Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Astilbe: a description of the main species and varieties

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Astilba is valued by professional and inexperienced florists for its magnificent flowering process and special unpretentiousness to the growing conditions. Spreading shrubs look attractive even at a time when the flowering period is long over. Succulent green leaves of extraordinary shape are able to decorate any garden and flower bed.

How can you grow astilba at your summer cottage yourself?

Characteristics and description of the flower

Astilba on appearance very unusual and looks rich, and in the process of flowering the plant can improve the overall appearance of the entire site. This decorative culture has twice or triple dissected leaves of dark green shade, which are located on the cuttings of red.

Flower growers prefer astilbe not only because of its lush and unusual flowering, but also because it, unlike other plants, is able to grow throughout the flowering period in the constant shade of the trees, while giving bright and unusual flowers. But a strong blackout also does not affect the plant positively. Ideally it is necessary to plant a plant surrounded by the shade of spreading trees.

Astilba can easily tolerate harsh low temperatures in winter, it is almost not subject to diseases and pests, so most of the harmful parasites bypass it. This plant is considered the best option for novice florist.

Astilba is perennialwhose birthplace is considered to be Asia or Japan. In total there are about 200 varieties of this plant, each of which at the same time is distinguished by its unusual structure, size and luxuriant flowering, as well as the overall color. Growth of culture can reach 150 centimeters, but there are also small varieties - only 15 centimeters. Most often, the flowers form a kind of panicle with a length of 10 to 50 centimeters, after an active flowering process, they actively form fruit - bolls with very small seeds inside. Almost all species of plants bloom from June to August.

The terrestrial part of the astilbe flower dies off in the cold time, and the root system waits through the winter and with the advent of spring begins to produce new offspring. With each spring, buds develop in the upper part of the astilba rhizomes, giving an increase of 3 to 5 centimeters every year, and in the lower part the roots die off. In order to give the flower a normal development and growth of new buds, it is necessary immediately after the termination of the ground part dies on the exposed rhizomes to pour in the soil substrate.

Types of astilbe

As noted above, breeders love this plant, and so much so that they have been able to bring about 200 varieties by now. It is not necessary to list them all, but you should mention only the most common and well-known.

A useful recommendation from gardeners: for the normal cultivation of astilbe, it is worth buying varieties that will be 50–70 centimeters high. Such large flowers will best endure the adverse conditions of our country and will endure the winter well.

This includes a number of astilb, which is represented by about 40 hybrid varieties, which appeared as a result of the crossing of David's high astilbe. The plant can be characterized by well-developed shrubs with a height of up to 150 centimeters. May have a spherical or conical shape with lush rows of leaves. Inflorescences can include very different shades from white to deep purple.

The hybrid form of astilba differs from others not only in its size, but also in a longer bud flowering period - up to forty days. The most attractive varieties could bring G. Arends, which is why this group of hybrids was nicknamed precisely in his honor. For example, astilba Gloria is a perennial plant that reaches a height of up to 80 centimeters during its flowering.

It is able to cope with cold winters and can grow in almost any soil substrate, except for barren soil. It differs from other varieties in its fluffy pink-colored inflorescences, presented in the shape of a diamond, with openwork foliage and delicate sweetish aromas. Gloria prefers to grow in fertile soil near the stream or near artificial reservoirs.

  • Boogie Woogie - This is another variety of hybrid astilbe that can reach 65–70 centimeters in height. In July, the plant pleases the gardener's eye with its bright rhombus-shaped inflorescences, which are able to give the whole plant the most magnificent form.
  • Jump and Jive - This is an astilba up to 50 centimeters high, which actively blooms in late June and early July. The plant is capable of producing very branched inflorescences of a dark pink shade that can look good with lush foliage of the shrub.
  • Liliput - this is a low type of hybrid plant, it only grows up to 25 centimeters. Dense inflorescences of pinkish-pink shade are able to actively bloom in mid-July and early August. Liliputi look good on Alpine hills, as well as flower beds under the windows of a country house.

Chinese astilbe

The Chinese variety of astilbe can grow up to the mark of 110 centimeters, has rather large leaves at the roots and smaller ones in the area of ​​inflorescences. The flowering process is quite dense, inflorescences in length reach 35 centimeters with small purple flowers (in rare cases, white or pink).

You can also distinguish between stunted plants of Chinese astilbe, which by growth can reach up to 25 centimeters and varieties with pyramidal forms of inflorescences. This type of plant feels well in the unplaced areas or in partial shade. The following varieties of Chinese astilbe are considered the most unusual and attractive: Vision in Park, Vision in Red, Purpurlanze.

Japanese astilbe

Japanese astilbe is not as small as the previous species (up to 80 centimeters in height) and is distinguished by small but densely growing leaves with pronounced patterns. White and pink buds can bloom much less than other varieties, and even after the complete drying process, they do not lose their shape and continue to decorate an unusual shrub until the arrival of late autumn.

Japanese variety Astilbe is considered one of the hybrids that were bred by Arends in 1837. Since then, several more varieties have been cultivated, which differ in their special frost resistance properties and are capable of settling down perfectly in any weather conditions. The most common varieties are: Rheinland, Deutschland, Europe, Montgomery and many other varieties with scarlet and burgundy buds.

Prostolistnaya astilba

Predolistnogo hybrid can not develop normally in arid climate, therefore, needs from the grower in a regular and abundant watering. The bush is capable of reaching a height of 20-50 centimeters in height and produces air thinned inflorescences. The most attractive and interesting are the varieties Praecox Alba (has white buds in the form of a candle), Bronze Elegans (has pale pink flowers), and Straussenfeder (quite high culture up to 90 centimeters in height with coral buds).

Astilba breeding process

Breeding astilba in the home is quite simple and easy, as it may seem at first glance. The plant propagates immediately in two ways: vegetative, as well as seed. During the vegetative method of propagating the culture, it is possible to divide the shrub and reproduce the flower by the kidneys. If the vegetative breeding method is suitable for beginner gardeners, the seed one provides an opportunity to get completely new varieties of astilbe.

Reproduction through seeds

  1. Astilba seeds are located in special boxes that replace the lush inflorescences. It is worth sowing at the beginning or in the middle of March, before straining the seeds. For such a process, plant seeds should be placed in a container with a depth of 15 centimeters with a sand-peat mixture in a special one-to-one ratio;
  2. Over time, the snow will begin to thaw actively, thereby moistening the soil layer, saturating it with useful substances and microelements and immersing small seeds to a depth. When the plant can grow fully, the pot should be covered with a transparent plastic film and placed on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator in the section for vegetables for 20 days. At this time, the first shoots will develop, which will become hardened and survive the wintering process without any problems.

After the arrival of 20 days, the astilba sprouts can be moved to a more lighted place with a constant indicator of the overall temperature of about 20 degrees Celsius. Watering seedlings should be done carefully, while using a syringe without a needle and directing the water under the root of the flower.

While seedlings will be stronger and they will develop about 2-3 real leaves, they should be seated in small pots.

It should be noted that the varietal varieties of astilbe are not able to multiply by the seed method, since hybrids cannot retain their own characteristics and set of characters. Plants grown by this method can only be used in breeding. But if you still get quality varieties of seeds, then there is a great chance to make a successful cultivation of the culture according to the technology given above.

Plant propagation by dividing the shrub

In most cases, it is customary to reproduce astilba by dividing the shrub. This is a fairly easy and effective method.

How to implement the division of the bush?

