The brighter the lighting, the more decorative the album will look. Its leaves - spirals twist stronger from bright light. Also a lot of light is required for flowering. Therefore, it should be located in a place with good, intense lighting. Given that the growing season of the album is often a period with a short daylight hours, it is desirable artificial highlighting.
In the summer, the air temperature for the album is not particularly important. It is able to withstand a relatively high temperature up to +30 degrees during this period. But in winter, this temperature should be moderate and even lowered within + 13-16 degrees. In order for Spiral Albuka to bloom and blossom, it needs a daily temperature differential starting in December.
Like all succulents, the album does not like excess moisture, especially its stagnation. Therefore, it should be watered abundantly, but only after the earthen coma has dried. Excess moisture adversely affects the appearance of the plant. It is noticed that with frequent abundant watering, the leaves of the Albuka curl slightly. With the onset of the dormant period, which is characterized by wilting leaves, watering is reduced until it stops completely.
Spiral albuka is fertilized only during the growing season. Mineral fertilizers for succulents are suitable for its dressings. They must be applied twice a month or according to the instructions for fertilizer.
The rest period of the album
Basically, the development of the album at home falls in the winter, and flowering in mid-April. Albuka spiral blooms for about one and a half - two months, after which it gradually moves to a state of rest. Her little leaves are drooping, and often completely fall off. At this time, stop its watering and leave to rest at room temperature in a shaded place. The end of the period of rest of the album is the appearance of young leaves. From this point on, watering and feeding are resumed, the plant is exposed to the lighted place.
Transplant of Spiral Albuka
Before the end of the rest period, which falls in the fall, the albuka is transplanted into fresh ground, and if necessary, into a larger pot. For transplantation, it is better to use a ready-made mixture for succulents with a high content of sand or perlite. When planting an albuka transplant, the bulb of the plant is deepened no more than half the height.
Mostly at home, practicing vegetative reproduction of the album, kids. This is a more efficient and easier way. At the same time it allows you to save all the species and varietal characteristics of the plant, which is not always possible with seed reproduction.
Reproduction of the album by children held in conjunction with a transplant in the fall. Young onions are neatly separated from the parent plant and planted in a suitable size pot (usually 5-7 centimeters in diameter). Care for a young album at home is the same as for an adult plant.
Reproduction of the album with seeds the process is somewhat more complicated and less efficient. First of all, its low efficiency is characterized by low germination of seeds. Yes, plants grown in this way may differ significantly from the parent in their appearance and properties.
Only fresh seeds of albuka are suitable for reproduction. After six months, they are almost unusable for landing. They are sown on the surface of a light earthen mixture and are slightly buried in it. As with growing seedlings, a container with seeds is covered with any transparent material and exposed to a bright warm place. The optimum temperature for the germination of seeds of the book is +25 - 28 degrees. It is not necessary to overmoisten the soil too much at all stages of growing an albuka from seeds. Excess moisture can destroy it. Under favorable conditions, the first shoots can be expected in a couple of weeks. The leaves will begin to curl in a spiral in a few months, and a bulb will form in a year. The flowering of a young spiral albuka grown from seeds can be expected three years after sowing the seeds.
The plant has a slightly flattened white bulb, from which stretches an elegant rosette of green leaves (15-20 pieces), curled like serpentine. The length of the plates in the unfolded form, as a rule, does not exceed 35 cm, while the gray peduncles can reach 60 cm.
Spike-like inflorescences contain from 10 to 20 buds. The corolla is bell-shaped with 6 petals arranged in 2 circles. Only the outer lobes are revealed, the inner ones remain closed. On the flowers, a wide green longitudinal stripe and yellow edging are clearly visible.
Possess a gentle creamy aroma with a hint of vanilla, intensifying in the evening.
The homeland of Albuka Spiral is South Africa, which explains the unusual life cycle. In the summer, the plant begins a period of rest, and in winter there is an active growth and development, which ends in spring with lush flowering. In place of the buds are boxes with seeds.
The unusual shape of the leaves is not a fad of nature, but an opportunity to survive in a hot, arid climate. The higher the temperature readings and the longer the daylight hours, the stronger the plates are twisted into tight spirals. This feature helps the succulent to protect themselves from fluid loss and not to overheat under the scorching rays.
