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Clematis: planting and care in the Urals

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My garden is like a fabulous garden. You can find there chamomile, refined lilies, luxurious rose bushes and lush cascades of multi-colored clematis.

Many are afraid to plant clematis in regions such as Siberia, the Urals and the Far East, considering their climate unsuitable too harsh. Today I will share with you my observations, talk about the rules of planting and caring for these charming flowers.

Plant description

Clematis is a plant of the buttercup family. This is a perennial who likes a warm mild climate. However, thanks to the work of specialists today the plant is successfully grown in areas with a harsh climate.

  • Liana has not only a beautiful look, but also has useful properties that have long been used in medicine.
  • The genus of this flower is very diverse and includes many different forms.
  • Some species can reach ten meters.
  • The root is bundle-shaped and pivotal.
  • Shoots appear from the buds of last year's shoots. So the plant is constantly updated.
  • Clematis pruning method should be selected based on the types of shoots.
  • The complexity and shape of the leaves depends on the variety, the color of which is more often green, but there are varieties with purple leaves.
  • Clematis flowers are divided into simple and terry. Terry is more capricious in the care, so in the Urals they are unlikely to grow.
  • The color palette affects even the most sophisticated gardeners: pale blue, light pink, ruby, red, blue, white and white, yellow.

Varieties suitable for the Urals

There are many different species that feel great in the Urals. Here are some of those that are popular among Ural gardeners.

  • Clematis Zhakmana. The plant blooms only on young shoots, simple and not capricious in the care. A strong root system allows clematis of this group to resist frost. Large flowers grow in groups or singly. This species has been blooming since July. Famous varieties: Rouge Cardinal, Gipsi Queen, Bella.
  • Clematis Vititsell. A distinctive feature of this group is the spectacular color of the inflorescences. Flowers can grow up to twenty centimeters in diameter. Representatives of this group are distinguished by violent flowering, which begins in June and lasts until the fall. They tolerate the winter cold. Common varieties such as: Violet Star, Ville de Lyon, Viola.
  • Clematis Integfolia. Shoots, whose height does not exceed 2.5 meters, are distinguished by dense weaving. The flowers are not fully disclosed, have the shape of a bell. All varieties showed high resistance to frost. Popular varieties such as Duran and Heart Memory.

Planting and care

In order for your clematis to please you it is necessary to carefully choose planting material. Growing this plant in the Urals is not much different from other regions. But it is better to choose varieties that are suitable for the Ural climate:

  1. Seedlings need to buy those that were grown in the harsh conditions of the local climate. So clematis faster and better take root at you.
  2. If you plan to plant a liana right away, then you can buy open root seedlings. So it will be even easier to inspect the root system, to make sure that the plant is healthy.
  3. Get saplings that are more than two years old, they start to bloom earlier.

Site selection

The choice of planting place is no less important than the choice of the plant itself. After all, your plant will grow there for more than 20 years. The site should be open, well lit and windless. I do not advise you to plant your flowers on the north side.

The plant does not tolerate stagnant moisture, look at a place on a hill.

It is desirable that there be some kind of support nearby, for example, the wall of a building, a terrace. You can build a special trellis or rotunda.

The flower is very fond of fertile soil, well fertilized. The plant has a long, well-developed root, so it needs drainage.

  • Buying clematis with bare roots, we plant them into the ground immediately, otherwise they may die.
  • A good time for planting flowers in the Ural region is the middle of spring. You can plant a plant in the fall, but in this case it may not take root before the onset of cold weather.
  • Make the landing hole size 60x60 cm
  • If you plant several seedlings at once, then the gap between the pits should not be less than one meter.
  • It is necessary to prepare a fertile mixture of garden soil, sandstone, peat, compost and superphosphate.
  • At the bottom of the fossa we build a mound, install saplings, straighten the roots.
  • It is also necessary to create a drainage cushion of brick chips, small stones or expanded clay.
  • We fall asleep the plant so that its neck is fifteen centimeters underground.
  • After that, water and mulch the area around the seedling.

Clematis reproduction

As in other regions, in the Urals clematis can be propagated by all known methods: seed, layering, pinching or dividing the bush. Virtually any of these methods gives excellent results. But if you choose seeds, you will have to be patient, this is the longest process.

As for the rest, as you can see, there is nothing difficult in growing clematis. Follow the rules and the above tips and your plant will delight you with flowering for many years.

Botanical description of the plant

A beautiful herb or woody plant belongs to the family of the buttercups, from the group of perennials. Under natural conditions, such green spaces are widespread in regions with a temperate and subtropical climate of the Northern Hemisphere. As a result of the long work of breeders, today there are different varieties take root freely in the most extreme conditions, including the Urals, Siberia and regions of the Far East.

