Beautifully planted, well-kept flower beds are always pleasing to the eye. Therefore, gardeners with many years of experience always try to sow plants that will bloom at different times and have different color of petals. The astrantia flower, or as they are popularly known as the star, is very unpretentious in planting and caring, and its delicate subtle inflorescences will give any flowerbed a refined look.
The name astrantia (lat. Astrantia) comes from the words "astron", which means "star, cosmos", and indicates the shape of an umbrella-flower, and "antion" - opposite, opposite. This flower is very popular in the West, especially the USA and England, where the history of its selection begins in the XVI century.
In the natural environment, astrantia flower grows in southern and eastern Europe, as well as in the Caucasus and Asia Minor. There are several legends associated with its origin, which say that the star fell to the ground and scattered into small grills, and they subsequently became multi-colored asterisks.
Astrantia flower belongs to the family. Umbrella, weakly leafy stems reach a height of 15 to 90 cm, depending on the variety. If you look closer to the inflorescence, it consists of many small flowers, something like dill, which are from white to deep ruby, usually a shade darker than the middle. It is framed by petals, which are called wrappers, and can be of the same color or beautifully contrasted. Under natural conditions, they are usually from greenish-white to silvery-white. The leaves of the starfish are rich green, which adds elegance and decorativeness. In the girth of the bushes reach half a meter. Depending on the type of astrantia, it can bloom from May until the end of September.
Since the flower astrantia is very unpretentious for planting and care, even beginning flower growers can grow it. For example, it can grow both in sunny places and in shady ones, it does not depend on irrigation and untimely fertilizers. But still star rating blooms better and brighter in the open landing where there is more light. Loves Spilled, Fertilized Earth. And also she does not tolerate hot places and sandy soil. If the moisture is low, the flowering time is reduced and the plant collects all the forces for seed ripening.
Astrantia is great for interweaving in ikebana, as long it retains its beauty in a dried form. And she is also a great honey plant that will attract bees to the garden.
Astrantia reproduces well by self-sowing, but the experience of flower growers shows that it may not completely preserve the characteristics of the variety. Therefore, it is better to control the process of cultivation, which even for not very experienced ones is quite easy. You can sow star seeds in the fall, immediately after collecting the flowers, and in spring they will ascend. But this method is only suitable for own seeds collected in the same year. If they are purchased in a store, it is best to sow in the spring. There are several recommendations here.
First: seeds need stratificationthat is cooling. To do this, the seeds should be put in the bottom shelf of the refrigerator for several weeks. This process of aging at low temperatures takes place naturally during planting in the fall. If the seeds are purchased, then it will be possible to indicate on the package that the manufacturer has already stratified the seeds.
Next stage - landing in early spring, in March. Seeds are sown shallowly in fluffy, light soil and try to keep to a temperature of about 20–23 degrees. Top cover with a transparent film, trying to keep enough moisture, watering the seeds. In a few weeks, shoots appear. Then the film is removed, and the sprouts are thinned.
Care of Astrantion
Further care is also simple: timely watering the top layer of soil and fluffing. When the second leaf appears, the seedlings should be divided into pots. During the growth of seedlings is very it is important that there is enough light and no drafts. Next is the hardening of seedlings. To do this, it put in the daytime on the street, balcony or terrace. If sprouts can stay in the open air for 24 hours without any harm, then the plants are ready for planting in the open ground. Hardening begins about ten days before landing.
When the earth is warm enough, and this is the end of May and the beginning of June, they start landing. First you need to make the holes at a distance of 30-40 cm, plant seedlings in them at the same depth as in the pots. Then the earth is tamped down and watered enough. Everything is very simple! It now remains to wait three years before the appearance of flowers.
Reproduction of astrantion by rhizome division
With seed reproduction, sometimes varietal characteristics of the plant may be lost. Therefore, the best method is breeding by dividing the root, especially when it comes to expensive or rare varieties. The principle of operation is simple: dig up the rhizome of a flower, divide it into several parts and plant it in the soil at a distance of 40–50 cm. It is advisable to pre-fertilize the landing site by adding manure or humus. This is done in early spring in March-April before the appearance of the first leaves or in late spring after the end of the growing season. Approximately in a month sprouts will appear, and in three years the flower will start to caress the eye with its colors.
Plant care is simple: fertilize only once a year. Zvezdovka does not like too wet placestherefore, if the summer is very rainy, then it is recommended to fluff the ground so that the moisture does not linger. If the summer is very hot and dry, it is important to water the bushes once a week, you can mulch the soil to preserve moisture. Florists advise replant bushes every 5–7 years for better flowering. A perennial plant, in one place can grow up to ten years.
Leaving after flowering
In autumn, the plants are cut almost at ground level. Astrantia tolerates winter cold, but better in the first year to protect young sprouts with a layer of sawdust or dry leaves. If you need to collect the seeds, take gauze bags and cover them with flowers that do not allow the seeds to get enough sleep on the ground. When the buds dry out, they are carefully cut and allowed to dry in a dry, well-ventilated room. After complete drying, shake out the flowers from the flowers and put them in paper bags to save.
For florists, astrantia is a very beneficial flower: with a minimum of care, it is resistant to various diseases and pests.
