Anthurium diseases can be not only fungal. There are also viral diseases, infectious and non-infectious. Flower treatment for diseases is impossible alone with folk remedies. It is necessary to apply more fungicides. Such drugs as Fitosporin-M, Fundazol have recommended themselves well.
Before processing the pot with a flower is placed in a large plastic bag. After spraying, the bag is tied and the plant is left in such a mini-greenhouse for 15 minutes. When time passes, remove the anthurium from the bag, let it dry and return to its original place.
After the first main treatment, 7 days should pass, then the treatment should be repeated. Be sure to third spraying, which is held a week after the second treatment.
Excessive watering, constant soil moisture along with low air temperature lead to such a disease as root rot. With the defeat of the root system, the leaves become much lighter than usual, then turn yellow and fade.
If the plant is removed from the pot and inspect its roots, then you can see that they have lost turgor, become lethargic and soft. If it is better to take a closer look, then, starting from the middle, the roots begin to exfoliate and hang like "rags."
If the disease is at an early stage, it is necessary to stop watering, remove the plant from the ground, let the earth coma dry out and transplant it into a new, nutritious soil. It is important to monitor the humidity in the room.
If, when inspecting a plant, it is found that the roots are badly damaged, it is necessary to trim all the damaged parts to healthy tissue. Places cut must be powdered with pounded coal.
For watering the plant it is important to use water, with Alirin-B or Fitosporin-M preparations dissolved in it. When preparing the solution, the concentration described in the instructions should not be exceeded.
At the advanced stage, when the entire root system is affected, the anthurium is unlikely to be saved, so it is better to destroy it so that the disease does not spread to other plants.
The disease can occur due to excessive watering and constant maintenance of soil moisture. The decisive factor is also a reduced room temperature.
Initially, diseases on the leaves appear vague watery spots, painted black. If no action is taken, the disease will begin spreading through other parts of the plant. The affected parts of the anthurium die over time. If you look at the affected place closer, that is, through a magnifying glass, you can see a huge number of sporangia. At first they are whitish, then turn black.
It is necessary to isolate the diseased room flower from other plants, cut off all the damaged parts of the anthurium and treat the plant with a fungicide. It is necessary to carry out 2 treatments with phytosporin with an interval of 1 week spraying.
If the disease is started, it is possible that the plant can no longer be helped. You need to gain strength and throw away the flower. And all the other plants with which the anthurium grew, inspect for the disease.
Among the diseases spread by infection can be distinguished septoria, fusarium wilt. If it is too late to identify the disease, it will be practically impossible to cure it.
The presence of the disease is indicated by brown spots on the leaves of plants. Usually they have an irregular shape, with brown or yellow girdles around the edges. If you look at the spots through a magnifying glass, you can see small black dots in the middle - sporangia.
How to treat anthurium leaves for septoria?
With a strong defeat, septoriozm will have to cut off all the foliage and burn. In the room should reduce the humidity. It is recommended to exclude such a procedure for the care of a plant as spraying the foliage.
The flower needs additional fertilizing with complex fertilizers for flowering plants. After inspecting for pests, anthurium should be treated with copper-containing drugs or sprayed with Fitosporin-M.
Quite a serious disease in which foliage massively fades. At first its yellowing occurs, then it dries and falls. If you look at the root neck, you can see a bloom of white and pink. Infectious disease spreads during irrigation, when the optimum humidity of the air does not match the temperature.
Processing should be carried out three times with an interval of a week. A single treatment never yielded a positive result.
In case of a disease, on the upper part of the leaf plate one can see spots of irregular shape, painted in light yellow color, and on the lower side of the sheet - spots of brown color, pustules. With the development of the disease, the spots spread all over the leaf, the plate fades and dries. The treatment is carried out with the use of fungicides.
It would seem that the plant likes everything, it is fragrant and pleases the eye, and suddenly a strange fall of leaves begins. What is the reason, Why did the plant start to turn yellow and dry leaves? On the defeat of powdery mildew indicates white bloom, which spreads throughout the green mass of the plant. Good result gives treatment with Topaz.
An unpleasant disease that manifests by discoloration of the foliage of plants. With the armed eye on the surface of the sheet you can notice pronounced wrinkles, small through points.
The virus is spread by insects, for example, thrips. It is impossible to treat the disease, it is not treatable. Sick instance will have to throw away. And other indoor plants need to inspect for the presence of thrips, so that they could not spread the virus of bronze. Actellic or Aktar can be used for processing.
In case of a disease caused by care errors, various bulging spots appear on the leaves. They can be colored yellow or yellowish green. Such ugliness of leaf plates can occur when the air humidity does not match temperature.
The disease results from the deficiency of two important elements - iron and magnesium. Their lack is manifested in the yellowing of the foliage or in the appearance of yellow streaks on the leaf plates.
The disease can be identified by ugly leaves. The first sign - the foliage began to grow unevenly, the plates themselves become convex and hunchbacked. The appearance of enation contributes to the wrong temperature content. Indoors it can be either too hot, or too cold, or dry, or humid. Getting rid of the problem will help the establishment of proper care for the plant and compliance with the agrotechnical methods of cultivation.
Parasitic diseases: anthurium pests
Parasitic diseases should be attributed to a separate group of diseases. Strangely enough, but even those plants that are properly cared for are affected by these diseases. With the defeat of pests leaves, flowers, root system and green shoots suffer. The main pests of anthurium include:
Aphid is a malicious pest, it is desirable to fight with it until insects have multiplied. When a plant is massively affected by an aphid, it becomes increasingly difficult to cure a flower. To fight you can use chemicals or use a mechanical method of struggle: hang sticky tape for catching flies near the plant itself.