  1. Carefully excavate the soil around a shrub with a radius of 15–20 centimeters and remove from it a clod of earth together with the root.
  2. Shake off excess soil to bare the root system of the plant.
  3. With a sharp knife it is necessary to cut the root into several parts at once, and on each piece 4 buds should be bloomed at least.
  4. Remove all dried rhizomes.
  5. Plant crops at a distance of 30 centimeters from each other, and then try to ensure for the plant daily and abundant watering.

If you make a division of the bush with the onset of May, then by the fall the astilba will be able to please the grower with his lush, bright and abundant flowering.

Reproduction with kidney

Reproduction of kidney astilba is considered the easiest compared to the rest. It will be best to make the breeding process in the spring, when the shoots are just beginning to actively grow. At the same time, the buds should be carefully cut off at the beginning of the rhizome, and then the sections in the cutting area should be covered with wood or activated charcoal, so that no harmful microorganisms.

Try to plant the plant shoots in a soil mixture composed of peat and gravel at a ratio of 3: 1, and then cover it with a plastic film or a piece of glass to create a greenhouse effect. Before you plant the plant in the open ground, you should give the kidney to get stronger and begin to form freely. On the territory of the garden you can plant a crop in the fall or the next spring.

Care culture

Astilba care also does not carry any special difficulties. The main feature of the culture is that its rhizomes grow up, and do not rush inland, like other plants. And if you do not create good nutrition for minerals for new roots, then the plant will begin to die over time. That is why it is worth every year to sprinkle bare roots of the plant with soil and keep it dry.

Astilba: a brief description of the plant

Astilbe is a beautiful perennial plant that grows mainly in countries with a monsoon climate (in particular, in Asia - China, Japan, etc.). Astilba is not large. The plant has a straight enough strong stem, dense rhizome, threefold leaves, which firmly stick on the basal petioles.

Astilba inflorescences have a metelkovidny structure and differ not only in gentle color, but also in aroma. They are located mainly on the top of the stem and have a length of from 20 to 60 cm.

Astilbe flowers can be painted in a wide variety of shades of red, purple and white. The leaves of the plant are quite large, lush, forming a beautiful dense bush. Depending on the weather, season and variety, the leaves also differ in a rather rich color range. So, they can be presented not only in a standard green palette, but also in various shades of burgundy, bronze and even metallic shades.

The plant blooms for a short time (only about 2 weeks) in the summer. Usually astilba begins to bloom no earlier than the end of June. He loves moisture very much, so he needs frequent and regular watering. But astilba does not like a large amount of light, therefore partial shade is quite suitable for its cultivation.

Basic classification

Astilba classification is quite complicated. This is due primarily to the fact that quite a wide range of gardeners, landscape designers and simply collectors of unusual plants is interested in its cultivation. And, then, the plant species must be classified in such a way that it can be planted in an optimal way.

So, astilba is classified into 3 main groups depending on the characteristics of its structure and size of the bush.

The height of the plant is:

  • Dwarf - its height rarely exceeds 25-30 cm.
  • Low - maximum height reaches 0.6 m.
  • Middle - plant height ranges from 0.6 to 0.9 m.
  • Tall - plants represented in this group exceed in their height at 1 m.

Depending on the timing of flowering, varieties of astilbe can be divided into 3 groups: early, medium, late. Since the plant blooms exclusively in the summer, the first bloom is June, the second is July, and the third, respectively, is August.

Astilba inflorescences are also quite diverse in shape. They can be:

  • Pyramid. The inflorescence looks accordingly in the form of a pyramid, narrowed in proportion to the top. Lateral branches deviate from the main stem at a right angle.
  • Rhombic. They are externally similar to pyramidal ones, but the lateral branches do not narrow as they approach the apex, but only deviate from it at a right angle.
  • Drooping They got their name due to the fact that they elegantly hang down from the bottom on a thin flexible stem that cannot hold a magnificent inflorescence straight.
  • Paniculata. The inflorescences, as in the previous versions, are represented by lateral branches deviating from the main stem at a right angle, but at the same time they grow rather densely.

Astilba Japanese

A rather compact plant, the height of which usually does not exceed 0.8 m. The leaves of the variety are quite modest in size, have a shiny smooth surface, covered with intricate beautiful patterns. The inflorescences of the Japanese Astilbe bloom for a long time, and even when they wither, they decorate the garden until late autumn.

This variety has been cultivated for over 150 years. It survives well and endures adverse weather conditions.

Council For those who would like to grow astilba near a reservoir or mixboxer, the Japanese may be an ideal option, since it is not at all afraid of excess moisture.

Astilba Japanese belongs to winter-hardy varieties, so it can not even cover for the cold period of the year.

Astilba Chinese

Varieties of this variety can be as dwarf (only about 15 cm in height), and quite high (about 1 m). Tall varieties bloom mainly in the summer (from June to August), and low - only in late summer - early autumn.

In tall varieties, the inflorescence is quite lush, paniculate, its length reaches 30-35 cm. The leaves of the Chinese astilba bushes are large enough, of a rich green color, with openwork rims and reddish streaks.

The Chinese hybrid, in contrast to the Japanese, does not like shade and moisture at all, and therefore is perfect for sunny, well-warmed areas. At the end of summer lush inflorescences appear on the peduncles - “candles”.

Astilba Amethyst

The plant is representative of the variety Arends, with more than 40 different varieties. Almost all varieties from this category of astilbe are represented by quite powerful spherical / pyramidal bushes with lush bright buds of various shades of red, purple and white.

Amethyst is one of the most popular astilbe Arends species. It is represented by medium-sized bushes with purple / lilac flowers and large bright green (sometimes brownish) leaves.

Astilba Straussenfeder

The plant belongs to the group of Thunberg. Shrubs are quite dense, decorative appearance. Листья отличаются достаточно гладкой структурой, представлены в темно-зеленом цвете. Поникающие соцветия данной разновидности достаточно крупные (могут достигать 20-25 см в длину). Имеют насыщенный коралловый цвет. В высоту кусты достигают 1 м.

Растение очень любит тенистые места с влажной легкой почвой. Отлично подходит для озеленения различных участков. Высаживается в качестве дополнительной моногруппы в саду, около водоема и т.д.

Астильба Монтгомери

Астильба Монтгомери была выведена на основе Японской, поэтому зачастую ее называют астильба японская Монтгомери. Растение представлено в виде раскидистого куста высотой около 0,7-0,8 м. The leaves of the variety are rather long - some can reach 40 cm in length, smooth, with a glossy surface.

With its considerable growth, the plant has rather small flowers, forming, nevertheless, very lush and beautiful inflorescences of a tender coral and brown color.

The variety differs from the majority in very long flowering: the first inflorescences appear on the tops of the plant at the end of May, and dry only by the end of August.

This kind of astilba is quite adapted to almost any soil. The only thing it cannot do without is moisture; therefore, it is better to choose a sufficiently shaded place for planting with moist soil.

On this consideration of the main species of a beautiful plant called Astilba comes to its end. We hope you have chosen a suitable variety for your garden plot. Good luck!

Application in garden design

The range of astilbe colors is represented by various shades.

As a rule, astilba is used together with hosts in shadow flower gardens or is composed of astilbe alone, selecting varieties of different sizes and colors with different colors. This is a fairly stable perennial, so in one place without a transplant, it can grow 5-7 years.

The color variety of astilbe as well as its many different varieties allow you to bring a touch of individuality into the landscape design of the site in front of the house. In addition, astilba is not whimsical in care - special preparation of perennial for winter is not required.