Astrantia is large
Astrantia is large, or astrantia is large (major). It reaches a height of 70 cm, in diameter - up to 40–50 cm, from which the name came. It grows on the territory of Ukraine (by the way, come from the Carpathians), Central Europe, Belarus, Moldova and western Russia. The flowers are large, up to 5 cm in diameter, pale pink. Astrantia is large - the most popular species and includes many varieties.
- Astrantia diva is a very popular variety, the plants are tall, up to 70 cm, the inflorescences are of a beautiful dark red color, and the petals of the wrapper are a little lighter. It can grow in sunny places and shady.
- Moulin Rouge - flowers of a ruby shade, and the wrapper is darker, sometimes almost black. Loves sunny places, then the inflorescences have a bright, rich color.
- Claret - burgundy inflorescences, plants below, up to 55 cm, leaves are few, like shade and penumbra. Can be grown in a container.
- Ruby Veding - flowers are dark red, the leaves of the original palm-shaped form, height 55-65 cm, prefer penumbra.
- Venice - inflorescences of pomegranate hue.
- Rosensimfoni - pink flowers, lighter wrapper, bush height up to 70 cm.
- Lars - inflorescences are light purple, of all the varieties considered the most unpretentious and hardy.
- Snowstar - flowers of snow-white color, greenish wrappers, likes shade and penumbra.
Other types of astrantia
- Astrantia is the largest (maxima) - originates from the Caucasus. Inflorescence pink, 4.5 cm in diameter, height up to 70 cm, likes open spaces or partial shade. Flowering period from August to September.
- Astrantia is small (minor) - often the name is misleading that a flower is small, but in fact it can grow up to a meter in height. And the inflorescences themselves are smaller, up to 3 cm, pale pink. This species comes from southern Europe, loves the mountain climate. Blossoms in July and August.
- Astrantia Karnioli (carniolica) - the most famous variety is Rubra. The inflorescences are pink in color, the petals of the wrapper are rich red, the bushes are up to 70 cm in height, it blooms from May to August.
Which grade to choose?
There are many varieties of astrantia now known. They differ in color, height of the bush, flowering period, light-loving. In order to create a harmonious beautiful flower bed, it is important to study the characteristics of the variety as thoroughly as possible before buying seeds.
And then the star flower astrantia will be a delightful highlight of any flower bed!
Varieties and types
Astrantia is large or the big grows mainly in Eastern Europe. It is a wide grassy bush, growing a little above half a meter. It has a basal rosette outlet. The flowers are simple, form umbrellas delicate pink color.
There are many varieties common in gardening:
Astrantia Maxim Caucasian plant with a long root, grows to 70 cm. The foliage is divided into three parts, a simple umbrella-inflorescence is small, scarlet in color.
Astrantia is small flower from the mountains of Western Europe. The height of the shoot is about 90 cm, the foliage is collected in the rosette, sits on long petioles, has smaller inflorescences than the relatives.
Astrantia Karniolskaya perennial species, the height of the bush is a little over half a meter. Most often in the gardens you can find variety Rubra - A plant with bright pink flowers, the color of which in some places reaches red.
Astrantia planting and care in the open field
It is necessary to plant astrantia into the garden when the threat of spring frosts is completely bypassed, therefore it is better to do this in late spring. It is possible to grow this plant both on a solar site, and on the shaded. Soil prefers nutritious, loose, but there are no special requirements for the composition.
The hole is dug so that the plant sits just like in a pot, being a seedling. Seedlings are placed at a distance of about 35 cm. After planting, you need to water the area. Please note that astrantia will begin to bloom from seed only 3 years after germination.
Another decorative representative of the Umbrella family is the eryngium, which is also not whimsical when planting and care in the open field. Recommendations for the care and maintenance of this plant can be found in this article.
To care for astrantia in open ground is not difficult at all. If it rains from time to time in the summer, then watering is completely unnecessary, and if it is hot outside, one watering for 7 days will suffice, but if you want to achieve double flowering, then make sure that the soil is slightly damp throughout the growing season.
After watering or rain, it is desirable to loosen the soil and get rid of weeds. You can cover the area with mulch, which will reduce your time for these procedures.
To bloom was longer, as well as astrantion did not grow too much self-sowing, should be cut down wilted inflorescences. After the first flowering, cut off all flower stalks - this will help the plant to bloom for the second time in a year.
Fertilizers for astrantia
If you have a nutritious soil, then fertilization of astrantia is necessary once a year, making a complex mineral fertilizer in spring.
If the soil is poor, then in July or August, additional fertilizer should be applied with the presence of potassium and phosphorus.
As for transplants, this procedure will not burden you, since astrantia can grow in one area for up to 10 years, but it is still better to replant it once for 6 years.
Sometimes, especially during long wet weather, shoots need to be tied to supports.
To collect the seeds choose the largest umbrellas. When they start to dry, wrap them with gauze and the seeds will pour into it. After that, the material is a little more dried and husked in a paper bag.
Astrantia can be propagated generatively - by seeds and vegetatively - by dividing the bush. In general, the crop itself is propagated by self-sowing, if you have collected the seeds, you can simply sow them immediately in the right place.
If you want to get seedlings, you should stratify the material in the refrigerator for a couple of months. Sow seeds in a nutritious, loose soil, covering them with a little substrate.
Keep sown under glass at a temperature close to 22 ° C and ambient lighting. When shoots appear, the shelter is removed. With the appearance of the seedlings 2 of these sheets, they dive into separate containers.
