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Matiola pink: growing night violet

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I like mattiola pink. She is beautiful and unpretentious in the care. Night violet or Levkoy, as they call it mattiola, adorns my garden bed from June to November. If you also want to grow this flower, be sure to read this article. I will talk about how to plant it. In the photo you can see the beauty of the night violet.

Description of decorative culture

Let's take a closer look at mattiola. It belongs to the Cabbage family, grows in Europe, Asia and Africa. Levka has more than 40 species. It is a grassy shrub with upright stems.

The miniature garden cultures do not exceed a height of 25 cm, the maximum height of the left side is 80 cm. The leaves are latent, serrated, oblong. Flowers can be:

They form graceful inflorescences. Night violet blooms for a long time: from early summer to late autumn. Its fruit is presented in the form of a pod filled with small seeds. Levka publishes a refined aroma. Terry species of this culture are not honey plants.

Growing seedlings

If you want to get shoots faster, soak the seeds in ordinary water and leave for 24 hours. Then put them in a damp cloth, determine in the refrigerator. Stratification will strengthen the immune system of the future plant.

I grow night violet in a seedling way. Seeds need to be planted in mid-spring (about the 15th of April). I recommend using small boxes. Mattiola substrate can be prepared at home. Take 1 part of the sand and mix with 3 parts of the sod ground.

Spread the seeds on the surface of the substrate, close to a depth of 5 cm and put a film on top. Shoots make their way at a temperature of + 22 degrees. After 5 days there will be sprouts, then you will need to remove the covering material.

Night violet saplings develop favorably at a temperature of + 24 degrees. Well, if they are under diffused light. If the plants are drawn, it is necessary to limit the lighting. You can have a miniature mattiola on the veranda.

5 days after the emergence of shoots will need to make water. Wait another week and perform a pick. Replant your plants in separate pots. The mixture should consist of 1 part sand and 3 parts of sod land.

Seedlings will not form leaves, but this should not confuse you. To strengthen the immune system of the future plant, you need to add 2 tbs. l hydrogel.

When the seedlings form two strong leaves, apply a complex fertilizer consisting of 1 g of sulfuric acid potassium, 3 g of copper sulphate and boric acid dissolved in 1100 ml of water (this amount is calculated per 1 sq. M).

Strengthen seedlings recommend to keep on the veranda. Remember that they must be tempered. At the beginning, open the window for 15 minutes, then an hour or two. I advise you to harden seedlings 15 days before planting in the ground. Planting and caring for mattiola is easy.

Landing features

Night violet is planted in May, when warm weather sets in (it is better to choose a cloudy day). Mattiola gets accustomed to a spacious sunny plot. She prefers a light, drainage povu. I do not advise planting a flower in an area where there is groundwater, the roots may suffer.

Mattiola does not place high demands on soil acidity, but it is desirable that it be neutral. If the soil in a particular area is poor, fertilizer needs to be applied. Before planting seedlings need to moisten the wells, then slightly compact the ground. Low-growing varieties are placed at a distance of 20 cm, the distance between the branching should be 40 cm.

Garden plant care

To get flowers that will please the eye, you need to regularly water the seedlings. But it should be remembered that mattiola reacts poorly to stagnant moisture. Add water moderately.
To improve photosynthesis, it is necessary to loosen the soil. Mattiola pink breathes well if there are no weeds near it.

Do not forget to weed the plot. The flower is fed with organic or mineral compounds. Fertilizers are applied in spring. During the flowering period, I advise you to make a potassium-phosphorus composition. Mulching this culture is not required.

Pests and possible diseases

If it is wrong to care for a bayonet, a cruciferous flea attacks him. When a pest is found, a solution of ash should be applied to the leaves. Frequency of drawing 1 time in 5 days. To banish flea, you need to perform 4 treatments. To fight the insect pest you can use Actellic.

In some cases, the plants become infected with a black leg. The disease is manifested by a change in the color of the stem: at first it becomes brown, then very dark. Black leg is not treatable. To avoid this disease, you must follow the rules of planting and care. For prevention I advise you to use the drug Hom.

Seed collection, winter preparation

Seeds of night violets are harvested in October. You should wait until they turn brown. Place the boxes in a well-ventilated area, shake off the seed after 2 days. If you do not want to spend time collecting seeds, buy them in a specialty store. You can start breeding night violet!

If the winter in a particular region is harsh, carefully dig up the annual plant and dig up the site. In regions with a warm climate, cut the plants to the ground level. If you wish, dig up the levka with roots, transplant it into a container and keep it at home.

Growing this flower does not take you much time and effort! Follow simple rules: make water in time, remove weeds, loosen the ground without damaging the root system. The advantage of the night violet is that it is uncritical and takes root in the ground with a different composition.

general characteristics

Levka Mattiola - perennial culture with branched herbaceous shoots. This plant has straight stems, covered with dark green peeled skin. The very same flower growth consists of a large number of leaves.

Inflorescences begin to bloom at the end of May. They can consist of both simple and terry flowers with rounded petals. The color scheme is represented by pink, white, yellow and purple flowers. An interesting feature of the mattiola flowers is that they bloom closer to the night, so they are pollinated by nocturnal insects. Mattiola evening fragrance, which conquers with its sweet notes, is particularly popular with gardeners.

What are the varieties of this plant?

In total, there are about 50 main varieties of this flower. On their basis, breeders have deduced more than 600 other subspecies. All mattioly can be divided by height and the structure of the flowers.

The most popular varieties are the following:

  • Mattiola two-horned. Unlike other varieties, these plants are annuals. Inflorescences, painted in pink or purple tones, begin to bloom in late summer. After pollination, small oblong seeds ripen in flowers. Mattiola two-horned has a pronounced aroma.
  • Mattiola gray hair. This annual plant has weakly branched shoots that are covered with dense foliage. Flowers can be both terry and simple. The color varies from white to mauve to yellow. The flowering period falls on June and lasts until the beginning of the first frost. In the southern regions of the plant can bloom even in winter.
  • Mattiola fragrant. This is a perennial plant that blooms in late spring. The inflorescences of this type of levkoy are simple and can have a yellow-brown color.