Popular varieties

As a result of selection, hybrid varieties were obtained:

    Etna (Etna), belongs to the group of Arends, height 40 cm. It blooms in early July for almost three weeks. The color of the inflorescences is bright red.

Amethyst (Amethyst), belongs to the group of Arends, height 70 cm. Flowering - from late July to early August. Inflorescences are painted pink with a lilac shade.

Granat (Pomegranate), belongs to the group of Arends, up to 70 cm high. The end of July - the beginning of August - it's time to bloom. This variety is distinguished by dark green glossy foliage. Inflorescences are dark red in color.

Montgomery (Montgomery), belongs to the Japanese hybrid varieties. The height of the bush is 70 cm. The color is also dark red, panicles up to 17 cm long. Flowering occurs in the middle of July.

The diamond belongs to the group of Arends. Plant height reaches 70 cm. The color of the inflorescence is pure white. The brush can reach 35 cm. Flowering begins in early July.

Weisse Gloria (Weiss Gloria), belongs to the group of Arends. Plant height is 60-70 cm. The color of the inflorescences is white, the brush is dense. It blooms from the end of June for a month. A distinctive feature of this variety is the smell of flowers.

  • Straussenfeder (Ostrich feathers), refers to the species Thunberg. Plant height can reach 1 meter. The color of the inflorescence is pale pink, drooping panicles. It blooms in July.
  • Other varieties of astilbe

    Red:

    Pink:

    • Radius,
    • Sister Teresa,
    • Superba,
    • Lollipop
    • Color flash,
    • Hip Hop
    • Gretta Pungel,
    • Bartender.

    Astilba Hip Hop

    White:

    • Deutschland (Deutschland),
    • ‘Rock and Roll (Rock and Roll).


    Watch video with photos of different sorts of astilbe:

    Astilbe Features

    This plant is rhizomatous. Before winter, the part of the astilba, which is above the ground, dies. The height of upright shoots depends on the type and variety and can vary from 8 to 200 centimeters. Petiole leaf plates are found both simple and twice or triply pinnate, serrated edge. Their color is greenish-red or dark green. Woody rhizome can be dense or loose (depending on the species). At the top of the rhizome, new buds appear annually, with the gradual dying off of the lower part. The annual vertical growth is approximately 3-5 centimeters, and therefore in autumn it is recommended to sprinkle that part of the rhizome that has been exposed with fertile soil.

    Fishnet small flowers are collected in the apical inflorescences. They can be painted in red, pink, white, lilac and purple. Flowering can begin from June to August. The form of inflorescences meets rhombic, paniculate, and also pyramidal. Those species that have drooping inflorescences have a special effect. The fruit is represented by a box. All species divide by flowering time into:

    • the early - the last days of June, the first - July,
    • middle - July,
    • late - August.

    Astilba varieties with photos and titles

    From 10 to 12 types of astilbe are cultivated. But many hybrid varieties of this plant were born thanks to breeders. To date, there are approximately 200 varieties. The most popular are such hybrid groups as: Arends (Hybrida), Japanese hybrids (Japonica Hybrida), Chinese astilbe (Astilbe Chinensis) and its varieties, and also astilbe (Astilbe simplicifolia).

    Astilbe Arends

    Includes 40 species that were born thanks to the selection of the main species - David's astilbe, with other species. Spreading powerful bushes can reach a meter height. Their shape can be pyramidal or spherical, leafy plates are dark green. The final inflorescences can be painted in lilac, pink, white or red. Flowering lasts longer than other species from July to August for 30–40 days. It has been cultivated since 1907. G. Arends has created his best varieties. Astilba Gloria, Diamant, Weiss Gloria, Rubin, Glyut and others are the most popular. The bush of Diamant in height can reach 0.9 meters, and Weiss Gloria, Amethyst and Rubin - 0.8 meters. Weiss inflorescences Gloria and Gloria have a diamond shape, and Gluta, Diamant and Rubin - paniculate.

    Chinese astilba

    The height of the bush can vary from 100 to 110 centimeters. Bottom leaf plates have long petioles and a large amount, while small glossy openwork stem leaves have short petioles. The length of dense inflorescences from 30 to 35 centimeters. The color of small flowers, as a rule, lilac, but there is white and pink. It has been cultivated since 1859. There are undersized forms (var. Pumila hort.), Their height is 15–25 centimeters, as well as forms with conical inflorescences of var. Taquetii. Such plants feel great in well-lit areas. The most spectacular are such varieties as Astilbe chinensis taquetii "Purpurlanze" - amazing lilac color, Astilbe chinensis "Vision in Pink" - pink color, Astilbe chinensis (Pumila Hybrida) "Vision in Red" - dark purple.

    Japanese astilba

    The height of compact bushes does not exceed 0.8 meters. Glossy sheet plates are most often ornamental. White or pink flowers are collected in inflorescences paniculate form. Flowering begins earlier than in other species, while even dried inflorescences will be a wonderful decoration of the garden and hold out until late autumn. Cultivated since 1837. Creator of the first varieties is G. Arends. Modern varieties are resistant to cold, and they also take root perfectly. The most popular are: Deutschland (Astilbe japonica Deutschland) - white color, Rhineland (Astilbe japonica Rheinland) - with beautiful pink flowers, Europe (Astilbe japonica Europe) - an elegant plant with light purple flowers, Montgomery (Astilbe japonica Montgomery) - his fluffy paniculate inflorescences are colored burgundy or deep red.

    Astilba Prostolistnaya

    Prostolistnye hybrids (Hybrida) and hybrids of Thunberg (Thunbergii Hybrida) extremely negatively reacts to low air humidity, as well as to heat. The height of the bushes can vary from 20 to 50 centimeters. Very beautiful inflorescences give the plant airiness. The most spectacular varieties: Praecox Alba - with loose white inflorescences, Bronze Elegans - the variety got its name due to leaf plates of bronze color with pale pink inflorescences, Straussenfeder - height of a bush 0.9 m, and inflorescences of coral color, Professor van der Wielen - has white inflorescences and belongs to the hybrids of Thunberg.

    Growing astilbe from seeds

    It is possible to propagate astilba with the help of seeds, and also to divide a bush or to separate a rhizome with a bud. Flower growers who have little experience, most often resort to vegetative methods of reproduction. However, only the seed method of reproduction allows you to create new varieties. Seeding is done in March. For planting will need a wide capacity, which should reach a height of 15 centimeters. It is filled with a mixture, which includes sand and peat, taken in equal parts. On top of the soil poured a layer of snow centimeter thickness. In the event that there is no snow on the street, you can dial it in the freezer of your refrigerator. Seeds are distributed directly over the surface of the snow, which melts, carries them along into the depths of the substrate. Next, the seeds will need to be stratified. To do this, when the snow has completely melted, the container should be placed in a bag, which should be transparent, and then put on the shelf of the refrigerator. There the tank should stay until the seedlings seem (about 3 weeks). Then the container is removed in a well-lit place with a temperature of 18 to 22 degrees. Water the seed must be very carefully, otherwise they will die. So, it is necessary to pour water only under the root, and you can inject it from the syringe directly into the substrate. After the plants have 2 or 3 true leaf plates, they need to be seated in separate pots.