As for the name, it comes from the word "klema", which in Greek means "curly flower". It clematis-vines are in great demand among landscape designers involved in the design of gardens, city parks and flower beds.

If you make a description of clematis, it will be as follows:

  • Flowers belong to the group of common perennials, which includes many shrubs, subshrubs and herbaceous plants.
  • Representatives of some varieties grow from two to ten meters in height.
  • The rhizome may be pivotal or fibrous. Representatives of the first group are characterized by poor tolerance to transplantation, so they must be immediately put in a permanent place of residence and not touched in the process of growth.
  • The formation of the plant occurs with the help of shoots that are updated annually. In turn, the shoot is created on the basis of buds growing on previous shoots.
  • The shape and appearance of the shoots depends on the varietal differences. For example, in thin herbaceous plants, these parts are very thin. Woody - multi-faceted and thicker.
  • Varietal characteristics also determine the type of pruning, and pruning leads to the classification of certain types of clematis, among which are grown in the Urals.

Other features

  • Clematis flowers can be either male or female. They are presented terry or simple type. If we consider the terry variety, when grown in the Urals, it needs intensive care and care. In most cases, simple clematis is grown in harsh conditions,
  • Shoots become a place where solitary, paniculate, thyroid or umbrella inflorescences are formed,
  • In some varieties of blooming seen twice. Among them is the Florida variety. True, in the harsh conditions of the Urals the flower will not be able to bloom twice,
  • After the flowering period, the plant produces fruits - the so-called achenes,
  • The color of the flowers is represented by pale pink, ruby ​​red, light blue, dark blue or snow-white shades,

A variety of varieties and species for growing in the Urals

At present, breeders have developed a large number of varieties that can be grown in the Urals, in conditions of too low temperatures, a short summer and a long winter. Among them, representatives of the Jacquesman group are in special demand.

Such plants belong to the third group of pruning, unpretentious and well suited for growing in a harsh environment. With proper care, grade grows up to 4-6 meters in height and is a large shrub vine with a strong root system and a complex form of leaves. The color of hard-feathery leaves from 3-5 parts is dark green. The diameter of the flowers often reaches 20 centimeters. In the process of growth, they open well and go up.

The flowering period falls in the middle of summer. At the same time flowering parts appear on the shoots of the current year. It is important to cut them before the upcoming cold, almost at the root.

Among other popular varieties, it is important to highlight:

  • Clematis "Rouge Cardinal". It is a relatively low vine with stems 2-2.5 meters long, separated by leaves, and large flowers in diameter of 15 centimeters. It features a luxurious dark purple color, which appears in all its glory in the middle of summer or early autumn,
  • Clematis "Gipsy Quenn". Belongs to a group of branched shrub vines, 3-3.5 meters high. The variety has excellent winter hardiness and the ability to bloom in a colorful purple hue,
  • Bella variety. Another very elegant variety of clematis, which is great for growing in the Urals. Differs in compact size (adult liana rarely grows up to two meters), and stellate inflorescences in diameter of 10-15 centimeters,

Methods of reproduction of clematis in the Urals

If you wish to plant a colorful tropical resident in the Urals, you can use a variety of methods and each of them will be in its own way effective. In most cases, flower growers prefer generative reproduction using seeds, dividing the bush, reproduction by layering or pinching. Let us deal with the main features of each method separately.

Concerning seed methodit is used exclusively for small flowers. Representatives of large-flowered varieties breed only by vegetative means. Most of the seeds grown in the Urals varieties belong to the first group in size, i.e., their sizes are rather large. For this reason, the period from planting to the appearance of the first shoots may take too much time. Sometimes it takes from 6 to 8 months.

Seed collection is best done in the current year. Also you can buy ready-made planting material in specialized stores. Sowing of large seeds is carried out at the end of autumn, and smaller ones - in February or at the beginning of spring.

Before you plant the seeds in the ground you need to put them in a container with water for 10 days. During the entire period, the water must be changed, otherwise the growth will be unstable. In the future, it remains to prepare containers for planting, in which a high-quality substrate consisting of garden soil, sand and peat is placed. After pre-moistening the soil composition, the seeds should be spread over the surface and sprinkled with sand.

Containers need cover with glass or film and transfer them to a warm room. When two true leaves appear on young shoots, they need to be moved to separate containers. It is possible to grow a flower only in a room, since there is too low air temperature outside in the end of winter and early spring.

After three years, the seedling is placed on a permanent place.

