necessary to water under a root, at the same time the soil has to be friable and moistened.
- Fertilize tomatoes should be early in the morning or in the evening, before sunset.
- The prepared yeast-based solution should be used the same day it was prepared. If you leave it for a few days, it will completely lose its beneficial properties.
- It is necessary to adhere to the established norms for making dressings. Excessive saturation of the soil with nutrients can only harm tomatoes.
Vadim Y., 45 years.
All vegetable crops in the garden are fertilized only with organic dressings. Most often I use recipes for liquid fertilizers based on raw yeast. After making supplements, the plants begin to rapidly gain green mass, the process of budding and fruit formation is accelerated. Yeast-based fertilizers are an environmentally friendly way to increase the resistance of plants and their yield.
Marina Igorevna, 50 years old.
Yeast liquid fertilizers began to feed tomatoes and other vegetable crops a few years ago. The result is 100% satisfied. Tomatoes are transformed on the second day after feeding. The green mass begins active growth, the stem is noticeably getting fatter. I recommend all gardeners to apply yeast dressings.
Why do tomatoes need yeast?
Yeast - single-celled mushrooms with high protein content. This is a natural product, which contains a lot of useful micro and macro elements, vitamins, amino acids and various mineral substances.
As a fertilizer, yeast is used for a large group of cultivated plants. In addition to tomatoes, carrots, potatoes, radishes, peppers and cucumbers will appreciate such dressing. When irrigating tomatoes with yeast, beneficial microorganisms enter the soil. As a result of chemical reactions, the composition of the soil changes, it is saturated with oxygen and useful substances.
Tomato bushes respond positively to this type of fertilizer:
- resistance of the seedlings to diseases and unfavorable growing conditions, for example, to rapid temperature changes,
- plant immunity improves,
- seedlings are less drawn out with a lack of sunlight,
- the root system increases its growth, becomes stronger and branched,
- Tomatoes are actively growing vegetative mass,
- on strong bushes with a powerful stem, more ovaries and fruits appear.
Water the tomatoes with yeast, both in open ground and in greenhouses. The difference in the appearance of tomatoes can be easily noticed if some of the seedlings are watered with plain water, and some - with yeast top dressing. Already a couple of days after watering the plants with such fertilizer, the leaves become more shiny, the vegetables increase the growth rate.
Such feedings were used in the seventies of the last century, but over time they were replaced by synthetic means for complex fertilizer. Fertilizing tomatoes with yeast is an opportunity to introduce organic farming in the farm. In such a feed there are no poisonous substances that come to us on the table when using chemicals. We get an environmentally friendly and healthy product.
Thanks to the yeast, organic substances decompose faster in the soil, soil microflora improves. This is a fairly economical and very effective way to improve the yield of tomatoes. It is easy to make a useful mixture for plants at home, and the result of such additional nutrition exceeds expectations.
How to make the feeding of yeast?
For the preparation of medicinal fertilizers use both dry and "live" yeast. There are several main types of such feeding.
Dissolve 10-gram package of dry yeast in 10 liters of water, add a spoonful of sugar, mix and let it brew. Before use, the mixture is diluted with water (5 parts of water are taken for 1 part of fertilizer).
Some gardeners add to the solution chicken droppings, wood ash or grass. A yeast solution in combination with ash and nettle solution is considered to be especially effective. In 3 liters of warm distilled water, 10 g of dry yeast and 100 g of sugar are kneaded. Separately, you need to prepare the infusion of nettle. After a week of fermentation, combine the yeast mixture with nettle extract in equal proportions, add about 150 g of wood ash. To conduct watering at the rate of half a liter of the mixture per plant.
In 10 liters of water add 10-gram package of dry yeast, 5 tablespoons of sugar and 0.5 liters of chicken manure and wood ash. The mixture is infused, diluted with water 1:10 before use. Such a solution will help replenish the reserves of potassium, which are lost during the fermentation of yeast.
- A mixture based on "live" yeast.
For the manufacture of the solution take five liters of water. The liquid must be warm to start the process of activating living microorganisms. It is diluted with a kilogram of pressed yeast. Infused during the day, the mixture is diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10 and irrigation is carried out.
- Solution for activation of fermentation in compost heaps.
