Watermelon and melon are associated with the taste of summer, and every gardener dreams of growing delicious fruits on his land. Watermelon has long been used as a healing diuretic medicine to clean the body. Gourds are thermophilic and grow in a warm climate, so for their cultivation and planting watermelons in the open field you need to have special knowledge.
Be sure to know in advance whether it is possible to plant melons if a cucumber, pepper, pumpkin or zucchini grows nearby.
Is it possible to plant watermelons and melons nearby?
Gourds belong to the pumpkin family. Cultures are very useful and contain a huge amount of vitamins. If you learn how to grow these plants, you can get a high yield of delicious fruits.
Melon is quite suitable for the "neighborhood" with a watermelon. Plants tend to grow. It is not recommended to plant them together too close..
Proper seed sowing for seedlings at home
Seeds are planted on seedlings about 60 days before landing in open ground. So, in mid-March, the seeds must be purchased. You can buy them in any specialty store or ask those who have already managed to grow a quality crop of watermelons and melons.
From the seeds of last year's watermelon it is impossible to get a good harvest. The best seeds to plant– 5 years ago. It is important to understand that only early-maturing varieties suitable for our climate are ripening up to 70-85 days. It is better to give preference to hybrid varieties that are more adapted to adverse conditions.
When preparing seeds, make sure that they are not empty. For this, seeds are immersed in a container of water all that surfaced, you can safely throw. Watermelon seeds germinate more slowly than melon seeds. Therefore, watermelon seeds are recommended to be scalded with boiling water, for better germination and then sow.
Preparing for planting and soaking
- Soak. Every single type of seed needs to be wrapped and soaked in a cloth and maintain in a moist environment before germination. You can soak in special napkins.
- If the seeds have already hatch, but there is no way to plant them in a timely manner, you can leave the seeds in the refrigerator.
Sprouted at home, the seeds are planted in separate small pots with a diameter of 10 cm, preferably peat. The soil should be a mixture of: humus, sod land 3: 1, add peat, sawdust, humus 3: 1: 0.5.
Planted in each pot 2 seeds each to the depth 5 cm. To moisten the earth with a spray. Cover the container with cling film and place in a warm place +25 degrees.
Recommendations for growing
- when the seeds germinate, transfer them to sunlight at a temperature +22 degrees. Remove the film,
- the best place for seedlings is the window sill on the south side of the house,
- a week after sowing, feed the seedlings with mineral fertilizers, and a week later - with mullein infusion with superphosphate.
Before planting melons in open ground, you need to choose a place for planting. Exotic plants love sunny places where there is no shade and wind.
Melons and watermelons need rich soils, as well as those that withstand moisture well. The ideal option is sandy and sandy sand with a pH of 6-7 units.
Watermelon seedling preparation
When the seedlings appear 5-7 leavesShe is ready to transplant in open ground. Best time - the end of May. However, you need to focus on weather conditions so that at night the temperature of the air will be +15 degrees.
A week before planting in open ground, seedlings need to be hardened to a daytime temperature of + 16 + 20 degrees.
The seedling is ready to transplant after the appearance of 5-7 leaves
The scheme of landing in an open ground - depth and distance
For planting in open ground, you must adhere to the following rules:
- In the garden should make holes in the distance 0.5-0.7 meters apart according to a checkerboard pattern. Between rows leave gaps of 70cm.
- Seedlings are placed in the wells so that the surface remains only a few top leaves. The soil should be pushed in and sprinkled around with sand to protect the plant from rot.
- Crop after planting should be watered with summer or slightly warmed water.
- To protect a young plant from the scorching sun, you need to close the shoots for 2-3 days with moistened plastic or paper caps.
Features of growing melons
To ensure free access of oxygen to the roots, the soil must be constantly loosen to a depth of 10 cm. With the development of side loops culture spud. In order for the plant not to spend all its strength on gaining weight during the period of growth, you need to pinch the main stem. For the full development of melon three shoots are enough.
When the fruit ovaries appear, 2-6 of the strongest and largest specimens are left on the bush. To reduce the load on the whip the fruit is recommended to be tied into grids and hang on a pedestal. Fruits are placed on foil linings to prevent rotting.
When melons begin to sing, it is recommended to reduce watering to the very minimum. Thereby, it is possible to increase the concentration of sugars in the ripening fruits. To clean the fruit you need is already well matured.
To reduce the load on the whip the fruit can be hung in the net.
If watermelons will be further used for storage and transportation, it is better to take the berry not fully ripe.
The advantages of landing in open ground:
- in warm weather can be achieved maximum ripeness fruits,
- daily watering of the crop is not necessary,
- You can increase the yield while respecting the basic rules for the selection of soil and planting seeds for seedlings.
Grow watermelons and melons in the dacha is quite real. Some even grow them in bags or greenhouses. If you follow all the recommendations, by the end of the summer you can enjoy the sweet, sugar fruits. The main advantage of growing melons in your garden is the absence of chemicals.
The choice of location and preparation of the beds
When choosing a place for planting watermelons, it is best to immediately determine the acidity of the soil. The best indicator for this is 7. The place should be sunny, away from trees, bushes and always on the warm, south side. The earth should not be dense and clay. The best predecessor is onions, cabbage, legumes.
It is best to prepare the land in advance, in the fall. Place for landing after the predecessor need to dig and disperse the rotted humus. For a better harvest in the coming year, you can make a puff cake of humus, hay, earth and sand. In spring, the beds are re-digging, raked.
If there was no opportunity to prepare a bed in the fall, it can be done after the snow melted in early spring. The soil is dug over and poured with rotted humus.
Growing through seedlings
In regions with a short summer, watermelons need to be grown from seedlings.
To get a guaranteed tasty harvest, you need to choose high-quality seeds that are suitable for this region. In any case, you need to choose from the early hybrids.
When calculating the timing, you need to consider that the seedlings after germination should be planted after 25 days. The term germination of seeds takes up to 10 days (usually 3-5 days). Taking into account these indicators, the landing period is calculated.
Seeds are sown in mid-April. By mid-May, seedlings can be planted outdoors.
It takes root pretty bad, for this reason, each plant is planted separately in pots.
For sowing seeds you need to take a liter peat pots or plastic cups of the same volume.
The soil can be made independently or buy ready. It takes humus, peat, soil, river sand (in the same ratio) and 0.5 kilogram of wood ash per 20 kilogram of the mixture. Ready mixes should be suitable for growing pumpkin.
Before sowing, watermelon seeds are soaked for half a day in warm water with the addition of potassium permanganate. Or germinated about 3 days after treatment in manganese solution.
In a pot with moistened soil for 2 centimeters, 2 watermelon seeds are deepened.
Seed pots are covered with foil. When shoots appear, the film is removed.
The seedling is installed on the window sill on the south side. So that the seedlings do not stretch the temperature in the room is kept on the indicators of no more than 24 degrees. After 4 - 6 days after germination, all weak sprouts are removed.
To make seedlings grow faster, a lamp with daylight is installed nearby for 12 hours a day (it turns on in the morning and in the evening). Watering is done every other day, heated to 25 degrees with water.
On the surface of the soil should not form a crust!
Fertilizing plants should be carried out a week and a half after the first shoots. Take 10 parts of warm water, part of the mullein, add a tablespoon of superphosphate, 2 teaspoons of ammonium nitrate, stir and pour. The second feeding must be done a week after transplanting seedlings.
Water-borne fertilizers should not get on the plants when watering, otherwise burns may result.
Before planting seedlings quenched. The intensity of watering seedlings decreases. Produced a gradual decrease in temperature or daily ventilation. 3 days before transplanting, watering the plants must be stopped.
When and how to plant in open ground
If there are 5 main leaves on the plants, then the seedlings can be transplanted. The soil temperature when planting watermelon seedlings should be at least 12 degrees.
Seedlings are planted in prepared holes. The distance from each hole should be 50 to 70 centimeters, between the rows of 2.5 meters. Scourge during the growth distributed between the rows.
Seedlings are planted in the hole of a pot with an earthy clod and covered with earth in a circle and carefully watered. At first, for better rooting of the plant at night, you can hide spunbond.
Growing under film
When growing seedlings under the film, seeds can be sown in March. If seedlings are planted out of pots, the temperature of the soil under the film should not be lower than 12 degrees. The best time for this is the middle - end of April.
For growing under the film, the film must be a two-layer. The film is pre-tensioned along the pits or furrows. The first layer is laid on the ground, holes are made with a length of 8 to 10 centimeters for plant growth. When growing seedlings, the film should not touch the plants. For the second layer, the arches are set on the beds, the film lies and is fixed on top.
The first layer of the film will warm the soil, retain moisture and prevent the growth of weeds around watermelons. For uniform watering, you can use a drip system. Instead of the first layer of the film with standard watering, you can use a special moisture-permeable material.
When the plants grow, the second layer of the film should rise above the surface and allow the plants to grow freely.
When warm weather settles shelter is removed.
Care, the formation of watermelons, feeding
After transplanting, after a week it should be fertilized. Water the plants need once a week and separated by water.
30 grams of ammonium sulfate, 20 grams of potassium salt, 50 grams of superphosphate are added to water per 10 liters. On one plant goes no more than 2 liters of fertilizer solution.
For a fortnight before fruit ripening, fertilizing should be stopped.
When the fifth leaf is fully formed, a growth point on the plants needs to be removed. When the first ovaries appear on the plants, the largest berry on the rod, which has reached the size of a plum (5 centimeters), is left, and the rest are removed.
On one plant should be no more than 6 fruits. After the berry 4 leaves are counted, and the tips of the whip are pinch off. Scourges that grow beyond the beds must be removed.
A large harvest directly depends on timely pollination and with closed cultivation, the film needs to be lifted for a day during flowering. Otherwise, pollination will have to be done independently, connecting the male ovary with the stigmas of the female ovary.
Diseases and pests
When watering, do not touch the plants, otherwise pests and diseases may occur. Watering is done at the edges of the pot and directly into the ground.
Unfortunately, melons and gourds are very much affected by both diseases and pests.
Fusarium, powdery mildew, bacteriosis, botrytis, olive spot, anthrach with manifestations should be treated with colloidal sulfur, Bordeaux mixture, zineb.
Spider mite, wireworm, melon aphid and many other pests damage and even lead to their death. For pest control, use Keltan, Karbofos, Phosphamide and others.
When white rotting spots (sclerotinia) appear on the plant, infected parts are removed. Rotten places are poured by lime, ashes. Landings are sprayed with 5% copper sulfate solution.
With the manifestation of black rot, diseased parts of the plant are removed. The remaining planting is treated with a solution of chlorine copper.
With root rot, watering is reduced, the plants are sprayed with 0.1 percent baseol.
To prevent infection of watermelons with diseases or pests, weeds need to be removed during time.
How to determine the ripeness?
When harvesting, you need to choose the right fruits. Volumetric ripening of watermelons falls in the middle of August.
- Ripe berry becomes shiny and stops growing.
- The side on which the fetus lay should have a yellowish color.
- Watermelon can be a little squeeze and hear a slight crackle of pulp.
- A clear, audible sound is heard when tapping.
- Ripe watermelon light, does not sink in water.
- The tail should be dried up, without hair.
- When holding the bark with a fingernail, the top layer should be easily removed.
Who grows watermelons?
Professionals who grow watermelons are called “melon growers”. And they grow their watermelons on bahche.
Bahchevod - This is an expert on melon growing.
Melon growing - This is the cultivation of watermelons, melons, pumpkins and this is also an agricultural industry.
This profession was spread in the southern regions of our country, and in the Middle Belt, Moscow region, the Urals, and Siberia, watermelons are grown by amateur gardeners in their plots.
Features of cultivation in the suburbs, the middle zone, in the Urals, in Siberia.
Previously, watermelons could be found only in the southern regions, but now they are grown in the Moscow region, the Middle Belt, in the Urals, in Siberia.
The main feature of growing watermelons in these regions is the seedling method.
Seeds are selected in accordance with the region, it will allow you to get a rich harvest and enjoy your watermelons. The variety must be early ripe. For better stamina, hybrids are chosen.
In spring, seedlings planted for the night are covered with any covering material, or they grow under film and are ventilated during the day. To protect the plants from the winds, beans, corn, and spinach are planted nearby.
Watermelons 2 weeks before the harvest is better not to water, it will accelerate ripening, and increase the sugar content of the fruit.
Very large fruits should not be expected, but 2 or even 4 kilograms can be obtained with ease.
When planting finished seedlings you can get watermelons almost a month earlier.
Choosing the best varieties of watermelon
You should choose the seeds of hybrid varieties of watermelons, as they are resistant to many diseases and diseases, can withstand sudden temperature changes. For example, if during the summer period watermelons will receive little heat, they will grow only to a certain level and will be able to mature.