Dividing bush

The next method of planting certain varieties of clematis is to divide the bush. It is used in breeding varieties with a fibrous rhizome. Those plants, in which the root system is pivotal, do not respond well to frequent transplants, so they cannot be propagated vegetatively. Way can be used for young copiesas the plant's root system grows too large as it grows, which complicates the impending separation.

It is necessary to divide the bush in spring or autumn. The best indicators of success are seen in the autumn period, because at this time the plant goes into retirement and tolerates such an intervention painlessly. Carefully dig a bush and try not to damage the root system. Then shake the earthen clod from the roots and divide the bush into several parts using a sharp knife. The main thing is not to make hasty movements, otherwise the vital parts can be damaged.

Features reproduction by layering

  • This method will be effective in the autumn planting of clematis in the Urals,
  • For the successful implementation of the upcoming event you need to pick the most healthy shoots placed in the lower part of a healthy bush, and save them from foliage,
  • It remains to conduct rooting shoots to the first bud,
  • After gathering a few shoots together, bend them into a specially dug trench,
  • Then carefully secure the shoots and sprinkle them with soil, slightly pressing your hands,
  • Neither winter time should the flower be covered with fallen leaves or spruce paws, to prevent the aggressive effects of extreme cold,
  • In the spring, the plant provides enhanced care, and the separation of their parent bush is carried out in the fall,

Features care for clematis in the Urals

In order for the content of such a colorful flower as clematis in the harsh conditions of the Urals to be successful, it is important to assess your strength and pay attention to a number of subtleties. Planting and care are not much different from similar activities in any other region. However, it is important choose the right site for this climate zone, as well as to the search for winter-hardy varieties.

When choosing clematis seedlings, it is necessary to pay attention to those varieties that were grown in this climatic zone. As a result, the plant can take root much faster. It is important that the selected variety belongs to the third group of pruning, although members of the second group also get along quite well in the Urals.

If you wish to plant the seedling immediately after purchase in a specialized store, choose those instances that have a well-formed, open root system. This will allow a full assessment of the roots.

If you intend to postpone planting for another time, buy a seedling in the finished planting capacity.

In order for the development of peduncles to be excellent, two-year-old seedlings should be preferred. For purchase, contact the trusted stores, and before making a choice, be sure to evaluate the appearance of a particular product. It is important that there are no damages on the root system, and the roots are not dried out.

Choosing a place for landing, follow the following rules:

  • The landing site should be well lit by a natural source of light - the sun and be closed from the winds or drafts. A flower placed in the shade or partial shade may not bloom at all,
  • Planting vine on the north side of the house can not be
  • Clematis show excellent growth rates when landing on higher ground. The fact is that lowland places are a favorite place of accumulation of moisture, the impact of which can be detrimental to the plant,
  • Choose places near walls, arbors or terraces. Here the plant will develop very well.

Clematis landing period

To plant flowers should be in the autumn or spring. If clematis was purchased late in the fall, then it must be prikopat, and if in the summer with a closed root system, it can be planted just like spring and autumn seedlings.

Tip! In order for clematis to be well rooted, it must be properly applied and watered regularly. If the plant has a dry root system, it should be placed in cool water for about 6-8 hours and add the drug Epin.

Clematis planting area

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Seat should be dry. If the groundwater is located close, then you need to make a drainage using rubble or broken brick (layer 20 cm). The dimensions of the landing pit are 60x60x60 cm. The pit should be filled with humus, compost and garden soil in the same proportions. Next, add superphosphate 150 grams and 400 grams of dolomite flour. It is necessary to form a mound in the planting pit and place the seedling, gently spreading the root system. Prikommat clematis primer and pour. The root neck should be slightly buried.

For clematis need to do support. At the very beginning to tie up plants, and then it will independently cling to the support.

The soil for the crop should be light, breathable and well fertilized. Clematis does not tolerate overheating of the soil, so it is necessary to do mulching with a layer of 5-15 cm. If we are talking about the southern regions of the country, then the root zone should be shaded. For this fit annual saplings. Clematis from each other must be placed at a distance of 1.5-2 m. At this distance, seedlings will not create competition.

Features of the cultivation of clematis in the Urals

Климатические условия на территории Урала достаточно суровы: неравномерные осадки, низкие температуры и ветра делают невозможным посадку многих садовых культур в этой области. Именно поэтому к выбору посадочного материала следует подойти максимально ответственно – для посадки на Урале подойдет далеко не каждый сорт клематисов.

Among the variety of species and hybrid forms of clematis, it is recommended to give preference to winter-hardy varieties. Only hardy-type plants are able to survive the harsh winters in the Urals without any negative consequences. Not adapted to the harsh conditions varieties simply freeze.

In addition, it is necessary to strictly observe the recommended planting dates specified in the description for the variety of clematis.