To do this, 1 kg of "live" yeast is diluted in a bucket of warm water along with Fitosporin. After a couple of days, organic waste is poured over with a solution with fermentation signs. This mixture is prepared several times per season, and the bushes of tomatoes are fertilized with the obtained humus.
The amount of the mixture for watering a single tomato bush varies depending on the age of the seedlings. For young plants, 0.5 liters of fertilizer is enough; adult specimens will need at least 2 liters of solution.
How to make a natural sourdough?
Summer residents use various products with yeast, for example, flour products or beer, as raw materials for yeast feeds. Such a replacement is not always advisable, it is much cheaper to use ready-made recipes based on yeast in a dry or pressed form. However, if you wish, you can cook the natural yeast yourself by making a yeast from wheat, bread or hop cones.
- Fertilizer from black rye bread.
The remains of rye bread to put in a bucket and completely fill with water. Mixture insist in heat for about a week. Before watering diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 3.
Soak a glass of wheat. A day later, the grain is ground. In the resulting porridge you need to pour two tablespoons of flour and sugar. The mixture is boiled for about 20 minutes on low heat. Before use, the leaven is kept warm for 24 hours in order to ferment the mass.
Both dry and fresh hop cones are suitable for preparation. A glass of the product is boiled for one hour, allowed to cool and filter. Add two spoons of sugar to 4 spoons of flour. Insist two days in the heat. Then mixed with two boiled potatoes, before use stand a day.
In a ten-liter bucket of warm water, combine a pack of yeast with a glass of ash. Bread crusts, sour milk, the remains of old unwanted jam are added to the mixture so that the warm liquid covers the whole product. The mass is left to ferment in a warm place for a week. The mixture is stirred a couple of times a day, after seven days, natural sourdough is used to water the tomatoes.
When to conduct yeast feeding?
Spring and early summer is the most favorable period for fertilizing tomatoes in this way.
The first watering of tomatoes with yeast is carried out in 1-2 weeks after the young seedlings have taken root. During flowering and formation, the ovary is fertilized a second time.
It is not recommended to use yeast dressing more than three times per season. The protein basis of such a fertilizer can cause a large number of parasites to appear in the soil. Yeast absorbs a large amount of potassium and calcium from the soil, so it is recommended to combine such dressing with the introduction of wood ash into the soil.
For effective irrigation of tomatoes by yeast, you need to follow simple rules.
- Before making yeast fertilizer, the soil is irrigated with settled water and loosened. The ground should be moderately wet, not dry or wet.
- You can not fertilize with a cold solution, it should be at room temperature.
- Moisturizing with yeast dressings is carried out from the end of May. Land during watering should be well heated. At the beginning of spring, the soil is quite cold, in such a soil of active fermentation will not occur, the effectiveness of the procedure will significantly decrease.
- Fertilizer is applied at the root. Avoid getting the mixture on the ground part of the tomato bushes.
- Yeast feed can be used for weak and sick tomatoes.
- Watering is not carried out in the hot lunch hours. The best time is evening after sunset.
- Yeast fertilizers should not be overdone, they should be watered with a freshly prepared solution.
Yeast is an excellent natural stimulant for the growth of tomatoes. With proper and timely use, tomatoes are definitely rewarding for top dressing with a good harvest.
Yeast feed. What is the use
An ordinary product sold in every grocery department is a real storehouse of vitamins and amino acids.
Almost all garden crops are responsive to them, and feeding tomatoes with yeast brings amazing results.
What is useful this familiar and familiar product?
- Yeast can qualitatively improve the composition of the soil,
- seedlings tolerate discomfort easier when picking,
- there is an active build-up of the root system and the deciduous mass of the tomatoes,
- new, strong, abundantly flowering shoots appear, the number of ovaries, and then fruits, increases significantly.
- resistance to adverse weather conditions increases significantly,
- Tomatoes significantly increase resistance to diseases, including late blight,
- yeast does not contain synthetic additives, so the crop will be environmentally friendly and will not cause allergic reactions,
- Yeast is affordable for everyone.
