Durian fruit - the most unusual of its kind. As a rule, those who have tried it at least once are divided into two categories - those who liked it incredibly and those who never try durian in their lives. The fact is that this fruit has a delicious pulp, but at the same time its smell is so disgusting for most people that it cannot even be brought to public places.
The king of fruits durian still remains a mystery not only for gourmets, but also for scientists. On Earth there is no other fruit or vegetable that would have even a faintly similar smell. We are used to the fact that all fruits smell pleasantly or neutral, and it is still unclear what caused this specific smell.
Where durian grows
This mysterious fruit grows in Asia, where it was opened 600 years ago. It is also popular in Malaysia, where it got its name, which in Russian means "spike" or "thorn", in Indochina and India. It is also collected in the Australian tropics and South America, but still the Asian model is the most popular. For the growth of durian ideal moist tropical climate, and desirable lowland conditions.
The peak of ripening of the fruits of durian falls on the spring and summer periods. The time frame may differ slightly from specific climatic conditions, but, in general, durian ripens in tropical countries from early spring to late summer. Another interesting fact is that durian blooms for only 8 hours - as the sun goes down, the flowers fall. Also important is the fact that the fruits of this fruit are not collected, but they wait until the durian itself falls to the ground.
What durian looks like
Durian fruit is different in weight and solid size. So, the weight of the ripened fruit starts from 2-3 kg and can reach up to 10 kg, and in size it can resemble a large football. It has an elongated shape - it is usually about 20 cm to 30 cm in length, and the diameter is equal to the length from 15 cm to 25 cm. However, most of the weight and size is made up of a dense, massive skin with spikes, the pulp itself is not too much.
By the way, this fruit has the full name Durian Cibetin, which is derived from the scientific Latin name of the plant “Durio zibethinus”. They also distinguish such a subspecies as the durian kuteysky (from the Latin Durio kutejensis), which is considered to be home to Indonesia, as well as the island of Kalimantan. This variety is small in size compared with the more common analogue - the fruit is only 20 cm in length and no more than 12 cm in diameter, and smaller leaves of durian. The peel with prickles is soft enough so that you can easily hold the fruit with your bare hands. In general, the skin and the flesh are rather soft and elastic, and, remarkably, there is no that disgusting sharp smell, which durian is traditionally famous for. Edible only the inner part of the fetus.
Selection and storage of durian
The exotic fruit durian must be carefully chosen, which does not spoil the first impression of this mysterious oriental delicacy. Perform the following steps:
- pay attention to the top of the fruit, from which the tail stretches. It is necessary to smell well to the peel in this area - the more pronounced the aroma will be, the more the fruit will delight you with its taste,
- need to pay attention to what kind of sound makes. Knock on the peel, and if you hear a deaf sound in response, then, most likely, the fruit should be left to ripen. Mature fruit should not respond with loud sounds by tapping, you can hear only a quiet gurgling inside - this indicates that the fruit is already ready for use,
- carefully inspect the thorns of durian, the ripeness will tell their color. Mature fruit spines should have a yellowish tinge with brownish tips.
Store in the apartment and any other room just is not worth it - this will tell a pungent smell that will emit fruit. Therefore, the ideal option is to eat it immediately after purchase and, especially, not to leave it open for longer than 5 minutes. You can put the fruit in several layers of thick film for storage, but still the smell will make itself felt. If you decide to bring durian as a souvenir from an exotic trip, then you will not be able to do this - they simply will not let him into the airport. But all sorts of ready-made desserts from this fruit - chips, candies and candied fruits can be safely stored for a long time and exported from the country in unlimited quantities.
Freezing is also not the best solution, because at low temperatures it will lose not only its taste, but also all its beneficial properties.
What smells like durian
Durian is truly the most smelly fruit in the world. Because of this, it is practically not exported and is used exclusively in the place of growth, so many tourists do not lose the opportunity to try this fruit, which smells bad, during the holidays.
In Thailand, it is very much appreciated, traditionally it is considered that its smell brings hellish visions, and taste gives heavenly delight.