Winterharding clematis varieties for the Urals

For growing in the Urals and Siberia, hybrid clematis varieties that belong to the 3rd pruning group are best suited. These hybrids are pruned for winter. Some varieties need shelter for the winter.

This does not mean, however, that grades 1 and 2 of the pruning groups are not suitable for planting in the northern regions at all. With proper care and good shelter for the winter, the following varieties of clematis from these groups can be grown in the Urals:

  • Little Mermaid,
  • Caen,
  • What
  • Daniel derond,
  • Alba Plena,
  • Rouge Cardinal.

Among the best varieties of clematis for the Urals are the following types:

  1. Gypsy Queen - shrub vine up to 3 m high with large purple flowers. Disease resistant, strongly branched variety.
  2. Bella is a small shrub whose height rarely exceeds 2 m. The flowers resemble small stars with a diameter of about 14 cm. The inflorescences change color from bright yellow to white as they bloom.
  3. The purple star is a popular winter-hardy variety, characterized by abundant flowering. The flowers of these clematis are painted in a rich purple hue. The violet star is extremely rare.
  4. Durand is a vine approximately 2 m high. Flowers of this variety are in many ways similar to neat purple bells. With a long stay in the sun, the inflorescences of Durand fade.
  5. Wil de Lyon is the undisputed leader among all frost-resistant clematis varieties for cultivation in the Urals. The height of the creeper reaches 3.5 m, the color of the flowers is bright red, although it can fade in the sun. A distinctive feature of the variety is abundant flowering and good immunity to many diseases.

Planting clematis in the Urals

Planting clematis in the Urals is better in the spring - so the plants will have enough time to take root in the open field. Approximate planting time: April - early May, before the first buds swell. In regions with a warm climate, clematis can be planted in the fall, but when it is planted in the autumn in the Urals, the seedlings will not have time to get stronger and freeze in winter.

The best place for planting clematis is sunny, well protected from strong winds, preferably on high ground, since these flowers do not like stagnant water.

The landing clematis algorithm is as follows:

  1. At the selected site dig a hole with a diameter of 50-70 cm, depending on the size of the variety and the quality of the soil. On poor soil, it is better to dig a hole bigger to have enough space for fertilizer.
  2. In the event of a high groundwater level, drainage is necessarily put on the bottom of the landing pit.
  3. Over the drainage pour sand mixed with humus. You can dilute the mixture with lime or superphosphate, which has a beneficial effect on the flowering of clematis. When the pit falls asleep, it is not necessary to level the resulting mixture - on the contrary, it is necessary to form a small hill.
  4. In the soil mixture set support - a small peg.
  5. On a mound of soil mixture gently placed the roots of the seedling, straightening them and evenly distributing over a handful of earth.
  6. The root system is sprinkled and lightly tamped with the ground. The root neck of the plant should rise above the soil level by 12-14 cm.
  7. After planting, clematis is plentifully watered and mulched with peat to better retain moisture.

Watering and feeding

Clematis is poured abundantly and regularly, at least once a week. On hot days, the frequency of watering increases up to 2 times a week. On 1 adult bush leaves an average of 30-40 liters of water. On young saplings 15 liters are spent.

In the first year after planting clematis is better not to overfeed, but the subsequent fertilization of the soil is necessary especially during the growing season. Then the plants are fed with nitrogen mixtures that help the bushes to collect foliage.

Clematis fertilizes with phosphorus during flowering. With the onset of the first frosts, the bushes can be fed with mineral fertilizers.

Trimming and tying

Support for the bush set during planting, as the subsequent installation can damage the root system of the flower. As a support they use both purchased structures in the form of an arch or a fan, and improvised means: metal pipes, boards or pegs.

Clematis of the 2nd and 3rd groups of pruning are grown in the Urals. Representatives of each group are cut differently.

Bushes 2 groups bloom on last year and current shoots. An incision is made at a distance of 1 m from the ground level, and at the same time at least 3-4 buds should be left. Weak, dry or cracked shoots are removed completely. Then clematis is removed from the support and bent to the ground for shelter in the winter.

Plants 3 groups bloom on the shoots of the current year. Varieties belonging to this group can be pruned several times per season, but in the fall they remove all shoots, without exception, leaving only 20-25 cm.

You can learn more about planting and caring for clematis in the video below:

Preparing for the winter

With the onset of the first frost, clematis are cut according to a scheme that is determined depending on the group of the variety, removed from the support and spud the plants with sand. If necessary, sand can be replaced with wood ash. Spud the bushes at 15-20 cm.

