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We grow cyclamen at home: important nuances of planting and caring for a demanding handsome man

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Everyone has their own hobby, for example, many people love to grow houseplants. One of the most popular residents of window sills can be called cyclamen.

This is not surprising, because this plant with the right care will delight you with beautiful bright colors.

Consider how and when to plant and seat cyclamen.

What is this plant?

Cyclamen is otherwise called alpine violet or dryakva.. Flower growers love this plant for its beautiful flowers and variety of varieties. It can be grown, as at home, in a pot, and in open ground. Cyclamen can be found in almost any part of the world. This is a perennial plant, so if you properly care for it, you can enjoy beautiful flowers from year to year.

Despite the large number of species, for the cultivation of the house is used most often only two - this is Persian and European. The choice is made in their favor because they have beautiful bright inflorescences that appear even in winter.

How to plant - optimal conditions and time

A beautiful flower begins with the right planting.. The most favorable time for breeding violets is the period from February to March.

What conditions need cyclamen to please you with flowers?

  • The room should be well ventilated and be bright enough and, ideally, sunny.
  • The flower does not like drafts, but it doesn’t care for the low temperatures, it feels great even at 11 degrees.
  • One of the most important criteria for a beautiful plant is loose soil, so you should not forget about it if you want to achieve a result.
  • Water the alpine violet a lot, it is difficult to tolerate drought. When the plant blooms it is necessary to water more often, but you should make sure that the water does not stagnate, as they can begin to rot.

Preparation: What soil and pot are needed?

It is important to prepare the soil, which will be suitable for cyclamen. Since this plant loves the air, the soil should be quite loose. Making the land perfect for alpine violet is easy enough.

Two parts of the steamed earth are mixed with one part of the soil mix "Tulip" or something similar, we add a little river soil in order to make the land less dense.

It is also necessary to choose a pot of the correct size, it should not be very large, so that the liquid does not stand, this will badly affect the roots of the plant.

Pot size depends on plant age:

  • Small flowers enough pot diameter of six inches.
  • If the cyclamen is a year and a half, then no more than eight centimeters.
  • The plant is older than three years - the diameter of the pot can be up to 15 centimeters.

  1. Be sure to make a hole in the bottom of the pot.
  2. Put pebbles or expanded clay down to avoid excessive moisture.

Action algorithm

When the pot and the soil is ready, you can proceed directly to planting cyclamen. This is done easily. The main thing is to observe the sequence of actions.

How to properly plant cyclamen:

  1. It is necessary to prepare the seeds. Soak the seeds for about 10-12 hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or specialized preparations, for example, Appin.
  2. In the soil we make a furrow about a centimeter deep and pour water abundantly.
  3. Seeds need to be spread out at a distance of three centimeters from each other.
  4. Sprinkle on top of the ground, cover with a can or film.

While maintaining a favorable temperature regime (about 20 degrees), the seeds sprout in about a month or two.

Now that the first green shoots have appeared, you need to rearrange the flower in a well-lit place and remove the film. But you must try to avoid direct sunlight. As soon as a couple of leaves appear, you can replant the seedlings in pots. 2-3 pieces each, completely covering the tubers with earth.

After about six months, you can transplant more flowers in pots., but at the same time they need to be dropped in by only 2/3. It is very important that the soil is loose, depends on the success of growing cyclamen.

How to seat at home?

Cyclamen needs to be transplanted with too active development of tubers, as well as, if necessary, change the soil. It is desirable to do this at the end of the summer, when the flower is in a phase of low activity.

Depending on the type of plant you need to plant it in a certain way. As stated above, we most often have two types. European cyclamen roots grow in breadthTherefore, it is important to well deepen it into the ground, but the Persian grows downwards on the contrary, therefore the very top of the tuber should be slightly above the ground.

Then you can learn from the video how to replant the plant:

On the beneficial properties of cyclamen tubers, as well as the nuances of their planting, read here.

Care after transplant

You need to understand that even if you have transplanted the plant correctly, but have not provided the right care after, the fragile flower can die or become sick.

As already mentioned, watering is very important for cyclamen, especially when it blooms (how to water cyclamen, read here). Best of all, if you water through the pan, that is, pour some water in a saucer, if for some reason watering is on top, then try not to touch the tuber and pour water from the side, carefully watching that no water stagnates.

The plant will thank you if the air around you is well moistened., arm yourself with a pulvicitator and spray around the pot without getting on the leaves.

Do not neglect fertilizers, especially during the vegetative period, it is recommended to feed cyclamen about 2 times a month. Liquid fertilizers are best for cyclamen. You can use the same as when landing. To enrich the soil enough floor cap, you need to add them to two liters of water and let it brew. Water is desirable to use warm. Fertilizing the soil after transplanting is no earlier than the first shoots appear.

Details about the secrets of proper care for cyclamen at home can be found here.
Thus, we can say that, following simple rules, you can easily and quickly grow cyclamen, which will please you for a long time with beautiful flowers.

Characteristics of planting cyclamen

The root system of the plant is significantly different from the roots of most of the representatives of indoor pets, which plays a major role not only during its planting, but also in the further care of the flower. Cyclamen is somewhat reminiscent of bulbous cultures: its root is a large, flattened corm bulb. Its diameter is on average about 15 cm, while the growth point is only one.

When planting an adult cyclamen tuber can not be buried in the ground completely: at least 1/3 of it must remain on the surface. An exception is the European species of plant, in which the roots grow not only in the lower part of the bulb, but also over its entire surface.

The soil for the flower must be chosen light and nutritious. The store sells ready-made substrates of the nominal for this plant. Also suitable for his soil mixture for Saintpaulia.

If desired, the soil suitable for cyclamen can be composed independently by mixing in equal parts:

There is one more nuance on which both the development and future flowering of the plant directly depends. Pot for cyclamen should choose a small volume (of course, given the size of the corm itself).

When choosing a flowerpot, it is necessary to focus on the fact that from the tuber to the walls of the planting tank should be no more than 3 cm. Only in such “close conditions” can the cyclamen bloom soon.

What does cyclamen love and what is it afraid of?

When planning to grow a plant, it is worth considering that it prefers:

  • cool
  • Fresh air,
  • sufficiently high air humidity
  • diffused lighting.

The most comfortable temperature for a flower is up to 20 degrees Celsius, but not lower than 10 degrees. In order for it to bloom in winter, even less is needed - up to 14 degrees Celsius. Frequent airing allows cyclamen to provide fresh air, especially during the heating season. It is possible to freshen a bush and with the help of regular spraying, in addition, they will raise the humidity and lower the temperature in the room.

