Cortaderia (cortaderia selloana) is a perennial grass of the family of bluegrass, which is cultivated for decorative purposes. The plant is remarkable fluffy inflorescences and foliage collected in a lush bush. His homeland is the South American pampas, from where it got its name. In nature, there are 50 varieties of cortaderia.
The height of the cortaderia reaches three meters, has a straight stem. The foliage is evergreen, thin, collected in a powerful sheaf. Attractive plant because of the inflorescences-panicle silver or golden color. They rise above the bush by 90 cm. It blooms from August to November. It grows best on drained fertile soils, forming turfs (hummocks).
- Andes Silver - two-meter panicles of silver color. The look differs in resistance to small frosts.
- Patagonia is a grass with silvery-white inflorescences and gray-green foliage. In height reaches two meters.
- Monstrosa - inflorescences have a snow-white color, differ in large size.
- Pumila - has white panicles, in height reaches 1.2 meters. One of the most resistant to cold species.
- Pink Feather - inflorescences of bright silver color with a beautiful pink shade.
- Rosea - very fluffy panicles of pink color. They look very original and unusual.
Cortaderia is bred by seed and dividing a bush. Seeds can be bought at a flower shop or independently collected from an adult plant. You yourself can choose the preferred type of grass - silver, gold or pink. The minus of growing from seeds is a long waiting time for the first flowering (up to 5 years).
Seeds are planted in spring, growing seedlings from them. They are planted in the fall in the southern regions or if the plant is planned to be grown indoors in a tub. In temperate latitudes, cortaderia, sown in the fall in open ground, may not survive the winter frosts. Because of this, it is sometimes appropriate to dig it up with roots and put it in a dark room for wintering.
Planting pampas grass seed consists of several steps:
- Seed stratification (destruction of the protective sheath) —for this, at the end of winter or early spring, they are placed in a refrigerator for a short time.
- Planting seeds is carried out in pots on well-moistened soil in April or May. Crops sprinkled with 3-4 mm layer of earth and splash water.
- Tanks put in a warm, well-ventilated place. After 10-14 days from the ground will appear the first shoots.
- With the arrival of spring heat seedlings are planted in open ground. If you plan to grow grass in pots, it is carried to the garden.
Breeding of cortaderia by dividing the bush
The event is held in late February - early March. To do this, perform the following work:
- Dig a hole with a depth and width of 40 cm. The distance to neighboring plants should be at least 1.5 meters.
- A layer of gravel or pebbles is used as drainage.
- Add manure, peat or compost to the hole.
- Plants straighten the roots and put it in the hole, then covered with soil and watered.
Pampas grass loves well ventilated and lighted areas. It is unpretentious in the care and different vitality. The plant is undemanding to the soil and can grow in marshy or arid areas, and even on stony soil. In such conditions, the cortaderia will grow, but may lose its decorative properties and stop producing inflorescences. For the grass to develop normally she needs care:
- Watering. In the first year of life is held once every two weeks, irrigation is increasing in the dry summer. A hardened plant can be watered less often.
- Top dressing. It is carried out once a year (in spring) with complex mineral fertilizers.
- In November, the bush is tied with a rope - this will allow the water to drain well from the leaves. So the plant will survive the winter better.
- Instead of tying the leaves can be cut to 30-40 cm. This is done in late autumn or early spring.
- Roots cover mulch, for example, straw. It also does not hurt to cover the plant with a warm cloth or a thick layer of foliage.
- Pests and diseases of the plant are missing.
What is dangerous plant
Cortaderia grows to enormous size. It has a thin and hard foliage with sharp edges, which can be cut by negligence. In this regard, the plant is planted away from the tracks and playgrounds. Gloves and goggles should be used when working with grass., open areas of the body should be closed.
In South Africa and New Zealand, it is prohibited to sell pampas grass seeds - it poses a threat to the species diversity of the local flora. During life, the grass produces up to a million seeds, besides it is extremely difficult to bring out. She will survive, even if you burn the bush - the roots will give new shoots. Completely weeding with chemistry will help to completely eradicate the plant.
