Pomegranate has excellent taste and a lot of useful properties. It was eaten in antiquity. This fruit is often used to prepare meat dishes, marinades and sauces, and its grains are decorated with sweet desserts. But only experienced growers know where and how pomegranate grows. This amazing culture deserves special attention, because it is used not only for food, but also for the treatment of various diseases.
Homeland and plant description
People know about pomegranate since ancient times. The ancient Romans loved him very much, calling him a grainy apple. The Egyptians grew this crop in their gardens.
On the territory of Carthage, the plant appeared thanks to the Phoenicians in the 800s BC. er They brought it from the Mediterranean, where pomegranate grows. The countries of the area actively traded this culture. Soon the Romans conquered these territories and exterminated everything except the gardens where they grow pomegranate.
For a very long time, these juicy fruits were served exclusively to notable ladies and kings, because their skin resembles a crown in their appearance. This plant itself feels great in the tropics and subtropics, where drought prevails. Today pomegranate is common in all world states. It was brought to Asia and Europe from Mexico, the United States of America and other countries where pomegranate grows in nature. In a short time, culture has become truly widespread. It is noteworthy that in Russia there are places where pomegranate fruit grows.
Its fruits resemble the shape of something between an apple and an orange, but inside them there can be up to 1100 seeds, protected by juicy pulp. From a biological point of view, pomegranates are berries.
The height of the pomegranate tree can sometimes reach 6−7 meters. However, there are dwarf varieties of culture, which are miniature shrubs. On the tree trunk are thin branches and thorns. Pomegranate bark has a light brown color. The flowering period of the plant under consideration begins in May and lasts until August. At the same time, very attractive flowers in the form of small bells are formed on the culture. Their color can be very different.
The diameter of the pomegranate fruit reaches 12−13 cm. The mass of each of them is about 0.4−0.6 kg. Inside are seeds. The skin that protects the seed contains:
- tanning compounds
- vitamins, etc.
Now this culture is most often found in the Crimea, Greece, Italy, the Caucasus and the countries of the Middle East. It should be noted that in the wild form, it is quite rare.
Conditions for full growth
Pomegranate is a light-loving culture. He needs good lighting, so the plant feels great in regions where a hot climate prevails. If it does not receive a sufficient amount of light, then its flowering will become impossible.
To get tasty and large fruits, in the summer months the weather must be hot. At the end of autumn pomegranate discards foliage. He is able to safely endure a cold snap to -12 degrees Celsius.
Fruits tree about 60 years. However, in France there are cultures that have been pleasing with their fruits for 200 years.
Pomegranate is a representative of the Derbennikovye family. At present, only 2 varieties of this plant are distinguished:
The latter species grows only on an island called Socotra. Moreover, it is not even engaged in growing it.
Ordinary pomegranate is popular in all world countries. It occurs in natural conditions. A common variety includes the following subspecies:
- Pink and red Gulosh. Fruits differ thin skin pinkish or reddish. Grown in Azerbaijan.
- Crimean striped. This species was created in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden. Its fruits weigh about 300 g and are covered with thick skin.
- Bala Mursal. A small tree with very high yields.
- Nikitinsky early. A miniature shrub with large and juicy berries.
- Dwarf variety. It is considered a decorative culture, but has edible fruits. It differs from “standard” subspecies only in size.
- Achik-don. Grows in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. The variety has a rather high yield and sweet grains.
There are other varieties of pomegranate, designed for a particular climate. However, these are the most popular.
Landing on the dacha
First you need to pay attention to the region in which it is planned to grow the culture. To achieve a rich harvest, it is better to choose a sunny and spacious place.
At first, after planting, the plant must be carefully cared for. It must be fed. For this purpose, experienced gardeners advise to use Crystalon. Make a top dressing need foliar way.
In addition, you need to regularly deal with weeds near the pomegranate. In September or October, culture is recommended to cover. At the same time, the branches are tilted and fixed to the pegs, after which they are covered with soil. Such manipulations should be carried out annually.
Planting grenades is easy. A hole with a size of 60x60x60 cm is pulled out, after which a little fertile soil is placed on its bottom. Then a seedling is placed into it and covered with soil. Planted plant is abundantly watered.
Soil need to pay special attention. If it is too greasy and clay, then it is necessary to add sand. Manure and humus are not allowed into the pit for planting, otherwise the seedling will die.
When planting, the soil should be poured abundantly and compact the soil at this place. After 1-2 days of hydration should be repeated. Then the ground surface should be covered with dry leaves or sawdust.
Growing at home
Dwarf varieties often grow at home. Interestingly, the plant begins to bloom in the first year of landing.and after another year you can already enjoy the sweet-sour berries.
To grow a crop, you need to prepare in advance a wide and spacious container. Be sure to keep in mind that the root system of pomegranate develops in the upper soil layers. Before planting in the pot you need to arrange a good drainage of gravel or expanded clay. When planting the roots of the seedling must be carefully straightened.
Sowing material can be taken in the nursery or ordered in a specialty store. You can try to grow a culture of pomegranate fruit. But in this case, you need to take only ripe berries, which are different dried skin.
How pomegranate grows in nature
Where does pomegranate grow? In the southern regions - the plant loves the heat, the sun. Under natural conditions, pomegranate trees grow to six meters, but there are also known dwarf varieties, shrub with light brown bark and spiny thin twigs.
- Pomegranates bloom from May to August.
- Flowers bloom all over the trunk. They are very beautiful: they look like bells. Coloring - white, yellow, yellow-orange.
- The plant needs enough light and heat. With a lack of sunny days, flowering is impossible.
- In winter, the plant loses foliage.
- A grenade is not afraid of frosts up to 12 degrees below zero. But for the winter, trees or shrubs must be carefully covered.
After flowering fruits are formed. In mature form, they reach 12 cm in diameter. The rounded forms of the fruit are covered with reddish-brown peel. Under it are hidden juicy sweet red seeds, because of which, in the main, they began to grow plants.
Propagate plants by grafting or grains. True, the latter option is very time consuming. Much easier to use ready seedlings. It is more comfortable to grow a grenade on a plot without a shadow. Often it is not necessary to water the plant, enough times a week.
How do grenades grow in suburban areas
In the country to grow a useful and beautiful plant can be without any special difficulties. How to grow a pomegranate? Choose sunny vast areak. For planting dig a hole, width, height, depth of 60 cm. At the bottom of the pit lay a couple of shovels of fertile soil.
Then a sapling is put on it, buried and watered generously, compacting the landing site. Void should not be formed. After a day, the pomegranate is watered again. Land sprinkled with old sawdust or foliage to retain moisture.
Greasy clay soil before planting is mixed with sand. Sandy soil, by contrast, is diluted with black soil.
Saplings are recommended to lower into the pit a dozen centimeters lower than the plants planted in the nursery. Then the grenade grows better. During the first year of the plants special care needed. Neither humus nor additional fertilizers are applied so as not to destroy the young grenades. However, in the first year of feeding will still be required. The best option - "Crystal". It will accelerate flowering and growth of seedlings. Make fertilizer foliar way.
