TOP 15 best indoor plants

It is said that flowers are the most beautiful inanimate creatures on our planet, and it is difficult not to agree with this. Over the centuries, these fragile gifts of nature have helped people not only to express emotions, but also to please loved ones, and in some cases even cure diseases.

This is undoubtedly the most popular and beloved flower. Rose will be recognized anywhere in the world. Throughout human history, this flower has served as a symbol of beauty, love, innocence, as well as politics, loyalty and war. Today there are a huge number of types and shapes, as well as the colors of roses - up to bright blue and black.

This flower is more than two thousand years old, and it is deeply immersed in symbolism and mythology. It is believed that the name of the flower comes from the Latin word "flesh", which is why the carnation is closely related to the ritual of reincarnation and reincarnation. The most popular color of carnations is red and pink, but they can also be found in purple, blue and yellow shades.

This flower gained popularity in Holland in the 17th century. Many people began to buy and plant these delicate flowers in such quantities that in Northern Europe they began to talk about "tulip fever." Today, these flowers are a symbol of spring, and they grow in gardens throughout Europe. Tulips can be of various shapes and shades, there are even “curly” and blue flowers.

One of the most simple but popular colors looks great and grows in almost any climate with enough moisture. A bouquet of daisies symbolizes purity, innocence and childish joy. These flowers are often woven into wreaths.

The name of this flower in almost all languages ​​is closely related to the sun. And it is not surprising, because the sunflower is not only similar in shape and color to the sun, but also unfolds behind it throughout the day. Today, there are about 70 species of sunflower, some of which are decorative, while others are cultivated for the sake of seeds. Sunflower can reach a height of one meter and above.

Daffodils - unique spring flowers in the shape of a star with a dense center in the form of a dome. They grow in clusters and prefer a warm temperate climate. Named in honor of the hero of Greek mythology - Narcissus, who gazed into the lake surface at his own reflection and was turned into a flower. In the wild, daffodils often bloom on the shores of lakes, ponds or other bodies of water.

Gerbera is a close relative of sunflower. These flowers are similar, although they differ in color and size. In addition, in the center of the gerbera instead of seeds are tiny flowers. Gerbers have the richest set of flowers, so the bouquets of them are the brightest.

This graceful and fragile flower, originally from Peru, is extremely capricious and grows only with constant care. The orchid has many shapes and colors, from delicate - white, pink and lilac, to fiery - purple, fuchsia and red. In ancient Greece, orchids were a symbol of fertility. Women who dreamed of having a son forced their husbands to eat these flowers.

This flower symbolizes eloquence and is considered to be a sign of the Greek goddess Iris, after whom it is named. Irida was the goddess of the rainbow, the herald of the gods and the mother of Eros, the god of love. Irises are very easy to grow, because, despite their delicacy, they do not require special care.

An ancient Greek legend is associated with this spring flower, according to which, the beautiful nymph Siringa with her grace and beauty attracted the attention of the god Pan. Pan began to pursue Syringu, chasing her. Desperate, the nymph has become a graceful bush, on which fragrant flowers bloom. Lilac and white flowers are a symbol of spring and warmth.

Gardenias are very fragile and delicate flowers originally from Australia, Asia and South Africa. They are very famous and popular, especially among plant lovers. Grow on evergreen bushes with dense smooth leaves. Jasmine-shaped gardenia can be grown at home. The shrub has soft white flowers with a sweet scent.

This is a very popular flower, which is also a national symbol of Indonesia. Jasmine grows well in warm temperate climates, as well as in tropical and subtropical latitudes. Especially attractive is the aroma of jasmine, which becomes stronger with the setting of the sun and is especially persistent during the full moon.

This flower grows on tall evergreen bushes or trees with dense, shiny dark green leaves, on which large flowers of white, pink, yellow and light purple shades look especially delicate. Around the world there are about two hundred species of magnolias, whose native habitat is the tropical latitudes of Central America, Asia and the Caribbean islands. Despite the delicate look, the bushes perfectly take root in warm and temperate climates.

Another fragrant spring flower grows in "heaps" in which its bright flower clusters look especially contrast against the background of dense thin leaves. Africa and the Mediterranean are home to hyacinths, but they feel great in gardens throughout Europe, where these flowers are very popular due to the variety of shapes, colors and shades.

One of the sweetest flowers is the most fragrant. In addition, the lily has long been used to prepare various medicinal decoctions and even poisons. But, despite its strength and power, the flower looks very delicate. The lily of the valley is home to the Mediterranean, but it’s not at all cold much north. Lilies of the valley are very fond of shadow and quickly grow, making their way even through asphalt and paving slabs.

