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Thorn bush: description, care for plums and beneficial properties of berries

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Modest shrub from the kind of Plum - turn, does not bring any trouble during the cultivation and has a high value for the person.

The chemical composition of all parts of the plant became the basis for many drugs in traditional medicine and in folk therapy.

Jam, jam and fruit compote - a real decoration and pride of any table.

Biological description of shrub thorns

Blackthorn - blackthorn bush, reaching a height of 3.5 to 4, 5 m. Less often the plant can be found in the form of a tree up to 8 m in height.

Shrub habitat hillsides, ravines and forest edges of Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Mediterranean, Western Siberia and Europe.

It is assumed that the turn originated from cherry plum as a result of the modification of shrub tissues under the influence of gradual changes in the microclimate.

The turn has a high frost resistance. and is able to withstand low temperatures up to 40 ° C. Without much stress, the shrub is experiencing drought.

Turn is well developed on the soils of the Moscow region, which are not suitable for the cultivation of other crops, so it is often placed on the borders of the backyard, where the soil is saline.

Young branches of the shrub covered with pubescent bark and form sharp spikes at the end. Leathery leaves are obovoid, serrated and dark green in color. Located on short petioles and reach a length of 5 cm.

Before blooming leaves, thorns bloom profusely in April and May. The flowers of the plant are small, white

Before leafing thorns bloom profusely in the months of April and May. The flowers of the plant are small, white in color and arranged in pairs or singly on short peduncles.

During this period, the shrub looks like a big white ball, and the area around it is filled with the scent of almond.

Bush begins to bear in 2-3 years after planting. The fruit is single-stem, of round shape and small in size, up to 15 mm in diameter.

Under the thin black-and-blue skin there is a green flesh and an inseparable bone. The fruits ripen at the end of the summer and can hold out on the bush throughout the winter.

The fruits of the bush have a tart-sour taste: This is due to the high content of tannins, which are neutralized after exposure to low temperature.

Regular fructification, 3-4 kg of fruits can be collected from one bush.

The turn is a self-sterile plant. and is not able to tie fruit from its own pollen. To ripen the fruit, the plant requires cross-pollination. It is mainly produced by bees.

For ripening fruits plum turn requires cross-pollination

Ways to breed blackthorn

Shrubs multiply seeds, dividing the bush and root cuttings. Seeds are preferably sown in the fall immediately after separation from the pulp.

For spring sowing a proper long stratification on average 160 days is required. To do this, the bone is washed from the pulp, placed in layers of moss and cleaned in a cold place with a temperature of 0 ° C to + 5 ° C.

A month before planting, the temperature is reduced to -1 ° C. The bones are kept in a slightly moist environment.

About bone readiness for transplanting into the substrate can be judged by the cracks on the surface. For temporary development will need a capacity of at least 20-25 cm in diameter.

The optimal substrate for the development of seedlings consists of:

  • sod soil 40%,
  • humus 20%,
  • lowland peat 20%,
  • river sand 20%.

Further care of the seedling consists of regular watering, fertilizing 1 time a month with minerals.

Seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place at the age of two. A turn grown from a stone will bear fruit 4-5 years after planting.

Many gardeners prefer seed propagation for obtaining frost-resistant stocks for more capricious cultures.

Plum variety Thorns reproduces well by dividing rhizomes, seeds and root cuttings

Young shoots are separated from the mother plant in autumnFor this, the connecting root is chopped. At the end of April, the separated shrub is transplanted to the designated site.

Plum variety turn (turn) well propagated by rhizome division. To do this, it is necessary to dig up the roots in the autumn at a distance of 1 to 1.5 m from the trunk. Good planting material is a root with an average thickness of 1.5 cm and a length of 15 cm.

In late April, the cuttings are transplanted into the soil (sand, peat 1: 3) under the film. They are placed at a distance of 5 cm vertically under a slight slope.

The upper ends should remain at a depth of 2 cm.after which the surface of the soil is mulched with sawdust. Root cuttings should be provided with regular watering and 3-4 dressings per season, mainly with nitrogen fertilizers.

The following fall, the plant is transplanted into a temporary ground., similar to when planting pits and grow up to 1 m, after which they are transplanted into the personal plot.

Shrub care

Characteristic of thorns absolute simplicity to growing conditions. On the contrary, excessive care and constant feeding of the shrub lead to abundant growth and suppression of neighboring plants.

For planting thorns, a well-lit or partly shade area is preferred. The soil should be drained moisture and with neutral acidity. The optimal distance between the bushes is at least 2 m.

In March, rejuvenating pruning is carried out., removing damaged and rotten branches. Ideally, if there are 3-4 skeletal branches on the shrub.

This will significantly improve the quality and quantity of the crop, and will protect the shrub from strong crown thickening.

Water the turn only in very dry weather. To improve the quality of fruits and the formation of new shoots during flowering, organic matter is introduced into the tree trunk: compost or rotted manure. Winter shelter is not required.

The benefits and harms of the fruit are dough

The beneficial properties of the fruit of the shrub determines special chemical compositionwhich focus:

  • glucose, fructose,
  • organic matter
  • mineral salts,
  • vitamins A, E, C, P,
  • coumarins
  • steroids,
  • nitrogen compounds,
  • essential oils,
  • pectins
  • tannins.
Thorn fruits are very healthy and contain a lot of vitamins and minerals

Thorn fruits especially valuable for the gastrointestinal tract. With the constant use of thorns, the microflora balance is restored, the attacks of gastritis and colitis are reduced. Due to diuretic properties, slags and toxins are removed from the body.

Thorn fruits have antiparasitic effects on the simplest organisms. This contributes to the normalization of intestinal motility, which improves the digestion of food and activates the metabolism.

Especially valuable are thorns with a high content of vitamin R. This is a flavonoid, which includes more than 120 beneficial substances for the body.

The constant intake of these substances in the body normalizes blood pressure, reduces vascular permeability, balances the heart rhythm.

Under their influence stimulates the work of the adrenal cortex - It is an important factor for the balance of hormonal levels.

Additionally, the fruit will absorb all the unpleasant odors from the mouth. The only drawback is the coloring properties of the fruit.A persistent bluish tint will last for several days.

Thorns are not recommended for acute forms of gastrointestinal diseases, especially with bleeding. It is undesirable to use for people with increased gastric acidity and hypotension.

The bones of the fruit tend to accumulate amygdalin substance. It at high concentrations has a toxic effect on the body. Therefore recommended jam and stewed fruit with stones to store no more than a year.

The use of prickly thorn in traditional medicine

It is proved that medicines from different parts of the shrub have a therapeutic effect on the body:

  • antipyretic
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • antibacterial,
  • diuretic,
  • astringent
  • expectorant
  • sudorific.

These properties are thorns. actively used in traditional and traditional medicine, for the general and symptomatic treatment of serious pathologies.

Flowers: when to collect

The medicinal ingredient is harvested before opening the buds.. Infusions and decoctions of flowers treat hypertension, constipation, liver disease, prostate adenoma, rheumatism and atherosclerosis.

Flower-based medications have a diuretic, diaphoretic and sedative effect.

Preparation of medicines:

    Infusion. Crushed flowers (2 tsp) are poured with cold water (250 ml) and infused for 8 hours. Take the tool in 2 tbsp. l 4 times a day as a diuretic and diaphoretic in case of kidney and liver diseases.

  • Decoction. Medical raw materials (2 hours) are poured with water (250 ml) and slowly brought to a boil. Take 100 ml 2 times a day. The decoction is used as an adjunct in the treatment of vascular diseases.
  • Thorn flower-based medicines have a strong antimicrobial effect and will useful for treating skin diseases. To do this, the problem areas are wiped with a cotton pad dipped in broth or infusion in the morning and evening.

    The flowers of thorns as a medical raw material are harvested before opening the buds, preparing infusions and decoctions.