Fruiting directly depends on the seedling. If cuttings or cuttings are used, you will have to wait at least six years. And from woody cuttings grow weaker plants. Stronger seedlings yield the third year after disembarkation. Maximum fruiting comes after eight to ten years.
Be sure to follow the soil, saving it from growing weeds in time. In the autumn the plant is covered. The branches at the same time tilt down, attached to the pegs, then sprinkled with earth.
Trim? Sure to!
In the spring or after harvesting, carry out planned pruning. Cut out the old branches, damaged, small, leading to the thickening of the crown.
- Be sure to remove root shoots. It does not make sense to grow it.
- 5-6 shoots are left on the tree. This will well improve the fruiting and allow you to properly cover the plant for the winter.
- Once in 20 years spend rejuvenating pruning.
As the pomegranate grows at home
Homemade pomegranate - spectacular unpretentious plant. For growing at home perfect dwarf varieties. Even in the first year such a pomegranate blooms, reaching a height of 25 cm. In the second year, sour-sweet fruits ripen.
Propagate the plant seeds, vaccinations, cuttings. Fully signs of the mother plant retain cuttings and cuttings. Pomegranate trees that do not have maternal characteristics grow from seeds. For comfortable conditions, a wide shallow pot is selected for a home plant. The ground is mixed with sand, necessarily laying drainage on the bottom. After planting, the cutting is poured abundantly. Then enough times a week.
Selection of planting material
There is a difference between the stone and the seed. Seeds are formed in the flowered pomegranate flower. They are collected and planted in the soil. The plant develops more slowly than when planting the seed, seed germination is also lower.
From fresh ripe fruits take bones. Safer to use ripe fruit homemade pomegranate. Determine the degree of ripeness on the peel: it is dried, as if wrapped around grains. It does not matter whether the pulp is freed from planting grain or not. They are planted immediately in the ground, plentifully watered and the pot is covered with foil. Without clearing the bone from the pulp, it is immediately planted in the soil. If the landing is planned after some time, the grain is separated from the pulp, washed, slightly dried to ensure safety from rotting.
Can soak the bones half a day in the water with the addition of a couple of drops of “Zircon” or “Epin” to accelerate germination. But one should not allow complete coverage of the seeds with the solution completely: the oxygen is needed. Suitable for planting cream-colored seeds that feel solid. Unsuitable - soft and greenish.
Departure after landing
The easiest way to plant seeds in universal soil. The pot should be wide, not too big: the root system is superficial. Capacity needed close. This is the main condition. In a spacious pot, pomegranate produces barren bells, although it will grow well. The first transplant - a year later. Then it is necessary to transplant the plant only after filling the roots with the pot completely.
Each subsequent capacity is chosen more than the previous one by a couple of centimeters. After reaching the plant four years transplants stop. It is only necessary to replace the top layer of soil in the pot.
The seed is sunk a centimeter and a half into the ground, watered a little. From above cover with a film or glass and put in a sunny place.
The optimal time for disembarking - the end of winter is the beginning of spring. In this case, after a couple of weeks, you can see the first white sprout shoots from seed or seed. Otherwise, you will have to tune in for several months.
After the appearance of the first true leaves, the seedlings are seated in separate pots with drainage. The roots are shortened by a third. Plants put on the brightest window sills, as it is necessary to provide a minimum of two-hour sunbathing. For winter shoots will have to think about additional lighting to grow healthy trees.
Care for sprouts
After forming three pairs of leaflets, they are pinched to form a plant with a pair of tops and to obtain a fluffy crown.
- For normal development, the room where garnet grows is regularly aired, and the temperature is maintained at 20-25 degrees.
- In the summer, the plant can be taken out on the terrace or balcony to ensure maximum fresh air and light.
Ten months after the emergence of shoots begins flowering.
If you plan to grow pomegranate for fruits, to feed a home plant better organic.
Of the options are most good chicken manure or slurry. But with an excess of nitrogen, the plant cannot bloom, there will be no fruits.
Caring for pomegranate in the winter and autumn period
By the autumn the tree will begin to prepare for peace: throw foliage. It is possible to stimulate the winter growth, but it is undesirable: the plant will be tired, exhausted.
For this time stop any feeding, transfer the plant to a cool room with a temperature of 10-12 degrees, reduce watering to a minimum and leave to rest for a month or two, providing conditions for normal development in the future.
Water the homemade pomegranate under the root, preventing moisture from entering the leaves. The soil should ideally remain slightly wet. During the flowering period, watering is reduced, preventing the land from drying out.
Water take a couple degrees warmer than room temperaturedefended during the day at least. Replace watering is permissible by spraying boiled slightly warmed water.
3-4 skeletal branches are left to form the crown. On each of them, the plant later lays on 4-5 branches, which later give more branches. Root shoots are pruned. Cut off the old branches, which can no longer grow.
For cuttings pruned ten-centimeter increase of the current year. You can graft and basal shoots. The cuttings are left for 6 hours in a solution of the root stimulator. Only the bottom cut is immersed in it.
Next, the stalk is washed, planted in the prepared soil from equal parts of peat and sand, deepening a couple of centimeters lower section. Top cover with a plastic bottle with a cropped neck to create a greenhouse effect. Leave the container on a well-lit window sill. After rooting, about a week or a decade, the cuttings are planted in separate pots. Optimal soil - for citrus.
Under good conditions, the plant blooms in the second year. It is permissible to take lignified cuttings for reproduction. But they take root longer and die more often.
It is permissible to use the vaccine. To do this, to grow from the stone roots grafted varietal cutting. It is taken only from a fruiting plant. The choice of vaccination method is an independent decision. You can choose from more than hundreds of known methods. With a successful performance, you can wait for flowering in three years.
Pomegranate - a picky plant. He does not tolerate drought, does not like an overabundance of moisture. But does not require a special soil. With proper care, compliance with all conditions, the plant will delight spectacular views, the beauty of flowers and delicious fruits.
A bit of history
In antiquity, pomegranate grains attracted many people. In Rome, thanks to the grains, the fruit was called malumgranatum, which in Latin means “grained apple”, hence the Russian name, pomegranate.
In the era of the great pharaohs of Egypt, pomegranate grew in Carthage (modern territory of Tunisia). Therefore, the Romans called the fruit punicus or malumpunicum - Punic (Carthage) or "Punic apple."
It is authentically known that in 825 BC the Phoenicians founded Carthage, and before that they lived on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea (the modern coastline of Syria and Lebanon). From these places they brought pomegranate tree seedlings. Carthage was one of the most prosperous trading cities, which really hurt the Romans and when they took possession of Carthage, literally wiping off the face of the earth, only a grenade survived.
Pomegranate was revered and considered the “king” of fruits, because it even outwardly differed among other fruits, since the sepals resembled the shape of a crown. It is believed that they became the prototype of the main headdress of the king.
