- Bushes and trees
- Tips gardeners and gardeners
How to plant the seedlings correctly, when to fertilize and water, in which place of the site which vegetables feel best of all - we tell about all this in detail in our articles.
Knowing the nuances of growing vegetables, you can get a big harvest and protect plants from pests.
Greens on the dining table - a source of a huge amount of vitamins and minerals. Many types of greens protect the body from bacteria, enhance immunity, and simply make tastes more delicious.
The cultivation of these plants has its own characteristics, which can be found in our articles.
Each flower has its own character. There are among them early primroses and late varieties, there are sun- and shade-loving, drought-resistant and lovers of abundant watering.
After reading our articles, you will be able to provide each flower with comfortable conditions for growth and development, and then your garden will delight you with beautiful and vibrant colors from early spring to late autumn.
In this section, you will find detailed descriptions of everything necessary to ensure that berry crops bear fruit well, are resistant to diseases, and when they are planted or transplanted to a new place, they are well received.
Here we also share knowledge and experience that will help you avoid common mistakes when growing berries, and reveal the secrets of getting a bountiful harvest.
To grow a beautiful bush or a richly fruiting tree is not an easy task. And to do this without knowing the characteristics of growing one or another variety is almost unreal.
In this section, you will learn how to choose the planting material correctly, how to prepare the soil for planting, how to properly trim and feed, how often to water it and how to protect it from pests.
In any business, and especially if it concerns the proper management of home gardens, there are many little things. Experienced gardeners and gardeners share in this section their knowledge and the results of many years of observation.
Using these tips in practice, you can save yourself from many unnecessary procedures, save money and achieve unprecedented yields.
Choosing a landing site
In order to get a good harvest, you need to know how to plant cucumber seeds. The plant is light-loving. Therefore, to put it in the shadow, it means not to let cucumber lash develop and get a good harvest.
Thus, choosing a sunny place, it is necessary to plan that the bushes are at a sufficient distance one from one, otherwise the shoots with hollow flowers, the so-called male flowers, will develop more. At the same time, the development of lateral lashes bearing female flowers will be depressed. As a result, they, without giving the ovary, will fall.
Some gardeners are advised to remove shoots with barren flowers. But, nevertheless, it is not worth doing this, because both colors are required for the normal development of the plant.
When choosing a place for planting cucumbers, it is important to adhere to the crop rotation, and take into account the previous culture. They will grow beautifully in the place where tomatoes, onions, roots, cabbage were sown before. The place of the cucumber bed should be changed every year, and you can return to the original place after 3 years.
As soon as it gets warmer and the earth begins to “steam”, vegetable growers rush to the areas where they often hurry to finish faster with the sowing of crops. For some of them, this is fully justified. But sowing cucumbers in warm manure in order to speed up the germination of seeds and get an early harvest, as it is sometimes practiced, is irrational. Morning frosts, which are usually still at this time, cool the ground and do not contribute to the emergence of shoots, and the seeds of cucumbers that linger in the cold ground rot. So, except for the loss of seed, it will not lead to anything good.
The optimum temperature for the cultivation of cucumbers is 20-30 degrees. Put them in the ground when the daytime temperature exceeds 15 degrees. At a 10-degree temperature, the plants cease to grow, their lashes turn yellow, the roots rot. Due to the fact that they cannot absorb moisture from the soil, the plants die.
If cucumbers are grown by seedlings, then they are planted when the air temperature exceeds 14 degrees.
Cucumber crops suffer not only from cold, but also from excessive heat. So, when the thermometer exceeds 35 degrees, they lose their ability to fertilize.
In such cases, resorted to artificial dimming covering material (the benefit of his choice in the sale of a large). Such protection can well protect the crops of this vegetable from strong wind, low temperatures, and also help to retain moisture.
It is also important for a good harvest. Preparation involves the following steps:
- determination of suitability - sowing seeds of two or three years old is better sown in the soil. We must ensure that each seed was the correct form and full to the touch. If you hold this, then a lot of female flowers, and, consequently, the ovaries will be provided. It is possible to qualitatively sort the seed of cucumbers using a 5% salt solution (1 tablespoon per 1 l of water). Empty seeds will rise to the top, and usable will remain at the bottom,
- preheating - Two months before planting, seeds should be well placed in a warm place with a temperature not lower than 20 degrees. Warming up promotes rapid germination of seeds,
- disinfection - planting material is dipped for half an hour in a weak (pink) solution of potassium permanganate, then washed and dried to a light flowability (for this you can use a paper napkin). Soak up the seeds in a solution of ash (2 tablespoons of it per liter of water) will help increase germination. Soaking in the composition of 10 g of potassium nitrate, superphosphate and 0.2 g of potassium permanganate will also be useful. After swelling, the seeds are sent for 1-2 days in a refrigerator, where they must be hardened at a temperature not lower than -3 ° C.
Do I need seedlings?
For the cultivation of cucumbers is used, both seedless and seedling methods. Both are entitled to it. The first one is simpler, since it eliminates all the difficulties that are inherent in growing seedlings.