Care for Spiral Albuka at Home
The main difficulty that appears before the owners of the “curly” beauty is the creation of a microclimate as close as possible to the characteristics of the natural habitat:
- Illumination. The abundance of sunlight - a pledge of active growth and development, prolonged flowering. The chosen place should be as bright as possible, even direct exposure to ultraviolet radiation can not harm the plant. Suitable windows oriented to the east, west and south. Given that the vegetation phase falls on the winter period, it is necessary to provide additional artificial illumination with phytolamps. The duration of daylight hours should be at least 14 hours.
- Temperature mode. Plays one of the key roles in the care of the Spiral Albuka at home. In hot weather, heat values should vary in the range of 25 ° C-28 ° C, in cold - 13 ° C-15 ° C. To ensure flowering, from the end of November to December, it is necessary to triple the daily temperature drops. It is necessary that during the day the thermometer bar be at the mark of 10 ° C-15 ° C, at night - 6 ° C-10 ° C.
- How to water. The root system responds poorly to stagnant fluids or excessive soil moisture. The process of decay may begin. Therefore, the procedure should be carried out only after the surface layer of the substrate has dried out. Watering is carried out with soft settled water. At the beginning of the rest period, when the plates are drooping, it is reduced, then it is completely stopped. From the first days of November soil moistening is resumed.
- Top dressing. Home care also includes mineral fertilizers. It is recommended to use special preparations for succulents. The first dressing is made at the beginning of the active growth phase (in November), the last time - after flowering. Periodicity - every 2 weeks.
Due to excessive watering, the leaves stop curling, become fleshy and dense. It is also impossible to be zealous with complex mineral fertilizers - root decay can begin.
Flowering and resting period
Albuka spiral throws peduncle with buds in April - May. Duration of flowering is about 2.5 months. When the process is completed, watering should be reduced. After the leaves wilt, it is necessary to completely stop moistening the soil, as the time for rest comes.
For this period, it is necessary to transfer the flower to a dark place with room temperature. Before the end of the sleep phase (in November), the succulent must be transplanted and the soil moistened. With the advent of young leaf plates, it is important for the plant to provide the usual conditions - bright light, systematic watering and fertilizing. Until the flower spike appeared, the album needs to be cool.
To stimulate flowering using daily temperature drop.
Severe restrictions in the procedure relate exclusively to the time period. Transplantation is desirable to carry out in November. You can spend it every autumn, once every 2-3 years, or as needed: when the roots of the houseplant have mastered the whole piece of land in a flowerpot.
The pot should be shallow, 3-4 cm larger in diameter than the size of the previous container. Replant the flower best in the finished substrate for succulents. It is light, loose, nutritious, well passes air and liquid.
Additionally, you can add coarse sand (for example, jasper) and perlite to the ground.
The procedure is carried out in several stages:
- Put a two-centimeter layer of drainage on the bottom of the pot. Together with the earth, it must be calcined in an oven at 220 ° C or shed with boiling water for disinfection.
- Top with 3 cm of soil.
- Carefully remove the bulb from the old container. If there is suspicion of damage, the roots must be freed from the ground, remove unhealthy parts. To clean the scaling and dry rot with a knife, immerse in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection.
- Put the bulb on the substrate and fill the ground. Approximately 2/3 of the landing head should be above the ground surface. You can not sleep more than half.
If the plant becomes crowded in a pot, it will wither and constantly drop the leaves.
During the growing season, the mother plant is formed quite a lot of daughter bulbs. In the autumn, during transplantation into a new substrate, they must be carefully separated and planted in individual pots, the diameter of which does not exceed 8 cm.
This method of reproduction helps to preserve all the varietal characteristics of the mother flower: the aroma of buds, the torsion and color of leaf plates.
A less popular way is seminal. And although it does not differ in high complexity, but if the collected material is not landed within six months, it loses germination.
In addition, plants grown by this method may differ significantly in properties from the maternal succulent.
The procedure is carried out in several stages:
- Collect boxes of seeds formed after flowering. For 3 weeks, keep in a dark place.