The flower suffers from the invasion of thrips. To understand that it was this pest that started up on the plant, you need to carefully inspect the underside of the leaves. His presence is indicated by black dots. The insect is active in spring and summer.
Not only adult trips are dangerous, but also their larvae. Feeding on the sap of the plant, they gradually lead to its death. To deal with thrips, you can use pesticides. It is better to buy in specialized stores, paying attention to the shelf life of the drug.
Insects appear on the plants, for which the wrong care. To minimize errors, it is necessary to carefully observe the anthurium, water it in time, feed it and, if necessary, provide the plant with fresh air, carrying out daily ventilation of the room.
If the anthurium is damaged by the shield - you need to prepare for the fact that the fight against it will be long. And only on the perseverance of the owner depends on whether the result is positive or negative. At the early stage of the appearance of pests, it is unlikely that they can be seen with the naked eye. Bugs have a durable shell, so when processed by chemical means is not always a good result.
Before spraying the plant with insecticides, you need to soap the sponge with laundry soap and wipe the plant itself, leaving the foam on the flower for half an hour. Then you need to wash the flower under the shower, let it dry, and only then do the processing.
It is necessary to spray a plant 3 times with an interval of 7 days. If this condition is not met, the scale insects will reappear, as some adults are in the soil.
Spider mite is a no less dangerous pest. Due to its vital activity, the leaves of the plant begin to turn yellow, gradually twisting and falling. Understand that the spider mite was wound up, it is possible by a thin spider web, which will be located on the back of the sheet.
With the pest can handle folk remedies. First you need to wash the plant under the shower, to release from the web. Then you want to wipe the surface of the leaves, the pot itself, and the window sill, on which stood the anthurium, with a sponge with soap.
Major care mistakes lead to problems with growing anthurium: video
In addition to diseases caused by viruses, as well as infectious and non-communicable diseases, improper care can lead to a number of problems that inhibit plant growth and can lead to disease:
- Irregular spots on the leaves and the presence of black dots. Such symptoms appear when keeping a pet in a cold room. The problem can be solved by moving the plant pot to a warmer room. You can not water the anthurium more often than it should be. The plant does not like stagnant water.
- Leaf plates turn yellow and dry around the edges. If you keep the anthurium in a bright place, for example, on the southern windowsill, its foliage will certainly get burned. You can solve the problem by moving the plant to a place with diffused lighting.
- Yellowing and wilting of foliage. The plant does not like the air temperature in the room. For normal growth and development, the optimum temperature is + 22 ° C. During winter dormancy, the plant needs to create conditions at a temperature of + 16 ° C.
- The tips of the leaves turn black. This is a clear sign that the soil contains quite a lot of nutrients, especially calcium. To solve the problem, you need to transplant a flower in a new nutritious land.
- Why does anthurium not bloom? It is possible that the plant grows in a dimly lit place, planted too in a spacious pot. The lack of flowering is also affected by reduced humidity.
- Why foliage collapses into a straw? The problem may be in too bright light. In order for the leaves to take their original position, you will need to remove the flower away from the direct rays of the sun.
- Foliage turns black. Perhaps the reason lies in the watering of the plant is too hard, chlorinated or cold water. After watering, it is important to ensure that the pot is in a dry pan. If the plant does not drink all the water, it must be drained from the pallet, otherwise it can cause the root system to rot. In order to soften the water, you need to add a pinch of citric acid or a drop of lemon juice. Water preferably desiccated water heated to room temperature. When watering you need to follow the golden rule - everything is good, that in moderation.
Video: the main mistakes in the care of home anthurium.
Yellowing of Anthurium foliage depends on many factors. For example:
- excessive soil moisture,
- cramped pot
- nutritional deficiencies
- lack of optimal lighting
- cold air,
- the presence of drafts,
- poor soil.
To understand the reason for the yellowing of the foliage, it will be necessary to analyze the growing conditions and identify misses to correct the situation for the better.
Proper care of green pets allows you to avoid a lot of problems. Timely and rational watering, sufficient fertilization, optimal lighting and air temperature will allow the flower to feel good and delight the owner with its beautiful flowering.
Unlike fungal diseases, which often appear with improper care, parasitic diseases damage even well-kept plants. To avoid many problems, you need to carefully monitor the anthurium and inspect the leaves for the presence of pests.
For preventive purposes, it is recommended to arrange the shower plant from time to time, to wash it with a solution of laundry soap. And if the pests were still noticed, it is necessary to immediately begin to combat them.
Houseplant anthurium disease which can be caused by various infections, with proper care, it is possible to reduce the risk of developing various diseases. Compliance with agricultural practices allows you to have in the house a beautiful and healthy plant, which pleases with its long flowering.
Anthurium: leaf disease in the photo, how to treat the plant
Anthurium is an extraordinary flower that will delight its owners at any time of the year. In the people it is also called "male happiness." Flowers of this plant have a wax surface and can be of red, white, pink or purple hue.
What does “male” happiness look like? (Photo)
Anthurium is an evergreen plant native to the tropics.
The most common problem is anthurium diseases associated with leaves. He is known and popular among flower growers, both professionals and amateurs. Its amazing appearance and ability to preserve beauty in a cut form for several weeks attracts many florists and they often use flower sections in various bouquets and flower arrangements, and because of the unusual shape of the leaves, they called it flamingo flower.
However, like any other plant, this flower requires proper and timely care. Most often, the disease manifests itself on the leaves and gives the owners a lot of trouble, so it is extremely important to immediately determine what caused the anthurium and eliminate the disease at an early stage. But most flower growers are of the opinion that it is better to prevent them than to treat them later.