The shoots laid on the ground are covered with dry foliage and fir branches. For better protection, it is recommended to cover the bushes with a wooden box, cover it with roofing felt and lightly sprinkle it with earth.

When to open clematis after wintering in the Urals

Clematis are opened after hibernation as the snow melts, otherwise the kidneys may melt. First, additional shelter is removed, if it is (box and roofing felt), and then, with the establishment of consistently warm weather, it can be removed as well.

Immediately after removing the shelter clematis watered. Per plant consume up to 10-15 liters of water.

Diseases and pests

Clematis is resistant to many diseases, however, sometimes the bushes still get sick. The most common diseases of this garden culture include wilt withering and rust. Clematis viral diseases do not affect.

Wilt wilting is a fungal disease, the first signs of which is the drying of the leaves. At the initial stage, the plant can be cured with the help of fungicides, however, in more advanced situations it will be better to remove it along with an earthy ball. Otherwise, the disease can go to the neighboring bushes.

Against rust, which manifests itself in the form of brownish spots, use Bordeaux liquid.

From pests produce nematode. Any insecticide will successfully cope with this pest.

Breeding

Clematis multiply in almost all available ways:

  • seed method
  • grafting,
  • layering
  • division of the bush.

With the exception of the seed method, all these methods are vegetative, therefore, when self-propagating, all properties of the variety are preserved. Most often, these plants in the Urals are propagated by cuttings.

Seeds propagate only small-flowered varieties of clematis. Plants with large flowers are best propagated vegetatively.

A feature of clematis seeds is that they germinate very long and unevenly. Growing up this way stretches out to 8 months. Planting material can be collected independently or purchased at a gardening shop. Large seeds sow closer

The procedure for planting seeds is as follows:

  1. Planting material 10 days before sowing is placed in a container with water. After a day or two, water changes, which contributes to a better germination of seeds subsequently.
  2. Seedling containers are filled with a special soil mixture, purchased or manufactured independently. It should contain fine-grained sand, peat and topsoil from the garden plot.
  3. The soil mixture is slightly moistened with an atomizer and the seeds are poured on top without deepening.
  4. Sown planting material sprinkled with a thin layer of sand, after which the container is covered with glass or film.

As soon as the seedlings form the first 2-3 leaves, they dive into separate containers. Transplantation in open ground is preceded by placement of young clematis in the greenhouse, where they are grown for 2-3 years. Only after that the bushes can be transplanted into the open ground.

Reproduction of clematis in the Urals by cuttings is produced according to the following scheme:

  1. Taken from the bush shoots are divided into cuttings, the length of which should be approximately 8-12 cm.
  2. The resulting cuttings dipped per day in any growth promoter.
  3. The treated material is planted in a greenhouse under the banks.
  4. Before the first roots appear, the soil under the banks is moistened.
  5. After the cuttings form their root system, they can be transplanted into open ground.

Reproduction by layouts occurs in October according to the following algorithm:

  1. In October, the lower shoots are cleaned from the clematis bush.
  2. Peeled branches are pruned to the first bud.
  3. 3-5 shoots are joined together and bent to the ground, buried in a special furrow.
  4. The associated branches are fixed and lightly powdered, tamping the soil.
  5. With the onset of cold weather, the bush is covered with dry leaves or spruce branches.
  6. In the spring, with the onset of heat, the bushes open and water.
  7. In autumn, the collected branches can be finally separated from the main bush.

Types of Clematis

The genus belongs to the family of the Lyutikov family, there are about 230 species in it. The reason for the development of breeding was the emergence of a large-flowered hybrid, Clematis Jakman, which was obtained by crossing three wild species. Currently, there are about 2000 varieties.

These plants differ not only in decorative qualities, but also in structural features. They can be:

  • herbaceous perennials,
  • shrubs,
  • shrubs
  • lianas.

Grassy perennials for the winter completely dry the aerial part. Only the rhizome is preserved. This species includes the following clematis:

During the winter period, shrubs retain only a part of the shoots, the tip dies off by the end of the growing season. The lower part, where the branches are already woody, is preserved. This species includes various forms of clematis of the white-leaved and common leaf clematis. Shrubs are distinguished by completely lignified branches that hibernate beautifully. These include clematis shrub lobed and tangut.

Creepers are fast-growing plants that need support, since their branches are thin and brittle. This extensive group, the cultivation of which is popular among gardeners, includes the following types of clematis:

  • vineyard
  • Oriental,
  • mountain,
  • Clematis Peter,
  • burning,
  • Chinese,
  • short-tailed
  • evergreen,
  • leaf-leaved,
  • paniculate,
  • Violet.