During the ventilation of the room it is necessary to exclude the possibility of a draft - it is destructive for a flower.

Another important point in the care of cyclamen at home is irrigation. It is best of all to moisten the soil in the pot by the method of bottom irrigation, dropping the pot in a bowl of water. Keep it there until the substrate is completely saturated with moisture, and the top layer is not wet. Then remove the cyclamen and allow to drain excess water. The liquid from the pallet must be drained so that it does not stagnate.

Bottom watering of cyclamen will eliminate the possibility of moisture on the tops of the corm, as well as directly on the flowers and leaves. If you water the bush directly in the pot, there is a risk to fill in the growth point, and this usually ends with rotting of the tuber and, accordingly, the loss of the whole plant.

Cyclamen can still be watered directly into the pan, not forgetting then to drain the excess water from it.

Regarding fertilization, cyclamen is one of those indoor plants that are better underfed than overfed. The flower responds well to complex preparations for flowering plants, especially in liquid form, but the working solution should be prepared by strictly adhering to the recommendations for its use, sometimes even reducing its concentration.

For the next 2-3 months, the purchased plant does not need additional dressing: usually the store soil contains a large amount of nutrients that the plant is “refilled” with, so that it blooms profusely and has a beautiful “commodity” appearance.

How often to replant the plant?

Cyclamen does not grow very quickly, and the young corm can sit in a pot for about two years. During this time, it will increase the volume and it will be possible to transplant the cyclamen in a more spacious pot, at the same time and changing the substrate to fresh. It is better to transplant using the transshipment method, without clearing the completely old soil from the tuber in order not to damage it. The first feeding after such a procedure is done in a month.

The cyclamen should be overpowered at the end of the rest period, until it starts growing, and you should not take a very spacious container, otherwise you may not see the next flowering.

A flowering plant donated or purchased in a shop (even if it is clearly visible that the transporting pot is small for it) cannot be transplanted - one must wait until it fades and dies.

How does cyclamen rest?

When the bush finishes its flowering and the inflorescences wither, the leaves begin to turn yellow after them, and over time only one tuber remains in the pot. Many growers think that the plant disappears, and often even throw it away. However, it is completely in vain, because so cyclamen prepare for a period of rest.

Fading leaves can be carefully removed without waiting for them to completely dry. For this, the stalks are simply unscrewed clockwise without using scissors.

Care for cyclamen in the rest period is simple:

  • with the beginning of the yellowing of the foliage begin to reduce the frequency of watering,
  • the pot with the “naked” round tuber remaining in it is moved to a more darkened place, where it will get less light but will not be hot,
  • hibernating cyclamen is watered occasionally to prevent complete drying of the soil and corm.

Most often, plants hibernate in winter, when the room is too warm and dry for them, because it is known that cyclamens bloom profusely only in cool and humid conditions, although the spring-summer break is also characteristic of them.

Resting flowers month three. This time is enough for them to recover and gain strength before the next abundant flowering. After the specified time, the pot with corms is returned to a bright place and watering is resumed. Soon the leaves will appear from the bulb, then the buds will be tied and everything will be repeated from the beginning.

Preferred breeding method

As already mentioned, cyclamen corm has only one growth point. True, sometimes there are instances in which there are several of them, but this happens very rarely. For this reason, it is practically impossible to obtain a new plant by dividing a tuber, especially since even if there is an opportunity to carry out such a procedure, the delenki take root extremely reluctantly and in most cases die.

The seed method is the most realistic and positive method for the reproduction of cyclamen.

You can sow seeds at any time of the year, but it is better to start work in early spring. Then the light day is long enough, which allows the seedlings to provide good lighting and avoid pulling them out.

Before sowing, seeds are better to be etched for disinfection purposes by soaking them in a solution of potassium permanganate. Instead, you can use any growth stimulant.

Fill the seedling container with a nutrient mixture, make shallow grooves in it and spray them well with a spray bottle. Put the prepared seeds, leaving a distance of at least 2 cm between the seeds. Lightly sprinkle the crops with earth and cover with a film or glass on top to create greenhouse conditions. In this form, they will be 12 months until they germinate. At this time, it is necessary to periodically air the greenhouse and spray the soil, and also not to allow too high temperature values, otherwise the seeds will “fall asleep” instead of germinating.

If at the expiration of the month the shoots have not yet hatching - no need to hurry to throw them away: the seeds of individual varieties of cyclamen can “sit” in the ground for more than 5 months.

When the seeds germinate, the film is removed and the seedlings are grown without it. After forming a pair of true leaves and their own small nodules in the rastishk, they dive into separate cups. It is noteworthy that it is possible to plant in pairs and even 3 things, since there will not be a lot of space for each young onion.

When picking up plants, young corms are completely covered with earth, unlike adult cyclamens.

In such small groups they will “sit” and grow for about half a year, after which the bushes are individually transplanted into pots of no more than 7 cm. The first flowering of young cyclamen can be seen no earlier than 18 months after the seeds have been sown, some copies prepare for this for three years. They can bloom in summer or even in winter, depending on planting time and growing conditions.

As you can see, cyclamen cannot be called a simple flower, but it is also impossible to say that it is very capricious. You just need to know exactly what the plant needs and respond to its requests in time. And then beautiful bright cyclamen butterflies will settle on your windowsill and attract attention to the envy of all neighbors. Grow it and multiply it to share your joy with loved ones. Good luck!

Cyclamen: types and description

Cyclamen is widely used as a houseplant. Plant height reaches 30 cm. The cyclomenia flower is a tuberous species, has a thick rhizome. In nature, there are about 50 species of cyclamen, some of them are listed in the Red Book (for example, Caucasian cyclamen). Home-grown plants are mainly grown below.

Cyclamen purple or European

The species belongs to grassy evergreen plants about 10-15 cm high. The leaves are dark green with brown bottom, have a silvery pattern on top, are rounded, sometimes there are toothed leaves along the edges, their diameter is about 5 cm. The flowers are small (about two cm ), have a pleasant smell. Expanding upward petals slightly bent. Flowering begins in the summer and continues until autumn. The color of the inflorescences may be red, pink or white. Tuber over the entire surface is covered with roots, has an irregular shape.

Caucasian cyclamen

This variety is different heart-shaped, rounded or elongated and narrow leaves that appear in the fall. Their color varies from brown to dark green, the sheet plate can also have a different pattern. Petals of a pink color - from pale to a saturated shade with a dark-lilac spot at the basis. The flowers are small, no more than two cm. In diameter. Tuber brown color, forms the roots in the bottom.