One can only guess what works the people of North Africa cost to grow a marvelous fruit under the merciless African sun. Гранаты растут в тропиках и субтропиках, их очень удобно культивировать в местах, где жаркий полусухой климат.
Currently, pomegranate grows in abundance in the Crimea, in the south of the Krasnodar Territory, in the hot regions of the North Caucasus. Tellingly, it is found today in the wild, for example, in Transcaucasia. Here it can be seen in small undergrowths of pine or oak, on rocky slopes and salt marshes. It is cultivated in Central Asia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, the Mediterranean.
Useful qualities and properties of pomegranate
Pomegranate flowers are used in the textile industry. They contain a large amount of organic dyes that paint fabrics.
The beneficial properties of pomegranate are invaluable, the berries contain vitamins, minerals, minerals. The juice contains sugar and glucose, about 10% acids, a large amount of tannins.
Pomegranate fruits quench thirst, stimulate appetite, strengthen the immune system and vascular walls, improve blood formation. Pomegranate juice is recommended for heart diseases, it normalizes blood pressure, cleanses the liver, helps fight depression. Juice is recommended for diabetes. If it is consumed daily in a small amount, on the fourth day the blood sugar level will decrease.
The peel tastes bitter, but acts as a good fixative for indigestion, and the decoction of the peel is an excellent anti-inflammatory agent for gargling.
The lintels that separate the pomegranate grains are dried and added to tea, which helps to get rid of insomnia, relieves anxiety and arousal. Bones stimulate the intestines and are a source of valuable pomegranate oil, which are rich in vitamins F and E, protecting the body from cancer and promoting rejuvenation.
In cooking, mainly in the Caucasus, they use condensed or boiled pomegranate juice as a seasoning for various dishes. Whether it is meat or vegetable dish, the taste will be unique.
Growing pomegranate in nature
Pomegranate loves bright light and requires lighting without shadow. If it feels lack of light, it will not bloom. For ripening fruit requires a long and hot summer, and not very cold and short winter, as the plant can withstand temperatures not lower than -12 degrees.
Pomegranate bred grains, cuttings, layering and grafting on seedlings. From grains to grow quite troublesome, difficult and long. The best option is to buy a ready seedling and then cultivate. A seedling is planted in a place with maximum access to the sun's rays. Water the plant 2-3 times a week in the first month after planting, then watering is reduced to 1 time per week.
Fruiting pomegranate depends on the seedling. If the cutting or cutting is to wait 6-7 years for the crop, and if the seedling is strong, the first fruits will appear in the third year after planting. The maximum fructification of the plant reaches 8-10 years.
The tree lives on average 50-70 years, but there are some long-lived bushes. Pomegranates grow in parks in Paris that have been bearing fruit for more than 200 years, and in Azerbaijan for more than 100 years. There are rare specimens that are almost 3 centuries old.
Pomegranate is so unpretentious that it grows in almost any soil. It grows amazingly on clay and acidic soil when it is warm and sunny. It belongs to the family of shrubs and grows up to 6 meters in height.
If we talk about industrial plantings of a crop, the soil is prepared in the classical way - at first plowed annual plants that are specially grown, like organic fertilizer, this is called green manure. Then fertilizers are applied, manure is added, special plows are used for deep tillage (plantazh), before planting drilled holes and planted. It turns out a nursery for pomegranates. Acquired seedlings from such nurseries get along well at home.
We grow pomegranate at the dacha
Pomegranate can be grown on the summer cottage, if the land is fertile. A hole is dug out with a size of 60x60x60cm, at the bottom of which an upper layer of soil is placed, as it is more fertile, a seedling is laid, buried and watered.
If the soil is heavy, clayey, with low oxygen saturation, it is advised to add river sand, and if the soil is sandy, add fertile soil. In case of planting, mineral fertilizers, manure or humus should not be added to the hole in any case; they do this no later than 3 months before planting.
Seedlings deepen centimeters 10 lower than they grew in the nursery. This is done in order to form an additional root system, and the plants are better settled. It is better to arrange seedlings at an angle of 45 degrees in the direction of the row, which in the future will make it easy to cover the bushes for the winter.
- After planting, carefully soil and pour the soil around the seedling to avoid the formation of voids.
- After 1 day, water and soil the soil again with leaves or dark sawdust (half-rotted).
- Water the seedlings at least 1 time per week. Feed by foliar method crystal on the leaf, in May and June. 10 liters of water (bucket) - 15-20 grams of fertilizer will be enough for 10 acres.
- Crystal well stimulates the growth and flowering of plants, it is very beneficial in economic terms and environmentally friendly.
- Periodically process the soil, removing weeds.
Shelled a grenade in November. Shrubs are tilted, tied to the stakes that will stand constantly, shovel throw the ground that is between the rows. Believe me, all this will be rewarded a hundredfold, when in the summer the bushes will smell sweet and floral, and in the winter, when you celebrate the New Year, you can treat your guests with your own pomegranate fruits!
How to grow pomegranate at home
Among growers, lovers of home cultures, the most popular dwarf pomegranate, which begins to bloom in the thief year of life.
- For planting a dwarf pomegranate, a small but wide vessel will fit, as the plant has a developed root system. The soil is taken slightly acidic.
- Pomegranate is easy to grow, even on the windowsill, if there is a lot of heat and sunlight.
- The flowers are very beautifully located almost all over the crown, only at home there are not so many of them, and the fruits of the dwarf pomegranate are small, 5-6 cm.
Not everyone can boast a pomegranate tree on the windowsill, which will complement the curtains and decorate the interior.
Crown plants are formed 2 times a year, in spring and autumn. Autumn pruning more thorough than spring. Also monitor the condition of moisture, the soil should be wet. In the summer, the pot is carried out to a balcony or loggia, and with the onset of cold weather they are removed to a cool room (at this time the leaves fall). The optimum temperature for wintering is about 15 degrees. Feeding in winter is not required. Since the shrub "sleeps", watering is limited, but does not allow the soil to dry out. In the spring, as soon as the young leaves appear, fertilizing is resumed.
How to grow pomegranate from the stone
The question of how to grow pomegranate from the stone interests many. The answer of gardeners is always unequivocal: it is possible, only the process is long and difficult. From cuttings to grow a plant easier.
- Pomegranate quickly peeled. Ideal if you can get the fruit of a tree grown at home, because of the purchased almost nothing happens.
- Remove the grain (when planting, use the grain, not the gnawed bones) and dry. Usually enough days.
- Grains are soaked in milk or water (to better germinate). Some use special growth promoters.
Options for planting grains at home are varied. Some believe that the grain should not be soaked, especially in milk. When the grains are ready for planting, we plant them in the soil, pre-loosening and moisturizing. Some use ready-made primer for flowers or seedlings.
After disembarking, the dishes are covered with plastic wrap to create a greenhouse effect and put in a warm, but not bright place. It will take about a week. When shoots appear, remove the film, and move the plant to a place where direct sunlight falls. It is easy to care for the pomegranate, the main thing is to water, feed, periodically remove excess seedlings and form the crown.
