Kuril tea belongs to the Rosaceae family and in most gardeners it is associated with garden flowers, and this name was given to the plant due to its tonic properties and pleasant taste. The peoples of the Kuril Islands used it to make a tea drink. This plant has another name - shrub, and the description of planting and care you will find in this article.
Kuril tea is a highly branchy shrub that creates a lush, thick crown, similar to lace. The height of the plant varies from 20 to 150 cm, and the average width is 110 cm. Silky fresh shoots become brown in a short period. The bright green leaves are covered with soft, thick silvery fibers. In all species of Potentilla leaflets lace, carved, divided mainly into five lanceolate lobules in the form, but there are instances in which there are three or seven lobes. Stipules in the shape of an egg grow together with cuttings. Large flowers - wide open, flat and consist of five petals. There are single or gathered in clusters in the form of a brush. Basically, the petals are painted in a beautiful, rich yellow color.
In some types of Kuril tea (Potentilla) flowers are pink or white. Flowering permanent, long, from the beginning of the summer months to mid-autumn. Some species of Potentilla under favorable conditions are encouraging flowering, until the appearance of the first snow. Flowers bloom along the entire length of the shoots. Fruits - pubescent crescent shaped, ripen in late August. The plant begins to bear fruit in the second year after planting and then annually. Under good conditions, a tea bush in one place can grow up to 30 years.
Where it occurs in natural conditions
In nature, Kuril tea (cinquefoil shrub) can be found from Central Asia and up to Western Europe. It grows in the wild on stony slopes, along river banks, in coniferous forests. The plant is light-loving, hardy and it is not afraid of cold to -40 degrees. Easily tolerates temperature extremes.
Varieties and types
There are several dozen of them, which differ in the height of the bush, the color of the petals and leaves. Common in all varieties and species: deciduous, perennial plants, crown strongly branchy. Silver, erect, goose, crawling silverweed - these are the most popular species.
Some plant varieties:
- Kobold The flowers are light yellow color. The fast-growing bush demanding regular cutting.
- Goldstar. The height of the bush reaches one meter. Lace crown in diameter up to one and a half meters. This is a frost-resistant variety, yellow flowers are large, rare. Flowering long.
- Princesses. Revitalizes the garden with pink flowers.
- Red Ace. Bush height up to 70 cm. It blooms from July until almost frost. Petals are orange-red hue.
- Abbotswood. The most popular variety with white flowers.
Vegetative method: green or lignified cuttings, root suckers or layering, dividing the bush to carry out the planting and cultivation of Kuril tea. Propagation by seeds is preferable when breeding species of a plant. Planted in the spring to obtain seedlings. For this, seed is sown thickly and is not buried. About thirty days after sowing - young sprouts are planted in the open ground.
Choosing a landing site
All types and varieties of Kuril tea, care and cultivation do not constitute special difficulties, to obtain the maximum number of flowers should be cultivated in an open sunny area, protected from the wind. The plant feels comfortable when adjacent to trees and other shrubs that protect the silverweed from the direct rays of the sun and give a slight shade. However, it should be remembered that for most of the daylight the plant should not be in the shade. The most unpretentious are the varieties with flowers of yellow and white. The varieties with flowers, painted with yellow colors, the most frost. Tea bushes with pink flowers should be covered in winter, often feed. They bloom later than the plants with yellow-flowered varieties.
Planting a plant
There are some features in the care and planting of Kuril tea shrubby. Reproduction is possible in several ways, which are listed above. Silverweed prefers light loamy soil. The root system is located close to the surface, so when loosening should be careful not to damage the roots of the bush. When grown on clay soils make drainage using lime gravel. The planting of Kuril tea in sandy soils reduces its decorative effect. In central Russia, tea is planted in late April or in the autumn months.
Before planting, about two weeks later, a hole 60 cm by 100 cm is dug out and drainage is made, the layer of which must be at least 20 cm. The landing pit for ½ volume is filled with a specially prepared mixture of leaf soil, humus and sand (in a ratio of 2: 2: 1). When planting, the root collar is not buried, but left at ground level. The distance between the bushes is at least 50 cm (in order to further form hedges or flowering solid borders) and up to 120 cm for single plantings.
Pruning and crown formation
After planting Kuril tea, shrub pruning and care are required. Once every five years, rejuvenating pruning is carried out. To do this, at the very beginning of spring, all branches are completely cut off, leaving no more than 15 cm from them, then fertilized using mineral dressings with a high nitrogen content, as well as chicken manure, diluted in water. Every September crown plants form.