It is believed that the second allows to reduce the time before the start of fruiting.
So far, most vegetable growers prefer cultivation of cucumbers in open ground by direct sowing. This is due to the fact that their roots are quite vulnerable, so the transplant is not well tolerated (they take a long time to take root), such plants often get sick.
Moreover, until the seedlings undergo transplantation stress and develop normally, the seeds sown in the ground will sprout, grow and begin to grow. It turns out that there are no special benefits in terms of time.
But I must say that now many are planting cucumbers in peat pots, which are then sent along with the seedlings to the ground, or use mobile film greenhouses. All this still helps to get earlier products.
How to plant?
It is important for any vegetable grower to know how to plant cucumber seeds. After all, this is also a guarantee of a good harvest. About the temperature regime we have already spoken. Now we will talk directly about sowing seeds.
Bee-pollinated varieties are predominantly planted in the open ground, which are distinguished by excellent taste and, if properly cultivated, give a good harvest. The selection of such cucumbers is big. These are “Nezhinsky”, “Zasolochny”, “Spring” and others.
Each has its own landing scheme. Some prefer to sow cucumbers in one row with a 30-centimeter distance between plants, others - in two rows, slightly increasing this distance. Who ties cucumbers to a trellis net, and some use corn for this purpose, planting it between cucumbers.
After the landing pattern has been determined, wells are made in the garden and watered with water. In each put 2 seeds. Next, the grooves are covered with earth and watered again. After all the seeds have been sown, it is advisable to cover the garden bed with a special material (for sale) or a thin layer of loose soil with manure. This will give the opportunity to retain moisture.
In warm weather, shoots should appear on the 5th day. Care of them consists in regular watering, feeding and shaping.
Often, especially beginner vegetable growers, are interested in the question of how deep to plant the seeds of cucumbers? This question depends on the soil in which the seed will be put. If the soil is dense, heavy, then planting should not exceed 2-3 cm. In light, crumbly soil, they can be embedded to a depth of 4-5 cm. Deeper sowing is not practiced, because the seeds can simply not ascend. In addition, exceeding the norm of planting depth will help ensure that the plant will give all its strength to the development of lateral roots, and the process of forming a cucumber lash will slow down.
Watering and care
Increase seed germination will help phased cucumber sowing. This is usually done in 4-7 days each time with new varieties. In the first days, before emergence, it is important to maintain soil moisture. For this, the beds are either covered, as already noted above, or they are regularly watered, or a drip irrigation system is installed.
Pour cucumbers with warm water. Cold watering can stop their growth or cause disease. the flow of water is directed under the roots, water drops trapped on the leaves on a sunny day usually cause them to burn.
The abundance of cucumber leaves contributes to the rapid evaporation of moisture. For this reason, they require timely and everyday watering. But it must be borne in mind that too moist soil inhibits their roots.
Another nuance. When the cucumbers are sown, their whips begin to turn yellow. Some owners clean such plants. Do not do this. We must continue to water the garden, and after about a month you can get a second, though not so abundant, but a harvest.
Planting cucumbers seeds and seedlings
- I always do seedlings on April 20–25 and plant on May 10–15; on June 1, I’m already breaking the first cucumbers
- I'm a seedling. For the greenhouse I grow houses, now they are with a mustache, I plant the rest in a greenhouse, and then on the street. Go
Water only seedlings with warm water (plus 25-28 degrees).
Cucumbers do not tolerate transplantation, they can be planted only with a lump of earth. Therefore, cucumber seedlings are not grown in boxes, but only in pots or cups.
This year I planted them with seeds in a “warm” garden bed, did this: I dug a deep hole for each cucumber, filled the floor of the hole with compost, covered it with earth, but not completely. The earth remained a bit. He watered the resulting hole, pressed 2 seeds on each side of the hole and covered it with earth. He planted this whole thing at the end of April, watered twice already, growing in a mining order. 1/2 of the seeds, that is, in each well, only one has come out, some where there are 2, and they are already strong and give the whip.
I plant to a depth of 2 cm, thicker, then break through (if my own seeds are not sorry), but
May 10-15 - in the open ground under the film,
First, the largest seeds are selected, then they are immersed in water and those that will drown in water are left for sowing. Seeds can be heated in a conventional dryer for 2 hours. You can process them with potassium permanganate, then put on wet gauze and hold for several hours in a moist environment. If you sow in a cool period, then to protect the seeds from the germinating fly they are moistened with starch paste and then specially treated with fentiuram or its analogs (in the proportions per 1 kg of seeds, use 5 g of the chemical). You can pre-make seedlings to sprout a little stronger.
Fall asleep on top of clean soil.