If you want to pomegranate fruit, do not plant in a spacious pot. Choose a container that exactly matches the size of the earth coma. This is another feature of the dwarf pomegranate, the narrower the dishes, the more fruitful pitchers.
Any amateur gardener who grows pomegranate in the garden is worthy of respect, and if the plant is cultivated at home, you get a real exotic. After collecting the fruit, you can make a delicious sponge cake or squeeze the juice.
General description of the appearance
Outwardly, they do not differ from pomegranate trees growing in open ground, but grow no higher than one and a half meters, more often - 60-70 centimeters. Several shoots grow from one rootone of which is main and thicker, so the plant has the appearance of a tree.
The leaves are small, oblong, dense, glossy, grouped bunches. One side of the sheet is darker than the other. From May to August, orange flowers appear in sizes from 2 to 5 centimeters, in appearance they resemble bells. Pomegranate tree blossoms for a long time, it is abundant and looks very impressive at the same time, therefore it is often used as an ornamental plant. The branches are thin, prickly, covered with light brown bark.
The growth rate depends on the conditions, variety and method of planting.. At home, pomegranate can be grown from seeds, but it will take a lot of time and effort. For the year the escape, planted in this way, will reach 20-25 centimeters.
Planting cuttings twice accelerates the process, but under adverse conditions, growth slows down. In its natural environment, the pomegranate tree begins to bear fruit at the age of 5-6.
Garden varieties under favorable conditions and good care will please the fruits a little earlier - at 3-4 years old, and room fruits bear fruit in the second year.
How old is living?
Under natural conditions, there are individual long-lived grenades that grow to 200-300 years old. Pomegranate gardens are renewed in 50-60 years, since then their fertility decreases. Dwarf home plants live even less, but their age greatly depends on the characteristics of care.
How quickly do the fruits ripen?
The peculiarity of pomegranate trees is that not every flower is tied with flowers (most of them fall off). The rate of fruit ripening varies greatly depending on the region of growth, plant variety, conditions. This time ranges from 170 to 220 days and ripe fruits are harvested from September to November, depending on conditions. It is also necessary to take into account the fact that the fruits are tied not at the same time, respectively, and ripening occurs gradually.
How do they look?
The appearance of pomegranate fruit is well known to all. They are usually spherical in shape. In botany, this type of fruit is called "granatina." The color of the ripe fruit is red-brown, the surface is rough. Inside there are numerous sweet and sour seeds covered with juicy red flesh. Seeds are divided by spongy partitions.
In one pomegranate can be from 200 to 1400 seeds. The diameter of the fetus about 12 centimeters. How much does one fruit weigh without peel? The weight can reach 500 g, but only half of this mass is edible, for one pomegranate it is about 250 g. Up to 60 kilograms of fruit are collected from one tree.
In the photo below you can see how pomegranate grows at home and in the garden.
Favorable conditions for pomegranate
Pomegranate is a southern thermophilic plant, and this must be taken into account when it is grown. For planting should choose open light areas with fertile soil. In the middle zone of the plant, growing in open ground, it is necessary to close for the winter. To do this, they even planted at an angle of 45 degrees to make it easier to warm. Potted grenades in the winter, on the contrary, should be kept in a cool room.
Pomegranate is a useful and beautiful plant.. Despite its subtropical origin, it can be grown even in the middle lane with proper care. Homemade varieties are smaller and will be a wonderful decoration of any room.
How to grow a pomegranate from a stone at home
Pomegranate is an amazing plant in all respects. To begin at least with the fact that it blooms for a long time: from the beginning of summer until autumn. Following the blooming flowers appear more and new. Those who have seen a flowering pomegranate will never forget this amazing sight. Against the background of green foliage, the flowers look fabulously beautiful - a bright orange-red color and an unusual bell-shaped form - and richly cover the plant. It is also surprising that at the pomegranate you can simultaneously observe both flowering and fruit set.
On a pomegranate, you can simultaneously observe flowers and fruit
In the East, this plant has long been considered the king of fruits. Flowers and pomegranate fruits symbolize longevity, fertility, wealth and abundance. Many Bible scholars believe that the “paradise apple” was actually a pomegranate. There is also a belief that the shape of the fruit sepals suggested to people the idea of creating a crown. Well, about the benefits of the fruit and not talk. Everybody knows for sure how many trace elements, vitamins and organic matter are contained in this fruit.
The form of the sepal resembles a crown, which is probably why garnet is called the royal fruit
Another surprising fact is that pomegranate can be easily grown at home from a stone. If in nature a plant grows up to 6 m, then in room conditions a tree rarely exceeds the two-meter level. Due to this, the indoor pomegranate will be able to decorate any corner of the apartment and bring joy and well-being to the house. In general, a pomegranate grows best in indoor conditions. It is decorative, has a miniature size and easily adapts to living conditions. Fruits tying a little, and they are small - about 5 cm in diameter. But have a pleasant taste and have juiciness.
All purchased seeds are hybrid plants that are adapted specifically to indoor conditions. But many lovers germinate and seeds from commercial fruits. True, it is best to collect material for planting not from imported garnets, but from domestic ones. In Russia, the places where this exotic fruit grows is small, but they exist - the Crimea, the Krasnodar Territory, the North Caucasus.
Pomegranate is a small but very beautiful plant.
Planting pomegranate seeds
So, the seeds can be purchased at the store or collected independently. Seed preparation for planting is very simple:
- It is necessary to buy the most beautiful and ripe fruit (it is not necessary to choose a large one, dimensions do not matter). It should not show signs of rotting, mold, dents, scratches, etc.
To harvest the seed you need to choose the most ripe fruit.
Before sowing, check seed germination.
To speed up seed germination, many sources recommend the following procedure:
- Bone surface is slightly rubbed with a nail file. So you will help the germ to quickly get rid of the hard shell.
- Then pierce the shell with a sharp needle and soak the seed. To do this, put the selected seed on a saucer and pour a little water, so that the liquid only half covered the seed. You can simply wrap the material for planting in a damp cloth, periodically moistening it. In this state, the seeds should be 3 days, but you need to change the water every 12 hours. It is not necessary to wait for the sprouts to sprout: the seeds will germinate only after hitting the substrate.
To speed up the germination of pomegranate seeds, they can be wrapped in a damp cloth
Soil and capacity
As a soil for seedlings need to pick up a light and fertile substrate. Suitable universal store earth, but you can prepare the mixture yourself. There are several options:
- mix equal parts of high-moor peat and sand,
- in equal parts, take the turf and leaf soil, sand and add half of the humus.
Germination pots should be wide, at least 10 cm high, with drainage holes. The material of which the pot is made does not matter. Be sure to place a layer of expanded clay, purchased drainage or pieces of foam in such a way as to completely close the bottom of the pot. Then pour the soil.
Pot for the germination of pomegranate seeds pick a wide
Where and how does pomegranate grow in nature
Pomegranate has several names: pomegranate, pomegranate. It belongs to the Derbennikovye family. It gives recognizable fruits, which, due to their peculiarities, are referred to as a special type of granatin.