Flowering and cleaning
With proper planting and care, Kurilian shrub tea begins to bloom in the third year after planting in a permanent place. The raw materials used are the leaves, which are harvested in July, and shoots, they are collected in August. Next, the raw material is dried and used for the preparation of decoctions and tea drinks.
Diseases and pests
Kuril bush tea (planting and care are simple) is resistant to diseases and is rarely affected by pests. Sometimes the leaves are covered with rust, and brown spots are formed on them, casting a yellowish or purple color. At the first signs of disease, the plant is sprayed with special chemicals or treated with sulfur or emulsion, which consists of copper and laundry soap. The causes of this fungal disease are dampness, too dense ground and the neighborhood with diseased trees or shrubs.
What is the use of Kuril tea?
Shelter for the winter roots of a layer of mulch, infrequent watering and fertilizing - this is the minimum measures in the care of the silverweed. The useful properties of Kuril tea have long been used by hunters, they knew about its anti-inflammatory action and, to protect themselves from viral infections, they threw one pinch of tea into hot water. A means of giving power - so believed in the old days. In medical sources there is information that an infusion made from Kuril tea can neutralize rotavirus and even cholera vibrio.
A decoction of Kuril tea, due to the content of cobalt, potassium, manganese, iron, calcium, increased presence of ascorbic acid, vitamin A, PP, tannins, essential oils, taken orally, strengthens the immune system, improves the external condition of the skin. A decoction of Kuril bush tea (about planting and care described above) is used:
- in surgery and traumatology - for washing wounds,
- in dermatology - with various inflammatory diseases of the dermis,
- in ophthalmology - in the treatment of conjunctivitis and inflammation of the tear ducts,
- in dentistry - for the treatment of gums,
- in endocrinology - in the pathology of the thyroid gland,
- in gastroenterology - in case of poisoning, dysbacteriosis,
- in urology - with cystitis, urinary tract pathologies,
- in gynecology - with inflammation of the appendages, with heavy menstruation,
- in cosmetology - for bathing, strengthening hair and protecting them from oily shine.
Kuril tea is widely used in folk medicine. Customer reviews indicate its positive effect in the treatment of:
- pneumonia and bronchitis,
- sore throats, colds,
- vaginitis, colpitis.
Gardeners (both professionals and amateurs) prefer Potentilla in the design of gardens, parks, gardens, flower gardens, gardening slopes, and also used as hedges.
Use in landscape design
Cold resistance and decorative appearance allows you to grow Kuril tea everywhere. It is even suitable for decorating permafrost, limestone soil, darkened place or open territory. As an element of landscaping, a five-leaf sheet harmoniously looks both in group plantings and in low hedges. Perfectly gives in to a hairstyle and artistic modeling, forming neat graceful bushes.
Of great importance is the variety of garden plantings. From him directly depends on the use of Potentilla in ornamental gardening. Most of them perfectly complement mixborders, emphasizing other plants and creating original contrasts. For stony alpine hills and rock arias, low-growing ground covers are more suitable (silverweed, Altai and stemless). They grow well surrounded by small gravel and easily carry direct sunlight. Blooming crown adorns the rocky gardens for a long time. Shrub Kuril tea forms a luxurious hedge.
Combination with other plants
In the herbal mixborder, the five-leafed clover will make a wonderful company of such plants as:
Most species of Potentilla are good "neighbors." Do not plant a plant next to the pines. Otherwise, there is a risk of infection with fungal diseases.
The fluffy crown, preserving the decorative effect until late autumn, allows Kuril tea to be successfully combined with both early-flowering and late-flowering plants. Harmonious combination is obtained from the five-leafed, geyhery, hosts and cotoneaster. It is appropriate to supplement it with heather, deciduous rhododendrons and spirea. It is possible to make a flower garden bright and original by planting Kuril tea, lavender, catnip and hyssop in it.
Also used for breeding shrub species. Vegetative method is considered the most effective. Planting material is cut in June. Plant it in open ground only next year. All this time, cuttings develop in containers. The landing hole at a permanent growing place must be at least 40 cm.
Be sure to provide the plant with a good drainage layer. To do this, use the fragments of stone or brick, lime gravel. The optimal distance between the bushes is 100 cm. A five-leafed, if necessary, can be transplanted. Favorable time for this - early spring.
The stem that is closest to the soil is selected. A small incision is made in it and placed in a previously dug shallow hole. A branch, so that it does not rise, is fixed with wire clips. Layers sprinkled with earth and watered moderately. It is best to use this method in the spring, in the fall the delenka will take root. Then you can separate it from the parent bush and replant it in a permanent place.