Tomatoes after feeding grow on yeast
Root top dressing
Many experts in the cultivation of garden crops advise the first top dressing to produce simultaneously with the appearance of the first leaf. It is not obligatory, and whether to feed the plants or not, everyone decides for himself. But after the second picking of seedlings, top dressing is highly recommended. For the manufacture of the nutrient mixture will need the following ingredients:
- bag of dry yeast,
- 5 teaspoons of sugar,
- a glass of sifted wood ash.
Watering tomatoes with yeast infusion
All components are well mixed, diluted with warm water and infused until the mixture "plays," the resulting "mash" diluted with clean, warm, non-chlorinated water in a ratio of 1:10. This will be the “working solution”. Seedlings are watered from a small lechka or from a strainer.
The procedure unpleasant for tomato seedlings is transferring to a permanent place of residence in a greenhouse or ground.
For 10-12 days after transplantation, tomatoes need peace and quiet - they are adapted to new conditions. In the period of the appearance of the buds and the first flowers, the second feeding is produced.
A hundred gram of fresh yeast is poured with a small amount of non-hot water. The mixture is poured into a 3-liter container with clean, warm, settled water and add 2-3 tablespoons of sugar. They put in a warm place or just in the sun and for a few days they forget. Как только настой «отыграется», каждый его стакан добавляется на 10-литровое ведро воды, и этой разведенной смесью поливают растения.
Приготовление дрожжевого настоя для полива
For such dressings, dry yeast is also perfect for herbal infusions and herbal extracts and wood ash.
An excellent herbal supplement is the usual nettle and hops. Hop in combination with yeast is an ideal nutrient mix, this plant itself (hard weed) causes increased fermentation.
- dry yeast - 10 g,
- chicken litter extractor - 0.5 l,
- wood ash - 0.5 l,
- water - 10 l,
- sugar - 5 tablespoons.
Watering tomato with yeast under the root
Infused during the week, diluted with water, the mixture is used for root feeding.
When using yeast dressings, it is important to follow the golden rule - “do not overdo it” for a seedling that has just rooted in a permanent place, 0.5 liters is enough; adult plants need 1.5-2 liters.
Why yeast is recommended to be used for feeding
Yeast is a great product that stimulates growth. In addition, they contain many beneficial bacteria. Watering with yeast contributes to better rooting, development, rooting in open ground. They stimulate the development of the root system much better than conventional fertilizers.
The use of yeast as a top dressing allows you to get a hardy, strong plant, which in future will bring high-quality tomatoes. Moreover, it is not easy to feed the seedlings, and even necessary. Watering yeast solution will ensure minimal stretching of the seedlings not only in greenhouse conditions, but also in the open field. Such seedlings more easily tolerate the process of planting.
Yeast - an ideal substance for foliar feeding. Watering them will help grow organic fruits without the use of chemical dressings. Tomatoes can accumulate a maximum of useful substances. In addition, using this type of fertilizer, you can save as there is no need to buy expensive mineral compounds.
Thanks to irrigation with yeast, mulch will quickly become compost, and during the entire growing season the plant will receive saturation with essential trace elements.
How to prepare a solution for root dressing
Experts say that feeding for the first time is necessary during the appearance of the first leaf. However, this is not necessary.
As the first feeding the following composition is recommended:
- 200 g of simple yeast,
- 1 l. water.
Before watering the beds, the solution should be diluted with another 9 liters. water.
Another variant of the first feeding:
- 100 g of raw yeast,
- 10 l. heated water.
The resulting mixture must be insisted 10 days. Sugar can be added to the solution. This mixture will last a couple of hours before use.
But it is considered to be mandatory fertilizing after the second pickling of seedlings. It is recommended to prepare such a mixture:
- 1 pack of dry yeast,
- 5 tsp. Sahara,
- 1 tbsp. sifted wood ash.
All components must be mixed, diluted with warm water and set to infuse. When mash is obtained from the mixture, it should be diluted with warm, clean water without chlorine in a ratio of 1 to 10.
The second dressing is done in the period of the appearance of the first buds, flowers. There are several recipes for such feeding.
Recipe 1. It takes 100 grams of fresh yeast. They should be filled with a small amount of warm water. The resulting mixture is poured into a 3-liter jar of distilled, warm water. Add there 2 - 3 tbsp. l Sahara. Jar put in a few days in the heat. The glass of the mixture must be diluted with 10 liters. water and in this solution pour the tomatoes.