Clematis, Jacquesman hybrid

The best varieties of clematis for the Urals

Some varieties from the first and second group, favorite by many gardeners, are able to winter in this region, but they may die. These are such Japanese hybrids as Little Mermaid (Little Mermaid), Kaen (Kaen), Kakio (Kakio). They can grow in the Urals, but develop very slowly. Florida group is even more capricious: Daniel Deronda (Daniel Deronda), Jeanne d'Arc (Jeanne d'Arc), Alba Plena (Alba Plena) and others are often found in gardens, but they bloom very poorly and care for them in preparation for winter rest quite laborious.

From the second group of pruning can be distinguished several varieties, care and cultivation of which is quite light: they bloom profusely on the shoots of this year, weakly - at last year's. This is Mrs Cholmondeley (Mrs Cholmondeli), Blue Light (Blue Light), Rouge Cardinal. From terry varieties - Purpurea Plena Elegans (Purpureya Pleno Elegance). Bloom in July. Representatives of the third group of pruning, the shoots of which are cut off completely for the winter - Clematis Jackman, Vititsell, Integrifolia - grow well and bloom in the 3rd and 4th climatic zones. These are such varieties as Ernest Markham (Ernest Markham), Hagley Hybrid (Hegley Hybrid), Prince Charles (Prince Charles).

Clematis care in the Urals

Proper care - a pledge of abundant and prolonged flowering of clematis. The shoots of this creeper develop quickly, because it will need a lot of water, especially in summer. It is useful to loosen and mulch the topsoil to reduce the drying of the soil - this greatly facilitates the care of clematis in the Urals. It is possible to plant around the ground cover plants, which will serve for additional shading and soil moistening, and protect the root system from overheating.

Other perennials will look good next to clematis: wild grapes, actinidia, Campsis. Or ornamental annuals: tunbergia, lune flowers, ipomoea. These vines need support, because their thin and brittle branches suffer greatly from the wind. When planting is planned, it is better to immediately determine how to send shoots in the right direction, otherwise later they will interlace themselves. It is important to regularly weed the weeds around - weed grass is best burned.

A weak clematis support can damage the branches, which causes various infections and diseases. This bush should be powdered with a mixture of ash and sand and tied to a reliable support.

For high-quality flowering plants need a lot of nutrients, because clematis must be regularly fed. It is good to periodically deoxidize the soil by adding chalk or slaked lime. Feed up both organic and mineral fertilizers about 3 times per season. There are special mixtures, but you can use a universal fertilizer for flowering plants, which is made under the root or sprinkling on the leaf. It is important that it contains substances such as boron, cobalt and nitrogen.

Autumn care is to prepare for the rest period: clematis is freed from support, shoots are laid on the ground, pressed on top with boards and covered with special material or lapnik. Above the bush is covered with a film, under which you can put poison for mice.

Planting in open field in the Urals

Caring for this type of flower does not require special skills. But despite this, there are differences in growing plants on different continents. As for the planting and maintenance of clematis in the Urals, it is slightly different from growing in warmer regions. This is primarily due to the harsh climate and rather difficult weather conditions.

In nature, there are about 230 species of this plant, but only some can be planted in this part of the planet.

Clematis that easily tolerate sudden changes in temperature:

  1. Jacmanne This is a vine, which has a rather large buds. Often in uncool, they are lilac hue. The shoots of this variety can reach 4 meters in length.
  2. Integrifolia. Shrub species, whose height reaches 2.5 meters. Dimeter flowers about 12 cm. They are very reminiscent of the bells. Buds appear only on young twigs.
  3. Winzella. The length of the shoots of this plant can reach 3.5 meters. The leaves are complex. Flowers are large. Often they have a pink, purple or red tone. With proper care, up to 100 buds can appear on one bush.

Clematis in the northwestern part require special planting and care. To prevent the plant from dying in winter, it should be planted in the first month of spring. Before frost the bushes will get stronger and take root well. Saplings that are purchased in stores should be placed only in open areas where there is good access to the sun.

Clematis in the Urals will develop well if they are planted in areas protected from the wind.

Planting seedlings need a depth of 20 centimeters. The recess for the flower must be prepared in advance. Its diameter should be about 0.7 centimeters. If the soil is poor, the dimple is better to make wider. This is necessary so that in the middle there is a place to put the fertilizer.

For areas that are close to groundwater, drainage should be used. These are plants that do not like too much moisture.

Clematis also react poorly to acid and clay soils. The best option for creepers is a nutrient, loose substrate.

Much depends on a properly prepared landing site. To the plant quickly settled down, at the bottom should lay a layer of sand or perlite, which will act as a baking powder. Wrap the seedling should be the soil connected to the humus.

In order to facilitate the care of the plant, young saplings should be immediately attached to the support on which they will follow.

