Lily is an extraordinary beauty that can help decorate any garden or vegetable garden, therefore many breeders decided to try to bring out new varieties of lilies so that the areas of gardeners and gardeners differed from each other.
This flower is an integral decoration of landscape design of any territory. Lily is used not only by gardeners and gardeners, it is widely used when planting it in flowerbeds in the squares of various cities.
The history of the appearance of this plant remains a mystery. There are many different versions about its origin. Some, the Greeks, associate the appearance of this flower with the gods. Others, Europeans, believe that the flower was brought from any tropical areas. And some do not find anything unusual in this and believe that the flower was simply bred by plant breeders as a new detail for decorating personal plots.
Lily is a very beautiful flower, which differs from others not only in coloring, but also in size. The stem of this plant is covered with leaves from the beginning of the plant to the flower itself, has a dark green color, which is very striking, it can reach various sizes from half a meter to two and a half meters.
The flower of this plant may have a different shape, it all depends on the variety of lilies, and any color, among which the main colors are purple, white, pink, orange and many others. The plant itself has the shape of a pyramid, and therefore has such a name.
Main varieties and types of pyramidal lilies
Lily has always been an important adornment of any garden or vegetable garden, thanks to its beauty they began to develop new varieties of lilies, which numbered about seventy-five different species.
But this did not stop people and many went further, therefore now there are about a thousand different varieties, however there are basic species that are more common than the rest. Among these species are the following:
- Asiatic lily is a variety of lilies that was bred through the hybridization of several varieties. The main distinctive feature of this variety is the change in the height of the plant, depending on the place of its growth. The flowers of this type of lily are medium in size and mostly cupped. The color of the flower itself can be different and can vary from white to black, so different landscape compositions can be made from the flowers of this lily, which will please the eye of any person.
- American hybrids - lilies, bred by crossing several varieties of this plant. They are widely used in the landscape design of the dacha, as they have a large palette of various colors and shades. American lilies have good frost resistance, but they are more demanding than other varieties. Transplantation of this variety should be done very carefully and only according to certain rules, since it can harm the plant. American hybrids require a certain soil that is rich in various mineral and organic substances, as well as a large amount of water, so the gardener should think about capricious type of lily or not.
- Martagon is a type of hybrid lily whose number exceeds one hundred. Martagon is not whimsical in care and cultivation, does not put forward special requirements for irrigation, the choice of soil and place for its cultivation. This type of lily has a large number of shades, among which, in soft, pale pink and beige shades. Stems martagon high enough, so it's best to plant them in groups than individually.
- Candide is a hybrid form of lilies, the ancestors of which were the royal lilies. Candidum is a very demanding variety of lilies, as the plant does not have an increased immunity and can often get sick if it is not properly looked after. However, this meticulous care gives a good result, since the lilies are very beautiful and interesting. The flowers of this plant are all possible shades, but still most of them have delicate shades from white to soft purple.
- Marlene is one of the most basic species of pyramidal lily, which is distinguished by high frost resistance and early flowering. Marlene is quite unpretentious plant, it does not require certain types of soil, does not require frequent watering, as some species. She is pretty enough and can create an elegant garden with any flowers. The very same flower Marlene has a large range of colors, thanks to which this plant is one of the most common on the globe.
Features proper planting pyramidal lilies
Each plant requires proper planting for further growth and development. Lily - delicate flowers, planting which, mainly from bulbs. In order to produce the correct planting of lilies, it is necessary to follow a number of certain rules, otherwise the plants will not grow, and you will spend your time, effort and money. Among the basic rules for planting pyramidal lilies are the following:
- Before planting pyramidal lilies, you must first select the right bulbs that will not be infected with any infections and damaged by various pests. Taking such an important step correctly, you can count on a beautiful flowering garden.
- Selected bulbs should be placed in containers with soil and hide containers in cool and dark places. With this method, the plants will slowly begin to get used to growing in the soil, which is distinguished by dark space and coolness.
- After the lilies are cleaned in the right place, you need to choose the right plot. Lilies, though unpretentious plants, but they have certain requirements about the choice of the site for their further growth. It is advisable to choose a place so that it is protected from drafts, it is advisable to make a fence in the form of a flower bed, and a sufficient amount of sunlight will come to it, otherwise the plants will not grow properly.
- Site preparation for planting lilies is the next step, which requires the observance of important rules. The soil on the site must be prepared in advance by adding various organic fertilizers, including sand, clay, manure, peat and humus, but with one of them, with manure, you need to be more careful, as it can badly affect the bulb and destroy the plant .
- At the site it is necessary to dig shallow holes in which lily bulbs can fit. Observe a certain distance between the bulbs, which should be more than ten centimeters. Bulbs must be placed in the wells, then sprinkled with a small layer of earth.
- After all the proper planting actions are performed, it is necessary to water the plot, but do not forget that the lily does not like a lot of water, and abundant watering after planting requires only certain varieties of lilies.
If you comply with all these requirements for proper planting, you can get a gorgeous blooming purple garden, otherwise you can ruin the plants, soil, time, effort and finances that were spent on the desired garden.
Features proper care and cultivation of pyramidal lilies
After planting lilies, the next stage in their life begins, which must be accompanied by proper care and cultivation. Gardener gardener will have to work hard to get the desired result. For lilies need a very careful care, as this plant is gentle and refined.
You must follow a number of rules, among which the main ones are:
- Watering plants do not need to be made often enough, because the plant does not like a large amount of water and an abundance of moisture. It is also necessary to observe the correctness of watering: it is impossible for water to fall on the petals and on the leaves of the plant, otherwise water will accumulate in these places and there will be burns from the sun, which adversely affect the condition of the plant.
- Watering must be done every other day, otherwise the roots of the plant will not be able to get the required amount of oxygen and nutrients, as a result of which the plant will fall ill or die.
- It is necessary to remove the yellowed and withered leaves of lilies, to give the opportunity to appear new. Before the onset of cold weather, flowers should be protected by covering them with a thick film.
- Lily needs to be constantly fed with various fertilizers, as the plant is very fond of all sorts of supplements that positively affect the growth and development of the plant, and also strengthen the immune system of the plant's body.
- It is necessary to monitor the condition of the soil and, when necessary, loosen and fertilize it with all necessary organic fertilizers.
- As for the transplanting of lilies to new territories, here it is worth adhering to the rule that the plant should not be transplanted to new places within three years, otherwise the plant will not be able to bloom.
Pyramidal Lily - General Information
The plant belongs to the taxonomic family Lilein. Perennial plant, breeding occurs bulbs. Around the stem leaves are arranged spirally. A kidney is formed near the lowest leaf, which grows into a bulb as it grows. Bloom young onion begins next season.
Important! Fasciation may occur due to bioregulators or growth promoters.
The perianth consists of 6 free leaves, united by a funnel or bell. Near the base of the bud there are cracks in which glandular tissue is located, which secretes juice. Pollination is carried out by insects. Bees flock to the juice secreted by glandular tissues.
Characteristics of varieties
Variety Marlene belongs to the Asian hybrids. Well resistant to low temperatures. Flowering occurs very early, rooted quickly. The length of the stem can reach a meter. The leaves of the plant are very narrow and long. The flowers are large, the color from the center to the petals is darker. Duration of flowering can reach two months. The bud shape is cup-shaped (and not spherical). They are completely odorless, so you can plant next to any plants.
Planted with other flowers
Asiatic lilies can also form a pyramid of flowers. A variety bred by crossing may vary in length depending on conditions. The height of the Asiatic pyramidal lily can reach one and a half meters. While dwarf lilies - barely half a meter. The flowers are cup-shaped or hostile-shaped, of considerable size.
American pyramidal lilies are also the product of the crossing of several different varieties. Flowers are extremely resistant to cold. Lilies badly withstand transplanting. For growing need a soil with a pH in the range of 6-7 and a lot of groundwater. Flower petals may differ depending on the subspecies.
Martagon lilies are distinguished by a wide variety of species. Easy to care, have a large number of shades. Lily bush grows to large sizes, so they are planted in groups in the soil.
Candide lily variety is also a hybrid form. The ancestors were the royal flowers. It is extremely demanding for care and weak protection against diseases and parasites. The color palette is mostly pink or white. Some flowers may also be pale purple.
Pyramid lily: landing and care
Plants are planted in open soil in the middle of spring. If the seedlings were purchased in the fall, it is necessary to keep the bulbs in the refrigerator before the beginning of May.
Landing is made by 20 centimeters in the ground. If the soil is clay, you need to pre-fertilize it. The loam is being enriched with humus, peat or sand. In the sandstone it is necessary to add clay, peat and humus. Manure in the fresh form is prohibited. Young bulbs can die because of it.
Note! It is advisable to put in places with sufficient lighting. It should avoid too windy areas. In improper conditions, the buds fall off. For the cultivation of the necessary soil sufficiently drained. The distance between the beds is at least 10 cm.
