Perhaps, every gardener will agree that today aster is one of the brightest, unpretentious and popular flowers growing in gardens and front gardens. With its bright buds and the ability to keep a fresh look for a long time, this culture attracts the attention of both gardeners and florists. In the article we will consider the features of growing asters from seeds. Useful recommendations will also be given in the review.
Astra is from East Asia, and in Europe it was introduced in the 18th century by a camel caravan. Then the flowers made a long way across the whole territory of Siberia, got into the European part of Russia, and then were brought to Moscow. And from Moscow, asters went straight into the royal gardens of France. There, the flowers immediately gained special popularity and thus became famous throughout the world.
At that time, the so-called language of flowers was popular in French homes. In this language, the flower of aster meant "the versatility of love." Having presented such a flower to a lady, the gentleman thereby said that his love for her is multifaceted.
In the Czech Republic, where aster is also popular, it is called the autumn rose. Even in ancient Greece, asters attributed magical protective force. That is why most often these plants were planted in front of the temples or in front of the houses of noble people. Also in ancient times, asters decorated clothes and hairstyles. In ancient China, asters were called "stars on earth." For the Chinese, the flower symbolizes modesty, tenderness, grace. And in the popular teaching of Feng Shui, - love and tender feelings.
The scientific name of the flower is calistefus, which means “beautiful crown” in Latin. This is not surprising, because it begins its flowering in the fall, when everything around has almost faded and lost its appeal. Today it is difficult to find a plant that would have as many different types and colors as aster. Currently, there are about 4 thousand species of this flower. Due to the variety of colors and the abundance of varieties to grow this flower on your site is becoming a very popular occupation.
Description and appearance
Today in the market, as well as in flower shops, there is a wide variety of varieties. Each of them has its own way of growing. Flowers are striking in their singularity, a variety of shapes and colors. Most varieties of asters (over 500 species) grow in the wild in North America. On the territory of Russia there are only 26 varieties of asters.
All varieties of asters can be divided into three types:
Today, dwarf low-growing asters (growing from seeds, we will look further) can rightly be considered the most popular and sought-after type of flowers on the market. All species of this plant grow in lush bushes, the height of which reaches from 30-150 cm. The size of flowers of dwarf asters reaches 3-5 to 1 cm. Most often they are used for landscaping balconies, as well as for growing in pots. Also this species is especially popular among landscape designers (especially perennial aster Astra, the cultivation of which is not difficult to grow from its seeds).
The most popular varieties of dwarf asters:
- Ada Ballard.
- Beechwood Rivel.
- Astra Milady (considered one of the best and most popular varieties of dwarf asters in the world).
- Alpine Astra (cultivation from seeds is described below).
- Erfurt dwarf.
Most often they are called New England asters. They are very hardy and frost-resistant perennial flowers. This species is not affected by such parasites as powdery mildew. Watering such asters is recommended once a week. These flowers grow and multiply very quickly. The height of the bushes can reach 2 m. The diameter of the flowers is about 4 cm. This species begins to bloom at the end of summer, and ends with the first frosts. Light morning frosts of this type of asters are not at all terrible.
The most famous varieties of American asters are:
In another way they are called chamomile, or European asters. This is a perennial plant. This species is especially popular in France and Italy, as well as in some countries of Southeast Europe and Western Siberia. The diameter of the flowers reaches 5 cm.
The most popular varieties include:
Among the annual asters are also very many popular varieties. At sites, Chinese asters are often grown from seed. Flowers differ in a variety of forms of petals, color, height of plants. It is popular among summer residents to grow peony asters from seeds. The structure of the flowers is very similar to peony. The shape of the buds vaulted-spherical. The bush itself reaches a height of 40-50 cm.
Astra pompon looks very nice (growing from seeds and when to plant, described later in the article). Flowers terry, flat rounded shape. The bush itself is low, in flower beds it looks decorative and beautiful.
Now consider how and when to plant asters, growing from seed.
Seed preparation for planting in the ground
Absolutely all types and varieties of asters are not recommended to plant immediately in the ground. To form a beautiful lush bush from the seeds, the seeds must be prepared for planting in advance. All planting material must be treated with a solution of fungicide or potassium permanganate. In a container with a solution to put a few wadded disks. Then from above it is necessary to place the seeds and leave in this form for 25 minutes. It is important that the seeds of the asters are entirely in solution. After which they must be thoroughly rinsed with running water. Now the seeds are ready for planting.
Do not immediately plant the seeds in open ground, not all plants take root in this way. In any flower shop you can buy quality soil for planting flowers. It is not necessary to cultivate such soil or fertilize, all these procedures have already been made by manufacturers of this product. Before you start growing asters from seeds at home, the ground must be poured into a container for seedlings, then slightly moisten it. Next, you should evenly distribute the seeds and sprinkle with earth on top. Too much sprinkle them is not necessary. After all done the container with the seedlings should be covered with a clean film that will keep the soil moist.
The first shoots begin to appear in 5-7 days. After that, the film can be removed.
Once on the seedlings formed 2-3 full leaf, aster, you can dive. The resulting shoots must be transplanted into clean pots with fresh soil. This procedure is very well tolerated. Usually after transplantation, the shoots begin to grow actively.
Planting seedlings in open ground
At the age of 5-6 weeks, seedlings are fully prepared for planting in open ground. Despite the fact that the aster is a frost-resistant plant, it is recommended to plant it in the warm season. Planting in the warm season (mid-May is best suited) will help keep as many shoots as possible.
Italian asters: growing and care
Italian asters are the most beautiful view of these colors. Inflorescences are a hemispherical shape. But this species blooms very little. From mid July to September. The plant loves sunny places and calcareous soils. Growing asters from seeds is simple. This species is unpretentious in its care. Flowers need to be watered periodically and loosened periodically. Fertilize the plant should not be more than those times over the entire period of flowering. One of the obvious advantages of this type is the ability to maintain a fresh look for a long time. Italian asters are able to stand in a vase for more than one day.