Mattiola seed growing: when to plant?

Mattiola two-horned is often planted in the form of seeds directly into the ground. This is explained by:

  • seeds sprout very quickly - literally one week after sowing,
  • the plant tolerates low temperatures
  • Mattiola begins to bloom within a few months after sowing.

Sowing should begin immediately after the earth warms up well and a stable positive temperature is established. When the first shoots appear, they should be a little thin. Until the plant is mature, you should carefully ensure that the soil does not dry out.

Choosing a place for planting flowers

Note that the soil should not be too fertile or fertilized. This is explained by the fact that if the plant is planted in fertile soil, it will grow, and the flowering will be late and not abundant. Levka should be planted in sunny areas, if not, then the plant will grow normally in partial shade.

How to prepare the soil and seeds?

Before sowing the seeds, prepare the ground. This type of flower is suitable simple flower soil, which can be purchased in almost any store. If you take the land from your plot, then add 1 part of sand and 1 part of peat to it.

Before landing The soil should be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, so you will be sure that the seedlings will be strong and healthy.

To prepare the seeds for planting, they should soak in water for a day. Then the water should be drained, and the seeds put in a damp napkin and sent to the refrigerator. Thanks to such manipulations, seeds begin to germinate as early as 4 days after planting.

How to care for seedlings?

Before planting, the soil is laid out in boxes and irrigated abundantly. After watering, the seeds are laid out on the surface, and sprinkled with a small layer of earth. After sowing, the boxes are covered with cling film and put in a warm place. Before the appearance of the first shoots, no work is needed.

Two weeks after germination, you can swoop down seedlings. Picks should be carried out in separate boxes that have drainage holes.

Further care of the seedlings consists in the following manipulations:

  • periodic watering
  • hardening,
  • ventilation.

Please note that the root system of night violets does not like excess moisture, so you should not pour much soil.

Recommendations for transplanting seedlings to the ground

Seedlings can already be transplanted at the end of May, because by this time the weather has become steadily warm. It is best to replant in the evening, as the sun's rays do not contribute to a good adaptation of the plant.

Before planting seedlings, dig up and level the ground. The planting scheme is determined by their height. Please note that before planting seedlings should be watered well, this is necessary so that the plant can be easily pulled out of the pot, while not injuring the roots.

How to take care of Levkoy in the summer?

Summer this flower does not require any specific care. It will be enough to periodically perform such manipulations:

  • watering,
  • weed removal
  • soil loosening
  • removal of old inflorescences.

In watering, the main moderation and regularity. Levka does not like excess moisture, but over-dried land will not benefit him either. Please note that excessive watering can be fraught with various diseases of the root system. And the appearance of the plant suffers from the strong drying of the soil - the leaves begin to curl.

Loosening the soil is necessary so that the roots get more oxygen and no crust forms on the surface of the earth.

Weeds need to be removed not only for a beautiful appearance, but also to ensure that weeds do not pull out all the nutrients.

Removing old inflorescences helps keep the flowerbed in perfect condition, and also prolongs the flowering period of the plant.

The use of levkoev in landscape design

Previously, night violet was very popular among gardeners, but now this plant has been planted less. The main advantage of this flower is its evening spicy smell. Often night violets are used to decorate the paths and flower beds near the arbors.

08/02/2018 admin Comments No comments

Have you ever heard the smell of night violet? If not, you will be surprised at how strong, pleasant aroma it possesses. But there is one caveat - you can enjoy the smell only at night. Night violet flower photo, landing and care for which is not difficult, also called mattiola two-horned. It is a small plant with beautiful, bluish flowers. Anyone can grow a plant, even an inexperienced summer resident. Let's look at some practical tips on planting and caring for a flower.

Night violet - the flower of your dreams!

Why did the plant, which is not very similar to violet, get such a name? It's all about the beautiful aroma and bluish color of flowers. He is so unpretentious in the care that it grows easily even on the most unfavorable soil. Sow with seeds, which can be purchased in specialized stores. We draw your attention to the fact that the further growth of the plant depends on the quality of the seeds. You should not buy planting material in natural markets or from grandmothers, because the guarantee of the quality of seeds there is very doubtful.

Today, only two varieties of this plant are known, which are becoming increasingly popular in our territory:

  1. "Evening fragrance". A small violet with purple flowers. The beginning of flowering usually occurs at the end of June - the beginning of July. In height, the plant is small and reaches only 50 cm. The variety will please with an abundant number of flowers, which literally stick with small sprigs of violets.
  2. "Star Light". Tall variety with flowers of different colors. Differs in excellent endurance. Prefers acidic soil and regular watering. It is not recommended to plant "starlight" in open areas, because the leaves and the stem quickly fade from lack of moisture.

How to plant a night violet at the dacha?

Sowing of seeds is carried out somewhere in the beginning of April, when the probability of occurrence of germ deposits is excluded. Also, for good and stable growth it is best to follow some recommendations:

  • Location. A place to land is better to choose a sufficiently lit, but not under the open sun. Well, if there is a slight darkening from a spreading tree or shrub. Do not sow seeds near vegetable crops such as cabbage, tomato and potatoes, because there is a possibility of moving pests to violet.
  • The soil. The flower does not like too sour soil, so it is best to remove the top layer and mix it with ash. It is also important to remember about the nutritional value of the earth, adding peat or humus.
  • Humidity. The amount of moisture does not affect the growth of the plant. Night violet calmly endures drought, but nevertheless it can affect the appearance.

Beauty matiola pink - night violet

You must also ensure that there is no waterlogging, because the root system may start to rot.

To bloom was continuous, it is necessary to conduct additional seed sowing every 10 days. Thus, an aromatic, beautiful and picky plant will always grow in your summer cottage.

How to care for a night violet?

As mentioned above, the night violet does not need complex care, so everyone can grow it in their summer cottage. What does care include?

  • Watering. It is necessary to water a flower no more than once a week. If there were rains, then even less. The main problem that may occur with the owners of the night violet is a strong waterlogging, which leads to the decay of the root system.
  • Weed control. Large weeds can muffle flower growth, so be careful to destroy all weeds in time and loosen the soil.
  • Spraying against pests. As for insects, the night violet is not strongly attacked, but it is still necessary to protect the plant. For this you can use both chemical and folk remedies.
  • Fertilizer. As food, mineral fertilizers for flowers, which can be purchased in all specialized stores, will be an excellent solution.