- Connect an equal amount of sand and leafy ground. Fill the container for planting with the mixture.
- Drain the collected material, “spray it on” with a thin layer of soil.
- Create greenhouse conditions by covering the container with glass or plastic wrap.
- Transfer to a well-lit window sill.
- Ventilate and spray regularly with a spray bottle. Maintain temperature within 27 ° C-28 ° C.
- The first shoots will appear in 2 weeks. The film or glass that creates the greenhouse effect can be removed.
Spiral-shaped leaves will take after several months. In a year the formation of a small bulb will be completed. Some plant growers recommend that young shoots be left to hibernate in group containers, and transplantation into separate containers in the fall. Flowering should wait no earlier than 3 years.
Diseases and pests
Spiral Albuka is distinguished by strong immunity, so it rarely hurts. But, if the basic rules of care are not followed, the plant owner may encounter the following problems:
- Rotting tubers. The reason is excessive soil moisture. It is impossible to cure a flower. To prevent this trouble, you should adjust the watering and prevent stagnation of water.
- Brown spots on the leaves. At first, they are barely noticeable, then, gradually increasing in diameter, becoming convex. The affected parts dry out and fall off. This indicates the presence of fungus. Diseased plates need to be removed, and the indoor plant is treated with fungicides.
- Leaf straightness. The absence of spirals indicates a stagnation of moisture and an insufficient amount of light. Succulent needs additional artificial lighting (about 18 hours).
If the leaves crumble, it means that the plant was subjected to a strong temperature drop, moved to the shade, it was affected by a draft with a frosty wind. A possible cause may also be the complete drying of the substrate or its constant moisture. It is necessary to find out the provoking factor and eliminate it.
- Lack of flowering. Most often occurs due to improperly chosen fertilizer. Excessive amounts of nitrogen will “work” on the development of green mass and suppress budding.
The most dangerous pests for the album are:
- Spider mite Spiral leaves bend, take on an irregular shape, then fall off. To fight using insecticides.
- Root Tick The plant fades and eventually dies. Damaged parts of the root must be removed, and the cut sections must be dipped in crushed activated carbon. Then, treatment with insecticides or insecticoacaricides is required. To do this, the bulbs should be soaked in the solution and strictly follow the manufacturer's instructions. In advanced cases, several pest control procedures may be required. It is recommended to alternate between different drugs. Planted "clean" onion can only be decontaminated soil and pot.
More information about the indoor flower, as well as recommendations of experts can be found in the video.
Albuka spiral - original and very unusual plant. And although care at home can not be called simple, but amazing emerald serpentine leaves and delicate, delicate aroma, will be a real reward for lovers of all original, interesting and bizarre. Succulent will undoubtedly be a bright star in the collection of every self-respecting florist.
Albuka spiral: care at home
Unusual ornamental plant Spiral Albuka will be an unusual decoration of any collection of indoor flowers. Growing this flower and caring for it is so simple that even beginning flower growers can easily cope with this job.
The homeland of the Albuka Spiral is South Africa. When exposed to bright sunlight the leaves of the flower twist into curls. Curling the leaves into a thin spiral allows the plant to protect itself from high temperature and moisture loss, and also allows air to freely penetrate between the leaves.
She recently became known to lovers of indoor flowers. This unique plant is an unusual species - a perennial bulbous succulent.
The name is associated with its ability to throw away a long flower spike with beautiful white flowers.
Under natural conditions, succulents grow alone or in small groups. Plants can be seen in deciduous forests, in open areas among low shrubs or in mountainous areas. The flower has adapted to the conditions of growth at any height and in any locality.
Spiral Albuka is a perennial succulent bulbous plant. The root system of the albuka is represented by a small onion of a rounded shape, slightly squeezed on the sides and painted white. The diameter of the bulb of an adult flower does not exceed 5 centimeters. The root system is fibrous.
The leaves are collected in the basal rosette, consisting of 10-20 leaflets. The leaves have a linear shape, dense fleshy, painted in a grayish-green color.