Two weeks before planting in the soil, the material must begin to harden. Next, seedlings are planted in the ground for the scheme described in the last section. But note that during seed reproduction, the varietal characteristics of the plant may not be preserved (unless the material is purchased from a store).
You can also resort to reproduction by dividing rhizomes. In the spring, before the leaves appear, the bushes dig up and divide the root nests. Seated them in the pit with the addition of humus. This method is usually used to save rare varieties.
Diseases and pests
Pests and diseases are not terrible for astrantia and problems arise mainly only with an excess of moisture. If the soil is too wet, then rot appears.
To get rid of it, patients are often cut and treated sections and soil fungicides. But if the infection has spread too much, then it is better to burn the plant and disinfect the area.
Landing and care for astrantion (in brief)
- Landing: sowing seeds in the ground - immediately after harvest, before winter. Sowing seeds for seedlings in March, planting seedlings in the ground in late May or early June.
- Bloom: from the beginning of June to the end of the summer.
- Lighting: bright sunlight or partial shade.
- The soil: any, if only fertile and loose.
- Watering: once a week only during the drought period, but if you want to see the astransia re-bloom, keep the soil in the area in a slightly wet state for the entire growing season.
- Top dressing: when grown in fertile soil, it is sufficient to apply a complex mineral fertilizer once per season in early spring. On poor soils, you can make another feed - phosphate-potassium, in the second half of summer.
- Reproduction: seeds and division of the bush.
- Pests: is stable.
- Diseases: extremely rarely affected by fungal infections due to improper care.
Flower astrantia - description
The rhizome plant Astrantia has straight, low-branchy and weakly leafy stems 15 to 90 cm high. Leaves collected in a rosette, mainly palmately lobed or palmate separate, with 3-7 obovate ovoid or lanceolate, serrated lobes along the edge. Numerous small flowers of white or pink-ruby color are collected in simple umbrella-shaped inflorescences, resembling a star. Large leaves of the wrapper are painted in bright shades of green, which adds decorativeness to the plant. Astrantia blooms in May and blooms until early autumn. The fetus astrantia is a two-seed woman.
Astrantia is a honey plant attracting bees to the garden. It is cold and drought resistant. Planted astrantia groups in the center of the lawn, in rabatkah, curbs, mixborders and flower beds. In the garden, astrantia partners are hosts, lungworts, geraniums, astilbe, and variegated geyher. Astrantia is perfectly cut, for a long time preserving the beauty and freshness of the inflorescences. It is used even for winter dry bouquets.
The main advantage of astrantia, besides its visual attractiveness, is amazing undemanding of both care and growing conditions, therefore landing an astrantia and caring for it are not work, but pleasure.
The astrantia flower reproduces beautifully by self-sowing, but it may not completely preserve the characteristics of the variety. Therefore, it is better not to let the cultivation of astrantia take its course. You can sow the seeds of astrantia in the soil immediately after harvest, before winter, and in the spring, when they ascend, thin the seedlings. And you can put the seeds collected in the fall for 2-3 months in the vegetable box of the refrigerator for stratification, and sow them for seedlings in early spring. By the way, the seeds purchased in the store also need to be stratified, if the package does not indicate that the manufacturer has already done this for you.
Sow the seeds in a light fertile soil, and lightly cover the top with earth. Keep sowing at a temperature of 20-23 ºC under a transparent coating until the emergence of shoots.
Care for seedlings astrantia.
When the seeds begin to germinate, the cover is removed and the seedlings are moved as close as possible to the light. After a week or two, the grown seedlings thin out. Caring for astrontium seedlings, like any other: water as the top layer of the substrate dries up, slightly loosen the soil in the container, make sure that no drafts occur in the room during ventilation.
At the stage of development of the first pair of true leaves, astrontium seedlings swoop down on separate pots with the same soil mixture that was used for sowing seeds. За десять дней до высадки сеянцев на клумбу приступают к их закаливанию: ежедневно на некоторое время выносят на открытый балкон или террасу, постепенно увеличивая продолжительность этой процедуры. Когда вы сможете безбоязненно держать рассаду астранции на свежем воздухе целые сутки, можно высаживать ее в открытый грунт.
Когда сажать астранцию в грунт.
Посадка астранции в открытый грунт обычно осуществляется в конце мая или начале июня. Astrantia feels great both in open sunny areas and in the shade of trees. The soil of the astrantia requires friable, fertile, but it does not have special preferences for the composition of the soil.
How to plant astrantia.
Planting astrantia and care in the open field under the force even beginner gardener. Seedlings are planted at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other. The depth of the fossa should be such that the plant fits in it at the same level at which it grows before. The astrantia flower planting ends with compaction of the soil around the bushes and abundant watering of seedlings. Astrantia will bloom from seed in three years.
How to grow astrantia.
Astrantia in the garden is one of the most undemanding plants. Caring for astrantia in the open field in a normal summer with a normal amount of rain is generally not necessary, since it is hardy and drought-resistant. Yes, and in the hot dry summer you can especially not worry about it - it does not need a strict schedule of watering. If you only need a single flowering astrantia, water it once a week during the most severe drought. But if you want it to bloom again, keep the soil in a slightly damp state throughout the growing season. After rain or watering, loosen the soil around the astransia bushes and remove weeds. If you want to save time, grumble a plot with astransia with humus or peat. To prolong the flowering of astrantia and to avoid self-seeding, remove faded inflorescences, and after the first flowering is completed, cut off all flower stalks - this measure stimulates the formation of new flower arrows and will help create a dense and symmetrical shrub.