Recipe 2. It is necessary to take:
- 10 g dry yeast,
- 500 ml. chicken manure extracts
- 500 grams of wood ash
- 10 l. water,
- 5 large spoons of sugar.
All mixed and set aside for 7 days. After that, water the plants.
Recipe 3. If there are too many seedlings, then you can make such a solution out of yeast: pour a bucket of dry grass into a barrel with water (70 liters). There also add dry bread, a loaf, 500 g yeast. And insist the resulting mixture for 1 day. After that, you can begin to water the seedlings. For 1 bush you need 1 cup of solution.
Recipe 4. Another option is feeding:
- 1 large spoon of plain dry yeast,
- 2 large spoons of granulated sugar,
- a handful of earth
- 2 g. Ascorbinki.
This composition diluted in 5 liters. heated water and withstand it for 1 day. At 10 liters. water need 1 liter. the mixture.
If a dry sourdough is used to prepare the solution, then it must be diluted in a glass of warm water, left for a couple of hours and then added to the bucket with water.
After a few days you can see the results of feeding: there will be shiny leaves with a glossy surface.
Recipe 5. Most often, gardeners feed the solution prepared according to this recipe:
- 1 kg. yeast in briquettes,
- 5 l. water.
The components are mixed, heated, thus activating the beneficial microorganisms. After that, the composition must be left for a day. Then 500 ml. The mixture should be poured into a bucket (10 l.) with warm water.
Watering tomato yeast (foliar feeding)
This type of feeding can be applied before picking for young seedlings.
Watering a tomato with yeast has several advantages:
- Since yeast contains a large amount of trace elements necessary for a tomato, they will get into the body of the plant through the stems and leaves. Even the most unassuming seedlings will turn green, pick up the deciduous mass and begin to grow.
- The effect is noticeable almost immediately.
- This dressing is well absorbed.
- Saving fertilizer.
Such irrigation should be carried out for young plants and seedlings in the first half of the growing season. Yeast solution should be less concentrated than with root dressings. Plants growing in open ground should be watered in the evening or on a cloudy day. For greenhouse plants, watering can be done in the morning.
Ready starter mixture can only be used on pre-heated soil. At low temperatures, microorganisms will not have a beneficial effect, since certain conditions are necessary for their activation.
The soil must be heated and hydrated. But do not fill it with water. Such conditions will be favorable for the activation of beneficial starter bacteria. For each plant should get about 500 g of the warm composition.
Thanks to the yeast top dressing, the soil receives nitrogen, which is important for plant development. But at the same time, yeasts contribute to the elimination of potassium and calcium. To replenish the stocks of the first, it is recommended to use wood ash: you can make a tincture or simply scatter between rows. To replenish the reserves of the second element, make an infusion of eggshell and pour the resulting solution on tomatoes or crushed shells laid under the root.
There is nothing difficult in how to water the tomatoes with yeast. It is only important to follow the recommended proportions, dosages and rules. Thanks to this, the plants will grow healthy, hardy, resistant to diseases and pests, and the harvest will be rich.
Many gardeners are familiar with the situation when, after transplantation into a greenhouse or an open ground, it is still impossible to fertilize tomatoes, and the seedlings become sluggish and weak. Then it is necessary to do foliar fertilizing plants. For young plants, this method is more effective and has a number of undeniable advantages.
Foliar feed can be used from the initial stage of seedling growth, even before picking. The high content in the yeast microelements necessary for the tomato, through the capillaries of the leaves and stems, goes directly into the plant body.
Perhaps from this and the phrase "grows by leaps and bounds." Even the weakest seedlings gain a healthy appearance and accelerate their deciduous mass. This method is considered more economical, because when fertilizers are applied at the root, only part of the substances is absorbed, the rest is washed off by rain or during irrigation.
Foliar applications are great for young plants that are at the initial stage of the growing season. Fertilizer should be less concentrated than for root dressing.
Provided that the seedlings are already in the open ground, it is worth making the processing of plants in cloudy weather or in the evening. In sunny weather, plants can get burned, and useful components simply dry out or evaporate.
In greenhouses, on the contrary, fertilizing should be done in the morning, and at night the leaves should remain dry.
