Stephanotis is an unusually beautiful plant in the genus has as many as 16 species. Madagascar and the islands of the Malay Archipelago are the natural habitats of stephanotis, where it flaunts on forest edges in partial shade. Due to the subtle fragrance of flowers in gardening, its unofficial name “Madagascar jasmine” is often found.
Varieties and types
Of all the species existing in nature in culture, only one can be found - stephanotis floribunda (floriferous) - 5-meter liana with wrapped petals that look like a crown. The color of the flowers is white, but they also come across cream. On one branch can be located up to 7 buds. Oval dark green leaves can be the size of a human palm.
Stephanotis floribunda variegata - a type of the above described. Its distinctive feature is the color of the foliage, which is dotted with whitish, light green, yellow stripes and specks, while the tips of the leaves are slightly smoothed.
Watering should be as varied as the lighting regimes.
- Summer they should be abundant, with a reference to the easy drying of the soil surface,
- In autumn and winter - infrequent, but generous (so that the earthy one does not dry out fully),
- In the final stages of winter and early spring watering should be done at intervals of 3 days, but less intense.
It is recommended to use only soft, settled, warm water, preventing its stagnation and flowering.
Soil for stephanotis
The soil mixture should have air and water permeability and be somewhat acidic. Such qualities characterize a universal mixture for ornamental flowering plants, which can be purchased in the store and mixed with a small amount of sand.
However, the most optimal option in this case is considered to be handwritten soil preparation by one of the 2 proposed methods.
You can mix in equal proportions a good spring garden soil, compost aged 3-5 years, large not sifted river sand (both white and yellow will do) and peat. Or, for one portion of humus, mix in 2 parts of leafy loose, sod (from the field or meadow) and peaty land.
Stephanotis home transplant
Replanting Madagascar jasmine produce in the spring, before the flowers appear. In no case can not do it during flowering, because the plant will lose all the buds.
The frequency for young vines is 1 year, while adults should not be replanted more than once every 2-3 years. The safest method is considered to be transshipment with the addition of fresh soil into small and relatively cramped dishes.
Top dressing of stephanotis
The main part of supplements for stephanotis, consisting of both organic and mineral cocktails, should be made in spring and summer, every 14 days. In the autumn-winter period, vitamins are not needed by Stephanotis.
Particular attention should be paid to the April-May pore, when stefanotis requires special feeding, namely, increased amounts of phosphate or dissolved cow manure. The process can be simplified by using store fertilizer for ornamental plants.
Pruning stephanotis at home
To match all the vines, Madagascar jasmine is especially good if you follow the shape of its shoots, cutting them from time to time. The spring period of active growth is best for this procedure.
However, care should be taken to remove only bare stems without foliage, and after oblong lashes can simply be cut. If in the summertime to nip at the stems, flowering will last longer.
Stephanotis in winter
When winter comes, the stephanotis on the window-sill of the southern window no longer needs shading, moreover, as noted above, it should be obligatory for him to arrange the lighting of the fitolamps so that the plant is exposed to light no less than 12 hours a day.
Winter spraying in cool rooms is carried out very rarely, heated with water and only when the elements of the heating system are on, and dust accumulated on the foliage is wiped with a damp cloth.
The plant is extremely demanding on the temperature regime throughout the season, and the most important task facing its owner is the organization of the transition to a state of rest for the winter. The correct ambient temperature for stephanotis in April-September is 20-25, in September-November - less than 22, and in the rest of the time - no more than 14-16. Keeping in cool has a beneficial effect on the process of planting flower buds, but a minimum threshold of 13 следует should be adhered to.
Stephanotis reproduction by cuttings
The preferred method of propagation of stephanotis in horticulture is grafting. It is not as laborious as seed, and is able to give good results.
For rooting, you need to pick up young segments from the tops, including several internodes and 2-3 leaves. After cutting, they are planted in moist soil, mixed with coarse sand, or in clean sand to a depth of 1.5 cm, then covered with foil and transferred to a light ventilated room, but not under direct sunlight.
The soil must be watered systematically, and its temperature should not rise beyond 24 when wet. The cuttings will take root for a long time, and therefore it does not hurt to use root formation-type stimulants. With this approach, the first roots and leaves can be expected as early as 2-3 weeks. Next, the film is removed and after a couple of weeks, young stephanotis is planted.
Diseases and pests
Of all the possible diseases of stephanotis, most are associated with non-compliance with the rules of care.
For example, lack of flowering indicates either excessive amounts of nitrogen in the earth, or temperature changes, or weak lighting.
If observed yellowing leavesIt is worth checking the water for lime content in it and improve the lighting.