    Root: proper preparation

    Thorn roots are harvested in autumn. In order not to harm the shrub, the medicinal ingredient is dug out at a distance of 1-1.5 m from the trunk. After that, they are thoroughly washed and dried at a temperature of + 60 ° C.

    Broth from thorns has antipyretic, diaphoretic and anti-inflammatory effects. It is used for colds and to cleanse the body of toxins.

    For the treatment of whiter spend douching, and for skin inflammation lotions with the drug.

    For cooking broth crushed raw materials (10 g) pour cold water (500 ml) and boil over low heat for 15 minutes. Take 100 ml 3 times a day. For douching, the drug is diluted with water 1: 1.

    Thorn roots are harvested in autumn, they are used to make decoctions for lotions and douching.

    The bark is harvested from the bushes to be cut down and before the plant blooms.. After that, washed and dried as well as the roots.

    Used as a means of cleansing the blood, treating female inflammatory diseases, boils and erysipelas on the skin.

    For cooking broth need chopped bark (1 teaspoon). Pour with water (250 ml) and boil for 15 minutes. Take 100 ml 3 times a day. For douching diluted with water 1: 1.

    The thorns are harvested in the second decade of October.. After that, they must be dried for a week, if possible in the open air or in a furnace at low temperature.

    Preparation of medicines:

      Infusion. The crushed ingredient (1 tablespoon) is poured with boiling water (250 ml), infused for 1 hour. For the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders take 100 ml before breakfast for 4 days.

  • The juice. Fruits are stoned and heated to 70 ° C. After that, they are kneaded and squeezed juice. Apply with giardiasis, eating disorders and colds.
  • The juice of thorns has a fixing effect and will be useful in diarrhea.

    The thorns are harvested at the end of October, used to make infusions and decoctions.

    The use of plum Thorn in cooking

    The fruits of the shrub are rarely consumed fresh. But various jams and jams of them have a spicy taste and are popular with children and adults.

    • fruit thorns 2.5 kg,
    • sugar 3 kg
    • water 1 l.

    Sorted and washed fruits simmer for 15 minutes. Throw in a colander and remove the bones. Peeled fruits spread in the former decoction and add sugar.

    After the sugar has completely dissolved, it is necessary to boil the jam for 15 minutes. For storage, the product is bottled in sterilized jars.

    Turnip Jam:

    • fruit thorns 1 kg,
    • sugar 1 kg
    • water 100 ml.

    Washed and pitted fruits pour water and boil for 30 minutes on low heat. After that, you need to rub the berries through a sieve. Place the mass in a container, add water, sugar and cook for 30 minutes.

    About the readiness of the jam can be judged by the thickness of the product. Cooked jam is poured into sterilized jars.

    You can make jam, jam, juice or wine, compote and tea from the berries of the thorn.

    • fruit thorns 1 kg,
    • sugar syrup 50%.

    Washed fruit laid out in boiling syrup and cook 5 minutes. After that, the fruits are laid in jars and filled with syrup.

    Capped lids are placed in a container with water and boiled at 75 ° C for 15 minutes and sealed with lids. At the time of cooling banks compote turn his throat down.

    Jams and compotes with stones should not be stored for more than a year.

    • fruit thorns 10 kg,
    • sugar 3 kg
    • water 10 l.

    Slightly frost-bitten fruit dried 2 days. After that, the berries are kneaded, placed in a container with bones, filled with water.

    300 g of sugar is added to each liter of raw material received., mixed and bottled. After 30-45 days, the precipitate of wine is separated and poured into new containers.

    Wine of thorns:

    For adding to tea or self steaming harvest the leaves and thorns. To do this, they need to be dried and packed in paper bags.

    Many mistresses Dried and chopped blackthorn fruits are added to teawhich make the drink not only useful, but also fragrant.

    In the recent past, the cultivation of thorns has been practiced everywhere. Despite the absolute practicality and economic benefits of the cultivation of shrubs unfairly pushed aside.

    However, the mass use of shrubs as a raw material for drugs only grows and every year leads to a greater shortage of the source of useful ingredients.

    Thus, we can conclude that growing thorns is beneficial and beneficial not only within the garden plotbut also a great option for business.

    Shrub thorns description

    Blackthorn (thorns) is spiny branched shrubwhich reaches a height of 3-5 m. Rarely it can be seen in the form of a tree up to 10 m high.

    The distinguishing characteristic of the plant is increased rooting ability. After a couple of years of development, impassable thickets appear from the multiple root scions. The main habitat of the plant forest edges, ravines and hillsides of the Caucasus, Central Asia, Western Europe and Siberia, the Mediterranean.

    It is believed that the thorny shrub is derived from cherry plum due to the modification of plant tissues under the influence of gradual changes in the microclimate. The turn is characterized by increased frost resistance and can withstand temperatures up to minus 40C. The plant can survive drought without much stress.. Young branches of the plant have a pubescent bark and at the end form spines. Leathery leaves are dark green in color, dentate and obovate. In length reach up to 7 cm and are on short petioles.

    Thorn blooms profusely in April-May before leafing. Shrub flowers are white, small and are on short peduncles singly or in pairs. At this time, the plant resembles a white large ball, and the area around it is filled with the aroma of almonds. The turn begins to bear fruit a few years after landing.

    Fruit - odnokostiankasmall diameter up to 20 mm and round shape. Under the black-and-blue thin skin is the flesh of the green color and the bone not separated from it. Berries ripen in August and hold on throughout the winter. The fruits of the plant have a sour and tart flavor: this is due to the high content of tannins, neutralized after the action of sub-zero temperature. Therefore, most gardeners prefer to harvest not immediately after ripening berries, but after the first frost. Regular fruiting, you can collect up to 4-5 kg ​​of berries from a tree.

    The turn is a self-sterile shrub and cannot tie fruit from its pollen.. In order for the berries to ripen, shrubs need cross-pollination. As a rule, it is performed by bees.

    Breeding methods

    Bush propagated by root cuttings, dividing the bush and seeds. Seeds are best planted in the fall immediately after their separation from the pulp. For spring sowing, a proper long stratification of approximately 150 days is required. For what they wash the bone from the pulp, move it to the layers of moss and rearrange it in a cool place with a temperature of 0-5C. A month before disembarking, the temperature should be reduced to -1C. The bones should be kept in a slightly moistened substrate. About the readiness of the bones for planting in the ground can be identified by cracks on its surface. For temporary growth will need a container in diameter of not less than 30 cm.

    The best soil for the development of seedlings of shreds should consist of:

    • humus 15%,
    • sod land 40%,
    • river sand 25%,
    • peat 20%.

    Subsequent maintenance of the seedling consists of periodic bait with minerals once a month and watering. Seedlings in a permanent place planted at the age of 2 years. The turn, which is grown from the stone, will bear fruit 4-5 years after disembarkation.

    Most gardeners prefer the seed propagation method for more capricious crops to produce frost-resistant rootstocks.

    Also, the plum thorn (turn) plum breeds perfectly propagated by dividing the rhizomes.For the fall, you need to dig up the roots from the trunk at a distance of 1-1.5 m. The best material for planting is a root with a length of 20 cm and a thickness of 2 cm. Roots until spring should be stored in layers of moss or damp sawdust in a cool room, the best basement .

    In early May, the cuttings are planted in the ground (peat, sand 3: 1) under the film. They are placed under a slight slope, vertically at a distance of 7-10 cm. The upper ends must be at a depth of 2 cm, then the ground surface is mulched with sawdust. Cuttings need to provide 3-4 dressings per season, best nitrogen fertilizers and regular watering. The following autumn the shrub is planted in a temporary ground, the same as during the seedlings, and grow to 1 m, then transplanted into the garden.