So, night violet flower, photo landing and care for which it is simple, it will be an excellent decoration of your summer cottage, and will also fill it with a beautiful, delicate aroma.

Night violet or scientific hesperis refers to biennial plants. The flower has a pleasant aroma, which is enhanced by the night, unpretentious but spectacular flowers of delicate pink, lilac color, as well as prolonged flowering.

Description of night violet: flowers, photos, planting and care

Despite the moisture-loving, the flower does not like stagnant water. The flower is watered regularly, but moderately. Do not allow the soil to dry out. The plant does not need fertilizing with mineral fertilizers, but it grows willingly on soils rich in organic fertilizers. Organic fertilizers are applied during planting.

For the winter, the night violet does not require shelter, but if cold winters are planned, then it is better to plant the landings.

Breeding

The night violet is propagated by seeds, which are sown in spring or autumn, before winter. Before sowing the soil is prepared by applying organic fertilizers. Seeds are sown immediately in open ground, in the shade, on the ridge, but can be sown immediately to a permanent place. When growing a flower, it is better to create plantings of medium density, so the plants look more spectacular. Если семена были посеяны на гряду, то в начале осени всходы пересаживают на постоянное место. Так как цветок относится к двулетникам, то цветение растения начнется на второй год после посева. Цветок хорошо размножается самосевом.

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General description of the plant

Violet night, or as it is called mattiola bilobus, plants of the genus Hesperis. Homeland Asia Minor and Greece, Mattiola is popular since the XVI century. It is an upright, sprawling, highly branching herbaceous plant — a perennial grown as a biennial.

It grows in the European part of Russia, in the Caucasus, in Western Siberia and the Mediterranean. Stem about 40-50 centimeters long, covered with glandular hairs. The leaves are linear, sharp, bare, small, toothed and white-letted.

Flowers night violet has a pleasant lilac or purple color, reach two centimeters in diameter, double or simple, leaves are collected in cylindrical brushes. The flowers have a pleasant fragrant aroma, which is enhanced in the evening or night time and in rainy weather.

It is for this that Mattiola in Russian culture received the name Night Violet or Vespers. The fruit of the night violet is a pod, six centimeters long, with small, grayish-brown seeds of 1.6 thousand each in one gram. Mattiola seeds are able to maintain their germination for two or three years.

Varieties of night violets

Variety of night violets "Evening scent"This violet with lilac flowers, long, up to 45 centimeters high, is a strongly branchy stem. The blooming of this variety mattiola is intense, abundant and fragrant.

Variety of night violets "Starlight"This variety is a variety mixture with variously colored flowers. It also has a rather tall stem with a length of up to 50 centimeters.

Planting Night Violets

Sowing mattioli seeds directly in open ground is carried out from April to June. It is desirable to sow so that the distance between the plants in a row is about 10 centimeters. Seeds are planted in the soil to a depth of about 0.5 cm.

Mattiola young outlets are put on a permanent place in the time period from August to mid-September. Night violet does not need shelter for winter, as the plant is notable for its frost resistance.

Sow night violet preferably in open sunny places, it increases its decorative effect. In the first year after planting, only a rather dense rosette of leaves will appear. And in the second year a long, up to one meter high, branching stem is formed.

Air humidity for night violet

Humidity is absolutely not affecting the processes of growth and flowering factor. However, high humidity is always welcome. As for the neighborhood, night violet is perfectly adjacent to other plants.

It will be especially impressive with such bright colors as calendula, marigolds and dimorofote in the background.

Useful properties and use of night violet

If you are a lover of fragrant garden, then night violet is the best for this. With the departure of the sun, when the heat subsides, its nondescript flowers will open and begin to smell the wondrous aroma. Mattiola inflorescences are used for cutting.

Night violet is popular as a plant for landscaping loggias and balconies, it grows well in mixed plantings, flower beds near the house or gazebos, and will also easily take root in the conditions of a difficult Moorish lawn. Also the use of mattiola is widely used in medicine.

Substances such as biovihoside, digitoxyside and glikobiovihoside, as well as steroids, alkaloids and cardenolides, are isolated from its seeds. Therefore, in pharmacology, matthiol is used as a diuretic, cardiotonic and metabolism-enhancing agent.

In addition, it has the ability to accumulate nutrients in the body. The leaves contain essential oils, saponins and flavonoids.

Alcoholic extract from the leaves has an antibacterial effect. In gout and rheumatism, as well as a diaphoretic agent, you can use an infusion consisting of one teaspoon of herbs and one second teaspoon of mattiola seeds brewed in 500 ml of boiling water. Infuse for two hours, take 100 ml 4 times a day.

Be careful when assembling and harvesting grass, the plant is poisonous. Seeds are recommended to be harvested in August and September, and the grass in May or July. Mattiola seeds, among other things, contain about 30% of fatty oils, so the violet can be used in soap making and as a combustible substance.

It is also possible to use seedlings of seeds of night violet. They are ready to use in 5 or 6 days. But one should not over-irrigate the plant during germination, as this can lead to the appearance of mold on them.

Pink Clematis. Clematis - unpretentious plant, will master any space on the house plot

Mattiola seedlings are rich in vitamins A and C, as well as minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, iron and magnesium. Sprouts contribute to increased appetite, have a soothing and anti-scorching effect and increase the stimulation of the body's regenerative resources. Night violet sprouts are used to season salads, pasta dishes and cheese appetizers, thanks to their pronounced spicy taste.

Night violets. Mattiola flower - photo

The decoration of any backyard or suburban area will be beautiful roses, peonies, graceful gladioli or other representatives of the flora, characterized by bright colors or elegant foliage. But not less popular are the plants, the main advantage of which is the charming and unique, light scent of flowers. These are night violets.

general information

Garden plants that have a pleasant, fragrant smell have been popular since ancient times. Over time, they do not disappear from the collections of flower growers. Night violets are plants belonging to the cruciferous family.

