Zelenchuk yellow - a perennial grassy creeping culture. This ground cover has proven itself in shady places and can grow in one place for more than 15 years. The rhizome at Zelenchuk quickly spreads over the surface of the soil, growing all new shoots.
Zelenchuk - quite aggressive plant. During the season it grows, spreading by 50-100 cm. It is able to crowd out many crops, although large grains may compete with it. So if you want to return to the garden plot with Zelenchuk, sow it with rye.
How does Zelenchuk bloom
Despite the fact that it is a grassy culture, its flowering is very colorful.
Flowering green yellow begins in late spring. Its bright yellow flowers stand out noticeably against the background of green foliage. They are located at the top of the shoots and collected in small groups, which are located on different tiers.
When greengrass blooms, it is easy to notice its similarity to nettle, only its flowers are not white, but yellow. It is a pity that flowering lasts some couple of weeks, and under adverse conditions - even less. The flowers fall off, and in their place the fruits ripen.
What kind of soil respects
This plant prefers shady moist places. Loves fertile and loose soil without stagnant moisture. Watering is often better, but not enough, so the soil will always be a little wet. But even if you overdo it with water, it's not scary.
To fertilize the land where it is growing is not a very common plant, it is necessary infrequently - 2 times per season it is enough to scatter peat crumb across the surface of the flowerbed, which can be done at the beginning and at the end of summer. You should also make complex mineral fertilizers, in which there is nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
You can propagate green yellow by dividing the bush, cuttings or seeds.
Zelenchuk is always different, so you can never say that this is the same plant. It is usually planted in places in the garden where you need to decorate tree trunks or make a smooth transition between the lawn and the flower garden.
The appearance of this plant is very changeable, the leaves and stems may differ in shape and size. Some stems are erect, others are creeping. White spots may appear on the leaves, but you should not be afraid of them - this is the air that filled the space between the upper transparent film of the leaf and its green fleshy part. By the way, the air cavities create the effect of a white or even silver color.
Zelenchuk endures cold without any problems, therefore it does not need shelter for the winter. In early spring, leaves of green grass appear out of the snow completely green, moreover, they do not lose this color all winter, because they feel comfortable in such conditions. Although sometimes the leaves can freeze, but as a rule, they quickly come to life in spring. The first time after winter, the plant seems to be asleep and does not show any signs of life, but then every day new young leaves on the shoots begin to grow.
Zelenchuk yellow is considered one of the most ground cover plants and grows on the shady side. It has a branched, superficially located rhizome, from which a large number of shoots depart.
This plant looks especially noticeable during its flowering period. Its yellowish flowers with a double-tooth corolla tend to appear in May. They are located on the top of the stem in small clusters, visually resembling longlines. In each of these tiers is a pair of small leaves that are directed in different directions. Externally, during the flowering period, yellow zelenchuk resembles a dull nettle, but its flowers, unlike nettle, are not of a snow-white shade, but yellowish.
The period of flowering of greenfinch is rather short and lasts only a couple of weeks. After flowering, the corollas begin to crumble gradually, and in place of the flower remains a green bowl, visually resembling a funnel with five elongated teeth on the edge. At the bottom of this bowl, the fruit gradually begins to ripen, which consists of small segments, angular in shape. It is this fruit that is most often found in all representatives of the lipotic family.
Externally, green yellow can change. Not subject to modification only the stem of the plant and the opposite arrangement of leaves. The leaves themselves can vary with time in size and shape. So, initially they are large and elongated, similar to nettle, and over time they become smaller and rounder. Stems are also significantly different from each other. Some of them are short and erect, while others are rather elongated, creeping and with tufts of roots in specific places.
Another unusual feature of this plant is the white pattern, located on the upper side of some leaves. This drawing is composed of several specks, and their snow-white shade is due to the fact that under the thin translucent skin of the sheet there is a space filled with air. Such cavities from the air and create the effect of an unusual color of snow-white color.
With the onset of spring, green yellow is selected from under the snow already green, and the part that is located above the ground does not die in the cold. Zelenchuk looks exactly the same as in summer, does not feel discomfort during severe frosts and from the pressure of snow cover. Both the leaves and the stems of the plant remain green.