Persian Cyclamen (Alpine Violet)

The most popular variety is the Victoria variety, which has white flowers with contrasting crimson or pink fringe. Also in home floriculture are widely used varieties with purple, red and pink flowers, located on a thin stalk. The petals 5 cm long are slightly curved back, the leaves of the heart-shaped dark green color are about 15 cm in diameter, framed with silver or white border along the edges. For some varieties characteristic marble pattern.

In May and June, the Persian cyclamen, at rest, drops foliage. Клубень шаровидный, плотный, выпускает корешки в нижней части.

Цикламен неаполитанский или плющелистный

Разновидность отличается повышенной морозостойкостью, а также выямчато-зубчатыми листочками, напоминающими плющ. На их глянцевой поверхности хорошо заметен мраморный рисунок. The petals are pink in color, unbent by the European cyclamen type, their tip has a slightly pronounced horn. Blossoms in September and October. Roots are formed at the top of the tuber, so when planting it is necessary to deepen the plant to a depth of at least 10 cm.

Cyclamen: seed reproduction

Sowing of the collected seeds is carried out in a greenhouse room or in an ordinary container covered with glass or film. In the tank it is necessary to pour the soil mixture consisting of sand and peat. The temperature in the room should be about 20-25 degrees, while air seedlings dailyof which after 1-1.5 years, beautiful flowers will appear.

To obtain seed, the plant must be artificially pollinated. Using a soft brush that gently transfers pollen from a flower to a flower. After some time, a small seed box forms under the leaves. Removing the fruit is recommended before they fall into the soil. - seed ripening occurs before the start of the cyclamen flowering period.

Sowing is best done with the onset of spring, soaking pre-seed material in the solution, contributing to the acceleration of plant growth (for example, Appin).

Seeds are sown in sterile soilin order to eliminate the appearance of rot. The first shoots can be seen 30-40 days after planting, subject to the temperature (+ 18-20 degrees), soil moisture and darkness.

Growing cyclamen tubers

Since the vegetative propagation method is traumatic for a flower, it is used quite rarely. The root of the plant does not release sprouts, so you have to cut the mother tuber, and this is fraught with the rotting of the whole flower. For reproduction using this method, select old plants at the age of several years.

For the successful implementation of the operation, you must observe the following rules:

  • Wait until the leaves of the plant completely die out.
  • Carefully remove the tuber from the container and clear the soil.
  • Using a clean knife, cut the tuber from top to bottom in the center, making sure that each half has its own roots.
  • Treat the parts of the tuber with any fungicides (antifungal substances) and dry.
  • Land in different containers.

Cyclamen: home care

After the plant has been purchased and planted by florists, especially beginners, the quite reasonable question arises: how to care for cyclamen at home?

It seems to many that cyclamen is a rather capricious flower, requiring incredible efforts during cultivation and care. However, this is not quite true. In fact, to obtain a flowering plant, it is necessary to properly care for it, that is, to know and follow only a few simple rules, including the recommended irrigation rates, the corresponding soil composition, lighting standards and regular feeding.

In order for a flower to feel great, it should provide an appropriate primer. Ideally, it is better to purchase ready-made soil mixture in a specialized store, however, in the absence of such a possibility, the use of home-made composition is allowed. For its preparation it is necessary to take sand, humus and sod land in equal proportions. If you doubt the quality and purity of self-made or purchased soil, you can take preventive measures, which are aimed at preventing the infection of a flower with various diseases and pests. The soil is treated with purchased compounds or simply calcined in the oven, placing on the bottom of the container with water.

A flowering plant must be periodically fed, but the dosage must be observed, otherwise the plant may suffer from excess fertilizer. So, before the beginning of the flowering phase when there is an intensive formation of the green crown, the soil is fertilized 1 time / 2 weeks. During the period of active flowering, cyclamen should be fed regularly and often - once in 7 days the soil is treated with complex mineral fertilizers.

After the cyclamen has finished blooming and has dropped all that is unnecessary, the flower stalks that have been preserved are carefully trimmed and completely stop feeding. With the beginning of the new season, the procedure is resumed with the same frequency, that is, fertilizers are applied twice / month.

Watering is one of the main components of cyclamen care at home. The plant reacts equally badly to both dryness and waterlogging.Therefore, it is very important to find the middle center in the question of watering. Water the flower with distilled water at room temperature, blowing liquid around the edge of the pot so that it does not fall on the leaves and plant tuber. The average frequency of watering is 1 time / 2 days, depending on the growing conditions: the top layer of soil must dry out.

Special care should be taken when watering during the flowering period - moisture should not get on delicate flowers. Some florists practice the following method of providing cyclamen with moisture: the pot is immersed in a pan with water and left for an hour, then the excess liquid is drained. In some cases, conduct additional soil moisture around the plant.

Cyclamen is a light-loving plantHowever, at the same time, it must be protected from direct sunlight, otherwise delicate leaves are at risk of severe burns. Therefore, to ensure comfortable lighting conditions, should make diffused light, and in the hot season, pritenyat capacity with a flower. It is best to grow cyclamen on window sills on the east and west sides.

Temperature and humidity

When caring for cyclamen also important role played by temperature. The most favorable temperature for the successful growth and development of the flower is the indicator in + 14- + 16 degrees. However, in the summer period it is quite difficult to provide the plant with such a temperature regime, therefore it is necessary to ensure that the indicators do not exceed 25 degrees.

The room should also be aired.but at the same time avoid draftsthat have a detrimental effect on the plant.

Although cyclamen is a moisture-loving plant, yet spraying it is contraindicated, since the ingress of moisture on the flowers and leaves affects the state of the flower is extremely negative. A comfortable level of humidity can be maintained by placing a tray with wet peat or wet pebbles next to the pot. This is especially true in the winter, when hot radiators dry the air strongly on the windowsills and in the room itself.

Flower cyclomenia: care in winter

It is during this period that cyclamens enter the phase of active flowering, so it is very important to know how to properly care for the flower during this period. The following care rules must be observed:

  • The temperature in the room should not be above +20 degrees, otherwise the flower will mistakenly enter a phase of rest and throw off the leaves.
  • Water temperature for irrigation should be below room temperature.
  • For the first time, the plant is fed when the peduncle reaches a height of 10 cm, and after a week the dressing is repeated. As a fertilizer used gibberellin solution (0.01%), which is sprayed crown.