    Plant Care

    A distinctive feature of thorns is unpretentiousness to growing conditions. Constant prikormka shrub and excessive care, on the contrary, begin to lead to abundant development and suppression of nearby plants. This can be prevented if, when planting, the roots of the thorns are insulated from horizontal spreading by a sheet of iron or slate.

    For the landing of the sloe, it is best to choose a well-lit area in the penumbra. The earth must be with neutral acidity and drained moisture-absorbing soil. The optimal distance between plants is not less than 2 m. At the beginning of spring, anti-aging pruning is performed, removing rotten and damaged branches. It is best if you leave 4-5 skeletal branches on the plant. This will significantly increase the quantity and quality of the crop, will prevent the turn from significant crown thickening.

    Water the plant only in very dry weather. For the formation of new shoots during flowering and improving the quality of fruits in the near-ground circle add organic matter: rotted manure or compost. Blackthorn winter shelter is not necessary.

    Harm and benefits of berries

    Useful properties of berries determines the chemical composition where are:

    • organic matter
    • fructose, glucose,
    • vitamins E, A, P, C,
    • mineral salts,
    • steroids,
    • coumarins
    • essential oils,
    • nitrogen-containing compounds
    • tannins,
    • pectins.

    Thorn berries are especially valuable for the digestive tract. During regular consumption of turn, the attacks of colitis and gastritis are reduced, the microflora balance is normalized. Due to the diuretic effect, toxins and slags are excreted from the body.

    Thorns have an antiparasitic effect on the simplest organisms. What helps to restore intestinal motility, it activates the metabolism and improves digestion.

    Especially valuable blackthorn berries with an increased amount of vitamin R. This is a flavonoid, where the composition contains more than 150 useful substances for the body. Regular intake of these substances balances the heart rate, reduces vascular permeability, and normalizes blood pressure. Under their action, the work of the adrenal cortex is activated - this is a necessary factor for the restoration of hormonal levels.

    Thorn berries are natural antiseptics.. Most dentists advise to put the pulp of berries to the inflamed gums. The composition of the fruit additionally absorb all the unpleasant odors from the mouth.

    There is only one drawback, the coloring effect of the berries, the steady bluish color lasts for several days. The fruits of this plum are not advised to consume in acute forms of gastrointestinal diseases, especially during bleeding. Do not consume people with hypotension and with high gastric acidity. The bones of the berries have the property of accumulating the substance amygdalin, which, at elevated concentrations, has a toxic effect on the body. Therefore, it is advised to keep compotes and jam with stones for no more than a year.

    Use in traditional medicine of a prickly thorn

    Folk remedies from various parts of this plant on the body have a therapeutic effect:

    • anti-inflammatory,
    • antipyretic
    • diuretic,
    • antibacterial,
    • sudorific
    • expectorant
    • astringent

    These properties of blackthorn berries are actively used in traditional and traditional medicine, for symptomatic and general treatment of serious diseases.

    Proper root harvesting

    The roots of this plant must be harvested in the fall.. In order not to spoil the medicinal ingredient, the shrub should be dug out from the trunk at a distance of 1-2-1.5 m. Then the roots should be washed and dried at a temperature of + 50 ° C. A decoction of the roots has anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic and antipyretic effects. Used to cleanse the body of toxins and colds. For whiter therapy, syringing is performed, and for inflammation of the skin, lotions with medication are used.

    To prepare the broth, the ground raw materials (10 grams) need to be poured with cold water (0.5 l) and simmer for 20 minutes. Three times a day to use. To douche this tool must be diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio.

    The bark should be collected from the bushes that are to be cut down and before the flowering of thorns. Then it is washed and dried in the same way as the roots. Used as a treatment for erysipelas on the skin, furuncle and female inflammatory diseases, as well as for cleansing the blood.

    To make the broth, add the water (250 ml) to the ground bark (1 tsp) and boil for 20 minutes over low heat. Three times a day to use. For douching diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 1.

    Berries need to be collected in late October. Then they must be dried for a week, preferably in a furnace at low temperature or in the open air.

    Medical raw materials are used in the imbalance of microflora, gastrointestinal diseases, fungal and vascular pathologies, food poisoning, diseases of the genitourinary system.

    Preparation of healing remedies:

    • The juice. The berries are stoned and heated to 60 ° C. Then they knead and squeeze the juice. Used with colds, eating disorders and giardiasis. Juice has a fixing effect and is very useful during diarrhea.
    • Infusion. Grind dried fruits (1 tbsp. L.) Need to pour boiling water (250 ml), let it brew for one hour. During the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders using 100 ml before breakfast for a week.

    Use in cooking

    Fresh berries are rarely consumed. However, various jams and jams of them are popular with adults and children, as they have a spicy taste.

    • water 1 l,
    • sugar 3 kg
    • fruit thorns 2.5 kg.

    Washed and sorted berries are boiled on low heat for 20 minutes. Pour into a colander and clean the bones. Peeled berries are shifted to the former decoction and sugar is poured. When the sugar is completely dissolved, you need to boil the jam for 20 minutes. The storage product is poured into sterilized bottles.

    • water 100 ml,
    • sugar 1 kg
    • blackthorn berries 1 kg.

    Separated from the seeds and washed berries pour water and simmer on low heat for half an hour. Then you need to wipe the fruit through a sieve. Place in a container mass, add sugar, water and cook for half an hour. The readiness of jam is judged by its density. Ready jam is poured into sterilized bottles.

    • sugar syrup 50%
    • blackthorn berries 1 kg.

    Washed berries are transferred to boiling syrup and allowed to boil for about 7-10 minutes. Then the berries are placed in bottles, and syrup is added. Covered bottles with lids are installed in a saucepan with water and boiled for 20 minutes at a temperature of 70 ° C and sealed with lids. When cooling the bottle with compote you need to turn the neck down.

    For self steaming or add tea to prepare flowers and thorns. What they need to dry and pack in paper envelopes. Most housewives in the tea add chopped and dried blackthorn, making the drink both medicinal and fragrant.

    More recently, the cultivation of thorns practiced everywhere. Despite the economic benefits and absolute practicality, the cultivation of this plant is unfairly put aside.

    Anyway, the use of large shrubs in the role of raw materials for medicines only grows and leads to a significant shortage of the source of useful substances every year. That is, it can be summarized that growing thorns is useful and beneficial not only within their own gardens, but also a great way for home business.

    Content

    • 1. Listen to the article (soon)
    • 2. Description
    • 3. Landing
      • 3.1. When to plant
      • 3.2. How to plant
    • 4. Care
      • 4.1. How to grow
      • 4.2. Watering
      • 4.3. Top dressing
      • 4.4. Pruning
    • 5. Reproduction
      • 5.1. How to multiply
      • 5.2. Seed propagation
      • 5.3. Cuttings
      • 5.4. Reproduction by root suckers
    • 6. Diseases and pests
    • 7. Types and varieties
    • 8. Properties: harm and benefit
      • 8.1. Beneficial features
      • 8.2. Contraindications

    Planting and care for thorns (in short)

    • Bloom: April May.
    • Landing: in early spring, but the landing pit is prepared in autumn.
    • Lighting: bright sunshine.
    • The soil: moist, fertile, neutral.
    • Watering: after planting - once a week, after rooting - once every two weeks, and when the leaves start to bloom, watering will be needed only during a long absence of rain: water consumption - 2-3 buckets for each bush.
    • Top dressing: once a year a humus bucket or a solution of a complex mineral fertilizer is brought under a bush.
    • Pruning: sanitary and formative, annually in spring, in March, before the start of sap flow. If necessary, you can trim the turn for sanitary purposes in the fall.
    • Breeding: cuttings, root suckers, less often - seeds.
    • Pests: aphid
    • Diseases: moniliosis (gray rot).
    • Turn: the fruits of the plant have astringent, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, expectorant and antibacterial action, relaxes the smooth muscles of the internal organs, reduces the permeability of blood vessels.