The greatest danger to stephanotis among parasites is mealybug (forms a white wax on the parts of the plant) and scythe (because of them, stefanotis yellows almost all and becomes covered with yellow-brown composition as soon as possible). An effective method of combating them is the use of insecticides.
What do we know about stephanotis?
Evergreen grass creeper Stephanotis came to us from the distant island of Madagascar. The plant looks very unusual due to its winding long stems with dark green glossy leaves.
Particularly impressive are similar to asterisks flowers Stephanotis - white clusters of blossoming crowns of five delicate petals on graceful legs. Because of the subtle fragrance, the flower is sometimes called exotic Madagascar Jasmine.
Stephanotis flowers can often be found atwedding bouquetThe touching beauty of which gently complements the white dress of the bride. The curly stems of the plant branch luxuriantly and densely and grow long with proper care. up to 6 meters. With the help of gratings and special supports, stephanotis adorns the walls, windows and winter gardens.
In nature, 12 species of flower are known, but only home-grown Floribunda Stephanotis floriferous.
In nature, the plant blooms most of the year, and indoors from spring to October.
Staphanotis at home requires strict adherence to the rules of care, patience and care. It is important to remember that the juice of the plant is rather pungent and may cause irritation. Florists with sensitive skin are advised to care for Stephanotis in rubber gloves.
Lighting and site selection
Southerner Stefanotis loves the light and the sun, but not direct sunlight, which can cause burns on its leaves.
In the hot season it is advisable to keep the flower in the western or eastern window. If he settles on the southern windowsill, from the active sun of his will need to pritenyat.
Heat-loving plant does not like overheating. In the summer for him the temperature should not exceed 23 ° С, and in the winter it likes a light cool - about 15 ° C.
With a lack of lighting Madagascar jasmine stops blooming. But if in winter organize him backlight, stefanotis all year round will be able to please their owners with the exquisite beauty of delicate flowers.
Keep it to the window that is not used for ventilation, especially in the winter. During the appearance of the ovary should not move the flower from place to place, and even turn from side to side in order to avoid cessation of flowering.
Humidity and watering
Stephanotis hails from humid subtropics, therefore it prefers high humidity. It is necessary to place the plant in the winter time as far as possible from the batteries and try to provide it artificial moisture.
You can put water containers next to it or humidify regularly around the plant from the sprayer.
Madagascar Jasmine Loves daily abundant moisture in the warm season. It is necessary to spray it with clean slightly warm water, trying not to fall on the tender inflorescences.
Winter flower is desirable moisturize with care and not so plentiful. From spring to autumn, stephanotis is poured over with soft water at room temperature. once in 2 days.
Methods of pest control of indoor plants and prevention tips can be found in our article.
About the features of care for philodendron read here.
Rules of care for codiaems at home, read our article at the link: http://sad-doma.net/houseplants/decorative-leaf/kroton/kodieum-uhod.html
To provide flower constant humidity in the summer, you should put the plant pot in a container with gravel and water poured into it. It only remains to ensure that the gravel is always wet and the bottom of the pot is dry. In winter time flower watering once in 7 days.
Soil and transplant
The soil moody stephanotis prefers slightly acidic with a complex composition. For normal plant growth make the following mixture: peat or humus, sand, clay and hardwood in the ratio of 3: 2: 1: 1.
Alkaline composition of the earth can prevent flowering Madagascar Jasmine.
Stephanotis is transplanted only when necessary.
Flower transplant is carried out as follows:
- Is chosen heavy ceramic pot with a diameter larger than 1 cm — it should be noted that stefanotis has a strong root system.
- It is important to remember to put a drain on the bottom of the pot, so that there is no stagnation of water.
- Stephanotis is transplanted into a new transfer pot with an old lump of earth left so that small roots will not be damaged and cut off, otherwise the flower can pull. If this happens, you need to add root growth stimulants to the water for irrigation. Small roots quickly grow and the plant will come to life.
- After transplanting the plant follows water with care, avoiding an overabundance of water in the roots. It is better to spray more often.
- In the middle of summer, to prolong the abundant flowering, shoots of stephanotis need to be pinned, leaving on the stems of 8 pairs of leaves.
Stefanotis is attractive to many florists because form the original shape of the plantby doing the correct pruning.
It can grow in the form of a compact bush or a long branching vine, bordering the wall. Flower is cut in early spring.
First, damaged and weak shoots are removed, and other stems can be cut to half the length. The main stem is desirable to cut as less as possible.
Strong pruning stefanotis afraidso you need do it with careotherwise it may not recover.
Feed stephanotisdesirable only in spring and summer twice a month as fertilizer for flowering plants. In winter, the flower is better to give take a break from dressing. In the spring when forming buds should choose fertilizers with a low nitrogen content.