They are represented by annual and perennial species, a feature of which is the delicate, fragrant aroma of flowers, which manifests itself after sunset, in the dark period of the day.

Matrona Party

Hesperis, or master hostess, is an aromatic plant known since ancient times. The smell of flowers is greatly enhanced in the evening and night hours. For this feature of the plant is called "night violets."

They are often grown as biennials. After sowing the seeds, a rosette of leaves is formed. In the first year may form small flower stalks. Abundant flowering plant will please only in the next season.

In the third year, flowering is reduced. Therefore, landing update. Matrona's party party is a rather tall perennial. Erect stems can be up to seventy-five centimeters tall.

Leaves have a lanceolate form.

Four-petals - purple, pink or white - the flowers are small. Their sizes reach two or more centimeters in diameter. They are collected in inflorescences. Flowers can be simple or terry. Terry species with white color of inflorescences are especially popular.

They will delight flowering for twenty days. At the end of the season fruiting night violet. Seeds ripen in small fruit-pods, formed after flowering.

Night Violet

They are planted in well-lit areas. Also suitable flower garden, located in the penumbra.

The soil should be fertile, slightly alkaline, with good drainage qualities. The predecessors of the cruciferous family are unacceptable. Usually night violets are planted along the paths, near the gazebos and in places of rest.

They also grow beautifully on a balcony or loggia. Sowing in the open field occurs in May or June. The first shoots will appear in nine or twelve days. The flower garden is watered, not allowing waterlogging. Last year's landing thinned out.

Plants seated at a distance of 35-40 centimeters from each other. Night violets can be planted with pre-grown seedlings. Flower care is simple. The soil is constantly loosened and weeds are removed.

Feed complex fertilizers for flower crops. This culture is winter-hardy, does not require shelter for the winter. Perhaps several types of reproduction - seed and vegetative.

At the age of two it is possible to divide the bush or grafting.

Scented favorite night

The mattiola flower is two-horned, or the night violet, remarkable for the fact that it blooms in the evening. The nightly coolness is filled with the fragrant aroma of nondescript flowers. Annual erect plant has a highly branching stem and small leaves.

The root system is pivotal. Small, inconspicuous flowers, with four petals, form a racemose with a strong pleasant smell. They are painted in soft purple, white or light yellow color.

Night violets are flowers that open in the evening and remain so throughout the night. With the first rays of the sun they close. The flowering period occurs in the first half of the summer period. The plant fruits are small seed pods.

They are filled with small seeds, the germination of which lasts for three years.

Mattiola varieties are two-horned

There are different varieties. Let us dwell on several of them.Mattiola flower "evening fragrance" - An annual plant that does not require special care.

The height of the stems reaches fifty centimeters. Differs abundant flowering. Small purple flowers are revealed and fragrant in the evening, emitting a strong, pleasant aroma.

The plant is light-loving. Tolerates light partial shade.

Mattiola "Starlight" - annual, whose stems grow to forty or fifty centimeters. Flowers of this variety, similarly to all varieties of mattiola two-horned, do not differ decorative appearance. They are small and inconspicuous, white or yellow.

Blossom in the evening. Possess strong fragrant aroma.

Growing up

The two-horned mattiol is unpretentious and easy to care for. Planting is done by sowing seeds directly in the flower garden. Depending on weather conditions, the sowing campaign can be carried out in late April or early May.

Agrotechnology does not require special skills - it is moderate watering, loosening the soil, removing weeds, and applying fertilizer.

Aroma and beauty

Levka, or mattiola gray, different colorful flowering. The aroma of flowers is weaker, unlike the first type of this culture. However, this plant surpasses the double-horned mattiol by external data.

Flowers have the correct form and reach a diameter of five centimeters. They can be simple four-petal or terry, numbering more than seventy petals. The color of flowers is white, pink, purple, blue, light yellow.

The flower has large oval leaves, dark green, slightly pubescent. They are located on branched or single stems, reaching a height, depending on the variety, from thirty to eighty centimeters.

Planting and care

Night violets of this type are light-requiring.

Night Violet

They are planted in well-lit areas. Also suitable flower garden, located in the penumbra.

The soil should be fertile, slightly alkaline, with good drainage qualities. The predecessors of the cruciferous family are not allowed. Usually night violets are planted along the paths, near the gazebos and in places of rest.

They also grow beautifully on a balcony or loggia. Sowing in the open field occurs in May or June. The first shoots will appear in nine or twelve days. The flower garden is watered, not allowing waterlogging. Last year's landing thinned out.

Plants seated at a distance of 35-40 centimeters from each other. Night violets can be planted with pre-grown seedlings. Flower care is simple. The soil is constantly loosened and weeds are removed.

Feed complex fertilizers for flower crops. This culture is winter-hardy, does not require shelter for the winter. Perhaps several types of reproduction - seed and vegetative.

At the age of two it is possible to divide the bush or grafting.

Mattiola: description

Representatives of this species are annual plants. In floriculture, mattiol is distinguished from two-horned and gray-haired (Levkoy). They are easy to maintain and grow.

Possess good frost resistance.

Scented favorite night

The mattiola flower is two-horned, or the night violet, remarkable for the fact that it blooms in the evening. The nightly coolness is filled with the fragrant aroma of nondescript flowers. Annual erect plant has a highly branching stem and small leaves.

The root system is pivotal. Small, inconspicuous flowers, with four petals, form a racemose with a strong pleasant smell. They are painted in soft purple, white or light yellow color.

Night violets are flowers that open in the evening and remain so throughout the night. With the first rays of the sun they close. The flowering period occurs in the first half of the summer period. The plant fruits are small seed pods.

They are filled with small seeds, the germination of which lasts for three years.

Mattiola varieties are two-horned

There are different varieties. Let us dwell on several of them.Mattiola flower "evening fragrance" - An annual plant that does not require special care.

The height of the stems reaches fifty centimeters. Differs abundant flowering. Small purple flowers are revealed and fragrant in the evening, emitting a strong, pleasant aroma.

The plant is light-loving. Tolerates light partial shade.