- water moderately, at the root, 3-4 times a week,
- shoots are fed three times: during planting, fertilizers with nitrogen are needed, with the appearance of buds, a complex top dressing will be needed, after the flowering period, plants should be fed with phosphates and potash compounds,
- the soil needs to be loosened from time to time,
- if the stem is tall, you need to tie it up to a support,
- transplanted bulbs three times a year. After flowering, daughter bulbs are separated from the parent, they are planted in the spring in the wells.
Major diseases and pests
Pyramidal lily is attacked by the following diseases and pests:
- fungal diseases (botrytis, fusarium, cercosporosis, anthracnose, rhizoctroniosis, phthyum, blue mold, penicillosis, rust),
- viral diseases (cucumber and tobacco mosaic, variegation, rosette),
- parasites (spider mite, beetle beetle, lily fly, polar bear, hruscha, wireworm, etc.),
Lilies are complex, disease prone plants. However, if properly cared for, taking into account all the norms and treatment of pests, the front garden will provide a large number of beautiful flowers. In some varieties of crops can grow together among themselves, forming a huge flower spike with many flowers - a pyramidal lily. However, this phenomenon is random, depends on the use of stimulants, environmental conditions, and sometimes occurs due to plant diseases.
Description and features of culture
Pyramidal, ilm colonic lilies, belong to the family of lily and have the form of a pyramid. This is a perennial plant, it multiplies by dividing the bulb. The distinctive features of this culture include:
- The stems of these plants are wrapped with leaves, the sizes of which are from 14 cm to 2.5 m. The length directly depends on the group and variety of plants.
- The leaves can be placed either only in the lower part of the trunk, or along the entire length of the stem, thereby forming between them a kind of outlet.
- The inflorescence has a conical or cylindrical shape, sometimes in the form of an umbrella.
- Flowers of this plant are located either one by one or grouping them into 5 or 15 pieces. On average, the life of the flower is 1 2 weeks.
One pistil and several stamens 4-8 pieces, which are located around it. Depending on the variety, the size of the flowers themselves can reach up to 250 millimeters in diameter. There are both large-flowering and small-flowering species. In small-flowered varieties, the size of the flowers is no more than 40 millimeters.
Lilies have beautiful flowers not only in shape, but also in color. Often you can find purple, white, pink, scarlet, pale orange colors and others.
Bulbs also come in various sizes. Their diameter depends on the type and variety of plants and can be 1-27 centimeters.
Varieties and types
Flowers of this beautiful plant are decorated by no single garden or plot. Their unsurpassed beauty, as well as the diversity of species and varieties, allows them to be regular participants in flowerbeds, on alpine hills to grow separately or make flower arrangements. There are several basic varieties of lilies, there are about 75 of them. Through hybridization and crossing of these species, many new hybrid varieties of lilies have been obtained. At the moment, their number exceeds several thousand. The most popular species and varieties of this crop are the following:
This species is hybridized from several varieties. A feature of this hybrid is the variability of the length. Dwarf varieties do not grow above half a meter, and tall ones can grow up to one and a half meters. The shape of these flowers most often or stalk-shaped or cupped, the size in diameter can be within 7-20 cm. Bulbous varieties have a special beauty. They got such a funny name due to the air bulbs in the axils of flowers called bulbs.
The color range of inflorescences also differs a great variety and can vary from dazzling white to deep black. From this type alone, you can create an unlimited number of compositions of lilies. One of the most important features of this variety is simplicity in the cultivation, maintenance and care of this plant. Also Asiatic lily is very resistant to cold. The most original and memorable among the hybrid species, unique in shape, are varieties Marlene. For their original and beautiful appearance, these flowers are often called pyramidal lily.
American hybrid varieties
American lilies are also obtained by crossing several varieties. This species also has a wide palette of colorings and various sizes of both the plants and the buds. Just like the Asian species, the American lilies do not fear cold temperatures, but they don’t tolerate replanting quite well. This event can trigger the degradation of plants and even lead to death. Before you start growing American lilies, you need to prepare слабокислый, хорошо дренированный грунт. Также для американских лилий требуется частый полив, поэтому приготовьтесь к тому, что предстоят в большие затраты воды.
Это лилии изумительной красоты. Все ее сорта являются гибридами. Созданы они из лилии кудреватой. Их численность составляет более 1 сотни. Отличительная особенность этих цветов состоит в том, что они обладают большой высотой стеблей. In the overwhelming majority of cases, their buds are in a turquoise form.
Their colors are very rich, mostly dominated by it. gentle, calm shades. Martagon is also unpretentious in cultivation, and in the absence of any special requirements for the soil, they do not need special conditions in terms of light and watering. They are frost resistant. Planting and care are simple. The simplicity and beauty of martragon attracts the attention of many florists. For some reason, these plants are not very common among domestic flower lovers.
Much can be said about this variety the origin of the hybrid itself. The progenitor of Candidum is the royal lily. Candida are the result of their interbreeding with Chalcedony and European varieties. They have inflorescences with a very delicate aroma, and this is their main feature. Forms of colors are tubular and funnely, the color range is represented mainly in light colors: yellow, pale cream and dazzling white. The main disadvantages of candidates are their excessive susceptibility to fungal diseases. In this regard, the lily requires close attention.
After planting these flowers, the caregiver will need to follow certain rules for caring for them: stick to the watering schedule, drain the soil to protect the plants from fungus and preserve the future harvest. Also the disadvantage of working with these flowers is that their seeds have a low percentage of germination. Therefore, in the hole they put a large margin.
Care for pyramid lilies
After planting, lilies will require special care. Caring for these beauties will have to comply with certain conditions and take into account the characteristics of these plants:
- As already mentioned, this culture loves neither abundance nor stagnation of moisture, in connection with which it needs to be watered moderately. At the same time, it is imperative to ensure that at the time of irrigation the moisture does not fall on the leaves, since at the places of its accumulation sunburns will appear.
- Watered columnar lilies preferably every other day. If this event is carried out less frequently, then its root system through an insufficiently moistened layer of soil will not be able to receive the required amount of oxygen and nutrients.
- In October, the stems of plants that have faded, must be cut. With the onset of the first cold weather, the plants are covered with a thick film.
- Fertilize lily need three times a year. The first time fed with fertilizers rich in nitrogen. This event is held in April. Second time applying fertilizer mixtures perform in the period when the budding of plants. Here you can already use the combined mixture. The last, third, top dressing should be carried out when the culture has already completed the flowering period. Here you need to prepare potash and phosphate fertilizers.
- If a sufficiently rapid flowering of the crop occurs, then it is recommended to attach the plant to the peg.
- Lily bulbs are not recommended to be replanted more than once every three years. New seedlings in lilies begin the first flowering in the second year after planting.
Diseases and pests of the pyramidal lily
Among the pests and diseases that can cause serious damage to this culture, among others, there are:
- Lily beetle. This insect "specializes" specifically on lilies. He himself and his larvae are especially attracted to the buds and leaves of the plant. Often, they are simply manually collected without the use of any specialized tools. Although quite good results are shown by the treatment of plants with “aktelik”, “karbofos”, “fitoderm”.
- Flies and aphids. To get rid of the influence of these parasites, apply a spray of such drugs as - "fitoderm", "aktar", "karbofos."
- May beetles, bears, wireworms. These pests also have a pernicious effect on lilies. They can be removed by resorting to such drugs as - "Thunder", "Grizzly", "Fly Water".
- Onion Rot (Fusarium). This flower disease affects directly the plant bulb. May appear due to overmoistening of the soil or stagnation of moisture in it. When such a disease appears, spoiled bulbs must be urgently dug out of the ground and destroyed so as not to infect healthy bulbs.
- Fungal diseases. When such diseases occur, it is necessary to spray the plants with phytosporin or Bordeaux liquids according to the instructions for use.
1. Site selection and soil preparation
Places where you are going to plant Asian, tubular, oriental hybrids, choose sunny, but protected from strong wind. The same varieties as Martagan, Eastern hybrids love penumbra.
Different varieties prefer different soils. So, they tolerate a slight presence of lime in the soil:
Royal Henry. Candidum. Saranka. Leopard.
Do not tolerate lime:
Tiger Gilded Canadian.
Soils containing a lot of clay and sand are generally unsuitable for growing this plant.
Take care that the area where the royal flowers grow will not be flooded with spring water. The soil for planting should be well prepared: deep digging (up to 40 cm). If the ground is clay, you need to add some sand. Sand diluted with peat. Feeding can be done with compost or manure (calculation: 1.5-2 buckets / one square meter).
Lily, as a rule, grows in one place from four to five years. Therefore, when planting, it is necessary to improve the soil with phosphorus-potassium fertilizer (100 grams per square meter). Then the first few years will pass smoothly. If you leave the soil without fertilizer, you will have to feed several times with minerals in the summer.
Sour earth is unacceptable for lilins. It needs to be fed with wood ash - 200 grams / square meter. If the soil is black soil, you can do without fertilizer. This contains all the necessary substances for plant development.
2. How to choose the time for landing
Grow several types of lilies. Each of them has its optimum time for landing. Traditionally - the first half of autumn. After flowering comes peace. Its duration is about a month. Then the onions are actively developing. The roots sprout. In the spring, only a little warmer, flowering bud poklenet.