Important! Spraying is a responsible matter that does not tolerate haste. It is necessary to process the stem, the outer and inner side of the leaves of each plant.
What to consider when processing plants
- yeast top dressing is an efficient and economical way to get a good organic crop,
- for the best effect, it is worth using fertilizers with sufficiently heated soil, not earlier than the end of May or the first half of June,
- It is important to take into account soil moisture, it should not be too dry or too wet.
Some gardeners are wrong, starting to fertilize the plants weekly. Excessive feeding will not lead to an increase in yield, but thickening of the deciduous mass is ensured and the tomatoes will “fatten”. In the season enough to do 3-4 dressing.
Fertilizers from yeast increase the level of nitrogen in the earth, which is necessary for the growth and development of plants. But do not forget that the fungi in the course of their activities significantly reduce the content of potassium and calcium in the soil. To replenish calcium, it is necessary to use the ash as a tincture or disperse it between rows.
Calcium can be replenished by pouring the earth with infusion from egg shell or spray tomatoes. Also the shells can be crushed and laid under the root.
Regarding the form in which to apply the yeast feed, the opinions of gardeners differ considerably. Fresh concentrate allows you to get a significant increase in yield, and the fermented tincture begins to produce ethyl alcohol. This significantly shortens the ripening period of the fetus, but at the same time the plant itself ages faster and stops growing.
Watch the video! Top dressing with yeast for excellent harvest
What gives fertilizing yeast
We all know that the yeast used to prepare a fluffy air test is in fact an invaluable feed for garden crops. They are unicellular mushrooms, and their composition is rich in proteins, vitamins and amino acids. All these substances of the plant are consumed with great appetite, when we dilute the yeast with water and thus prepare liquid fertilizer, which is then introduced into the soil.
The highest popularity of yeast top-dressing summer cottages acquired in the seventies of the twentieth century, mainly because then there was no particular variety of fertilizers on the shelves of stores. But as soon as chemical fertilizers appeared on the market, and in a large assortment, gardeners and gardeners quickly forgot about yeast, switching to chemical fertilizers. But the distinctive quality of yeast top dressing was that it had no contraindications, and the root system of agricultural crops absorbed it from the soil easily and quickly.
What gives fertilizing yeast, if we compare it with modern means of fertilizer crops
- This treatment increases the resistance of plants in relation to:
- contrasting ambient temperatures
- with its help, the root system develops better and faster, since the yeast activates growth processes, a dive is better tolerated - which is more or less the same, but it is a traumatic procedure,
- optimized microbiological composition of the soil, which is applied to top dressing: substances contained in the working yeast solution and microorganisms enrich the soil with phosphorus and nitrogen, gradually decomposing after application.
Yeast dressing recipe
The recipe for making yeast food is very simple and economical. Even in our time, the abundance of agronomic products, not least of all, the reason for the use of yeast for soil application is the low cost of this product and its widespread availability. Ready industrial fertilizers cannot compete with this home method.
The most common question among gardeners is what type of yeast to choose for processing their beds, soluble, dry or pressed wet. In fact, there is not much difference. The main thing - the quality of the product, it is determined by its shelf life. In overdue yeasts, soil-friendly substances are much less, and they will not have such an effect on growing tomatoes.
The only thing that needs to be noted is that wet yeast is a more economical treatment option, so for large plantings of tomatoes it is better to take these products.
The most popular method is to prepare a solution similar to a brew that housewives prepare for making yeast dough.
To do this, you need pasteurized milk and yeast in the ratio of a kilogram of yeast mass (moist yeast) to 5 liters of milk. Yeast is dissolved in milk and this solution is placed in a warm place for 24 hours.
For application to the soil, a working solution is prepared on the basis of such a brew: 0.5 l of yeast solution is taken per ten-liter bucket of water. Improve fertilizing supplementation of organic matter - wood ash or chicken droppings. Organic improves soil quality.
For greenhouse feeding, a recipe based on dry yeast is used. Such a fertilizer is useful in that it positively affects the growth of the root system: the seedlings go to the root and not to the stem, the plant does not grow so intensively upwards.
As a result, the seedlings turn out to be sturdy, dense, and easily transfers the transplant into the open ground.
- For 10 g of dry yeast, you need to take 2 tablespoons of sugar and stir it in 10 liters of warm water.