A seedless (winter) way of growing asters from seeds
Today, many gardeners are actively used in their practice planting seeds in the autumn soil. This method of planting is often referred to as seedless. Planting seeds is best in late October or early November. It is recommended to plant in slightly frozen ground. Cultivation of asters from seeds is as follows. For planting seeds it is necessary to make a bed with a well dug up soil. Frozen ground is also recommended to fertilize with micronutrients. Planting seeds is best in the grooves, at a distance of 2 cm from each other. The bed until spring must be covered with plastic wrap. This method of planting is most often preferred by gardeners. Plants grown in this way are more frost resistant.
There are cases when asters grow very badly or die. And there are, when they do not grow at all. This is not a reason for frustration. You should carefully check the shelf life of seeds. Or soak the seeds for a day in the ashes (1 teaspoon per cup of water). If there is no ash on hand, you can soak in aloe juice (also a teaspoon for a glass of water). It is also recommended to change the ground.
Asters can not be fertilized with manure. It is not recommended to plant asters in places where tomatoes and potatoes used to grow. Asters are best transplanted to a new location each time.
Incomplete type of inflorescence in flowers are in the case of abundant watering or lack of potassium.
Diseases of asters
- Fusarium It is a fungal disease. This disease affects not only asters, but also any other garden flowers and plants. The disease affects mainly adult plants. Stems and leaves weaken, turn yellow and wither on one side only. In order to prevent this disease, it is not recommended to put asters in the same place all the time. If, nevertheless, the plant has become infected, the affected parts of the bush are recommended to be dug up and carried away from the site or burned. This disease spreads very quickly to other garden plants.
- The most common fungal disease that absolutely seedlings are exposed to is called blackleg. Begins to develop due to acidic soil. The stalks of the whole seedlings begin to rot and blacken. Diseased plants should be removed immediately, and the affected areas should be watered with a fungicide.
- If there are coniferous plants on the site, it is advisable to plant asters away from them. The fact is that conifers often form rust spores. Getting on the leaves of flowers, the dispute begins to actively multiply, thereby killing a garden plant. If the flowers are still infected with rust, it is recommended to treat them every week with Bordeaux mixture (1%).
How to collect aster seeds
Seeds are best suited the very first flowers. Most often they are the largest and strongest. When an aster flower fades and darkens, a small down appears in its center, which must be cut off and put into a clean bag. It is most convenient to collect seeds in dry weather. If it has rained outside, and the seeds need to be urgently collected, it is recommended to disassemble and dry the flowers. This method will save the seeds from rotting. Harvested seeds usually ripen in a packet.
As already described above, it is not particularly difficult to grow such a flower in your garden or on the balcony. It is enough to follow all the specified recommendations, and the result will not take long to wait. And the fruits of your work will still delight you and those around you with its bright flowering.
When to sow asters - time for sowing seeds
Asters differ in terms of flowering:
- Early bloom 90 days after germination,
- Average - after 110 days,
- Varieties of late flowering - after 130 days.
Usually they bloom to frost. These beauties are not afraid of the cold, so they can plant seedlings in the Urals in May. It is desirable that by the time of landing in open ground, the seedlings were one month old, small, about 6 cm, with good roots.
Given all this knowledge, determine the time of sowing. I always sow aster in early April at home. In the greenhouse it is also possible at this time to sow the seeds.
If there is a place on the windows or a heated greenhouse, then you can sow aster in March. But even before this is not necessary. Shoots will reach for the light, which is still small, thin, lie down and wither. There was such an experience.
Aster seeds are quite large, they can be decomposed more rarely. I sow first in small containers, then sit in separate cups or small boxes. Astra is not afraid of transplantation, it grows the root system in a spacious pot.
The soil can be purchased or prepared by yourself. I usually take a garden land, add humus, purchased soil, ashes, you can sand. To get a light soil, well breathable air and water.
I sow seeds to a depth of about 1 cm. I water and put the container in a sachet, sprouts appear after a few days. I put it immediately closer to the window so that it is light and cool.
As a pair of these leaves, you can sit down. Seedlings of asters are strong, but fragile at the point of transition of the stem into the root. Therefore, we first well moisten the ground, and after half an hour, we can gently remove small astros with a match or toothpick and put them into large prepared cups.
Care for seedlings at home
Water asters infrequently, but plentifully. There should be drainage in the seedlings tanks so that excess water can drain. Pour aster water can not, otherwise it can get sick with a black leg and die.
Growing seedlings are usually good. If you have prepared a good soil before sowing, then there is no sense in fertilizers. But with poor land, you can pour bio-fertilizer on your seedlings one week after transplantation. You can pour the infusion of ash.
Planting seedlings and care
With the usual Ural spring, aster seedlings can be transplanted into the street in mid-late May. But in order for young plants to tolerate transplantation and possible cold spells, it is necessary to temper them. In early April, start to make seedlings on the street. If it grows in a greenhouse, open the door on warm days.
Usually in April almost all the seedlings move to the veranda. I bring home only if frost is expected.
Such seedlings can be planted in a permanent place.
She loves the place sunny, land sour, fertile. Under planting asters do not make fresh manure!
Interesting look groups of colors of the same color. And low ones can be planted with different colors, there will be a motley curb or an island. For beautiful lush bloom in time, remove the old flowers.
A week after planting seedlings, watering infusion of ash or bio-fertilizer. Spring and the beginning of summer can be dry, the rains do not spoil us. In order not to run constantly with a watering can, mulch right after watering the flowers with hay, grass, sawdust, wood chips. So shrink work and weeding, and loosening. And for good flowering asters often need to loosen. Although in general it is a very unpretentious flower.
Possible difficulties with growing seedlings:
- AsterWe did not ascend at all or grow poorly, die. Sow again, do not waste time. Check the shelf life of store seeds - make sure they are fresh. Try soaking your seeds for a day in the ashes (a spoon for a glass of water) or aloe juice (diluted in half with water). And be sure to change the soil, disinfect it with pink manganese or biofungicide (for example: Fitosporin-M).
- Asters suffer from Fusarium. To do this, do not fertilize them with manure! And do not land after solanaceous (tomatoes, potatoes, Physalis). You can not plant asters after gladioli, carnations, tulips, gallows and themselves!
- Asters develop incomplete inflorescences. - perhaps she suffers from spider mites or aphids. Or the plant lacks nutrition. In case of a disturbance in the care, defective flowers may also appear.