    Landing in open ground

    Growing astilba is quite simple, the main thing is to properly care for it. Planted such a plant in open ground in May or June. A suitable site should be located on the north side of the building, and it should be shaded by bushes or trees. It should be noted that some of the varieties can grow in sunny areas, while their flowering will be different in their abundance, but it does not last very long. Well, if you can place astilba in the immediate vicinity of the pool or fountain. Perfect loamy soil, while groundwater should be close enough to the surface of the soil. Suitable acidity pH 5.5–6.5. Astilbe recommended to land with the hosts. The fact is that the hosts do not allow the soil to dry out quickly and heat up too much on hot days.

    Before you embark, you need to prepare the site. To do this, dig up the soil and remove all weed grass with roots. Then, rotted manure, compost or rotted peat are introduced into the soil (2 buckets of fertilizer per 1 square meter). The depth and width of the landing pit varies from 20 to 30 centimeters, while between the bushes need to maintain a distance of 30 centimeters. Pour ½ cup of wood ash into each hole, as well as 1 large spoonful of mineral fertilizer. After this hole should be a good water. When planting, the plant is placed in such a way that its growth kidney is recessed into the ground by no less than 4–5 centimeters. Put the necessary amount of soil in the hole and tamp it down. Then the surface of the soil sprinkled with a layer of mulch (peat or humus), whose thickness is from 3 to 5 centimeters.

    Features care in the garden

    It should be remembered that the astilbe has one feature, namely, its rhizome gradually increases upwards, while its lower part dies off with time. This means that after some time the bush will not be able to feed, therefore it is so important to spud it in time. Make sure that the ground does not dry up. Such a plant needs regular watering. However, mulching can help to make irrigation more rare and will eliminate weeds, as well as from frequent loosening of the soil surface, and will not allow the root system to overheat. The abundance of watering varies from medium to high, and it directly depends on the species, as well as the varieties of the bush. But it must be remembered that when the formation of inflorescences occurs, it is necessary to water the bush systematically and plentifully. In the dry period, watering is carried out 2 times a day, or rather, in the morning and in the evening.

    At one place the flower can be grown from 5 to 7 years. But in those cases, if astilbe is provided with proper and good care, as well as by timely feeding it, then without transplantation, it can manage up to 20 years. Approximate plan feeding astilbe:

    1. In springtime, nitrogenous fertilizers should be applied to the soil. For this, during the hilling process, humus is introduced.
    2. In mid-June, the potassium fertilizer is required for the plant. To do this, 1 bush is taken 500 ml of a solution consisting of a bucket of water and 2 large spoons of potassium nitrate.
    3. When flowering ends, phosphate fertilizer is required. Per 1 bush is taken 20 grams of superphosphate.

    When the plant is fed, the soil surface must be loosened and mulched.

    In such an introduced plant, the main pests remained in the places where it came from. In middle latitudes, gallic and strawberry nematodes, as well as slobbering pennits, can harm it. At the same time, the pennit prefers to settle in the leaf sinuses. Over time, salivate-like frothy discharges form in them, while inside them are cycled larvae. Leaf plates begin to shrink and yellow spots appear on them. Infected bush partially or completely fade. In order to exterminate such a pest, one can use a konfidor, a rodent, a karbofos, or an aktar.

    Strawberry Nematode

    Strawberry nematode settles on the leaf plates, buds and flowers of the plant, after which they deform, as well as the appearance of necrotic spots of brown or yellow color. The growth of the bush becomes slower.

    Gallic nematode

    The gall nematode settles on the roots of a plant, while small galls (growths) appear on their surface, and nematodes are located inside them. In the second growing season, galls are already very well distinguishable. The growth and flowering of such bushes significantly deteriorates, and in some cases they die. Carefully inspect the bushes and those on which there are obvious signs of the disease, it is necessary to dig and destroy. It is important to carry out timely weeding during the first growing season. The overgrown plant root system in the second growing season will drown the weed grass itself. Treat Astilba Fitoverm.

    After flowering

    After the end of flowering, the drying-out inflorescences are recommended to be left on the bush, because they will decorate your garden with their spectacular views for a long time. However, before wintering, astilba shoots should be cut so that they are flush with the ground surface. Sprinkle the area with a layer of mulch, while this must be done if the bushes were recently planted in the process of dividing the rhizomes. With the help of the division, you can rejuvenate the plant, while it is worth considering that the older the bush, the more difficult it is to divide its woody root. The division is recommended at the beginning of the spring period, with a growth bud should be present on each delenka. The astilbe transplanted in this way begins to blossom in a year. These bushes for the winter should be sure to sprinkle with mulch, while if the transplant was done in the fall, they are still recommended to be covered with spruce leaves, which will protect them from the autumn, winter and spring frosts.

    general characteristics

    The name Astilba Anders unites a large group of cultivated varieties and complex hybrid forms derived from experiments with David’s astilba. The beginning of the formation of the species - 1907.

    Indispensable plant in flower beds

    Perennial shrubs are medium to high-growth (up to 1 m), differ in their sprawling form (more than 50-70 cm wide).

    The root system is powerful, branched. Cord-shaped roots fairly easily tolerate damage, and therefore are quickly restored after division.

    The leaves of this astilba are double- or tripodite, often with jagged edges. The dominant color is dark green, always with a sheen of varying degrees.

    Perennial flowers are small, traditionally collected in elegant inflorescences. The palette of brushes is extensive: from snow-white, cream tones to rich red or lilac colors.

    The peak of flowering occurs in July-August. However, there are earlier and late hybrid varieties that fall outside the specified period. Duration of flowering - up to 40 days.

    Features varieties

    Hybrid astilba - the result of the step-crossing of Gretta Pungel and Europe. From the parents of the new variety transferred the charm of pinkish brushes. At the same time, the astilba Arends bush itself slightly modified, became narrow, fit, compact. The height of peduncles and leaves - 45/20 cm.

    In the diamond-shaped inflorescences of Lolipop, coral shades began to play on a pink background, and the green leaves turned out to be darker and acquired a pronounced gloss.

    Purple-violet stalks and scapes, a special memorable form of leaves - the business card of this hybrid. It can not be confused with adjacent varieties. Once you see the Astilbe Arends Lolipop shrub, you can be sure that in the future the variety will be recognized easily and at a glance.

    Gardeners celebrate the special shine and lushness of foliage Lollypop

    Perennial blooms in July. Looks good in containers or along the curb.

    On a note! The peculiarity of culture is weak growth. Unlike other astilbe bush Lolipop for 2-3 years retains its graceful narrow shape.

    Weiss Gloria

    Астильба Weisse Gloria выведена Андерсом в 1924 г. При благоприятных условиях выращивания цветоносы вырастают до 70 см, листва – до 45 см. Куст получается массивным и раскидистым.

    Светло зеленая вегетативная масса к лету немного темнеет, иногда приобретает буроватую кайму на листьях и такие же вкрапления на основаниях междоузлий.

    Ромбические соцветия крупные, очень плотные, желтовато-белого или кремового цвета. Размер одной метелки примерно 20х10 см.

    Чисто белая Вайс Глория бывает только вначале раскрытия бутонов, буквально через 5-7 дней, на пике цветения кисти приобретают желтоватый, молочный, кремовый оттенки.

    Начало и длительность цветения: середина июля, срок 23-25 дней.

    После раскрытия верхушек белоснежное основание кистей начнет постепенно менять окрас

    Глория Пурпуреа

    This perennial forms sprawling powerful bushes within 70-85 cm in height and up to 70 cm in width. The color of the foliage is close to the forest greenery. Peduncles, stems and petioles are distinguished by a reddish (brownish) tint. Morphological signs of leaves of Gloria Purpurea are traditional: with notches, openwork, rigid.