Madagascar jasmine breeds cuttings and seeds.
Home care plant seeds practically do not ripen, therefore, seed planting method is not used.
Plant stephanotis cuttings best in early spring.
The breeding order is as follows:
- Required cut shootsthat have one pair of leaflets. Crop need a little lower than these leaves.
- Followed by plant shoots in the mix from sand and peat and contain them at a temperature about 25 ° C. A month later, shoots must be sprout the first roots.
- Then plants need transplanted into separate small pots and keep them in a bright room at a temperature 16-18 ° C.
- Further once a year seedlings need to cross and pinch.
The main problems of stephanotis:
- Leaves start to turn yellow. Causes: lack of light or watering with hard water.
- Rare bloom. Causes: poor nutrition, poor light.
- Fall buds. Causes: change of place, drafts, insufficient watering.
- Drooping leaves of a flower. Reason: cold room.
- Slow growth. Reason: lack of trace elements.
The beautiful flower Stefanotis can be attacked by a scab, a mealybug, a greenhouse aphid and a spider mite. It is necessary to regularly inspect the plant for insects, and if such a nuisance has already happened, treat it with special pest control agents.
Recommendations professionals to care for stephanotis at home, see the video:
As you can see, stefanotis successfully grown at home. A little work, patience and tender care - and the plant will reward the diligent grower fresh green leaves and the luxury of snow white exquisite flowers with the finest aroma.
The origin of stephanotis
The flower belongs to the Lastovnev family, it grows in natural conditions in Japan, Madagascar, China, and Malaysia. The name “stephanotis” is of Greek origin, from “stephanos” (crown) and “otos” (ear). In the natural environment, there are about fifteen plant species.
Evergreen vine has dark oval leaves, which have a pronounced central vein. The length of the sheet plate reaches 12 centimeters. Flowers with five petals, similar to the snow-white five-pointed crowns. In each inflorescence can be up to seven buds. In nature, the flowering period can last for ten months.
When grown in a greenhouse, Madagascar jasmine can delight with the beauty of its flowers for about four months - starting in June and ending in September. Fruits ripen for at least a year, are ellipsoid boxes with flying seeds.
Content at home
For home breeding, only one type of stephanotis is suitable - blooming. The liana can be used as a decor of the room, addition of interior compositions. If you decide to grow stephanotis floribunda, home care requires providing a flower with comfortable conditions:
- Location. Indoor flower needs diffused light, so it is best to keep it on the window sill overlooking the north-west. When the day becomes short, the plant is provided with artificial lighting using fitolamps located at a distance of 25 cm from the vine. The power of each lamp should be 30 watts. When the formation of buds begins, you can not rearrange or rotate the blooming dreams flower, you need to care for it, without changing the position of the pot.
- Selection of pot and substrate for planting. The plant feels good in a small ceramic pot, too large capacity may adversely affect flowering. The soil can be prepared independently, connecting equal parts of sand, humus, peat, turf and clay soil. At the bottom as a drainage layer lay expanded clay filler.
- Temperature conditions. In the summer, the temperature of Stephanotis is 20–25 ° C. In winter, the room should be colder, within 14–16 ° C. At this time there is a bookmark buds.
- Watering. Stephanotis floribunda at home needs an increased level of humidity, which can be achieved by regular spraying. Irrigation is not performed during flowering and at low temperatures. Water the plant profusely, using soft distilled water. In between watering the soil should have time to dry. In the cold season, watering becomes more moderate, be sure to remove excess moisture from the pan.
- Fertilization. During the growing season, especially during flowering from April to May, the vine will need to be fed once every 2–3 weeks. Suitable complex compounds with a high content of potassium. Excess nitrogen does not benefit the plant - it begins an active growth of leaves and stems, due to which the flowering cycle is broken and the buds may not form.
- Transfer. Stephanotis grows rapidly, so young plants are transplanted 1-2 times a year, and more adult plants are planted once every 2-3 years To identify the need for transplanting can be on the roots, crawling out through the drainage hole and too fast drying of the soil. The optimal time to move - from February to the beginning of the growing season. The diameter of the new container should be 1-2 cm more than the previous one.
- Pruning. Buds can be formed only on fresh shoots, so in early spring when transplanting the vine is cut. The correction should be moderate, remove the oldest and weak processes. In order to increase the duration of the flowering period, in summer shoots pinch.
- Support. Due to the peculiarities of the stem, the vine needs a support that it can braid like it is woven around tree trunks in the wild. You can buy a finished structure in the form of a ladder or build an arch of thick wire.
Independently get a new plant in several ways. Each grower chooses for himself the most convenient, depending on the availability of material for planting. Particular attention should be paid to the care of seedlings: maintain a comfortable temperature and humidity level, protect from drafts.