Chlorophytum

This plant absorbs carbon monoxide and many other toxic substances from the air. It is in the first place for the removal of formaldehyde from the environment and for the production of oxygen. Add elegance and beauty Chlorophytum help original pots or unusual support, on which you can put a pot.

Ficus benjamina

Benjamin Ficus - one of the best air purifiers after chlorophytum. The plant draws in dust and toxic substances that evaporate from furniture and plastic objects. The plant is interesting because during its growth its roots acquire various configurations.

Spathyphylum

Another beautiful and useful plant is spathiphyllum. Its flowers are often called the "bristle". It sucks up mold spores from the air and also cleans the air from such toxic substances as formaldehyde and trichlorethylene.

Laurel noble

Begonia, too, should start! Not only is it beautiful, but this plant also pulls in dust, eliminates fungal organisms, and also moistens the air. Do not forget to just spray the plant from the pulvellizer so that the new portion of dust is absorbed by the plant. And begonia absorbs radiation of electrical devices.

Dieffenbachia

People who suffer from lung diseases should definitely get dieffenbachia. It eliminates stafilokok, and also eliminates toxic substances that emit paint coatings.

Aloe is one of the most popular and common indoor plants, and probably everyone has one in the house. This plant is very useful - "kills" formaldehyde, which evaporates from the surface of the furniture! Also aloe is a very effective drug. Phytoncides plants relieve physical tension and help improve brain activity.

Dracaena is also a great oxygen purifier. It draws from the air all the harmful substances entering with the exhaust gases into the house.

This plant of the Araliaceae family is very beautiful. In order to grow Schaeffler bright yellow-green color, you need a lot of diffuse color. The plant must be started by heavy smokers - Schefflera perfectly disinfects the air from tar and nicotine.

The plant perfectly fights harmful chemical elements. Hedera eliminates any volatile evaporation. The main advantage of this culture is that even the smallest plant can replace several cacti in terms of the amount of oxygen produced, since it has a high rate of photosynthesis.

Ivy destroys aerobic particles of faeces, which are sprayed in the air with each toilet bowl cleansing.

For good growth, the plant needs constantly moistened soil and sunlight.

This plant enriches the air with natural minerals and salt compounds. Also, the ficus produces a lot of oxygen, so he is the perfect "inhabitant" of bedrooms and living rooms. In addition, the plant has an energy impact, positively affecting the home atmosphere.

Gerber Jamson

The plant disinfects the air from benzene and trichlorethylene, which is formed during dry cleaning.

It should be noted that the gerbera is a rather capricious plant and does not tolerate excess moisture. He needs a lot of direct sunlight - at least 6 hours a day.

14 Cabbage Romanesco Broccoli

Romanesco is one of the cultivated varieties of cabbage, belonging to the variety group that cauliflower is. According to some reports, is a hybrid of cauliflower and broccoli. This type of cabbage has long been grown in the vicinity of Rome. According to some reports, it is first mentioned in historical documents in Italy in the sixteenth century. Vegetable appeared on international markets in the 90s of the 20th century. Compared with cauliflower and broccoli, romanesco is more delicate in texture and has a milder, creamy-nutty flavor, without a bitter note.

13 Euphorbia fat

The fat euphorbia is a perennial succulent plant of the Euphorbia family, resembling in appearance a stone or a green-brown soccer ball, without thorns and leaves, but sometimes forms “branches” or suckers in the form of strange-looking sets of spheres. It can grow up to 20-30 cm tall and up to 9-10 cm in diameter. Spurge fat is a bisexual plant, it has male flowers on one plant, and female flowers on the other. For fruit set, cross-pollination is required, which is usually done by insects.

The fruit looks like a slightly triangular trio-upset, up to 7 mm in diameter, containing one seed in each nest. When ripe, it explodes, scatters small, round, speckled gray seeds 2 millimeters in diameter, and the pedicels after scattering seeds fall away. in bright sunshine or partially shaded. Plants are very well hidden among the stones, their colors blend with the environment so well that sometimes they are difficult to notice.