Use of pampas grass
- Landscaping. As an ornamental plant, grass is widely used in Australia, the United States and Europe. It is planted mostly singly. Pampas grass combines well with other steppe plants, as well as yarrow, rudbeckia and vervain. The plant is planted near artificial ponds and large stones.
- Agriculture. Sometimes grass is grown as feed for livestock.
- Floristics. Panicles of cortaderia are used to create flower arrangements.
so, cortaderia - This is the grassy representative of the flora of South America. The plant focuses on the splendor and beautiful panicles of silver, gold or other color. Even a novice gardener can grow grass, as it is unpretentious to the conditions. When planting pampas grass, please note that in the adult form, it will take a lot of space on the plot.
Adding an article to a new collection
Cortaderia, or pampas grass, looks great on a summer cottage. But for some reason, few grow it. Let's take a closer look at this powerful and at the same time elegant plant.
Pampas grass is a perennial plant of the cereal family, which is capable of forming large and thick turf up to 3 m in height and width. In the wild, this grass grows in the pampas of South America and is considered a weed.
The elongated, pointed leaves of the plant hang down under the weight of their own weight and thus give the bush a rounded look. Pampas grass blooms from August to the very frost with branched floral panicles of silver, pink or yellow color.
When buying seedlings, pay attention to what kind of cortage offered to you. Female plants do not lose their decoration even during rains. Men are fading with the arrival of autumn.
In winter, the pampas grass will perfectly decorate an apartment if its panicles are dried and put in a vase.
Planting pampas grass
Pampas grass bushes can be planted in the spring, starting from the end of March. The sooner you plant the plant, the sooner it will take root by the beginning of the vegetative period.
The planting pit for pampas grass should be wider than the root system of the plant. Before planting, drainage (gravel, pebbles, broken brick or sand) should be poured to the bottom of the pit, and several compost buckets should be placed on top of it. Too much to deepen the bush is not necessary, otherwise the plant may begin to rot.
When planting several plants between them maintain a distance of 1.5-2 m.
Water the pampas grass in the hole made around the plant. Cortaderia especially needs watering in the summer months, because it is then that the increase in green mass occurs.
Pampas grass loves bright light. But, choosing a place for a plant, give preference to the areas closed from the wind.
Cortaderia looks good both on the lawn and on the flowerbed. Her fluffy whisk inflorescences perfectly adorn the empty spaces of the site. Planted this grass and near stone buildings. Such an arrangement has a significant advantage: stones give up their heat and contribute to good growth of the cortaderia.
Near the high thickets of pampas grass often organize a recreation area: place the sun loungers and garden benches
Pampas grass can be grown from seeds, but with this method of reproduction, flowering is observed no earlier than after 5 years. Yes, and there will be a lot of trouble with stratification of seeds, so it is easier to buy seedlings.
Caring for pampas grass
Cortaderia is unpretentious and can withstand both drought and high humidity. The main care of the plant is to systematic watering. And remember: the larger the plant, the more moisture it needs. On average, one bush Cortaderia takes 1-2 buckets of water every 2-3 days.
Also important are annual (early spring) top dressing complex mineral fertilizer. During the growing season, once every two weeks, you can feed the plant with Azofoski solution.
The flowering inflorescences of cortaderia retain their decorative effect for a long time, therefore it is better to cut them off in spring. At the same time, you need to cut off the dead leaves.
Wintering Pampas Grass
There is an opinion that pampas grass does not tolerate cold. This is not entirely true. It's all about high humidity and soil. Peremimovat plant helps shelter of dry grass and leaves, which should stock up in advance.
In November, cut the shrub by 30-40 cm or tie the leaves with a string to wipe the water from them. This will facilitate wintering. Then, on the soil around the stems, fill the dry foliage and grass with a layer of 40 cm. When growing in the northern regions from above, additionally cover the pampas grass with a film or a warm cloth. Under such a shelter, the plant will safely winter, even if the temperature drops to –25 ° C.
Propagation of cortaderia by dividing the bush
Perhaps seed and vegetative reproduction.