Growing from seed
Sowing is done in early spring in a substrate of a mixture of sand and peat. Seeds are dug to a depth of no more than 1 cm, the soil is moistened with a sprayer. The container is covered with a film or glass, ventilated every day, periodically moistening to maintain humidity. After two weeks you can see the first shoots. When the sprouts are a little stronger, and they will have several leaves - planting can be distributed on individual containers. Grown vines placed in permanent pots with nutrient soil.
Even with proper care, stephanotis can be attacked by insects that can damage it. For their timely removal, it is necessary to periodically inspect the vine and, if necessary, take action. Understand which of the pests struck the flower Stephanotis and how to care for the plant, to get rid of parasites, it is possible on the following grounds:
- A fluffy white bloom indicates the presence of a worm. The pest lives on the stem and the back of the leaves, and feeds on sap. You can remove it by wiping the leaf plates with alcohol or special preparations.
- Also on Stefanotis can attack scythe, leaving behind a sticky residue. At the same time on the leaves appear yellow spots, and shoots dry out. To save the plant, within the limits of visibility, the parasites are removed, and the flower is washed with soapy water and treated with insecticides.
- The spider's web shows the presence of a spider mite. It appears when the air is too dry, therefore it is recommended to spray more often for prophylaxis. Liana is cleared of cobwebs and processed chemicals.
Stefanotis flower: description
Stefanotis flower(lat. Stephanotis) or Madagascar Jasmine, also called Marsdenia belongs to the Lastovnev family of plants, grows in its natural environment in Madagascar, Malaysia, Japan and China. The name "stephanotis" is formed by two words of Greek origin - "stephanos" (crown) and "otos" (ear).
In the wild, marsdenia is represented by about fifteen species, and at home only one grows - Stephanotis Madagascar or flowering.
Evergreen liana can reach five meters in length, has oval leathery leaves of dark green color, with clearly distinguished central vein. The length of the leaves can be up to 12 cm, the location on the stalk is opposite.
In the wild, flowering can last up to 10 months. In greenhouses Madagascar jasmine can give its flowering at least 4 months - from June to September.
Fruits of the plant are two-part large boxes of ellipsoid shape, which ripen for at least a year. At the end of the ripening, the boxes open and release the seeds-parachutes, similar to dandelion umbrellas.
The domesticated stephanotis blooms with snow-white waxy flowers with an extraordinary scent. A decorative liana is planted in pots with a support, giving the plant an unusual shape due to the rapid interlacing of any supporting fencing with branches.
What conditions to create in the house
Decorative vine is often used for vertical gardening of premises, decorating of gratings and screens, as well as decorating windows with the help of arched supports.
In order for a plant to grow safely, it is necessary to provide certain conditions and observe some rules of care.
Location and lighting
Properly chosen living space favorably contributes to the growth and flowering of stephanotis.
In the period from autumn to spring, the light-loving plant will feel comfortable on the southern windows. However, in the summer, in order to avoid sunburn, it must be rearranged to the west or east.
Lighting is one of the most important factors. for the proper cultivation of perennial Madagascar. In the natural environment of the hot tropics, the vine is hiding in the shadow of neighboring plants.
The flower does not tolerate bright light, However, twilight also does not accept. In the summer, it should be placed under the scattered rays of light, and in the short winter light days it should be provided with additional fluorescent lighting. In general, the plant should be exposed to light for at least 10 hours a day.
An excess of intense light leads to the appearance of yellow-brown streaks on the leaves. Stefanotis suffers because of a lack of lighting, and why its leaves turn yellow, becoming covered with pale heels, and when there is an acute shortage of daylight, the plant leaves the leaves completely.
During the budding of room jasmine, it is important to leave alone, do not rearrange to a new place, do not turn the pot, otherwise the buds simply will not open.
Tropical flower prefers the off-season temperature. He needs to ensure maximum peace in winter. The optimum air temperature in the period from April to September is from 20 to 25 ° C, from September to November - to 22 ° C, and at other times not more than 14-16 ° C. This temperature difference has a beneficial effect on the flowering vine.
It is advisable to ventilate the room in which the marsdenia is located, but it should not be placed in the path of the air flow. A sign that the flower is cold will be his abundant leaf fall.
Watering and humidity
Tropical jasmine prefers a varied watering regime. In the hot season, it should be watered abundantly, as the top soil layer dries out. In the autumn-winter period, watering should be rare, but saturated so that the land community does not dry out completely, and starting from the end of winter and before the onset of heat, it is necessary to supply water to a flower often, but less intensively (once every three days).