Pomegranates grow along the Mediterranean coast - in Southern Europe and North Africa, and in Asia they are distributed mainly in the western regions up to the Himalayan mountains. Thus, it is a tropical plant that is found in a wide range from 40 o south to 45 o north latitude.
IT IS INTERESTING
The Latin name for punicus pomegranate is translated as Punic or Carthage, since this tree grows on the territory of North Africa, where the state of Carthage was located in ancient times.
About the beneficial properties of pomegranate
Much is known and said about the benefits of pomegranate. It contains a variety of vitamins, organic substances and trace elements that good effect on various organ systems and the body as a whole:
- витамин С улучшает иммунитет,
- витамин P способствует укреплению тканей стенок сосудов,
- витамины группы обеспечивают обменные процессы, улучшают кроветворение,
- дубильные вещества оказывают бактерицидное действие.
Основная польза граната – оптимизация кровотока, укрепление прочности сосудов, благодаря чему улучшается сердечный ритм и стабилизируется артериальное давление.
Описание карликовых декоративных сортов граната
In nature, pomegranate grows to 5-6 meters. However, at home, special ornamental varieties are grown, which due to their size are called dwarf. They mainly grow within 80-120 cm. The leaves are small oval-shaped with a pleasant gloss. Have a bright light green color.
An interesting detail - foliage almost always changes its color. When the period of growth begins in the spring, they are more saturated with bronze tones, and during the summer they manage to acquire juicy green tones. By autumn, they turn yellow, like most of the trees we are used to.
How to grow a pomegranate room (video)
The flowers are bright red, more foliage in size, therefore they look favorably on their background. They are elongated, conical shape and live only a few days. However, during the season new buds are constantly being formed, thanks to which the pomegranate bush almost constantly decorates the room. Fruits are formed only in 4-5 flowers from a hundred. Moreover, if the fruit began to form, the flowers continue to appear on the bush, which creates a very beautiful, elegant appearance.
At present, quite a few varieties of dwarf pomegranate have been bred. The best known are the following:
- Nana (nana) grows to 100-110 cm, has elegant, proportional forms,
- Baby (baby) is a very elegant plant that grows to the size of no more than half a meter,
- Ruby slightly larger baby, its flowers have a classic bright red color,
- Uzbekistan - a real giant, because it can grow up to 2 meters in height. Forms fruit with a sweet and sour flavor.
Cold-resistant pomegranate varieties for growing in the garden
Pomegranate can be grown not only at home but also in the garden. For this you need to choose a special winter-hardy varieties:
- Gulyusha pink and red grow to a height of 2-2.5 meters, have a spreading crown, so they are used in the landscape design of the garden. Resistant to frost up to –15 o C.
- Ak Dona Crimean also stable in Russian climatic conditions. The variety forms a small tree that needs to be trimmed in time to achieve a beautiful bush shape. To produce fruit, it is cultivated in Central Asia, where it was bred.
Winter-hardy varieties of pomegranate take root well in the climatic conditions of central Russia, but most often they do not bloom. In order to cultivate them, compulsory protection will be required for the period of winter cold, since they can not withstand the frosts below -15 ° C.
Growing Pomegranate Seeds
In order to propagate pomegranate seeds, you need to select the ripest fruits (ornamental shrub or ordinary tree), extract berry from them, crush and plant shallowly (1 cm) into the soil, the composition of which is described in the appropriate section.
There is an experience of successful cultivation of pomegranate from seeds and in ordinary soil, suitable for indoor flowers. Important just provide them with sufficiently warm conditions (not below 22 o C) and water well. The first leaves appear after 1.5-2 months. As soon as they become 3-4, you can transplant in a separate small pot (take about 400 g of land). It is important to understand that pomegranate grown from seeds may lose some varietal characteristics.
Plant propagation by cuttings
The technology of propagation by cuttings is not only the simplest, but also very effective. All work is done in the fall:
- Shoots better to take the youngest (one or two years).
- All leaves, branches, thorns and dryish parts are removed.
- Then they are tied into a bundle and the bundle is placed on the bottom of a previously dug hole (about half a meter deep).
- Top need to cover with a large layer of straw (30 cm) and a little sprinkle with earth.
- The following year, when the ground is completely thawed, you need to remove the shoots, remove those that have withered, and cut a few cuttings of 15-20 cm from the rest.
- Cuttings should be planted only in heated soil, and 12 hours before planting should be kept in water.
Potted pomegranate varieties are easier to graft: in February, a non-lignified shoot is cut and processed with a root, after which it should be germinated in a wet mixture of peat and sand. When 4 leaves begin to appear, you can put in a regular pot.
Reproduction by vaccination
There are several types of vaccines:
- under the bark
- splitting of the cutting (the so-called splash),
- budding - i.e. vaccination sleeping eye.
All methods, except the last, are applied at the beginning of spring, and budding - in September. The stalk should be taken from a young shoot, 15–20 cm in size. It is better to insert it from the north side - direct sunlight should not penetrate the vaccination site during the entire time of the merging.
Selection and preparation of pomegranate seeds for planting
First of all, you need to properly approach the choice of pomegranate fruit. You can take decorative fruit, you can ordinary, which are purchased in the store. The technique is as follows:
- You need to take a very ripe or overripe fruit.
- Pull out some berries, crush the flesh with your fingers.
- Feel how hard the seeds are - only the hardest ones will do.
- Before planting, all the flesh must be washed off with a large amount of water, otherwise they will rot, and together with them the sprouts will also disappear.
- Landing need to make a shallow - a maximum of 1 cm.
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Contrary to popular belief, the germination of pomegranate seeds reaches 90-95%, but before the sprout appears, it can take a long time - sometimes up to a year.
Ground and flower pot for growing pomegranate on the windowsill
The composition of the soil includes equal amounts of the following types of land:
It is permissible to take a universal soil for indoor plants or a special soil for citrus trees. The main thing that the earth had a neutral reaction.
Important! The bottom must necessarily be drained - you can put coarse sand and small pebbles.
Initially, the seed can be planted in small dishes, and then transplanted into an ordinary flower pot. For decorative purposes of cultivation, you need to choose small containers, because when the roots become crowded, the bush will give a lot of flowers. There are no fundamental requirements for the material.
Pinching and transplanting pomegranate sprouts into a flower pot
Up to 4-5 years of life should be transplanted to a growing bush annually. Then it can be transplanted once every three years. In all cases, it is better to do the procedure in early spring. Each subsequent pot in diameter must be 4-5 cm larger than the previous one.
Take care of the formation of a beautiful crown to the early stages of development, because the young pomegranate gives a lot of shoots at the beginning of life. Pinch need horse shoots to crown turned out quite sprawling. You should also limit the growth of those branches that grow too rapidly.
Home care for pomegranate
Pomegranate is a fairly unpretentious plant, caring for it does not take much time:
- Optimally choose windows in the west or east so that the sun's rays do not directly fall on the foliage for a long time.