We can say that it smells for everyone in its own way, so there is no exact definition of its smell. However, it is unanimously noted that it is precisely the unpleasant notes in the aroma that prevail. So, he reminds someone of a mixture of the smell of rotten eggs and boiled onions, dirty socks and sewage, garlic and stale fish, and sometimes you can find descriptions in which there is a note of turpentine. The unpleasant smell of durian has long become a legend, so most want to try at least a piece of this strange fruit. However, after cutting fruit and fruit pulp and smell, many refuse to taste its pulp.
How do durian eat
How to eat durian? It must be a fresh, seasonal fruit. Eat it immediately after purchase for several hours, without entering the room. First you need to clear the pulp from the skin, and then after opening you have two options - break off the pieces with your hands or use a spoon. Of course, it is faster and easier to do it with your hands, but the smell is so perky that it will be very difficult to wash it off the skin of your hands. Cleaning the pulp with a spoon is somewhat more complicated, but the smell will not haunt you for a long time.
Also durian is often added in slices to exotic cocktails. Dried durian is no less popular, because in this form it no longer has a sharp smell, and most decide to try it without fear.
Thais prefer to drink this fruit a little salted water, in their opinion, this is how the taste is revealed in full. Thai gourmets also prefer such a dessert, pickled in coconut milk as slices.
If you caught an unripe edible fruit, you can use it as a vegetable - for example, fry in butter, stew and serve with a side dish.
Taste of durian
The taste and smell of durian cannot be compared to anything, but the reasons why it stinks so much still cannot be figured out exactly. From the first time rarely who manages to taste the pulp and understand the entire taste spectrum. However, it is worth trying 2 or 3 times, and you definitely will not remain indifferent. It should be noted that in nature it is impossible to find two identical in taste and smell of durians - not only the variety and place of growth, but also the climatic conditions, the time and quality of storage, and many other factors matter. Yes, the king of fruit has a sharp aroma, but his taste is something subtle and multifaceted.
The consistency of the pulp is very pleasant and tender, and to the taste of someone it resembles soft cream cheese or mayonnaise, someone vanilla baking, well, someone clearly feels the taste of fried onions. Nut and fruit notes are also noted, such as a banana or strawberry.
So, the taste of durian is difficult to describe in words, so you just need to try and make your own opinion.
Calorie and chemical composition
Calorie durian interest those who are accustomed to take care of the figure. 100 g of pulp contains 147 kcal, which can be called the average value for fruit. The chemical composition is as follows: calcium, potassium, sodium, manganese, magnesium and phosphorus, zinc and iron. 100 grams of fruit also contains:
- 65 grams of water
- 23.3 grams of carbohydrates
- 1.5 g of proteins
- 5.3 grams of fat,
- 3.8 grams of fiber.
Durian fruits are rich in dietary fiber. It absorbs water well, swells as it passes through the digestive tract, gently accelerates intestinal motility, preventing constipation. Natural fiber helps eliminate carcinogenic substances from the body and prevents the development of intestinal cancer.
Anemia can not always be caused by a lack of iron in the body. Folate deficiency (vitamin B9) is another negative factor for the development of another type of anemia. The specified vitamin is involved in the production of normal red blood cells, and it abounds in the fruits of durian. A small amount of copper and iron found in these fruits also help the formation of blood cells.
The beneficial properties of durian as a natural antidepressant are supported by a high concentration of amino acid (AK) tryptophan. This amino acid is often tacitly called "natural sleepy powder." In the human body, it is converted to serotonin and melatonin, neuro-chemicals that play an important role in the induction of sleep and the prevention of epilepsy.
In addition, an important element in the fight against depression is vitamin B6. Lack of this particular vitamin can lead to severe depression. Studies have shown that patients with a deficiency of the specified nutrient in the body experienced depression, were stably in a bad mood, experienced bouts of irritability and periods of deep depression.
An exceptional feature is that it is rich in B vitamins - a rarity among exotic fruits. Its exotic fruits contain niacin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), pyridoxine (vitamin B6) and thiamine (vitamin B1). These nutrients are essential for the health of the nervous system.