Water should be soft and separated at room temperature. If the stefanotis leaves and grows dull, the vine fades and its tips die off, and there is a specific smell in the flowerpot or pourees appear - these are signs of moisture overload. In this case, it is urgently necessary to dry the roots of the plant, and replace the pot substrate.
Decorative perennial welcomes increased humidity. For proper development and growth of the plant must be regularly sprayed. In the summer it should be done twice a day - in the mornings and evenings. And in the cold season once a day is enough. Wetting should be done with warm boiled water, increasing the temperature of the water during the period of air drying by heating devices.
In the dry summer period, it is necessary to produce additional moisture by placing the flowerpot in a pallet with wet peat or expanded clay. A clear sign of a lack of moisture are faded soft leaves and premature fall of flowers.
Soil and fertilizer
Land for vines should perfectly pass moisture and air. At the same time, it should have a sufficiently acidic reaction –pH 5.5–6.5. Ready-made universal mixture for ornamental flowering plants can be purchased in specialized stores, but it is better to prepare high-quality soil with your own hands. There are two ways to do this. One of them involves a mixture of equal proportions of such components:
- quality garden soil collected in the spring,
- the compost sustained within 3-5 years,
- undisturbed river sand,
- one piece of humus,
- loose leaf soil (two parts),
- sod field soil (two parts),
- peat (two parts).
The period of formation and ejection of the buds (April and May) is very important for perennials, so at this moment he especially needs to be fed in the form of phosphate or a solution of good cow manure.
To preserve the decorative appearance of the liana you need to give shape and beautiful volume. Pruning stephanotis produced in early spring, before its intensive growth, removing only the branches without leaves and too long shoots.
Young branches of the plant will give a lot of flowers, and in the summer pinching of the shoots will provide longer flowering.
It is desirable to carry out the garland of the liana to the support during the period when the shoots are still flexible and not woody, giving the perennial a beautiful shape.
The flower pot with a flower must be ceramic, spacious, with a high drainage layer. The heavier the capacity in which the vine is planted, the more stable it will be.
Transplantation takes place in the spring before the appearance of buds. If you replant a flowering perennial, it can reset the entire color.
Young plants need to be transplanted once a year, and mature - no more than 2-3 years. The best way for stephanotis, how to transplant it painlessly and without loss of flowering - transshipment with the addition of fresh soil. This method of transplanting prevents damage to the small roots and further wilting of the shrub.
Watering in the first few weeks after transplanting perennials should be very careful. Excess moisture will cause its death. The best growth will contribute to the growth stimulator.
Problems in cultivation: pests and diseases of stephanotis
Pests most commonly affecting tropical liana:
- Greenhouse aphid - affects the buds and the lower part of the leaves. It is characterized by a cluster of sticky small insects that deform the leaves.
- Mealybug - spreads on the leaves, stems and buds, squeezing the juice from the plant. It is characterized by a white wax coating.
- Shchitovka - colonies of insect sucking juice affecting the stems and leaves in a matter of days.
- Spider mite - forms a web on the lower part of the leaves, making them weak and soft.
It is possible to get rid of aphids and scale insects with the help of “Akarin” biological product, and in case of severe infection it is better to spray “Fitoverm” or “Aktellik”. It is possible to destroy ticks with the help of “Kleschevit”, and the mealybug is killed by spraying with “Phosphamide 2%” emulsion. To combat powdery mildew you need a solution of the drug "Hom".
From folk remedies for the destruction of pests include:
- treatment with soapy water,
- washing plants with a warm shower.
- Yellowing - most often associated with violation of the rules for the care of the vine: watering with lime water, deprivation of light, delayed fertilizer or improper transplantation.
- Cessation of flowering. Transferring the winter in excessive heat, lack of light, feeding with nitrogen, or a sharp temperature drop — here is a list of reasons why stephanotis does not bloom.
- Leaf fall - occurs when there is a shortage of light in the winter, when the light day becomes shorter. Also, perennial loses leaves during hypothermia or drafts.
Memo for the care of the plant
The plant is very demanding to the light, which absorbs especially greedily during preparation for flowering.
From direct sunlight during the summer months, stephanotis can get burned., therefore, its shading is a prerequisite.
A window facing north-west with a sufficiently wide window-sill providing space for growth can be considered the most suitable place for stephanotis. But the southern sill is also a good option for placing vines (subject to shading).
It is also necessary to carefully consider the lighting system (30 W fluorescent lamps from a distance of about 25 cm) to extend the daylight in winter in order to guarantee flowering of the plant in the next season. North-oriented stephanotis are also in need of illumination.
It is strictly forbidden to turn, and even more to move to another place stephanotis, bloomers or blooming - the plant will reset both that, and another!