    Shrub Turn - Description

    The shrub turn reaches a height of 3.5-4.5 m, and the turn tree grows up to 8 m. The shrub grows in breadth due to root growth, creating thorny, impassable thickets. The root of the thorns goes deep into 1 m, and its root system is ramified and stands far beyond the crown projection. Thorn branches are covered with numerous spines, its leaves are up to 5 cm long, elliptical, toothed, obovate. Many small white single pyatilepestkovye flowers revealed in April or May before the leaves appear on the bushes. The fruit of thorns is a plum-like, round, tart-acidic odnokostianka with a diameter of about 12 mm in dark blue with a bluish wax coating.

    Bears turn from two to three years of age. The plant is drought-resistant and winter-hardy, in addition, it is a good honey plant. Planting and caring for thorns will not be difficult even for a novice gardener. They use the turn as a stock for apricot and plum, it is planted as a hedge and for strengthening the sliding slopes, and for the decoration of the garden they grow decorative varieties: thorns are red-leaved, terry and purple.

    When to plant the turn.

    The planting of thorns is carried out in early spring, but the planting pit is prepared for it since autumn, so that the soil will settle and settle during the winter. Thorn can grow on dry, clay, sandy and even saline soils. It easily tolerates abundant spring waters, but growing in heavy or too wet soils can lead to thorn frostbite. The best place for a plant is a well-lit area with a wet, fertile land of neutral reaction.

    How to plant the turn.

    Steep sides of pits with a diameter and depth of about 60 cm are better to overlap with slate or old iron bushes: this measure will save you from clogging up the garden with root shoots of shreds.

    A week before planting, a layer of eggshell collected during the winter is laid on the bottom of the planting pit, and a layer of soil removed from the pit, mixed with 1-2 buckets of humus or compost, 500 g of superphosphate and 60 g of potash fertilizer is placed on top of it. If the soil has increased acidity, then you should also add lime to the soil mixture. When planting several seedlings, the distance between them is kept within 2-3 m, and between the seedlings of the hedge - 1.5 m.

    As a planting material, it is better to use biennial thorns saplings, whose roots are soaked in 5 liters of water with 3-4 spoons of sodium humate dissolved in it before planting for a day. A 1.5-meter-high stake is driven into the bottom of the pit; around it, a fertilized soil is poured with a mound, on which a seedling is installed. The roots of the seedling are straightened, and the pit is filled up with fertile soil mixture with fertilizers, slightly tamping it down. After planting, the root neck of the seedling should be 3-4 cm higher than the surface of the site. A border of about 10 cm in height is made around the tree's circle, to prevent water from spreading during watering, and 2-3 buckets of water are poured into the tree trunk. When water is absorbed, the soil around the bush is mulched with humus to prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture from the soil, and the seedling is tied to a peg.

    How to grow thorns.

    The shoots of blackthorn seedlings immediately after planting are shortened, and the adult bushes in the spring, before the buds swell on them, are subjected to sanitary and formative pruning. In general, the care of the thorns is very simple and consists of the usual procedures for any gardener: watering, dressing, loosening the soil and removing weeds in the tree circle, cutting out root shoots, forming and sanitary pruning, harvesting and preparing the plant for the winter.

    Watering the thorns.

    The first time the seedling is watered once a week, then once every two weeks, and as soon as the leaves start to bloom on it and it starts growing, watering is made rare. Actually, there is enough natural rainfall, because it is an extremely drought-resistant plant, but during a long drought, pour 2-3 buckets of cold water under the shrub.

    Trimming thorns.

    Thorn bushes are pruned in spring, in March, before the start of sap flow: they remove dry, broken, diseased or frost-covered branches and shoots. Since the turn is prone to thickening of the crown, the bush is regularly thinned and also gives shape to it, for which they leave 4-5 fruit-bearing branches of the young plant, and the rest are cut to the root.

    Popularly, the formation of the crown of thorns in the form of a bowl, when in the first year the ground part is cut from a seedling at a height of 30-50 cm, and in the second year only the strongest shoots are placed in a circle.

    Autumn pruning is carried out as necessary, mainly for sanitary purposes, when it is necessary to remove diseased or broken branches. Do it after leaf fall, when the plant is already preparing for rest.

    Reproduction of thorns with seeds.

    In early autumn, separate the bone from the pulp of the fruit and place it in the ground. You can plant thorns in the soil in the spring, but only after they are pre-stratified during the winter in the refrigerator. For faster germination of seeds, some gardeners stand stones before planting for 12 hours in honey syrup, and then plant them into fertile soil to a depth of 6-7 cm. Before the emergence of shoots, plant a section with planting. When the seedlings are 2 years old, they are transplanted to a permanent place.

    Reproduction of thorns cuttings.

    Thorns must have at least five healthy buds. In the spring they are planted in a container with nutrient soil and placed in a greenhouse or covered with a transparent cap. During the summer they are watered, fed with nutrient solutions, and by the fall of the cuttings excellent seedlings with well-developed roots are obtained.

    Diseases and pests of thorns

    The turn is very resistant to both diseases and pests. Sometimes it can be affected by moniliasis, or gray mold - a fungal disease, the causative agent of which is the monily fungus, penetrating through the pistil of a flower and striking young shoots of thorns. As a result of the development of the disease, the leaves and shoots become dark brown. The disease is moving down the plant. And although new greens grow on the trees, by the end of the summer it turns yellow and falls, the yield of the plant decreases, and the surviving fruits crack and rot right on the branches.

    In the fight against monilioz will have to resort to the help of fungicides. In early spring, the bush is treated with a solution of Horus - this is the only drug that works even at low air temperatures. Later, when warm weather sets in, the turn can be treated from moniliasis with such preparations as Abiga-Peak, Hamair, Rovral, Bordeaux mixture, and copper vitriol. Solutions are prepared in accordance with the instructions.

    Of the pests, the omnipresent aphid, sucking on an insect, feeding on the sap of leaves and thorns, is dangerous to thorns, which makes them turn yellow and deform. Aphids are very prolific, so they can cause significant damage to the plant, besides it is a carrier of incurable viral diseases. It is possible to destroy aphids by treating a turnip with a solution of an acaricidal drug, for example, Aktellik, Aktar, Antitlin and the like, and the aphid bushes will have to be treated more than once.

    Types and varieties of thorns

    Of the varieties and the blackthorn hybrids, the most famous are:

    • Sweet-fruited TSHA - the taste of the fruit of this variety is sweet and sour, almost without astringency,
    • CROSS # 1 - tree up to 2.5 m high with fruits of violet color with dense wax coating and pulp of sweet-sour, slightly tart taste. Fruit weight 6-7 g
    • CROSS # 2 - variety with rounded purple fruits weighing up to 8 g of sweet-sour taste with a barely noticeable tartness,
    • blackthorn - yellow thorns, a hybrid of the second generation between cherry plum and thorns with fruits of yellow color and pleasant taste,
    • sloe apricot - a hybrid between thorns and apricots with light pink-purple fruits of good taste with apricot notes,
    • turn black fragrant-1 and Fragrant-2 - Thorn hybrids with Toka's American-Chinese plum, representing trees up to 4 m high with flat-circular purple fruits weighing 8-10 g with yellow sweet-sour pulp without tartness and with a delicate aroma of strawberry and apricot. The small bone easily moves away from the pulp,
    • Shropshire Ternous - English variety with honey-sweet fruit with no trace of astringency,
    • Black Cherry (Cherry) Turn - a plant up to 3 m high with a rounded crown of medium thickness and rounded dark purple fruits weighing 5-6 g with a waxy bloom. The flesh is thick, green, tart and sour,
    • blackthorn - tree up to 3 m high with large purple round-shaped fruits with a thick wax bloom weighing up to 8.5 g. The pulp is dense, green, sweet-sour, slightly tart,
    • sloe prunes - a hybrid between cherry plum and thorns with the fruits of blue-yellow-red shades,
    • sloe Garden №2 - a plant up to 2 m high with dark blue or black spherical fruits covered with a bluish bloom, and with the flesh of excellent taste.