Like some of the other fruits of the tropics, such as bananas, avocados and jackfruits, durian is rich in energy that it can transmit to the human body. 100 g of fresh pulp has 147 calories, a lot of easily digestible sucrose and fructose, which are ready to instantly replenish the body's energy reserves.
Although durian fruits contain relatively much fat among fruits, they are free of saturated fat and cholesterol.
In addition to all of the above, the beneficial properties of durian include the development of body resistance against infections, increased immunity, protection against free radicals, strengthening of the heart muscle and normalization of blood pressure.
Selection and storage
Durian is a seasonal fruit. Harvesting lasts from June to August and coincides with the collection of many other tropical fruits, such as mangosteen (or mangosteen), jackfruit and mango. It is best to buy them on time.
Outside the homeland, the king of fruits is one of the most expensive fruits, especially the Sultan (D24) variety, which is in demand in the United States and European countries. In the refrigerator, the fruit can be stored for only a few days.
You will have to determine your preferred degree of maturity yourself. Some people like slightly unripe fruits, more fragrant, and some prefer fully ripened specimens.
In addition to pulp, food can be eaten and seeds of durian oval, but only in boiled form. In taste, they resemble jackfruit seeds, although not everyone likes them.
Cybetin Durian - Fruit Description
The fruits of evergreen trees are quite large in size, which can reach a weight of up to eight kilograms. On top of the fruit is covered with dense skin with spines, which in appearance resembles a very large chestnut. Inside - there are five chambers, separated by light streaks, which contain the most valuable part of the fruit - the delicate yellow-creamy flesh.
It should be noted that it is very difficult to meet him on the Russian shelves, since it is practically not exported. It is possible to feast on durian only while being on vacation directly staying in the countries where this fruit is grown.
The smell of fruit - what smells like durian?
Durian has a rather unpleasant smell that resembles a specific mixture of fish, rotten eggs and garlic. But some tourists say that it may also smell like urban sewage.
In countries, where is durian grown, it is forbidden to bring the fruit to public places, and for tourists hang special warning signs. A fruit, even if it is tightly packed, can poison all people in a room with its smell. You can not carry durian and aboard aircraft. It is worth noting that in Thailand there is even a certain law that prohibits its export outside the state.
In its composition, the fruits contain various vitamins, macro-and micronutrients, namely:
- beta carotene (vitamin A) - 23 µg,
- thiamine (vitamin B1) - 0.37 mg,
- Riboflavin (vitamin B2) - 0.2 mg,
- Niacin - 1.07 mg,
- Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) - 0.23 mg,
- pyridoxine (vitamin B6) - 0.3 to 17 mg,
- folic acid - 36 mcg,
- ascorbic acid - 19, 7 mg,
- magnesium - 30 mg,
- sodium - 2 mg,
- manganese - 326 mcg
- Zinc - 0.28 mg
- potassium - 437 mg,
- phosphorus - 39 mg,
- Calcium - 6 mg,
- copper - 208 mcg,
- iron - 0.43 mg.
100 grams of durian contains 147 kcal.
Durian - useful properties
In addition to its exotic, the fruit is different and a set of useful properties, namely:
- due to a large supply of copper, potassium, folic acid, iron and B vitamins, durian strengthens the heart, helps with anemia, and also has a positive effect on the endocrine system,
- the presence of dietary fiber helps regulate the bowels,
- tryptophan, which is in the composition, is able to affect the human nervous system, and have a positive effect when mood swings, irritability or depression,
- durian has a beneficial effect on the female hormonal system. As well as fruit enhances reproductive function,
- enhances the potency in men.
It is worth noting that due to its caloric content, the fruit is very nutritious and perfectly suited as a snack while traveling.
Harm and contraindications
Any fruit, regardless of its beneficial properties, has a number of contraindications. In order for durian to bring only positive emotions after its use, the following simple rules should be observed:
- It is impossible to combine the fruits of this fruit and alcoholic beverages, since you can get a very serious poisoning and a pressure jump,
- should refrain from durian to people who suffer from hypertension,
- It is strictly forbidden to use durian during pregnancy and lactation.
How to choose a durian
There are several tricks that will help inexperienced tourists to choose the most ripe and tasty fruit.
- Buying durian is best on the market, but not in supermarkets.