Sowing asters in the open ground
As already said, I try to grow aster seedlings. But if there is no such possibility, you can grow aster seedlings by sowing seeds in the soil in early spring. Do it early in April. A small area is loosened with humus, after sowing the seeds are watered and covered with foil. When asters ascend, we replace the film with covering material so that the earth does not dry out.
You can sow aster seeds before winter. So they themselves in the spring will determine when they should climb. When astrochki grow up, plant them in flower beds. By the way, such plants do not suffer from Fusarium.
Asters well sprout self-sowing, with a friendly warm spring, they will bloom in August and September. They can thin or seated. But to get beautiful lush plants that bloom from July, you have to grow seedlings, especially in the Urals and to the north.
Selection of quality seeds
This is the first and most important task of every grower who does not know how to grow these flowers. On this depends the health of the plant, its effectiveness and decorativeness. Even an experienced gardener, because of the large number of varieties of asters, will run up his eyes. Therefore, before purchasing seeds It is important to pay attention to such characteristics., as a form of a bush and inflorescences, flower height, month of flowering, splendor of inflorescences, flower color, the purpose of growing asters.
If aster seeds are not collected independently, but are purchased in a store, it is better to give preference to the manufacturer, who indicated maximum information about the seeds. This information should be carefully reviewed. Сорт астр нужно выбирать в зависимости от места, где они будут произрастать и цели выращивания.
Для того чтобы озеленить края садовых дорожек, клумб, отдают предпочтение карликовым, махровым или игольчатым видам. Цветовая гамма может быть любой. Для срезки (на продажу или просто для тех, кто любит оформлять букеты) подойдут среднерослые и высокорослые сорта цветов.Particularly impressive will be the planting of such flowers in groups.
Be sure to pay attention to the shelf life of aster seeds. It is not recommended to purchase planting material that was collected more than a year ago, because there is a risk that germination will not please.
Growing from seed, when to plant and how
- Decide on planting time. It is recommended to grow asters by seedling. Seeding time depends on the variety of flowers selected: late, medium flowering period, early. Accordingly, an average of 90 to 130 days passes from planting time to flowering. It is important to correctly calculate the time of sowing in order to enjoy flowering longer and to collect high-quality seeds in a timely manner. Given the terrain and variety of asters, seedlings should be planted in early March – April.
- Provide a normal temperature. The best place for growing can be a windowsill, and the most optimal temperature is + 23-25 ° С. For planting, you need a special tank for planting, high-quality nutrient soil and film, with which the greenhouse effect will be created for young aster seedlings.
- Soil preparation. You can buy it at the flower shop or make it yourself. You can do it in the fall. For this you need to take in equal proportions of humus, earth and sand. You can add a little ash. To protect young and fragile seedlings from pests, it is better to neutralize the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate or phytosporine. Ready to fill the soil in the tank and let stand, pour water.
- Correct sowing. Seeds should be laid out in rows, after which they should be covered with earth on top, the layer of which should be about 1.5-2 cm. After sowing, containers are covered with a film and placed on a window sill.
- Aster seedling care. After 7-9 days, the first shoots appear, and after 12-16 days - the first leaves. It is during this period that you need to pick the seedlings in other containers. When transplanting, it is important not to damage the seedlings and keep the distance between the plants at least 4-5 cm. Watering the asters should be watered as the soil dries out, but in order to get healthy asters, it is better to harden them after transplantation.
Not many gardeners have adapted to sow asters in the open ground for the winter. This has its advantages. Such plants will be stronger and healthier. This is a great option when the spring will be either too dry (the seeds will then pick up moisture from the melting snow), or with constant rains that would not allow the plants to land in a timely manner. The plot with such crops in the fall is mulched and covered. This allows the seeds to not freeze, but just to cool. It is important with this method of planting to guess the time of sowing. If it is done too early, the seeds will germinate in the fall.
Place for growing asters
Grow asters preferable on the sunny side, but partial shade is allowed. They do not require a special type of soil, but it is better if it is a light soil with normal acidity. Experienced gardeners also do not recommend growing on the spot where gladioli, cloves, tomatoes and potatoes were planted. After them, pathogens that are dangerous to asters can remain in the soil. It is better to prepare a site for planting since the fall: dig the site and fertilize it with humus and sand (preferably river). If the soil is heavily depleted, then in the spring to fertilize it with mineral fertilizers.
How to plant asters? In the spring before planting it is better to once again dig up the site. The distance between the holes will depend on the grade of asters. For undersized the best distance is about 14-16 cm. So the flowers will grow and create a beautiful blooming strip. Between tall plants it is better not to allow a distance of less than 25 cm. Do not dig the wells themselves to a depth of 20 cm. Move the transplant carefully so as not to damage the roots. It is recommended to transplant asters in cloudy weather or in the evening. After planting, water the planted plants. It is desirable that water does not fall on the leaves.
How to care for asters after transplantation
- The amount of moisture. Moderation is important in this matter. Abundant watering is needed only in a period of severe drought. It is advisable to water in the evening or in the morning. Water stagnation, as well as severe drought will lead to the death of the flower. Especially monitor the need for watering during the formation of buds.
- Plant nutrition. Fertilization is optional, but flower growers note after making nutrient mixtures stronger plants and lush flowering. For those who want to “support” their flowers, the first dressing should be carried out 2 weeks after transplantation, when the seedlings have already taken root. To do this better or special mineral fertilizers or infusion of ash. The second feeding - during flowering. This time, superphosphate will do, but ammonium nitrate is better not to use.
- For tall asters to spend hilling, which will give them stability and additional food. On the site to conduct timely loosening and removal of weeds. As mulching, you can use grass, chopped bark, sawdust.
- In order for the plant to bloom longer and start additional shoots, you can remove the tops of the shoots and in time to remove the inflorescences that have faded.
- After all the flowers have bloomed, dried plants are removed from the garden. You need to dig up the site and fertilize for the next season. If there are perennial asters on the plot, then it is better to trim them a bit and warm them with foliage.
- It is possible to collect seeds for further cultivation only in dry weather, and only from plants that were not affected by pests. Inflorescences should also be dry. Store them in well-packed paper bags. If stored at room temperature, the shelf life is no more than 1 year. If the temperature is not higher than 5 ° C, then germination can be maintained up to 2 years.