Transition plant in a state of rest

Most varieties enter a dormant phase in summer. At flowers the tuber becomes bare, turns yellow and the foliage falls. At this time, the pot must be removed in a dark cool place, for example, in the basement. Watering is reduced, however, ensure that the soil does not dry out. At the end of the rest period (after 2-3 months), the plant is returned to a permanent place. Watering gradually, as the foliage grows, increases.

Diseases and pests

Fragile and tender cyclamens are subject to various misfortunes. The main enemies of the plant are thrips, aphid and cyclamen mite.

  • Aphid - very pesky and common pest. In case of late detection, the crown of the plant becomes covered with a dash similar to dandruff, the leaves turn yellow and fall off, the flowers become discolored and deformed. Treatment: insects are removed manually, using a tampon moistened with insecticide solution.
  • Thrips - quite large (up to two mm.) pests that reproduce at low humidity and elevated air temperature. Damage, as a rule, leaves, laying eggs on their underside. At first the foliage becomes colorless, after which it takes on a brown shade and falls off. Flowers are deformed, covered with spots and sticky secretions of black color. Preventive measures: using tape traps, regular inspection, spraying the air around the plant. With the defeat of the flower is carried out spraying the plant with insecticides.
  • Cyclamen mite. The presence of a pest is very difficult to determine with the naked eye. With a large concentration on the back side of the sheet visible dust in the form of dust. In a diseased plant, the leaves roll up, the stems twist, the buds wilt. The treatment consists of removing the affected leaves, as well as flowers, and further processing with insecticides.

The most dangerous diseases for cyclamen are the following:

  • Gray mold - botrytis,
  • Fusarium,
  • brown rot - ramularia,
  • Podium and rhizoctonia - root rot,
  • wet rot is the most dangerous bacterial lesion that cannot be treated.

The affected plant is subject to complete destruction in order to prevent contamination of other flowers.

Cyclamen is a beautiful indoor flower, which, subject to all the rules and recommendations for care, is able to delight you with lush flowering and unique aroma for many years.

Cyclamen after purchase

It is finished: you purchased a beautiful cyclamen or you gave it to you. The plant looks great, completely covered with flowers, and disturb it a little scary. But if you delay with transshipment, you can lose this handsome man, or he just gets sick, losing all its appeal.

Therefore, gather the spirit and carry out a simple procedure for transferring plants from a pot with temporary soils into a new spacious pot with nutrient soil (we take a universal soil for flowering).

Growing conditions for cyclamen at home

The state of cyclamen is directly dependent on the temperature: the flower grows actively when it is cool and humid, and when the temperature rises, it begins to prepare for a rest period. During the heating season, this feature makes care for the cyclamen difficult. But having overcome all the whims of this plant, you will enjoy bright flowering over the years.

The main rule when watering cyclamen is accuracy and moderation. Earthen ball overmoisten or overdry can not be. The flower can often be affected by root rot, so it’s best to use bottom watering: put the plant pot in the pan with water and clean after 15 minutes. You can pour in water from above, but in small portions, moving along the edge of the pot. During the flowering period you need to water a little more abundant. After flowering, watering is reduced, and by the rest period (starts in March) they stop altogether.

Heat and light mode

Growing cyclamen at home photo

Do not keep cyclamen near heat sources - this will cause the leaves to fall and go to rest. Maintain moisture. Near the plant you can put a pallet with wet pebbles or an aquarium. Spray occasionally until the buds appear.

Direct sunlight causes burns on the plant. Cyclamen needs diffused light or partial shade. The best option would be western or eastern window sills. On the north windows the flower will suffer from a lack of light, and on the south windows - shading is necessary.

For normal growth, cyclamen needs nutritious, drained soil with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction. You can cook the earth mixture of turf, leaf soil, humus and sand in equal proportions. Soil acidity can be determined using special test strips.

It is necessary to stir a pinch of earth in water, wait until a precipitate appears, and lower the test strip into the resulting solution. Check the result with the scale on the package. In the absence of such test strips, it is possible to determine the approximate acidity of the reaction with vinegar - pour it a handful of earth. If there are few bubbles, the reaction is neutral, if there are many, the soil is alkaline, if there are none at all, the soil is acidic.

You can not suffer and buy ready-made soil for cyclamen or just universal soil, available in any specialty store.

How to make cyclamen bloom

Necessary conditions for flowering cyclamen:

  • pot size should be appropriate: in a spacious or cramped capacity, flowering will slow down,
  • enough nutrients
  • suitable soil acidity,
  • correct planting: planting Persian cyclamen, you need to leave the top of the tuber above the ground, for other species - dig the roots completely,
  • it is necessary to ensure a period of rest and the right way out of it.

During the period of active growth and flowering, start feeding cyclamen. For the growth of leaves, apply complex mineral fertilizers every two weeks. With the advent of buds, lower the dose of nitrogen, and the amount of potassium and phosphorus should be slightly increased.

How to collect seeds?

To collect seeds at home, you need to pollinate the plant. Using a cotton swab or brush, transfer the pollen from one flower to another, pollinate on sunny days in the morning, it is better to repeat the procedure several times. Ripe seeds are recommended to be stored for a couple of months. Then soak them in Zircon and seed them.

How to sow

  • For sowing, use a mixture of peat or leaf earth with vermiculite in equal proportions.
  • Seeds are enough to spread on the surface of the soil and cover with a thin layer of earth.
  • It is necessary to maintain a temperature of 20º C, from a higher temperature, the seeds will hibernate, and from a lower one, the probability of rotting is high.
  • Moisten and ventilate periodically.

Seed Cyclamen seedling photos

  • After 4-6 weeks, shoots will begin to appear. After that, a bowl with seedlings should be set up in a well-lit place without direct sunlight, maintain the air temperature between 15-17º C.

The grown seedlings of cyclamen need to transplant a photo

  • When the seedlings appear small tubers and plants grow, transplant them into separate containers.
  • One week after transplantation, you need to make mineral fertilizers, reducing the dose twice from that indicated on the package.

Cyclamen seed-grown photo

Transplanting plants should be carefully, trying not to violate the integrity of the root system. Do not dig in the tubers; leave the planting level the same as before the transplant. So the flower will develop properly and will not be susceptible to various diseases or inhibition in growth.

Video about growing cyclamen from seeds:

Cyclamens grown from seeds will bloom in a year and a half. But flowering can begin much later - after 3-4 years. Hobby flower growers are not upset: after all, the longer you wait for the result, the more pleasant it is to reap the fruits of your labor. And blooming beautiful cyclomen is worth the effort!