A healthy, well-developed bush (not less than 4 years old) is carefully dug out of the ground. Protect the fragile root system can, if used to extract forks. The roots are slightly shaken off the ground, washed gently and divided into a certain number of parts. Each of which, for full growth, must contain at least 3 buds.
For rapid root formation using special preparations. The landing of the delenka is not deep, the distance between the holes is at least 30 cm.
Top dressing and watering tea
Top dressing from peat, humus and compost carried out throughout the year. Mineral complexes are needed only in early spring and during planting. Soil loosening is carried out once in 3 months, depth up to 10 cm.
There is no special need for watering. But, if the weather is hot and there was no rain for a long time, then moderate watering is recommended. Under the roots of the water pouring is prohibited, irrigate the crown.
Trimming and preparation for winter
Pruning shoots not only affects the proper formation of the bush, but also helps the active growth and development of the plant. Carry out the procedure infrequently: once every 2 years. The best time for this is early autumn. One third of the entire escape length is cut off. In the summer, a small molding is carried out: some branches that grow to the side are cut off.
Most species endure winter well. No special training or shelter required.. Certain varieties can tolerate very low temperatures. For this reason, they adorn the gardens in the northern cities.
What is this plant
Kuril tea is a beautiful sprawling shrub with delicate velvety carved leaves of light green color, "laid" in a spherical crown. Each sheet resembles a small five-pointed fan.
Kuril tea has many varieties, plus breeders constantly create decorative varieties for them.. In nature, the bush grows to 1.5 meters, today it is already possible to purchase miniature varieties that barely reach 60 cm. The flowering of the bush is long - from the time when the weather is warm to frost, therefore it is desirable in the garden plot. The flowers are usually yellow, but there are also bright orange, red, pink and cream shades. Flowering occurs singly or inflorescences.
The plant has an unusual "tea" name, this is due to the fact that in the Kuriles it was drunk instead of regular tea. After all, Kuril tea won people's love not only because it is beautiful. Its beneficial properties are also known, so it is used as a tea. The leaves contain anti-inflammatory and antibacterial components, tea from them perfectly tones and strengthens the immune system. It is used to improve the functions of the heart and liver. This is a good remedy for depression and neurosis.
Kuril tea: planting and care
This plant is unpretentious, but each gardener knows that the better the care, the more abundant, longer flowering and beautiful appearance. Therefore it is necessary to take into account the needs of the flower:
- The shrub is not pretentious with respect to the ground, however poor sandy areas and heavy loams does not tolerate well.
- The silverweed does not tolerate shaded areas, sunlight is necessary, otherwise the plant will be weak.
- Do not go to the benefit of the wind, which take with them the delicate petals of flowers, as well as bend and twist the branches.
- It grows well in the sun along the fence, which serves as a barrier to the wind.
- Around the bush requires constant loosening of the soil with a depth of 10 cm. In order not to damage the roots, do it carefully.
- In the summer it is necessary to weed regularly and remove weeds.
- In the dry period, the plant must be constantly watered. Each bush needs at least 12 liters.
- Well, if the plant will arrange a refreshing shower.
If the plot is with acidic soil, it is easy to turn into neutral or even alkaline. To do this, pour a little bit of lime and ash under the bush.. Raw soil can be repaired with quality drainage. It is also not a problem to alter the sandy land, for this they dig a hole and replace it with a loose substrate. To preserve moisture in the soil, make a layer of mulch. It will protect against weeds and will not prevent the roots from getting air. In this capacity, peat and compost act, which are easily converted into fertilizer. This layer needs to be updated at the beginning of the summer and before the frost. After planting, before the arrival of winter, the soil is mulched especially scrupulously.
During flowering in the hot season, the petals of the flowers become faded. Therefore, in order to protect the brightness of colors, it is necessary to shade the plant during the hot hours. The direct rays of the sun are well tolerated only leaves.
Kuril tea (cinquefoil) is experiencing a good cold, can even withstand a temperature drop to -40 degrees. At such low temperatures, freezing of the bush above the snow crust is possible, but flowering remains the same. Some varieties still need shelter, especially for young shoots.
It is noticed that the plant with yellow flowers is more resistant to frost than its red counterparts, they are more thermophilic and capricious, therefore they need to be covered more carefully.
Potentilla has a natural round shape, so it does not require maximum pruning. However, it is necessary to cut off extra branches:
- after wintering cut off the frozen branches,
- in the summer, the bush is leveled so that the branches do not get out of the general format,
- если куст слишком громоздкий, его обрезают примерно на треть.