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One of the most recommended varieties:
For the northern regions of the country is ideal Sugar baby. Maturation period after the first shoots appeared - approximately 85 days. The fruit has a sweet bright red flesh, its average weight is up to 4 kilograms. Watermelons of this sort have a round shape, and their skin color is dark green. Sugar baby suitable for preservation. It is recommended to plant seedlings according to the planting pattern 60 * 100cm.
Fruits of the Spark culture are ball-shaped, the peel is black and green, the weight reaches 2 kilograms. The flesh of the watermelon is bright red and juicy. Light - mid-season variety. Fruits ripen in 87 days from the moment of appearance of the first shoots. Planted watermelons need to scheme 60 * 100cm.
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Astrakhan - large-fruited variety of watermelons. The average weight of a berry can reach 9 kg. The variety belongs to the domestic selection and is considered one of the most popular. The fruit has a rounded or oblong shape with dark green stripes. Watermelons varieties Astrakhansky perfectly tolerate transportation and for a long time retain a presentable appearance. The pulp has a rich taste. The average ripening period after the first shoots appear is 81 days.
Seed preparation for sowing
Before sowing seeds, you need to perform a number of activities:
- Warming up
Such procedures must be carried out in order to have good shoots, and the seedlings are not sick.
Calibration - The process of sorting seeds by their size. What is the procedure for? Делать это важно, так как более здоровые сеянцы не будут давать полноценно развиваться мелким.If you competently carry out the division of seeds into certain groups, then after sowing all seedlings will develop equally evenly. As in each tank the seeds of one “caliber” will be sown.
Scarification - the procedure is not mandatory. It includes damage to the seed coat, which speeds up the process of their germination. If we are talking about the middle zone of the country, then scarification should be carried out. To do this, each seed is recommended to rub the nose on the sandpaper.
Warming up. Such a procedure, on the contrary, is obligatory for watermelon seeds. Its effectiveness is that it accelerates the process of their germination, as with increasing temperature at the seeds the rate of biochemical processes increases. In order to do the warming up, you need to soak the seeds in water, the temperature of which should be about 50 ° C and leave them in it for 30 minutes.
Disinfection. The procedure is to disinfect the seed. In a weak solution of potassium permanganate, soak the seeds for 20 minutes. Next, they need to be dried in a natural way. This is followed by sowing.
Many summer residents additionally germinate seeds before sowing. For this procedure, you need to wrap the seeds in a damp cloth and place in a warm place, for example, on the battery. It is important that the fabric does not completely dry. After the seeds have proklyutsya - you can start sowing.
Planting seeds in open ground
Watermelon seeds can be sown immediately in open ground. First you need to correctly select a variety that is suitable for a particular region. After the soil is warm enough - + 15 ° C ... + 16 ° C, the seeds are planted to a depth of about 10 cm.
After the first shoots have appeared, thin the seedlings. Repeated thinning is carried out, as 3-4 full-fledged leaflets will appear on the Senets. This should be done to leave the healthiest sprouts. The distance between seedlings should be 100 cm, if we are talking about a greenhouse, then about 70 cm.
The choice of capacity and soil
Since watermelon seedlings react badly to transplant, each seedling must be individually placed in a separate container. The optimal size of the container: 10 cm in diameter and 12 cm in height.
The container should also not be filled to the brim with soil; leave about 3 cm from the edge. This is necessary in order to be able to pour soil into the container.
Tip! Seedlings grow comfortably in humus or peat-humus soil.
Peat-humus soil should be compiled in equal shares. There is the option of growing watermelons in a mixture of humus and sod land (proportion: 3: 1). It is important to add about 1 tsp or 2 tbsp of superphosphate to the mixture. l wood ash (per 1 kg of the mixture).
Planting watermelon seeds for seedlings
The term for planting seedlings in open ground should fall around the end of May. By this date, seedlings will grow up, and from the time of sowing they will be about 35 days. Therefore, the sowing of seeds in containers and containers should fall around the middle or end of April.
Watermelon seeds are sown in a pot of two to a depth of 3 cm. When the seedlings sprout, the weaker need to be removed. Sowing tanks should be put on the windowsill, the window should be on the south side.
Important! We can not allow seedlings to fall under the draft.
In order for the seeds to germinate successfully, the temperature regime must be taken into account. The optimum temperature should be up to 30 ° C. If all conditions are met, the seedlings should appear within 5 days.
Next, the temperature should be reduced by about 12 degrees. Next, the sprouts go through a period of adaptation, at which point weak seedlings are removed from each tank.
Then the temperature rises to 20-25 ° C, and at night the temperature should be around 18-20 ° C. Compliance with this temperature should last three weeks.
In order to avoid deformation of seedlings, it is necessary to observe the optimum level of illumination. To ensure the required level of light you need to create artificial lighting with the help of special tools. The room where the seedlings are should be ventilated.
After 12 days, seedlings should be fed. The optimal fertilizer is based on mullein. Preparing it is not difficult: dilute the mullein with water (1:10 ratio).
Re-feeding should be carried out through 14 of it. Top dressing should already include 50 grams of superphosphate, 30 grams of potassium sulfate and 15 grams of ammonium sulfate (based on 1 liter of fertilizer).
Planting seedlings in open ground
The main point of caring for seedlings is hardening. To carry out such a procedure should be 4 days before the immediate landing in open ground. The procedure is to reduce the temperature by 2-3 degrees and reduce the amount of watering. For several days, seedlings need to be taken out on the balcony or greenhouse, which is located on the street. On the eve of the disembarkation, the seedlings must be watered abundantly.
Tip! It is also recommended to treat the seedlings with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid, which is described in the article on the disease of grapes.
The optimal time of day for transplanting watermelons is morning. It is necessary to carefully transfer each sprout together with the ground into the hole. The distance between young watermelons should be approximately 70-100 centimeters.
As a rule, seedlings are planted by the tape method with a distance of 50 cm from each other or into holes (3-5 shoots in each). Many experienced gardeners make holes with a diameter of 1 meter and planted in them 1 or 2 seedlings.
Deepening plants should be up to the cotyledon leaves. After transplanting watermelon should be watered and covered with foil.
Watch the video! Planting watermelons proven way
Hurry with the harvest is not worth it, because not all the fruits that have reached a certain size, managed to ripen.
For example, with tomatoes and melons easier. The indicator is the color change of the fruit. But what is the optimal harvesting period for watermelons? If we are talking about early ripe fruit, the harvest should fall in mid-August. However, a mass collection is not necessary. It is necessary to determine the maturity of a culture by external signs. First of all, attention is paid to the whiskers and bract. If they are dry, it means that the watermelon can be plucked from the garden. A ripe watermelon makes deaf sounds when tapped.
The technology of growing watermelons is quite an exciting experience. In order to enjoy the tasty and ripe watermelon, you must follow certain rules of agricultural engineering. Beginners in the cultivation of watermelons the most difficult, therefore, to properly perform the sowing or select the seeds should be turned for advice to the professionals. This article contains tips from experienced summer residents, as well as photo and video material of an educational nature. It is worth remembering that with a strong desire to grow watermelons at home it is quite possible!
Watch the video! How to grow watermelons (step by step instructions, from seeds to berries 25 kg)
Watermelon is an annual herb that belongs to the Pumpkin family. Gourd culture first began to grow in southern Africa. There is evidence that the plant was cultivated in ancient civilizations. The current leader in the cultivation of giant berries is China. Large-scale production is observed in Egypt, Iran, Turkey, Uzbekistan and Russia.
The plant is characterized by thin branching shoots that can be curly or creeping. The stems have a smooth-pentahedral shape and reach 4 m in length. Young shoots heavily pubescent. The pubescent leaf plates, alternately located on the stem, are triangular-ovoid. The surface of the leaves is hard and rough. The length of the plate grows up to 20 cm, width - up to 15−18 cm. The culture is characterized by female, male and hermaphroditic flowers. Bracts have the shape of a boat.
The fruits are represented by large multi-seeded pumpkins having a smooth surface. Sweet and juicy flesh is characterized by reddish or pink color, in some varieties it is yellowish.
The rapid development of watermelons is observed in regions with a hot climate and not cold winters. For countries with more severe weather, hybrid varieties of watermelons should be selected.
This method of cultivation is used in warm regions. Before planting in open ground, seeds must undergo mandatory training. Watermelons have difficult seeds to grow. If they are planted in the soil without prior treatment, they will not be able to germinate.
- Seed material is placed in a container with salt water. The specimens that floated on the surface are removed, and the samples sunk to the bottom are used for sowing.
- Seeds are placed in a thermos with water at a temperature of + 50−55 degrees.
- Sprouts appear after a few hours. Sowing material is ready for planting in open ground.
Some gardeners choose the following method of seed disinfection:
- The material is wrapped in gauze and placed in a warm solution of potassium permanganate.
- Capacity with seeds is placed in a bag, which is tied with a small amount of air in it.
- The bag with the material is transferred to a room with a temperature of + 21−23 degrees.
- Within 2−3 days should be changed daily solution of potassium permanganate.
- When seed material proklyunitsya, then it can be planted on the site.
Watermelon seeds are sown in May, when the soil warms up to + 13-15 degrees under the spring sun. A mixture of ash, ammophoska and humus mixed with soil is added to each well 6 cm deep.
Water is poured into the depressions and after full absorption of moisture, 4–5 seeds are poured into them. The wells are covered with substrate and tamped. The distance between the pits should not be less than 1 m.
The first shoots can be expected in 7−10 days. With the advent of three or four leaves, thinning of bushes is carried out: weak specimens are removed, cutting them off from the very surface of the ground.
Features of planting watermelons in different regions
Watermelons are considered heat-loving plants, which are characterized by a long growing season. It is recommended to get acquainted with the technology of cultivation of this crop in areas that differ in climatic features. Residents of the southern regions with a warm climate can plant melons immediately in open ground. Due to the high temperature, the bushes and fruits will grow rapidly. When growing plants in warm regions it is much easier to get a good harvest.
When growing melon crops in such regions, they follow certain rules:
- for planting use only varieties with early ripening,
- in order to create optimal conditions for the germination of seedlings, the seed must be planted in greenhouses or under film covers,
- landing is carried out by seedling,
- to improve the growth of the root system, all seedlings are watered between the rows,
- no more than six ripe berries are left for each medium-sized fruit for each bush, and two fruits are left for collecting the largest crop.
Selection and preparation of watermelon seeds for sowing
Before you start sowing watermelons at home, you need to deal with the selection and preliminary preparation of seed.
It is recommended to pre-select the seeds that will be planted in the future. When selecting carefully inspect each seed to identify any signs of damage. Damaged seeds are immediately discarded, as they are unsuitable for planting.
Also, choosing the highest quality seed, pay attention to its grade. Experienced gardeners are advised to plant hybrid varieties, as they are resistant to weather changes and common diseases.
To get a strong and healthy seedlings will have to do in advance the preparation of seeds, which consists of several activities:
- Disinfection. Before sowing, all seeds will have to be sanitized, so that in the future they will not be exposed to diseases. When carrying out disinfection, all seeds are soaked for 25-30 minutes in manganese liquid. Then they are laid out on a towel and dried thoroughly.
- Warming up Gardeners strongly recommend heating the watermelon seeds, as this contributes to their germination. The procedure is performed very carefully, so as not to accidentally overheat the seeds. To warm up the entire planting material is lowered for half an hour into a container with water heated to 45 degrees.
- Scarification. In carrying out such a procedure, the shells of the seed of the watermelons are gently pierced. This speeds up the process of seed germination several times. Scarification should be done 2-3 weeks before planting.
Choosing a place to land
In order to grow a high-quality crop in the open field, it is necessary to select the most suitable site for watermelons in advance. Choosing a place in the garden, pay attention to the features of the soil. Sand and sandy soils, which are rich in nutrients, are ideal for melon crops. The level of illumination of the site is also taken into account, since the yield may deteriorate due to lack of light. Therefore, experts do not recommend planting seeds or seedlings in shaded areas, under trees or fences.
When choosing a place for planting watermelons at the dacha, the compatibility of this crop with other plants should be considered.
Watermelon saplings grow well in gardens, where black radish has been grown for a long time. This vegetable saturates the soil with phytoncides that protect crops from spider mites and other pests. Also, gardeners recommend planting melons and gourds around tomatoes and parsley, as they drive away the moth and sawflies.
However, there are several plants with which watermelons are incompatible. You should not plant them after peppers, potatoes, strawberries and eggplants, as these vegetables suck out of the soil a lot of nutrients that watermelon plants need.