Since the beginning of spring for quite a long time Zelenchuk does not change in any way. After some time, young shoots begin to appear at the tips of certain stems of the plant. In color, they are practically the same as the old ones, and at first glance they are not noticeable. Young shoots continue to develop covertly, and to see them, you need to carefully look to the old ones. With the beginning of flowering plants it may seem that the flowers appeared on old stems, and not on young ones.
In early spring not only young shoots appear in yellow zelenchuk, but also vegetative ones, which do not bloom, but bear only leaves. Shoots grow at the rhizome, which is located in the soil rather superficially. Some of them are elongated and are able to take root, and it is thanks to them that greenchuck can capture a large area, growing through the forest. Quite often, Zelenchuk grows thickets and vegetatively reproduces well.
Zelenchuk plant grows mainly in the northern forests and does not spread further south. It is desirable to propagate yellow greenchuck in August by stem cuttings or dividing the bush. Best of all, it will look in containers at the beginning of flowering, when flowering shoots begin to hang. Zelenchuk is well combined with a bath and a lungwort.
The part of the plant that grows above the ground is rich in chemicals, and it is thanks to them that greengrass is considered a medicinal herb. It contains harpagid, alkaloids, tannins, silicon compounds, acetylgarpagid and saponins.
It is best to pluck the grass as soon as flowering begins. For this purpose, you can use the knife, which is most convenient to cut off some of the necessary raw materials. After cutting it needs to be divided into parts and spread on a pallet lined with a sheet of paper. It is also necessary to daily plant the plant so that it does not become damp.
As soon as the grass dries, it must be decomposed into paper bags or bags of cloth. They must be placed in a well-ventilated room so that the raw materials are kept better. It should be remembered that raw materials can be stored for no longer than 2 years. After this period it is not recommended to use it, because decoctions and other means based on it will not have any healing effect.
Zelenchuk can be used for the manufacture of various medicinal decoctions and infusions that help in the treatment of certain ailments. Funds based on Zelenchuk have a diuretic and anti-inflammatory effect.
Infusions of Zelenchuk yellow can be taken for acute cystitis, urethritis, prostate adenoma, and for urinary incontinence due to reduced sphincter tone.
For the manufacture of medicinal infusion, you must take the grass of greenchuck yellow in the amount of 10 g (vegetable raw materials must be pre-crushed) and placed in a container, brewing a glass of boiling water. Next, the tool must be infused for about 10-20 minutes. After the allotted period of time, the infusion should be drained through a fine sieve and take the finished product 2 cups a day in small sips. Keep cooked infusion is best in the refrigerator for no more than 3 days.
People suffering from glumeronephritis can make a decoction based on forest nettle. It will be necessary to take in equal proportions the grass of zelenchuk, St. John's wort, and bearberry (4 tsp.), 2 tsp. horsetail, birch buds, corn silk, bird mountaineer and oregano, and 1 tsp. chamomile pharmacy. All ingredients must be mixed, take from the herbal 2 tbsp. l and place them in a container. Next, it is necessary to brew 1 liter of boiling water and place in a dark place for 12 hours, after boiling for about 10 minutes on low heat and strain through a double layer of gauze. It is necessary to store ready broth in the refrigerator no more than 5 days, and it is necessary to use it on 125 ml four times a day, 40-60 minutes before the beginning of the meal.
It should be remembered that the funds on the basis of Zelenchuk yellow can be used as ancillary, combined with medication. Before use, you must also consult with your doctor.
Zelenchuk yellow yasnotkovyh family
A prominent representative of this class of plants is the yellow-leaf greenberry from the family of yasnotkovyh or labocere. Its Latin name - Galeobdolon Luteum - is unlikely to appeal to lovers of herbal aromas. Beautiful name in the original in translation means "stench from a ferret." Unpleasant incense, indeed, will accompany the traveler if he rubs the green grass in his hands.