In order to know how to save a flower in the event of a disease, you need to know what they are.
Non-communicable diseases of anthurium
This is one of the most common problems that can arise when growing not only this flower, but also other indoor plants. Often this is due to non-compliance with the rules of content or with their dramatic change.
The activity of the development and flowering of the plant is affected by the water hardness and watering frequency, the quality and composition of the soil, the fertilization of the soil, the temperature and humidity in the room, the illumination, and the presence of a constant flow of fresh air.
Why the flower "male happiness" does not bloom
Most often the reason for the lack of flowering is in violation of the rules of content. The optimum temperature for growing a flower is eighteen to nineteen degrees, there should be no drafts in the room, it is necessary to provide diffused light and protect the flower from direct sunlight. In the ground must be a layer of drainage, which will ensure the saturation of the roots of the plant with oxygen and eliminate their rotting. The soil should be systematically fertilized with minerals. And, as practice shows, as soon as the necessary greenhouse conditions are created for the flower, long-awaited inflorescences will appear on the plant.
Anthurium leaves dry and curled leaves
The leaves of the flower begin to dry due to the lack of sufficient watering and low air temperature in the room, the flower also needs constant spraying of the leaves. In the case of drying of the foliage, you should quickly change the conditions of detention and feed the plant with special fertilizers. Professional growers advise once a month to “bathe” a flower under a shower, and then remove the dust formed on the leaves of the plant.
Most often, the problem of twisted leaves is resolved rather quickly, but there are cases when the cause of dryness is a disease of infectious origin and then the ways to combat the disease are different.
What to do if the leaves of the plant turn yellow and fall off
Most likely, the cause of this problem lies in the watering. Если в горшке образуется застой жидкости — на корневой системе образуется плесень, и корни в результате могут загнивать и гибнуть. Как в такой ситуации помочь погибающему растению?
Следует незамедлительно пересадить цветок в другой грунт с умеренной влажностью. Поливать растение необходимо по мере просыхания земляного кома (есть вероятность, что корневая система цветка восстановится). If the roots are completely rotted - it is unlikely that the flower will be reanimated.
The second cause of yellowing foliage is water unsuitable for irrigation. If it contains a large concentration of chlorine and heavy metal oxides, the roots of anthurium become thinner, and the leaves are covered with yellow spots or turn black. Therefore, for irrigation it is necessary to use only water that has been separated for two or three days; rainwater or melt water will be an excellent option for irrigating the soil.
Also the appearance of yellowness on the leaves, possibly from its improper location. Directly directed sunlight can fall on the flower - then the plant should be moved to a more shaded place. If you move the pot is not possible, then the plant must pritenyat. Yellow leaves can also be formed because the flower grows in too dark a place. Then anthurium install additional artificial lighting.
Brown spots appeared on the leaves of anthurium
If a certain brown spot appeared on the leaves of a flower, resembling burns in appearance, it means that the following factors were caused by its appearance:
- excess moisture in the soil - occurs when frequent and too abundant watering. Water the plant should be moderate and only after the soil is completely dry,
- lack of good drainage - when planting, in the soil for the flower, you should add a layer of expanded clay,
- the use of poor-quality soil for planting or with a low content of mineral substances is easy to solve this problem. You need to transplant it into a substrate specifically designed for this type of plant, which is sold in any flower shop,
- hard water - to soften the water, before watering, it must be boiled or defend,
- hypothermia - in no case can anthurium be kept in a room with a low temperature or on a cold windowsill. To avoid this, the plant should be moved to a warmer room or put foam under the pot, which will prevent overcooling of the roots.
Enatsy and smallpox: the causes of the disease and how to treat
If the flower begins to wither, and the leaves acquire an ugly shape and growths form on them, it means that the plant is affected by plant enacia or smallpox.
The cause of these diseases is a sharp change in temperature. In order to reanimate a flower, it is necessary to create comfortable conditions for keeping it - to move the flower to a warm place, free of drafts and direct sunlight, and to apply fertilizer regularly.
Anthurium or, as people say, “male happiness” is a tropical flower, thermophilic and delicate. The plant is very sensitive to external conditions, watering, feeding and other care. Deviating from the right agricultural practices, you can soon notice the discomfort of the flower.
If you see that the anthurium looks bad, weakens, the leaves turn yellow, suspicious spots appear on them, other disturbing symptoms are observed, a flower should be examined as soon as possible.
Having identified the problem, you need to deal with its eradication. In most cases, it is enough to normalize the conditions of detention and pay more attention to care. However, sometimes the anthurium falls seriously enough - then the measures have to be applied more effective.
In total, there are three large factors that are the causes of the disease of anthurium:
- violation of agricultural engineering and maintenance in inappropriate conditions,
- infectious diseases
- pest damage.
Each of these factors hides many specific causes that cause the flower to be unwell in individual cases.
The problem is often associated with the violation of conditions of detention. In much more rare cases - with infectious diseases. The following factors can cause a cessation of flowering:
- too cool external temperature (below +18 degrees),
- finding the plant under drafts
- exposure to direct sunlight,
- stagnant water in the pot.
The last reason is the most common. Anthurium roots are very sensitive to the level of soil moisture, and it is critical for the plant to over-wet the soil.
What to do
Cause flowering in this case, the eradication of the causes that gave rise to the absence of buds. In any case, additional feeding with complex minerals will not hurt.