Mattiola "Starlight" - annual, whose stems grow to forty or fifty centimeters. Flowers of this variety, similarly to all varieties of mattiola two-horned, do not differ decorative appearance. They are small and inconspicuous, white or yellow.

Blossom in the evening. Possess strong fragrant aroma.

Growing up

The two-horned mattiol is unpretentious and easy to care for. Planting is done by sowing seeds directly in the flower garden. Depending on weather conditions, the sowing campaign can be carried out in late April or early May.

Agrotechnology does not require special skills - it is moderate watering, loosening the soil, removing weeds, and applying fertilizer.

Aroma and beauty

Levka, or mattiola gray, different colorful flowering. The aroma of flowers is weaker, unlike the first type of this culture. However, this plant surpasses the double-horned mattiol by external data.

Flowers have the correct form and reach a diameter of five centimeters. They can be simple four-petal or terry, numbering more than seventy petals. The color of flowers is white, pink, purple, blue, light yellow.

The flower has large oval leaves, dark green, slightly pubescent. They are located on branched or single stems, reaching a height, depending on the variety, from thirty to eighty centimeters.

Planting and care

A feature of mattiola gray is that terry varieties are barren. Seeds provide simple forms of this culture. Grown left rassadny way.

In conditions of closed ground, plastic containers, boxes or pots are used for this. Seeds are sown in the second half of March in pre-prepared containers. Fertile soil is disinfected to prevent diseases.

For this purpose, it is calcined or watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Emerged shoots demanding lighting. Watering during this period is moderate.

When the first true leaves appear, seedlings are fed with complex fertilizer. In order to prevent diseases, the seedlings are watered several times with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Plots for it should be well lit, and the ground - loose and nutritious. Flower care is pretty simple. Strong seedlings develop rapidly.

Plants require moderate watering, loosening the soil, removing weeds and regular dressings.

Night violets in landscape design

In the garden, fragrant flowers - frequent guests. They are planted in small groups along the tracks. They serve as an excellent decor for small artificial ponds.

For the creation of fragrant flower beds and flower gardens are indispensable night violets. The photo shows how you can arrange the plants in places reserved for rest. In the evening, you can enjoy the aroma of fragrant flowers, if you disembark them on the terraces, near the gazebos.

Often night violets are included in floral arrangements. But at the same time, creating them, you should choose the right plants.

Types of violets

In nature, there are many varieties of night violet, gardeners also prefer only a few varieties that are best suited for home cultivation.

  • The plant of this variety has stems with strong branching, the height of which can reach 40 - 45 cm. It blooms with a delicate lilac color of beautiful thick buds. When flowering emits a gentle strong aroma. This variety is the most popular among gardeners due to the delicate color of flowers that open in the evening, and a pleasant aroma.
  • This Mattiola variety grows up to 50 cm in height.

Flowers when flowering have a varied color. Very appreciated by gardeners for the scent, the flowers do not have much beauty. It is recommended to sow at the benches, near the entrance, under the windows.

  • This variety is not very tall, the stems grow to a height of 30 cm. It blooms with delicate flowers, gathered in loose inflorescences. Днем растение выглядит увядшим и не привлекательным, поэтому на открытых клумбах и вдоль дорожек в саду их лучше не высаживать, вид их не привлекателен. А под вечер растение «просыпается», раскрывается, вид его становится свежим, а цветы источают нежный приятный аромат.
  • Высокорослый сорт растения, высота стеблей может достигать 50 см. Листья небольшие крупнозубчатые.Предпочитает светлые места для роста.Стебли имеют сильное разветвление. Цветы мелкие нежно-фиолетового цвета, собраны в рыхлые соцветия. It has a pleasant delicate smell.
  • Flower care and reproduction

    Night Violet - an unpretentious plant and does not require special care. But when breeding this plant at home, you should follow some rules of care.

    • Watering violet night is regularly, but moderately, not more than once a week, especially if the summer is dry. It is not necessary to allow the soil to dry out, but the stagnation of water is very harmful for the plant. Very useful after watering weed the earth around the plants. The irrigation process is best done in the morning, and in two stages, for a good passage of water into the depth of the soil. To feed the plant no more than 2 times a month with mineral fertilizers. Night violet loves moist air, but at low humidity it feels great and It does not affect flowering. It coexists well with any plants, although it grows well.

    In winter, the plant can not be warmed, night violet tolerates cold winters.

    • You can buy Night Violet seeds in almost any store for gardeners and gardeners. For planting seeds must be mixed with sand. The sowing period in open ground is the end of April, if the weather is warm, or in early May, if April is cold. The depth of planting should be minimal, a very good percentage of germination, if seeds are sown on top of the ground and sprinkled with 0.5 cm of soil. The distance between crops should be at least 10 cm. The landing place should be chosen light or in partial shade, and, in order to later enjoy the aroma of the Night violet, it is necessary to sow near the gazebo or bench.

    It is not recommended to grow the Night violet on the seedlings, and then plant it in open ground. It does not tolerate transplantation and as a result only 20% of plants can grow.

    But if the plants are sown on the open ground in different places on their own, as a result of the flowering of the plant in the previous year, then it is recommended to replant in a flower bed together with a clod of earth in which the flower grows. The soil for planting Night Violets should be wet and loose.

    It can be slightly fertilized, but without organic matter, and water should not linger in it. Poor tolerates acidic soil. Flowering plant begins after 1.5-2 months after planting.

    To prolong the flowering of plants, after the first planting, after a week you can sow some more seeds, and after another - the next batch. Thus, the Night Violet can be enjoyed until mid-autumn. With proper care of the Night Violet, it becomes very resistant to diseases and pests.

    But sometimes the plant can be attacked by pests such as cruciferous flea, whitefish, and, most often, the caterpillars of cabbage butterflies. To remove all these insects, there are many drugs that are presented on the shelves of gardening stores.

    Application

    Night violet is planted near the house or gazebo, in order to enjoy the pleasant smell of this plant every evening throughout the summer. Also, violet night can be planted on the loggia or on the balcony, it will perfectly grow even in such conditions. These plants are often used for medical purposes:

    • For example, many useful substances and ingredients can be extracted from seeds to be added to medications. Often in medicine, this plant is used as a diuretic. In the leaves of the Night violet are essential oils. There are many recipes for making an alcohol-based extract from leaves. The resulting medicine will have antibacterial properties.

