Peas - quite a popular economic culture. It is difficult to imagine a gardener without him. It is understandable. This plant is very unpretentious, grows quickly, and requires minimal maintenance. Practically the only difficulty that a novice summer resident can face is his garter.
How to tie peas in the garden and why do we need to do this? We will give answers to these questions in today's article.
Why do you need to tie peas?
Before we talk about how to tie peas, let's look at the reasons why it is worth doing.
Many inexperienced gardeners do not think about the garter and prefer to grow this green crop right on the ground. As a rule, this leads to numerous problems.
- First, part of the pods with this method of growing just rot. Located above ground level, the crop remains intact. Pods less dirty and in contact with the ground.
- Secondly, in the creeping mass of peas, you can easily miss the time of ripening the pods and not harvest in time. In limbo, all the pods are visible and it will be easier for you to keep track of their maturity.
- Well, and thirdly, being on the ground, the fruits are far from the sun's rays. In this state, they ripen much longer, and the quality of the peas is significantly reduced. Therefore, it is very important to know how to tie the peas correctly. It depends on how much light and heat the pods get.
When to carry out the procedure?
The conversation about how to tie peas in the garden is best to start with the question of when to do it.
Support for the future harvest can be installed right before planting, and you can later. Garter begin to perform when the stalks reach about 20 cm in length and release the first antennae.
Sometimes, in order not to burden themselves with the garter arrangement, they plant sunflower or corn together with peas. Growing up, smooth and strong stems of these plants serve as a natural support for peas.
There are also undersized varieties that do not need a garter. Such peas are planted not one by one, but two pieces per well. Subsequently, with such a planting, the stems intertwine and “hold” each other.
One of the simplest options for tying peas is the usual wooden or metal stakes up to 2 m long. They are simply stuck into the ground at a distance of 10–15 cm from the stem of the plant. Indenting is done in order to not accidentally damage the root and destroy the culture. Growing up, the stalk twists around the support and does not spread along the ground.
This design has its drawbacks. First, for its construction you will need quite a lot of stakes. And secondly, it looks like such a “pea” stockade is not very aesthetically pleasing.
There is a simpler way to tie up peas in the garden. For this, the stakes are set at the beginning, middle and end of the bed. At a level of 20–30 cm from the ground (or where your peas have grown), a strong twine is pulled between the stakes, for which the antennae will cling. As the crop grows, stretch the extra twine every 20–30 cm. You will have a peculiar wall of peas.
Use the grid
If you do not know how to tie peas correctly, and are afraid to do it wrong, you can use a trellis net. You can buy it in any store for gardeners. On sale there are two types: plastic and metal. The first option is preferable, as the metal can damage the delicate stems of the plant.
It is very easy to install. You will need 3-4 metal pegs with a length of about 2-2.5 meters. Stick them in the beginning, in the end and in the middle of the bed. Stretch the net and secure it with stakes or wire ties. Catch the antennae of the peas in the lower cells, and then it will crawl on its own.
From the industrial trellis grid you can make real "pea" arches. This is another interesting way to tie peas in the open field. Take 3-4 pieces of plastic pipe with a length of about 4-4.5 meters. Each section bend in the form of an arch and stick into the ground, thus combining the two adjacent beds. Throw the net over the supports and secure it with a wire. Pea stalks will crawl along the grid and eventually close at the top of the arch. As a result, after some time you get a "pea" tunnel.
We build a hut
Do you know how to tie up peas with an old bicycle rim? Not? In fact, it is very simple:
- Take the rim and remove the needles from it.
- Now you need to find a stick about 2.5 meters long and drive a big nail from one of its ends.
- In addition, you will need several studs 10–15 cm long, made of thick wire. For example, you can use an unnecessary welding electrode, folded in half.
- Take the rim and the studs fix it on the ground.
- Stick a stick into the center of the rim so that the nail is at the top.
- With the help of a long twine, connect the holes from the spokes to the nail in such a way that a kind of pyramid is formed.
- Now in the holes around the rim you can plant peas. Growing up, the stems will cling to the splits and you get a beautiful green pyramid.
If you do not have a rim, you can do without it. A round hut can be built simply from sticks. Take a few long rods and stick them into the ground in a circle. Tie the upper ends together and tie into a bun. Done! Now you can plant peas.