Cyclamen multiplication by tuber division

How to split cyclamen tuber photo

  • In the spring or summer (during the dormant period of the plant), dig up the tuber from the ground and cut it into pieces so that each tree has a bud and roots.
  • Slices dry, process fungicide or crushed charcoal.
  • Seat delenki in separate pots and put them in a greenhouse or cover with a plastic cup.
  • Choosing tubers for planting in the store, pay attention to their condition: they must be elastic, not shriveled, without rotten spots.

Cyclamen transplant

How to transplant cyclamen photo

  • A flowering plant is better not to replant, it can destroy it.
  • Ideal to carry out transplant at the beginning of the active growing season (August-September). That is, after a period of rest, when the leaves begin to appear.
  • A new pot should be a little bigger than the old one.
  • Be sure to lay the drainage of crushed rubble, expanded clay.
  • Before planting, it is desirable to shed the soil with a pink solution of potassium permanganate.
  • The tubers of the Persian cyclamen are buried in the soil by 2/3, and all the others - completely.
  • Place the transplanted plant in a warm bright place, increase watering as new leaves grow.

Cyclamen rest period

  • By the end of spring and the beginning of summer, after the end of flowering, cyclamen will begin a dormant period.
  • Withered flowers and leaves should be cut, watering should be reduced to a minimum, avoiding complete drying of the soil.
  • Pot with a tuber to put or put on its side in a cool place with good ventilation. Keep this way until autumn.
  • In early autumn, you need to remove the plant from hibernation - bring it to the light and gradually increase watering.

Why does yellow cyclamen and what to do

Cyclamen is a capricious plant, it reacts sharply to care errors. Cyclamen leaves may turn yellow for such reasons:

  • Cyclamen leaves turn yellow during flowering due to the fact that the plant gives all the nutrients to flowers, and the leaves lack them. Therefore, urgently feed the flower complex fertilizer for flowering.
  • Lack of moisture in the air or soil is another danger. При появлении желтых листков лучше усилить внимание: поставьте рядом увлажнитель воздуха, или поставьте горшок в поддон в мхом-сфагнумом, влажной галькой (только не допускайте соприкосновения дна горшка с водой). Возможно, поливы вы осуществляете своевременно, но влаги все равно не хватает: виноват спрессовавшийся грунт. Убедитесь, что почва проницаема для воды. Если ком земли очень плотный — пора цветок пересадить.
  • Растению не хватает питательных веществ – обязательно подкармливайте в период роста и цветения,
  • Defeat of diseases and pests - inspect the flower, if there are any parasites on it, and if it detects insects - conduct repeated insecticide treatment with an interval of 3-5 days.
  • The pot is small - the flower simply does not fit in the amount of land that is available. An urgent transplant is required.
  • Natural yellowing of the leaves also occurs at the beginning of a dormant period, which begins after flowering.

Cyclamen pests and problems in the care

The ugly form of the leaves testifies to the attack of the cyclamen mite, they become rigid, the plant stops in growth, the peduncles distort, the flowers wither. Conventional insecticides do not help here. The plant will have to be destroyed.

When damage is caused by thrips, the leaves of the plant are covered with silver spots and brown spots. It can be treated with insecticides, but in most cases it is necessary to destroy the plant so that the parasites do not switch to healthy flowers.

From drying out or over-wetting of the earthy coma in combination with a low temperature, flower stalks can grow shorter than the leaves and bloom under them.

Gray rot appears from overwetted cold air and poor ventilation. The leaves turn yellow, covered with gray mold. Infected parts of the plant must be carefully removed (mold spores spread through the air when moving). Treat with a fungicide. For prevention, reduce watering, ventilate the room.

The sharp wilting of the leaves and the putrid smell of the root system indicate the appearance of wet rot. There is no salvation from it. Infection occurs through contaminated water or another diseased plant.

Fusarium fungal disease affects the vascular system of the plant. Manifested by yellowing of the leaves, more often on one side of the plant. Over time, the disease spreads completely. In the initial stages, you can save special drugs from the flower shop.

Cyclamen Persian Cyclamen persicum

Cyclamen Persian Cyclamen persicum photo

Coming from the Eastern Mediterranean. The leaves are heart-shaped, dark green with a marble pattern. Flowers are simple and terry, have a color from white to various shades of red. Flowering begins in September. The rest period lasts 2 months: May-June.

European or blushing cyclamen, purple Cyclamen purpurascens

Cyclamen european or blushing, purple Cyclamen purpurascens photo

The natural habitat is Central and Southern Europe. This species is also called alpine violet. Interestingly, the flowers exude a fragrance depending on the color of the flower: the darker the shade, the stronger the fragrance. It is the only species that does not shed its leaves during hibernation.

Kosma or Caucasian cyclamen cyclamen coum subsp. caucasicum

Kosma or Caucasian cyclamen cyclamen coum subsp. caucasicum photo

It was first found on the island of Kos, in whose honor it was named. Occurs in the Caucasus. The peculiarity of the species is the petals expanding sharply from the base, and there is also a dark speck on them.

Cyclamen Icy or Neapolitan Cyclamen hederifolium

Cyclamen Ivy or Neapolitan Cyclamen hederifolium photo

The leaves have notched-jagged edges due to which they are similar to ivy leaves. Flowers appear before the leaves in September and November.

Cyclamen is the most popular in indoor floriculture. Many varieties were derived from it, divided by the height of the peduncles into low-growing (up to 15 cm), medium-sized (15-22 cm) and standard (20-30 cm).

The most popular varieties of home cyclamen:

Cyclamen Persian Spring Moth photo

Spring Moth, Scarlet Moth, Charlie, Rosa, Lilu, Flamingo, Topaz, Selfida, Rembrandt, Bellissima, Elf.

Cyclamen Scarlet moth photo

Cyclamen Belissima Cyclamen Bellissima photo

Cyclamen Ivy Album Cyclamen hederifolium Album photo

Cyclamen Elf photo

Cyclamen Persian Pom Pom Cyclamen persicum PomPom photo

Planting and caring for cyclamen (in brief)

  • Bloom: in early spring, in autumn, sometimes all year round.
  • Lighting: bright diffused light, light partial shade.
  • Temperature: 6-12 ˚C.
  • Watering: during the period of active growth regular, moderate, by the method of lower watering.
  • Air humidity: above normal.
  • Top dressing: once every two weeks with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer for flowering houseplants in a low concentration.
  • Rest period: within 2-2.5 months after flowering.
  • Transfer: once every two years at the end of a rest period.
  • Breeding: by seed and by dividing a tuber if it has more than one growth point.
  • Pests: spider mites, aphid, thrips, cyclamen mites.
  • Diseases: gray rot, rhizoctoniosis, late blight, fusarium wilt.