How to deal with pests and diseases
Growing these flowers is easy, but most varieties of asters are not very resistant to diseases. They can provoke bad weather conditions, poor-quality care.
Most often, gardeners are confronted with such diseases on flowers:
- Mealy dew infects plants with white scurf. The cause of infection may be an increased amount of moisture or too thick planting. You can get rid of with the help of special preparations (foundation, for example).
- Rust strikes asters that are planted near conifers. At the same time the leaves begin to fade.
- Fusarium weakens flowers. Leaves wither, may turn yellow or black. Unfortunately, in this case only preventive measures will help before infection.
- Jaundice carriers can be aphid. Infected plants lag far behind in development, leaves lighten, buds stop developing.
07/04/2018 admin Comments No Comments
It is difficult to imagine a beautiful and bright flower garden without asters, which experienced gardeners planted in open ground in spring. These flowers are ideal for creating flowerbeds that bloom all summer, since their abundant flowering begins at the end of the season. We invite you to find out how to grow asters from seeds at home. Use our advice, then your landscape design will cause admiration.
How to grow asters from seeds
If you decide to start growing asters from seeds, then it is important to carefully select planting material. Carefully read the expiration date, since the germination of asters directly depends on the freshness of the seeds. When choosing seeds you should not be attracted by bright packaging, pay attention to the manufacturer and its recommendations, and not to advertising.
To create a motley flower bed, then choose a mixture of seeds with multi-colored asters. For individual landscape design on the photo pick perennial asters. Once you have decided on the color and selected seeds, you can start growing aster seedlings at home.
When to plant asters at home
When is it best to sow aster seeds on seedlings? It is important to correctly determine the date of planting seeds or seedlings of asters, so that the flowers bloom before the first frost. If snow does not fall in early spring in your region, then sowing can be started in April or May. In northern areas, it is recommended to grow asters from seeds at home in February or early March.
To grow aster seedlings at home you need:
- Make a soil of earth, humus and sand.
- Steam the earth mixture in the oven to destroy the larvae of worms and pests.
- Prepare plastic or wooden boxes for sowing aster seeds.
- Treat the box with potassium permanganate, and seeds with a fungicide.
- Cover the ground in the box.
- Make small grooves and sow aster seeds.
- Sprinkle with soil and sand on top.
- Cover crops with film or glass.
Already after a week, you will have the first sprouts of aster seedlings grown at home from seed. Move the box to the window sill so that sunlight will fall on the seedlings. Watering can be done as the soil dries with a spray gun.
Sampling and caring for aster seedlings at home
After the seedlings grow, you need to make a pick so that the seedlings do not interfere with each other. To do this, transplant each sprout in an individual pot and do not forget to fertilize the soil. It is important that the pots have holes and drainage is made, otherwise moisture will accumulate, which will lead to rotting of the aster roots.
Proper care of aster seedlings at home is also to harden. To do this, already slightly grown shoots are put out for a couple of hours in boxes outside. Some gardeners pay special attention to aster fertilizer, but remember that an excess of organic and mineral substances will cause the bush to have a lot of green foliage and few flowers. Everything should be in moderation. When the stalks of aster stretch up to 7 cm, the seedlings can be transplanted into open ground.
Also read: Alyssum: planting and care in the open field
Growing asters from seeds at home - simple process, if you choose the right planting material and sow. Plant different flowers in the country, then it will smell sweet aromas and pleasing the eye with bright colors.
Home • Floriculture • Care of asters, expert advice
Selection of soil, sowing asters for seedlings, care
All plants love when they are looked after. Not an exception and aster.
She is not a farce, but if she is properly selected a place with suitable soil composition, do not forget to water and feed, then the flowering will be lush and long.
In order for asters to please the eye with magnificent flowering, it is necessary to grow them in well-lit places, because these beauties are very light-loving. In order to avoid contamination through the soil with diseases, it is recommended to return to the previous landing site after 4-5 years.
Like many plants, asters do not tolerate excessive moisture and stagnation of water, so the soil must be permeable to water with a deep location of groundwater.
Light sandy and loamy soils with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction (pH 6.5-8) are suitable for them, but they need to be cultivated beforehand.
— We prepare the soil. The cultivation of the soil for asters begins in the fall. It is necessary to dig up the ground to a depth of 22-30 cm and apply fertilizer for digging: 2-4 kg of humus or compost (fresh aster manure cannot stand, because it contributes to the destruction of plants by fusarium) and 6-9 g of superphosphate and potassium salt per 1 m2.
If the soil is acidic, in the fall it is necessary to make liming, taking into account the fact that adding 350-400 g of carbonated lime per 1 m2 raises the pH by 1.
Early in the spring, the soil needs to be loosened to a depth of 15 to 18 cm in order to retain more moisture and allow weeds that have overwintered in it to germinate.
Before sowing seeds or planting seedlings, we should thoroughly weed the plot, level and prophil to a depth of 4-6 cm.
- Growing seedlings. Asters in Nechernozemie are usually grown through seedlings. At the window, seeds are sown in the second half of March, in a greenhouse - in April. For sowing, sod ground is mixed with peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1.
Preferably, the resulting soil mixture is sifted through a sieve with openings of 1-1.5 cm. A good garden soil will fit right from the site. On top of the soil sprinkled with a layer of clean sand 2-2.5 cm thick.
Seed boxes or pots are thoroughly shed with a thick solution of potassium permanganate (2 g per 10 liters of water) and filled with soil. 1-2 days before sowing, it is spilled with a thick solution of potassium permanganate, in extreme cases, just with boiling water. During the sowing season the soil should not be wet, but only wet.
The seeds are sown, the soil is not sprinkled, and covered with paper. It is removed after 3-5 days, when shoots appear. Then put the box on the bright window sill and carefully pour the seedlings with water at room temperature.
In the future, watering should be infrequent, but abundant. The temperature when growing seedlings is maintained at 16-18 ° C during the day and 12-15 ° C at night. This temperature can be provided by ventilation of the room or greenhouse.
The time from germination to picking (7–8 days after germination) is a very crucial moment, since a “black leg” may appear. During this period, it is necessary to closely monitor the soil moisture and air temperature. Seedlings dive in the formation of the first true leaf.