Spots on the leaves
Often the wrong care leads to the appearance of ugly spots on the leaves, slow growth, change in the color of the foliage (see photo). Sometimes you can see brown spots not only on the leaves, but also on the neck of the plant. First of all, it should be estimated that the spots appeared:
What to do
The nature of the spots should be evaluated and the cause of their appearance eliminated. But if the plant is flooded, it is recommended to transplant it into another pot with dry soil. Before transplanting cut rotten roots.
It happens that the anthurium is very weak, poorly developed. The reason is usually a lack of nutrients. In this case, you need to either fertilize or (if the soil is very depleted) transplant the plant into a fresh substrate.
The leaves turn yellow and dry, and the root collar turns brown and mold appears on it due to the critical waterlogging of the flower. In this case, it is impossible to delay - urgent resuscitation measures are necessary. It is necessary to transplant anthurium and remove all damaged, rotten fragments.
Attention: after removing the affected parts do not forget to sprinkle the cut sites with crushed coal or ash for disinfection and faster healing.
Anthurium infectious diseases
Anthurium due to its delicate constitution suffers from infectious diseases quite often. But still less often than from violations of agricultural engineering. Do not despair if the flower struck a disease - due to the high level of modern fungicides and timely treatment, almost any situation can be corrected. Next, go through the most common diseases.
The disease also has a fungal nature and initially affects the stem of the plant, then the shoots, and last of all the leaves (see photo). The infection spreads very quickly, and in the shortest possible time the affected areas of the flower die off.
May be affected by plant and harmful insect parasites. Next, we will get acquainted with the most common pests and find out how to get rid of them.
This tiny parasite, despite its tiny size, causes considerable harm. Aphids settle at the bottom of the leaf and suck the plant sap. A colony of insects reproduces at a rapid pace.
When growing a tropical flower should be remembered that high humidity is a vital necessity for him. The humidity level should be 70-80%, if less - then only for a short time.
In order to provide such humidity in the conditions of our apartments, it is necessary either to spray the plant more often, or to purchase a special humidifier, or to put a flower on a pallet with wet claydite. The latter option is the least time-consuming, and the costs will not require.
Why is spraying not the best solution? Because the water leaves on the leaves whitish ugly spots.
If the flower grows in a dry room, it will often hurt and is more likely to be affected by spider mites. In addition, dry air leads to:
- drying and yellowing of foliage,
- in severe stages - to the twisting and blackening of the leaves,
- the drying of the buds - both blooming and not yet.
Since this plant is thermophilic, it must be maintained at a temperature not lower than +18 degrees in summer and +16 degrees in winter. The best option and the most suitable for the flower will be its content from May to September at a temperature of + 25-28 degrees.
Drafts, cool whiffs of the wind are contraindicated to the plant completely. Under the influence of drafts, the roots of anthurium often rot, its leaves and flowers freeze. And spraying in winter, followed by opening the vents for airing - the most reliable way to destroy a flower.
Anthurium needs abundant light, important for its lush and long flowering. However, being in direct sunlight (especially at noon), the plant does not tolerate. In nature, it grows on the lower tiers of tropical forests, shaded from above by tall trees.
Place the flower in a place that is lit enough, but shaded. In winter, anthurium will require additional lighting for normal operation.
Watering and substrate features
Grow the flower best in a wet and permeable, loose soil. Watering should be done only with soft water without salt and bleach. If the air humidity is kept high, watering is often not worth it.
So, we learned what diseases and why Anthurium suffers and found out how to cure the plant in each case. The main measure to combat disease - the proper care of the plant and its maintenance in suitable conditions. Fulfilling the requirements of agrotechnology you many times reduce the likelihood of flower disease. Well, if, nevertheless, the plant picks up an infection or pests, it is not worth delaying with the treatment: the sooner you start taking measures, the greater the chances of success.
Consider the most common disease, anthurium
It is considered not parasitic, that is, not an infectious disease. The exact reason for its occurrence has not yet been determined, but it is assumed that the plant becomes ill due to sudden changes in humidity and temperature. The leaf plate of the diseased plant is deformed, rounded. On it appear growths. Anthurium begins to grow unevenly.
The treatment does not require isolation of the plant. It is enough to treat the plant with the preparations “Antitlin”, “Fitoverm”, “Detsis”
Anthracosis or powdery mildew
A viral disease that is caused by the mushroom Solletorichum. The cause of the disease is increased humidity of air and soil. At first the leaf is affected, brown spots appear on it, with black dots in the center - these are fungal spores. At high humidity spores germinate well and fly away. The leaf becomes colorless, shrinks and falls off. From the leaf plate disease can go to the root of the plant. Distributors of the disease are pests, thrips.
There is downy mildew, which is caused by the fungus Peronospora anthirrhini. The spores of the fungus are gray. In the affected plant, the leaf plate is covered with chlorotic spots, the leaf becomes small. Such a plant grows crowded.
During treatment, watering should be reduced, fungicidal preparations “Saprolo”, “Rovral” should be used. Sprinkle the plant with blue vitriol.
A terrible disease caused by spores of the fungus Septoria. High temperature and high humidity provoke the development of the disease. A leaf plate of the plant is affected. Brown or red spots appear on it, with a yellow rim. Under the magnifying glass or magnifying glass you can see the black dots - this is a controversy. Under their influence, the leaf dries, and the spores of the fungus move to other, healthy sheets and infect them.
Starting treatment, the affected plant is sent to quarantine, in order to avoid infecting other plants. Then they start treating the leaves with copper-containing preparations, as well as with the preparations "Fitosparin", "Arilin". If a week, the treatment does not bring a positive result, the plant should be disposed of.