Home Cyclamen - Cultivation Features

Cyclamen root is a flattened round corm up to 15 cm in diameter with a single growth point. Damage it - destroy the onion. Cyclamen leaves are basal, leathery, heart-shaped, growing on petioles up to 30 cm long, dark green with a grayish-silver pattern. The original shape of the flowers look like outlandish butterflies - the petals are bent and pointed, sometimes have a fringed shape, and the color palette is incredibly wide - white and pink, all shades of red, burgundy and purple. Cyclamen blooms longer than three months.

  • Argued that the cyclamen room - capricious plant. Do not believe! Cyclamen is unpretentious, just in its agricultural technology, as in the agricultural technology of any other plant, there are certain requirements, the mandatory implementation of which will allow you to easily cope with its cultivation. So:

    • - in any case, do not store the tubers of faded cyclamen in the refrigerator - after such storage the bulb does not wake up,
    • - cyclamen flower does not tolerate heat and stuffiness, but it lives beautifully in a cool room at a temperature uncomfortable for humans - only 6-12 ºC,
    • - direct sunlight can cause burns on the beautiful leaves of cyclamen,
    • - do not bury the cyclamen tuber in the ground: at least one third of the bulb should remain on the surface,
    • - cyclamen does not tolerate an excess of mineral salts in the soil, so be careful with fertilizers,
    • - a pot for cyclamen is needed small, so that from the bulb to the wall of the pot there is a layer of soil no thicker than 2-3 cm.

    How to grow cyclamen.

    A species like Cyclamen Persian, propagated by seeds. Cyclamen seeds are sown in February or March, although cyclamen growing at home can be propagated at any time of the year. On the eve of planting, soak the seeds for 12 hours in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate or in Epin or Zircon preparations prepared in accordance with the instructions. After that, sow the seeds in a cyclamen earth mixture consisting of two parts of pre-steamed earth, one part of a tulip or terra vita type soil mixture, and part of river sand to loosen the soil. It will be better if you make a groove in the ground 1 cm deep, spill it well with water and spread the seeds into it after 2-3 cm from each other. Top sprinkle the seeds with a layer of soil and cover the container with glass or film. At a temperature of 18-20 ºC, the seeds germinate in 30-60 days, although there are torsional varieties germinating in five months or more!

    Planting cyclamen.

    When the sprouts appeared, remove the shelter and move the container with them to a more lighted place, but away from direct sunlight! When two true leaves appear, shoots swoop down 2-3 seedlings in one pot, completely covering the nodules with soil. The soil should be loose, such as a mixture of "tulip" or the same mixture in which you sowed the seeds. After 6-7 months, you can transplant grown-up cyclomenchics into pots with a diameter of 6-7 cm with the same soil mixture. Planting cyclamen in this case requires the corms to be deeper no more than two-thirds of its size, so that the growth point rises above the ground surface. If home care for cyclamen is right, you can see its flowering a year and a half after sowing seeds.

    How to care for cyclamen at home.

    Cyclamen is a flower that requires bright diffused light and a cool (6-12 ºC) temperature. In addition, it is often necessary to ventilate the room, but in no case do not create drafts in it - this is unacceptable for cyclamen. Frequent spraying will make the air humidity in the room higher, which is very popular with cyclamen, in addition, it can reduce the temperature in the summer heat by a couple of degrees. The plant needs fertilizing with complex fertilizer for flowering plants, but be careful with the consistency - it is better to underfeed this plant than to overfeed.

    How to water cyclamen.

    In the period of active growth, cyclamen requires regular watering, but try to avoid fanaticism in this matter: watering should be sufficient, but not excessive. To be sure that the plant has enough moisture, use the bottom irrigation method - put the pot with cyclamen in a container with water and keep it until it gets wet top layer of soil, then remove the pot from the water and allow it to drain to excess . This method, by the way, will not allow moisture to get to the top of the tuber, where the growth point is located, thus the risk of plant rotting will be minimized.

    Cyclamen multiplication.

    Cyclamens reproduce in the seed way, which we described in detail in the previous section, and vegetative - by dividing the tuber. But you can only divide those tubers, which have more than one growth point, and this happens very rarely. In addition, the process of dividing and rooting part of the tuber for amateur is often unsuccessful, so we can assume that the seed method of reproduction of cyclamen is the only possible one.

    Flowering cyclamen.

    Cyclamen blooms either in summer or in winter, and the time, that is, the duration of the flowering of the plant, directly depends on how you observe the rules for the care of cyclamen. Recall that the optimal conditions under which cyclamen will bloom long and abundantly are as follows: plenty of light, but without direct sunlight, the optimum temperature for flowering is not lower than 10 ºC and not higher than 20 ºC. Watering either the bottom or in the pan so that the moisture does not fall on either the growth point or the leaves with flowers. Trim wilted flowers.

    How to transplant cyclamen.

    Cyclamen is transplanted into a new substrate about once every two years, if the pot has become too small. This should be done at the end of the rest period before the start of the active growing season. But remember that cyclamen does not need a spacious pot, it blooms well only in close, when from the bulb to the wall of the pot a layer of earth is not thicker than 2-3 cm. For example, for a bulb of 1-1.5 years old, a pot with a diameter of 7-8 cm will do. , and for a two-three-year-old onion - with a diameter of 14-15 cm. Put a clay paste, a layer of fresh substrate for drainage, then a bulb with earthy clod and roots and add the substrate so that the tuber is dipped into it by two thirds. Well tamp the ground. The transplanted cyclamen fertilizers will be needed not earlier than in a month.

    Enemies of cyclamen.

    If you follow the rules of cyclamen care, neither insects, nor viral or bacterial diseases threaten your flower, but improper care of cyclamen at home can lead to rotting of the bulb during chronic overmoistening of the soil or to the appearance of spider mites with insufficient watering. Correct your mistakes as quickly as possible and do not allow them again, and then neither cyclamen nor you will have problems with it.

    Cyclamen turns yellow.

    If you follow the rules of watering the plant, and the cyclamen flower still turns yellow, it means it can be just hot. Spray it as often as possible and, if possible, find a cooler place for it, otherwise the cyclamen from the heat may begin to dry and the flowers. If the leaves began to turn yellow after the cyclamen has faded, it means that it is simply preparing for a period of rest, and your anxiety is in vain.

    Cyclamen does not bloom.