In the summer, the temperature of the room should not exceed 25º C, in winter it is enough 15-16º C. “Cold” over-wintered stephanotis will bloom more luxuriantly and longer.
It is necessary to prevent sudden "jumps" of temperature, especially drafts.. With sharp "jumps" of day and night temperatures, summer placement of stephanotis in the open air is not recommended.
In summer, in the heat it is better to keep stephanotis in an air-conditioned room. But it should be located away from the climatic equipment so that the cold air does not fall on the leaves.
Especially generously, the vine should be watered during the growing season (March-October), every 2 days, but avoiding stagnation of water and letting the earthen coma dry out.
The content of lime in the water for irrigation is unacceptable, so water is defended, it must be at room temperature.
In winter, the frequency of watering is reduced to 1 time per week.
In winter, overmoistening of the soil is especially harmful to the plant. At low temperatures, fungal infections develop quickly and easily affect the liana. Therefore, the plant is not watered until the top layer of soil in the pot dries to a depth of 1-2 cm.
The plant likes watering with soft water. If possible, water the flower with rain or thawed snow water. In winter, water carefully, so that as little water as possible falls on the leaves and shoots of stephanotis.
Watering is complemented by frequent spraying of the leaves of the plant (but not flowers and not buds) with soft cool water and wiping them with a moistened sponge.
Optimum air humidity for stephanotis 80-85%. You can install stefanotis on a pallet with wet moss or pebbles and remove plants from heating appliances. You can also spray the air around the plant.
The most suitable soil for stephanotis is a mixture containing peat, humus, soil (sod) and sand in equal proportions with a pH level of 5.5 to 6.5.
We should not forget about the drainage layer: the 1/5 pot should be filled with expanded clay.
A thick drainage layer is needed to effectively remove excess moisture from the soil. Stephanotis does not like light soils. Optimal for him are medium and heavy earth mixtures. Water can accumulate in them and stagnate there if the drainage layer is not strong enough.
Stephanotis develops well when landing on the ground of the following composition:
- A mixture of peat and humus - 3 parts,
- Sand - 2 parts
- Clay earth - part 1,
- Leaf ground - 1 part.
You should not plant the plant in alkaline soil, as it refuses to bloom and may even die.
Fresh soil contains all the micro-and macronutrients required by the plant; therefore, only stephanotis that has not been transplanted for a long time needs to be fertilized.
It is necessary to begin regular top dressing with the beginning of the awakening of the plant in March and produce them before the end of August.
Do not feed stephanotis with nitrogenous substances, as they contribute to the growth of green mass of vines, rather than flowering.
Once every 10-15 days, fertilizing is applied to stimulate flowering and during the flowering period.
It is necessary to alternate organic and mineral fertilizers.: superphosphate, potassium humate (1 tsp. per 3 liters of water) or fertilizer "For flowering plants." Podkorma carried out 2 hours after watering stephanotis.
Trimming / Support / Garter
Support needed for stephanotisas the vine grows fast. The support is established when transplanting the plant.
In order for Stefanotis to bloom continuously and abundantly (and only young shoots are blooming), moderate pruning is done even before the awakening begins, in January-February, in the summer they only pinch the shoots.
At the same time, the garter is made to the arch - support (making sure that it is fixed in the pot), directing young shoots in the right direction (lignified shoots are much more difficult to redirect) and distributing them more evenly.
- Shchitovka (means of struggle: akarin, aktellik, fitoverm),
- Aphids (same remedies)
- Spider mites (mite effective),
- Mealybugs (2% phosphamide emulsion):
- Mealy dew. Remedy "Home": 4 ml of the drug, in 1 liter of water for processing leaves.
The reason may be:
- Lime containing water
- Insufficient light,
- Transplant reaction,
- Sign that the plant is time to fertilize.
Falling leaves in the winter season (and even the loss of up to 50% of leaf cover) is normal. But if the leaves began to fall off sharply, before they turn yellow, this is a sign that “distortions” have occurred in agricultural technology. The reasons may be as follows:
- Hypothermia (drop in air temperature in the room below 14-15º C),
Stefanotevo does not bloom
What to do when stephanotis does not bloom depends on the problem:
- Растение перекормлено азотом, оно «жирует»,
- Растение зимовало недостаточно «холодно» (высокая температура в помещении не позволила ему вызреть),
- Освещение растение недостаточное,
- Резкие «скачки» температур в помещении.
Buds do not develop or fall off
- Due to drafts,
- With insufficient watering,
- If the plant is moved to another place.
General description of the plant
The flower Stefanotis is a long vine always green, sometimes the branch reaches 5 meters. Small oval leaves grow on a long stalk opposite each other. Their color is usually green, closer to a dark shade, the surface resembles the skin. By type, the leaflets are entirely extreme, have a built-in apex, with their outlines rounded at the base.