Basically this disease affects young, not grown up plants. The reasons are in violation of the rules for care, namely abundant watering and poor drainage. As well as a long stay in a poorly ventilated room and not timely removal of dry sheets and parts of the plant. The defeat starts from the trunk and reaches the shoots, and only after that goes to the leaf. Manifested in the appearance of gray bloom. The disease spreads very quickly and in a short time, it can hit the whole bush.
Treatment should begin immediately.
The affected leaves can no longer be saved, so they need to be removed. The plant is isolated and subjected to treatment with fungicides "Fitosparin-m", "Rovral".
Infectious, fungal disease. Due to the lack of nutrients and is associated with the appearance of pests - thrips and aphids. Fungi live on thrips and aphids sugar secretions. Infected leaf acquires a yellowish-white color. Also prone to disease stem and young shoots. The plant does not multiply.
Before starting treatment, the plant should be isolated. The affected leaves can no longer be restored, therefore, it is better to cut them off. At the initial stage of the disease, the plant can be treated with potassium soap. A good effect is given by the use of the drugs "Fitoverm", "Intavir", "Lightning".
This disease is not contagious. It is associated with improper care, high humidity, low temperature and late feeding. Damage to the root system is also possible. As a result, the sheet plate is deformed, bulges of rounded shape appear on it, with green-yellow growths.
The treatment is to reduce watering and move the anthurium pot to a warmer place. Avoid direct sunlight. Insulation is required.
Diseases of anthurium at home
A healthy flower captivates with its beauty. Suddenly, the state of a plant can change. Any diseases occur due to:
- non-compliance with the requirements of agricultural engineering,
- infectious diseases,
- insect pests brought from outside.
In this case, the first of these reasons is always present. A weakened plant can take bacteria and germs. Failure to comply with quarantine and hygiene can lead to the reproduction of pests. In order not to have problems with treatment, it is necessary to comply with the conditions of their pets. Anthurium diseases in the photo demonstrate the loss of ornamental plants. Look at the photo of the tradescantia!
There are people who basically do not contain animals and flowers in the living room. They believe that the zoo, and indoor maintenance are violence against wildlife. A bouquet of fresh flowers is unacceptable for them, you can not enjoy the ruined life, even plants.
Non-infectious plant diseases are associated with the appearance of spots on the leaves, changing their color, or slowing growth. Sometimes brown spots or mold on the neck of the plant become noticeable. What to do if there are spots on the anthurium? By the nature of the deformation you can learn a lot:
- If dark dots appear on the leaves of anthurium, gradually expanding, it is cold. The same spots may appear from sunburn on direct contact of the summer sun with the leaves.
- The cause of the appearance of stains may be watering with undiluted water or water of high hardness. If scale builds up over time, then this is a sign of rigidity. Before watering, such water should be carefully settled or passed through a softener filter. Another way, mainly for rural areas with hard water from wells, is incomplete freezing of water in the tank. In this case, the ice will be with less salt than the remaining water.
- Other physiological reasons for the appearance of dark spots and the drying of the plate from the edge can be drafts and low temperature content in winter. Abundant watering is also accompanied by a signal of dark spots on the leaves. What to do if the spots on the anthurium appeared? Remove provoking causes and wait patiently for results.
- Yellow or pale leaves of plants or spots of such color say that anthurium is not enough lighting. In addition, it can be a signal that the roots ache and do not provide the plant with food.
- The overall paleness of the leaves indicates a lack of nutrition. This is also indicated by the absence or weak growth of the plant, the absence of flowering. If the plant has been transplanted recently, then it needs feeding. Sometimes it is better to transplant the plant. At the same time prepare the desired composition of the substrate or buy ready-made soil. Decontamination of the soil and planting pot is necessary.
- If the irrigation regime is disturbed and the roots of the anthurium rot, this will have an effect on the yellowing and drying of the leaves, the brown neck of the anthurium may have a mold. The plant needs urgent resuscitation. At the same time, all affected parts should be removed and the wounds should be covered with antiseptic, crushed charcoal, cinnamon powder or wood ash.
Diseases of anthurium leaves in the photo show characteristic damage, but often the help of specialists is required to accurately determine the disease. Dangerous for the plant drafts. This is especially dangerous in winter. The insufficient humidity of the surrounding air serves as the answer to the question of why leaves of anthurium dry. On the other hand, the leaves can die off naturally due to aging. If the leaves are curled into a tube, remove the anthurium deep into the room, too bright light, he closed his eyes.
The infectious diseases of anthurium include problems caused by the introduction of spores and microbes into the body of a flower. The difference between these diseases is that they can destroy the whole home green world, if not deal with them. Disputes are transmitted and multiply in cramped conditions quickly.
Первоначальные причины заболеваний зависят от садовода. Принесённый отросток, взятый от больного растения, может уже таить вирусы, от которых нет пока действенных средств. Они поражают сосудистую систему. А передаваться зараза может через грязный инструмент или насекомыми. Acquired plant should stand for two weeks in quarantine, in isolation from other plants. And only then move into the overall composition.
The purchased or self-made earthen mixture should be subjected to heat treatment, hot hot potassium permanganate should be spilled, crushed charcoal should be added, and Glyocladin, a long-acting drug, from rot. It will protect the roots from phytophthora, fusarium and similar diseases. Competent care for anthurium - disease barrier.
Diseases that are transmitted to anthurium from the external environment can be:
The causative agent of Septoria, the fungus Septoria spreads in a humid and warm atmosphere. Characteristic brown spots with a yellow rim on the leaves signal the disease of anthurium. The leaf dries out, when watering the spores move to other parts of the plant. The plant will die if it is not processed in time with copper-containing fungicides.