Shrub dividing is the easiest way since thickets grow quickly. Carry out the procedure in the spring with the establishment of this heat. Using a shovel, separate a part of the bush (even there is no need to dig out the bush completely) and, together with the earth lump, transplant it to a new place.
How to plant
- Transfer the seedlings of cortaderia along with an earthy ball.
- Sprinkle with earth, pour in copiously.
- The root collar should be slightly deepened (this applies to both seedlings and delenok) to protect the bushes from freezing.
- Neighboring crops should be located at a distance of about 1.5 m from the bush.
Cortaderia is drought-resistant, but for normal development, ensure regular watering. In the period of prolonged drought, bring about 20 liters of water under each bush with a frequency of 3-4 days.
Diseases and pests
The plant is resistant to diseases and pests, they are extremely rarely disturbed.
Possible diseases: powdery mildew, anthracnose. It is necessary to remove the affected areas and treat them with a fungicide.
With very dry and hot weather, the plant can damage the spider mite. Occasionally aphid appears. In the spring and summer, for the purpose of prophylaxis, treat with insecticides.
On a note
- When carrying out spring pruning, be careful: in the thickets you can find hedgehogs.
- The leaves of the pampas grass are very tough: always wear gloves and clothes in long sleeves, protect your eyes.
- Leaves can be forgiven on the ground: do not plant the court in the courtyard near the garden paths.
- Bushes grow rapidly, creating whole plantations. At home, the local population of Kortadier even has to be burnt.
Cortaderia in landscape design
Cortaderia Pampas grass silvery in landscape design photo
The most spectacular bushes of cortaderia look on open spacious areas. Pampas grass is used to create a hedge, as a background mixborder, solo can be planted among the trees, combined with shrubs.
Cortaderia in landscape design photo
Framing ponds thickets of cortaderia - a spectacle of amazing beauty. Beneficially emphasize rocky gardens with large boulders.
Cortaderia in the design of the summer cottage photo
Combine with tall light-loving plants: vervain, yarrow, crocosmia, euphorbia, kosmey, artichoke, rudbeckia, echinacea, perovskiy, with other herbs and decorative cereals.
Cortaderia Sello Pink Pampas Grass Pink Pink Pampas Grass - Cortaderia selloana Rosea
Cortaderia Cello Rosea Cortaderia selloana Rosea
Rosea (Pink) - reaches a height of 2 m. Panicles have inflorescences of silver-pink shade.
Cortaderia Pink Smokey Pink variety Rendatleri photo
An interesting variety of Rendatleri with ash-pink inflorescences.
Cortaderia Cello Pink Cultivar Cortaderia selloana Pink Feather photo
Pink Feather - bushes about 2 m in height with pinkish-colored inflorescences, green-gray leaves.
Cortaderia silver Cortaderia Silver
Cortaderia silver Cortaderia Sunningdale Silver photo
Sunningdale Silver - inflorescences have a silvery shade.
Cortaderia silver Silver Stripe photo
Silver Stripe is a two-meter bush with inflorescences of white-silver shade, leaves are variegated: silver-white stripes are on the edges.
Cortaderia beige Pumila photo
Pumila - height is about 1.5 m. The inflorescence is yellow-silver hue.
Cortaderia Cello Patagonia Patagonia Photo
Patagonia - reaches a height of 2 m, inflorescences of a beige-silver shade, the leaves are gray-green.
Cortaderia Splendid White Star photo in the garden
Splendid Star - the height of the bush is limited to 1.5 m. The panicle is milky white, the leaves have a golden-green tint.
Cortaderia Sello white variety Cortaderia selloana - ‘Monstrosa’ photo
Monstrosa - height is 2 m, the leaves have a gray tint, inflorescences are white, with long, drooping silky locks.
Description of varieties and varieties of pampas grass
Cortaderia is a genus of herbs, comprising 25 species, commonly found in the dry Argentine steppes. The name of the plant was due to the sharp thin leaves, "court" - in Spanish means "cut." Green stalks of cereal rise to three meters, and their tops are decorated with a lush inflorescence of 0.3–0.5 m long. Pampas grass blooms in August and ends in October. Of particular attractiveness are plants with female flowers.