- After a few hours, when the solution is kept in a warm place, it is diluted with water in a ratio of one to five.
- The results can be seen already after three days: the leaves on the seedlings are dense, richly green, and the plants themselves are large.
If there is no yeast, instead of them it is possible to use other organic substances that can ferment for the preparation of top dressing.
So, you can take dried hops: a glass of this tool is poured boiling water (1 liter) and cooked for one hour over low heat. The resulting concentrate after cooling, rubbed on a sieve, add sugar (2 tablespoons) and wheat flour (4 tablespoons). The resulting product should stand in a warm and dark place for 2-3 days, then boil the potatoes in uniforms, cool and, without peeling, rub with a grater and add to the fermented mass. This tool costs another 24 hours to re-ferment. The working solution is prepared at the rate of one part of the hop mass per 10 parts of water.
Other substances that can be used for such "roaming" fertilizers are wheat germ, black bread crackers and even potato tops.
How to feed tomatoes correctly in open ground and greenhouse
The yield of tomatoes, the health of tomatoes, as well as the effect of yeast on soil quality depends on how well the yeast dressing is applied to the ground, open or greenhouse.
This fertilizer is applied at the rate of 500 ml for each young plant and from a liter to two for a rooted, overgrown tomato bush.
In dry weather, the introduction of liquid yeast into the soil should be preceded by watering the beds: dry soil does not perceive such fertilizer well. Moreover, watering should not be abundant. Do not water plants in direct sunlight, as well as in windy weather. The optimal time for tillage is evening hours. For making yeast top dressing use a watering can with a nozzle-diffuser.
If you get an excess solution, you can use them for foliar feeding. At the same time, the stem of the tomato bush and its leaves are processed, both from the outside and from the inside. Diluted yeast is brought into the soil directly at the root of the plant, except for cases when chicken manure is included in the recipe for feeding, which is introduced at the same time.
Features of processing of greenhouse plantings are that the soil must first be specially treated. First, manure or compost is applied to the soil to allow saturation with organic substances.
Indoor soil requires the necessary humidity, which is provided including timely watering, and as close as possible to natural light. Only under such conditions, feeding of tomato bushes with yeast, macro- and microelements, will help ensure a rich crop of tomatoes. With insufficient fertilizer, the plant does not develop, freezes in its growth, and the number of ovaries is much lower than usual.
When growing tomato seedlings in flat conditions, feeding plants with yeast solution will compensate for the lack of natural light, and the active substances contained in live yeast contribute to the formation of a strong, powerful root system. At the same time, such a system of processed tomatoes is formed much earlier than that of unprocessed tomatoes - the difference in time is several weeks.
When and how many times
This liquid yeast fertilizer is applied three times during the summer season:
- 1st application - 7 days after the tomato seedlings are planted in open ground,
- 2nd introduction - when the tomatoes finally take root,
- 3-е внесение – накануне того, как на растениях появятся цветы.
Внесение дрожжевого раствора перед зацветанием является последним.
Safety rules for making yeast supplements consist in working with a respirator, because with increased susceptibility to fungi in the human body mycoses can develop - fungal diseases caused by yeast. This is especially true of working with so-called black yeast. This is not a culinary tool, and the mass of black, formed in the washing machines and kitchen drains. Black yeast is also used to feed tomatoes.
Additional application of potassium and calcium-containing organic matter is necessary along with yeast, since an increase in the microbial activity of the soil leads to the fact that both potassium and calcium are washed out of the ground in an accelerated mode. Without additional organic matter, the soil ultimately risks becoming rocky, it will be difficult to process.
You can irrigate with yeast solution not only tomatoes, but also cucumber beds, as well as planting peppers and carrots. Flowers and garden shrubs, such as raspberries, will positively hail such a fertilizer. But for potatoes, onions and garlic, yeast top dressing is undesirable, after it the vegetables get a friable consistency, lose their richness of taste.
If you do not dilute the yeast solution with water to the working concentration, the plant burns. When introducing chicken manure into the composition of the feed, it is impossible to add liquid directly under the root, and to water the contour of the tree trunk circle.