    Also insist seeds and leaves together:

    • The resulting tincture is good for rheumatism and gout. To prepare such a medicine you need to take 0.5 teaspoon of seeds and a teaspoon of a plant. Pour this mixture with boiling water, about 0.5 liters, insist 2 hours. This drug is used 3-4 times a day in 100 ml. But with this plant it is worth being very attentive, as it has poisonous properties. In case of incorrect dosage, poisoning can be obtained.

    For the harvesting of the Night violet, the period of the end of spring - the beginning of summer is selected, at this time the grass is gathered for its subsequent drying, the seeds are harvested when the fruits of this plant ripen, that is, in the fall. There is also another use of seeds that has recently become fashionable. They are germinated for later use in salads or for individual use in food.

    Sprouts contain a large amount of vitamins A and C, as well as phosphorus, magnesium, and iron. Sprouts of seeds stimulate appetite and stimulate the regenerating functions of the body. So the Night Violet plants bring not only aesthetic pleasure, but can be used as aromatherapy at home, when planting it on your site or on the balcony, or medicinal herb, which will help in some diseases. More Information can be found in the video.

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    Lubka bilustic - Platanthera bifilia, really you will not find: it is harder and harder to find in the forest, in large cities at every metro station there are women of wise age and sell whisks of these amazing fragrant orchids in the evening. Due to the collection of bouquets and medicinal raw materials, the most numerous representative of orchids has ceased to please us near our houses ... In Eurasia, several species of lusca-night violets are common: Ljubka Far Eastern - Platanthera eitremiorientalis, Lubka green-colored - Platanthera chlorantha (Also growing in the European part), and 97 more species (some of which are on the website) of this amazing kind of northern orchids - all of them are also included in the regional Red Books and, in general, protected - do not tear them, please :). I go along the forgotten path. Suddenly it became somehow easy for me. Violets in the thick grass.

    Matrona Vespers or Night Violet - Hesperis matronalis L. The homeland is the European part of Russia, Western Siberia, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, the Mediterranean.

    But there are home species, amazingly beautiful.

    Matiolla (night violet), has a strong pleasant aroma.

    Two-leaf Lyubka is often called the Night Violet (Platanthera bifolia).

    Flower violet night - a unique scent on your flower bed

    Night because it is at night it smells particularly strong. Night violet smells most strongly in the first minutes of flowering, when in thick night darkness it opens its white-green corolla. The flower has 2 rather large leaves, similar in shape to the lily of the valley. On this basis the night violet was given the name "Lyubka double". Its leaves are palm-like, gently holding a greenish-white stalk, at the end of which not melting snowflakes flutter as if fluttering. Consider these flowers and mentally increase them - and you will see in front of you a real orchid, about which gardeners dream. Gentle aroma, intensifying in the evening, and the white color of the petals, clearly visible at dusk, attract night butterflies to themselves. Lyubka this plant was nicknamed, apparently, because they once believed: a drink made from its roots has a bewitching love power. Other names for night violets are more related to its smell. They call it field jasmine, wild balsamic, nightly spirits, nightly beauty, and even “love me - don't leave me” ... “In damp places where fogs roam, Where in deer grasses glisten, you will hear a smell in the twilight of herbs. , "Night Violet" streams its fragrance. Orchids bloom somewhere in Brazil. They are large, like a butterfly, miracle flowers. But the northern flower is closer to us, dearer ... "V. Rozhdestvensky. According to the legend, during the times of the Zaporizhzhya Sich, the Cossacks wore dried Lyubka tubers on their necks on their necks, and they often saved Cossack lives and restored their strength. The Tatars usually ceased to pursue the Cossacks when they left the persecution in the desert steppes, believing that they would die there. However, the Cossacks were saved by the dried tubers of Lyubka, which they chewed. Tubers quenched hunger, thirst, regained strength. Tatars interrogated rare prisoners, tried to find out what was saving them in the hungry steppe. Cossacks died, but the secrets are not betrayed. After some time, the Tatars still learned about the mysterious properties of Lyubkin tubers and started wearing amulets themselves. In the old days, healers gave two Lyubka two tubers to those thirsty to master the miracle power. They said: “Draw white on a sore spot crosswise - you forget what hurted. Black - for the enemy. Touch the root to it - everything that you wish it to be fulfilled ”. The girls were given tubers to fall in love with guys. Hence the Russian name of Lyubka. The two-leaved Lyubka is a perennial herb with a height of 25-60 cm with few thin roots and two elongated-oval tubers the size of a thimble. They serve as a place of deposition of nutrient reserves. One dying tuber - maternal and young - child. The stem is bare, ribbed, erect, with an apical brush of white irregular flowers. Two basal leaves are drawn together in the lower part of the stem, oblong-obovate, 8-18 cm long (with petiole), plates 3-5-5 cm wide, bare, glossy, blunt or short-pointed at the top, narrowed to the base in the winged petiole, argon nerves Stem leaves are small, underdeveloped. The inflorescence is loose, cylindrical, 6-15 cm long. The flowers have a simple coronoid-like perianth, of 6 leaflets arranged in 2 circles. One outer and 2 inner tepals are turned upwards, brought together in the form of a helmet, the remaining leaves are deflected to the side, the lip (the third leaf of the inner circle) is linear, 7–9 mm long and 2–2,5 mm wide, the thin curved spur has greenish and pointed, 20-30 mm long. Fruits - boxes with very small numerous seeds. It blooms in June - July. The fruits ripen in August. It grows in sparse forests, in forest meadows, in shrubs (European part of Russia and the southern regions of Siberia, the North Caucasus, Ukraine).

    Plant characteristic

    Mattiola flowers bicorny grown in the annual planting. The plant is quite unusual and has many differences. Its features are:

    • In Mattiola, the stem is straight or spreading, it depends on the variety. The processes on the flower are numerous, they, like foliage, have a thick down,
    • the flower is quite tall, with proper care can grow up to 60 centimeters,
    • large bright teeth are perfectly visible on bright green leaves,
    • the plant has inflorescences in the form of brushes, they do not differ in the brightness of the color range. In addition, the flowers are very small,
    • in the daytime, the flower "sleeps", flowers bloom in the evening, spreading a pleasant smell,
    • Mattiola blooms for a long time. If you plant flowers early, then flowering continues from the beginning of summer to the first frost,
    • small seeds ripen in pods. Seeds maintain their germination up to 3 years.