Attention! Cortaderia is a dioecious plant.
Of all the species, only Cortaderia selloana (Sello) is actively cultivated in horticulture. Based on the species, new interesting varieties have been developed:
- Pink (fast-growing variety with pink inflorescences),
- Sunningdale Silver (silvery inflorescences, unpretentious and hardy),
- Splendid Star (undersized variety with white inflorescences),
- Pumila (Pumila - undersized plant with silvery yellow inflorescences),
- Aureolineata c.s. Gold Band (tall variety with decorative yellow-green foliage).
Sometimes found in the culture of cortaderia Jubata. This is one of the largest species, the stems of which can reach seven meters.
The leaves of cortaderia are rough, depending on the variety differ in color. They can be not only green, but also bluish or with silver patina. In the countries of South America, a leaf of cereal is used to make paper. As fodder grass, cardadia is practically not grown.
Interestingly, in some states, for example, in New Zealand, the cortaderia is completely prohibited. The invasiveness of a plant is to blame - the ability to spread over large areas, displacing other species. Only chemical weeding helps to cope with the “invasion”. In Europe, pampas grass was used for decoration in the time of Queen Victoria (1837–1901). Since then, about 20 varieties of this cereal have been bred.
Planting cortaderia, plant care
Pampas grass is surprisingly unpretentious to the type of soil. The plant is able to grow luxuriantly on clayey stony soils, acidified areas, poor sandstones. The only thing that Cortaderia will not tolerate is strong shading and marshiness. Direct sunlight will promote rapid growth and flowering.
At home, the cartode grows so much that you have to burn entire fields. In our climate, we don’t have to face such a problem, as the pampas grass dies during severe frosts.
Early spring is the best time to plant. Do it in two ways:
In autumn, a huge number of seeds ripen on female plants, the germination rate of which is almost 100%.
For the entire season, cortaderia practically does not require care and attention. The pond grass will survive the most arid and hot days without artificial watering. The roots go deep into the soil, providing it with everything you need.
Cortaderia is not able to tolerate frosts below -12 ° C. It will therefore require complete shelter in areas with cold winters. Most often, in such a climate is grown as an annual.
Pruning is an indispensable item in the care of a plant. Old, withered leaves are removed. Do it in gloves so as not to cut your hands. Curtain attached neat, rounded shape.
Propagation of cortaderia, fertilizing plants with fertilizers
The seeds of cortaderia are sown in spring in open ground or in containers. The second method is more reliable, since there is no probability of seed destruction by rodents and insects. To do this, prepare the boxes with loose, slightly damp soil. Seeds are not buried, but simply laid out on the surface slightly pressing down. Covered with a package of capacity, leave in a warm, bright place. Air temperature should not fall below +18 С °. Light day - at least eight hours. Shoots will appear in 7-10 days.
Transplantation into the open ground is carried out when the plants reach 10–15 cm. The distance between the young stumps is made at least 1 m, so the bushes will not interfere with each other and will spread freely. В момент посадки можно сделать подкормку комплексом из минеральных удобрений. Других подкормок за сезон растению не потребуется.
Хорошо размножается кортадерия делением. Для этого понадобятся черенки с листьями и корешками, их высаживают на любое другое место. This method is suitable for those areas where pampas grass is grown as perennial. Procedures performed in the spring.
What plants are combined pampas grass, diseases and pests of cortaderia
Like many cereals, cortaderia is resistant to diseases and is rarely affected by any insects.
When planting a decorative grass in my plot, you should remember the unpleasant properties of its stems. It is not recommended to use the casteria near the footpaths and near the entrance of the house. In the long sharp leaves it is easy to get confused and cut your hands. This is especially true of families with small children.
Large plants such as cortaderia, are well suited for the background design of flower beds of the precast type. If the site has an artificial pond, you can plant a culture along the shore. Inflorescences will be beautifully reflected on the water surface. The effect will add decomposed stones of different shapes. Here, on moderately wet soils, the company of cortaderia can be:
- Livistous lashbill,
- sugarflower miscanthus,
- groundflower Kamchatka,
- delphinium hybrid.