    Useful properties of thorns.

    Thorn berries contain sugars (fructose and glucose), malic acid, pectin, carbohydrates, steroids, fiber, triterpenoids, vitamins C and E, coumarins, nitrogen-containing compounds, tannins, flavonoids, higher alcohols, mineral salts, linoleic fatty acids, palmitic, stearic, oleic and eleostearic.

    Fresh and processed thorn fruits have an astringent effect and are used for intestinal and stomach disorders such as ulcerative colitis, dysentery, food poisoning, candidosis and toxicoinfection. The wine of thorns is also considered a therapeutic drink for infectious diseases.

    Use the fruit of thorns in the treatment of diseases of the kidneys and liver, with neuralgia, beriberi, metabolic disorders, as well as antipyretic and diaphoretic. Fruits and flowers are indicated for cystitis, edema, gastritis, kidney disease, pustular skin diseases and boils. Thorn flowers have a mild laxative effect, treat skin-related metabolic diseases, regulate the contraction of the renal ducts and intestinal motility, acting as hypotensive, diaphoretic and diuretic, and are used as a decoction for hypertension, shortness of breath, constipation, furunculosis and nausea.

    Fresh juice of thorny berries, possessing antibacterial activity against the simplest parasites, is used for giardiasis and intestinal disorders.

    A decoction of thorns is prescribed for inflammation of the mucous membranes of the throat, esophagus and mouth, and tea from thorns leaves is a mild laxative and increases diuresis. They drink it for cystitis, chronic constipation and prostate adenoma. It is recommended to people leading a sedentary lifestyle.

    In addition to astringent, preparations from the turn have anti-inflammatory, diuretic, expectorant and antibacterial effects, relax the smooth muscles of the internal organs, reduce the permeability of blood vessels.

    Turn - contraindications.

    Because of the acid in the thorns, they can harm people with high acidity of the stomach, gastritis, or an ulcer. The intense color of the fetus may cause an allergic reaction. The thorns in the bone contain strong poison, so be careful not to accidentally swallow them. It is not recommended to use thorns for people with hypersensitivity to its fruits, and excessive consumption of thorns is not good for even healthy people.

    Plant description

    The prickly plum can be recognized by its small size and the multitude of thorns on the branches. Thorn is often found in nature. Basically it is found near roads and ravines, on forest edges. The height is 4 m.

    Thorn plum has leaves that resemble chicken-shaped eggs and globular buds. In the place where the internode is located, several small buds can be seen (2-3 pieces). The color of the bark is brown. The root system of the plant is branched and quite powerful.

    According to the description, the period of flowering of a tree falls on the middle of April. Sometimes the dates are shifted to the beginning or end of the month. Plum pestles are white in color. Light pink spots are noticeable in some areas. In most cases, the buds grow on small peduncles alone. During this period, the air begins to feel a faint almond fragrance, which can slightly bitter. Fruiting after planting occurs already in the 2nd year.

    The rounded fruits of thorns in diameter are about 10–15 mm. In the process of growth, they acquire a blue color with a slight touch of a gray shade. Maturation begins in August and ends in September. After each frost in the taste of the berries bitterness is slightly reduced.

    Berries retain their freshness until the beginning of winter. In an adult garden turn, high yields: up to 15 kg of fruit can be harvested from one bush.

    Growing thorns is rather slow. For the year it grows about 20 cm (the same in width). The lifespan of a plant is about 100 years, and the plant care is minimal.

    The root system of a tree is branched, takes up a lot of space.

    Landing requirements

    Ternovka - unpretentious plant that can withstand severe droughts and frequent frosts. It grows predominantly on fertile land with good drainage and a large amount of UV rays.

    Propagated plant with:

    Before sowing planting material, you need to check it for damage. If defects are present or seeds are old, it is not recommended to use them. To carry out the procedure is necessary in the autumn, but you can do it in the spring. In this case, before planting, the material should be well processed.

    Shrub should not be planted next to other plants, because it grows strongly around.

    A few days before planting, the plant should be carefully prepared, and fertilized with one of the following means:

    • humus
    • compost
    • sand for drainage
    • ashes
    • urea

    Gardeners often use shredded egg shells as an additional source of calcium.

    After disembarking, the plum needs to be watered vigorously in the first 5 days. During droughts, it also needs frequent watering.

    The garden turn hates stagnant water, so drainage should be present in the place where the plant is planted. During the landing it is worth paying special attention. It is not recommended to sow the seeds of spiny plum on too acidic soil, it is best to choose neutral.

    Mandatory care procedures

    Every spring must remove all dried and damaged areas. On the shrub should not be more than 4-5 healthy, fruitful branches. This will help to avoid the appearance of excessive density, and the berries will receive the necessary amount of air and light.

    If necessary, it is permitted to carry out special formative pruning of wood. If in the garden grows bush thorns, then for him a similar procedure is not required.

    You can not throw care for the plant, when it appears the first growth. It must be removed under the root with a pruner. Only in one case, this procedure is optional: you plan to use the growth in the future to propagate the plant.

    During fruiting, the shrub is additionally fed. To do this, you can use mineral or organic fertilizers, followed by mulching the soil. Due to this, the quantity and quality of the crop will increase. The older and taller the plum, the more feed it needs.

    Regular draining of the thorns variety rarely suffers from any diseases or attacks of pests. Its hybrids are more prone to this - the result of breeding common thorns with other berry crops.

    The composition and beneficial properties of berries

    Fruits of thorns contain large amounts of pectin, various vitamins, cyanic compounds, sugars, organic acids and many other substances. The seeds of prickly plum contain amygdalin (toxic glycoside), which is able to break down hydrocyanic acid.

    Berries are consumed fresh, frozen, canned or dried. There are no special restrictions, since Turn almost does not provoke an allergic reaction.

    Thorn berries are good for the body. They include a huge number of substances:

    • coumarins
    • vitamins B, PP, A, C, E,
    • amino acids
    • mineral substances (iodine, zinc, calcium, magnesium, copper, phosphorus),
    • anthocyanins, pectin and phytosteroids,
    • beta carotene
    • mineral salts, fructose, glucose,
    • fiber, nitrogen compounds,
    • higher alcohols.

    The fruits have a bunch of useful properties. These include:

    • activation of intestinal peristalsis and digestion,
    • elimination of strong gas formation
    • removal of harmful substances (slags, toxins, excess cholesterol, etc.),
    • diaphoretic, antitumor, hemostatic, diuretic, antibacterial action.
    • recovery of the nervous system
    • strengthening the walls of blood vessels and muscles of the heart,
    • regulation of cholesterol in the blood, cleansing the kidneys and liver from toxins,
    • reduction of gastric acidity and help in sputum discharge for colds,
    • activating metabolism, improving digestion,
    • removal of kidney stones.

    The fruits of prickly plums have found use in cooking. Tasty marmalade, juice, jam and even kvass with vinegar are made from it. In Paris and other cities of France, it or the cherry plum fruits are used as an alternative to olives.

    Use in traditional medicine

    The plant is recommended to use in order to improve blood quality, blood flow, clotting, normalize high blood pressure.

    For women, draining the turn is useful because it can alleviate the symptoms of PMS and pain during menstruation. Its juice and pulp are often used to treat the couperose net, teenage eels, dermatitis.

    In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, the turn is used in dried or fresh form. It is used for inflammations, invasions and dysbacteriosis. Fresh fruit juice helps to eliminate harmful substances from the body (toxins, slags, etc.), has a positive effect on the treatment of jaundice, dysentery, helps to quickly get rid of pinworms and Giardia.