Spring landing is extremely undesirable such as:
Oriental. Tubular. North American.
They are quite difficult to take root in our climatic conditions. In general, spring is a controversial time for planting liliaceae. Everything is very trite: the onions planted in spring, by autumn are depleted. Still not strong roots poorly cope with the task of feeding stalks, inflorescences. The plant sucks all the nutrients from the bulb, significantly weakening it.
Optimally early spring can be planted:
Oriental. Tubular. Asian hybrids. Tiger lily.
The main thing is to do everything on time. Otherwise rooted bad. The end of May is too late. Plants will be weak, unprotected from diseases.
3. How to plant a lily in open ground
Beautiful flowers grow only from healthy, unaffected onions. Planting material should be selected with no signs of rot, mold, they should be missing any spots. Take flakes only those that are white or yellow in color, with no obscure inclusions. Strong roots, up to 5 centimeters.
Lilies planting and care in the open field of different varieties, photos and videos
Lilies planting and care in the open field of different varieties, photos and videos
Today lilies are successfully grown in Siberia and beyond the Urals. Asian and LA hybrids, Martagon lilies and tubular hybrids are cultivated there. Some varieties of OT-hybrids and eastern lilies are able to winter in these regions under cover. Planting and care in the Urals and in Siberia differ little from growing lilies in regions with a warm climate.
Shelter lilies for the winter in Siberia and the Urals
Feature of care for lilies in Siberia and the Urals is their shelter for the winter. Warm flowerbeds with humus, a layer of at least 7 cm, or fallen leaves - about 20 cm. Eastern lilies and FROM hybrids are additionally covered with plastic wrap or agrofiber to keep the soil dry in winter. Corny lilies calmly endure winters in Siberia without shelter.
Shelter lilies are removed immediately after the snow melts, so that the shoots do not appear early and freeze out during late frosts. If, however, the lilies have germinated, and the threat of frost has not passed, they are covered with spruce leaves or straw.
Transplanting and dividing bulbs
To lily, planting and care in the open field for which does not require special skills, developed well and blossomed, its bulbs must be regularly transplanted to a new place. Otherwise, their stems become sluggish, and the flowers become smaller. The frequency of the required transplant depends on the type of lily grown:
- Corny and American lilies without transplant grow up to 15 years. Eastern and long-flowered lilies, OT and La hybrids are replanted every 3-5 years. Asiatic and Tubular lilies can be replanted every year, as they grow intensively.
Transplant in the fall
The optimal time for transplanting lilies, care for which was organized according to the rules - early autumn. Dig out the bulbs in August or early September, a month and a half after flowering. By this time they will accumulate enough nutrients and quickly take root in a new place. In late autumn planting, there is a high probability that the bulbs will not have time to take root and die in the frozen ground.
Children are separated from the bulbs dug for transplanting. Often they fall off by themselves, but if the daughter bulbs are tightly assembled in the nest, they are cut off with a clean knife, be sure to save part of the plinth on each bulb. Bulb division is the easiest and most reliable way to reproduce lilies, which preserves all the maternal qualities of the variety.
Dry and rotting scales are removed from the bulbs and too long roots are cut. They are treated with antifungal drugs: 1% solution of potassium permanganate, 2% iodine, 1% iron sulphate, and foundationol. After dried in a shaded, well-ventilated place.
It is advisable to plant lilies in a new place during the week after digging so that the bulbs do not dry out. Small daughter bulbs are planted separately for growing to a depth of 5-7 cm and after a year or two they are transplanted again to a permanent place.
Eastern and FROM lily hybrids are transplanted in the spring, as they only fade by the end of August. The bulbs are dug out in the late autumn, dried and stored for storage in a cool place. Put them in plastic bags or plastic containers with air vents and pour with wet sawdust or moss to keep them from drying out. Bulbs are planted in a permanent place when the threat of recurrent frosts has passed.
Division of the nest of lily bulbs in spring
Spring transplanting is also permissible when growing other types of lilies, before or at the very beginning of sprouting. It is important to bear in mind that during spring transplantation, lilies develop rapidly and the appearance of early sprouts can lead to their death due to late frosts.
Lily transplant in summer
White lilies need a summer transplant, the vegetative cycle of which has its own characteristics. They enter the rest phase in July-August, and by September they are starting to form a new outlet. When transplanting, cut the stem is not necessary, but it is desirable to shorten the long roots to 7-10 cm. Watering the lilies after the completion of the procedure should be abundant, stimulating the growth of new roots.
Lily transplant in summer
Dividing and planting lilies in July is also possible when growing Asian lilies. The dug nests are divided into individual stalks with a bulb and immediately planted in a new place. At the same time, the buds and the flowers available are cut off.
Growing lilies in the country can even be a novice grower, provided that he follows the rules of caring for them. It is important to remember that, depending on the species, lilies need different conditions, compliance with which will be the key to abundant and colorful flowering.
Lilies (trees) planting and care, cultivation in open ground
Lilies (trees): planting and care, cultivation in open ground
Another breeding variety of giant lilies was created by scientists in Canada, who bred lily-trees - OT class hybrids. In scientific circles they were given the name Oriental X - tubular. These lilies make an indelible impression with their beauty and unusual.
The first offer for the sale of lily-trees appeared in Holland in the catalog of flowers, in which trees with a height of up to 2.5 m with an unimaginable number of flowers (50-60) were promised to customers. Since then, discussions of the reality of the existence of such plants occur regularly in scientific circles and in the open spaces of the worldwide network.
Then the question of the legitimacy of the name "trees" remained open. Already in 2009, one of the Canadian firms registered the Lily Tree trademark, and this name was assigned to them.
Another name given to such lilies by foreign breeders - Goliath - is due, of course, to their size. In recent years, these mighty beauties, with the help of experienced gardeners, began to be grown in the middle latitudes of Russia. However, to get flowers on such a miracle tree, you need to wait 2-3 years.
Over the past few years, many varieties of hybrid plants have been developed. Lily-tree, the photo of which you can see in the article, may have different degrees of frost resistance. Also different may be the height of the stem, flower color, duration of flowering, the requirements for care.
Lily-tree - varieties (photo and colors):
- Aventino (pink with a yellow star),
- Anastasia (pink-crimson with white border flowers, very tall stem), Big Brother (vanilla-yellow flowers), Donato (bright pink),
- Carboner (dark cherry or red with yellow middle), Corsini (pink with yellow-green middle), Gold Class (yellow-red with specks), Holland Beauty (crimson with cream border), Honeymoon (yellow honey), Miss Patchwork (maroon with smears of chocolate color in the middle and white border), Holland Beauty (crimson with cream piping), Mr. Jobe (brown and burgundy with a green asterisk in the middle and a cream stripe along the edge), Pionon Moon (cream with purple in the middle and yellow dusting), Preti Vumen (white), Pearl Prince (claret-purple), Ro Bina (crimson with a white center), Zelmir (salmon) and many others.
The highest grades: Friso, Donato, Anastasia, Robin.
Very popular now are varieties such as Purple Prince, lily-tree, Pret Vumen, planting and caring for which require more attention than low varieties.
First of all, it is necessary to clarify that such hybrids do not reach their maximum growth and flowering before 3 years of age: in the first year such a lily grows by about 30 cm, in the second - by 50-60 cm, and only in the third its height reaches not less than 1.5 meters. All hybrid varieties bloom for 2-3 years.
The most popular variety now is the Preti Vumen lily-tree, in which the flowers (25 cm in diameter) have a soft creamy white shade with a slight pink tint; after flowering, the buds become completely white.
Such a lily is obtained by crossing oriental and tubular lilies. In the inflorescence usually has up to 30 flowers funnel-shaped or cupped, with a pleasant aroma. Flowers, as a rule, are directed upwards or slightly to the side, there are several shades of color: yellowish, pink, light orange and multicolor. Flowering time - the second half of summer.
The stem of such a lily tree is strong and durable, up to 180 cm high, and under very favorable conditions the plants can grow up to 2.5 m in 3 years. This variety has good winter hardiness and increased disease resistance.
Also very popular is such a variety as the lily-tree "Honeymoon", featuring a high winter hardiness (does not freeze out even during hard frosts down to -35ºС). The tree grows up to 2 meters and is capable of releasing more than 18 beautiful buds, which then bloom in an unusual moon-honey color (with a darker middle) with a rich aroma.
Lily-trees: planting and care
Such plants have some specific features of agrotechnics when landing in the ground, during the period of growth and flowering. Some varieties like sour soil, some - alkaline.
Consider as an example such a now popular hybrid variety as the Preti Vumen lily-tree, which is planted and cared for similarly to other plants of OT-hybrids.
For such a lily tree, the soil is needed slightly acidic, with a high content of fertilizers (but not fresh organic matter). This plant does not like the close location of groundwater, so the optimal place where a lily (tree) can be planted is planting on raised little beds, provided with good drainage. For drainage use crushed stone and river sand, poured in a layer up to 20 cm.
It is better to place the planting of lilies in slightly shaded places, for example, located under the canopy of fruit trees, giving a diffused shadow.