The leaves are arranged spirally. Their length in a twisted form does not exceed 15 centimeters. If you unleash such a sheet, it will be twice as long. The leaves are twisted into a spiral. This is a kind of protection from the evaporation of moisture and overheating in the hot climate of Africa.
The flowering period of the Albuka spiral falls on May-early June. The plant has a long, thick flower stalk, on which there are up to 20 flowers that look like bells. The flowers have an attractive yellowish-green color and a slight smell of vanilla. The flowers consist of 6 petals, three of which are slightly bent upwards, and the other three cover the pistil and stamens. The petals have a green stripe and a rim of a pale yellow color. The flowers are collected in loose buds-inflorescences. The flowering period of the plant is 2.5 months.
After the succulent ottsvetet on it are formed fruit-boxes with small black seeds.
At the beginning of summer, the flower begins a period of rest. At this time, the leaves die off, and the bulb "falls asleep."
Recently breeders was bred hybrid form - "Frizzle Sizzle", which translates as "hot curling."
The hybrid differs in the big sizes of a bulb and more compact sizes of a flower. The height of the sheet "Frizzle Sizzle" does not exceed 10 centimeters, the peduncle reaches only 20 centimeters in height.
In terms of natural growth, there are more than 150 species of this unusual succulent.
In indoor gardening, in addition to the spiral, they grow such varieties of the flower:
- Albuka Pritetnikovaya. ВЫсокорослое растение, длина листьев которого достигает одного метра. Листья имеют полосатую окраску. У этого вида цветка луковица гладкая, зеленого цвета с небольшим восковым налетом. Цветение продолжается с начала весны до конца лета.Peduncle is very long, the flowers open gradually, due to this, the inflorescence takes the form of a pyramid. This variety is used to decorate winter gardens and greenhouses.
- Albuka Nelson. Tall plant blooming with white flowers of slightly elongated shape. On the corolla there is a strip of red.
- Albuka Canadian. This is a small compact plant that blooms in late fall. Long leaves have a bright green color. The flowers are yellowish or white drooping forms are located on a long peduncle.
She is easy to care for. Even growing houseplant lovers can handle growing and caring for this flower.
Lighting and location
In order for the album to grow and develop, it is necessary to create conditions close to natural, and also to preserve the life cycle of the plant.
The flower belongs to the light-loving plants, so it requires bright sunlight. To accommodate the succulent well fit the windows facing the south side. If natural lighting is not enough, care should be taken to complement additional lighting by fitolampa or fluorescent lighting.
Succulent is a thermophilic plant. The optimum temperature for normal growth and development is 26-28 degrees in the summer and at least 13 degrees in the winter. In order to ensure a period of rest, it should be kept in a cool room with a temperature not exceeding 10 degrees.
Watering plants and moisture
During the growing season albuka requires a large amount of moisture. Watering is carried out with the drying of earthen coma, that is, the plant is watered rarely, but abundantly.
Water it should be plentiful and gently 1 - 2 times a week.
During the resting period, the flower should be watered no more than once a week. Water should be completely absorbed into the ground. The next watering is carried out when the soil dries to a depth of 3-5 centimeters. In winter, watering is reduced and carried out after the land dries.
For irrigation it is recommended to use warm distilled water. In winter, the water can be slightly heated.
If she does not have enough moisture, the leaves will quickly lose their decorative effect, will become shriveled.
With increased content of chlorine in the water, leaves can become stained.
Transplant and soil
Transplantation for a flower, as for any houseplant, is mandatory and requires careful attention. Experienced growers are advised to take into account some simple rules.
The best time to transplant a plant is the beginning of spring before the period of active growth of the plant.
Replace the album should be no more than once every 2 - 3 years. After transplanting the flower is not recommended to be watered for two days.
Experienced growers do not recommend replanting flowers with a damaged or weakened root system. In order for the plant to quickly adapt to new conditions, it is necessary to use soil close to the natural one.
Carefully wash the roots before planting in fresh soil. This will help to see all the damage. To disinfect the roots of a plant, it is necessary to immerse it in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate. Galls and dry rot should be carefully cleaned with a knife and disinfected place processing green paint.