Tacca is a plant of the Tackov family, growing in a wide variety of ecological conditions and numbering 10 species. They lodge on the open and strongly shaded places, in savannas, in thickets of bushes and in rain forests. Young parts of plants, as a rule, are pubescent with the smallest hairs, disappearing as they mature. Plant sizes are usually small, from 40 to 100 centimeters, but some species sometimes reach a height of 3 meters. Although takka is becoming increasingly widespread as a houseplant, it should be borne in mind that it is not easy to successfully keep such rooms in the rooms due to the particular demands of the plant on the conditions of detention. This family is represented by the Tacca family, which numbers about 10 species of plants.

- Takka peristonadrezannaya grows in tropical Asia, Australia, in the tropics of Africa. Leaves up to 40-60 cm wide, from 70 cm long and up to 3 meters. A flower with two covers, large, reaching 20 cm in width, the color covered with light green.

- Tacca Chantrier grows in tropical forests of Southeast Asia. Evergreen tropical, herbaceous plant, reaching 90-120 cm in height. The flowers are framed by maroon, almost black, bracts similar to the wingspan of a bat or butterfly with long, filamentous antennae.

- Takka whole-leaf grows in India. The leaves are wide, glossy, up to 35 cm wide, up to 70 cm long. The flower with two covers, large, reaching 20 cm wide, color covered white, purple strokes are scattered on a white tone. The flowers are black, purple or dark purple, located under the bedspreads.

11 Venus flytrap

Venus flytrap is a species of carnivorous plants of the monotype Dionea genus of the Rosyanka family. This is a small herb with a rosette of 4-7 leaves, which grow from a short underground stem. Leaves ranging in size from three to seven centimeters, depending on the time of year, long trap leaves usually form after flowering. It feeds on insects and spiders. It grows in a humid temperate climate on the Atlantic coast of the United States. It is a species cultivated in ornamental gardening. Can be grown as a houseplant. Grows in nitrogen-deficient soils such as marshes. Lack of nitrogen is the cause of the appearance of traps: insects are the source of nitrogen needed for protein synthesis. Venus flytrap belongs to a small group of plants capable of fast movements.

After the prey is trapped and the edges of the sheets are closed, forming a “stomach” in which the digestion process takes place. Digestion is catalyzed by enzymes that are secreted by the glands in the lobes. Digestion takes about 10 days, after which only an empty chitinous shell remains from the prey. After that, the trap opens and is ready to catch new prey. During the life of the trap, on average, three insects fall into it.

10 dragon tree

The dragon tree is a plant of the Dracaena genus, growing in the tropics and subtropics of Africa and on the islands of Southeast Asia. Grown as an ornamental plant. An old Indian legend tells that long ago in the Arabian Sea on the island of Socotra, there lived a bloodthirsty dragon who attacked elephants and drank their blood. But one day an old and powerful elephant fell on a dragon and crushed it. Their blood mixed up and moistened the earth around. At this place trees, called dragon trees, grew, which means “female dragon”. The indigenous population of the Canary Islands was considered a sacred tree, and its resin was used for medicinal purposes. The resin was found in prehistoric burial caves and was used for embalming at that time.

On its thick branches there are bunches of very sharp leaves. Thick branched trunk up to 20 meters high, diameter at the base up to 4 m, has a secondary growth in thickness. Each branch of the branching ends with a dense bundle of densely grayish-green, leathery, linear-xiphoidal leaves 45-60 centimeters long and 2-4 centimeters wide in the middle of the plate, somewhat narrowing to the base and pointed to the top, with prominent veins. The flowers are large, bisexual, with a coronoid-like, separated perianth perianth, in bunches of 4-8 pieces each. Some trees live up to 7-9 thousand years.

9 African gidnora

The genus Hidnor includes 5 species growing in tropical regions of Africa, Arabia and Madagascar, it is not very common, so just walking around the desert, you will not find it. This plant is more like a mushroom until its unusual flower opens. In fact, the flower is named after the mushroom gidnor, which in Greek means: mushroom. Hydoron flowers are quite large, solitary, almost sessile, bisexual, and blind. And what we usually see on the surface of the soil and call a flower.

These features of coloring and structure, as well as the putrid smell of flowers, serve to attract carrion-eating beetles. Beetles, climbing into the flowers, crawl in them, especially in their lower part, where the reproductive organs are located, contributing to their pollination. Often female beetles not only find food in flowers, but also lay eggs there.

The inhabitants of Africa - willingly use the fruits of the hydnor in food as well as some animals. In Madagascar, hydori fruits are considered one of the best local fruits. Thus, the carriers of seed of the hydnor are the most diverse animals and people. In Madagascar, the flowers and roots of the Hydnor are used by locals to treat heart diseases.