Plants are seated after 5-7 cm in a staggered manner and watered. If the seed-knee knee of the seedlings is greatly extended, then they can be deepened when diving to almost the cotyledon leaves.
7-10 days after the picking, the rooted seedlings are fed with any complex mineral fertilizer (30 g per 10 l of water).
When the 4th leaf appears, the seedlings begin to harden, reducing the temperature so that it is 10–12 ° C during the day and 8–10 ° C at night. The total duration of quenching should be 15-20 days.
Hardened seedlings grow better and grow faster after transplanting. It maintains a cold snap to minus 4 ° C.
During quenching reduce watering. Plants are planted in the 2-3rd decade of May. By the time of landing in the ground asters should have a strong stalk height of 6-10 cm and 5-7 large bright green leaves.
2-3 days before transplantation and before planting, seedlings are watered abundantly, especially if it was grown without pots. This will help to better preserve the roots and lump of soil. Planting is preferable in the evening.
For asters, the feeding area is very important - in no case can they be thickened. Seedlings of tall varieties are placed at a distance of 20-25 cm between plants, stunted asters are planted after 10-15 cm.
When multi-row planting between the rows leave 60-70 cm. If planted on a raised flower bed (height 15-25 cm), large asters are placed at a distance of 30-35 and 35-40 cm between the rows, undersized, respectively, by 15-20 and 20-25 cm.
Landing is carried out with double irrigation: in the wells and above. The soil around the planted seedlings sprinkled (mulched) with dry soil. In hot weather, it is advisable to cover the plants for a few days with a light non-woven cloth for better survival.
Our advice: In order for asters to form strong bushes with lush inflorescences, on the eve of sowing, soak the seeds for 7 hours in a solution of zinc chloride or molybdenum (0.5-08 g per 1 l of water).
— We sow in the ground. Usually, asters are grown through seedlings for earlier flowering (especially late varieties) or seed production. If all this is not so necessary, then asters can be grown by sowing in open ground. Such plants are less likely to suffer fusarium, bloom longer, however, the seeds almost do not form.
Asters can be sown in springas soon as the soil warms up. Usually sowing is carried out in early May, shoots appear May 19-24.
Seeds are prepared in the same way as when sown on seedlings, and sown in grooves with a depth of 0.5-0.8 cm.
They fall asleep with a layer of soil, water well, in a dry weather they slightly mulch or cover with a non-woven material until germination. With the appearance of 2-3 true leaves, the seedlings are thinned to a distance of 10-15 cm (taking into account the fact that seedlings will still be attacked in the future).
Excess plants can not pull out, but carefully dig and transplant to another place. Flowering asters sown immediately in the ground asters will be 19-25 days later than home seedlings, but longer.
You can sow asters in late autumn. They are sown in the prepared soil, placed in the grooves, and sprinkled with harvested dry soil. When sowing, the earth must be frozen, otherwise the seeds may germinate and die. Possible for asters and winter sowing in December and January.
If there are no severe frosts, snow plots from the sites prepared for asters, dry seeds are sown in the grooves and sprinkled with dry earth or mixed with peat, and the snow layer is poured on top. When podzimnem or winter sowing seedlings appear in late April - early May.
- We are caring. Care for asters includes the mandatory loosening of the soil. It is advisable to do this after each watering or rain. Loosen the soil to a depth of 4-6 cm, given that the bulk of the roots is in the surface layer (20 cm).
Prior to the beginning of branching of plants, it is possible to carry out a slight hilling to a height of 5-7 cm. This will enhance the growth of the roots. When watering, one must remember that asters are deficient in both deficiency and excess water. In hot weather, watering is better less often, but plentifully (up to 3 buckets per 1 m2) and be sure to loosen up after that. Если при сухой погоде опоздать с поливом или дать его недостаточно — соцветия будут мелкие и маломахровые.
Совет: Астры, посеянные под зиму, не только раньше зацветают, но и образуют больше пышных соцветий. Если есть возможность, то после укоренения рассады лучше подкормить астры раствором коровяка, разведенного 1:10.
Чтобы астра выросла красавицей, ее нужно подкармливать.
Как вырастить астры из семян в домашних условиях
Обычно дают 3 подкормки.
The first time is fed 10-15 days after landing in the ground or thinning, using 20-25 g of ammonium nitrate, 50-60 g of superphosphate and 10-15 g of potassium sulfate per 1 m2.
When the buds appear, they give a second dressing, this time using 50-60 g / m2 of superphosphate and potassium sulfate. The same fertilizers are given at the third feeding, which is carried out at the beginning of the aster bloom.
Nina Ippolitova, Ph.D. of science
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Callistephus chinensis mixed
Height 20 cm
Diameter 6 cm
The GNOM aster series is one of the best in abundance and duration of flowering. The bushes are spherical, branchy, up to 20 cm high, covered with thick-terry inflorescences of Ø 5-7 cm from July until frost. Asters are cold-resistant, photo-loving (but tolerate light penumbra), do not tolerate moist, wetlands. Retain their decorative effect under the influence of rain and wind. Excellent for growing in pots and balcony boxes, used for planting on flowerbeds, flower beds and rabatki.
Growing Asters: A Guide to Creating the Perfect Flower
Grown seedling way. With the development of the first pair of true leaves, the seedlings swoop. Seedlings are planted at a permanent place at the age of 30-35 days. It is possible to plant seeds in open ground in spring or in winter, at the end of October, to a depth of 0.5-1 cm. Plants need regular watering, weeding, loosening and feeding.
How to choose the seeds for seedlings
To be sure that the seeds will germinate, you should read on the sachet year of production and expiration date. The best thing purchase fresh seeds, as asters quickly lose their germination.
If the seed is in a bright package with a beautiful pattern, it is best not to buy it. Seeds in nondescript sachets most often turn out better and fresherbecause the color of the picture and excessive brightness are a kind of advertising to sell low-quality planting product.
To create beautiful flower beds should choose a mixture of asters. They usually have up to 10 different colors. For a special design of landscape design should purchase flowers in separate bags.
Dates of sowing seeds. When to plant a flower for seedlings? To avoid their blooming during the autumn frosts, it is important to correctly determine the time of sowing. The best thing sow them in February-March.