Anthracosis is a very common disease called powdery mildew. The disease is caused by the fungus Colletorichum. The spread of this disease will lead to the rapid drying of the leaves, stems and root system. Anthracosis begins on leaf blades, the appearance of brown spots with black dots in the center. This is controversy. They scatter and germinate when moistened, and for the atrium this event is vital.
Care for the atrium in the disease Septoria is to reduce watering and spraying with the addition of copper fungicides. The land is treated with the drug Abig-Peak. If the plant cannot be cured, it should be destroyed by burning. Ceramic pot requires good calcination. Dishes that cannot be burned, destroyed.
If the plant is infected with rust, then orange loose pads on the leaves will be visible. Such a plant should be cleaned with a solution of fungicide, but not sprayed so as not to infect healthy leaves. Patients infected leaves better burn.
Fusarium wilt is a terrible disease of anthurium at home. It affects all plants, affecting the root system and leaves. Symptoms are sudden wilting of the entire bush. The first signs can be unnatural bending of peduncles, strong and fast yellowing of the foliage. Copper preparations, soil treatment with glyocladin are suitable for the fight. The best way would be to clean the plant from all the particles of the earth, soak it in a weak solution of foundationol, cut off the affected parts and plant in a new dish. Old land and plant debris must be destroyed.
Insect pests of anthurium
Insects that are common to home flowers include:
They all suck the juice from the plant, depriving him of food. At the same time signs of the presence of pests can be found with hygienic procedures that are regularly carried out with good care.
Optimum growing conditions
Anthurium moved to our apartments from the tropics of Central and South America, so he got used to shading. The best place in the apartment for him will be the window sills of the western and eastern windows. The optimum growing temperature is 16–20 ° C in winter and 20–25 ° C in summer.
Anthurium - a big fan of moisture. Like many tropical plants (zamiokulkas, monstera, calla) with high soil moisture and air, anthurium can “cry” at the expense of special pores on the leaves. But it is worth remembering that in everything you need to know when to stop. Non-drying, wet substrate will quickly lead to rotting of the roots and death of the plant.
The soil for anthurium, as well as for most epiphytes, should be fairly light, slightly acid. A great option is already ready special soil mixtures for aroid ones.
Important! All parts of anthurium, as in most plants of the aroid family, contain poisonous juice, so it is necessary to isolate it from small children and domestic animals.
Table: main anthurium diseases and their causes
- Cramped pot.
- Long excess of moisture in the soil.
- Dry air
- Non-observance of optimum temperature.
- Long excess of moisture in the soil.
- The roots are damaged during transplantation.
- Low temperature.
- Cramped pot.
- Insufficient lighting.
- Small pot.
- Lack of light.
- Dry air
- Insufficient lighting.
- Insufficient lighting.
- Close, narrow pot.
- Air too dry.
- Insufficient watering.
- The pot is too narrow or too spacious.
- Lack of light.
- Temperature over 20 ° C.
Errors in the care of the anthurium is usually easy to fix (rearrange the plant from the battery, water more or less, feed, change the window sill, etc.), but coping with dangerous diseases and pests is not so easy.
Downy mildew (perinospora)
On the leaves of anthurium appear whitish, yellowish spots, so well known to gardeners. This disease often affects cucumbers. On the back of the sheet, you can usually observe the formation of gray spores.
The source of this common disease is a microscopic fungus that is extremely sensitive to air humidity. The main condition for getting rid of this parasitic fungus is a decrease in air humidity in combination with the use of fungicidal preparations of contact action (Topaz, Acrobat).
The disease affects the leaves of anthurium. Chlorous spots of rusty hue appear on the outer surface, active sporulation takes place on the lower surface. Just as in the case of downy mildew, the main method of control and prevention of leaf rust is the maintenance of optimum air humidity. For prevention, you can use biological fungicides, for example, Albite, Alirin, Fitosporin.
Anthurium leaf, affected by rust, must be treated with a fungicide
Anthurium is rarely affected by phytophtora, this disease still more often suffers from sugary plants. Despite this, if you notice small spots of purple-brown color on the leaves, you need to take urgent measures. Phytophthrosis develops very quickly and affects the root system, condemning the plant to an early death.
The best option to combat blight is the use of systemic fungicides. Among them are Fitosporin-M, Fundazol, Alirin-B, Previkur. In this case, it is necessary to replace the soil, rinse the roots thoroughly under water, and heat the pot to heat treatment or replace with a new one. Roots can also be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Juicy stems and leaves of anthurium - nourishing food for many juice-sucking parasitic insects. The plant can be affected by aphids, thrips, scutes, spider mites.
"Classic" parasite garden and indoor plants. Yellowed, wilted or twisted leaves of anthurium are the main signs of aphids.
There is a huge amount of chemicals to combat aphids, they can be purchased at any specialty store. The most famous of them are Aktellik, Fitoverm, Akarin, Aktara. You can also use a traditional aphid remedy - treat the plants with a solution of warm, soapy water or extract of tobacco.
Young aphids reproduce very quickly on succulent leaves and stems of indoor plants.
This microscopic arthropod cannot be seen with the naked eye. Its size is only 0.5–1 mm. Nevertheless, such a crumb can cause a lot of trouble. Spider mite feeds on sap from host plants. When infected with a pest, the anthurium ceases to develop normally, the affected leaves turn yellow, which further leads to the death of the plant.