- During the spring period, nitrogen fertilizer should be applied every month - it is especially important to do this for young bushes that grow quickly.
- Watering in the summer is abundant, daily, in the winter - 1-2 times a week. Also in the warm period it is better to constantly spray the leaves - the pomegranate loves moisture.
- For wintering pomegranates do not disturb fertilizers. It must be moved to a cooler place (16-18 o C is permissible).
- In the summer, a young bush can be transplanted into the garden, but it is better not to disturb adult plants with transplants.
Where and how to plant pomegranate seedlings in the garden
Since the garnet loves light, it is unacceptable to place it in the shade - then it will gradually begin to fade. However, a strong, scorching heat should also be avoided. therefore optimal place - next to the garden trees (apple, bird cherry), which give a good partial shade and at the same time leave a lot of space for the passage of rays.
A hole is dug by the size of the root, rotted manure and old leaves mixed with sand (a layer of 20 cm) are poured into it. The roots of the seedling should be well straightened and planted, sprinkled with earth. Water should be plentiful at once. When the bush has got accustomed, around it it is necessary to create a mulch from manure.
Important! If it is possible, it is better to plant a bush on a small hill, because the pomegranate does not like an excessively moist environment - in this case, the roots may rot.
Watering and feeding plants
Watering weekly - if the bush is large, then according to the standard bucket of water (10 l). It must be defended to room temperature. If the summer is dry, water more often or more. Important to remember, that the grenade harms not only lack, but also excess moisture. If the leaves begin to crumble, the bush most likely has little moisture.
Top dressing needs to be done at the very end of spring, making mineral fertilizer. If during the season regularly (1-2 times a month) to apply organic fertilizer (humus, mullein, chicken manure), the bush will grow much faster.
How to care for a pomegranate tree during flowering and fruit formation
If the care of a plant is good (first of all, it is connected with irrigation and fertilizers), then it can bloom in the first 2 years. During flowering and the formation of the ovary should be used for watering cooler water (18 o C). Important also slightly reduce the usual volumes (by a quarter) of moisture. Before the formation of the ovary in the soil should definitely make superphosphate fertilizer.
Home Pomegranate - description, photo
Home grown plant in height reaches only 90-100 cm. Exotic pet blooms profusely and constantly. The tree is simply strewn with bright flowers that bloom in inflorescences as well as alone.
Pomegranate grown from a stone to bloom, and will bear fruit no sooner than three years after planting.
For pomegranate tree you need to find a bright place. The plant loves bright but diffused light. Direct sunlight will burn the leaves. Therefore, the tree grown on the southern sill should be pritenyat from the midday sun.
How to plant a grenade?
If you plan to grow pomegranate from a stone, then first of all you need to take care of planting material:
- In the market or in the grocery store you need to buy a large beautiful fruit. On his skin should not be dents, rot, mold.
- At home you need to break it, and leave for planting a few grains. Their germination reaches 95%, so enough four - five seeds.
- From the seeds you need to remove the remnants of the pulp, rinsing them for this under running water. Should remain solid ivory seeds. Green and soft to the touch grains will not be suitable for planting.
- The selected planting material is recommended to soak for 12 hours in a solution of "Zircon" or "Epin." For one teaspoon of water you will need only two drops of the solution.
While the seeds are soaked, can prepare the ground. It is possible to use the universal earth mix sold in flower shops. If possible, the soil can be prepared independently from fertile soil, peat and sand.
In the containers filled with earth for seedlings, pomegranate grains are planted to a depth of 1-1.5 cm. Then they are sprinkled with earth, sprayed with warm water and covered with polyethylene. Get a kind of greenhouse, in which the seeds quickly proklyututsya. The temperature for germinating pomegranate should be at least 25-30C.
Planted in November or early spring, the kernels should ascend in a couple of weeks. If they are planted at another time of the year, they can be hurt for several months.
Care for young sprouts
As soon as the first seedlings appear, the seedlings should be placed in a bright place. It is also necessary to ensure that the soil does not dry out. Water it better by spraying from a spray bottle.
Seedlings with two - three true leaves are transplanted into separate pots. Young plants are planted in the ground, for the preparation of which you need to mix:
- leaf humus - 1 part,
- turf - 2 parts
- sand - 0.5 parts,
- peat - 0.5 parts.
Pomegranate has a surface root system, so the tree can grow in small containers. The main thing is - good drainage.
Care for young plants is abundant and regular watering, which is carried out as the earthen mixture dries. Potted soil should always be a little wet. Excess water must be poured from the pan.
Planted in autumn plants in the winter season will need provide additional lighting. Otherwise, if there is a lack of light, the seedlings will stretch or will not grow at all.
Features of growing pomegranate tree
It is not difficult to care for pomegranate grown from the stone. The plant is unpretentious, but requires compliance with some rules of care:
- In the summer, the optimum temperature for growing pomegranate trees should be between 18-25 ° C. In winter, the plant is best kept in a cool room at a temperature of 12-15C. In the spring, when the last frosts take place, the bush can be put on the balcony or in the front garden.
- Earth grenade should not dry out. Therefore, in summer the tree is watered plentifully and often. In winter, if the plant is kept in cool conditions, watering is reduced. Pomegranate is watered only on top, because it has a shallow root system.
- To pomegranate fruit well, it is recommended to fertilize the plant from spring to autumn. To do this, you can use universal fertilizers for indoor plants. Top dressing is carried out every two weeks. But you should know that in the purchase of fertilizers a large amount of nitrates. Therefore, if you are going to eat pomegranate fruits, it is undesirable to feed it with such fertilizers.
- When a plant enters a dormant period, it begins to shed its leaves. This is a natural process, and do not be afraid. In order to not throw pomegranate leaves, some gardeners in the winter keep it in a warm room. It is not recommended to do this, because the plant is exhausted and will slow down growth.
- The buds of the pomegranate tree grown from seeds begin to bloom in February. At this time, it should be put on a brighter place, and more often watered. Weak and dry shoots need to be cut. Soon the bush will be covered with new foliage.
- Young plants are recommended to repot every year. The pot should be about 2 cm in diameter more than the previous one. Trees that are more than three years old are transplanted only when its roots fill the entire earthen room. However, it should be borne in mind that the pomegranate loves a little cramped pots in which it grows well and blooms profusely.
To make a beautiful and fluffy bush as a result of a young plant, a grenade every year haircut is necessary.
Pruning should be done before the active growth of the plant, that is, in February. As it ages, one of the tree trunks is replaced by a young, strong shoot. Therefore, shearing stimulates branching. Pruning young shoots need to do looking out the kidney. As a result, two to five pairs of leaves should remain on the branch. The remaining shoots from pruning can be put on the cuttings.
The crown of a tree can be made of the shape that you like best. Bush can be formed in the form of a ball, or make it an oval tree.
If you want to try yourself in the art of bonsai, then the pomegranate will suit you best. The desired shape of the bush can be given by repeatedly pinching it and cutting, bending old branches to the ground, and bending young with the help of a wire. Pomegranate can be formed in almost any style.
