Perennials call grassy ornamental plants wintering in the open field. When growing perennial flowers, some plant species still require shelter before the onset of the cold season. Also, when caring for perennials, you need to comply with other conditions regarding the requirements for light, moisture and soil composition. Using the necessary recommendations, you can turn your garden into a beautiful blooming oasis.
When planting and caring for perennial flowers need to observe three important factors.
1. Shadow is different.
2. Water, but do not fill.
3. “Native” soil for each plant.
Nature is so diverse that in it you can find the most unusual forms of plants with amazing properties. The task of a good gardener, based on the knowledge of the natural features of plants, is to select suitable for themselves from a huge variety of species. Therefore, knowledge of the ecological characteristics of cultivated plants is the first commandment of the grower.
It has long been known that the life of a plant is determined by five environmental factors: light, heat, water, nutrition, and soil oxygen.
The first thing that the gardener pays attention to when growing perennials is the selection for central Russia of sufficiently winter-hardy plants that do not need special shelter for the winter.
Very attractive, but, unfortunately, heat-loving plants, dahlias and gladioli, the gardener is forced to dig and store in the fall in a warm place.
Some plants grow well only if the gardener creates the required conditions for them. For example, the Alpine edelweiss - a peculiar emblem of the highlands of the Alps - grows well in the Moscow region, but only on calcareous stony soils, Perovskia needs a thick layer of sand. Goniolimon prefers sunny rocky places. And in contrast to him, jeffersonium and leaf fern grow better in deep shadow. Trilliums need deep shade and forest soils.
Perennial care: light and temperature
Plants are the children of the sun. Only the sun's rays, their energy allow the plants to exist. However, there are species, usually forest, which normally grow and bloom even in deep shade. That is, nature is so diverse that in it you can find everything that is interesting to the gardener. In relation to the light, there are three groups of plants.
When caring for perennial flowers, remember that light-loving plants do not tolerate even weak shading. As a rule, these are inhabitants of deserts, steppes (tulips, irises, etc.), meadows (cornflowers, geraniums, and nivyaniki) and rocks (stonecrop, saxifrage, etc.).
Shade-tolerant can grow in the sun and in partial shade. They came to our gardens from rare forests, from forest glades and forest edges (lilies, phloxes, daylilies, etc.).
Shadowy people do not feel well in bright sunlight. These are inhabitants of closed oak forests and deaf spruce forests (hooffoot, kupeny, anemone, trillium, most ferns, etc.).
Even from this very approximate division it is clear that shade-tolerant and shade-loving plants can grow in the shade. But the shadow is different.
A dense, dense shade on an ordinary garden plot can be found under the canopy of old, often planted apple trees, on the north side of such dense, large bushes, like aronia bushes, Hungarian lilacs, irgi, hawthorn and conifers, on the north side of tall buildings, which never fall direct rays of the sun. At such places there is not only little light, but also a specific microclimate is created, i.e. in summer there are less daily temperature drops, higher air humidity than solar areas. And in the winter - always more snow and it slowly melts. Such conditions favor the growth and flowering of such shade-loving plants.
Bright shade is formed under the canopy of trees with a rare, openwork crown, such as mountain ash, sea buckthorn, cherry. It is interesting to look weight netsvetuschie bulbs (tulips, grouse, daffodils, muscari, crocus) dlinnokornevischnye doronicum (doronicum east, doronicum plantaginaceae), evergreen ground cover: omfalodes spring, periwinkle, Wallenstein gravilatovidnaya, overgrown with anemones Canadian and anemones forest, bushes bell point. On the wet, peaty soils, always - both in spring during flowering, and in summer, when large leaves grow, it surprises and delights lysihiton of Kamchatka. But the most familiar, never annoying sight is the blossoming forest forget-me-not.
Spectacular in the light shade of lilies (especially species), phlox paniculata, blood-red geranium, ozhika-like geese.
The highlight of the flower beds in the light shade can be Rogers, and from tall plants - gorgeous and Kamchatka meadowsweet. If it is possible, it is worth decorating the garden with such amazing plants as ostrich and onokley. The penumbra occurs in areas both on the east and on the west side of buildings and along the edges. Here the sun's rays fall on the plants either in the morning (which is more favorable), or in the afternoon. Microclimatic conditions in the light shade and the penumbra differ little from those in open spaces, but the daily temperature fluctuations are smoothed here. Perhaps, for many flower crops, especially shade-tolerant ones, it is in the penumbra that the most comfortable conditions are formed: astilbeas, lilies and phloxes, liatrice, primroses and daisies, hosts and aquilegia, dicenters, daylilies and bathing suits — this is an incomplete list of crops well growing in penumbra. Interesting and little-known, but stable in our climate culture - a soft cuff, grandiflora rank.
Thus, the shadow is not at all extreme conditions for flower crops, you only need to think over and choose the right range of them.
For plants, it is not only the amount of light that matters, but also the ratio of dark to light time of day (photoperiodism). According to this indicator, they are divided into three groups:
- short day plants (chrysanthemums, bush and Italian asters) come from the southern regions, therefore they bloom in the fall during the short day,
- plants of a long day, the birthplace of which is the northern regions,
- neutral - most of them come from forests.
The temperature of air and soil in the care and cultivation of perennials has a significant impact on plant life, since metabolic processes occur only in certain temperature conditions.
Growing mesophytes, xerophytes, hydrophytes and hygrophytes
Water plays a decisive role in the life of plants, because they are 90% water. According to the need for water, the plants are divided into four large groups. Hydrophytes, or aquatic plants, grow only in water. Hygrophytes, or moisture-loving plants of wet habitats, require constant excessive soil moisture - these are the types of wet meadows, the banks of water bodies. Types of different groups are well distinguished visually. So, in moisture-loving and temperate species, the leaf plate is thin, without pubescence, the root system is superficial, extensive, and there are often long rhizomes or stolons (anemone, tiara, zelenchuk, etc.).
Moderately moisture-loving (mesophytes) - Habitat plants with moderate soil moistening, these include most of the species growing in forests, mountainous and dry meadows. Most of the species and varieties successfully growing in the flower gardens of central Russia belong to the group of mesophytes, i.e., they have a moderate need for moisture.
In nature, they live in places with normal soil moisture, ie, they are plants of forests and meadows. They are diverse in the type of root systems: in the former, the roots are superficial, weak, in the latter - powerful, deep. Leaves are various, but, as a rule, they are thin, green, without pubescence. There are many transitional forms, both to hygrophytes and xerophytes. So, tulips during the growing season and flowering need good moisture, but do not tolerate excess moisture at the end of the growing season, especially in summer in a dormant period. And there are many such examples.
Sukholyubov (xerofity) they may have succulent leaves (stonecrops, young) or prickly (Morine, eryngium), densely pubescent (woolly scurvy), leathery (thyme) or narrow, hard (feather grass). Their roots are often deep-reaching, pivotal (swing, Kermek) or fibrous (feather grass). There are many transitional forms in this group; therefore, only the most drought-resistant plants are listed in the list below. An example of drought-resistant plants are the species, which are popularly called “rolling fields” (goniolimon, quatran, Kachim, Kermek).
When growing perennial plants, keep in mind that xerophytes, or sukholyuby, prefer dry places, they do not tolerate excessive moisture, need well-drained light soils, because they came from deserts, steppes, from dry rocks. Transitional types are also distinguished: hygromezophytes, xeromesophytes, etc.
Aquatic plants (hydrophytes). Most aquatic plants attached to the ground have a strong root system (bean, water lily), with floating plants, the roots are almost undeveloped. Most of them reproduce mainly vegetatively, including winter buds “turionami”, falling to the bottom until spring. After their formation, the mother plant dies off. The diversity of leaves is characteristic when floating leaves differ sharply from those that are immersed. For example, in a water buttercup, the top leaves are whole and the submerged leaves are cut into small lobes.
The best place for aquatic and coastal plants is a natural pond with constant water from a stream or key. But increasingly use mini-ponds. In barrels (barrels should be lined with waterproof fabric), troughs, ceramic tanks are planted with water plants that adorn your garden all summer.
Moisture-loving plants (hygrophytes). In nature, they occupy a habitat with an excess of moisture in the soil (shores of water bodies, floodplains, ravine bottoms, etc.).
Usually they have a dense, fibrous root system, large soft leaves, among them there are many tall plants.
Soil for planting and caring for perennial flowers
When growing perennial flowers in the country, the most important condition is the compliance of their environmental needs with the conditions of the landing site. No gardener in the open field will not be able to change the length of the day, the seasonal dynamics of temperature and humidity. But there is an important factor in plant life that is accessible to regulation - these are soil conditions. The soil is estimated mainly by two characteristics:
Soil physics: density, porosity and texture (clay, loam, sand)
Soil chemistry: availability of the elements necessary for plant nutrition - phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium and trace elements, salinity and acidity of the soil.
The chemical composition of the soil can be changed by fertilizer and lime, the physical - by adding sand, humus, peat. The concept of "garden soil" implies averages, that is, it is a neutral loamy rich soil. An important environmental factor, which largely determines the vital activity of plants, is the normal air intensity of the soil. This indicator is determined visually. Loose sandy loamy soils are always enriched with oxygen, which allows the roots of plants to absorb nutrients normally. In the soils compacted, and especially over-compacted, there is little oxygen, anaerobic processes take place (that is, without oxygen), harmful microflora develops, and the activity of feeding roots is impeded. Practically, among the cultivated plants, species that grow well on overdense clay soils are rarely found. Most of them are distinguished by a fibrous root system and are moisture lovers. An important indicator of soil quality is its acidity. Soils are divided into acid (pH less than 6), neutral (pH = 6-7) and alkaline (pH more than 7).
Most ornamental plants grow well on ordinary garden soils. But a number of cultures need specific conditions.
So, in relation to acidity, calcephilic plants are distinguished (“loving” lime - pH 7-8). But a number of plants react poorly to excess lime, they grow well on acidic soils.