Before you put the seedlings in the soil, you need to prune them. Shoots are removed so that there are two live buds. Sections should be sprinkled with charcoal. This will protect them from rotting. After planting the seedlings must be watered.

A quick way to reproduce clematis by seed

This is one of the main methods used by gardeners. Knowing how to grow clematis from seeds can quickly increase the collection of this amazing flower. The grains of a vine can be large and small. The duration of seed germination and the period of ripening of the pods depends on them.

The size of the bud does not depend on the size of the seed and the bush itself.

To grow clematis from seeds at home, you must first correctly collect the grain. In plants with small seeds, fruit picking can begin one month after the end of flowering, and in large ones, after 4 months. Хранить их следует в помещении с минимальным процентом влажности и невысокой температурой.

Этапы высева семян:

  1. Подготовка зерен. Барбортирование является самым эффективным способом. Благодаря ему, в разы увеличивает скорость всхожесть семян. Для этого надо в литровую банку налить раствор соды (2 чайные ложки на 200 мл жидкости). Put the grains in the mixture and connect the aquarium compressor to them. In this state, keep for 5 hours. It is recommended to do this procedure every day throughout the week. At the same time daily changing the water. Grains can also be placed in a growth stimulator for thirty minutes.
  2. Sowing. It is necessary to use only a wooden box, whose height is within 20 cm. It is necessary to sow the grain in the substrate consisting of peat, fez and garden soil (in equal proportions). Lay drainage at the bottom of the tank. To do this, you can use crushed brick or expanded clay. On the soil surface make small furrows with a depth of not more than 1 cm. Place the grains at a distance of 5 cm from each other. Top with soil and watered with a spray.
  3. Transfer. After two leaves appear on young plants, it is possible to transplant their plastic containers.

Pinch the top. Drop off to a permanent place followingt after the seedlings are well strengthened.

To seeds quickly germinated, it is recommended to make a mini-greenhouse with polyethylene.

If done correctly, the first flowering observed in the second or third year of their life.

Germination can be accelerated by manually removing the protective shell. But this should be done very carefully so as not to damage the core.

Planting, care and reproduction of clematis in the Urals is an opportunity to enjoy the unique flowering of the plant throughout the warm period of the year. If you comply with all the conditions, the vine will always have a beautiful look and beautify any part of the site.

Video about the features of landing and care for clematis

Planting clematis in the Urals seems to someone impossible, but there are varieties that take root well in our climate and delight in abundant long flowering. The liana flowers are very decorative, but its attractiveness is not only in this - it is useful, it cleans the air and is often used in medicine. The leaves and stems contain essential oils, vitamins and tannins, - of which they produce medicines for treating back and joint pains, for various inflammations and for relieving stress.

Clematis in the Urals care

Proper care - a pledge of abundant and prolonged flowering of clematis. The shoots of this creeper develop quickly, because it will need a lot of water, especially in summer. It is useful to loosen and mulch the topsoil to reduce the drying of the soil - this greatly facilitates the care of clematis in the Urals. It is possible to plant around the ground cover plants, which will serve for additional shading and soil moistening, and protect the root system from overheating.

Other perennials will look good next to clematis: wild grapes, actinidia, Campsis. Or ornamental annuals: tunbergia, lune flowers, ipomoea. These vines need support, because their thin and brittle branches suffer greatly from the wind. When planting is planned, it is better to immediately determine how to send shoots in the right direction, otherwise later they will interlace themselves. It is important to regularly weed the weeds around - weed grass is best burned.

A weak clematis support can damage the branches, which causes various infections and diseases. This bush should be powdered with a mixture of ash and sand and tied to a reliable support.

For high-quality flowering plants need a lot of nutrients, because clematis must be regularly fed. It is good to periodically deoxidize the soil by adding chalk or slaked lime. Feed up both organic and mineral fertilizers about 3 times per season. There are special mixtures, but you can use a universal fertilizer for flowering plants, which is made under the root or sprinkling on the leaf. It is important that it contains substances such as boron, cobalt and nitrogen.

Autumn care is to prepare for the rest period: clematis is freed from support, shoots are laid on the ground, pressed on top with boards and covered with special material or lapnik. Above the bush is covered with a film, under which you can put poison for mice.

WHERE TO BUY CLEMATIS SEEDS

The Scientific and Production Association “Gardens of Russia” has been engaged for 30 years in introducing the latest advances in the selection of vegetable, fruit, berry and ornamental crops into a wide practice of amateur gardening. The association uses the most advanced technology, created a unique laboratory of microclonal propagation of plants. The main objectives of the NGO "Gardens of Russia" is to provide gardeners with quality planting material of popular varieties and novelties of the world selection. Delivery of planting material (seeds, lukovets, seedlings) is carried out by Russian Post.