- When tapping on the peel, the sound should be deaf, as well as the sound when tapping on ripe watermelon.
- The spikes should be pliable and set aside.
- The skin should be moderately soft, but when you click on it, there should not be a light fingerprint - this phenomenon indicates the overripe of durian.
- Recognize the ripeness of durian and can smell. In the ripe fruit, the smell is calm and not harsh, in the green - completely absent, and in the overripe - the aroma causes a sharp disgust.
How to properly store and use durian?
Exotic fruit is practically not suitable for long-term storage. At home, durian can be stored for no longer than five days since its maturation, while wrapping it in several layers of paper and polyethylene. But It is worth noting that the things and products located next to the fruit will absorb its unpleasant aroma, which later erodes very badly. Therefore with confidence It can be noted that storing durian is a very dubious idea; it is best to eat fruit very quickly when fresh. It is also not recommended to freeze durian, since after defrosting it loses almost all its beneficial properties and taste.
Durian fruit is eaten with hands, while removing the skin and veins. The very same pulp is recommended to break into several small pieces. Experienced tourists recommend use durian with a teaspoon, it will complicate the process a bit, but after a snack you don’t have to wash it with hands an unpleasant smell of fruit.
Very often you can find fruit in cocktails and ice cream, as well as candy, jam and chips are made from it. It is worth noting, that in this version durian will be a great souvenir, brought from the rest.
Durian: description and useful properties of a plant
Dibrean cibetin (Latin Durio zibethinus) - this is a well-known to all not so much taste as smell tropical fruit. The plant belongs to the family Malvaceae. Своим названием (durian) обязан местным племенам из Малайзии, которые прозвали его так за наличие на плодах шипов (duri - шип).
Вообще, существует более 30 видов дуриана, 9 из которых пригодны в пищу, но больше всего известен дуриан цибетиновый. Именно его и можно чаще всего встретить на прилавках магазинов. О нем в данной статье и ведется речь. There are dozens of varieties of dibrean cibetin, which differ in taste and smell.
Biological description of durian
The tree in height can reach 45 meters.
Leaves are leathery, simple, oblong-elliptical in shape.
The flowers of this plant are very large and have a heavy sour smell. The plant is pollinated by bats that eat nectar and plant pollen. The peculiarity is that the flower durian blooms only 8 hours, and at night.
The fruits are spherical and grow right on the trunks (caulifloria) and branches (ramifloria). In diameter, they can reach 30 centimeters, and by weight - up to 5 kilograms. The fruit shell is quite firm and completely covered with spines. They are brownish green in color. Not only the fruit pulp is used as food, but also their seeds (as a seasoning). The color of the pulp is yellow-red.
The smell of fruit, to put it mildly, is “not very”, it resembles a mixture of rotten cheese, onion and turpentine. The substance that gives an unpleasant smell is indole (it is he who gives the smell to our natural items). But what is interesting is that an indole, when strongly diluted with water, acquires a smell. jasmine!
Unpleasant smell only ripe fruit. In the process of evolution, the smell was developed in order to attract animals, spreading its seeds along with droppings. By the way, thanks to this property, durian fruit is used as a hunting bait.
In the countries where this amazing and smelly plant grows, fruits are forbidden to be brought into common areas, including transport. However, the taste of the pulp of the fruit is simply incomparable.
The choice of durian
So, suppose you are on the market in an exotic country where durians are sold. Do not trust the choice of fruit seller, especially during the off-season, when selling tainted fruit.
When pressing on the surface of the fruit, it should be slightly soft. If the finger falls, then the fetus is overripe and probably already began to deteriorate. If it does not give in to pressure, it is still green. Durian after a breakdown, he is taken from a tree not too green, he matures himself.
The maturity of the fruit can also be determined by the state of the peel, more precisely, the thorns on it. If they are fed in, the fruits are ripe and they are of good quality, and if not, the fetus still needs to lie down.
Finally, the third criterion is smell. If it is very strong, then inside the pulp is most likely already slimy, that is, the fruit is overripe.
But the color of the fruit does not mean anything, since it differs greatly from one variety to another.