We prepare and fertilize the soil
Choosing a site for planting plants, proceed to the preliminary preparation and fertilization of the soil in which watermelon seedlings will be grown. Chernozem should be loose and contain nutrients that will accelerate the growth of seedlings. The technology of soil preparation consists of several successive stages.
- Determining the level of soil friability and its acidity. If the land on the site has an increased level of acidity, you will have to water it with chalk or lime mortar. Heavy soils are fed in advance with biohumus to increase looseness.
- Adding mineral supplements to increase yields. In the first few weeks after the watermelons have landed, mineral fertilizers are added to the soil, which are dominated by nitrogen. This component activates the growth of seedlings, so that the bushes earlier tied fruit. Also, the plot is fed with phosphorus-containing feedings, which increase the resistance of seedlings to temperature differences.
- The introduction of organic. To saturate the soil with useful microelements, it is necessary to fertilize it with organic dressings. It is recommended to evenly distribute bird droppings with humus over the area, then loosen the ground and pour it with warm water. To improve the yield of watermelons, you can moisten the soil with grass extract mixed with wood ash.
Planting watermelon seeds
Sowing seeds is carried out when they have sprouted slightly and white sprouts appeared on their surface. When carrying out planting, all the seed material is planted in pots with soil mixture. About 2-4 seeds are sown in each container so that in the future you can get rid of weak seedlings and leave only the most healthy shoots. Seeds are sown to a depth of 3-5 centimeters.
When all the watermelon seeds were planted in pots, they are covered with plastic wrap and transferred to a well-lit room.
In the first 5-7 days, pots with planted watermelons should be in a room with a temperature not lower than 23 degrees. After the first shoots appear, the film is removed from the pots, and the containers with seedlings are transferred to a room with a temperature of 15-17 degrees.
Grow watermelon seedlings in pots should be before the first three leaves on the seedlings. After that, the seedlings must be transplanted to a permanent place. For this, along the whole plot, rows are marked on which holes are made for further planting. The depth of each hole should be about 8-10 centimeters, so that the roots can fully fit under the ground.
Each hole watered with warm water, after which the seedlings are carefully planted in the ground. Then the wells are covered with soil and re-moistened with water.
Shaping and pinching
Experienced gardeners recommend regularly performing pasynkovanie melons. Such a procedure is carried out to improve the yield and accelerate the development of watermelon berries. Most often, pruning is carried out when growing plants in open ground, as it is not necessary to engage in the formation of bushes under greenhouse conditions. In order to properly form the seedlings, it is necessary to become familiar with the peculiarities of removing extra stepchildren.
There are three main methods of pinching, which gardeners most often use:
- Pasony side shoots. This method is considered universal, as it is suitable for any variety of melons and gourds. During the procedure, 1-2 shoots are left on the main stem. At the same time on all lateral stems, the ovary is completely removed.
- Обрезка боковых стеблей. Используя этот способ пасынкования растений, придется полностью удалять побеги. На главном стебле оставляют лишь несколько плетей, а все остальное обрывают.
- Формирование в несколько стеблей. Это наиболее распространенный способ, при котором не нужно полностью обрезать побеги. На кустиках оставляют 2-4 боковые плети. При этом на каждой из них должно быть 2-3 завязи. If there are more of them, then all unnecessary tied fruits are removed.
Experts recommend carrying out all activities related to the formation of bushes, only on sunny days. This will prevent the slices from rotting and speed up the drying of the trimmed lashes.
When landing in open ground
Some prefer to grow watermelon bushes in the open field, so they immediately plant the seeds in the garden. Before that, the land on the site is mixed with sideratny plants, which are considered the best feeding for strengthening the roots.
At the beginning of fruiting
At the initial stage of fruiting, it is necessary to take seriously the feeding of each bush, since the yield is deteriorating due to the lack of nutrients in the soil. Often there are few berries on the bushes due to a lack of boron.
Therefore, to improve the formation of ovaries and ripening of the fruit, it is necessary to periodically spray the site with Megafol and Boroplus.
How often do you need to water
Before starting the cultivation of melon crops it is necessary to become familiar with the peculiarities of their watering. In the first weeks after emergence, the plant needs intensive watering, as its root system is weakened. With a lack of moisture, seedlings do not grow well and gradually fade. Also, more often it is necessary to moisten the soil during flower formation and the setting of the first fruits. During such periods, seedlings are watered at least four times a week.
Experts advise to engage in soil moistening in the afternoon, when the sun starts to set. In the daytime, it is not necessary to moisten the soil, because of the high temperature and the sun's rays, the moisture will evaporate faster. For irrigation use separated water at room temperature. Watering the bushes with too cold liquid is contraindicated, as this can lead to rotting of the root system and further death of watermelons.
Irrigation of melon crops no longer engage after full ripening.
Harvesting and Storage
If the agrotechnology of growing watermelons was fully complied with, the ripened crop can be harvested 35-50 days after disembarkation. However, sometimes watermelon berries ripen ahead of time. To make sure that the fruits are ripe, inspect the color of their pulp and seeds. Seeds should have a dark brown color, and the flesh - pink, with a reddish tinge. The rind of ripened watermelons should be firm and rough.
Harvest is best kept on high racks with shelves, which are located from each other at a distance of 55-65 centimeters. Each shelf should be covered with a thin layer of peat or straw. This coating will increase the preservation of the crop. During storage, watermelons are carefully inspected every month. All the rotted fruit is thrown away so that the rot does not spread to the neighboring berries. Monthly processing of fruits with lime mortar will help to protect the crop from rotting.
What diseases and pests are subject to melons: ways to combat
Often gourds grow poorly due to pest attacks or the development of diseases:
- Anthracnose. The presence of such a pathology can be identified by the brown spots on the watermelon leaves. To get rid of the symptoms of anthracnose, all infected bushes are treated with Bordeaux mixture and Kuprozan solution.
- Bacteriosis The disease damages the leaves, on the surface of which appear oval white spots. Bacteriosis cannot be cured, so infected watermelons are dug out and burned.
- Mite. Due to dry weather, young watermelon seedlings are often attacked by spider mites. Insects feed on sap from leaves and stems, which is why the bushes dry. To cope with the pest will help the mixture made from onions and garlic.
Hybrid varieties have good cold resistance, but in regions with a cold climate watermelons should be grown with seedlings. Seeds for seedlings are sown in April, so that in mid-May, the seedlings are ready for planting in open ground.
- Sowing material passes the same processing scheme as when growing seed method.
- Small pots filled with a mixture of humus, peat, soil, river sand and wood ash.
- Moisten the soil before sowing.
- In each tank is placed on 2−3 seed, which should be covered with sand.
- The pots are covered with glass or film material to form a mini-greenhouse. Capacity is transferred to a room with a temperature of + 26−28 degrees.
- With the emergence of shoots shelter clean, and the temperature in the room is reduced to +15 degrees. With insufficient natural light for plants, artificial light is organized.
- Seedlings should be watered regularly so that the substrate does not dry out. With the formation of three leaflets on the seedlings, complex mineral fertilizers or liquid mullein are introduced into the soil.
- One and a half weeks before landing in the ground, the seedlings must be hardened, bringing it outside for 1-2 hours. Every day, the residence time of seedlings in the air is increased by several hours.
When the plants get used to the hardening around the clock, then they can be planted in the ground.
Planting and maintenance in the open field
Planting seedlings in open ground is carried out in late May - early July. By this time, 6–7 true leaves should form on the seedlings.
For planting watermelons choose a site that is well lit and warmed by the sun. For this purpose, suitable south or south-east side. The site should be isolated from winds and drafts. Soil for gourds choose sandy or sandy with neutral acidity. Watermelons do not develop well in dense and clay soils.
The plant is recommended to plant after perennial grasses, winter wheat, cabbage, onions and annual leguminous crops. Not advised to grow watermelons after solanaceous and pumpkin. Cultivation of the latter on the site is possible only in 7−8 years after the removal of watermelon fruit.
The soil for planting melon crops is prepared in the fall. They dig up the earth, adding to it rotted manure. The substrate is diluted with a small amount of a mixture of potassium salt, ammonium sulfate and superphosphate. Sand is added to heavy ground. In the spring, they re-dig the land with rotted humus and plant seedlings in it.
- Holes for seedlings dug at a distance of 1−1.2 m from each other. Between the rows should be at least 2 m.
- 2 liters of water are poured into the recesses.
- Seedlings are placed in the wells so that the seed leaves are above the surface of the earth.
- The substrate should be compacted and covered with sand to avoid the appearance of root rot in plants.
- The soil is watered with warm water and covered with a sun protection material.
Watermelons do not require complex care, but high-quality harvest can be achieved only if certain agricultural practices are observed.
Seedlings should be thinned out, leaving in the hole 1-2 pieces. The remaining seedlings are pruned near the surface of the earth. Experienced gardeners manage to plant strong and healthy seedlings from each other, which easily take root in a new place and bring forth tasty fruits.
With the appearance of ovaries on one plant, no more than 5-6 pumpkins are left. Under the specimens lying on the ground enclose the protection of foil, roofing material, plastic or other non-rotting material.
Watermelons are watered rarely, but plentifully. The procedure is performed no more than once a week. On 1 square meter of beds it is required about 3 buckets of warm water. During periods of flowering or hot sun, watering is increased up to two times a week, and the soil is moistened not only around the bushes, but also between the rows. When forming fruits, watermelons are watered less often. Watering is completely stopped for 12−15 days before harvest.
At the beginning of the growing season, the soil is loosened at a depth of 5 cm with irrigation. At the same time weed is removed. When the rows between watermelons close, then they will not be afraid of weeds. Weeding and loosening procedures are stopped.
15 days after planting the seedlings in the open ground, the plants are first fed. 20 g of ammonium nitrate is dissolved in a bucket of water. For each seedling spend 2 liters of solution. Instead of saltpeter, you can use mullein or chicken manure, to which should be added superphosphate and calcium chloride. A second feeding will be needed when the buds appear. One bush will require the following amount of fertilizer:
- ammonium nitrate - 4 g,
- superphosphate - 6 g,
- calcium chloride - 4 g.
Applying dry dressings requires subsequent watering of the soil.
Watermelon belongs to the family of pumpkin, is an annual plant. Most varieties have a long creeping stem extending up to two meters. The leaves are dark green in color, large, with a strong cut. The biological classification of the fruit is a berry, very large, usually spherical in shape. In some varieties, it is not a ball, but an elongated torpedo-shaped berry. Fetal weight is significant: it can range from 500 g to 20 kg. The bark of watermelon has various shades of green, most often it is covered with dark or light stripes, but it can be monophonic. The flesh is juicy, in most cases red or dark pink, but there are varieties with an orange or yellow core. Seeds are usually very large, they are large, 1–2 cm long, flat, solid, black or brown.
Choose a seed
It is possible to grow watermelon seedlings from a bone of a watermelon purchased from a store, but in this case it is impossible to guarantee a good result, as the fruits of the daughter plant are unlikely to be similar to the mother plants.
That is, if you have acquired an unusually tasty, sweet, juicy watermelon, then the fruits grown from its seeds will certainly differ in taste.
Therefore, in this case it is better to purchase high-quality seed material at specialized points of sale.
With regard to the choice of varieties, experienced gardeners are advised to purchase hybrid varieties, as they are more adapted to the changing weather conditions and the climate in which we live, as well as the most resistant to possible diseases. Among the hybrid varieties, the most famous are the following:
However, if you are going to grow a watermelon for the first time, then you can experiment by choosing the most popular varieties for planting, but it is advisable to still early ripening, such as Spark, Sugar Kid, etc.
How to plant watermelons - growing seedlings
It is necessary to begin work at the end of March-mid April, then the young plant will have time to gain strength and will transfer the transplant well to a permanent place of growth. The composition of the following components is ideal as a soil mixture:
- sod land
- humus or peat,
All components are taken in equal parts and mix well. It also makes sense to purchase ready-made primer and use it. As containers for growing seedlings, it is better to take individual cups or pots with a depth of at least 10-12 cm.
Planting seeds should be borne in mind that they are covered with a thick shell, because of which germination takes a long time.
To speed up the process, the seeds should be softened slightly, warming them in warm water (50-550С) for 10 minutes, and then leave them in a wet cotton fabric until “pecking”, observing moisture preservation.
Instead of cloth, you can use the hydrogel, which has recently been gaining popularity among gardeners.
After the seed has “opened” and the length of the sprout has reached 1-2 mm, it is important to harden the planting material. In this case, it is recommended to use one of two options:
- Type in a deep tank of snow or put ice into it, and germinated seeds on top. Leave them for 5-6 hours.