The aroma of the plant comes from funnel-shaped flowers cream, white, light yellow and purple shades, which are collected in bunches of 7 pieces. In Madagascar jasmine in hot Africa, the flowering period lasts up to 10 months. As a result of the care, fruits are obtained, representing oval boxes, opening along cracks, from which seeds in the shape of parachutes, like our dandelion, appear. But in the indoor environment plant produces waxy flowers of cream or white, they are used to decorate clothes for special occasions.
The aroma of the sweet direction and the shape of the flower in the form of a funnel (the length of their tube reaches a length of 5 centimeters) allow you to remember about your favorite jasmine. But the flowering of stephanotis lasts longer and lasts about four months in greenhouses and winter gardens (from the end of June to the last decade of September), and in some cases the flowers delight the owners until the last month of the year after careful care.
In total, about 15 species of Stephanotis blooming are common in nature, but artificial breeding uses only one variety of Stephanotis floribunda, which has adapted to domestic and greenhouse conditions in comparison with the humid climate of hot Africa and gives excellent flowering. There are three types of Madagascar jasmine:
- Stephanotis flower with cream creme flowers,
- stephanotis grandiflora with large flowers, grouped in thirty pieces in inflorescence and differing greenish overflow tube,
- Stephanotis thorsia, in which the buds of two Kohler's colors - mauve and pink.
These exclusive species are very rarely found in private gardens and greenhouses, stephanotosis is mostly flowering, mostly growing in the form of luxuriously plastered lianas with small tubular flowers. Some owners of private greenhouses have variegated stephanotis creepers, but such specimens are rare and do not spread.
How to care for stephanotis in home-grown conditions?
Indoor plant capricious, the poet will need a lot of effort to get the original beauty to decorate the house. For him, you can not select a little lit narrow windowsill, on such a place the flower will be frail and frail. For quickly adding to the length of the vine, and the abundant formation of branches and leaves, you need a lighted place and spaciousness. It should be foreseen that hot sunshine, especially at noon, can cause burns on the leaves of the plant, therefore it is recommended to arrange a piece of shading in such a case.
Short light days are dangerous for him in winter, so for the normal development of this bush need to make additional lights for sufficient lighting time. In hot rooms, stephanotis will not bloom, the optimum temperature for it is 25 ° C in the summer, and winter maintenance will require a decrease in the room temperature to 15 ° C. Such a low temperature contributes to the awakening of new forces in spring, which will lead to abundant flowering.
For instances of Madagascar jasmine, the absence of drafts and sudden changes in temperature is very important. In winter, this means that the plant is placed in openings that do not open further from the balcony exits. Especially this location is important. during the period of budding and flower arranging, the pot with the root system is not recommended to be moved to a new location, turned in different directions. If we neglect this condition, the flowers will not open. From this, on the shelves of stores, stephanotis never blooms, as it is haunted.
Support frame device
The plant is characterized by rapid growth and vines must rely on something so as not to break. A prop is arranged simultaneously with the planting or transplanting of a plant, or an arc-shaped arch is made of a suitable material, along which a liana is allowed several times to form a live dome. Flexible shoots easily encircle the arch and the bush looks impressive.
Sometimes they build a reliable support and fix flexible shoots on it. The material chosen is metal, wood or plastic and plastic, while the support structures can be of various shapes:
- the most common supports are in the form of arches or circles, on which shoots are fastened by tying, using wide tapes of various strong fabrics,
- use the spiral arrangement of the branches of the plant, if the flower has not yet grown, then use circles, and long whips of 5–6 meters look beautifully, started up in a volumetric spiral.
Humidity regime and watering plants
For irrigation, water is specially preliminarily defended, in the summer they are watered with liquid at room temperature, every other day, and in winter they reduce the number of irrigations to every seven days. Conditions for plant growth approach the tropics of Madagascar. But today in nature, the plant is common in Central Asia, on the islands of the Pacific Ocean and Cuba. Heat-loving lianaand feels great in a warm and humid climate.
The air in the room where the flower grows must have elevated humidity, so to bring them closer to natural conditions requires constant spraying of the leaves throughout the entire liana or wiping them with a cloth dipped in water, you can use a sponge. During the heating period, when due to working batteries or convectors, the air in the room dries up, the plant is kept on a pallet in which moss is poured or wet pebbles or expanded clay is placed.
In winter, vases with stephanotis are located on the opposite side of the heat sources, while sprinkling them with slightly warm water to moisten them. When moistened with a sprayer, it is impossible for moisture to get on parts of the plant, and especially on buds and flowers.