    Wine and berry "stuffing" is often used as a compress to the skin. They are well help in the treatment of many skin diseases.

    A decoction of the berries of the bush plum is ideal for the care of the oral cavity. Gargling can help heal cracks, cure gums or throats. Such a solution can be used for the prevention of periodontal disease, stomatitis, periodontitis, candidiasis, etc.

    Berries are good for fighting insomnia and for calming the nervous system.

    The use of wood and berries in everyday life

    The farm often uses slukoplodnogo plant wood. It is strong and firm. It can be easily polished and made buttons, canes, decorative items and much more. When digesting the fruit, the water becomes red. The resulting paint can be dyed linen.

    Plum thorny variety is often used in gardening for various purposes. Often, with the help of her graft and other trees. After the procedure, their size decreases and they become “dwarfs”.

    Shrubs are also used to decorate the site as a hedge.

    Thorns are spiny

    The use of thorns is not only in tasty fruits. For medicinal purposes, apply roots, bark, young shoots, as well as leaves and flowers. There are a large number of therapeutic properties of plants, including anti-inflammatory, disinfecting, astringent, diuretic, laxative. In addition, the turn can be used for the purpose of vitaminization and strengthening the immune system before the cold season.

    Blackthorn is not so easy to collect - the whole plant is densely covered with tenacious spines. But the medicinal value encourages traditional healers and representatives of official medicine to harvest raw thorns in spite of everything, because the thorns are harmed only by its “thorniness”.

    Botanical description

    Root plant can grow as a tall tree, up to 6 m tall or as a bush. Thorn bush has a main trunk and a strongly branchy volumetric crown, reaches a height of 3 m.

    • Roots. The plant is fixed in the soil with a powerful root system with fleshy rhizomes and side roots, providing the turn with a sufficient amount of moisture.
    • Stems. Stem wood is particularly durable. The main trunk is covered with brown or dark brown bark. It is upright and strongly branched. On the surface of the trunk and branches of the sloe there are many thorny thorns. From the rhizomes of the turn often annual young shoots depart, which are localized around the trunk and form a kind of thickets. Their surface is velvety to the touch because of the dense pubescence. The shoots end with a thorn.
    • Leaves. Regularly replaced by young, as the plant grows. Wedge-shaped at the base, they have a pointed tip. The shape of the leaf plate is obovoid or elliptical. Each leaf sits on a branch on a stem of medium length. The edge of the sheet plate resembles sharp saw teeth. A characteristic feature - the blooming of the leaves as the flowers fade.
    • Flowers Have a very delicate, white and pink color. They exude a subtle, pleasant aroma that attracts bees well, which makes the turn a wonderful honey plant. Flowering begins early - in April, may continue until mid-May. Thorn bushes bloom en masse, attracting insects. Flowers are arranged on the branches so thickly that it seems as if the whole bush is covered with a white tablecloth.
    • Fruit. They are attached to the branches of the thorns with the help of stalks of medium length. The fruit is a drupe, distinguished by juicy pulp, strongly associated with the seed. The green flesh has a sweet-sour taste and tartness, which disappears shortly after the first frost. The fruit itself is small, its diameter can reach 1.5 cm. Fruits of dark blue color are densely covered with a waxy bluish bloom.

    Interestingly, the mature fruits are attached to the branches so tightly that they can hold up until the next spring. Up to 4 kg of fruits can be harvested from an adult bush.

    Growing area

    Thorn bushes are made up of small bushes. When the plant develops singly, it forms a voluminous tall shrub. Often the blackthorn can be found on the side of the road, on the sunny forest edge or on the wasteland. Thickets are formed in ravines and on slopes, as well as in ravines. Especially good thorn develops on the soil rich in lime salts.

    Preparation of raw materials

    The saturation of the plant with useful substances makes it possible for the therapeutic purpose of all its parts. The turn for the winter is harvested in stages.

    • Harvesting bark. Begins in early spring - in March. The bark is cut off with slices from the main trunk and adult branches. The area of ​​the cuts should be small to quickly tighten the damage. You can not damage the wood with a knife, so as not to destroy the plant. The bark of the turn is laid out under the sun in the open air or dried with the help of a dryer at a temperature of about 60 ° C.
    • Harvesting flowers. It starts from the middle of April - the period of budding or the beginning of flowering. Inflorescences gently cut or tear, laid out under the scattered sunlight on a tissue or paper tray. Dry, regularly turning the raw material.
    • Leaf preparation. It begins after the plant is completely flowering, when all the flowers have already wilted, and the leaves are well blossomed. It is advisable to collect the largest leaves, dry them under a canopy in the open air or in the dryer.
    • Harvesting young shoots. They are collected in the middle, the end of June, since it is then that the greatest concentration of nutrients is concentrated in the shoots. Young shoots are tied up in panicles, hung them under diffused sunlight or in a shaded place, under the open air. You can lay out the raw material in a thin layer on a pallet or dry it in the oven or dryer.
    • Fruit storage. It begins in September, when the still greenish fruits contain a large amount of tannins. Harvesting turnip continues until mid-October. It was at this time that pleasant-tasting berries are collected, ideal for preparing desserts and preserves, as well as medicines with a broad spectrum of action. A certain part of tannins is stored in the fruit and after frost.
    • The preparation of the roots. It starts in late autumn. It is desirable to carry out harvesting among artificial or thickets growing in nature, since it is there that the restoration of the number of individuals of the plant occurs quickly. They dig up the roots, wash them with running cold water, dry them in the sun and dry them in an oven or electric furnace.

    For fresh fruits in winter, you can freeze the turn. To do this, the berries are sorted, washed with clean water, dried from moisture. After that, the fruits are laid out on a wide pallet in one layer, put it in the freezer for a couple of hours. Berries are poured into a bag or plastic container.

    What are the valuable berries ...

    All parts of the sloe are rich in tannins, which have a number of therapeutic properties.

    • Astringent action Manifested by the ability of tannins of the fruit of the thorns to form albuminates with the proteins of the skin and mucous membranes - special proteins of dense structure. The albumin film protects damaged epithelium areas from mechanical and chemical irritation.
    • Заживляющее действие. Под действием дубильных веществ снижается раздражение поврежденных участков, это ускоряет темпы эпителизации.
    • Противомикробное действие. Tannins of thorns have bacteriostatic and fungistatic properties, that is, they eliminate bacterial and fungal infections and prevent their development in the area of ​​skin damage.
    • Antiexudative action. The sloe reduces the production of exudate in the area of ​​damage, dries weeping wounds and ulcers.
    • Anti-inflammatory effect. It consists in the ability of thorns to reduce the production of prostaglandins and leukotrienes - the main mediators of inflammation, provoking hyperemia and swelling of inflamed tissue.

    In addition to tannins, thorn fruits contain a lot of other useful components.

    • Sahara. Easily assimilable types of carbohydrates are a good support of the body during a breakdown, after illness. Sugars are a source of glucose for all tissues of the body, and therefore serve for its proper operation.
    • Organic acids. Possess antioxidant properties. Gently stimulate peristalsis, have a diaphoretic, diuretic effect. They have an antiparasitic effect.
    • Pectins. They adsorb toxins, heavy metal salts, food processing products, and the vital activity of bacteria. Eliminate dysbacteriosis, contributing to the preponderance of the ratio of normal and pathogenic microflora in the direction of beneficial bacteria.
    • Vitamins. Presented with vitamins C, P, K, PP, B2. They have a tonic effect on the state of the body. Improve metabolism. Contribute to the normalization of blood formation.
    • Minerals Calcium, potassium, iron, phosphorus. Needed for normal electrolyte metabolism. Participants of enzymatic reactions and important physiological processes. They are especially needed for the normal state of the bone tissue, the conduction of nerve impulses, the improvement of cellular respiration processes.