How best to store durian
Durian is not stored for a long time. If the fruit is ripe, it is better to eat as soon as possible.
Durian does not make sense to store in the refrigerator, since it almost does not affect the duration of the shelf life. At room temperature, it can lie for up to 5 days, after which it is necessary to get rid of it. Poisoning with overripe durian is very serious and you should not joke with it.
Do not store durian with other foods, even if it is a fruit, covered with peel.
Durian in culture
This fruit is respected by many nations. So, the Chinese consider it one of the best delicacies for children, but ordinary Chinese can not afford it because of the price not every day, but only on major holidays. And there it is customary to eat durian with the whole family and eat the whole fruit in one sitting. This is very reasonable, given the smell of the fruit.
For Malaysians, eating durian is a real ritual, which is accompanied by entry into a meditative trance.
In all countries where durian grows, it is considered a valuable medicinal plant with rejuvenating effect.
According to one legend, the king was in love with a beautiful girl who did not reciprocate his feelings. Angry, he turned to the magician, who gave him an unknown fruit, which the king treated his beloved. After that, she immediately fell in love with him. The monarch was so glad that he even forgot to thank the magician. Then the magician got angry at the ruler and cursed the fruit. When the king came to take another fruit of love, he received a prickly and terribly smelling fruit. The king became angry again and threw the fruit on the ground with all his strength, so that he split. He was very surprised that inside the fruit is still the same "love mass".
Useful properties of durian
The fruits of durian contains a lot of different nutrients. Due to the vitamin C contained in them, durian is an antiviral agent. It also contains vitamin A, vitamins of group B, mineral elements - calcium, iron, zinc, phosphorus, sulfur. By the way, durian is the only fruit in the world containing organic sulfur in such quantity in its composition. It is through these compounds that he has a disgusting smell.
Despite the rather high fat content of fruits, durian has practically no cholesterol in its composition. Although the calorie content of the fruit pulp is almost a record for fruits (similar to that of chicken or black bread), due to the high content of mineral elements, the feeling of saturation with them comes quickly, therefore, eating durian risk of gaining excess weight is minimal.
Many of the beneficial properties of durian are associated with the presence of antioxidants, amino acids, nicotinic acid, etc., in fruits. Even indole, which gives a terrible smell, has powerful antibacterial properties and anthelmintic action.
The folic acid content of durians is also at a record level. This means that durian is especially useful for pregnant and lactating women, as well as for diseases of the nervous system. With sufficient folic acid intake in the pregnant woman's body, the risk of developing defects is reduced by an order of magnitude. At the same time, with a clear shortage of this component of nutrition, there is a high probability of having birth with disorders of the central nervous system.
The systematic use of durian eliminates problems with male potency, and all thanks to zinc, which is also abundant in durians.
Sulfur contained in it is part of many essential proteins and has a rejuvenating effect.
In medicine, not only fruits have been used, but also leaves and even the roots of a plant. The latter are used to prepare infusions and decoctions with a strong antipyretic effect. In climatic conditions, where durian grows, this is especially important, because tropical fever annually kills hundreds of thousands of people, and there is simply not enough antipyretic synthetic drugs due to the high population size and poverty of many countries in Southeast Asia. It is then that the durian comes to the rescue. To reduce the temperature it is enough just to make a compress from the juice of the leaves of durian.
A decoction of the leaves and fruits of durian well removes skin inflammation.
In the old days, a patient with a leaf of durian was treated with a bile spill.
Contraindications to the use of durian
Durian can increase blood pressure, so it is contraindicated for hypertension.
It is strictly forbidden to use durian along with alcoholic beverages, as this can cause poisoning and a severe allergic reaction.
As to the possibility of durian consumption during pregnancy and during breastfeeding, the opinions of the doctors differed. Some of them say that durian is especially useful to this contingent, and this point of view was argued above, others believe that it is better not to risk it, because the fruit is exotic and it is not yet known what reaction it will cause in a pregnant woman or baby. It seems that the truth is somewhere in the middle: everything is possible, if for a little bit and do not forget to listen to your body.
It should be remembered that in any case individual intolerance is possible.