- Take a small piece of cotton cloth, moisten it with water and carefully squeeze. Place seeds in a damp cloth and place them in this form in a refrigerator for 5-7 hours.
Do not worry that the sprouts will freeze and become not viable, on the contrary, such hardening is the best prevention against many diseases. These measures will allow the plant to strengthen, to become less susceptible to weather conditions.
Once hardened, you can plant germinated material. Seed is dipped in the prepared soil to a depth of 3-4 cm, and neatly sprinkled on top of the ground. Thoroughly watered planting, without overflowing, but the soil should be well moistened.
Further, before germination, it will be necessary to close the containers with plantings with a film, forming a kind of greenhouse. In general, it is advised to use simple plastic bags and stationery gum for this.
Before the sprouts appear, the containers are left alone, observing that the earth does not dry out in them. Following the emergence of the sprouts, the film is removed and the seedlings are placed in a permanent place.
The following measures are recommended for caring for seedlings:
- timely watering. Watermelon loves moisture, so you need to make sure that the soil is always wet, not to allow drying. However, since the culture is prone to root rot, transfusions should not be allowed, as this leads to loss of seedlings,
- backlight. So that the seedlings do not stretch, it is important to extend the daylight hours to 10-12 hours with a simple desk lamp
- Top dressing. Feeding seedlings is allowed a week after the emergence of seedlings. The best solution solution of mullein in the ratio of 1 to 10.
Seedlings are considered ready for planting, if the plant already has 3-4 leaves, it is rather stocky and has a developed root system.
Growing watermelons in the open ground
Of course, for growing watermelon greenhouse conditions are better suited. However, those gardeners who do not have the opportunity to plant the plant in the greenhouse, get a wonderful harvest, knowing how to grow watermelon in the open field.
For the cultivation of melons in the open field, they choose the brightest and warmest place, preferably with sandy or sandy soil (ideal acidity is 6-7). We can not allow the forerunners of watermelons were solanaceous or melon plants, due to common pests.
A bed for watermelons is prepared in autumn. The earth is carefully dug up with half-dead manure or humus. When digging it is necessary to carefully consider the removal of the roots of weeds, as the watermelon strongly dislikes such "neighbors".
In the spring, as soon as the snow melts and the threat of day and night frosts passes away, the earth is carefully loosened and covered with black non-woven cloth or transparent film. Both options are possible, but many gardeners choose a transparent film, as it has several advantages:
- reduces evaporation from the soil in hot weather,
- interferes with overmoistening of the earth during the rainy period,
- keeps fruits dry and clean during their growth,
- The ground under the film is warm and wet.
When the earth warms up, small cross-shaped holes are made in the covering material for transplanting at intervals of approximately 140x70 cm.
Under each hole make a small hole, in which fertilizers are applied (humus, ash) and carefully watered. Seedlings, having previously soaked the ground with abundant watering, are very carefully removed from the cups and planted, deepening the plant to the level of the root collar.
When deciding how to grow a watermelon in the country, do not forget that a plant growing in the open field needs proper care:
- Timely watering. Care must be taken that the soil is important, but not marshy. Watering is better in the evening. Be careful, water should not fall on the leaves of the plant.
- Weeding. Watermelon strongly dislikes unwanted neighbors, so weed removal should be regular.
- Tracking the growth of lashes. They must be directed in one direction, making sure that when they grow, they are not intertwined with each other.
- Top dressing. The first top dressing is carried out a week after planting the seedlings in the ground. Further, according to the instructions used fertilizer. However, fertilizing should be stopped after the fruit making, in order to minimize the accumulation of nitrates in the watermelon fruit.
- Regular inspection of plants for pests and diseases.
- Pollination. If you do not rely on insects, you must manually pollinate with a special brush, which can be purchased at the store.
Growing watermelons in the greenhouse
Before planting seedlings, the ground in the greenhouse must be prepared by carefully digging it with humus. It is worth planting plants in a greenhouse only when the threat of frost has passed, it is optimal if daytime air temperature reaches 20-250С, and at night it will not fall below 50С.
Planting seedlings produced in the same way as in the case of open ground, considering only that the distance between plants should be 70 cm, and the row spacing - 50 cm. Otherwise, nothing can be changed.
Growing watermelons in a greenhouse means taking care of the plant.
In addition to all the above, more careful attention should be paid to pollination, since it can be difficult for insects to get inside.
In addition, when growing watermelons in the greenhouse, in addition to the main list, it is necessary to carry out ventilation. On hot summer days, at temperatures above 30, be sure to open the vents or the door in the greenhouse.
How to grow watermelons in the country in the open ground
Juicy sweet watermelons are always associated with summer and sun. Треск полосатой кожуры под острием ножа, характерный аромат и тающая, освежающая мякоть.
Что может быть лучше, чем, забыв на время о делах, насладиться ломтиком спелой ягоды. Сегодня побаловать себя арбузом можно практически в любое время года.
В супермаркетах всегда есть эти гигантские ягоды, правда, выращенные на другом краю света или в теплице.
Многие огородники задаются вопросом, как вырастить арбузы на даче? На нынешний день все условия для этого есть. Due to the appearance of early varieties and hybrids, even the inhabitants of the Non-Black Earth region can break their own melon and get a harvest of watermelons. How to grow watermelons in the open field? What kind of care does culture require, and when can the first fruits be removed?
Planting watermelon seeds
The best time for this comes when the ground at a depth of 10 cm warms up to 12–15 ° C. For sandy and other types of light, friable soils, the depth of embedding watermelon seeds is 4–8 centimeters, but if the soil is heavy and dense, it is more correct to deepen the seeds by no more than 4–6 cm. And the smaller the seeds, the finer the grooves for planting .
Gourds, especially during the period of ripening, require good nutrition, which is provided by the main root system and small roots formed on individual lashes. Therefore, when growing watermelons in open ground, a rather large area is allocated for planting, the size of which depends both on the type of soil and on the variety, as well as on the expected load on the plant.
- If watermelons are sown in rows, between the bushes leave gaps from 0.7 to 1.5 meters. The aisle in this case must be at least one and a half meters.
- When using a square planting scheme between plants, lay a distance from 0.7 to 2.1 meters.
The choice of land and soil for growing watermelon in the country
In order to obtain a good harvest from a watermelon grown at the dacha, it is important that the area intended for planting:
- was well lit
- closed to cold winds
- provided plants with proper nutrition.
The best soil for melons is light, fertile and loose. It is optimal if, on summer cottages, there is sandy and sandy sandy soil, which since the fall has been enriched with humus or another, well-decomposed organic matter.
Before growing watermelons in the open ground, care should be taken to prepare the ridges and fertilize the soil. Per meter beds in the spring make:
- 24–35 grams of ammonium sulfate,
- 40–45 grams of superphosphate,
- 15–25 grams of potash fertilizers.
In the pre-moistened wells, located at intervals of 1–1.5 meters, 1–2 plants are planted or one peat cup is immersed in such a way that seedbed leaves remain above the soil level. After planting, the bed is mulched with sand, and the plants are sheltered from the sun. Similarly, when shoots appear, watermelons in the open ground are grown from seeds.
Features watering and feeding watermelons
It is impossible to grow a watermelon at the cottage without providing the plant with proper watering and top dressing. Without water, it’s hard to talk about the juiciness of sweet berries, but you don’t need to overdo it, otherwise you don’t achieve such a favorite sugar pulp. Before the appearance of flowers, watermelons are watered sparingly, and when the ovary appears on the lashes - more generously.
Growing watermelons in the country, you need to remember that the culture loves rare but abundant watering, which is extremely necessary in the hot season, in conditions of a deficit of natural moisture.
The comfort level of soil moisture for watermelons is 85%. On sandy soil, poorly retaining moisture, the beds are watered more often, and on black soil and clay soils - less.
When the berries are poured, and their maturation begins, watering is carried out less often, and then stop altogether.
The schedule of fertilizing the watermelons grown at the dacha includes three procedures, during each of which the plant should have approximately 2 liters of liquid fertilizer. A week after landing in the ground watermelons watered with a solution of 10 liters of water:
- 40-50 grams of superphosphate
- 30–35 grams of ammonium sulfate,
- 15–20 grams of potassium salts.
When active growth of lashes begins on plants, watermelons should receive a second feeding with a twice lower concentration of phosphate and potash fertilizers. Since the beginning of the formation of the ovaries, they carry out another additional feeding, introducing a solution based on:
- 20–25 grams of ammonium sulfate,
- 10 grams of superphosphate,
- 35 grams of potassium salts.
The decrease in the proportion of nitrogen fertilizers is associated with the possibility of accumulation of nitrates in the pulp of berries. Also, this measure will push the plants not to a set of green mass, but to ripen.
Care for watermelons grown in the country
Care for watermelons growing in the open field is:
- in regular soil loosening under the plants,
- in watering and feeding melon crops,
- in the removal of weeds,
- in the fight against pests and plant diseases,
- in protection of lashes and ovaries against freezing.
The soil under the plants is loosened to a depth of 7 cm, not only after planting, but also after watering and rains, until the lash and foliage close the space between the individual bushes.
If in the area where watermelons grow, there is a risk of stagnant moisture or not enough light, trellis plants are constructed for plants and at the beginning of lash growth they transfer shoots from the ground to strong vertical supports.
The same technique is useful if there is not enough space for growing watermelons in the traditional melon at the dacha.
As they grow, shoots are distributed on the trellis or laid out on the ground so that one whip does not obscure the other.
If the watermelon in the country is grown on a trellis, it is recommended to leave only one main whip, on which from flowering, depending on the variety and climate, 3 to 6 fruits should be tied. The rest of the shoots pinch in the early stages of growth, and then, when the ovary reaches the size of a five-ruble coin, remove the top of the fruit-bearing stem.
When growing watermelons on the open ground in the melon and gourd way, pinch all the shoots after 3–6 ovaries, remove the stems that appear from the leaf axils and female flowers.
If there is a threat of frost in the area where watermelons grow, plants are protected with cardboard or a special covering material.
When to collect watermelons?
Ripening tomatoes are easily recognizable by changing color. With cucumbers and zucchini - the main thing is not to linger on the collection, so that vegetables do not lose juiciness and healthy properties. And when to collect watermelons, how to distinguish a ripe berry from the one that still has to warm its sides in the sun?
The earliest ripening varieties of watermelons in central Russia can yield only by mid-August. In this case, mass harvesting at the summer cottage is not carried out, unless the berries are threatened with frost. While the warm season lasts, the mellow watermelons are cut off with lashes:
- with glossy dense bark,
- with a deaf, audible sound when tapped,
- with a smooth, without the inherent green ovary hairs of the stem,
- with a dry bract and mustache at the base of the leaf.
However, when watermelons are used for storage or transportation, it is better to take the berries a few days before full ripening. Such watermelons, being in a dry warm room, can ripen without losing any useful properties, taste or aroma. But for the seeds are suitable only watermelons, collected in a fully ripe state.
Rules, basic methods and secrets of landing
It is clear that soil preparation is the most important stage in the cultivation of this plant. After all, this is the environment in which the plant will develop until fruiting.
But first you need to say a few words about the selection and preparation of seed. Initially, choose the right grade or hybrid for your climate.
Hybrids, as a rule, have already been treated with fungicides, so they do not need the method of seed preparation described below.
Before sowing, put the watermelon seeds in gauze and dip into a warm solution of potassium permanganate. Place this container in a plastic bag and place it in a room at room temperature. Change the solution every day. Seed preparation does not take much time. After a couple of days you will see how the seeds are proklyutsya - this is a signal that you can plant them in the ground.
Plant this plant in a warm, well-lit place. Watermelon need sandy or sandy soil. Well, if before the watermelon on this site, onions, cabbage, legumes were planted before.
As for the soil, its preparation involves the following actions:
- even in the autumn it is better to enrich the soil with compost, so that next year it would be fruitful,
- before planting into the ground for watermelons, it is worth adding potash, phosphate fertilizers and ammonium sulfate in proportion to 1 m² 20:40:30 g,
- the land needs to be gnawed and the beds prepared in advance.
The method is great for growing this plant in areas with a short and not very hot summer. For planting watermelons seedling method, you need to select high-quality seeds of early hybrids.
Consider that after sprouting, seedlings cannot be planted for another 25 days. Bones need to be sown in April.
How to plant seeds on watermelon seedlings? For seedlings watermelons use special peat or plastic cups, which are planted in one seed.
The soil for watermelons can be purchased in the store or made independently. To do this, mix humus, peat, sand, earth in the same proportions and add wood ash.
By the way, this mixture is suitable for all members of the Pumpkin family. In a moistened earth mixture a couple of centimeters, bury the seed. Place cups under the film.