But all these small sensual troubles are a hundredfold compensated by the healing properties of the plant, which even official medicine recognized. So, all the green parts of the greenberry greenberry are capable of exerting anti-inflammatory and diuretic effects, and therefore herb extracts and decoctions are successfully used in acute cystitis, prostate adenoma, urethritis, pyelonephritis, glomerelonephritis. The national names of the plants Zelenchuk — dobropol, deaf mint, frankincense, and nettle nettle — reflect all of its characteristics: a specific aroma, a wide growth, and a noble therapeutic effect.
Shoots, leaves and flowers
All parts of the plant are very decorative, and at any time of the year. Zelenchukovaya breed took care to admire it from early spring to the arrival of snow. How does she do it?
- Firstly, due to the abundant vegetation of young shoots of the blueberry, which begins in the spring immediately after the snow cover disappears and ends in the late autumn with the departure of the green leaf under green and elegant snow. In the places of their natural growth - and these are mostly wet oak forests of the European part of Russia - all above-ground elements of the plant overwinter alive, completely without suffering from low, often negative, temperatures.
- Secondly, due to the green color of the leaves and stems. Coming out from under the snow in March - April, the yasnotka already in the second week begins to smarten up and put on its unique outfit from young shoots. But the difference between last year’s leaves and new ones is not easy to grasp - all the land crown sparkles with brilliant green.
- Thirdly, by creating a natural carpet of young shoots. They spread along the ground, periodically rooting and capturing more and more new land with their ubiquitous tentacles. The plantation grows, beautifully filling the top layer of soil and preventing the weeds from lifting their heads. The white pattern on the leaves gives this extraordinary carpet a mosaic structure, as if specially assembled using exquisite green and white patterns.
- Fourth, due to abundant flowering. In the second half of May, when the bird cherry finishes exuding the aromas of its snow-white brushes, the yellow green opens its secrets of flowering. The bright yellow color of the flower and the shape of a toy open mouth make you bow to the grace of nature in order to see everything in detail. A round dance of individual flowers, called scientifically "whorls," tightly envelops the stalk, settling down a tier after the tier as the escape goes up. In total there can be 5-6 such tiers, which by their uniform style resemble Chinese pagodas.
This charming beauty does not last long - no more than two weeks. By the end of the term, the yellow sponges of the yasnotka fall off; only an empty cup remains in which the fruit and seeds ripen.
What should a summer resident know, sheltered on its six hundred square meters of this strange inhabitant of oak forests and spruce forests?
- Be sure to take into account its vegetative characteristics of growth. That is why you should not rely on self-sowing of Zelenchuk yellow. New roots from seeds in a dense carpet, most likely, will not survive. But vegetative methods of breeding layering are welcome.
- We must not forget about his soil preferences. This is, above all, the love and patience of Zelenchuk to wet soils and shady places. It is very important to prevent the top soil from drying out, because the rhizomes of the plant are located there, and not deep underground.
- Since the height of the shoots does not exceed 25–30 cm, it will be combined in landscape design with a green zebra grass tree with similar dwarfs. This is a medunitsy, Carpathian bells, lihnisa. Perfectly complement the green-yellow carpets and fragrant herbs, seasonings, such as marjoram, thyme, basil. Daisies of the family Nivyanik will create a magnificent white spot in a flower garden with greenfinch. All these cultures will make him a good competition and will not allow him to grow too zealously in the garden. And landscapes with claretch, complemented by boulders or stone placers, will provide a high-quality garden decor.
- Thickets of ash trees are considered as decoration in tree circles of some fruit and park trees. Among them are pears, apples, fir trees, lindens, maples and others. With superficial roots, the plant does not prevent them from growing and bearing fruit. A decorative tile or wooden flooring will help limit their movement outside the circle.
- The gorgeous drop-down whips of Zelenchuk yellow can be obtained by planting its spine in a tall container such as a flowerpot, decorative tub, or auto tires, where the sides will play the role of a natural limiter.
- Yasnotka will become a real lifesaver for commercial land areas, for example, between barns, fences, unused cabins located at paved areas. Having stretched her whips and blocking the path to dandelion, horsetail and celandine, she will forever relieve summer residents from weeding in these spaces.
Reviews of those who appreciated the fast-growing weed
The following opinions are first-hand perfectly demonstrate the excellent qualities of this culture.