As for dressings, astransia grown in fertile soil is enough to feed them with complex mineral fertilizer in early spring. On poor soils, if you grow astrantia in one place for more than three years, another supplement - phosphorus-potash in the second half of summer will not be superfluous. Fertilizers are applied in liquid form, and if you prefer to feed the plants with dry fertilizer, then do not forget to carry out watering after feeding.
Astrantia can grow up to 10 years in one place without a transplant, but it is better to plant a bush in 5-7 years. Sometimes, during particularly rainy seasons, astrantia needs a garter to support.
Reproduction of astrantia.
Like almost all herbaceous perennials, astrantia multiplies by seed and dividing a bush. You already have an idea about the seedling method of growing astrantia. But usually, store-bought seeds, after a two-month stratification, are sown not in seedlings, but immediately into the ground in spring, as soon as the soil warms up, and freshly picked astrontium seeds are sown in the garden before winter.
However, the seed method does not always convey the varietal characteristics of the plant; therefore, it is better to propagate astrantia by dividing the rhizome. In early spring, before the appearance of the leaves, or in the fall, when the growing season of the plant comes to an end, divide the root nest into several parts and spread these parts at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other, adding humus to the planting pit. In a month, sprouts will start to appear on the astrontium delenki, in a year they will turn into full-fledged bushes, and in three years the young plants will bloom. The method of dividing the bush is used for the reproduction of rare and valuable varieties of astrantia.
Pests and diseases of astrantia.
Astrantia has an enviable immunity from diseases and pests and can only become ill due to improper care. For example, in chronic excessive watering, fungal diseases can affect it, which can be eliminated with the help of fungicides like Fundazole, Quadrice, Bravo, Fitosporin and other similar drugs.
How and when to collect seeds of astrantia.
If you want to collect seeds of astrantia, do not cut the largest and most beautiful inflorescences after withering, and when they start to dry, put gauze bags on them so that the ripe seeds do not wake up on the ground. When the inflorescences are dry, cut them, take them to a dry ventilated room, put them on the newspaper and let them dry completely, then extract the seeds from the inflorescences, peel them from dried petals, put them in a paper bag or cardboard box and store in a dry, dark place.
Astrantia is the largest (Astrantia maxima)
come from the Caucasus. It is a compact, long-ripening plant up to 70 cm in height. The leaves of this species are tripartite, small pink flowers are collected in simple umbrellas up to 4.5 cm in diameter. The leaves of the wrapper are barely reddish, membranous, up to 1 cm long. Astrantia blooms the largest in August-September.
grows in the south of Western Europe, in the mountains. This plant is almost a meter in height, its leaves are three-semidividual, long perennial, numerous white and pink flowers are gathered in an umbrella with a diameter of up to 3 cm. This astrantia flowers from July to August. In culture since 1686.
Astrantia carniol (Astrantia carniolica)
- herbaceous perennial with palmate-separated opposite leaves and white flowers gathered in an umbrella. The most famous species of species:
- – Astrantia Rubra - a plant with flowers and wrappers of a saturated pink shade rolling in red. The height of the bush is about 70 cm. Flowering lasts from the end of May to the end of August.
In addition to the described species, in the culture one can meet astrontia trehdreznuyu, Biberstein, freezer and Bavarian.
Astrantia: Varieties and Varieties
Astrantia (zvezdovka, zvezchatka) is common in nature in Europe, Asia Minor, in the foothills of the Caucasus. This is a perennial plant with a grassy stem and a powerful rhizome. The height of various plant varieties varies from 15 to 90 cm. The toothed leaves barely grow on the stem. Small inconspicuous flowers stars are collected in inflorescences resembling dill umbrellas. Astrantia belongs to the botanical umbrella family, the family includes up to 40 species.
Planting and caring for this flower crop is so simple that even a beginning florist can. Astrantia grows well in sunny places, tolerates penumbra, rare watering and late feeding. Unpretentious perennial decorates the garden, requiring a minimum of attention.
In gardens and parks, you can often see perennial Astrantia bushes of two varieties: astrantia large and the greatest.
The first type of astrantia, reaching a height of 70 cm, with pale pastel colors, which bloom in mid-summer and delight with their flowering for almost six weeks. Astrantia varieties are most rare, this species is common in the Caucasus. It blooms over 30 days, at the end of the summer season, capturing the beginning of autumn.
Photos of astrantia of different varieties emphasize the gentle sophistication of unpretentious perennial plants.
Cultivation of astrantia in the open field is not difficult. Even an inexperienced florist will not make mistakes when growing this plant. With a high need for sunlight, the starburst can put up with penumbra for a long time, grow beautifully and bloom with a lack of light. With sufficient light, the flowers of astrantia are painted in bright colors, in the penumbra the flower petals fade, but do not lose their tender attractiveness.
Soil for growing stars requires light and fertile. Due to the fact that the root system of the plant is small, astrantia is suitable for growing in rock gardens.