Flat huts perform in the form of the letter "L" between two adjacent rows. For this, the rods are tied in pairs, reinforcing between themselves a cross bar or twine.
How to tie peas correctly?
We continue to study the topic. We considered many ways to tie up peas, but did not say how to do it properly.
By and large, you do not need to tie stalks at all. It is enough to provide them with reliable support and the peas will crawl on it. But if your bushes are too large and heavy, then you should still tie the main stem. This is done with the help of soft cloths or thick threads. You should not use wire or hard string for this purpose. Coarse tissue will damage the stem and the plant may dry out.
Why do you need support for peas
Pea is a plant with a lodging stalk reaching a height of 45 cm to 250 cm. In order to fully develop and rise up to the light, the stems need to cling to the support. There are standard types of culture that do not need support. But low-growing plants from tying only benefit.
When the pea grows over 20–30 cm, the stems gradually begin to fall to the ground. The bushes adjacent to the ground begin to rot and become afflicted with diseases. Dampness and darkening are formed under the plants - the best conditions for snails and slugs.
Tall peas on a support
Lying green mass covers the pods. With a lack of light, the beans ripen unevenly, do not accumulate properly nutrients and sugar. Such peas lose their taste and sweetness.
It is difficult for gardeners to control the ripening of the pods. Overripe beans take most of the plant's nutrients. Bushes begin to dry even under favorable conditions for growth.
Lying plants are difficult to spray with preventive solutions, covering all parts of the bushes. Culture is more often affected by bruchus, who is able to destroy the entire crop. Pest-damaged beans are toxic and should not be used as food for sowing.
The advantage of supports for small gardens - vertical beds. This saves usable space. With a successful selection of support pea garden bed becomes an element of the decor of the site, covers the unsightly buildings or fences.
How to do it yourself
There are many options for props for peas. To select the type of tapestry are guided by the features of the site, the place of the beds and the desired decoration.
It is advisable to install a support before planting a legume, noting the place of sowing beans. Installation work after emergence can damage the roots and stems of the plant.
The easiest option for garter peas, where the role of pedestal sticks driven into the ground. Reinforcing rods, wooden stakes, bamboo sticks, branches of fruit trees 1.5-2 m long are used for this. Stakes are buried in the ground with an interval of 50 cm between two beds.
A good support option when you need to save space and make decorative the empty space between the vegetable beds.
To begin with, a main pole of 2 m is installed. In a circle at a distance of 0.7 m poles are driven in under a gradient of 60 ° and in the upper part are fixed by knitting wire or a collar to the main pole. Peas are planted on both sides of the inclined poles.
The pallet can be made of reinforcing rods, wooden beams and tree branches. Instead of inclined poles, you can use tightly stretched wire, string or twine.
To comply with agricultural peas in one place planted only two years in a row. Therefore, gardeners have to constantly construct tapestries in a new place. This variant of the trellis is mobile. It can be transferred, rotated from different angles and stored in storage for a while.
For mounting the trellis you will need:
- three transverse bars along the length of the bed,
- two beams (1 m) for side fixings,
- four beams (1.6-2 m) for vertical posts,
- twine or cord
- Screws and screwdriver.
Screws fasten the design basis: cross and lateral bars. To him from the outside under a slope attached vertical racks, connected at the top. Above attach another transverse beam. Twine pull every 30 cm, passing through the upper transverse beam and tying on the basis of the design.
An easy-to-install trellis version is a construction with a chain-link made of metal or plastic. It can be purchased at the building or garden shop. For tying peas choose a grid width of 1.6 - 2 m.
Pea support on the grid
To fix the grid in the ground drive two supporting pillars. The end of the net is attached to the support pole with knitting wire or clamps. Then the roll is tensioned to the second pillar and secured in the same way. Peas are sown on both sides of the grid.
When a pea garden is planned along a fence or a structure, the grid is set at an inclination of 60 °.Only it is important to take into account the illumination of plants, the beds should not be planned along the fence along the southern side of the site.
This is the original form of support, which will decorate the site and save usable space. For its installation you will need two bicycle rims, rebar 2.2 m long, wire and twine (cord).