Durian is the fruit of a high (about 40 m high) evergreen tree of the family Malvaceae. It grows in the countries of Southeast Asia: Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia. There are more than 30 types of durian, but only 9 of them are edible. Durian cibetin is usually marketed. The tree grows in tropical rainforest. Durian blooms only a few hours at night. The fruit ripening period lasts from late spring to the last days of summer, in the rainy season.
In our country, this fruit is an exotic rarity. But there are legends about him, as a fruit with a specific smell and a pleasant taste. Many people are interested in what durian looks like. Him fruits are oval shaped. They are quite large: about 20–30 cm long and weighing about 2–8 kg. A hard, spiky peel covers the outside of the durian fruit. The fruit, the photo of which you will see below, looks like an oblong ball with prickles. Its name comes from the Malay word "dope", which means "spike." Acute outgrowths on the peel protect the fetus from being eaten by animals.
The color of the fruit is yellow-green. The description of the fruit sometimes indicates the reddish color of some varieties of durian. Inside each fruit is divided into 5 chambers. Brownish Fruit Seeds or yellow, their size is 2–5 cm. And the flesh of durian is yellowish or creamy, of a very delicate consistency. Connoisseurs of this fruit say that it melts in the mouth.
Durian is single edible fruitcontaining large amounts of sulfur. The presence of this substance is associated with an unpleasant smell of fruit. But due to its high sulfur content, durian has beneficial properties. Sulfur is easily absorbed by the human body. It interferes with the aging process and removes toxins. In addition to sulfur, durians contain vitamins A, B and C, as well as a large number of beneficial trace elements. Fruit has a beneficial effect on different systems of the body.
- The fruit contains a large amount of potassium. This microelement prevents the rapid removal of calcium from the body. As a result, the bone tissue gets everything you need for normal functioning. In addition, potassium itself strengthens bones and prevents their fragility.
- The fruit is rich in vitamin C (ascorbic acid). If you eat about 200–250 g of durian flesh per day, you can get about 70–80% of the daily norm of ascorbic acid. This substance is involved in the synthesis of skin proteins (collagens), which have the ability to heal wounds. Thus, the use of durian has a positive effect on the human skin condition.
- Durian contains a considerable amount of vitamin B9 (folate). This vitamin promotes the production of red blood cells. Durian is a good way to prevent anemia.
- The fruit of durian contains copper. This element, like iodine, is necessary for normal functioning of the thyroid gland.
- The fruit contains fibers that increase intestinal motility, and promote the removal of toxic and carcinogenic substances from the body.
- Durian is rich in manganese. This substance is involved in the regulation of blood sugar levels. Therefore, eating fruits is beneficial for diabetics.
- Vitamins B1 (thiamine) and B2 (riboflavin) are also contained in durians, the beneficial properties of these substances are related to their effects on the nervous and digestive systems. Thiamine enhances the production of gastric juice and improves digestion, and thiamine relieves migraine headaches.
- Durian fruits are rich in tryptophan. This amino acid increases the production of melatonin and serotonin. Melatonin promotes strong and healthy sleep. And serotonin is called "the hormone of good mood." This substance helps fight depression.
- Durian flesh has antibacterial properties. This is due to the presence in the fruits of indole, which is an aseptic substance.
- Durian fruits are a natural source of estrogenic substances that act similarly to female sex hormones. Use of it the fruit is beneficial on the regimental and reproductive function of women.
People seeking to lose weight can safely include in your diet the flesh of durian. Calorie fruit is small, 100 grams of fruit pulp contains 147 calories.
Scent and taste of durian
Due to the high content of organic sulfur, durian has a very unpleasant odor. This smell seems disgusting to people, however, it attracts some animals, for example, civet and civet.
What smells like durian? On this account there are different opinions. Some people believe that durian smells of hydrogen sulfide. Others believe that its smell is similar to the smell of rotten onions or turpentine. And to someone this smell reminds a smell of moldy cheese. But everyone agrees that durian smells awful. But this applies only to mature fruits. Unripe fruit is practically odorless.