Some gardeners grow pampas grass as a hedge, its thick undergrowth will hide the area from prying eyes.
It also combines cortaderia with other tall cultures: high-pitched, gypsophilous paniculata, cardio-lined catarrh, astrantia, small, and beautiful teleky. These plants, like Cortaderia, are drought-resistant, so the whole composition does not require special care.
Pampas grass is also used for single planting. In large areas with poor soil, the grass successfully grows and blooms profusely until autumn.
In more fertile areas, the cortaderia is combined with the usual garden flowers: dahlias, asters, rudbeckia. The main thing is that the plants do not interfere with each other, combined in color and size.
Growing as in the photo cortaderia, not so often seen in the courtyards of houses, this decorative grass is quite exotic. Having planted a pampas grass on a site you, undoubtedly, will please yourself and surprise neighbors.
1. Pampas grass planting
To plant Pampasna grass or Cortaderia, preferably by sowing seeds or by dividing the bush. All planting material can be purchased in the markets or written out in online stores. Experienced growers advise better in early spring to sow the seeds at home in pots or flower trays and grow seedlings, and when the soil warms up, the seedlings adapt perfectly, then you can already planted in open ground.
It is necessary to plant pampas grass on a spacious garden bed, and if several bushes are planted, then it is required to keep a distance of about 1.8 meters from each other. The plot should be sunny, but it tolerates partial shade.
A wide range of soil types is allowed, but a moist, well drained soil is preferred. Loves moisture, but a dry summer can also survive. It also carries salt spray, making it ideal for plants in coastal landscapes.
Pampas grass planting seeds:
1. Seeds are stratified: they are placed in a refrigerator at the beginning of spring so that the protective shell collapses and it is easier for them to emerge.
2. Seeds should be sown in moist soil at the end of April.
3. Sprinkle the surface on the ground by 3 millimeters.
4. Sprinkle with a spray bottle.
5. Put on the windowsill, avoiding drafts.
6. After 12 days, shoots will appear.
7. Before planting, take out the pots to fresh air, and plant the next day on your garden bed or front garden. Water moderately, since excessive moisture can cause seed rot.
Reproduction of pampas grass by dividing the bush:
Pampas Herb or Cortaderia
In order to see the beauty of panicles in flowering form, it is better to plant the roots. The finished bush at the end of spring is divided into several parts and planted in holes, 45 centimeters deep, both in width and in depth, and the distance between them should be one and a half meters. Pour gravel on the bottom of the pits, pour rotten manure, pour a little and bury it, covering it with garden soil. Try not to plant much, if the plot does not allow, it quickly expands and then it is difficult to withdraw.
2. Pampas grass care
Cortaderia is a tall and powerful plant, so you need to water at least once every three days. On average, one bush requires two buckets of water.
Every year in the spring, fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizer is important, and during the period of rapid growth it is possible to feed with Azofoska solution according to the attached instructions.
These spectacular plants require special care in the annual pruning to get rid of the old foliage and make room for new growth. The foliage is stiff and razor-sharp, so you need to wear leather gloves, long pants and a long-sleeved shirt to avoid cuts.
You can use a pruner or chainsaw. It is better to do this in early spring, since the inflorescences of the pampas grass until late autumn retain the decorativeness of the inflorescences.
3. The most common varieties
There are more than 40 varieties, but the actual purchase of seeds or shrubs can be no more than 3-4 items, the rest are grown in special nurseries, where they need fine knowledge of the care and cultivation of this grass.
1. PINK PEN - blooms in pink, fast-growing variety, grows more than two meters high. The third year will amaze with pink feathers in late summer and autumn.
2. Cortaderia Splendid Star - pampas grass “Splendid Star” retains its leaves throughout the year, and golden-green foliage gives a modern look to the plant. High, feathery flowers bloom in late summer.
3. Pumila Sunningdale Silver - probably the most reliable and enduring variety Flowers of silver-white color with large torches.