Seedlings are grown in plastic or peat cups. If the seedlings are grown in plastic cups, then they are cut, and the seedlings are planted together with the ground. If the glass is peaty, the seedlings are planted directly in it, the hole is dug to a depth equal to the height of the glass. In open ground, seedlings should be planted when the soil is already sufficiently heated. Usually in May, but no later than 30 days from the moment the first shoots appear. In the case of a cold snap, you should create a shelter for plants (you can use, for example, plastic wrap), because cucumbers - heat-loving plants and low temperatures (below 15 degrees) will destroy them, or the plants will have to be replanted.Cucumber - a grassy annual plant of the Pumpkin family, culinary traditionally refers to vegetable crops. It has an excellent taste and aroma, has valuable medicinal, dietary, and cosmetic properties. It is eaten fresh, pickled, marinated and as a part of various salads. It consists of 95 percent water, which is close to distilled in composition. Now consider how to plant cucumbers and when to do it? You can plant cucumbers in two ways:
- Turnip-1cm, Beans-2-3cm, Cucumber-2cm, Poppy-2cm, Zucchini-2cm, Onion-1-2cm.
- In the ground immediately and cover the film.
- Two weeks after germination (when there will be 1-2 true leaves), do the first feeding, and a day or two before planting - the second. For dressings, dilute mullein 1: 8 or bird droppings 1:10, or one tablespoon of complex mineral fertilizers per 10 liters of water.
We plant cucumbers in the ground
Take pots for growing seedlings more: 7x7, 8x8, and better than 10x10.
- Selection of seeds for planting is best done by hand, rejecting frail. To increase the number of female flowers for a month or two, the seeds (especially last year’s crop) are recommended to be heated near the furnace or heating battery at a temperature of +25 degrees. This will provide more friendly shoots, reduction of barren flowers (the latter does not apply to self-pollinating varieties).
- From above I pour light manure-sypnyak.
- June 2–10 - in open ground without shelter.
- It is important to pick the seeds according to your needs. Thus, Angel F1 seeds are suitable for pickling cucumbers. An early variety for the most impatient is Azhur F1, while Boris F1 is an early variety, but it bears fruit until the autumn. For lovers to enjoy fresh cucumbers, the Blond F1 variety will suit. In other words, you first need to determine for yourself exactly what cucumbers are needed and how you are going to use them, and then pick up the seeds of the appropriate variety.
- Plant cucumbers.
Swollen or germinated seeds can also be planted directly into the ground, this method is called seedless.
- Volodya, like autumn in the yard
From year to year my seedlings do not survive well.
How to plant cucumber seeds for a good harvest
In the first feeding, use one glass of solution for 6-8 plants, in the second - one glass of solution for two plants. After dressing, water the seedlings with clean water to wash away the remaining fertilizer from the leaves.
Sow the seeds in pots two by two, to a depth of 1.5 cm. After sowing, pour, cover the pots with film or glass and place in a warm place. The temperature before germination is desirable to maintain + 25-28 degrees. As soon as shoots appear, reduce by 4-7 days to plus 15-17 in the daytime and plus 12-14 degrees at night. This is necessary in order not to stretch the semi-nuclear knee.
What seeds are needed
The soil must be immediately before sowing be sure to handle, clean and loosen. It is desirable that it was warm and wet. On elevation, the temperature is always slightly higher, so the bed is made, which is located from east to west, and its slope should be in a southerly direction.
Sowing is done when the temperature of the top layer of the soil rises no lower than 14 degrees. Seeds are soaked in water for 10-11 hours (until their swelling), during this time you need to change the water several times. When will be 10-11 hours, the seeds are sown in the ground. The seed should be planted 2-3 cm deep, pre-watering the hole with water. Properly plant cucumbers so that 1 square. m accounted for 6 plants. To prevent the death of plants, you need to plant in one hole 2 seeds each, if both seeds sprout, they should be thinned. We choose the soil for cucumbers. Better when the soil:
How to plant cucumber seedlings in the ground.
Then the temperature must be raised again during the day to plus 20-22 degrees, and at night - to plus 12-14 degrees. If the seedlings are grown at home on the windowsill and the temperature is difficult to regulate, then at least 7-10 days before planting the temperature (especially at night) should be reduced to 16-17 degrees. Then hardened seeds and seedlings will well endure a decrease in temperature after planting, but the hardening effect will be lost in two weeks.
If there is no potassium permanganate - you can do without it. Tear off several leaves of aloe, keep them in the refrigerator for 5-7 days, then squeeze the juice out of them and put the seeds in it for 12-24 hours, after which the seeds, without washing, dry.
Cucumbers, cloth lift and get cucumbers under an umbrella. Watering a watering can on top of the fabric.
Seedlings planted every 20 cm in a staggered manner in two rows, so that each plant receives a lot of light. You get a long bed.
Tell me, at what depth to plant cucumber seeds? South of Ukraine, loamy soil.
A very important trick is hardening. Набухшие семена (без ростков) во влажной тряпочке поместите в холодильник при температуре минус 1-2 градуса на 2-3 дня, после чего сразу высевайте в горшочки.
Выше семечка должно быть высоты 2 их размера.
А теперь мастер класс - как сажать огурцы с картинками для наглядности.