    If cyclamen gets a little moisture when watering or if you do not care about the required level of humidity in the room, you are unlikely to see the flowering of cyclamen. Cyclamen does not bloom in a too warm room, especially if it is not used to such a temperature. Sometimes, over time, the plant becomes accustomed to the heat in the dwelling and, if all other conditions are met by you, the cyclamen eventually begins to bloom.

    Cyclamen after flowering

    When flowering is completed, the leaves of cyclamen gradually turn yellow, which indicates that it is preparing for a dormant period. Yellow leaves are best removed, but not pruned, and unscrew until they are separated from the bulb. Watering is gradually reduced and the tuber resting in the ground is watered only occasionally, moving the plant to a shaded place until the cyclamen again shows signs of life.

    European cyclamen, or alpine violet

    - a tuberous plant with medium-sized leaves and fragrant pink-lilac flowers, but has variety forms of white, carmine and other flowers. In culture since 1607. European cyclamen is much more tolerant to ordinary household temperature than other species, but also prefers cool air to stuffiness. This species does not have a pronounced period of rest, in addition, at its tubers daughter bulbs sometimes grow, which can be used for reproduction. European cyclamen blooms from late spring and almost to winter, feels great in the summer on the balcony or in the garden, but under mandatory protection from the sun's rays and from penetration of slugs and earthworms into the pot, for which the pot is covered with a regular nylon stocking.

    Persian cyclamen, or dryakva,

    most popular in culture than all other species, because of the incredible beauty of its flowers, which, having blossomed, as if turned inside out and grow petals down, until the plant drops them without any signs of wilting. The color of the flowers is pink, dark purple, lilac, white, bright pink, and in most cases the flower's pharynx has a different shade. The leaves of the Persian cyclamen are larger and more beautiful than the European, they are not inferior in decoration to flowers. Recently, dwarf Persian cyclamen varieties have become very popular, which tolerate room temperature much better than specimens of large varieties. The Persian cyclamen blooms from late autumn to early spring, and then comes 9 months of the dormant period. In culture since 1731.

    In addition to these two most popular species in indoor floriculture, there are also African Cyclamen, Kosam Cyclamen, Cyclamen Cyclamen, Greek Cyclamen, Amazing Cyclamen, Small Flower Cyclamen, Cyclamen Cyclamen, and other species that are mainly found in the wild.

    Peculiarities of cyclamens, variety

    The most remarkable quality of hybrids is the possibility of year-round flowering. Separate cultivars can be planted in open ground, used as garden flowers. There are about 20 varieties of this plant, but for home cultivation the Persian, European, Neapolitan (Ivy) varieties are most often used.

    The most common, popular representative is the Persian cyclamen. Flowers of this species can be of various shades: white, pink, dark red, lilac. The plant usually reaches 30 cm in height, has a large tuber with a diameter of 10-15 cm. The Persian variety can be grown both at home and in garden plots. If you want to plant it in your country house, then choose a place protected from the wind and direct sunlight, for example, near trees or shrubs.

    Cyclamen Persian, photo:

    The purple variety has a characteristic feature that distinguishes it from its counterparts - from the bottom, the leaf color has a purple hue. Also, in this species, the tuber does not protrude above the soil; upon closer inspection, the whole is covered with roots. The purple cyclamen retains its leaves all year round (there is no resting period). Flower color varies from white to all shades of red, leaves have notches on the edges. The plant gives color mainly in summer (June / beginning of October), its other name is European cyclamen. Flowers of this variety have a very pleasant aroma.

    European cyclamen (purple):

    Neapolitan Cyclamen (Ilemolate):

    Among the varieties of cyclamen, you can even find those that grow on mossy tree trunks. In this case, the tree does not suffer, since the root system of the plant is not buried beneath the bark. In summer, wild cyclamen blooms and smells (the scent resembles lilies of the valley), and with the onset of autumn it “falls asleep”. The height of wild representatives does not exceed 10 cm, they multiply by seeds, and insects help them. Caucasian cyclamen grows wild, can be grown at home, propagated by seed, division of tubers. It can also be planted at the dacha.

    Wild cyclamen, photo:

    We decided to buy a cyclamen - what to look for in the store

    It is difficult to resist the charm of cyclamen and not buy a blooming specimen! Even if it does not bloom, the cap of leaves with blue-gray spots looks very decorative.

    The question arises: where and when is it better to acquire this plant? It should be noted that the most common type of cyclamen - Persian - begin to sell in late autumn.

    Советую при выборе обратить внимание на те растения, у которых больше нераспустившихся бутонов – чем больше таких, тем лучше. Естественно, ваш новый цветок не должен иметь повреждённых листьев. Они должны быть расположены низко относительно цветоносов. На клубень тоже не лишне обратить внимание. Правильно расположенный клубень должен выглядывать из земли наполовину. This is important, because it will depend on how your cyclamen will develop.

    When buying, pay attention to the soil. Usually plants from a flower shop are sold in a poor peat substrate, which is unsuitable for normal cultivation for a long period. Such plants should be transplanted immediately, but only after the end of the flowering period.

    • carefully remove the plant from the pot, holding it close to the root by the leaves,
    • shake peat from the roots of the flower,
    • check what condition they are in - if we see rotted - boldly cut them to healthy tissue,
    • soak the roots in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 10-15 minutes - this procedure will disinfect the root system of cyclamen,
    • after disinfection, sprinkle the root section with powdered activated carbon,
    • Before planting, pour a small layer of expanded clay onto the bottom of a clean pot,
    • as a substrate suitable for any universal soil for indoor or flowering plants.

    An experienced friend always tells me that cyclamen (cyclomenia) is an unpretentious flower, but you need to know some secrets.

    • First, cyclamens do not like large containers. They prefer to corms rather closely than spacious. That is, the distance between the nodules and the walls of the pot should be no more than 2-3 cm.
    • Secondly, cyclamen refers to plants that periodically "hibernate", that is, they need a period of rest, which lasts about three months. At this time, a pot with cyclamen asleep is placed in a cool place. This may be, for example, some kind of storage room, toilet room, even the lower shelf of the refrigerator is suitable if the temperature there does not rise above 11 ° C. In the dormant period, cyclamen is not watered, unless it is only when the soil in the pot is completely dry. One tablespoon of water per week will be more than enough.
    • Thirdly, it is probably one of the few plants that does not like bright sunlight. Be sure to shade the pot with cyclamen, but rather keep it on the north window.
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    Cyclamen - how to transplant

    It is best to make a transplant in the summer. In late spring, the plant ceases to bloom, a period of rest comes, at which time it is no longer watered, and the pot itself is laid on its side. Approximately by July, slowly, in small doses, they begin to water again; when the first leaves appear, you can begin transplanting the flower.