    Inflorescences in the form of a rhombus. Pink-lilac panicles by the end of flowering and do get a purple hue. Dense strong brushes tolerate sunlight well, but quickly lose their decorative effect. However, this variety and without changing the growing conditions attributed to hybrids with a short flowering period.

    Astilba Gloria Purpurea does not smell, but the gardeners are pleased with bright colors in July (not more than two weeks).

    From many pink hybrids Gloria Purpurea differs saturation and flashiness of color

    The fundamentals of agricultural engineering without features: moderate and regular soil moistening, light shading, timely hilling of the bush.

    This is one of the varieties, characterized by a special decoration. Anders brought a hybrid 4 years earlier than Weiss Gloria. The peculiarity of the culture is the increased growth of the vegetative mass. To wait for compactness and strict forms of the bush with a height of 90 cm is not necessary.

    In the spring leaves of astilbe Amethyst, like many varieties, are brown-green. Closer to the summer season, rusty shades soften or disappear altogether. Only the central axis remains dark pink.

    Description of purple-pink panicles is impossible without comparison with the same-name semi-precious stone. The color of this astilba Arends, however, like the light paniculate form, look luxurious and noble.

    The length of the inflorescence - 30 cm, width - 20. This is an average figure, allowing an error of ± 2 cm.

    The beginning of the dissolution of the buds: from July 20-22. Brushes vaguely resemble bottle brushes. End of flowering: after 30 days.

    On a note! Gardeners confirm that Amethyst blooms for at least a month, although encyclopedias indicate the official period - 20-28 days.

    The beauty of the perennial fully give photos, posted below.

    Amethyst is recognized as one of the best selection achievements of Anders

    The perennial forms a bush 70 or even 90 cm high. Medium-dense Diamanta panicles, 35x15 cm in size. Outwardly, they resemble cirrus clouds.

    The inflorescences are crystal-white at first glance, but if you look closely, even the photo clearly shows not a cream, but a clear lime shade. The central axis is green. Leaf stalks may have rare brown patches.

    Loose whisks are good for cutting and using in bouquets

    The leaves of the astilbe Diamond are the colors of spring greenery, in the summer they slightly darken. There is no bright gloss. Some nurseries (shops) indicate in the description that the jagged edges of the leaves of this hybrid Arends have a dark (brown) edging. However, numerous photos and certificates of gardeners disprove this fact. Diamond leaves are pure green. But on the petioles can remain "spring" reddish blotches.

    Blossoming period: from mid-July and during the first decade of August.

    The hybrid was obtained by Anders in 1930. For the bright fiery color, the perennial received the corresponding name “Fanal”, which means “Beacon Light”.

    • compact sredneroslymi bushes (60h40sm),
    • upright stems with a red tint,
    • shiny pinnately cut leaves
    • raspberry paniculate inflorescence (20x8cm).

    The description will be incomplete without a high-quality photo of the plant.

    Fluffy and strong panicles - the pride of this variety

    In spring, astilba leaves are distinguished by a brownish tinge. As the summer season approaches and the perennial grows, the leaves turn green. Redness remains only in the area of ​​the stalks, internodes and central axis of the astilbe.

    Flowering period: from mid-July for 20 days.

    On a note! Gardeners point out that the term for the dissolution of buds depends on weather conditions. High soil and air humidity stimulates earlier flowering (from July 8).

    Astilbe Arends "Etna" is often confused with the variety "Fanal". However, after planting the bushes next to it becomes clear: Etna is 10-15 cm higher than the Fan, the serration of leaves is brighter, but the luster is duller.

    Carved greens are decorative in their own way even outside the flowering period.

    The height of the bush is up to 75 cm, the foliage is up to 45. The young vegetative mass is reddish-brown. The average length of loose paniculate brushes 25-33 cm, diameter - 10.

    Dark red flowers of Astilbe Arends Etna begin to open from July 10, that is, 2-3 days later Fan. Flowering period is shorter: 16 days.

    Agrotechnika without features.

    Year breeding varieties: 1920. Breeder well-known G. Arends.

    Unlike Fanal, the Pomegranate bush is powerful, spreading, reaching a height of 90 cm and higher. Vegetative mass without peduncles - 50 cm.

    Lilac-red paniculate inflorescence opens early enough (in the second decade of July). Duration of flowering - 18-25 days.

    When describing a perennial, it is impossible not to admire the size of the inflorescences. They are truly huge (35x15cm), while they look light and airy due to the looseness of the flowers.

    In the photo of astilba Pomegranate it is difficult to convey the true color of the plant.

    The gloss of the leaves is demonstrated clearly and correctly, but the colorful palette is slightly distorted.

    This astilba Arends has no peculiarities of agrotechnology. Like other varieties loves moisture and shade. In gardens it is less common than, for example, Fanal or Etna.

    Plant gardeners undeservedly bypass.

    Color Flash Lime

    This perennial bred Dutch Henk Holtmat recently, in 2007. Cultivar is radically different from other varieties in leaf color.

    The height of Flash lime together with peduncles is not more than 60 cm. The inflorescences are dense, oblong, rhombic, purple-pink (sometimes lilac).

    Astilbe Color Flash Lime is characterized by the traditional change in the color of foliage. In spring, the yellow-citric vegetative mass with a brownish-purple edging.

    Closer to the flowering foliage acquires lime color by lightening the middle and darkening the edges. It turns out that after pruning the peduncles, the densely leafy shrub remains elegant and bright.

    Unusual hybrid stands out favorably against other varieties of astilbe and garden greens

    In the garden, a healthy competition Lima will make astilba Color Flash super. Decorative leafy shrub even without peduncles can become the central decoration of any flower beds with hybrids of Arends.

    Perennial up to 70-75 cm throughout the summer and autumn pleases gardeners tricolor foliage. In the photo it is impossible to show all the transitions and color changes, however, during the season the vegetative mass has time to visit many 3-color shades: purple-brown-green, copper-green with red, etc.

    Astilba Flash lime does not bloom yet, but already attracts the eyes of passersby

    On a note! This culture, unlike other varieties, takes root very slowly and grows. In the first year of planting it is not necessary to expect abundant vegetative mass from the perennial.

    The perennial can be called the twin of Deutschland. Only an experienced florist will find 10 differences among twins.

    Astilba lendsa snowdrift is characterized by spreading bushes up to 70 cm in height. The foliage is in the color of forest greenery, the plates are triplex-separate.

    In the autumn, the bush can be safely divided and landed on site 4 astilbe

    It blooms from the first decade of July for 15-20 days. White inflorescences look elegant and festive.

    On a note! Gardeners note: in the spring, in this astilbe variety, young leaves are bright green, without reddish patches. This is very noticeable against the background of other perennials.

    Burgundy Red and Rad

    This astilba Arends blooms one of the first among the red varieties and decorates the garden for 35-40 days. Against the background of dark green carved foliage, loose pyramidal panicles of saturated red color look catchy and bold.

    On a bed of astilbe, Burgundy red will make a healthy competition to Fanal, Grenade or Etna. If we consider that the perennials do not coincide with the terms of flowering, it means that the territory will “burn” throughout the summer season.

    The height of the bush Burgundy red - ± 60 cm. The size of the inflorescences - up to 30 cm.

    The photo shows a perpendicular angle of flowering twigs in relation to the stem.