Basically, hydorus leads the underground way of life, its roots, some of which are underground stems, go deep into the ground, form a network around another plant and stick to foreign roots. Plants of the genus Hydorus parasitize on the roots of various plants. In particular, African hydor prefers various types of euphoria as host plants. The plant itself reaches the size of 10-15 centimeters.

Baobab is a species of trees from the genus Adansonia of the family Malvaceae, characteristic of dry savannas in tropical Africa. The life expectancy of baobabs causes controversy - they have no one-year rings, which can reliably calculate age. Calculations performed by radiocarbon analysis showed more than 5500 years for a tree with a diameter of 4.5 meters, although according to more careful estimates, baobabs live for about 1000 years.

Зимой и в засушливый период дерево начинает расходовать запасы влаги, уменьшаясь в объёме, сбрасывает листву. С октября по декабрь баобаб зацветает. Цветки у баобаба крупные — до 20 см в поперечнике, белые с пятью лепестками и пурпурными тычинками, на висячих цветоножках. Раскрываются они ближе к вечеру и живут всего одну ночь, привлекая ароматом опыляющих их летучих мышей. Утром цветки вянут, приобретая неприятный гнилостный запах, и опадают.

Следом развиваются продолговатые съедобные плоды, которые напоминают огурцы или дыни, покрытые толстой мохнатой кожурой. Inside the fruit is filled with sourish powdery pulp with black seeds. Baobab dies in a peculiar way: it crumbles and gradually settles, leaving behind only a pile of fiber. However, baobabs are extremely tenacious. They quickly restore the flayed bark, continue to bloom and bear fruit. Felled or fallen tree is able to start new roots.

7 Victoria Amazonian

Victoria Amazonian - is a large herbaceous tropical plant of the family Nymphaeaceae, the largest waterlily in the world and one of the most popular greenhouse plants in the world. Victoria of the Amazons was named after the English Queen Victoria. Victoria Amazonian is common in the Amazon River Basin in Brazil and Bolivia, and is also found in the Guyana rivers that flow into the Caribbean Sea.

Huge water lily leaves reach 2.5 meters and, with evenly distributed loads, can withstand a weight of up to 50 kilograms. Tuberiform rhizome is usually deeply recessed into the muddy bottom. The top surface is green with a wax layer that repels excess water, also has small holes to remove water. The bottom of the purple-red color with a grid of ribs studded with spikes to protect against herbivorous fish, air bubbles accumulate between the ribs, helping the sheet to float. In one season, each tuber can produce up to 50 leaves, which grow, cover a large surface of the reservoir, blocking sunlight and thereby limiting the growth of other plants.

The flowers of Victoria Amazon are under water and bloom only once a year for 2-3 days. Flowers bloom only at night, and at dawn they descend into the water. During flowering, the flowers placed above the water, when open, have a diameter of 20-30 centimeters. On the first day, the color of the petals is white, on the second they are pinkish, on the third they turn purple or dark crimson. In the wild, the plant can live up to 5 years.

6 California Sequoia

Sequoia is a monotypic genus of woody plants of the cypress family. It sprouts on the Pacific coast of North America. Individual specimens of redwoods reach a height of more than 110 meters - these are the tallest trees on Earth. The maximum age is more than three and a half thousand years. This tree is more known as “mahogany”, at the same time the plants of the related species Sequoia dendron are known as “giant sequoias”.

Their diameter at the level of the human breast is about 10 meters. The largest tree in the world is “General Sherman”. Its height is 83.8 meters. For 2002 the volume of wood was 1,487 m³. It is believed that he is 2300-2700 years old. The highest tree in the world is Hyperion, its height is 115 meters.

5 Nepentes

Nepentes is the only genus of plants of the monotype family Nepente, which includes about 120 species. Most species grow in tropical Asia, especially on Kalimantan Island. Named in honor of the grass of oblivion from ancient Greek mythology - nepenfa. Species of the genus are mostly shrubby or semi-shrub vines growing in wet habitats. Their long, thin herbaceous or slightly lignified stems climb up the trunks and large branches of neighboring trees tens of meters in height, bringing their narrow terminal racemes to the sunlight.

Different types of nepentes jugs differ in size, shape and color. Their length varies from 2.5 to 30 centimeters, and in some species it can reach up to 50 cm. More often, jugs are painted in bright colors: red, dull white with a speckled pattern or light green with specks. The flowers are small and inconspicuous, actinorphic and unleveled, with four tricoloric sepals. The fruit is in the form of a leathery box, divided by internal partitions into separate chambers, in each of which seeds are attached to the column with fleshy endosperm and a straight cylindrical small embryo.