Bicycle rim pea trellis
- form a bed 20 cm wider than the rim,
- in its center set reinforcing bar,
- knitting needles from the rims,
- one rim is passed through the rod and laid on the ground,
- The second rim is attached at the top of the rod with wire, passing it through the holes for the spokes,
- the cord is cut into pieces 2 times the height of the rod,
- one end of the cord is threaded into the holes of the lower rim, the other is passed through the holes of the upper rim and is tied at the bottom,
- cord permeate up to 30 holes.
Peas are sown in a circle with the outer and inner sides of the structure.
Trellis version for peas it is better to select during the planning of annual plantings. So you can maximize the decorative area and avoid unwanted proximity to other plants.
The need for tying
Not every summer resident thinks about the importance of creating support for peas. Meanwhile, by creating supports for this culture, several problems can be avoided at once:
- Unbound peas are less visible for ripened fruits, because of this, the yield of tasty young peas will be reduced, and over-ripened fruits will remain on the pods,
- The presence of overripe pods, which remain on the pea not tied, leads to the drying of the whole sprout,
- The pods lying on the soil and in contact with it become polluted, soak, as a result of which they turn black and rot,
- Peas lying on the soil are more susceptible to pests, in particular, Bruchus and its larvae.
In addition, the pods, tied up in a vertical position, receive more sunlight and heat, so that young fruits ripen more quickly and have a sweeter taste. At the same time, all such pods get the same amount of light, so they ripen more evenly.
The need for support appears when the stems grow to 20 cm in length and their first antennae grow.
There are several ways to tie peas in the garden. Some variants of supports suitable for this plant are very simple to make, others are a bit more complicated, but on the whole any summer resident can make them with his own hands.
The most common types of supports for peas:
- From stakes
- From a trellis grid,
- Planting tall plants near peas.
The easiest option, of course, is to plant tall crops near peas. Best of all, sunflowers and corn, having high and strong trunks that will perfectly cope with the role of supports for pea stems, are suitable for this purpose.
Stake supports are also very simple. There are two options. The first is a single stake support. It represents wooden or metal stakes stuck near each plant about 2 m high. They should be placed at a distance of 10-15 cm from the stem in order not to accidentally damage the roots.
Such supports have several disadvantages:
- It will take a lot of stakes
- A bed with such supports does not look very aesthetic.
Another option is to drive the stakes only along the edges of the bed and in its middle. Between them should be strong rope (twine) at the level where the stems have grown. As the stems grow from above, you will need to stretch a few more rows of twine with an interval of 10–20 cm. The resulting “wall” of peas will look more beautiful, and it will be more convenient to collect ripe fruits.
From a trellis grid
The support can be made of trellis mesh. This will require a trellis grid, which can be purchased at a gardener's shop. Suitable for both metal and plastic. But plastic is considered preferable because metal rods can damage stems. The important point - the diameter of the grid cells should be no more than 10 cm.
In addition to the grid, you will need 3 pegs with a height of about 2 m. Stakes are installed vertically or at a slight bias along the edges of the bed and in the center.
Stretched mesh is attached to the stakes with wire or clamps.
If the peas are planted on two adjacent beds, then a trellis grid can be made to support in the form of an arch. To do this, take 2−3 metal-plastic pipes with a length of about 4 m. They need to be bent into arcs, then set so that the arcs connect the beds. The mesh is laid on the pipes and fixed with wire or clamps.
Beautiful green "houses" are obtained from pea beds with supports in the form of a hut. Tents can be made of various shapes using different materials - stakes, twigs, ropes, twine, bicycle rim and so on.
For example, the hut will be very comfortabledone as follows:
- At the outer corners of the two beds, install stakes about 2 m high with such an inclination that they form the letter “L” (if the beds are longer than 1 m, then stakes are also set in the middle)
- Fasten intersecting stakes with twine or chain ties,
- Combine the stakes into one design, setting the jumper on top,
- It is possible to increase the area of supports by placing branches between branches (for example, from raspberries) so that they rest on the upper lintel.
Another option - a round hut:
- Drive a peg about 2 m high
- Set smaller pegs around the first peg so that they all converge on top of this point near the central peg. Instead of pegs hammered in a circle, you can use twine,
- Stake the top stakes between each other with twine or tie.
This support is better to install before planting, since the seeds of plants are better planted in the wells on both sides of the inclined stakes.