Leave the cups on the windowsill in a room with an air temperature of no more than 22 degrees. Seedlings need to constantly monitor. After 5-7 days, remove weak sprouts. A week and a half after germination, you can feed the seedlings. Dilute mullein, superphosphate, ammonium nitrate in water and carefully water the plant. Do not get solution on the sheets.
Growing from seed
In the southern regions, the plant is planted in open ground with seeds. How to plant watermelons in this way and when they usually sow? Planted in advance prepared good seeds in the ground at 10 cm in depth.
When landing, the temperature of the earth must be at least 14 degrees. When planting watermelons in the ground, pay attention to its structure.
If this is a sandy soil, then sunflower seeds can be buried by 8–10 cm, and if they are solid, then by 4–6 cm.
To grow watermelon, prepare the soil: mix the top layer of earth with humus and ash and pour it into the hole. Line it all up and fill it with water. In one hole is recommended to place at least 5 seeds. This does not mean that 5 individuals will grow from one hole. Just over time, you will need to leave there the strongest seedling.
When you see that the seedlings are strong, grown young plants can be transplanted into the open ground. The first when planting watermelons in the open ground - is the selection of places. It is better to choose a well-lit, windless area. If, however, the place is windy, watermelons can be planted behind the "fence" of corn. Then prepare the ground for the reception of a new plant - use organic fertilizer.
People often ask at what distance to plant watermelons? Recommend to adhere to the following parameters: between plants should be a distance of not less than a meter. They are usually planted with a checkerboard - a standard scheme for planting watermelons. Place the seedlings in the pits and tamp with soil, leaving the shoots on the surface with leaves. When all individuals are planted, water each plentifully.
Planting and care in the open field include not complicated, but basic actions:
- periodic weeding and loosening of the ground around the base,
- regular watering
- pinching shoots
- weed removal
- fertilizer with organic matter added to superphosphate and calcium chloride,
- treatment of diseases and pests.
To store and transport the harvest is also necessary with the correct approach, whatever the volume. First, you must understand how resistant your variety is to transporting and storing.
Secondly, you must prepare a special place for the watermelon. The room should have a temperature of up to 5 degrees with a humidity of 70–80% and a good ventilation system. Lay dry moss or sawdust on the bottom.
Constantly watch for watermelons, their condition.
Planting in the greenhouse
How to plant a watermelon at home, if the climate is cold? It can be grown without problems in the greenhouse. But then the question: how to plant a watermelon in a greenhouse?
According to this algorithm, you can properly plant watermelons and care for them:
- Seeds are planted in the tank until the germination. Land for watermelons can be taken specialized.
- Soil for transplanting prepared in a known manner - by adding to the soil organic fertilizers.
- In the pits at a distance of 70–80 cm placed seedlings.
- Keep a pair of bees in the greenhouse for better pollination.
- Cut the excess shoots.
- Fertilize with mullein or liquid manure.
- July-August - it's time to harvest.
When to sow, which grade to choose?
The correct selection of seed material is considered the key to successful and efficient cultivation of melon crops. It is quite possible to grow a tasty berry from a bone purchased in a store. But in this case there is no guarantee that the fruits of the daughter plant will be completely similar to the parent ones.
Not recommended to buy seeds of large and exotic varieties. Such crops require long daylight and longer days with a temperature of 15 degrees to ripen.
To obtain large and dried fruits at the end of the vegetative period, it is better to give preference to watermelon varieties adapted to changing weather conditions. These plants have time to achieve the stated varietal sizes and endure various diseases.
The most popular varieties of watermelon with such characteristics are:
- Crimson Sweet,
- Sugar Babe,
When buying seed, the grower must choose the varieties of watermelon on the basis of climatic conditions. Then the labor expended on growing the plant will bring the desired results.
Terms of sowing watermelons in the open ground
The method of planting will depend on when planting watermelons in the open ground. The seed method can be sown from late April to mid-June. It all depends on weather conditions and the desired period of harvest. When watermelons are planted with seeds, pay attention to the weather conditions and the temperature of the soil. It is unacceptable to plant grains in the ground, unheated by the sun to 13 degrees.
Choosing a landing site
Before you plant a watermelon in the dacha, you need to correctly determine the landing site. For melon crops it is better to isolate the area from the south or southeast side.
The plot for watermelons should:
- be well lit
- be closed to cold winds,
- provide the plant with proper nutrition,
- located not near a groundwater pool.
For the cultivation of watermelon are suitable soils with a neutral reaction, as well as with a light and loose structure. As a rule, in order to obtain a high yield, it is better to plant a plant on sandy or sandy sand with a pH of 6.5-7.
Sowing seeds in open ground
Watermelons are planted in open ground to a depth of no more than 8 cm. For one meter of flow, the number of seeds must be at least 10. The method of planting seeds will also depend on the composition of the soil.
On soils that are heavy in terms of their mechanical composition, small-seeded varieties are sown at a depth of 4 cm, and large-seeded varieties at 4-6 cm. With the right technology, the first plant shoots appear after 2 weeks.
You must perform the following steps:
- Prepare the wells for planting and fill them with a small amount of water.
- At the landing site, make holes 10 cm deep, at a distance of 1 m from each other.
- Pour into the hole pre-harvested fertilizer and humus.
- Level the surface with the hoe.
- Place the watermelon seeds in wet holes and sprinkle them with earth.
- Gently press down the soil at the landing site so that the seeds are not blown away.
Since not all of the planted seeds sprout, it is better to sow 5-6 seeds of watermelon per well.
Growing outdoor seedlings
For seedlings, peat-humus pots are used; when transplanting, plants from such pots do not need to be removed. In prepared wells culture is dipped directly in the pot, so that the young root system is absolutely not injured. In this regard, the use of plastic utensils is inconvenient - to get the seedlings without injuring them is difficult enough.
Planting seed in pots taken in April:
- In each tank poured 2/3 of the mixture of humus and peat and sod land in a quantitative ratio of 2: 1: 1.
- Before sowing, the seeds are soaked in warm water for 10 minutes.
- Watermelon seed is immersed to a depth of 1 cm.
- As the culture grows, a soil mixture is poured into the container, and when the first leaf appears, a mineral supplement is added.
By planting in open ground, seedlings will be ready on day 30, the plant should already have 5 full sheets formed. As a rule, it falls on the period from the end of May to the first ten days of June.
After the earth warms up in the covering material, holes are made and a small hole is made under each of them. Plants 1-2 are planted in pre-moistened wells at intervals of 1-1.5 meters.
Do this in such a way that the seed leaves remain above the soil level. After planting, the beds mulch and cover the plants from sunlight. In order to avoid overcooling of tender sprouts, it is better to cover the early varieties of the crop with film.
This will contribute to the good rooting of watermelon.
How to grow a big and sweet watermelon
As you know, watermelon is the biggest berry. Very tasty, sweet and juicy. What could be better than a cold skull of watermelon on a hot summer day? Которая замечательно утоляет жажду, насыщает организм витаминами и поднимает настроение. Каждый хотел бы вырастить арбуз у себя на даче, желательно больших размеров и без химикатов.
Существует два способа вырастить арбузы:
- рассадой с тремя листочками
- семенами прямо в открытую почву.
This does not affect the yield, only those planted with seedlings ripen a little earlier. Landing can start from late April to early May. If the temperature is still insufficient for planting a watermelon, then the area designated for planting can be covered with film for two weeks.
So the earth warms up faster. When the temperature of the earth reaches +16, you can safely begin to plant watermelons. To germinate and the yield was good, you need to cover the site with a film for a month. Before planting the seeds of watermelon is better to soak in the water for several hours.
Germination will be better and faster.
Planting, further care for watermelons
Planting watermelons is better not in the hole for a few seeds, but in rows. In a row of one seed with a distance of one meter. The aisle is one and a half to two meters wide. Do not plant watermelons often, otherwise they will be small up to a maximum of two kilograms.
An important factor is weed control. It should be carried out regularly. That watermelons are not lost in unnecessary vegetation.
Watering the watermelons is not necessary. During the time when the seeds are covered with foil, rooting occurs. The root goes deep into the ground. Therefore, watermelon does not need watering from above. He takes moisture from the depths of the earth, where the heat is not enough. Watermelons, which often and abundantly watered do not have a pronounced taste, solid water. It is better to water directly the hole where the seeds will sit.
Watermelon must be fed and not when it wanted, but according to a certain pattern and in a certain growth phase. There is the following technology: two fertilizing with organic or mineral fertilizers, when there are three leaves, the next time in 2 weeks.
Fresh manure cannot be used as a top dressing - it will spoil everything, including taste. It is better to take humus, ash or make a solution with the addition of chicken manure. And you can not fertilize.
Watch can be quite fertile soil and hot sun.
When the seedlings grow, you need to evenly distribute the shoots in different directions, to the left - to the right. On the stalk, where watermelons are formed, it is advisable to leave 3-4 fruits and 7 leaves, pinch the rest.
In a greenhouse, the stalk of a watermelon on any support can be grown to a height of one meter, then pinch.
You need to leave two fruits and three barren flowers with manual pollination. When the fruit grows to the size of an orange, it is immersed in a net and tied to the frame. Hothouse watermelon is usually with thin skin, but rather small - up to 1 kg.
Peculiarities of care
Growing this juicy and tasty berries is not difficult if certain conditions are met. If the majority of gardeners have already sufficiently fulfilled the necessary technology, then for inexperienced owners it would be useful to learn the main secrets of a successful harvest of watermelons.
Often novice gardeners are interested in just the opportunity to get a crop in not very suitable conditions: in the Moscow region, the Urals and even Siberia.
The main secret of success will be the correct selection of seeds, as well as compliance with the basic recommendations for growing in a relatively cold climate.
The most rational to grow watermelons and melons in large areas. So the plant can be freely placed and not interfere with the surrounding crops. However, it is not always possible to allocate a separate territory for melons, so sometimes it makes sense to plant watermelons between rows with other vegetables.
Watermelons are extremely demanding for sufficient lighting and humidity. In this case, marshy and waterlogged soil will lead to the death of the roots and the rotting of the fruit.
Before planting it is necessary to properly prepare the seeds. A feature of watermelon seeds is rather thick peel, which makes germination more difficult.
To make this process shorter, you need to soak the seeds in warm water for a day, you can use a thermos or a sealed container. After that, wrap the seeds in a damp cloth and put in a plastic bag.
The package should be enough air, which must be periodically updated. Place the seed bag in a warm place, after about a week the first shoots will appear.
Planting germinated seeds is best in individual cups of two pieces. After that, you need to remove the pots in a warm place and wait for shoots that will appear after 10 - 14 days. Watering is carried out with warm water as the ground dries. After the emergence of sprouts, pots of seedlings are transferred to the window sill or any suitable place for this.
The seedlings are planted in the open ground after the appearance of the third leaf, but not earlier than mid-May. It is imperative to organize a film cover to establish a stable temperature. After the risk of night frost disappears, and the first lashes appear on the plant, the need for shelter will disappear.
The distance between seedlings should be at least 50 centimeters, optimally arrange the plants in a checkerboard pattern. Watering should be rare, but abundant. If the summer is rainy, you need to take care of additional shelter. Excess moisture will lead to the ripening of tasteless and watery berries, and may also lead to decay of the plant.
An important caveat: the sweet fruits are very fond of birds, which can quickly destroy the harvest. To scare away the pests traditionally used garden bogey or a canopy of mesh material.
Top dressing during fruit ripening is very important. In general, seedlings should be fertilized every 10 days. Organic fertilizers are ideal: manure, humus and others. Two weeks before the berries are picked, it is desirable to stop watering completely, then the fruits will become sweet and juicy.
All recommendations are given for general information, it is also necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the climatic zone and the quality of the soil layer. Summing up, we can formulate the basic requirements of melon crops to growing conditions.
Secrets of the successful cultivation of watermelons:
- The seedling method is suitable in relatively cold areas, as well as to accelerate the ripening of fruits.
- Before planting, seeds should be soaked in warm water, and then germinated in a dark warm place.
- To grow watermelons, you must choose a sunny place with protection from the wind.
- Seedlings should be planted no later than the appearance of the third leaf.
- It is necessary to water a plant only with warm water.
- Watering should be abundant, but rare, no more than once a week.
- In order to prevent over-wetting of the soil, it is necessary to provide a protective shelter during prolonged rains.
- Fertilizing is necessary to produce about once every 10 days with organic fertilizers.
- Two weeks before harvest, the plant stops watering altogether.
These recommendations are perfect for growing watermelons and other melons in a relatively warm climate, for example in Ukraine. For a more severe climate, it is necessary to take care of the purchase of ultra early varieties in advance. Growing by seedlings will be a prerequisite for a good harvest.