It is these months that are optimal for flowering to occur in September. In regions where the snow falls somewhat later or does not occur at all, sowing is carried out in April or May.
This procedure is carried out after, when the seedlings appear 2-3 real leaf. The soil composition should be the same, only add a spoon complex mineral fertilizer. To evenly distribute it, the soil should be well mixed.
The pot is filled with soil and lightly tamped in such a way that it does not settle after watering. In the center of the pot with the help of the chopstick they make a hollow in which the roots of the seedling will be placed.
If the plant has a strongly branched root system, then pinch. When transplanting, the seedling is sunk into the soil no more than one cm from the seedbed leaves. The earth around it is compacted so that when it is watered it is not washed with water.
Possible difficulties in growing seedlings
- Sprouts do not sprout or grow poorly. It is necessary to sow new seeds before soaking them for a day in the ashes or aloe juice. Soil must be changed by disinfecting it with biofungicide or potassium permanganate.
- There was a disease like fusarium. To prevent it, flowers cannot be fertilized with manure. It is also not recommended to plant asters on a place where potatoes were previously grown, physalis, tomatoes, as well as gladioli, tulips, carnations.
- Developed incomplete inflorescences. This is possible if the plant is infected with a spider mite or aphid. Also, defective flowers may appear due to improper nutrition.
How and when to plant seedlings in open ground
When the nadkorny part of the stem of the flower will be 7 cm, seedlings can be planted in the ground. Place for landing is chosen in advance. These flowers are quite unpretentious to light and grow well. near fences, trees etc.
Too sour soil does not like asters, so in the spring or fall into the ground make lime. It is forbidden when planting seedlings to add fresh manure to the ground - this leads to their death.
It is best to plant flowers in loose soil, and in order for them to settle down better, this should be done along with pieces of root soil. Plants should be located at a distance of 20 cm from each other.
Put the workpieces in small depressions, and from above compacted with earth. If for any reason the seedlings are stretched out, it is buried by several centimeters. After planting the plant water carefully, and so that a crust does not form after the earth dries, soil mulching with peat is carried out.
Care of asters on the garden plot
These flowers are loved by many landscape designers or flower growers due to the fact that they do not require special care. But with sufficient attention, they are able to please with rich colors and abundant flowering. Thus, care includes the following points:
- Periodic watering - it contributes to the proper development and timely flowering plants.
- Loosening the soil is a very useful procedure, due to which the roots of the flowers receive oxygen in the required amount.
- Fertilization - potash-phosphorus fertilizers contribute to the color of flowers and flowering abundance.
- You can water asters with solutions of liquid organic mixtures.
So, to grow a flower from seed, you need follow certain rules. Their non-observance contributes to the emergence of various problems.
If everything is done correctly, then in the future the plants will delight their owner with abundant and colorful flowering.
Many Faces of Creation
Asters - rhizomatous herbaceous ornamental flowering plants with simple leaves, basket inflorescences, which consist of central yellow tubular flowers and marginal reed - of various shades.
Today, breeders deduced many varieties of asters of unimaginable colors and structures - velvet, terry, paniculate.
Astra and its "relatives"
There are asters perennials and annuals. And here there is one obscure amateur flower growers. There is a genus of asters, which includes both perennials and perennials grown in culture as annuals due to the characteristics of certain climatic zones. There are only annual asters, they are “relatives” to all asters, but they are called differently - callistefus (Chinese callistema). This is the only representative of its kind, singled out in a personal type by Carl Linnaeus.
The callistema is characterized by alternate petiole, dark green or maroon-red stems, basket inflorescences. There are about four thousand breeding varieties of callistema distributed in forty species groups. Here they are usually grown by flower growers on their plots as one-year asters.
Aster perennials can be of two large varieties:
If with perennial asters everything is pretty simple, then the one-year Chinese classifications are numerous. They are divided by:
- flowering time
- inflorescence structure,
- cultivation targets.
The flowering time is early, middle and later. It begins with the arrival of summer, ends with the arrival of autumn.
The height of the bush is from dwarf forms (20-25 cm) to meter-high giants.
The colors of summer asters are very diverse: blue, yellow, red, white, pink, blue, purple, burgundy, brown. There are even two colors. Not yet brought only black aster, orange and green.
Asters can be grown for cutting and for decorating flower beds. The latter are divided into casing (they are smaller and used as curbs) and universal.
One-year terry asters
The structure of the inflorescences are:
- terry, semi-double and non-double,
- curly and straight flowers,
Asters from seeds in a flower bed
Early varieties can be sown in early April. For late sowing dates - at the beginning of May. It is desirable that the temperature does not fall below + 10 ° C. In case of short-term lowering, crops and young shoots are covered with foil.
Early varieties sow in early April
- Sow the seeds in the groove depth of four centimeters.
- Fall asleep with soil, water, mulch to keep moisture.
- You can cover crops spunbond before germination.
- In the development phase of the three leaves, the flower crops need to be thinned out, leaving between them a distance of not less than 10 cm for low-growing varieties and at least 25 for tall ones.
Definition of sowing time
Asters have a long growing season. Early varieties will bloom three months after sowing. Late can take up to 120 days. That is why asters prefer to grow seedlings.
Asters have a long growing season.
Late varieties are not afraid of the first autumn frosts, so they can bloom all of October and even part of November. You can sow them in May. Early bloom starting in June. It is advisable to propagate them seedlings, sowing seeds in March.
Sowing in the winter
You can sow asters for the winter. This method, in contrast to the subwinter seeding of some garden crops, which have already been mastered by enterprising summer residents, is not yet widely used, but in vain.
From a scientific point of view, sowing in the winter has several advantages. Imagine spring is dry, there is not enough moisture, no rain. And the seeds sown before winter and do not wait for “manna from heaven” - they have enough melting snow to swell and give early shoots. Another situation is cold, rainy spring, the weather does not allow to cultivate the soil and carry out planting. And the winter seeds are already in the ground, and as soon as the first sun looks out, they are ready to start growing.
Important! The timing of winter sowing is crucial. If you sow the seeds of asters too early, when warm weather is still possible, they will germinate and the seedlings will die immediately after the onset of cold weather. If you wait for solid frosts, the soil will freeze, and it will be difficult to sow.