It is curious that the large nepentes, in addition to eating insects, also use the dung of animals, stupid animals, which climb onto the plant as a toilet, in order to enjoy the sweet nectar. Thus, the plant forms a symbiotic relationship with the animal, using its droppings as fertilizer.

4 bloody tooth

This mushroom, related to agaric mushrooms, is similar to chewed chewing gum, oozing blood and smelling of strawberries. However, it is not worth eating it, because it is one of the most poisonous fungi on earth, and even just by licking it you can guaranteed to get serious poisoning. The mushroom gained fame in 1812, when it was recognized as inedible. The surface of the fruit bodies is white, velvety, with small depressions, becoming beige or brown with age. On the surface of young specimens drops of poisonous blood-red liquid protrude through the pores. The word "tooth" in the title - not just. The fungus has sharp edges that appear with age.

In addition to its external qualities, this fungus has good antibacterial properties and contains chemicals that thin the blood. It is possible that soon this fungus will become a substitute for penicillin. The main feature of this fungus is that it can feed on soil juices and insects, which are attracted by the red liquid of the fungus. The diameter of the bloody tooth cap is 5-10 centimeters, the leg length is 2-3 centimeters. Bloody tooth grows in coniferous forests of Australia, Europe and North America.

3 Amorphophallus titanic

The three leaders among the most unusual plants of the world are closed by a large tropical plant of the genus Amorphophallus of the aroid family discovered in Sumatra in 1878. One of the most famous species of the genus, has one of the largest inflorescences in the world. The above-ground part of this plant is a short and thick stalk, at the base is a single large leaf, above - smaller ones. Leaf length up to 3 meters, and up to 1 meter in diameter. The length of the stem is 2–5 meters, thickness 10 cm. Matt green with white transverse stripes. The underground part of the plant is a giant tuber weighing up to 50 kilograms.

The aroma of the flower resembles a mixture of smells of rotten eggs and rotten fish, and in appearance the flower resembles a decaying piece of meat. It is this smell that attracts insect pollinators to the plant in the wild. Flowering continues for two weeks. It is interesting that the cob at the same time heats up to 40 ° C. Tuber during this time greatly depleted due to overruns of nutrients. Therefore, he needs a regular rest period of up to 4 weeks in order to accumulate strength for the development of the sheet. If the nutrients are few, the tuber “sleeps” after flowering until the next spring. The life span of this plant is 40 years, but it blooms during this time only three or four times.

2 Velvichia

Velvichiya amazing - relic tree - is one species, one genus, one family, one detachment Velvichievyh. Velvichia grows in the south of Angola and in Namibia. The plant is rarely found further than one hundred kilometers from the coast, this approximately corresponds to the limit reached by the fogs, which are the main source of moisture for velvichiya. Its appearance can not be called either grass or a bush or a tree. The scientific world learned about Velvichiya in the 19th century.

From a distance, it seems that Velvichia has many long leaves, but in fact there are only two of them, and they grow throughout its plant life, adding 8-15 centimeters a year. In scientific works, a giant with a leaf length of more than 6 meters and a width of about 2 was described. And its lifespan is so long that it is difficult to believe. Although Velvichia is considered a tree, it does not have annual rings, like on tree trunks. Scientists have determined the age of the largest Velvichy radiocarbon method - it turned out that some instances are about 2000 years old!

Instead of social plant life, Velvichia prefers a lonely existence, that is, as a group, it does not grow. The flowers in Velvichia look like small bumps, and in each female cone there is only one seed, and each seed is equipped with wide wings. As for pollination, the views of nerds here diverge. Some believe that insects carry out pollination, while others are more inclined to the action of the wind. Velvichia is protected by the Namibian Conservation Law. The collection of its seeds is prohibited without special permission. The whole territory where Velvichia grows was turned into a National Park.

1 Rafflesia Arnoldi

The most unusual plant in the world is Rafflesia Arnoldi, a species of parasitic plants from the Rafflesia genus of the Rafflesian family. It is found on the islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan. Rafflesia Arnoldi blooms with single flowers, which are among the largest on the planet: their diameter is from 60 to 100 centimeters, and their weight is up to 8 kilograms. The rafflesia flower is colorful. It consists of five fleshy thick pancake-like petals of a poisonous red color with white growths like warts. A brick-red flower blooms right on the ground for a very short time - only 3-4 days. The smell and appearance of rotting meat helps to attract pollinators - dung flies.