Старые кусты подвергают основательной обрезке, таким образом их омолаживают. Для этого нужно взять секатор или пилу и отпилить все старые побеги, оставить лишь пенек в 15 см. Decorative curved bush can be returned by cardinal pruning, which stimulates the growth of new shoots and the formation of a magnificent crown. This procedure is planned for September or October.
Important! If the bush grows in the south, every summer and autumn all branches are shortened by 5 cm to create a topiary.
Kuril tea shrub planting
Potentilla shrubby prefers sunny and open areas. It can grow in light shading, but in heavily shaded areas it loses its decorative effect. Requirements for the soil of a flower are quite typical: the ground should be loose and moisture-absorbing. Before planting, it is better to add garden soil with humus, it is important to fertilize poor soils with organic matter or mineral mixtures in advance, and dilute heavy soils with sand. The size of the planting fossa is made slightly larger than the root system, and the bush doesn’t deepen much when planted.
Planting is best done in the spring, so that the plant adapts and becomes stronger for wintering. But, given the winter hardiness of Kuril tea, this procedure can be carried out even in the autumn months. After planting, the shrub is watered abundantly, preventing the soil from drying out in the following days.
It is necessary to take into account the surface position of the root system, because when loosening the soil, care must be taken not to hurt the roots.
As for breeding, then to grow this bush from seeds is quite problematic: it will take a very long time to wait, because the silverweed is growing slowly. Although enthusiasts practice obtaining new varieties through seed propagation. To do this, the seeds collected after flowering must be stratified, holding for three months at a temperature not higher than +4 degrees. Then they are sown directly into the ground, in April after the snow melting. Place for planting should be prepared accordingly, so that the seedling had the strength to grow. Yet shrub species are usually propagated by dividing and grafting. It is much easier and more productive!
On a note
The least fascinating species with white and yellow flowers. They are drought resistant and can grow in direct sun. A yellow look is the most resistant to frost and is not subject to freezing! Varieties with red and pink flowers need a small shelter for the winter, besides their petals can fade in the sun, because plant them better in a little shading.
In the wild, this plant is extremely common in Asian countries. In addition to the attractive appearance, silverweed has valuable healing properties, therefore it is often used in traditional medicine recipes. To grow this unpretentious plant on your site, you must take into account its needs and create ideal conditions for growth.
Potentilla needs the following conditions:
- Loose fertile soil. Peat and sandstone will do, but clay soils will need to be diluted to produce a more loose mixture.
- The maximum illumination of the bush will benefit him. The plant does not tolerate shade, begins to languish and ache. To protect the delicate petals, you can use a shading awning, but only for a short time on a hot day.
- Despite the fact that the silverweed is not afraid of drafts, it is advisable to choose a closed place for landing. This will save shoots from curvature, as well as prolong the flowering period.
- For growing suitable place with good drainage. On wet soil the shrub will not be able to fully develop.
Under natural conditions, the plant feels good on stony soils, so it is often used in the design of alpine slides. No less profitable such a shrub looks along with coniferous plants, as well as when landing along the curb or fences.
For successful acclimatization of the plant, it is necessary to choose “local” varieties. There are many ornamental shrubs, the colors of which can be from the snow-white to the red scale. The most resistant to frost and adverse conditions are plants with yellow or orange petals. Red and purple varieties need additional shelter for the winter, but much depends also on growing conditions and proper care. In the first year, it is desirable to provide the plant with the most suitable conditions for successful rooting, so it’s worthwhile to get acquainted with the planting rules in more detail.
How to plant acquired bush:
- There are more chances for safe rooting of a plant with a closed root system, therefore it is better to purchase bushes in a container.
- The plant is planted around mid-April, when the earth is warm enough, and the risks of frost have passed. In the fall, planting a cinquefoil is not worth it, because the young sapling will not have time to take root and may die.
- A landing pit is dug in advance, having prepared a nutrient mixture at the bottom. To do this, the upper soil is mixed with humus, wood ash and lime. It is also advisable to use complex mineral supplements, especially on depleted soils.
- The distance between plants in group plantings is maintained at about 60-80 centimeters, depending on the height of the bush.
- Sapling must be planted at the growth level in the container. The root neck does not deepen, the soil around the bush is densely tamped and watered abundantly. It is advisable to immediately grumble near-stem circle. This will help retain moisture, as well as facilitate further care.
An adult plant can be successfully propagated in various ways. Usually used the method of dividing the bush and reproduction by cuttings. To grow a bush from seed will take a lot of time and effort, so this method is less popular.
Features care for this plant:
- Regular watering, not allowing waterlogging of the soil. In dry weather, the plant is watered no more than twice a week, at a moderate temperature - much less.