The varieties are suitable for cultivation in the Moscow region and central Russia
The peculiarity of growing in such a climatic zone is considered to be a shorter ripening period, so it is better to give preference to early ripening varieties. Among them, a special place of honor is occupied by hybrid varieties. You can distinguish them by marking "F1" in the title.
The best hybrid varieties of watermelons for the Moscow region:
- «F1 farmer"- large fruits with a pronounced taste. A popular and unpretentious view, giving a great harvest, not even in a very suitable climate.
- «Delicious F1"- the second most popular variety for the Moscow region. Ripens and brings quite large berries.
- «Beijing F1 fun"- early-ripening variety, berries juicy and tasty. Perfect for growing in this climatic zone, the fruits reach 4 - 6 kilograms.
- «Coral"- ultra early variety, the crop can be harvested already 70 days after planting.
- «Prince“- very tasty berry with high yields.
- «Honey Giant"- the characteristic elongated shape of the berries. A distinctive feature - the "marble" color of the skin.
The choice of the optimal seed variety is the key to the successful cultivation of watermelons, even in unsuitable climates for common varieties.
Despite the obvious discrepancy: watermelons are heat-loving and lighting-demanding plants, but the above-described climatic zones do not contribute to this, it is quite possible to get a crop even in such an area.
Varieties of watermelons for growing in the Urals and Siberia:
- «Peasant“- due to its rather thick skin, it is excellent for a harsh climate. It tolerates transportation and storage.
- «Gypsy woman"- an early variety with small fruits, the size of which rarely exceeds three kilograms. With rassadnom cultivation ripen already by 10 August. The flesh is bright crimson, the peel 5 - 8 mm, with a characteristic dark color.
- «Polosatik"- large fruits, weighing from 4 to 5 kilograms. Ripen by the end of August, differ in a beautiful striped color of a peel and pink - red juicy pulp.
- «Skorik»- large fruits, the ripening of which occurs already on the 70th day after planting. The plant with well developed lashes, takes quite a lot of space that must be considered when planting.
- «Krasy"- dense skin of uniform dark colors. The flesh is bright scarlet, juicy with a characteristic aroma. Fruits are well stored and withstand transportation.
Planting seeds should be carried out in the third decade of April. After the emergence of shoots need to take care of the gradual hardening of seedlings. To do this, cups with seedlings are carried out every day in the open air, preferably on a balcony or veranda. If you do not perform hardening, the risk that the seedlings will simply die in the open field is high.
Seedlings are planted not earlier than the beginning of June, after establishing a constant temperature not lower than 15 degrees. At night, it is desirable to cover the seedlings film. When planting the roots of the plant does not deepen, it can lead to stunted growth. Usually, it is enough to land on a level with the ground; pits are also not recommended, so as not to provoke stagnation of water that damages the roots of the plant.
For a guaranteed good harvest, you must also take care of pollination. Male flowers on watermelon bloom in the early morning and close quickly, usually after lunch. Female flowers, on the contrary, are open for two to three days. For pollination using a natural brush or cotton swab.
Pollen from a male flower is transferred to the female. There is another way: to pick a male flower, tear off the petals and gently pollinate the stamens. If rainy and inclement weather has established, artificial pollination must be carried out. In this case, the insects will not be active, and the plants will not be able to form the ovary.
Observing simple rules on the choice of seeds and the basics of care for different climatic zones, you can ensure an excellent harvest of juicy berries. Watermelons are quite unpretentious plants that are fully capable of growing even in the harsh climate of Siberia.
Many gardeners probably more than once had to get upset about the unsuccessful cultivation of watermelons in their plots.
Enjoy the taste of ripe juicy berries turn out, given the advice of experts and experienced gardeners.
In this article, we will look at the question of whether watermelons can be planted at home, how difficult it is to care for them, and how often it is necessary to fertilize and feed them to get an excellent harvest.
Growing a watermelon in your own garden is not as difficult as it may seem. In the open field at the cottage landing occurs in several ways:
The technology of sowing directly on the bed is used mainly in the warm regions of the country. As soon as the soil warms up to + 12 ° С, the preparation of seeds for planting begins. In more severe climatic conditions, without preliminary cultivation of seedlings is indispensable. In the opposite case, the berries tied on the stem will not have time to ripen before the end of the summer.
The key to successful cultivation of watermelons in the open ground is considered to be the right choice of varieties, the growing conditions of which correspond to the climatic features of the region.
Before planting, you need to sort the seed by size, removing damaged and affected seeds. Calibration (sorting) provides for the breakdown into groups according to dimensional characteristics in order to ensure uniform growth of shoots. In the opposite case, stronger sprouts will not allow small ones to develop.
There is another preparatory procedure used by gardeners in the middle lane. This scarification, the essence of which lies in the intentional damage to the surface of the seed to stimulate growth. It is enough to rub the nose on the sandpaper fine fraction. In this case, the main thing - do not overdo it.
Mandatory step is the heating of seed material. For this, it is kept in a thermos with hot water (+ 50 ° C) for about half an hour. Due to temperature effects, all biochemical processes are accelerated.
Disinfection is considered an integral part of the preparation. The material is aged in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for about 20 minutes. After that, it will remain to dry it under natural conditions (do not use an oven or a battery).
When choosing watermelon varieties, preference is given to early-ripening and mid-ripening species. Regardless of where you are going to plant melons: in Belarus, Ukraine, Russia, you must choose the type of watermelon that will be suitable and will have time to mature in these climatic conditions.
The duration of the vegetative period is 80-95 days. The average weight of the fetus reaches 5-7 kg. The flesh is rich pink, juicy with a characteristic sweetness, reminiscent of honey. The skin is dark green with yellow stripes, the thickness is average. The plant is quite unpretentious, well tolerated moisture.
Vegetative period - 58-62 days, average berry weight is 7-8 kg. A covering material is used to ensure the conditions of rapid maturation. Large leaves and spreading of the stem prevents the root system from sunburn. The hybrid is appreciated due to its high sugar content and dense, but delicate structure of red flesh.
Gift to the North
The fruit ripens in 75-85 days with an average weight of 10-11 kg. The plant does not have a high yield, but fruits steadily. The bright red pulp of the berry is juicy and crunchy with a characteristic watermelon sweetness. The peel has a striped color, the thickness is small. The variety is immune to disease and moisture. The harvest is well preserved and transported.
Variety refers to early maturity, the fruit ripens in just 65 days. The shape of the berry is elongated, the color is striped with alternating dark green and yellowish tones. On average, watermelon curls 12-14 kg. The red flesh is very juicy and tender with a high sugar content.
From the moment the seedlings are planted, the fruit matures after 62-65 days, which relates it to srednerannymi species. The ten kilogram berry has a round, slightly elongated shape with red flesh and an incredibly sweet taste. The plant is adapted to the climatic conditions of the middle zone. Among other varieties is the leader in yield, marketability and preservation of fruits.
Before planting seeds for seedlings at home, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with the peculiarities of watermelon cultivation in the open field. This will help to get a good harvest, taking into account climatic factors.
Selection of seeds for planting at home
Seeds should be healthy without signs of damage. Experts recommend giving preference to hybrids that are immune to many diseases, resistant to weather cataclysms, and a short growing season.
Preparation of seed includes the following steps: calibration, warming up and disinfection. Scarification is not a mandatory procedure.
Before sowing, you can slightly germinate the seeds, wrapping them with a damp cloth. After 1-3 days a sprout will break out of the spout. The main thing in the process is not to let the napkin dry. Then you can sow them into the soil according to a certain scheme.
Landing: at what distance from each other to plant seedlings in the ground?
Seeds are planted in open ground no earlier than the 20th of May, when warm weather is established with a temperature regime of + 14 ° C and higher. Seeds are sown on seedlings in the second half of April.
In one pot with a diameter of 10 cm with a height of 12-14 cm, 2 seeds are sunk by 3 cm. After germination, a stronger seedling should be left and the other removed.
The main conditions for good germination material:
- moderate watering
- temperature condition + 25-30 °,
- lack of drafts,
- good light.
Under favorable conditions, shoots will appear after 6-8 days. Then the temperature decreases to + 18 ° until the formation of a shoot 4-5 cm. After removing a weak seedling, the regime can be increased to + 25 °.
At the time of transfer to the garden, the shoot should already have at least 4 leaves (30-35 days old). 5-7 days before transplantation, seedlings should be watered less and the temperature should be set to no more than 20 °.
It is better to transplant in the morning, so from the evening the pots should be watered well. It is also desirable to process the shoots with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid. The seedling is transferred to the hole with the soil and deepened to the cotyledon leaves. Интервал между кустиками составляет 70-100 см.
Молодые побеги нуждаются в защите, поэтому после пересадки грядка накрывается плёнкой. Регулярно нужно проветривать укрытие, чтоб не допустить образования конденсата. Полностью снимать защиту можно в июне.
Чтобы привлечь пчёл для опыления, рекомендуется сажать возле бахчи растения-медоносы. Если в период опыления идут дожди, нужно проводить его вручную
Бахчевые культуры любят влагу, но переусердствовать с орошением не стоит. It is enough to water the beds 1 time per week. After opening the female flowers on the plant, the rate of moisture decreases. After the formation of the fruit to carry out irrigation work is not required.
Top dressing and fertilizer for melons
After 12 days, seedlings need to feed the nutrient mixture. based on fermented mullein (10 parts water and 1 part manure). After another couple of weeks, a second feed is added with superphosphate (50 grams per liter of solution), ammonium sulfate (15 grams), potassium sulfate (30 grams) added to the mullein.
Similar baits are used when growing seeds in the open field.
Culture is propagated with the help of seeds. In nature, this contributes to the round shape of the berries. After overriding, it opens and the seeds are poured out with the juice.
Careful owners, eating a delicious watermelon, washed in pure water, black grains and dried them.
Store at room temperature in a dry room until the next season, and then grown seedling or seedless.
In order not to repeat the mistakes of other gardeners, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the most common ones.
- Giving preference to one or another variety, It is worth exploring the term of ripening berries. From the late and late species should be abandoned, no matter what taste they did not have.
- Often the seeds are embedded in dense soil to a great depth .. In such a land, the plant develops poorly. Clay or heavy soil should be diluted with sand and peat to give the structure looseness. You need to sow seeds at a considerable distance from each other.
- You should not choose a plot overgrown with perennial weeds. Burian will score young shoots, not allowing them to stretch and bloom.
- The opinion of some gardeners that watermelon loves partial shade is considered to be erroneous. Planting under trees and bushes will not allow the berries to ripen, the culture loves a lot of sun.
- Growing melons without treatments for pests and diseases calls into question the production of a good crop.
- Lack of nutrients in the soil reduces the fruiting period and the quality of the berries. Berry necessarily need fertilizing and fertilizer.
Culture is subject to the same diseases as cucumbers. It:
- powdery mildew,
During cultivation, the same preventive measures and treatments are used as in the cultivation of pumpkin plants: Ordan, colloidal sulfur, Abiga-Peak, HOM, etc.
Pests are considered dangerous:
- meadow moth,
- sprout fly.
If you detect the presence of insects or their metabolic products, it is not worth delaying with the treatment, most of the crop may die, or the whole melon. If biological products do not have the desired effect after application, you should use chemical insecticides: Tantrek, Aktar, Decis, Fufanon.
To remove the berries from the garden need at a certain time. If you do it later, the watermelon will not be stored for a long time. The gap between the first stage of maturity and full ripeness is only 5 days, so it is important not to miss this period. Properly harvested crop for a long time does not lose the sweetness and elasticity of the pulp.
The following signs indicate the ripeness of the fruit:
- drying of the tail,
- formation of a clear pattern on the peel,
- the disappearance of the gray raid
- the presence of yellow spots on the surface of the berries,
- the smell is reminiscent of freshly cut grass,
- while tapping, a ringing sound is heard.
Approximate terms of fruit ripening can be a clue to the ripeness of a berry:
- early varieties - 32-35 days,
- average varieties - 40-45 days,
- late varieties - 50-53 days.
To grow a tasty juicy berry on your site is quite possible, given all the nuances and rules. Even if you grow watermelons in Khabarovsk or Bashkiria. Watermelon culture, though unpretentious, but still needs attention. Diligence and work will certainly be rewarded with a generous harvest with a record-holder berry.