Features of astrantia
Herb plant astrantia is rhizomatous. His shoots are straight, weakly leafy and have little branches, their height varies from 0.15 to 0.9 meters. Leaf plates, as a rule, are palmate-separate or palmate-lobed, they have from 3 to 7 serrated on the edge of the lanceolate or obovoid-shaped lobes. They are assembled in the basal rosettes. Simple umbellate inflorescences, externally similar to stars, consist of a large number of small ruby-pink or white flowers. Even more impressive plant give a rich green leaf wrapper. Flowering begins in May, and ends in the first autumn days. Fruit - dvusemyanka.
This plant is a honey plant, so it attracts bees to the garden plot. It is also resistant to cold and drought. Astrantia is grown in rabatka, mixborders, in flowerbeds, used to create borders or planted in groups in the center of the lawn. In the garden, such flowers are recommended to be grown together with lungwort, astilba, hosts, geraniums and variegated geyher. The inflorescences of this plant are good for cutting, because they remain fresh and showy for a long time. Astrantia is also used to make dry bouquets.
This flower is distinguished by undemanding care and growing conditions. In this regard, it is quite popular among gardeners.
Growing astrantion from seed
Astrantia is able to multiply independently by self-sowing. However, it should be noted that in such shoots the varietal characteristics of the parent plants are not fully preserved. In this regard, experienced gardeners recommend choosing other methods for breeding such a flower. The sowing of freshly harvested seeds can be done before winter after the shoots appear in spring time, they will only be left to thin out. If you wish, you can grow astrantia through seedlings; for this, seeds are sown in boxes in early spring. However, in this case, they will need stratification, for this the seeds of the autumn harvest will have to be placed in a refrigerator in a box for vegetables for 8-12 weeks. By the way, carefully inspect the packaging purchased from an astrantium seed shop, if it does not indicate that they were stratified by the manufacturer, then you will have to do it yourself.
For sowing seeds using nutrient light soil. They are distributed over its surface, and sprinkled on top of a thin layer of substrate. Boxes should be covered with glass or film and put in a warm place (from 20 to 23 degrees). When the seedlings seem, the shelter must be removed.
After the emergence of the first shoots boxes should be moved to a well-lit place. When after the appearance of the seedlings will be 1-2 weeks, they will need to thin out. The plant must be watered systematically after the topsoil dries, and the substrate must be carefully loosened. During airing the room, make sure that the seedlings are protected from drafts.
When the plants have the first pair of true leaf plates, they need to pick out on individual pots, using the same soil mixture as for sowing. Start hardening plants need for 1.5 weeks before planting. To do this, the seedlings are transferred daily to the garden or to the balcony, and the duration of its stay in fresh air should be increased gradually. Planting seedlings in open soil can be made only after it is fully adapted to new conditions.
What time to land
As a rule, plant astrontia seedlings into open soil, it is recommended in the last days of May or the first - in June. For planting fit as a well-lit area, and located in a small shade of trees. The soil should be necessarily nutritious and loose, and its composition can be almost anything.
How to land
In planting and caring for such flowers there is absolutely nothing complicated. When planting between bushes should be kept from 0.3 to 0.4 m. It is necessary to take into account that after planting the plant should be at the same level at which it grew in a pot. Around the planted plants should soil the soil, and then they are very well watered. Flowering grown through seedlings astrantia begins after 3 years.
Diseases and pests
This plant has a very high resistance to diseases and pests. But if it is wrong to follow him, this can significantly weaken his immunity. For example, if astrantia is constantly very abundantly watered, then this can cause the development of a fungal disease. To cure affected bushes, they should be treated with fungicides, for example, Quadris, Fitosporin, Fundazole, Bravo, or other means of similar action.
If you plan to collect seeds from astrantia, then during flowering, mark the most spectacular and large inflorescences. When they begin to dry, they should be put on bags of gauze, which will prevent the ripening of ripe seeds on the surface of the site. Fully dried seeds must be cut and placed in a dry room in a well-ventilated dry room, spreading them out on a newspaper sheet. After they are dried, they will need to extract the seeds from which dried petals are removed. Seeds are placed in a small cardboard box or in a bag of paper, which is removed in a dark and dry place.
How to prepare for wintering
It is necessary to be engaged in preparation of an astrantion for wintering in autumn time. To do this, cut its stems almost to the level of the surface area. Then the bushes are mulched with peat or humus. For the shelter of young bushes it is recommended to use spruce branches. If an astrantia is already adult, then it is quite capable of surviving the winter without shelter.
The advantage of astrantia is a long flowering period.
from May to September, and if you cut off faded stems in time, you can expect a late late flowering.
- Bushes grow in 2-3 years, reaching 70 cm in height and 50 in width.
- Without losing their beauty, they can grow in one place for 10-12 years, they form dense clumps.
- Astrantia is still an excellent honey plant.
- In flower beds it is well adjoined with a host, geraniums, an Alstib.
In the natural environment is found in Europe, in the Caucasus. For their external intelligence and restrained beauty, gardeners in England are very fond of it, cultivated since the 16th century. This non-capricious plant, with minimal care, makes flower growers happy all season, stays in a cut bouquet for a long time, often a spider can be found in dried ikebans.
How to plant astrantia for seedlings
Growing astrantion from seed
Astrantia can multiply by self-sowing, while there is a possibility of losing varietal traits, as people say: transfer. Therefore, it is desirable to control this process. Note that the seeds of varietal plants will not necessarily retain all varietal characteristics, but they will also be interesting. You can sow a sprocket under the winter, and in the spring thin out the seedlings. However, in this case, we are not insured against any vagaries of nature, in the case of late frosts we can remain without flowers.