- Loosening the soil around the roots will provide adequate air flow. Loosen the soil to a depth of no more than 10 centimeters, so as not to damage the root system.
- To facilitate weeding, you can use the method of mulching the root area. To do this, chopped wood bark, sawdust, needles, straw or peat.
- The plant is very fond of spraying. This will help to prolong the flowering period, as well as wash away all the dust and dirt from the leaves. Spraying is carried out early in the morning or in the evening on hot days.
- Periodically alkalization of the soil should be carried out. Potentilla does not like acidified soils, it requires a neutral or alkaline composition for normal development.
- Pruning is done twice per season. In the spring, it involves the removal of old and frozen ground shoots. In the fall, you can trim the branches, forming the necessary form of shrubs.
- About once every 5-7 years it is necessary to rejuvenate the pruning of the bush. To do this, remove all the shoots, above the ground there are only a few branches, no more than 15-20 centimeters in height. This stimulates the development of young shoots and will help extend the life of the plant.
- Usually this hardy plant does not need shelter for the winter. However, many ornamental varieties of silverweed can endure the harsh climate. In order to prevent freezing of plants, it is necessary with the onset of the first frost to pour peat or sawdust into the basal zone. High shoots are bent to the ground and covered with agrofibre or sacking.
- Feeding is carried out several times per season. In the spring, it is desirable to use nitrogen fertilizers to form the aerial part. During the budding and flowering period, potash and phosphate fertilizers are used. Approximately one month before frosts, it is necessary to provide the plant with an opportunity to replenish its nutrient reserve. Usually at this time applied complex garden feeding.
- Treatment of diseases is carried out if necessary. The plant has a strong immune system, but may be affected by rust or rot with an excess of moisture. In the treatment and prevention of such diseases, solutions of copper and iron sulphate, Bordeaux mixture and finished herbal remedies are used.
With proper care, the shrub is able to provide long-term flowering for more than two months. Endurance of this plant can be envied, but the most advantageous bushes will be able to show themselves only under favorable growing conditions and proper care.
On the healing properties and methods of application of Kuril tea, tell our video.
An unusually useful medicinal plant - Kuril tea, shrubby, planting and care which is considered in our information, it is easy to grow yourself. By creating suitable conditions and ensuring sufficient attention, you can not only decorate your flower garden, but also provide your family with a natural medicinal drug. Features of the cultivation of Kuril tea, important aspects of care, as well as folk recipes will help to use this plant without any problems.
What is a plant
Kuril tea is a very beautiful plant, it is a spreading shrub with a round spherical crown, delicate light green, velvety carved leaves resembling small five-pointed fans.
There are a lot of varieties of Kuril tea, breeders have brought out new decorative varieties. If the natural size of the bush is about one and a half meters, then now you can purchase dwarf species up to 60 cm high. The bush pleases with blooms from May to the first frost, therefore it is of particular value for decorating a garden.
Usually the flowers are yellow, there are varieties of bright orange or red color, there are pink and cream types. They bloom alone or gather in florets.
The plant received its unusual tea name because it was brewed and drank instead of tea in the Kuriles.
Interesting! Kuril tea won people's love not only because of its beauty, but also because of the beneficial properties of the plant. The leaves have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties, perfectly tone up and support immunity. He is good at depression and neurosis. It is used to improve the work of the heart and liver.
How to care
Kuril tea is unpretentious, but any plant responds to the proper care with a beautiful appearance and vigorous flowering, so every owner should be aware of the needs of Potentilla:
- The shrub is not very picky about the soil, but it does not tolerate heavy loams and poor sandy areas.
- Does not like Kuril tea and shady corners, without the sun it will be weak.
- The winds also do not go to his advantage, delicate flower petals fly from this, the branches are bent.
- It will grow well in a sunny area along a fence that protects it from the winds.
- The land around the bush should be regularly loosened by 10 cm, carefully, trying not to damage the roots.
- Weeding and weeding removal is an essential component of summer care.
- In the dry summer, the plant needs to be watered regularly, at least 12 liters are poured under each bush.
- Kuril tea will respond well to a water shower.
Interesting! It is easy to solve the problem with acidic soil by adding a little ash and lime under the bush. If the soil is damp, make high-quality drainage. Sandy land in the garden is also not a problem: it is replaced in the landing hole with a fertile, loose substrate.
The layer of mulch retains moisture in the soil well, it will prevent weed germination and will not prevent air aeration.
This may be a layer of compost and peat, which then become an additional fertilizer. It is updated in early summer and autumn.
In winter, the soil is mulched very carefully, it is important to do it after planting.