    Variety Mattiola

    In nature, there are more than 50 varieties mattioly. In the people the plant is called a fragrant violet. Most often, gardeners plant at their site only two varieties: Mattiola two-horned and Mattiola gray-haired, it is also called left-wing. Breeders have deduced many varieties of mattiola, which differ in color and flavor.

    The most popular varieties of mattiola are two-horned, which are planted in flower beds:

    • Evening scent. Differs in big branching of direct shoots. The plant grows a little less than 50 cm, small inflorescences of a pleasant lilac color, with a pronounced smell,
    • star Light. This is a varietal blend. In a bed blooming flowers of various shades. Flowers have a straight stem. Height not more than half a meter. Since each variety has its own flavor, intertwined with each other, they will present a real fairy tale to the gardener. This mixture is best planted near the house,
    • Mattiola pink (night violet). Grow it most often on the balconies. Plant height not more than 30 centimeters. Flowers of a pleasant lilac shade, similar to a brush, possess a sweet smell.
    • Leelato. This plant is resistant to cold, but loves sunny places. Plant height is not more than half a meter. The smell of this variety attracts with its softness and originality.
    • Summer evening. This variety is most often grown by gardeners. The flower grows up to 50 cm, the inflorescences are collected in a brush, have a purple color. Smell persistent and memorable.

    How to grow seedlings

    Usually the flower seedlings are not diluted; it is better to grow mattiol from seeds. The flower has weak roots, it does not tolerate replanting. However, if the gardener wishes to get wonderful aromas at the beginning of summer, then it is better to use a seedling reception.

    Before sowing the seeds, it is necessary to prepare the containers and the soil. Soil is used nutritious, friable, with excellent water and breathability. Capacities and the soil need to be treated with potassium permanganate.

    Planting rules:

    1. Seeds are sown in early February. Another sowing is carried out in March, then mattiola will bloom at different times.
    2. Since the seeds are rather small, they are scattered over the prepared soil, keeping a distance of at least 4 cm, and sprinkled with earth a little. Deepen the seed is not necessary. Carefully watered with warm water, covered with glass or film.
    3. Containers need to be in the sun. Before the first shoots appear, it is better not to water.

    To grow seedlings from seed, special conditions are required. When the first shoots appear, it is necessary to create excellent lighting and reduce the temperature to + 12 ° С, otherwise the seedlings will stretch upwards.

    If the seedlings are grown in boxes, then it should dive every 2 weeks. Keep in mind that with all caution some of the seedlings will die.

    To minimize the risk of damaging the roots, it is necessary to shed the ground well before planting. Carefully take out each plant, trying not to injure the delicate roots. In the tank, where we will transplant the plant, we make a hole, put a seedling and cover it with earth to the cotyledon leaves. So that the sapling can immediately contact with the ground, we slightly compress the soil around. After that, the plant must be watered.

    Professional growers who grow Mattiola is not the first year to grow seedlings without picking them. For this perfect box from under the eggs or chocolates. After the cells are filled with soil, 2–3 seeds are planted in a separate well. As the seedlings grow, they leave one sprout, the strongest.

    A flower is planted in a permanent place, without destroying a lump of soil, as soon as the warm time of day comes. Most often this is done in late spring - early summer. Planting is carried out, keeping a distance of 15−30 centimeters, it all depends on the variety. In order for the plant to take root faster, it needs to be grated.

    Conditions of sowing seeds immediately on the bed:

    1. Earth is shed by potassium permanganate, loosened and form grooves with a depth of no more than 0.5 cm, otherwise the shoots may not break through to the surface.
    2. For a uniform distribution of seeds they are mixed with sand in equal proportions and scattered into the furrows.
    3. Fill the soil to 0.5 cm. Do not tamp, it is only necessary to sprinkle the soil a little with water.

    Night violet, which is sown in the fall or spring, rises already in late May - early June.

    How to choose a landing site

    In order for the plant to grow healthy, not stretch out in height, it is planted on a site where there is enough sunlight. When disembarking, mattiol must be protected from the wind. Observing these conditions, you can be sure that the plant will grow in a short time, will give a brush and will appreciate the wonderful smell.

    If we talk about the land, then it should be loose and fertile. However, it is not recommended to fertilize the plant with manure, as it may contain phytophtora spores. Good plant grows on loamy and sandy soil. Acidity of the soil should be neutral.

    It is not advised to plant the night violet in the place where cruciferous representatives had previously grown. This can trigger a plant disease with a kilo or fungus.

    The soil must be cooked in the fall. Digging gives the chance to prevent a fungus or a black leg. The earth must be dug no less than 40 centimeters deep. You can dig up while adding manure to the soil.

    How to care for shoots

    Mattiola two-horned grow healthy even among amateurs, if you follow all the rules of planting and caring for her.

    1. When 2–3 leaves appear on the plant, the plants dive. Between shoots need to leave a distance of 15−35 centimeters. It is also necessary to take into account the peculiarity of growth. Dense seating can cause fungus.
    2. Mattiola loves watering, but the bogging of the ground does not tolerate, the rhizomes can rot. Weeds must be removed immediately after the appearance. They can weaken plants and also trigger fungus.
    3. After watering the land, it is imperative to break through so that air can penetrate to the roots.
    4. Faded inflorescences must be removed so that they do not absorb nutrients.
    5. Mattiola after planting need to feed. Usually used for this nutrient mixture for indoor flowering plants. The first time feeding must be done 3 weeks after planting in open ground. It is especially necessary to feed the plant during the period of bud formation and flowering.

    Diseases and pests

    Plant pests and diseases are few, but they exist. The most famous are keel and fusarium. These diseases belong to the fungal diseases and multiply with the help of spores that winter well.