This plant has no roots, no green leaves, where there would be a process of photosynthesis. Rafflesia is not able to independently synthesize the necessary organic substances, so it gets everything it needs for its development, parasitizing on damaged roots and stems of cassus vines: it produces threads like mycelium that penetrate the tissues of the host plant without bringing the slightest harm. Rafflesia seeds are tiny, no more than a poppy seed. How they are introduced into the host's solid wood is a mystery. Rafflesia grows slowly: the bark of the liana, under which the seed of this parasitic flower develops, swells only after a year and a half, forming a peculiar bud that ripens in a bud for 9 months.

Pelargonium, or geranium

Not suitable for the bedroom and children's room, pelargonium has occupied its niche in the living room.


Pelargonium with pale pink flowers. Photo from alltompelargoner.se

The large dimensions of the room seem to dissolve the scent of geranium in space; it does not tire as in a room for sleeping.


Pelargonium tulip. Photo from fuchsia-pelargonium.narod.ru

The beauty of new varieties not only delights, but also encourages the acquisition.


The flowers of this pelargonium resemble miniature roses. Photo from tam.com.ua

The only condition for good flowering is light.

Beautiful aroma, beautiful flowers. Light-requiring This factor must be taken into account, otherwise the flowering will not please.


Jasmine demanding light

Multiflorous Jasmine grows up to 2.5 m, the buds are pink, the flowers after blooming are white, very fragrant.


Multiflorous Jasmine

Jasmine officinalis
about 2.5 m high, it blooms in summer - in early autumn, the flowers are white, fragrant.


Jasmine officinalis

Primrose Jasmine
- almost odorless, does not curl, can reach a height of 2.5 m.


Primrose Jasmine

Euharis, or Amazonian lily

The aroma, like most lilies, is pronounced and intense: during the flowering period, the entire living room is filled with a sweet fragrance.


Euharis flowers close up

I have 9 Amazon lilies, and I'm not going to stop there.


Euharis, or Amazonian lily. Photo from mein-schoener-garten.de

Loves diffused light and warmth.

Hibiscus or chinese rose


Terry hibiscus. Photos from 4.bp.blogspot.com

When it grows it prefers diffused light.


Hibiscus - a worthy decoration of the living room. Photo from media.snimka.bg

Especially beautiful during flowering.

If you take less demanding flowers, then just orchids (with good humidity and moderately warm climate) would be a good choice. Gentle, impossible beautiful - real queens. And how many beautiful views you can settle in the living room!

Most suitable:

  • Anhrekum


Anhrekum

  • Aerides


Aerides

  • Bifrenaria


  • Wanda


Wanda

  • Dendrobium


Dendrobium

  • Miltonia


Miltonia

  • Encyclical - one of my favorite orchids for living rooms. The flowers are small, but a lot of them.


Encyclical

  • Phalaenopsis - The most famous orchid in our homes, with good care, can grow in the kitchen (like my friend's), and can live in a living room or even a bedroom.


Phalaenopsis

She is loved for large carved leaves and impressive size, plus she also has beautiful flowers.


Monstera can reach impressive sizes. Photo from forum.bestflowers.ru

It belongs to the poisonous family, but if it is not there, there is no cause for concern. She feels great at room temperature and diffused sunlight.


Monstera flower. Photos from ih0.redbubble.net

In the care, the main thing is to direct the air roots to the ground, to prevent the soil from drying out between irrigations, in the winter (with heating turned on), spraying of the leaves will be required.

Amorphophallus titanic (Amorphophallus titanum)

The second name is the corpse lily (Corpse lily). The most unusual plant in the world is made not only by the gigantic size of a flower, but also by the terrible smell that it gives off. It is good that the smell of rotten meat and fish is smelled in just two days - this is the period when this amazing plant blooms. Another feature of it - a rare bloom. A “corpse lily” lives for a long time, up to 40 years, and during this time flowers appear on it only 3-4 times. The plant can reach a height of up to 3 meters, and the weight of a large flower is about 75 kilograms. The homeland of titanic amorphophallus is the forest of Sumatra, where now it is practically destroyed. The plant can be seen in many botanical gardens of the world.