When Kuril tea is in bloom, the scorching sun can affect the brightness of flowers, under its rays the color can fade, so if you want to keep bright colors, on hot days you need to protect them. The leaves tolerate the direct rays of the sun well.
Kuril tea is experiencing a good winter and is able to endure low temperatures to -40 ° C, although it sometimes freezes above the snow cover, but this does not affect flowering. Some varieties are better to hedge and cover, this is especially important for young shoots.
Interesting: Shrubs with yellow flowers are more resistant to frosts, and plants with inflorescences of red are more capricious and thermophilic, so you need to cover them for the winter more carefully.
How to trim
By nature, Kuril tea received a beautiful round crown, so it does not require special formation, but still it is necessary to cut off the extra branches:
- after winter, frozen branches are removed,
- in the summer, selectively cut out those who are out of the ideal format,
- pruning is needed by about a third when the bush grows too large.
Old bushes are subjected to full pruning, a rejuvenation procedure is carried out for them: all old shoots are completely cut out with shears or a saw, resulting in a stump 15 cm long. The procedure is carried out in September or in October.
Important! Only in the south of the plant, all branches are cut by 5 cm in summer and autumn to create topiary.
How to plant
Potentilla reproduction occurs in several ways: cuttings, root shoots, dividing the bush, you can also plant and seeds.
The most successful way is grafting, in this case you can use several shoots and they will have 100% maternal properties, this is especially important when breeding hybrid varieties.
Planting in the spring is a good time, for the summer the plant will dot the roots and take root in a new place. The cuttings are chosen from strong green or stiff shoots; they should have a lateral and upper bud. For better survival, shoots are taken from the leaves. If they are already sliced, then you should not pull more than 2 days.
How is the landing:
- The lower leaves break off, the ends of the shoots for a day are immersed in a growth stimulator.
- Earthen substrate is prepared in advance, it consists of 1 part of sand, humus and sod land is taken 2 times more.
- Additionally added complex fertilizer, 100 g of lime and a spoonful of ash.
- The shoot is placed in the ground and the soil is well moistened.
- Root germination takes place in a greenhouse or under glass.
- The optimum temperature is no more than 30 ° C.
- To create moisture, the cuttings are sprayed with water, covered with shields or gauze from the bright sun.
Planting in the fall of seedlings in the ground is not too late, you need to give them time to settle down.
- Young bushes are planted at a distance of at least 60 cm, preferably 80 cm.
- The pit is prepared at a depth equal to the distance between the bushes.
- At the bottom put a drainage of at least 20 cm, it can be broken bricks, expanded clay, river pebbles, lime gravel, he especially likes Potentilla.
- The root collar should not be too deep, it should be near the surface of the earth.
- The pit after planting is poured with a mixture similar in composition to grafting, well watered.
- Top of the ground to sprinkle with humus.
If the cuttings are prepared in June, by the fall of them will form a bush with a height of 35 cm with a good root system. They can already be landed on the place where he will be permanently.
Important! The plant blooms after planting after 3 years, and the next year in July it is already possible to collect leaves for tea.
Pests and diseases
With good care, the plant usually does not get sick, pests bypass it. Powdery mildew or rust may develop in a cold, moist summer. The disease is cured by spraying a colloidal sulfur or Bordeaux mixture.
Bright colors, beautiful spherical shape and long flowering make Kuril tea a great garden decoration. If you plant a plant, it will delight not only the decorative appearance, but will become a source of valuable medicine.
Kuril shrubby tea (Pentaphylloides fruticosa) is most common in landscaping. It is a low, up to 1.5 m tall, shrub with a beautiful dense crown and small feathery pubescent leaves.
Differs in long flowering (from June to mid-autumn). Simple yellow flowers that look like flowers of potentilla look spectacular. There are varieties with larger flowers of a different color. But they are less hardy. Kuril tea is undemanding to soils, drought-resistant, winter-hardy. It does not require special pruning, while it easily transfers haircut and rejuvenation "to the stump". It is convenient to propagate its summer cuttings.
There are many varieties of Kuril tea with yellow flowers. All is good. But if you are looking for diversity, pay attention to the varieties of Abbotswood with white, Princess - pink and Red Ace - red flowers.
What is the usual Kuril tea, look at the photo below:
Description and use of Kuril tea
Kuril tea (shrub fivespring) is an instance, well known for its healing and decorative qualities. In the people other names are used also - "silver goose", "mighty".
If we talk about the description of Kuril tea, we can distinguish several characteristic features of this representative of the plant world:
- It is an upright, very branched shrub belonging to the Rosaceae family. Height depends on the variety, place of growth.
- Sheets have a complex shape (each element consists of 5-7 miniature leaves), covered with fluffy hairs.