    On a note! The peculiarity of the variety: at the flowering of the burgundy red brush turn blue

    By the way, astilba Radius also looks a lot like Burgundy red. Beginner alone can not figure it out. Description of the plant:

    • bush height 65x25 cm (flower stalks to the foliage),
    • inflorescences loose paniculata,
    • burgundy central axis,
    • leaves are dark, serrated, glossy.

    Term of flowering Radius: July-August.

    This variety is classified as the most long-flowering astilb

    The authoritative description of this perennial in open sources is missing. However, gardeners are not upset. It is impossible to confuse Aretils Boogie Astilbe with adjacent varieties.

    The photo clearly shows the distinctive features of the plant.

    A luxuriant pure pink inflorescence up to 15 cm wide and 25 cm long strikingly differs from the elongated brushes of most astilbe, including Gloria Purpurei.

    Dark ends of peduncles, almost maroon branches of inflorescences effectively shine through the pink haze of the panicles starting to bloom. As it approaches the peak of flowering, the redness fades.

    Rhythm and bi

    Astilba Arendsa Rhythm and bi - representative of the music series "Music Astilbe".

    A compact bush with a dark shiny vegetative mass and dense panicles blooms in mid-summer.

    The shape of the inflorescence resembles Anita pfeifer. Only paints are different

    Dark pink brushes have a light purple-lilac shade, are located right in the center of the bush, giving it a strict elegance.

    Beautiful culture for container landings or decoration borders.

    Close harmony

    Astilbe Close harmony is admired by both beginners and experienced gardeners. Snow-white rhombic panicles are rather dense. By the time of flowering, they acquire an interesting light lavender shade.

    The leafy bush (50-70 cm) is decorative even without peduncles due to the particular marble shade of the leaves. The photo shows that the greens of this astilba Arends are very different from the adjacent varieties.

    Against the background of small dark leaves of the brush look huge and lush

    Thunder and lightning

    Astilbe Arends Thunder lightning can not be called a popular guest in the suburban areas. Despite the unpretentiousness and beauty, few gardeners appreciated the advantages of this variety.

    Purple-ruby narrow inflorescences located in the center of a medium-sized, but compact bush at first cause bewilderment. How can flower stalks up to 80 cm high stand straight and not sag under the weight of heavy panicles?

    However, the decorativeness of astilbe Thunder and lightning depends not only on the delightfully beautiful brushes, but also on the traditional delicate foliage of a pleasant green color.

    Another medium-sized (70-80 cm) bush with charming red loose panicles. The description of Spartan astilbe without a clear example will be incomplete. Photo of perennial, presented below, will clearly make it clear how a graceful plant actually looks.

    It remains to add that in the spring of young shoots are standard brown-red. By the time of budding, the vegetative mass turns green, leaving the burgundy central axis, peduncles and petioles.

    Narrow inflorescences take a pyramidal shape. Astilbe Arends Spartan blooms from the second decade of July until the end of the summer season.

    There is a shortage in the variety - slow growth

    Mother Teresa

    This sort of astilbe is shrouded in a trail of myths and legends. First, the plant is not called Mother Teresa, but Sister Teresa (originally Sister Theresa). Secondly, many sources attribute perennial to the group of Japanese astilbe, and not to Arends hybrids.

    Despite the differences in the pedigree and the name of the plant, gardeners note the incredible decorativeness of the culture. Description of astilba standard:

    • shrub neat (60-70 cm),
    • inflorescences thick pale pink,
    • foliage openwork shiny.

    The flowering period of rhombic panicles: the end of July and the beginning of August. There is no flavor.

    Sister Theresa - one of the varieties that are in high demand among gardeners

    Gardeners who grow salmon-pink Strausenfeder should definitely pay attention to the Red Charm astilb. Both varieties will look incredibly harmonious on the flowerbed.

    Astilba Red Charm - copy Straussenfeder. A meter sprawling bush crowned with paniculate drooping inflorescences of length ≥ 25 cm. The difference lies only in the palette of brushes. Red Charm attracts the attention of gardeners with a rich cherry-red color and an earlier budding period.

    Straussenfeder will bloom after Red Charm

    Anita Pfeifer

    Astilba Anita pfeifer can not be called a popular horticultural culture. Absolutely nothing. Herbaceous perennial forms a shrub with a height of foliage up to 45 cm, and together with peduncles up to 70 cm.

    Large rhombic panicles (about 35 cm) bloom in August, during the recession of the summer heat. For this reason, Anita Pfeifer is suitable for growing not only in partial shade, but also in open areas.

    At the initial stage of flowering, panicles look carmine-red, but gradually turn pale and become pink-peach. Brushes lose decorative in 30-35 days.

    The shape of the inflorescence of this astilba is correct, the color is distorted

    A distinctive feature of the stems - the presence of a brownish forest. The foliage is open, shiny, dark.

    The variety appeared thanks to the Dutch breeder V. Reis. The bush is vigorous, reaches 70 cm in height. Without panicle ± 45cm. The leaves are green with brownish petioles and edges. Description of inflorescences: large rhombic, size 20x12 cm.

    Buds open in the 3rd decade of June or 1st decade of July. The flowering period is 21 days. Panicle delicate, light purple.

    Agrotehnika astilby America without features.

    Amerika belongs to varieties with early flowering

    Perennial shrubs grow up to 90 cm. Reddish-brown vegetative mass is very decorative even in the absence of peduncles.

    Medium-density rhombic panicles are interesting by the contrasting combination of brown central axes and light pink flowers. In the photo, this “zest” of Eric's astilbe is perfectly visible.

    The variety is characterized by rapid growth.

    The beginning of flowering: mid-July. Duration: 2 weeks.

    The height of the bushes of this kind of astilbe varies between 60-80 cm. The foliage has a characteristic color: the base of the leaf is green, the edges are brown.

    Special attention is drawn to the original inflorescences with a drooping pink-violet top.

    The buds begin to open in the second half of July, closing in about 18 days.

    The appearance of Spinell will remind many now the Spartan variety.

    Broutschleier

    The most beautiful variety from the white astilb Anders category. The characteristic coloring and delicacy of the panicles became the reason for such an original name “Bridal Veil”.

    Paniculata aerial inflorescences begin to open in July and refresh the garden until early August.

    In summer, the astilba Broutschleier foliage is pure green, the spring reddish hues disappear. Spreading bush height: 70-80cm.

    Astilba is not only beautiful, but also fragrant, with the smell of bird cherry

    The height of a bush declared by the breeder of 90 cm often does not justify itself in practice. Gardeners argue that the true size of Astilbe Hyacinth exceeds 1m.

    Inflorescences dense, paniculate (sometimes rhombic.), Pale purple. Panicle size - 21x10 cm.

    Since July 16, the first flowers bloom. Mass flowering lasts about two weeks.

    Astilba Hyacinth is distinguished by an abundant ejection of peduncles

    Elegant perennial (60 cm) does not need descriptions. It is difficult to confuse with adjacent varieties of astilbe Arends. The photo below confirms this truism. No one would dare to challenge the high decorativeness of astilba Bumald.

    Snow-white paniculate inflorescences on burgundy peduncles in combination with dark green-brown foliage are remembered at a glance and for life. The peak of flowering is July.

    Young bush varieties "Bumalda" grows extremely slowly and reluctantly

    It is time to finish the review of the magnificent shade-loving perennials. Considered far from an exhaustive list of varieties. Other astilbe Anders no less interesting and beautiful. All plants in the group are united in love for a humid cool climate and diffused light.