Venus Flytrap (Dionaea muscipula)

Only the lazy one did not write about this amazing predator plant. But no matter how much is said about him, the Venus flytrap is striking in its absolute alienity. It can be easily imagined as an inhabitant of some distant and dangerous planet inhabited by predatory plants. Venus flytrap leaves are an ideal trap for small insects. As soon as the unlucky victim touches the sheet, he slams shut. And the more actively the insect resists, the more it stimulates the growth of plant cells. The edges of the leaf-trap grow together and turn into a “stomach” where the process of digestion takes place within 10 days. After that, the trap is again ready to catch the next victim. This unusual predator can be “tamed” - Venus flytrap is successfully grown at home. It is important to follow the rules of care, and then for an amazing carnivorous plant can be observed yourself.


Wolffia (Wolffia angusta)

It belongs to the most unusual plants in the world because of its tiny size. This is an aquatic plant of the subfamily Lescas. The size of wolf is negligible - about a millimeter. It blooms very rarely. Meanwhile, in the amount of protein, the plant is not inferior to legumes and can be used as food by humans.


Passiflora (Passíflora)

This beautiful plant also seems to come from other worlds. An unusual flower brought the missionaries, who saw him in South Africa, into an allegory of the crown of thorns of the savior. From here came the second name of one of the most unusual plants in the world - passionflower (the passion of Christ). Passionflower is a lignified climbing vine numbering over 500 species.


Victoria amozonica

This is the most amazing and unusual water lily in the world. The diameter of the leaves of the plant reaches two meters. They are so big that they can withstand weight up to 80 kg. The flowers of this water lily are very beautiful, and Victoria is the most popular and unusual plant of greenhouses and botanical gardens.


Nepenthes

Another predator plant, surprising for its unusual appearance, grows predominantly in Asia. Climbing high on neighboring trees, this bush-like vine, along with ordinary leaves, has special traps that take the shape of a jug up to half a meter long. They are painted in bright colors to attract the attention of insects. The upper edge of the jug contains fragrant nectar. An insect, attracted by the smell and color of the plant, crawls inside the jar and rolls down its smooth surface. At the bottom is a liquid consisting of digestive enzymes and acids - a real gastric juice. The inner surface of the trapping sheet is lined with wax scales that do not allow the victim to get out of the trap. Like the Venus flytrap, Nepentes digests the insect for several days. This is one of the most unusual and impressive plants in the world.


Ghidnellum Peck, or bloody tooth

Inedible mushroom growing in Europe, North America and Australia looks like a small piece of cake covered with strawberry syrup. It is not eaten because of a very bitter taste. In addition to the amazing appearance, the fungus also has useful properties - its pulp has an antibacterial effect and contains substances that thin the blood. Unusually looks only young plant, snow-white flesh which exudes a drop of reddish liquid.


Black Raven, or doll eyes

White Voronets, or doll eyes - an unusual plant not for the faint of heart. The fruits appearing on it in the second half of summer really resemble puppet eyes impaled on a branch. The homeland of the white Voronets is the mountainous regions of North America. The plant is poisonous, but not dangerous.


Поркупинский томат (Porcupine Tomato)

Поркупинский томат (Porcupine Tomato) – одно из самых необычных растений в мире с огромными шипами. Это мадагаскарский полутораметровый сорняк, украшенный красивыми фиолетовыми цветами. Но сорвать их очень трудно, поскольку листья растения защищены длинными ядовитыми шипами оранжевого цвета. Томатом его назвали за плоды, которые похожи на маленькие помидорчики. Многие необычные растения мира в ходе эволюции научились принимать форму других живых существ. The flowers of the platypus orchid, for example, are very similar to tiny two-centimeter ducks. In this way, the plant attracts for pollination of insects - male sawflies.


Lithops, or living stones (Lithops)

Among the indoor plants you can find the most amazing and unusual specimens. Confirmation of this - living stones, which will decorate and diversify the room. They belong to the succulent and therefore quite unpretentious. The main thing is to observe the proper care for them, and one day you can admire how lithops that look like small stones will bloom. This usually happens in the third year of the plant's life.


Flower parachute Ceropegia Woodii

If in the 18th century, when this unusual plant was first described, they knew about airplanes, they would call it that way. It belongs to succulents and forms a dense weave of threadlike shoots. The plant feels great at home and is used for interior decoration.

Delphinium cultural

Options: height 150-180 cm, flowering period VI-IX, blooms blue, purple or white.

Dignity: long flowering period, spectacular flowering, easy to grow and propagate, universal use.

Application: decoration of fences, walls, the creation of groups on the lawn, high flower beds, gardens in English and country style.