It is easy to diagnose a spider mite injury. These small parasites secrete a secret in appearance resembling a web. With the appearance of arachnid raid on the leaves you need to urgently take control measures. First of all, you need to get rid of the culprits of the disease. This is best done by washing the plant under running water. Then it is necessary to treat the leaves with one of the insecticides (Vertimek, Fitoverm, Akarin, Lightning). It is best to do this by covering the plant with a plastic bag, then leave it under shelter for 2-3 hours.
Unfortunately, in 3-4 days the young hatch out of the soil, and the treatment will have to be repeated in the same way. Anthurium will need to be processed another 2-3 times with an interval of a week.
Spider mite is clearly visible only under a microscope
These harmful sap sucking insects are a real disaster for houseplants. Shchitovki reliably protected from external influence by a special "shell", so it is not easy to get rid of them. Shchitovka visible to the naked eye. Cause black spots on the leaves, withering and subsequent death of the plant.
If you notice signs of damage to the Anthurium with a shield, place the plant in "quarantine" so that it does not infect healthy fellows.
To get rid of the shields, they are brushed by hand from the leaves and stems with a soft cloth. After that, it is necessary to treat the plant with special chemicals (Aktellik or Fosbetsid), following the instructions of the instructions. Be careful - these drugs are toxic! It is better not to carry out processing indoors.
The stalk of anthurium affected by the shield is cleaned with a soft cloth.
Small, no more than 1 mm in size, sap sucking parasites. Signs of an anthurium lesion with thrips are in many ways similar to infecting aphids. These are withering, yellowing leaves, in addition, on the lower side of the leaf you can see small black dots.
The main method of dealing with thrips - plant treatment with specialized chemicals. Before starting the procedure, remove all parasitic parts of the plant. It is also desirable to get rid of the top layer of soil, since it may contain thrips eggs. Processing should be carried out several times: 3-4 treatments in 7-10 days.
For greater efficiency, it is recommended to spray the plant in a plastic bag, you can leave it for 2-3 hours. This will allow most qualitatively pickle thrips.
Even if the anthurium has lost all its foliage, this is no reason to get rid of it.
Anthurium live rhizomes can still be reanimated.
First of all, you should find out what caused such a deplorable state - improper care, illness or pests. Next you need to do the following:
- get rid of the contaminated land, as it most likely contains spores of parasitic fungi or insect eggs,
- Heat the pot, boil for 5 minutes in soda water.
If you do not do these preventive procedures, the young grown leaves of anthurium will become a welcome treat for newly hatched parasites.
A disease brought in with the soil can destroy a weakened plant. Therefore, it is very important to conduct decontamination of the new soil in any way possible:
- Steam treatment. The soil is spread on a fine-meshed net over boiling water for 30–40 minutes. This is a time consuming but very effective way.
- Freezing The soil is kept at a negative temperature for a week, then entered into a warm room for thawing. This is a long process and it is easiest to carry it out in winter when a balcony can be used as a freezer.
- Potassium permanganate This is a way for the lazy. All that needs to be done is to shed the soil with a raspberry solution of potassium permanganate and wait 30–40 minutes for the soil to dry out.
The main stages of resuscitation of anthurium
- The rhizome left without leaves for decontamination should be soaked for 30–40 minutes in light pink potassium permanganate, and then placed for 3-4 hours in Kornevin’s solution. The drug stimulates the development of roots, it contains phytohormones that contribute to the accelerated development of the root system of plants. This procedure will allow anthurium to cope with the stress of transplantation and accumulate strength for the growth of new young leaves.
The plant treated by Kornevin (in the picture on the right) forms many new roots.
Sphagnum, vermiculite and peat, taken in equal quantities, form the basis of the soil mixture for anthurium
If the procedure of resuscitation of anthurium is carried out correctly, then after a while young leaves will appear from the sleeping buds.
Video: Anthurium Transplant Rules
Anthurium feels great in the conditions of our apartments. But one should be very attentive to his needs and take timely measures to prevent possible diseases. If you take care of the plant correctly, then Anthurium will delight you with the brightest flowers of the most exotic colors throughout the year.
Infectious diseases, their treatment
Infectious anthurium diseases in the home are quite common. This is caused by many factors, one of which is tropical origin of the flower and his preferences for conditions of detention.
The number of infectious diseases is large, but one should not be afraid of them, since almost all of them are easily curable at home. The main thing is to diagnose them in time and carry out the necessary procedures for treatment.
Anthracnose and septoriosis (photo)
Fungal diseases that appear as brown or red spots. Also not possible cases of blackening of the tips of the leaves. For treatment, it is necessary to remove the infected areas as soon as possible, thoroughly wash the flower and treat the plant with mineral chemical preparations. If the plant cannot be cured within seven days, then it should be destroyed, and the container to which it grew should be calcined and treated with chemical preparations.
It affects the trunk and shoots, subsequently spreading to the leaf cover. Since the affected areas die off very quickly, treatment should be carried out immediately. Folk remedies, with this type of disease, are not very effective, so they should be immediately abandoned and resorted to treatment with the help of chemicals. If after the manipulation, there is no effective result, the plant must be destroyed.
If the leaves of anthurium lose their color and fade, and pus appears on the roots, it means that the plant is affected by root rot. In the early stages of the disease should be limited to watering and raise the temperature in the room. If the plant is severely damaged, then you should remove the rotten roots, and then treat them with fertilizers, after the plant is transplanted into another soil.
A fungal infection that, when striking a flower, causes a rapid fall of foliage. At the moment, there is no effective way to treat this disease, so the affected plant should be immediately isolated from other indoor plants. It is possible to treat the disease with the help of fertilizer with multi-component preparations, but if there is no result, the plant is destroyed and the pot is carefully processed.