    It has already been said that the characteristic of cyclamen is the minimum of potted earth! But it would not be superfluous to repeat that the tuber should be a little crowded, it should only be partially buried - about a third of the tuber should rise above the level of the soil in the pot. After the transplantation of cyclamen you should not plentifully fill the flower with water, the earth should be only slightly moistened. Only when the plant comes to life, will actively plant the leaves, adapts to a new place, can we proceed to normal watering, adding supplements.

    Cyclamen faded - what to do next?

    With the onset of the resting phase, the foliage of the plant fades and dries out. The remains of leaves and flowers should be cut or cut by hand, while ensuring that the tuber was not damaged. By this time, as mentioned above, watering should be kept to a minimum, but the soil near the tuber should not be too dry. If you have the opportunity to bring the flower to fresh air, do it. The plant should be in a cool, shaded place all the time, if you notice a pecking of new leaves, this will mean that the rest period has ended.

    Beginning of the rest period, photo:

    Sometimes a flower with a pot is added in a shady place on the site, transplantation is performed when the plant “wakes up” from hibernation. At the same time, the soil and the earth com are completely replaced, inspect the tuber, remove the tainted fragments, a month after transplantation they begin to introduce additional feeding during watering. You can buy ready-made earthen mixture for cyclamen.

    Another option for preserving tubers is described above - laying the pot on its side, transplanting in July or August.

    Why does not bloom cyclamen? You can sometimes see a similar question on the appropriate forums. The answer to it is proper care, following the rules when sowing seeds, transplanting, dividing tubers. It is very important to provide the plant with the required temperature and acceptable air humidity. Competent watering of cyclamen, timely fertilization - these are the basic needs of the plant, the key to its future lush flowering.

    Separately, it is necessary to mention the diseases and pests that threaten the plant, can affect its flowering. Timely treatment with insecticides and supporting drugs is very important. Regularly inspect the flower from all sides, take action at the slightest suspicion of the presence of intruders or deterioration in appearance.

    Cyclamen drops

    It is worth mentioning one interesting and healing features of this decorative flower - it is a medicinal plant, whose anti-inflammatory effect was familiar to Hippocratic. Today, it successfully treat sinusitis, make drops, ointments, tinctures. As with any other vegetable gifts of nature, cyclamen should be treated carefully, not too zealous with the doses and frequency of treatment.

    Cyclamen root - it is a tuber, contains biologically active cyclamine (a substance of the saponid group), which provokes increased secretion of mucous membranes and thus helps the natural cleansing of the sinuses ("clogged") sinuses. To prepare medicinal home drops based on the root of the plant, you need to take a piece of a tuber, grate it on a small grater (or squeeze it out with a hand garlic press). The resulting pulp should be filtered through a layer of clean cloth, and the resulting juice diluted with boiled (or distilled) water 1: 4. Thus, you get a natural cure for sinusitis and rhinitis, bury it daily with 2 drops in each nostril for 7-10 days.

    You can also chop 2 g of the root, pour 100 ml of boiling water over it, leave for about 1 hour, then dissolve one teaspoonful of this with a liter of boiled water, drip into your nose.

    Root-based oil extract helps very well with a dried nasal mucosa. The squeezed tuber juice is mixed with the same amount of olive or sunflower oil, infused for about a day, and then dripped into the nose 3 drops for 7 days.

    Taking into account all the information, now you will know how to care for cyclamen, how to grow flowers from seeds, how to transplant a plant and propagate it by dividing the roots.

    Its flowers resemble bright summer butterflies, crouching on a thin stalk, but the most amazing and valuable is that we can enjoy this magnificence during winter blizzards and cold weather.

    In order for cyclamen to bloom in winter, care at home should include high-quality summer rest. Root should not spend strength and nutrients on the growing of foliage. Despite the fact that this flower requires the same approach as most houseplants, it is considered capricious, but the result fully justifies the investment of time and effort.

    When to plant and what is needed for this condition?

    Before landing, it is worth considering some conditions:

    • The room for the flower is chosen cool. The temperature should be about +12 .. + 14 degrees.
    • Air must be high humidity.
    • Lighting required scattered.
    • An important factor is the correct selection of flower containers.
    • It is also important to know what kind of soil mixture is needed.

    When to plant? Planting is done in the summer. This is best done in June, then you can be sure that cyclamen will bloom in the fall. If planted in August, the flowers will appear in late autumn or winter.

    How to carry out the procedure?

    How to plant this plant? Cyclamen can be compressed in several ways - with seeds and using tubers.

    1. Before planting the seeds, they must be held in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 12 hours.
    2. In the prepared land, you need to make a 10 mm groove, which is then poured abundantly.
    3. The distance at which the seeds are placed should be 2-3 centimeters. Then they are covered with earth.
    4. After the seeds have been planted, they are covered with polyethylene or glass.
    5. When the first shoots appear, it is necessary to remove the film or glass.
    6. Now the shoots are moved to a well-lit place and positioned so that direct sunlight does not fall on the flower.
    7. When several leaves are formed on the seedlings, they are planted in pots of 2-3 pieces.
    8. During transplantation, the tubers must be completely covered with soil.
    9. After 5-6 months, cyclamen is planted in a larger pot.

    From the video you will learn how to sow the seeds of Cyclamen:

    1. First, the onion is taken from the soil and dried.
    2. Then it is cut with a knife, and at the same time it is necessary to leave at least one kidney and a pair of roots in each of the parts.
    3. Next, leave it in a dark place, in order to dry the cut.
    4. The cut must be sprinkled with wood or crushed activated charcoal. This will help to cope with diseases and germs.
    5. Be sure to need a pot drainage, as the drainage suitable keramzi.
    6. After planting tuber pot should be removed from direct rays.

    Pests and diseases

    • Aphid. One of the most common and annoying insects. Aphids eat leaves of cyclamen, because of what they become crooked and ugly. A raid on the leaves in the form of dandruff means the flower is affected by aphids. To get rid of the parasite, it is necessary to treat the leaves with an insecticidal agent.
    • Thrips. Also one of the types of parasites. Since they are quite noticeable, they are easy to detect. The appearance of gray stains indicates the presence of thrips. This parasite instantly damages cyclamen. For the destruction of the pest use special adhesive tapes. After, it is necessary to treat the flower with insecticide.
    • If the cyclamen turned yellow, but the watering was correct, then the room for it too warm air. In order for the flower to recover, it is often irrigated and transferred to a room with cooler air.

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