    Из вредителей можно отметить крестоцветную блоху, капустницу и белянку. Блохи и гусеницы могут уничтожить растение. Чтобы не допустить гибель, необходимо проводить осмотр саженцев. При первых признаках болезни или появлении вредителей нужно опрыскивать цветы определенными составами, которые можно купить в специализированном магазине.

    Маттиола – ночная фиалка: выращивание из семян

    Фото с сайта: green-hands.livejournal.com

    Before you deal with planting and breeding flowers, you need to get the most complete information about it, if you have never encountered this issue before. The smell of flowers during the vegetative period is most felt in the evening and at night. Only a few varieties are suitable for breeding at home, although science knows more than two dozen species of this plant. It would be best to plant such a look as mattiola two-horned, night violet pink, and mattiola gray, which will always please you with an amazing aroma, and in the care are simple and unpretentious.

    It is worth knowing that the planting of the night violet is made by sowing seeds straight into the open ground, that is, in fact, to a flower bed. It does not take long to suffer, growing seedlings in pots, after which to transplant plants to the garden, it is enough to do everything correctly and the flowers will not slow down to dissolve.

    Most often, experienced gardeners and gardeners recommend not to worry too much about seed germination, they say that the flower is night violet, planting and caring for which do not require much effort, grows like weeds. However, it is easy to speak to those who have relevant experience and practical knowledge. Mattiola or night violet has a number of other qualities, for example, flower growers with experience emphasize its resistance to a variety of temperature conditions. The plant is well tolerated by the summer heat, and it can also bear the night autumn frosts, up to five to six degrees Celsius, without much harm to itself.

    Choosing the right place for the night violet: growing from seed starts small

    Photos from the site: proektabc.ru

    To get started is to figure out where it is better to plant the seeds of night violet, so that it grows healthy, lush, and also showed a very enviable flowering. If you choose the wrong place, you can remain without bright aroma on warm summer evenings, but we are not exactly satisfied with this option. So, it is worth remembering that Mattiola loves sunny areas that are well warmed up by our luminary. In the moderate shade, it will also feel great, but if the shade is excessive, then the plants will stretch to a height, and the flowers will hardly appear at all. If they do, they will certainly become weak and infrequent.

    Photos from the site: cosygarden.net

    It is advisable to make sure that the night violet, the care and cultivation of which we are now discussing, was planted in a flower bed, close to gazebos, benches for rest and similar places where you can relax in nature, enjoying it, with nothing comparable to the smell. Some gardeners believe that as well as cineraria and young, machiola pink night violet will look great as a decoration for garden borders and mixborders. Just imagine how pleasant it will be to walk along the paths of the garden, when there is a real fragrance around you.

    Gorgeous and unpretentious night violet: when to plant and what kind of soil to choose

    It is clear that when we have already figured out the preferred places, it is time to talk about the landing itself. And you need to understand that night violet, a flower, a photo of which you can look carefully, does not require you to spend too much time and effort, it is so easy to grow and care that it is preferable for most novice florists. However, there are a couple of fairly simple rules here that need to be fulfilled in order for the night violet flowers, the cultivation of which we are discussing, to give abundant and fragrant.

    Photos from the site: sadcvetov.ru

    • In no case can you sit mattiola or night violet, the photo of which is presented in all its glory, on those parts of your backyard, where cabbage was previously grown, or other cruciferous plants. The thing is that they infect the earth with a certain fungus, which is not dangerous for other plants, but all your efforts to grow night violet can really nullify. This tiny invisible fungus enemy is called kila, and it affects only the roots of the plant.
    • It is worth thinking about the soil, which can anyone except sour. Night violet, photos of flowers which are abundant on the Internet, can not tolerate excessively acidic earth. If you have circumstances, that there is no other, you will have to bring some land from another place, or to reduce the acidity of the soil, which is rather dreary and far from easy.
    • The seeds of the flowers of the night violet, planting and caring for which does not require much effort, can be collected independently, and this will need to be done in the fall of each year. They can be found on the plant, they are hidden in special pods that need to be removed only after the first frost, and not at all before.
    • Soil for planting mattiola need to cook in the fall. It must be properly dug up, loosened and fertilized so that everything is ready for the frost.

    Beauty night violet: planting and care - two main methods

    Although it is considered preferential to sow seeds directly in open ground, there is another method - that is, seedlings with which you have to tinker. However, to each his own, and if you grow up tomatoes, cabbage or cucumbers in this way, then mattiola will not be superfluous at all. However, let's do everything in order so that there is no confusion and everything is very clear and understandable.

    Photos from the site: ok.ru

    1. In the first half of April, you need to prepare the ground, that is, once again loosen it, or dig it up, depending on the texture and consistency. However, this should be done only once, otherwise the earth may dry up excessively, which is undesirable, because night violet loves moisture. An ox in the second half of the month, or at the very beginning of May, mattiola seeds should be sown in even rows in the ground. If you want the plant to please you with a bright aroma longer, it is worth to sprinkle a few more rows in two weeks, and you can repeat this until the very end of June, mid-July.
    2. The second method is rassadny, it is longer and requires some loss of time. First you need to prepare the ground, which consists of three parts of the earth turf and one part of the sand. Dumping seedlings in early March, two months later, you will get a lush bloom. Seeds are sown in containers, and sprinkled with earth or sand for only half a centimeter, and no need to water the future seedlings until the first thin sprouts appear on the surface.

    Photos from the site: proektabc.ru

    With the seedling method, the germs should show their tops in four days, after which the container should be poured in sufficiently abundantly with clean, settled water. It is worthwhile to make sure that the room where mattiol grows up is bright and spacious, in which the temperature does not fall below ten to twelve degrees. Humidity is not required much, but the temperature must be taken seriously. If you do not have the opportunity to provide seedlings with suitable conditions, it is better to sow it later, straight to the flower bed, and less worries, and the chances of getting healthy and strong plants are much greater.

    In our climatic conditions, night violet, planting and caring for which is quite simple, wildly blooms and smells sweet in the period beginning in July and ending in the middle and end of September, depending on the air temperature, sunny days and other factors. After the first frost, you can collect the seeds that are hidden in the pods with two horns. Seed germination is fully preserved for at least three years.

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