- Flowers most common varieties - rich yellow. В их центре располагается около 3-х десятков тычинок, которые придают пышность соцветиям. Встречаются также образцы с розовыми, белыми, алыми бутонами. Цветение продолжительное, длится почти все лето.
- Кусты плодоносят маленькими орешками.
Курильский чай – кустарник, который активно применяется в декоративном оформлении приусадебных участков. Landscape designers use it as mono-plantations or as part of intricate group compositions. It is effective in low living fences, rock gardens, it looks advantageous both against a green lawn and on stones.
The quatrefoil is not much different in taste from ordinary tea, therefore a fragrant, tonic drink is often made from it. It perfectly quenches thirst, activates physical, mental activity.
Growing Kuril tea is important for alternative medicine - it can boast a rich composition. The plant contains flavonoids, tannin, catechin, saponins. There is a whole range of beneficial trace elements (Ca, Mg, K, Fe, etc.), vitamins C, P, as well as essential oils and resins. Indications for use can be:
- pathologies of the digestive organs - alimentary poisoning, dysentery, dysbacteriosis, constipation,
- gynecological, hematological diseases - uterine hemorrhages, anemia,
- metabolic disorders, endocrine diseases - diabetes, obesity,
- neurological and mental disorders - neurosis, insomnia, depression,
- dermatological pathologies - ulcers, ulcers,
- inflammation of the oral cavity, throat - stomatitis, tonsillitis.
The immunostimulating activity of Kuril tea has been proven; therefore, it is advisable to take it during epidemics of influenza, ARVI. From the plant make infusions, decoctions (for oral use), lotions (for external application).
Despite all the positive properties of this tea, you can not drink it all and not always. Among the contraindications, mention should be made of infancy, pregnancy, allergies, serious kidney problems, hypotension, etc. Before using, you should consult a phytotherapist, be sure to discuss with him acceptable treatment options, the possibility of using a particular variety.
Varieties of Kuril tea: photos and description of shrubs
Cultivated many varieties of Kuril tea, each of them has its own characteristics. Collectors, designers, and enthusiastic gardeners prefer the following designs:
Kuril tea "Snowbird"
Shrubs 0.7 m high, with a crown diameter of 1 m. The leaves are pale green. Flowers are large (3-4 cm), white with a cream shade. Flowering occurs from mid-summer, continues to September.
Kuril tea "Abbotswood"
Neat specimens with a height of up to 0.75 m. The flowers are very decorative, numerous, white. Long flowering - from the second half of summer to early autumn.
Kuril tea "Pink Queen"
Height up to 0.8 m, diameter 1.5 m. It blooms from June to September. Coloring buds - all shades of pink. The plant is characterized by frost resistance.
Kuril tea "Tangerine"
Very beautiful, medium-sized shrub. Inflorescences have a rich bronze-yellow color.
Kuril tea "Klondike"
Early flowering (May-August) bushes with a height of 1 m and a diameter of 1.3 m. In early spring, light green leaves bloom, which then turn dark green. Very hardy specimen.
Most of the varieties bred in England, the Netherlands, Ireland - during the difficult breeding.
After reading the description of Kuril tea, look at the photos of its varieties:
Methods of breeding Kuril tea
In order for the plant to perform decorative functions and could be high-quality medicinal raw materials, it is necessary to provide Kuril tea with growing and care according to all the rules. Breeding a cinquefoil involves several traditional methods. The simplest is grafting. Gardeners like to use this method, because it is not coupled with intricate techniques, suitable for large-scale reproduction.
Two types of shoots are harvested - how to grow Kuril tea with their help is explained further:
- green cuttings - between the time of cutting and planting should not take more than 2 days. The length of the shoot with leaf nodes is from 9 to 12 cm. The bottom sheets are eliminated, the top ones are cut by half. Treatment with rodent stimulating drugs is indicated. Plant material in the prepared, drained substrate, under a film or glass.
- lignified cuttings - used mature, devoid of leaves shoots harvested in autumn, winter or spring. Cuttings tolerate long-term storage and transportation. The length of the shoot is from 5 to 12 cm. It is planted in a greenhouse.
Beginners gardeners will be useful to know how to plant seeds of Kuril tea. Grain harvesting is started in August-September, sown in a greenhouse. They have seeds in the soil superficially, without digging, only slightly sprinkling the substrate on top. Sprouting seedlings protect from the bright sun, gently harden. In the "free" soil seedlings transferred only after 3 years.