But at the same time durian is extremely tasty and nutritious. It can be said that it is a fruit with a terrible smell, but with great taste. What can compare the taste of its pulp? Fruit lovers believe that it is similar to the following products:
- patty dough
- a mix of nuts and cheese,
- a mixture of banana and mango,
- avocado flesh,
- vanilla ice cream.
In our country, this fruit is almost impossible to find in stores. Usually durian try while traveling in the countries of Southeast Asia. In order to benefit from the use of fruits and to feel their pleasant taste, it is necessary to know how to choose the right fruit.
- It is better to use the fruit immediately after purchase. You can only store the whole fruit, and even then very briefly. Cut durian must be eaten immediately, otherwise it will quickly deteriorate. In addition, the fruits, cut into pieces, quickly begin to emit an even more disgusting smell. This is due to the interaction of sulfur compounds with oxygen.
- Durian must smell. If the fruits do not smell - then they are unripe. These fruits are not eaten, as they are tasteless. In this case, the smell should not be too strong. Overpowering fruits emit a sharp smell.
- To determine the ripeness of durian, you need to knock on his skin. If the fetus is mature, a thud will be heard.
- You can ask the seller to cut the durian to see the pulp. But in this case it will have to be consumed immediately after purchase. Mature fruit is firm, yellow-colored, without spots.
You can store uncut whole fruits for a very short time. They are wrapped in several bags and kept at room temperature. You can freeze the fruit, but they lose their beneficial properties and taste. From durian you can make homemade preparations, in the form of jam and jam. This is a good way to preserve the product.
Since durian has a specific smell, it is better to use it outdoors. There durian should be using a spoon, otherwise the hands will keep the smell of fruit for a long time. Before you eat a piece of durian, you should breathe out and hold your breath. So it will smell less. You can insert cotton wool tampons into your nose.
It can be concluded that durian is very tasty and healthy. Its only drawback is an unpleasant smell, but disgust can be overcome. So when traveling to exotic countries, it is worth trying this unusual fruit.
What it is?
Durian tsibetinovy belong to the genus of evergreen tropical plants of the Malvaceae family. To date, there are about 30 varieties of this fruit that grow in tropical forests of Southeast Asia. These plants are large trees with weak branching. They have support roots and ordinary leaves. It is noteworthy that only 9 of the known 30 varieties are suitable for food.
Durian flowers are large, whitish or reddish depending on the variety. They can develop not only on the branches, but also on the trunks. Not only bees pollinate them, but also bats, since durian blooms from twilight to night for no more than 8 hours. The fruit of the plant is distinguished by a particularly hard shell with characteristic spines. This feature allows you to protect the unripe fruit from animals. It is because of its type that the fruit has acquired its name, which means “thorn” or “thorn”.
Despite the fact that it grows not only in Malaysia, Thailand, India and Indochina, but also in South America, Asian fruit is in great demand among gourmets. It is grown in a more comfortable climate, ripens from spring to the end of the summer season. Gather it when the fruits themselves fall to the ground. According to the general description, durian reaches the parameters of a soccer ball in size. Weight varies from 2 to 10 kg, the form is often elongated. Sometimes the fruit does reach a length of up to 30 cm, while the diameter can be 20-25 cm.
No matter how large the durian seems, more than half of its weight falls on the peel, rather than on the juicy flesh. The inner part of durian has white walls and is divided into segments. In each “compartment” there are 3-4 yellowish seeds. As a rule, there are 5 compartments within the fruit, about the same size. Four of them are filled with pulp, and in the fifth are the bones.
A distinctive feature of the fruit is the fact that he has a disgusting smell. Therefore, few people immediately believe that durian can be eaten. It smells so bad that you can't take it with you to public places. With him you can’t just go to the store or take a taxi: the ban even extends to carriage in the elevator, which is indicated by a special sign of a fruit crossed out in a red line. Объясняется это тем, что зловонный дух тайского фрукта невозможно выветрить никакими средствами. Именно поэтому экзотический дуриан нельзя ни хранить, ни транспортировать. Вонь настолько ужасна, что ее сложно и описать, но сама мякоть отличается божественным вкусом, за что дуриан и называют королем фруктов.