The ratio of plants to soil salinization has become of great importance in selecting them for cultivation in urban environments. It is known that the soil substrate of cities contains a large amount of harmful salts. Plants that carry excess salt in the soil are called halophytes. And although such plants are rarely cultivated, it is still possible to note a number of species normally growing with a small excess of salts. As a rule, these are plants of steppes, semi-deserts, sea coasts: asters (Italian, shrub, New England, Novo-Belgian), cornflowers (steppe), goniolimon, goldenrod, irises (low species), quatre, kachim, Kermek, kodyly, lihnis, mertensia, fescue, stonecrop, wormwood.
Forest soil. A certain group consists of plants that grow well on forest soils. Typical forest soils are characterized by high porosity, moderate fertility, they are shallow and have a high content of microorganisms. Plants of forest soils do not like fertilizers, both organic (especially manure) and mineral. They are satisfied with natural, non-enriched forest soils, the main thing is to preserve deciduous tree litter in the fall. Such litter will protect the soil from strong freezing, drying, and wind erosion. In the spring, after rotting, nutrients and organic matter will enter the soil with it. Deciduous litter is not perfect, but still imitation of forest litter, the main custodian of the fertility of forest soils: the vital field of beneficial soil organisms is the place where most of the roots of forest plants are located. By ensuring the annual preservation of fallen leaves from trees, the gardener will create favorable conditions for the growth of a whole group of plants in need of forest soils.
Stony soil. A special group consists of petrophytes, that is, plants that grow well on stony soils, talus, rocks. Most of them are associated with mountains. In recent years, in connection with the massive creation of rockeries, gravel gardens and similar plantings, the enthusiasm for such plants began. These are mainly drought-resistant plants, forming pillows, turfs, individual bushes. The root system is pivotal, deeply penetrating between the stones (burachok, gerbil, etc.), often root-sucking (Oriental poppy, beautiful evening primrose). Among petrophytes there are bulbous (onion Karatavsky, crocus, etc.).
Below you can see the photos of planting and caring for perennials in the garden plot:
Features of growing perennial flowers and plants in the country
For busy people who do not have the opportunity to spend a lot of time on caring for flower beds, we advise you to restrict the cultivation of common crops, and flower growers can recommend a wider range of flower plants, including new crops developed by leading botanists of the country.
One of the features of growing perennial plants - you can not argue with nature. It is necessary to plant only those plants that will grow exactly on your site, and not just fashionable or externally liked species. After all, every gardener knows that weakened, sick, poorly growing plants cannot be beautiful and do not create a good “carpet”.
Many wild plants can be relocated to the country, but you must follow the rules that will not cause damage to nature.
1. Never dig up plants where they are few. It is necessary to find thickets and spots of ferns, from where one can take one or two plants.
2. Digging better young plants.
3. It is better to take plants from nature in the second half of summer. They are clearly visible at this time, not that in spring, when the leaves had not yet turned.
4. It is not recommended: to dig up individual specimens (it may be rare species), transplant plants later than August (they may not have time to take root before winter), take a large number of specimens.
Remember: if the plant is able to form a thicket - it forms it in two or three years. And if it grows as a separate bush, then in the flower garden it should be single, soliternye plantings.
Perennial unpretentious flowers that bloom throughout the summer, the most suitable choice when creating a "lazy" flower bed. Also, this choice will be justified if you just need to fill the empty places that are inconvenient for cultivation. This group includes both long-flowering plants and specimens with repeated flowering, as a rule, at the end of summer.
- Gelenium. The flower has rather large red-brown or orange-yellow inflorescences, which are very densely covered with tall bushes. Gelenium perfectly decorates the most inconspicuous corners of your garden from mid-summer until late autumn. Gelenium has a sun-like form, which seems to say that the flower does not tolerate penumbra, loves moist and nutritious soil. The culture winters happily in the southern regions, but in the Moscow region it needs shelter. Care is moderate watering on particularly hot days. Растение часто используется для того, чтобы замаскировать старые дачные постройки и невзрачные стены.
- Василек многолетний. Этот "пушистый шарик" знаком практически любому цветоводу. Растение отлично себя чувствует в любых типах почв и не требует особого ухода.Cornflower is a wildflower, so the love of sunlight is not surprising. The flower gets along well with almost any inhabitants of the flower beds. Cornflower belongs to the middle-growth plants. The flowering period is from the beginning of summer to the end of autumn. The culture is highly resistant to diseases and is very rarely attacked by pests.
- Lupine. Ardently loved by many flower growers, both for “slender” tall inflorescences, which can be of different colors, and for beautiful decorative compact bushes and feathery leaves. Culture can grow on any soil and rather quickly spreads self-sown over the plot. A sufficiently drought-resistant plant, in addition to this, tolerates shading well and boasts a high winter hardiness. The first time blooms in June, and the second - in August, after the flowering inflorescences have been removed. Lupine, like a weed, can disperse throughout your area, so in order to control its distribution, it is recommended to remove some of the autumn inflorescences before the seeds ripen.
- Salvia oakwood. Sage blossoms have a candle-like shape with a variety of shades of purple. A tall flower perfectly complements the mixborders, filling the garden with a delicious aroma. The flowering period lasts all summer, while stunted bushes always remain decorative, do not require additional manipulation by the flower lover. To fertility and soil type is quite unpretentious, but does not tolerate excess moisture in the soil. It grows well in partial shade, but the preferred areas are sunlit plains.
- Nivyanik (chamomile garden). If you face a goal in the selection of the most unpretentious perennial for the garden, then garden chamomile must be among these plants on your list. Perhaps such a flower will not surprise your guests with its decoration or aroma, but it’s hard to wait for such a culture with such a culture. Nivyanik will be reduced almost from the beginning of the summer until the autumn, if it was planted on a well-heated solar area and it was provided with regular watering.
- Rudbeckia. This culture is represented by several species at once, which have a different structure of inflorescence baskets. They are united by high shoots and bright yellow color. Culture begins to reduce from mid-summer and blooms until the very end of the summer season. Perennial tolerates winter without additional shelter and does not need particularly fertile soils. It would be best to identify open areas with direct sunlight for rudbeckia.
Perennials that bloom in early spring
After the cold winter dullness, we often cannot wait to plunge into the bright colors of the newly blossoming nature as soon as possible. To do this, you need to take care of what kind your garden will have at the beginning of the season. Perennials for flower beds, which are distinguished by unpretentious care and bloom in the first warm days of May, will definitely be able to decorate your still “bare” garden plot.
Bulbous perennial flowers:
Galantus (snowdrop) - Flowers appear with the first dripping and melting snow. Bloom about a month (in March). They love sunny places, although they can tolerate a little shadow. The soil is not picky. Propagated by bulbs, as well as seeds that carry ants. Planting bulbs made in the fall. In the spring, after flowering, you can plant overgrown bushes.
Bulbous perennial flowers for giving Galantusy (snowdrops)
They have a short growing season, and then the upper part dies off and until next spring they are not visible.
Galantus: flower photo
Crocuses (Saffron) - bloom together with galantus, have multi-colored buds:
Planted these perennials need autumn. For this purpose both solar places, and with a scattered shadow are suitable.
Crocus flower photo
Crocuses will be an ornament on flowerbeds, lawns, flower beds, in containers, under trees and bushes. Blossom in March, as soon as the snow melts from their territory, and the sun shines.
Hyacinths - Flowers with large, multicolored buds. Very gentle, but demanding. To grow them you need to follow several rules:
- The soil for hyacinths is suitable neutral, consisting of leaf and sod land,
- The flower does not like waterlogging,
- Light is needed a lot, but direct sunlight is harmful,
- Plot with hyacinths should be protected from wind gusts.
Hyacinths, photos of perennial coloring
Flowering period: end of March, April, beginning of May (depending on the variety and temperature outside).
- Scilla (scilla) - unpretentious, does not require special care. Blossoms in March. It grows in both sunny and shaded places. Does not tolerate stagnant water. The flowers are blue, rarely white. Loves to grow under the trees. Propagated by seeds and bulbs.
Photos of flowers Scylla
Iridodictium (reticular iris)
Photo of Muscari Flowers (Mouse Hyacinth)
There are other shades of blue or two-tone muscari. It is better to plant these plants in a group, so they look spectacular. Plant the bulbs in the fall, do not cover, they tolerate cold well and winter in the open field.
Daffodils - perennial bulbous plants. There are more than twenty thousand varieties. All of them are divided into groups:
- Small crown,
- Tubular daffodils,
- With a split crown.
Daffodils bloom in April and May. They love sunny places, but can withstand partial shade, the main thing is that the soil is breathable and good drainage. Valuable for winter hardiness. Planted better in late August or early September. Looks good, both on the Alpine hills, and along the avenue, or groups on beds and flower beds.
Primula (primrose) - about 550 species are known. These perennial flowers come in all sorts of colors. You need to plant a plant in the second year of life in the fall, in a wet ground, on terrain with diffused light. It does not tolerate direct sunlight, therefore it grows well under trees, especially fruit trees. For the shape and arrangement of colors, there are five groups of primroses:
Primula: photos of flowers
In folk medicine, rhizomes are used for decoctions when coughing, and the leaves are a storehouse of vitamins in the spring, they are made into salads.
Frostberry (Helliborus) - early flowering plant. Blossoms in March and April. The flowers are large, depending on the variety:
- Oriental - has flowers of white and pink color,
- Black - lilac flowers,
- Caucasian - pale green flowers, sometimes white. Very frost-resistant, even for the winter does not shed foliage. Strongly poisonous!
- Smelly - beautiful green flowers, but unpleasant smell.
The hellebore (helliborus) is an early flowering plant.
The hellebore, photos of country flowers
Planting is better to make under the canopy of trees (he does not like sunny areas), the soil should be moist, rich in humus.
- Medunitsa (pulmonaria) - shade-loving perennial plant with flowers of different colors on one stem (pink and blue). Green leaves with white spots. Blossoms in April - May. It is a honey plant and a medicinal plant. Prefers partial shade, coolness, moisture, but not stagnant water. To the soil unpretentious. The leaves burn in the sun and the plant fades.
Photo: pulmonaria bloom.
Pink flowers of Lunaria
In the photo - periwinkle bloom
Badan (Bergenia) - low-growing perennial plant with wintering leaves. Spring prone to disease, so you need to handle protective drugs. Badan shade-tolerant, but it is better to plant on areas of poorly shaded, since the flowering period will be later. Blossoms in May - April. Flowers pink, purple small bells. After dividing the bush, plant in neutral, garden soil at the end of summer. Sow seeds in spring.