For transplantation, you can use the prepared soil mixture or prepare it yourself at the rate of: one part of sand, peat, leaf humus and sod land.
What does the right care for Albuka
In its content, the plant is quite unpretentious, but there are certain conditions for home care for Albuka spiral:
- Mode lighting plants. Due to the fact that Albuka spiral - a bright representative of the black continent, it is related to the light-loving plants. That is why for its normal growth, abundant flowering requires bright lighting. Responds well to backlighting with fluorescent phytolamp.
- Temperature conditions - is considered optimal in the summer months 25−28 degrees, in the winter - do not exceed 13−15 degrees.
- Watering mode - during the period of active growth of Albuka spiralis, abundant watering is necessary, but with such a condition that the earthen room itself is completely dry. This is due to the fact that the plant is classified as a succulent and does not tolerate the Gulf, the stagnation of water in the flowerpot and pan. Closer to the fall, the onset of the rest period - the plant drops the leaves and watering, respectively, is reduced, and in winter it stops altogether.
- Fertilizing and fertilizing - A necessary condition for the proper care of Albuka spiral. During the growing season, a complex mineral fertilizer intended for succulents is added, dissolved in water in accordance with the instructions prescribed for it.
- Transplant rules Transplanted in the autumn months, when the plant is at rest - it is necessary to pick up light and airy soil, with a high content of sand, lining the bottom of the pot with expanded clay for better drainage.
- The rest period at Albuka spiral. This exotic plant blooms from April to May, after it begins a period of rest - during this period, gradually reduce watering and fertilization. After the plant has dropped the leaves - the pot with the bulb is put in a dark place, kept at room temperature until the first new pagon and peduncles appear.
How does the flowering plant
The flowers make their way from the bulb, the height of the stems can reach an average of 45−50 centimeters. The flowers themselves are collected in the spike-shaped inflorescence, which consists of 15–20 fragrant greenish-yellow flowers in the form of a bell that emit a light aroma of vanilla.
Albuka spiral blooms, starting from April-May, the duration of the order of 2-2.5 months. After the plant is completely ottsvelo, he gradually reduced watering and fertilization, and in the winter and stop altogether. During this period, the pot with the bulb is stored in a dark place at room temperature - when the first leaflets appear, the plant is returned to its normal mode.
Suffice it to say that until the bulb has knocked out its peduncle - it is best to keep the plant in a bright but cool room. Only in such conditions the rosette will start knocking out many leaves in the form of a spiral, the length of which in their unfolded form can reach up to 16-18 cm, while in its diameter it will not exceed 15-16 cm.
Features of growing
Since Albuka is a spiral is a bright came from the territory of South Africa, its vital natures
Significant cycles of growth and flowering are somewhat different from those of plants that are presented on our window sills. First of all, it is worth remembering - the growing season in its active stage teaches for the autumn months, continuing through to spring. The rest period of this plant is the summer months when the plant has completely faded and shed all its leaves.
To achieve the formation of a beautiful, natural coil of its leaves in Albuka’s spiral, it needs a long, abundant illumination of up to 16-18 hours of light. In summer this may be the sunny side of the apartment, but in the winter months you simply cannot do without artificial lighting. Additional lighting is provided with fluorescent or other type of lamps. The range of illumination should range from 2,500 to 3,500 lux indicators.
The substrate for growing is light and loose, with a moderately nutritious mixture of its composition, the pH level as for succulents. Albuka prefers good drainage in the flowerpot, does not tolerate stagnation in the flowerpot, abundant watering, if you do not adhere to these parameters, the bulb will rot. The plant is transplanted - as the roots are woven over the whole earthen room and the plant is cramped in it, otherwise it will wither and constantly drop the leaves.
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How is the breeding of Albuka spiral
The plant propagates both by seeds and by the vegetative method - by children. The most difficult method of reproduction in this case is seed - due to the low germination rate, it is rarely practiced.
After the plant has ottsvetet and in the place of the flower forms a box with seeds - they are harvested, kept for 3-4 weeks in a dark place and only then proceed to sowing.
Then the container is covered with transparent glass or film (this is how the greenhouse effect is created) and placed on a sunny window-sill. Do not forget to spray them from the spray.