During the haircut do not be afraid to cut too much. In the spring, the tree will gain strength, and new branches and leaves will quickly grow. Do not forget to regularly remove dried flowers and leaves from the bush.
Pest and Pest Disease
When growing a pomegranate, it is recommended from time to time to inspect it for pests or diseases. Most often the plant affects:
- Spider mite If the leaves fall off, and a white cobweb appears on them, it means that the plant is infected with a spider mite. At the initial stage of the tree, you can try to cure folk remedies. It is recommended to use infusion of garlic, onion peel or tobacco. If such tools do not help, then it is worth spraying the bush with chemicals that are sold in specialized stores.
- Peduncle and aphid. These pest grenades are rarely affected. When they appear, the plant can be washed with "green soap", or sprayed with insecticides.
- Gray decay is manifested by the appearance of moldy patina on the plant. It is possible to cure pomegranate by treating the bush with a special preparation for gray rot.
- The cancer of the branches appears as wounds, along the edges of which spongy swellings appear. With this disease, at first the shoots dry out, and then the whole plant. Branch cancer affects frozen branches or damaged branches. Therefore, the diseased parts of the plant should be treated with garden brew, or completely removed.
The first flowering of pomegranate trees with good care can be expected already 10-12 months after the appearance of the senses. A home-grown plant will bloom several times a year, and it will rejoice with a few, but tasty fruits.
Sowing seeds and germination conditions
November and February are considered the best months for sowing seeds of an exotic plant. But there is information that you can sow them in the spring.
- Moisten the soil from the sprayer
- Make it indentations in 1 or 1.5 cm. Put on the bone and sprinkle with dry earth. Do not tamp!Расстояние между косточками оставляйте не менее 3 см, чтобы корни в дальнейшем не переплетались.
В идеале первые всходы появляются быстро — через 2 недели. Но если посадить в неподходящее время, то ожидание всходов может затянуться до месяца. If the seeds do not germinate after six months, then most likely they will not germinate.
Pomegranate bones do not drown more than 1.5 cm
When seedlings appear, you need to rearrange the pot on the most illuminated window. The ideal place is the south window sill. But do not rush to remove the package. You must first harden the shoots. Do this gradually, removing the shelter first for an hour, then gradually extend the time.
When shoots appear, the shelter is gradually removed.
Watering spend as needed - do not pour, but do not let the soil dry out too much. You can spray, but do not overdo it.
Important. For irrigation and spraying of pomegranate, use only distilled water, the temperature of which is 2–3 ° C higher than room temperature.
The temperature in the room where a small garnet grows and gets stronger, it is desirable to withstand in the range from 18 to 25 ° C. The room must be periodically ventilated, but at this time the grenade must be removed from the draft.
Pomegranate seedlings grow very quickly if they are in a comfortable environment.
Picks are carried out after the seedling will have 3-4 real leaves.. For the procedure, choose only the strongest plants. From the weak to grow healthy trees will not succeed. During the picking, the central root of the seedling can be lightly pinched. This will allow the plant to increase more suction side roots, due to which the ability to absorb nutrients and moisture will increase.
During the picking, you can slightly pinch the root
Will fruit pomegranate from the stone
Grown pomegranates can be called wild. But with proper care, it will bloom and bear fruit. Depending on what seed will be used, the time of entry into the period of fruiting will be different. If you plant hybrid seeds, then fruiting will come in 2-3 yearsbut. And if you germinate the seeds of a large pomegranate bought, then full flowering, and accordingly the first harvest, will have to wait a long time, sometimes up to 7 years.
Hybrid varieties of pomegranate come into fruition after 2 - 3 years
How to achieve abundant flowering and fruiting pomegranate
Abundant flowering pomegranate - the pledge of its fruiting. It should be noted that pomegranate blooms willingly in room conditions. And if he is comfortable, the first flowers may appear at a tree age of 10 months. If the fruits are tied up, they should be removed immediately, and this ruthless procedure should be carried out within 2-3 years. Only after this period, when the tree is stronger, can we count on a normal harvest. To stimulate flowering, you need to comply with a number of conditions.
By the way, most pomegranate flowers are barren. They fall off without forming the ovary.
Lots of light
A pot with a growing tree must be kept on the southern windowsill. It is the abundance of light that affects the flowering and fruiting of the pomegranate. But in the summer, in order not to provoke a leaf burn, the plant should be slightly shaded at the time of the greatest solar activity. A pomegranate growing in the shadows will be weak and painful.
The abundance of light - the key to good pomegranate development
Flowers, and therefore fruits, are formed at the tips of strong shoots of the current year and at 2-3-year-olds. This means that the plant must be formed. Pruning is carried out immediately after the harvest or before the start of the awakening - in late February.
If the young pomegranate did not start branching, reaching a height of 50 cm, then you need to help him. To do this, simply pinch the top. Thus, you will form a pomegranate in the form of a tree. But it is possible to form a bush form. For this, the top of a young plant is pinned at a height of 15 cm.
The pomegranate tree needs to be formed in order to gain a beautiful crown shape over time.
Rules of formation
When pruning a home pomegranate tree, it is important to follow a few basic rules:
- up to 5 skeletal twigs can be left on a home garnet,
- pruning is done over the kidney growing out
- The crown should not be very thick. Remove all thin shoots and branches older than 4 years,
- growing undergrowth is removed.
The room pomegranate has one peculiarity - the foliage on the branches and the sprouts can not wake up at the same time. If the pomegranate is almost all covered with leaves, but there are still bare branches, do not rush to get rid of them. At first, scratch the bark slightly, and check if the branch is alive or not. Just by making sure that the branch is dry, it can be safely removed.
In spring, green leaves on the pomegranate appear unevenly.
Pomegranate is very well shaped.. To give even more decoration to an exotic plant, you can braid young trunks in a braid. To do this, during the picking, plant in one pot 3 of the most powerful seedlings. After their adaptation, start weaving a braid right in the new container. Stalks do not tighten very tight, wire is also not necessary to fasten - the twigs will hold the trunks together. Alternatively spit can twist the trunks into a spiral.
From the pomegranate you get a great bonsai. To do this, the tree is grown in one branch, giving it the correct position and direction with the help of a wire. Form the height and shape at its discretion.
Pomegranate is perfectly prone to pruning and shaping, which means that in skillful hands you will get a real masterpiece from a tree
Two types of flowers are formed on the pomegranate - with a short pestle and with a long one. It is on the second that the fruits are formed. But for this flower must be pollinated. The procedure is easily performed using a cotton swab.. It would be nice to have 2 grenades, located nearby on the windowsill or balcony.
In indoor hybrid varieties have already laid a certain percentage of self-pollinated flowers. This figure ranges from 5 to 20%. But if artificially pollinate flowers, their number can be increased.