How does watermelon grow
The bulk of the harvest of watermelons produced in the subtropical zone, much less - in temperate climates. In Russia, watermelon is grown mainly in the Lower Volga region and in the North Caucasus, but amateur gardeners promote the crop much further north. Watermelon comes from the African continent. This culture endures heat and drought, it needs heat and bright sunlight. However, watermelon normally tolerates short cooling periods, undemanding to the composition of the soil. The roots are able to suck water from considerable depths, so the watermelon can grow in conditions of moisture deficiency. At the same time, it responds well to artificial irrigation, in which, in combination with planting on light sandy soils, it produces fruits of very high quality. Watermelon should be in the sun, and adult plants extract water for themselves.
Watermelon is useful for people of any age. Its juice is dominated by simple easily digestible sugars - glucose and fructose, and in terms of its content, it is one of the champions among cultivated plants. Watermelon contains various organic acids, including folic, which is of great importance for the human body. Watermelon contributes to the regulation of fat metabolism, which determines its use in medicine and nutrition, contains iron salts and other trace elements. There is even a concept of watermelon diet.
Watermelon is used mainly fresh, being a wonderful summer dessert. You can eat almost unlimited amounts of it, although doctors warn you against excess in the presence of certain diseases. At the same time, during the mass harvesting, watermelons are allowed on various blanks. Juice can be made from them, and when the latter is slowly evaporated, you can get honey-nardek. Known very tasty watermelon candied fruits. There are many lovers of salted and canned watermelons: small pieces, including those that are not fully ripe, are used for such blanks.
All known varieties of watermelon are conventionally divided into early, mid-ripening and late. If we talk about our country, then late varieties (for example, Spring, Ikar, Kholodok) it makes sense to plant only in the southernmost regions, in Central Russia only early varieties, such as Victoria, Skorik, Ogonek, have time to fully mature. The varieties of average ripening period (Lezheboka, Ataman, etc.) occupy an intermediate position. Among the "classic" varieties of watermelon are the most popular.
- The Flame is an extremely popular early ripe variety, known since the times of the USSR. The fruits are small (about 2 kg), the seeds in them are very small, and the flesh is of an excellent delicate taste. The bark is thin, its color is black and green with a blurred pattern. The variety is able to fully mature in the Central Black Earth, East Siberian and Far Eastern regions.
- Chill is one of the most famous varieties of late-ripened watermelons. Fruits are stored for more than 3 months, the variety is very fruitful, has excellent taste. Chill appeared in the early 1990s. It is intended for planting in the North Caucasus and Lower Volga regions. The bush is very powerful, with long (up to 5 meters) lashes, moderately resistant to diseases. The fruit is somewhat elongated, weighing about 4 kg, dark green with almost black stripes. Watermelon can not be called thin, but it is well transported and stored. The flesh of the watermelon is bright red, very sweet, tender.
- Sugar baby - a variety that was included in the State Register not so long ago, is intended for the Central Chernozem region, but it can be grown further to the north, as it easily tolerates cold snaps, including during the spring period. A variety of ultra early ripening. The bush and leaves are medium in size, the fruit is round and rather small: the main part of the copies reaches a mass of 1 kg, and only a few grow to 4 kg. The fruit is thin, striped, outside the usual dark green color. The flesh is dark red in color, with very small seeds. Tastes are characterized as excellent. Since “Shuga baby” translates as “Sugar Kid”, a description of the variety under both names can be found online, which can cause some confusion. So, describing the "Sugar Kid", indicate that it is recommended for severe weather conditions, including for cultivation in Siberia, because it is extremely resistant to low temperatures. However, the variety under this (Russian) name is absent in the State Register, but, at the same time, the main part of the description corresponds to both Russian and English names. A grade of universal appointment: it is good not only fresh, but also in salting. Easily transfers shipments.
- Crimson Suite is one of the fashionable varieties grown in most European countries of French origin. Watermelon ultra early ripening, but in its segment - one of the largest. Spherical fruits weigh an average of 10 kg, and can grow even larger. Coloring - classic watermelon, striped (lighter stripes on a dark green background), flesh of dark red color, without veins, very sweet and tasty, crunchy. Fruits are transportable, well preserved, and the plants themselves are drought-and disease-resistant.
Photo Gallery: Popular varieties of watermelons
In addition to those on this list, in recent years, various exotic varieties that do not fit into our usual image of a striped berry with a red inside, filled with numerous seeds, have enjoyed some popularity. For example, there is a very expensive and scarce black watermelon. Dansuke variety grown in Japan. Outside, it is completely black, glossy, without stripes, weighs 5–7 kg, and inside it contains the usual bright red flesh. True, the gourmets who have tried it describe the taste not just as sweet, but as magnificent. At the same time, in Russia there are also domestic, very inexpensive, varieties that look like Densuke. Such are, for example, the Black Prince or the Black Superb. They may not be so tasty, but they are not so expensive on the market. Black watermelon Densuke is very expensive, but is it legitimate to decide gourmets
In recent years, watermelons with yellow flesh have come into fashion. These are hybrid plants, outwardly they are no different from traditional watermelons, but inside they are yellow. They have almost no seeds (and sometimes not at all), is very different from the usual and taste. Mango, lemon, pineapple and other southern fruits may be present in the pulp. So, for example, about 10 years ago the watermelon Lunny was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation. Like all other yellow watermelons, it is distinguished by its early maturation. A bush of average size, elliptic in form, the fruit is small: its weight is from 2 to 3 kg. Outside, striped, but the flesh is light yellow, delicate, excellent taste. Capable of short-term storage (about a month). Lunar outside is a usual watermelon, but inside it looks very unusual.
Already in the middle of the last century, watermelon varieties were bred with a complete lack of seeds. As a rule, such watermelons are sweeter, the shape of most varieties is oblong, and the weight is relatively small (about 4 kg).
Reasonable question: how to plant seedless watermelons? To do this, get the seeds of a special crossing with other varieties, but this procedure leads to the fact that to grow seedless watermelon is somewhat more difficult than the usual.
The seedless hybrids are, for example, Imbar F1, Regus F1, Boston F1. So, Boston F1 watermelon is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation and is recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus region. It belongs to early ripe hybrids, forms a long-clumped bush. The fruit is spherical, light green, with narrow inconspicuous strips. The usual weight is up to 4 kg, some representatives grow up to 10 kg, thin-bodied. The flesh is tasty, pink-red color. Fruits are well transported, but stored no more than two weeks after harvest.
Reviews of some varieties
Last year, I decided to try to grow a watermelon in KALININGRADE for the sake of “pampering”! Chose an early variety of "Fire" firm "Siberian Gardener." Germination was 100%. Left only 2 pcs., The most active. Monthly sprouts landed in a greenhouse. They fit together well with the tomatoes in the neighborhood))) Not climbing, I didn’t even have to remove the excess))) Soon 2 Arbuzikas appeared on each plant. He went on to crawl and bloom, but I pinched the whole thing, would not have had time to mature. By the end of August 3 watermelon ripened. The fourth has not had time to ripen. Small in size, but weighty. Pulp orange-alai. Juicy. Little stones! In general, I am delighted.
I have not made friends with Kholodk over two seasons. He waved his hand at him, although, if it did, you can save it until the New Year. Even if there is no good cellar-basement, then it lies on the glazed loggia until small frosts. And the taste of Kholodka is a watermelon for all the watermelons.
And I like Sugar Baby or sugar kid, watermelons are not very large, but very sweet and tasty.
Crimson Suite - early ripening variety, for Siberia - the most it. consistently giving though not so big watermelons (currently the largest 4 kg), but in past years, it seems to me, there were up to 6-7 kg - I didn’t weigh it, because I only got the scales last fall for daily weighing his "champion". It seems that the weight of the watermelons could be increased by a small normalization.
Growing watermelon seedlings way
In the south and in most areas of the Lower Volga region, watermelons can be grown by sowing seeds directly in open ground, but in areas not warm enough for this crop, preliminary preparation of seedlings is necessary. Sometimes seedlings have to be grown in the south, if there is a desire to get the fruits of the latest varieties.
Planting seeds for seedlings
If the seeds are bought in a specialty store and the manufacturer does not raise any doubts, preliminary preparation of the seeds is not required. But if the seeds are taken from a watermelon bought for food, be careful. Firstly, it can be a hybrid, and then nothing good will come of it. Secondly, seeds can carry hidden signs of disease, so they should be at least disinfected. There is no need to check the seeds for germination: they are suitable for watermelon for at least 6 years, but it is worth choosing the largest ones.
For disinfection, seeds are soaked for 20–30 minutes in a dark solution of potassium permanganate, and then washed with water. When growing watermelon in the central region and in the north, it is desirable to harden the seeds (hold for about 12 hours in a damp cloth in the refrigerator). This stage will help in the prevention of most diseases. If nothing is done, you can just soak the seeds before planting, but soaking will give only a two-day advantage in the rate of emergence of shoots, you can sow and dry. Watermelon seeds are easy to handle: they are quite large.
Based on the possible terms of planting 35-day seedlings in open ground or greenhouse, it turns out that it is necessary to sow seeds for seedlings in the middle or end of April (depending on the region). Since watermelons painfully tolerate transplanting, it is better to immediately sow the seeds in separate cups with a capacity of at least 250 ml and a depth of about 10 cm (it is best to use peat pots). In the extreme case, pre-sowing is possible in a common box, followed by careful seating in pots. The soil is a mixture of equal parts of garden soil, sand, humus and peat, or a mixture purchased at the store.
Before sowing, the soil is slightly moistened and the seeds are buried to a depth of about 3 cm, filling a 0.5–1 cm layer of pure sand from above. You can put 2-3 seeds in the pot (then remove the seedlings), sow in a common box in 3-4 cm.
Caring for seedlings is easy. Immediately after germination, the “garden” should be put on a bright sun and the temperature should be reduced to approximately 18 ° C, and after a few days it should be returned to the values of 22 ° C during the day and 18 ° C at night. In the future, it is necessary to monitor the state of the soil and the lighting: the light day should last at least 12 hours, so it may be necessary to highlight the seedlings. It should be watered at the root, but slightly: the soil should be slightly wet.
After 5–7 days after the sprouting of the seedlings, they should be thinned out: if the sowing was in pots, leave one by one, if in the crate - remove the obviously extra ones. The next day after thinning, you can feed with a weak solution of complex mineral fertilizer (according to instructions) or ash infusion. Watermelon seedlings for a month have time to grow rather big bush
A week before landing in the ground, watermelon seedlings are trained to fresh air, periodically bringing it out onto the balcony. By the time of planting in the garden, it should be a strong bushes with 4-5 true leaves.
Is it possible to pick a watermelon seedling
In the classical sense, a watermelon picking is unacceptable: the slightest damage to the central root leads to the fact that further work will be meaningless: even if the seedlings do not die, a normal harvest cannot be expected. But if the sowing was done in a common box, when the first true leaf appears, watermelons can be planted in pots, removing each seedling with a good clod of earth and not disturbing the root system. Делать это можно только при наличии большого опыта огородничества и при крайней необходимости: так, чтобы рассада даже не почувствовала, что с ней производили какие-то манипуляции.
Высадка арбузов в открытый грунт
Арбуз размещают в защищённом от северных ветров месте, если можно — на небольшой возвышенности, чтобы не застаивалась вода, от которой могут загнивать корни. Лучшие почвы — лёгкие суглинки или супеси со средой, близкой к нейтральной. It is better to plant them in the place where garlic, onions, peas or cabbage grew last year. Do not plant a watermelon after solanated vegetables. As for any gardeners, the garden should be prepared in the autumn, digging up the soil with any fertilizer, except for fresh manure. Shortly before planting, the soil should be loosened by adding a liter jar of ash per square meter. He likes watermelon and magnesium, therefore it is desirable to add magnesium-containing fertilizers in a small dose (about 5 g per 1 m 2).
Watermelons are planted when daytime temperatures reach about 15–20 ° C, and nighttime temperatures are at least 8 ° C. The distance between plants in a large field is kept from 1.5 to 3 meters, but in the country house, of course, there is not so much space. However, the wells can not be located closer to each other than half a meter, and it is better to use the scheme 100 x 70 cm.
Watermelon seedlings are relocated to the garden in the usual way:
- In selected places, the scoop makes the holes somewhat larger than the pots of seedlings.
- In the dug holes make half a glass of ash, mix it well with the soil and lightly water it.
- Carefully taking out well-watered seedlings (in no way damaging the roots), plant it, slightly deepening it.
- Each bush is watered with warm water under the root, then clean sand is poured into the garden bed with a layer of about 1 cm, placing it at least around each plant.
Watermelon tolerates drought and does not require abundant watering. It is watered only before the formation of fruits, especially the moisture is needed in the period of rapid growth of the leaf apparatus. Until the end of flowering soil should be constantly slightly wet, but not swampy. It is necessary to water under a root, it is better in the evening, water by this time is warmed in the sun. After watering is necessary shallow loosening. It is accompanied by weeding, but as the bush grows, the watermelon itself suppresses the weeds, and we can soon forget about the weeding.