Время роста и цветения таких лилейных деревьев — 4-5 лет, потому что на 5-м году луковица истощается, что приводит к понижению роста цветоноса, уменьшению количества бутонов, возможным болезням и даже гибели дерева.
Посадка луковиц осуществляется либо в начале осени, либо в апреле-мае. Почву заранее подготавливают, при высаживании луковицы под ее низ и вокруг подсыпают песок, глубина посадки — 15-20 см от корешков до поверхности. После этого почву необходимо замульчировать.
Watering lilies should be done 1-2 times a week all summer, and especially during the flowering period. For these plants it is very important to do top dressing, especially when forming buds. The last dressing of the season should be carried out until mid-August with a predominance of potash fertilizers, which will help the bulb recover faster after flowering.
And so, a cold autumn came, a lily (tree) planted in spring grew over the summer. “How do they winter?” - this question is most often asked by gardeners when preparing the plant for winter frosts. Although there are varieties with high resistance to cold, it is necessary to carry out the insulation of lily trees.
In late autumn, the trunk of the plant is cut, plantings are warmed using dry mulching and covered for the winter with a layer of 5-10 cm (for example, rotted compost or pine litter). This helps the remaining bulbs in the ground not to get sick and survive the winter frosts.
In the spring, such a shelter becomes mulch, which rescues from frost first, and then serves to maintain soil moisture. It is very important in the spring not to loosen the place of planting of the lily tree, because it gives a lot of shoots that can be broken.
Reproduction of lily trees
Garden lilies are usually propagated with the help of seeds, babies, cuttings and bulbs.
Liliaceans (for example, the lily-tree of Pret Vumen) are most often propagated with the help of bulbs, although the number and rate of their growth in hybrid varieties are small. The breeding process is rather laborious and slow, because the bulbs are very sensitive to moisture and can deteriorate in the autumn.
In addition, babies can be obtained only a few years later, when the plant begins to bloom in full force. The oldest tree (4-5 years old) forms a whole nest with bulbs suitable for planting.
Also, lily trees can be propagated with the help of seeds that are in boxes at the top of the stems (late autumn). Before the onset of cold weather, they are cut off (together with a part of the stem) and placed in a warm place for ripening. Sowing ripe seeds is best done immediately because of the high probability of losing their germination.
Lily pyramids exist?
Pyramids or spray lilies do not exist in nature, despite assurances from some private sellers or firms selling various flower varieties. The number of buds on such pyramids is advertised for more than 40 pieces, which is completely unrealistic.
The explanation for this may be the phenomenon of fasciation, when there is an accidental splicing of several stems at once for some reason:
- Adverse conditions or failure during plant growth, when damage to the bulb or shoots is possible, bacterial infection, the effects of pesticides or radiation, excessive use of bioregulators and growth stimulants or mineral fertilizers, mutations associated with changes in temperature or lighting and humidity.
In this case, the curvature or deformation of the shoots that become flatter is possible. There are some varieties of lilies (for example, Marlene) that are prone to fasciation.
Variety Marlene belongs to the species of Asian hybrid lilies, the advantage of which are winter hardiness, previously flowering, very strong spawn formation. The height of the stem - up to 1 m. The flowers are quite large, pink at the ends and white in the middle. The flowering period lasts up to 2 months. One of the unusual differences is that they absolutely have no smell.
Lilies varieties Marlene with the phenomenon of fascia peduncle can form from 40 to 100 flowers. But this phenomenon is completely spontaneous and is not regulated by man. This is also explained by the ability of plants to release several shoots from a single bulb, which can grow together under the influence of fasciation, forming a single thick peduncle.
Although the advertised bush and pyramidal species of lilies do not exist, it is the Marlene variety that is not issued for. This type of hybrid lily itself is worth separate words of admiration.
Lilies-trees in the design of the garden plot
Lilies-trees, planting and caring for which are very simple, suitable for decorating any garden plot. Many cultivated hybrid varieties have a wide variety of colors and are perfectly adapted to grow between fruit trees in the garden or around the house.
When creating flowerbeds with such tall plants, it is necessary to calculate in advance the possibility of planting other flower plants and arrange them between lilies (different types of asters, delphiniums, gladioli or chamomile will do).
On the edge of such a flower bed you can plant onion varieties of tulips, crocuses, daffodils and hyacinths. As a background, stunted species of marigolds, garden carnations, perennial iberis and others are planted.
As neighbors for lilies fit juniper, thuja, cypress or ferns. Using planting several varieties of lilies at once, you can pick them up at the time of flowering to ensure long alternate flowering of plants.
In our country, such a plant is engaged in so far a small number of gardeners. Many are either not familiar with these kinds of flowers, or do not trust sites that advertise a lily-tree. Reviews of those professionals who have acquired lily trees, were able to grow them and wait for flowering (3 years of waiting - still a considerable time) indicate the extraordinary beauty of such flower trees and the originality of their size.
Prophylactic bulb treatment
As you know, the best way to avoid infection is prevention. This statement is true for the flower garden. Many diseases of lilies are recorded in the soil with the children purchased on the market. Therefore, before planting the bulbs in the soil, it is necessary to soak them for two hours in any disinfecting solution. This may be potassium permanganate or "Inta-Vir." Excellent result gives a new drug "Silk". It not only disinfects the bulb, but also increases its own resistance to diseases. However, all these preventive measures do not guarantee 100% resistance of your plants to diseases, so you need to be ready to constantly inspect the plants and take steps to solve the problem at the first signs of disease.
Since lily diseases are curable without consequences, it is necessary to know the peculiarities of caring for these plants in order to prevent their development. The areas on which lilies grow should be kept clean. All weeds, as sources of diseases and nursery pests, must be eliminated without delay. The soil needs to be loosened regularly. It is very important to water the flowers correctly. Lily diseases often develop due to excessive waterlogging. With a lack of moisture and frequent drying of the earth, the bulbs become easy prey for pests. The best solution is to choose a plot with light nutrient soil and good drainage, as well as regular watering in the morning with warm water (under the root).
Pyramidal lily: growing
And after that there is the lily of Asiapet, which is a cross between the Asiatic and also the lily's trumpet. Show lilies in flower holders. Choose lilies with buds that are virtually open, not limited, as well as green, with a slight tinge of flowering. While you get the lilies inside, cut the stem an inch or two, making a diagonal cut using a sharp knife. If you are concerned that orange pollen from lily plants can cause discoloration, simply detach from the stamens in the flower room. To create a flower holder, get rid of the reduced leaves on the stems, so that no vegetation is under water. A large lily plant will certainly last 2 or more weeks. Regulate water every couple of days. To help prolong life, include a pizza with flowers in the water. Lilies need only half the amount of food recommended for other flowers. Lilies make beautiful colors. . Of the 9 classification divisions, Asian and Oriental are the most popular among gardeners.
The plant has about 80 species, from which a considerable number of hybrids was obtained. The shape of the flowers is different: flat, stellate, cupped, bell-shaped, funnel-shaped, tubular, turbodiform.
The most popular plant species are:
We land in open ground
Hybrids are available in pure white, pink, bright yellow, oranges and reds, height from one to six feet. Intensive breeding has virtually eliminated many flavors from Asians, but, despite the lack of perfume, they are favorite floral arrangers. Oriental hybrids bloom in mid-to-late summer when Asiatic lilies begin to fade. Favorite for their intoxicating smell, which escalates after dark, Asiatic lilies create a mass of massive white, pink, red or two-tone flowers. They make wonderful cut flowers that will certainly load even the largest rooms with spicy flavors. Asiatic lilies - the earliest flowers, as well as the most simple to expand. . The Lily Tree is a type of oriental lily that can easily grow taller than a person.
- Asian These include: Dutch, spotted lily, lukovitsenosnaya, tiger, monochrome, drooping, dwarf, Maksimovic, David. It also includes the lilies of the Fiesta group, as well as the hybrids of F. Skinner, I. Taylor, E. Palmer, Mid-Century, S. Patterson, P. Bayam ,. The latter are derived by Canadian scientists and are not afraid of low temperatures. Their advantages: unpretentiousness, endurance, withstand cold, unpretentious to the lighting, easily reproduce. Disadvantages - lack of flavor. Asian varieties prefer neutral or slightly acidic soils. Propagated by bulbs and seeds. Seed germination - 70%. In height plants can reach 150 cm. Flowering begins from the end of July.
- Martagon The source of this variety is considered to be lily marvelous. These hybrids include groups: Paisley, Backhouse hybrids, Markhan. The advantages include: frost resistance, unpretentiousness to the soil, durability, are not susceptible to viruses. Martagon hybrids are rarely used in landscaping.
- Candidum. These include hybrids derived from Chalcedony, snow-white and others. Candidum is preferred by alkaline soils and open well-lit areas. The main drawback is often affected by fungal diseases.
- American This group includes: Parry, Humboldt, Yurbank, leopard, Colombian and others. Due to their capriciousness, American lilies are not widespread. Grow in soils with low acidity, abundant sunshine and with good watering. Do not tolerate replanting.