For the germination of Albuka from seeds, it is necessary to withstand a temperature regime of about 27−28 degrees - the first shoots will appear in the ground after 14−16 days. At the very beginning, the leaves are even, and they begin to curl six months later, and the bulb is formed at the end of the first year of growth, but Albuka spiral, grown from seeds, begins to bloom in the 3rd year of life.
The second method of reproduction - with the help of babies - lukovichek, which with the growth and development of the mother males onion. The method is easy and reliable, especially if you go to keep the original, maternal qualities of the plant - they are separated when transplanting the plant.
Details about growing and caring for Albuka spiral on video:
Types of Albums
Canadian - a perennial bulbous plant about 30 cm high with an unusual flower structure: three outer petals are wide open, and three inner ones are wrapped towards the center of the wreath, covering the stamens and thus forming a kind of protective reservoir for them. It blooms in late spring with yellow-white flowers on elegant peduncles. Leaves are saturated green, about 15 cm in length
Pritsvetnikovaya - bulb slightly greenish shade, covered with a thin wax film. Juicy striped leaves almost meter long, have healing properties, like aloe, and are used in medicine. In addition to South Africa, it is cultivated in the Mediterranean and rarely in Europe and Asia. It blooms all summer. On white petals - a longitudinal green stripe. The brush is large, sometimes consists of more than 100 flowers, revealing one by one.
Nelson - the most popular type for indoor growers. The height grows up to 75 cm, blooms with white wreaths, on which a dark cherry longitudinal strip appears after withering.
Spiral - original plant with serpentine twisted gray-green leaves. Under natural conditions, such adaptation is necessary for experiencing the dry period. If you stretch the spirals of leaves, they will be almost 35 cm in length. In the beginning of summer, a tall, fleshy peduncle with 20 sunny yellow drooping flowers, delicate and fragrant, quickly appears from the bulb.
Care and cultivation of the album in room conditions
The plant is very light-loving, so it is desirable to place it on the south windows. The optimum temperature of the content in the summer period is within 25-28 degrees of heat, in winter from +13 to +15 degrees, and in the period of rest, to ensure better flowering, the capacity with the album will be placed in a room with daytime temperatures of the thermometer 10-15 degrees up to 6-10 degrees heat.
Albuka transplantation is carried out in the autumn, after the end of the rest period, approximately at the end of November - the beginning of December. The soil mixture is suitable "For succulents", loose and nutritious, with the addition of coarse sand. The bulb is buried in the substrate so that one third of it is above the level of the soil. At the bottom of the pot is placed a layer of drainage - stagnant water for the book is dangerous rotting bulbs.
Albuka is poured over the active growing season abundantly, but infrequently, waiting for the top layer of earth mix to be dried in a pot. During the rest period, watering is stopped.
During flowering and increasing green mass is fed complex fertilizer for succulents. Top dressing is canceled when the plant is preparing to shed the foliage: withering, it spreads along the edge of the flower pot, losing turgor and dying off.
Growing Album in the garden
In climatic zones with a warm winter, albuka is cultivated in open ground. The bulbs are planted in the spring in the lighted area of the garden in light, loose soil, at a distance of 5 cm from one another.
In late May, flowering begins and it lasts about 10 weeks. Watering is necessary only in the conditions of hot summer, usually the album is enough sedimentary moisture. The plant receives nutrients from the soil and does not need additional fertilizers.
At the beginning of autumn, the leaves dry out and the plants are dug out to be stored in a cool place for storage. In November, planted in fresh soil.
Description and origin
Albuka is a perennial succulent plant that is representative of bulbous. His homeland - the southern regions of Africa, so that the plant is heat-loving. White onion bulb, rounded and slightly flattened. Its diameter is 5 cm. The leaves are collected near the base of the bulb in the socket.
There are 15-20 of them on one plant. The length of the leaf does not exceed 30-35 cm. In winter, Albuka is at rest, shedding foliage. Only bulbs remain in the ground. As soon as winter comes, the roots grow back, a root socket appears, which consists of twisted leaves. At the first stage, their linear forms stick out spirally.