Seed Astrontia When Seeding Astrantia on Seedlings
Hence, it is better to grow seedlings, especially since no special knowledge or skills are needed.
- Seeds need to be stratified (for the winter, put astrantia seeds in the vegetable box of the refrigerator), and in March sow them in a light soil, not deep.
- Water, maintain a temperature of about 22˚ C, keep under a transparent cover until the first shoots.
- Then put in a very lighted place, moisten the substrate, after the appearance of a pair of leaves, seedlings must be thinned.
- After a couple of weeks, the seedlings dive in separate pots, make sure that there are no stable drafts, two weeks before landing in the ground we begin to harden.
- As soon as we can leave the seedlings at the place of hardening for a day, it is ready for planting.
Growing astrantia seedlings
To plant seedlings in open ground in early June. Penumbra is the ideal place, but astrantia itself feels great both in open areas and in the shade. The soil is preferably loose, the place is not marshy. For very clay soils: add a couple of buckets of humus and a bucket of sand on a plot with astration, for very sandy ones - only humus. In addition, there are no particular preferences for soil composition.
Holes do at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other, deepen so that the plant is on the same level as in the pot. The land around the planted plant must be compacted and watered abundantly. Usually such a plant begins to bloom in the 3rd year.
How to spread astrantia
Flowers astrantia Karniolskaya Rubra planting and care
The negative experience of some gardeners shows that seeds do not always germinate, even with proper stratification (it must be done for purchased seeds, if the package does not indicate that the seeds are already stratified), and the varietal characteristics are lost, therefore, a surer way is division of rhizome.
It is possible to divide an astrantia bush in spring ...
before the beginning of the growing season, or in the fall, when the growing season comes to an end.
- Digging a bush and gently divide into several parts. Each part is planted separately, at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other, pre-sprinkling the hole with rotted manure.
- The next season (or this one, if the division is in spring), young shoots will appear and the new plant will bloom for the third year. Only this way you can multiply rare varieties.
Rhizomes with peat can be bought at the flower shop. And it does not matter if you got such planting material in the middle of winter. Feel free to buy and start growing astrantia at home.
We take the usual substrate for growing indoor plants, pots for seedlings or plastic cups of a suitable size, plant the astrantion diabetic, put them on a warm window-sill, water and wait for the sprouts. Для лучшей аэрации почвы земляной субстрат можно дополнить вермикулитом, а для контроля влажности гидрогелем.
Цветок довольно быстро пускает первые листочки, даже из самых небольших кусочков корневища
поэтому не пугайтесь, если Вам попался мелкий посадочный материал.
По мере потепления перемещайте астранцию на лоджию или балкон вместе с остальной рассадой. Если стаканчик с молодым растением прозрачный, то Вы увидите, как развивается корневая система, оплетая земляной ком. Астранция не любит переувлажнения, значит поливать ее нужно, когда почва в стаканчиках практически сухая. В остальном с этим растением не будет никаких хлопот.
As well as seedlings, we transfer the fortified star-wheels to open ground in early June.
Also, cuttings of rhizome can be planted immediately in open ground, having fertilized it well beforehand, do not forget about watering and in 3-4 weeks you will receive a young bush. Not a lot of trouble.
How to care for astrantia in the open field
Astrantia planting and care in the open field
The most interesting and pleasant part for a florist. In a normal, not very dry summer, care for astrantion is generally not necessary. In normal mode, remove the weeds, after the rain slightly loosen the soil and that's it. And in the dry summer astrantia easily tolerates drought. This plant is just a godsend for summer residents who go to the country to have a rest: it is not necessary to take care of it, but it blooms all summer long.
To continue flowering and prevent self-sowing, walking around the cottage, pluck the flowering inflorescences, and when the first flowering ends, cut off the peduncles, then the sprocket will blossom again.
Very dry summer without watering once a week is indispensable.
Soil mulching can help, the surface will not dry out so much, and less weeds.
To fertilize astrantia for the first three years is enough once a year, in the spring, before the start of the growing season - to apply complex fertilizers. For the bushes that grow in one place more, it is desirable to re-apply potassium phosphate fertilizers before the second flowering.
A bit harder in the wet summer, the astrantia doesn't like overflowing. It is necessary to loosen the soil, not allowing moisture to stagnate, sometimes to tie up the plant.
Self-sowing stars are undesirable, therefore we remove faded buds from the flower bed
It is recommended to cut a beautiful bouquet and dry it, as the astrantia is very long preserved in dried form and will decorate your house in winter.
Star-tracking does not require special preparation for winter. For young bushes, it is desirable to cut off the ground part and cover with mulch. Adult bushes winter well and without shelter, though for the hardworking florist growers also harbor adult plants.
At one place, the astrantia comfortably grows up to 10 years, but it is better to seat it every 7 years, so it looks fresher and more luxurious.
Astrantia major (Astrantsia major)
Astrantia major Astrantsia major photo
Tall plant (up to 70 cm), spreading (50 cm in diameter). Grows on the edges of mixed and coniferous forests in Central Europe, Ukraine, Moldova, European Russia, Belarus. In the original, the zvezdovka large has light pink flowers with a wrapper of the same color, reaching 5 cm in diameter. Cultivated from the middle of the 16th century.