Pomegranate - deciduous plant. And if at the end of autumn your handsome man suddenly began to drop leaves - do not worry. This is a natural process by which exotic hints to you that it is time to rest. For the winter to pass safely, and in the spring your pet bloomed with a new force, provide the plant with the necessary conditions:
- in a dormant period, the pomegranate needs cool. Ideally, the plant should be put on a glazed loggia or balcony, where the temperature even in the coldest winter month will not fall below 5 ° C. Well, the most comfortable temperature in the winter is about 7 ° C,
- watering is extremely rare. At observance of the specified temperature regime, the soil dries very slowly, and watering is carried out only when the top layer of the soil is completely dry. On average, the frequency of moisture - 1 time in 2 weeks (and maybe even less, because after losing the foliage, the garnet practically does not evaporate moisture). Watering should be moderate, you can not pour grenades in this period,
- spraying is not carried out,
- the pomegranate on vacation is not fed until February.
All listed items refer to cool wintering only. If you leave the plant in a warm room, it will continue to grow, respectively, and will have to take care of it. But a warm winter for the benefit of a grenade will not work.
To fully relax, pomegranate drops leaves
Planting and transplanting
This is an important procedure for a pomegranate, especially a young one. During the first 5 years of growth, a young plant is transplanted annually. Adult pomegranate - 1 time in 3-4 years.
Choose a new capacity wider, but not very deep, as the root system of a home grenade grows more in width than in depth. For example, pomegranate at the age of 5–6 years is transplanted into a 3 liter container. Too big a pot will negatively affect flowering and fruiting. Many experienced gardeners are advised to choose clay containers. The presence of drainage holes in the pot is mandatory regardless of the material of manufacture!
With soil mixture will not have to be tricky. You can safely use the purchased universal ground, adding vermiculite or coarse sand for looseness.
- Put a layer of expanded clay in the new pot so that it completely covers the bottom.
- Remove the pomegranate from the old container (if the plant is healthy, try not to destroy the soil), install it in a new one.
Try not to destroy the earthen room much so as not to injure the roots.
Lightly tamp the soil after transplanting
Pomegranate growing in a tub is quite difficult to transplant. Therefore, in order not to torture the tree and yourself, you can replace the upper 2-3 cm of soil with fresh, more nutritious one once a year.
Kadado grenades are difficult to replant, so every year replace the top layer of the earth with fresh and nutritious
Watering and feeding
Watering pomegranate should be infrequent, but abundant. The average moisture of an exotic plant is once a week. But if it is very hot, the frequency of watering increases. To understand whether you need to moisten the pomegranate or not, check the top layer of soil. If the soil is dry to a depth of two cm, then the plant needs to be watered. For moistening, use distilled water at room temperature.
Moisture that has leaked into the pan is best drained so that the roots do not suffer from excessive waterlogging.
For watering a room grenade, it is convenient to use a watering can with a long thin nose, so that water gets into the soil and not on the trunk.
To garnet pleased not only decorative, but also fruiting, it needs to be fed 1-2 times a month. To do this, use universal liquid fertilizers for indoor plants. But still it is better to acquire certain compounds that will support the grenade in different phases of its growth. In the spring, top dressing should contain more nitrogen in order for the plant to have the strength to build up green mass. During the flowering period, a pomegranate needs phosphorus. During the ripening of the fruit and in preparation for the winter - potassium.
If you grow pomegranate solely for the sake of fruits, then mineral fertilizers should be replaced with organic matter. For example, during the filling of the fruit, you can use chicken droppings. Watering solution should be weak - 1:25.
Any type of fertilizer should be applied only after watering, so as not to burn the roots.
If you grow a pomegranate solely for the consumption of fruits, after the formation of the ovary, feed the plant with organic matter
Pomegranate likes moist air, especially in the hot period. Spray need soft water at room temperature. In the usual period, spray 2-3 times a week. In hot weather - more often.
Never spray a pomegranate at lunchtime in the summer, especially if it is standing on a south window or on a balcony, in direct sunlight. This can cause burns on the leaves. It is best to spray moisture over the plant early in the morning or in the evening.
Pomegranate is not particularly picky about moisture, but in a hot period it will be grateful for a light shower.
Where is the best place to put grenades
Of course, near the south window, as the need for lighting the plant is very high. In the summer, the owners of balconies and loggias must expose the pot with exot to fresh air. But not in direct sunlight, but in a scattered shadow. Well, if you have a private house - the place of pomegranate in the garden, where the pomegranate will delight you with incredible flowering.
If the windows of your apartment are facing north, then most likely your garnet lacks lighting and does not grow well. Be sure to light up the plant and it will thank you immediately, with a mass of green leaves and beautiful flowers.
In the summer, the pomegranate is best brought to the balcony.
In this case, the plant will look sluggish, as if in need of watering. This is the cunning of the disease. A person with insufficient experience in caring for plants will immediately begin to moisten the pomegranate, causing even greater harm to the plant. But you need to act differently. Stop watering at all until the soil dries out properly. If immediate action is required, it is best to remove the plant from the pot along with the root ball and wrap it in a newspaper that will immediately absorb excess moisture. If the plant does not recover after drying the soil, it should be transplanted into fresh soil.
To finally cope with the disease, you should prepare a solution of Trichodermin - 10 g of powder per 1 l of water, and shed the soil for them. And the plant itself can be sprayed Tirama (prepare strictly according to the instructions).
During transplantation, remove all damaged parts of the root and cover the wounds with crushed activated carbon.
White powdery powder appears on the leaves, flowers and fruits. The disease initially leads to deformation of the leaves, then the leaf blade dries and crumbles. The flowers fall off, never blooming. Shoots begin to lag in growth.
If the disease is identified immediately, a solution of soda (5 g per 1 l of water) will help to cope with it. For better adhesion to the leaf surface, a little laundry soap can be added to the solution.
The started disease will have to be treated with one of the fungicides:
Mealy dew immediately catches the eye because of the whitish plaque on the leaves
After unsuccessful pruning or mechanical damage, although rarely, branch cancer may still occur. It manifests itself in the form of wounds with swollen edges. The branch withers, after it the whole tree may perish. The same disease can be formed in case of frostbite. The disease is very insidious, and, unfortunately, there are no chemicals against it. Even if you remove the affected branch and treat the cut with a garden pitch, the pomegranate can die.
To prevent the pomegranate from dying from the cancer of the branches, try cutting with a sharp tool, and after the procedure, cut the cut with garden pitch
In case of insufficient air humidity, pomegranate can suffer from pests. Whitefly and aphid bother the plant. If the number of pests is small, then you can handle manually. To do this, prepare a soap solution (20 g of soap chips per 1 liter of water). Before processing the soil in the pot can be protected with a plastic bag. Wet the sponge in the solution and wipe the branches and leaflets.
In advanced cases, it is best to use chemicals:
The whitefly and aphid more often than other pests affect grenades
A beautiful and unpretentious pomegranate will not only decorate a room and give fruits (even if small) - it is a symbol of well-being and longevity adopted in the East. Moreover, to grow this heat-loving plant in an apartment is very simple. A little attention and care, and now you are already admiring the gorgeous colors! And there, you see, and close to the harvest.