    ... leaves, flowers, bark and roots

    Thorn leaves, in addition to tannins, contain bitterness, flavonoids, phytoncids. This provides them with health benefits:

    • anti-inflammatory,
    • antibacterial,
    • antioxidant,
    • antiplatelet,
    • vozoprotektornym
    • pacemaker,
    • secretory

    The chemical composition of thorns has not been thoroughly studied. It is known that the glycoside amygdalin contained in it is in low concentrations, and therefore has therapeutic properties:

    • diuretic,
    • laxative,
    • sudorific
    • expectorant
    • antispasmodic,
    • antibacterial.

    The bark and roots of the turn are saturated with tannins, and therefore are actively used as an antidiarrheal agent.

    The use of thorns

    Flowers and thorns are actively used in folk medicine as a diuretic for various intoxications and swelling of the heart or kidney character. The beneficial effect of thorns leaves on the vessels allows you to deal with capillary fragility, varicose veins. Indications for the use of thorns in vascular pathologies expand to vasculitis due to its anti-inflammatory properties.

    Sweatshops properties of thorns will be useful in febrile conditions, and antibacterial - in inflammatory and infectious diseases of the skin. In addition, it is known about the ability of drugs from the flowers of turn to eliminate nausea.

    Improving the metabolism in the application of thorns helps to alleviate the patient's condition for gout, because the plant is able to remove salt deposits from the body. The hypoglycemic effect of the berries makes it possible to use them in diabetes.

    The roots and turnus bark exhibit the following therapeutic properties:

    • knitting,
    • anti-inflammatory,
    • antibacterial,
    • antiparasitic,
    • healing.

    Drugs of the root and bark are used for diarrhea, as an anchoring agent, as well as colitis of different origin, to restore and optimize bowel function.

    Impact on the body

    The rich chemical composition of the fruit determines their widespread use for therapeutic purposes.

    • For the digestive tract. Thorns and preparations of them stimulate the digestion of food, increase appetite, improve the secretion of enzymes and gastric juice, ensuring good digestion. The antiparasitic effect of the juice helps to get rid of worms and toxic products of their life. The anti-inflammatory effect of thorns manifests itself well in ulcerative colitis, gastritis, and pancreatitis. Turn turns normal digestion, gently eliminates chronic constipation. Low calorie and beneficial effects of the plant on the metabolism allows the use of thorns for weight loss.
    • For blood. The turn contains a large amount of vitamins and minerals, among which is iron, which provides hemoglobin synthesis. Tern has an antianemic effect, normalizes the biochemical composition of blood, improves the process of its saturation with oxygen. In addition, the turn normalizes blood pressure. The diuretic effect, manifested as a result of stimulation of the kidneys, leads to an improvement in their detoxification function and blood purification.
    • For the skin. Astringent, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties of the turn allow using it to eliminate purulent skin diseases: infected wounds, trophic ulcers, pustular eruptions.
    • For the lungs. Thorns preparations help to get rid of cough, inflammation of the respiratory tract, normalize the work of the ciliated epithelium of the bronchi, prevent stagnation of the secret.

    Therapeutic use

    Recipes for the use of thorns are varied. Below are the most common ones.

    Features It is taken orally for the treatment of chronic diseases of the liver, kidneys, ureter. With the help of infusion can significantly speed up the metabolism. Cleansing the body allows you to get rid of skin diseases of infectious and allergic nature. Infusion is used for washing wounds, eliminating rashes, and also for the face as a remedy for acne.

    Preparation and use

    • Two tablespoons of a mixture of flowers and leaves pour a glass of slightly cooled boiled water.
    • Means insist all night (about eight hours).
    • In the morning filter, use inside a quarter of a glass, three times a day.

    Features With the help of this broth, you can reduce fever, eliminate the symptoms of fever and speed recovery from colds and viral diseases.

    Preparation and use

    1. Dried rhizomes (5 g), pour a glass of boiling water, put in a slowly boiling water bath.
    2. To languish means for half an hour.
    3. Removed from the bath, cooled for three hours, then filtered.
    4. Accept inside on a quarter of a glass, three times a day.

    Fruit Remedy

    Features A decoction of the fruit is taken orally for various inflammatory diseases, regardless of their location (rheumatism, gout, cystitis, pancreatitis, colitis, bronchitis).

    Preparation and use

    1. A couple of tablespoons of dried fruit poured half a liter of boiling water.
    2. Fruits languish over low heat for 10 minutes.
    3. After removal from heat, the medium is filtered. Take half a glass, four times a day, before meals.

    Features It is necessary to make a tincture of thorns, taking into account the fact that before it is prepared, the fruits are rinsed with water, without washing off the wax.

    Preparation and use

    1. A kilogram of ripe, washed fruits, free from the bone, is placed in a glass jar, 300 g of sugar are poured.
    2. The neck of the banks closed with gauze. The vessel is placed for three days in a warm and sunny place.
    3. Vodka or diluted alcohol is poured into the fermented mixture and mixed thoroughly.
    4. The jar is closed with a lid. Insist the mixture for two weeks at room temperature.
    5. The first week you need to shake the can daily.
    6. After the expiration of the infusion, the resulting drink is filtered through several layers of gauze.
    7. Consume inside 30 ml, three times a day.

    Often, the fruits of thorns are introduced into the composition of fees to reduce weight, correct pressure, relieve inflammation.

    Role in cooking

    Thorns are actively used for the preparation of first, second courses, desserts and sauces. The famous tkemali sauce includes the sweet and sour flesh of these fruits. Bulgarians add fruits to cereals, to give them a special flavor. Has a special taste of jam and thorns, as well as jelly and compotes with its addition.

    The taste of the fruit was appreciated by lovers of hand-made drinks. Prickly plum is used for flavoring vodka, home-brew is made from overripe berries. Wine on the basis of thorns has an interesting color and sweet-sour, slightly astringent taste. Popularity received and the preparation of brandy of thorns at home.

    Features It is prepared for a long time, but the result is a very tasty and healthy low-alcohol drink.

    1. 4 kg of fresh, ripe blackthorn are stoned, placed in a container, 3 kg of sugar are poured, 200 ml of water are added.
    2. The mixture is placed in a warm, sunlit place for fermentation. The neck of the container is tied with gauze.
    3. After the active fermentation begins, the container is transferred to a warm place, a rubber glove is put on the neck, piercing one finger.
    4. Infusion in a warm place is carried out until the glove is completely deflated.
    5. Drink filtered in storage tanks, lowered them for a month in the basement for aging.

    Useful properties of thorns are relevant in everyday life. Artificial planting of thorns is often carried out to strengthen the soil near the ravines, the banks of the reservoir. Powerful root system prevents ground movement and collapses. Often the turn is grown as a hedge to protect gardens. With proper care of the plant, you can form a crown or shrubs, wrapping this quality for the benefit of the farm.

    The healing properties of thorns have been known for a long time. Thanks to modern research, they are not refuted by modern official medicine. In ancient times, the plant was endowed with magical properties, and the places where thorns seeds germinated were considered sacred.

    On the breeding of thorns and its beneficial properties

    One tree grown on the site can give up to 15 kg of berries. But the undoubted argument in favor of such cultivation is not a fruitful abundance, but the fact that all parts of the plant are able to bring immense benefit to man. A blackthorn is a shrub or tree from which the zealous owner can use all the parts and get the raw materials for cooking, drinks, health and beauty. In the spring, when modest flowers smell sweet with the finest scent, in summer, when berries can be picked, in winter, when after frosts the fruits left intact are strewn with bare branches, the blackthorn always pleases the eye. Dream books, legends and beliefs, in which the thorny wanderer is depicted in a negative light, see only thorns on it, but in fact it is a useful plant that can and should be grown.