The introduction of organic and mineral supplements
They are made twice a month from early March to late August. The beginning of the fertilizer is the emerging signs of active growth, and only in the variant, if the bush has not been in a condition of transplantation for a long time. If the plant has recently been transplantedthen this suggests that in the new soil all the nutrients for stephanotis are sufficient, the necessary micro and macro elements are present in the right quantity.
Top dressing is best done with the use of potassium salts, they are preferred over nitrogen fertilizers, since the first top dressings are especially important during the time of setting flowers and during full flowering. All potassium salts and superphosphates contribute to the active phase of lianas, and in the winter and autumn they stop feeding. So stimulate the plant during the flowering period, adding fertilizer also before the beginning of the flowering period.
Pruning stephanotis bush
Since the flowers are formed only on again appeared in the shoots, in the early spring, in a small number they are cut off mostly old, and in the summertime they pinch, providing a long time for the existence of flowers. The shoots to the support are fixed at the time of their youth, as more adults become hard due to the stiffness of the trunk, they are difficult to deploy in the right direction in accordance with the frame of the arch or spiral.
It is performed at the end of winter when young shoots appeared on the bush, but before the buds began to appear on the shoots of the vines. It is recommended to transplant stephanotis no more than once every 2-3 years. If the plant is not transplanted in the current year, then the upper soil layer is replaced with it and the support is strengthened. Transplantation is carried out in a container or a pot of larger diameter, before this, the required soil composition is pre-prepared or purchased in a store.
Approximately the soil for the pot with stephanotis consists of components in the following proportion:
- humus or peat is 3 parts
- sand is taken in 1 part,
- clay soil or leafy soil is added in the amount of 1 part.
The hydrogen index in the soil should correspond to the level of 5.6–6.5. As for capacity, it is taken more capacious than the previous one, and the bottom is lined with small stones, broken bricks, gravel, pebbles, fine rubble and other similar materials. The pot should have a certain massiveness, as light flowerpots easily turn stefanotis. Flower care provides for such subtleties.
The transfer method of transplantation was not chosen by chance for Stephanotis, care at home suggests that there are many additional small branches in the root system, but the life of a large bush depends on each of them. When carelessly removingand the roots are deformed, and after that the picturesque vine doesn’t receive a lot of nutrients. If an injury occurs, you can remedy the situation by spraying the plants so that water enters the plant through the leaves and the stem, and not from the soil.
After transplanting, water the shrub carefully, as a large amount of moisture can damage the plant. In order to make the bush more likely to take root, solutions of stimulants are added to the watering system.
For reproduction, cuttings that have several nodes on the stem are cut; this happens in spring. They are cut off not under the sheets, but slightly departing from this place, which contributes to the better development of the new root system. Rooting cuttings in the ground takes quite a long time - about two months. To speed up the process the lower parts sprouts stimulate the processing of special solutions (root or epine), buying them in the store.
When planting, cuttings are buried half the length into a mixture of sand and peat, a greenhouse is made above them and placed in a warm room. A temperature in the room of at least 26–28 ° C is required. Do not allow the sun to hit, and ventilate the room every day without creating drafts. After rooting, the cuttings are planted in the nutrient mixture and as they grow they form a plant. After the lashes reach 0.5 meters, they are cut to one-third to trigger the branching mechanism.
Planting seeds for breeding
It is a less reliable method, since stephanotis does not easily take root and is rooted with ready-made cuttings, and many additional conditions should be created for seed germination, which are sometimes difficult to sustain at home. Recommended for breedingI choose grafting, so you can get a positive result.
Stephanotis care at home
It is believed that this flower loves a lot of light, but does not like direct sunlight. In fact, this is not the case, because if there is a lot of light, then it can stop developing. Best of all, if its location will be determined by experience, moving the flower from one window to another. By his appearance, it will be possible to immediately determine how comfortable he feels around one or another window. In any case, it should not be allowed to overheat the flower and the soil in the pot.
For normal development, during the winter period, it is necessary to organize illumination, then, next year, it will bloom strongly and abundantly. As a backlight, you can use 30 wadded fluorescent lamps, which are installed on the sides of the plant, at a distance of 20-25cm. If it is concluded that Stefanatis began to produce buds, then the plant is not recommended to be moved anywhere, as he can "change his mind."
Trimming and Pinching
Stephanotis must be cut every spring, because the flowers on this plant are tied only on young shoots. To form a crown and the emergence of new shoots can be carried out pinching. If the flower in the summer period to constantly pinch, then it increases the flowering period.
Bud fall - drafts, lack of water.
The leaves turn yellow - watering with hard water. lack of light.
The plant does not bloom - poor lighting or a sharp decrease or increase in temperature.
Buds wither - insufficient watering.