In the nonchernozem zone, for varieties with short lashes, when sowing in rows, the distance between rows is usually equal to 45-60 cm, after thinning (penetration) the distance in the row between adjacent plants is left to 6-7 cm. For varieties with long lashes, the distance between rows they make 70 cm, and in the row after thinning the distance between the seedlings is 10–12 cm. If the square-breeding method is used, then in the varieties with short lashes up to 6 plants are left in the nest, and in the long-varieties, four or five plants are left th.
Vertical - cucumbers are woven along special nets or ropes tied to trellis. All of this design most of the day should be illuminated by the sun. For this type of planting fit long narrow beds. The distance between the beds should be sufficient (at least 70 cm) so that the grids do not block each other from the sun. And cucumbers in the garden should be planted so that the distance between the plants was 10 cm.
In the seedling method, seeds are sown a month before being planted in the ground.
Soot seedlings with a third leaf. I plant in stages, in batches of 6-8 roots, so that they do not ripen at the same time. I sprinkle the ground around the planted plant with ashes: they both fear the feeding of the seedling, and any insects, and don’t gnaw the lower part of the plant.
[I-Your Legend] ™
To protect yourself, plant seedlings by 15-20 percent more than is required for planting.
Soil mixture for pots prepare two weeks before planting. The composition of the mixture may be different:
How to plant cucumbers?
Dig landing holes before planting. Spill each well. Add compost or rotted manure to it.
Good seedlings will be in the event that you have carefully carefully selected the seeds, processed them, prepared for planting. Of great importance is the condition of the soil, the preparation of the beds, the method of sowing. Among other things, shoots depend on the weather. Faster they appear after a warm rain.
When growing cucumbers in greenhouses, the vertical type of their cultivation is perhaps the main principle. In the greenhouses, cucumber loops must be tied up, otherwise they will start to rot at the points of contact with the ground. In greenhouses, cucumbers are planted in longitudinal beds, the beds should be at a sufficient distance from each other. For example, if the width of the greenhouse is 3 meters, it can accommodate up to 3 beds. Adequate distance between the beds will allow you to conveniently care for plants and harvest.
In order to properly plant the seeds, it is better to preheat them and then soak and germinate, which will accelerate the emergence of seedlings.
If you put a turnip is necessary for a long time. And then it will come out and it will be calculated, and so maybe someone will plant. And the seeds are 1-2 cm
This year I sowed cucumbers on a “warm garden bed” in a greenhouse (the first cucumber is already there), and pickled gherkins for canned food, sowed in “prepared soil” (layers: drainage -> organic -> land with good aeration -> rotten manure mulch ) yesterday.
When growing seedlings make sure that the plants do not stretch. They should be rotated regularly, and two weeks after germination (once a week), it is advisable to raise the pots with seedlings and put them in place or move them from place to place. This is done so that there is no contact between the plant and the box in which they stand.
1. Garden or turf (2 parts) + humus (2 parts) + sawdust (1 part).
. be about 20 cm, and between rows - more than 40 cm. Seeds need to be planted to a depth of 5 cm. After planting the garden bed ... At what temperature and when to plant cucumbers in the greenhouse.
Take a pot of seedlings in your hands and gently turn it over, holding the contents, and remove the plant with the ground. If you grow seedlings in peat pots, then you do not need to do this, plant cucumbers directly in pots.
Read also about how to plant cucumber seeds and grow them in a greenhouse. See you friends!
Hello, dear friends!
Algorithm of actions:
Warm up the seeds suspended in a gauze bag, preferably at a short distance from the battery, in a room where the temperature does not fall below 20 degrees. Warming up of seeds increases resistance of a plant to various diseases.
Well planted to pull it out :))
Last year, he planted seedlings, everything got accustomed, as he transplanted without damaging the root system (each cucumber had its own glass and carefully removed it during transplanting, carefully watering it).
And I planted this year with seeds - they grow stronger, are less sick and catch up with seedlings in three weeks)
After the movement of the plants, they coexist and need to be sprinkled with water.
2 Humus (3 parts) + garden soil (1 part).
Try not to damage the plant during transplantation, be extremely careful. Dip the seedlings in the prepared well to the desired depth, sprinkle with earth, compact it with your hands. Water well and grind the roots, that is, cover with dry grass and straw so that the water evaporates less.
Of course, cucumbers can be planted immediately in the ground with seeds, but in order to get a harvest earlier, it is better to grow cucumber seedlings at home in peat pots or peat tablets. A new trend and quite successful, if you do it right - read on how to use peat tablets for growing seedlings. Then we transplant good and healthy cucumber seedlings in open ground or in a greenhouse.
Seedlings for early varieties and for plants planted in greenhouses are grown in living rooms or in heated greenhouses, while seedlings of later varieties are grown in film unheated greenhouses and greenhouses. The yield of cucumbers in open ground is about 1.5 kg / m2, and in the greenhouse - up to 30 kg / m2. Another nuance for varieties that need another variety as a pollinator: the main variety is sown about 6 days after pollinating, so that the time when male plants are in bloom coincides with the time of flowering of female ones.