    On the varieties and intricacies of growing astilbe:

    Plant description

    Astilba (lat. Astilbe) is a perennial herbaceous plant, belongs to the family of the Stone-henfruit. Scottish botanist Lord Hamilton gave the plant such a sonorous name, which translated means “without shine,” that is, astilba leaves are dull, dull, without gloss.

    Under natural conditions, the growth of representatives of the family Kamenelomkovye can be found on the Japanese islands, in North America, East Asia. Wild species prefer high humidity, so they grow along the banks of rivers, in deciduous forests. The plant came to us from Japan at the end of the XVIII century or at the beginning of the XIX. He was brought by von Siebold and Karl Thunberg - hunters of strange exotic plants. Since then, astilba has become a popular representative of shady gardens.

    The aboveground part of the perennial plant dies off for the winter. Depending on the type of flower height varies from 10 cm to 2 m. Reddish-green or dark-green foliage can be simple, twice and tripentate, at the edges noticeable cloves.

    Astilba rhizome interestingly arranged. Every year a new growth appears on it, that is, in the upper part of the rhizome, new buds are formed annually, and its lower part gradually dies off. Это приводит к тому, что приходится постоянно подсыпать землю под растение, так как корневище выглядывает из-под земли.

    Такой момент доставляет массу неприятностей садоводам, так как со временем над поверхностью почвы насыпается значительный по размерам холмик. Однако такая особенность, вызывающая неудобства, не останавливает растениеводов в пополнении коллекции новыми сортами, фото которых можно увидеть в статье и ознакомиться с наиболее распространенными астильбами.

    Цветет астильба верхушечными соцветиями, состоящими из ажурных белоснежных, розовых, карминных, лиловых и красных цветков-звездочек. Разные виды отличаются временным промежутком цветения. Некоторые сорта зацветают уже в июне, другие радуют взгляд пирамидальными, ромбическими или метельчатыми соцветиями в июле, а третьи – в августе. Интересно смотрятся виды астильбы с поникающими соцветиями.

    White Astilbe "Deutschland" (Astilbe white "Deutschland")

    Flowering astilba Arends "Deutschland" comes in early July. This variety is recommended for the Moscow region. Selection work in breeding varieties was aimed at improving winter hardiness, so the plant does not need shelter for the winter.

    The adult bush together with fragrant inflorescences reaches 60 cm in height. A cap of snow-white flowers blooms above the brilliant dark green foliage. It prefers to grow in a partial shade, in the sun flowering quickly stops.

    To create a beautiful hedge of beauties-astilbe, the planting pattern should be as follows: it is recommended to leave a distance of 30 cm between plants. Care consists in timely watering, loosening the soil and weeding from weeds.

    Astilbe Thunberg "Straussenfeder" (Astilbe thunbergii "Straussenfeder")

    Perennial tall plant with a bush height of 70-80 cm, does not require support. The lush form of astilbe is caused by open, large foliage. Blooms drooping paniculate inflorescences in July and August. The flowers are coral-pink.

    resistant to diseases and pests

    does not require shelter for the winter,

    has a long bloom

    when fertilizing thanks with rich colors of flowers,

    inflorescences retain decorative even in dry form.

    It is better to grow in partial shade, if a sunny place is chosen, regular watering is necessary. It grows well on fertile and loose loams with an acidic reaction. Can be grown on peaty soils.

    Japanese Astilba "Gladstone" (Astilbe japonica "Gladstone")

    During flowering over the beautiful, dark green foliage with visible glitter, a cap of milky-white flowers is gathered, gathered in a pyramidal inflorescence. Adult specimens reach a height of 50 cm.

    Advantages of Gladstone Variety:

    good winter hardiness that does not require shelter

    the best place to grow is partial shade,

    responds well to fertilization,

    lush and prolonged flowering.

    It grows best in fertile soil with high humidity. It is recommended to land near artificial ponds. It needs fertilization 2 times a month. At the beginning of vegetative growth it is recommended to feed with organic matter, then with mineral fertilizers.

    History of origin

    Astilba has long remained undervalued and relatively recently introduced into culture. The plant was first described by Lord Hamilton in 1825. Wild astilbe riverine did not differ with its outstanding appearance, leaves and inflorescences were without luster and gloss, as was mentioned in the description ("a" - without, "stilbe" - shine). However, several copies were brought by Hamilton to Europe and began to grow as a crop for cutting.

    The potential of the flower was one of the first to recognize the French botanist Emile Lemoine, who received a number of varieties in the 1890s. He paid special attention to garden forms. Several dozen honeycombs were bred by the Dutch breeder V. Reis and a number of other scientists.

    However, the greatest contribution to the selection and breeding of astilbe belongs to George Arends, who devoted 54 years of his life to this plant. During this time, he managed to get 84 species that differed in flowering time, the shape and color of the inflorescences, the shape and size of the bush. He first laid the foundations for the classification of cultural forms and varieties of astilbe. Unfortunately, after the death of the researcher, the plants were almost forgotten. Only in the 1960s, interest in astilbe reappeared, and culture began to revive thanks to the efforts of the Dutch and Latvian scholars. The varieties of Lemoine and Arends have become a real classic and are still popular today.

    Astilba whole leaf or single leaf (Astilbe Simplicifolia)

    Plant varieties included in the group of whole-leaf astilbe are characterized by lush flowering. Against the background of dark green foliage, open-flowered, wide inflorescences with pink, red, white flowers bloom, depending on the variety. Flowering occurs in August, the plants belong to the late flowering.

    Dwarf varieties of astilbe: astilbe of the sheet “Sprite” (Astilbe simplicifolia “Sprite”)

    Perennial dwarf plant, bush height does not exceed 15-20 cm. However, the diameter can reach 1 m. Creeping foliage forms small curtains.

    Sheet plates are painted in dark green color, have a fancy openwork shape. Along the edge of the wide leaves are visible cloves.

    undemanding to the composition of the soil,

    grows on wet soils

    resistant to low temperatures

    ideal decoration for flower gardens and mixborders,

    grows well near artificial ponds,

    grown as a ground cover plant.

    Inflorescences drooping, flowers painted in pale pink color. Gardeners recommend growing in partial shade places, feels good in the shade.

    Types and varieties

    Botanists have about 40 species of astilbe, but in culture they grow no more than 10, and those in their original form are extremely rare. Most collections are:

    • A. Chinese
    • A. Thunberg,
    • A. naked,
    • A. Japanese
    • A. coniferous, or whole-leaf,
    • A. Korean
    • A. David
    • And curly.

    Over 350 varieties of astilbe have been developed and this number is constantly growing. In order to systematize the varietal diversity, it is customary to divide all known garden forms into groups according to origin, and also to classify them according to the size of the shrub, the shape of the inflorescences.

    The modern scientific classification of hybrids contains 12 groups. But for novice gardeners, it is not very convenient, since most of the groups are conditional. When selecting plants for your collection, it is much more convenient to be guided by the classification by color, height of plants, the shape of inflorescences and flowering time.

    Classification by height, timing of flowering and inflorescence form

    These classifications are used by a wide range of amateur flower growers, landscape designers and other people who are more interested not in the theory of the origin of various varieties, but in the possibility of using them on the plot.

    The height most often distinguish 4 main groups:

    • Dwarf (less than 30 cm),
    • Low (30–60 cm),
    • Medium (60–90 cm),
    • High (90 cm or more).

    Sometimes groups of dwarf and low varieties are combined.