A simpler option that is suitable as a support for peas planted in the hole:
- To drive from the three sides of the hole pegs (rods, branches) under such an inclination that they converge from above at one point,
- Fasten the stakes between each other with a string, wire or ties.
Peas are characterized by delicate, fragile stems, so tying it to the supports is undesirable. Moreover, this is not necessary, because culture refers to climbing plants, which means that it is able to cling to support itself.
In order for the peas to "go" in the right direction, it is enough to hook its first antennae to the pedestal (peg, rope), and then it will cling itself. If a grid is used for support, then the antennae should be hooked to the first cells. Supports (especially wooden) before use are recommended to be cleaned and treated with antiseptic agents.
Для низкорослых сортов устраивать поддержки не нужно. It is enough to plant two plants side by side, then their stems, growing, will cling to each other.
On the packaging of such varieties in the description can be found that they resistant to lodging.
Peas are very useful, it includes such useful substances as phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, calcium. In addition, this plant is a source of vegetable protein and fat. After harvesting, pea stalks are used for organic soil fertilization. Caring for a culture will not bring a lot of trouble, the main thing is to establish supports in time or to plant a plant near the fence or fence.
Why tie up?
Tying peas has several pragmatic goals:
- The correct vertical or inclined position of the plant provides light access to the ripening pods. The lack of the sun negatively affects the yield of the crop and the taste of the fruit - on the creeping stems, they ripen unevenly, and the peas become fresh. In order to have a quality crop with a characteristic sweetish taste, the culture must be given support.
- Contact with the ground heavy pods leads to their rotting in heavy rainfall. If you do not raise the stems, there is a risk of losing a significant part of the crop and harming the health of the plant.
- Covered with foliage pods hard to find when harvesting, while the late withdrawal of the fruit will lead to his re-singing. At the same time, the plant will consider that its main function - reproduction - has been fulfilled, and will begin to dry out, despite the presence of young undisguised pods.
- In time, the pods that are not removed and lying on the ground become easy prey for bruchus, a pest of legumes. In the course of his life inside the peas, he releases toxic cantharidin, which makes the crop dangerous to eat.
Tying peas will allow you to harvest in time and ensure its high-quality ripening. In addition, self-made support for culture can bring some aesthetics to the overall atmosphere of your site.
Ways of tying
Ways to tie up peas in the garden, each gardener determines for himself. It is easier for someone to stretch the ropes along the landing, someone makes do-it-yourself portable lanes, and someone creates interesting original designs from scrap materials. The main thing is to attend to the issue at the planting stage: it is not recommended to put supports and nets after the peas have grown, because such manipulations can damage the plants.
Usually peas are tied up when sprouts reach 15-20 cm, and antennae will begin to appear on them. The latter should be carefully picked up by hand to an organized support, when the plant is locked, it is no longer necessary to interfere in its position. You will only have to watch from time to time to see whether the neighboring stalks intertwine with each other.
There are varieties of peas that do not need an organization of support: low-growing species are planted in pairs in a hole, and as the stems grow, they support each other. On the packaging of such seeds is marked "resistant to lodging." If you do not have the time and opportunity to engage in tying a crop, you can buy low-growing species for planting.
In the wild, unpretentious peas tie themselves up. With its antennae, it clings to any suitable support and assumes the vertical position necessary to protect the fruits from pests and create favorable conditions for high-quality ripening of seeds.
In the old days, peas were often planted together with grain crops, which were a natural support for it. The pods were harvested as they mature before the harvest, and the stalks of the “companions” subsequently served as a useful and nutritious food for livestock.
Such a useful neighborhood is often practiced in summer cottages - gardeners plant peas with sunflowers. The plant clings tightly to the rough, thick trunks and is actively moving upwards, substituting ripening fruits to the sun. The only disadvantage of such a natural support is a rather unaesthetic and untidy look.
The trellis device is the most popular way of tying peas. There are several techniques that differ in complexity, the simplest of which is to drive in stakes at the edges of the beds, between which the ropes are stretched in several levels. The growing pea itself clings to the support as it grows and fixes its position.
You can make and solid pyramidal lanes, which will last you more than one season. A frame resembling the roof of a house is created from wooden slats across the width of the aisle. On a rectangular base, the trellis will stand on the bed, and the inclined elements will be the basis for fixing the ropes:
- Measure the length and width of the future beds with peas.