This is really a wonderful plant. This is my decorating assistant. I planted it around the pond - it really grows beautifully and is very unpretentious.
I have been growing a clear flower with yellow flowers for many years. She chose a place for her on a slope, where the soil is rocky and weakly attenuated. Since this plant settled there, I don’t know of affairs or troubles. It grows! And before that, I had to somehow ennoble this section, to invent something. But you don't have enough strength for everything! Thank yasnotke - she rescued me.
As you can see, yellow green can decorate and pond, and the slope, and the cottage as a whole. You do not need to get out of the skin to get a luxurious thicket.
Create special conditions greengrass crops are not required. Both shade and cool sun will do. The main thing is that the soil was sufficiently hydrated. When the drought stops the growth of shoots, and the sheet will lose its elasticity and noticeably crushes. Therefore, watering in dry periods is very welcome.
Fertilization is not necessary, but for the best growth of the plant, however, it is necessary to introduce humus, peat or a complex substrate of leaves and sand, which helps nourish all parts of the plant. Add the mixture twice per season. The first time - at the time of flowering dandelions. Second time - in August - September. Later fertilization is not recommended, so as not to provoke the growth of green mass before the onset of cold weather.
So unpretentious Zelenchuk yellow - an excellent resident for parks, garden plots, lawns and shaded areas. Though free, even in a high container, it will create a special atmosphere of comfort and well-groomed, modest charm. Work with him at least, and the joy of contemplation - the maximum. After all, not every plant has such decorative lashes running across the ground.
Растение не входит в Государственную фармакопею РФ и не применяется в официальной медицине. В настоящее время лечебные свойства зеленчука используются только в народной медицине, главным образом в качестве противовоспалительного и мочегонного средства.
Противопоказания и побочные действия
Противопоказания к применению зеленчука желтого пока не известны. Поэтому перед использованием растения в лечебных целях желательно консультация специалиста. Do not use the plant for pregnant and lactating women, children, as well as for individual intolerance.
Zelenchuk yellow is a promising ornamental plant. It has excellent quality morphological features - long vegetative shoots creeping along the ground, ascending generative shoots with large delicate yellow flowers, leaves that remain green in winter and by the spring of the next year acquire white-spotted marble. In addition, the plant is very shade-tolerant, quickly propagates vegetatively (by dividing the bush and stem cuttings). Overgrown long-term, up to 10-15 years grow at the places of use without transplantation and division. Zelenchuk grows well in loose, drained, moderately moist soils. Due to these qualities, green leaf yellow has been used in culture for a long time (since the 16th century) as an ornamental groundcover. Zelenchuk is indispensable in garden design in shady places, for container cultivation in the shade, while the decoration will be luxurious long hanging branches, covered with numerous flowers. The plant is also suitable for shaded rockeries. A solid carpet of Zelenchuk is a great alternative to the lawn in shady areas, the growth of curtain is 50-100 cm per year. Along with this, Zelenchuk yellow is a good honey plant.
The systematic position of green yellow (Latin Galeobdolon luteum) botanists interpreted ambiguously. According to some data, the species belongs to the genus Yasnotka (lat. Lamium), which includes more than 40 species of herbaceous plants of the family Gubitsvetnye, or Luminous (lat. Lamiaceae, or Labiatae), according to others - the only species of the genus Zelenchuk (lat. Galeobdolon), given that The species of yasnotki clearly differs in the color of the flower and the character of the stalk pubescence (Skvortsov, 2003).
Zelenchuk yellow - perennial. Very shade-tolerant plant, with a specific low odor. Vegetative shoots creeping (mainly lying), braided, 10-50 cm in length. Generative shoots ascending or ascending, 10-30 cm in length. The stems are quadrangular, pubescent exclusively along the sharp edges of adpressed hairs. The leaves are simple, opposite, whole, without stipules, long-petiolate, densely pubescent, ovate-triangular, evenly green. Usually the leaves remain alive in winter and by the spring they acquire a silvery-white-spotted marble color. The flowers are bisexual, irregular, large (2-2.5 cm long), yellow, two-lipped, with a helmet upper lip, collected in verticils (6-8) in the axils of the stem, usually the upper leaves. Perianth 5-membered, double. Calyx srosnolistnaya. The corolla is double-lipped, with a 3-lobed lower lip and a more or less long tube. Four stamens, two of them with longer threads. Ovary is upper, 4-gnezdny. The formula of the flower of Zelenchuk yellow is ↑ × (5) L (2.3) T4P (2). The fruit is fractional, when ripe, splits into eremas (4 nut-shaped parts). It blooms in May - July.