Stock Foto Badan in landscape design
Badan: flower photo
Different coloring anemone flowers
- Spring Anemones:
- Anemone oakwood (flowers white, blue, pink),
- lute (blooms bright yellow, flowers terry),
- tender (white, blue, cream).
- Summer and autumn anemones (bloom from late summer to mid-autumn):
- Anemone crown (flowers blue, blue, red),
- Hybrid anemone (hot pink, purple, white flowers),
- Japanese (burgundy, cream, pink color).
Liver (coppice) - evergreen forest plant, which is well acclimatized in a new place. Prefers moderate moisture, shade-loving, winter-hardy. It blooms in April - May in blue single flowers. There are garden varieties with double buds, as well as pink, white, purple color. Needs fertile soil.
Photo flowering sandbox
A kind of garden sandbox
Lilies of the valley - drought-resistant plant with fragrant white flowers, bells. Loves penumbra, in a strong shade of flowers becomes smaller, and leaves more. Loves wet soil, but can withstand drought. The soil must be selected mildly, rich in organic fertilizers. It blooms from late April to mid-summer. Replant by dividing the rhizomes in autumn or spring.
Photo lily of the valley flowers
Brunner (forget-me-not) - a plant with blue flowers and heart-shaped leaves. Shade-tolerant, light-loving, winter-hardy forget-me-not, needs constant moderate moisture. Suitable garden soil, clay. It blooms from late April to mid-summer. In gardens grow two types:
- Brunner Caucasian
- Brunner Siberian
Brunner: photos of flowers in the garden
Differ bushiness and color of leaves.
Photo: Brunners flowers
The plant is represented by low shrubswhich is completely covered in May with simple and delicate blue flowers. The flower retains its attractiveness even after flowering, thanks to its decorative leaves. Perfectly tolerates shading, therefore it can be used in compositions in conjunction with ornamental shrubs or for decoration of a near-trunk circle. Geranium, which was planted in the penumbra, can easily grow without watering.
Perennial flowers blooming in summer
In summer, most garden plants bloom. Starting from May to August, they delight their masters. Examples of the most common are described below. They can be divided into two groups: some attract the beauty of flowers, and others - decorative leaves.
- Flowering Summer Perennials
Peonies - large beautiful perennial flowers with bright colors. The plant has two life forms: herbaceous and tree. For decorative cultivation, basically, use the second. Bushes about a meter tall, large flowers, bright from white to burgundy color. Blossoms in May - June. For mass flowering next year, the bush should be trimmed immediately after flowering. Peonies are winter-hardy, light-loving, prefer moderate moisture, do not like stagnant water. It is better to replant in the fall - rhizomes. It is worth considering that the root system quickly deepens and can reach more than a meter in depth.
Photo of peony blossoms
Photo peony bushes in landscape design
Lupine - ornamental plants up to a meter tall, with large beautiful inflorescences. Translated from the Latin - "wolf": because of the ability to endure adverse conditions. Loves a fertile, slightly acidic soil - from this the flowers become larger and more magnificent. Planted in sunny areas, but can tolerate partial shade. Good winters. In the summer you need to be watered well under the root. It blooms from May to mid-summer. Some varieties - from June to August.
Photo of lupine bloom
Yarrow - cultivated wild plant. In nature, it is found mainly with white flowers, rarely pink. Decorative types have a different color of flowers. The most popular are four:
- Yarrow - resistant to adverse conditions, bushes 50-60 cm high. Many varieties have been bred with bright colors: bright yellow, cherry-red, bright red, pink.
- Tavolgovy - bright yellow inflorescences are very attractive views on the flower beds. Height up to 1 meter
- Ptarmika - a bush with a height of up to 70 cm, flowers cream, terry.
Pink flowers of the millennial
It is a shade-tolerant, light-loving plant. It can easily tolerate both heat, dryness, and cold, wintering in open ground. Prefers garden soil. Flowering period: from May to August.
Dicentra - plant with heart-shaped flowers hanging from the arcuate stem. Bush height from 30 to 100 cm. It blooms in May - June. Does not like wet soils, otherwise it is not whimsical to the ground. For a more lush flowering, organic fertilizer should be applied. It grows in sunny and semi-shady places. Needs constant hydration.
Photo flowers perennial Dicenter
When yellowing leaves, it is recommended to cut off the entire plant. Propagate by dividing the rhizomes in April - May.
Stock Foto Dicentra in landscape design
Phlox - very fragrant and bright flowers. These beautiful plants love sunny areas, garden soil with sand and clay, organic fertilizers. They do not like acidic soils, when the pH is less than 6.5, the lower leaves begin to fall off. May grow in partial shade. The color scheme is very diverse. Flowering period: from May to August (depending on the variety). It is best to replant the division of the bush, in August - September.
Photo of phlox flowers
Perennial garden phlox
- Violet (viola) - ornamental plants with beautiful multi-colored flowers. Many species differ in flowering periods and colors. Some garden views:
- Vittrok violet (pansies)
- clover violet,
- violet horned
- Altai violet,
- fragrant violet.
Violets garden, photo flowering
Fertile, loamy soil is required for these perennial flowers. They love sunny areas, but can tolerate a little shadow. They do not like stagnant water, suitable moderate moisture. Fertilizing to produce mineral fertilizers.
Photo colorings violets
The flowering period depends on the species. Some species bloom in April, some - in May, and there are in June - July. It is better to plant bushes in the third year, in August. You can sow seeds.
- Astilba - shade-loving bushes with paniculate inflorescences. Ideal for planting under trees on humus-rich soil. Do not overheat the roots, water regularly. Cover bare roots with a ground ball. For the winter, additionally cover the plant with a covering material. Flowering plant in June - July.
Photo of astilbe flowering
After flowering, cut flower stalks. For breeding it is easier to use the division of the rhizome in early spring. Can be grown from seed by budding, but this is a more time consuming method.
Recruitment (Lysimachia) - tall or creeping grasses with yellow, rarely white flowers. Flowering period from May to August, depending on the variety. This light-loving plant can tolerate a small temporary shadow. Wet, garden soil with periodic top dressing - the key to success in the cultivation of the camelbane. Vegetatively propagated, shoots all spring and summer.
The photo of flowering wetbed
Chamomile or garden chamomile
Garden Flowers: Feverfew
Delphinium, color photo
Photo clematis in the country
It is better to plant bushes in spring. Landing to a depth of 2-5 cm, sprinkle with sand (protection from soaking). For planting it is useful to prepare a mixture of sand, peat and humus in the ratio of 1: 1: 3. Gentian (gentian) - undersized plant with flowers, bells. It blooms in May - June, and summer varieties from June to August. The color of flowers is mostly blue and blue, but there are varieties with white, pink, yellow bells. For flowers need moisture, a lot of light. The plant will not bloom in the shade. It is better to divide the bushes and plant the gentian after flowering. Can be grown from seed. Suitable for rock gardens, flower beds, for planting along the borders.
Gentian, photo in landscape design
Garden lily flower
Flowering period from June to August, depending on the variety. The color scheme is very diverse. Planted bulbs, better from late August to early October. It is also possible to plant lilies in spring by dividing a bush or bulb children. For planting dig a hole, a depth of 20-25 cm, in place, sheltered from the wind, in partial shade or in light areas. Good drainage, rotted manure in combination with peat, will give excellent results. Regular watering is necessary. Cover for the winter.
Iris (iris, cockerel) - rhizomatous plant with bright colors. Depending on the variety, it blooms from May to August. Prefers garden soil, sunny places. Attitude to moisture is different, depending on the type:
- Hygrophilous, require constant moisture (yellow iris, Kempfer iris).
- Normal moisture (Siberian Iris and its varieties).
- Lovers of well-drained soil (bearded iris and its varieties).
Photos of Iris flower
The color of flowers is a diverse color palette of various shades. The height divided into stunted, medium, tall. Propagated by dividing the bush in July and August.
- Rudbeckia - long flowering plants with spectacular flowers. Flowering period: from July to September. Flowers are painted in various shades of yellow. The middle is usually dark. It is unpretentious to the soil, loves sunny places, moderate moistening, frequent watering and annual grounding under the roots. If the stems are tall, it needs a garter. To extend flowering, you need to remove the flowering inflorescences. Осенью срезать всё растение и прикрыть на зиму толстым шаром листвы. Рассаживать кусты можно и весной, и осенью. Семена высевают весной.
Фото: Мальва (шток-роза)
Planted on light areas, it is possible with partial shading. Loves moderate watering, garden soil, winter-hardy, unpretentious. If the place is not windy, then the garter does not need. Propagated by seed, sowing in the ground or greenhouse, in May. The main place young plants to plant in August - September.
Climbing Rose - A plant with long shoots and lush buds. For abundant bloom from May to August, you need to provide a rose with appropriate conditions:
- Proper landing: a well-ventilated place without stagnant water and with good sunlight. The distance to the walls and fences, as well as to other plants, should not be closer than 50 cm.
- Careful dressing during planting and during flowering. Humus, humus, soil bacteria, phosphate fertilizers - all this is necessary for the riot of flowering roses.
- Timely pruning.
- Protection from pests and winter shelter.
Photo weaving climbing roses
Gladiolus - tall beautiful plants with a large inflorescence ear. More than 10,000 varieties of these flowers have been registered. They differ in height, shape and size of the flower, in color, in the flowering period, in the length of the inflorescence, etc. Gladioli prefer sunny places, but in hot days and in the midday time, partial shade is needed. Good drainage, regular watering, loamy or sandwich soil will ensure good flowering. Depending on the variety, gladioli bloom from June to September. The peculiarity of growing these flowers is the constant digging up of corms for the winter.
Lakonos (Fitolacca) - perennial with a large rhizome and bush height up to 200 cm. The flowering period falls on July-August, small flowers are gathered in the inflorescences of the brush, which are about 25 cm long. Decorative flowers are not only flowers, but also fruits of the plant. Berry brushes purple, look beautiful on the bushes. But they cannot be eaten, as all parts of lacunosa (and berries, and juice) are poisonous. It is a photophilous, but also a shade-tolerant plant. Loves moderate moisture, garden soil. It is necessary to plant on the areas sheltered from the wind, cut the stems for the winter and cover with peat or humus. Propagate by division of rhizomes or seeds, in spring or autumn.