- According to the measurements, collect the rectangular base of the tapestry.
- File a few paired rails of 1-1.5 m each, attach them with a “house” to the base with a step of 0.5-0.8 m.
- On the ridge of the structure, nail a long rail into a size that will fix the entire structure.
- If necessary, you can organize stiffeners on the sides of the created "pyramid".
- To make it easier for the peas to cling, stretch the ropes horizontally or vertically (from the ridge to the base) on the sides.
Such a thorough trellis will serve you more than one season. Its main convenience is the possibility of transferring to another place in the implementation of crop rotation in the garden. The only negative is that you will have to take into account the dimensions of the structure every season when selecting a place for sowing peas.
Another option to create a trellis do-it-yourself - U-shaped construction of wooden slats:
- measure the length of the future garden under the pea,
- prepare 2 slats of 1 m each, the length of another one should be 20-40 cm shorter than the length of the bed,
- assemble U-shaped design,
- in the upper plank, you should arrange the fastening for the ropes (drill through holes with a step of 7-10 cm, fill studs, etc.),
- stick the "legs" into the ground.
Trellis is installed on the bed directly at sowing. Attach the rope to the top bar and take them to the edges of the beds can be after the antennae on the plants. The neat appearance of the structure over time is even more ennobled by the orderly crawling stalks of peas.
Many summer residents, trying to save useful space on the plot, plant peas to the fence. Ideally, wooden fences and a chain-link stretched between the posts are suitable for these purposes.
Using a fence to support peas does not require a waste of money and time to organize special structures. At the same time, the chain-link and trellised wooden fences optimally transmit light and air, do not overheat and serve as a good support for the weaving plant. The main thing - to choose the correct orientation of planting on the cardinal points, so that the peas are illuminated by the sun's rays as long as possible.
If you do not have the opportunity to plant peas near the fence, you can use the grid as a support directly on the garden bed. Pick up the length of the chain-link of suitable width with a diameter of cells of about 10 cm, pass strong stakes through the edges and insert the last ones at the edges of the bed, stretching the mesh fabric.
By placing the grid between the rows in this way, you can provide support for several pairs of rows. It is also possible to build a contour frame on the bed from the grid, for which growing peas will cling to the antennae from the inside.
The options for creating support for peas from the chain-link are great, they limit your possibilities only to the size of the beds and the convenience of harvesting the ripened crop. A galvanized mesh can survive not only one season and even wintering, and if you need to transfer the crop to another place in the garden, you can easily make it “move” in the spring.
An interesting version with a wooden frame and a protective synthetic mesh is presented in the following video:
If the peas on your little, sometimes it makes no sense to organize complex structures. In such cases, it is enough to support a group of plants with small stakes. The installation of these simple supports can be made at any stage of the growth of the culture - their careful introduction into the soil will not damage the plants.
The length of the stakes in the 0.8-1 m is enough to provide support for the pea stalks during their active growth. Poles do not have to be stuck in the ground strictly vertically - they can be tilted to the center of the beds, building a kind of hut and thus providing a diagonal position favorable for aging and harvesting.
Tying peas to a bicycle rim is an original and effective way of supporting wobbling culture. One such tapestry can become a reliable support for 25 plants.
- For one improvised trellis, take 2 rims and remove all knitting needles.
- Measure the diameter of the rims and make crosses of two pairs of sticks or wooden slats. Attach the design to the metal circles through the holes for the spokes.
- Pick a suitable diameter and length stake (1.7 - 2 m) and nail it perpendicular to the cross of one of the rims.
- Attach the other end of the stake to the second rim. You got a kind of "wheel pair".
- Pull the ropes from one rim to another through the holes for the spokes.
- Place the structure vertically on the future pea patch and sow the seeds along the outer and inner circumference of the trellis. To stabilize the structure, secure the lower rim on the ground using tourist stakes for tents or building brackets.
You can and do not spend power on the removal of the spokes and fastening of the cross, but simply connect the two rims with a suitable bar. Of course, such a construction will not look tidy enough, but it will fulfill its function and support the growing peas.
Why tie peas
There are several main reasons to take care of garter lashes.
- Proper pea garter improves air circulation between the branches of the crop, and also allows light and heat to freely reach the very lower parts of the plant. This makes it possible to fully develop the stems, and the peas to pour ripeness.