- Long-flowered. The most popular among them are lily formozskaya and l. Zalivskogo. In central Russia, winters survive only with good shelter, in the north they do not take root. Many varieties are suitable mainly for growing in pots.
- Tubular. This group is one of the most extensive. This includes such groups as: Sunburst, Golden Shawers, Hearts Dezair, Golden Clarion, etc. Their advantages are cold resistance, they are not susceptible to viral diseases, they are almost not afraid of fungi, they multiply easily. Prefer garden soil, fertilized with humus. Some varieties require limestone soil. Flowering lasts throughout the summer.
- Oriental. Henry, golden, Japanese lily are very popular. Varieties are quite capricious in growing issues, often suffer from diseases, and they do not multiply well. Require a good shelter for the winter.
- LA hybrids (Asian and Long-colored). Grow well in open ground. These hybrids are frost resistant and practically non-susceptible. Prefer neutral soils. It is advisable to warm the winter with peat.
- Hybrids of Eastern and Tubular (OT). Used for year-round forcing flowers. Do not require much attention when growing.
- Hybrids of Eastern and Long-flowered (LO) and Eastern and Asian (OA). One of the new groups recently bred by breeders.
- Hybrid Long-flowered and Tubular (LP-hybrids, ONGipeta). Possess high frost resistance. Grow well in the northern regions of Russia.
- AA hybrids (Asian and Olean lilies). Appeared in Russia in the early 2000s. Well tolerated frosty winters.
Do I need to fertilize lilies
Not only that, but also produce a huge amount of huge fragrant flowers. Remove the molding seed pods after flowering so that the plant accumulates the bulb for the next year, rather than adding its energy to the seed plant. The first year of the plant in large containers with about 3 liters of compost for each bulb. Heavy ceramic containers will help stop them from blowing off, since they are ultimately very heavy.
Lilies: planting and care
Maintain plants with bamboo canes as they grow, it also helps to separate them by scattering flowers so you can appreciate them better and give each plant more space and light. Grow them by the sun on the leaves and roots in the shade as far as possible. Put them somewhere in the shelter, if you can, because these large flowers, while quite thick can catch the wind, which can damage the stems, especially when they are wet from the rain.
Reference. OT-hybrids and Asian are most suitable for the Russian climate.
Purchase of bulbs
Before buying bulbs, you must establish their affiliation to a particular variety. Planting conditions and agrotechnical methods depend on this. The main criterion for the selection of planting material - quality. The ideal length of live roots is 5 cm. The bulbs themselves must be solid, without rotten or moldy scales.
Combination with other plants in landscape design
After flowering, remove the remnants of the flower head to stop them from planting. Make sure you feed and water them during this period, as they create reserves for more fabulous flowers next year. When the leaves begin to fall, stop watering them, and then cut the stems a couple of centimeters above the ground when the leaves disappear.
Winter Avoid them because of the danger of frost and keep them dry during the winter. Do not be tempted to pull the bulbs out of the pots, as they will retain some of the roots and make a good early start next year. Second and subsequent years If you keep them happy, they will grow to 6-8 feet in height, providing a real spectacle of colors and smells. They will need serious support to stop them. Two or three canes hammered around the pot complete the support. Look after them the way you did in the first winter, although this time you can put them in a large pot or separate large bulbs from the many sausages that will be formed.
Light bulbs with thin scales are not recommended to buy, as they need special care. In this case, planting material indicates that the plant went on sale after winter forcing. Planting them in the spring, do not wait for flowering in the summer.
Start again with three large light bulbs and place the rest in small pots to develop them. Pests Deciduous lilies are susceptible to scarlet lily beetles, like all lilies, so watch them early in the season. If you start getting more and notice the holes in the leaves, then it's time to get a spray. Lilies are very long in culture. All 80 to 100 species of lilies come from the northern hemisphere. Belladonna lily, the lilies of the day or the trees of Jacob do not belong to the lily plants. Most have onions with superimposed weights.
From its center grows an escape with leaves and flowers. The roots grow from the bottom of the bow. The leaves of lilies are lanceolate and arranged in whorls or alternately on the stem. On the petals and in the armpits of the leaves are some species of breeding worms that fall and then germinate. In other species, vegetative reproduction occurs by individual onion scales or spurs. On the tip of the arrow flowers are formed. Each of them has three cups and petals, which are equally colored and have a shape. A scar and six stamens with large stamens protruded far from the flowers.
When buying bulbs in early spring or winter, they are put in a plastic bag with moss or dry top peat. Holes are made in the bag and then removed to the refrigerator before planting. If the material is packaged, but has begun to sprout, it is necessary to trim the package and allow unimpeded growth. Storage temperature is not lower than +2 and not higher than +5 degrees.
Lilies bloom in white, yellow, orange, pink or red. Often the flowers are multi-colored. Most lilies are translucent, nutrient-rich, slightly acidic soils. They love full suns, but appreciate it when the earth is shaded above the root space. This makes it not very hot and does not dry out too quickly in summer. The ideal is between the flooring, the tail of the stork or the not too high dahlias that obscure the ground.
All about lilies: description and main characteristics
Lilies are also well cultivated in the baths. Even large varieties can be so on the terrace or on the balcony. There are special dwarves for pot culture. Basically, lilies are planted in the fall. You can also use onions in spring. Он высаживается с глубиной лука в два-три раза с расстоянием до трехкратной луковой ширины. Садовые лилии абсолютно зимуют и не нуждаются в зимней защите. После цветения стебли быстро увядают и сушат. Как только они легко удаляются с пола, вы можете удалить их. В следующем году лилии снова вылетают.
Сухие луковицы можно вернуть к жизни завернув их в плотную влажную ткань за 2-3 часа до посадки. Не допускайте повреждений.
Почва перекапывается (до 40 см глубиной) и устраивается хороший дренаж. You can make phosphate-potassium fertilizer or humus. Sandy soils are diluted with peat, and clay soils with sand.
Over time, the onion bulbs form dense clumps of onions. Every 3-4 years you must dig out the onions after flowering, sing and re-insert. Snails and lilies, a red beetle, eat on the leaves and shoot. Wolves eat onions. These pests can destroy entire stocks. To protect against voles, you can plant onions in pots and use them with pots in the garden. Provide good drainage. Lily chicks and snails are best collected.
In culture, almost exclusively varieties that have arisen by crossing different species. Most garden lilies belong to this group. Asian hybrids have a height of about 90-100 cm and have vertical, flat, star-shaped flowers. Flowers open in June or July.
Acid soils are detrimental to lilies. To reduce the acidity, wood ash (up to 200 g per 1 square meter) or chalk (up to 500 g) is added. The optimum acidity is 6.5 pH.
It is desirable that the earth was fresh, that is, it did not grow other plants. An artificial substrate is often used to replace the soil.
Other varieties of the group are the yellow-red Grand Kru, the strong dark red Mapira and Yellow County. Oriental hybrids are varieties that are mainly grown in Japan. They bloom two to three weeks after the Asiatic lilies. Flowers stand upright and wide open. Often wavy or twisted petals. They are not as strongly colored as Asiatic lilies. In Brazil, the white petals have a pink border.
It will be a meter high. Oriental lilies are good cut flowers, often smelling and holding in a vase for about 10-14 days. They range from 2 to 3 cupped flowers. Plants reach a height of about 1, 5 m. "Pink perfection" - pink variety, and "Royal Gold" - yellow. The royal lily is also widely known. The breeding lines of a tiger have up to 20 pendant colors. Petals are bent far back and have a noticeable bitmap. The original tiger lily is orange, and there are brownish spots on the backward petals. The “red shimmer” is a bit darker. "Citronella" has the same typical color shape and pattern, but lemon yellow.
The land contaminated with microorganisms is subjected to heat treatment, that is, solarization.
The soil should be wet throughout the season. Reinforced watering is required for plants in the second half of the summer or after a flowering period.
The main lily in the valleys
As a beautiful plant, such as the lily of the valley, you need to be treated in conditions to overcome its unique and unsurpassed essence. On our page we want not only to know where some plants come from, but also to learn more about your care and learn in this way to protect the species and make them a beautiful part of your botanical space. You want to know how to take care of a fantastic lily of the valley?
- The larger the bulb, the deeper it should be planted,
- In the presence of rodents on the site, you should use a metal grid or special baskets,
- In the fall, bulbs are planted deeper than in spring,
- Lilies will multiply faster when landing on the "barrels"
- To protect against diseases, you can sprinkle the soil with a small amount of foundationol or wood ash.
Most varieties of lilies do not require insulation. If necessary, cover them in the winter, used hay, foliage, old raspberry branches (layer up to 30 cm). Shelter is removed immediately after the snow.
Planting lilies in the spring is dangerous because at this time the plant has a rest period. Some varieties can only begin flowering next year. Unlike autumn planting, abundant watering is recommended in spring. Emerged shoots are buried in the ground completely, otherwise - they will burn in the sun. This method allows you to get more small bulbs for reproduction, and the plant itself - to get more nutrients from the soil. Care for spring lilies need more thorough. It is recommended to plant them separately from the autumn.