Gazania - ornamental herbaceous summer flowering plants. In latitudes with a mild, warm climate, it grows like a perennial. In more severe areas - for the winter is dug in pots, and planted in the spring. For good flowering, gazania should be planted in sunny places, watered moderately, periodically fed with mineral fertilizers. The flowering period is from June to August. Some varieties bloom in September and until frost. Propagate the plant by sowing seeds in a greenhouse or containers in March. Planted young plants in May.
- Decorative leafy plants
Hosta - shallow, leafy perennial. Beautiful leaves - this is the main advantage of the host. It grows in the form of a bush, up to 90 cm high. Beyond the color of the leaves, the plants share:
- Monophonic hosta - leaves with a shade of yellow, blue or green.
- variegated - leaves with patterns of different colors:
- with white border,
- golden border,
- yellow border,
- cream border,
- color center and green or golden border,
- Varieties - chameleons - change color during the season.
Khosta in landscape design
Prefers well-drained loamy, neutral soil. For a beautiful, strong bush, you need to leave it alone for 5 years - do not replant and divide. At one place can grow up to 20 years. Propagate by dividing the bush in the spring, but you can in the summer.
Zhivuchka - A plant resistant to adverse weather conditions. It is unpretentious, it is well accustomed to both light and shaded areas, for which it received its name. Can grow on wet and dry soils. Dense foliar cover zhivuchki, can drown out more delicate varieties of plants, so you need to consider this when planting flowers.
Creeping zhivuchka - undersized flowers to give
Well suited for decorating alpine slides, planting the circumference of trees, borders, fences. In addition to decorative leaves, in mass plantings pleases the eye with bright colors. Popular types:
- Creeping zhivuchka - evergreen plant, height 7-10 cm. Blooms blue flowers. Leaves can be colored with a combination of red, green, gray, yellow, white.
- Pyramidal tenacious - evergreen plant, height about 25 cm. Flowers purple or pink. The leaves are large, green, brown, gray shades.
- Zhivevka Geneva - perennial plant with blue flowers. It is covered with fibers, for which it received the second name “shaggy”.
Propagated by dividing the bush can be the entire vegetative period.
Reassured - low squat or creeping plant with succulent leaves. Landing should be made in sunny areas. Shading is not suitable for succulent. The soil should be poor, stony, sandy. Fertile, garden soil should be diluted with sand, screening. Rejuvenated has beautiful leaves with color from green, gray to brown, brown shades. You can multiply by sowing seeds in the spring in containers, or young bushes the entire warm period of time.
Rejuvenated: plant species
Copena - ornamental foliage plant of the lily group. Shallow-water kupena feels bad in sunny places. Loves moderate moisture, garden soil. Flowers are small, white, inconspicuous. It is divided into two groups:
- Kupena with erect stem. The leaves are lanceolate, small flowers grow from the sinuses (kupena whorled, kupena pink, kupena narrow-leaved).
- Kupena with arcuate stem. The leaves are oval, small flowers hang from the axils of the leaves (kupena fragrant, kupena broadleaf).
Propagate best by dividing the rhizomes at the end of August, but you can sowing seeds.
Spurge - as a decorative leafy, and flowering plant. This is a very different plant, there are more than 2000 species. Among perennial euphorbia, gardeners use the following:
- Euphorbia cypress,
- spurge longhorn,
- spurge multicolor,
- euphorbia scaly,
- spurge fiery.
You can choose the appropriate type, under a certain terrain. For example, in sunny areas euphorbia grows well multicolor, cypress. For shady places, euphorbia scaly and long-horned will do. But all these plants need well-drained soil. It should be remembered that the milky sap that stands out from the stalks is poisonous. Need to work in gloves. In the fall should be cut euphorbia. To plant bushes, best of all, in spring, by dividing young rhizomes. You can also sow seeds in spring. Capable of self-seeding.
Ferns - spore plants with large leaves - vayya. Divided into three main groups:
- Large ferns that grow in the thickets. The length of the frond is more than 50 cm (eaglet, onokleya, ostrich fish, light shielder).
- Large bushy ferns. Leaves longer than 50 cm, designed for single planting (kochedzhnik, Osmunda, polniyoryadnik, shchitnikov).
- Small ferns with leaves less than 50 cm long. The most famous: adiantum, asplenium, woods, hymnocarnium, etc.
All ferns grow in the shade, need constant moisture. The land should be loose, without manure and compost. Natural soil without any fertilizer is the ideal soil for these plants. Planted in spring and late summer. Better under the trees, near the walls and fences, on the north side near the house. Ferns are resistant to diseases and pests.
Garden ferns - shade-loving plants
Fescue - Perennial cereal grass. Form a bush of long, hard leaves. Beautifully look both in separate landings, and in flower compositions.
Tall species (30-70cm):
- gray fescue,
- Calle fescue,
- Myra Fescue,
- glacial fescue
- Siberian fescue,
- Wali fescue.
Low-growing species (15-30cm):
- forest fescue,
- sheep fescue,
- pancake fescue,
- fescue prickly.
Ideal for alpine slides, as they like stony, dry, sandy soil and sunny areas. Do not like stagnant moisture, excessive moisture, fertilizer. Resistant to cold and disease. The disadvantage is the rapid degeneration of the bush. Within a few years the curtain density decreases. Propagate the plant by dividing the bush in the spring. Dry leaves should be removed as they die.
Falyaris (reed grove) - ornamental grass, 90-120 cm high. Long green leaves with white or cream stripes. Resistant to diseases and pests. It easily tolerates frosts, drought, cutting to a height of 20-40 cm. It can be planted near water bodies, in the shade, although it likes sunny places. The soil should be loose and wet. This plant aggressor grows quickly and other, weaker plants “survive”. For close proximity with such species, it is necessary to protect the metal bushes of the Phararis with metal plates, digging them to a depth of 20 cm. It is best to propagate by dividing the bush, but also with seeds and cuttings.
Japanese twukistachnik (Phalaroides japonica) or reed canary (Falyaris)
Rogersia - An exotic plant with unpretentious character. Decorative large leaves will delight until late autumn with different shades, changing them from green - in summer, to burgundy, red - in autumn. According to the leaf form, they are divided into two groups: with palmate leaves (horse-chestnut leaves, podofillovaya rogers), with feathery leaves (feathers and buzynolistaya rogers). The plant loves penumbra, but with frequent watering, it can grow in sunny areas.
Suitable soil - loam, fertilizer - humus, compost. In hot periods, you need to water frequently, mulching will help retain moisture. The flowering period falls on the middle of summer. After a month of flowering bright panic need to cut and continue to enjoy the beauty of Rogers. Propagate better by dividing the bush in the spring. But it is possible and at the end of the summer - leaf cutting.
Autumn perennials for gardening
This group includes the smallest number of plants, since nature prepares for winter sleep, then there are few peduncles. In this period of time, decorative leafy plants are pleasing to the eye with a variety of colors, evergreens, as well as those rare flowers that did not have time to bloom in August.
Helenium autumn - herbaceous plant with a bush height of 160 cm. It blooms from late July to October. The flowers are large yellow and red, the middle of the inflorescence is dark. The helenium shoots branch out strongly, each ends in a flower, so the bush has abundant flowering. Rhizome poorly developed. The plant prefers sunny areas, but can grow in partial shade. Loose, moist soil is suitable, so on hot days you need good watering. Propagated in the spring of seeds or young shoots. Replace better in 3-4 years.
Steward - perennial blooming from August to October. Plant height from 100 to 150 cm. Pink or purple inflorescences. Planted as a single bush or in a composition with other flowers. Loves sunny places, but tolerates partial shading. It grows well on wet soils rich in fertilizers, peat, requires constant watering. In the spring multiply by dividing the bush or sowing seeds. In winter, the ground part of the plant should be cut.
Echinacea purpurea - medicinal plant with large, beautiful flowers. Flowering period: from July to the end of September. Inflorescence basket, has petals of pink or white color, and the middle is dark brown. Unpretentious care: water only in drought, with good soil - does not need fertilizer. Loves sunny places, can tolerate partial shade. For reproduction using seeds or separated rhizomes. Planting can be carried out in spring and autumn. Sow seeds in the fall, but their germination is bad. Rhizomes and the ground part are used in medicine for the preparation of immunostimulating tinctures.
Astra perennial - cold-resistant plant with flowers - stars. There are spring, summer and autumn varieties. The autumn flowering period is from September to November. Small flowers are densely placed on the bush and have a bright multi-colored color. There are low-growing varieties (height 10 - 50 cm), medium growth (height 50 - 100 cm) and tall (100 - 160 cm). To blooming in the autumn, these varieties include asters:
- Belgian Aster,
- New England aster,
- Astra is shrub,
- Astra heather.
Unpretentious flowers prefer sunny areas, moderate moisture and garden soil. They reproduce easily: by dividing a bush in spring or from seeds. Sowing can be done either in open ground or in containers for planting seedlings.
- Cornflower perennial - plant of the Astrov family, with a long flowering period. The flowering time depends on the variety, there is from June to August, and there are cornflowers blooming from August to October. Flowers of different colors from white, pink to purple. Bushes as undersized and medium height. All these plants are light-requiring, cold-resistant. To care not demanding, prefer garden soil. Cornflowers grow rapidly, so it is easiest to propagate by dividing the bush in spring or at the end of summer. You can also sow seeds in early spring or autumn.
- Goldenrod (solidago) - tall shrub with yellow buds. The height of the bush can reach two meters, but there are also stunted ones - up to 50 cm. The flowers are gathered in racemes, paniculate or spike-shaped inflorescences. Blossoms from August to October. Unpretentious plant, loves sunny places, but can grow in partial shade. Garden soil, wet - ideal. Goldenrod grows very quickly, creating thickets. For orderly growth, it is necessary to divide the bush every 4 years. Propagate by dividing rhizomes. Plant at a distance of about 50 cm. You can sow seeds. Possible self-seeding.