Zelenchuk yellow grows in Europe, non-tropical Asia, North Africa. It is widely distributed in the European part of Russia, especially in the western and central parts of the nonchernozem belt, becoming rare to the north and disappears altogether (60 ° N).
Zelenchuk yellow is a characteristic and massive type of deciduous forests (satellite oak), can grow in coniferous-deciduous and coniferous forests of taiga. Prefers shady, wet places.
Preparation of raw materials
Medicinal value has all the aboveground part of the plant. Harvested raw materials during flowering, while cutting the tops of the stems along with flowers. Raw materials are dried outdoors in the shade under a canopy or in a room with good ventilation. Store the finished raw materials in paper or cloth bags, in rooms with good ventilation for 1 year.
The chemical composition of the yellow-billed Zelenchuk is not well understood. Nevertheless, it was revealed that the above-ground part of the plant contains a significant amount of water-soluble silicon compounds, as well as iridoids (acetylgarpagid, haliridoside, harpagid), saponins, alkaloids, tannins, glycosides, essential oil, flavonoids and ascorbic acid.
Use in traditional medicine
Zelenchuk yellow in folk medicine is used mainly as an anti-inflammatory and diuretic. The infusion of the herb Zelenchuk yellow is used for acute and chronic cystitis, urethritis, pyelonephritis, prostate adenoma, and urinary incontinence, especially in the elderly. In addition, the plant is used in folk medicine as a means of improving digestion and metabolism in general, as well as thinning sputum in various diseases of the respiratory system, especially inflammatory. Zelenchuk yellow is a component of complex herbal preparations used to treat acute and chronic glomerulonephritis.
Zelenchuk has been yellow in culture since the 16th century, as a ground cover plant in ornamental horticulture and floriculture is indispensable for shady areas.
The scientific name of the genus comes from the Greek. "Gale" - ferret and "bdolos" - stench, by the specific, but weak smell of the plant.
The popular name for Zelenchuk yellow is yellow deaf nettle.
Description and chemical composition of yellowfin green
Yasnotka or Zelenchuk yellow (Lámium galeóbdolon, lat.) Is a herbaceous plant, from the family of Iasophidae. The plant is a perennial, 30-60 cm tall, the stem is ascending, covered with soft hairs. Flowering shoots are erect, vegetative shoots are creeping, rooting. The leaves are sharp ovate, the lower leaves are usually larger than the upper ones, wrinkled in appearance and velvety to the touch. The flowers are yellow, grouped by 6 pieces in the axils of the upper leaves, the plant blooms in early May. The fruits are nuts in the form of dark triangles, to expand the area of growth due to the transfer of seeds help ants.
In the people, this plant is often called zelenchuk zelenchukovoy, magic nettle, willowgrass, mint, etc.
At present, the chemical composition of the ash tree has not been studied deeply. Scientifically proven content of silicon and vitamin C in plants, flowers and upper leaves contain tannins and essential oils, saponins and alkaloids, as well as some other water-soluble compounds.
In the people, this plant is often called greenberry Yasnotka, magic nettles, willowgrass, mint deaf
Collection points and features of raw material harvesting
The area of growth is characterized by shaded areas of deciduous and coniferous forests. Accumulations of moisture-loving ashberry can be found in oak forests, meadows and shrubs. It is found throughout the world in the Scandinavian countries and the Atlantic Europe, in Asia Minor and in the Caucasus. In our country, green yellow grows from Kaliningrad to the middle Volga region.
For medicinal purposes, the aerial part of the plant is used, namely, flowers and the upper flowering stems with leaves. Grass should be harvested during the flowering season. The entire amount of harvested grass can be cut into shorter pieces and put on pallets to dry. The tray should be covered with thick dry paper in advance. Every day it is necessary to produce tedding of raw materials that will provide the most effective drying.