These varieties are derived:
Astrantia Moulin Rouge
Moulin rouge - inflorescences of a ruby shade with very dark wrappers (it is recommended to be planted in sunny areas, then the flowers become even more saturated),
Astrantia ruby wedding astrantia ruby wedding
Ruby Wedding - a plant up to 65 cm tall with dark red flowers, more like a penumbra, has unusual palm-like leaves,
Astrantia major claret
Claret - a little lower - up to 55 cm, so you can grow in a container, feels good in the shade and partial shade, dark flowers of burgundy color with translucent leaves, wrappers,
Astrantia Diva photo
Diva - there is no preference for shade and sun, the flowers are also dark red, and the petals of the wrapper are lighter, grows up to 70 cm,
Venice - again inflorescences of pomegranate color,
Abby roud - red astrantia, the wrappers are dark purple, and the flowers are lighter in tone, the flowers are small and there are a lot of them on the bush, prefers sunny places, blooms from June to August,
Hedspen blud - rich red flowers that bloom from late spring and all summer, powerful plant, 70-80 cm high,
Lars - high astrantia (up to 70cm) with soft purple flowers that seem to glow in the dark, it can be called the most enduring astrantia,
Sunningdale variegata - a variety with light lavender flowers, distinguished by its foliage: light stains on a green leaf background,
Rosensymphony - pink inflorescences with wraps a tone lighter, stems 70 cm high,
Astrantia Pink Rosea photo
Rosey - has flowers of very bright saturated pink tone and spotty leaves,
Snowstar - the white star prefers shade, the flowers are white with greenish wrappers.
Buckland - flowering period from May to November, the color of flowers is pink, and pink bracts are quite large in size, which creates an unusual effect,
Shaggy - very delicate color of inflorescences - ivory with a light green tint, blooms all summer.
Astrantia is the largest (Astransia maxima)
Astrantia is the largest Astransia maxima photo
This neat perennial came to us from the Caucasus, the height of the stems is up to 70 cm, the flowers are smaller (4.5 cm in diameter), the flowering period is August and September. The color of the inflorescences is pink, the wrap is slightly reddish, and membranous leaves reach a length of 1 cm. This plant feels best in open areas, but can grow under trees as well, if the shade is not very thick.
Astrantia Karnioli (Astransia carniolica)
Astrantia Karnioli Astrantia Carniolica ‘Rubra’
Perennial herb with palmate-separated opposite leaves, inflorescences in the original white.
The most famous variety:
Rubra - flowering from May to August, inflorescences rich pink with wine-red wrappers, height reaches 70 cm, flowering continues from May to August.
Less common varieties:
- Biberstein Astrantia
- three-cut astrantia,
- Astrantia Bavarian,
- freezing astrantia.
The use of astrantia in landscape design
- In landscape design, astrantion is most often used for flowerbeds, as well as for decorating shady corners of a garden: under shrubs and trees.
- More low-growing varieties can be successfully applied to rock climbing and even near the pools.
- The flowerbed created from various star varieties will look original. The combination of openwork green stars with bright summer flowers is an excellent example of creating rabatok from flowering plants.
- The modest bushes of astrantia cause feelings of airiness, weightlessness: against the background of spreading leaves, the stars of a garden of white, pink, and red flowers soar. Good neighbors for astrantia will be lilies, short roses with large flowers.
Feel free to fantasize and create your masterpieces!
Caring for astrantia in open ground is reduced to metered periodic watering, soil loosening and timely feeding. Loosening the soil around the perennial roots should be carried out as carefully as possible so as not to damage the delicate root system. Watering the plant should be carried out periodically, not allowing the soil to dry in the beds, but without overflow.
Tip! For the long flowering of astrantia, it is required to timely cut out faded flower stalks.
In winter, care for astrantion consists in warming bushes hibernating in the open ground with spruce branches. In early spring, with the onset of heat, lapnik should be removed, preventing vypryvaniya bushes.
Fertilizer and fertilizing
Cultivation of astrantia requires fertilization. It is recommended to make a complex fertilizer once in the spring, then the flowering will last longer.
Perennial plants in open ground can be sprayed with a solution of microelements, spreading foliar dressings on the green foliage. When planting astrantia in the soil can be applied phosphate fertilizers of prolonged action.
Astrantia: combination with other plants
On the beds of continuous flowering astrantia perfectly gets on with other perennial flower crops. The combination of openwork leaves of astrantia with bright letniks is a great example of creating rabatok from flowering plants. Planting zvezovki different varieties on the lawn as a separate flower beds look very interesting. Cultivation of astrantia on the background of decorative leafy shrubs perfectly complements the landscape interior of parks or squares.
In landscape design, astrantion is most often used for flower beds, rabatok, mixborders from perennial plants. Considering that the plant is rather undemanding to the conditions of detention, the star sprout is planted in partial shade, under shrubs and trees, in order to give decorativeness to compositions in landscape design.
Low-growing varieties of astrantia are used in landscape design for planting in rock gardens, rocky gardens, and near pools.
Cultivation of astrantia in open ground
All astrantia extremely unpretentious, different unique plasticity. They can grow on virtually any soil, but on loose, sufficiently nutritious and hydrated form more powerful bushes. They feel good both in the sun and in the penumbra, they can even exist in full shade, although in such places they bloom more modestly.