Summer planting of lilies is not recommended. Such plants take root worse and are more susceptible to disease. Flowering will begin at best only next year. When seeds appear, they should be removed in order to avoid depletion of the bulb. Closer to the fall, the stem will dry, but it should be cut off only in spring. In the heat of the required regular watering. Fertilizer summer lilies are not required.
Basic care is only loosening the soil, timely removal of weeds and tying up plants.
Reference. The transfer time varies by region. In the south of Russia, the above-mentioned plant is transplanted in October-November, in the middle belt - in October, in the north - no later than September.
How to grow lilies from seed
This method is safer in contrast to growing with the help of bulbs. Diseases are not transmitted through the seeds. When growing lilies in large quantities, seed multiplication is more economical.
Planting material can be purchased at the store or get it yourself. Seeds are collected only from healthy plants, when the boll has already acquired a brown color, but has not yet opened. If tightened with the collection, the seeds can get enough sleep from the wind.
During reproduction by seeds, it is customary to divide the plants into 2 groups depending on the speed of their germination. The fast-growing varieties germinate in the first year. Slow germinating varieties by autumn give only a small onion. Seeds can not germinate immediately, some of them can only ascend next year. Sowing is done immediately on the beds or in the seedling boxes.
For planting in open ground a place is chosen where other bulbous plants have not grown before.
- The soil is pre-treated and weeded away from weeds. Recommended bed width - 1 m.
- Seeds spill out across, each following line - at a distance of 15 cm from the other. Sowing is performed on a windless day in order to control the density of rash of planting material.
- When sowing scattered there is a chance of thickening, which leads to the defeat of plants with gray mold.
- Before the onset of cold weather, the following varieties are sown: Martagon, Elegant, Konkolor lily, cultivation and care of which is further carried out in the usual mode.
- Seeds of slowly germinating varieties are sown immediately after harvest.
- The beds are covered with a thin sand layer (5 mm), and warmed for the winter.
- In summer, the plants need additional feeding, regular watering and weeding of the beds.
Seeds are planted in the seed boxes at the end of February or in March. Soil composition (1: 1): deciduous and soddy humus, gravel and peat. After sowing the soil is covered with a layer of sand. The optimum temperature is not lower than +18, but not higher than +25 degrees. At higher temperatures, the germination rate decreases. On average, sprouts appear after 20 days. It is necessary to monitor the humidity of the soil and close the seedlings from the sun's rays. In the fall, the resulting onion transplanted in open ground. Flowering occurs in the second or third year.
To accelerate germination, the seeds immediately after harvest are mixed with sand and stored for three months at a temperature of +5 degrees, then buried in the snow for three weeks. Then they land in the usual manner.
The first feeding is done in the spring before the shoots appear. Minerals and organic fertilizers are well suited for lilies: nitroammofoski granules, ammonium nitrate, fermented mullein. Fresh mullein is not suitable as a fertilizer.
Organic fertilizers for lilies
For fastening of flowers and protection against diseases wood ash is used. You can pour it up to 5 times per season.
In the second half, calimagnese and double superphosphate are added to strengthen the stems.
Excess fertilizer leads to various diseases and reduces winter hardiness.
Features of growing lilies in the northern regions of Russia
Even taking into account the cold resistance of lilies, they do not always survive the cold in the northern regions of Russia. The following recommendations exist for growing these plants in cold zones:
- It is necessary to study the specifics of the growth of the variety that you like, a hybrid in specific climatic conditions before purchasing seeds or bulbs.
- For planting selected groups, well-established in a particular region.
- If there is a choice - buy bulbs from a collector or in a store (at the exhibition), give preference to the first. Collectors sell only varieties that grow well in the region. The exhibitions often show varieties that are not suitable for germination in Russia.
- Analyze the site and select the appropriate place, prepare the soil.
Russian flower growers, answering the question of how to grow Asian or other lilies, recommend first of all to take care of the quality of the soil. Often in the garden plots the soil is not suitable for planting lilies because of its composition or fatigue.
A proudly standing blooming lovely lily immediately attracts all attention. Her gorgeous flowers, whether large or miniature, always leave an unforgettable impression.
The lily belongs to the lily family, which includes perennial herbaceous plants whose root is an onion. From 70 to 90 species belong to this genus. Of them derived a variety of hybrid varieties.
To make your garden unforgettably beautiful is the dream of any gardener. To do this, use a variety of flowers and plants that are in perfect harmony with each other. Lily is a flower that will surely help you to create a beautiful garden. The unusual shape and extensive palette of colors will make any person who is close to him enjoy enjoying his flowering.
There are many legends that tell about the appearance of lilies, and in one of them it is said that the flower appeared thanks to the milk of the ancient Greek goddess. Of course, one cannot say that this is an undoubted truth, but one should not doubt the unforgettable beauty of the lily. For decorative properties, it can be placed next to the first beauty and garden queen, an unforgettable rose.
The inflorescences resemble a bowl in their form, and are also practically devoid of any flavor. The most spectacular and unforgettable among them favored marlene variety . Sometimes the shoots and foliage of this variety are strongly influenced by climatic conditions, because of which they grow together forming a pyramid. This was the reason why this variety began to be called pyramidal lilies.
Among the "Asians" is to highlight:
- Alaska or Spotted Lily
- Tiger lily
These flowers are not demanding to care, able to endure frosts, various diseases and easily multiply. The height of this species reaches about 150 cm. The florist begins to delight in its flowering from late July or early August. Also, the bulbous lilies are famous for their unsurpassed beauty, which received such a name because of the air bulbs located in the axils of the foliage.
Appeared due to the crossing of several species. These varieties are not afraid of frost, but only they treat negative transplants negatively. Sometimes a plant transplant leads not only to withering, but also to its death. If you decide to grow this species, then you should choose for it a well-drained, slightly acidic soil. American lilies love water, so you should water them regularly.
These are hybrids, which appeared due to the clever lily. Like its predecessors, they easily cope with frosts. They love penumbra, but can survive in areas with direct sunlight. After landing in one place can grow for about 10 years, and sometimes even longer. This hybrid does not like transplanting, it is not demanding to the composition of the soil. It starts blooming at the end of June, but after planting it may not let out buds for about 2 years. Plant height reaches 180 cm.
Candidum or snow white lily
The basis of this hybrid is taken royal lily, which was crossed with European and chalcedony varieties of lilies. In the natural environment is found in a humid climate, grows on rocky areas. It is possible to grow this type in a garden in any place, giving, preferring to the solar, protected from wind sites. Escape from this variety is very high and does not bend, therefore, with a strong wind it can easily break. It has healing properties, so it is widely used in traditional medicine. Includes a small number of varieties of different white or slightly yellowish flowers.
Pure white Candidum (Lilium candidum) in pure translation means pure white, as its giant inflorescences blooming in summer. They also call the flower of the Madonna, because on the famous icon there is an image of the Virgin Mary with the baby, she holds a white lily in her hand.
Long-flowered hybrids (Longiflorum)
Plants that are very fond of heat. Growing them in regions where a cold climate prevails is not easy, because for this, flowers will need shelter. It has quite large bell-shaped flowers, whose dimensions can vary from 15 to 20 cm. They are endowed with an unforgettable aroma, but at the same time they are very delicate and require special attention. Grow from bulbs in a house or in a greenhouse.
The basis is Asian lilies. Many gardeners prefer these flowers, as they practically do not require any care. The plant blooms for about 3 months, but if it grows in the southern region, it will delight you with its beauty until October.
These include such popular varieties as:
- Golden Shawers
- Hearts Dezair
These hybrids are able to withstand the variability of the weather, multiply easily and cope with diseases caused by the activity of fungi and viruses. But only for the cultivation of these varieties you need fertile land.
It has fairly large corrugated flowers with a diameter of about 30 cm, as well as a rich aroma. The height of lilies can vary from 40 cm and reach 120 cm. It pleases with its flowering in August and September.
Famous Oriental Hybrids:
- Mona lisa
- Golden lily
They have some drawbacks, among which it is worth noting poor reproduction, often undergoes attacks of various diseases, poorly resistant to frost.
Numerous crossbreeding of different species among themselves, for obtaining varieties with mixed qualities, initiated the emergence of new subspecies. The two most popular are OT and LA groups, but there are many more.
Originated as a result of crossing the eastern and tubular lilies. Voronkovidnye and shiroobashvidnye flowers endowed with strong unforgettable aroma, as well as famous for their original and bright colors. Basically, the plant height reaches 180 cm, but under conditions favorable for growing hybrids, they can grow to a height of 2.5 m.
These are all newly bred lilies, which appeared due to Asian and long-flowered species. They have no aroma, they are endowed with large saturated colors of various colors, which appear in the second half of July. Able to cope with frost, and do not require special care. In height can reach from 80 to 120 cm.
Lilies OT hybrids
Abbreviation for Oriental - Tubular
Pretty Woman - (Lilium Pretty Woman). It grows up to almost a meter in height. Large inflorescences creamy white with delicate rozovinkoy.