When this disease appears on the plant, it is necessary to remove the infected anthurium leaves, and the remaining ones should be thoroughly treated with chemical or alcohol preparations. Such actions should be carried out every three days for fourteen days.
This type of disease often affects indoor plants. The appearance of the plant is deteriorating, and spots appear on the leaves. In order to avoid the occurrence of this infection, the flower should create a comfortable habitat and regularly fertilize the soil.
Pests of "male happiness" and ways to combat them
Quite often the cause of anthurium disease is certain types of pestswhich affect the roots, stem and leaves of the flower.
- Aphid - small but very powerful parasite that can cause serious damage to the plant. The pest is placed on the inner surface of the leaf and fed by its juice, thereby causing the flower to dry. Aphids multiply very quickly, so they should be destroyed as soon as possible. To do this, you must purchase a special drug and process the plant. A day later, the leaves of the plant should be washed under running water to prevent chemical burns on the flower.
- Shchitovka - this type of parasite also infects the trunk and feeds on the sap of the plant. Detecting a pest is quite difficult, but if it succeeds, take action. The plant must be isolated from others and thoroughly rinsed with warm water. After which the surface of the flower is treated with special compounds. This procedure should be carried out twice.
- Mealybug - at defeat by this pest, white scurf appears on the surface of the leaves. To cure the plant, it is enough to treat the flower with a soap or alcohol solution, then wash the flower with filtered water at room temperature.
What are the best conditions for keeping anthurium at home?
Growing Anthurium - the process is reverent and requires the implementation of certain rules and recommendations.
- For this plant plays a big role high humidity in the room. It is difficult to provide it in the apartment, especially during the heating period. It is necessary to spray the flower twice a day or place it on a tray with moist expanded clay. Also effective, but costly, is placing a flower near the humidifier.
- Anthurium needs a temperature not lower than eighteen degrees in summer and sixteen - in winter. Drafts that can cause rotting of the roots should be avoided.
- Освещение должно быть ярким, но рассеянным, под прямыми солнечными лучами цветок рискует получить ожоги.
- Антуриум предпочитает расти в рыхлом влажном грунте. Полив должен быть умеренным мягкой отстоянной водой.
If you violate the optimal conditions of the flower, then later it can lead to the defeat of his diseases and pests.
Diseases and their treatment
Consider the most popular diseases of anthurium and how to cope with them.
Septoria is a fungal infection that manifests itself as dark spots on the leaves of a plant. Usually, the edges of the spots are yellow or brown. The disease quickly spreads to other parts of the plant by spores of the fungus.
To fight septorizom need to cut and destroy all the affected leaves and stems.and then treat the plant with systemic fungicides: phytosporin or alirin. Also, with a strong spread of the disease used Bordeaux mixture.
With fusarium, there is a massive wilting of the leaves. They turn yellow and dry and then fall off. A whitish-pink bloom on the root neck of a plant indicates infection by this fungal infection.
The infection is spread along with water for watering the plants. The disease manifests itself and progresses only in heat with high humidity.
There is no effective treatment for fusarium. Diseased plants destroy. In the initial stage of infection, you can apply multiple spraying fungicides with an interval of 7 days. At the same time, a soil pesticide is introduced into the soil.
Treatment of fungal diseases
For the treatment of diseases caused by fungi, it is necessary to use only fungicidal preparations. With their help, you can destroy the fungal infection.
No folk remedies will not give the desired result, but only lead to the development of the disease and the death of the plant.
For the successful treatment of fungal diseases, you need to remove and destroy all the affected parts of the plant.. Next, the flower is sprayed with fungicides.
The most effective drugs are considered "Fitosporin", "Alirin", "Fundazol." The procedure is carried out in the open air. A pot with a plant placed in a plastic bag, carry out processing and tie the bag for 10-15 minutes. Then the plant is removed and dried.
Treatment is usually not limited to a single treatment of the plant. After 7-10 days spraying should be repeated. And sometimes a third treatment is required after another 2 weeks.
Viral bronze leaves
Treatment of viral bronze leaves not developed. It is recommended to destroy the diseased plant so that it does not become a source of infection for other flowers.
This is a non-communicable disease. Sometimes yellow spots appear under the bright light on the leaves of the plant, but the veins remain green. This is due to a lack of iron and magnesium.
Usually, chlorosis becomes noticeable with irregular feeding or lack thereof and only in bright light..
To combat the disease requires regular fertilizing plants fertilizers containing magnesium and iron.
If yellow-green bulges and round spots began to form on the leaves of anthurium, the plant became ill with smallpox.
This is a non-parasitic disease that occurs due to improper care of the plant. It manifests itself at high humidity and low temperature.
Also, the cause of smallpox can be the lack of feeding.
Another non-infectious disease of anthurium is enacia. At defeat of a plant its leaves bend, become ugly, growths arise.
The cause of the disease is not well understood.. Sometimes it begins after sudden changes in temperature and an increase in humidity. With the restoration of normal conditions for plant life, the manifestations of the disease disappear.
Prevention of common diseases
With the observance of preventive measures all diseases of Anthurium can be avoided. To prevent the plant from infecting fungal infections, it is enough to observe the irrigation regime, to maintain the necessary humidity. Do not flood the plant. The room in which the anthurium is located should be aired regularly, and the plant should not be in a draft.
It is necessary to destroy thrips carrying leaf bronze. When pests are found on the flower, the plant must be treated with insecticides.
It is very easy to fight against non-infectious plant diseases.. It is necessary to observe the temperature regime, to avoid sudden drops in temperature, increase in humidity. Flower should be regularly fed fertilizer.