Astrantia is well adapted to life under the trees - where not all perennial plants can live. In a series of perennials, astrantia is one of the champions for the duration of flowering, blooms all summer, and besides, its inflorescences are an excellent cut.
The culture is practically not damaged by pests and diseases, it is very cold-resistant. Shrubs grow quickly, in 3-4 years of the year forming dense clumps, while without a transplant they can grow in one place for 10-12 years or more, without losing decorativeness. On top of this, astrantia is also a wonderful honey plant.
The leaves at astrantia are large, deeply divided, decorative all season. What is usually called a flower is actually an inflorescence - an umbrella consisting of a mass of small flowers surrounded by leaves of a wrapper. Astrantia flowers and wrappers can be colored in the same color, but more often they differ in tone, which makes the plant more attractive.
Astrantia major, or Astrantia major. © James Petts
Planting and reproduction of astrantia
The astrantia reproduces beautifully with seeds that germinate after stratification for 3-5 weeks. Seedlings appear fairly amicably and grow very quickly. Varietal plants are propagated by dividing overgrown bushes or grafting — for this, they use basal rosettes, which root very quickly, and literally in 3-4 weeks they can be planted into a pound.
All varietal plants are well knotted full-fledged seeds that can be used for planting and receiving plants, even if they do not repeat the parental signs, but also interesting.
Popular varieties of astrantia
Astrantia has long been known to our flower growers, but, despite its numerous merits, unfortunately it does not enjoy particular popularity. Not very favored by garden designers. But this flower deserves more attention, and Western flower growers and designers have long appreciated the unconditional merits of astrans and are widely used in gardening. It is not by chance that the breeders of the Old and New Worlds are so actively engaged in the improvement of this culture.
If relatively recently there were only two initial forms in the gardener's arsenal - astrantia is large and largest and literally 2-3 garden forms, now the flower market offers more than a dozen varieties of this crop. Every year new interesting forms appear.
Astrantia or Star ‘Claret’. © Balogh Ferenc
Astrantia ‘Abbey Road‘ - variety with large reddish-purple inflorescences with dark purple wrappers. Height 45-60 cm. It blooms from mid to late summer. It prefers semi-shady places, but can grow on the sun, provided that they are sufficiently moist. The plant is bright, juicy, expressive, a godsend for shady corners of the garden.
Astrantia ‘Buckland’ - variety with pale pink inflorescences on the background of silver-green wrappers. It blooms from June to September. Plant height 65-70 cm. It grows in the sun and in partial shade.
Astrantia ‘Claret’ - variety with wine-red inflorescences with transparent wrappers of the same color. Height is about 50-55 cm. It blooms for a very long time, from June to the end of September. Looks great in large groups under the trees. Prefers semi-shady and shady places. Can be grown as a container culture.
Astrantia is large, or Zvezdovka large ‘Hadspen Blood’. © plantify
Astrantia ‘Hadspen Blood’ - a powerful variety, tall (75-80 cm), inflorescences blood-red. It has a very long flowering - from late spring to late summer. Prefers a light shade.
Astrantia ‘Lars’ - a variety with dark red inflorescences with lighter wrappers. It blooms from June to late September. Prefers a light shade. Height 55–70 cm.
Astrantia ‘Moulin Rouge’ - variety with inflorescences of a unique dark wine-red tone, a wrapper of an even darker, almost black color. It blooms from early to late summer. It can grow both in the open sunny place, and in partial shade. In the shade, the color of the flowers becomes weaker.
Astrantia ‘Moulin Rouge’. © gootjes-allplant
Astrantia ‘Primadonna’ - variety with dark red buds, lighter wrappers. Flowering begins in June and lasts all summer. Height is about 70 cm. It can grow with equal success in the sun and in partial shade.
Astrantia ‘Roma’ - variety with silver-pink inflorescences and lighter wrappers. Blossoms from the beginning to the end of the pet. Height about 70 cm. Prefers moderate shade.
Astrantia ‘Rosea’ - variety with rich pink inflorescences and wrappers of the same color. It blooms from early summer to mid - late September. Height is about 70 cm. It grows both in the sun and in partial shade.
Astrantia ‘Shaggy (Margery Fish)’ - a variety with buds of ivory color with a faint green tint. It blooms almost all summer. Height 75-80 cm.
Astrantia ‘Symphony (Rosensimfonie)’ - variety with pink inflorescences with pale pink wrappers. Height about 75 cm. Prefers moderate shade.
Astrantia ‘Rubra’ - variety with inflorescences of rich pink color, rolling in wine-red, wrappers of the same tone. Height is about 70 cm. It blooms from late spring to late summer.
Astrantia ‘Ruby Wedding’ - variety with dark red inflorescences. They bloom in early summer, flowering lasts until the beginning of autumn. Height 55-65 cm. Prefers moderate shade.
Astrantia ‘Lars’. © baumschule-horstmann
Astrantia ‘Snowstar’ - an unusual variety with practically white inflorescences. Wrappers are also white with a slight greenish tint. Height 55–70 cm. Grows best in moderate penumbra and shade.
Astrantia ‘Sunningdale Variegated’ - first grade with variegated leaves: cream and golden yellow strokes on a green background. Light lavender inflorescences. It blooms from early summer. Height is about 60 cm.