The taste of a ripe fruit with a smooth texture is sweet. It is saturated, looks like a mixture of banana, mango, pineapple, papaya and vanilla. As for the smell of the shell itself, then you can compare it with a mixture of the "flavor" of sewage, rotten fish and rotten meat or a carcass smell. Someone even thinks that in this stench one can discern the smells of a ton of rotten onions, because some tourists show tears when they meet a durian. As for the amount of pulp inside the fruit, it is not very much: a lot falls on the thick peel with spikes. The very pulp of a ripe fruit has no stains, it is of the same consistency and color.
Composition and calorie
The fetid smell of durian is explained by the fact that sulfuric acid is present in the fruit. Exotic fruit is saturated with proteins, fats and carbohydrates, it contains a lot of vitamins, and it is distinguished by its absence of cholesterol. The tasty pulp is rich in ascorbic, nicotinic and folic acids. It has niacin, carotene, riboflavin, calcium, iron and phosphorus. As for caloric content, then in hundred grams of durian contains 145 kilocalories. These data are characteristic of raw and frozen fruit. However, an excess of durian in food can cause obesity.
Benefit and harm
Unusual Thai fruit has certain beneficial properties. For example, having organic sulfur in its composition, durian is rightfully recognized as one of the unique exotic fruits. Indole, which is a source of organic sulfur, is especially necessary for the human body, since it has bactericidal properties. Thanks to dietary fibers, durian is effective for constipation. It perfectly absorbs water, due to which peristalsis is accelerated and carcinogenic substances are removed from the body. This nuance can prevent intestinal cancer.
Durian is also effective against anemia, as it is a measure to prevent it. It improves the condition of hair and skin, and also has a positive effect on the strengthening of bones and thyroid gland. In addition, it helps in the treatment of diabetes and has a positive effect on the work of the digestive system. As well as the exotic fruit is good for migraines and depressions. Being an unsurpassed aphrodisiac and having a huge amount of estrogen in its composition, durian is responsible for normalizing the female hormonal background, which is important for every woman. It is worth noting that this affects not only the general condition of the woman, but also her fertility.
It is also useful for men's health. Durian can be used as a means to help restore energy. It not only helps cleanse the skin, but also gives it elasticity and firmness. Due to the content in the pulp of phosphorus in conjunction with potassium, it not only strengthens the teeth, but also treats some gum diseases. In addition, the use of an unusual fruit has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system.
However, in addition to the beneficial properties for the human body, durian also has negative sides. For example, no matter how tasty it may seem, and no matter how eager it is, it is contraindicated for pregnant women. In addition, it can not be used during breastfeeding. The use of durian can also affect the pressure, so hypertensive people have the pulp of the fetus to be extremely careful. Otherwise it is fraught with sudden pressure surges.
There are other restrictions, while ignoring the use of durian can cause significant harm to health. For example, it is necessary to take into account not only incompatibility with alcohol, but also the time interval between which it is impossible to drink after consuming durian. As a rule, in order not to harm your health, you need to wait at least four hours. In addition, you need to understand that the fruit can not completely replace any meal.
At one time you can not eat more than two hundred grams, combining fruit with another meal. And also it is impossible not to take into account the probability of individual intolerance and allergic reaction. There are also confirmations: in some cases, a rash, allergic rhinitis, and even nasopharyngeal edema are observed.
How to choose?
Despite the fact that durian has a rather high cost (about 5–20 US dollars), tourists rarely avoid the temptation to taste exotic things. Sometimes this fruit is sold already peeled on a substrate. However, not every fruit has a true divine taste. In order not to be trapped, and not to be disappointed with the fruit, which even in your own country cannot be transported and exported once more, the following nuances should be taken into account:
- a ripe fruit differs from others in that it is split, if its rind has started to crack (mainly 5 cloves), then this is the first sign of a good fruit,
- as soon as the peel cracks, the fruit begins to exude a scent, while the edible part of durian (its pulp) smells,
- if, on the one hand, a rotten part is noticed, such a fruit is not suitable for food, besides, its flesh will have clots, which should not be in a good ripe product,
- to buy a good fruit, you should look at the peel at the location of the tail, you can even smell it: the more pronounced the aroma, the more ripe the fruit is,