We are waiting for you for shopping: NPO "Gardens of Russia"

Clematis are very beautiful flowering vines that have been grown for a long time by flower growers in their backyards. But beginning lovers of various flowering plants also often plant these vines in their garden, decorating the area around arbors or a fence. But not everyone knows how to properly care for various types of clematis in the autumn, and also how to properly prepare them for the coming cold weather, because such procedures directly determine how the flower will grow in vegetative mass and bloom next season.

Types and varieties of clematis in the Urals

Herbaceous perennials for the winter completely dry the aerial part. Only the rhizome is preserved.

During the winter period, shrubs retain only a part of the shoots, the tip dies off by the end of the growing season. The lower part, where the branches are already woody, is preserved. This form includes various forms of clematis of borshevikolistnogo and whole-cast.

Fresh articles about the garden

Shrubs are distinguished by completely lignified branches that hibernate beautifully. These include clematis shrub lobed and gangut.

Creepers are fast-growing plants that need support, since their branches are thin and brittle. This extensive group, the cultivation of which is popular among gardeners.

Clematis watering in the Urals

Clematis is a moisture-loving plant, so it is imperative that it be given regular and abundant watering. The best option is watering once a week, and in dry time the number of waterings can be increased to two. Approximately one adult plant should account for 20-40 liters of water, and 10-15 liters for a young one.

Loosening and mulching clematis

Without mulch in the wheel circle, clematis require constant loosening. Usually this procedure is carried out once a week after watering in order to make the soil easier. In parallel, it is necessary to remove all weeds. To reduce these actions and to reduce the number of weeds that appear, the trunk circle can be mulched with peat.

Feeding clematis in the Urals

The first feeding of this plant is made during planting, when you add compost and superphosphate to the soil, sometimes you can use dolomite flour. In the first years of life, clematis should not overfeed fertilizers, and in subsequent periods the application of fertilizing should be regular. During the active growing season of clematis, it is necessary to apply nitrogen fertilizers that contribute to foliar growth. During the formation of buds it is better to use potash fertilizers, and after flowering fertilize phosphate. Also in the spring you can use a solution of dolomite flour to prevent the appearance of diseases. Before the onset of cold weather, feed your clematis with complex mineral fertilizer.

Support and pruning clematis

It is necessary to create a support before planting, since then you can damage the root system. The support can be made independently of wire or thin metal tubes. Alternatively, special supports for these plants can be purchased in stores. It can be arches, pyramids or fan structures.

Clematis pruning in autumn

Many growers do not always prune clematis according to the group. There are other types of trimming.

Plants are pruned in the autumn in several tiers. The procedure is as follows:

Several shoots (no more than 4) are cut at a height of one meter from the soil.

Several shoots (no more than 4) are cut at a height of half a meter from the soil.

Several shoots (no more than 4) are cut by 2-3 buds from the soil.

The remaining shoots are cut at the root.

Those shoots that remain, carefully laid on the ground, and snatch. As a shelter for the winter, you can use the usual fallen leaves or dried grass.

Sometimes the plants are pruned completely for the winter. Such clematis is good enough to mulch. A layer of mulch is about 10-13 centimeters. After such a procedure, boxes are placed on top, which, in turn, are covered with dried grass, sawdust and peat. And finally, the whole design is covered with a film. To get oxygen to the plant, make small holes on the side. In such a shelter wintering clematis is successful.

Clematis preparation for winter in the Urals

Shelter clematis for the winter. By the fall of clematis shoots ripen and hardened. Therefore, with proper (deep) landing and good care, they normally hibernate even with light shelter.

In varieties that form flowers on last year's shoots, it is necessary to keep summer increments (the first group of pruning). To get rid of fungal diseases, only leaves and dead parts of old or diseased vines are removed.

Before the soil freezes, the base of the bush is sprayed with 1% Bordeaux liquid or 2% iron sulfate and spud up to a height of 15 cm with sand, to which ash is added (250 g. Of sand bucket).

Shoots sprayed with the same composition and bend down, under them and put lapnik.

In areas where winter thaws are possible, dry peat or sawdust is poured on top of spruce twigs and covered with plastic wrap. It is possible to put wooden slats around the coiled, rolled-up shoots, and cover them with a film on top.

It is important that there is an air gap. Also cover the clematis belonging to the second group of pruning.

Clematis, forming the flowers on the shoots of the current year (the third group of pruning), after the onset of stable frosts spud sand to a height of 10-15 cm. At the same height pruned shoots.

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