- Chrysanthemum - The most famous autumn flowers. They are known about 200 species. For convenience, they are divided into many groups, classified by:
- timing of flowering,
- the height of the bush
- bush form,
- inflorescence form,
- size of inflorescences.
Photo of chrysanthemum garden
The flowering period may vary, depending on the species. Early species of perennials bloom from June to September, later ones from September to December. The color of flowers - all shades of red, yellow, white, purple, as well as their combination. For planting you need to choose sunny places, without stagnant moisture, with good drainage of fertile soil, fertilized with organic matter. Good to water in the heat and during the formation of buds. To propagate chrysanthemums, best of all, by dividing a bush in spring. You can also propagate by layering and cuttings.
Watch the video: perennial flowers blooming all summer
Thus, for the successful cultivation of perennial flowers in your flower bed, you need to know the basic principles of care and reproduction of these plants. Now you can decide for yourself what perennial flowers to plant in the country so that they bloom all summer long, and our photo catalog will help you with this. Also, this manual will not harm the flowers, not to be disappointed in the floriculture, as well as create a corner of floral joy on your site, with your own hands.
Perennial groundcover low-growing periwinkle can be used for planting in areas under ornamental shrubs and trees. Under direct sunlight, the plant is likely to die. Blue large flowers that are located on tall flower beetles may appear as early as the beginning of May or even at the end of April. Periwinkle is able to grow in a fairly short time, capturing new territories and surviving from there weeds. Does not need artificial watering even on hot days. In snowless winters can freeze out without proper shelter. Among the varieties there are representatives with double flowers and other colors.
The mid-shrub Brunner shrub, which is covered with large dark green leaves, blooms in early May with blue small flowers with a white heart. The best conditions for growing are moist nutrient loams, which are located in the shade of trees and large shrubs. Brunner also grows well near water. Culture does not require rejuvenation and transplantation, it grows very quickly. A distinctive feature is the high winter hardiness.
Kamnelomka (badan plate)
Inflorescences in the form of a panicle of lilac color appear, as a rule., in the end of April. After flowering at the end of June, stunted compact shrubs with solid round leaves of juicy green are still decorative. Perennial is distinguished by its winter hardiness and good shade tolerance. The plant does not tolerate prolonged drought and needs regular, abundant watering.
Shadow Tolerant Perennials
At the summer cottage, as a rule, it is rather difficult to find sunny places that would be best suited for planting decorative and flowering plants. At the same time, I want to decorate areas of the garden that are in the shade of the trees. Unpretentious perennials that have attractive leaves and beautiful inflorescences, in addition to the beautiful appearance, have a useful quality that is highly valued by many growers - shade tolerance. Such crops successfully compete with various weeds and are able to do without care at all.
- Aquilegia (catchment). The flower will harmoniously look in the garden of absolutely any style and grows well and multiplies without outside help from the person.This "elven flower" has a lush compact bush of medium size and fancy-looking flowers, which are located on high tsvetoretstsy. Different types of color of flowers is very different, so even a small collection of such plants looks particularly impressive. Old bushes often freeze, but young shoots come to replace them. The optimal conditions for growth are wet soil and partial shade.
- Astilba. This plant is considered one of the few that are able to bloom in full with very strong shading. Flower growers grow tall (100 cm) and undersized (20 cm) species. Magnificent panicles of scarlet, pink and white appear in the middle of summer and beautifully decorate the tree trunks until the end of autumn. The only and main requirement in the care of this crop is abundant and timely watering. However, planting a crop under a dense crown of deciduous trees or creating a mulch layer, the frequency of irrigation must be significantly reduced.
- Hosta. The species diversity of this plant will allow you to choose the ideal culture for the shady area. A unique composition can be achieved when landing several types of hosts that will be perfectly combined with each other and maintain their decorative throughout the season. Large leaves that are collected in compact bushes grow rather slowly, but always look very well maintained. The host has a high winter hardiness and has low soil requirements. Flowering occurs in June and is quite short.
- Copena. Culture is formed into a sprawling low bush, which has an original form. Flowering occurs in May, white bell-shaped flowers, which are located on the bottom of the stem under the leaves. It is quite problematic to notice such flowers, however, a pleasant aroma will most likely attract your attention. Culture develops well with moisture in the penumbra, even on poor soils.
- Loosestrife. It is a tall plant on which are located long spike-shaped inflorescences of lilac or lilac color. A garden decorated with such flowers will attract butterflies during the flowering period from mid-summer almost to mid-autumn. It grows well in partial shade, on heavy and waterlogged soils. Derbennik can be planted in the lowlands, where water accumulates from precipitation or near water bodies. A distinctive feature is good winter hardiness. The flower grows quite quickly and forms curtains. Does not need careful care when growing.
In the garden occupy a special place and climbers. The rapid development of shoots, on the one hand, is very important for the design of arbors, summer cottage and hedges. On the other hand, due to the rapid growth of the vine, it is necessary to constantly prune and shape. However, you can plant unpretentious types of vines, which are modest in the requirements and grow quite quickly.
- Brown Honeysuckle. Differs in long and early blossoming to the frosts. Does not require special care from the florist in normal conditions, but during the harsh winters needs a good shelter.
- Actinidia colomicta. With age, the shoots of actinidia woody. The plant is valued for its pineapple fruit flavor, delicate scent of flowers and decorative greenery. It does not require shelter, since it is characterized by high winter resistance even in cold and dry winters.
- Girlish grapes. The most common of all types of vines. Actively grown in many regions and successfully adapts to any climate. Culture is valued for large carved leaves, which, depending on the season, change their color. Ideal in creating a hedge, because it is able to form shoots in a very short time. Easy to form and easy to maintain.
- Ivy. It is a thermophilic evergreen vine that can climb any support (tree, trellis, wall of a house). It often serves as a disguise for nondescript buildings. With such a simple and unpretentious plant, you can turn an old dilapidated wooden fence into a hedge or hide cracks in the stucco of a house that has formed over time.
Perennial plants. Features of their use in summer cottages
Perennials - a kind of beautiful flowering plants, these include decorative and deciduous species. All of them are characterized by a long period of growth, in other words, these plants can constitute a bed for several years, without the need to perform a transplant procedure or additional seeding.
Most perennials tolerate low temperatures.
Note! During this period, green spaces do not lose their decorative characteristics. Most perennials have no special requirements regarding care and growth conditions. They are characterized by early flowering, ahead of annual plant species.
The scope of perennials:
- hanging panels,
- bulk compositions
- flower sculptures to decorate the garden,
- multi-tiered landscape objects.
You can create original flower arrangements from perennials.
All green plantings belonging to this category can be used to design flowerbeds as a main background for other colors or as a decorative addition. They differ in color, shape and height, so they can be an excellent complement to each other.
Why choose perennials
Gardeners prefer this type of plant to annual flowers for many good reasons.
Plants for alpine slides: names and photos, gardening with their own hands. Types of flowers and shrubs, their layout. Recommendations for landing and registration. Mixborders in landscape design.
The advantages of perennial plants:
- The ability to create a beautiful flower bed that retains its attractiveness throughout the summer season.
- Landscape design created with their help may persist for several years. This period depends on the grade of the flower bed. At the same time, the gardener does not have to dig up plants every year, transplant or re-plant a flower bed.
- Most of the varieties are resistant to low temperatures, so the flower bed can well overwinter in the soil without additional protective equipment. In the warm season, perennials bloom first, as they have already formed and strong root system.
- Growing decorative beds is accompanied by minimal costs. To preserve the beauty of flower beds do not need to buy planting material annually.
The combination of different types of garden flowers will decorate the dacha
Helpful advice! Use perennial plants for additional seedlings, tubers and seeds. Many gardeners practice a system for the exchange of planting material among themselves. Use this method to get new varieties for your flowerbed for free.
Catalog of perennial flowers for the garden: photo with the names of the most popular plants
Placed in the catalog of perennial flowers for giving photos with names can be considered as a kind of guide to the world of gardening and landscape design. Since there is a lot of sowing material on the market, it is worth considering the most popular varieties, which not only professionals can cope with growing, but also summer gardeners.
Watering is a mandatory component of care for dacha plants
Alyssum: photo, planting and flower bed care
Alyssum is suitable for arid areas. It is able to withstand not only drought conditions, but also shows resistance to low temperatures. The plant takes root on any soil. No need for complex care activities.
- landscape objects,
- rock gardens,
- compositions needing a ground cover addition.
Alyssum has fragrant flowers and rich colors. Planting is carried out on top of a light soil with a high fertility rate. The plant needs the sun, and is combined with elements such as paved fences, paths, and rocky crevices. Alyssum requires moderate watering and increased nutrition at the first stage of development.
Alyssum - an unpretentious flower, rooted in dry soil
Anemones: planting and care, photo of flowers
This type of plant belongs to the genus Anemone. Photos of anemone flowers show violet, blue and bright red hues. In severe areas, the plant is grown as an annual. The diameter of the flowers is 70-80 mm.
Helpful advice! For the design of bouquets, it is recommended to cut the buds of anemones, which have not yet fully blossomed and have a weak color. The vase should be filled with water a quarter of the length of the peduncle, and the petals do not need to be wetted.
Planting anemone and care for them is quite simple. Tubers sit in a moderately fertile soil in a sunny place to a depth of 5 cm. The ground must be breathable. In poor soil, the plant will need additional feeding. It is better if it is a complex mineral fertilizer, which should be introduced into the soil twice during the summer.
Bright flowers of anemones will decorate any flowerbed
Pansies: planting and care, photo
Pansies are included in the list of the most popular plants. Their second name is viola. Perennial is characterized by a huge number of colors:
Sunny place and wet loam with a high level of fertility are optimal conditions for planting, they will increase the flowering time. Landing in the lowlands, where the liquid stagnates, it is better to avoid. The plant requires frequent feeding, for this purpose, suitable superphosphate and ammonium nitrate. From the use of fresh manure should be abandoned.
In order to extend the flowering period, the areas that have faded and the seed boxes are removed. Otherwise, seed ripening takes a lot of energy from the plant.
Pansies have bright colorful colors.
Astilby: planting in the open field and caring for the plant
Many owners of country plots are attracted by beautiful photos of astilbe. Planting and caring for this plant may vary, as perennial has several varieties that may be dwarf, short, medium or tall.