Completely dried raw materials are placed in paper or linen bags and stored in a well-ventilated room, which should provide ventilation for the entire shelf life. When creating such storage conditions, raw materials can be used for two years.
The use of yellow green in traditional medicine
Folk healers have long noticed the expectorant, anti-inflammatory, and diuretic properties of the blueberry. From the raw materials, decoctions, tinctures and tinctures are prepared, helping to fight acute and chronic cystitis, pyelonephritis. Drugs based on Zelenchuk yellow prescribed in complex therapy to combat prostate adenoma, urinary incontinence and with reduced bladder sphincter tone in older patients. In order to reduce the uterus also shown drugs on the basis of Zelenchuk yellow.
Folk healers have long noticed the expectorant, anti-inflammatory, and diuretic properties of the blueberry.
The technology of planting the yellow tree in the open ground
One of the main conditions for successful engraftment and further growth of the plant is the choice of planting site. Yasnitka is a moisture-loving plant, although it feels good in the sun on fertile slightly loamy soil with a moisture level sufficient for the plant. but direct sun should definitely be avoided. It is best to create light partial shade for greenfinch, then the color of the foliage will be the most intense.
Choosing a place satisfying the requirements described you can independently prepare the cultivated substrate, taking leaf ground, humus and sand in a ratio of 1: 2: 1, and cover it with a landing site at a height of 8-10 cm. It is this depth that will be enough for planting clearwood in open ground, since its root system is shallow and forks mostly horizontally.
Lamia is a moisture-loving plant, although it feels good in the sun on fertile, slightly loamy soil
The use of green leaf in the garden decor
By nature, yasnotka has a spectacular variegation and relative unpretentiousness in the care of both wild and ornamental species. Therefore, this type of plant is often used in garden and park compositions as a ground-cover perennial plant. However, Zelenchuk is very aggressive towards other cultures and strives to literally eradicate all other species, often “creeps” into neighboring territories. Therefore, it is very good as an all-season, maintenance-free, one-piece monopolist. In modern landscape design, the claret tree has been applied:
- in the so-called paving windows - the area between the asphalt and the walls of buildings, the space between the paths. Lamination does not give chances to any weeds to take root in the soil, and the owner gets rid of weeding.
- in between rows of landscape compositions and as a padding in the places of growth of decorative spruce, fir and juniper, as well as park trees (linden, maple) and flowering shrubs.
Clear in garden decor (video)
- as a natural low-maintenance sodding plots in urban landscaping. It looks great and is used in the flower lashes, on the northern side of high-rise buildings, in the shaded courtyards of the sleeping areas, as the natural landscaping of places between the fence and the pavement of hiking zones and in private areas. The aesthetics of landscaping, the folding of the density and variegation of the carpet of light wood, directly depends on the quality of the landing ground.
- as a background element in a composition with stones used to decorate the landscape. It is worth putting a rather large stone and planting around Zelenchuk, as the latter braids both the stone and the surrounding territory, creating an interesting decorative solution.
- as a decoration falling from a high pot. Instead of a pot, you can take just a bucket or a tire. Then the bulge formed in a natural way on a solid smooth carpet of light blue will look very mysterious.
Zelenchuk yellow is often used in garden and park compositions as a groundcover perennial
Green care yellow
With a relative low maintenance, the ashberry is distinguished by its dependence on soil moisture, therefore, dry periods are very harmful for the plant. The drought is immediately reflected in the appearance of the carpet.as the leaves and shoots cease to grow, the leaf cover shrinks and loses brightness.
The main recommendation for care - Zelenchuk should be regularly watered and supplied with fertilizers. Watering is most comfortable for the plant in small doses, but with greater frequency in order to maintain a moderate level of soil moisture. Then the ash tree is poured with a fortress of shoots and foliage, the carpet becomes saturated and rich.
An already formed carpet is fertilized superficially, the fertilizer is placed directly on the leaves. The frequency is 1-2 times per season, the first time - at the very beginning of summer, the second - at the end of July and the beginning of August. Best of all is peat crumb or friable humus, laying density of 70-100 g per square meter of soil. Along with organic fertilizers, fertilizing and mineral fertilizers are useful (NPK mixture, density 5-8 g / m 2).