5. Interesting facts and tips
1. Avoid planting grass near buildings, as this may cause a fire when old foliage dies and becomes dry.
2. Pompasnaya grass loves to grow near the stones, as they warm up from the sun and give up their heat, and she, in response to good, grows well.
3. Grass shrubs can grow up to 40 years or more. Each plant is able to produce more than a million seeds throughout its life.
Cortaderia Splendid Star
Pampas grass is a perennial herb of the family of cereals, which forms thick and wide grass. The plant is widespread in the Argentine pampas.
The grass got its name because of the appearance of the leaves, which have a sharp cutting edge. The height of the stems can reach three or more meters. A close relative of the pampas grass is the müli herb.
Leaves thin, long, hanging down. The surface of the sheet may be colored green or bluish. At the tops are lush inflorescences up to half a meter in length. The adult bush has a rounded shape. Inflorescences have the form of a panicle, flower color can be varied: silver, yellow, pink or striped. Flowers of cortadera are dioecious. Female flowers are more decorative and attractive. The flowering period lasts from August to the end of November.
Varieties of cortaderia
Currently, more than 20 varieties of pampas grass are known. The ornamental floriculture cultivates Cortaderia Sello, on the basis of which several hybrid varieties are derived.
Plants can be divided into several varieties: white, pink, striped. The most interesting varieties are white varieties.:
- Pumila Sunningdale Silver. Up to three meters high with silvery inflorescences-panicles,
- Monstrosa. With gray, whitish and yellowish inflorescences,
- Patagonia. The species has bluish leaves and yellowish flowers. The flowering period comes very late.
- White Feather. Reaches two meters in height, has lush white flowers.
Also by gardeners popular white varieties Liliput, Evita, Senor.
Known varieties with pink, red and lilac inflorescences: Sunningdale Silver Highfield Pink, Carminea Rendatleri, Scarlet Wonder, Rendatleri, Pink feather. Plant height reaches 3.5 meters, the leaves may have a grayish-bluish color.
Striped varieties include Silver Comet, Notcor, Ice Cool.. A distinctive feature of plants is the presence of a white or yellow strip in the center of the leaf. Inflorescences can be painted silver. Yellow or milky white color.
Very rare is a kind of cortaderia Jubata, which can grow up to seven meters.
Cortaderia is unpretentious and does not require special care. The shrub grows on clayey, stony or sandy soil. It does not tolerate swampy areas and lack of sunlight. In bright light, the plant grows very quickly, burns out and loses an attractive appearance. In temperate climates, grass can die in severe frost.
For pampas grass moderate watering is requiredwhich is carried out around the plant. This is especially important in the summer heat, when the cortaderia begins a period of active growth and build-up of green mass. For watering one adult bush should use two buckets of water. Watering is carried out twice in 7−10 days.
Dried leaves and inflorescences retain decorative qualities, so pruning is carried out in early spring.
Planting in open ground held in early spring. In this case, the bush will have time to take root and adapt to external conditions. Before planting, dig a planting hole or trench, which should be wider than the root system. At the bottom is placed a drainage layer of expanded clay, crushed bricks and poured compost, humus or peat. Do not deeply deepen the roots. Since this may cause them to rot.
When planting several bushes, the minimum distance should be at least 1-2 meters.
Reproduction of pampas grass
Cortaderia multiply in several ways.
Most gardeners plant a plant:
When pampas grass is propagated by seeds, the planting material is harvested at the end of autumn, when the seeds are fully ripe. Seeds are very high germination. Planting pampas grass seeds is carried out in early spring in the ground. The first shoots appear in 10−15 days with a positive temperature. When a plant is grown by sowing seeds, the flowering period begins in the second year.
Dividing a bush is a simpler way. Young shrubs grow well and bloom in the year of planting. The division of the mother plant is carried out at the end of winter. Planting is carried out in a fertile, moisture-permeable soil.
Before landing should prepare a landing pit. If you plan to plant several bushes, then the distance between them should be more than one and a half meters. At the bottom of the landing pit should be poured a drainage layer of pebbles or gravel, add organic fertilizer, humus or peat. The plant is carefully planted in the hole and plentifully watered.