To plant cucumber seeds in pre-prepared wells with a diameter of 30-40 centimeters, in wet soil, mixed with organic fertilizers. The distance between the holes - 80 centimeters, it is desirable to arrange them in a checkerboard pattern. If you plan to grow cucumbers without tying up, then the distance between the holes can be made 60 cm. Plant 8-10 seeds per well, after the appearance of sprouts in the holes, leave 4-5 of the highest quality.
Top dressing and fertilizer
Cucumbers, in which for a short period of summer time an adult grows, which has time to produce a crop, a plant, respond positively to fertilization. They begin to make from the very beginning, when forming the site for sowing. The soil is usually dug up in the fall by two-thirds of the bayonet, adding manure, superphosphate and nitroammofosku. In the spring, just before the landing, it is once again shoveled.
The soil should be light, fluffy. Gentle roots of cucumbers, located at the surface of the earth, do not accept loosening. Therefore, such a composition of the soil is also convenient in that in the future it will be convenient to pour the soil under the roots.
In general, in order to get a high crop of cucumbers, they should be fed at least 5 times over the summer. First, during flowering, and the other four - throughout the entire period of fruiting.
Cucumbers are a vegetable plant with an underdeveloped root system and an increased requirement for moisture supply. Regular feeding and watering are important for their normal growing season. And compliance with the rules of sowing seeds, their planting depths makes it possible to get good shoots and the right development of fruit-bearing bushes. Do not neglect these tips, and cucumber planting will surely please you with an excellent harvest.
Read more about planting cucumbers for seedlings here:
The depth of planting cucumbers in unprotected soil depends on the type of soil. The plant prefers loose, nutritious and well-moistened soils with a lot of humus. It is possible to increase the amount of humus by applying organic fertilizers that this crop loves so much.
However, the root system of cucumbers is weak, located in the upper layer of the soil, and therefore on heavy soils is often inhibited, and the plant in the process of vegetation begins to slow down in development. Seeds on heavy soils do not grow well, they have to increase seeding rates in order to get good germination rates.
On light soils, seeds germinate quickly, but on sandy areas there are not enough nutrients, which cucumbers need a lot of. The best for cucumbers are sandy and loamy soils. The structure of the soil will have to be adjusted, and it will be better to do this in the fall.
Since cucumbers prefer neutral or slightly acidic soils, the improvement of the structure begins with liming with dolomite flour, chalk or ash, if there were no purchased deoxidizers at hand. About 200 ml of wood ash will be required per m2 of land. Then on the site make manure. In the fall it can be fresh organic, in the spring they use humus.
The application rates for manure range from 5 kg to 9 kg per m2. On light soils, fertilizers are applied less, on heavy ones, to organics they add a bucket of sand per m2. If it was not possible to carry out tillage in the fall, the work is carried out in early spring, only in this case 4 kg of humus and the same amount of rotten vegetable compost per m2 are used.
In order to save organic matter in the spring can be made not on the site, and in the planting holes, but this method is suitable only for seedling cultivation of cucumbers. Mineral supplements are added in spring digging: 40 g of simple superphosphate (or 20 g of double) / ammonium nitrate 15 g / potassium salt 25 g / m2. Potash agrochemicals are used if no wood ash has been added to the soil before.
On a note! You can not make fertilizers and deoxidizers at the same time. When they interact, a chemical reaction occurs, which results in the loss of nitrogen.
The first stage starts a month before the planned landing. Warming up of seeds is carried out within a month at a temperature of +28 - + 32 ° C. This can be done by hanging linen bags near the radiators or above the stoves for cooking.
If the deadlines were missed, it is possible to conduct intensive heating of the seeds during the week at a temperature of + 50 ° C. The warming up stage stimulates the future formation of female inflorescences, which means that fruiting cucumbers will come earlier.
Nutrient enrichment of cucumber seeds will positively affect the germination and immunity of plants. For the preparation of the nutrient mixture using nitrophoska or any complex agrochemicals, in which the chemical elements are in chelate (available to plants) form.
Soak the seeds for several hours. Sometimes vegetable growers leave cucumber seeds in a nutrient solution overnight, then washed and sent for hardening.
On the seeds may be causative agents of cucumber diseases, and therefore the procedure for dressing is obligatory. To prepare a disinfecting solution, use boric acid or manganese, the duration of the procedure does not exceed 20 minutes. After disinfection, the seeds are washed again and laid out for germination.
For germination, seeds wrapped in cotton or gauze are spread in small containers. The material before germination should be always wet. The first roots will naklyututsya after 24 - 48 hours. As soon as the seeds germinate, they are immediately planted in the ground, without waiting until the shoots become large.
On a note! It is not necessary to pickle, saturate and temper hybrid cucumber varieties with F1 marking, as the manufacturer has already taken care of the preparation of seeds. It is enough to germinate cucumbers and plant them in the soil.