- Reliable support for peas reduces the risk of rotting, bacterial, fungal infections in rainy weather.
- Vertical planting bushes saves space in the garden. A beautiful fence transforms the garden.
- Facilitates the implementation of preventive, therapeutic measures necessary culture.
- Harvesting is simplified. The pods look good, allowing you to timely remove overripe fruit.
- Even one overly ripe specimen can cause the shrub to dry out.
A plant planted without support is often attacked by a burghus. This malicious beetle is considered the most dangerous for legumes. He is able to destroy the crop completely. Peas affected by the pest become unsuitable for eating, sowing. They accumulate toxic substance cantharidin.
Note! Pea bushes have lodging stems. Their length ranges from 45 to 250 cm. For full development, they must rise up to the sunlight. When the culture grows over 20 to 30 centimeters, the adherence of the branches to the ground will begin. This adversely affects the plant.
From what moment do peas are tied up
When the sprouts reach a height of 15-20 centimeters and acquire the first antennae, they are gently hooked to the arranged supports. The branches will crawl upwards, clasping the structure. Now you need to make sure that they are not intertwined with each other. Conclusion - culture can do without tying. Just enough support. However, the main stems of large heavy bushes must be tied to the trellis. For these purposes, use soft cloths, thick threads or store fasteners.
Important! Do not use wire or twine. Coarse material can damage the branches and they wither.
If you have to create some kind of complex decorative elements, props for peas should be installed before planting the plant. You can also sow sunflower or corn next to the crop. Plant stems will become natural holders for pea branches.
There are low species of peas. They are planted in the wells of two pieces. Growing up, they hold each other. Typically, the packaging of such seeds are labeled: "resistant to lodging."
Additional Information! Peas contain a large amount of iron, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, as well as carbohydrates, vegetable fats.
There are lots of options for making props for pea bushes. It is better to focus on the feature of the garden, the intended place of the garden, decorative properties. Which of the presented methods should be chosen by the site owner.
Then we will talk about how to make a support for the peas.
Such fences are the simplest devices to support bushes. They can be installed at any time. It can be used as a stand for reinforcement bars, wooden sticks, bamboo fixtures, branches 1.5 - 2 meters long.
Note! Preference is better to give the tree. On hot days, the metal heats up, the antennae of the plant will burn.
There are two ways to set footings:
- At a distance of 10-15 centimeters from the stalk next to each bush a single stick is driven into the ground.
- The props dig in along the entire length of the bed, leaving 50 cm gaps between them. At the level of the grown bushes, they stretch a string from a peg to a peg. You can also set the grid.
As the culture grows, it is necessary to tie additional threads with an interval of 20-30 centimeters. Thus, a whole wall will be formed from the pea bushes.
Attention! Freshly chopped willow branches are not suitable for supports. They are well rooted in the ground and begin to grow.
Sticks can be stuck in the soil, making the slope to the center of the garden, and not vertically. Get a natural hut. This will positively affect the development of culture.
You can buy metal or plastic trellis mesh in the building, gardening shop. It is preferable to opt for the first purchase. Iron can damage the plant. It will take 3-4 pegs 2-2.5 meters high to set the grid. They are stuck in the beginning, middle, end of the beds. Roll stretch. Attach it to the stakes with knitting wire or clamps. On each side of the net, peas are sown in a checkerboard pattern, the antennae are hooked to the lower cells. Then they crawl themselves. The width of the canvas should be 1.6 - 2 meters.
Garter peas on the net
If the bed is formed along the fence, the grid is fixed at an angle of 60 degrees. Then the plant is placed on the south side of the garden. This ensures good illumination.
You can use industrial mesh to create a "pea" arch. Take 3-4 pieces of metal-plastic pipes with a length of 4-4.5 meters. Each tube needs to be bent by an arc. The ends of her stick into the ground. Two beds unite in one. On the prepared frame to throw a grid for peas. Fix it with wire. Stems will start to curl over the grid, at the top they will connect. Get a beautiful pea tunnel.
Here is another way to tie peas in the open field.
Important! Cells should be no larger than 10 centimeters in diameter.