    Resilience and survivability of the plant are used by gardeners, planting on it cultivars

    Even Michurin, by crossing, brought the turn to sludge fruit, considerably exceeding the usual plum in winter hardiness, which was grown in some Russian gardens. He also owns the Renklod thorny plum hybrid, hardly already growing somewhere in industrial volume. At the same time, with minimal fertilizer and the absence of stagnant waters, the wild plant can bear fruit, giving the gardener only good. After all, only the berries contain so many elements that are very important for the body that they can be used instead of purchased vitamin complexes. These include:

    • fructose and glucose,
    • malic and phenol carboxylic acids,
    • unsaturated fatty acids - linoleic, oleic, palmitic, stearic, eleostearic,
    • pectins
    • nitrogenous substances
    • coumarins
    • vitamins C, E, A, P,
    • tannins,
    • catechins,
    • steroids,
    • triterpenoids,
    • flavonoids,
    • glycosides,
    • mineral salts.

    At the same time, it can grow in the sun and in the penumbra, the roots are powerful, persistent, the yield is high, and even young growth, which is removed so that the blackthorn does not grow, can be used for medicinal purposes. For a hedge and getting fruits, it is enough to remove damaged branches in the spring and give shape to the remaining strong shoots. Own live pharmacy in the garden will not require any particular hassle and even do without fertilizers, as does in the wild. The undoubted benefits that it is able to bring, easily outweigh the stupid beliefs, and abundant spines.

    Gallery: blackthorn (25 photos)

    Leaves, shoots, bark

    The leaves contain many vitamins, flavonoids and anthocyanins, the roots - coloring and tannins. Bark is used to treat gout, colds, wound healing. The leaves begin to harvest immediately after flowering. In everyday life, tea is made from dried and ground into ground green mass, mixing it with ordinary brewing. The added raw material gives the drink a unique aroma and serves as a tonic and firming agent. Broth leaves is used for chronic constipation, cystitis, dermatitis, kidney disease, and with the addition of vinegar it is used to treat purulent wounds. Infusion of fresh leaves is brewed as usual tea and is used for edema, so this drink, consumed three times a day, is often prescribed for kidney diseases.

    Broth bark is used in the fight against female inflammation, but it is no less useful in the fight against erysipelas, ulcers and boils. Cold remedy is prepared by simple boiling for half an hour on the fire. The resulting decoction can be used before each meal, 2-3 tbsp. l Undoubted benefit is achieved by the use of decoction of leaves and young shoots of blackthorn. With febrile conditions, persistent inflammatory processes, it gives not only antipyretic and diaphoretic, but also a cleansing effect.

    The remedy of the roots helps to improve the condition of malaria, to stop severe diarrhea, prevent respiratory diseases, and possible complications from them.

    Broth bark is used in the fight against female inflammation, but it is no less useful in the fight against erysipelas, ulcers and boils

    The roots of blackthorn are dug in the fall, when the plant has already fallen asleep, and the bark can be harvested from the shoots or branches that are cut off immediately after flowering. If abundant growth is uprooted, roots and bark can be harvested in early spring. Drying is permitted in the sun, in the dryer, and in a warm room with heating, which has been previously ground. A decoction of leaves and bark is useful for boils, cystitis, nephritis, for douching for gynecological pathologies with simultaneous ingestion. Undoubted benefit is achieved when using decoction in washing with purulent diseases of the skin and oral mucosa. Even from the fact that gardeners usually burn or throw away the thorns when cultivating, undoubted benefit is derived.

    Flowers are not only beauty

    The flowers of the inhospitable spines are only in spring, not for long, therefore they can be harvested only during this period, and even then with an eye to it, because, having gathered a bountiful harvest of buds, you can be left with no less necessary berries. The plant turns black beauty when the flowering is just beginning, and only buds, closed or slightly blossomed, are collected for medicinal needs. To dry, unlike bark and leaves, they can only be in the shade, in the open air, in dry weather, because the flowers prepared in the usual way lose some of the beneficial properties. Use this raw material to create drugs can only be for a year. Next spring will have to take care of the new collection. Therefore, you should not rip off a tree or shrub in its beautiful time, especially ruthlessly. It is better to give berries that are used for 3 years.

    The beneficial properties of the buds of the plant are revealed with the daily use of decoction for hypertension. Enough to drink an infusion of 2 tbsp. l half a cup in the morning and evening to feel good. Undoubted benefit is achieved when using this broth in the treatment of prostate adenoma. It removes nausea and shortness of breath, affects vascular permeability, significantly strengthens the immune system. Flowers have antipyretic properties, such as the leaves, the ability to treat kidney disease and boils. Since there is more green mass and it can be harvested in any quantity, turn sheets are used more often. As for contraindications, the leaves, bark, shoots, flowers of blackthorn, unlike berries, they practically do not exist.

    Berries - an indispensable medicine with a small budget

    A shrub used for decorative purposes or to create a hedge and cut to give it the desired shape brings little fruit, but is suitable for harvesting the rest of the raw materials. Berries can be harvested from wild plants or 2-3 trees can be grown for this. By caring for them and properly fertilizing, the crop can be obtained significant, especially since berries are practically the most used component of the plant. They are collected in the summer, dried for medicinal needs, or left to the cold on a tree. Frost knocks out some of the substances that give the fruit astringent specific taste, so people prefer to pick and eat fresh blackthorn berries after the onset of cold weather.

    In addition to practical application in cooking and the preparation of beverages, berries in a processed form are used for medicinal purposes. Harvested berries are dried in the sun or in the oven and use such blanks for 3 years. They perfectly retain their properties if stored in canvas or linen bags.

    Сок свежих ягод используют при расстройствах желудка, вызванных паразитарными поражениями, микробными инвазиями, при пищевых отравлениях, дизентерии, нарушении обмена веществ, воспалении почек и печени. Medicinal properties and contraindications of berries are widely known. With their undoubted healing properties, people with ulcers, gastritis, and individual intolerance to this plant try to refrain from using fresh fruits.

    Turn and its fruits are indispensable for colds, immune failures, intestinal pathologies, diseases of the digestive system, purulent skin lesions, poisonings. Its medicinal properties are used in the treatment of non-specific colitis and candidiasis, with neuralgia and metabolic disorders. Preparations from all that wild shrubs can give are widely used in the drug industry as a necessary component of preparations. Broths of leaves, berries, flowers are recommended to drink in case of catarrhal epidemics, and the use of blackthorn in this case is indisputable and proven.

    Application in life and cooking

    A common and unpretentious plant is widely known in Europe and in Siberia. The shrub has gained popularity recently, moving from the category of wild plants to a group of plants used to create a hedge. Trouble-free care, the minimum amount of fertilizer that is required for intensive growth, ease in giving the necessary shape made the shrub a favorite element in places where there is no possibility to put a fence. Long thorns, strong roots, decorative branching - these are the reasons why the culture began to grow intensively.

    But the blackthorn berries, which not everyone considers edible because of the specific, sour, strongly astringent taste, can be used for various culinary purposes and after a skillful preparation to appreciate.

    Honey, water and blackthorn make kvass, which requires 10-12 hours of fermentation and is as good as bread. Tincture of the turn requires half a year of exposure, but has an indescribable aroma, and there are fans who do not exchange it for any other. Wine from thorns is used both as a low alcohol drink and as an antibacterial agent for intestinal diseases.

    Jam and jam from the berries require no more sugar than is used when cooking other berries, but from the thorns they are healthier and retain most of the necessary substances. In Bulgaria, this plant is boiled porridge, and from the dried berries, you can make a good coffee substitute, which also tones, but does not cause persistent dependence.

    Compote rolled up for the winter in sugar-free cans can be used as a prophylactic agent for all sorts of illnesses in the long winter.

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