Cucumber sowing depth - seedless way
Sowing of cucumbers is done in May, when the air and the earth warms up to +15 - + 18 ° C. Seeds should be planted with a distance of 20 cm from each other in order to thin out plantings with the appearance of the fourth leaf and leave 40 - 60 cm between plants.
The seeding depth of cucumbers varies from 2 to 5 cm. For light soils with low groundwater, seeds are planted to a depth of 3 to 5 cm, and for heavy ones, the average embedding depth is 2 to 3 cm.
To increase the germination rate, it is better to plant cucumbers in stages, with an interval of 4 - 7 days, choosing new varieties each time. It is important in the period before the appearance of the first seedlings to maintain soil moisture. To do this, the beds are covered with a film, they are regularly watered, or drip water systems are installed in greenhouses and unprotected soil.
The complexity of growing cucumbers lies in the high consumption of moisture and nutrition in the underdeveloped root system. This culture requires regular feeding and watering. Nutrients must be introduced from the moment of seed preparation until the end of the growing season. Compliance with the sowing depth of seeds will ensure good germination and proper development of cucumber lashes.
Care properly for cucumber plantings, and the plants are sure to thank for a bountiful harvest.
One of the features of this culture is that it requires a lot of heat, light and abundant watering. At the same time, cucumbers can be grown in almost any soil, but the greatest yield will be obtained if planted in light loamy or sandy soil.
Important! Cucumbers grow well in the soil, which has a neutral chemical composition.
Choosing a suitable site, you need to consider that it should not be groundwater, close to the surface.
Planting cucumbers in the ground with seeds also implies the observance of crop rotation. It is not recommended to grow the same crops on the site for several years. The best option would be the alternation from year to year. For example, the predecessor of cucumbers can be:
If earlier pumpkins or zucchini grew on this site, it is not worth planting cucumbers here.
The best conditions for growing are:
- temperature from 25 to 30 degrees
- humidity less than 80%.
If the temperature drops to 15 degrees with changing weather conditions, the growth of cucumbers slows down dramatically. And if it reaches 10 degrees, it completely stops.
When growing this culture are important neighbors. It is useful to plant corn in two or three rows along the northern side of the bed. Nearby you can also plant coriander or radish. These plants will attract the aroma of insects involved in pollination of cucumbers.
As neighbors you can use celery, ordinary cabbage, peas, beans or cauliflower.
When to plant cucumbers in the ground
Cucumbers tolerate very cold. In central Russia, the optimum time for planting seedlings in the ground is the end of May. It will not be a mistake to disembark a little later.
When cucumbers are planted in the ground with seeds:
- In the second half of April, planted in greenhouses.
- In the first half of May, it is already possible to grow in the open field, but at the same time cover it with foil.
- From mid-June, the film can be removed.
Some gardeners use the lunar calendar to determine the time of work, but first of all it is worth focusing on the climate.
Preparing for landing
Begin preparing the site to sow cucumbers, you need before the onset of winter. For this you need to collect from him the remains of all the plants that grew there earlier. If you neglect their cleaning, in the spring they are likely to become a source of diseases or insects - pests.
Preparation for planting begins in the fall. At this time, it is necessary to add sufficient amount of rotted manure to the soil. Each square meter of it will require 20 kg.
Important! In the spring of the same recharge should be done again. In this case, it is recommended to use heated manure. Do this two or three weeks before planting the seedlings.
How to cook seeds:
- Varietal seeds will give the same yield as before. Hybrid should not be used, in most cases they will give the wrong grade, which is expected. Seeds can be used only if they are purchased in specialized stores.
- Need to inspect the seeds. If there are damaged, they should not be used. It is necessary to leave large, healthy, not having visible damages.
- When selecting, you can use a saline solution consisting of 1 liter of water, in which 100 grams of salt is dissolved. Soak the seeds for 15 minutes. Those that emerge can be thrown away, they will not ascend.
- Disinfection of seed. This will require a one percent manganese solution. Seeds are kept in it for 30 minutes. After that, the day is placed in the ash solution and put on the balcony.
- It is recommended to germinate the seeds first. In this case, it will be immediately clear whether they are viable. To do this, prepare a damp cloth, pour seeds on it, then place it so that they do not touch each other. Then put a damp cloth on top of them. They are left for 1.5 days.
To prevent the fabric from drying out during germination, it is recommended to lay it on a plate and cover it with another one. This will greatly reduce evaporation.
- After that, you need to open them and inspect. Seeds of a few millimeters germinate. If some of them were nevskhozhimye, they will not sprout.
- Now sprouted seeds need to be planted in peat cups with the spout up.
Important. На какую глубину сажают семена огурцов при проращивании? Оптимальная глубина — 1 см.
Для приготовления зольного раствора в домашних условиях в 10 литрах горячей воды настаивают 3 кг золы в течение двух суток. Затем процеживают сквозь марлю, добавляют 40 г мыла, предварительно растворённого в небольшом количестве горячей воды. Затем раствор размешивают.