With the onset of summer, the leaves are wrapped and look like serpentine. Due to this, the sheet plate retains moisture and reduces the possibility of evaporation.
When to plant and is it possible to grow outside the home?
Since Albuka is a thermophilic culture, it is better to grow it in indoor conditions.
But if the climate allows, the cultivation is allowed to be carried out in open ground. In the southern regions of heat and sunlight may be sufficient for comfortable growth of this species.
For these purposes, choose a well-lit place, otherwise the plant will not grow and develop.
Planting activities are carried out in the month of March, if you plant onions. Planting seeds is carried out in late February.
The seed propagation method for this plant is the most effectiveas it allows you to get excellent and friendly crops. But the benefits end there. The fact is that only those grains that have been collected recently (not more than 6 months) will be suitable for planting. In addition, the album will bloom only in the 3rd year after planting.
How to select and prepare seeds?
As soon as the plant ottsvetet, and in the place of the flower formed a box with seeds, they need to be collected, and then put in a dark place for 3-4 weeks. Only after this planting material is ready for further use.
- Place the prepared substrate in a container with drainage holes. You can use a box or a pot of plastic, wood.
- Spread the seeds on top of the ground, without going deep into the ground.
- Spray them with water from a spray bottle.
- Cover the seedlings with a film and keep them at 28 degrees.
- As soon as 2 leaves are formed, then carry out a pick, planting plants in separate containers.
This method has several advantages:
- ease of action
- reliability, since the new plant will retain all the attributes of its parent,
- young shoots are stronger and more resistant to diseases.
Of the minuses only the fact that the bulbs are difficult to keep healthy, if you do not comply with certain conditions.
Unprotected onions are exposed to negative external influences. They can be affected by pests, fungi.
Planting material to dig in the fall, and then placed in a dark and cool place. Before planting, the onion forms young and straight leaves..
For planting you need to use light ground. The procedure is as follows:
- Lay the drainage layer using expanded clay and then fill the tank with earth.
- Dip the plant bulbs into the soil, observing an interval of 5 cm.
- Landing depth should not be more than 8 cm.
- It is impossible to dig in them too deeply, as this is the vegetative part and it must retain moisture.
The first shoots are formed after 2 weeks. Now you need to organize watering. This should be done carefully to prevent overwetting. At first, the leaves will be straight, but they will begin to curl only under the condition of bright light. We'll have to take care of the installation of additional lamps.
If you grow an album from seeds, then in the first year the bulbs are formed. But it will bloom only in the 3rd year. If the plant does not take root, then there may be several reasons. Most often this happens because of poor-quality planting material, improperly selected substrate and non-compliance with the conditions of detention.
A flower has a well-defined resting period in which its leaves are in a wilted state. By this time, the plant is prepared gradually, reducing watering. And with its onset, the soil will be moistened at all until spring. During irrigation it is better to use separated soft water.
Content depending on the time of year
It is necessary to grow the album only in a well-lit place, so that even direct sunlight is not intimidated by it. In the summer, watering should be regular and intensive, but in the winter it is not necessary to moisten the bulbs at all.
Во время активного роста для культуры нужно создать оптимальный температурный режим – 24-28 градусов. Зимой растение требует прохладный воздух, так что температура составит 10-14 градусов.
Альбука способна выдерживать незначительную минусовую температуру. Зимой ухаживать за растением несложно, так как это период покоя. Вносить подкормки и поливать не нужно.All that is required is to provide the necessary humidity and temperature.
Spiral (Albuca Spiralis)
This is an original plant, which has twisted gray-green leaves. In nature, they allow you to survive the dry period. The spiral leaves are 35 cm long.
In the first days of summer, the fleshy peduncle begins to appear from the bulbon which 20 sunny yellow drooping flowers are located. They are very tender and fragrant. The peculiarity of the species is that the rest period is summer.
At cultivation of culture the nutritious and friable soil with a drainage layer is necessary. Plants can grow alone or in small groups. Spiralis is propagated by seeds and bulbs.