Requirements and cultivation:plant likes sunny places. Grows better in penetrating, moderately fertile soil. May require backup. The plant should be fed - from spring to late summer. If pruned after flowering, in the fall can bloom again.

Dicentra or "broken heart"

Options:height 60-90 cm., flowering period V-VI, blooms pink or white.

Advantages: original flowers - “hearts”, decoration in spring, attractive appearance.

Application:decoration of flowerbeds, separately growing, village, city, English and naturalistic gardens.

Requirements and cultivation: may grow in sunny or slightly shaded areas. Loves fertile land, penetrating, humus. It is necessary to cover. In the summer leaves an empty place to be planted.

Echinacea purpurea

Options: height 80-100 cm., bloom VII-IX, flower color pinkish-brown.

Advantages:versatility, unusually abundant flowering, easy to grow.

Application: This is one of the most valuable species for flower beds. It looks great planted in groups, for example: on the lawn, in the garden in a rustic, English, urban style. This is a medicinal plant.

Requirements and cultivation: a sunny place is required - it guarantees abundant flowering. Likes sandy-clayey soils, moderately fertile. It withstands frosts, but after a few years it is worth multiplying and planting on a new place. Can be attacked by slugs. Does not create problems when growing.

Daylily hybrid

Options:height 60-100 cm., flowering period VI-VII, flowers of various colors.

Advantages: abundant flowering, universal use, a large number of varieties with different colors of flowers.

Application: tall flower beds, group planting on the lawn, planting of one species or mixed, decoration of ponds, village, oriental and English gardens. In China, daylilies are very eaten.

Requirements and cultivation:the plant should be planted in sunny places - then it blooms profusely. Loves penetrating, fertile soil. It should be regularly fed (several times a season). Removing faded blossoms prolongs the flowering period.

Options: height is 10-120 cm., flowering period is VII-VIII, flowers are unsightly.

Advantages:universal application, growing under the crown of trees, deciduous and decorative, a long period of development in the flower bed - from spring to late autumn, a variety of varieties and species.

Application:on flowerbeds, under the canopy of trees and shrubs, rock gardens, decoration of reservoirs, gardens in different styles.

Requirements and cultivation: a variety with bright leaves grows best in bright places, and with leaves evenly green they prefer more shade. It should be fertilized with organic or mineral fertilizers with potassium.

Chamomile garden

Options:height 60-100 cm., flowering period VII-VIII, white-yellow flowers.

Advantages: brightens the flower bed, easily packaged with other species, easy to grow.

Application: sunny flower beds, decoration of paths and stairs, the flower is cut, for gardens of different styles.

Requirements and cultivation:plant should be planted in full sun Loves sandy-clay soils. It is necessary to make organic fertilizers. Faded inflorescences are removed to continue flowering.

Garden lupine

Options: height is 50-70 cm., flowering period VI-VIII, various colors of flowers.

Advantages:spectacular flowers, green fertilizer - binds nitrogen from the air.

Application:a traditional plant for flower beds, an excellent decoration of fences, suitable for green manure (green manures) for gardens in a rustic (country) style.

Requirement and cultivation: loves sunny places and sandy-clay soils. Fertilization is not required. After flowering is better to prune. Every few years the plant should be replaced by young copies.

Brilliant rudbeckia

Options:height 40-60 cm., flowering period VII-X, color yellow-brown.

Advantages: long flowering period, abundant flowering, “sunny” flowers, easy to grow.

Application:flower beds, planting in groups, village gardens

Requirements and cultivation:plant should be planted in sunny places. Prefers soils sandy-argillaceous, fertile. Does not tolerate drought. It is necessary to cut it in the spring. Faded flowers can be removed - this is to prolong flowering.

Field forget-me-not

Options: height 15-25 cm., the flowering period, as a rule, VI-VII, blue flowers.

Advantages:versatility, small abundant flowers.

Application: low beds and their framing, decoration of paths and walls, decoration of ponds, rock gardens, gardens of different styles.

Requirement and cultivation:plant unpretentious. Loves bright places, but partially shaded. Prefers fertile soils, moderately wet. Often propagated by self-seeding.

Primrose or primrose

Options:height 10-50 cm., flowering period III-VI, various colors of flowers.

Advantages: variegated flowers, easy to grow, early flowering.

Application:low beds, decoration of reservoirs, decoration of edges, on a balcony.

Requirements and cultivation: plant should be planted in bright places. Prefers fertile, moderately wet soils. It should be fed organic fertilizer. No special requests.

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