Anastasia (Lilium Anastasia) Fancy curved leaves of rich emerald color. Countless flowers of bright pink color, with a white spot at the base and a greenish stripe on it.
Robin (Lilium Robina) In the flowering vyde in height 1,5m. Green large leaves with dark areas, Flowers crimson - red with a yellowish core.
Scheherazade (Lilium Sheherazade). Giant variety almost 2.5m. Multiple flowers of a reddish burgundy shade, edging and in the heart of a light cream color. Blooms in late summer.
Honeymoon Large but tender, slightly yellowish flowers.
Shocking Pure - red flowers are edged with a rather thick golden - yellow stripe.
Lilies LA hybrids
The abbreviation for Longiflorum Asian is long-flowered.
Frey or Freya (Fray) beautiful golden - yellow flowers.
Ercolano (Ercolano) gentle inflorescences of lemon shades with white impregnations.
California (California) exquisite cherry color large flowers with green stems.
Brindisi (Brindisi) is a high subspecies, growing 1-1.3m. Not monochromatic pink color large flowers.
Fangio (Fangio) tall lilies up to 1,5-1,6m. With deep dark red beet color all over the petal.
The abbreviation stands for Asian lilies.
Tiger lily (Lilium lancifolium “Citronella”.) Or lanceolist. Orange-brown splashes are scattered on the purest yellow background, the petals are whimsically twisted to the outside.
Red Twin. Terry red lilies are not colored with a pure tone of a different tone, with stamens slightly darker in color. Blooms early in June - July.
Veil Morgana from a number of yellow lilies. Terry gently - yellow multiple flowers, interspersed with brown dots in the neck. It blooms in late June days or early July days.
Ceres Hybrid Asiatic Lily with beetroot crimson color, which is shaded with a light tone to the edge of the terry-petal.
Elodie Махровые розовые лилии. Розовый тон осветляется на край до бледности. В центре точки томного тона.
Аббревиатура обозначает Ориенталь или восточные лилии.
Сибирь белая лилия. Высоко морозоустойчивый сорт с белоснежными соцветиями, с чуть зеленоватой серединкой.
Lilia Carolyn Tensen Huge snow-white inflorescences with a touch of wax, looking a little to the side. Foliage is light green.
Lilies LO hybrids
Abbreviation for Longiflorum Oriental
Triumphator (White Triumphator), snow-white flowers with a crimson gradient in the center of the twisted petals.
Lancon (lilium lankon). With drooping inflorescences of a beautiful pink shade with a large sprinkle of burgundy dots on all petals.
Abbreviation for Tubular Lilies
African Queen It has heavily wrapped orange petals, with patches of a darker shade on the outside. Dark - emerald leaves.
Royal Regalia Album Lily (Album) A snow-white flower with a yellow heart and a richer yellow stamen. Grow not high all to 1 meter.
Pink Perfection Smoky purple-pink large tubular inflorescences.
Damson (Damson) Pink flowers with an unexpected shade of fuchsia on high peduncles.
Black Beauty (lilium black beauty). Purple high lily more than 1,5m tall. On the surface of each petal scattered burgundy dots.
Lily Henry (henryii). A multi-flowered lily with numerous small flowers (about 7 cm each) is orange - apricot in color, with brown flecks. A short beard grows at the base of each petal.
Scarlet Delight (scarlet delight). Rare beauty with burgundy flowers. Each petal comes out light green with white piping. The outer part of the petal is several tones lighter.
It also tolerates frosts, enchants with miniature beauty and fragrant flowers.
In order not to throw away “money to the wind”, decide on varieties that are suitable for your region. For example, when choosing varieties of lilies for Siberia or for planting in the Urals, remember that Asian or LA hybrids are definitely suitable, again with them.
Lilies care and cultivation at home
Liliaceae include a variety of different colors, and you certainly can choose the most suitable variety. But before you choose a particular lily, you need to find out what you need to grow these flowers.
The first thing you need to know is the variety and group to which your chosen plant belongs. From this will proceed the correct planting, growing and caring for lily. Well and no less important is the bulb, which is also worth carefully choose.
How to choose bulbs
When palpating tubers you should pay attention to the following:
- Onions must be dense, in any case not soft and not loose to the touch
- Clean scales without rotted or moldy parts
- Developed roots about 4-5cm
- The tubercle must have a certain weight, that is, not to be dry and thin
- Scales should not be thinned, they must fit snugly to the bulb
Lilies, planted in the spring, in the first year of their life may not give inflorescences.
The most suitable time for buying plants is August-September. Store the purchased spring bulbs in the refrigerator. Do not forget to spray them that will allow them not to dry up while they wait for disembarkation.
Sort out and carefully inspect the tubers. If patients were found, or with any visible damage to the bulb, they should be removed. All the rest should be lowered into a weak solution of potassium permanganate and hold it for about 5-10 minutes, which will allow to kill all harmful bacteria.
How to properly land
The main thing to remember is that the lily grows in a permanent place for quite a long time, so the choice of location should be approached with all the responsibility. It should be a little sublime sunny place, but with protection from strong wind. It is preferable to plant on the southern sides of buildings or in front of perennial shrub-type plants, not trees. They create too shade.
In order for the plant to please you with its flowering it is necessary to plant it properly following certain rules.
- Remember, the larger the size of the planted tuber, the deeper should be the hole.
- In the case of any rodent pests, shield the lilies with an iron mesh.
- In the fall it is necessary to land onions in deeper holes, than in the spring.
- Planting corms sideways, will allow to multiply the plant faster.
- To avoid lily infection, the ground around it should be sprinkled with a small amount of ash or foundationol.
Depending on the species, the acidity that is necessary for the selected lily will also proceed. If your choice was stopped on the American varieties, then they need acidic soil, an alkaline substrate will fit the tubular. Other types of plants will feel great if the acidity of the soil is neutral.
Blooming autumn species of lilies should be planted in March . Oriental and Asian varieties of plants should be placed in the soil as soon as the snow melts. If your choice is on other species, then they can begin to be planted in the ground in the first fall, but do not forget to warm, protecting from frost.
If you like Candidum, Canadian and monogamous, you should not plant them in the spring so it is the most unsuitable season for this procedure.
Based on the foregoing, it is necessary to conclude that the most suitable time for planting lilies in the garden is autumn. This will allow them to take root before the onset of the first frost, and also to get stronger by the beginning of spring, constantly changing, weather.
Pests and diseases
There are the following diseases and pests that can harm these plants:
Not only adult individuals, but also larvae can damage the leaves and buds of the plant. In order to get rid of them you need to manually remove them from the leaves. The treatment of lily with karbofos, aktelik or fitoverm will also be effective.
Flyoverm, Karbofos or aktar will help you rid your flowers of these pests.
- Wireworm, bear and Maybirds.
Preparations called grizzly, thunder and fly-eater will save the plant from unwanted guests.
It is the most common lily disease. It can be easily identified, as brown spots are formed on the leaves and flowers. Occurs due to abundant watering or temperature changes. Loosening the ground and spraying copper-containing preparations will allow you to save the flower from such ailment.
This disease occurs in the spring and is characterized by yellow spots on the foliage and stem. As a result of this attack, the leaves begin to rot and fall off. The reason may be an excess of nitrogenous fertilizer and moisture. In order to cure a plant, stop fertilizing it and water it much less often.
If the upper part of the flowers turned yellow, then the plant probably attacked this ailment. Brown spots can be found on the roots. The reason for the occurrence can be both the purchase of a bad bulb and the unfriendly soil. All you need to do is to cut off the affected areas and cover them with brilliant green.
A disease that will attack lily foliage. Orange small specks appear on the leaves, because of which they dry out. This disease is transmitted by purchased infected bulbs. In order to cure a plant, it is necessary to treat it using a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture. Also fungicides are suitable as a medicine.
How to cover the lilies before the onset of cold weather
Those plants that are planted lightly should be covered before the onset of the first frost. Flowers that are planted in deeper holes can be covered after the earth has frozen a little.
In the autumn, spruce leaves and dry foliage are used to cover the lilies, which allows them not to freeze in winter and to wake up in spring in time. Covered plants after the onset of the first weak frosts should not be opened in early spring. A little later, they will delight you with their active growth.
In order for flowers not to start to rot in the winter, they need to be covered with a rainy autumn film, which will keep the plot dry.
If there are late frosts in your region, which take place both in May and early June, then cover the place where the lily is planted with sacking or special covering material.
With our climate, Asian varieties, as well as LA hybrids, do not require any shelter before the onset of winter. But this can not be said about the eastern varieties and their varieties, since winter frosts can harm them.
Lilies care spring after winter
Basic care is to remove the shelter, if you used it - on time. Weed out the weeds regularly and loosen the soil around the sprouts that have appeared, it is not necessary to do this before, because of the risk of simply cutting a budding sprout. And then take care as described above. Regulating watering and fertilizer.
Characteristic, photo and name of the variety
Lilies "Marlene" ("Marlene") - bright representatives of the Asian group with its best qualities - cold resistance, early flowering, ease of rooting and enhanced shoot formation. Stems grow up to a meter tall. The leaves are narrow and long.