This variety is the most popular among flower growers.. Suitable for indoor growing. The height of the crop is 75 cm. During flowering, white twigs appear on the bush, and after they wilt, a dark-cherry longitudinal stripe appears. Albuka Nelson is propagated by seeds and onions, as well as cultivated as a container plant.
This is a perennial bulbous culture, whose height is 30 cm. It has an unusual flower structure: 3 outer petals are wide open, and 3 inner petals are wrapped towards the center of a wreath, covering the stamens.
Flowering occurs in late spring. Inflorescence yellow-white. The leaf plate is rich green, length 15 cm. This species needs abundant watering (2-3 times a week). It is not picky about moisture; it needs additional nutrients.
The bulbs have a slightly green tint. They are covered with a thin wax film. The leaves are succulent and striped, their length is 1 m. They have healing properties, like aloe. Besides South Africa, the variety is cultivated in the Mediterranean and in Asia. Flowering lasts throughout the time.
White petals visible longitudinal green stripe.. The brush is large, sometimes it may consist of 100 flowers, which open one by one. In terms of cultivation, this variety does not differ from the rest. It also multiplies seeds and bulbs, rarely gets sick and blooms profusely.
The most common cause of red-brown stains remains rust - a fungal disease. These spots are a little bulging. Over time, they begin to grow and grow in size. Affected leaf plate begins to dry out, fall off, and the stalks in the places of defeat are overblown.
If the rust has struck the plant, then it can be cured, if you remove all the diseased leaves, and also treat them with fungicides. Prevention involves normalizing watering and lighting.
Leaves do not curl
If the plant does not curl leaves, the reason for the stagnation of water. In order for Albuka to enjoy the beauty of spiral leaves, she needs to provide bright light, the duration of which is at least 18 hours a day. For these purposes it is necessary to use fluorescent or fluorescent lamps.
If the flower began to fall leaves, then the following factors can affect it:
- rearranging the plant into the shade
- strong temperature differences
- draft with frosty wind
- complete drying of the soil and abundant waterlogging.
The treatment of this problem depends on what led to its development. As soon as the adverse factor is eliminated, the plant will immediately begin to delight with a decorative look, rather than falling leaves.
If a spider mite has struck, then the leaves on the bush first twist and then fall. In the absence of timely measures, the plant may die. To combat the parasite florist need to regularly inspect the flower. As soon as the pest is detected, the bush is treated with fungicidal agents..
These parasites can live in any soil. They feed on organic debris and bacteria. The pest prefers to dwell on weakened and damaged bulbs. Root mite is not an insect, so insecticides will not help here. It is better to use insecticacaricidal agents for treatment.
Effective preparations based on organophosphate compounds. Use such chemicals:
In order for the treatment to be effective, and addiction while absent, it is necessary to change the drugs used. As a preventive measure, handle planting material with colloidal sulfur solution..
Albuka is a decorative culture that is valued not for flowers, but for elegant and original leaves. Despite the fact that the plant comes from the tropics, it is absolutely not picky in terms of growing.
The most commonly used album for cultivation in the room. If you strictly follow all the recommendations, the culture will bloom profusely and delight your decorative appearance.
Also, this succulent loves warmth. In the summer, it should be maintained at a temperature of from 25 to 28 degrees, and in winter - from 13 to 15 degrees. In order for the album to bloom in the spring time in the last November and the first December days it should be placed in the cool, so during the day should be no more than 10-15 degrees, and at night - from 6 to 10 degrees.
How to water
During active growth and flowering irrigation should be abundant, but quite rare. So, it is necessary to water only after the top layer of the substrate dries out well. Watering should be reduced after the album begins to prepare for the rest period. At this time, its foliage begins to fall. During the rest period, watering is not carried out.
You need to feed during intensive growth, as well as flowering. To do this, use a complex mineral fertilizer for succulents.
Features of flowering and dormant period
This plant blooms in April-May and lasts for about 2.5 months. After the plant has faded, he needs to fertilize the soil for the last time and reduce watering. After the leaves are all withered, until late autumn the plant is not watered. The container with the onion at this time should be kept in a place with normal room temperature. In the last autumn weeks, transplants should be transplanted into a new soil, and then gradually return to normal irrigation. The plant must be rearranged to a bright and cool place.