    There are 4 main forms of inflorescences:

    • Pyramid. In pyramidal inflorescences, lateral branches diverge from the central axis at a right angle, shortening from the base to the apex.
    • Rhombic. For varieties with a rhombic flower shape, the branches are characteristic, extending from the main axis at a right angle.
    • Paniculata. In paniculate varieties, branches are also located at a right angle, but the lateral branches branch very intensively.
    • Drooping Drooping inflorescences look especially elegant due to the flexible main stem.

    Pro astilba flowering periods are divided into:

    Popular varieties astilb (photo and description):

    Astilba monopolite Snow Sprite (Snow Sprite), height 50 cm

    Astilba Rubens (Rubens), height up to 90 cm, blooms in the first decade of July

    Japanese astilbe Peach Blossom (Peach Blossom), height 60 cm, blooms in July for 30 days

    Pink Asning (Pink Lightning), height 40 cm, flowering time - July

    Astilba curly Lilliput (Lilliput), height 25 cm, flowering time - July-August

    Astilba Thunberg Prof. van der Wielen (Prof. van der Wielen), height 90 cm, blooms from mid-July

    Astilba Thunberg Straussenfeder (Strausenfeder), height 90 cm, drooping inflorescences

    Astilbe Japanese Vesuvius (Vesuvius), height 50 cm, flowering time July-August

    Astilba Arendsa Fanal (Fan), height 65 cm, blooms from mid-July

    Astilba monopolite Aphrodite (Aphrodite), height 50 cm, blooms continuously in July and August

    Astilbe G. Arends Opal (Opal), height 80 cm, blooms in July-August

    Astilbe G. Arendsa Giacint (Hyacinth), height 75 cm, flowering from mid-July

    Astilba G. Arendsa Rosa Perle (Rose Perle), height 100 cm

    Astilba Chinese Milk and honey (Milk and Honey), height 40-60 cm, drought-resistant, blooms profusely from mid-July to August

    Astilba G. Arendsa Gloria Purpurea (Gloria Purpureya), height 75 cm

    Astilba G. Arends Amethyst (Amethyst), height 77 cm

    Astilba G. Arends Cattleya (Catley), height 80 cm

    Astilba G. Arends Anita Pfeifer (Anita Pfeifer), height 80 cm

    Series of varieties

    Some varieties are combined in a series for any common traits.

    Music series. Created by astilb harry verduin hybridizer. Includes compact plants (45-60 cm) with short, highly branched peduncles that begin below the foliage level. The name of each variety is the dance or musical direction: Boogie Woogie (Boogie Woogie), Drum & Bass (Drum and Bass), Rhythm and Blues (Rhythm and blues) Rock and Roll (Rock and roll), Rhythm and Beat (Rhythm and beat), Country and Western (Country and western), Jump & Jive (Jump and jive).

    Astilba Boogie Woogie (Boogie Woogie), height 60 cm, blooms in July

    Astilba Rhythm-and-Blues (Rhythm and Blues), height 40-60 cm, blooms from mid-July

    Astilba Rock and roll (Rock and Roll), height 60 cm, abundant bloom in July

    City and Country Series. Each variety is dedicated to a country or city: America (Amerika), Washington (Washington) Montgomery (Montgomery), Bremen (Bremen), Koln (Koln).

    Astilbe hybrid America (America), height 85 cm, blooms in the first decade of July

    Japanese Astilbe Washington (Washington), height 60 cm, blooms in the first half of July

    Japanese Astilbe Montgomery (Montgomery), height 65 cm, blooms from late June to August

    Japanese astilbe Koln (Cologne), height 60 cm, blooms in the first decade of July

    Unic Series. A truly unique series, obtained by Dutch hybridizers Jan van Veen and Gert van Buren, which allows astilbe to conquer new places on the site. Plants are compact, abundant and long blooming. But the main advantage of this variety is its resistance to direct sunlight and lack of moisture. They are also suitable for growing in containers.

    Astilba Younique Cerise (Unic Ceris)

    Astilba Younique white (Unik White)

    Astilba Younique silvery pink (Unic Silvery pink)

    Astilba Younique Salmon (Unicommon)

    Astilba Younique Carmin (Unic Carmin)

    Mighty Series. This series includes only tall varieties: Mighty Red Queen (Mighty red quin), Mighty Peep (Mighty pip). They allow you to decorate the shady areas of the garden with large group or single openwork compositions.

    Astilba Mighty Red Quin (Mighty Red Queen)

    Astilba Mighty Plonie

    Astilba Mighty Pip (Mighty Peep)

    Astilba Mighty Сhocolade Сherry (Mighty Chocolate Cherry)

    Vision series. Grades Vision In Pink (Vision in pink) and Little Vision Pink (Little vision in pink), belonging to the series, can not be confused with other plants. Their main feature are spectacular leaves with beautiful texture and fluffy inflorescences.

    Astilba Vision Inferno (Vision Inferno)

    Astilba Vision in White (Vision In White)

    Astilba Vision in Red (Vision in Red)

    Astilba Vision in Pink (Vision in Pink)

    When it comes to varieties of astilbe, attention is usually paid to the shape of the bush and the color of the inflorescences, but leaves can also be extremely decorative. In most forms, the color varies between light and dark shades of green, but new varieties with unusual leaf color appear. Tricolor leaves Color Flash (Color flash), yellow leafy cultivars (Color flash lime) or purple leaves Chocolate Shogun (Chocolate shogun) look no less attractive than inflorescences.

    Astilba Chocolat Shogun (Chocolate Shogun)

    Astilba Color Flash (Color Flash)

    Astilba Color Flash Lime (Color Flash Lime)

    Astilba Color Flash Super (Color Flash Super)

    Place in the garden

    Astlba has earned the glory of a plant for shady places, which the garden design pays special attention to. Astilba species and varieties really prefer partial shade with good moisture, because in nature they are found under the canopy of deciduous forest and near water bodies.

    Astilba in the design of the site can be used in single and group plantings, as a tapeworm and container plants. It will organically fit into a mixborder, rabatka or border, especially in shady areas, to decorate the tree trunk of a tree or shrub. Dwarf and drought-resistant varieties will be able to revive the alpine slide. However, the most organic plant will look at the reservoir.

    The most popular combination can be called a flower garden from the host and astilb. Plants get along together perfectly, and the contrast of whole and dissected leaves makes it possible to emphasize the individuality of each of them. It can be argued that astilba and host are the best partners. although this plant is successfully combined with a huge number of species.

    The astilba with various bulbous will look quite natural. Carved leaves will be an excellent backdrop for spring-flowering species, small-bulbous, hyacinths, tulips, and kamnelomok. Spectacular astilbs look in the company of daylilies, phloxes, irises, bluebells, tall cereals. For the foreground fit geyhery, Badan, geraniums.

    The openwork foliage of astilbe is an excellent backdrop for flowering bulbous ones. In the summer, the grown-up astilbe will hide the scruffy leaves of dried-out tulips and daffodils.

    Different varieties and types of astilbe can organically complement each other. You can always pick dwarf forms for the foreground and tall for the back. Different colors of colors, texture and shape of leaves will create the necessary contrast.

    Unpretentious, frost-resistant, shade-tolerant and many-sided astilbe is a real gift for the grower. Even “without glitter,” with whatever colors the astilbe was planted, it is able to decorate the plot, and the variety of cultural forms makes the plant truly universal.

    Pin
    Send
    Share
    Send
    Send