It is possible to reproduce Kuril tea by layering - horizontal or vertical. In the spring, the sprout is clamped with wire at the very base, and shallow notches are made for better rooting. The branch is bent to the soil, fixed with a metal bracket, sprinkled with soil, spud.
The division of mature bushes is another elementary and productive technology, with which Kuril tea is bred. Planting in this way is allowed in the case when there is access to an adult, 5-6-year-old bush. It is his root apparatus that is divided into several full sections and then planted in the wells. As a result of the manipulation, from 2 to 6 new copies are obtained.
Planting Shrub Kuril tea
If we talk about the middle climatic zone of the country, then the best for the Kuril tea of shrubs is to plant at a permanent place in the 2nd half of April or in the fall. It is important to be responsible with the choice of location. The quatrefoil prefers bright, sunny zones of the site and rich soil.
The dimensions of the landing ditch are 50x50x50 cm, the distance between the bushes is 60 cm. Lime gravel can become a drainage. The bottom of the pit is filled with humus, sand, turf soil in a ratio of 2: 1: 2. It is allowed to add wood ash, lime, mineral fertilizer. The best period of the day is considered to be earlier morning or evening. The root neck of the plant is not buried excessively, it is left at the level of the edges of the trench.
Description of popular varieties and varieties of Potentilla
Many centuries have flowed away from the time this plant was first discovered, and people learned about its beauty and healing properties. Thanks to the work of breeders, new varieties and hybrids of Kuril tea have appeared. In the photo you will see the diversity of these varieties: colorful shades of petals, the height of the bushes varies from low-growing plants to large specimens, the leaves also have different size and tonality of color.
Experienced gardeners and landscape designers skillfully combine the decorative qualities of Potentilla with other plants in the garden, seeking harmony with the surrounding nature and the emotional effect that the flower garden looks like on people with a five-leaf plant.
- Kuril tea (ordinary) is a shrub up to 1 meter high, has many branches with a dense spherical crown with a diameter of up to one and a half meters, yellow flower petals, up to 3 cm in diameter, single or brush-shaped. The beginning of flowering is June, the end is August. In the wild, it grows on rocky mountain slopes, in the garden it is well acclimatized on alpine hills.
- Abbotswood - a bush of medium size, up to 1 meter, snow-white flowers, a small crown, slightly more than one meter in diameter. Blooms all summer and part of the autumn, until October.
- Pretty Poli is a short-growing variety (up to 60 cm), early-flowering (in May the first buds bloom), flowers of soft pink color of medium size, branchy branches, crown compacted, small.
- The princess is an early-flowering variety, up to 80 cm high, flowers are pink, the crown is dense, almost flat on top.
- Goldteppee flowers are large, bright yellow in color, the bush itself almost spreads along the ground, reaching a height of 50 to 70 cm, a long flowering variety (May - October).
Planting Potentilla in open ground and caring for a plant
Gardeners, not a single year engaged in the cultivation of Kuril tea, know many nuances of planting this plant, the dependence of its growth on the place, nature of the soil, time of planting. Novice flower growers should be guided by the description of each variety indicated on the packaging of planting material, but some general agrotechnical requirements must be fulfilled for all types, these include the following:
- the landing site must be well lit,
- the soil is recommended light, fertilized,
- planting should be done in the morning or evening,
- to prepare the soil you need to use a substrate of fertile land, sand and humus,
- there must be enough space between the plants, depending on the variety,
- pit size should exceed the size of the root coma to the ground.
When to fertilize
It is not difficult to care for such a plant, as well as all such plantations, silverweed requires little:
- Regular watering, especially in hot weather.
- Top dressing in the spring, during active flowering and autumn. Mineral fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium are usually used, and nitrogen components are added in the autumn.
- Pruning is done continuously throughout the growing season.
In open ground, the silverweed perfectly survives, if you comply with the listed growing conditions and carry out regular care of the plant (watering + fertilizer).
How to deal with diseases and pests of Kuril tea
Potentilla is a little susceptible to diseases, but sometimes, if regular preventive treatment of the plant is not carried out, it can be affected by powdery mildew, rust, or leaf spot. In garden plots, in city parks and flowerbeds at the beginning of the season, that is, in the spring, plants are sprayed with chemicals from diseases and pests: a solution of blue vitriol or a fungicide.
Kuril tea is rarely attacked by pests, but if this happens, they will be frightened away by drugs containing a strong odor substance: a solution of ammonia, garlic tinctures, decoctions of tomato tops.
Kuril tea in home gardens is grown not only as a medicinal plant, but also uses its natural beauty in combination with all sorts of plants.
Kuril tea looks really colorful, gives a lot of pleasure, pleases the eye grace, and at the same time, its pristine beauty.