This fence has several advantages. Galvanized mesh serves several seasons. It can be transferred to another place, to leave in the autumn in the garden. Plastic cloth with care also operate for more than one year. Before the onset of cold weather, clean the room.
It is known that pea crops can be grown in one place for two years in a row. Therefore, a portable trellis for peas is a great find.
Going to stand simply.
Lanes for the garden and garden
- 4 beams (height1.6 - 2 meters),
- 8 horizontal slats,
- screwdriver, screws.
Master class on the assembly of a trellis (each gardener manufactures according to the size of his bed):
Connect the vertical racks with each other under the inclination of the screws, so that you get two triangular shapes. Fasten them to each other with cross-beams.
Tie twine or cord to the horizontal bars with an interval of 30 centimeters. The finished design will look like a ladder.
How to tie peas in the garden: one of the options - set half meter supports at the edges of the beds. They pull the string in several tiers. The first row should be 15–20 cm high from the ground, so that the antennae of the plant can grasp it.
Note! Trowel suit immediately when sowing peas.
You can build designs like the pyramids. The frame makes it look like the roof of the house. The rectangular base is placed on the garden bed. Ropes are attached to sloping poles.
You can put a similar construction for the peas. Green "house" looks very impressive on the site. On the outer sides of the two beds they drive in stakes about two meters high under an incline of arcs to a friend. They form the letter "L" above the peas. Between them there should be a space of 100 centimeters. At the intersection, all the sticks are fastened with a twine or rope. One pair of sticks connect all pairs, forming one long frame.
For the manufacture of these structures using branches, stakes, sticks, rods. Such supports promote increase of a harvest.
Pea "Teremok" will be the decoration of the garden plot. Install a central pole with a height of 2 meters. От него на расстоянии 70 сантиметров по кругу вбивают колья. Наклоняют их к центру.
Вверху их соединяют между собой. Крепко привязывают к главному основанию. Семена высеивают с двух сторон от колышков.
Подвязка вьющейся фасоли
На заметку! Для изготовления поддерживающих конструкций используют различные приспособления: колья, трубы металлические, прутья, ветви, прочие элементы.
Support for curly beans made by hand looks interesting. It can be a trellis, a shalashik, a net, in a word, all that peas attach to.
Sowing peas begin in the third decade of April and complete in July. It is possible to sow seeds every 10 days. This will allow you to enjoy sweet peas for several months in a row.
For pea bushes you need to choose an open, but protected from the winds, a sunny garden bed. Culture prefers light, fertile soil. True, the soil is too saturated with nutrient composition is undesirable. This is especially true for nitrogen.
Planting peas in the open ground
Land for peas is prepared in the fall. They dig it up, add superphosphate, potassium salt (per 1 M2 / 50 and 20 gr.). Sour soil sprinkled with ash (0.3 kg. / 1 m2). The beds for peas are best done on the "ridges" - high. Furrows should be at least 8 centimeters deep and 0.5 meters apart. The hole is filled with compost and ashes, then with earth. The kernels are laid out every 7-10 centimeters, sprinkled with soil, compacted and watered.
When it takes two weeks from the moment the sprouts appear, the ground around them is loosened, and spuds are growing. Emerging weeds are regularly spit out (several times per season).
After installing the support structures, the tops of the seedlings begin to pinch. After some time, the same procedure is done with side shoots.
Watering of plants is carried out once a week, in the hot summer - twice.
Important! Feed pea bushes at least twice a month. A nitroammofosk is used (for 10 liters of water / 2 hours of lodges) per 1 m2.
The main insect pests of peas are: leafworms, pea moth, garden, cabbage shovels.
- infusion of garlic (20g. / 10 l. of water). Strain. Spray the foliage,
- liquid solution of tomato tops (3kg. / 10 liters of water). Spray the culture
- in case of severe damage, use the substance Fustak, Spark.
Peas can be affected by viral infection mosaic, powdery mildew. The treatment is carried out by the fungicide Topaz, Topsin-M, Quadris.
Harvest 65-80 days after sowing peas. Remove the pods carefully, so as not to damage the bushes.
Note! Carrots, radishes, spinach, eggplant, turnips, beets, cabbage can grow near the peas.
The remaining pea vegetation is considered a good fertilizer, it saturates the soil with nitrogen.
Growing peas is not difficult. By following the simple rules of care, you can achieve a good harvest.