Proper and timely application of yeast top dressing when growing tomatoes in the greenhouse and on the open ground improves plant resilience, its resistance to diseases and pests, allows the root system to develop well, increases yield and positively affects the taste of the grown crop. But one should not rely on yeast top dressing as a miracle and a panacea: even the most effective fertilizer does not help to turn poorly fertile soil into fat.
What should be remembered
Yeast top dressing is an effective and not expensive way to get a good harvest, it is only important to use them correctly. The use of yeast as a fertilizer is most effective when the soil is well heated, therefore the first top dressing is carried out in late May - early June. When making a top dressing, the soil should not be overdried, not overmoistened.
Herbal infusion is prepared for a week and only then you need to add yeast
The mistake of many novice gardeners is to fertilize plants almost every week.
It will not give a gain in yield, but it will surely lead to thickening of the deciduous mass, the tomatoes will “fatten”. Three is enough, a maximum of four feedings during the whole season.
Yeast dressings saturate the soil with nitrogen, necessary for plant development. But in the process of its "activity" yeast fungi actively remove potassium and calcium. To replenish the potassium reserves, wood ash is additionally used, either in the form of infusion, or simply scattered between the rows.
Ash as a top dressing
Eggshell is a good supplier of calcium, they either make an infusion and water or sprinkle tomatoes, or grind and put it under the root.
In what form to use yeast sourdough - opinions are divided. In fresh form and low concentration, top dressing will allow you to get a good harvest. Fermented ferment begins to actively release ethyl alcohol, due to which the tomatoes mature much faster, but the plant itself will stop growing and will quickly grow old.
Yeast is a pantry protein. amount comes to 60%. Carbohydrates, nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potassium are the basis of the dry component of yeast. Rich complex of microelements:
No plant will refuse such nutrition. In addition to all the elements in the composition are polyunsaturated fatty acids. Nutritional value for people is in the presence of B vitamins, which are transferred from the fruit into the human body.
For tomatoes you can cook feeding from any kinds - pressed, dry, beer. The only goal is to speed up the reproduction of soil microorganisms that will process organic matter to feed the tomatoes.
How supplements work
Once in the soil, the yeast microorganisms "eat" organic matter - starch, sugar. At the same time, carbon dioxide is released, which nourishes the roots of plants.
Microorganisms can work with or without access to air; therefore, when released into the soil, they gradually expand the boundaries of their activities, promoting aeration of the soil and increasing the access of oxygen to the deeper layers.
The rate of reproduction of microorganisms depends on:
- from the availability of food - sugar or starch, so feeding a tomato with yeast solution occurs with the addition of sugar,
- from the temperature of the soil and the air - in warm time the growth rate increases,
- on the amount of waste products of yeast microflora in the soil - carbon dioxide. Therefore, the more intense the plants consume carbon dioxide, the better it is produced.
Each yeast cell divided up to 25 times , that is, produces a similar. Lives such a microorganism up to 7 hours . During this time, manages to process organic matter several times its own weight.
Top dressing tomato yeast has its pros and cons. Cons - this is a relative concept.
Pros and cons of yeast dressings
The positive side of yeast food:
- Availability. You can buy at any grocery store in unlimited quantities at a low price.
- Getting ready yeast food for tomatoes in a few minutes. To enhance the effect you just need to add sugar to the solution.
- The appearance of the bush after feeding tomatoes with yeast changes after 2 - 3 days. The leaves become fleshy, shiny.
- Suitable for growing seedlings - Young bushes better tolerate transplantation in the open ground.
- Top dressing tomato in greenhouse yeast enhances the taste of the "winter" harvest, flavor and nutritional value due to the rich composition of yeast microorganisms.
Feeding tomatoes with yeast has negative aspects, which you also need to be aware of in order to properly feed the plants:
- Fungi very quickly absorb organic matter from the soil.
Therefore, they should be used infrequently and, in addition to the solution, use other fertilizers - kitchen waste, cut green grass, manure. With the use of yeast alone, the soil is quickly depleted.
- The use of such dressing does not relieve gardeners from the use of traditional fertilizers for tomatoes containing nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus.
It should be remembered that feeding tomatoes with yeast is just an additional method of nutrition, which in addition improves the structure of the soil, but does not provide the plant with full nutrition.