The flowers are large, pinkish at the tips, and closer to the middle center they are almost white, on the outside they are pink-yellow petals. This beautiful lily blooms for almost 2 months. The flower is shaped like a bowl, very spectacular. A characteristic feature of this variety is that the beautiful flowers absolutely do not smell. Therefore, they can safely be planted next to asters, phlox, echinacea. Good lilies will look close to the roses, emphasizing their elegance and decorativeness.
Anomaly that caused a persistent delusion
In nature, there is a well-known phenomenon, when plants grow under the influence of various factors on several growth points. These can be stems, main stem and side shoots. Peduncle becomes wide, but flat, has a ribbon-like shape, on its often ribbed surface a record large number of buds are formed. Moreover, the stem of such a plant can be twisted, its branching is different from the usual. This phenomenon is called fasciation - from the Latin "fascia", which means bandage strip.
The causes of fasciation can be:
- use in growing plants bioregulators, growth stimulants, granular mineral fertilizers,
- adverse factors and failures during plant growth: damage to the bulb or sprouts, viral or bacterial infection, pesticides or radiation,
- gene mutations due to a sharp change in lighting, temperature, humidity, etc.
Lilies: the choice of variety (video)
Lilies "Marlene" often form about a hundred of multicolored flowers on a fasciidal peduncle. This is due to their ability to produce several shoots from a single bulb, which, due to one or several simultaneously acting factors listed above, can grow together and form a single broad peduncle with many flowers.
Many inexperienced flower growers consider this a sign of a new variety of lilies, which are called pyramidal or bush. But the appearance of the multicolor pyramid of flowers in “Marlene” is a spontaneous phenomenon, it can not be regulated or induced in any way. Yes, and new plants often do not inherit the special maternal characteristics.
Planting lilies "Marlene"
Lilies are planted in the ground in the middle of spring. If the bulbs are purchased in the fall, then until May they should be stored in a cool place or in the refrigerator.
Lilies are planted to a depth of 20 cm. The clay soil is pre-enriched with humus, peat, sand, and clay, humus and peat are added to the sandy soil. Fresh manure should not be made: it can destroy young plants.
The place for planting lily bulbs is sunny, protected from sharp winds and drafts. In the shade and with a strong wind, the buds on them may fall. The soil should be well drained, moderately wet and loose. Between plants should observe ten centimeters interval.
How to plant bush lilies (video)
Although pyramidal and spray lilies do not exist as a separate species, the fasciation of the fabulously beautiful lily Marleen, mistaken for them, is worth special attention in itself. You only need to know about this misconception, so as not to become a victim of unscrupulous flower sellers. And let the behavior of this unusual Asian unpredictable, but her colorful multicolored bouquets - a miracle of nature, able to decorate any flower garden.
Top dressing lily
Garden lily is very responsive to fertilizing. On poor soil, it will not bloom so well. However, it is desirable to choose special drugs for these plants, as otherwise you can not calculate the need for nutrients. Thus, an excess of nitrogen and potassium deficiency reduces resistance to diseases and pests. By the way, it is very important to periodically change the place of growing lilies.
At the beginning of summer, nitrogen fertilizers are applied to stimulate the growth and development of stems and leaves. A great option would be nitrophoska, ammonium nitrate or complex liquid fertilizer. You can use and organic - this infusion of mullein or bird droppings, rotted manure.
The most interesting moment comes: the garden lily is picking up the buds. At this time you need to make dressing with a predominant content of phosphorus and potassium. This is superphosphate, potash nitrate or any liquid fertilizer for flowering plants. A large amount of potassium and phosphorus contains wood ash.
Description of varieties
The varieties of lilies are difficult to describe; today there are more than 10 thousand. According to the international classification, they are divided into nine subgroups to make it easier for customers to navigate. We will look at them below. But it should be noted that within each group there are still many species that differ from each other by the location and number of inflorescences, size, color. Therefore, when describing varieties of lilies, it is common to use a special abbreviation. So, the letter "a" means that the flower is directed upwards. The designation “b” indicates that the flower is directed to the side, and “c” indicates that the bell is looking down. But the notation does not end there. Usually through the fraction and mark the shape of the flower. The letter "a" denotes a tubular form, "b" - a cup-shaped, "c" - a flat one, and "d" - a majestic. Thus, knowing these designations, you can easily choose the necessary lily bulbs for yourself.
The first group in the classification is Asian. This is the most common group in Russia. Lily bulbs belonging to it (more than 5,000 species) are sold in shops and markets, they can be ordered by mail and asked from neighbors. These colors have one difference - they practically do not smell. At the same time in the group there are dwarfs and giants, that is, you can choose the optimal plant for your garden.
Why is this group chosen by most gardeners? It's simple: they are the most unpretentious and perfectly tolerate the winter. In addition, Asiatic lilies reproduce easily and quickly, as well as resistant to diseases. Since the conditions in Russia are not everywhere suitable for the cultivation of heat-loving beauties, this group has become practically the property of the republic.
The second group - curly hybrids. They have interesting inflorescences resembling a candelabrum with drooping, small inflorescences. In the inflorescence can be up to 30 flowers. Plants are unpretentious, but bloom only a few years after planting. Large white garden lily is very popular. The flowers of the snow-white group are capricious, badly enduring wintering. American hybrids are easily recognizable by strong specks. These are brightly colored inflorescences, very showy and well-suited for bouquets. These are tall plants that grow well in partial shade, they are not too picky, but do not tolerate transplantation.
Very effective are long-flowered hybrids. They are distinguished by the elongated shape of the flower, most often the inflorescences are directed downwards and have a very strong aroma. However, they do not tolerate winter, so they are grown only in greenhouses. Tubular hybrids are practically not common in us (for the same reason). Very interesting group of eastern hybrids. These are plants with large inflorescences and bright colors, but they are very demanding on the heat and soil composition, therefore they bloom only in greenhouse conditions.
The flowering of lilies can be completely spoiled by viruses that infect the plant literally overnight. Symptomatology can be quite different, but the most common color change of leaves and flowers - usually it becomes variegated, unclean. Viruses are transmitted through insect pest bites, and pathogens overwinter in the ground, entering it with infected seed. Such plants cannot be cured, and the sooner you get rid of it, the more chances you have to save the rest of the garden. In this case, it is impossible to throw the affected flowers into the compost pile - they need to be burned.
Most often they are the result of improper maintenance, so first of all you need to optimize the care of your garden. Flowering lilies are affected by dangerous fungi primarily in the rainy period, so it is advisable to carry out prophylactic treatment before it occurs. In the first place is botrytis, or gray mold, as this disease is called in the common people. Инфекция разносится очень быстро, сначала поражаются листья, затем стебель и бутоны. Если погода благоприятна для развития заболевания, то буквально за несколько дней ваше растение может превратиться в гниющее страшилище. Очень любит этот грибок август-месяц, с его ночной прохладой, росами и дождями. Профилактическую обработку можно произвести при помощи препаратов «Хом», «Оксихом» и других.For the prevention of this disease, you need to remember that you need to water the lilies in the morning, not in the evening, at the root, and not on the leaves, and only with warm water.
All types of garden lilies are prone to another fungal disease - root rot, or phithium. It can be caused by contaminated soil. In such a lily the tip turns yellow, the plant is stunted, the leaves become shallow, and the buds fall. If you dig an onion, you can see that it is healthy, and the roots are covered with brown spots. If the disease has not developed too much, then try to remove all the affected areas, disinfect the bulb and plant it somewhere else.
We considered the main ailments from which lilies can suffer. Diseases and their treatment are presented briefly, but this instruction should be enough for a novice gardener to save his flower garden. It remains to disassemble pest control measures. The most dangerous enemy of lilies is the fire beetle, or, as it is also called, the squeaker. In fact, the insect itself does not pose a particular threat, but its larvae are very voracious. They feed on leaves and carry viruses. You can collect bugs and larvae manually, but it is much better to use system insecticides. But beware: this beetle is resistant to many chemicals.
The second dangerous enemy is the lily fly. She prefers young buds, so it will easily ruin the beauty of your garden. Moreover, the larva lives in the bud and leaves it even before its full maturation, and when it blooms, the fruits of its labors will be visible. Against her, systemic insecticides work very well. This also applies to such misfortunes as the cobweb mite and aphid, which, feeding on the juice of flowers, cause them to dry and twist.
If suddenly there were late frosts, and you did not manage to cover your flower bed, the lily will react to this very first. The description of a frost-bitten plant says that this is similar to the effects of a viral disease. The top layer of cells exfoliates, the leaves become blistered, warp, and the gardener may well destroy the planting, considering it a serious illness.
Let's sum up
Lily is a whole world, gentle and beautiful. If you are breeding this flower, then be sure: it will never be boring. They are so diverse that you can take new varieties endlessly, change with other gardeners, and your plantings will not be repeated, each species will be different from the previous one. Lily is gorgeous in the flowerbed and in the cut. And the bulb can be planted in a pot, and then it will become a favorite indoor plant.