The plant is crowned with inflorescences in the form of panicles of various colors. Astilba has the following requirements in terms of planting and care:
- humus-rich soil
- watering on a regular basis (afraid of overheating of the roots),
- removal of peduncles after the flowering period.
Helpful advice! Bare root system should be covered with a special covering material or laparnik used to protect it so that the plant does not die from frost.
Astilba is well accustomed to the sun and shaded area
Asters: planting and care in the open field
In the photo, aster flowers look spectacular, and this is not surprising. This perennial is considered the dominant plant of all that can only be in the autumn garden. Astra is characterized by abundant flowering until the beginning of the first frost.
The palette of shades is diverse: dark purple, white, delicate lilac, light violet, rich pink.
Requirements for care and landing:
- placement area - weak partial shade or sunny area,
- light soils with good water permeability
- organic and mineral fertilizers,
- plentiful watering
- the separation of bushes and seating every five years.
Scope of application extends to the design of the edges of beds and paths. Plants can play the role of borders and carpet flower beds.
Aster flowers can have a wide variety of shades.
Badany: planting in the open field and the care of perennial
Badana leaves with a shiny surface have a rounded shape, and its flowers are painted pink. The plant is characterized by good development on fertile soils. It is recommended to place banean in areas with a slight darkening. Lack of sunlight can delay the flowering period and affect the beauty. Poor soil can also be the basis for plant growth. Thanks to regular feeding perennial able to form sockets.
- beds of group type,
- rocky garden areas,
- rabatki and borders.
Note! A winter surviving plant is very vulnerable to fungi. Therefore, in the spring it is recommended to feed the bergenia and treat its foliage with protective preparations.
Badan is well established on a rocky site or alpine slide
Periwinkle: planting in the open field and caring for the plant
Periwinkle refers to the climbing and creeping species of groundcover plants. He has the ability to rapidly grow in breadth. The leaves of this perennial have a leathery structure, covered with gloss. In most cases, they are dark or light green. In rare cases, the leaves are stained with golden or cream shades.
The plant quickly forms the root system, prefers the conditions of the penumbra. The soil at the same time can be almost any. The only condition for normal development is the absence of drying out. Watering should be carried out on a regular basis. Plants are recommended to cut. In the conditions of severe winters protection in the form of covering material is required. A good neighborhood will be: proleski, primroses, hyacinths and geyhery.
Periwinkle shoots spread along the ground and grow in breadth
Autumn crocus: photos and features of the plant
Autumn crocus has some similarities with crocuses. The second name of the plant is Kolhikum. To distinguish perennial from crocus is very simple. Just look at the flowers, which in this case are much larger and have a very pleasant aroma. One bulb can simultaneously form up to four beautiful flowers.
The flowering period is about three weeks. The pollinated flowers immediately fade, but later they well tolerate wintering under the snow. In terms of soil and care, the plant shows unpretentiousness. The same applies to growth conditions, which can be accompanied by abundant solar streams or shade.
It is recommended to plant crops on alpine slides. Flowerbeds with continuous flowering will suit, even ordinary flower beds.
Colchicum (Kolhikum) looks like crocuses
Buzulnik: photos and specifics of this perennial
Large leaves of buzulnik and its unusual color attracts summer residents. Perennial valued for abundant bloom for a long time and absolute unpretentiousness. Optimum conditions for the development of a plant can be created with equal success by a shadow and a solar plot.
Helpful advice! The solar zone should be selected carefully, since an excessive amount of light leads to fading and damage to the leaves.
Recommended planting in soils with a sufficient level of nutrients and moisture. Watering is carried out as needed. The period of fertilization of organic and mineral origin occurs in the spring and early summer. In the autumn, peat grinding and perennial cutting is performed almost to the root zone. There is no need to cover for the winter.
Bright yellow buds of buzulnik will decorate the summer cottage
Verbeinik: photo, planting and caring for the plant
Summer residents call the Loosestrife lisimachia. This perennial can be in the form of an erect plant or creeping shoots. The colorful photos of the amateur colts visually reflect how effectively the flowerbed can look in the backyard area with these yellow or red flowers. Some of them can be used for medicinal purposes.
Most of the plants of this species prefer abundant sunshine, only some varieties feel better in a shaded place.
- wet soil
- abundant watering on a regular basis
- fertilizing complex fertilizers twice a month.
The plant tolerates cold and does not require the use of covering material.
Loosewort (lysimachia) may have red or yellow inflorescences
Gazania: planting and care, photos of perennials
Gazania (or gazania) refers to flowering plants in summer, with an extensive palette of flowers. For this reason, landscape designers have called it South African chamomile.
Note! The genus of perennials gazania unites almost 40 varieties grown in warm countries. Some of them can develop in cold regions, but in the form of annuals.
Due to its unpretentiousness gatsaniya can be grown:
- in pots,
- in rock gardens,
- in boxes on the balcony,
- as a border design.
For normal development requires a lot of sun and open terrain. The soil should be turf mixed with sand. Stagnant water is highly undesirable. Even in conditions of dry weather, perennial needs moderate watering.
Gardeners call gazania South African chamomile
Hyacinths: planting in the open field and care for perennials
Planting hyacinths and care for them primarily comes down to the use of fertilizers. To obtain large and full flowers, a dry type top dressing is used, which is introduced into the soil immediately after the first sprouts appear, and the first soil loosening is done.
Второе внесение удобрений делается в период, когда образовались бутоны. На этот раз удобрение подается под корень в жидком виде. В третий раз подпитка осуществляется после того, как гиацинты зацвели. This type of plant is characterized by special irrigation requirements. Before the bulbs take root, the soil should not be allowed to dry. The earth should remain wet. In the remaining period, when the shoots are already visible, irrigation should be carried out on a regular basis, especially in dry weather.
The first time after planting hyacinths must be watered abundantly
Gypsophila perennial: planting, care, photos and features of the plant
Gypsophila has the appearance of flowering shrubs. Its delicate flowers of white or pink flowers abundantly cover perennial, creating the effect of air haze. Photos of gypsophila, which can be found on the net, clearly show that this type of plant will look good:
- in the background of the garden
- at the walls of the support destination,
- in rock gardens.
Perennial has a high resistance to winter cold. The main preferences are light soil with a high level of fertility and moisture, sunny terrain.
Helpful advice! Gypsophila extremely sensitive to the transplant. To increase the percentage of successful outcome, you must pre-process the root system with a root formation stimulator.
Perennial gypsophila great for landing on an alpine slide
Gladiolus in open ground: planting and care, features of growth
Planting exquisite gladiolus is carried out in an open area. At the same time must be present windscreen. It is not recommended to put the perennial in such areas where water can accumulate and stagnate.
In areas characterized by increased dryness and heat, gladiolus will need a light shade. The midday sun can have a negative impact, so flowers will need protection from high temperatures and direct rays. In areas with moderate climatic conditions, even a slight shadow can cause a fall in the level of decoration and delay flowering.
Gladiolus responds well to sandy soil, which must be pre-treated 20-30 cm deep and saturated with organic fertilizer.
Gladiolus - traditional flowers in the suburban areas
Gentian: photo, planting and care in the open field, especially the treatment of the flower
Gentian is a perennial plant blooming with blue bells. The period of active flowering coincides with the summer season. This mountain flower is recommended to be planted on the alpine hills. The perennial group of this genus includes more than four hundred varieties and varieties.
Like all low-growing plants, gentian needs a careful approach to fertilizers. Feeding with a high nitrogen content can damage the plant. Sunlight should be dosed, but this does not mean that the flower should be placed in the shade. Dried shoots must be removed from the flower bed.
Gentian flowers are shaped like bells
Delphinium: photos and varieties of the flower
Seeds are laid in the soil in March. Landscape designers advise performing thick sowing so that the flowerbed is lush. After that, the flower beds are covered with a layer of soil with a thickness of about 0.3-0.4 cm.
The category of perennials includes such varieties of delphinium:
The flower loves regular watering, especially under dry weather conditions. The wet earth is then loosened up, but very carefully.
Helpful advice! Delphinium loves radical irrigation. The correct irrigation system will exclude powdery mildew (disease).
Delphinium - moisture-loving flower
Dicentra: photo, landing and care ("broken heart")
In the photo the perennial dycenters can be seen arched inflorescences, dotted with heart-shaped flowers, which can be white, pink or light purple. In total, this genus has about ten cultivated varieties of plants.
The most important condition for successful cultivation of the center is the correctly chosen landing zone. In the penumbra, she feels best, but the sunny area will be a great place for the habitat of a flower, provided it is watered in time. The soil should have a rich mineral and organic composition. You can fertilize it with humus before planting.
Because of the shape of the flowers, the dicentre is called the "broken heart"
Creeping creeper: photos and perennial care
Gardeners love zing for their resistance to the adverse effects of weather conditions. It does not show vulnerability to pests and diseases. Due to dense flowering, even in conditions of minimal sunlight, zivuchka can land in specific areas of the summer cottage.
Scope of application:
- decoration of rocky slopes
- landing at the bottom of the green hedge,
- design trunks of trees around the circumference.
The procedure of seating, disembarking and replanting can be performed throughout the summer season. For plants, free flowing soil with peat, sand, or sod is good.
Creeping zhivuchku can be planted on rockeries and stone slopes
Honeysuckle: photos, varieties, description of perennial and care for them
Honeysuckle is a shrub that tends to bear fruit. There are a lot of varieties of this plant, but if we restrict ourselves to those where edible berries grow, the choice will be between honeysuckle:
The shrub is unpretentious in care and can take root anywhere in the site where you want to plant it. The main thing - the presence of protection from the wind and a sufficient amount of sun.
Helpful advice! Honeysuckle does not like loneliness, as well as neighborhoods with specimens of the same grade. And in the first and in the second case, the yield of perennial drops significantly.
There are many varieties of honeysuckle
Clematis: landing and care. Photos of vine plants
Clematis can be a worthy decoration of any garden, suburban area or courtyard in a private house.
- resistance to winter conditions
- long flowering period
- easy maintenance
Clematis is different thermophilia, prefers the sun. Disembarkation is carried out in 2 m increments. Lowlands or areas adjacent to groundwater are considered bad places. The soil should be selected loamy or sandy. In heavy soil, the installation of a drainage system is required. In winter, perennial protection is required.