The main problem of aster seedlings is the black leg. It arises from the rotting of the base of the stem, due to the over-wetting of the soil. For the prevention of disinfecting the seedlings need one watering with potassium permanganate and try not to re-moisten the soil.
Seedling disease - black leg
The temperature after germination should be reduced by 5 degrees, but not sharply, but gradually, over a period of three days. It is optimal for growing aster seedlings - + 16 ° С.
Light seedlings are needed at all stages to prevent stretching. If the light is low, there is more light.
The picking is carried out necessarily, on three - four true sheets, according to the scheme 40x40 mm. When picking the central root is pinned to a third.
Asters seedling picking
The composition of the soil for the dispersed seedlings is the same as for the seeds, but it is necessary to add ashes to it, one tablespoon per liter of soil.
Watering transplanted seedlings to exercise moderately, only to prevent drying out - the danger of the black stalk remains until the seedlings are planted in the ground, where it gives way to a more menacing misfortune - Fusarium.
Watering transplanted seedlings exercise moderately
A week after diving - the first feeding mineral complex with a high nitrogen content. Then feeding - every week before landing on the flower bed.
Before planting seedlings need to harden. Gradually bring it to the open air, leaving every day for a longer period of time. By planting seedlings should have a lot of leaves, at least eight. The optimum height of transplanted seedlings is 10 cm. The stem is durable. Bush squat and lush. Should be planted in April, depending on the variety. The temperature at night in the open air should not be less than + 4 ° C.
The optimum height of transplanted seedlings - 10 cm
Asters are best grown in a sunny place, not drained soils. Their predecessors are Tagetes and Calendula.
- Before planting the flowerbed is weeded.
- The earth is loosened 6 cm deep.
- Next, seedlings are moistened in pots.
- In the flowerbed wells are made by the size of the rassadnyh tanks.
- The soil is watered.
- The distance between seedlings can be 15, and 25, and 35 cm, depending on the variety.
- The seedlings transferred to the soil should not be watered any more; they should be covered with dry soil.
- Ten days later, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are added to the wells.
Asters unpretentious care
In the further care, asters are unpretentious, taking care of them does not require much effort. They definitely need soil loosening after each wetting (watering, rain, applying liquid fertilizer). Next to them you need to remove weeds. Before branching the stem, it is good to have it pile up with 5-7 cm of soil - this way the roots will grow faster and develop better.
Astram is harmful excess moisture, but the lack is not useful. It is better in the heat to water them rarely and plentifully.
To feed the flowers for the season at least three times. The second feeding after disembarkation - when tying buds. The third - with the appearance of flowers. Composition of dressings - in the first one superphosphate prevails, ammonium nitrate and potassium sulfate are added to it in proportion of 3: 2: 1. The second and third nitrate does not include, only superphosphate with an equal amount of potassium sulfate (1: 1).
Characteristics of peony asters
A distinctive feature of this type of aster is the structure of the inflorescence, which is very similar to a peony. The flower itself has a vaulted-spherical shape and can be up to 10 cm in diameter. Its outer petals are longer and wider, while its inner petals are narrower and shorter. All of them, except the most extreme rows, are directed to the middle, creating such a shape. The bush itself grows to 40-50 cm. Its stems are weakly branched, so it retains the columnar crown well.
Among the peony asters, such varieties as “Duchess”, “Tower”, “Dama”, which can be of different colors, are popular. As with all varieties of asters, peony growing is used for seed production, as it is an annual plant. Both the seedling method and the sowing in open ground are suitable for this.
Agrotechnics growing pionovogo asters
For permanent placement of asters of this species, it is necessary to choose a sunny place on the site, well protected from the wind. It does not tolerate stagnant water, so it should not be located near groundwater. In order for such an aster to grow well, it is necessary to choose nutrient and drained soil for it.
Disembarkation immediately to the garden can be carried out at the end of April, after covering it with a film. After the emergence of seedlings, they must be thinned out and opened on warm days. Remove the covering material in full only at the end of May. Further care for the aster consists in simple procedures:
- regular loosening of the soil around them (very carefully),
- timely watering, avoiding drying or remoistening,
Pionovid aster blooms usually from July to October.
If you want to plant the seedlings first, then you need to prepare for it a new nutrient mixture. Sowing in this case is carried out in March. Seeds can be simply sprinkled over the surface of the soil and sprinkled with earth. After that, pour warm water, cover and put in a room. Sprouts germinate at a temperature of + 18-20 ° С, after their appearance it can be reduced to + 15 ° С. In the future, they need only rare watering and ventilation after it.
Two weeks before disembarking (at the end of May) it is necessary to feed and begin tempering (training for fresh air). It is recommended to keep the seedlings planted under the film for the first two weeks.
If you want to get a flower of a certain color and shape, then it is better to grow asters from purchased seeds, since those that you collect yourself from plants may not preserve the characteristics of the mother bush.
Alpine Astra - growing from seed
Novice flower growers are often lost in the choice of plants for flower beds, because they want to find beautiful and at the same time unpretentious plants. Under this description is perfect alpine aster. On the cultivation of alpine asters from seeds, we will tell in the article.
Perennial flowers - ideal for busy gardeners. They allow you to free up time to care for other plants and at the same time maintain the attractiveness of flower beds. One of the most popular options for perennials are mallow.
Asters: planting and care in the open ground, growing from seed, watering
Read more about perennial mallow in our article.
Growing asters from seeds
It is with the aroma of asters that many flower growers associate the approach of autumn. There are many varieties of asters (pompon, needle, etc.), but for all of them we can distinguish general rules for growing from seeds. Read more about these rules in the article.
Cultivation of hyacinths in open ground
Hyacinths, like many other onion (tulips, muscari), are often grown in pots. But as a garden plant, these flowers are very popular among flower growers. On how to grow hyacinths in the open field, you can learn from our article.
- Appearance: flowered
- Период цветения: июнь, июль, август, сентябрь, октябрь
- Высота: 10-50см
- Цвет: белый, розовый, красный, фиолетовый, голубой, синий
- Устойчивый к засухе
Опытные садоводы редко оформляют композиции только из многолетников, так как их декоративность не может длиться весь сезон. The combined flower beds look much more effective, in which annual and perennial plants with different flowering period coexist. Such a flowerbed is beautiful all season until the most frost, especially if it has annuals that bloom 3 months or more.