Yeast feedings can be called a simplified analogue of the biological fertilizer Baikal EM-1, which also contains soil bacteria and affects the condition of the soil. But Baikal is not used alone, but stimulates the soil flora to work on organic matter.
Knowing now how to fertilize tomatoes with yeast correctly, you can avoid some of the consequences and increase the yield.
Recipes yeast dressings for tomatoes
In the people there are many options for how to feed the tomatoes with yeast. To do this, use not only the substance and warm water. Add auxiliary - ash, grass.
The easiest and fastest way to prepare yeast food is a mixture with sugar. What do you need:
- 1 kgpressed yeast,
- 5 liters of warm water
- 0.5 kg of sugar.
- crumble the substance into the water and mix well until completely dissolved,
- add sugar and stir well,
- you need to let the liquid stand for a couple of hours
- dilute in the ratio of 1/10 .
Watering need tomatoes at the root of the circle. Dilution is necessary because a concentrated solution can damage the root system.
You can water the plants with this fertilizer no more than twice, because in the process of their vital activity, the yeast microorganisms absorb potassium from the soil, which can have a bad effect on the formation of tomato fruits.
If the entire amount of the solution has not been used, it can be put in a warm place and some sugar can be added once every two days in order to maintain the vitality of the microorganisms.
To compensate for the loss of potassium, there is a special recipe for a yeast solution with ash. What do you need:
- 1 kg of pressed yeast,
- 5 liters of water
- 0.5 kg of sugar
- 2 - 3 kg wood ash - homemade or purchased.
The preparation method is similar to the above, but ash is added before watering.
50 liters of water You can make an even more nutritious solution.
First, prepare the infusion of chicken droppings:
- to pour1/5 part litter bucket,
- take 4 to 6 days stirring
- dilute with 4 buckets of water.
Next, you need:
- 50 g dry yeast,
- 2.5 liters of chicken manure tincture,
- 2.5 kg of ash,
- 250 g of sugar
- 50 liters of water.
- make sourdough from warm water 10 l and dry concentrate
- add sugar,
- wait until the solution begins to ferment,
- add ash and droppings,
- add the rest of the water.
Under each adult plant need 2 liters of solution. If you stay - you can feed the pot plants or strawberries on the site. In addition, yeast dressing is usually not harvested, because fungi eat all the sugar and die, and dressing loses its strength.
Video: Cooking yeast dressing with your own hands
Recipes for seedlings and greenhouse tomatoes
The above recipes can be used to feed tomato seedlings with yeast. If young bushes are in the greenhouse, then one watering will be enoughto support seedlings. Make a yeast solution with complex mineral mixtures or organic matter. The volume of green mass increases rapidly.
After planting the seedlings in open ground, the feeding of tomatoes with yeast is carried out later. not earlier than one week when the root system adapts in a new place and is ready to accept yeast treats.
Sprinkle tomatoes with yeast using green fertilizer as a base. To do this, first preparing the green tincture itself. In a large barrel to fill a third of the cut weeds, nettles or sideratov. Filled with water to the brim and insisted within 7 - 10 days . This infusion diluted yeast starter. This gives extra potassium nutrition.
New plant yeast nutrition
Scientists are constantly looking for new ways to support plants at the stage of growth and fruiting. One of these new ways is black yeast. They were found in the Urals in the microflora of Lake Baikal.
They are also called arctic. They have unique properties to resist solar radiation, since in Antarctica there is an ozone hole and ultraviolet penetrates unhindered, affecting negatively all living things. But black yeast organisms learned how to resist this process and survived.
So far, the drugs are in the process of testing and influencing human health. Buy scarce goods is difficult, but according to reviews already available on the Internet and on the forums, we can say that the drug is powerful.
According to the biologists working with black microorganisms, they have the following effects on plants:
- nitrates are removed from fruit crops,
- promote rejuvenation of house plants,
- increase the growth of the root system
- Suitable for most types of vegetable crops.
Black yeast is used the same way as normal yeast is used. two dressings: for seedlings during growth and before flowering in open ground. Occasionally black yeast concentrates for fertilizing the soil are on sale.
Yeast dressings for growing tomatoes are the most affordable growth stimulant. When using, you must follow the rules of feeding plants, so as not to impoverish the soil and not to harm the plants.
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