Clematis has a long flowering period.
Bathing vessel: photos and features of landing
For the planting of the swimsuit will require prior soil preparation. For good development of perennials should provide shade. In areas filled with the sun, the plant can also grow, but an abundance of light will cause the flowers to shred and quickly fade.
It is better to refuse landing of a bathing vessel on sandy or dry soil. The flower needs regular watering, weeding from weeds, loosening of the ground. Top dressing is also important. The best nutrition for the plant will be the dosed introduction of nitrofrosk, "Agricola" and urea in combination: a tablespoon of each fertilizer and 10 liters of water.
Bathing suit with large yellow buds
Kupena: photo of a perennial plant on the site
Kupena is considered one of the little-known garden perennials. The plant has a family relationship with the Lily. On its curved stem, green-gray-gray leaves and small flowers-bells hanging with a green border are side by side.
Plots with little or significant shade are the main habitat of a modest, but attractive plant. The sun's rays slow down its growth and negatively affect the decorative characteristics of the bath.
Note! This perennial has healing properties: strengthens the immune system, accelerates the metabolism.
Koupena does not like too sunny places for landing.
Lakonosy: photos, description of perennial and conditions of its cultivation
Lakonos is a large perennial plant. His homeland is America. During the period of summer growth lakonos from small seeds turns into a lush bushy plant. The height can reach 1 m. By the autumn, the stalks are covered with black berries with a characteristic brilliance.
And the juice of the plant, and its berries are very poisonous. But this does not prevent gardeners from placing lacunas at the very center of their compositions. In the middle of the flower bed perennial is unlikely to be dangerous. It can be a background addition to the fence, because open solar areas are contraindicated to it.
Juvenile juice and berries are poisonous.
Lilies of the valley: photos and recommendations for care
The favorite place of lilies of the valley is wet soil, hidden under the thick shadow of trees. Perennial perfectly tolerates the long absence of sunlight. But if the shadow is deep, the number of flowers will decrease. Instead, the lily of the valley will increase the foliage. The impact of the wind also will not benefit, reducing the number of flowers.
Helpful advice! Gardeners recommend planting lilies of the valley along walls and fences.
Hot weather conditions are detrimental to perennials. Do not forget about watering plants. It is better to completely abandon transplants. The low fence around the flowerbed will allow you to avoid strong growth.
Lily of the valley flowers have a nice lasting scent.
Daylilies: planting in open field and bushes care
Shrubs sit in the landing hole. For the daylily, the depth of such a pit is about 20-25 cm, and the perennials themselves are placed in 0.4-0.6 m increments. Before you put a bush in the recess, you should pour a little fertile soil on the bottom. And it needs to be made a hill. On it will subsequently straighten the roots.
The zone where the transition from the root system to the leaves takes place is called the “neck”. It dives into the ground by about 2-4 cm. The daylily requires abundant watering and mulching of the soil. It is recommended to close the ground around the plant in a circle of 4 to 7 cm. After planting, the plant will need to be watered and fertilized regularly.
Daylily blooms bright inflorescences of various shades
Lupines in open ground: planting and caring for floral plantings
Decorative characteristics of this flower are very high. It is precisely for the natural beauty that gardeners love lupins so much, it’s a pleasure to plant and care for. The requirements of the plant to the soil is low, but, as with other perennials, the rule here is: the more fertile the land, the more luxuriant and more beautiful the plants bloom.
If you want to achieve optimal conditions for the cultivation of lupins, you should give preference to acidic soil types. In such an environment, the plant improves the composition of the earth, independently forming a nitrogen-containing fertilizer on its tubers. To increase the acidity, it is recommended to add sawdust and manure to the soil.
Fertilize soil for lupins should be sawdust
Medunitsy: photos of flowers at their summer cottage and features of flowerbed care
Medunitsa, known among landscape designers as pulmonaria, is distinguished by the beauty of flowers with a very early flowering period. Despite this, today it can not be found in every garden.
With this flower you can make a wonderful design of the site:
- live curbs
- ridges along the garden paths,
- ground cover addition to flower beds.
Settle lungwort in a cool and shady place, and this plant will be able to please the eye with flowers even on poor soil. Sandy composition is preferable. Perennial needs moisture and regular watering, you need to do mulching for the winter.
Planted medunitsu (pulmonaria) need in a shaded area
Euphorbia: photos of a garden flower, the rules of care and cultivation
For planting milkweed on the plot you need to take a sunny place. In extreme cases, it is allowed to grow perennials in the penumbra, however, the flowering of the plant will not be so abundant.
Important! Heavy soils are a very bad foundation for planting milkweed. Growth slows down, and in winter the root system will be subjected to decay.
Watering should be moderate. For the period of vegetative development, no more than two additional feedings are allowed using mineral fertilizer. Preserve the external attractiveness of the green space will help the timely removal of dead inflorescences and pruning.
Spurge often planted in the garden and on the dachas
Muscari: photos on the garden and characteristics of plants
This type of perennial belongs to the family of Hyacinth. Even the muskar depicted in the photo is able to create a joyful and spring mood. For a bed at the dacha it is a pipe to find a more interesting specimen.
Bulbous plant completely unpretentious. Muscari deserve its name due to the specific smell, which has similar notes with musk. Gardeners used muskar:
- Turgenev (light blue),
- Armenian (blue with white border),
- coniferous (purple),
- ugly (white, blue, blue-violet).
Muscari love abundant watering and sunshine. Normally perceive penumbra. Some varieties multiply by self seeding.
Muscari breed by bulbs or self seeding
Narcissus: planting and care in the open field
Daffodils in a company with tulips can be a beautiful addition to the garden plot. They bloom very early and are presented in a large variety of varieties:
- small crown,
Planting plants does not cause difficulties, the main thing is to guess the dates. The package usually indicates the ideal month for planting daffodils. Mandatory conditions of care: regular loosening of the soil, watering (especially after flowering), removal of diseased plants and jigging of other kinds of daffodils.
There are a large number of varieties and varieties of daffodils
Forget-me-not: photos of flowers and perennial features
If you want to see what the Bruner looks like, take a look at the forget-me-not flowers (the photo shows the look of this cute spring plant no less vividly). Perennial blooms in late spring with light blue small flowers. After flowering, they are replaced by pointed leaves in the shape of a heart. On these leaves there is a sharp tip. Special care is practically not required.
Important! The plant needs moisture. With a lack of watering the leaves will fade. Therefore, you should carefully observe the timing of watering, and the perennial itself is better to plant in clay soil, constantly retaining its moisture.
Forget-me-not bloom in small blue and blue flowers
Nivyanik: photos and perennial features
Nivyanik has many names: chamomile white, grass-romance, nursery, white flowers. This flower is a frequent inhabitant of gardens and country sites. Perennial is characterized by high resistance to adverse weather (frost) and unpretentiousness. The timely removal of baskets that have already faded will prolong the flowering time of this amazing meadow plant.
Given the origin of the berry, it becomes clear that perennial prefers open and sun-drenched terrain. Areas where water stagnates should be avoided. Properly grown chamomile can do without transplanting 5, and sometimes 7 years.
Nivyanik is stable and unpretentious
Liver: photos and characteristics of the evergreen
Herb liver plant has another name - woods. Perennial belongs to the vast family of Buttercups. The habitat of its growth is considered to be forests in northern latitudes with moderate climatic conditions. In the gardens you can meet only one type - the noble liverhead. Globally, there are a thousand varieties of this plant.
Hepatic has a long life. In terms of improvement and appropriate care, the plant can live up to 25 years. In nature, this figure does not occur due to the fact that the liver is in need of moist and very fertile soils.
Liver (coppice) has a very long period of life
Peonies in the open field: planting and caring for flowerbed
Peonies can often be found in park areas and gardens. This light-loving perennial loves fertile soil. In optimal conditions in one place he is able to live up to 50 years.
For planting should pick up sunny, but protected from the wind areas of the territory. Peony bushes tend to grow, so when you make tracks, you should leave a certain distance between the path and the landing pits. It is not recommended to plant perennial under the walls of the building. Rainwater from the roof will increase soil moisture, and when water stagnates, the root system of plants will rot.
Peonies grow lush bushes with large flowers
Pyrethrum: a photo for lovers of garden daisies
If you see a colored chamomile in front of you, it means pyrethrum in the photo. Planting and caring for these plants are specific, but quite simple. Unpretentious perennial develops well in sunny beds and shaded areas.
Note! In the absence of direct sunlight, the shoots of this plant can stretch.
There are no special requirements regarding the soil, but the high humidity and poor composition of the earth can slow down the development of pyrethrum. Watering schedule should be regular, but in moderation. If in time to remove flower stalks, which have already outlived their own, perennial will be able to bloom again.
Цветы пиретрума формой похожи на обычную ромашку
Плетистая роза: посадка и уход за растением
Плетистые розы пригодны для создания романтической атмосферы практически на любом участке. This perennial cannot do without sunlight, therefore, it is better to organize planting in an open area with a good level of ventilation. Everglades and lowlands are not suitable for growing roses.
It is not recommended to break the bushes on the place where the flower bed was previously, otherwise the plant will not take root. In order to avoid the death of roses, they are recommended to be planted on slopes or hills. This will relieve the soil in the growth zone of the bushes from bogging, which often occurs during the rainy season or in areas with groundwater, which lies near the surface.
Climbing roses are planted near fences, pergolas or arches
Perennial primula: photo, care and planting
Primula is called primrose due to early flowering. That is why she is a favorite perennial of summer residents and gardeners. In the photo of a perennial primrose there are purple, yellow, red and blue flowers.
Note! This type of plant is widely used in traditional medicine.
Before planting it is necessary to introduce fertilizer into the soil. The earth must be hydrated. The outskirts of gardens with a good shade are best suited for this purpose. The plant survives well under pears and apples. Cool conditions are considered optimal. As food can be used humus from last year's foliage.