Ways and schemes of fastening
How exactly to fix the peas depends on the following points:
- what sort is planted
- planting method
- what supports are installed,
- what kind of garter is used.
It is best to install such supports, the garter to which is not needed. But if the bushes are massive and can not do without it, the following recommendations will help.
Fastening on supports depends on how peas are grown. If the bed is small and plants are planted in a row, props are installed at any time.
A low grade of peas is tied to a small support consisting of a string and wooden stakes. It is recommended to plant peas in a staggered manner, then when establishing supports it will be easier to tie them up.
Advice from agronomists, crop yield is increased if you tie peas to a support fixed in an inclined position.
What material is suitable for garter?
The stems of the plants are fragile, so the garter is picked carefully. Do not use twine or steel wire.
Soft rags or thick threads will do, they will not damage the stems, the plant will not dry out.
What kind of support and garters do it yourself?
Those who do not have the opportunity to purchase materials in the store, make support for garter peas on their own. There are many options, everyone chooses based on their own preferences and characteristics of the landing.
To do this, growers use all the materials at hand; a bicycle wheel, stakes, poles and cords will be useful.
Review of purchased materials for pea garter
For those who buy support in the store, manufacturers offer a wide selection.
- Rigid galvanized mesh. The most commonly used standard grid is 12.5x12.5 mm. To buy a larger size is unprofitable, since the price is very high. The disadvantages of this material for support is that it is firmly installed and left in the winter, it is not very good to observe crop rotation. The only option is to put other wicker plants in place of peas.
- Flexible mesh. The material is plastic, so its establishment is possible only in a warm period. For props use rebar or long poles. The downside is that the service life is small, even with careful operation.
- Stationary lanes. A wide selection of materials from the manufacturer, it all depends on the tastes of the gardener. Minus, after harvesting an empty tapestry spoils the appearance of the site.
- Greenhouse arc. In the spring they are used for their intended purpose, in the summer they are adapted as supports for culture. Minus, fit the arc, the minimum bend which is more than 1 m.
Manufacturers, seeking to facilitate the work of the summer resident, come up with a variety of supports, having established that, the summer resident forgets about problems for a long time.
It is worth remembering that the support set in advance, after the peas have risen there is a chance to damage the delicate stems and lose part of the crop.
When to start the garter
It is necessary to prepare in advance, so that at the right moment the annoying troubles do not interfere in establishing the support in time. Procurement of materials can begin in the fall, to prepare without haste and extra costs. But you can install when the shoots reach 15-20 cm in height.
If the landing area is large or you decide to build a complex decorative structure, then it is better to do this even before planting, so as not to injure the young shoots and roots.
How to tie peas?
In order not to damage the root system, you should carefully choose a place for supporting structures and not install them too close to the base of the bush.
Young shoots do not always require additional garters with ropes, often the antennae themselves find support and twist around it. If the plant is still falling, then it is better to use additional funds to secure.
Low-growing varieties are planted on 2-3 seedlings in one hole and when they grow they intertwine with each other, not allowing the stalks to remain on the ground, so before planting it is always important to know to what size such a variety grows to ensure the most optimal care.
Garter stakes must always be clean, without bark and extraneous growths. If they have remained since last year, then they must be treated with antiseptic solutions.
If the peas are planted not in rows, but randomly, the option in which one pole is used for several bushes at the same time will do. Choose long supports and install them well in depth to give stability to the whole structure.
Very many people like the way - installing a hut or wigwam. A support of about 2 m is installed in the center, around which the stakes are inserted in a circle at an angle of 60 ° in the form of a tent. All this is fixed with wire or other available materials. Peas are planted on both sides of the frame - inside and out, so that during maturation it is evenly distributed throughout the structure.
As the basis of the construction can be armature rods, wooden bars, woody branches. It is also possible not to waste time searching for and installing the poles, but to replace them with wire, string or twine attached to the base in the center.
Tips and tricks
Install supporting structures before the plant grows. In such situations, you will have no choice, only the variant with stakes near each bush will do. More complex configurations with trellis, nets and huts, most likely, will not be established anymore, or there will be a risk of damage to young shoots.
Do not use rigid materials for garters. For example, the wire will be too tight to compress the stems, and with strong gusts of wind or rain the bush may break.