During the pouring and ripening of watermelon berries, the soil, on the contrary, is slightly dried: by this time powerful roots form at watermelon, penetrating to a meter depth and getting enough moisture from there. Intensive rains occurring in the second half of the summer, rather, harm the quality of the crop, making the fruit less sweet.
Watermelons feed moderately, special care should be exercised in the use of nitrogen fertilizers, it is better not to use them without extreme need: the nitrogen that is contained in the complex fertilizer will be enough. The first time feeding is done after a week and a half after transplanting watermelons in the garden, the second time - a month later. It is better to take the mullein infusion by adding wood ash to them, and if they are not there, ammonium or azofosc (according to the instructions for the preparation). As soon as the fruit began, the feeding should be stopped: the watermelon will find food for itself. Feeding is convenient to carry out and special compositions for melon crops
Formation of a bush (pinching shoots, trimming extra whips and breaking stepsons)
In the process of growth of a bush, watermelon lashes must be periodically shifted so that they do not intertwine with each other. But this is far from the most difficult: it is important to properly form a bush, removing excess shoots from time to time. When forming a watermelon plant, the main task is that it does not spend its strength on the growth of unnecessary green mass, and sent a maximum of nutrients to the formation and maturation of the crop. In addition, it is necessary to remove some of the fruits, because all those that started, the bush will not be able to provide food even on the most fertile lands. All pruning operations must be carried out on a sunny day, so that the cut or pinch points dry out quickly.
The formation procedure depends on the locality in which the watermelon is grown. This work is most important in the northern regions, where the summer is short, and every warm day is important in the matter of crop maturation. In addition, the course of the procedure depends on the type of watermelon: the formation of the bush is most important for large-fruited varieties. All work on the rationing of the crop should be carried out when the berries grow from a chicken egg. There are several approaches to creating a properly fruitful watermelon plant.
- According to the first variant, from three to six fruits are left on the main stem (depending on their estimated size), and all ovaries are removed from lateral shoots. At the same time, side shoots are not allowed to grow and pinch them over the fourth leaf. The meaning of leaving short shoots is that they provide food for the main stem. But as the fruit grows, side shoots are gradually removed, starting from the closest to the roots.
- In the opposite version, on the contrary, fruits are grown on the side shoots, leaving one berry on each (for powerful bushes - maximum two), and in total - from 4 to 6 copies per bush. Three leaves are left above the fruit, the rest of the side shoots are pinched. Fruits formed on the main stem are removed.
- The hardest option is not to leave side shoots at all. Up to five fruits are left on the main stem, but in such a way that there are 4–5 leaves between them. It is believed that the food from these leaves should be enough to form the fruit, especially if the variety does not imply the possibility of obtaining very large berries.
How to figure out which option to choose? It seems that an ordinary summer resident does not make sense to think about it, but it is worth remembering a few rules:
- do not leave on the bush more than six fruits
- on each shoot leave only one berry in the case of large-fruited varieties and a maximum of two in the case of small-fruited,
- after a watermelon grows to fist size, leave a maximum of 4–5 leaves above it.
Even when the formation of the shrub seems complete and the fruit begins to grow and build up its mass, stepchildren will periodically appear from the leaves' axils - additional side shoots. It is worth taking as a rule weekly inspect lashes and break out stepchildren, not allowing them to grow in size. However, at this time it is already undesirable to turn the lash over, therefore it should be done very carefully. As the fruit grows, plywood or planks should be placed under them, so that in a rainy summer they do not rot, lying on damp ground. All available schemes for the formation of watermelon plants provide for pinching most of the stems and leaving only a few fruits on the bush.
How to grow a square watermelon ("Japanese" technology)
Square (more precisely, cubic) watermelon is good only because it will take less space when storing or transporting the crop. This “miracle” has no other advantages, and there is little point in trying to grow it specifically. But lovers of such exotic can get square striped berries from any beloved variety. To do this, you must somehow make a cubic container of transparent plastic of the appropriate size.
What does the corresponding mean? The diagonal of the face of the cube should be slightly larger than the diameter of the proposed watermelon, which will grow in this capacity. In a too cramped dwelling, the watermelon will not ripen properly, and in a too spacious one it will not be quite “square”: only 6 flattened sides will turn out. In order for the cube to be reusable, it must, of course, be collapsible, and in one of the faces it is necessary to make a hole with a diameter of 3-4 cm for escape with the fruit. In addition, we need numerous smaller holes for airing, otherwise the berry in this cube will simply rot. The future square watermelon spends almost all its life inside a transparent cube
Then everything is very simple. As soon as a watermelon grows the size of an apple, it is placed in a mold and continues with the usual care, watching how it feels. You may have to water a little more, turn over the cube, push the fruit in it while it is small. But as soon as he grows up and begins to rest on the edges, he will begin to take the form of a cube. Obviously, not only cubic watermelons can be grown in the same way, but, for example, pyramidal ones.
Disease and pest treatment
Watermelon is a heat-loving plant, but otherwise it is completely unpretentious. With proper care, he rarely gets sick or is attacked by pests. Most often in amateur melon growing even no spraying is required, in large farms, of course, prophylactic treatments are carried out. For the prevention of possible diseases (rot, spotting, powdery mildew, anthracnose) use such well-known drugs as Fundazol or Decis, as well as traditional Bordeaux liquid. Each of them is able to destroy these or other pathogens, and if necessary, should carefully examine the instructions.
Watermelon has few pests. The most common - melon aphid, wireworm, various mites. To scare away most of them, spraying watermelons with tools based on garden plants or the simplest household products is enough. So, against the aphids, tinctures of tobacco dust or wood ash (with small additions of laundry soap) help well. Wireworm and leaf-eating caterpillars are harvested, attracting it into sweet baits placed in small holes: sweetened infusions of garlic, mustard, wormwood, hot peppers, tops of tomatoes.
Growing a watermelon at home (in a bucket)
If the house has a sunny window sill or balcony, you can grow a watermelon on them. True, it requires a lot of free space, and it is almost impossible to get a berry weighing more than 1 kg. The whole process consists of the same stages as usual, only from small seedling pots of a plant with a clod of earth rolled into a large pot, with a volume of not less than a bucket, and preferably from 15 l. Of course, you can immediately sow the seeds in a bucket (do not forget to make the drainage holes in the bottom).
On one plant at home you can leave no more than two fruits, but after they are successfully tied. And they will be tied only under the condition of artificial pollination.
The owner should know how women differ from male flowers, and pollen from a male flower (on a thin stalk) should be pollinated by a female (with a thick stalk).
Otherwise, it is necessary to monitor the temperature, humidity of the soil and give the watermelon more light.
Greenhouse watermelons, using nets
In a cold climate zone, watermelons can only be grown in a greenhouse. There, beds are prepared in advance by adding humus and mineral fertilizers. Watermelon seedlings are planted when night temperatures in the greenhouse will not fall below 6 o C, which happens in central Russia around the end of April. Although, of course, in the greenhouse you can sow watermelons and seeds, immediately in the garden.
Since the place in the greenhouse has to be saved, watermelons are planted somewhat thicker, and for the direction of lashes, trellis is arranged. Usually planted plants according to the scheme 50 x 70 cm, and the early varieties and even put two plants in the hole, directing shoots in different directions. If windows and doors are almost always closed in a greenhouse, there may not be flying insects in it at the right moment, there is no wind there, so it is necessary to conduct artificial pollination.
If watermelon is grown on a trellis, the fruits do not lie on the ground, but are at a certain height, therefore they may fall as they grow. In this regard, when a berry grows to the size of an apple, it is often placed in spacious nets of any material that are firmly tied to a trellis. In this case, the fruits do not lie on the ground and, therefore, are not subjected to rotting. In addition, when in the grid, they are evenly illuminated from all sides, which leads to earlier maturation. Grids reinforced on the trellis allow watermelons not to fall and it is better to ripen
Growing in a barrel, the use of film
Our summer residents are well-known experimenters, and in their pursuit of saving space, they invented many unique ways of growing vegetables. So, many vegetables, flowers and even strawberries are often grown in old unfit barrels with a volume of about 200 liters. So you can do with watermelons. At the bottom of the barrel stack various debris, which acts as a drainage, and as far as rotting - and fertilizer. From above pour grass, good humus, and then fertile soil. Since the metal barrel is well heated in the sun, this substrate always remains warm.
In the barrel, you can immediately sow the seeds or plant the seedlings (depending on the climate), but in any case, at first, the watermelon should be covered with a nonwoven material. There is enough space in the barrel for two plants. It does not need a tapestry, and the growing scourge will hang down, where flowers will appear on the surface of the earth, and then fruits. Caring for watermelons usual, but may need to be more abundant watering.
Some summer residents instead of non-woven material cover planted seedlings with plastic film. As a temporary measure, this approach can be used, but the long-term presence of watermelons under the film can lead to rotting of the roots. The film can be applied both in a usual bed, and in the greenhouse, but only for a short while. The only correct use of it is to cover the crops in order to create a greenhouse effect for the emergence of fast shoots. In the future, you can make holes for germination and hold the film for some time, so as not to cool the ground. But prolonged content under polyethylene for watermelons is detrimental.
Watermelons in the south of Russia
In the southern regions (starting with Volgograd) seedlings are engaged only amateurs who want to get very early harvests. In industrial production, watermelons are sown immediately in open ground, starting in mid-spring. Water them only at first, before flowering, and then melon, in fact, grows itself.
Already starting from the Central Black Earth region, options are possible. It is used for growing both through seedlings, and without it, and sowing in the garden is possible in early May. Greenhouses are usually not needed.
For the first time, many summer residents of crops are covered with a film. Some sow watermelons immediately after planting potatoes, to free space. Since the second half of June, they are not watered at all, and usually there is enough rainfall.
Central regions of Russia, Ural region
In the central regions of the country, and even more so in the Urals, the harvest in the open ground can only be transplanted by seedlings. Seedlings (preferably in peat pots) are planted in the garden at the end of spring, but greenhouse cultivation is often used, planting seedlings immediately after the May holidays. Only early varieties are used: Ogonek, Skoryk, Sibiryak, and in the case of an unsuccessful summer in the open field, even they may not ripen and be used only for pickling.
When planting in greenhouses, many alternate watermelons with cucumbers, although this can hardly be considered reasonable: watermelon is a resident of arid regions, and cucumbers need moist air. But with timely airing and proper temperature control, both cultures can bring good yields.
Northwest Region, Leningrad Region
More recently, it was believed that in the north-west of the country to grow watermelons in the open field is unrealistic, but in recent years there are more and more reports that enthusiasts can do this even in Karelia and the Murmansk region. True, luck is variable and depends on how the summer has turned out, and the fruits are not very tasty. But in greenhouses watermelons in the Leningrad region have been grown for a long time and quite successfully. But even greenhouse cultivation involves the use of only early varieties and requires considerable effort. Among agronomists, it is believed that the tacit border of growing watermelons, even in greenhouses, goes along the St. Petersburg - Kirov line: in the more northern regions, “game is not worth the candle”.
Watermelons in the Far East
There is enough heat in the Far East region for growing watermelons in the open field, there are even zoned varieties, for example, Ogonyok, Early Kuban, Skorik, although it is possible to ripen any other varieties, except for very late ones. Sowing the seeds right in the garden is, of course, risky, so the seedling method is practiced.
The only difference between the Far Eastern technology and the traditional one is due to the fact that in the second half of the summer there are often long and heavy rains, as a result of which watermelons can rot. They cope with this simply: they are planted on high ridges, from which excess water flows. The size of the ridges - any convenient for use. In the suburban areas they are made about a meter wide, lifting over furrows to a height of 20–25 cm.
Ukraine is the second largest country in Europe, so the climate is very dependent on the region. And if in the north of the country it is similar to the Moscow region, in the south it is ideal for the cultivation of melons and gourds. In the south of Ukraine, they do not know the concept of “seedlings”, they sow watermelons right in the field or in the garden in late April - early May, and care for them is minimal. In the north, it is possible to sow seeds in the garden (at the end of spring), and pre-cultivate seedlings.
Growing watermelons is not always a lottery: with some experience and good luck, normal fruit can be obtained in central Russia. And already at the latitudes south of Kursk or Saratov, this striped berry is a traditional resident in the garden beds of enthusiastic gardeners. Лакомиться вкусными сладкими плодами прямо с грядки можно, приложив некоторые усилия, но они невелики: технология выращивания бахчевых культур доступна каждому дачнику.