Primula - one of the most early-flowering perennials
Perennial rudbeckia: planting and caring for flowerbed
Grade Rudbeckia varied. The plant has similar features with daisies. Their petals bent to the bottom can have different colors:
The plant is not demanding in relation to land. Feels better on well-groomed soils, fertilized with humus and high water permeability. The period of growth of perennial in one place without a transplant is 5 years.
During the growing season is recommended top dressing in the form of potassium sulfate and nitrophoska. Dead flowers should be removed, as well as young shoots (as needed, if the bushes are overgrown).
Rudbeckia can grow in one place without a transplant up to 5 years
Yarrow: photo of an unpretentious and medicinal plant
Yarrow is very popular among owners of suburban areas involved in the design of flower beds. Its inflorescences have a bright color (red, white, pink, orange, cherry, yellow), retain their attractiveness for a long time, and the plant itself is considered to be therapeutic.
There are almost two hundred species of this perennial. The places of its natural habitat are mountain meadows, rocky and rocky terrain, glades, which ensured the high resistance of the plant.
Note! Yarrow is able not only to withstand sudden temperature changes, it normally endures periods of prolonged drought.
Yarrow has healing properties
Perennial phlox: photo, planting and care for flower beds
Thanks to the work of breeders, the phlox grade has increased, and these extraordinarily beautiful plants have become indispensable inhabitants of ornamental flowerbeds in suburban areas. Even a little care causes phlox to flourish in lush colors.
The plant is able to take root even on heavy soils. To do this, just add to the bottom of the landing pit sand with large grain. In sandy soils will not interfere with a layer of clay. Phlox is planted 2-3 cm deep into the ground (the root neck is buried to this depth). For a good color development, you will need an open area with the sun and protection from the wind.
Phloxes grow in lush and bright buds
Hosta: species and photos with the name of varieties
The plant loves the shady coolness of the gardens and does not need careful care, as evidenced by the beautiful photo host in the landscaping of the countryside. Decorative perennial has many varieties:
- Christmas Eve,
- White Christmas,
- Alex Summers,
- Mango Tango,
- First love, etc.
The variety of plants can be easily confused, since many of them are based on sports (shoots that have significant differences from the maternal perennial).
Note! Sandy soil slows down plant growth. In this case, the composition of such a land enhances the color of the leaves. The recommended condition of the soil is shade and moisture.
Host variety "Tango Mango", planted in a flower pot
Chrysanthemum perennial garden: planting and care, photo
Chrysanthemum has a 3-thousand-year history. It was first cultivated for gardening purposes in China. The plant is characterized by lush flowering. To achieve this result, you need to choose the right time and place for planting.
When the perennial is in the ground, the first pinching is done. In other words, growth points are being removed. Repeatedly, this procedure is done after three weeks and the upper part of the shoots are removed. Chrysanthemum badly reacts to the lack of moisture and does not like a thick shadow.
The best landing point is the hill. Requirements to the soil: friability, moisture permeability, fertility. Do not interfere with peat, compost, rotted manure.
With proper care, chrysanthemum will give a lush bloom
Stock Rose: photos, the specificity of this plant
The stem of the rose has a beautiful flowering and light-loving. Therefore, it should be placed on the site, well illuminated by the sun. Shadowing will not only delay the growth and development of perennial, but may also cause the lack of flowers. And in this state, the plant can be within two years. Poor and dry soils are also not desirable.
The irrigation scheme should be moderate, because a large amount of liquid can trigger rotting processes in the roots. The soil should be fed with nitrogenous fertilizers. Dead flowers deplete stem roses, so you need to get rid of them.
Stock Rose loves sunny places and moderate watering
Having studied the characteristics and features of each of the plants presented in the catalog, you can learn how to form unique flower compositions. Many perennials have similar requirements for planting, recharge and watering conditions. Based on this information, you can create accurate schemes for beautiful and colorful flower beds.
Such plants are not afraid of cold, and they are shown out of the ground in the first spring month. They are recommended to plant in close proximity to shrubs and trees. It is worth remembering that the flowering of them is quite short, and after its completion, the part located above the ground dies.
Disclosure of such delicate flowers occurs along with snowdrops. They bloom at the very beginning of spring and look very impressive and fresh. And in order to achieve even greater effect, you can plant such flowers of various colors next to it. Crocuses are recommended to be planted under shrubs and trees, in the open, in the middle of a lawn or in a container.
Such lovely spring flowers appealed to a large number of summer residents. They have an unusual look. Different species may vary in timing of flowering. The earliest bloom in March. For such a plant does not require special care, and it can multiply independently kiddies. When planting, this fact must be taken into account, because it will be extremely difficult to transfer such a flower to another place. It is recommended to plant onions together with a pot.
This plant is not afraid of frost and it begins to bloom in early spring. These beautiful flowers of rich yellow color can warm the soul with their appearance on a gloomy spring day. It should be planted at the beginning of autumn, and a partially shaded place should be chosen. Recommended spring for group plantings, as well as with it you can enrich the rocky landscape.
Scilla is very often found on country shrinkage, while they grow between trees. Such plants are unpretentious and can grow on the ground of any quality. And if they get moisture, they will begin to multiply very quickly. In this regard, when planting it should be remembered that their population will have to be controlled.
Such a perennial plant has a rather effective and not quite ordinary appearance. Care of him will not be difficult, as it is undemanding and non-capricious. It is recommended to use for group landings.
Many gardeners consider narcissus to be a rather boring and already rather boring flower. But if to consider that a large number of the most various grades appeared, then this flower is still capable to surprise even the experienced summer resident. Below are the most popular varieties:
- Small crown,
This plant is evergreen. The main flowering occurs in early spring, and in summer only single flowers remain. It is rather easy to care for such perennial, as it is unpretentious and undemanding. It should be remembered that for normal development and growth it needs nip.
Catalog of perennial flowers for the garden, blooming in spring and summer
There is also a fairly large number of perennial plants that are capable of their spectacular exterior to decorate the dacha in both spring and summer. Below are the most common and popular species among summer residents.
Such a perennial very spectacular plant begins to bloom in the last spring weeks. It is recommended to plant in light, nutrient-rich soil. For adonis, you can, if you wish, choose a well-lit, sunny place, or a shade. It is recommended to replant such perennial as rarely as possible, because it reacts extremely negatively to this procedure.
Such a very beautiful plant, like an alissum, is absolutely perfect for dry periods. For planting it is recommended to choose a sunny place. This perennial flower grows best and develops on slightly alkaline soil. When watering should be especially careful, as perennial reacts negatively to overflow.
Such a plant is among the most unperturbable plants, perfectly suitable for the dacha. Badan will not cause much damage dry periods. Also, this perennial is able to tolerate very cold weather. You can not transplant for decades, while it will annually please with its flowers until the middle of the spring period.
This plant has a very spectacular and extremely unusual appearance. This may explain the high popularity of this flower among summer residents. When growing hyacinths, it should be remembered that it cannot tolerate very cold weather. When choosing a place for such a flower, you need to remember that it must be protected from strong gusts of wind. When watering should be extremely careful, because the hyacinth also does not tolerate excessive moisture of the soil.
Such a herbaceous perennial plant prefers to grow in shady places. In order for it to grow and develop normally, it needs to provide a sufficient amount of moisture. It responds well to systematic fertilization in the soil. Also, do not forget that kupena absolutely not afraid of frost.
Such a perennial plant grows well and develops in shady places. When watering, it should be remembered that it should be abundant and systematic, and all because forget-me-not really loves moisture. You can enjoy very cute flowers painted in bright colors, in May – June. You can multiply forget-me-not quite easily with the help of seeds. The name of such a flower is often used when writing songs or poems.
Compact bushes adorn spectacular, brightly colored flowers. Such plants are so charming and beautiful that they are very popular among summer residents. Showy flowers bloom in the middle of spring. For planting should choose a plot of land rich in nutrients. In order for the primrose to grow and develop normally, it needs to provide a sufficient amount of moisture.
How long the flowering of violets falls is directly dependent on the varieties and varieties. Such plants have become very popular among summer residents thanks to their fragrant pretty flowers. Also, this plant has won the hearts of a large number of summer residents, as it is undemanding in the care. In order for your site to adorn the bright flowers of such a perennial plant, it needs to arrange a fairly frequent watering.
Such a perennial will be able to decorate any suburban area with its spectacular appearance. Flowering begins in early summer and lasts about 4 weeks. At this time, anyone can enjoy their unusual beauty. It is not recommended for planting a delphinium to select flooded, as well as windy areas of soil. For the winter, he does not need shelter.
At the dacha plots you can meet different types of this perennial plant. For such a plant is recommended to choose a well-lit plot of land. For arnica to develop and grow normally, the ground must be sour. It should be remembered that watering this perennial should be regular, and all because it is extremely negative reaction to drought.
Such plants have very attractive bushes, and they are able to become an excellent decoration absolutely for any dacha. Summer residents do not have to think about where to transplant this plant to a new place, because it can grow in the same place for several years. Also, the positive quality of milkweed is that it is sufficiently frost-resistant and drought-resistant. But it is necessary to ensure that there is no stagnation of liquid in the ground, as this can negatively affect the condition of the plant.
Flowering in such an unusual plant begins in August and ends in the month of September. This flower is not suitable for all areas. So, it is grown only in summer cottages located in the southern regions. For landing should choose a well-lit place and this is a prerequisite. Also this flower needs acidified soil.
This plant is also very popular among summer residents. The fact is that it has not only very spectacular and bright flowers, but also a rather long flowering period. So, it continues from the beginning of the summer period and until the onset of frost. Such a decorative flower responds well to the introduction of manure into the soil.
Such an incredibly popular and very beautiful plant, as chrysanthemum is considered sacred in Asian countries. There is a very large number of varieties of such a flower, and many of them can be found in the suburban areas. Long and very spectacular flowering of chrysanthemum continues until the frost. Her luxurious flowers are suitable for cutting, and of them make up beautiful bouquets that can stand for several weeks.
Astra is an incredibly popular ornamental plant that can be found on almost every summer cottage. Its popularity is explained not only by the spectacular flowering, but also by the ease of caring for it, and also by its not capriciousness.
These ornamental flowering perennials are most popular among summer residents. When choosing such flowers for your plot, you should give preference to the fact that they bloom in different periods. In this case, your summer cottage will be fragrant from the beginning of the spring period to frost.