Herbs for tea (video)
The pleasant combination of decorative properties and the healing power of the yellow-green of Zelenchuk clearly distinguishes this plant from other wild-growing perennials. Armed with simple tips on plant care, you can create very spectacular landscape compositions. But if you want to liken yourself to the benefits of the curative properties of yasnoki, contact a qualified doctor who will prescribe an effective comprehensive therapy, taking into account all the characteristics of the body and the prescription drugs.
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The perennial has creeping roots, long generative, ascending and horizontally located vegetative shoots - all this characterizes green yellow. Leaves form on it simple, ovate, petiolate. Silver-white spots are visible on the green leaves. These spots are due to the fact that under the thin skin on the leaves is a small part of the air. Zelenchuk blooms in May-June, its flowers are double-lipped, gathered in ringed inflorescences of 6-8 pieces. The period of flowering culture short, it lasts up to 2 weeks. After flowering on a grassy crop, a fruit is formed in the form of a quad nut.
The appearance of the perennial culture is variable, the sizes of sheets in the same period can be of different sizes. The stems are also different, some of them stretch up to 50-70 cm horizontally, others grow up and reach only 20-25 cm. Flowers of a colorful plant are not only liked by gardeners, they attract bees during the period of the honey plant. Honey productivity of the plant is 50-60 kg per 1 ha.
Greengrass can be found in nature in deciduous forests, between shrubs, in dim and damp places. Landing is common in Siberia, Central Europe, and grows in North Africa. For the full development of perennials requires nutrient and loose substrate. It tolerates the winter period well, the groundcover grows vigorously from early spring to the first snow. The overground part of plantings winters in a green state, it does not die from winter temperatures.
The described greens are propagated with the help of seeds, in addition, it can be diluted by division or cuttings. The first flowering of the ash tree occurs in the 2nd year of development. Planting seeds or cuttings made in early spring or autumn.
Gallery: Zelenchuk yellow (25 photos)
Use in medicine
Zelenchuk - a plant that is used exclusively in traditional medicine. For healing infusions and decoctions used above-ground parts of the grass. The best time to collect perennial - flowering period. Collected tops of the stems with flowers are dried in a well-ventilated area or under a canopy, excluding contact with the product of direct sunlight. You can store dry blanks for a year.
Greens can be found in nature in deciduous forests, between shrubs in dim and humid places.
Folk healers use yasnoku to prepare tinctures, which can relieve from such ills as cystitis, pyelonephritis, urethritis. It will help with prostate diseases. Often herbalists combine it with other plants, the mixture is effective in the treatment of chronic glomerulonephritis.
Considering the chemical composition, it can be understood that yaronouk should be used as an anti-inflammatory agent, as a diuretic product
Chemical ingredients of herbs are still poorly understood by specialists. But it is known for certain that ground shoots of culture contain alkaloids, tanning components, in the plant there are water-soluble silicon compounds, iridoids and saponins. Considering the chemical composition, it can be understood that yaronouku should be used as an anti-inflammatory agent, as a diuretic product. Medicinal infusion will improve the metabolism and digestion in the human body. Yellow clarette is used to liquefy sputum, in case of incontinence of urine due to lower bladder sphincter tone.
Ways to use herbs are simple. For the preparation of medicinal infusion, you must have 1 tsp. raw materials, 200 ml of water heated to 100ºС, and 10-15 minutes of free time. Pour the grass with boiling water, hold for 10 minutes, then filter the liquid through gauze or a strainer.
Drink the infusion during the treatment period is warm, a single portion is 150 ml, the drug is taken three times a day for 5-7 days before meals.
For acute cystitis, you will need a mixture of herbs: zelenchuk and a tenacious bed-bed. Products are taken in equal parts, the volume of the mixture is 1 tbsp. l Herbs pour 0.5 liters of boiling water and insist 20-25 minutes. Take the medicinal fluid should be 50 ml 3 times daily before meals. The course of treatment lasts up to 5 days.