For quick disinfection, heat treatment can be applied: seeds are soaked in water, the temperature of which is equal to 45 degrees or more. Do this for 45 minutes with caution. High temperatures can damage the seeds.
How to germinate seeds in cups
When germinating cucumber material, standard soil can be used, which is sold in specialized stores.
On a note. Convenient to use for planting peat cups. Subsequently, seedlings can be planted in the ground without removing from the pot.
Instead of peat cups, you can use plastic or paper. At the same time, in order to sow in the ground, it is necessary to extract and transplant the seedlings. Cucumbers this procedure is transferred with difficulty.
To put a germinated seed in a cup, you need to do the following:
- Only fill half the glass with earth.
- Make pits a depth of 1 centimeter.
- Put seeds one by one in each hole and level the ground.
- Wash a little with warm water.
- As far as pulling sprouts you need to pour the ground. This will contribute to the development and strengthening of the root system of plants.
- Pots covered with foil.
Note! The optimum temperature for the development of sprouts is from 23 to 25 degrees.
The seedling will be ready when the sprouts sprout from the ground.
Sowing in open ground
Most often, cucumbers are planted in the beds. If the seeds are evenly distributed, this will allow the use of solar lighting as efficiently as possible.
This method of planting requires careful processing of crops. It is necessary to pay special attention to not disturbing the roots and branches of plants. Usually the leaves and flowers are in the position when they get the maximum sunlight. If you change their orientation, restoring the right position will take time.
Climbing cucumbers in the open field are grown using trellis. They are horizontally stretched wire attached to poles dug into the ground.
When planting seeds, consider the following:
- If sprouted seeds are planted, it is better to place them in the ground with a sprout up, but if some of them are arranged horizontally, this will not harm their growth.
- It is necessary to plant cucumbers in open ground after it warms up to 17 degrees.
- The distance between the beds is usually 90 cm. Seed material or seedlings are placed in two rows at a distance of 40 cm between them. In the same row the distance between the shoots is 20 cm. The shoots must be thinned.
- It is recommended to place the sprouts in a staggered manner when planting. For taller varieties, the distance can be slightly increased.
In one hole you need to put a few seeds (from 2 to 5). This is done in case some of them do not ascend.
Hybrid varieties give more space. At the same time, the distance between the beds should be increased to one meter, and the distance between the ribbons should be at least 90 cm.
Experienced Gardeners Tips
The first dressing should be done at the time when the first flowers appear on the plants. After this procedure must be repeated every two weeks. This must be done until new fruits appear.
Important! Before you apply fertilizer, the soil must be watered abundantly.
When growing it is necessary to take into account that plants love loose soil. To do this, you must regularly cultivate the land.
- Before planting, the ground must be dug up.
- It is recommended to mix the ground with peat. It makes the soil more friable, which contributes to better quality of the roots of moisture.
- It will be useful to saturate the soil with humus, which will help sprouts get more nutrients.
To install them, you need to dig poles into the ground, which are supports. They attach three rows of wire. The lower one should be located at a height of 15 cm. The middle one is at a height of one meter, and the top one - 2 meters. Poles set in the center of the garden. It is necessary to additionally attach a plastic mesh to the wire. It is necessary that the width of the cells ranged from 15 to 20 cm. As the cucumbers grow, their branches must be tied up to the trellis.
With this method of cultivation, you can reduce the distance between the holes to 20 cm.
How to water
Watering cucumbers depends on the growth stage:
- At the very beginning of the growing season, it is necessary to use for each irrigation from 3 to 6 liters of water before flowering. It needs to be made once every 5 days.
- When flowering occurs, and then fruiting, watering should be more abundant. Now for every square meter required to spend 10-12 liters of water. The frequency of watering increases: 1 time every two days.
- At the end of the summer season, the irrigation intensity must be reduced. Since at this time the temperature decreases, the abundance of water can lead to rotting of the roots.
Council If you do not provide sufficient watering, then not only the yield will decrease, but the taste of cucumbers may become worse. It is recommended to use warm water for watering.
Cucumbers are poorly tolerated when the topsoil is covered with a dry crust. Therefore it is recommended to use a watering can with small holes.
Growing cucumbers requires careful adherence to all relevant rules and careful care. But if successful, a great harvest will reward the owner.
Choosing a landing site
Remember that cucumber is a light-loving plant. Planting in the shade will not allow the development of a cucumber lash and a great harvest.
Plant cucumbers in a sunny place and at a sufficient distance from each other. Otherwise, get developed shoots of cucumbers with barren flowers, called male flowers. Lateral branches with female flowers will develop poorly, the color, not giving an ovary, will fall.
Inexperienced gardeners remove shoots with barren flowers, not realizing that this reduces the yield. For the normal development of the plant requires male and female flowers. To prevent depletion of the soil, apply competent crop rotation. Cucumbers grow well after growing tomatoes, onions, root vegetables, cabbage. It is recommended to change the place of the cucumber ridge every year and not earlier than in three years, return to the original place.
A depressing effect on the root system of cucumbers over-moistened soil.