We grow asters from seeds at home
One of these spectacular plants is the Phlox Drummond. If you like the place, it forms a short, bushy bush, covered with flowers so much that leaves are not visible. Consider the full cycle of work, which requires Phlox Drummond: seed growing, rules of fit and care.
Phlox drummondii was brought to Europe from Texas. Phlox - translated as “flame”, drummondii - from the surname of the English traveler Henry Drummond, who first sent the seeds of this plant from the USA to England and thus discovered a new flower for Europeans.
Most phlox are perennials. But, unlike the drummond, they are tall, so using perennials in borders, ridges or rock gardens is difficult. But their one-year-old “brother” does not grow above half a meter, and the majority of the varieties are about 30 cm. The flower has a diameter of 2 cm, but it does not seem small, since the flowers are gathered in the corymbose or umbellate inflorescences, giving a beautiful shape to the bush. The plant blooms for a long time, starting in June and until late autumn.
Phlox varummond varieties differ in the shape of the flower, each petal and plant color. The most popular ones are:
- “Buttons” is a series of two-color phlox, the flowers of which have a peephole in the middle. Stunted (up to 20 cm in height), drought-resistant.
- The varieties “Milky Way” and “Starry Lace” are valued for the unique flower shape that looks like a star.
- “Chanel” and “Strawberry with cream” are distinguished by double lush flowers.
- "Tetra Riesen" and "Grandiflora" - rare tetraploid varieties with large flowers up to 4 cm in diameter, resistant to cold.
The color range of phlox limemond is huge: from pure white tones to blue-lilac. The most common are salmon and pastel varieties.
Terms of sowing and preparation of aster seeds for planting
Terms of flowering asters depend on the species or variety. Annual plants are covered with buds 90–120 days after sowing, and perennial plants bloom only the next year. Therefore, more often they are planted in beds of seedlings, after young asters grow out of seeds at home.
Since the seeds of asters lose their germination after 2-3 years, fresh, better than last year material should be used for sowing.
Seeds from proven companies after opening the package are ready for planting. Another thing - the seeds collected from your favorite flowers or purchased with it. The spores of harmful fungi could remain on their surface, so the planting material is necessarily adhering to the instructions, they are etched with fungicide.
When to plant aster seeds for growing seedlings? Young seedlings are transferred to the flower bed when the time of spring frosts is over, and the ground warms up to at least +15 ° C. In the middle lane, this happens not earlier than mid-May. 3-4 weeks before this time, that is, in the first half of April, they begin to sow.
Soil for growing asters from seeds at home
Asters are unpretentious, they sprout well and grow in the ground of different composition, the main thing is that it should be moderately nutritious, necessarily loose and light. For sowing, you can take a ready-made universal or floral substrate, and then add to it a little washed river sand and a loosening moisture-retaining perlite.
To protect the seedlings, the soil mixture should be well heated in an oven, for example, in a roasting sleeve, or sterilized by another available method. In extreme cases, it is possible to soak the soil abundantly with a saturated solution of potassium permanganate.
Ate at hand there is garden soil and turf soil, suitable for planting asters with seeds, the substrate can be made independently, by adding part of the sand and half a portion of perlite or vermiculite to two parts of the soil.
Sowing aster seeds on seedlings
The seeds of asters are rather large, but light, and the seedlings emerging from them are prone to putrefactive and fungal infections. Therefore, when sowing, seeds are distributed over a pre-moistened substrate, but they are not buried, but carefully, a layer of up to 8 mm is sprinkled with dry, calcined sand. Watering the contents of the container after that is not necessary.
In the light, in heat, at a temperature of 15–20 ° C and high humidity, the seeds quickly awaken, swell and peck. The first shoots can be seen in less than a week.
This period is the most important and responsible. On lowering the temperature, excessive watering and other changes in the conditions of growing asters respond to a lesion with rot. If a black leg is seen on the seedlings, such plants are carefully, together with the radical clod, the soil is removed and destroyed. The rest of the seedlings need to be treated with a fungicide.
When a couple of true leaves appear on the asters, they dive, transferring them to individual cups or a common container, but they are planted at a greater distance from each other. It is convenient to use peat cells, in which:
- there is no risk of plant flooding, which reduces the risk of fusarium infection,
- when transplanted into the ground, the root system does not suffer, the seedlings are not sick and immediately start growing.
In the substrate for young plants, it is useful to add complex fertilizer containing not only nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, but also trace elements.
After picking, the seedlings are exposed to a bright place, protected from drafts and direct sunlight. Plants acclimatize for 7–10 days. When 4–5 true leaves unfold on them, it’s time to quench, each day increasing the time you spend outdoors. With the establishment of warm weather, asters grown from seeds at home can be planted in the garden.
Sowing aster seeds in open ground
If the seedlings can die at low sub-zero temperatures, then the ripe aster seeds tolerate winter frosts and give friendly shoots in the spring. This property of culture is used by flower growers who do not want to tinker with sprouting and planting at home. Seeds are sown immediately in the ground at the place of their future growth and flowering.
How to grow asters from seeds in this way? There are two options to choose from:
- sowing in late autumn, when it is already quite cold, and there is no risk of unwanted shoots,
- in early spring over snow or just thawed ground, under film or covering material.
Planted in the fall, the seeds undergo a natural stratification, so their shoots are, as a rule, stronger, more friendly and less affected by changeable spring weather and diseases.
When to plant aster seeds when grown outdoors? In the fall, sowing is carried out from mid-October and, if the weather permits, until the end of November. In spring, you can even sow in snow on the ground prepared from autumn until mid-April. In this case, the planted areas are covered. The second term of spring planting of asters by seeds begins in May, when heat and additional protection are no longer required.
So that the crops are not too thick, and the sprouts are weakened, the seeds are buried:
- on well moistened ground
- into the grooves 1–1.5 cm deep,
- at a distance of one and a half centimeters.
Top sowing sprinkled with peat-humus mixture. If a cover is required for crops, it is removed as soon as mass shoots appear on the site. At the stage of formation of this sheet, thinning of seedlings is carried out. Excess should not be thrown out, grown from seeds in open ground asters perfectly take root, if they are transferred to another place.