Optimum temperature for growing
Only the spring sun will warm, the thawed earth will smoke, gardeners rush to their plots, trying to catch up on the winter idleness. Zealous gardeners are trying to plant cucumber seeds for warm manure in order to speed up seedlings and harvest.
Hope for such a landing does not justify itself. Morning frosts will cool the ground, the germination will stop, and the seeds will rot. This will lead to loss of seed material. The optimum temperature for growing vegetables is 20-30 degrees and the soil temperature is above 20 degrees. Cucumber seeds are planted at daytime temperatures above 15 degrees.
When the temperature drops below 10 degrees, the cucumbers stop growing, the lash turns yellow, the roots rot, the plants die, as the root system absorbs moisture from the soil.
Cucumber seedlings should be planted when daytime temperatures rise above 14 degrees. The heat is also depressing. At air temperatures above 35 degrees, cucumbers lose their ability to fertilize. Experienced gardeners arrange artificial darkening of the covering material, which will protect the cucumber bed from strong wind, low night temperatures, from too hot sun, and will help to maintain the optimum humidity of the bed.
Cucumber responds positively to fertilization. For a short summer period, an adult plant develops and manages to produce a crop. Therefore, the ridges are formed by spilling manure, adding superphosphate and a nitroammophos, digging up the earth by two-thirds of the bayonet. The bed is prepared in the autumnso that the earth settles, they dig up the earth again before spring planting. A bed of cucumbers is raised above the ground level, ensuring that the soil warms up. Cucumber is a subtropical plant and does not tolerate low temperatures.
The soil should be light, fluffy. In the future, it will be convenient to pour the ground under the roots of the plants, since the delicate roots, located at the surface of the earth, do not tolerate loosening.
For high yields, feed cucumbers at least five times during the summer. The first time - during flowering, the rest of the feeding - during the fruiting period.
- Determination of seed suitability. Use seeds two or three years old, the correct form, full to the touch. With this approach, get a lot of female flowers, therefore, and ovaries. Place the seeds in a five percent salt solution. To a liter of water, add a tablespoon of salt. Empty seeds will float, and seed will remain on the bottom.
- Preheating. Seeds should be heated for two months before planting, placing in a warm place. The temperature of heating is 20 degrees. Fanaticism fanatics do not know the limit. To accelerate the germination of seeds they are soaked, wrapped in a bag and placed in a breast pocket. With a constant temperature of the human body, the seeds quickly bite.
- Bacterial infection disinfection. The prepared planting material is dipped in a pink solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour, then it is washed well and dried with a paper napkin to a light flowability. Cucumber seeds are ready for planting.
- To increase germination seeds are soaked in one liter of waterwhere two tablespoons of ash are rattled. Soaking in a solution prepared using fertilizer can be used. You will need for one liter of water 10 g of potassium nitrate and superphosphate with the addition of 0.2 g of potassium permanganate.
- When the seeds swell, their useful to hardenBy placing a day or two in the refrigerator at a temperature not lower than -3 degrees.
Should you use seedlings
As mentioned above, the root system of the plant is very delicate, located near the surface. No matter how hard they try to transplant seedlings to a garden bed, a change in growing conditions and damage to the root system will inevitably lead to inhibition of plant growth. Cucumber seeds planted later in the garden will form strong bushes that will catch up and drive your seedlings. Productivity on them will be higher.
- The depth of planting cucumber seeds is 1.5 or 2 cm. When seed material gets deeper than 2 cm, the plant will give all its strength to the development of lateral roots, and the process of forming a cucumber whip will be delayed.
- Sprinkle the seeds on top of a thin layer of loose soil with manure. Manure will not allow the soil to dry out, and the seeds will germinate faster. For the reliability of seedlings in each well, plant two seeds. In the future, remove one of the plants.
- The distance between adjacent bushes is 15 cm. The width of the bed is not less than half a meter, at this distance the planting of the second row of plants is permitted.
Do not allow the seedlings to be too stretched: plants with long, thin stems do not survive well in open ground. To prevent excessive growth should increase the illumination and reduce the temperature in the room.
When planting cucumber seedlings, deepen peat pots by 2/3 of their height. In the future, you will pour the ground to the first cotyledon leaves.
It is quite another thing when strong bushes are grown, grown in open ground. They should have two well-formed true leaves. Having picked up the plant with a spatula together with a clod of loose earth, you can easily transplant the bush to another place. The operation does not injure cucumber seedlings. And you will increase your acreage by getting an additional garden bed with well-formed seedlings.
Watering cucumber beds
Competent watering is to use warm water. Watering with cold water will lead to stunting or plant disease. Direct a stream of water under the roots.. Drops of water on the leaves on sunny days will cause plant burns.
The lush leaf system evaporates moisture well, so this vegetable crop requires timely and daily watering.
Remember that when they finish fruiting, the lashes turn yellow. Gardeners clean these plants. But this should not be done. Continue watering the beds, and a month later in September you will get a second crop of cucumbers, even if in smaller quantities.